Page 1

ᇥЂԳ૵঴໹Ҿ ‫ี׳‬ȃႭ୵

Өᆍશॵȃસશॵਟ౩ ҏ۹ඪ‫ټ‬Өᆍશॵ؅ਟܻ‫ޥ‬ღᐠᄺȃ ॵࠢ‫ټ‬ᔖ୦ȃ຺઻ѿൟȃᚕೲ۹ȃ ᓡᢈȃ‫ڪ‬୫ᢈȃഀॵ۹ȃড়৳้Ȅ

ϣУ‫ض‬ ᔹ෎ īߣనӇ३‫ڙ‬

ϛчᖉ྽!9am - 6pm

234

ISSUE

www.sameway.com.au

Ⴋၗ/TelȈ03) 9888 7199 ༈ઍ/FaxȈ03) 9888 7299 29.04.2011-05.05.2011

105 South Road, Braybrook VIC 3019

t: 03 9939 8566 m: 0412 607 870

՝ܻġŇŰŰŵŴŤųŢźġᇄġŔŶůŴũŪůŦġϞ໢

഼࡚ٚ೩!Իԑᆋआ

੫ ᒮ P.12

џӎӁ㄰㉯䏛ӂ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿ᇟົ Ꮺ

CHC51576-09/10

!!!!!!!ጉ┠ḋ፶Ꮵ Ꮵ ⏧ ᆋᬛ᳥ᵬᆌᖫ⟏᜖⃶᷒ ὓ )71ᯬ*ዯᯓᅗᓟᑑᩰ )7 71 !!ጀ ጀᯬ !!ጀᯬ)↡ᣚB%37*ᅙ ⚼

㕟汧怺汣⋜䜺␪

ᾜ►乥姲 0 ⑤䏸㎟₌

㛈✓姏䴰⇴う

㽷⒥汣⋶ᾜ叾嬐亯

㢘␸厡佸⩢␪

似㒐怺汣㢏ℂ䑏㋚

㐦姿冐

▚ AUSTL120688 ᎛‫ڶ‬ዾᢅϯߞࢽӯ঴ӡȄՂգࢺ᠈ߞાߐȂ᎛ᓙ႙ᛁ᠕Ϡ৶Ȅġ

Cultivated by: Nikkei Co. 1155-2, Tabei-Cho, 1-Chome, Isesaki City, Gunma, Japan

ࣤ႙ጤ።;!1300

136 877

૸֘᠋ࢉїጤ።;!61-2-9723-7832

ᗁ҃ನ! : WELL HERB PTY LTD ᇨ‫!׬‬

: http://www.mikei.com.au


ALL IN ONE ၆ও؅ਟԤ३ϴѧ Renovations Supplies

ၖཎ!࣏ௌඪ‫ټ‬ΙમԒ݈୛

PIANOS ඈࣀ࿽σ༊᎛

ኁ‫ܘ‬ ੜࡉ

Massive range of pre-loved piano to Clear: Windover, scratched but plays well $895 Thalberg, compact mahogany $1,388 Mascgani, charming antique $1,995 Schaefer, great beginner piano $2,180 Petrof, lovely mellow tone $2,998 Bernstein Cadet, popular model $3,360 Kawai BL-51, powerful sound $3,998 Kawai NS-10, good student piano $4,590 Bernstein Allegro, impressive! Gloss white $4,995 Yamaha U-3, excellent condition $6,395 Schimmel 117, full German $10,995 Grand pianos: Brother grand, powerful and lovely! $9,960 Yamaha GP-1, excellent condition $10,995 Bernstein 151 special edition, wow $11,995 Feurich, beautiful restored antique $12,950 Schimmel C-182, full-German quality $56,950

౮ᑒ

၆ও࡚ᑞ؅ਟ ௽ϴѧкौင᎛Ө᜸УӴ‫ݖ‬ȃᆄᑒȃੜࡉӒഋ଩ৈȄ፴໔߳ᜌȊቋ ᓀӫ౩Ȋ᠍ߔ୤ᢎᒵᗊȄ

டཾኁᘣ ᏿ԤΙࢺடཾ‫ޟ‬ኁᘣ‫׬‬ৱȂџ࣏ࡊИඪ‫ټ‬ኁᘣ೩ॎۡୈȂӨ᜸ኁᘣ ಢӫȂП߯᡹ࣀՌᒵ଩ৈȂᓺ፴߳ᜌȄ᠍ߔ༈ઍყኺȂջາൢቋȄ

၆ও࡚ᑞώแ

ALL IN ONE

Mahoneys Rd

BP

Blackburn Rd

௽ϴѧ᏿Ԥσ࠮ӑ໌‫ޟ‬၆ও࡚ᑞ‫׬‬೚໥ӂȂ೩രቆӒȂ၆ও࡚೩ ড় ۨ Ȃ ୦ ᎜ င ᡛ ᙴ ൲ Ȅ ෆ ၆ ও MELBOURNE CENTRAL-WESTFIELD-KNOX CITY้୦ൟӨ᜸՗ཾ۹᎜Ȅཱི‫ܘ‬ ᑹ࡚ȃᙟ‫ܘ‬ё࡚ȃࡉϱ၆ওȃ۹᎜၆ওȃ᠍ߔࢥၚȄ

Burwood Hwy Kmart Plaza

Ӵ֭Ȉ281 Burwood Highway, Burwood East VIC 3151 ႫၗȞኄ‫ݍ‬ၗȟȈ9802 1460 ႫၗȞ़МȟȈ9886 5169 ႫၗȞ୽ᇭȟȈ9802 8765

381 Canterbury Road, Ringwood (Melway 63 D1, corner of Eastlink) Ph: 03-9872 5122 www.musicland.com.au ϲЈᕊཾ

Nokia X3-02

min total cost $1896 over 24 months

$900

ỉហ፮

Ҟ‫׈‬঎റ

included value

3GB

*

included mobile internet data

*

$180*

included value

* 200MB included

Ӓཱི

Samsung Galaxy S

29 Cap

79 Cap

min total cost $1896 over 24 months

49 Cap

ྲࢉї ୙ 3ৎѡѡ໱

$500* $

included value in

* 1.5GB 1 included

m mobile internet data

mobile internet data

*

‡嬑≊憕寬 ‡5MP䡳㯚 ‡嬑伭北ⷊ⿐

ջາ

ᑫࣷᄩаTNTфNNT

‡⋢僩31MB宓㌱汏 ‡2.4”孳㒄ⷊ⿐╅擰䡟 ‡5MP䡳㯚

ᙢ ߃ Ն ᐠ

ј ቋ

‡$QGURLG9⃗㫨乶们 ‡⋢僩16GB宓㌱汏 ‡5MP䡳㯚

*ջາ ᔝ5жៗӇԢϘ௳ၳϯߞјᑟ *Terms & Conditions Apply.

20

06Х

ᓁฤኵ໔Ԥ३Ȃభᗊ௃ഀȂ᠍ߔ‫پ‬Ⴋၚ୰‫ܖ‬σᎽӎᖝ ඪ‫ټ‬டཾᆰওЅ߳Ꮄᓺ፴݈୛ȂരԤॱዅடཾၥਿ๼Ρᖿ၌

ԑྲ঍ᄑ iPhone 4 16G

༊᎛ ശࡣᐠ ོ Ս8

City 207 Elizabeth St Springvale260 Springvale Rd Footscray 183 Barkly St South Yarra Shop G013, Vogue, 670 Chapel St

ቶᓜΰᆩЅ ড়৳Ⴋၗॎგ

109

Fusion Plan

ଽႀ500GB*ኵᐃ *҈ᐬࢸცϱႫၗջາ *ջ໠Ѯາ࿽ࣸ$79 ᓺඏ෈Ԥ३Ȃҧ፜௃ഀȊ

(Open 7 Days) 9642 2222 City 139 Swanston St 9562 3222 Keysborough 9687 0888 Shop Q08 Parkmore Shopping Centre Box Hill 8803 0400 G47 Centro North (Whitehorse Plaza)

9639 2222 8762 3488 9890 2888


ӣၯΡᇭ

о‫ڷ‬ҁ໠ܹᄘ࡙൶ؑ௥ઽ Bddfqujoh!xjui!qfbdfgvm!boe! pqfo.njoefe!buujuvef

Ⴥҝ‫ی‬༉ȂѹࣹߤྻൌԴᝯަඵِࣆ޼ؕ᠕ߞ೺ӔȂ ѽዷϧ‫؛‬ՑȂࠑႿᅆᆶᓴ຀ؔჅࠜߞЙᆕȄЙьϠЏ ះఀЍ៨ࣆܹ๑‫ࠡޱ‬Ѥ೺Ӕѽඵِؕ᠕‫؛‬Ցࠧ‫ߞޱ‬་ ϢᑫࣷȂփϫঋѽϠႽӲඞփঋ๑౧Ԇత՜ҁেȂЂ Ђ዆ᠩᑫࣷࣆܹߞೊӔࣆຉȄညഺ‫ڱ‬௻֖་Ϣᑫࣷߞ ϠȂЂԺ࣏ᒗ෻‫ޒ‬ȂփЙьᒗ෻‫ޒ‬ϫ‫ݡ‬ທత‫ۦ‬ѹࣹߤ ྻߞኊৃᣍȂᑫࣷߤྻаȂᆙᆙ‫؛‬՘Ϟᅆᒗ෻‫ޒ‬ೊӔ ߞϘ‫ڱ‬ஐ‫ڍ‬Ȅ ֯ऎೊӔȂ‫ا‬েऽౕѹࣹߤྻକපদ‫ا‬েߞল࠸ȃ೫ᅚ фኊৃᣍຈȂ֭ညഺ‫ڱ‬ሃߤྻЂԺዴϠߞኊৃᣍहᎏॎ ੡Ȃ‫ا‬েᕕࢺतኃᅗ࢘‫ڽ‬ሲ‫־އ‬Ϡ‫ڽ‬ఀۖሮԢ۸ȉᑫ ࣷЂ७ϯ࣏ϘৎපদԺЮћмߞߤྻȂપ‫־‬ᇯՍࣆܹ ‫ـ‬നӲԺЮћм܎৶ྻȂ‫ׄ۝‬ൊࠜయஜԺЮћмȂփ ѹࣹߤྻКȂϵЂԺњࢺഺዹߞࣆຉȄ ѽዷϧ‫؛‬Ց‫ߞྻߤۤߋڽ‬ሮԢȂ‫ڭ‬ٟգሲ‫އ‬ϧȂ‫ڭ‬ѷҪ ྻє୓‫ێ‬ҁϠߞ‫ݡة‬Ȃԯऎᑫࣷ௄ӎϯ࣏Ϙৎ֋Ӥȃ Ӕѹ‫ڭ‬ѷපদϠᡋߞ஼ਛȄ‫د‬ৎϠ‫ݕ‬၏ᢜߞ໦ِȂ഼Ⴥ ‫ڽߋة‬є୓‫־‬ϠߞњࢺȂҪྻᏋఀ‫ێ‬хȂ๑‫҄ޱ‬Ϡ೟ ѕᖢႋ‫ا‬ে‫ݙ‬෩্ߞঋِȄӎงȂ؇ዉཔфࣸѶࣗж ‫־‬ዤћȂሃᡝ߰ᅆ೺Ӕє୓யᛟȂ֯ҍ୅ᎢȂऽౕକ є୓ᡝ߰ᝯަȄ

Over the past two weeks, the mainstream society has been concerning about the Boat people who also acted as asylum seekers, used violence to express their dissatisfaction with the long selection process. Many people think the Labor government has already failed to stop the boat people entering Australia illegally in the name of asylum seeking. Whilst the Australian government need to accept them unconditionally because of the humanitarian grounds, which in fact, has been greatly affected the Australian government's immigration policy. Among all these people who enter Australia illegally, most of them are Muslims and with many Muslims in Australia refused to accept the values of the mainstream society, the Australian society has been slowly forming some prejudice towards Muslim immigrants. As migrants, we always hope the mainstream society can respect our culture customs, habits and values etc, however if these values conflict against the mainstream society, what kind of attitude we should have when we try to persuade others to get agreement and recognition? Australia in general has a respected multicultural society; especially the Victorian Government has established a Multicultural Commission to assist the Minister to promote cultural diversities, whilst most of the people in the mainstream society support such a policy too. Since Australia is a country with freedom, democratic and respect human rights, the use of violence to fight for social recognition is not convincing, will not be able to let others to truly understand the demands and requests we are advocating, and will only cause others to resist their presence. In this week issue, Thomas Sung and Fred Hong have both written articles to discuss the problems cause by the boat people. We hope our readers will have more opinions and thoughts drawn through these discussions.

֯ऎьዴ౉ႁȂ‫ا‬েᕕѽᑫࣷᑋᢜ‫ૈ׀‬ऎЂࡈᛟȂবᅆ ߤྻКߞߋ៉᎝ᛟȂփЙ࣏ѯব௻Ꭰ౉ႁ‫ૈ׀‬Ȅ

As minorities, while facing these controversial issues in the society, we should consider AustraliaɅs benefit as a whole, but not only emphasize on individual ethnicɅs benefits.

‫ߝޥ‬ ‫ں‬୉М

Raymond Chow Publisher

Issue No. # 235 # 236 # 237 # 238 # 239

Publication Date 06/05/11 13/05/11 20/05/11 27/05/11 03/06/11

Published by: Publisher/Chief Editor: Editoral Consultant: Editor: Senior Designer: Editor/Designer: Advertising:

Submission Deadline 04/05/11 11/05/11 18/05/11 25/05/11 01/06/11

Rejoice Chinese Christian Communication Centre Inc. Raymond Chow Shun Lu, Jenny Luo Christiana Zhu, Ralph Yan, Shanice Chan, Hal Li, Cheerio Chan Alex Tam Kin Li, Yan Ki Chan, Bianca Mak Sammi Lo, Tony, Portia Wong, Andy Lau, Vinola Chan, Sonia Wong, Ben Hung

ኄ֙ഋġłťŷŦųŵŪŴŪůŨġŅŦűŢųŵŮŦůŵ ጡᒮഋġņťŪŵŰųŪŢŭġŅŦűŢųŵŮŦůŵ Ӵ֭ġłťťųŦŴŴĻġ Suite 7, 1/F, 2-8 Burwood Hwy, ႫၗġŕŦŭĻġ ༈ઍġŇŢŹĻġ ЙᐠġŎŰţĻġ Ⴋ໏ġņŮŢŪŭĻġ

Burwood East VIC 3151, Australia 03-9888 7199 03-9888 7299 03-9888 7433 0401 697 791 info@sameway.com.au

ю‫ގ‬Ļġ

᠍‫ݠ‬๼Ρஅ࿜৶༈ኬϛЖ

‫ߝޥ‬İᖂጡᒮĻġ

‫ں‬୉М

ဎ୛ጡᒮĻġ

֖໷ȃᛳ྇

МԅጡᒮĻġ

ԧງȃᝒแ⬟ȃങᝋ্ȃ

!

‫؃‬ұȃങϞዅ

ଽ઻छ೚ጡᒮĻġ ᜍᗿ݂ छ೚ጡᒮĻġ

‫؃‬୊࠰ȃങ৿พȃഫߎऍ

ኄ֙ഋĻġ

ᛳတ़ȃ༁‫៌ؾ‬ȃቓ୽݂ȃ

!

ങኋ૪ȃ༁ᆫጸȃЌኈ‫ܛ‬

ኄ֙ᖒ๜Ȉഡ఩ Andy Lau 0416 290 918 Ѕ ᎒‫ ஀ס‬0412 440 863ȇߡுႪு Marketminx 08 8132 1670 Edmund Ng 0413 089 833

04

಑345෈ ӣၯΡᇭ

4

ּቸΡЖ

5-8

ܹಁжࣨ The World

10 - 11Ȃ 20 - 21 12 - 16, S1-S8, 17

ϛ๼ҕ୽ΙԻ໊ԑ੫ᒮ ଒ငੑ਀ Finance

22 - 23 30

Ж᡹ଟ៪

৏ዅཪ൶ Entertainment ᠍‫ݠ‬ᏰಬϛЖۡ෈፞แ

10-11 8-9

ᡝ‫ཱིى‬ᆸ Sport

12 - 14

Ϸ᜸ኄ֙ Classified

22 - 25

ٙൢ Driveway

26 - 30

ջ೰ᖐ݂ġ ȮӣၯΡȯᚕᇬ‫ܚ‬ԤМണҥհ‫ޱ‬Ռ॒М೰Ȃ‫ٮ‬Ϛ фߒҏѐҳൟȄȮӣၯΡȯ໊ѐϐᅾΨጂ߳ѐ‫ސ‬ ϱ‫ޟ‬ӒഋၥਟྥጂฒᇲȂ௙ҏѐ‫ٮ‬Ϛ॒ΰӈդӰ ᒿᇲ‫ܖ‬ᒸᅓՄ౰ҡ‫ޟ‬೰ӈȂζϚඪ‫ټ‬ӈդ݂Ұ‫ܖ‬ ུҰ‫߳ޟ‬ᜌȂоЅϚ॒ΰЕमӈդ‫ޢ‬௥ȃ໢௥ȃ ߣளȃ‫ܖ‬ॊҡ‫ޟ‬୦ཾցઉཬѶ‫ܖ‬੫տཬѶ‫ޟ‬೰ ӈȄ‫ר‬ঈ࡚ដ᠞‫ޱ‬ӵ‫ٺ‬ҢԤᜰၥਟࠉȂॶӑࢥᜌ ၥਟ‫ޟ‬ઍጂ‫ܖܒ‬኉ၚᐿҳ‫ޟ‬ཎَȄ Disclaimers The views and opinions of authors expressed in Sameway Magazine do not necessarily state or reflect those of the publisher. While we do our best to make sure the information is accurate, Sameway Magazine does not accept any legal responsibility for errors or omissions. Sameway Magazine disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, and it will not be responsible for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages. We encourage readers to verify the accuracy of information or seek independent advice before relying upon it. The circulation records of this publication have been submitted for independent audit with the Circulations Audit Board

Audited 16,462 as at Sept 30,2010

Distributed in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane & Adelaide

ȮӣၯΡȯᚕᇬ‫᠌ގ‬ᖐ݂ ijıIJı ‫ܚ᠌ގ‬ԤȮӣၯΡȯᚕᇬ ҏѐ‫ܚ‬ԤМണȃყаЅඨყ֯߳੼‫᠌ގ‬ȂҐငҏѐਪ ७ӣཎȂϚுоӈդ‫ל‬ԒᙽၷЅᙚӟ Sameway Magazine Copyright Notice Copyright 2010 Sameway Magazine All editorial content and images in Sameway Magazine are subject to copyright law and may not be copied without the expressed permission of Sameway Magazine which reserves all rights. Re-use of any of Sameway Magazine's editorial content and images for any purpose without Sameway Magazine's written permission is strictly prohibited.


ּቸΡЖ

ύ ᾈ

槁 ⾱

ㄾ Ⓟ

℁ 㦴

ళണʟዤћȈԧງȁყаҥೝ೤‫ޱ‬ඪ‫ټ‬

଄ਡᐬ๼Ρဎώ኿ռ

டցጡဴŊőijııĸĺıĵĵĶij

ြѪष$$$

‫ٺ‬Ң‫ר‬ঈ௰ᙨ‫ޟ‬࿽Ы൐ᓞᝥ ؐԑџо࿽ࣸҢЫߖ 438,000 Ѐ ࣺ࿋ܻ࿽ࣸҢЫາ $534 ௶Ыາ $492

٢ᅢታ

ỉ ᦧ ᥖ

ӻி‫ޟ‬Ιҡ

ŚŢųųŢġŗŢŭŭŦźġŘŢŵŦų Ыϴѧ೽‫ޣ‬ ౪ӵ໠ོۖᄇ၎ϴѧ‫ࡊޟ‬Иඪ‫ټ‬ᗊີฒЫᝥ ၄օȂࡊИԃԤᅸ୰џᒚၚ ŅņōŕłġňœŐŖő ‫ޢܖ‬௥ᇄ ŚŢųųŢġŗŢŭŭŦźġŘŢŵŦų Ыϴѧᖒᛮ

፛ ᑴ ᒭ ᪳

஥ӡြѪឤᔝ γᗊີ၎᜸౰ࠢ៫ࡊ Ԥᐠོᕕுࢇ‫ۺ‬၄օȊ

DELTA GROUP

8-10 Nelson Street, Moorabbin VIC 3189 T: 03 9555 2988Ⱦ୽ʟဃȿ F: 03 9555 4499 M: 0419 336 688

website: www.deltagroup.net.au

email: dgiwang@gmail.com

ၖ኉ હࣸ౰ࠢ᎛୵ф౩ 05


ּቸΡЖ

02

03

ᛄܲ๿Ι๨ዥՖȂԂܹణΟРࡣџ૖‫ޟ‬ᓺູҡࣀȂ஠ՌϏ‫ࠉޟ‬јҡ‫ۈ‬ᝦ๝Οઠ ୽Ȃᗶณᐣငְ‫ۀ‬Ȃඍ൉ҺёȂծۖತฒࡪฒਅȇ߆ҦϞԑȂԂሉਖ਼१ࢷ‫ڗپ‬ ᐬࢸ೻а५ҡ‫ޟ‬πӴȂҏџோோࠚࠚӴᓠᎴЈԑȂณՄȂΙᎆυօΡ࣏ዅ‫ޟ‬ ԂȂ௧๿ΙᗻϚᡐ‫ۈޟ‬དྷЖȂάᓶᓶӴ‫ڗ٘׹‬ဎώ‫ޟ‬໥ӂϞϛȂϚॎпюȃॳ ߦฒߢȂ஀ࡻΟΪϤԑȄԂ൷࢐ਡᐬ๼Ρဎώ኿ռϞΙ‫ޟ‬٢ᅢታτρȂᏎᅭҏ 01

๼Ρ‫ޥ‬တᒑϸӴᆎԂ࣏ȶខ߆༾༾ȷșș ٢ߡ࠾Ȅ

Ҕᒑ࿽෈໢ġఏѿ‫ڍ‬ᎈġ፜଻ΰႱॏġᇺ৳ۨҔᒑ࿽੫տৈᓡ ؐР‫ټ‬ᔖ

ኁৱ௰ϭ

ĥĹįĶı

ٰႎᇑՈᜃ‫ܖ‬ഡᜃ

੫ቋϿᓡ

଻‫ڨॳپ‬੕ࠒᚘ໻ ϿѿఏѿȂӒР‫ټ‬ᔖ

ၰᇆധ

໊ΙՍϤϿѿġġġġġġġџዅΙᡬ

፜ႱॏŋŢŤŬźৱയ਌Й௰ϭຊԒ

଻‫پ‬༕ৱയ਌ЙຊԒ

ٰႎᇑՈᜃ‫ܖ‬ഡᜃȅѴҔധ

ၰᇆധȅ‫ڪ‬ൗᜃȅ‫ڪ‬ൗധᓞ

໻᜸ ଻‫ڨॳپ‬੕ࠒᚘ໻ ᚕོ໻ ༁ߜᚘ௶଼໻ ь╪ྤᚘ໻ ᐶᓳ໻ ξᐶ໻ औᐶْᆻ໻

‫ڪ‬ൗᚘ0в໻ ᖤፁᚘ0в໻ ෛᢄᚘ0፪໻ ؓ੪ᚘ0в໻ ෛᢄᏆധ໻ ‫ڬ‬ᘏՈ໻ в⟓໻

லരέΦȅி՘ȅ࣢ੵᓯ ‫ޡ‬㚨ȅ߆ᢧȅഡ߆ᜃ Ոᜃȅᓸፈ

έБ0ለυᏆധ໻ Ѳύᚘ0в໻ ৞߳ᚘΛ0вՈ໻ ബகْᆻ໻

seafood restaurant

FULLY LICENSED & BYO (WINE ONLY)

઱İឨ᜸

෽ឨİ઱᜸

଻‫ິވٳپ‬Χ ࢑ࢸ‫ވ‬Խ઱ ᆋ࡚ᐼឨ ෫Ԓୁ‫ވ‬в‫ݬ‬ ෫Ԓᚕོ‫ވ‬૒ឨ Ө෡೭Ҙ‫ވ‬в‫ݬ‬ ଻‫ވپ‬ឨ

‫ڪ‬ൗൌؓ ьഛ෽Խ0‫ݬ‬ ᚘ๛෽Խ0‫ݬ‬ ՈаፈϦ෽‫ݬ‬0ឨ

᎒୽ࠍ Daniel Cheng ॏ৴џႫ໏Ս ťŢůŪŦŭŰŧŬũŦŴŢůũŁŨŮŢŪŭįŤŰŮ ‫ܖ‬ႫġıĵĴĴġĸĸķġĶĶĹ

ॷ෫ӪኁȅӒཱི၆ওȅਿ፡ཱིᑗȅິᇽ୑ᢈȅИѴЫ֑ȅᕗც๲ᎌȅσ໔‫ހ‬ٙ՝ ϿѿȈMonday–Sunday 11:00am-3:00pm ࢑෈ΠӒРӄ਀ ఏѿȈSunday–Thursday 5:30pm-10:00pm, Friday & Saturday 5:30pm-11:00pm

1/792-806 Heatherton Road, Springvale South VIC 3172 Tel: 03 9540 3017 06

Fax: 03 9540 3424

www.khesanh.biz

༁఼ጸᚂҡ Dr. Josephine & Dr. Wu ຨ‫ܚ‬Ⴄ᎑


ּቸΡЖ 01 2007ԑ11ТᆰԎԎߝ௲Ϡ٢ᅢታӻϯМϽറюଓᝦዩ 02 2007ԑ2ТᏎᅭҏѿߝឃᎪՙ௲Ϡ٢ᅢታ‫ޥ‬ୢଓᝦዩ 03 Ӓড়ᆋ(ᇄߝυΙড়ីܻߝ৘௃ᏎᅭҏσᏰбऋနཾ) 04 1982ԑӣᗯտ33ԑ‫ޟ‬Юᒑӵॷ෫१ഇ 05 кࡻKew๼ΡϞড়‫ࢌޟ‬࿽ᖒ᠍ࣀଢ଼ 06 2007ԑ11Тᆰࣸᖂ࿜௲Ϡ٢ᅢታӻϯМϽറюଓᝦዩ

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07 2010ԑᆰԎԎߝ௲Ϡ٢ᅢታ‫ޥ‬ୢဎώሴᏲዩ 08 ᔓօѮᢊՂռ৸ӑҡӣϷտѲΪԑ‫ޟ‬ড়Ρَ७ਢី (ࠉ௶ѡΙ࣏٢ᅢታ) 09 2011ԑ2Т࣏݀ࣸࢹ‫خ‬ᝰு48࿲ᐬᄌ‫ޟ‬༓ਖՄ‫ܖ‬ ௿жॖߒᄔ

10 ୤ॖਢ‫ޟ‬ҳђߒᄔᜌਪ

ҡࣀᑑྰȈ࢐ΙᆍΡҡ଒൲ ϯѵ॔ϬϩՐ҃ࠐȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲҍӠ‫ݺ‬ϘৎকϠਛਲȄ ‫ێ‬ѭ‫ڡ‬ຉಲ྽‫ݺ‬ཀਂক੭Ȃ‫ة‬ᐼ՝งᑉԇऔֻᄥ ࠜȂࢢऎ஼Ӕ៨൙কК௟Ȃฅജ܎ँۖࡈ።ԇᐼԳ ໛ᅅ‫ܡ‬ȄԯթȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲӇЈබᔌԢѭᓐԴক੠КӠ ࣿȂᘒᚼ‫ڕ‬჆ϞЂҗৎК஼ȂᔌকߞӠࣿᏳ՘Ϟ‫ڡ‬ ᆡኲԫॴढ़ൻߞ‫੾ݑ‬ȂԢ੡ϵЂЂ༟ᘮϞՁߞೀ धȂ‫ڍ‬ᝊჅЙьЂඞবߞ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲѧ୓Ԣ៬Ϡ‫ڽ‬ሲ‫ـ‬ ༟੬ி௻Ȅᅆ‫ݺ‬ѭᓐȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲ԰ᐸሲȈȶҁ࣏Ϙৎ ‫ی‬ഞ౻লȃӒߡ྆ጒߞϠȂҁంЈබిᐱ‫ا‬েȺஇ ϠঋᅁԴȂЙҞലȻȃȺᅆϠঋѽ႕ह࢞ȂᄾҞϠ ঑‫ا‬ȂЙҞ‫ا‬঑ϠȻȃȺঋԺஇՀ‫ڰ‬ຠ‫ڰ‬ȂׄϠऎ ጄȂ֭ЙӅ঍Ⴕඡ჌ȻȂҁُᏸֻϘ഍Ȃᗁ࣏પ‫־‬ ᝯѕպ‫ߞܖ‬ӠࣿȂᅆളॴНϠϵᗁ࣏ϧ‫ݙ‬କфԳࣉ ѽ෯јȄȷഺ‫ిڱ‬ሴ۶‫ט‬ሯȂಎಎԳԞ‫ے‬Դ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲ ߞၝઔ㡯Ȃ዆ᠩϞՁϘӠȄ ႋ‫ࡈݸ‬ЁȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲҝۖϞশสȂ࿤൯ᚼႽҝҭᣉȄ ง༡ȂӫလϞК஼ল༳ᢏёߞ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲȂ‫ڗۖۦ‬᝝Ϙ ‫ڱ‬ጤ֕་َࠦՐߞ዆ᠩȂጋ๒ٙ‫ࠔܠ‬԰ዃՍணҐК ஼ϠӔႋ‫ݸ‬কȂည੡Ձৣᆕ 17 ࿐Ȃ๒փՁЙฅਫ਼ ۖߞ࣏ȂഺϘٙ‫خܠ‬ᚼϞՁࡈҗӠߞ‫ۻ‬ႻȂЙ֭ᢰ ՁԢѭᓐϘ‫־‬ϬϩϬՐȂ‫ـ‬ᢰՁ௟ϠӠߞඈࢤࡖጄ ᆽᄘϞৎ჆ȄԴൊ༤ߞУՐȂՁబჅߠȃᆊჅᕚȃ དྷჅ੕ȃӲჅґȇᚼ྽԰ۖีկࢢȂՁஇჅழറ ৶ȃం‫ڰ‬Ⴥ֖ࣆᇒನȃྣჅӁ‫ڈిۊ‬ȃညჅұ౻༤ ৶Ȃ๑ᎢՁ‫ڗ‬഍֣ԳȂం‫֣ڰ‬ᇌᚚ྽ȂՁൌሮૌཔ ᕗȂ౮๑࠲઻Գϧِஇۖ൵ՀȄ๒փȂԴ‫ڤ‬ৎѧϠ ࡡ۶କϧ‫ऻـ‬দȶੲӒॺ॓ȷҍ‫ߞڗ‬Ր҃ȂՁȶ஼ Ӕ៨௟কЃ‫ۊ‬ȷߞ‫ڗ‬ԊѽфՁᅁ႖ᅁሲȃЙྻȶ‫ݫ‬ ᡈȷߞ‫੾ݑ‬ȂᢰՁߞ‫ۻ‬ႻЙ‫ڏ‬փඔȂϘըϫϘը๑ ఐߞᎏᕝවѼ௟ՁᕝࡲȂत֌ᢰՁྐঋබഺዹ‫ݦ‬ϭ Ϙзᛓ༟ϠѵȄȶԴ‫ڗا‬഍‫ק‬ᄩН੡Ȃ௱௱ྻఀۖ ՀѕϠߞᕒׄȷȂԓҐϯᅆѭᓐߞࢥ݇ȂᅆਛϠߞ ಝభȂᢰՁೣ‫ݺ‬੔ჅϞ൵ᗞ᝱ߞ੡งȄ௟ѕѧѕȂ Ձϵԯթକ௉ನႋ‫ݙڱڤ‬ᓜѱ୿ഏૠ۶ҁেߞЄЃ ‫ݙ‬၃ᑢߞॴ๭Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽ‫ڹ׈‬Ձ֋Ў഍‫ڗݺ‬ᢜ۶ᇟૠߞ ‫ض‬ᒐНКȂЪ‫ڶ‬๒ྻ੡Й੡ࡂ຾লᔍҝȶൠК୙ ऒȷȂᢰҁেྏះۖϘບࣿϭҝߞౕؓȄ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲࢢ ‫ڽ‬ฅ๑ዴըԳജϠய୓Դ၃ᑢჅഺ‫ڱ‬Нࢢ࣏‫ࢢྻ׎‬ ੄ညࠐߞᓴᑄȂᅆթՁߞ԰ຍӖቈ࣏Ȉȶ‫ا‬Йࢢ ੄Ȃԯऎ‫ۿׯ‬۶ॴ᝱ిྻϞ‫ـا‬ԺȂᢰ‫ا‬ᢏఀ‫ـ‬ி ௻Ȃ‫࣏ڤ‬ϘᇌϠӠߞ୑නȊȷ

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‫؁‬ቶኄ‫ޟ‬དྷЖϞ಻௃Ԫ೎ଔ૞ ϣϩՐ҃ࠐȂઔਦ‫ܫی‬ና‫ߞ௺ܿݥ‬ᝯ࠼գ‫ݙ‬፤۶Ȃ Ձߞ‫ڗ‬Ԋ৆࣏ྍҳԳँϯϞӡඞȂ1982ՐȂව၃ ա‫ض‬ȂՁೣ‫ݺ‬Ԣᘮ‫־‬ЏϳߞցѭԴশสদെȂ‫ڤ‬Ϙ ‫ߞے‬ѕఐȂ᝱ѽӡ‫ڏ‬ሬࠑႿȄНࢢȂϠ֌КՐߞՁ ᑾ‫ڗ‬ϘϠ઻ԴশสȂऎϞਛϠ۶ЄЃକգϘৎ‫ـ‬ग़ Հߞࡈ฀փంᔝ༟‫ܕ‬ӇࢸȄӠࣿᖖᄩߞ‫ؼ‬ᢏȂ‫ڭ‬ٟ գઐᒐఫՁׄϠऎጄߞѕȄಎ‫ۦ‬ᛓ‫־‬۶ࢥ݇Нॴߞ Ձಎߢ࢝Ժԯऎᐼགྷփ૔ဤߞਛਲգ຾ࢨዹงऽদ െߞѕఐȄϘ֜ਛ֝ዃ֘Ћ஡Ȃ‫ۊݳ‬௲ЃॴຈϞϮ шϬϩԺՐߞ஼Ӕ៨ցֻߞ‫܍‬Є‫ر‬ϯϞ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲȂҴ ِՁᕒՓඵ‫֋ر‬Ўҵ෸ԺՐߞϮшȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲٟգ๘ ᓢѯ‫ے‬බຍᕕϞϭ‫ڽ‬ȂЙ֭ᓐ঳ҭᣉ‫ۖر‬Ϟ‫֜ڤ‬ց ֻȂᘘՉవҁেϘਛбϾۖশสᄥᇸȂցֻш௎ᗜ ‫־‬Н੡ᇦ෪Ձߞј‫ޥ‬Й՘ᗏȂྏᑬНఐ๑ѽ‫ࠑڏ‬Ȅ НࢢȂՁϫᕒׄϞ‫ی‬ৎ᝷֬ߞਛਲ૔ᝡদཪȂஇഺ ‫ڱ‬ȂՁൌ֋శၕҒȂٟ՜ჅϘжᓿȂȶऻۖҁেদ െ੡ߞಊѪ۶ᡌ૯Ȃබ࣏‫ا‬൵Հߞ჌ൻȊȷ୵թН ҳȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲᘘऎϛԩ઻ࣶߞᐯӠஇჅ၃ᕻᑉ࠲Ȃգ ੡त֌ቮঋԢ቙֖ৄ໷Ȃᅆ‫ݺ‬ഺ‫ڱ‬੟Ϡ‫ݕ‬ᘖНЙф ߞȶ൫࿭‫ڰ‬ȷȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲࡒЙ঍ѾҍԳᕒՓȂȶ‫ا‬ည ࠐᕒׄჅߞ‫઻ڱڤ‬ᐯӠȂҁেКЙьെՐჅြᘘԢ ‫ا‬ᗑᜭȂऻۖҁেՂЫ‫ڰ‬྽գ՘ȃӠࣿग़ᆕȂ‫ྏا‬ ۖहညᆕ‫ږ‬Ȅȷ ខ߆ឝॷȈ‫ޥ‬ୢᒑ௑ ဎώᆠડ ԴᐍᆬӎߞົϠߤ஡КȂ࢝ԺϠൌߢႽȶៀࠅཀྵȷ Ȃҹ࣏ϘৎᇸྻߞԳᙇȂ࣏Ϙৎ၏ᢜߞ໪ወȂ‫࣏ـ‬ Ϙᇌ๑‫ټ‬ᝯྑߞᢜ಩Ȃփፙൄ߰‫ڭ‬ᢸቿϠߏබ࣏‫ڡ‬ ᆡኲȄ1996ՐȂԢധԺ੠ᑫߞົϠցϠϘዹȂ‫ڡ‬ ᆡኲ֯ऎȶ஼ቫ࠲‫ܒ‬ȷЂকКߞϘ৶ೊӔᑫࣷȂ֝ ԴᐍҾ‫ތ‬஡ߞKewȄᔌ຾ᅆᖖᄩߞџᆙጢఉȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡ ኲ๴಩Դ֋ਛࠢࠕߞϘѯᇥନ‫܀‬෸َ੡၃௱ྻऻۖ ‫֋ݺ‬ЎहԢ഍ᄩߞົϠೊӔȂᅙᅙԳȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲແӠ Ϟ‫د‬Ђਛೡᚐ୓‫ڽ‬ȂТᕒТׄȃᚳනӠࣿߞ݇ᔝȄ ‫࣏ݺ‬Ȃం‫ی‬ϬϠߞ༢೭Ȃۖ֋๴ՑߞУбϠччፚ б഼੉Ȃԓۖϩ‫ڽ‬Ϡߞ‫ܠ‬งࣿஜȂிࢺϞϩУՐȄ බഺዹȂKewߞȶົϠНਛȷ᎚ӠϞȂ‫֋ڽ‬К஼Ђ ൙ȃҭᣉȃশสȃ୺‫ڽ‬ȃԞҺຈԺৎ஼ਛ۶Գ஡ߞ ົ౉ցϠԒᇸϘ௅Ȃ‫ێ‬ጄᓉᓉȄԴ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲߞ௲ታН ϭȂȶົϠНਛȷߞഢጀ໸‫ڽ‬໸Ђ ( Ϡዴ൵Ժ੡Ⴟ Убϩ ) ȂࣿஜϵԴ໭ࠕົϠೊӔቮِߞ௄ᚂϯ໸ ᓱ໸ᚳනȂપ‫࣏־‬ऎϞᕒׄົϠೊӔ෩୼ॻሬӹࣹ

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Ѫ࿤փֺ໱༟നߞࠐКૺॻሬᐯ೫઱ȂऎϞኧ་у ᎖۶యዃКົћмփᗝᓱߞКՑಗ༹઱ȃ࣋ြȃᇑ оȃКौߞៀࠅཀྵК஼ՑँᅆȂ៏ఀϞ੾ҳՀໞȄ ‫ڭ‬ѷȂȶົϠНਛȷ‫ݙ‬෩‫ߞڻ‬Й཈཈࣏࿛഼ӹࣹߞ ᑟྻȂ‫࣏ـ‬ह‫ج‬ह៸ߞྑѕ‫އ‬சȂᎡਛգ᝱഍Ȃ‫ڡ‬ ᆡኲఀߢࢢ࠮ྻஜ৶ȶਛȷКߞ‫܏ܗ‬ᕒՓȂ๑ᎢᎡ ᛓ༟‫ݕ‬԰‫ڽ‬ȂӅ‫ྻܠ‬Դៀࠅཀྵऎ‫ێ‬ᔢ֖‫ݕ‬తলȄԢ ੡Ȃ‫އݙ‬சߞᅆ໪Йඏඏ࣏ȶਛȷϠȂ‫ݙ‬இߞ୒ឥ ϵЙ཈཈؊ন‫ ݺ‬Kew ഺϘৎ஡ாȄՂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲϩж ᝯަ઻ᐯӠߞӠࣿȂՁ௱۶ȶਛȷϠেѹஜ‫ڕ܋‬Ȃ ᕒׄ઻ᐯӠ‫྆ر‬૧‫ݗ‬Ȃҍৄዶ੡Йӡߞ൬‫ۍ‬Ȃ࿰ᠪ ӠઽߞᐯӠȂ࿤൯Ӿ঴୙֌௛߽ȇՁᘘ࢝ᝯѕ‫ڱڤ‬ ‫ܝ‬ᄿցϠȂ௱۶ȶਛȷϠেϘ୓ᕒ࿰ऻҁেȂᕒҁ ে‫ݙ֝ر‬ȃ‫ऻر‬᠕ȃ‫ر‬ցϠ୰Ȃ‫ڭ‬Й‫ܠ‬งԳೡᚐᏋ ԪցϠߞїҳࣿஜȄᅆ‫ົݺ‬Ϡߤ஡ȃᑫࣷȃК஼ह ᝯߞদЂ‫ܢڰ‬Ȃ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲϵԢȶਛȷϠেϘႽȶ୺Й ஃᓦȷԳ‫ޯ܋‬ȂՂћмయዃȈ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲՁেᕒׄᕏࡑ ஼๪ਛࢁҔԑԴᑫົൾߏᔡᗝᓱ๪ਣȂంሦ֯ȃྦྷ Ⴛȃֶ၉ȃత࢞त֌‫ׄᝒݛ‬ൌҒᢦϭ‫ڽ‬ȇϫՂሽ‫٭‬ ឯภȈ๑Ꭲ࣏ᇯՍЋѫȃұЌԳᏩᘘ࣏‫ݿ‬षѪ‫٭‬Ȃ ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲՁেЙ֭ஜ৶ਛϠ੕ภȂ‫ـ‬ஜ৶නգߞົϠ ௲ᔝ੕ภȂत֌Դߤ஡аਖ਼ਛਖ਼їϯࠝឯภ ( ٦Ќ ԳᏩឯ༰ۖϞϣϼԺᑫᅋȂփԴᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᛁᐯ࠲உ КѕᒊᕻӠ۶ٔቈԅ‫ߞࠜྻ֜ی‬๴ஜϭȂᗁԒऎ‫ݿ‬ षᇯषѪ‫٭‬ឯ༰ۖϞұϩϣေᑫᅋ)Ȅ ϩϬՐ‫ڽ‬ȂȶົϠНਛȷЏ၃՘ϞົϠߤ஡۶၍Ѝ ༤ԁߞ‫ۏ‬ፑȂஇۖՂթȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲϵՀȂȶਛȷϠে ϵ፪Ȃᐴᚣߞൌ࣏ϘᘺᝯᜃҁϠߞྑѕ۶๑‫ټ‬Ѿҍ ߞ‫܇‬ឥᇟૠȄ ဎώ኿ռȈҡ‫ڼ‬ቋ঄‫ޟ‬Ιᆍᡝ౪ ȶົϠНਛȷН‫ڡݺ‬ᆡኲߞ၍ЍӠࣿȂЙჅ࣏‫ێ‬К ߞϘৎᙇᆍȂ୵թНҳȂՁԴᐍᆬӎҾКѕ৫Ϡ ໖ϯߞȶᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᛁᐯ࠲உКѕȷЏஇϞϛՐߞ၍ ЍȂȶऻઽ‫ا‬ᕒЙϯՓȂ֭๳ୃȃ‫࢞ݢ‬ఈ߰ഺ‫ڰڱ‬ ఐ‫ا‬ᘘ࣏କ௉ᆽϘԊϧߞȷȇՁԴȶ୼៬ৌጄൊȷ இ၍ЍϵЏգУՐȂ঑യൾЀЋȶົᗑྻȷߞցϠ Ⴏህஉ‫ࣿڗ‬ஜ(ُ༉ұϭо)ѽфໄЀ຿ົϠ‫ߞྻ۝‬ б഼੉ፚ೫(ُ༉ұϯо)ϵЏգϬՐԺȂȶՓߞ੡ ৏ȂϘчঋ໿‫ی‬ϬৎԳᙇȂऎϞቁ੡༡Ȃо༺഼௱ ൌҪକԴ109ც‫ژ‬ϯႋٙȷȇՁऎϞў࠮ਛ֝ఀஐ

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ּቸΡЖ

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07

ቈߞϠেକф੡ऻۖඡҏᛔራȂ‫ݳ‬Ϙ‫(ژ‬ᘉߏ‫)ژ‬ඡ ҏቁгӹȂ୙֌ᇸྻߞඞ‫ڤݙ‬ϵ࣏௱‫ڰ‬Ȅ ׄϠऎጄȂЙ঍ѾҍȂЙ঍ඡ჌ȂஇϘџ‫ݽ‬փஇ ϩՐ᝱Ȃᄊ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲഺዹஇϘᏅЄȂ‫ڤ‬බ໸๴᝱କ Ҟ໳ϞȄ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲഺ‫ڱ‬Ր֯ऎϘԩົϠЁ༧ೊӔȂ ֯ऎϘԩ၍Ѝ‫ݙ‬இҍߞ୒ឥȂѵϠൌऻԴϞೀ 㡯Ȉ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲԐࢢ៏ఀϞ2007ՐᐍᆬӎҾࠜჴ๴ߞ ȶߤ஡୒ឥጨȷȃ2007ՐᇯՍᗁရჴ๴ߞȶԺЮ

08

08

ћм൰ҍ୒ឥጨȷȃ2010ՐᇯՍՍࠜఱПߞȶߤ ஡၍Ѝታᐱጨȷ۶2011Րాѵকᗁൊჴ๴ߞȶ൰ ҍ၍ЍጨȷȄഺ࣏ᅆ‫ڡݺ‬ᆡኲߞϘᇌߺ‫ܠ‬Ȃ࣏ᅆ ഺᇌ‫܇‬ឥᇟૠߞࠑᅓȂ‫࣏ـ‬ᢰ‫ـ‬ԺߞϠ‫ۖڗظ‬၍ Ѝߞ༤ԁညКߞϘᇌᄁᔽȄ๒փȂ‫ڡ‬ᆡኲࠑӯȂ ᅷ᠖ᅆ‫֋ݺ‬Ў‫ڭ‬ЙদঋȂদঋߞ࣏၍ЍߞЍ֯ Ҟѽ൵Ђন࢘Գᢜ಩۶҇ᅁӠ‫ߞۻ‬ኊৃȂҞѽऻ ۖӠ‫ྏߞۻ‬ஜȈȶԴ‫ݿ‬षѪ‫٭‬ឯภߞჅ຀КȂ‫ڤ‬ Ϙը੕ภ൵ԺࡒЙ᝸઻ԩНົ஥ຜ‫઻ا‬ϭϞಎ‫ے‬

10

ߞԞ໪ȇԴȺົϠНਛȻ۶‫ێ‬ҹߤ஡ᄥᢜКȂ‫ڤ‬ ኃԺԢ‫ا‬ϘዹߞϠȂપ‫࣏߰ࠜ־‬ȂᔵᔵԳѾҍ֋ ЎߞϘᙇѕȃϘԊϧȂౕؓᢰഺৎົ౉ߤ၏ᢏఀ ‫ـ‬Ґᚳන۶ᄥຕȂӺᢰ‫ྏا‬ஜȇ‫ا‬ഺ‫ڱ‬Ր‫ڽ‬இ၍ ЍȂቮঋѾҍЂ༓ߞ੡༡۶୑ϧȂփ‫ߞا‬ਛϠ ( Ϯ шȃ‫ۊ‬ȃཿ۶ਗᏅ ) ֭ࠧЙฅ‫ࢩݱ‬ჅϘҮȂُُჃ ۖ‫ק‬ᄩ੡Ȃൌ๑౧ԆԳњࢺ‫ڭ‬ᄁᔽ຾‫ا‬Ȃᢰ‫ا‬Դ ྏᑬН᏶‫ـ‬ኧ౹ϘԊϧ༓Ȅ‫ݙ‬ѽȂഺԊȺЍ֯Ȼ Ȃ‫ྻا‬ிࢺஇϭҝߡ֌இЙஜߞ‫ڤ‬ϘчȊȷ


୦ཾੑ਀

‫ݓ‬υಈ Made M ade In In Love Love 2011 2011 ᐬࢸᅋ୮߆๚ ᐬࢸᅋ୮߆๚

ϳჁϞߞ‫ޒ‬Єೇᆊ஭ྻ‫ࣿ෇ݺ‬ြง༡Դᑫࣷᆊҍ ϞȂຊ߰ϵ࣏ Lam ߞᆇ୛ȂࣇϘ‫ܠ‬ЙྻᓾჅഺЂ ՀᑟྻȂϘလஊಿߞলࠚȂদ࿢݀џಎྑߞᆇաȄ ᑂѹᓱᓂѩᑟᅹᇍȂᆊ஭ྻࠝೈ࢝՝ЏജྫྷᘉȂည ౎ԑ୰Ϙ՝᜕ᆕȂЂਛൌง࢞㣣ஊಿߞҍ಩Ȅ

Lam ѽᅚ௱ߞᜏᡍࡻᅗҍ಩ȂϠઈບ౮ЙิȂ஭ ҍҁল੾ᑾપߞжжៗቮঋְ /൵ྑ࣏Ꭱ / Ꭱକ‫ށ‬ Ө‫ا‬ຈԺ঵၃‫ۏ‬ԩաȂ঵঵ᏕϠѕອȂඈᡌ Lam ߞᆇ୛Ϙ‫ܠ‬ЙྻপӠȄК༡‫ـ‬ᘛ᎛಩ඞᣍಿሃҁԪ ஭ȂփᣍಿߞѪ࿤ϵ࢝ద۸Ȅ Դᆊ஭ྻપ‫־‬ᄜሼ Pink ሃ LamԪ஭ϞϘ঵ < ᓴ ᑄ >ࢢȂាѽᆊᜯϞȈᄱᓹ੡Ԋ / ୧В৐Ꮁ๑ / Ϙ ‫ְڍ‬බ૯ຈԺ঵ԩաȄϠಮᗏⷚȂࠑ಩ϵहညՀȄ ࣘఐေଠ౻஭ <ԴѪКҴ>ߞLamԓႽҍඞȂᣍಿ Ӈ㣣‫ݮ‬Є۶রȂಝ୓Ϟ୼጗ȄՙϠѕܽߞࣘఐᅙ ᆇȈ֬ᄱ୛ᛓ / ϼኆৎ‫౎܆‬ຈຈȂ‫࣏҄ـ‬ᆇ୛Ղᜡ ՂᏕȄ‫ڭ‬ѽ : ᐴ㣣ྑ – ௙ሬࠕงԺ഍‫᝱٭‬ᔛӠȂ Ђਛѽྑह‫ج‬Ȅ ည๒ՀᕚЪԴࢢᔝȂѽ‫أ‬ᆇ‫ڀ‬ԕє᜕Ϟᆇ୛ߞጤ ఐȂംԓ෌ / ‫ۊٷ‬ည֋௻/ ‫ ְྑا‬/ ࠠ‫ڧ‬ѐѐ / ՘Ԡࢥխ/ уྑࠜՅຈຈȂዴϵዴЙ؆ȄቖྑӇ ᇨಧߞ Lam ȂЂ୙ᓐຊᜪԩᇨಧȂُըᇨಧϘ‫ݦ‬ ൌ҄಩ඞ୓ࡢȄຊ߰࢝ܶႻߞϵతۖϞϘৎȂ઻ ֯॔݇Ȅ

EncoreൊԊઈ‫ޤ‬हည୼ᆚȂ֭LamҪቮឥ஭Ϙ঵ ࠮କ؆՘Ȃ১ԯഺ঵࣏ࡏ᜕ߞ< ϩжϩϟЇ >Ȃ ‫ږږ‬ϘϾઈ஭ϞϩԺжៗȂь‫ڱ‬஭ґሃᢜϧϵЙ ֖Ȃᔌ㣣࢝ԺϠൌ૭Ϟ୓‫ڽ‬Ϙ୓۶ህȂࠧ௱֛‫ۦ‬ ሃ‫ظ‬ϢȄϘৎࠧ௱ग़Հߞ౎ྻȂԴ‫ا‬԰ਛߞႮϯ Ъ৮㣣ᆇ۸Ȅ

09


ܹಁжࣨ

ћ0 ҏѐጡᒮഋ ᄦ0 Xinhua & Wiki

ྣড়᝘ᖞ՗ቈԒ᠍ߔӡ‫ܜ‬ኈᖂ౩೤๼

᛾ড়㞅өೝ৛‫ޱ‬ড়឴ήၲηؑনፘ

ೝਐࠉς‫ޟ‬ೃЍᖑ

10

1

ᖒ٤ᖂ౩ӡ‫ܜ‬ኈॶԩ೤๼Ѐྣ‫୽ڍ‬ᜰ߽

ҏ໊Ȃᖒ٤ᖂ౩ӡ‫ܜ‬ኈ‫ڗ‬೤ϛ୽Ȃԙ࣏ߖέԑ ‫ॶپ‬՝೤୰ϛ୽‫ޟ‬ᐬσց‫ٳ‬ᖂ౩Ȃϛ୽୽୛଱ ᖂ౩ྣড়᝘ӵԪ࣏Ԃ‫پ‬೤ᖞ՗᠍ߔቈԒȄྣড়᝘ ᇳȈ७ᄇӴୢ‫୽ڷ‬ሬ‫ל‬༖‫ړ౏ޟ‬ፒᚕᡐϽȂϛᐬ հ࣏‫ٳ‬ЊӴୢ१ौ୽ড়‫ڷ‬ӫհჱբȂӵᆰ៖Ӵୢ ᛧۡȃ௰ଢ଼ୢ୿‫ڷ‬Ӓ౨ငᔼቨߝȃᔖᄇӒ౨‫ࢅܒ‬

ᏽ้П७᏿Ԥኄ‫ޟݿ‬ӓӣցઉȄӡ‫ܜ‬ኈ१ҧȈᐬ σց‫ࡳٳ‬ԈΙএϛ୽ࢇ๊ȂᐬП᜹ᇄϛПӓӣֆ ΨȂϚᘞ‫ׇ‬๡ӫհᐠ‫ڙ‬Ȃ໌Ι؏஝ϸଽቹҺ‫܁‬Ȃ ё஼ငືȃ૖ྛၥྛȃ‫׹‬ၥȃஅᙃ೩ࢊ࡚೩ȃਡ ෬ȃΡМ้ሴ୿‫ޟ‬ҺࢺӫհȄ

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ӣၯᘈຟ

ұчߞണய֖຀КȂԠ‫ݛ‬዇Й཈௟ሃК஼஼ਛѹਯ १ᔅᕾྻ౏Ȃᘘ௟ሃ஼ச୰஘ᗁನ‫ֹق‬௻ϘԢྻ ‫ڍ‬೐ϟ‫ܨ‬Кᑫ CEO ཪ੸ྻߞԋ྽ध҃ࠑȂ‫ڭ‬ԒԢ ҍਯКᑫ၃໶Ԫ֯ᎢᐪȄӫࡈȂК஼Џ՘ऎᑫЂ‫׀‬ ‫ڲ‬೐ϘЂ໶‫ݽ‬ᄰ֡ȄᑂК஼ઔᝯ೚঍Ȃ2010ՐК ᑫᛕ᝝໶‫ݽ‬ᗁᛝऎ880.9ኆग़ЮȂѧϯՐኧࠜұ՘ җȄሃК஼ߞЂ༓໶‫ݽ‬༶ਮ‫؛‬՘ᘿ‫ށ‬ᅆѧߞ࣏ȂК ᑫ໶‫ݽ‬КȂКў୚ਮႿۖ336.4ኆग़ЮȄ

ᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬၃ᕻ࿂Ђ৅দᅆົ໶‫ݽ‬Й஄Ȃ࣏֭К஼୼ ി๴ਣ‫ـ‬࿂Ђ‫ڶ‬ᓥᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᅆົߞႤ࿚ҍழȂంഺ ৎ‫ڽ࢘ڎ‬ሲȂ‫ی‬஼၃໶ᝯ࠼‫ה‬಩ϘᇌȶϘৎ᝸ӇȂ Ϙৎ᝸ਖ਼ȷߞᅗཕȄપ‫࣏־‬ȂࠕՐ‫ڽ‬К஼ࣆܹϘߡ ‫د‬၃ᕻ୼ി๴ਣ໛ऎேࣆԪ‫ڽߞݑޱ‬࿚۶ߤྻᜦ‫ܠ‬ ߞ௄ӮȂࣇթԴᑫК໶‫ߞݽ‬யᛟϯȂКўѾҍߞ໶ ‫ݽ‬୚ਮȂᅁԴ࣏ЙఀЙѾߞ҃ኊȂᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬஼ӔҞ ѽ‫ޟޟ‬๒ѽ‫ۦ‬НȄ

2

᛾ড়㞅Ιቷо࢈ཎమΡဌೝր೎ԫӗ

22 РΰϿȂՙԊѿϛ઻Ρҕ‫ݲ‬଱ᄇೝ֙Ρ᛾ড়㞅 ࢈ཎమΡਰհюΙቷր‫ؚ‬Ȃо࢈ཎమΡဌր೎᛾ড় 㞅ԫӗȂথჴࢇ‫᠌ݽ‬ցತ٘Ȃ‫ٮ‬೎፫ᓻೝ৛Ρড়឴ ငᔼཬѶ 45498.5 ϯȄ᛾ড়㞅ӵϴԊᐠᜰҐᄇ‫ڏ‬ ௴‫ڥ‬ӈդ஼‫ڙ‬௩ࢊ‫ޟ‬௑‫ݷ‬ήȂҥЮҔഗӣ‫ڗ‬ϴԊᐠ

ᜰ‫׹‬ਰȂ‫ٮ‬ԃᄂ‫ټ‬क़Οқဌ‫ٱ‬ᄂȂ឴ܻՌॶȂծқ ဌଢ଼ᐠྃ‫ڠڏ‬ӛȂкᢎඌ‫౏ྃܒ‬ȂЙࢲ੫տ෤‫ע‬Ȃ ௑࿽੫տඌӛȂࡣ‫ݎ‬੫տᝒ१Ȃ឴ဌ՗ྃ‫ᝒڏ‬१Ȃ ᔖ‫ݲٷ‬ᛃ೎Ȅ‫ڏ‬ᗶԤՌॶ௑࿽ȂϫϚٗо௃ሆ೎ ᆴȂၿ‫ݲٷ‬հюࠉक़ր‫ؚ‬Ȅ

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ӣၯᘈຟ

2010 Ր 10 ѡ 20 џȂ᜽ਛ㟄ᏼᏺ॓֒ൠӄ᠋Ј᝛ ‫ژ‬ం֘Չҳ஼ሬЂᐯࠜՉ੭஡ࠔ԰Ҿ஡൉КȂ௟ࡈ ўԴࠧᑟஜ‫ژ‬Ⴝϯᛨცஜ‫ژ‬ԢўԨ֖ᏺߞജਚϠ ௺‫׻‬ዠ৆Ȅ᜽ਛ㟄਻௺‫ژ֝ୃ׻‬๕ၳ‫ێر‬൫࿭Ȃ‫׈‬ ࢺՋϥԴ௺‫׻‬଒ȃၛȃ०ຈ഍῅‫ە‬ዴϥȂ௟௺‫׻‬౭ ժȄୟ໿൉КϫዠཋϟϠȄԢѡ 22 џȂгՉᑟᝯ ‫ێر‬႙யജਚϠ௺‫׻‬ജਚ੯࣏‫ݙێڀ׎‬ऎȂ᜽ਛ㟄 ӭϾ‫׎‬ሮȄԢѡ 23 џȂ᜽ਛ㟄Դ‫ێ‬ѭӓൖԢϭۖ гՉᑟᝯ‫ظ‬੯Ȅ

᜽ਛ㟄Ϙ੯ӫࡈԴК஼ߞ᠛ஜϘ੡Ȅᅆ‫ݺ‬Ϙ኶ֿ ٙȂҳधໞᎢ൵Ժߞ࣏ऎ֣၃ᕻᎪᔺՂթНьȄϘ ᇌሲ‫ޱ‬ሮऎȂജਚϠਛ៳ऎϞᘖֺԺঋᎪᔺᐱ७᜽ ਛ㟄ంቅֿٙȂᄾҞЙঋᓿȂϵঋऻ຾᜽ਛ㟄ജֿ ժԖȄഺᇌᑉѕӏֺᢰϠ᝱ჅȂ১‫ࠅڽ‬ᓿ໴‫ڰߞۻ‬ ఐȂԴК஼Ϡऻ‫࣏ڽ‬ૌ࣏ՅԴߞȄ႖ϫሲ԰‫ڽ‬ȂՂ ‫ލ‬Ꭺᔺକᢰ௺‫׻‬ӁЈߞࢅЄჅఀՀϘᙇȂϫ֣Ӆே ຾‫ݺ‬᜽ਛ㟄ߞֿٙ۸ȉՂ‫ލ‬᜽ਛ㟄দ။ቅֿȂ‫࣏ڤ‬ К஼‫਺ߞࢠޱ‬୘ȂທЙ࣏௺ਛߞ਺୘Ȅ

3

৘ᑹೃЍᖑѫ឴ȶӕόΙُȷឌПϐඡණࢳ࢑Ӫ൐

ᐃॷ෫൬ᡝൢၾȂ৘ᑹ‫ڷ‬ೃЍᖑӵѕ‫ٵ‬ਖ਼ࢳೝਐȂ ‫ڏ‬ᄂѫІࢎ৏ዅ୼ࢳዘ‫ޟ‬ӕόΙُȄᐃ‫ޣ‬Ȃѕ‫ٵ‬ឌ ПߖРϐඡණѕ‫ٵ‬ᅋ᛺ࣨ‫ࢳ֜ޟ‬᛺ΡӪ൐Ȃ࿋ϛത ѓࢂέ՝Јӭȃ‫ڍ‬՝ኇӭȃ‫ڍ‬՝ኇࡔЅ‫ޣ‬ӪσᏲ้ ӻΡȂӒ֯ሀሀԤӪȂឌПϐήхΙ྅ᝒ҈Ȃᇱ஠

ࢳ৛೿ਲ਼‫ܦ‬ଔȄੑ਀ࡾϱӴ‫ࢳ֜ޟ‬᛺ΡኵҬȂതႇ Ѕјএѕ‫ٵ‬ᅋ᛺୼Ȃ௑‫ᝒݷ‬१ȄԤ՗ϱΡߒҰȂ֜ ࢳ‫ޟ‬ϱӴ‫ޣ‬ӪσᏲ‫ޣڷ‬Ӫ᛺Ρငல֜ॵџњӰЅσ ബȂծཱིಜ᛺ΡФငᔼ૖ΨȂσӻོᒵᐅቋᓀၶ߯ ۣ‫ޟ‬ȶKрȷȄ

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ӣၯᘈຟ

Ҕ‫់ڴ‬ў၃Ⴥᇟѕൊ၌ȂԴҔ‫ݲڴ‬੏ж‫־‬ઘཻ‫ࣲכ‬ ф᚟ࣲߞশส᜹Ϡംьᗐ۶ਗᒸȂ‫ڰ‬Ԇ๴ਣ֌ЫϘ ৎԺ࣐งȂЙҪӏ‫ڍ‬ӀਿႫ໪Ȃहх໸ᐂ໸ЂȄᑂ ҞᏫઐਿ൅ᠨȂҔ‫់ڴ‬ўऎទӇࣲলȂ՝ԴԺৎѡ ࡈЏᛆ‫ܠ‬ӫዾȂទӇ‫ߞࣲכ‬аԳ᜹ϠȂ់ў‫ـ‬Џ෠ ෪ഺ‫ࣲכز‬᜹ϠԩඏȂുَਣ༟֖ஜȂംȃਗജ੏ ཈៳ȶࡈ້ȷȄ

᜹Ϡ‫ࣲכ‬Ȃ১ԯԧЙहԢȄᑂᇍȂജ់ўᛆ‫ߞܠ‬ ઘࣲ᜹ϠКȂ࣊գ୑࿚ᆋᆋȂ੡௱༟ȶࣲPartyȷ ߞȶሹ‫ݸ‬ш௎ȷȂϵգՐ॔ஐЂᇟϧЙᕻȂᏫȶ‫כ‬ ϾЂ൫԰ቿȷߞჅઈ‫ޠ‬Ӈ‫࣐ށ‬Ȃ‫ـ‬գȶϠӠႮЙጢ ഍഍ဥᐨȂఘգ‫ێظ‬Ȟᐱᆊȟ‫ݙ‬Հȷփ‫ྲߞࣲכ‬೛ ᜹ϠȄሲᅁ႖Ȃᆊ᜹կุȂϘհѪգԺಎȂҳϠ᝱ ѽߢᑍȂЙჅȶҍ‫ڽ‬಄ᗁ࣏ঋᘘߞȷȂ‫ࣲכ‬ਚϠਚ ЎȂ់ўທЙྻ‫ݸ‬ჅȄ


ܹಁжࣨ

ఄց‫תޟٳ‬ដΡတ

ցШ‫ٳ‬ທᓞᅖҬዶ౺

ٖөжࣨ‫ޟ‬ພࢌߞΡ‫؃‬ωᓸማ჋

4

ዞஅМ‫ڳ‬ᢱ㥐ց‫໌ٳ‬՗ᄇၗ‫׽ڷ‬८

ᖒӫ୽ફਪߝዞஅМ 26 Рӵહघᖒӫ୽ᖂഋᇳȂ ѫԤȶ‫ڎ‬Ԥѓৠ‫ޟܒ‬ᄇၗ‫ڷ‬ઍғ‫׽ޟ‬८ȷϗ૖ஊ ‫ٺ‬㥐ց‫࡮ٳ‬ඈ‫ڷ‬ҁȄዞஅМ࿋ЈӵԊ౩ོഖߞጀ ୦ཊൢтю೤ዉ‫ٳ‬ϲ୽௑‫ࡣݷ‬ᄇ଄‫ޱ‬ᇳȂтғӵ

஝ϸᜰ‫ݧ‬㥐ց‫׋ٳ‬༖Ȃᄇ‫ٱ‬Ӈี৤౏ཐᐊ኏Ȅዞ அМᇳȈȶ‫߬౏ר‬ȂѫԤ‫ڎ‬Ԥѓৠ‫ޟܒ‬ᄇၗ‫ڷ‬ઍ ғ‫׽ޟ‬८ϗ૖၌‫ؚ‬㥐ց‫ٳ‬Ρҕ‫ޟ‬ӫ౩ሯؑȂ࡮ඈ ‫ོޥ‬પ‫ו‬ᇄ‫ڷ‬ҁȄȷ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

ϬѡК՟ѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃ㦏‫ڲ׀‬ҍ಩ЂഢጀӔ㦏ӯࢃȂంࡑ ൊߞ዇‫ݛ‬ष፺ܼ֌ԺৎԳ஡ȄࠕџȂ㦏‫ܹࣆڲ׀‬ऎ ᜦ‫ܠ‬ညࡈ؊ཕళۤϞϘ‫ڀ‬ԕనࣉȂ‫ێ‬КҒࣁయஜ‫ؼ‬ ভ۶‫ؼ‬ຠϠӔӠࣿߞ15༵నࣉѽфჴֶႋ୵ᇦࢧߐ ᅗߞ‫ޱ‬੯ȂᅣᏚ൵୼஼ਛՉԑ‫ޱ‬୰ߞ‫ޱ‬੯ф۶ӀႼ ֖‫ޱ‬੯ȄᑂఉȂ㦏‫ڲ׀‬ԺৎࡱҾᗝ֖хࣆܹӯࢃߞ Ӕಿሃ់ᅅ๴ӠዷϧᎏॎȂᐱ७֌ь110ϠժϸȄ

㦏‫ߞڲ׀‬Ϡᡋߐ޶Ϙߡൌዃ޾ജϘ‫ڱ‬ѵध‫ݑ‬ೡᚐ‫ݙ‬ ‫ز‬ໞȄᇦࢧߐᅗ‫ޱ‬ᎬПႍ஼Չԑൊ༤ѽ࿂Ђߞ༇੏ ۶ᆾူߞᡋϧșșഺϘ‫ࢠޱ‬Џ၃ᅁࣉϞ 48 ՐȄੲ ᑂ2010ՐϠᡋᣍᅅ๴ֶߞඡ‫ט‬Ȃᗁ೚ࠠᚠ዇֋ϯ ԇѽ‫ڽ‬ԴჅҝϩՐ‫ݙ‬இߞ‫ؼ‬་ӎ஼Ϡᡋߐ޶ߞஇ ‫࣏ޱ‬ҵీߞȄ࣏֭ȂԢዹူᔈ‫ڏ‬Ꭲ۶༰ྻ֋Ӥߞྲ Ґ‫܂‬Ȃࡋంӏ๴Ӡ᝷֬ఐ޶ȄҞ‫ڍ‬Ȃ࢝Ժ੡৏ሲЙ ՀȂ‫ٿ‬ൣӔӠ۶Ϡᡋ৹Ϙৎ‫ۦـ‬ᝯަȄ

5

ѕघᏽᐠៜࣔњႀ຅՞‫ܚܚ‬ӵӴ

ѕघᏽᐠ 25 Р∪఑ៜࣔցШ‫ٳ‬ሴᏲΡњႀ຅ӵॶ ഍‫ޟ‬Ꮝ‫ݰ‬٨‫ޟ‬՞‫ܚܚ‬ӵӴߡቆቆ‫ٳ‬ռᕊȄ 24 Рఏ ໢Ս 25 Р∪఑ӵ‫ޟ‬Ꮝ‫ݰ‬٨ѿϱ᠙‫ڗ‬ᏽᐠៜቁᖐЅ ӻଔᛖࣔᖐȄ࿋ӴႫຜᇃέএᓜၾ߬ဴ༈ଚೝफ़ϛ ᘞσघΙএωਢȄҬᔞ‫ޱ‬ᇳȂњႀ຅՞‫ܚܚ‬ӵӴߡ

ቆቆ‫ٳ‬ռᕊߣߖԤᐨྭЀଔȄցШ‫ۺࢇٳ‬ᓍࡣᜌᄂ Οߡቆቆ‫ٳ‬ռᕊᎏ᠛‫ޟ‬ൢၾȄΙӪۢষӵៜࣔ๖‫؂‬ ࡣ֙ວ൬ᡝȂѕघៜࣔϐഅԙ45Ρ‫ڧ‬༌Ȃ‫ڏ‬ϛ15 Ρ༌༖ᝒ१Ȅ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

3ѡ19џȂग़஼ȃ‫ޱ‬஼۶ॻ஼ຈ֘ў஼ਛ༟‫ܕ‬ᅆ‫׀‬ ѧ‫ڲ‬་֖ক‫ڰ‬ВჰȄ3ѡ31џȂҔॗԑবతᇒᅆ‫׀‬ ѧ‫ڲ‬ক‫֖ڰ‬ஜࢽ෭ᡋȄӎѡ 22 џȂҔॗ༟‫ܕ‬ҐЂ

ሲᅁ႖ȂҔॗ࣏‫׎‬ం೐Ϙч༟‫ܕ‬බւዋઐ࿝ҙႿໄ ӎϠȂፁᅁ࢝᝱ሲȄЙჅգ၃ᢚߞਛࠜൌߢႽȂ୊ ӋࢅЄߞ੡৏ȂࢅЄ໸൤ኜȂ୊Ӌఀ໸ទኖȄҔॗ ᠛ओ‫׀‬ѧ‫ڲ‬ЏգԺџȂҙႿໄ࣊Й‫ظ‬ফȂϵЙ۶ ᎘Ȃ‫ـ‬ЙߺࣹϸઔҳȂ‫ڹ‬ఀҔॗϭЙ‫ڽ‬ҭȂӎ‫ڽ‬ٟ Ӈᇖઐ࿝ҙႿໄȂ಩ԴϵЙକԓਟ‫ء‬ҁȄ‫ێ‬ᅁҔॗ ᅆҙႿໄᘘ࣏‫ݱ‬գౕؓߞȂॶ࣏ࢷ࿰ᅆ࢞‫ࡈ֊ژ‬ታ ഞ‫ن‬ႿॠшߞўՑȂϘᘺᇟፁۘᐱߞᐱዅබକঋϞ ҁߞ‫ۻ‬Ȅ

ᅆ‫׀‬ѧ‫ܹࣆڲ‬ক‫ݙ‬ఠԳ஡ߞߩᡚϧ࢘ȄྍЂ‫׀‬ᗁನ 25 џࠑӯȂྍЂ‫׀‬ٙ‫ܠ‬ԴҔॗᅆ‫׀‬ѧ‫ߞڲ‬ক‫֖ڰ‬ ஜКஇҍ‫ـ‬Ђ୒ឥȂᅆપ‫ܠ‬ক‫ڰ‬ӫዾ་֖᠛ओȄྍ Ђ‫׀‬௟ᅆપ‫ܠ‬ӫዾ๴ਡ୼ᇟ࢘ᐱዅȂᘖֺᅆӀӔൄ ՘ཋϸȄ

6

ᜰܻဨ୰ӑҡ‫ڷ‬ພࢌਊ

ҏѐΰ෈ȶӣၯᘈຟȷួҬൢᏲȶॷ෫૞ުϴѧ ೣۡު‫۔‬ᏰພࢌਊȷΙ‫ٱ‬Ȃӵဨ୰ӑҡྱаήຝ ភȶພࢌਊഺۖΡဨ୰ȷȄԤ᠞‫پޱ‬ႫࡾюȂဨ୰ ӑҡ‫ߨٮ‬ພࢌਊഺۖΡȄᐃࢥၥਟȂພࢌਊᐃ༈ଔ ྛܻᅖ఼ϛ෈ԑфȂҥᄇࠒЍ‫ݡݓ‬ђߨலᕣ၌Ϟ‫ݡ‬ ೚σৱȶϤ‫ݛ‬ৱЊȷ‫ܚ‬ഺҳ‫ޟ‬Ȃծฒ௃ՃᜌȄԤᐃ џࢥ‫ޟ‬ഺۖΡ࢐ᝒພࢌȂພࢌ௲ᇄ‫ڏ‬Љగ⥦ᏒȂ⥦ ᏒӰ଄‫ێڏ܈‬Ȃ࢈‫ڼ‬ӪȶພࢌਊȷȄ‫ࡣڏ‬గ⥦Ꮢ ༈ᇄఊࡁగ៌਴ȂՌగ៌਴ᗓᙽ༈Սങ๼໷Ȃӵ Ԫ෈໢ȂȶພࢌਊȷΙ‫ޢ‬հ࣏ફ஝ਊ೚Ȃ‫ٮ‬ϚѴ ༈Ȅ1901ԑȂങ๼໷գόܻጸ߆Ӵσທचҟ۹ϱ ໠ᓢ௲৶Ȃ1904ԑȂຎឭѫԤϤྑ‫ޟ‬ဨ୰ࡶങ๼

໷࣏ৱȂᏰಬພࢌਊȂဨ୰࢐ങ๼໷‫ޟ‬ᜰߞ‫ך‬υȄ ϤΪԑфȂဨ୰‫ॷڗپ‬෫Ȃζ‫װ‬ພࢌਊள‫ॷپ‬ ෫Ȃ1968ԑಢᙑߞΡԙҳȶພࢌᡝ‫ོى‬ȷȂϴ໠ ௲৶Ȃ༈ΡԤగࣺȃᓩ᝺ȃ৸‫ۦ‬Ҥȃ༁ఴగȃ‫؃‬ω ᓸȃగਕȃߝυဨྥȃԩυဨғȃᯝυᑋМᓆ้ ΡȂтঈ഍ᒳྱ‫ڏ‬ᒸ‫װס‬ȶພࢌਊȷี৤ՍжࣨӨ ӴȂ࢈ဨ୰ഁжࡣᕕៗȶΙф۠ৱȷȄҥܻӵဨ ୰ϞࠉȂȶພࢌਊȷફ஝༈‫ܛ‬Ȃ࢈жࣨ‫ޣ‬ӪϞȶພ ࢌਊȷՌဨ୰Մۖ‫ٮ‬ฒᅸ୰ȂϚႆष࢐ᆎ‫ڳ‬ဨ୰ȶ Ιфພࢌ۠ৱȷȂџ૖‫؁‬ёຮϸȄӵԪȂᄇᜰЖȮ ӣၯΡȯ‫ޟ‬ዥЖ᠞‫ޱ‬ӔԩߒҰཐᗂȄ

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ϛ๼ҕ୽Ռ࡚ҳӀۖȂ։໠ۖ୽ҕငᔼ ‫࡚ޟ‬೩ೣგȄ৘ϛόܻ1917ԑՍ1920 ԑ෈໢‫ׇ‬ԙȮ࡚୽П౱ȯ3ҏ๿հ‫ޟ‬ӫॏ

‫้ݡ‬ΡឍюϛМҏȂ৘ϛόӵኄԎีߒϛ

ం 1927 Ր֌ 1937 Ր‫ة‬џᐼߋ᜕๴Н༡ߞϩՐȂ К஼ࣆ؊हᅆᜦ‫ܠ‬Ȃ၃ᕻ‫أ‬ി๴ਣȂജᇍऎȶཀࠛ ϩՐȞ‫ݕ‬ϩՐ࢙஼ȟȷȄഺࣱ੡งȂ஼ӔࣆܹԴࣆ ޼ȃ၃ᕻȃ௄࢙ȃћмȃి‫ڈ‬ȃߤྻࣆຉȃ᝝ᜟӔ ౉ࣆຉȃҳӹȃক‫ڰ‬ຈ༵ӫϯरգϘ‫ܠ‬՘බȂᑋᢜ ᖖᄩऎ1840Րѽ‫ڽ‬К஼Н൵୼Ѫ࿤Ȅ

МՌ‫ו‬ȂȮᄂཾॎგȯϛඪюϲ໶ॎგȂ

1927 ՐȂ஼Ӕࣆܹ‫ܠ‬ൌࡑ‫ڴ‬ȂԢՐ 10 ѡ؆՘Ҕ

Ϸ෫ο࡚೩ȃ១ၯȃၾၯ࡚೩ȃ௴ᝪཾȃ

ԂȂКົӔ஼་Ϣ୊ࣆ੡งȄȶ୊ࣆᇹᇑȂ঵দ࢙ നȂẽԴ঵ൌȂұў࣏ࡋȷȄ஼Ӕࣆܹ‫҄ۻ‬ȶᓱನ ஼ൌന঍‫ܢڰ‬ȷȂփ঍ᄑКߞ঵ൌঋِȶЙ཈ቮঋ ಩҃мߞ࢙ᒝՉ၉ࣆܹᓱгȂփѷቮঋྲߞ໖Ⴝȃ ‫ڻ‬Ѫȃӹ഼നࣉȃгཀྵȃ‫ޒ‬፹Ⴝѽф‫ێ‬ҁሃ 20 ѵ ॔ࡱҾहᝯߞനࣉȷȄ1928Ր11ѡ1џȂࡑ‫ڴ‬஼ ൌന঍‫ث‬ങ௞৶ᓱ‫ڰ‬഍՘ӲȄ‫ޒ‬༊Ӕԇ഍ࠜȂѹঋ ঑യᇒನȄᠪயऎ‫֋ڽ‬ग़஼ߞ֛‫׀‬Ȇᐍໄሃҟϧ޼ ȞErnest P.GoodrichȟȂѹঋ঑യഢᄑЍ֯Ȅ‫ו‬ ࢜ߡӺգணሃഢᄑȂ֭ҁ‫ݺ‬ᓱ‫ڰ‬഍՘Ӳࢢ4ৎѡࢢ ઽീȂ઻գȮഢᄑ঵ൌൌҾ஡ᄦ੯Ђᇩନ੯ȯȄ

ҏȂ‫ڏ‬ϛȮᄂཾॎგȯ࣏Ȯ࡚୽П౱ȯϞ ‫ސ‬፴࡚೩Ȃܻ1920ԑ‫ׇ‬ገȂনо़Мี ߒȂ1921ԑ10Т10Рҥ‫ݓ‬໴ỵȃ଻֗

‫ݬݽ‬ၾ้ΤএጒᛟȄϚႆҥܻࢇ‫ݽ‬ଢ଼ᕝȂ ᏽ‫ٱ‬ϚᘞȂϛ๼ҕ୽ᐣѬΰ಑Ιԩᐌᡝ‫ܒ‬ ‫ޟ‬σೣ዁ငᔼ࡚೩ᒶՍ1927ԑѕӃᏽ‫ތ‬ ഽցȃ‫ݍ‬ѕܾቾϞࡣПۖంଢ଼Ȅ

Ȯ঵ൌ঍ᄑȯ௟ࡑ‫ڴ‬ᄑऎ6ৎ஡ாȄКҴࣆ޼஡֜ ‫ݺ‬КЋࠝҳຘࠛЋࡑឋȂҾૺ֖ࣆ஡Դ൮ࡓ௯Գ ஡ȂЍ྽஡Դࠜկ‫ܫی‬фϭᝯߞสϾ஡Ȃѹ྅Ⴝ‫ی‬ எԳ஡۶ྲ໖Ͼȃ‫ࣇށ‬ਝࠢࠕऎ஥྽஡Ȃћి஡ ԴᄁጁфУሂЋϘ௲Ȃ֝Ո஡ж3ৎຈૺȂ‫֝ܧ‬Ϟ 2/3ϠϾߞࡱࡑ‫ށ‬౻ল੾ߞց஡ജ؆ᑋ࠲઻ȂԴࡱ ҔЋ֘ႮϘ௲ϫҩന୼ૺ֝Ո஡Ȅ Ȯ঵ൌ঍ᄑȯᅆ࢙ᒝ‫؛‬Ց֯Ϟ‫ށ‬ፁഢ‫ܠ‬Ȉঋѽȶ К஼‫۽‬գН‫؛‬ՑȷȂ෩ҍȶӎ᎜ገग़ॊᐯН১ ࡋȷȃȶ‫׍‬஼ग़ങНᔹᙇȷߞ১ࡋȂ؈ᣍഢᄑᡦ ‫ݺ‬ገग़Ȃྋᣍ࢙ᒝ‫؛‬ՑళӡК஼ཇ೚࢙ᒝȄࡱҾ

ᅆ‫ݺ‬঵ൌഢᄑళӡȶК஼‫۽‬գН‫؛‬Ցȷߞ১ԯȂȮ ঵ൌ঍ᄑȯႋ៖ऎȈȶ‫ݙ‬ѽ๴ෳԍЂӎ஼‫۽‬գНћ мϵȷȃȶᛞ֒Н୨ӡ൵ऎ੆ӫϵȷȃȶԍ።ߩઈ ൵ऎ҇‫ږ‬ϵȷȃȶ‫ۍ‬գ֩ᖺН֯ӡ‫ݺ׀‬жง࢙ൄ ϵȷȄ‫ێ‬ᅁȂ൵ऎੲӎߞ১ԯබ࣏๴ෳӎ஼ཇ೚ћ мȈȶϘ஼ӅգϘ஼НћмȂК஼ऎѵध൵ҟ஼ਛ НϘȂዴϼԺՐȂरѽћм஼ਛ‫ڍ‬ᇍ‫ݺ‬ѵधȄȌȌ ஼ൌऎԑ஼ћмㅊິН஡ȂЙକЙᚣթࠑ಩ȂϘў ѽᣍҳϠНօӫȂϘўѽຉ஼ӔНᒸᐬϵȄȷ ‫ߡ࢜ו‬ᅆ‫ݺ‬঵ൌ࢙ᒝళӡȶК஼‫۽‬գН‫؛‬ՑȷȂԴ Ȯഢᄑ঵ൌൌҾ஡ᄦ੯Ђᇩନ੯ȯК኷ႽȈȶ݃ਝ ࿒НᏂ࿴ȂЙჅ࢓ѳࠑӯපទȂਹ‫ێ‬ᔹႼӡȂѷ᝴ ໱஼ᅋȂփฑទᚰ௜Ȃਵ‫ڹ‬ϘϠН‫ۦڳ‬ȄЫ߰஼ᢜ ‫ྲـ‬Ȃ޼ನಳ‫ݼݺ‬੡Ȃ‫ێ‬ᕕӡНгԒ࢙ᒝȂऎ‫׍‬Ӕ ࢙നᇟૠНѹঋߞࠑӯȂӅညళӡК஼પգࢽ࢙ᒝ ՑȂҐѽႎ௜Нु‫ٿ‬Ȃѽ᜹ങࢥྐനᄦ੯Ȃӡॊᐯ ১ನ֖ᅹൄȂ๒ࢢК஼Н࢙ᒝȂϜҞ֯་َН๴ ਣȂȌȌգ๴ෳᘏኖНᇟૠȂӅ༷գ༯ஈഄទН‫؛‬ ՑȂգᖋ᠀ᇪដН‫؛‬ՑȂփࢢգ‫ޠܥ‬་ۤНᇟૠȂ ࣇ஼ܹ࢙ᒝНᄦ੯ȂᅁӔ஼࢙നϯᝯ࠼֌ЂНϘ ᇑȂӺ‫׍‬Ϡᅆ‫ݺ‬ѵधћмϯ‫ݙ‬ᕕգН୒ឥϵȄȷ

Ȯॶ഍ॎგȯᄂࢊϞࡣȂച៉ӵࠒ‫࡚ٵ‬ԙΟΙ‫ف‬Ӗ࿋ਢሳ࣏౪фϽ‫ޟ‬ϴӓ೩ࢊȂ१ौ‫ޟ‬ѓࢂȈ

ΰ 1928ԑ१࡚‫ޟ‬үჂၯЈкఀஆ ή ϛѵ໻۹

ֶ؊ȶԢѕཪՑұবӀ‫׮‬༟ਣȂᆙ՘ཪ‫؛‬Нཕȷ Ȃᘖֺ‫ה‬ȶબࠜН‫؛‬ȷȂѽᘖֺȶϘൊჅ‫ݺ‬ᗄ ᅷȂϘൊჅ‫ݺ‬წགྷȷȄႽႮ‫ڀ‬೚ѽग़஼૏‫؛‬Ⴎᇨ ऎႽႮഢᄑߞನྐў੯Ȅє་Ϟ‫ޒ‬፹ЂႽȃᖖࡱ ЂႽȃᖖ࡭‫ݸ‬ਡႽႮຈྲߞഢᄑ࿄݇ሃаਟȂഢ ‫ܠ‬КҴࣆ޼஡࢙ᒝညॎҍҟ҃ਝ࿒ᔹᙇȂ஥྽࢙ ᒝϵঋ‫ۍ‬൯К஼પ֒ȂȶᗁНȂ஼ൌ࢙ᒝȂ‫ێ‬ᕕ ళӡК஼ภՑȂҞ๑ᆷ၍Ȅȷ

1927ԑۖ

࢙‫ࣇށ‬ਝᑟඞȂ1929Րᙖ࢙ࢢ༟഼Ӕଝ

1929ԑ

֯ऎԑࡱߞК༄።ȂంϭᝯКЋፅᔝȂ्ჅҾКѕȂԓԨ‫ۖތ‬КЋࠝԑࠜ 12 г‫ࠓߞڧ‬ൗЂႽ࢙՘ȄԢ ՐȂࡑ‫ڴ‬೐Ϙਲ਼ᔀຏ಄ᐖϿຕᅹߞКЋᑜԴϭᝯ෎ӔޫϯງЍȄ

1930ԑ

ऎႋٙ঵ൌࢉറႻႻϧᕅϧȂদ࢙ϭᝯѫ‫ژ‬૭

1931ԑ

࢙՘ᖖਫຕᅹߞྲ໖Ͼዃඞ۶ည੡ቈ‫ތ‬൵Ђߞᢜ‫ڈ‬ඞșșКҴᢜ‫ڈ‬ඞȄԢՐȂ‫މڴ‬஼Ⴝ࢙՘഼‫ژ‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬ሃ թԢ੡ుஜϞѽࡑ‫ڴ‬ऎКѕԑ஼гႮᇨ࢙നȄ

1933ԑ

঵ൌѪዄ࢙՘ȄԢՐȂϭᝯȃ઒ϾН༡ാతᆡᄾȃࣺ઒ᠠႮߞѫ‫ژ‬Ꮗอ഼ଝ

1936ԑ

КЋፅᔝф‫ࠢێ‬ന‫ژ‬૭ᑢ੡6ՐງЍȄ

1936ԑՍ1937ԑ 1949ԑ

঵ൌცዄ֋ѹന঍ߞ‫ی‬ҭ1ေϼӞ٠Ꮗᑟೡहា࢙՘๴ცȄ КົӔ஼ࣆܹᏏᛓࡑ‫ڴ‬Ȃࡑ‫ڴ‬Йԓ֯ऎ঵ൌȂ֭஼ӔࣆܹߞЂ༓࢙നȂ֌ЫЪ๒Դऎࡑ‫ڴ‬ҾӔ‫އ‬சȄփ Ȯ঵ൌ঍ᄑȯߞۘ‫ܠ‬ф‫ێ‬ᅁࣉȂऎК஼ࠕ҃ߤྻࡱҾм་຀ߞ‫ۏ‬ፑȂྍ၍‫ڞ‬ЫЙଽȄКົӔ஼‫ܠ‬ൌࡑ‫ڴ‬ ง༡Ȃᓷ઻ᔹ‫ٽ‬Ђ༓Ҿࣆ࢙നሃ಩҃м࢙ᒝȂҒࣁКЋൗȃ஼ӔЂྻ௅ȃࠛൗЃЄЂᐯȃྲ໖Ͼ஥྽஻ ຈԺ഍Ȅ


1

2 3 4

1 2 3 4

ϛόഘ

୽ҕσོஆ

КЋൗ࣏КົӔ஼஼ѭȃК஼Ӕѹভ‫ߞۻ‬Ԑ֖߰ ਗКЋߞൗᄪȂ֜‫ݺ‬կែषࡑ‫ڴ‬Ҿ‫ތ‬ঠຘࠛЋࡑ ឋȂ֘Ꮠ‫؂ށ‬ൗȂ‫ࣳތ‬ᢸ‫ڐ‬ՊȄ 1926 Ր 1 ѡஜЍ ᒸ࢙Ȃ1929Ր6ѡ1џᗝ֖‫܇‬ՉЂ‫ۏ‬Ȃ1931Րԑ ൊ࢙՘Ȅ

஼ӔЂྻ௅֜‫ݺ‬К஼կែषࡑ‫ڴ‬Ҿӛ‫ޠ‬஡ࠜկႮ 264ၳȞ಩Գ‫׬‬ȟȂ‫ױ‬ҔจࡑȂᔀຏѪުຕᅹȂԳ ϯ4ኸȂ࢙ᒝবᒕ5100ӀўռȂ࢙՘‫ݺ‬1936ՐȄ

ᑋৎᄪ஡ӀবՂᠢ‫؛‬ȂۤȶѢᠢ់ѵȷНྍȄៗ൤ ऎЋϭҗѡ‫؛‬ዃඞȂዃඞࡑᇑߞᄀҭȞ಩‫ؼ‬ऎਗ КЋߞӲᄊȟऎៗ૸Ȃᘨᘧබ࣏җಧ‫ߞ؛‬ᄪ࢈Ȅȶ ᄀȷԴҟ࣏҃ᡋϧߞ໪ወȂԯթᑋৎЂៗϜ‫ף‬ȶඓ ୓ӔಿȂѽ࢙Ӕ஼ȷНྍȄൗ‫ױ‬ҔจࡑȂ൭Ћփ ᒝȂӤࡑ݀Ҕ޻К༄።ുᆙп୼Ȃ‫ڶ‬ըऎዃඞȃӮ ‫ת‬ȃᄪႽȃൗࠝȃါࠩȃ೉௅ȃᄪ࢈Ȅᑋৎൗᄪߞ ൌӡߞ࣏ࠦ֒ߞલጬӞȂࠦ֒ѽ໪ወࠦчȂϵ೑Ԫ КົӔ஼஼ᅮߞᛞ֒șșࠦчӨџᆕԳ॓Ȅࠦч໪ ወКົӔ౉ԍ‫ށ‬ፂၢȃ௣୼ஈЂߞϠ੾۶‫ؠ‬ઈȄࠦ ֒લጬӞϜ‫ף‬чϭऎгНྍȂѽթ‫ڽ‬ᢖӯਗКЋԐ Ӡऎ஼ऎӔߞൾЂ଒ᜃȄం๕‫ۖת‬೉௅ȂԒգӮ ༥392ૺȂ8ৎӀҭȂၢਮ73ռȄ392ૺӮ༥໪ወ ည੡КົӔ஼ϠϾ 3 ኆ 9 ϼ 200 ေȄൗᄪϢϾ഍գ ୼Ђߞࠅ௯ӮϬࠝ๕‫ת‬ȂϯգਗКЋј੩ߞȶൾ ྑȷ‫ی‬ৎࠛՄȄӮ‫࣏ࠜࢢת‬Ⴟ 375 ռȃኵ 40 ռߞ ᄪႽȄࡈ֖ऎൗࠝȂҹѽࠦ֒ߞલጬӞऎ൤Ȃࠝᛝ ϯऎਗКЋߞјႫȶчϭऎгȷұৎЂՄȄ

ϛόഘ ୽ҕσོஆ ߜഘτυσᏰᙟ֭ ߜഘσᏰѕσዂ

Ӕ஼24ՐȞ1935Րȟ9ѡȂ஼Ӕ៨КҴ഼ჅϞٙ ៉Ȃ‫ز‬৞Դ঵ൌ࢙ൄ஼ӔЂྻ௅Ȅࢷыೇᆧຈ5Ϡ ߞ෩៉Ȃ஼ӔЂྻ௅ҞӤ࢙ൄ஼Ӳᕚነরጄ୰۶ग़ ങ൘ԕᔡ‫ڽ‬৘ӡȂ࢙՘ࢢ࣊Ҟ֯ነඞȂϫҞ֯ྻ ඞȂϘᗝ‫ی‬ఀȄ஼Ӳᕚነরጄ୰۶ग़ങ൘ԕᔡឯ܎ ྻг༟‫ݢ‬ዾȄ၃ឯ܎ྻໞ‫ܠ‬Ȃന঍ў੯ѽг‫׀‬Ѝ຀ Ҧਉᇊ࢙ࣵᒝਰߞऎ঵ᓴȂᝯჵᗏȃቀಎߞന঍ў ੯жԕ೐ϟϬԩȄ11ѡ20џȂᗝ֖ညಿ༟ዾȂϯ ઔ൙ੲୃᖉൄዄКዾᖉൄȄന঍࣏߰ਉᇊࣵȂရ ൄ࣏߰൜ୃЍ຀‫ڰ‬ச‫ھܟقݙ‬ȄӔ஼25ՐȞ1936 Րȟ 5 ѡ 5 џȂЂྻ௅࢙՘Ȅ࢙՘ࢢԢ੡֯ऎ஼Ӳ ᕚነরጄ୰‫ڹ‬ӡȄ ࢙ᒝӲবКൊ୼ᗒȂ‫ی‬எᅆᇍਣ༟Ȃ௻ᎠᎨ።౧Ȃ ᢜུᚎጒȂቲ‫ۍ‬಩҃ྏȇփԴᕳϾȃࠝຄȃࠥฝ۶ ࠝᣇ‫֯׮‬ᚎмߞК஼ཇ೚ᄦ੯഍ನȄаൊরᠩੜ‫ލ‬ ႵՀȄྻ௅аനգ3400Ժৎਲ਼֜Ȃ୨൯գ֋ஜࠑ ٙᐡ۶៌রႅ၉Ȅ‫ێ‬ҁည੡ߞԐ་ന൯ȂՂֽྷઈ ຈϘᕕৌԑȄሃ஼ӔЂྻ௅ϘᖒНუȂᘘ࢙՘Ϟ஼ Ӳग़ങᔡȂ‫߰ی‬ল੾Ϙ७Ȃใ๒ϘᢜȄ

ߜഘτυσᏰ ࠛൗЃЄЂᐯ࣏К஼೐Ϙ‫ݙ‬ЃЄЂᐯȄ1913ՐȂ ग़஼ిྻग़Ҕࠜցྻȃग़ѽग़ྻȃᆾನྻȃग़Ҕઓ ᚃྻ۶௄ရྻٙ‫ܠ‬ԴࠜկࣹாᗑԪ൹ᓱϘ‫ݙ‬ЃЄЂ ᐯȂ11ѡ13џȂೡ՘੭ၭྻȂᓴ‫ڴࡑܠ‬ऎ੭‫ݙ׬‬ ԴԳȄ1915ՐȂࠛൗЃЄЂᐯԴࡑ‫ࡑތڴ‬ᚔࠅ࢒ ‫ق‬ᙃൢࠅཀྵ᚞‫׬‬༟ᐯȄ঵ԇ੭ࠜ዇ӎ௵шϠȞMrs Laurence ThurstonȟȄ ᔌཀྵࠛൗЃЄЂᐯ࢙ᒝ၏Ӥग़஼࢙ᒝਰ֛‫׀‬Ȇᐍ ໄഢᄑന঍ȂК஼࢙ᒝਰ‫ߡ࢜ו‬ന঍Ȃ൘‫ୃށ‬ᖉ ൄዄ‫࢙ݚ‬Ȅ 1922 Ր༟Ѝ࢙നȂۖ 1923 Ր੭߽ ၢ՘ȂࠛЃЂᏏϢȂթ੡؆՘Ϟ 7 ኼਝ࿒Ցߞ࢙ ᒝȄ1934ՐȂ࢙ൄϞᄦ੩ᔡȃЂᚃ௅Ȅᔌཀྵࢷ‫ތ‬ ֘Ԩߞ༄።ᅆᇍֶ؊ȂϢϾళӡ‫ޒ‬፹ႽҐ௻ߩ༡ ߞᗂಎྏȂѹᢜ࢙ᒝߏѽЂନ‫܀‬ऎКѕȂᅆᇍҿ ၉Ȃ100ၳጁࢢবന঍Ϟ1ৎѽϠЍุऎКѕߞࠅ ཀྵȂК༄።ߞ֘ᇑຕ‫ݺف‬ѸൗȞ֘Ћȟۘ୼ᙇߞК ՑጁቦȄ࢙ᒝൄ࡭ళӡК஼ཇ೚ਝ࿒Ց࢙ᒝল੾Ȃ ࢙ᒝ‫ل‬ਫ਼۶ຕᅹళӡ֘ўᔀຏ಄ᐖϯຕᅹȂ࢙ᒝߏ Н༡ѽК஼ҟ‫ۏ‬ՑҳශहാతȂऎК֘Ԫᙸߞ‫ތ‬ў ࢙ᒝ၏Ȃജᇍऎȶ‫ތ‬ў൵ग़ដߞ੭ཀྵȷȄ


ӵȮॶ഍ॎგȯ௰໌‫ޟ‬ӣਢȂζᑖ๊ྃგ

ϛ๼ҕ୽ΰ੕ѿࢇ‫ۺ‬σ཈

ё‫פ‬ϛ୽‫ޟ‬ငᔼϛЖșșΰ੕‫࡚ޟ‬೩Ȅσ

1929 Ր 7 ѡȂКົӔ஼ϯઔપ‫־‬Ҿࣆܹ೐ 123 ը

ΰ੕ॎგȂ࢐ϛ๼ҕ୽ࢇ‫࡚࣏ۺ‬അΰ੕ཱི ࢇ‫ݽ‬ϛЖ‫ޟۡڙ‬ॎგȂॎგܻ1929ԑ7 Т ΰ ੕ ੫ տ ѿ ࢇ ‫ ۺ‬಑ 123 ԩ ོ ដ ೽ ႆ Ȅ ॎ გϛგۡΰ੕‫ݍ‬ѕПө‫ޟ‬๢ੈၯоѕȂႢ ੈၯоࠒȂూᅢၯо‫ݍ‬घ7000Ꮇ੹‫ޟ‬π Ӵཱི࣏ΰ੕ѿѿϛЖୢ୿Ȃ‫࡚ٮ‬അΰ੕ѿ ࢇ‫ۺ‬σ཈้Ι‫ٲ‬அᙃ೩ࢊȄ

1937ԑూᅢོᏽࡣȂ၎ॎგೝफ़ୄХᄂ ࢊ Ȃ ծ Р ॖ 1938 ԑ 10 Т ཱི ‫ ڙ‬ॏ ‫ ޟ‬Ȯ ΰ ੕ σ഍ѿॎგȯζ࢐оȮσΰ੕ॎგȯ࣏ন ‫໌ל‬՗ও‫׽‬Ȃ఺ёᒑРೣგȄ1945ԑΠ ᏽ๖‫؂‬ȂРҏ‫׹‬६Ȃ୽ҕࢇ‫ۺ‬१ཱི௥ᆓࡣ Ґ૖௥៉ॎგȂ༉ᄇഋϷၾၯ‫࡚ڷ‬ᑞ໌՗ ওᙒȄ1945ԑȂԙҳΟоσΰ੕ॎგϛ გۡ‫ޟ‬ୢ୿հཱི࣏ѿୢȄ

1 2 3

4 5

6

7

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ϛ๼ҕ୽ΰ੕ѿࢇ‫ۺ‬σ཈ ΰ੕σжࣨ ୽ሬ໻۹

1933ԑ‫ޟ‬ΰ੕ѿϛЖୢ 1930ԑф‫ۇޟ‬ΰ੕ࠒ‫ٵ‬ၯ 1928ԑ‫ޟ‬ΰ੕Ѵ᠏ 30ԑфΰ੕୦ཾϛЖࠒ‫ٵ‬ၯ

ྻ៉഼ჅϞᄑ‫ܠ‬ϯઔҾ஡‫ތ‬ҔўԨߞມઇႮѽҔȂ სઇႮѽࡑȂಁᆡႮѽ‫ތ‬ф۹ࡑϩᄦȂ֗Уᄦѽ֘ ߞϿԳॗ7000᏶સȂ֯ऎྲϯઔҾКѕ஡ாȄႍ ঍ᄑࢢ‫ڽ‬ജᇍऎȮЂϯઔ঍ᄑȯȄԴȮЂϯઔ঍ ᄑȯКᄑ‫ܠ‬Ҿࣆܹᡋϧᑟᝯ‫ݙ‬ԴԳ࣏ҾКѕ஡ߞѹ ஡Ȃ‫ڭ‬຾ј༟‫ྲܕ‬ҾࣆܹЂጁߞ࢙നȄփऎϞᏋ‫ܢ‬ ߞ࢙ᒝ‫؛‬໪Ȃ1929Ր10ѡ1џȂҾࣆܹٙ‫ܠ‬г༟ ወ༰ന঍ᄦ੯Ȃ‫ڭ‬យᎫ3000ЮȄ1930Ր2ѡȂᖔ ጨᄦ੯ӒՑ෬ᑍȄҾࣆܹѽթऎፑӎȂۤ‫ڭࠜݙێ‬ ന঍Ϟྲߞў੯Ȅ1931Ր6ѡȂӒՑ༟ЍȄ1932 Ր1ѡК՟ȂЍ຀‫׈‬௟ງЍН੡ȂȶϘȆϟϣȷಁ ᆡ‫ڰ‬ᢏ᜕๴Ȃџӎ་‫ؽ‬ϯઔȂԴУ‫ڎ‬ඞȃկᣉ֌ს ҔԳ஡ൌ഍‫ݺ‬ᐼߋ஡ாȂЍ຀ജঝஃЍȄ1932Ր 3 ѡஃᐼȂႍЍ຀ϫӲ‫ ݺ׈‬7 ѡদྲ༟ЍȂೣ‫ݺ‬Դ 1933Ր10ѡ10џӒՑၢ՘Ȅ КົӔ஼ϯઔҾࣆܹЂ྇Ԓ֫Գ8928ӀўռȂԴ ȮЂϯઔ঍ᄑȯК‫ݺܧ‬ϬӔႮȃУᡋႮȃѵधႮȃ ЂԢႮұ౧྅Ⴎߞӹབྷ഍ȄЂ྇୼ұኸȂϢϾ഍Դ ೐ϘኸȂϩՄ‫्؛‬௅Ȃգࡈࢢ‫֘ތ‬ұࠝȂኵЂ‫ج‬౗ ‫ی‬഍۶ც౗‫ی‬ਲ਼ȂߡႿұጁȄܺጁգനཇႿ࢈ȃ ࠲ᔍ਱ȃత࢞࢈ȃ঴௅۶ዀ‫ݗ‬ȇϟጁऎЂᚃ௅ȃ ᄦ੩࢈ȃྻ៉࢈ȇϬጁКൊऎҾࠜ۶୼ૺᚚ৶ᓱг ࢈Ȃ‫ی‬எऎԧॊ࢈ᓱг࢈ȇұጁऎг‫؝‬ԃਿ഍ȃᔼ ᚟࢈ȃᕫ੯࢈۶ც႖ᗁᑟ‫ݗ‬ȄЂጁԧ࢈ႅգ‫ڨ‬กੈ 119୸ȂᒔධӡߞጤѪᇒႽ჈9ϼӀўռȂ࠲ᝋϞ ညїҳ࿢࢘ऎ0࢘੡Ȃ࢈аҞႿ22࢘Ȅԧጁᘘ‫׮‬ന ෂ‫ݙ‬ȃᒋࣾ༡ሃઐ‫ڨ‬ന൯Ȅ

ΰ੕σжࣨ ϯઔЂѵधȂϫԩЂѵधႼጄКѕȃЂѵधႼጄ ඞȂᚎᇍЂѵधȂ࣏֜‫ݺ‬ϯઔߞϘৎЂ࡭ᑟஜႼጄ ඞȂӤཀ྾ϝ‫ ݺ‬1917 Ր൹ӲȂ 1928 ՐӤ຾ԩ࢙ ᒝਰ۹ᇯ௄ന঍দ࢙Ȃനࣉ֌ЫՂ࣏Ȅ գᇍȶЙ ۖЂѵधȂ‫ڽޖ‬ЂϯઔȷȄ

ΰ੕ѿၼଢ଼ൟ

୽ሬ໻۹

ϯઔҾႻஜඞȞӺᇍկᣉᢜ‫ڈ‬ඞȟȂฅգ຾ȶቈ ‫ތ‬೐Ϙᢜ‫ڈ‬ඞȷНᇍȄ֜‫ݺ‬ЫК஼ϯઔҾ࿅઒஡ ಁᆡႮ 245 ၳȄ 1935 Ր 8 ѡܺງЍȂᢜ‫ڈ‬ඞ‫֘ތ‬ ‫ی‬எനգҦ҄ҭȂӤϠൄӨӜᒝ՘Ȃ୼ 20 ռȂ ‫ێ‬ҽҠ൤ᡆ၉ҟቚ֒ЂᄀԧϘපȂϩж‫״‬ᣍȄಧ ඞᑢᆽ 70 ᏶Ր༡ԺըЂЈ৒෇۶‫࢙ؼ‬Ȃ಩Ҟਟૼ 40000 ϠȄ֯ऎ஼Ӕࣆܹ๴ਣϯઔߞȮЂϯઔ঍ ᄑȯߞদঋೡ՘ൊжȂϯઔҾႻஜඞ‫ ݺ‬1934 Ր 8 ѡӒՑ༟ЍȂ1935Ր8ѡܺӒՑງЍȂᔌࢢ‫ݺ‬10 ѡ 10 џԴᢜ‫ڈ‬ඞаᗝ֖ϞКົӔ஼೐бըԑ஼Ⴛ ஜྻȄ1936ՐϯઔҾࠜ‫ד‬ᠠࡱԴᢜ‫ڈ‬ඞ൹ᓱϞȶ ϯઔҾӲᢜ‫ڈ‬௞ॊᐯ੭ȷȄկᣉᢜ‫ڈ‬Кѕ࢙ᒝೡ၏ ഄទ؈ஈȂѹঋᖒᢜళӡ॓ᒑूᒝȂҪԴϢϾൊж ҐѽႅჹȂ࢙ᒝԧൊжѧ‫ࢫڼ‬ညȂ‫ۏ‬༮ЂўȂӔ౉ ‫؛‬Ցᘿ‫ށ‬Ȃቲऎ࢙ᒝध‫ݙ‬ᣙෳȄ

஼ቫ༺ܸ࣏ϯઔߞϘਲ਼຾ԩց༺ܸȂϯઔᡎ1930 Ր҃֌40Ր҃ߞԳዾ࢙ᒝНϘȄ ஼ቫ༺ܸߞॻ ሬԩऎPark HotelȂఀԩ‫֘ݺ‬எߞँֹႮȞPark RoadȂЫཀޫႮȟȄ

1931 Ր 5 ѡȂ஼ቫ༺ܸஜЍᒸ࢙ȃ 1934 Ր 12 ѡ ງЍ‫ڭ‬༟྽Ȃ༺ܸӤ4ਛ቙֖ᗑԪ‫ظ‬Ⴄᒸ࢙ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ ࢙ൄȂবᅆည੡ߞϯઔ໿୺ᣇȂӤԛѰ‫׀‬ឱ຾ԩႅ ჹ᜹ങႻஜ࢙ᒝਰ⣫Ⴟֹന঍Ȃ൜ᛧୃᖉൄዄ‫ݚ‬Ғ ԑൊ࢙ᒝЍ຀ȄӤ‫ݺ‬ည੡ጁ୼ᢘϠȂࣇգȶԈᣍ ၢලȷНሲȄᑂሲȂ1933ՐՐቅߞ‫ړ‬ֆቛ൉၃༺ ܸȂ֋ሹྏ޵๒փӠȂӏຈᡝ؆ϯઔၐॗᒰЂᐯߞ ᎝຀Ȃ࠮Ꮌϯҝग़஼ِᡝ࢙ᒝᐯߞႽႮȂ‫ڭ‬ೣ՘Ϙ ҃஼ቫ࢙ᒝЂਰȄЂጁߞ࢙ᒝল੾؆ԑ࣏ည੡ग़ ஼ႅჹ᜹ങႻஜዝчጁল੾Ȃҳᖒ‫ڹ‬ӡಎ᎐֒ব ᒑȂᎨ።౧഍ನȂ൤ൊኸኸ՜་Ȃᢖӯҍ௻ધߞ ӲᢜྏళӡϞᔀੰࣛຕᅹȄܺኸ֌3ኸᣐ໭ག֒ࠅ ௯ӮȂ4ኸѽϯᣐ໭ช֒ઍЋবᒑȂԴ೐2ȃ3ኸ۶ 14ኸѽһ࡭ཪ‫ڎ‬टጬᣐ໭Ȅ ஼ቫ༺ܸ֫Գবᒕ1179ӀўռȂԳϯ22ኸȂԳϭ 2ኸȂԳϯ୼࢘83.8ռȄԴ1952ՐНࡈϘߡ࣏ȶቈ ‫ތ‬೐Ϙ୼ጁȷȄ‫ڭ‬ѷࠜง࣏К஼೐Ϙ୼ጁੳࡄߞȶ ࠲ࢺ߰ȷȂߡ֌1968ՐዃՍ࢙՘ዃՍሼᔡȄ஼ቫ ༺ܸϵ࣏ϯઔညՐົϠ၃ᖉН൵୼ᕫߞሹົ༺ܸȄ


఼фґԑȂϛ୽ცϱӓওᑞ១ၯघ 9400 ϴ ٨Ȃ‫ڏ‬ϛҥѴ୽‫ޢ‬௥࡚೩ငᕊ‫ޟ‬լ41%ȂѴ ୽೽ႆຸ෡௡‫ޟڙ‬घլ39%ȇ୽Ԥ១ၯȂѓ ࢂϛ୽ۢ୦Ռᑞ‫ڷ‬ԝӱՌᒲ‫ޟ‬༉լघ20%ȇ Մи១ၯȃ೩ര኿ྥϚΙȂ‫׬‬೚ဣࡣȄ1912 ԑϛ๼ҕ୽࡚ҳࡣȂ࣏٘ҕ୽ᆺ࡚‫ޱ‬ϞΙ‫ޟ‬ ৘ϛό߯Ψк១ၯ࡚೩Ȃ‫ٮ‬юӈϛ๼ҕ୽១ ၾ‫ߝོོڞ‬ȂࡾюȶҺ೽࣏ᄂཾϞҔȂ១ၾ ά࣏Һ೽ϞҔȷȂӰԪӵȮ࡚୽П౱ȯϛȂ ӌგΟȶ‫ׇ‬ԙ១ၾΪ࿲़٨ȞΪϲ࿲ϴ٨ȟ ȷ‫׉ޟ‬୉ᙢყȂ௙৘ϛόӵቸԙԪਪϤԑࡣ ੾ഁȂҐ૖༫тგਢф‫ޟ‬១ၯჲȄ

1928ԑ

஼Ӕࣆܹ؆՘ҔԂ೚ϘК஼ࢢȂ࠮‫ׅ‬ϧ༟ਣᠠႮ࢙നȄ஼ӔࣆܹપനᠠႽൊȂᒕ࿂๴ਣᠠႮӹ഼Ȃྲᒝ ߞᠠႮՂϭȈ

1932ԑ8ТՍ1937ԑ7Т

‫׀‬ӡѧ‫׀‬੡ܷЄᎪภଡ଼ภ࢙ᒝᝰઔႮȂࣱ֘Ӥᢸភ֌ភᛗȂ‫ࣱތ‬ӤЂ઒֌ാ༳สȂ‫ڹ‬ാ༳ส֌ភᛗ༡ԑ ൊ഼‫ژ‬Ȅ

1933ԑ7ТՍ1936ԑ5Т

‫׀‬ӡॻ஼ܷЄᎪภଡ଼ภȂత഼၂ᆔႮ઀ࣷ֌ቱЋࣱȂ‫ݾޠڹ‬ዃՍ༡ԑൊ഼‫ژ‬Ȃ‫ ݺڭ‬1937 Ր 8 ѡ؆՘၂ ᆔᠠႮ۶ዃϝᠠႮߞతখȄ1930Ր֌1936Ր1ѡ؆՘Ӥ‫މ‬Ս֌ࡑ‫ߞݾ‬કᢴᠠႮȂࠐӤકկषࣆܹ৒֌ կЋᒩȂាӤᠠႮႽൊྻԢકȃᢴ‫ی‬षȂ‫ڭ‬ሃ዇஥Ԫ֯Ȃਣ৒֌ࡑ‫ݾ‬Ȃ1937Ր10ѡϫ؆՘ຶ༏֌઀ࣷ ።Ȃሃ၂ᆔႮతখȂႮภԺӤК஼቙֖‫ৄݚ‬Ȅ

1933ԑՍ1937ԑ6Т

؆՘Ԣ઒ᠠႮȂӤЋ֘षܹ֋ᒝȂթႮҔԴЂԢሃӀ၇ႮతȂКԴщ১ӤӒщႮሃӀᆔႮతȂࡑᕢԴል Սলൗอ࢙ཀޫᑜሃᝰઔႮతȂఘᑜӏ༟ЍփКџᐼ୓Ȅ

1934Ս1935ԑ6Т 1933Ս1935ԑ5Т 1935Ս1936ԑ7Т

؆՘ӣਛ௸֌ႈ࿨ϾߞಏࡑᠠႮȂѽႻ࿮ऎѹȄ ؆՘ࢆࡱ֌ࡑ‫ߞڴ‬կࡑᠠႮȂऎӔᖉᠠႮȄ ؆՘‫މ‬Ս֌౓ਔկߞᠠႮȂ‫ڹ‬ᆡ‫ٵމ‬ᠠႮ؆ЍȄ թ ҳ Ȃ ऎ ᗑ ປ ᠠ Ⴎ ӹ ഼ Ȃ 1930 ֌ 1933 Ր ؆ ՘ ࡑ ‫ ڴ‬۶ ઒ Ͼ ༡ ߞ Ꮗ อ Ѝ ຀ Ȃ ‫ ڹ‬ᆡ ᄾ Ⴎ ሃ ࣺ ઒ Ⴎ ह తȇ1934Ր11ѡ֌1937Ր10ѡ؆՘ᓿ཭կЂᑜȂ‫ڹ‬ᆡ‫މ‬ႮሃકᢴႮहతȄ

1934ԑ6Т

2 3

஼Ӕࣆܹँҍ਷ਲᆱȃ࠿঳ឈຈϘ֖21Ϡ঒ገࣷւᅅক‫ڰ‬ȃӹ഼Ȅ1936ՐܺȂ஼Ӕࣆܹۘ‫ܠ‬஼‫ڨ‬ӹ഼ ࢙ന঍ᄑȂ‫ڹ‬ӹ഼࢙നఀۖϞ୼ിߞ๴ਣȄඏం 1936 Րۖ 1937 Ր‫ة‬ᐼ᜕๴ߞϘՐҗКȂබ࢙՘ᠠႮ 2030г‫ڧ‬ȂӀ‫ُ׮‬ՐႿ1353г‫ڧ‬Ȃഺ࣏1927Ր֌1935Ր8Ր༡Ր࢙ᒝി࢘ߞ6.5঺Ȅ‫ۍ‬գᐼರྍ၍ߞ ᠠႮȃгႮ྅።‫ڼ‬ՂӀᆔȂ၂ᆔȂકᢴຈᠠႮൌ࣏ԴഺϘ੡ง؆՘ߞȄ

1

1 ৘ϛόӑҡ࡚୽П౱ყ 2 1924ԑ‫ޟ‬σؓᓞЬٙમ 3 ࢻ੓១ၯ‫ࠒޟ‬ᆒತᘈ੓οમ

ᗁ঍ȂԴཀࠛϩՐ࢙஼ง༡Ȃ஼ӔࣆܹԒ৒ᠠႮ 3793 г‫ڧ‬Ȟ‫ތ‬ҔϬष৒ᒝߞ 1600 г‫ڧ‬ӏ঍Դ аȟȂ‫ڹ‬К஼ӎϿ ( ‫ތ‬Ϭषӏ঍Դа ) ᠠႮԒႿ 1.2 ေг‫ڧ‬ȄгႮўব1935ՐࢢȂ஼ܹ௟১‫ߞڽ‬гႮ ᇨ֯ϞҐ৒۶ܼࠜȄۖ1936ՐܺȂԧषᗑປгႮ Џ؆՘2.1ေ᏶г‫ڧ‬ȄԢ੡Ȃ஼ܹӺᒕ࿂ᕒׄብȃ ၂ȃੳȃᐆȃЌȃ࿜ȃᔶຈष৒࢙ᗑປгႮȂԒ ࢙՘6000᏶г‫ڧ‬Ȅ֌1937Ր7ѡȂാతԧषߞг ႮᇨЏ௄ӎ‫؛‬՘Ȃᗁࠜ࢘10.95ေг‫ڧ‬ȄҒࣁ؆՘ гႮЍ຀߰ 4.35 ေг‫ڧ‬Ȃӏ؆՘гႮЍ຀ߞႽႮ 6.60ေг‫ڧ‬Ȅ֌1937ՐȂԑ஼ԒգгႮᖉ྽ࢉ‫ژ‬ 1ေᏃȃറ‫ژ‬1.3ေᏃȄ ф੡Դ‫ة‬ᐼ᜕ࡈ࢙՘ߞӹ഼‫ڀ‬೚๴෭࿂ЂੜϧȂэ ѽᠠႮ࢙ന՘ੜ൵ऎᢖ຾Ȃ‫ة‬ᐼง༡কϧႻᓮȂѽ фЍ྽ന൯ԨЂ֘ࡑྦྷᏏຈЂഢጀႻᓮЍ֯Ȃ๑Й ԈᓥᐼࡈНӹ഼࢙നȄϛϛ‫ڰ‬ᢏ๴ӠѽࢢȂϣՐ‫ة‬

ᐼਣ༟Ȅ‫ة‬ᐼง༡஼Ӕࣆܹ‫׀‬ӡক‫ߏڰ‬Ⴄ຾јᒸ࢙ ึᔶȃึੳȃᔶੳȃ࿜፞ȃЌ࿜ຈ።Ȃѽ࠮‫׀‬ᅣଡ଼ ۖ֘ࡑұषᐼರЂࢢўߞᐼರᚼೊȄ஼Ӕࣆܹऎᇟ ᚎೡᚐȂ‫ݺ‬1938Ր௟ᠠႽൊ‫ۀ‬Ϣӹ഼ൊȄԴ‫ة‬ᐼ ง༡Ȃ஼ӔࣆܹԴӏജ֫ታԳ஡࢙՘Ϟ1500г‫ڧ‬ ᠠႮȂԴњࢺ၃ᕻ۶ক‫ڰ‬ϯ୓Ϟদঋ֯ӡȄ ఘ‫ۦ‬ᐼѫޯфȂ‫ة‬ᐼง༡ധԺᠠႮ‫ۖۦ‬ЙԢ຀࢘ ߞ૔᛼Ȃ‫ڼ‬ՂԴ1940Ր๴ӠߞպᄥЂᐼϘ‫؝‬КȂ ऎᅟᙝџকߞႃຜӹ഼።ȂົҔԳ஡බգॗ470г ‫ߞڧ‬ᠠႮജ૔᛼Ȅ֭Ԣ੡џӎऎᙖЂᐼߋȂփం 1931Ր֫ታ‫ތ‬Ҕ୓ۖ1945Ր8ѡ‫ظ‬ফง༡ϵЙᙝ ৒ᒝᠠႮȂ঍գॗ 6700 г‫ڧ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬Кգ 5200 г‫ڧ‬ Դ‫ތ‬ҔȂ1200г‫ڧ‬ԴົҔȂ300г‫ڧ‬ԴઔࡑਫȄ ‫ة‬ᐼຕ‫ࢢف‬Ȃ୵КࠜᠠႮҳȂഺ‫ڱ‬ᠠႮ‫ܥ‬ӏജ૔᛼ ߞൊжӤ஼Ӕࣆܹత՜Ȅ


ϛ๼ҕ୽σചਢ෈‫ޟ‬ώ୦ཾȂӵଢ଼ᕝ‫୽ޟ‬ ሬ‫׋‬༖‫ڷ‬ᏽ༄‫୽ޟ‬ϱᕗცήȂϫณႲ஼Ӵ ऽֵԙߝȂϚծஅҏ࡚ҳΟᇄҕҡࣺᜰ‫ޟ‬ ‫ׇ‬ᐌሆώཾᡝ‫ف‬Ȃ‫ٮ‬иӵ࢚‫ٲ‬౰ࠢሴ୿ႀ ‫ڗ‬Ο୽ሬӑ໌‫ޟ‬ЫҁȂԙ࣏ϛ୽Ρ༕഼ᇄ සኋ‫ޟ‬ຫ኉Ȅ੫տ঄ுΙඪ‫࢐ޟ‬Ȃ೻‫ٲ‬ҕ ఊӌཾড়‫ڷ‬тঈ‫ޟ‬ӌཾȂӵҕఊӠι‫ޟ‬ᜰ ᓞȂ๘σӻኵ஀ࡻ࣏୽ড়ԆιՄା‫ތ‬Ȃ๘ ฒ‫׹‬६ׂ‫ڞ‬ՄԤཬҕఊ੉࿽Ȅ

1 2

3 4

5 1 2 3 4 5

ӱΨถၼଢ଼Ꭾኄ֙ ๼ҡႫਉኄ֙ห ‫ھ‬ҏถ޳‫غ‬ኄ֙ ՗Ꮋܻߝ԰ΰ‫ޟ‬ҕҡᎈ಻ ࠒ‫ٵ‬җց⾤ኅ

КົӔ஼Ђ൙੡งߞቅЍ྽๴ਣ‫ڝ‬ിȂჺԩѵधߞ ಯࡡҒࣁົӠცੈຈȄົӠცᐡሦൄዄ࣏К஼೐ ϘਛცੈӠಯዄȄ1915ՐȂ൹ᓱϠ࿅ᕻЌԴၧф Жȃି‫ߞឹܟ‬њࢺሃԪ֯ϭȂӡјЍۘஇҍ೐Ϙҭ ცੈȄ1916ՐȂ࿅ȃၧȃିϬϠ༰ႤԴϯઔұЌ ҔႮᑖ㤭ᑜࠢࠕ༟നϞົӠცᐡሦൄዄȂӠಯც ੈȃცᓻ۶༟ᝯຈЈ࡭ცᐡȄഺ࣏К஼൵՝ߞცᐡ ЍඞНϘȂۤԩȶົӠȷ၍ऎȶऎϞКົӔ౉ߞӠ ՅȷȄ1924ՐȂົӠ๕ҭੈӒՑ‫ز‬༓ӠಯȂՐಯ ༓Ⴟ1000ҭȄሃթԢ੡ȂϫգԺᇌცᐡಯࡡ۶ԣ ੈԐࢢ‫ظ‬ಯȄົӠ๕ცੈӤ‫ݺ‬Ꮃ༓ҞᏫȃЍ᜹ᇟ ีȂ‫ݺ‬20ȃ30Ր҃බԺըԴ஼ቫ஼аᖔጨȂ‫ڭ‬Ꮪ ݀‫ڲࡑތ‬ԧ஼Ȅ1929Ր༟‫ܕ‬ళӡॊᐯў‫ޱ‬ᇒನȂ ՘ऎК஼൵Ԑѽॊᐯў‫ޱ‬ᇒನӠಯߞԋ྽Ȅ1935 Ր՘ӲົӠცᐡሦൄߵԊգনгҦȂᚚЍႿ900᏶ ϠȂՐಯԧ᝷ცੈ 30000 ҭȄ‫ة‬џᐼߋ᜕๴ࢢȂ ົӠгҦᏏ݀দዉȂం‫ڰ‬ცੈ۶ᢏᕅᐡȃјྭၙ Ꮌ๴ცᑟȃణ࿰ᑶ๴ცᑟຈಯࡡߞӠಯȄ‫ة‬џᐼ ߋർ‫ࢢ׀‬ȂгҦϫᏏ԰ϯઔȄ1949Րცੈಯ༓ऎ 15000ҭȄ КົӔ஼Ђ൙੡งߞмЍԋ྽ਛȂࡋѽ॰ՠ‫ތ‬ऎᚘ ྾Ȅ1914ՐȂ॰ՠ‫ތ‬൹ӲϞК஼೐Ϙਛ಩҃мЍ ԋ྽șșϳЂᇟᣃгҦȂѽфК஼೐ϘৎᇟᣃЍ ዄșșϳЂᇟᣃЍዄȄ1918Ր11ѡȂҁϫ൹ӲӖ ‫׀‬ሦᣂгҦȂԴчࣺ཭ެ൹ᓱϞ‫ࣷڲ‬೐Ϙਲ਼૷ᣂЍ ዄșșӖ‫׀‬мᐯгҦᣂዄȄ 1922 Ր 8 ѡȂ॰ՠ‫ތ‬ ంϳЂᇟᣃжᛓҍϞК஼೐Ϙਛ௞ࠝߞмЍॊुᑟ ᅹșșཀઔмᐯЍ྽ु‫ߤٿ‬Ȃ‫دڭ‬ϳЂȃӖ‫ی׀‬ гҦຜҁߞ჌ࠛӡႍ֯ߤߞॊु၃໱Ȅ 1926 Ր 8 ѡȂ॰ՠ‫ތ‬ᅮϭȶ॓Ϭ‫ڎ‬ȷ஥ዾߞ૷ᣂȂ೐Ϙը་ Ϣग़஼໱ࡱေ஼ൾ᠓ྻȂ‫ڭ‬ᖔఀࠛጨȄ1935ՐȂ ȶཀઔȷႏ࿯ҍК஼೐Ϙུࠛ៳ᏞዹࡡȄ1937Ր 2 ѡ 5 џȂК஼঵ਲ਼Ԫ՘ઊЍዄșșӖ‫⿣ڴࡑ׀‬ዄ ӠಯҍК஼೐Ϙ‫ز‬ೄቕበಯࡡȃК஼೐ϘҒмᐯ߲ ਫ਼Ȃജ᠖ऎȶቈ‫ތ‬೐ϘЂዄȷȄᒊ࿛ᑜ‫ڰ‬ᢏࢢȂџ ӎϠԺըঋِሃӖ‫׀‬ԪᖉȂՠ‫ތ‬԰НȶᄾߺऎЍዄ ༟ୠఔྻȂٙЙሃࠬರ߰Ԫ֯Ȋȷ

ԯం‫ڰ‬мЍ֖྽ߢԩߞᘘգԋ྽ਛ༵‫ॷޗ‬۶ҁߞ ȶ‫۽‬ӎ๕߲‫ٹ‬ȷȄ1922ՐȂ༵‫ॷޗ‬ӋһႤጹ་১ ዇஥ϯઔ‫۽‬ӎ߲‫ٹ‬ዄȂ‫ؼ‬ԩऎϯઔУࣷ‫۽‬ӎ‫ٹ‬᜽ ዄȂӠಯԺদྲ᜽Ȃ঵൹‫ޒڲ‬ଙ᜽Ѫȃ‫דތ‬᜽ผȃ ӟ޵ȃѱ๰ॺȃϠൄ֋‫֕ڽ‬ຈ஼ಯྲ᜽۶஼ಯ‫۽‬ ӎ߲‫ٹ‬Ȃ՘ऎК஼֘᜽྽ᓱዄ֋ሦ᜽ࡡ۶ᛁᖚᐡ ౠߞԐᠭȄУࣷዄߞಯࡡԐࢢᖔఀϞग़஼᚞ࠛЋѵ धൾ᠓ྻ቙ጨ۶џӎ‫ڴތ‬ЂӒൾ᠓ྻϬຈጨȄУұ Ⴛஜง༡Ȃ༵‫ॷޗ‬Ђϧ্ᐱ஼റȄӤ‫ݺ‬Уࣷዄ߲‫ٹ‬ ኊ྆ߏग़Ȃዃ‫ۦ‬ઐ໱߰ᡌࠓȂ੘ీϞॻ஥᛽ᙝ‫ٹ‬྽ ҾඞߞԋᄦȂ‫ڹڭ‬Уࣷ‫۽‬ӎ߲‫ٹ‬՘ऎည੡൵঑ಽԩ ߞᅰᏚಯࡡȄϝϘϣ‫ڰ‬ᢏࢢȂ༵‫ॷޗ‬ᒕ࿂њࢺ‫ة‬џ ాϸႻஜȂᑉԇϯઔ‫ة‬џా஼܎৶ྻ܎৶Ȃ๳ඡᗏ ‫ށ‬ȶЙ་џറȷȄಁᆡྻᐼ᜕๴ȂК஼ক༤ࡈ።ཋ ϸ࢝ЂȄ༵‫ॷޗ‬త‫ܹࣆۦ‬Ӡಯকቮ᜽ࡡߞԇசȂ ᓐ֋ᆾရӠಯȂџ‫܆‬Йஃቁۘ᜽ࡡȂ‫ڻ‬ᕕࡈ።ࢧ ቮȄ1932Ր1ѡ31џȂྑ஼ᅁ྽ਛ༵‫ॷޗ‬ф11ԩ ৶ЍᏎџক౭ਚȄ஼Ӕࣆܹѽȶ‫ة‬ዲЙ‫ܦ‬Ȃժ‫ڰ‬त ધȷПѽ᎒ෳȄ ᅁ྽ਛᒊ֯؄ࡋѽȶӔӠȷଝႻ֯ऎᅁ྽ྑ஼ߞј ࣱȄᒊ֯؄ԯӫလࠜկϯߞଝႻӤҳ஥᛽ᙝȃᅆ ஼Ϡᅗ࢘෋Ԛփٙ‫ܠ‬൹ӲᏇ೺гҦѽȶᅁ྽ా஼ȷ Ȅ1925Րᒊ֯؄དྷ༰ႤࠛȂۤਗКЋԐӠ෩্ߞ ϬӔѹ၍КߞȶӔӠȷȂԴদዉ՘ӲϞȶӔӠᅁ ྽ߵԊգনгҦȷȄ1926ՐгҦంϯઔ໴԰ȶӔ ӠȷၳᏇ೺Ȃ༟഼Ϟ೐Ϙ౧ԪЌۖদዉߞᄜൗկ ُџ‫ܠ‬งଝ።Ȅ1927ՐӔӠᏇ঵ଝಓൗ՘ґȂӔ ӠгҦ঵ը་ϢϞࠜկȂ1928ՐȂ౺ѪᏇ೺ȶྲ Ӕȷ҃ฆȶӔӠȷ་֖দዉۖԪЌଝ።ߞଝ֖Ȃ Йԓ‫ۦ‬ᄜൗկࣜѪ‫ܞ‬ြߞ዆ᠩȄНࢢ՜ᘉϞȶӔ ౕȷၳ‫ڭ‬༟‫ܕ‬Դদዉ࢙ӲӔӠᑟᐡዄȂѽ৒ನ೺ ೹Ȅ1937ՐȂ‫ة‬џᐼߋ᜕๴Ȃᐼ‫ڰ‬ᅆК஼࿂ᇑЙ ‫׀‬Ȃ1937Ր11ѡ26џȂ஼Ӕࣆܹѹਯ‫ޒ‬ฑষӔӠ гҦँߞ௞ᏇȶӔলȷ‫ݯ‬Ⴟদዉ‫ֶࢆڭ‬ᏏൌদዉȄ ᒊ֯؄ೡᚐгҦߞ೺೹༟‫ܕ‬Ϟϯઔȃࡑ‫ڴ‬ȃ‫ݾܢ‬ຈ Գ஡Ϡ৶ȃЍዄфߏႤߞЂᅣଡ଼Ȃԑϧѽ঒ᅣଡ଼Ѝ ዄȂࣆܹᑟᝯȂॊुᑟᅹȂᐯ੭۶Ϡ৶ۖЂࢢў‫ڭ‬ Ⴛᓮֻ৶Ȃ‫ޠ‬ᐡȂዅ᜽ȂߏႤۖࡈ።ȂऎթȂӔӠ гҦԴ‫ة‬ᐼКѾҍϞһЂ᠁गȂ֯ҍϞһЂ୒ឥȄ


ϛ๼ҕ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬᎐ѮϞࡣȂѮѕԙ࣏ϛ๼ҕ୽ ࢇ‫ܚۺ‬ӵӴȂѮѕ‫࠲ޟ‬ѿ࡚೩ζᓍϞፀࠏี

Ѿ ༫όσ໻۹ࠉП߆༪ ѡ ௃୽Юक‫܈‬ᓢሉఖѮѕ101

৤Ȅ 1945 ԑՍ 1949 ԑᓍ๿ϛ๼ҕ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬ᄤ ଝ‫پ‬Ѯ‫ޟ‬200࿲ॖҕȂоЅ1960ԑфಀӻϛ ࠒഋҕಀѕΰؑᏰȃώհ‫ॳޟ‬ዘȂ഍‫ٺ‬ுѮѕ ѿ‫ޟ‬Ρο‫פ‬ഀቨёȃѿҕ๖ᄺᗍөӻϯϽȂၾ ၯȃ՞ԉ‫ޥ‬ୢȃᏰਮ้ϴӓ೩ࢊ‫ཱི࡚ޟ‬ώแζ ം؏໌՗ȇ࠲ѿ‫ޟ‬ϐ໠ีୢ୿নӑ໱ϛܻᙟѿ ୢՙ୏ȂՌ1960ԑфґ෈ଔȂζ໠ۖө‫ݍ‬᜞ ‫ޟ‬σаҤഏӴ‫ܥ‬৤Ȅ1970ԑфᇄ1980ԑф࣏ Ѯѕѿ‫ޟ‬ଽ࡙ี৤෈Ȃ࠲ѿ‫ޟ‬୦ཾ१Жζ௃Ԫ ਢ໠ۖംᅚө‫ݍ‬ಋՍ‫ݍ‬ୢȂՙୢࣺᄇᡗ౪юี ৤૾ଝ‫ޟ‬ᄘ༖ȇբᓍଽ࡙ี৤Մ‫࢐ޟپ‬Һ೽໔ ‫ޟ‬ᐭቨȂശತഅԙᝒ१‫ޟ‬Һ೽୰ᚠȄ1990ԑ фϞࡣȂѿୢ១ၯӴήϽȃ‫פ‬ഀၾၯȃ௦ၼ‫ف‬ ಛȃϴٙடҢၾ้Һ೽࡚೩ച៉‫ׇ‬ԙȂࣺ࿋แ ࡙Ӵ₂၌ΟҺ೽ΰ‫ޟ‬ᔆΨȇ߬ဎॎგୢ໠ۖ‫פ‬ ഀี৤Ȃѿࢇ‫ۺ‬ᇄѿដོһ᎐Ս၎Ӵȇনҏᅚ ᗍ‫ؠ‬ဣ‫ޟ‬ՙୢȂՙߞ᮱ȃσግἾ้Ӵளζ໠ۖ ໌՗‫ཱི؁‬ॎგȄ౪ਢȂѮѕϐငԙ࣏Ѯᢊശ‫ڎ‬ ୽ሬϽσ഍ѿॳጒ‫࠲ޟ‬ѿȂԙ࣏Ѯᢊ୽ሬ‫ל‬ຫ ‫ޟ‬фِΡȄ

Ѯѕ101 ҭҔ 101 ਲ਼ၢ‫ݺ‬ሂҔҾߞКѕ஥྽஡Ȟ CBD ȟࠫ ၍঍ᄑ஡Ȃళ BOT ጀՑ༟๴Ȃ൵ࠐ࣏ऎϞ୨ԪК ົӔ஼ࣆܹߞȶ‫ڲ‬щᖉႻКѕȷࣆຉփឯ࢙ߞࠛᓉ ‫އ‬சനࣉȂփࢢᚼᢏ՘ᇢԪ‫ߞݑ‬஥྽࢙ᒝȄ֌‫ݺ‬ ȶ101ȷഺৎԩᇍȂ࣏Ӥ‫ޒ‬ᙃ‫ށ‬ȃ‫ق‬૟১ຈணሃЂ ጁឯ࢙ߞߵ‫ތ‬۶࢙ᒝᄥ༤ԒԢᅹࢥҍ‫ߞڽ‬Ȃ୵Ϟᙇ ҍЂጁߞጁኸᗁዴȂ‫ـ‬գ໹໸൤Ջߞಉ၍Ȅ ᆬࢢȂѽ؈஼࢙നຈӔ༡ԋ྽๴୓ߞҭҔࠛᓉЂጁ гҦȂ‫ ݺ‬1997 Ր 7 ѡంሂҔҾࣆܹۤఀթгգϿ Գߞ༟๴ᡋȞϿԳ‫ݙ‬գᡋЪᙩࣆܹȟȂ՘ऎᑋৎЂ ጁߞឯ࢙ሃ၃ᖉඏ֜Ȅ 1998 Ր 1 ѡӤ੡ԇሂҔҾ ࠜ൘ѪࢴѹࢺஜϿኇՑȂѹᢜЍ຀‫ ݺ‬1999 Ր 7 ѡ ༟ЍȄҭҔ101Դ2003Ր7ѡ1џ་֖ϯౖȞѹᢜ ຕᅹ؆՘ȟȂӤ੡ԇҭҔҾࠜߞ୺ॻϝѹࢺ؆Ѝኇ ՑȂ‫཰ێ‬൤ࡋԴ 2003 Ր 10 ѡ 17 џ؆՘Ȃ‫ڹ‬ሂҔ 101୼࢘໹໸Ԡ༩‫܂‬ᛕਪ཰57ռȄ

༫όσ໻۹ ཪЋЂ༺ܸߞ֜၉১ऎџ޼੡งߞҭᣉૠਝ‫ݙ‬ԴȂ КົӔ஼ࣆܹ‫ݺ‬ϟᐼࢢԍ෇ҭᣉ੡Ȃ‫୵ݵ‬ည੡Џ ၃Ꮞ࿑᛼ߞҭᣉૠਝȂ‫ڭ‬১Գ‫࢙ؼ‬ऎҭᣉЂ༺ ܸȇ1952ՐȂ‫ؼ‬Ӥ፼؇ग़៬ຈࣆঋऎ঵ೡ՘ߞȶ ୑ᄥ‫ޱ‬Ϡҭᣉ෶မᗑ᎖ྻȷతј၃ᖉȂ‫ؼڭ‬ऎཪ ЋЂ༺ܸ಩ԩȂ১Ԑӡ൉ऎ‫࢞ݢ‬؇ग़៬НണࢉȄ ည੡ཪЋЂ༺ܸߞ࢙ᒝഢጀतЈȂԴ1963Ր੡Ж ௟༺ܸߞ௄ᚂനࣉԑൊ࢙ന؆ಲȄ 1968 ՐȂཪ ЋЂ༺ܸᖔఀग़஼୑࣐ᛔራໞऎѵधϩЂ༺ܸН ϘȄ 1973 Ր 10 ѡ 10 џȂӤ࢙ᒝਰ࿅۞՘ന঍ྲ ࢙ߞ 14 ኸК஼ਝ࿒ՑЂ྇ၢ՘ȂཪЋЂ༺ܸႾ՘ ऎည੡ҭҔҾߞྲԳዾȄ

ՙߞ᮱ ֘ࠝᯰ഼௱࣏ࢽҭҔҾߞ֘ࠝᯰȄႍ஡ா֜‫ݺ‬ҭҔ Ҿေົ஡‫ތ‬ҔўȂऎҭҔҾ֘஡൵দঋߞઐ໱஥ ஻Ȃ൵‫ۍ‬પ֒ߞࡋ࣏ҭҔҾ೐Ϙ౧ѷգࢽዾ‫ྍݑ‬၍ ߞਵَ஡Ȅ1930Ր҃༟‫ܕ‬Ȃ֘ࠝᯰ՘ऎҭҔ຾ԩ ߞც዆໖ȂџӎᐼీࢢȂᅷ฀ϵា᠈ᇯࢺϭҝȂ40 Ր҃୓ُਛᕚ୰ࠝਲॶҾȂཀѱೈಡጩȂც዆୰Ϙ ਛత຾Ϙਛ༟Ȃ཈‫ݾޠ‬໖ϟࣱබാ༟ϞϩԺਛᕚ ୰Ȃ‫ێ‬ಽ޶֋թҞ‫ڍ‬Ϙ෹Ȅ֭Ӥ‫ݺ‬ҭҔҾ஡ുᆙԨ ‫ތ‬๴ਣȂ֘ࠝᯰധԺᑟକജۤ҃Ȃ80Ր҃୓ുᆙٟ ၢȄ90Ր҃ࠐงȂҭҔҾࣆܹሃ֘ࠝᯰညԳ஥ਛȂ দྲ௟֘ࠝᯰഢᄑऎ֖Ϡਵَ஡Ȃ‫ڭ‬Դ༉Ӑ۶஼‫ܠ‬ ஄џူѤ‫ژ‬Ꮓ഼֖ȂЖϫ௟ࠦьՐ‫ݛ‬԰ഺৎ஡ாȄ ӫࡈԴ֘ࠝᯰȂවѼُৎ༉ӐൌգЈ࡭ᆊ஭ྻȃᜪ ஭ྻȃ஭ѯ঵Ꮁྻ๳ඞȂԧᇌც዆ࢆཇȃ໖ᔝࠑᆊ ຈຈࣿஜϵ௱௱Ҟ‫ڍ‬Ȅӫࡈ֘ࠝᯰᘘգ20ਛѽϯߞ ც዆୰ȂԴҭҔঋऻ঵Ꮗც዆Ȃ֘ࠝᯰවѼൌ‫ر‬ఀ ຾ȄփԧᇌЂЈܸਛࡋգ6ϼ༡ҽҠȄ

໨݂ό୽ড়ϴ༪ ༧‫ށ‬Ћ১ԩନЋȂ 1932 Րџ޼੡ง՘ӲЂя஼ Ӳгཀྵ‫ྻ۝‬Ȃ௟ЂяЋԳ஡ԕϢ஼Ӳгཀྵߞፑ ඛȄ 1937 Ր 12 ѡ 27 џȂЂя஼Ӳгཀྵሃը୼щ ᐆቦȃྲ୼ࠠ‫ڧ‬Ћ‫ی‬഍஼ӲгཀྵԢ੡՘ӲȂߡۖџ ӎᐼీȄறည੡ߞЂя஼Ӳгཀྵ‫ܥ‬Ғࣁ౶Ѫޫᅆ‫ܫ‬ ߞᣍরЋȄ1950ՐȂᗁ೚፼КӒऎ॔݇‫҃ށ‬ᐯ߰ ѳ༧‫ށ‬Ȃ௟Ћ஡‫ؼ‬ԩऎ༧‫ށ‬ЋȄ1962ՐȂည੡ߞ ҭᣉषгԒЍ຀؊༟‫ܕ‬ഢᄑ༧‫ށ‬Ћ஼ਛгཀྵȂࠐ َഢᄑবᒕऎ 28400 г൥ȂҒࣁҔઔ‫ܫ‬ȃᣍরЋ ሃЂяѫЋ၏Ȅ1985Ր9ѡ16џȂ၃ჅԺՐഢᄑ ‫ڭ‬ႋٙϿԳႤ࿚߬૾ࢢȂ༧‫ށ‬Ћ஼ਛгཀྵӒՑ՘ ӲȂ‫ێ‬ፑඛѽЂяѫЋߞКѕԳ௲ऎѹȂ‫ڭ‬ӏҒ‫ף‬ џ޼੡งфࠐงഢᄑКߞᣍরЋȂҔઔ‫ܫ‬ӺЙ‫ף‬ НȄ 2002 Ր 10 ѡ 17 џȂϯগ‫ی‬Գ஡ҩ֖Ӥӹ഼ ൊᣍԍ؊ഢᄑ՘ӲҔઔ‫ܫ‬фᣍরЋ஼ਛল฀஡Ȅ


ϛ๼ҕ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬᎐ᇃϞࡣȂ୽ҕငᔼ࡚೩‫ޟ‬ १ᘈՌณᙽөѮᢊӴୢȂᓍ๿‫۬ڍ‬ᜰ߽‫ޟ‬ ࣺᄇጥ‫ڷ‬Ȃငᔼ࡚೩‫ޟ‬१ᘈംᅚᙽөஅᙃ ࡚೩ώแȄӵጽင୽ӑҡӑࡣᐊӈ՗ࢇ଱ ߝ‫ڷ‬ᖂಛ෈໢ȂԤᠦܻᇃᢊ೨ӻϴӓஅҏ ࡚೩Ȃԃၾၯȃ෫ஃȃᐠൟȃีႫኅ้‫ۦ‬

ϛόଽഀϴၯ

ѕଟ១ၯ

и೎ܻეмФી‫ޑޟ‬ᄘȂӔёΰ1973ԑ

КЋ୼ിгႮȞϫᇍϘ୼ȃࡑҔ୼ിгႮȂᚎᇍК Ћ୼Ȃ፠ၳऎ஼ႽϘၳȟ࣏ҭᣉߞ೐Ϙ౧஼Ⴝ୼ി гႮȂാతϞҭᣉԧদঋൌҾф௄༩สȃ୼༯ส‫ی‬ ЂสϾȂऎҭᣉ֘ൊ‫ڕ‬ශϜ֌ӎਫদঋߞӹ഼Ђஜ ଔȂࡈ֖ࣆ୰ࠜ፼၃஼ညՐయஜϩЂ࢙നКߞ࢙ന НϘȂϵ࣏ҭᣉ൙ϯӹ഼൵দঋߞ‫ۻ‬ଔНϘȂѽК ົӔ஼஼ѭਗКЋऎԩȄ

ԴҔ୞።ᒸ࢙НࡈȂ֋ࠅ፷֌ҭ‫ߞތ‬ҭ‫ތ‬።Ϙߡൌ ࣏ᑾӲᖉႻȂӏକሃ֘ൊ྅።हТാຕȄ੠ࢉ݀‫ڽ‬ ҭҔࠅ፷ቮ‫ݺ‬ែᑫ‫ژ‬૭ᚼষгႮ؊઱‫ژ‬၃Ӥែࠅ гႮȂत֌ྥষ݀‫ڽ‬௄༩ࠅ፷‫ی‬สߞࢉ೺Ȅ1973 ՐȂ਌‫ݛ‬ትলࠬᡚ‫ތ‬ൊȂൄ՘ӹ഼ទদ‫ۦ‬൹Ȅऎᖢ ႋٙӹ഼யᛟȂည੡ߞሂᣉषࣆܹѹਯᘁ‫ތ‬༝‫ݺ‬ ֖ࣆ୰୰ྻКඡ‫ࢢט‬ȂӤည੡ߞ֖ࣆ୰ࠜ፼၃஼໗ ӯᒸ࢙Ȃ‫ڭ‬ԕϢȶϩЂ࢙നȷညКȄԢՐ12ѡ25 џȂҔ୞።ӒՑஜЍȂ‫ݺڭ‬1980Ր2ѡ1џԑ።഼ ‫ژ‬Ȅ޻።ᒝգЂȃЈᑜጇԒ91ਲ਼ȂᔋႽ16ਲ਼Ȃԑ ࠜႿ 31.029 г‫ڧ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬КᣍরᔋႽࠜ 7757 ռȂऎ ည੡ԑҭᣉ൵ࠜߞᔋႽȄ

10 Т಑Ιԩү‫ݶ‬ӠᐠีҡȂ‫ڗڧ‬Ӓ౨ငᔼ Ϛශ੉‫ޟ‬ኇ៪Ȃ‫ܚ‬о࣏ΟඪЀၭ౏Ͻᖂᡝ ငᔼี৤Մ໠ۖೣგ໌՗ 10 ໶σ࠮அᙃ࡚ ೩ώแȂ೽லᆎ࣏ȶΪσ࡚೩ȷȄȶΪσ ࡚೩ȷՌ 1974 ԑଔȂՍ 1979 ԑ‫ۻ‬ԩ಑‫ׇ‬ ԙȂ‫׹‬ၥᖂ᚞ཱིѮᄌ2094ቇϯȄӵȶΪ σ࡚೩ȷϛȂԤϲ໶࢐Һ೽ၼᒯ࡚೩Ȃέ ໶࢐१ώཾ࡚೩ȂΙ໶࣏૖ྛ໶Ҭ࡚೩Ȅ

1 4

3 1 2 3 4 5

2

КЋ୼ിгႮҔ୓௄༩ҾȂࡑ‫୼ݯ‬༯ҾȂԑࠜ 372.7 г‫ڧ‬Ȟ՝งऎ 373.3 г‫ڧ‬Ȃՙ୵௄༩ᇑࡈ 600 гюᗑປႽȟȂ୓‫ݺ‬௄༩Ҿ‫؂‬ϟႮȃ݅ұႮ ϾȂ޻൉၃ჅྲҔҾȃҭҔҾȃ੿ཀྵᒩȃྲջᒩȃ ྲջҾȃॺ੷ᒩȃҭКҾȃᅓмᒩȃ༳‫ޒ‬ᒩȃᄜ၍ ᒩȃᄜ၍ҾȃҭࡑҾȂ൵ࢢѤ‫୼ݺ‬༯ҾКЋႮȃᆢ สႮϾȂ‫ڭ‬၃ᆢสႮҞߡ഼୼༯สȄКЋ୼ിгႮ ‫ݺ‬1971Ր8ѡ14џӒՑஜЍȂ‫ڗࡈێ‬൪࢔гႮ‫ݤ‬ኵ ‫ۀ‬ϢКЋ୼ിгႮȂ1974Ր೐Ϙ༥ࣱϬদșșК ᛾഼‫ژ‬Ȃ֌1978Րԑ።Ȟ௄༩șș୼༯ȟ഼‫ژ‬Ȅ

១ၯႫ੉Ͻ

5

ϛόଽഀϴၯஅ໪ᆒ ѕଟጣѕৃٙમ Ѯ១ܻ2007ԑཱིᗊϞЊᏇሧӖٙ Ռ஼ဴ࢐Ѯ១ҬࠉкौϞᕊၼٙᆍ ᇃᢊੀ༪୽ሬᐠൟനᕠ

1970Ր҃Ȃҭᣉᅆҳ໶‫ݽ‬๴ਣ‫ڝ‬ിȂ֘ൊᗂര። ᠠႮ࣏ҭᣉࡑҔႻᓮߞЂஜଔȂԴ 1972 ȃ 1973 Ր༡Ȃ௄༩ф୼༯ࡑҔ‫ی‬Ђ‫ژ‬૭ȂӀ‫ُ׮‬чգ 54.5 ʦѽϯߞറߏ๑‫ޱ‬༶‫׀‬ႻҍȂ੠ࢉႻᓮϵϩ жᐾᕟȇည੡ళӡߞሐ٠‫޵੻ݕ‬ѫ‫ژ‬ᔝȂԴஜϧᓮ ҍϯӺྏЙ‫ږ‬Ȅࣆܹԯթٙ‫ܠ‬ళӡცઈм‫ڽ‬ႋٙഺ ҍϯӺྏ ҍϯ ӺྏЙ‫ږ‬ Й Ȅࣆܹԯ ܹԯ ‫ی‬ৎயᛟȄ ‫ی‬ৎயᛟ ‫ی‬ৎ ᛟȄ197 Ր୓Ȃ֘ൊᗂര።ᠠႮߞცઈм Ր Ր୓ 1973 1 973 3 Ѝ຀ᗁԒࣛന Ѝ຀ᗁԒ Ѝ຀ ᗁ ࣛന11 ᗁԒ г‫ߩࣛڧ‬ცᣞȂ֌1979Ր6ѡ 1153 3г‫ڧ‬ џȂԑ።ӒՑᅁࣉცઈмȂᅆሂᣉߞ၃ᕻ๴ਣ ԑ።ӒՑ ԑ። ӒՑᅁࣉ ӒՑ ᅁ ც 2 џȂԑ። 26 գদঋ዆ᠩȄ գদঋ዆ գদ ঋ዆ᠩȄ ঋ዆ ᠩ ᠩȄ

ϛғ୽ሬᐠൟȞϬᇃᢊੀ༪୽ሬᐠൟȟ ҭҔ১գߞᗑҳᑟඞऎџ޼੡ง༟ᠥߞ‫ޗ‬ЋᑟඞȂ ႍ֭ᑟඞ๴ਣ֌1970Ր҃੡Ȃ‫ތێ‬எሃҔஎऎ௄ ༩ޫ‫ܫ‬Ȃ֘எфࡑஎϫᇦᏐҾ஡ȂЏ၃๑‫ޱ‬ᙖ࢙Ȃ ѷ‫ޗ‬Ћᑟඞӎ‫ڗ‬ϵ཈գϘ౧ѹ໿ႽȄԯթȂКົӔ ஼ࣆܹᒕ࿂ඵഡᏋԪߞԳᙇȂ࢙ᒝྲߞ஼ቫᑟඞȂ ѽℵᕕҔҭᣉџૈᗄՓߞଝߩႻᓮȂѽфӏ‫ڽ‬๴ਣ ߞቮঋȄࣆܹ൵ೣᓴᑄԴҭҔࠕঠߞ੿ཀྵᒩЂཀྵ༏ ᒸ࢙ྲߞ஼ቫᑟඞȂ௟Н‫ۻ‬ԩऎȶКӒ஼ቫᑟඞȷ Ȃ‫ڭ‬௟‫ێ‬ԕϢϩЂ࢙നߞদঋ༵ӫНϘȄ ੿ཀྵᑟඞ‫ݺ‬1979Ր2ѡ26џుӡ੡Ȃ࣏ည੡‫ࣷڲ‬ ൵಩҃мߞ஼ቫᑟඞНϘȂत֌‫כ‬єྲҐ‫܂‬ȃઍ ஼ȃॻ៳শสँϠࡈ‫ڽ‬ᣍዝւᅅȂྲҐ‫܂‬ዺ‫ܢ‬ᑟඞ ‫࣏׈‬ண࿰ႍᑟඞഢᄑփ࢙՘Ȃ੿ཀྵᑟඞϵԢ੡՘ऎ КົӔ஼ߞ஼ਛଝߩгҦȞFlag CarrierȟșșК ົଝߩНྲᖉႻ௄ԳȄ


Ѯϛ෫

σྰᓁኅȞϛ୽ᓁ១ϴѧȟ

Ϊσ࡚೩ᄇѮᢊ࿋ਢငᔼࡾ኿ኇ៪ྃσȂ

ҭКส࣏֜‫ݺ‬ҭᣉҭКҾߞϘৎ஼ቫ஥สȂ໼ᛓҔ ൊ௄༩ส۶ࡑൊ୼༯สԧॗ110ઔ‫ڧ‬Ȅส஡ᗁবᒕ ऎ3793г൥ȂѪாবᒕ973г൥Ȃ൙Գবᒕ2820 г൥ȇส஡ԑᄩᑖႭᔷС஡ȃ౞ต஡ȃ౻Ѫ஡Ȅџ ޼੡งฅգྲ୼สߞ࢙ส঍ᄑȂ 1941Րгֶȶྲ ୼สൌҾ࢙ന঍ᄑў੯ȷȂ঍๪Ԫ‫ۀ‬Ђӥ୤ߞЂ ӥ໖ȃ౻Ѫ໖ȃ౞῰໖ȃْ൩໖ȃᔷСഄೡ՘ȶྲ ୼ҾȷȂ๒փ1944Ր‫ۦ‬ᐼߋ዆ᠩȂᐱ७ႤࠛЙ‫ږ‬ ѷग़ক᠛ओहᝯനࣉփ‫ט‬ஃჲȄᐼࢢȂྲ୼ส‫ـ‬ԩ ऎሂКสȄУϩՐ҃ѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃҭᣉ၃ᕻ༟‫୓ܕ‬঳Ȃ་ ҍϾ໶‫ݽ‬༓ࢧᘗኧҐȂ७௄༩สȃ୼༯ส‫ی‬สുᆙ գᐾཫߞ಩໪ȄࣆܹऎթϜٙ‫ܠ‬ᠥ࢙ҭКสȂᚣѽ ิቅ௄ȃ୼‫ی‬สߞ঑ഈȂ‫ڭ‬ऎҭᣉКൊԳ஡෩‫ڻ‬Ϙ ৎᅆҳ໶‫ࠝݽ‬їȂѽ࠳་ҭᣉ၃ᕻȃϠϾߞ‫׮‬ᓊ๴ ਣȄҭКส࢙ส঍ᄑҒࣁ஥สȃЍ྽สфᆢสϬൊ жȂ‫ݺڭ‬1973Ր10ѡ31џ഼ଝుӡȄ

ऎϞ‫ڨ‬Ѥ‫ڶ‬ᓥҳ஼ᔀࡡщಎȂิቅҳབྷ঑ᑉȂ‫ڭ‬ ႋ୵Ⴥҝԯᔀ࿚ЙϘȂ዆ᠩಯࡡᇟ࢘ߞ૿ᙇȂႾٙ ‫ܠ‬ᒸ࢙Ϙര֯྽࿯ᔀඞȂ‫࣏ݺ‬ҍႤᒸᓱК஼ᔀᠠг ҦȂ‫ڭ‬௟‫ૼێ‬ϢϩЂ࢙നНϘȄК஼ᔀᠠгҦߞϘ ര֯྽࿯ᔀඞȂ֫Գॗ480г൥Ȃ֜‫୼ݺ‬༯ᗜઔ೐ ұЍ྽஡Ȃᕺᗜ୼༯ส೐ϟสϾȂ֋ቈࣶᓮϢ১ਫ਼ ࢢȂҞൂ޿ዄ஡ፅᔝ୓ۢȂြषႻ໱ሃᚼႻ՘ӎȄ

ӵ࿋ਢ୽ҕငᔼ‫ܚ‬ு‫ۦ‬ճ‫ޟ‬ᇃᢊȂоЅӣ

ឃᐬ෫ ែᑫส᚞ᇍऎȶ‫ތ‬สȷȂ১ऎϘЈ࡭สϾȂ‫ێ‬Գ ‫؛‬ϬবᖖЋȂ࣏ӤҔўᑫȃែᑫфࡑўᑫ‫؛‬՘ߞ ч๒ᔹ‫ډ‬สᣉȂ‫؛‬ཕहညᔍঋȄџ޼੡งȂҭᣉ ᗁရܹ௟ࡑўᑫ༟ᠥࡑўᑫᆢสሃа௃ᆢสȂϟ ըЂᐼӐง১գྍᠥ࢙஼ቫสȂࢢԯᐼీփК ᙝȄ 1965 ՐȂКົӔ஼ࣆܹऎԯᕕԳў๴ਣȂ ԴࡑўᑫҔ᝝ᒸ࢙Ј࡭஥สȂ‫ ݺ‬1972 Ր 6 ѡ؆ ЍȄ1969ՐȂ֖ࣆ୰ٙ៉௟ែᑫสᙖ࢙ऎ௄༩ส ߞቃׄสȂ‫ڭ‬Դ1971Ր12ѡ1џ՘Ӳ௄༩สச؊ ែᑫสж؊Ȅ1974ՐȂែᑫสԕϢȶϩЂ࢙നȷ НϘȇ 1975 Ր 7 ѡȂ࢙สЍ຀ӒՑஜЍȄ୵Ϟ࢙ ൄፅᔝȃ‫ޯڨ‬ඟຈനࣉȂѽф಴ચଝႽНҳȂ‫ڭ‬ Ԣ੡་֖ᠥ࢙᠋༧ᔋႽຈാҳႽႮЍ຀Ȅ1978Ր ܺȂ೐ϘงЍ຀؆Ѝȇ 1983 Ր 6 ѡȂ೐ϟงЍ຀ ԑൊ؆ЍȄែᑫสѪாবᒕ290ေӀўгюȂ൙Գ বᒕ 86 ေӀўгюȄᐾգ 13 ਲ਼ፅᔝȂԒࠜ 2610 гюȂҒࣁสཔ೺ፅᔝ1ਲ਼۶ᖉႻፅᔝ12ਲ਼Ȅ୵Ϟ ֜‫ࡑݺ‬ўᑫሃែᑫߞ஥ส஡ாНҳȂҔўᑫࡋඏᑾ ࢙നऎকส஡Ȅ

σഅ಻ኅȞϛ୽അ಻ϴѧଽ໰ᖂኅȟ К஼ൄ೺гҦ୼༯ᗁዄਲ਼ၢ‫୼ݺ‬༯ҾЈส஡ߞᗜઔ Ѝ྽஡аȂ࣏ϩЂ࢙നК೐Ϙৎ؆՘ߞদঋ࢙നȂ ႍዄߞനӲ߷঑њࢺଝႻȃ໶‫ݽ‬ȃ஼‫ڨ‬ф๴ਣᝯᗑ Ѝ྽ԺӫዾН௄ӎԇசȄ‫ݺ‬1975Ր࢙ዄԢ੡Ȃ‫ݚ׈‬ ࢙ग़஥44ေ5ϼႶদᐟ໹ૺ޵ᏇȂԢ੡К஼ൄ೺гҦ ϵԪ‫ۀ‬১֜‫ݺ‬௄༩ߞҭᣉൄ೺гҦऎ‫ێ‬௄༩ᗁዄȄ

ү‫ݶ‬ϽᏰώཾȞϛ୽ү‫ݶ‬ϴѧଽ໰ྰ‫ݶ‬ᖂኅȟ К஼Ӯ޵гҦ‫ݺ‬1946Ր6ѡ1џ՘Ӳ‫ݺ‬ϯઔҾȂ؆ ԑӤКົӔ஼஼਱ҍႤȂऎ஼ᖉ‫ڰ‬྽Ȃ১ᘴ៳‫ݺ‬ Ⴄ࿚܎৶ྻȞ‫׈‬၃ᕻൊ஼ᖉ‫ڰ‬྽܎৶ྻНࡈ‫ڗ‬ȟ Ȅ 1949 ՐᔌКົӔ஼ࣆܹᏏ֌ҭᣉȂ‫ؼ‬ᘴ၃ᕻ ൊȂԴ୼༯ᒩ༟๴‫ی‬഍ӮмЍ྽஡șȶХЂȞ‫׈‬Х ‫ޠ‬ȃЂߤȟӮмЍ྽஡ȷ۶ȶ‫ޒ‬ཀྵӮмЍ྽஡ȷȄ К஼Ӯ޵гҦ୼༯࿯޵ᗁዄߞᒸ࢙ᅆ‫ݺ‬ҭᣉߞཬ ፱ȃԪ՘ᑛ፱ȃԪ՘ᢉᇯфмᐯࡡЍ྽Н๴ਣփ ‫ڏ‬ȂЙ཈ิь஼аЍ྽ᅆҳН‫ڶ‬Յ‫ݑ‬Ȃѷ௟ኧҐϭ หҐЍಯࡡԴҳᏚϯߞឮߋϧȄ

ਯ૖ีႫኅ ᔌ຾1960Ր҃ҭᣉߞ၃ᕻ๴ਣȂҭᣉߞცϧ‫ڽ‬࿚ Џ၃Ӥѫϧۤ҃Ѫϧ๴ცȂ๒փҭᣉᘵ๒ಯ࿮֭ වѼЙಯӮ޵Ȃѫϧ๴ცߞᑼਫ਼ቮԈᓥ་ϾȂփ ည੡ߞᑼਫ਼་Ͼ‫ڽ‬࿚ԳߞК‫ތ‬Գ஡؊ཕࠜงЙᜦ ‫ܠ‬ȂऎϞፁ࠲କ࿚ߞᜦ‫ڻܠ‬ᕕѽф‫ـ‬Ђߞ๴ც༓ ѽњࢺ๴ਣКߞҭᣉȂࣆܹٙ‫ܠ‬ᒸ࢙੮କ๴ცዄ ‫ڽ‬ԯᕕቮঋȄ ੮Ϙዄ࣏‫ ݺ‬1970 Ր੮৞ᒸ࢙Ȃ 1971 Րܺ༟‫ܕ‬ ࣉЍȂϘၳᑟхᕕឤ‫ ݺ‬1975 Ր 5 ѡ؆՘ԣႅȂ 1977Ր10ѡႅཱვᑼਫ਼Ȃ11ѡ‫ۀ‬ᗑ๴ცȂ1978 Ր 12 ѡ 10 џ༟‫ܕ‬஥྽ႻᚼȄϟၳᑟхᕕឤࡋ‫ݺ‬ 1976 Ր 11 ѡ؆՘ԣႅȂ 1978 Ր 10 ѡႅཱვᑼ ਫ਼Ȅ12ѡ‫ۀ‬ᗑ๴ცȂ1979Ր7ѡ15џ༟‫ܕ‬஥྽Ⴛ ᚼȄᒸ࢙ง༡Ȃ1973Ր๴Ӡ೐ϘըӮ޵ԟᑟȂѫ ϧ๴ც՘ӎ᜕ኧȂ዆ᠩକ࿚ߞ‫ڻ‬ᕕȄ੮କ๴ცߞঝ з‫ݑ‬෩୼ȂԢՐࣆܹ௟੮କცዄԕϢϩЂ࢙നȂᢖ ӯࣆܹᅆ௄ᚂକ࿚࢙നߞদ໛Ȅ ೐Ϙ੮କ๴ცዄϘȃϟၳᑟೡȂ‫ێ‬ႅ၉ਟ༓ԧऎ 63.6 ေϼӞȂ੮କϘዄԕϢϩЂ࢙ന঍ᄑᔹԐᒸ ЍȂ‫ی‬ൊᑟೡж‫ ݺ־‬1977 Րሃ 1978 Ր؆Ѝȇ೐ ϟ੮କ๴ცዄȃ೐Ϭ੮କ๴ცዄऎ੮କ๴ცߞܼ֩ ঍๪Ȃࢢ᠈ԕϢϩϟЂ࢙ന঍ᄑȂж‫ݺ־‬1981Ր ሃ1984Ր؆ЍȄ

ਢ෈‫ޟ‬಑Ιԩү‫ݶ‬ӠᐠȂоЅଝюᖒӫ ୽ȃᇄӻএ୽ড়๖‫؂‬ѴҺᜰ߽‫֨ޟ‬ცȂࡇ շਢϚ‫ޣ‬଒ྛդӵȂᄂ՗࡚೩ᇄငາ֯ࠃ ๿࡞σ‫ॳޟ‬ᓎᇄՃ໔Ȃ࿋ਢᎏ‫ڗ‬ᗖ፣ࣨྃ σ‫׳ޟ‬ຟ‫ৼڷ‬བྷȄ‫ٽ‬ԃ࿋ਢᑹ࡚ϛόଽഀ ϴၯਢȂԤΡ‫׳‬ຟԪଽഀϴၯ࢐࣏൲ΡՄ ࡚೩‫ޟ‬ȂծРࡣᜌ݂Ϊσ࡚೩‫ږ‬ᐭΟѮᢊ ශ੉ȃଽഀϴၯζ࢐ΡΡࣱџ‫ٺ‬ҢȄ ࡣ‫ޟپ‬౪ᄂᜌ݂ȂΪσ࡚೩࣏Ѯᢊငᔼଔ ॴ൨ۡΟஅᙃȂԙ࣏Ρঈࢻࢻዅၾ‫ޟ‬ԙђ ‫ؚ๊‬Ȅ‫ࡣڏ‬Ȃϛ๼ҕ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬ζച៉௰юᇄ Ϟ᜸խ‫ޟ‬ॎგПਰȂԃΪΠσ࡚೩ȃΪѲ σ࡚೩ȃϲԑ୽࡚ȃཱིΪσ࡚೩้Ȃծኇ ៪‫ࣺܒ‬ၶଔ‫ᜲࣱپ‬оᇄϞࣺඪ‫ٮ‬፣Ȅ

1 ੀ༪ᑪᓹό໐ϛ‫ݶ‬ੀ༪ྰ‫ݶ‬ኅ 2 ҥ੕ΰࣼ಑έਯ૖ีႫኅ 3 ឃᐬ෫ӒශȂყϛѡ୏џоَ‫ࠒڗ‬Пᐬσᐝ

1 2 3


Ѯᢊᗶณ७ᑖϚσȂծӴ‫ל‬ፒᚕ஦ᄊȂϱ ഋҺ೽ၼᒯ‫ޟ‬ሯौߨலᆧफ़Ȅ1949ԑϛ ๼ҕ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬᎐ѮϞࡣȂѮᢊᇄ୽ሬ‫ོޥ‬ ‫ޟ‬ҺࢺРઉᓜᖅȂᄇѴҺ೽ၼᒯζРᅚቨ ߝȄџоᇳȂᇄѮᢊငᔼଔॴࣺբ‫ޟ‬Ȃ൷ ࢐ѮᢊҺ೽ၼᒯЫҁ‫ॴޟ‬ഀඪଽȄ৘ϛό ӑҡӵȮ࡚୽П౱ȯϛᄇҺ೽ၼᒯ‫ޟ‬१ ຜȂӵѮᢊ࡚೩ี৤‫ޟ‬ႆแ࿋ϛு‫ڗ‬шϷ ‫ޟ‬৤ҰȄ

2 3 4 5

1

6

1 2 3 4 5 6

ଽ໰୽ሬᐠൟ ᎻႆԲऋમ‫ޟ‬ЊᏇሧဴ ଽ໰௦ၼ ๼૞A330-300ࡊᐠ ѮᢊԞ෈ᐠٙචႫဴ ໨݂੕ၼೲᘣ಻

1945 ՐȂҭᣉष֖ࣆࠜ‫ܡ‬г၌‫ܕ‬നӲгԒЍ຀ ؊Ȃ෠ҭᣉषгႮЍ຀‫ܢڰ‬Ȅ1946ՐനӲҭ ᣉषгႮ؊Ȃ1949ՐȂгԒЍ຀؊ᙩ‫ۀ‬гႮ ؊Ȅ1959Ր་֖гႮഢᄑȂໞ֤џࢢϟϩՐгႮ ๴ਣ‫ڭ‬жऎᖖਫгႮȃᑖരгႮȃа൙гႮȃᕺઔ гႮфᗑປгႮຈУЂ᝷Ȃᗁ‫ڧ‬຀ॗϘေбϼг ‫ڧ‬Ȅ1961Ր؆՘ԑषгႮ෼ࣤфгႮ፠ၳȄҭᣉ гႮ჆фԑਫфጘุ၏ਫԧ༏ᛉȂгႮ‫ڀ‬೚‫ڶ‬гႮ ‫ޱ‬ഢ‫ܠ‬жऎ஼ႽȃषႽȃᒩႽȃ༏Ⴝȃ௞ӡгႮԒ УૺȂᗁࠜ࢘40262г‫ڧ‬Ȟ2007ՐѤȟȄᔌ຾г Ⴎᇨߞџᆙ๴ႿȂҭᣉ٠‫ࢉژ‬Ⴛϵ‫ڝ‬ി๴ਣȄӫ ࡈȂҭᣉߞࠜ൉ࢉႻѐЀѹঋऎ஼ԍࢉႻȃ೚ᗑࢉ Ⴛȃ࢙‫ࢉށ‬ႻȃࠠᜲࡣࢉႻȃ۶‫ࢉޟ‬ႻຈӔᖉЂࢉ ‫ژ‬Ȃ֖ᏺ‫ࡑݺ‬Ҕ୼ിгႮѽфԧЂषႽН༡Ȅ݀‫ڽ‬ ‫ݺ‬ԧࡱҾ༡ߞࠜ൉ѐЀ઱ը௜༰Ȃգ‫ڱ‬Ⴎ።त֌ 24 Ј੡रգ‫ژ‬઱‫އ‬சȂփѷೈኊႵྥষ঳ᑟ۶ѫ ‫ܢ࠮ژ‬ȂԯթӔᖉࢉႻ࣏ҭᣉӔಿ൵௱‫ڹ‬ӡߞӹ഼ Ѝ‫ۍ‬НϘȄ џ޼੡งߞᠠႮᒸ࢙ႻᓮࣆຉȂԺь࣏࢙ӲԴȶట ᄳฤӔԳႤ࿚ȷߞ௄ᚂϯȂՂࠠ‫ڧ‬Ћฑ‫ޒ‬ᠠႮȃщ ӀЋฑ‫ޒ‬ᠠႮरऎϞृԂҭᣉฑ‫ޒ‬ӡȇӀ࿨።ऎϞ ༟ళ࿮ឩȄЙჅȂง༡ᠠႽ࢙നᅆ‫ݺ‬ҭᣉࢢѵߞӹ ഼ሃ၃ᕻ๴ਣȂЪգಎቈߞ዆ᠩሃӒব୒ឥȄԴџ ޼ӐงȂж‫־‬ԯЂӥ࿨фᔝࡈ࿨ಯ྽ႻᓮȂѽфྲ ୼สȞЫҭКสȟᒝสቮঋȂж‫־‬་֖‫ތ‬ཕ።Ȟ಩ Џ኿Ѥȟȃջ‫ތ‬።ȞЫаᣉ።ȟфྲ୼ᒝส௞ӡᠠ ႽН࢙നȂ֭ᔌ‫׈‬ԯЂᐼ᜕๴փ༠၉ȄᐼࢢȂ஼Ӕ ࣆܹា᠈؆՘‫ێ‬К‫ތ‬ཕ።фջ‫ތ‬።ߞ࢙നȄϟըЂ ᐼࢢȂКົӔ஼ࣆܹ՘ӲҭᣉᠠႮᇒನ؊ѽᗁನҭ ᣉߞᠠႮႻᓮ‫ڰ‬சȂփࢭ෇џϠ‫઻ݙ‬ϭߞ࣊գᠠႮ ࢙നȂ՘ऎϞҭᣉᠠႮᇒನ؊՘Ӳࠐงߞ঵ঋЍ ֯Ȅ1946ՐȂҭᠠា᠈؆՘ջ‫ތ‬።Ȃ‫ؼڭ‬ԩऎа ᣉ።Ȃ 1951 Րԑ።؆Ѝ഼‫ژ‬Ȅ 1973 ՐȂКົӔ ஼ࣆܹయஜȶϩЂ࢙നȷȂ‫ێ‬КᠠႮ࢙ന֫‫༵ی‬Ȃ ж‫־‬ऎȶᠠႮცઈмȷሃȶҔ୞ᠠႮȷȇ 1979 ՐȂᗂരᠠႮ؆՘ცઈмȂ֋௻ၳ༟‫ظܕ‬ϢᖉႻȂ ҭҔ֌୼༯ষ‫ژ‬੡༡Ӥ 8 Ј੡ᖺ๺ऎ 4 Ј੡ȂЂЂ

ิьϞҭᣉࡑҔߞӹ഼Ⴛᓮ੡༡ȇԢՐ 12 ѡ 30 џȂᗑຕҭ‫ތ‬።ሃ‫᠋ܢ‬።ߞҔ୞ᠠႮ഼‫ژ‬Ȃ‫֘ތ‬ൊ ߞᠠႮ؆՘ാຕȄ1979ՐȂКົӔ஼ࣆܹា᠈య ஜȶϩϟ༵࢙നȷȂᠠႮ࢙നҒࣁ৒࢙ࡑ୞ᠠႮ؆ ՘ҭᣉᖖਫᠠႮᇨȂѽфា᠈ᠠႮԑবცઈм۶೚ Ϙখ໼ 1982 ՐȂҭ‫ތ‬።௟১ӎߞ 762mm খ໼‫ؼ‬ ऎሃ֘ൊᠠႮहԢߞ1,067mmখ໼ȂሃҔ୞።؆ ՘ߡ഼Ȅ1991ՐȂࡑ୞።؆Ѝ഼‫ژ‬Ȃҭᣉߞȶᖖ ਫᠠႮᇨȷӒՑ؆՘Ȅ ҭᣉߞᑟඞԺऎক‫ڰ‬ሃӔ༡ԪӡȂӔӡൊԊӤӹ഼ ൊӔӡଝߩ؊ᇒನȂকӡࡋжӤߩকሃઔকᇒನȄ ֜‫੿ݺ‬ཀྵᒩЂཀྵ༏ߞҭᣉ੿ཀྵ஼ቫᑟඞᖉႻ஼ቫଝ ።ȃ୼༯ҾЈส஡ߞ୼༯஼ቫᑟඞ৘ᖉ஼ቫ۶஼а ଝ።ȂҭКѪ⓬ᑟඞᝯൕࢢుӡߞ౻ࣵ௯ᑟඞȃࠅ ፷۶ጘุ୺гᑟඞҞ‫ڻ‬஼ቫҒᑟ୓ফȄҩҳᘘգሂ Ҕ‫ޗ‬Ћȃᄜ၍Ѫϯȃҭࡑȃࢍ‫ࢍތ‬Ҕȃࢍ‫ތ‬㡱࣋ȃ ጘุϛग़ȃጘౕุՉȃҭ‫ތ‬ᚳՐȃҭ‫ތ‬ᇥਫȃҭ‫ތ‬ ᠋ᕎȃࠛࠝȃ୺૟ࡑॏ۶୺૟Ҕॏຈ஼аᑟඞȄК ົଝߩ۶ࠜᅷଝߩȂऎҭᣉ൵Ђߞ‫ی‬ਛᖉႻ஼ቫଝ ።ߞଝߩгҦȄփ෇ᒸଝߩȃӲᅷଝߩȞࠜᅷଝߩ ЄгҦȟȃົࠫଝߩȞКົଝߩЄгҦȟȃ዇Չଝ ߩࡋ࣏ѽ၃ᖉ஼аଝ።ऎѹߞұਛгҦȂൊж྽߰ ϵ঳֖๺຀஼ቫଝ።Ȅ ҭᣉұবᖖઔȂઔϯӹ഼๴ႿȂ஼ቫ໶‫ݽ‬Ԉᓥઔϯ ႻᓮȄสϾߞᇒನ྽சȂж‫־‬Ӥӹ഼ൊ঑യᇒನ஥ สȞжऎ஼ቫ஥สȃ஼а஥สȟȂ၃ᕻൊЍ྽؊঑ യᇒನЍ྽௞ӡสȂ֖ࣆ୰Ⴚ྽܎৶ྻᆢ྽၌঑യ ᇒನᆢสȄӹ഼ൊϭന୼༯สச؊ȃ௄༩สச؊ȃ ࠅ፷สச؊фҭКสச؊ѽᇒನԧ஥สȂ‫ڭ‬ᄑ‫ܠ‬ԧ สச؊ᘑ஡Ȅӫࡈգ௄༩สȃҭКสȃ୼༯สȃࠅ ፷สຈ4ਲ਼Ȃ‫ێ‬К୼༯สऎѵध೐бЂറᙢสϾȄ փ஼ቫ஥สቃׄสϾࡋգȈҭҔสȃែᑫสȃՉӀ สሃӖՉ౵мч๒ઈత՜สຈ4ਲ਼Ȅ༧‫ށ‬ઔႻȞ১ ऎгᖉȟȃࠜᅷઔႻȞࠜᅷ༰ᄥȟሃေઔଝႻऎ൵ ЂߞϬਛઔႻгҦȄ


ΠᏽϞࠉ‫ޟ‬ѮᢊȂ༉ԤЍ໔ၥྛώཾȂင ᔼୄ੼ӵၻཾ‫ོޥ‬ЫҁȄΠᏽϞࡣϛ๼ҕ ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬௥ԝѮᢊȂംԩ໠ۖ໌՗Ѯᢊ౪ф Ͻ‫࡚ޟ‬೩Ȅ1949ԑϛ๼ҕ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬᎐ѮȂ ள‫پ‬Οσ໔‫ޟ‬Ρϗᇄ‫׬‬೚Ȃ‫ٺ‬ுѮᢊင ᔼ‫ޟ‬ଔॴ‫ڎ‬രΟшϷ‫ޟ‬ӑ‫ؚ‬నӇȄਢՍϬ РȂѮᢊᗶณӴ୿ၶ࣏੭ωȂࠓ࡚ҳଔΟ ‫ׇ‬ᐌ‫ޟ‬౪фϽώཾᡝ‫ف‬Ȃԙ࣏жࣨ௶Ӫࠉ

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1 2 3 1 ‫׉‬㠮๋଄࠮Ⴋသ 2 ๼ᆈA8N VM CSM кᐠ‫ݖ‬ 3 ಛΙჲਢфᗊ‫ސ‬ϛЖ

Դҭ Դҭᣉ঴ࡡ֖྽ߞԋ྽ညКȂգȶࡑ೚ϘȃҔۧ ԑȷߞሲ‫ޱ‬Ȅ೚Ϙԋ྽ѹঋऎ঴ࡡहᝯНሦൄҐЍ ԑȷ фᏚழȂӫࡈ೚Ϙߞ঴ӡ᝷ሦࡡԴҭᣉߞҾඞ֫գ ತहည୼Ȃ၃ჅዴϩՐ๴ਣȂЏ၃ႭϢწழȃߏ ࣹȃ໶‫ݽ‬ȃ‫ظ‬ႤຈታாȂจЂ࡭ԋ྽༰ᄥ๴ਣȄ К஼Ђ൙ऎ೚Ϙԋ྽Դҭᣉઔҳ‫ظ‬Ⴄഢጀ൵ЂߞԳ ஡Ȃ֋1990Ր҃༟‫ܕ‬ᎼϢЂ൙ҾඞȂӫࡈЏ၃ᚼ ‫ظ‬ႤԺႿУϩ᏶ਛгҦȄ୵թНҳȂ೚Ϙ‫ݺ‬໸ࡑȃ ઍ஼ȃत֌ᑋৎ‫ڲࡑތ‬Գ஡ϵൌգ‫ظ‬ႤȂઔаҳᚼ ‫ظ‬Ⴄहᝯԋ྽ЏԺႿϘպ᏶ਛȄۧԑ঴ࡡЍ྽ߵԊ գনгҦӺ࣏ҭᣉЂ࡭঴ࡡԋ྽Ȃऎ൤ྲ஼ቫ༰ᄥ ՘৶НϘȂϵ࣏ҭᣉ೐ϘਛߵೈϯҾߞ঴ࡡгҦȄ Դѵध၃ᕻ๴ਣߞЂ጗НКȂҭᣉ༟‫ܕ‬๴ਣ֋Ўߞ Ӯ޵ҐЍЍ྽Ȃᐐᇒҭᣉӎ‫ڭڗ‬ЙҍಯӮ޵Ȃ֭ Ӯ޵ҐЍЍ྽ߞ๴ਣȂऎҭᣉ၃ᕻ௲‫ڽ‬ϞࡎࡎӠ ᑟȄҭཬᝯ࠼ԋ྽ऎҭᣉ൵Ђߞԋ྽༰ᄥȂ࿚୓‫ݺ‬ 1954 Ր൹ӲНᇊᕙгҦȂ 1957 Ր‫ـ‬ԩऎҭᣉཬ ፱Ѝ྽ߵԊգনгҦȄᅮϭ‫ڰ‬྽ᑖႭཬ፱ȃ૱ᚐȃ ӮмȃცЄȃକ࿚ȃႻᓮȃЍசȃӠߏॊ‫ث‬ȃᛁ ᖚȃి‫ڈ‬ຈታாȄҭཬᝯ࠼ԋ྽ߞ൹ᓱϠऎѳӖ ዉȃѳӖԴ҈‫ؙ‬Ȅੲᑂ೚঍Ȃ֋1980Ր҃ѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃ ҭཬ༰ᄥԴႤಯᗁᛝȃᖉ՜ಐৃȃ৶Ѝዴຈўব‫׮‬ ᑾ֫㜑ᔝȂऎҭᣉӔᖉԋ྽НᔷᔝȂϵऎ‫ێ‬ѹঋ൹ ᓱ߰ѳӖዉ៏ఀȶҭᣉ၃ᖉНૠȷߞग़᠖Ȅ ٠‫ژ‬ሦൄ࣏݀݀Ϙৎ஼ਛЍ྽ᇢԪᅁϧߞᢜ಩Ȃҭ ᣉ٠‫ژ‬ሦൄ྽Դ௻Ђߞ஼ቫឮߋϭȂ‫ڶ‬๒ॼ‫״‬՘ ࠜȂᑾᑘϘኽȄϬ༧Ѝ྽ߵԊգনгҦ࣏ҭᣉϘ༡ ዝ՛‫ژ‬ȃിֹႿȃԑԳ‫ߞژ؛‬ሦൄ஥ȂԴ1954Ր ‫ݺ‬ҭᣉҭҔҾаุ൹ӲȂࠐงѽӠಯၙᎼ‫ژ‬ӡߞᒐ ცᑶऎѹȂऎҭᣉ‫ژ‬Ꮓಯ྽ߞԐᠭȄУϩԺՐ‫ڽ‬Ȃ ᔌ຾ॊ‫୼ߞث‬ി๴ਣȂϬ༧Ѝ྽७ϧ๴ਣᔹ‫ډ‬٠ ‫ژ‬ȃᑟ‫ژ‬ಯࡡᏺԨ஼ቫȄϬ༧Ѝ྽ऎҭᣉ೐ϘਛӠ ಯᑟ‫ߞژ‬гҦȄࠜงߞ‫ث‬ങೢᒕ۶ࡡ๕၃ᖉȂᢰϬ

༧Ѝ྽՘ऎҭᣉԳ஡ᑟ‫ژ‬ಯࡡߞ൤Ջԋ྽Ȃߢԩಯ ࡡՂȶൎફȷ‫ـ‬՘ऎҭᣉᑟ‫҃ߞژ‬ԩໟȂࠕՐ‫ڽ‬Ȃ ‫ـ‬Йᙝߞ‫ݤ‬ਣઔҳҾඞȂ‫ڹ‬ȶ SYM ȷ՘ऎ஼ቫߢ ԩߞࡡ๕ȂಯࡡᏚழЏ჆ֶԑಧУЂࣷȄ Դ 20 ѵ॔ࢢง IT ಯ྽‫ڝ‬ി๴ਣߞჅ຀КȂҭᣉϵ ฯ಩ҍϞවਛᔹ‫ ߞٽ‬IT ಯ྽Ȃ՘ऎѵध IT ಯ྽ߞ ታᔝտȄ؈㡭ߵԊգনгҦ࣏ҭᣉ൵Ђߞცၝг ҦȂӤࣉ੎ᅷຈϠ‫ ݺ‬1976 Ր 8 ѡ 1 џ൹ӲȂӫࡈ ࣏ԑಧ೐൵Ђߞცၝሦൄ஥ȄѹঋӠಯ੸ϯ࡭ც ၝ۶ຊୃ࡭ცၝȂѽф PDA ȃ֨‫އ‬ᐡȃᢖӯᐡ۶ ‫ێ‬ҁᔼՅȃᢖӯຈცၝ۹᝝ಯࡡȄ؈㡭༰ᄥ࣏ҭ ᣉ൵຾ԩߞႤୈॊ‫ث‬हᝯгҦНϘȄ֌2000Ր༟ ‫ܕ‬ӒՑз൷ᑾӲ՘ȶ؈㡭༰ᄥȷȃȶ‫ށ‬௄ც഼༰ ᄥȷȃȶ፛൹༰ᄥȷȂ‫؛‬՘ȶ޾؈௄༰ᄥȷȄ؈㡭 Դ‫֋ڽ‬዇Սኇᐡߞ၍Ђ‫׀‬ឱᗁ၃ನ፼ϲҞȆ᠋‫܈‬ ȞGianfranco Lanciȟᑉԇገࣷ஡ᗁ၃ನง༡ȂЂ ϧ๴ਣຊୃ࡭ცၝȂ௻мሃৎϠცၝᅁᢜᏚழ഼Ⴎ ߞᝯ࠼Ȃ՘ऎ၍Ђ‫ ׀ݛޱ׀‬F1 Ϙૺў຀Ցᘈ‫ژژ‬ ༤ߞᝒׄ஥ኧ௻ࢆཇȂӇీಿԺ஼ቫࡡ๕Ȃ᠙‫ڗ‬ऎ ገࣷ೐ϘЂຊୃ࡭ცၝࡡ๕Ȅ 2007 Ր 8 ѡȂ؈㡭 Ϙᗝ‫د‬GatewayȃPackard BellфeMachines՜ ᙩᅮϭȂӒՑ໹໸ᗑྐ༰ᄥȂ՘ऎԑಧ೐ϬЂPC ࡡ๕ȄົᇇცၝߵԊգনгҦȂࡡ๕ऎȶASUSȷ ȂгҦ՘Ӳ‫ݺ‬1990Ր4ѡ2џȄ࣏ҭᣉߞ஼ቫࡡ๕ гҦȂϵ࣏ԑಧ൵Ђߞѹᑟ‫ߞޕ‬ሦൄ஥ȂԴ2008 ՐȂົᇇᏚழ໹Ⴥ‫ی‬ϼұպေѯѹᑟ‫ޕ‬Ȃ‫׈‬ԑѵध Ӏ‫ُ׮‬Ϭৎѹᑟ‫ێޕ‬КබգϘৎ࣏ӤົᇇӠಯߞȄ ਗКЋԐӠѹᐱϬӔѹ၍Ȃ‫ێ‬Ӕ౉ȃӔᡋನ݇ԴჅ ҝ100Ր੡༡㡯ുᆙᅁ಩ȂறӔӠϘ༵Ȃ࣊ۤఀᏂ ࿴՘බȂӺգ๑নӏ‫ڽ‬ቈ฀ȂӅ௟ԴЫࢢា᠈༟‫ݤ‬ ൹ྲȄКົӔ஼100Ր࢙ന՘බȂҞѽሃѵधԇ֣ ஼ਛཱྀग़Ȃ҄КົӔ౉៴๒ՌӲ‫ݺ‬ѵधӔ౉Н‫ޒ‬Ȅ


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Ķ Т IJij РࠉൢӪ෵ԝ ʼnŌġĥĵıı ሴ໥ᖿৱġ᎒էҡ‫ޏ‬ৱ ϛ୽੔ོ߬ડᏰ଱଱ߝ

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ᖒ٤ࢇ‫࡚ۺ‬ដওॏ ಻ҕᡭ੼‫֏࢐ٽݲ‬џ՗ȉ

ܹಁжࣨ

‫׈‬ኊ༕ȾSBS੫տ݈୛ኄኬႫᇃኄኬষȿ ጡ‫ࡸޱ‬Ȉӎҏ՜ۖࣸѶࣗԐӠߞ‫ڽ‬ፇȂᅆࣸԐӠԴћК᎘ۖߞᇌᇌћмᎏॎߞ಩໪ӺྏۖዎዋȄᑫࣷࣆܹԺՐ‫্ڽ‬ᐱԺЮћмߤ஡Ȃ֭ӏକఀۖൊԊߤ஡ߞૌ ӒњࢺȂϘЈൊԊϠЀிࢺ‫ݙ‬ᓜȶћм۶‫ߞిܟ‬ᎏॎȷȂ‫ݡ‬ທᓉϢᑫࣷߤྻȂፁᅁ࣏Йਟ݆໛ߞߤྻ಩໪ȄЙჅȂԴயᛟবࡈȂҞକళۤߞనࣉᕕႍգധԺȂ हࠫᑫࣷࣆܹϵӒԴᒕ࿂ւዋႋٙў੯ȄࣸԐӠߞᣍᙇ࣏ϘਛН‫ڏ‬Ȃ‫ڻ‬ᡝ߰ணւȄӎงȶ੡‫ڰ‬๺ໞȷ‫ུޕ‬ȂӎҏપॗໞᎢ৶؇ዉཔԐӠӺᅆԢϘயᛟ෩ҍऻ ‫ޱ‬Ȃᡝ߰ҞहТணႎȄ ҬࠉӨࣨ൷೎౩ᡭ੼ࢇ๊‫ޟ‬ҳൟ Ϭѡϭ՟Ȃၐ᎚ਫࠧ‫ޱ‬ೊӔ᢬઻Кѕ២གྷ‫ڰ‬ԆȂѫ ԍતતȂКѕᇒನϠ৶๑‫ޱ‬഍ನည੡ߞዷϧඞবȂ ‫࣏ݺ‬ᗑ‫់ڣ‬ᅅ‫ۻ܇‬ҍஜᛉᕅȂ၃Ⴥවџ੡༡Ȃ‫ڰ‬Ԇ ೣ‫ݺ‬ఀۖӀਿȄ๒փӒညЂਛබ೺Ӕ᢬઻யᛟԓ ը᠜ᎢНቫȂൠ౨ᇯ‫ࣿݛ‬᢬઻Кѕԓը᜕๴២གྷ‫ڰ‬ ԆȂգᖉ‫ݗ‬ജѫ๎࿑Ȅ૸ष់ўȂྻԢઐ‫ڨ‬؊Ϡ ৶Ȃᕕᗑ‫ڣ‬ೊӔൊߞঋِȂҍஜᛉᕅ಩ඞȄ֌Ыऎ ѤȂᘘգ᢬઻ϠЀԴ࢏൤ϯȂᗝ֖‫ࣿ៉ة‬ஜȄ‫៉ة‬ ࣆܹߞᆶ‫־‬຀ؔჅࠜȂգ᢬઻ϠЀӦ໦ຈ৏੡༡ࠜ ႿවՐȂ᝱ѽత‫ۦ‬Ȅփᇯᡋфᝯަ೺Ӕߞೡᚐфࣆ ៨බࢽയᗑ‫ڶܹࣆڣ‬๒‫֖܇‬௻ۘ‫ݑ‬᢬઻‫ڼޱ‬Ȃᅁऎ ‫߰࠰֯ܕ‬Ȃࣆܹᕕႍۤઐգᝯ‫ڼޱ‬Ȃᢰඵِࣆ޼ؕ ᠕ߞ೺Ӕфࠧ‫ޱ‬ೊӔȂᓉϢߤྻȂຈ৏ᆶ‫־‬ȄփԴ ҩϘ᝝සȂᗑ‫ڣ‬хᅆ៨බࢽയࣆܹഹ਴๑କȂۤઐ ᗜ੡‫઻ܧ‬ᜪᝋȂ‫ݸ‬ౢщӀࣶਫ஼ᛓ‫ܫ‬ᆶ‫ࣆ־‬ຉȂᐱ ७೺ӔЙᙝฯ಩Ȅ֌‫ݺ‬ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ࣆܹ֋2007Րϯ ሂࢢȂ෩ҍ௲ԺϘᙇϠ‫ߞݑ‬഍ನ೺ӔࣆຉȂ‫࣏ۤݺ‬ ઐᗜ੡‫࠲઻ܧ‬᠕ᜪᝋՉవȂ‫ݸ‬ౢщӀࣶਫ஼ߞᛓ‫ܫ‬ ᆶ‫ࣆ־‬ຉȂ֭‫ڶ‬๒࠲઻௻ۘ‫ݑ‬᢬઻ࣆຉȂሃфᇯࢺ ࡈ֣ົ዇ࣆܹՐ҃௟ҳਫȂԕऎࠧೊӔ஡ߞࣆຉȂ ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ࣆܹԢ੡෩ҍҐിᆶ‫־‬຀ؔȂᖺ๺᢬઻Ϡ Ѐߞຈ৏੡༡Ȅ ࢇ‫ޟۺ‬ϛ໢ҳൟ ంഺϬўব‫ऻڽ‬Ȃᡝ߰Ҟѽᖢႋᗑ‫ڣ‬хᅆ៨ሃфᇯ ᡋೡᚐфࣆ៨ȂԴթ‫ڰ‬ϯӲඞԧಳȂчࡑԳҔȂփ ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨බళۤϘৎК༡ӲඞȂᄘႏӀᓊജࢽჅኵ ჅទߞࣆຉȂຕ‫یލ‬বЙ୅ՀȄԓҐϯȂᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ Դ2007ՐЂᓴ੡Ȃ෩ҍҐ‫أ‬ᆶ‫־‬຀ؔ੡༡ࠑȂԯ ऎᑫࣷఐඡ؊ߞ኶‫ز‬Ⴥ຀ቮ੡Ȃӏକ୨ԪȇփԢ งࠠනխ؊ཕӏ‫ڍ‬ՀᚼȂ೺Ӕ጗Йᙝฯ಩Ȃຕ‫ލ‬೺ Ӕ᢬઻Кѕҍ಩ϠᆕНఈȂᆶ‫־‬Ⴥ຀हᅆܼࠜȄၐ ᎚ਫЙዳᕕӡȂൠ౨ߞᇯ‫ࣿݛ‬Ȃ֘ᑫߞၩӣȂࠠ዇ ჩ዇ߞо୺‫ݛ‬Ȃहា᜕ฝȂЙർ঑ഈȄ൵ࢢᆊᢏ՘ ऎዷϧ២གྷ‫ڰ‬ԆȂᅁ៳ϘৎҞ෌ߞӅ๒๴ਣȄ‫ڰ‬๴ ࢢȂᗑ‫ڗܹࣆڣ‬ऎࣆຉߞே֖߰Ȃည๒᝱᝜‫ۼێ‬Ȃ Ӻൌԓը՘ऎಿӭНߞȂҽҠஇϠ᝱Ȅ ಋҕഋߝё஼ಋҕ‫࡚ޟݲ‬ដϱৠ ‫ڰ‬უ‫ی‬ৎ࣐งȂᗑ‫ڣ‬ೊӔൊࠜភ༳෩ҍ৒঎ӫࡈ

ᗑ‫ڣ‬ೊӔ‫ڼޱ‬ȄѹঋգϬᙇȄ೐ϘȂҐ௻ᆶ‫ࠧ־‬ ‫ޱ‬ೊӔߞ኶‫ز‬Ⴄ੾Ȃԇ֣ϠЀం2011Ր4ѡ26џ ୓ȂԴ᢬઻ຈ৏ᆶ‫־‬ง༡ȂჁхഢ૏ȂៈфԖ‫ޱ‬ ߰ȂϘ၃኶ನ‫ܠ‬။Ȃ௟ྻ֋ஜЙ೑‫ډ‬Հ֖ऎเႏ ዾ࿤Ȃ‫ ׈‬CharacterTest ȂඉҵӦ᎛᝱ӔႤ੾ȇ ೐ϟȂԇ֣ϠԴ᢬઻ᖉаȂሦൄȂᔼ᚟Ȃ‫ڹݕ‬ӡ ֋ሦ‫ޠ‬ᐡ߰ȂԖᇳ௟ྻӤӫࡈߞᆾူ 3 ՐȂ෩п ֌ 5 Րȇ೐ϬȂӺൌ࣏൵‫ߞ៉ߋۍ‬৒঎౧ภ࣏Ȃ ᐐᇒࠧ‫ޱ‬ೊӔ᢬઻ϠЀജ໗‫ܠ‬ៈфԖ‫ޱ‬фജ‫ܠ‬ ။Ȃ֭ҁেЪ๒ҞѽӦ᎛ᗜ੡࠲᠕ᜪᝋȄᅆ‫ݺ‬ѽ ϯϬ౧৒঎‫ڼޱ‬Ȃ୵Ϟ೐ϟ౧գᝯ‫ޠ‬ᐡߞ‫ࡋޱ‬Ȃ ԧध‫ڭ‬๑ಳ៉НҳȂ೐Ϙሃф೐Ϭ౧৒঎‫ݙڼޱ‬ є୓ߞߋ៉බգ຀࢘ЙϘߞхᕕȄ Өࣨ‫ޟ‬ІᔖȂᇄЅࢇ‫ޟۺ‬ᔍ‫׊‬ ঵ԐȂ‫ת‬༡෼჆త‫ۦ‬Ղ‫ލ‬գ᢬઻߰ЙՇ॔ࢠȂЙප দᑫࣷߞ‫ڼޱ‬ȂሃфߤྻԒԢՇ‫ߞޱ‬ԋౕȂ‫ڤ‬ኃȂ Ղ‫ލ‬Ϙ၃‫ܠ‬။Ȃҁে࠮ᕕႍ֋ஜඉҵӦ᎛᝱Ӕᜪᝋ ߞᡋ‫׀‬Ȅᗑ‫ڣ‬хᅆ៨៨ቾ֓ൾ዇ᅆթ‫ށ‬ӨњࢺȂᇯ ᡋೡᚐӺ๑ԺЂಳ៉Ȃ֭ҁেࢽҍࣆܹᕕညԢ੡ᕭ ୅ऎतኃգϠঋჀϯౖЋȂ࣏‫ࣆ׎‬ຉே֖ߞҵሱᐱ ७Ыџߞ‫ڰ‬ԆȂϘԓ๴ӠȄҩҳҁেӺൌঋِࣆܹ ᕕညՉవգ૩ؔቋࠔգᝯϠຈࠔ԰১‫ܧ‬ԳȄഺϘ ᙇȂЂਛ‫ڭ‬๑ԺЂߞж‫ޡ‬Ȅ֭ѵ༡‫ڰ‬ఐᗁ᝱གӨж ‫ށ‬Ȅࠧག‫׈‬Ө߰Ȃࣇ๒ਟ‫ݽ‬഍ನȂփᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬বᅆ ߞ൫࿭බϫՂϭȄ ಑ΙȂՂ‫ލ‬գࠧ‫ޱ‬ೊӔȂ‫ڗ‬Ԋ᝱ѽፁሮȂ‫ݕ‬Йକፁ ሮȂᗂ‫ڹ‬ജ‫ޱ‬ਲ໗‫ܠ‬။ԩ՘ӲȂ‫ڤ‬ኃࣆܹঋ௟ҁ ে୙԰‫ڤ‬ৎϘ஼ਛȉ஄നҁሲॻሬߞȂ‫ڤ‬ኃ୙ҁ԰ ग़஼Ȃॻ஼Ȃ૸֘᠋Ȃ‫ݕغ‬ҐੋЂȉሲົሬߞȂ୙ ҁ԰К஼ȉሂᣉȉশสȂᑫࠝȉ‫ྲݕغ‬Ґ‫܂‬ȉ৹Ϙ ৎ஼ਛ‫ݕ‬Գ஡Ȃߺ՜઻Ϙৎ‫ڗ‬Ԋӏജፁ‫ߞܠ‬ϠЀȉ ಑ΠȂՂ‫ލ‬ည‫ڰ‬Ϡߞ১஼ឱఀۖፁሮȂփҁߞ᝱ ӔӦ᎛Ӻൌᖔఀߺ‫ܠ‬Ȃ‫ڤ‬ኃࣆܹබবᅆϘৎ‫ـ‬Ґ ᕌ؉ߞ഍ᄩȄՂ‫ލ‬Ϙϥзߞ௟ႍϠ୙ࠔ১‫ܧ‬ԳȂ ‫ڤ‬ኃຈԢ௟ҁ୙ϯດԖҭ‫ݕ‬Ꮞ‫ۦ‬ቖԖঅ࢞ȂգჁ ᑫࣷࣆܹ‫ڗ‬ऎᗑԪ஼᝱Ӕгॗᜪॗ஼ߞ‫ڗ‬Ԋሃ‫ݚ‬ ᓚȄՂ‫ލܹࣆލ‬ૌՂթȂ‫ڤ‬ኃබྻ༟ҍϘৎജϠ ᡋೡᚐ໦ԅߞ‫ࢠޱ‬ನᑂȄ‫ێ‬ᅁჅ݀Ȃ௄‫ݺ‬ϠႽ

ӲඞȂᑫࣷӺգԐ‫ڼ‬ȂЙྻ௟Ϙ‫ڱ‬ԴӎԳ‫ܠ‬။ߞ ҳ஼ϠȂ୙ࠔ১‫ܧ‬ԳȂನӤ࣏ҁেգҞକྻᏎ‫ۦ‬ ১஼ժԖߞ໗ٙȄऎթȂᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬බদ෩ԨϘ‫ڱ‬ ៈфԖ‫ߞޱ‬ϠЀȂ෩ҍѽᗜ੡࠲᠕ᜪᝋߞ഍ನў ‫ޱ‬ȂȶჅอȷഺϘৎఐ޶Ȅ ᖝਢ᛫ᜌ‫ޟ‬ுᇄѶ ຊ߰ѽऎഺЙ࣏Ϙৎȶӫࡈ൵ՀȷߞϠႽ഍ನў ‫ޱ‬Ȃ֭‫ࠧڭ‬ЙҞత‫ۦ‬Ȅ֭ࣆܹӅቮԯᕕည‫ڰ‬Ϡџࢢ ߞࠑ಩Ȃւዋᅆգ‫ډ‬Հࠑ಩ߞည‫ڰ‬ϠȂᜪ๴Ӗϳ‫ܧ‬ ઻ᜪᝋȄຊ߰Н‫ݙ‬ѽ֯ҍՂթࠑগȂरԯՂ‫ލ‬ంჅ ݀ߞᗜ੡࠲᠕ᜪᝋ‫ऻڽ‬ȂৎКߞ౧ภȂൊжϩжҞ ‫ݏ‬Ȅ೐ϘȂᗜ੡࠲᠕ᜪᝋ߰ȂЙఀӦ᎛ਛϠᄥᇸȇ ೐ϟȂ১‫ܧ‬஼ਛఐ޶ՀᚼȂྻജቋࠔȇ೐ϬȂ‫ܠ‬ง ُවՐদྲӦ᎛Ȃຈ৏኶‫ز‬ȇ೐ұȂՂ‫ލ‬ည‫ڰ‬Ϡٙ ‫ܠ‬ᛓ༟ᑫࣷȂබ֋ஜඉҵԓըϢᄩߞᡋ‫׀‬ȇփႵऎ Հߞ഍ನ౧ภȂබҒࣁЪ๒Ҟѽۤఀᗑ‫ߞܹࣆڣ‬њ ෯Ȃᗑ‫ڣ‬ᇊ‫׀‬ᑟᅹߞњ෯Ȃබ྽ߞᡋ‫׀‬ຈȄ ๖ᇭ գ‫ࢠޱ‬धϠЀះఀᗑ‫ڣ‬ೊӔൊࠜԺթϘᗝȂԯऎӫ ࡈЏգ‫ڼޱ‬ఱᡋೊӔൊࠜȂҞѽ໗‫֖ܠ‬ऎЙф੾ߞ ࠧ‫ޱ‬ೊӔȂЙᖔ๴ຜ᝱ӔႤ੾Ȃत֌ۤઐ‫ێ‬Ϣឱг Ӕᡋ‫׀‬Ȅ֭ం৒঎‫ڼޱ‬аਟ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃᗝϲգ᢬઻ϠЀ ԴᖉаៈфԖ‫ޱ‬Ȃ‫֋׈‬ஜඉҵӦ᎛ࣆ޼ؕ᠕ᡋ‫ڽ׀‬ ऻȂည‫ڰ‬Ϡබ‫ـ‬Ґ᝱ѽԴ‫ޱ‬ਲϯ෩ҍϯ໦ߞᡋϧȂ փഺϘৎྲध‫ܠ‬ȂहࠫӺൌྻ୓Ϙ‫ܠ‬຀࢘ߞᕂࠡ֯ ӡȄЙჅயᛟߞᝯᘣ࣏Ȃࠧ‫ޱ‬ೊӔ᢬઻КѕȂ໴ь ‫ڍ‬ьȂ஼ҳ؊ཕӏ‫ؼڍ‬ຠȂ೺Ӕฯ಩ߞఐ޶हࠫᘘ ྻា᠈Ȃ᢬઻ᖉаᕟঝߞఐ޶Ҫྻգኧ๑ิȇࣆܹ Ӆቮኧനᖉ‫ݗ‬՜ਟ೺ӔȂ๒փ஼ӔӺቮПѽњࢺȄ ‫ێ‬ըȂᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬ѽϯߞ৒঎‫៉࢙ڼޱ‬Ȃ࣏‫׎‬ҞѽѪ ۖั՘Ȃ‫ࠧڭ‬ሲሲϞഺኃᚎඏȄᗑ‫ڣ‬ᇥ៨ߞњࢺҞ ѽֺயȂԯऎᇥ៨঵ԐබЙњࢺ௻ۘ‫ݑ‬᢬઻ࠧ‫ޱ‬ೊ Ӕ‫ڼޱ‬Ȅᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬ᚼփඵِᗑ‫ڣ‬хᅆ៨ߞњࢺȂഺ ࣏Ϙৎȶ՘ੜգ࢞ᣍᅅȷߞࣆ޼ᗝஜȄԯऎᗑ‫ڣ‬х ᅆ៨៨ቾ֓ൾ዇ȂჅ݀ᅆࣆܹ෩ҍߞࣆຉȂϘࢠх ᅆȄබ࣏գႽನȂᗑ‫ڣ‬хᅆ៨ӺൌԐ๴ۘϠȂࡄѽ ȶ๑କே֖ȷߞࢽയȂ‫ݡ‬ທԪ֯Ȅຊ߰ҪକሲՀᕚ ᘘԴࢢᔝϞȄ

ȮӣၯΡȯջາଚюРҏ࿽ߞ‫ ڔ‬10 ஻Ȃ፜ᒑᖝҏѐષ‫ڥ‬Ȃӑ‫ڗ‬ӑுȂࢥၚႫၗȈ9888 7199

JAPAN FESTIVAL

Рҏ࿽ 2011

ϤТΪϤРȾ࢑෈РȿԞΰΪਢՍήϿϤਢȂBox Hill Town Hall & Box Hill TAFE 1022 Whitehorse Road, Box Hill [Melway: 47D9] Box Hill TAFE ོൟȂിρόѿࢇᢈ Box Hill Town Hall ོൟ Σൟ‫ ڔ‬: ԙΡؐ՝ A$5 ΪΠྑоήȃࡻມߝ‫ޱ‬ȃऎ๿РԒ݈߯ (Yukata) ‫( ݈ڷܖ‬Kimono) ‫ޱ‬ջາΣൟ www.jcv-au.org /japanfestival ᗊີ۷ၼዩ‫ڔ‬Ԥᐠོថுቋ঄ $1000 ᙄ‫ڔސ‬ 20

Ϭԑ੫տ࿽Ҭ Ļ

“ُՓ‫׸‬ᅋȞCospl ayȟ” σᗉ ᛲหШᗉ њ‫ ܜ‬ok ࡉ


ܹಁжࣨ

ņůŰŶŨũġŪŴġŦůŰŶŨũĢ ଄ ໾ ⧩ ᲀ ͘ ⎋ ぅ ૘ ᖱ ᾁ ߢ ᲀ Ƣ ⴎ シ ≜ ) b t z m v n! tfflfst*ƣ߲ʁΥሷ⢍Ⳏᲀ⊋⦙஍ཀྵᮾʒൕᲀሁʲ ʷ˵ŋ᠒ᙑˑᖂ⥇຤ᩗᅙŋൕ⡫ᲀᖏດⴓᗟᚊそŋ ᆤቆʀ)5ሷ31ᅻ*ᇅʁŋ‫ג‬Ӝ᫡ʵ̥ᅡセፄᲀℌཛ ᣐ)Wjmmbxppe*ཀྵᮾʒൕᲀƢⴎシ≜ƣᲀሁʲȰ ᇅʁ֔㔅⾞ŋ̚ʣᆰʷ҆ሸㅸ⧧⴩ᑃŋ҆ᆰಃ‫׼‬⡖ ཀྵᮾ≜Ἅᤌᦩʁɻˁ೙Έ᧏ᲀଦㅬŋ߲⴩⡫⿮ই༿ ⩁ˠΪᲀシᖂᮮ⦽ཧശडʞŋഭ൭ŋ༿⩁≜࣒ԾӸ ɻᱼˑణ‫׭‬ȰˠΪ඾ำᶞࣻҞ᧏ŋᄎᢝ᣻ᥰʒൕᲀ ɻˁ೙Έِ⥒ᅢȰᯎᚊ〿ぷ⊐⤼⬯͘ᝦᢝᆺŋⳇˁ ᦩʁଦㅬᲀ‫܅‬ൕ᯽ᨍᲀևഴଢᤌ༌ʂଦㅬʁᲀ᭻ ᦹŋԾʁˠΪၒʁଦㅬᲀЏҤȯቍ࢙ᾁŋᮣપΪ‫א‬ ᶡᚊ〿‫ڃ‬ŋあრˠΪႮᝦᣋᤉŀ⃍ኟʫ፨೙Έ᧏⡖ ᥰᕈŋկ཯ೂ໽ȯㇰೖȯⷫ՗િȯテ⌫໽ȯᘻ⠦໽ ‫ה‬ңˠিᐫ⥒ᅢŋⳎໟᄳᱼ┌᠒ҁᲀ့धȰẽᖂⵓ સ‫ِڃ‬ᅙఝ‫⨹ڃ‬Ἵ㈹⬯Ӹŋ⿮ই࿴ӽଟ՜ŋ‫ש‬ᆰ ᳆Ӹ὾≜Ⴌ૰ᔎᄾᲀᆤቆʾʁ֙ŋⴓሸʸ֔ʸ‫׼‬ ሁʲ≜ཤʄʂଦㅬŋ࡬྄߲⴩⡫㋨‫ل‬Ƣgsffepn-! gsffepn"ƣʐ↨↳⢍Ⳏᶞࣻŋқᤌʄ᫨ẽᖂⵓ⿣ᘙ ᝑ⃜ˠΪ།テ⥿⦽ˠΪʂ͘ᲀ⣭ᖤȰ⎐ᆤቆᅻŋְ ʾठʡറŋⴓሸʀˑ⫰߲ଦㅬȰˠΪ⣭ᖤ‫ߢ׷⊔׻‬ ˪⠨⦺⥿ȰˠΪ⦧ˠΪ฿Ӹࣲ༹ŋॗኟ᠒ᙑʄ⩖ˠ Ϊଢᮾŋ‫ⲷˬש‬ˠΪ‫א‬ὯʀߢȰẽᖂⵓસ‫߲ⴓڃ‬ᾁ പˠΪʂ͘ˬͶ‫׻‬ˠΪ⦺ӲŚˠΪ༵㇟ᮣᖜⲷʁଦ ㅬŋ‫פ‬ᆰ‫׳‬㇞⣭⦽ˠΪ⎋఩ʂ͘Ȱ໠ʄᆚᱻᣆ̭‫⨹ڃ‬ ʄᅾକᱹʁଦㅬ૾ⳇˁᨄ⇣ӡઉ೽⠘ཀྵྺŋʸ֔ʸ‫׼‬ ㌚ʷ≜ప⡖ⲷ‫⹿א‬ᖜᄋⳎʒൕ࿳‫ۋ⥵י‬Ȱ ჈ූ㌚ʷᲀଅᢝℭᆰҜ‫׼‬ᮮ⦽≜ᲀⴎシᮮ⦽⡖ཤŋ ͶᤶՓ㌚ʷȰକᆰ⦧ŋ᠒ᙑㄅശ⃜ˠΪଢᮾʄ‫ש‬ŋ ʄ⃜କᥰ̸ᲀଦŀ ᳆ᆰ೽Ჲȯᙠᖃȯᤁ⫰ⴛⱔȰ ཀྵᮾʒൕᲀఢ̴ˑ‫⦧ڃ‬ŋⳇᆰ⦀ʒൕᔖ͘ሲटᲀᶞ ࣻʷ˵Ȱ ℑʁȯgbdfcpplʁŋ᠒ᙑˑᤁᘎ༹ӽດඅŋ଄ⳇˁ ሁഴᲀ⇣⠘ŇⅫᢝ᣻ᥰҞ᧏ᆰᨄ⇣⠘ᣆň‫⦏מ‬὾ ̆ŋ⦧Fopvhi! jt! fopvhi"ɻ⎑‫ⳇ⥕⬛›ل‬ˁᨄ⇣ ӡઉŋʐ⪹‫ۋ‬ᄏಔᣆ̭ʄ૾ˠΪⲷⳗᲷᩡ໤㊫ⳁӜ ࣁŋ଄⊔⴫ᄏಔᲀᤁ⋲⠨ḼᏏटʄឋȰɽ㆓Ⳮ┯‫׼‬ ῄ᳀ʚ྄ˑấश⦧ŋѣᾸ᠒ᙑˑሸഭटᲀҞᔍ฿ŋ ⳇớ⠘ᣆ˝ଽᤁᘎ્൙Ȱ ⊋⦙஍㌚ʷሁഴᲀ☽‫מ‬ᆰཀྵᮾʒൕ⳨ᅡႵ჊Ȱℌཛ ᣐ〧དྷ511‫ⴎ׼‬シ≜ŋʐʄႵ჊ŋˠΪᲀ☽‫מ‬ᆰᮮ ⦽ᾁപडʞŀ᠒ᙑʐᗟሸⴏ⦽̸Ϊ҇⎉ŋ̸Ϊㄅᘎ ҙࣁŋⰀ˸‫ש‬ᯞŋʄ〧དྷ̸Ϊȯʄ˞₴૮ዎŋシⳭ ⴓ̸⃜Ϊ෈෈ᄫᄫ߹ⲷʁ’⨣ŋᥗᣋᔋⲖㄅᘎˑ⛳ ҇⎉᠒ᙑŋʐࡪ≠ᲂʡശӸᖞଢʄໟŞ ẽᖂⵓ⿣ᘙᝑ،⦔ẽᖂ₈⃦ध࿴ŋ⦧ⳇˁˑ‫⋲ש‬ሴ ‫⥕⬛י‬ŋңᮮ⦽ሴ⡖࿵Ӹᾁβ≜ぷ̃ᲀ቏ὊȰ‫ז‬ ଄㔌ㅾ⡈˂̒᧛⩂⪹ሁʲᆰ്ಏᤁᘎ࿳‫י‬ᲀŋңẽ ᖂʷ՗ᱺ⤶ˑⒺ⸅፴‫⪹⩂׍ޱ‬ሁʲŋ⦧᠒ᙑˑ଄ⳇ

ớ⠘ᣆప⃼‫׌‬νŋʐ྇⪹ᄏಔⰗ೹ِ⇄ʤ଄ᾌŋັ ᯎӊ⃍ⳇˁሁʲӡઉᲀ’⨣ᮮ⦽Ȱ℃㔌Ԇ‫׻‬ңɻ⪸ ㆧΫ㓻ᱻᲀἽࢎɻᑃŋක໠ߢシᖂ૮ዎӽಚʄ॒ŋ ͑ᮮ⦽≜Ƣ฿Ӹ‫྘י‬ཀƣŋ༈ሴ㌚ʷŋֵʄတ᠒ᙑ ㄅᘎẽᖂཀྵᮾʒൕႵሸʋᮺʁሲ㋨ᖜ᜿ᲀ⥒ᅢȯ⥒ ЉȯṶӵِሲͅᲀጼ˵ŋᮞᙚ॒⳨ഭङ᠒ᙑˑŋ≠ ⳇˁŋⵤᆰ໠Ϊⳇˁⲁ␷ఢ̴ᲀₘỂˑᄅˢᲀŀ℃ 㔌ଢᤌ⦧᠒ᙑ࿳ₘシᖂˑᄳडଈŋⴓັ࣒Ծ61&ⳮ Ӹʸ┌‫׼‬ŋ ᳆߲ྂ᠒ᙑₘỂˑᲀ⻷⿮᪩Ὕŋⴓ⋠ ⦧⚡᫨シᖂᮮ⦽ʀ֔ठକ⭂छʵŀ ໠ߋป⬛ʁΥሷሰ᳗Ӹ⳨ɻῈᔖᆺङ౻ȯ␖⫅ᄳᱼ ┌ᲀᶈἅࢋⳭ⦧ŋटङᄳ᠒ᙑˑ˝ᤌʄᔋⲖʄ࿳ₘ ủᅘኛŋ‫›ل‬ˑΪ⣭ˬ૱્ʡൕ͘࿳‫י‬ˠΪȰ໠ᯎ ᆺൕʒ‫ۋ‬ŋⳇῈᶈἅࢋ‫ة‬ᣆ̭ᗟတ᠒ᙑˑᣆ̭ʄᔋ ⲖủᅘኛȰॗኟʄᶈἅ‫ߍׇ‬ŋ‫פ‬ᱺ᫡᫡⩾ŋ⴩㓰ೂ ⳇᄳᱼ┌ᶈἅ⃼⫅ᆰ༎߲ᖜ⡫ʵŋߍᣆ᫡⩾टોⵤ ᅾକሸ฿⤍ŋ ‫⦧߹܉‬କᆰˠΪㅹߘ߹ཤʄ➅ҙʚ ᙠḾሴŋ᳉‫ז‬⣭ˬˠΪᲀષᄟȯᄾռᄋⳎʚᙠḾ ሴȰङ౻ԋ໠ሰ߲ᆒट⊞⳨ɻΥ⧿ಛ⦧ŋɻˁủᅘ ኛߩ㋥ˬङҁᄾռᣆᮬŋ⣭ᖤ᠒ᙑᄏಔҀ⥔ˠΪᲀ ॊҋ‫פ‬࿳‫י‬ଆતᄟ⋁ȯ֔߉ᔔକ਩ˑȯ≠ʉᮬો⿣ ᗊ઺ॏΪᲀ৥বŀᯎᤌŋˑˑⵤᵨⳭŋ᠒ᙑカᆰङ ҁᄾռŋ̠߲ኾᄾռ‫׻‬᠒ᙑᘎരሸ⠣Ἅᆺŋᄾռັ ⦀ሻ഻ᘎരŋ‫פ‬ሸủᅘኛʄㆥำŀ ɻˁ⤾॒ủᅘኛᲀqpmjujdjbot଄ủᅘኛ⚡⚡⩖ ᔏȰ߲ࣙᦳቐぉⲗᲀʙൌⲌలŋᯎଟଢᤌ⣴઺߲Ҟ ҡᜁᘧᖸᜁᘧᲀॊᘧ≜ʄശἋʀ㔅ᘧ⡷ŋൖㅲἋ⿣ ⡈ِ⳨⍏╿ᲀᘧ⡷ŋᣆᲀᆰʄҮᨄủᅘኛŇ὾≜ሰ Ⴌᄾ⦺⳨ᔎʷňȰʙൌⲌᲀಁҋߥ᫡߲ʄҫ๹Ṙ⊋ ⦙ῄِൂᙚῄŋᣆᲀᆰʄҮᨄủᅘኛȰ߲ళ⸅ᅘ ቐŋሸˁતዯॊᮞᲀዯሻ૾ᵭ⡳ᄋໟʵ⿣⡳ŋʭᆰ ඈҮᨄủᅘኛȰ᳡यකŋủᅘኛॊᮞ߲໠Ϊતዯ໸ ㆋరŋॏΪΫ⦔ᣆᆰठ⃼߹−ŋʄඈҮᨄ᠒ᙑˑŀ ⊔⴫ᄏಔɻˁⵓ⿨ᲀⲅҞિŋॗDfousfmjolŋ߲⊋ ⦙ቆ⿶ʭపʄྉИ⃦̢⇧⊋⦙ῄᲀ⡷㇦ʵȰ‫א‬౻ⴓ ሰሸ⳨ɻῈࢋⳭř⣬᠒ᘎಠ૮Ӳʒ᧞ᚋӸ⣭ɻ‫׼‬ủ ᅘኛ৯ॊӜಠȰॏ߲ᘎસㄈԋӜ᫡ᩗॗ╘ㄈटᲲŋ ˬᄾռᣆ☽‫מ‬ཤʄֳⰷ‫⸆׃‬ᲀㄈ₢Ňᄾռ‫׻‬ᘎര⠣ Ἅᆺŋᘎരटᅡᄾռŀňŋ ᳆♂⣷ᘎಠŀറ͘ぞ ૮ߩɻ⎑⣭ᖤॏֳⰷㄈ₢Ȱ! ‫א‬౻໠ⴓᱺ᫡ŋ⊋⦙ῄᲀⵟṡِ⊋⦙֧टङపʄҫ ᆰИ⃦ᲀ⊋ᕓᬧӵ˂໋ཊ⊋੸≼Ử໤⎟≼ỬӜᮞሸ 〧ᲀᄒʷᲀ㆜ቩʵȰⳇⵤ‫ˬש‬ᔗ⃍ᣆʄ⣭Үᨄủᅘ ኛƟⳇᆰủᅘኛḾ֓တӜᲀŋ≠ңˠḾ֓ʐᗟတӜ ⳇΥ⣭ᖤřpodf!jo!Spnf-!ep!bt!Spnbot!epŋⳇ ᆰʋᮺʁ໾ሸẽᖂˠߢ≜ᲀࡤቐ‫ׇ‬Ԇŋ‫ש‬ᆰủᅘኛ ʄㆥำⴄൃⳇጼ‫ׇ‬Ԇŀ

ћ/ࢹз࢘

ሷᆺŋⓨˑΪⵤʄᄣ߲⠟ʁ‫׳‬ቻ⣬ŋᮛ⎐ʄᄣ߲ ⎋఩ᲀᗌⰈ⡫‫׳‬ቻ⣬ŋඈҮᨄủᅘኛŀ̸Ϊ‫ˬש‬ʄ ଁ⸆ẽᖂӸ̸Ϊߢોᲀˑᲀᄾռŋ≠̸ΪẽᖂӸˠ ߢŋֵ⣭⦀ߢଁ⸆̸Ϊᲀᄾռŋⳇᾱ˒㓰ⴛⱔ‫د‬Ş! ໠ⴓ⩋Ӹ᠒ᙑᲀủᅘኛटङㅾᄏಔᙅ⫆≠ʄఢ̴Ȱˠ Ϊ㔨էˠΪᲀ৯ॊᕔˑᮞʾ⋐ˬʁŋⳇᑃɻોକ‫ש‬ㅾ ‫⭂ט‬छᲀᙅ⫆≠ʄドʁ᫘Ȱሪ⸆⣭ᲀᆰŋˠΪప⤻ᾱ ⳨ŋ⿂ᅡ᠒ᙑॊ඗ʄㆥङᮞ⋁ŋⳇᑃ61౻റ᠒ᙑକሴ ໟᣆɻΥủᅘኛᣆङᄳᖂᅮᲀߢોŀಃ౻ԋ᠒ᙑሰ࿳ ‫⳨י‬ɻ༦♬ʙƢシᖂƣŋ‫ש‬ᆰᮬᅡఢ㔌ᄏಔᲀᯜ൹ध ⊛ŋ࿳‫י‬ᲀʄᆰ֢♬ʙŇⳮṶň͘ᲀ‫י‬ս♬ʙủᅘኛ ⲧૈᲀࡤᴐഴŋ≠ᆰս♬ʙủᅘኛŀⳇˁˑɻ͘᠒ᙑ କཿ‫م‬ᮞચઉŋࠉ߲ો⡫ˊ‫י‬ᄏಔṶӵȰシකŋ໠ሲ ⲗ᳗Ӹⳇ㓰ɻΥ˫໠㊼यᲀ⃦⤻ᄳએř߲᠒ᙑŋˬ౻ ⱁˑ߲ો⡫⦧ᕓ⦞ᲀˑᄳ͘ᾱŋそ⑀⦞ʡखᲀሲटᲀ ⦞⤶పʄᆰⓨ⦞ŇѣᾸⓨˑపໟᣆ᠒ᙑሲटᲀଈᄳᅮ ∍ňŋ≠ᆰぅཛ̒⦞ʵŀ!! ˛౻⑀ߢᄏಔા̢ङҁᄾռ߲⑀ߢ૫ᅢधᄝŋ‫ט‬ᚊ ङҁᄾռŋഭट‫ߍׇ‬କ߲ᅡ⦀ߢᅻᲪ࣒⿣ᲀủᅘኛ ജㅩȰᘎߢᄏಔ‫א‬౻Ҳ౻߉ሷᔍ೤૫ᅢňⳈ⳨ṯ ᔌủᅘኛ৯ॊ߲Ҟ᳸ࢎ‫׷‬໸ㄈ₢ŋカ‫י‬Ӹủᅘኛᲀ ༿⩁ʭʄ७֡Ȱ‫ߍׇ‬Ş⩋≜Ϊ⎋఩ඏ≚‫؍‬Ȱ! ủᅘኛ߲ʋᮺῆߤҚᮣሁԼཥମ⎋఩ᲀᄾռِ́ᅘ⚅ ᄟᆰ᳸໾‫ص‬ᵨᲀȰ߲᠒ᙑŋ́ᅘ⚅ᄟᆰˑᄳᱺମሲ൭ ᲀષᄟȰ߲⓫ര⫗ŇठʚᄟߢોňِᘤߢŇ̳ોߢ ોň֢ⵓŋủᅘኛ˻ߨᮣሁԼ೙Ἵሸ⎋఩ᘎരِጼ͜ ᲀ᩹Ἵᲀఝŋᕄૈㄅủᅘኛᲀᮯॊ≙ଈȰ߲֭ଜȯ́ ཛ҈ȯࡂ‫ה‬ᾁủᅘኛߢોŋࡤᴐᄟȯठʚᄟ‫י‬Ӹࣲ ⲧȯ࿣ᅑِᕄૈŋᄟࡪ⡖᣻ᕈȰ‫ڋ‬Υ⣬ᅟᯊોॗኟᯊ ʵủᅘኛ⦔ᣆᆰ⢻ᡎˠΪ҆ᵨᲀឬᯊŋˠΪ㈹ʁሴᄈ Ӹᔙ˄න‫ޘ‬Γȯˠᲀߢોᲀट͑㈁Ἵְሴ⳽ᄌႼȯˠ Ϊᲀߢᅳሴ⡖᣻ᥰȰ˛౻ሸ̥⇿ߢ᧎ౌဘ⤶⣭ᥰ‫ש‬ ⚅⃼ŋқʋᮺᲀủᅘኛ㈹ʁ଄ˠⳗ⠘ߤᄌِল⋷Ȱⅷ ʡŋˠΪᆰʄ⋲⡖Үᨄᲀŋ≠߲ᖂʚߢોŋⳑⅷ⃦ȯ ⅷ᫨ⵤᆰ‫ˬש‬⡖Үᨄȯ⡖ॢ㌹ռᲀȰ ໠ᛗΓटङᄳủᅘኛᆰᝑِᲀȯ฼ِ॒౺ᲀŋ‫ש‬ᆰ ᣆ˒㓰⥃⅁ΓഴⰀʁ⃰ʁᣅഄ‫א‬ᣅᔙᲶ⸈ङᲀᤁⲂ ᖂ᳸ŇⳇᑃˠΪ‫ˬש‬ʁठࡪˊ‫י‬ᤁᄳ⇿ॊňᲀϙϙ Ӝ߲ủᅘኛ≠ʄᆰңˠ˷̭ᖂᅮ໤ષᄟ‫د‬Ş ໠᳗Ӹ⳨ɻૻ᠒ᙑⲶ̃≙Ң૰⃜‫׸‬ཛൌⅷ᫨ᲀΓŋ ⳇૻΓሸट⸈ᲀᄅ྄≜Ȱપ⪹‫ۋ‬ॏᲀᄏಔ଄᠒ᙑᲀ ủᅘኛȯ଄✚Ⴕ≠⎐͘᠒ᙑƢⴎシƣᲀủᅘኛㄅᘎ ˑ⛳Ň᫡߲ॏⳑቻూᗈᅟጋⵤʄတʵňȯ଄߲ཀྵᮾ ʒൕ㌚ʷᲀủᅘኛᣆ̭ॗᔎⰗ೹ᤁ⋲Ȱ᳗͘ॏప⃼ ઱қቴ༇ᤁᾌȯध‫א‬࿴ӽȰFopvhi!jt!fopvhiŋ᠒ ᙑˑపӳᤁⴇႺŋ‫פ‬ሸ⩖ఢ㔌ᄏಔʂ⎕ŋʭ⥔ⴓሸ ⤠ᗊⲅᘎȰ

ủᅘኛ͘Ӹ໠Ϊߢોŋ໠Ϊൖㅲᄋ⩑໠Ϊᲀᄾռ‫א‬ Ⲗ‫׷‬ˠΪȰ‫ש‬ᆰ໠ሰ⊞Ӹ֭ଜⓨˑ⦧ŋ߲ủᅘኛ㕓

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Ԥᜰࢥၚџᖒ๜RBSMorgans‫ཾࢸٳ‬୛кᆓങ੝৳

଒ငੑ਀ ӈդᅸ୰᠍ߔᖒ๜ҏ՗ࢥၚȄ

छ୽଒ߝᇯ࣏ छ୽७ᖝέσࢅᏽ ћ/ Xinhua ग़஼୑ࣆൊࠜሏપૼ26џԴ૸ॗҍਯग़஼ҳӹᐯྻߞࣿஜ੡๴ࠑᗾ႖ᇍȂग़ ஼ӫࡈবᗜ၃ᕻኧࠜȃࠛᓉᢜ‫ؼڀ‬ভѽф୑ࣆ‫ڔ‬ՄϬўবߞࣄᐼȄ ሏપૼሲȂ‫޵ۦ‬ኊ୼ԋߞ዆ᠩȂग़஼၃ᕻኧࠜԴՐࠐգ‫ݸݙ‬፤Ȃ֭ҁሲȈȶ ᐐᇒӫࡈग़஼বᗜҵ྽ತ୼ԋȃ‫ݗ‬ԳಯҾඞિഹຈಿԺࣄᐼȂ֭ग़஼၃ᕻӏ ‫ڽ‬Ъ௟ᢖ಩ҍ௻ࡏኧࠜߞࣿϧȂಿԺᑟᅹߞჰเඡ‫ט‬ᢰ‫ا‬েहࠫȂӏ‫ڽ‬වՐ ग़஼၃ᕻ࠲ࢺ2%֌4%ߞኧി࣏ԪನߞჰเȄȷ ሏપૼሮऎȂӫࡈ൵দঋߞЙ཈࣏࠲ᝋ၃ᕻ෇ែߞࢺ᠈‫ݑ‬Ȃᘘঋদྲᝯަӏ ‫ڽ‬యஜ၃ᕻኧࠜߞࠜง௄ᚂȄሏપૼሲȂӫࡈग़஼ߞӫዾ࣏দྲ՘ऎԑѵध ၃ᕻࣿஜ൵ࣿ᠙ߞԳ஡Ȃ‫ڭ‬ᇍȶഺԴ‫ا‬েߞକϧፑඛНаȷȄ Դࠛᓉᢜ‫ؼڀ‬ভўবȂሏપૼሮऎȂग़஼‫ڕ‬ԴϞ‫ێ‬ҁԢዹᏎ‫ࠛۦ‬ᓉԟᑟᎏᕝ ߞ஼ਛߞࡈবȄҁ௻ᎠȂग़஼࣏ᅆࠛᓉԟᑟхᕕ൵‫ڝ‬ിߞ஼ਛНϘȂళۤߞ ᕕᅆనࣉ‫ـ‬ऎ௻ཕȂ‫ڭ‬ᅆࠛᓉ‫ؼ‬ভӲ‫ޱ‬ȂయҍϘ‫ڀ‬ԕᆾᇒనࣉȄ֭ሏપૼϵ ‫ݚ‬ሮȂग़஼ࠛᓉ྽Դ‫ݗ‬Գಯࠛᓉ྽சߞࢭ෇ўবЪԴȶࠐَᅤ૶༥ࣱȷȄ ᅆ‫ࠕݺ‬ง൯‫ۦ‬ᝯަߞग़஼୑ࣆ‫ڔ‬ՄயᛟȂሏપૼሮऎȂഺϘயᛟ࣏Ҟѽఀۖ ‫؁‬ຠႋٙߞȂ֭ቮঋӔѹ۶Ԓ۶‫ی‬៨Н༡Ⴟ՘Ϙ७Ȅ ሏપૼᇍȂӫࡈग़஼ࣆܹবᗜߞ୑ࣆ‫ڔ‬Մயᛟ࣏ग़஼ࣆܹࠕවϩՐ‫ڽ‬বᗜߞ ൵ទদߞ୑ࣆயᛟȄҁሮऎӔѹ۶Ԓ۶‫ی‬៨ൌᕕႍྍᝊۖࢺ᠈ᜆпߞࣆܹ୑ ࣆ‫ڔ‬Մ௟ទদ዆ᠩग़஼ߞ၃ᕻኧࠜȂྍᝊۖফֲ୑ࣆ‫ڔ‬Մߞদঋ‫ݑ‬Ȅ ሏપૼӎѡ4џԴ኷ຜ஼ྻታᐱϠߞϘࢋࠫКሲȂग़஼гԒཅசᗁᛝ൵ᓵ௟Դ 5ѡ16џНࡈႿۖ஼ྻ‫ز‬৞ߞ14.29ေኆग़ЮߞϯনȄӫࡈҁӒԴ෶࠳஼ྻ഼ Ⴥ෩୼гԒཅசϯনߞٙ‫ܠ‬Ȃѽᘖֺࣆܹ൝Ϣ୑ࣆ‫ק‬ᄩȄ ሏપૼᅆ‫ی‬៨൵ೣԴ୑ࣆ‫ڔ‬ՄயᛟϯႿ՘Ϙ७҇ᆕࠫѕȂҁࠑӯȂӫࡈ‫ی‬៨ ЏԴࡇิ‫ڔ‬ՄߞഢጀຈўবႿ՘Ϟዃ޾ߞԒᝊȂҁᇍȶഺ࣏࢙Ӳ‫ی‬៨‫۝‬஥ᑟ ۘߞ‫ډ‬ՀࡵᑟȷȄ

ଝӄߜ ຊ߰൵ࠕऻϞϘԊᝯ‫ݺ‬ѵधϘ‫ڱ‬๴Ⴟ஼ਛߞᗁଡ଼ԃࠛዴӫߞ೚঍Ȃඡ‫ࢽט‬ҍ ᑫࣷԑ஼಩੡ॗϘေϬϼኆЮᗁዴߞଡ଼ԃࠛዴӫЏ໹ჅҐੋЂ՘ऎԑಧ೐ұ ৎᐾգ൵Ժଡ଼ԃࠛႤಯߞ஼ਛȂ೐Ϙऎग़஼ ( ᐾգϩУေϘϼኆႤಯ ) ȇ೐Ϙ ऎџӎ(ᐾգϬေУϼኆႤಯ)ȇ೐Ϙऎॻ஼(ᐾգϟေϟϼбպኆႤಯ)Ȅॶ঍ фഺϬৎ஼ਛߞϠϾዴӫग़஼ߞϬኆϠϾȂџӎߞϘኆϟϼေϠϾфॻ஼ߞ бϼϘպေϠϾȂहѧҪգϟϼϘպေϠϾߞᑫࣷԴϠ‫׮‬ଡ଼ԃࠛࠛᛝϯѧഺ ϬৎऎԺȄᑫࣷߞᗁଡ଼ԃࠛዴӫ࣏၃ᕻᗁᢜߞպжНϘպწȂहѧԑಧଡ଼ԃ ࠛᗁᛝ֫ԑಧ၃ᕻᗁᢜߞպжНϛϩб୼ҍ࢝ԺȄՂթҞѽऻҍᑫࣷ๑ᎢԴ ৎϠ‫ܹࣆݕ‬ኸবൌࠧ௱দ໛ѽଡ଼ԃࠛўՑ֯ᔼሊȂў࠮ЂਛԴଡ଼ԃࢢգ‫ږ‬௉ ߞႤࠛᕕѾ݀ࢢᆝࠜߞӠࣿȂҩҳంዴᑂϯϵҞѽऻҍᑫࣷϠᅆଡ଼ԃࠛߞњ ࢺȂփЙ࣏Ϙ‫ڱ‬ඡႽ‫ݙ‬ሲߞᑫࣷϠᅆଡ଼ԃࠛ‫ڀ‬೚ҵҝࠫѕȄ ‫ێ‬ᅁᑫࣷߞଡ଼ԃࠛ‫ڀ‬೚ѧ࢝Ժ๴Ⴟ஼ਛൌঋ؆ຠȂԴϠϾցмȃϠ‫׮‬ᄯ‫ܼۻ‬ ࠜȃᐼࢢᕈ‫ۊ‬጗َϢଡ଼ԃфิьࣆܹᅆߤྻᇊ‫׀‬༟њߞᕅϧߞᇌᇌЂࡈᛟ ϭȂҐ௻ଡ଼ԃࠛࣛᅹߞ‫ؼ‬ভЙକࢦᅙȂ՝Դ1992ՐЏ༟‫ܕ‬ᅁࣉ௻ۘ‫ݑ‬ᠪѹ‫ڻ‬ ภȂӤ༟‫ܕ‬੡ߞ3%п֌2002Ր7ѡߞ9%Ȃ֋᝸‫ڻߞݑ‬ภϵहាҍҭȇգ‫ڍ‬ Ϡ‫׮‬ᄯ‫ܼࠜۻ‬ȂНࡈߞ֣ົ዇ࣆܹӺ‫د‬Ҟѽஜӡଡ଼ԃࠛߞ࿐ዴܼࠜȂᢰӇЍ ϠҀܼᓵଡ଼ԃȄᘵ๒ଡ଼ԃࠛۘ࢘ԴჅ݀֯Ⴥ࢝Ժߞ‫ؼـ‬ȂӺ௲‫ڽ‬Ⴥ๑ዴߞߋ

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Raymond Chan www.raymondchan.com.au

ϛ୽ငᔼܹጥџ‫ܐ‬༝ȉȞijȟ Raymond Chan Head of Asian Desk RBS Morgans ӎћ‫ݚ‬తϯ࣐งణ୅К஼၃ᕻኧࠜ‫ݸ‬፤ߞѹᛟȄ‫ا‬ে‫ڗ‬ԴᑫࣷȂবᅆК஼ᅁ ࣉᇦᖺࣆຉȞேຊ੡ϠӔ቙֖ԓըᎠ୼Յภ࿤൯ࠛತ0.5ৎպжᙇȂϘᗝড়ຕ ቙֖ᢜ‫ڀ‬჈3600ኆϠӔᅋߞႤࠛȟȂ൵Ђߞᆷய࣏ȂᅆК஼၃ᕻ‫ڶ‬ᓥྔ‫ྔڽ‬ ಎߞᑫࣷྻ‫ۦ‬ԺЂߞ዆ᠩȉ ᑫࣷሃК஼Н༡हാߞ၃ᕻ‫ۻ‬ଔȂሲ्ϞȂබ࣏К஼ߞ࿯ᔀ྽ȄӫࡈК஼ߞ ᔀಯ༓֫ԑಧ 45% ȂѧϩՐࡈኧࠜ 15% ȄփК஼࿯ᔀȂӅ༷ᏫᠠឩӮ۶๏ ࿮ȂփѷЙьᠠឩӮ۶๏࿮ঋంᑫࣷ་ϾȄ ѿ೟ж‫ޘ‬ȂК஼ߞ࿯ᔀ྽ሃገग़ѧႵȂԴ‫ث‬ങϯգ࢝Ђਮ‫־‬Ȃᐱ७К஼࿯ᔀ ྽ቮঋߞᠠឩӮ۶๏࿮ዴ༓ϵहᅆԳԺȄӫࡈग़஼۶ገࣷ࿯ᔀȂѹঋళӡც ܾឤ‫ ث‬ങȂЂॗҗዴ֌ϬжϟߞᔀᠠȂൌ࣏၃Ӥ኿ᔀ෈ᖖԓӡȂԓ࿯՘ྲߞ ᔀ‫ل‬ȂЙ֭କ࿚ੜૈ୼ȂᅆᠠឩӮߞ‫ڶ‬ᓥϵѧႵֲȄхᣍК஼ȂգԺႿ90% ߞᔀ‫ل‬Ȃൌ࣏Ӥ୼ ឤ۶㪐‫ݑ‬ઉઈᚼឤӠಯߞȂྍۧ຾К஼ُӠಯϘᐟᔀ‫ل‬Ȃ බঋઐଈఫ1.7ᐟᠠឩӮȂѽф໹Ⴥҗᐟߞ๏࿮Ȅ Ӥ‫ݺ‬К஼ᄩаៃ᚟ߞᠠឩӮȂᠠ‫ף‬༓Ӏ‫׮‬Ҫգ33%Ȃ៳‫ݺ‬ஐֲѪӀȄփᑫࣷ ༟ళߞᠠឩӮࡋႿ֌62%Ȃѐ֘۶Ԟ࢘Ⴟ65%Ȅॶঋ‫ـ‬գੜತԳ་֖࿯ᔀȂ К஼ᘘఀ‫ڶ‬Ꮻҳ஼་ϾߞᠠឩӮȄК஼ߞᠠឩӮ་Ͼѧ‫ڼ‬ȂంϬϩՐࡈЂॗ 10%ࢧп֌ӫࡈߞ50%Ȃ‫ࢢێ‬Ӥ‫ݺ‬К஼ߞ༟ళࣿஜኧҐȂ་Ͼѧ‫ڼ‬ᜦ‫ܠ‬Գᇯ ࢺԴ 50%֌60%Н༡ȂညК80%ѽϯߞᠠឩӮ‫֋ڽ‬ᑫࣷȃѐ֘۶Ԟ࢘Ȅ ֌‫ݺ‬๏࿮ȂК஼ࠜง֋ຜ֋‫ږ‬Ȃߡ֌2009ՐЖ༟‫ܕ‬ంᑫࣷЂ༓་Ͼ๏࿮Ȅ‫ێ‬ ᅁК஼ӎ‫ڭڗ‬Й૿࿮Ȃ֭Ӥ‫ݺ‬௄࢙Й؆ຠ۶ߏࣹЙᅰ༶ȂҐϯധԺ࿮ឩ໼ᛓ ࿯ᔀዄߞႮ൉ቌቈȂຕ‫ލ‬ంᑫࣷϢϾȂхփ‫ـ‬Ґ࠮థ۶࠮‫ܢ‬Ȅ

2010ՐࠐȂК஼ႏᄦิᅙ၃ᕻ๴ਣߞി࢘Ȃ‫ڭ‬ԴԢՐ7ѡۤઐ48ᇌᔀ‫ل‬ಯࡡ ߞҍϾଡ଼ກȄᐐᇒՂթȂ‫ا‬েԴऻ࢞К஼၃ᕻኧࠜ‫ݸ‬፤ߞயᛟϯȂз‫ݺࣹ؟‬ ࠑবȄӒՂϯћєগߞዴᑂ‫ڍݙ‬ȂК஼࿯ᔀ‫ݙ‬ቮߞᠠឩӮ۶๏࿮ȂϘߡቈቈ ୼‫ݺ‬К஼‫ݙ‬କ௉ӠಯߞȂ‫ڹ׈‬К஼၃ᕻ‫ݸ‬፤Ȃᔀ‫ل‬ಯ༓ิьȂᅆᑫࣷᠠឩӮ ۶๏࿮ߞቮِȂᘘ࣏ࠧ௱ઇзߞȄ

ћ/ नოᓸ౩଒ོॎৱ ៉Ȃ‫ڼ‬Ղิֲກࡈ‫ݕ‬ກࢢ‫ڻ‬ภߞনᛝȂ֭ॶ‫ލ‬Ђਛգ঍ᄑԳُ֯Ր‫ڻ‬ภߞ႖ யᛟ࠮ҞႋٙȄ੡֌Ычߞଡ଼ԃࠛ‫ڀ‬೚ЏहညஉԑȂЂਛକ௉ԴЙԢఐ޶Н ϭ֯ЙԢ᝷࡭ߞກࡈ‫ݕ‬ກࢢ‫ڻ‬ภȂ՜ϢႵֲߞ‫ـ‬Ҟఀۖࣆܹߞᛝҳ‫ڻ‬ภȄ୵ Ϙଠߞଡ଼ԃࠛϾȂЂਛϵҞᓴᑄዅ‫ݑ‬ѧႵЂߞ֋ᇒଡ଼ԃࠛȂည๒Ӆ༷ᓊ༓Ⴥ ‫ێ‬Հ഍ф՘ӎф֋Ў࣏‫׎‬ᏋԪНࢢЖ࢙៉༟നȄ Դᓴᑄଡ଼ԃࠛўবȂЂਛӺЙᕕҪᏫᠪѹऎ֋Ўᔌ࠮༟നଡ଼ԃࠛїϾ๒ࢢᓴ ᑄϘৎӀᓊ࡭௄ࠛ࠮ନନϞ‫ڰ‬Ȃሲۖܺଡ଼ԃࠛаൌ࣏֋Ў‫ॴڙ‬ӇЍఀ‫ߞڽ‬ ᓿȂᘵ๒ዶ੡ЙକஜӡȂ֭ທЙᕕႍ֌᎜ЙನȂညះఀգቮঋ੡Жನྻ࠮ऎ ੡Џ౎ϞȄࣇЂਛ൵ьᕕႍߢႽїϾаߞຕᅹф֋ЎӒԴᘉ໴৹Ϙ᝷ߞ‫ظ‬ ႤȂഺዹЖҞሮᝊۖഺ‫ظڱ‬Ⴄ࣏‫׎‬ૌߞᏋԪ֋ЎȂ൵ࢢබ࣏ঋႬ֋Ўߞನ୑ ᠪயԺ࿛഼ȂညգϞԒԢӫዾϘ୓ᐬќ੡ЖҞ‫ڶ‬࿰঍ᄑࡈ་ȂЖҞ҄֋Ўَ ་୑ச֋ӤߞႮϯȄ թћൢ៳‫ݺ‬Ϙଠ‫ߞݑ‬Ⴄਫ਼Ȃ‫ڭ‬Йକ҃ࠑԇ֣ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ‫ݕ‬ನ୑ߞࢽᐱȄՂգྍஇԇ֣‫ظ‬ Ⴄ‫ݕ‬ನ୑ўবߞٙ‫ܠ‬, ᎛ԐԨఋߞໜҊನ୑௞ਛ‫ྻݕ‬঍ਰࣤ႙, ‫ݕ‬ᗑປ१ᄜᔷನ୑‫ڰ‬ ச‫ݙ‬Ȅც႖(02) 9211 0228; ᇨ‫׬‬: www.simonwu.com.auȄ१ᄜᔷನ୑‫ڰ‬ச‫ݙ‬ ࣏Premium Wealth Management (AFSL No: 237498)ߞ՘৶НϘȄ


଒ငੑ਀

ߜᓀ༘ܲѿ‫ں‬ຟ

छϯ৵༖Ȃ୦ࠢσᅛȂ௰ଢ଼ᐬϯӔഺཱིଽȊ Դຕ‫ف‬ϞϘ۹ߞᏩᒿНࢢȂᑫЮ‫ۖۦ‬ҳඛҾඞ൵ྲ ‫ڕ‬ཕߞయஜȂា᠈ϯᆚȂാ᠈ॎ૔ᑢҫ୼֜ȂԴ෇ ࣿြࡈാ᠈ॎ૔Ϟ1.06۶1.07ߞ୼֜ȂߡჀ1.08 Ȅৃఀަྍߞ࣏Ȃഺ࣏Դᑫࣷ၃ᕻኧࠜി࢘๾գ‫ݸ‬ ፤Ȃѷ๺งаٟգԇ֣Ґਿჰงߞ०฀ϭ؆՘ߞȄ Ҟ‫ڍ‬ഺըߞᑫЮϯᆚ௄ӎ࣏Ӥҳඛԯ૵యஜ؆՘Ȅ ᐬࢸҏӴငᔼኵᐃ‫ٮ‬Ϛ‫ޢ‬௥Лࡻᐬϯ ԴჅҝߞ‫ی‬۹аȂᑫࣷӎԳ૿ѻদ༓ૺߞ၃ᕻዴᑂ гֶȂ൵ྲгֶߞዴᑂ‫ێ‬ᅁՀ᛼ЙϘȂ௄ӎᢜ಩ҍ ᑫࣷ၃ᕻԴ၃ᑢϞՐࠐߞч‫٭‬НࢢӒԴ೐Ϙ‫࢘ܞ‬Ӑ ‫؍‬Ȃ೐ϟ‫ࠐ࢘ܞ‬༟‫෇ࢭܕ‬ȄԯթϘ‫ڱ‬๺งߞᓊ༓ࢽ ዾȂՂ஥྽ᖖᄩࢽዴ۶ઐ໱߰ࠫѕ༟‫෇ࢭܕ‬Ȅ֭К ࠜงߞࡈ฀‫ڭ‬ٟգщЂߞ‫ؼ‬ᢏȂ஥྽ࠫѕࢽዴКК ง၃ᕻኧࠜࡈ฀Й‫ڸ‬ᐱ७‫ێ‬ҍ಩ϭༀȂփ঴ࡡ๺૿ Ҟକ‫׈‬௟Ⴥҝϵ‫ڹ‬ఀઐ໱഼߰ຫჰง๾๾ϭফȄ൵ ྲߞᑫࣷҴ֖‫׀‬ತ॔ঋ‫ڭ‬ٟգщԺߞྲྍȂԓըࠑ ӯ RBA Йྻւዋ๺งߞߏኊϯᆚȂփ࣏ੲᑂКง ഼ຫჰง‫ڽ‬ന‫ܠ‬റᅋࣆຉȄӤ‫ێݺ‬ᅆЫՐϭҗՐ֌ 2012Րߞᑫ഼ࣷຫჰง‫ڭ‬Й୼ȂࠑӯԴ၃ჅϞѪ ‫ࢢ٭‬๺ዶߞߏኊϯᆚНࢢȂᑫЂ‫ߞڲ׀‬CPI௟ྻԴ Кง࠲ࢺԴ3%ߞᎠఠӫዾѽаȄᘵ๒ࢢงгֶߞ ᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬Ӡಯ߰ߏኊࢽዴPPIϯᆚȂ֭ӫࡈߞѹࣹ ၃ᕻᐯਛ۶ԧЂᑟᅹ෼჆ჰ঍ RBA ߞҐਿ੡༡௟ ྻԴ 11 Րߞ೐ұ‫࢘ܞ‬ȄᇢԪഺ‫ڱ‬ԯ૵‫ऻڽ‬ȂᑫЮ ࠕงߞാ᠈ϯᆚ‫ࠧڭ‬๺ง஼а၃ᕻԯ૵యஜȂփ࣏ ‫ـ‬Ժߞ‫ۖۦ‬ҳඛҾඞԯ૵዆ᠩऎѹȂഺంѽϭߞᑫ Юሃᑫࣷ200ࢽዴ‫ڕ‬ཕߞЙᆽहԢҞѽರ‫ڍ‬Ϙ෹Ȉ ᐬϯᇄᐬࢸ200ࡾኵᄇШყ Ȟ4Т11Р-4Т15РȟყΙ ՂᄦϘ‫ݙ‬ӯȂᑫࣷߵࢽ၃ᑢჅ4ѡ12џߞЂༀࢢȂ ԴࢢϬৎӹ‫ݽ‬џ‫ڕ‬ཕ‫ݸ‬፤Ȃ֭ᗁᢜ‫ڶ‬๒࠲ࢺༀཕȂ э‫࣏ێ‬۹У‫ۖۦ‬К஼ዴᑂ዆ᠩԓ൹ྲֲȄഺ‫ݳ‬ೢϞ ᑫЮ‫ڕ‬ཕԴࢢϬৎӹ‫ݽ‬џх෇ᏩᒿȄ

4Т20Р- 4Т27Р

୦ࠢቋਿσвѿ‫ޢ‬௥௰ଢ଼ᐬϯഺཱིଽ ЙჅ஥ࡡኊ੾ߞϯෳᢖ๒ർჅߵҾϭༀߞ዆ᠩȂ‫ڹ‬ ఀᑫЮࢢҗ۹ߞᗁᢜ‫ڕ‬ཕሃӎ஼ߵҾहхȄഺѹ ঋ࣏Ӥ‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷӎԳҾඞϘ‫ڱ‬ሃឩಯ๑ᝯߞಯ྽‫ۦ‬ ‫ࣷڲ‬၃ᕻᢜ഼ຫჅ୼۶ᑫЮབྷತჅ୼ߞ዆ᠩ࢝ЂȂ ‫ݳ‬ೢϞᑫࣷߵҾȄ֭བྷҾ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰ᢖ๒‫ـ‬ᝯѕᑫЮߞ ஥ࡡറᅋ៳‫ݑ‬Ȃᔌ຾ग़Юߞϭༀ۶ཀࠛኊ੾ߞদྲ ϯᆚȂᑫЮႬᔌЂ‫ܟ‬஥ࡡኊ੾ϘႮϯෳȄࠛኊԴ4 ѡ12џѤༀԋᜦȂం13џ༟‫ܕ‬ϯᆚȂ‫ݺڭ‬14џ۶ 15 џാ᠈Ђ඼ϯෳȂ൹ϭϞᑢҫྲ୼ȄᑫЮ‫ڕ‬ཕ ሃ‫ࠧێ‬௱᝷֬ȂԴ۹Ϭ༟‫ܕ‬Ꮹᒿϯ֖Ȃ‫ڭ‬Դ۹ұ۶ ۹Уുᆙॎ૔๺።ࠡϧȄۖϞ4ѡ20џߞ‫ࣷڲ‬੡ࣱ оጹ੡жȂ಩റࠛԴᑢҫϯ೐Ϙըៈф1500ग़Ю/ ૊Ҧߞ୼֜ȄԢ੡൹ൄྲ୼ߞᘘգ஥ࡡറᅋᑫЮȄ ᑫЮָग़Юѹጹ൵୼ኊඡ1.0597/1.0600Ȃԓը‫۔‬ ྲϞᑫЮ་Ϣઙஜབྷತۘѽ‫ࠕڽ‬30Րߞ൵୼ኊȊթ ࢢȂࠛኊ۶ᑫЮԢ੡ᇯࢺᆚཕȂാ൹ྲ୼ȄࠛኊԴ ෇ࣿြ஄งࡈ൵୼ៈф1505.8ग़Ю/૊ҦȂᑫЮ/ग़ Юࡋാ᠈ॎ૔1.06۶1.07Ȃ൵୼Ⴟۖ1.0774Ȃߡ తჀࠕ1.08ߞ୼֜Ȅ Ӓ౨ငᔼσᕗც‫ؚۡ‬୦ࠢೲᄌσᅛ ӫࡈഺᇌѱҾѹঋ࣏Դԑಧ഼ຫ୼ԋ۶ग़Юࢺ᠈‫ڕ‬ ഹߞ०฀ϭಯӠߞȂ०ࢢߞѹঋԯ૵࣏ԑಧ၃ᕻ๴ ਣߞЙӀᓊ۶ग़஼ࢺ᠈ኵ᛫ߞറᅋࣆຉȈ঵ԐȂ‫ڲ‬ щԳ஡၃ᕻ‫أ‬ിኧࠜȂѽК஼۶Ԟ࢘҃ࠑߞϘ‫ز‬஼ ਛѽሦൄ྽ऎᔷᔝ‫ݛ‬ஜӎ஼၃ᕻኧࠜȂయஜϞᅆႤ ࿚ቮِߞാ᠈ኧࠜȄഺԴ஼ቫҾඞϯൄ՘ϞႤ࿚‫ڻ‬ ຜЙ‫ږ‬Ȃᐱ७஥ࡡኊ੾ാ᠈ϯᆚȄԓҐϯഺ‫ڱ‬஼ኊ ‫ۖۦ‬หႤࠦယȂӎ஼഼ຫЙஃኧࠜȂ‫ുڭ‬ᆙᓮҍ֌ ԑಧȄԢ੡஼ቫงറҾඞϯߞ߇֯Ȃ་ϘَయஜϞ କ࿚۶ឩಯࡡኊ੾ЂᆚȄ ‫ێ‬ըȂग़஼၃ᕻࢭ෇፤ᅙȂ‫ڹ‬ఀग़ᗑᔼᓵᓵЙକଡ଼ ҍ‫ە‬ᑬ‫ߞݑ‬༓мኵ᛫ࣆຉȄᐐᇒԴ೐Ϙ‫࢘ܞ‬ग़஼ ၃ᕻҍ಩Ⴥ๺ዶߞ෇ែȂ࣏֭ࠕงߞዴᑂ۶ઐਿ

Julius Wei ᢖӯȂग़஼‫ڶ‬๒ቮঋኵ᛫ࣆຉњࢺබ྽Ҿඞ۶၃ᕻ ኧࠜȄԯթग़஼ҐਿߞَԂ௟ቈቈᅙ‫ݺ‬Џ၃༟‫ܕ‬Ґ ਿߞገࣷȂѽфЏ၃་Ϣᇦᖺറᅋࣆຉߞ‫ڲ‬щ၃ᕻ ᢜȂഺߡతᐱ७Ϟग़Юߞࠜงϭༀ‫ڕ‬ཕȄ‫ی‬ᇌϧ༓ ߞԪϧ‫ڹ‬ఀѽग़ЮඡኊߞЂ‫ܟ‬஥ࡡኊ੾۶ҳབྷѹጹ ඡኊЂᆚȂ‫؛‬՘ᑾપߞग़஼෇ែ፤ᅙᕅֲབྷತ۶‫ڲ‬ щ၃ᕻᢜ၃ᕻჅጤᓮҍ഼ຫԢ੡֯ӡߞ؊বȂЙஃ య୼ԧᇌࠛᓉಯࡡኊ੾Ȃэ‫࣏ێ‬஥ࡡ۶஥ࡡറᅋඡ ኊᅇᅇ൹ҍᑢҫྲ୼Ȅ ჰ঍Ҫঋग़ᗑᔼЙ‫ؼ‬ᢏӫࡈߞറᅋࣆຉȂК஼ऎ঵ ߞ‫ྲࣷڲ‬ᒸ၃ᕻᢜЙҍ಩‫ށ‬ᢖߞኧࠜ‫ݸ‬፤ȂࠛᓉҾ ඞߞഺϘ‫ڕ‬ཕ਻‫᝱࢝ݏ‬Դ๺੡༡а‫ؼ‬ᢏȄ‫࣏ڹ׈‬ੲ ᑂᅆग़஼၃ᕻࢭ෇۶К஼ఠ഼ۘຫ‫ׅ‬ϧ՘ੜߞ൵ጄ ᣍ֤঍Ȃഺᇌ୼഼ຫȂֲग़Юߞఐ޶ȂԴЫՐϭҗ ՐНࡈҞକൌЙྻգੲӎ‫ؼݑ‬ᢏȄփంӫࡈߞԑಧ ၃ᕻ‫ڕ‬ཕ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃഺᇌߐ޶କ‫׎‬Դ2012Րఀۖ୚ᚼ ൌ࢝᝱ፁ‫ܠ‬ȄԯթȂཀࠛኊ੾۶ᑫЮབྷತ਻‫ݏ‬Դ๺ งаЪ๒գജ‫ߞྲ۔‬ᑟྻȄ୵թНҳȂҒࣁӨ቙Դ аߞ‫ێ‬ҁ໳ࠛ៳Ȃѽф‫ێ‬ҁߞ஥ࡡറᅋȂՂҐੋЂ ЮȂࡑࠧ᠋પຈൌҞକգᑟྻ൹ൄྲ୼Ȅ

ყΙ

Ղ‫ލ‬ఋᅆӎћКߞаਟգԇ֣ᆷயȂ᎛ᗑᜭ֯߰Julius WeiȂҁߞ༎ԆԳ‫࣏׬‬Ȉjulius.w@baomoney.com.auȂఋϵҞѽ๳ᔂۖࠛᓿ‫ـऻࣤݱ‬ԺJuliusߞћൢȂࠛᓿ‫ߞݱ‬ᇨ૭Գ‫࣏׬‬www.baomoney.com.au

23


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ ໊Ѳଔᆩમԝ᠙ġ

www.sameway.com.au/fm94.1

ኬॱΡྩୃ ᔖ ੡ ᄦ л ஋ ߰ ΁ Է Ի В ϲЈ Multi Art Design & Print Pty Ltd ᕊཾ

:43:!4944

info@multiart.com.au / www.multiart.com.au 33 Racecourse Road, North Melbourne VIC 3051

ȆӪаȆ߬ࡌȆ߬ાȆϴѧМӇֶȆωыυȆีಉ0ԝᐃᛩ! Ȇ൐஻ȆᚕᇬȆ෈ѐȆਪᛩȆਪѐȆຮાȆᆄຮȆ੕ൢ

DL༈൐

99x210mm ൐७ிՓ!

A4༈൐ ൐७ிՓ!

297x210mm

A5༈൐

148x210mm ൐७ிՓ!

A2੕ൢ

594x420mm ிՓ!

: 4 3 :! 4 9 4 4

Ȇ୦኿೩ॎȃ౰ࠢីኇ Ȇ୦ⲵኁๅȃߞ७ȃ‫ܣ‬ถȃᐷ጑ Ȇ‫ܚ‬Ԥኄ֙೩ॎȃ‫ڙ‬հ‫ڷ‬Ԋ၆

ഺը࣏‫ا‬԰ᐍᆬӎࢢ೐ϘըѹࢺြӫȄ᎘ЙϯգԺьߞᒸᐬȂಲൣЏ၃ѹࢺ ϞϘՐϞȂϘзൌྻՂ࿰௱Ϙዹߞ་֖Ȅѕ㡯ྐ຾Ϙзൌྻ࢝༶‫ߞ׀‬ȂЙჅ ࡒ๴಩ҍਰЙ‫׀‬Ȅည‫ا‬࿤൯ҝ‫ױ‬ѫ‫ߞژ‬੡৏Ȃ๴಩ѫ‫౎ژ‬ᙇϞϩවжៗȂϵ බྍۧ຾ቁۖცሂྻѧႵғՓȄည‫ا‬ఀߢգϘৎᅁ೫ߞያর৶Џ၃ۖϞცሂ ߞ੡৏Ȃ‫ا‬ѕ㡯༟‫ܕ‬ះఀ࿭෗ϞȄྐྐᢰϘৎЃӠԴ‫ڤ‬㡯ຈ຾ЙщՀྍࢥȂ ЙჅ࣊‫ڽ‬НࡋՉНȂ༶‫׀‬ቁۖცሂබ֖Ȅ౎ϯϝᙇϬϩжȂೣ‫ۖݺ‬ႿϞ֜‫ݺ‬ BOX HILLߞცሂȂ๴಩ϞգৎЃӠԴұ഍௺ౕȂЙӡሲȂϘ‫ܠ‬බ࣏ՁϞȄ ᚎ๺ධྸϞවҮȂබႬՁϘ୓་Ϟያর༡Ȅྦྷ‫ڽ‬ਲ਼ฎȂ༟‫ܕ‬ႬՁሲ‫ށ‬Ϙз௱ ഢߞࢷᘣᑆ֯ȂՁϵ֬ᕖࠧᕖߞᙇ຾ᔝȂЙᇒՁ࣏‫׎‬ૌߞጢఉϞഺ‫ࢷڱ‬༕Ȃ Ձߞᅗ࢘Ȃᘘ࣏ৃఀᣙᎫߞȄ੡༡ՂౣȂЙߢЙះۖϞြӫ༟ያᘘգУжៗ ߞ੡৏ȂᑋನՀ≩གྷߞፇЄႬຊୃȂ་Ϣ࿤൯ߐᅗȄ‫ا‬யՁȂְྐஇৎ੟ᣍ ߰Ȃᘘ࣏ྐணሃۖြӫ㡯ȄՁሲ‫ا‬ᘘ࣏੟ᣍ‫א‬Ȃ‫ا‬Йࡍ௻ȂබᢰՁԴ੟᝝ ᑾ֋ऻ຾Ȃ‫࣏ݺا‬༟‫ܕ‬ϞϘৎϠߞြӫȂᘵ๒ྻգᙇ๑ᎷȂ࣏֭๑Ꭲ࣏Ϙৎ ϠȂ‫ی‬ৎϠஇြӫȂൌঋሮૌߞ؆՘ြӫȄЙჅԴᡝྲᇷߞ੡৏ȂգϞϘᇌ ѽٟ݀գߞྏះȂᡝ຾ᡝ຾๴಩༟‫ܕ‬Ͼ஀֎ᖌϞȂ๴಩ࢨኃྲᇷᘘٟ؆Ȃ࢝ ྐࠜࠜԳັϾઈȄຈۖ‫ا‬ϯతЙతϭઈߞ੡৏Ȃྲᇷϵᆙᆙ་ϢϞ‫؍‬ᗏȄԴ ෧ያϘࣱরጄߞ੡৏Ȃ‫ا‬໿ҍҝࠜࠜߞັϞϾઈȂྏះቅ᛫ϞՀԺȂҞକ‫ا‬ ྻЙ೫ᅚညϘৎϠබഺኃަ໛຾ְȂփ֋ЎࡒԴॶ๑‫ߞڰێ‬ያඡྲᇷȄြӫ ߞࢢҗࣱȂϘՂѽ݀ߞြӫȂ‫ݸ‬୙຾Ϙ‫ڱ‬ේ‫ࡒأ‬ϵգྍ၍ߞаਟȂᄊ࠲உȂ ᄊӠࣿЈ௱ᝊȂᗁౕ࣏ؓᡘಿԴ‫ݸ‬᛫ఀᡘ຾ြӫߞԢ੡ϵҞѽ՜ᜥϘ‫ڱ‬ᛝҳ ߞߢᝊȄԯऎ‫ا‬Йౕؓᡘಿ‫ވ‬уྻᡘۖᅆ‫ݺ‬ҁে‫ڽ‬ሲ౮๑ྍ၍ߞаਟȂ‫ؓا‬ ౕ‫ߞا‬ြӫ࣏գᕒׄߞȂգྍ၍ߞȂԯऎညᡘಿ‫د‬ϘЈ੡ߞ੡༡ӹຜְߞ ੡৏ȂබЙҞѽ༆঑ҁেߞง࢞۶ࠫԇȂঋӡѕҝ԰ඡҁেȄ੡༡жжोो ߞࣹീȂᚼᖠ༡ۖϞ‫؍‬ᗏȂ௲຾ϘບߞЙ߽ȂԨᡘಿ‫ވ‬уেႽ‫־‬ȄϩϘᙇߞ ੡৏Ȃြӫࢷ੡ຕ‫ف‬Ȃ՜ࣂ؆ፇЄȂ‫ا‬ϫࠜࠜԳັϞϘϾઈȂ৆Й࣏ԯऎ؆ ՘ϞԇசȂփ࣏‫ا‬ሮૌԳϫϘը؆՘ϞြӫȄգ੡৏ྻྐȂЏ၃இϞ໹ჅϘ ՐߞያরϞȂϘзൌЏ၃ቅ‫ژ‬ጢႮϞȂЙྻգྲᘿႬЙԢȄ࣏֭Ȃ‫ا‬ᘘ࣏ᓾ ϞȂҪঋӡѕԴஇߞ੡৏ȂُϘըߞ၃ᑢȂྏ‫ࡒۦ‬ҞѽՂթЙԢȄഺ‫ݕ‬ധබ ࣏ညӡѕҝஇߞ੡৏ߞ‫ڤ‬ᇌ‫ྏ׻܈‬ះȄ

‫ܚ‬ԤቋਿϚ֤HTU‫ڷ‬೩ॎ;ԤਝР෈Ս!4201403122

AS760 / AS900

ѪԤӻ෡ӒཱིܾܶࢿȂ ຺ౡΨ࠮ဴඪ‫ټ‬ᒵᗊȄ

HEAD OFFICEȓ ߬ႀႫᏢϛЖ

24

3wbc.org.au

ӣᖐӣၯΡႫᇃ๼ᇭಢȃဃᇭಢ‫ܣ‬༓ཱི‫ޟ‬кኬȞဎώȟȂIJĹྑ‫ܖ‬оΰȂ‫ظ‬τϚ३ȂԤฒኬॱငᡛ֯џൢӪȂ ौؑᄇኬॱώհԤዥ௑ȂԤ೰ӈЖȂԤΙۡМԅђ‫ޥڷۻ‬Һ૖ΨȂ૖ஊღ໥ӫհȂড়՞ŃŰŹġ ʼnŪŭŭߣߖȞ୑ሉ ӴୢԤՌരٙȟȂஅ࿜৶ȃԤώհငᡛ‫ޱ‬ᓺӑՃኌȄĩѫ३ᏎᅭҏĪ

ሁ໋ᔿ

፜Ⴋ

ᆩΰӣ؏ีܹ


25


ಋҕᚂҡŒħłடួ

MAS MIGRATION

ᯡᏫ⎂᠎ᛈិᗇ᪱ᙰ

ऎϞў࠮ЂਛߞᆷயȂ‫ا‬েྻԴُ‫ی‬۹ຜЂਛႋຍೊӔўব ߞயᛟ۶ႋᡝӫࡈೊӔࣆຉȄᡌࠓЂਛߞEmail‫ࠫڽ߰ݕ‬Ȅ

Email:joseph@masmigration.com.au (MAS migrationႤਫ਼෩‫)ڻ‬

TEL: 03) 9642 3400

൵ࠕߞ՘ґ੯‫ڼ‬ ŇŰųŰŨũŪӑҡȞώแᆈρȟ

ഺը‫ا‬েഺႆႋຍѽϭ‫֜ی‬ᡝ߰ߞயᛟȈ Пω‫۔‬୰Ȉӫࡈ࢝ԺϠൌԴஇ845֋ѹ൹྽᝷‫־‬ᜪᝋߞ࿤൯Ȃϵ໴ϞӠྍȂ ഺ᝷ᜪᝋҞ֖ཛྷȉգЦኃ‫᝱ק‬ȉ Пω‫۔‬ௌԁȈ‫ڰا‬ச‫ݙ‬ӫࡈߞ 845 ੯‫ڼ‬ൌ་ਣѧႵ༶‫׀‬Ȃ࣏֭෼჆๴಩ߞ ࣏Ղ‫ྲ࣏ލ‬ᘉ໴ߞӠྍ݀݀ൌҍ಩࢝᝱ᆕ‫ږ‬ၑӡ3֜full time equivalent ߞ Permanent Resident (Ӗ‫ݕ)ܧ‬ᑫࣷ Citizen ߞഺৎঋِȄЂԺ֋ѹ൹྽ߞԢ ᐯ‫ێ߰ݕ‬ҁᗜ੡ᜪᝋ߰ᓴᑄϞᘉ໴ϘৎӠྍȂ‫ڰ‬ᅁϯ‫ڰا‬ச‫ݙ‬ះఀ‫ـ‬ᜦ‫ߞ؁‬ ўՑ࣏ϢߵϘৎႵգᅁϧߞԋ྽‫ڸـ‬Ȃԯऎഺዹ‫ـ‬ਟ‫ݽ‬ᆕ‫ږ‬ೊӔӇж‫ݙ‬ቮঋ ߞ60жȄည๒Ԣ੡Йକ݆ರߞ࣏ҩҳϘ౧බ࣏ȈDirect involvement of Day to day operation of the businessȞணሃџ௱၃ᖉߞᇒನঋِȟȄ ቓω‫۔‬୰Ȉ‫࣏ا‬ዀਰಲ྽ӠྐᖢႋϘϭ༱ѹᑉ࠲ߞঋِȄ ቓω‫۔‬ௌԁȈՂ‫ލ‬ఋ࣏ᑫࣷ2Ր୧ܸᇒನȞዀਰȟDiplomaಲ྽ӠȂ‫ڤ‬ఋգ‫ی‬ ᇌ༱ѹᑉ࠲ߞᓴᑄȂ෼഼༱ѹᑉ࠲۶ஐቈԳ஡༱ѹᑉ࠲Ȅ෼഼ߞ༱ѹᑉ࠲ߞ௄ ӎঋِ࣏ఋ༮ࢥ֌ь5жѽϯȂᐾգ3ՐѽϯߞЍ֯၃ᢚ‫߰ݕ‬Դ457Ѝ֯ᜪᝋϯ գ2ՐߞЍ֯၃ᢚȂЍႤЙֲ‫ݺ‬$47,480ሃ༱ѹ෩‫ڻ‬ႍЍ֯ᑟྻ3ՐȂည๒ᘘ գְߞᚚ྽ፑඛӅ༷ԴೊӔ؊෩‫ߞڻ‬༱ѹ෩ԩඏ(ENSOL)ϯЖକജᓴᑄȂӫࡈ Cook࣏Դႍ෩ԩඏϯߞȄ࣏֭ӫࡈЂԺಲ྽Ӡൌ࢝᝱೑Ԫϯগ‫ݙ‬գೊӔঋِ ୵ࠧԐӦ᎛457Ѝ֯ᜪᝋȂԯթኧҐϞೊӔߞ‫ݑ᝱ק‬ȄஐቈԳ஡༱ѹᑉ࠲ࡋह ᅆਟ‫ݽ‬ԺϞȂႍᜪᝋᅆЍႤȂЍ֯၃ᢚ۶ᚚ྽ፑඛൌٟգঋِȂᅆ༮ࢥϵҪቮ Ӏ‫׮‬4.5ߞжዴȂփѷ࣏Ϙَۖ֜ੋӖ‫ܧ‬,੡༡༉งႵ๺ȂறϘߞ‫᝱ק‬Ҟକබ࣏ Գ஡हᅆ‫ݺ‬ԧЂࡱҾႵஐቈȂ࣏֭ԴӫࡈೊӔࣆຉ၃௱ᢏஜߞᑟۘϭȂႍᓴᑄ ࣏ѧႵў࠮‫أ‬థߞȂ‫ڰا‬ச‫ݙ‬ϵԴ‫ׄ۝‬ԢᐯেஇഺўবߞЍ֯Չవຈ‫އ‬சȄ

Books

ѫ୵

$65

26

Ԥijԑ੕Ѵώհငᡛ ijijİIJijİijıIJıሎҺҧ፜ IJĸİıĴİijıIJIJ‫׳‬টĹĶĸ᛫ᜌĩŒōŅĪ

œŦůӣᏰȞőŢŵŪŴŴŦųźᏰҡȟ ฒώհငᡛ IJĸİIJijİijıIJıሎҺҧ፜ ijĶİıĴİijıIJIJ‫׳‬টĹĶĸ᛫ᜌĩŗŊńĪ

ŔŪůŨũӣᏰġĩńŰŰŬŦųźġᏰҡĪġ ฒώհငᡛ ĸİIJİijıIJIJሎҺҧ፜ ijĹİıijİijıIJIJ‫׳‬টĹĶĸ᛫ᜌĩŗŊńĪ

ŔũŦůӣᏰȞŤŰŰŬŦųźᏰҡȟ ฒώհငᡛ ijIJİıIJİijıIJIJሎҺҧ፜ ijİıĴİijıIJIJ‫׳‬টĹĶĸ᛫ᜌĩŗŊńĪ

ŔŢŢŪťӣᏰȞώแᏰҡȟ ฒώհငᡛ ijIJİıIJİijıIJIJሎҺҧ፜ ijĶİıijİijıIJIJ‫׳‬টĹĶĸ᛫ᜌĩŗŊńĪ

༱ѹ‫ݢ‬ၑ

ջາ ҧ፜

ӫࡈඵِϭԕहᝯ၃ᢚಲ྽Ӡ‫߰ݕ‬457Ѝ֯ᜪᝋ߰Ȉ ಩գѽϭЍ֯ᑟྻȞ‫׮‬ԴᇯषȟȈ Ŗ /1614/'%*#0+% ৒‫ثژ‬Ѝȟ Ŗ 2#0'.$'#6'4Ȟ༜ࠛЍȟ Ŗ 2#+06'4Ȟ‫޵ڗژ‬ᆗЍȟ Ŗ 2#6+55'4+'$#-'4#0&%11- ֘ᙇਰ۶ዀਰ) Ŗ %+8+.'0)+0''4 Ѝ຀ਰ) Ŗ *152+6#.+6;/#0#)'/'06 ୧ܸᇒನ) Ŗ *#+4&4'55'4Ȟग़᐀ਰȟ Ŗ 0745' &KXKUKQP Ȟ᠕Ѐȟ 7PKXGTUKV[$CEJGNQT)TCFWCVG ‫ێ‬ҁ௞྽ᚚ֜Йႎ೟ϘϘԕҍȂᡌࠓ७ც࡬႙03 9642 3400 գ๑၃ᢚ‫׮‬ҞȂҞ෩‫ڻ‬ϯ௯ை୊Ȃ၃বႏԪ੾‫׈‬Ҟᑉ࠲ஐቈ Գ஡ೊӔ ᒵᐅौؑȈ 1. Ր៬Ь‫ݺ‬20-45࿐ 2. हᝯᐯᑢ‫ݕ‬2Րѽϯ၃ᢚȞᑫࣷ‫ݕ‬ઔҳȟ 3. ॻሬѪ࿤Դ༮ࢥӀ‫׮‬ж4.5жѽϯ

ަҊೊӔᠪயġ Joseph Yao ‫ݧ‬ыဴ!0743862! ϛȂ़ᇭ Ⴋ໏ȓinfo@masmigration.com.au

Ϙ૭Ց༵ӫҒࣁȈ ᙏᐣ࡚ҳȂ७ၐஉଋ ᙛൟሄᏲȂΰரஉଋᇄ൷ཾ ໲кඪӪᇄ᛫ᜌ݈୛

Ӵ֭ȓSuite 5, Lonsdale Court, 600 Lonsdale Street, Melbourne VIC 3000 Ⴋၗȓ+613 9642 3400 (24 ωਢ) യઍȓ+613 9670 3699 ᆩ֭ȓwww.masmigration.com.au

2011 ԑശཱི‫ގ‬ҏ!!౪ϐԤ୵ ໱৏ዅȃ໽ॵȃੑາܻΙ٘ Ꮞᅭҏശ‫ޟߔ᠍ڧ‬ᓺඏЈਪ ‫ڞ‬ օ ȸ ᠍ ‫ݠ‬ ȹ ȃ ȸ ӣ ၯ Ρ ȹ ᝰ ෡

ɓ!ᗊີEntertainment BookȂձ։ਢџ‫ٴ‬Ԥ໽ॵ৏ዅᓺඏȂቋ঄ଽႀ $15,000Ȅ ɓ!ᓺඏ෈ҥ౪ӵՍ2012ԑ6Т1РȄ ɓ!Entertainment Book࢐Ꮞᅭҏᕕுശӻᓺඏ‫ޟ‬ΙҏਪȄ ɓ!ശଽᓺඏџႀϤ‫׷‬Ȅ ɓ!୦۹ԤӨ᜸‫ޟ‬ᓡᢈȃ‫ڪ‬୫۹ȃ‫פ‬ᓡ۹ȇ৏ዅԤᔛ଱ȃ߳ឭ౨ൟȃϴ༪ȃਡ ၽഽӴ‫ޟ‬Σൟາȇ‫؁‬ԤӨӴ‫ޟ‬ନ۹Ȅ ɓ!ϷշӵᏎᅭҏӨୢȄନ۹‫؁‬೎ܻᐬࢸ‫ڏޟ‬т࠲ѿȄ

፜‫ݠ᠍ڗ‬ਪࡉॏᗊ ࢥၚዥጣ

03Ŗ9888 7422 Burwood: Suite 7, Level 1, 2-8 Burwood Hwy, Burwood East 3151 Box Hill: 2-6 Oxford St, Box Hill, Vic 3128


ড়৳୊ஶ

୊ஶҡࣀȈΤΪΙ ឃᚊ٤ Christopher So Ϡ᝷Ѝ຀ਰ (Ergonomist) ັᑋߏನ޼ᖚਰ (Manipulative Physiotherapist)

ϦЖϦ೚Ȉωᇀၭပ଼‫!ږ‬ĩΠĪ ȞΠȟωᇀၭပ଼‫לږ‬ԙ‫ڏ‬ϛΙএনӰ? Դϛϩϝง֯߰෩ۖϘৎઽϠգЈᇿႬၔ۶ԴၙႬ୻୻‫ە‬Ȃ൵ࠕ֯߰ϫჃۖ գԢϘઽ‫ڼ‬Ȅഺє୓֯߰ࢥྐۖᝯြ։ևߞᑟౠґକգहТߞᝯ‫ڀ‬Ȅည֯߰ ޼ᖚϞՁգயᛟߞҠၙȂ‫ڭ‬ᄁᔽՁ൵Հҽၙϵஇ‫ݛ‬ຏߞႻஜȄ֯߰ྐഺྻᅆ ՁգᕒׄȂԯऎҽၙϵգᇦߞ಩໪Ȅ҄֯߰ᢘ‫࣏ߞ܈‬ȂՁ೐ϟը᎑໧੡‫ט‬໦ ‫ا‬ҠᇿՀϞϘᙇȂ֭ҽၙ࢝๭۶֖‫ڕ‬գயᛟȄ၃ႎ೟ᕭࣤࢢȂ֯߰๴಩Ձҽ ၙᎺᝯြգ᚞ఈȂ‫ݙ‬ѽࣿஜକϧЂิȄԯႻஜփє๴хᕕփ๭۶֖ஜЙ࠮Ȃ Ձᘘঋӡṕ‫ه‬۶ঋՁߞЃ‫ۊ‬ᏺ‫ژ‬ႶՁ‫ڽ‬Ȅ ֯߰Ҫ޼ᖚՁߞҽၙȂԯऎՂ‫޼ލ‬ᖚ‫ၙ୸ی‬ȂՀߞ႖ည๒ٟգயᛟȄ֭Ղ‫یލ‬ ୸ၙൌᚼ᛼ȂՁබЙକ‫ڕ‬ஜȄՁత‫៉࢙ߞاۦ‬ȄညՁ೐Ϭը᎑໧੡ȂҠၙ࠲ࢺ ՀᚼȂҽၙϵԯ޼ᖚՀᚼȄЫը֯߰Ҟऎ‫ၙی‬ϘԢ޼ᖚȄՁߞఐ޶᠈ᆙՀᚼȄ ഺઽ‫ڼ‬ᢰ֯߰ࢥւۖȂऎЦኃઽϠҪ࣏ҠၙգЈᇿႬၔ۶ԴၙႬ୻୻‫ە‬Ȅփ ҽၙٟգȄ࢝Ҟକ࣏ԯҽᎺᝯြԯ‫ۦ‬ཋփٟգᅔܺ޼ྔȂᎺᝯြߞࣿஜକϧ ۶ЈᇿႬၔ՜ᇦȄഺྻє֌Ҡၙঋ‫ـۦݚ‬ЂߞᕅϧȂഺዹЈᇿႬၔ۶ԴၙႬ ୻୻‫؛ە‬՘බԴ‫ֺ᝱ݙ‬ȄᘘգȂ‫ی‬ৎઽϠൌգၙႬ୻୻‫ە‬Ȃٟ֭գ‫ܺږ‬๭ߞ ಩໪ȂҪ࣏գЈᇿႬၔ๭ߞఐ޶Ȅ‫ݙ‬ѽȂXԍЙϘ‫ܠ‬କࢽҍ๭ߞ࿚ᔝȄ ‫ݙ‬ѽౕ֯߰ؓᡝ߰Ղ‫ۦލ‬ཋࢢȂϘ‫ܠ‬ঋِ໧۶ᅔܺ޼ᖚȂֺ઻ࢢఈȄᎺᝯြ ‫خ‬ཋ࣏ࠧ௱௱‫ߞڍ‬யᛟȂэ‫࣏ێ‬Ⴛஜ൹ཋȄՂ‫ލ‬Йᅔܺ޼ᖚȂԯ֖ஜЙ࠮Ȃ ЙඏҪྻ҄ҩϘ୸ၙ‫ـۦݚ‬Ђᕅϧփє๴யᛟȂत֌፰ᝯြ۶ၕൊӺҞକྻ ҍ಩யᛟȄ‫ݙ‬ᓜɆৼϸᐎධȃৼᐎह‫ڶ‬ɇ ϵ࣏ԢϘႽನȄ

ȪᄦϘȫၙܺႬ୻୻‫ە‬ҞӤЈᇿႬၔ ۶㌋ຏၔ፯߆є֌Ȅ ۶

෩៉ȈԴ௞ᛟ 41 ง༟‫ܕ‬Ȃ‫ྻا‬ӡࠫፐயሃຍߞ‫؛‬ՑႬᡝ߰ж‫ڳ‬ᛁᖚߢ ᝊȄ࣏֭‫׎‬Ҟ֖බঋᡝ߰‫ࠫڽ‬෩ҍৎϠᝯြ։ևຈயᛟ‫ݕ‬ৎ੯Ȃ֯߰ྻᆽ ϧႋຍ۶෩‫ڍྍڻ‬Ȅᡝ߰Ҟ௙ც༎so_christopher@hotmail.comȞ᎛኷ ‫ ށ‬Re: ԢႮϠ / Samewayȟ‫ ݕ‬73 The Grange, Templestowe 3106Ȅ

ᘈᐽҡ‫הڼ‬ఖ )᡹߀ɮьᙫে૩*

ȗ!‫׽‬๡ᆃ઎፴શ ȗ!ԤჿડԊᓗ‫ޟ‬ђ૖ ȗ!ቨ஼ջ࣫ΨЅᡝ፴ ȗ!ᆰࡻϤ᠚ђ૖୊ஶ ȗ!IJW௉‫ޟޱ‬ᆋॱ

ȗ!ඪ ଽ޲ഋђ૖ғல ȗ!ᆰ ࡻ‫ف֜ڳ‬ಛ୊ஶ ȗ!Ꮄ ޲ዜ൙Ȃ၄ϛઉ੉ ȗ!Ͻ ࿎ᚊࠝȂฅዜ੉ᆓ ȗ!‫ ׽‬๡߆઱ႆఃᡝ፴

ȗ!ᆰ ៖ғலՖᔆђ૖ ȗ!៖ ЖࣀՖȂ஼ϽЖ᠚ ȗ!ߴ ໌ЖՖᆓ‫ف‬ಛ୊ஶ ȗ!ᆰ ࡻғலՖᔆЅᖚ‫ھ‬ ᎕Ыҁ

ȗ!ሄ օܹৢႫᕛȃϽᕛȂᔓօ੾ ࡣඈন ȗ!஼ Ͻջ࣫‫ف‬ಛђ૖ ȗ!ቨ ஼അՖђ૖Ȃ‫׽‬๡ᡝ፴ ȗ!ߴ ໌ҩՖ౨֯ᒋȂ‫ת‬ಠफ੾ᡐ ȗ!‫ ׽‬๡Ԋჿ௉‫ޟޱ‬ҡࣀࠢ፴

࣏ড়Ρᝦΰ

ശฒཌϚՍ‫ޟ‬ᜰᛄ Ԋஶ୽ሬԤ३ϴѧ ொѻ۹ȈShop 60/558 Jones St, Ultimo, Sydney, NSW 2007 ႫၗȈ(02) 9281 2628 ༈ઍȈ(02) 9281 2689 ᝋஶ᝘ ( ߯ફድ٘)

࡯࿅᝘( ୊थᐌဗ)

᝘Ҡ᡹ (៖‫م‬၌ࢳ)

ஏ‫؁‬ஶ (፡ഛᎴՖ)

www.ganopoly.net.au

27


᠍‫ݠ‬ᐯӠ‫އ‬சКѕ

ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

Rejoice Student Centre

ωᏰҡЀϛᔖᒵᐅࣥቄ᜸࠮‫ޟ‬Ᏸਮ‫ڹ‬ŀġĩΙĪ EDMUND ‫ظ‬τਮ ඏϘ‫ٷݕ־ݑ‬ЃԢ੭Ȃ‫ڱڤ‬Ж࣏Հᐯ੭ȉЂԺዴਛਲ௟ᅆϘ‫ڱ‬हᝯߞயᛟգ ҁেߞӲඞȂഺ࣏ሃҁেߞࢅЄߞৎ‫ݑ‬۶ҁেߞਛਲኊৃᣍȂ‫ྻڭ‬ᓴᑄЦኃ ࣏൵ᏋԪ֋Ўߞఐ޶ ȂփᝯӠϘ‫ڱ‬ᝯ࠼Ȃ‫ݕ‬ኊৃᣍȄ Ᏸਮ࢐֏ᅖٗ‫ࡆר‬υ‫ޟ‬ሯौȉ գ‫ڱ‬யᛟȂְҞѽயய֋ЎȂѽᕒׄᖺЈఋߞᓴᑄߞ‫᝱ק‬

•‫ا‬Ⴌ‫ࢅߞا‬Є࣏‫ۖྏ׎‬ᐯ੭࣏‫׎‬ᡌࠓ‫ا‬ে۸ȉ •‫׎࣏ا‬Ⴌిਰ۶੭ࠜ᎘႖੡ྏۖັᏋ֋Դ۸(уຠ)ȉ •Ղ‫ࢅߞاލ‬ЄӚᓾ੡, ᐯ੭௟Ղ֣ిᐱ‫ࢅߞا‬Є۸ȉ •‫ا‬Ԣྍᐯ੭ߞನ݇ཛྷȉ •ᐯ੭൵ࠕ࣏‫׎‬ᗝᓱჅᐯӠ֯ࡡਣ۸ȉ •ᐯ੭࣏‫׎‬ᅆᐯӠգ‫ډ‬Հߞ࿰ᠪȉ •‫ࢅߞا‬Є࣏‫׎‬գᑟྻ๴෭֋Ў۶ணҐࠧӒՑߞЍ֯ȉ •ည‫ࢅߞا‬ЄҞକቮঋᛝҳߞᝯަ੡Ȃᐯ੭࣏‫׎‬գᛝҳߞЍ֯Ϡ৶ҝ࿰ᠪ‫ߞا‬ ࢅЄ۸ȉ •ഺৎᐯ੭ᅆ‫ا‬Џ၃գчЖߞࢅЄྻদ໛ཛྷȉ ၥᓺ ɆчЖɇ഼௱ྍۧ຾ϘৎᐯӠቈቈ໹ჅҁেߞԢ៬ϠԴᐯങࠑ಩ȄɆЖ ЄɆȂ࣏ࢽԴϘৎપઅታாߞକϧȂՂরጄ‫ݕ‬ႻஜȂᐯӠգપઅߞࠑ಩Ȅ

գ‫ڱ‬ᐯ੭գપઅߞ຀ؔȂഺᇌᐯങϯգчᎬߞ‫ۊ‬ຆ؆՘ᐯ྽Ȃ‫ڹ‬ҁেҞѽҐ ‫أ‬؆՘ᐯ྽Ȅ഼௱Ȃഺ‫ۤڱ‬ԩऎɆҐി຀ؔɆȂҞକቮঋપઅߞเႏȄ‫ێ‬ҁ ҝɆᙖਣɆߞЍ֯Ȃഺྍۧ຾ᐯӠգ‫ـ‬Ժߞґ᎝фЍ֯ȂҞକྻജՉవሃᐱ ਰৎ‫־‬ϯ᎝Ȅ ੫੆ఀ‫ى‬ ᐯ੭௟ᆽϘзҞକԴ‫ێ‬କϧȂѽ‫ݢ‬՜ร઼ᐯӠᓉϢѹࣹᐯ੭ߞᐯ೫۶ӠࣿȄ ഺৎჅ຀ജᇍऎɆϘᢜмɇȄԴ‫ܡ‬Ӳᐯ੭Ȃऎᐯ੭ߞ೐Ϙَِᚚ࣏߰ᗑᜭᐯ ੭Ȃ‫ܠ‬ง‫ݕ‬௞ਛȄᐯ੭ᕕႍԓ՘ӲϘৎњࢺЈೡȂѽໞ֤ร઼‫ݕ‬ቪᜣȂ‫ڭ‬Ӧ ᎛Ⴄ࿚Ȃѽᆕ‫ږ‬ᐯӠߞి‫ڈ‬ቮঋȄ ညԳి‫ڈ‬ѹᇒൊࠝ௟ٙ‫ܠ‬ᐯӠ࣏‫׎‬գႤ੾ऎњࢺ۶ԺьႤࠛྻգߞȄϘӌְ ᓴᑄϞϘ‫ݙ‬ᐯ੭Ȃ᎛‫ט‬໦ҁেᝯ‫ߞڈిݺ‬ໞ֤۶ጕԴߞి࢈۶‫ێ‬ҁњࢺߞቮ ِ௟ᐯ੭੡༡Ӧ᎛ዥภȄԴ഼௱ቮঋ12ৎѡȄ ӵড়ఀ‫ى‬ ਛਲҞѽᓴᑄѽ‫ܧ‬ਛऎ௄ᚂߞऎҁেߞࢅЄ෩‫ڈిڻ‬Ȃ‫ڹ׈‬ҁে֝ԴᏫࠕᐯ ੭Ȃഺබ࣏‫ݙ‬ᓜߞਛਲి‫ڈ‬ȂփЙᕕሃȶቈ຀ి‫ڈ‬ȷѽࠫ‫ۑ‬Ցϯᐯ಄಑ȄԴ ЂԺዴՍȂԴਛత‫࣏ڈిۦ‬ቮঋሃညԳКᐯి‫ڈ‬ൊࠝໜҊߞȄ

᎓Є᠌ࡡৱ՗ ო౩౩‫ ܈‬. டཾЫҁ!ၖ߬࡟Ρ!оϦ࣏ҏ!ᕊഅӓថ

ௌ঄ு߬ᒦЅᆎЖᅖཎ‫ޟ‬ҡཎີ፲ф౩ 㳜慉栣㞽㥠寝╅⋈帶₫≴ ᆠ೽ဃᇭȂ୽ᇭȂ़ᇭ Phone: 03 9841 4077 / 0408 846 843

Gary Wu

Suite 6, 1004 Doncaster Rd, Doncaster East, Vic 3109 Fax: 03-9841 4066 Email: info@egrealty.com.au www.egrealty.com.au

BURWOOD LODGE BURWOOD ᎴՂ଱

336 Blackburn Road, Burwood East VIC 3151 டཾ៖౩!՞ஜ݈୛ ຝыᚂҡȂ៖ρȂ35ωਢӒЈঐ݈୛ ़МȂϛМ݈୛Ȉ୽ᇭȂኄ‫ݍ‬ၗȂࡊড়ၗȂᆋ࡚ၗ ໊ΙՍ໊ϤȂؐЈஶዅࣀଢ଼ ϛᓡՙᓡȂο‫ڨ‬ቆӒȂ‫ٮ‬Ԥଚᓡ໌‫݈ܘ‬୛ രԤӨᆍ೩രϚӣ‫ܘޟ‬໢ ߝનȂ฻નȂР໢ࣼ៖ȂјРࣼ៖!֯џ Һ೽߯ցȂฒ໸ࡸߜȂቋਿӫ౩

᠍ߔᇍᖝ୤ᢎ ၏௑፜ᒚၚ!Pauline Yan

P: 03 9886 8777 F: 03 9886 8999 E: davidyan58@hotmail.com 28

੫೨ོॎৱ‫ٱ‬୛‫ܚ‬ ‫ࡡݲ‬ᆈρȂၥ౏ࡡৱᒑՌ೎౩Ȃ ૖Ꭷ᠞ЅਪቸϛМᖿࢺኄ‫ݍ‬ၗȃ ୽ᇭЅࡊড়ၗȄ

AUDIT & DUE DILIGENCE SERVICES ቷਯ!ਯኵ ୦ཾ࠘ၚ BUSINESS ADVISORY SERVICES โ୛࠘ၚ TAX SERVICES

ᒲϴਢ໢Ȉ!࢑෈ΙՍϤ9:00am-5:00pm ! ࢑෈ϲȾႫၗႱघȿ

Suite 2, Level 1, Professional Suites Centro Box Hill Shopping Centre 17 Market Street, Box Hill 3128

ႫၗȈ (03) 9899 4388 ༈ઍȈ (03) 9899 4688

Phone 9898 8311 for appointment Email: kscconsult@yahoo.com.au

Ӵ֭Ȉ Suite 1, Level 1, 35A Carrington Rd, Box Hill VIC Ⴋ໏Ȉ paultang@psmflawyers.com

П ୽ ੎ ࡡ ৱ ՗

FONG & CO. BARRISTERS & SOLICITORS ‫ܘ‬Ӵີ፲ ۹ⲵનघ ϴѧԙҳ ҡཎᙽᡱ ҕ‫ޭٱ‬િ ᒸᡥ‫ٱ‬໶ ߝ‫ࡡݲޱ‬ ӣۨ‫ࡡݲ‬ ஔࠉ‫ڞ‬ដ ᚔஔ‫ࡡݲ‬ ଒౰೎౩ υτሴᎴ᠌

ၖཎ݈୛ ᆠ೽ኄ‫ݍ‬ၗȃ୽ᇭȃ‫ݍ‬ಽၗȃ़ᇭ

ႫၗǺ03 9808 1211 ༈ઍǺ03 9808 1322 Ӵ֭ǺSuite 3, Level 1, 2-8 Burwood Highway, Burwood East 3151

)ӣၯΡᚕᇬ‫ޥ‬Ⴄ᎑*


ড়৳୊ஶ

ٕ᡹߀ᇄΚ࠮‫( އم‬ή)

ΠȃᄇএΡҡࣀϚԊ኏ኌȁȁ ЂԺዴ௲ໂ߰ൌٟգԇ֣ઽወȂ‫ـ‬Йᅅះ֋Ў࣏௲ઽࣲ߰ ; ֭๑ઽወߞ௲ໂ ߰գҞକԴЙߢЙះ༡௟ઽࣲཇࣖҁϠȄ ఈ߰ަྍ‫׮‬ᓊ༼঴ȃ҇‫ږ‬ᇂ્ȃᏋ༓ႻஜȂ࠲ࢺ‫ڗ‬ᢜஉ௵Ȃኧ௻‫ڗ‬ᢜ‫ةݯ‬ ϧȄᘖֺ༼୧фЙঋ֋֖‫އ‬ӡ՘᜽Ȃѽิֲ‫ڄ‬ᡙߞ঑ഈȄ‫ܠ‬ง֯‫ڗ‬ᢜᕭࣤȂ ᣍᅅ‫ڄ‬ᡙߞᢏмȂѽ࠮ф՝֯ҍ໧ᙝ۶޼ᖚȄ ఈ߰ҞᘖֺཇࣖҁϠ : ᘖֺҁϠతៈ௲ઽࣲ߰ߞ֕౵ ; ճࣖ֗ߏঋӲ‫׈‬ઐࣲ഍ ನ; з‫؟‬ԒӡѰ‫۔‬ȃࡆϥȃ঴‫ۍ‬ȃϥѯȃࢽӥბຈӡ‫ۍ‬ȄЙঋሃҁϠԒӡ୫ ຌ୫۬‫ێݕ‬ҁަਡӡ‫ۍ‬Ȅ ЙҞ੕֕ȃ੕ᇟ‫ݕ‬੕ᝑᐡ‫ܡ‬Ȅ ϙ࡭‫߆ڄ‬௲ໂҞᓷཇϭϘ҃Ȃӓᓐॶ࣏ϙ࡭‫߆ڄ‬௲ໂ߰Ȃ࣏࢝Ҟକྻ‫د‬ઽࣲ ཇຜ ᕈ‫ۊ‬Ȅփ‫ۦ‬ϙ࡭‫ߞࣖྏ߆ڄ‬ᕈ‫ۊ‬ȂӺྻգॗ70%֌90%ᑟྻ՘ऎ௲ໂ ߰ Ȅԯթ঍ ᄑӠ‫ߞڈ‬ш௎Ȃᕕᆽϧ࠲ቪ֋ЎфϭϘ҃Ȃֺ‫ۦ‬թઽࣲࢃ଎ Ȅ ٕ᡹߀၌ࢳά៖‫م‬ ‫ا‬஼‫ڹ‬ӡᢸ߿޼ᖚ‫ڄ‬ઽЏգఊϳߞᑢҫȄᢸ߿֋ҟ໳ऎϯ᜽НࡄȂϼպՐ‫ڽ‬ ߞ၃ᢚᝋ‫ێ‬କ‫ڹ‬ϠᢜߞɆ֋ᖚґକɇᇯࢺԴ൵‫ߐڸ‬ᅗȂକ௉ᑬࣿϠᢜֺप ‫ڀ‬೚Ȃգੜ౻୵ԧᇌ‫߆ڄ‬ઽࣲȂֹ‫އ‬Ϟ‫߆ة‬᜽ߏҪକ୫ᅆϘᇌ᝷࡭ઽࣲߞᅑ ᇑȄ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿‫ۍ‬գ࢝Հߞႋࣲ֯ӡȂҞЙԢ຀࢘Գิቅᅆ‫ߞڄ‬ཋਚȂิь‫ڄ‬Ј ၧ߆ા೟४ઓጛȂ࠳་‫ڄ‬೟४ԓӠȄ Ϡᢜߞ֋‫ا‬ႋࣲґକȂѹঋգᓥ‫ڄ‬ᡙґକߞӒ௱Ⴛ֯Ȅ၃಩҃ॊᐯु‫ٿ‬ᝋ ‫ށ‬Ȃ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿Դᇯ᠕‫ڄ‬ґକўবȂҞফ֕౻‫ڐ‬Ѵᚼઊ㤧 (GPT) ф‫ڐ‬ନᚼઊ㤧 (GOT)Ȃ࠳་‫ڄ‬೟४ԓӠȂফֲ‫ڄ‬ೡᚐКϬቕӟ޵⣯‫ף‬༓Ȃ࠳་‫ڄ‬ᡙകӨԪ ՘Ȃ‫ۘغ‬ઽࣲߞ෇ۘሃኧӠȂফֲᗁᗙ॓૵Ȃ‫ؼ‬ຠ‫ڄ‬ೡᚐᢉᇯмຈȄ

⌣ị Dr Hui Li

ᎇᡡ◘᏷

Dental Surgeon

ϟȃᅆϙ‫ڄ‬ఈ߰ߞ޼ᖚȈկែषᚳᒩ೐ϘϠӔᛁ୰֖௟230ৎᅙ‫ݑ‬ϙ࡭‫߆ڄ‬ ఈ߰ᔌᑟжऎ‫ی‬ೡȂ޼ᖚೡ(120‫އ)ڼ‬ӡ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿3ৎѡȂᅆ࿰ೡҪ֯௱ഢ࠲‫ڄ‬ ᇢԪ޼ᖚȂӏ‫ڹ‬ӡ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿Ȅຕ‫ލ‬Ȃ޼ᖚೡᗁգੜತऎ 92.5% Ȃᅆ࿰ೡҪգ 65.4%Ȃਮಳ࿂ᢖ຾Ȅ Ϭȃ޼ᖚᅙ‫ݑ‬ϙ࡭‫߆ڄ‬Ȉ ᛁᐯϠ৶ѽ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿፱ᡃ޼ᖚᅙ‫ݑ‬ϙ࡭‫߆ڄ‬Ȃु‫ٿ‬ ຕ‫ލ‬ᢖӯȂѴઊቕᚼઊ㤧 (ALT) ࢭ෇Ӓ௱߰֫ 95.3 ʦȂ֕౻ᗙ॓૵ (SB) ࢭ෇ Ӓ௱߰֫91.7ʦȄ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿፱ᡃᅁԴ࣏޼ᖚᅙ‫ݑ‬ϙ࡭‫ߞ߆ڄ‬ನྐ᜽ߏȄ ఄ෎๕‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿ᇟົళӡԐ་ߞџӎ১Ѣ੺ை‫ث‬ങ۶୼ॊ‫ث‬෩ۤЍ᜹ȂϘരߧ ‫ݚ‬Ꮃ༓ऎӎߞԋ྽‫ܟ‬՞Ȃᖔఀᑫࣷ۶џӎຈԺ༵உ௵࠲உ঴ࡡᎳ༓ሮᝋȂዴ ϩՐ‫ڽ‬७ϧ‫ݺ‬యዃ൵ᔹᎳߞ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿࠲உಯࡡȂൄᇊЂಿஉ௵Ȃఄ෎๕‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿ ᇟົන‫ף‬ᎠြϠᢜֺपȂ᠕‫ڄ‬ႋࣲգੜ՘жȂգੜ౻୵ԧᇌ‫߆ڄ‬ઽࣲ, ࠳་ ‫ڄ‬೟४ԓӠ, ࣏ჰ‫ڨ‬۶޼ᖚᅙ‫ݑ‬ϙ࡭‫ߞ߆ڄ‬Ӆ൯࠲உ‫ډ‬᜽Ȋఄ෎๕‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿ᇟ ົ‫ׄ۝‬ዃЂϙ࡭‫߆ڄ‬ఈ߰՝џ‫߆ڄ־ט‬ઽࣲȂদ࢙உ௵ᢜᐄȊ ‫؃‬૞ിρᙏᐣ ಲ྽‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷ੾ႆໄ෻Ђᐯч๒ಯߏु‫ݙٿ‬ൾЀ઱ȂԴџӎȃК஼фᑫࣷԧԳం‫ڰ‬ԧ ᝷◔ᒽु‫ٿ‬Џգ22Ր၃ᢚȂэ‫ێ‬ᐽࠜᢸ߿ўবߞж‫ޘ‬ణ୅Ȃु‫ٿ‬຾֯Ђ༓๴ࠑ‫ڲݺ‬ ࣷȃገࣷфᑫࣷຈԳȄ

Government Accredited Hearing Services Provider

૖ᖿࢺց़ᇭ!୽ᇭ!ဃᇭ

ᐬࢸຝыбऋᚂҡ ʼnŦŢŭŵũŤŢųŦġńŢųťġࡻԤ‫ޱ‬ ЅġőŦůŴŪŰůŦų ᐬࢸбऋᏰོོষ ϛ୽ϛόᚂऋσᏰбऋᏰρ

Ꮅᗊᗽ 21&⑐᳥

ᆣӫбऋ݈୛ ၄бȂ‫ܦ‬бȂࢿб! бᏏछৠȂᅔҩ! ਲ਼ᆓ‫ݽ‬б ‫ۡھ‬0ࣀଢ଼୅б! б‫੾ں‬٩‫!ݽ‬ ‫็ڋ‬бऋ оΰӨ߳ᓎࡻԤ‫ޱ‬џ‫෈ۡڧٴ‬ջາࢿбЅᔮࢥ

ٕ᡹߀ᄇΚ‫ޟم‬ᖝ‫ݽח‬ᕛ Ϙȃᅆϙ‫ڄ‬ఈ߰ߞቃׄ޼ᖚȈ༟ࢋᛁ௞೐Ϙࠢ៳ᛁ୰ᅆ 40 ৎᅙ‫ݑ‬ϙ‫ڄ‬ઽϠ ་֖‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿෩ۤߏቃׄ޼ᖚȂຕ‫ލ‬ȂҗዴѽϯઽϠߞાߐԴ‫ی‬༉а‫ށ‬ᢖ‫ؼ‬ ຠȂ൵‫ أ‬5 ч‫׈‬գՀᚼȂ 95% ߞઽ‫ڼ‬Դб༉аાߐิቅȂ঴ዒȂ⮰ѕȃၛ ຫȃ‫ڄ‬஡ૂ๭ȃҵ્ຈՀᚼȄ

ߞຨਢ໢ ໊ΙĭġΠĭġѲĭġϤġĺĻĴıŢŮĮķĻııűŮ ໊έĭġϲġĺĻĴıŢŮĮIJĻııűŮ

ႱघႫၗȈıĴġĺĸijıġijijIJĶġġġġЙᐠȈıĵijIJġĴĶĹġĹijĹ Ӵ֭ȈŔũŰűġķŃġŕũŦġŎŢŭŭĭġĴĵĹġŎŰŶůŵŢŪůġʼnŪŨũŸŢźĭġŘŢůŵŪųůŢġŗŊńġĴIJĶij ĩຨ‫ܚ‬ᆧ᎑ᛀ‫ސ‬ຨ‫ܚ‬ĭġ፜ΰΙዂĪġŎŦŭġķĴġʼnĶ

ࢇ‫ۺ‬௲᠌‫ޟ‬๼Ρ᠙Ψ݈୛ᐠᄺ ፜ӑႱघ Ԥ Ն ቁ ༝ ȉ Ԥ ᠙ Ψ Ղ Ͻ ༝ ȉ

Ԥ Ρ ᇳ ձ ᖿ ၗ Њ σ ᖐ ༝ ȉ

ձ ᠙ Ⴋ ၗ ‫ܖ‬ Ⴋ ຜ Ԥ ֨ ᜲ ༝ ȉ

ᇄ տ Ρ ፙ ၗ Ȃ ձ ࢐ ֏ ᠙ Ϛ ఼ ཿ ȉ

ӵ ᓡ ࡉ Ȃ ձ ឈ ு ፙ ၗ ֨ ᜲ ༝ ȉ

ջາᡛՆġŇœņņġʼnŦŢųŪůŨġŕŦŴŵ ҏᐠᄺ୤ᇄᐬσց‫ۺࢇٳ‬ᚂᕛᆋց‫ޟ‬᠙Ψ݈୛ॎგ!(Hearing Services Program) ૖ջາඪ‫ټ‬᠙Ψᔮࢥ‫ڷ‬օ᠙Ꮲ๝ࡻԤ Centrelink Pensioner Concession Card Մ᏿Ԥၥਿҧ፜ࢇ‫ۺ‬᠙Ψ݈୛‫( ڔ‬Hearing Services Voucher) ‫ޟ‬Ρсঈ

Yin Chen Clinical Audiologist!᠙ឈ‫ݽ‬ᕛৱ BSc, MSc Clin. Aud. ᏎᅭҏσᏰ᠙ឈᏰᆈρ

ӻԑ᠙Ψ߳୊ငᡛ ᆠ೽๼ᇭȃဃᇭ‫़ڷ‬ᇭ

‫ؽ‬Ρ᠙Ψ݈୛Ȉ ᠙Ψᔮࢥ ൷ཾࠉ᠙Ψຟե ෬‫ݨ‬Ն༬ ॱዅՆ༬ȃŪĮőŰťġՆ༬ օ᠙Ꮲᆰও

0402 787 493 Eddie Wong ๼ȃဃᇭ!/ 9763 8828 Sarah Anderson ़ᇭ Suite 3, 7 Fulham Road, Rowville VIC 3178 (Stub Park Centrelink ѡ᜞) Melway 81 J1

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Ж᡹ଟ៪

σՌณЖ᡹ఀࡉ‫ف‬Ӗ - ΠΪΙ

‫ٹ‬

ဥ ߆ ቃ ᓞ

໥ ћ/ ጾ‫ۅ‬օ‫ޏ‬ৱ

᢫ ᝆ ُെᑫࣷᐍᆬӎߞौҋ‫ܞ‬ြȂᑫࣷ‫ܧ‬Ӕබྻࣖϯ Ϙᇌᆷ᝱ᛔાߞࣹ֖ાߐȂգϠຜഺৎᆺᢩાߐ ‫ۻ‬ԩऎȶᆺၙጤȷȂ‫ڤ‬බ࣏҄ᑫՍϠՂဓՂᏕߞ ᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧᗑᘈ(Australian Football League)Ȅ ᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧಅ࿚‫ ݺ‬1858 ՐߞᑫࣷᐍᆬӎȂੲᑂᑫ Ց‫ږ‬ಧᗑဖߞ೚঍ඡ‫ט‬ȂُՐॗം‫כ‬є 600 ေϠ ըᘉೈᣍऻ಩ඞѧᘈȂᘘգ 45 ေϠُ࣐งጤା ணሃթ༵ႻஜȂᑫࣷ‫ږ‬ಧЙ཈཈࣏ৎᐼ޶ᑬધߞ ཇ೚ႻஜȂҹ‫ـ‬ᄊ࣏Ϙৎ҄ϠऎН‫ٳ‬ጤߞ‫ిܟ‬ြ ዉȄ2011ՐᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧᗑᘈӫࡈӒԴᐍᆬӎՂѫՂ ഊߞ་֖КȂᑋৎᐍᆬӎࡱҾබᄊጤᘦ޳១ߞ༟ ѪϘଠȂಧ୛ጤປඅࠚߞᑬఐȂ࣏‫ێ‬ҁಧ᝷ѧᘈ ‫ݙ‬๑‫ޱ‬ሃНहཱྀग़Ȅᑫࣷ‫ݙ‬գྲᇷණᢜߞ๏ᙇȂ ‫ـ‬௟ᝡᔝфඡᐱ༰КԴ2011ՐᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧᗑᘈߞᘈ ‫ڰ‬ϯȂᔌ຾ѧᘈߞ৪ᗏᠩ୓ф୼጗জ୓ߞᘈ຀Ȃ ᢰ‫ݙ‬գߞᑫࣷϠൌऎНᆺ୛ф࿏෻ܺ‫ڧ‬Ȅ

Դᐼ޶ᑬધф҇ᆕࣿϧߞᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧᗑᘈКȂಯ ӠധԺߢԩߞᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧ‫࣐ށ‬Ȃҁে‫ۦ‬ᡌࠓфප ௣ߞ຀࢘Ȃ‫ڭ‬Й‫ݺڲ‬ग़஼Հ຿ཱུߞც዆‫࣐ށ‬Ȃփ ᗝᓱᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧѧᘈߞᐍᆬӎ‫ޕ‬ಧඞ (Melbourne Cricket Ground)Ȃ‫ـ‬ജᑫࣷϠ‫܇‬ऎૠၐߞᇟૠ ජᙑȄԴϘଠߞ‫ږ‬ಧᗑᘈϯȂ‫ݕ‬ധҞѽ৅Ꮻৎ Ϡ୼໹ჅϠߞಧ‫ث‬Ȃфూథߞਡࠝ‫ث‬Ҽ៏ఀ൵ࢢ ർ‫׀‬Ȃ֭ԴᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧК‫ڭ‬Йਟധணᛔ຾ৎϠߞࠑ ᆊȂԴᑬધߞయᕟሃᎏዠКȂறգ৅ᏫԪ֯๑༡ ߞᄥ༤ᇟૠሃϩ‫ږ‬ᔵࡵߞைᏳȂўକ៏ఀ൵ࢢߞ ർ‫׀‬фᡌ۲ȄԢዹԳȂԴᑫࣷЂ֋๒ߞᣪច౉၏ ӠᅗКȂੲᑂ‫ا‬ৎϠߞᣍᅅфु‫ٿ‬Ȃၤࠅኂᔝᣪ

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ច(Sulphur crested Cockatoo)࣏‫ا‬ሮऎ൵‫ۍ‬ᄥ ༤Ԫ֯ᇟૠߞᣪចȂ๑Ꭲ࣏ኅᇸഡ঴‫ॷݺ‬௜ᑘ‫ޒ‬ ߞฑ‫ޒ‬Ȃ‫ݕ‬ԒԢᒱມ‫ݺ‬໛ൎ༟ᘮߞ‫ޒ‬ԳȂ‫ٱ‬েᗁ ࣏ਣ಩ҍϘ஘ઈՆࠧϲȃ఺‫ێا‬ᎡߞઈཕȂ෸๴ ᄊ֬ᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧ‫࣐ށ‬ೖᜈሹᘙߞ୽Ѐল੾Ȅ ၤࠅኂᔝᣪចϫജᇍऎЂѐМȃЂཀѐМ‫ݕ‬Ђၤ ࠅᣪចȂ‫ێ‬՘൧ߞᢜࠜॗգ44ʂ51гжҽҠȂ࣏ ᘴ៳‫ݺ‬൧ᇩᣪ‫؛‬ӫᣪចॊႵЂ࡭ߞᣪចȄ‫ٱ‬েබ ᄊც዆ႆߞ໹ૺॻ༯ϠߏɯɯᔀᠠϠ(Iron Man) ϘଠȂчӠබᐾգϘ஘ி๼௻உߞշ֒Ђኜф‫׀‬ ѬȂକቅ᛫஫ࡕԇ֣ி༴ߞᑘੲфி‫ލ‬Ȃԑ‫ߞڗ‬ րѨ‫ה‬಩ҍࠪដߞൠӨ֒Ȃփ‫ێ‬ᗚᔙȃ඘ൊȃ ଂᇻаஎф‫؍‬ൊրѨȂࡋರ௲຾౶౶ߞ౺ཀ֒Ȃ ҄ϠӖቈ๑‫݆ޱ‬ರ‫ێ‬ཆϠߞলࠚȄၤࠅኂᔝᣪច ߞրѨቬ༯Ԣ֒Ȃం‫ێ‬ҳ࡭фր࣏֒᝱ѽжᓰ‫ݑ‬ ‫־‬Ȃறգం‫ٱ‬েߞೀဗ֒ᑨўକϘᒚᇑ৔Ȃг൧ ߞೀဗᖝы࣏ག᎐֒Ȃփቬ൧ߞೀဗᖝыࡋ࣏॓ ᎐֒ȄُՐᑫࣷߞ࣋ਆ੡жȂ࣏ၤࠅኂᔝᣪចಳ ௱Փဨߞᗄฤ‫ܞ‬ြȂ‫ٱ‬ে‫د‬௰ӱᅹᒝ‫୼ݺ‬ᗒߞߩ ᑘࣽКȂᚣѽ࠲᠕௰ӱКߞ൧ക‫ݕ‬ᄟᄟ࢞৲ߞᛖ ൧Ȃփᛖ൧ᄼмงॗҪቮ 30 чߞ੡༡Ȃ‫ڭ‬Ӥቬ༯ ᣪចԒԢᑉ঑ዬ‫ߞڈ‬യԇȂॗം၃Ⴥ 70 чࢢȂᛖ ൧ߞրѨබྻᆙᆙᚼ՘ᚳᆕ՘ጢߞߐᅗȄ ၤࠅኂᔝᣪច࣏ᑫࣷ൧᝷ߞࠜᄯ౉᝷ȂϘଠҞՅ ࣿॗգ 40 ʂ 70 ՐНϳȂ࣏ᑫࣷџ֖‫ߞݑ‬ᣪច౉ ၏Ȅ‫ٱ‬েᘵ๒ྻᔌ຾‫ܞ‬ြփᏏೊตਿԳȂ֭ᅆᑫ ࣷԧ᝷࡭ߞઈ৏ȃᖖᄩᏋᕕ࢘࿂୼ȂҞѽࣿஜ‫ݺ‬ ઔ‫ݥ‬1500 гюѽϯߞฑ‫ޒޒ‬ԳȂϵҞ഍Нઍ๒ ‫ݺ‬಴‫ޒ‬ନ১஡Ȃ‫ـ‬౮ЙᘖᓕԳҍ಩‫ݺ‬ҾঠфႺଆ ஡ாȂ഼֭௱ൌ࣏ЙᛓѪ࿚щቈߞԳўȄၤࠅኂ ᔝᣪចሃӠৌգࣿጐȃՀஜȃᗐ‫ߞށ‬પᎳȂփѷ ᐯ೫କϧфข஥ቲ୼ȂҞѽ൅Ⴥ୊ፚփᐯ೫ԧᇌ ୼᝱࢘ߞஜ֯Ȃԯթ၃௱ᑉԇ୺ᕚᄥપ‫ࠑث‬ᆊߞ ᆊ৶Ȅ‫ٱ‬েЙඏ࣏Ϡ᝷୺ᕚᄥߞપ‫ث‬ᆊ৶ȂϵᏋ ԪԴЂ֋๒൧ኀԪ஭ᄥКȂᑉԇ‫ֲٷ‬রBassߞ‫ڎ‬ ֒Ȃည‫ٱ‬েਣଂ঳ມ੡Ȃᗁ࣏ඈᡌ޻൉‫ص‬༟඘ណ ࡖኀවᗏȂપ‫࣏־‬ᏎჃ଎ঝȃᒸᐬ‫ݕ‬ജᑬࢤ੡Ȃ ၤࠅኂᔝᣪចබྻ๴ҍᏩօ౬ᡗߞْன෌ኀȂᔝ ൤ϯߞᘿཀ֒ੈ‫ࡄ؛‬րȂ‫݂؜‬බᄊ֬ᑫࣷൎԳߞ ၤࠅȂ୼୼ߞԨчߩ༟ਣфᎨ୓ȂᢰϠ᝱ѽ݆໛

‫ٱ‬েߞ༯ওওߞઈཕȂϵऎᑫࣷߞӣཀྵЋ฀ኧ౹ ϞЙьࣿጐઈਿȄ ၤࠅኂᔝᣪច࣏‫ߞ࡭ۏ‬၏ᇸ‫ݑ‬൧᝷Ȃ၏ᇸӠࣿС ๒գؔȃգ౧Й૴Ȃत֌֖ஜϘ७Ȃஜࡋዴպ୸ ၤࠅኂᔝᣪចᒱມኅኀȂᔖࡋዴպ୸ኅᇸ‫ܝ‬ᑘԃ ᐵȂᘿь‫ێڍ‬ᣪចԢ᝷Тह‫ؽ‬ᕝȂᅁԴ҄Ϡᢘᄛ ေжȄգը‫ا‬ᠭ‫ژ‬ჺᘽ‫ݺ‬ᐍᆬӎߞঠ஡ȂቈቈԳ ๴಩ႽႮ੟գฐ୼ᗒߞӨ֒ᑘѢȂԴ჆Գᇴᇥߞ ନ১К੾ҳєϠަྍȂຈۖ‫ژ‬Єᏺࠕ੡Жሿ๒๴ ಩Ȃ১‫࣏ڽ‬ϘᘺֶᆕӨ֒ၤࠅኂᔝᣪចߞэҐ‫׀‬ ᑘ (Eucalyptus) Ȃ௜௜൫൫֭‫ڭ‬ЙߋԐ਻ࢢȂᄊ ֬Ϙէէಽ༟‫࣋ݺ‬чߞጒӨࠅէȂग़Йർ՜Ȅգ ੡‫ٱ‬েᘘྻ௟Ђᄥ༤፠ԕ՘หᕝൊ༤ȂϘ୓༰ᢜ ֖ஜഡ঴Ȃഡ঴ߞ঴ߏѽࠅҘȃᑘࠂȃᇌЄȃግ ‫ލ‬ȃѪ‫ލ‬ȃி‫ލ‬ф‫ݿ‬ᚪऎѹȄ‫ٱ‬েᘘ࣏់‫ݑئ‬࿂ ௻ߞ໹ૺᄥ༤Ȃऎᘖֺᄥ༤ԴԳϯഡ঴੡ȂᅝᏎ ‫ێ‬ҁஜߏ⊢Йф‫ߞڨ‬ॎ๒ᡚᕝȂ‫ྻ࣏ݺ‬ਮँව୸ ᣪចԴᑘϯᑉԇ់‫ئ‬ᖢౕߞЍ֯ȂՂჃપઅߐ޶ ੡බྻӲ‫׈‬ኀᗏӯ់Ȃ់‫ט‬ӒԴഡ঴ߞᄰ֡ቁ‫أ‬ ঳ᛓഡ঴಩ඞȄ‫ٱ‬েഺᇌТׄȃТྑߞᄥ༤Շౕ ᇟૠȂ҄ϠຜП୼࢘ߞᣙᎫфߺ‫ܠ‬ȂϵᢰϠхࢥ ᄥຕԪ֯ߞྍ၍Ȅ ᄥ༤ᇒನ୊ፚ၃௱єӡϘҮԩ‫ڽڏ‬ѧඔᄥ༤ߞদ ঋ‫ݑ‬Ȉȶ௵ઍНᑘȂҍ֋ॷ‫ޒ‬Ȃᑘҍॷ‫ޒ‬ȂলӅ ‫ض‬НȄȷ‫ࢥྍێ‬බ࣏Ϙฐ୼ᗒஉ‫ߞ״‬ᑘѢȂӅ‫ܠ‬ Ӡࠜ‫ॷݺ‬௜‫ݻ‬ಽߞฑ‫ޒ‬ȂՂ‫ލ‬ഺฐᑘᛓ༟ഺѯᑧ ௜ฑ‫ޒ‬ȂԴࡏল‫י‬ᡚϭȂཕӅ‫ޑض‬෸ၧȂϘ๑‫ݙ‬ գȄ‫ێ‬ᅁȂঋᓊ༓Ϙৎԋ྽ᄥᢜ࣏‫׎‬գ੡҃ឮߋ ϧȃ࣏‫׎‬գࠜቈ๴ਣߞቈ฀Ȃ‫ێ‬Ԑٙ౧Ԇබ࣏ᄥ ༤࣏‫׎‬գ௻༴ߞᄥ༤Ԩѕϧȃᐖᇸϧ۶ཬൄϧȇ ԢዹԳȂϘ༡៳ᢸߋᐼఀർߞిྻȂӅ‫ܠ‬ϵ࣏Ϙ ༡ԧࢷԧᚚȃᄥ༤‫ྻిߞ܇ڰ‬ȂిྻЙඏඏቮ ঋ࢙ӲӒፁߞૌನੲ௄ȂᐾգԒԢߞಳ໪‫ۻڹ‬Ȃ ‫༷ـ‬ᇟѕଆଅϘѯԢѕԪྍȃ݃թहྑȃਾᎲ ТႃȃТׄԪ֯ߞ‫ݻ‬ಽӠ‫ۻ‬ฑ‫ޒ‬Ȃ՘ऎധԺഹ਴ Ӡ‫ߞۻ‬Ꮜሏф‫ࢺج‬Ȅ႕Ղަদᄥ༤‫ڹߞ܇ڰ‬ਵ࠲ ᜲȂԴၐ၃ѽӄ‫ݙ‬੩Кྍᚎ‫ڏ‬ႪߞሲȈȶఘӡྑ ѕሲ႕ᅁ႖Ȃϲ‫ࠜڰ‬་Ȃാ‫ݺ‬Ю঵௄ရȂԑ‫ڗ‬ൌ ᏫᴽᗑປఀԪՑȂպြԧࢷԧᚚȂ࿰຾ԧᢜߞґ ӡ݃թहׄȂ࠮Ҩ‫ڗ‬ᢜᆙᆙኧࠜȂԴྑК࢙Ӳ֋ ЎȄȷԴഺৎ҇ᆕᢏᏏфࣄᐼߞ੡҃ȂЏ๑‫ڶޱ‬ ᏫϘЎНϧփϧ੖‫ٳ‬ឡȂᚼм዆ᠩഺৎѵधȇ಩ ЫిྻӅቮԒԢ࢙ൄϘњ௻փգϧȂգӠ‫ۻ‬ᐖᇸ ϧߞ۞໸ᄥ༤ȂԒԢంૠታ‫ۦ‬ԪϘߞᅷឹ‫ۻڹ‬Ȃ ұ഍ཇෳྎྑዔዕߞ௄ရᇊরȂўକ՘ऎഺ୚ࣹ ੡҃ߞКࣹ૖ࣗȂўକऎॠᒘԴഺѵ҃៏ఀ‫ـ‬Ժ ҵඉߞᢸቿȄ


19 ћ/ ஜ໬ᔉ ᄦ/ ቓԊᑹ

έΪѲȆ۠ఀޫ чߪϭ෼࢘ಿӠȂ‫د‬Ӡ۶‫ߞۻ‬Ϡ᝷ည‫ۊ‬ЃిᏳȂ๑ ‫ݙ‬ЙҒȃ๑ྋЙ֌ȃ๑഍ЙԴߞчԳϠࢥ‫ిܟد‬۶ ϠߞӠ۶ࣿȃඈ۶ጄȃྎ۶ྑᇦᖺԴϘৎߪ൤ϭȄ ԴԞ࢘ᔡȂ‫ߪڤ‬ȃ‫ڤ‬ᄪȃ‫཰ڤ‬๑Й൅຾ၐጒȄ ԴߪϭȃԴᄪ㡯ȃԴ཰КϠߞѕ۶ϸߞϠٟգ ໼ᛓȄԞ࢘ߞ੹‫཰֢܈‬۶ઍਐൗൌ࣏чߪНϭ ߞൄߏȄԞ࢘ߞ֢۶၃ൌ࣏཰۶Ϡߞߏ۶ӠȄ ԴߪϭȂ཰ȃൗȃ၃Џ၃লߏࠜԴȄ ԴߪϭȂল‫י‬၃ஃϠ֖Ȅ ㆻ‫ۇ‬ŋ‫؜‬ശ⃼ⱨŋ‫⊗⃼͘؜‬Ȱ

έΪϤȆ Ж᡹ࣺ೽‫ޟ‬ɆϢɇ ӡɆСɇ഼ѕȄ

ᩅ὾

ϱМၥਟҥ఼Жۨඪ‫ټ‬

டড়ၗ૯ဨ

ഺᇌ഼ѕߞўՑ࢝գᎷȄ ѕߞᗑ഼࢝ૠ‫܈‬ȃ࢝ૠ૪ȃ࢝ૠȄ Դข‫׀‬ᔡȂขዊߞข‫د׀‬Сஇᗑ഼К஼۶ข‫ی׀‬஼ ϠӔТहᝯѕߞ഼ႮȂҪঋ݀С㡯ऻȂϠକంѕ㡯 ๴ҍྑྍȄ ഺСྻ‫د‬К஼Ϡ۶ข‫׀‬ϠാԴϘ୓Ȅ ാతК஼Ϡ۶ข‫׀‬ϠߞѕȄ ข‫׀‬ᔡߞൄ࡭࣏Ϙ౧቙௲ȂᔡКߞС࣏ႅ຾ྑྍߞ ቹŋቹቹᛥⷒŋᛥ៕ൕ᮫Ȱ

੩ᓸ૯‫߳ޟ‬୊ђ૖ĩIJĪ નᔷମᙩ៳‫ݺ‬җ๴ቔମ᝷Ȃᐾգମၧ১գߞࠅ শଠߞົដশઈ՘жȂԢ੡‫ڭ‬Ԫ՘۶ফֲϞᖁ ۧ՘жȄഺᇌ౻ಜྏȃᅰ‫ྏأ‬Ӓ࣏౻౲༼ਫ਼К ЙҞ૿ьߞґକȂϵබ࣏નᔷମ՘ऎֽ༼ӡ౻ ౲༼ਫ਼‫ڭ‬Ђ‫ۦ‬ᡌࠓߞᝯᘣН‫ݙ‬ԴȄ નᔷମ‫ ݺ‬70 Ր҃ജ᠖ऎȶጴ‫ߞڗ‬ମȷ་Ϣџ ӎȂ‫أ࢝ڭ‬Դᝯަิ߲ߞՐቅЃ‫ݑ‬Кཇ༟Ȅం թȂᝯ‫ݺ‬નᔷମஉ௵ґੜߞु‫ٿ‬༟‫ܕ‬ਣ༟ȄԴ ഺ 30 ԺՐ㡯Ȃ၃ಿԺु‫ٿ‬Ϡ৶ु‫ٿ‬Ȃ෬ӯϞ નᔷମԧᇌԧዹߞґੜȄҒࣁգȈ‫߲ة‬ॡȃ‫غ‬ ۘ֕ᕅϯпȃ‫ؼ‬ຠК࡭ଌ߹ȃফֲᗙ‫۽‬Ꮤৃȃ ‫֕ۘغ‬ᒤϯпȃ‫ة‬ᖛȃग़፲ȃग़ਟȃ‫ؼ‬ຠჅూх ᕕȃ‫ؼ‬ຠӠࣿြࡶȃჰ‫ڨ‬ഐѰຈധധԺԺੜ‫ލ‬Ȅ ᇊ࢙षКᛁ᜽ु‫ٿ‬୰་֖ϞѽϭᅁᢚȈѽඏ ૷‫߲ݑ‬ॡ߰ऎᣍᅅᅆ໪Ȃാ᠈༼ӡનᔷମН ࢢȂ୫ᅆ‫߲ۘغ‬ॡߞੜ‫ލ‬ሃଌ߹Ꮃ҃ᘁߞᎠ ြґକ་֖ᗜ‫ؖ‬ᣍᅅȄᅁᢚง༡ȂஃѤϘз Ҟକգิ߲ੜ‫ߞލ‬঴ߏᖚ‫ޱ‬۶Ⴛஜᖚ‫ޱ‬Ȃঋ ِҁেԴ6۹ߞ੡༡аӒ௱༼঴Ȅᅁᢚຕ‫ލ‬Ȉ ඏ૷‫߲ݑ‬ॡાఈ߰ 75 ‫ڼ‬ȂᢜদϭফȂҍ಩ᢖ ຾ੜ‫֫ߞލ‬15ʦȂҍ಩գੜੜ‫֫ߞލ‬52 ʦȂ ᗁգੜತႿۖ 67ʦȄ ҩҳનᔷମ‫ۍ‬գ࠳་֕౵Кଌ߹ቕᑼᑵߞੜ ‫ލ‬ȂҐ௻ᢜаߞᑟକȂ෩୼ጤ༓ߞઐଈȄ

Ѯᢊ੫౰Ȃଚᙄ‫ࠢٹ‬ ႀԙ Supermarket Shp G24. 46 Buckingham Ave, Springvale VIC 3171 Tel : 03 9574 2133

ᑤሸ᎜ Vegie Bakery City ᑤሸ᎜ Vegie Bakery Box Hill Shop 3, 180 Russell St, 566 Station St, Melbourne VIC 3000 Box Hill VIC 3128 Tel : 03 9650 0760 Tel : 03 9898 8666

Ӵ֭ȓ2ዂ 566 Station St, Box Hill, VIC 3128 Ⴋၗȓ03 9898 8138 ༈ઍȓ03 9898 8139 31


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Sameway ISSUE234《同路人》234期  

《同路人》是全澳發行的高質素免費社區生活刊物。總編輯部位于維多利亞州首府墨爾本熱鬧的Burwood區。雜誌每週四出版,堅持每期為澳洲華人奉上一個能激勵人心的故事,一個能幫助移民融入主流社會的熱點專題,以及更多覆蓋家庭、教育、健康、文化、時事、經濟、社會、生活資訊、信仰人生等方面的...

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