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Ⴋၗ/TelȈ03) 9888 7199 ༈ઍ/FaxȈ03) 9888 7299 29.10.2010-04.11.2010

212


੫ገ

Ιϸ‫ޟ‬ᡐϽ഍ӵડ‫ޟ‬Йϛ! ଄CVC‫ޟ‬ᐣแ ӵΰΙ෈ϛȂ‫ר‬ঈϭಝΟCVCཱིё‫ۃ‬ღ໥оЅ၎ღ໥ ‫ڍ‬Ӫӣώ‫ޟ‬ငᐣȂ௃೻Ι෈໠ۖȂ‫ר‬ঈ஠‫װ‬Ҭӎ‫׹‬ө CVC՝ܻᐬࢸ໨ӎ੕۬ᖂഋ‫ޟ‬ϛМღ໥Ȃӣσড়Ιଔ Ϸ‫ٴ‬тঈӵCVC‫ޟ‬ငᐣȂ௃ડՄ‫ޟپ‬ሴ‫ڷڧ‬ཐଢ଼Ȃо ЅᄇҐ‫ޟپ‬छԁઢᆋȄ CVCᑫࣷ༧ԍઔ‫ܫ‬Кћᄥ༤ӫࡈԒգϝԩԢЍȂҁে‫֋ڽ‬ЙԢߞԳўȂգ ग़஼ȃྲҐ‫܂‬ȃК஼Ђ൙ȞЙԢࡱҾȟȇҁেգ຾ЙԢߞ०฀Ȃգஇ໶‫ݽ‬ ߞȃգྣ‫ߞࢠޱ‬ȃգᐯཇණߞȇҁেКգ‫ڱ‬ంCVC՘ӲНࠐබԴϞȂ࣏၃ ᑢჅዃያᏂ࿴੡งߞЮցૺϠߏȂգ‫ৣৣࡋڱ‬ҐϢCVC‫ܥ‬ЙۖϬৎѡȂऎ ᇨປӀሂᚼ࡭งަϢߞྲᘿ֕౵Ȅ֭գϘᙇࡒ࣏ԒԢߞȂҁে࣏CVCЙҞ ж൷ߞϘൊԊȂ֡ᔌ຾CVCߞ๴ਣփ՘ࠜȂҁেிࠫ຾CVCంૠ‫ڤ‬ႆ‫ݙ‬ታ ‫ߞۖۦ‬ȶTouch a billionȷߞ‫ۻڹ‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬ЙᙝԳจ຾ഺϘዾ‫ي‬փ‫܋‬໿Ȋ ԴഺϝϠНКȂ୵ϞJoseph۶MarkНҳȂ‫ێ‬᏶ߞϛϠԑൊ၃ᑢჅϞCVCߞ ๺ޯ੡҃ȂҁেКߞЂൊԊϠԴ‫ۖڽ‬CVCНࡈٟգҗᙇ‫ۊ‬ያর၃ᢚȂ؆ԑ ࣏಩ᐯ಩ᎱȂ๒փȂᚣ຾ૠߞϧ༓۶Դҁে‫ڗ‬ϯߞґӡȂҁে๑ϘЙ༶‫׀‬؆ ՘ϞြӫȂԴြӫКȂҁে഼Ⴥ‫ݕ‬Ӏ‫ࠕݽ‬ϠȂ‫ݕ‬ӠஜࣿጐߞўՑȂ௟ϯ࢓ߞ ႖ሬཇቍຜᡘಿȂྏࣖۖҁেߞѕᢸȄҁেሃᡘಿН༡‫࢙ݙ‬Ӳ୓‫ྏߞڽ‬ఐ࣏ ‫ڤ‬ዹߞૌዞ۶૷ጒȂᢰ‫ݙ‬գߞϠൌ᝱ѽ‫؞‬ᜃȄ 2010Ր2ѡ1џȂCVCຕ‫ف‬๺ޯዃያȂ‫ڭ‬༟‫ܕ‬ԨᇨປԺණᢜӀሂᚼ࡭Ȉ১ӎ ߞያর࢈ജുৎ‫ؼ‬ൄ՘Ϟ໛ᔛ൹֯࢈ȇϛϠК୵Ϟࣹ࣐௞ࠝ঑യPro-active НҳȂ‫ێ‬ҁϠೡ՘Ϟ‫ی‬ৎ໛ᔛሦ֯Јೡ——ȶग़ដᝡधȷȞЂऎȃඨඨ۶‫ڑ‬ ‫ڑ‬ȟ۶ȶϬ⒨ᝡȷȞჩӮȃՉ๒۶঳ӨȟȂ༟‫ܕ‬ϞЙᙝԳᅤ૶Ȃం൵ࠐඏᎠ ߞᄦћࢸత‫ࣿݕ‬ஜߡᔂȂۖᅙᅙᢏఀգఐြ‫ݑ‬۶ࣇ‫ߞݑڰ‬๺ѯȂԓۖᔌ຾঑ യ໛ᔛપ‫ث‬۶ࢢงሦ֯ߞMarkߞҐϢȂ༟‫ܕ‬ᢰ໛ᔛᢏఀ‫ـ‬Ґढ़ऻȂ‫ـ‬କ‫כ‬ єۖՐቅϠȄթҳȂҐϢCVCЖϘՐߞJosephϘўব঑യԑྲᇨ૭ȶCVC Кћࣹ֖ᇨȷߞႻ֖ȂϘўব঑യ۶ԧৎߤӹᇨປӀሂȞՂྲ઎ྋൾȃϿ ‫ڑ‬ȃᔹቖຈȟН༡ߞ࿛഼Ѝ֯ȄԴഺϘჅ຀КȂҁেಎ‫ے‬ᢜྻۖϞૠԴҁে ‫ڗ‬ϯߞ֯ӡȂᢰЙҞକᢏҞକȊҁেُϘৎϠԴCVCߞ՘ࠜ၃ᑢȂҁে‫ݙ‬ ൹֯ߞᔹ‫ߞٽ‬໛ᔛȂൌྻԴѽࢢߞ௞ᛟКᅙᅙԢЂਛж‫ڳ‬Ȅ

2 02

CVCᆩમȞϛМȟ ন֭Ȉhttp://www.cvc.tv/ ‫ཱི؁‬Ϟࡣ࣏Ȉ http://www.cvcgo.com/ ԪѴȂ़Мᆩમ࣏Ȉhttp://www.cvcnow.com/home

‫؁‬ԑሆȃ‫؁‬ᆠிȃ‫؁‬ԤࣀΨȃ‫؁‬ӻϯϽ


ӣၯΡᇭ

಑323෈

An artistic worker who pays back to ӱ㕞‫ޟོޥ‬᛺೚ώհ‫ ޱ‬the society

ӎѡϬϩџ༟‫ܕ‬Ȃᡌ‫ޟ‬ᑟᅹᗝᓱȶᘨ‫ؠ‬ጏਰӠ੩‫ޱ‬ ਣȷȄ‫֋ڽ‬ዃՍߞᘨցਰऎК஼຾ԩߞ੩‫ޱ‬ਛȂฅԇ ᐍᆬӎ௶ߤྻࠜȂࡈՐ‫ݺـ‬ዃՍग़ങᔡᗝ֖ৎϠ੩‫ޱ‬ ਣȂ੩‫ޱ‬ൄ႔࿂୼ȄዴՐࡈȂᘨցਰᓴϞȮҟћᣍ ѤȯаϘ‫ڱ‬ћൢф৫႐؇ໟຈȂ੩኷ϞպռࠜۡȂऽ ౕକᚣ੩‫ޱ‬᜹ങȂ๴ෳК஼ћм(ӎҏላᘨցਰЯ৞Ȃ ‫د‬պռјۡԑۡሦ֯ऎᇨ঱Ȃਣҍ‫ݺ‬ȮԢႮϠȯᇨ૭ www.sameway.com.auКȂᢰᡝ߰Ҟѽ‫ޟ‬ᎫԑۡȄ

From 30th October Rejoice Organisation will be holding a ‘Madam Zhi-Cheng Zhong and students’ Chinese Calligraphy Exhibition’. Madam Zhong is a famed Chinese calligraphist from GuangZhou; she had served as the chairperson of the Chinese Artists Society of Victoria and she had held her own commendable calligraphy exhibition at the GuangZhou Art Gallery. A few years back Madam Zhong had produced calligraphy of metres long by writing scripts from the “Literature of the Past” and some poems of the Tang and Sung dynasties. With a view of promoting Chinese culture, we have obtained the consensus of Madam Zhong to exhibit this incredible piece of work at our website www.sameway.com.au for the benefits of our readers.

ӣၯΡᇭ

4

ዥᘈடᚠ

6, 15 - 17

ּቸΡЖ

7 - 10

ܹಁжࣨ The World

12 - 14, 24

଒ငੑ਀ Finance

18 - 19

ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

22 - 23

ড়৳୊ஶ

27

Ж᡹ଟ៪

28 - 31

৏ዅཪ൶ Entertainment

4, 8 - 9

ᘨցਰЙඏ੩‫ޱ‬᜹ങ୼໹Ȃ‫ߤڰއ‬஡‫࣏ـ‬Йᓷ᏶ϧȄ ๑Ꭲయஜ੩᜹Ȃ‫ྻߤ࣏ݕ‬гૈȂցਰൌЙ᝜ൻॴҝњ ࢺȄѽՁϘ҃ԩਛߞൄ႔ȂՁٟգ‫׊‬ఓԳُՐ‫ݺ‬ԧՐ Madam Zhong is renowned not only for her calligraphic skills but ਞࣿஜКȂऎϠ੩኷෭࣋Ȃ‫د‬ૡᇊ୙ຜߤ஡ȂՁ‫ ऻݙ‬also for her tireless effort in serving the community through দߞȂ࣏‫د‬੩‫ޱ‬᜹ങȂ԰㖝ߤ஡Ȅ various social and charity projects. Her selflessness is ЙඏՂթȂᘨցਰ‫ـ‬Йᓷ᏶ϧԳԴԧߤᄥКిఱᐯӠ ੩‫ޱ‬᎝຀Ȅ‫ݙ‬գ‫ۦ‬ՁిᐱߞᐯӠȂЙॗփԢሮऎᘨց ਰ࣏Ϙ֜ጤѕȃሮૌిᐯߞցਰȂփѷൌྻྏࣖۖՁ ᅆ੩‫ߞޱ‬ጤఐфᢜྻ੩‫ޱ‬ᅆ෩‫ކ‬ৎϠ৒Ᏻߞ዆ᠩȄ

demonstrated such as by her preparation of couplets during every lunar year and pay back the community with her blessing and calligraphic art. Moreover, Madam Zhong is industrious in teaching calligraphy classes in many community organisations. All her students have high regard to her passion and devotion as they all acquired much inspiration from her in calligraphy as well as its positive input in refining personal temperament.

ሃᘨցਰहӹዴՐȂ൵ऎย‫࣏ߞۂ‬Ձ෷‫ߞڏ‬ઈ࢘Ȅ֯ ऎցਰȂՁԴӎҏ༟ന௞៼ȂЬ೜੩‫ޱ‬ᐯ೫ȂంᐯӠ ֯ࡡКȂࢽҍᔹᙇф૿ᙇȂᢰ೫੩‫߰ޱ‬କЙඏҪంᗜ Knowing Madam Zhong for several years I am impressed by her ዟՀߞ֯ࡡఀૈȂϵକంᓾሱКᐯ೫Ȅ bold character. In a Sameway special column, she has taken up Ыըȶᘨ‫ؠ‬ጏਰӠ੩‫ޱ‬ਣȷȂ‫ـ‬ᘛఀᘨցਰ‫ݺ‬ᇯष௎ Ѓྻ‫ߞిݙ‬੩‫ޱ‬઱ԢᐯணҐȂᡌࠓᅆ੩‫ޱ‬᜹ങգᒸᎷ ߞᡝ߰ԍᗜࢽᐱȂТहзጿȂ҄ిᐯहࠜȂऽକႿۖ ᘨցਰঋ‫֋د‬Ў᜹ങ԰㖝ߤྻߞ؈‫ؠ‬Ȅ

the responsibility to present and comment students’ calligraphy works so that novices can learn from both good and flawed samples. Class members from the Victoria Women Association would also be invited to join in this Exhibition. All interested readers are welcome to come and share their appreciation and insight in order to fulfil Madam Zhong’s aspiration of repaying her artistic gift to the society.

‫ߝޥ‬ ‫ں‬୉М

Issue No. # 213 # 214 # 215 # 216 # 217

Publication Date 05/11/10 12/11/10 19/11/10 26/11/10 03/12/10

Submission Deadline 03/11/10 10/11/10 17/11/10 24/11/10 01/12/10

Raymond Chow Publisher

ኄ֙ഋġłťŷŦųŵŪŴŪůŨġŅŦűŢųŵŮŦůŵ ጡᒮഋġņťŪŵŰųŪŢŭġŅŦűŢųŵŮŦůŵ Ӵ֭ġłťťųŦŴŴĻġSuite 7, 1/F, 2-8 Burwood Hwy, Burwood East VIC 3151, Australia ႫၗġŕŦŭĻġ 03-9888 7199 ༈ઍġŇŢŹĻġ 03-9888 7299 03-9888 7433 ЙᐠġŎŰţĻġ 0401 697 791 Ⴋ໏ġņŮŢŪŭĻġ info@sameway.com.au

Rejoice Chinese Christian Communication Centre Inc.

ю‫ގ‬Ļġ

Publisher/Chief Editor:

Raymond Chow

‫ߝޥ‬İᖂጡᒮĻġ ‫ں‬୉М

Editoral Consultant:

Shun Lu, Jenny Luo

ဎ୛ጡᒮĻġ

֖໷ȃᛳ྇

Christiana Zhu, Ralph Yan, Shanice Chan,

МԅጡᒮĻġ

ԧງȃᝒแ⬟ȃങᝋ্ȃ

Hudson Li, Cheerio Chan

!

‫؃‬ұȃങϞዅ

Senior Designer:

Alex Tam

ଽ઻छ೚ጡᒮĻġ ᜍᗿ݂

Editor/Designer:

Kin Li, San Huang, Yan Ki Chan

छ೚ጡᒮĻġ

‫؃‬୊࠰ȃ༁࿲ࣟȃങ৿พ

Sammi Lo, Tony, Portia Wong, Andy Lau, Vinola Chan

ኄ֙ഋĻġ

ᛳတ़ȃ༁‫៌ؾ‬ȃቓ୽݂ȃങኋ૪ȃቓཱི

Tracy Liu, Sonia Wong, Ben Hung

!

༁ᆫጸȃЌኈ‫ܛ‬

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ኄ֙ᖒ๜Ȉഡ఩ Andy Lau 0416 290 918 Ѕ!᎒‫ ஀ס‬0412 440 863ȇߡுႪு Marketminx 08 8132 1670 Edmund Ng 0413 089 833

04

ӣၽѲ੕ Travel

6-7

ᡝ‫ཱིى‬ᆸ Sport

11 - 12

Ϸ᜸ኄ֙ Classified

22 - 25

ٙൢ Driveway

26 - 30

ջ೰ᖐ݂ ȮӣၯΡȯᚕᇬ‫ܚ‬ԤМണҥհ‫ޱ‬Ռ॒М೰Ȃ‫ٮ‬Ϛф ߒҏѐҳൟȄȮӣၯΡȯ໊ѐϐᅾΨጂ߳ѐ‫ސ‬ϱ‫ޟ‬ ӒഋၥਟྥጂฒᇲȂ௙ҏѐ‫ٮ‬Ϛ॒ΰӈդӰᒿᇲ‫ܖ‬ ᒸᅓՄ౰ҡ‫ޟ‬೰ӈȂζϚඪ‫ټ‬ӈդ݂Ұ‫ུܖ‬Ұ‫߳ޟ‬ ᜌȂоЅϚ॒ΰЕमӈդ‫ޢ‬௥ȃ໢௥ȃߣளȃ‫ܖ‬ॊ ҡ‫ޟ‬୦ཾցઉཬѶ‫ܖ‬੫տཬѶ‫ޟ‬೰ӈȄ‫ר‬ঈ࡚ដ᠞ ‫ޱ‬ӵ‫ٺ‬ҢԤᜰၥਟࠉȂॶӑࢥᜌၥਟ‫ޟ‬ઍጂ‫ܖܒ‬኉ ၚᐿҳ‫ޟ‬ཎَȄ Disclaimers The views and opinions of authors expressed in Sameway Magazine do not necessarily state or reflect those of the publisher. While we do our best to make sure the information is accurate, Sameway Magazine does not accept any legal responsibility for errors or omissions. Sameway Magazine disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, and it will not be responsible for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages. We encourage readers to verify the accuracy of information or seek independent advice before relying upon it. The circulation records of this publication have been submitted for independent audit with the Circulations Audit Board

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ȮӣၯΡȯᚕᇬ‫᠌ގ‬ᖐ݂ġ ijıIJı ‫ܚ᠌ގ‬ԤȮӣၯΡȯᚕᇬ ҏѐ‫ܚ‬ԤМണȃყаЅඨყ֯߳੼‫᠌ގ‬ȂҐငҏѐਪ ७ӣཎȂϚுоӈդ‫ל‬ԒᙽၷЅᙚӟ Sameway Magazine Copyright Notice Copyright 2010 Sameway Magazine All editorial content and images in Sameway Magazine are subject to copyright law and may not be copied without the expressed permission of Sameway Magazine which reserves all rights. Re-use of any of Sameway Magazine's editorial content and images for any purpose without Sameway Magazine's written permission is strictly prohibited.


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ᐬࢸ٠ᅋ༫ᅖԙђ iTalkBBӣ๼ΡΙଔᒑ௑ϛ๼

iTalkBBྲცࠫгҦணሃ۶њࢺ10ѡߞȮᓐఐК ົȯᑫࣷ‫ڟ‬ᆊࣿஜНࢢȂ‫ۖۦ‬ዃЂົϠߞՀໞȊߧ ຾ऎӃෳ۶ཇያᔹ‫ߞٽ‬Кົћм۶᜹ങᇐᆽԑϧߞ ᇟૠȂiTalkBBપ‫־‬ԑ຀ᝒׄК஼รቪϠЀ᜹ങᄥ‫ڽ‬ ᑫ‫ڟ‬ᆊȮ‫ߞا‬ᄱȯȄiTalkBBྲცࠫ֯ऎԑಧ൵՝۶ ൵ЂߞઔҳົϠცࠫԋ྽НϘȂϘߡѽ‫ڽ‬ൌ၉‫ڗ‬Ϸ ົϠћмࣿஜ‫ڰ‬྽Ȅթըϵࠧ௱ᅷܶକ௉՘ऎ“ᑫ ࣐஼ቫཇණ”ѹᓱߞȮ‫ߞا‬ᄱȯԑᑫ‫ڟ‬ᆊࣿஜߞᝒ ׄ஥ȄȮ‫ߞا‬ᄱȯ௟Ϸ2010Ր11ѡ7/8џԴఉҺ State TheatreಽЂుᅌȂК஼รቪϠЀ᜹ങᄥ௟ԓ ըऎᑫࣷᣍಿ‫܇‬ឥࠧԢඵ௱ߞࠑᆊ᜹ങȂਣ಩ѕᢸ Нग़Ȃ௲ຜϠে໹໸ћмȃӔ౉ሃ஼धߞᑾપ᜹ങ ‫ۦڳ‬ሃѕᢸుচѽфᢸቿߞᑁஜȄहࠫӎըᑫࣷ‫ڟ‬ ᆊϘ‫ྻܠ‬௲ຜᑫࣷߤྻߞᣍಿ‫ވ‬уѽфԴᑫົϠົ ᄋӖӠߞѕᢸಽਜȂϵϘ‫ྻܠ‬є๴ᣍಿᅆК஼ጮᖘ ћмߞᒸᎷ۶ణඵȄ iTalkBB֯ऎȮ‫ߞا‬ᄱȯߞѹঋᝒׄ஥ȂԴᆊҍညч ԑඞᣍಿ಩ඞໜҊ‫׈‬Ҟᖔఀ‫ا‬েຜԑඞᣍಿ෩‫ߞڻ‬ ঵ ѡ $1๑ ল ᔍ ႏ ӡ ᔹ ෎ Ȃ ๑ Ԫ Ԣ Ȃ ব ന ൯ ‫ ڹ‬ӡ ໱Ȃֺ༎௙໱Ȅᢰఋٟգԇ֣ᑉዎȂᔌѕ‫ۦڳ‬ሃК สҭग़Ґຈ29ৎ஼ਛ۶Գ஡ߞᓐ‫ވ‬Հу๑নᅰ೭ ߞጄᎷȄ iTalkBBྲਛਲც႖ऎఋ෩‫ڻ‬Ғѡ๑নዥӇᑫࣷᄩ аȂКสҭग़Ґྲຈ29ৎ஼ਛ‫ݕ‬Գ஡ȂҞѽ‫ۦڳ‬ Ԣዹߞᅰ೭ጄᎷȂԓϵЙӡՇ຾੡ៗऻც႖ᗾϞ ԺϳȄiTalkBBྲਛਲც႖ȂЙᄊ‫ێ‬ҁცࠫгҦྻ գϘ֚ࠜߞᘳ᚟՜໱ȂϵЙྻᄊ஼ቫࠜ൉ც႖ҙ ྻംԩ‫ߞ׻ێ‬ԫఫְߞжៗዴȂҒѡ঍ᄑ‫ܠ‬ᛝ՜ ໱ Ȃ ٟ գ ᛝ ҳ ࠢ Ґ ໱ Ȅ ҩ ҳ Ȃ iTalkBBྲ ਛ ਲ ც ႖Ȃપգֺ໱К஼഼ӡၳፅȂ3ৎѡֺ໱К஼ߡያ ၳፅѽфҭᣉֺ໱഼ӡၳፅȂᢰఋቈԴКሂຈԳ ஡ߞᓐуᔌ੡ᔌԳߞў࠮ᗑᜭۖ‫ڗ‬ԴᑫࣷߞְȂ փѷ࣏ҪቮঋѾညԳҾ႖໱ӡȄiTalkBB‫ێ‬ᅁЙ཈ ᕒఋषᓿԢ੡ϵऎϞᕒఋў࠮ᗑᜭᓐϠȄՂ‫ލ‬ఋ ᅆ‫ا‬েߞಯࡡգԇ֣ߞᑉዎȂЙঋᇦȂ‫ا‬েգ30 ч‫ڹ‬ӡଡ଼ภ࠲ᝋȂᢰఋႏӡЙࠅᓿȂЙᆕྍҞѽ ԑᛝଡ଼ภȄ30чႏӡ‫ݚ‬ᓚȂiTalkBBྲცࠫऎఋϘ బࢢᠪНዎȄ

iTalkBB ෩‫ ڻ‬24 Ј੡ ×7 чߞֺ໱Кॻћᓙ႙‫އ‬சጤ። 1800 482 552 ‫࣏ݕ‬๳൙‫ا‬েߞᇨ૭ www.italkbb.com.auȂ௞Ϡ‫އ‬சȂ໭ѕࢽᐱȂ‫ڭ‬ѷӲ‫׈‬ҐϢȂٟգԇ֣ॗ‫ف‬নۘȊఋᘘ๘ᓢЦኃቁ ᇦੋ୓ߞც႖ዥӇ঎ඏጤ።‫א‬ȂϵҞѽۖ Carlingford Village Shopping CentreȞᇊᗜࠝࠝϾ ), ASHFIELD, EASTWOOD, HURSTVILLE ྲົ੩ܸຈᏚழᙇҝໜҊታۤന൯ȂҞѽֺҝ༎௙໱৺ ~Ȋ Ȯ‫ޟר‬ჲȯġ ॏಉዥጣġıijġĺijĹķġIJĹĹĹ ġ ॏಉӴ֭ġIJĴıĵİĴIJġŎŢųŬŦŵġŔŵĭġŔźťůŦź

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ᏵԪ೺Мॏಉџᕕு IJıĦ ᓺඏ

05


ዥᘈடᚠ

ཱིё‫ۃ‬ᐬࢸҺܾ‫ځܚ‬ᗊ ᖯ೐֍ຫࢇ‫ۺ‬Ϛᔖሆ೨

ᑫ ࣷ ᝋ ‫ۓ‬ ӹ ‫ݽ‬ ‫ݙ‬ Ђ ጁ

ћ0!ҏѐጡᒮഋ!!ᄦ0!Xinhua

ᐬσց‫ٳ‬ᜌ‫ڔ‬Һܾ‫ܚ‬ᇄཱིё‫ۃ‬Һܾ‫ܚ‬10Т25РғԒࡇշ஠ӫ‫ځ‬Ȅԃ‫ࣺݎ‬ᜰҺ ܾᕕு‫׳‬টȂࡸྱΰѿϴѧኵ໔ᒋ໔Ȃཱིԙҳ‫ޟ‬Һܾ‫ܚ‬஠ԙ࣏‫ٳ‬ЊӴୢ಑Π σᜌ‫ڔ‬Һܾ‫ܚ‬Ȅཱིё‫ۃ‬Һܾ‫ܚ‬ඪюȂо84ቇᐬϯ‫ޟ‬౪ߜ‫޶ڷ‬ಉԝᗊᐬσց‫ٳ‬ ᜌ‫ڔ‬Һܾ‫ܚ‬Ȅԃ‫ݎ‬ҺܾശತԙђȂ஠Ԥ຺ႆ2700ড়ϴѧӵཱིҺܾ‫ܚ‬ΰѿȂӵ ‫ٳ‬ЊӴୢ༉ԩܻӟ࡙‫ີ۝‬ᜌ‫ڔ‬Һܾ‫ܚ‬Ȅ ‫ٳ‬Њӫ‫ݍ ځ‬ՙᖒЙ ੲᑂ‫៉۝‬ȂྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬෩ҍѽُߵ48ᑫЮ՜ᘉ ᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ߵߞݙݽ‬ೈȂႵᑫӹ‫ݙ‬൵ྲ՜ጹኊ ࿕ኊ37ʦȄྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬௟ऎ՜ᘉُߵᑫӹ‫ߵݙ‬ ೈњѾ22ᑫЮ಩ࠛҳҐ3.473ߵ֋‫ߵڗ‬ೈȄᑫЂ‫׀‬ ‫ڲ‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬঵ਯே֖‫ֱᜲܡ‬પ•਄ᆬ෻഼ሲȂഺ ࣏‫֘ތ‬ў‫ی‬ৎЂгҦߞᓉԪȂഺዹЂഢጀߞԪ‫ࡈۀ‬ ‫ݙ‬ӏգȄҩҳȂթըԪ‫ۀ‬Ӆ༷ᖔఀᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᆾᇒൊ ࠝ۶гҦߵ‫زߞތ‬৞Ȅ֭਄ᆬ෻഼ሮऎȂ՜ᘉӦ᎛ Ϙ‫ྻܠ‬ᖔఀ഼ჅȄ ᑂఉȂᛕўౕؓԴ2011Ր೐ϟ‫࢘ܞ‬൵ೣ؆՘ӹ ‫ݽ‬ȂྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬঵ਯே֖‫ׅ੾୺ܡ‬෻•ֱֹᆬ௟ ՘ऎྲӹ‫ݙݽ‬ᗁ໗ȄϘ‫ڱ‬ж‫ޘ‬ϠЀሮऎȂ഼ჅԪ ‫ۀ‬ȂᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬Й֭Ҟѽফֲӹ‫ݽ‬໱ӡȂ փѷҞѽ‫כ‬є‫ࣷڲ‬ȃэ‫࣏֋ڽێ‬К஼ߞࢉїȂഺգ ‫ݺ׀‬ᑫࣷᝋ‫ۓ‬Ҿඞߞ๴ਣȄ ᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȞASXȟ൵՝Ӥ֜‫ݺ‬6ৎՍܹ ߞᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ԫ‫ۀ‬փ՘Ȃ1987Ր՘ӲᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᝋ ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȞգনгҦȟȂНࢢᘘ၃ᑢჅϘ‫ڀ‬ԕߞ‫ۀ‬ ᘉȂӫࡈգ2192њߵೈԴթ༟їϯҾȂᗁҾৃ 16500ኆЮȄ ྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȞSGXȟ࣏‫ڲ‬щԳ஡঵ਛ༰ᝋ‫ۓ‬фࠛ ᓉউӠಯࡡӹ‫ݺݽ‬Ϙᢜߞԋ྽ߵԊۘӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ȅ2000 Ր11ѡ23џ՘ऎ‫ڲ‬щԳ஡঵ਛ഼Ⴥг༟དྷߵ۶‫ټ‬དྷ ୨ழўՑϯҾߞӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȄྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ڗࡈߞݙݽ‬ऎྲ Ґ‫܂‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȂྲҐ‫܂‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬՘Ӳ‫ݺ‬1973Ր 5ѡ24џȂ1999Ր12ѡሃྲҐ‫܂‬஼ቫࠛᓉӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ԫ ‫ۀ‬՘ӲϞ಩ԴߞྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȄᅟѤ2010Ր1ѡȂ ྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ԓգ774њϯҾߵೈȂ‫ێ‬КϘҗԺऎ ྲҐ‫܂‬ӎԳгҦߵೈȂ150њऎК஼ߵೈȂ‫ێ‬᏶‫ڽ‬ ֋ѵध‫ێ‬ҁ஼ਛȄӫࡈྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ߞݙݽ‬൵Ђߵ‫࣏ތ‬ 㣵ᚳ቙֖ྲҐ‫܂‬ж֖Ȃࢺգ28%ߞߵԊȄ Ӓ౨Ιᡝ ‫ځ‬ᗊॳዘ ᎼϢϟϩϘѵ॔ȂѵधԧԳ࢝Ժᐾգఊϳᑢҫߞӹ ‫ؼ૾૾ݙݽ‬ᢏҁেߞߵᡋຕᅹȂӤѽ݀ߞ‫ټ‬Ϡۘ‫ݕ‬ ԪᄰۘᚼऎߵԊۘߞϯҾгҦȂ‫ڹ‬ҁেକԴԑಧࠛ ᓉҾඞឮߋџᆙӨጤмߞఐ㦑ϭȂԴႤࠛф୑சϯ գ‫ـ‬Ђߞዅ‫ݑ‬ᙖ҇྽சȄ‫ڼ‬ՂȂশสӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȃྲҐ ‫܂‬ᝋӹ‫ݙ‬ж‫ݺ־‬2000ՐϯҾȂ৖෶ᝋӹ‫ݙ‬ȃ޾ገ ӹ‫ݙݽ‬۶዇஼ᝋӹ‫ݙ‬ж‫ݺ־‬2001ՐϯҾȂૼ෻Ⴟ

06

ֹҾඞ۶߿Ґ৯஥ࡡӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ӻ‫ݺ‬2001ՐϯҾȂྲ ֘᠋ᝋӹ‫ݙ‬۶߿Ґ৯งӹ‫ݙ‬ϵж‫ݺ־‬2003Ր۶ 2005ՐϯҾȄഺ౻྾Գх࣍ҍԧԳߞӹ‫ݙݽ‬၃Џ ҍ಩ϞϯҾጤ጗Ȅ

ࢆֶ‫د‬৖෶ຕᇖൊ۶ຕᇖᇨԪ‫ۀ‬ऎ৖෶ຕᇖᇨȂ՘ ऎԑገࣷ൵ЂКҴຕᇖ‫އ‬சȄ؆՘Ϙ‫ڀ‬ԕ‫ۀ‬ᘉࣿஜ ߞ޾ገӹ‫ݙݽ‬ϯҾгҦߞᗁҾৃႿۖ2ေ9ϼኆग़ ЮȂ࣏ည੡ѵधϯ೐УЂᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ȅ

ᔌ຾ࠛᓉ֖྽ԑಧмߞ་຀џᆙಎϢȂ১ӎ௄‫ݺ‬ӎ ԳҾඞߞԳў‫ݑ‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫᝱࢝ݙݽ‬ԓ‫ݚ‬ᑉ୓ႭԳாߞ ࠛᓉӹ‫ݽ‬྽சȂᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬हТН༡഼Ⴥ‫ۀ‬ᘉᅁ಩ ྽சታா‫ݤ‬ਣ՘ऎϘᇌ጗ࣹȄԴცЄмӹ‫ݽ‬ϭȂӹ ‫ݙݽ‬Դ؆՘‫ظ‬ႤცЄмߞനࣉࢢϘଠҪቮѾҍ࢝ь ߞ᝝ቫ՘ӎ࠮କ؆՘ӹ‫ݽ‬Ȃӹ‫࣏ݙݽ‬Ϙৎᐾգഢጀ ၃ᕻߞ֖྽Ȃ၃ᕻഢጀߞᙖЂЙඏЙྻ҄ӹ‫ߞݙݽ‬ ՘ӎЂኧȂхփ‫ـ‬գ‫ظݺ׀‬Ⴄ߰་֖ӹ‫ݽ‬Ȃ҄ӹ‫ݽ‬ ༓ኧҐȂգׄิֲ໴ᎱਮኊȂኧҐߵԊߞ഼ࣹ༓Ȃ Ӻ‫ߵڹ‬Ԋߞӹ՜Ѝ֯‫ـ‬Ґᅰ༶Ȅ

ᖯ೐֍ຫ Ϛᔖሆ೨ ᘵ๒ӹ‫ۀݙݽ‬ᘉ࣏ӫࡈ஼ቫࠛᓉधߞল጗Ȃ࣏֭ྲ Ґ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬՜ᘉᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ߞݙݽ‬ᗝஜᘘ࣏҄ ϠྏۖྍҳȄಿ‫ݙ‬۹ߢȂྲҐ‫܂‬ϠϾ཈ऎᑫࣷߞұ жНϘȂGDP࣏ᑫࣷߞУжНϘȄྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ ϯҾߵೈᗁҾৃॗ6500ኆग़ЮȂ཈ऎᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᝋ ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ߞݙݽ‬წᔝȞᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ϯҾߵೈᗁ Ҿৃॗ1.65ေኆग़ЮȟȂ࢝‫ށ‬ᢖ࣏ᗮഏ‫׌‬໪НཕȄ փѷȂ৘‫ߞۀ‬࿕ኊ඼࢘௟ࠕ40%Ȃ֭ྲҐ‫܂‬ሃᑫЂ ‫ڲ׀‬ӹ‫ۀݙݽ‬ᘉࢢߞ‫۝‬Ԣੜᕕࡒ᝱ѽ֤঍ȂՂ‫ލ‬ٟ գ‫ێ‬ҁަႤߞ႖ȂྲҐ‫܂‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬՜ᘉ؆՘НࢢȂ֤ ঍Ӳ‫ے‬ঋ൝Ϣ঑ႤಯߞߐᅗȄՂթ‫؛‬Ցߞ՜ᘉȂକ ‫׎‬՘ґ་֖ᅁԴৃఀᆷயȄ

ԑಧ၃ᕻϘᢜмӺൄබϞ‫ـ‬Ժԋ྽ᅆԺԳϯҾߞቮ ِȂԑಧ၃ᕻߞџᆙᓉԪ҄໸‫ڽ‬໸Ժԋ྽ౕؓᎏҍ ӎ஼Ȃ་কઔҳҾඞȂփЂ࡭Ⴍ஼ԋ྽ߞ྽ச‫ـ‬჆ ֶѵधԧԳȄऎϞႿۖߋۤႤࠛȃᖔఀЙԢറᅋߞ ୑சቮِȃ෩п஼ቫߢԩ࢘ȃѽфऎ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰෩‫ڻ‬త ࠕ24Ј੡໴Ꮁ੡ࣱຈӫዾȂ࢝Ժԋ྽‫ౕؓ׮‬Դઔ ҳϯҾȄᅆԋ྽փ‫ڏ‬ȂԢ੡ᑾӲతៈԧԳߞӹ‫ݽ‬ ‫ݙ‬ȂቮঋࠅЂ༓ߞ֖ࣆ໱ӡ۶੡༡Жକᆕ‫ږ‬ԺԳߞ ϯҾঋِȄՂ‫ލ‬ԧ஼ᝋӹ‫ݙ‬Ԫ‫ۀ‬Ȃ‫ڤ‬ኃҁে࠮Ҫቮ ঋᕕѾϘ༡ᝋӹ‫ߞݙ‬ঋِȂЂЂิьϞႭ஼ϯҾߞ ՘ӎȂ҄Ԫ‫ߞࢢۀ‬ӹ‫ـݙݽ‬ਟ‫כݽ‬є஼ቫ‫ݑ‬ԋ྽ϯ ҾȂ‫ڭ‬Դ‫۝‬Ԣੜᕕϭᖔఀ‫ـ‬Ժߞ՜ૈȄ Դӎը‫ڲ‬щԪ‫ۀ‬НࡈȂ൵຾ԩߞϘըԪ‫૸࣏ۀ‬ॗᝋ ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ሃ޾ገӹ‫ߞݙݽ‬ग़ገԪ‫ۀ‬Ȅ2006ՐȂ૸ ॗᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ᕝీ዇஼ӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ȃ௟޾ገӹ‫ݙݽ‬՜Ϣ ᅮ ϭ Ȃ ଈ Ⴄ 102ኆ ग़ Ю Ȅ Ӓ Ց Ԫ ‫ ۀ‬՘ ऎ NYSE EuronextȂ঵ৎԑಧ‫ߞݑ‬ᝋ‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȄԪ‫ߞࢢۀ‬ӹ ‫ݙݽ‬௟‫د‬ԑಧᗁൊനԴѐᐌ۶ࠠ‫ܒ‬෻પМȂ૸ॗࡋ Ъ࣏ग़஼ߞᗁൊ‫ݙ‬ԴȄ

թҳȂ‫ڹ׈‬Йւዋӹ‫ݽ‬ӎ‫ߞڗ‬Ԫನ‫ݑ‬Ȃᑫࣷࣆܹ࣏ ‫׎‬බᕕႍ‫ز‬৞թ༵ӹ‫ݽ‬۸ȉ࢝ᢖ๒Ȃᝋӹ‫࣏ݙ‬Ϙৎ ஼ਛࠛᓉ૩ؔߞদঋዽ૸ȂՂ‫ލ‬Й࣏஼ϧྋЈ๑ం ֋֖၃ᖉȂϫ‫߰ݕ‬ᔛᗜ૔ಯࢧِ՜ᘉȂ࣏ທᅆЙᕕ ႍቅ‫ݽ‬ധϠߞȄԴഺўবȂশสգࠧ௱দঋߞ၃ ᢚȄশสӹ‫ݙݽ‬Դ2000Ր؆՘ߵԊмϯҾ੡Ȃۘ ঎Ϟ‫ز‬৞ӹ‫ݙݽ‬фຕᇖ‫ݙ‬Ԫ‫ߞۀ‬౧‫ڼ‬ȂѷჰനϞඏ Ϙߵ‫ߵࢺތ‬ϯনऎ5%ഢ‫ܠ‬Ȃӫߞ࣏‫ڨ‬Ѥশสӹ‫ݽ‬ ‫ۖۦݙ‬ඏϘЂߵ‫ތ‬ಝۘȂփ዆ᠩӎสұЂ၃ᕻњࣗ ֖྽НϘߞࠛᓉ྽๴ਣȄশสӹ‫ݙݽ‬ϯҾћԆԕ ‫ށ‬ȂՂၭ‫ڰ‬؊ᜃᆷԇ֣ߵ‫ތ‬ф‫ێ‬ᗑᜭϠࢺߵ໹჈ 5%Ȃգᡋ௟ߵ‫ܠތ‬ऎȶনۘϠЀȷȂ‫ⲽڭ‬ᄳգᝯ ߵ‫ތ‬Դߵ‫ྻތ‬ϯߞ‫ظ‬ೈᡋȄԴၭ‫ڰ‬؊ೡ՘ўবϯȂ 13ԩၭ‫ڰ‬؊՘৶КȂ୵֖ࣆᗁ໗ऎည๒ನ‫ڰ‬ҳȂգ 6ԩၭ‫ڰ‬Ӥࣆܹ܎ԇȂҩ6ԩၭ‫ڰ‬Ӥߵ‫ތ‬ᓴᗝಯӠȂ х࣍สӹ‫ݙ‬ϯҾࢢЪ‫ܹࣆۦ‬ᆾఠф༷ኹ֖гಿയ ԇȄҞ‫ڍ‬Ȃ࠲᠕ӎԳࠛᓉՉԑȂ࣏ࣆܹদঋയԇȄ

ജ՜ᘉߞ޾ገӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ȃӎ‫ߞڗ‬՘ࠜჅ຀Ȃϵ࣏ᝋ‫ۓ‬ ӹ‫ݙݽ‬Ԫ‫ۀ‬๴ਣߞϘৎፑӎȄ2000Ր3ѡȂѐᐌȃ ҿᐆཫᆬ۶ࠠ‫ܒ‬෻પМ໠‫ۓ‬ӹ‫ֶࢆݙݽ‬Ԫ‫ۀ‬՘޾ገ ӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȇ2002Ր1ѡȂ޾ገӹ‫ݙݽ‬՘ґ՜ᘉ৖෶஼ ቫࠛᓉงറงᡋӹ‫ߵݙݽ‬ԊգনгҦȂԢՐ2ѡϫ ԓ՜ᘉၬ່Ѱӹ‫ݙݽ‬ȇ2003Ր12ѡȂ޾ገӹ‫ݙݽ‬

ࠛᓉ֖྽ԑಧмయஜᝋӹ‫ۀݙ‬ᘉȂ࣏Դ‫ߞֺ᝱ݙ‬ᘌ ཕȂ֭ᅆ‫ݺ‬ᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ഺዹ֋ሮȶКຈϧ༓ȞMiddle Powerȟȷߞ஼ਛ‫ڽ‬ሲȂ࣏‫׎‬ᕕႍ‫ױ‬໛֋Ўߞࠛᓉዽ ૸ജҳ஼՜ᘉ۸ȉપ‫־‬ညഺৎ՜ᘉ߰཈཈‫֋ڽ‬Ϙৎዅ ϱਫ஼Ȃ࣏‫׎‬ᕕႍ኶ྕւዋȂᘖֺജϘ੡ߞ၃ᕻ‫ૈ׀‬ ላ֝ೀဗȂ‫ڹ‬ᑫࣷࠛᓉ྽ߞࠜง๴ਣ൝ϢജஜȄ


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௴೤ȃእМʟԧງ ყʟҥೝ೤‫ޱ‬ඪ‫ټ‬

ӵങᏕ֗‫٘ޟ‬ΰȂ‫ר‬ঈ‫܃ם‬џоࣼ‫ڍڗ‬এኇυȈࠉ‫࢐ޱ‬೨ӻᏭା‫ޟޱ‬ ᕻኇȂᏵᙤՌϏ‫ޟ‬Ј፭‫ڷ‬༕Ꮽӵώཾ೩ॎ೻ߞϚЊ࣏Ρ‫ܚ‬ᕣ၌‫ޟ‬டཾ ሴ୿໠ഺΟΙа឴ܻՌϏ‫ޟ‬ЈӴȇࡣ‫࢐ޱ‬ϚЍཱིಋҕ‫ޟ‬ᕻኇȂӰ࣏ড় ৳‫ޟ‬ӰશȂܹήΟෆင‫ޟ‬ᎃྵȂ‫ڗپ‬ᐬࢸ೻а५ҡ‫ޟ‬πӴΰȂӵ౪ᄂ ᇄ౩དϞ໢ֆΨӴ‫ײ‬൶๿ཱི‫ޟ‬ҁᒋᘈȊ

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01 ೩ॎ‫ޟ‬Йᐠ 02 ౯౯ᇙᇙЉஏঃ 03 ୤ᇄ೩ॎ‫ޟ‬ΰ੕‫ء‬ٙി‫ސ‬ᓢϛ୽ᓢ 04 ୤ᇄ೩ॎ‫ءޟ‬ٙി‫ސ‬ᓢ‫ו‬ᢈ 05 ୤ᇄ೩ॎ‫ءޟ‬ٙി‫ސ‬ᓢ౪ൟ

ჲདՌ‫ڋ‬ਢ໠ۖଔ૞ 80ࢢߞ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ҍӠ‫ݺ‬ϯઔȂ‫ۦ‬ѭᏅߞᚤ൜ȂՁ֋ Јබඈᡌᜱ๪ȄԴည੡ߞϯઔົЋग़੭ȃЍ᜹ग़੭ ۶ϯЂग़୰࣏ᄀ‫ږ‬փӲߞϬЂ௞྽ग़ങ୰੭Ȅৣϯ КᐯϘՐૺߞ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ϘџԴඡ૽ϯऻۖົЋग़੭༟ ᓱϞϘৎ྽᏶ग़ങ୊ፚ઱Ȃᘵሲ࣏྽᏶ߞȂ֭ిఱ ߞаਟ۶୊ፚߞጀՑ㤯Ъ࣏हညӒ‫ߞܟ‬ᐯ୰ँႮ ЄȂᅆ‫ݺ‬ᒝӇ೛ᅁߞੲ௄࢝գՀ഍Ȃ‫࣏ݺ‬Ȃ൘ᐔ‫ז‬

࠮ҴِϞѭᓐঋҝඡԩϯ᎝ȂӀџ㡯Դᐯ੭ϯ᎝Ȃ ۹Ӑ࠮ҝ୊ፚ઱ᐯ๪՘Ϟ൘ᐔ‫ܠ۽ߞז‬ӠࣿȄԴ୊ ፚ઱ߞџЄȂ൘ᐔ‫َുז‬ਣ಩Ϟ֋Ўᜱ๪ߞчᎬȂ తാႯૺȂۖϞϬՐૺߞ੡৏ȂՁԴࢽᐱցਰߞՉ వЬ೜ϭҝۖົЋग़੭௞྽ᐯӠߞ઱ૺϯ᎝Ȃ۶‫ڤ‬ ‫ڱ‬ᐯӠϘ୓࿤൯‫ڭ‬ணҐϞԧᇌԧዹߞѧᘈȄՁߞ֯ ࡡᖔጨȃജਣҍߞఐ㦑੡գ๴ӠȂᅆ‫ݺ‬Րьߞ൘ᐔ

໠ᄍР෈ ijĺİIJıİijıIJıġ࢑෈ϤġήϿķਢ ૯ᘈ‫!࡟ܣ‬Ᏽ࢛Σൟ Ӵᘈ The Church & Hall of Wesley Church 2-6 Oxford St, Box Hill

৤юР෈ ĴıİIJıİijıIJıġ࢑෈РġՍ ıĶİIJIJİijıIJıġ࢑෈Ϥ Ӵᘈ The Foyer of Wesley Church 2-6 Oxford St, Box Hill

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‫ڽז‬ሲȂഺ࣏ϘᇌംЂߞᑬᔽȂ๑‫؛‬КኧҐϞՁ௟ ग़ങ֯ऎ֋Ўџࢢߞ௞྽ўԨߞ֋ࠫѕ۶ி‫ܠ‬ϧȄ ࠐКಲ྽НࢢȂԴᒸᎷྑՀ۶ऎ௟‫ڽ‬ᓴᑄϘ౧‫ـ‬Հ ᓖӠНႮߞᛕদ֯ӡϧϭȂ൘ᐔ‫ז‬་ϢЍ᜹ग़੭ߞ ዃ‫៷ט‬዆௞྽බᡝȞԴ‫ڤ‬੡ഺ࣏Ϙࠝྲᒸߞȃ࢝Հ ‫ر‬Ѝ֯ϵहညᘇᓿߞ௞྽ȟȄ ‫ا‬ে௱ሲȂϠӠߞႽႮ࣏ϘَϘَᏛබߞȂᅆ‫ݺ‬൘ ᐔ‫ז‬փ‫ڏ‬ȂࠐКϬՐߞग़ങ୊ፚ઱ຜϞՁ๑ѧ೛ᅁ ߞ௞྽ग़ങನᎢ۶ᜱ๪‫ث‬କȇᚚ੭ұՐߞዃ‫៷ט‬዆ ௞྽༟ᘮϞՁߞೀधȂᚳනϞՁߞ൹ྲྍᝊȂᢰՁ ᅆ‫ݺ‬ᕕӡग़ങգϞ‫ـ‬ಎኸըߞతៈ۶ನႋȄ‫࣏ݺ‬Ȃ Ѝ྽ന঍——ഺੈᢰՁ૭ԴӫࡈϠӠ‫ڰ‬྽൤ਪߞЂ ࠝԴЙߢЙះКജ༟ ϞȊ ώཾ೩ॎȈ‫׽‬ᡐ‫࢐ޟ‬Ρ‫ޟ‬ҡࣀಬᄛ ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ᅆ‫ߏڰྲݺ‬գ຾௻ધߞՀ‫܈‬ѕȂഺϘᙇԴ࢝ Ђ຀࢘ϯ዆ᠩϞՁ൵ೣᓴᑄ་Ϣϯઔᕕӡ‫ث‬ങᐯ୰ බᡝЍ྽ന঍௞྽Ȟႍ੭ႍ௞྽঵‫ܨ‬ᐯӠȟȄည ੡ȂЍ྽ന঍ԴК஼Ђ൙ৣৣ୓َȂ൘ᐔ‫ז‬૯‫ڏ‬Ձ েည੡ߞిॊ੩ҪգϘӎȂঋ‫ر‬हᝯߞႤਫ਼Ҫକ‫ݸ‬ ೀ஼ҳȄҞѽഺዹሲȂᄊ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ഺዹߞࠦՐЍ྽ന ঍ਰেȂ࣏֡ᔌ຾К஼Ђ൙Ѝ྽ന঍ുَ՘ࠜ୓‫ڽ‬ ߞϘ҃ȂՁেߞᅤ૶۶༟‫ݤ‬ȂऎЍ྽ന঍ԴК஼Ђ ൙ՂЫߞ՘ጢ๴ਣ୒ឥϞЙҞᒐ࿝ߞϧ༓Ȅ ‫ێ‬ᅁᅆ‫ٿݺ‬ൣतኃ࣏Ѝ྽ന঍ȂहࠫЙьϠЙत‫ށ‬ ᖢȂգ‫ڱ‬ϠះఀҹԢӀবന঍ٟ↉஡‫־‬Ȃգ‫ڱ‬Ϡϫ ྻ‫د‬ҹԢ࢙ᒝന঍પ‫࢈࣏־‬аന঍ྣ಄Ȃ֌‫ݺ‬஼ቫ Ѝ྽ന঍‫ྻ۝‬ನ‫ྻڰ‬ȞICSID) ᅆ‫ݺ‬Ѝ྽ന঍ߞ‫ܠ‬ ၍Ȃᘵ๒ࠑ‫ށ‬Ϟ࿄݇ፑ᜞㤯ॎᢖЙҍᅁᎳȈȶබ‫ز‬ ༓Ӡಯߞಯࡡփ‫ڏ‬Ȃᐴᚣ୊ፚȃ‫ث‬ങߢᝊȃ၃ᢚф ໛ះྏ‫ۦ‬փᎬП‫ل‬ਫ਼ȃຕᅹȃ‫؛‬ᅗȃ֒௾ȃࠑবҐ ЍѽфႅჹѽྲߞࡡᎳ۶Ⴄ੾ȷȄ ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ႋ៖ȂЍ྽ന঍ంዃ၍ϯᚎඏփ‫࣏ڏ‬ȶᅆಯ ࡡߞϘᇌ൹ྲȂѹঋ࣏ґକϯߞȷȂѽјᑟऎ‫ڼ‬Ȃ ంࢷᘣᢏ՘ៈᅤࢍȂంᚙሏᢏ՘࿣ሏ‫ొݕ‬ᚼሏȂం ࢝ࡓߞЂᒑՑᢏ՘໹ᗠՑຈຈȄգ‫ڱ‬Ϡ‫ݕ‬ധྻሮऎ ࣏ҳᣍϯߞȂЙჅ൘ᐔ‫ࠑז‬ӯȂȶҳᣍϯߞᢏмҪ ࣏Ϙᇌ࠳་ઐ໱ߞјࣱȷȂЍ྽ന঍ԴంԺўবᆕ

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‫ږ‬Ϡেᅆ‫ݺ‬ӠࣿߞቮِߞԢ੡‫ؼ‬ᢏϞϠেᅆ‫ݺ‬Ӡࣿ ߞ೫ᅚȂԴЍ྽ന঍КȂȶᅁӡ‫ݑ‬Ӗቈ࣏೐Ϙ֜ ߞȷȊऎϞ་Ϙَᅆ‫ا‬ȶబߠȷȂ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ϫᗝϞϘ ৎՁӇЍ੡ߞ‫ڼ‬ЄȄЂᐯϟȃϬՐૺߞ੡৏Ȃ൘ᐔ ‫ז‬ฅ௞ࠝऎϘ༡Ѫ෿гҦന঍ᙚ‫ݸ‬Ѫ෿ߞܺਲ਼Ȃ ȶُϘৎѪ෿Ѝ᜹ࡡȂᅆ‫ܺݺ‬ਲ਼ߞঋِൌ࣏ЙԢ ߞȂՀѧऎϠᔝന঍ܺਲ਼බЙକന঍՘՛ጹߐȂՀ ֬ᔠϯНߏȂ҄Ϡ᝱ѽత‫ۦ‬Ȅഺዹߞന঍බ៳‫ݺ‬Ѝ ྽ന঍ညКߞપઅന঍ȷȄ

ѹȂ֋Ўࢨኃϵఀஇᙇ‫֘ތ‬ҍ‫ڽ‬ȷȄ‫࣏ݺ‬Ȃ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ Ԑࢢ‫ی‬ըணҐϞϯઔ஼ቫЍ྽ൾ᠓ྻȂᔝϘըߞ֯ ࡡ࣏ϘৎొᚼՑգሏც෧ਲ਼ȞӡྍԴ‫ڨݺ‬ѤЈࢅЄ ៈဥѽኧ௻Չԑ‫ݑ‬ȟȇࢢϘըߞ֯ࡡ࣏ᕕࣙዄўঋ ِന঍ߞ‫׈‬௟‫ظ‬ಯߞ‫כ‬ၧᑟȂൌᖔఀϞጨ༵ȄՁԢ ੡ᘘணҐϞȶ‫ތ‬ўН࣐ȷК஼ЂᐯӠന঍ЂᘈȂന ঍ߞҞ՜‫ݸ‬ೊஜ࡭щ༧କጤѪᐡȞ൵Ђ຀࢘ߞิь Ϟᅆщ༧‫ߞޕ‬ᒐྫȟ۶180࢘ѪᆍরፐȞ๑Ꭲরᠩ ੜ‫ލ‬ᘘ࣏ҳᣍൌ๑ўԨ؊ন‫ݑ‬ȟϵൌᖔఀϞጨ༵Ȅ ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ႋ៖ȂُϘըߞന঍Ȃ‫ࠧڭ‬Ҫ࣏գৎҞѽԴ ᄦ૽ϯ๪ҍ‫ߞڽ‬൹ྍ‫ڤ‬ኃᚎඏȂُϘৎಯࡡȂՁൌ ቮঋ௟‫ێ‬ȶЂۢϣུȷȂѿ೟ु‫ٿ‬аൊߞᅹൄ۶Ⴛ ֯১ನȂ࢝Ժ੡৏ᘘቮঋԢЍ຀ਰԪ֯Ȃх෇ߞु ‫ٿ‬൹ྍߞҞ֖‫ݑ‬۶ᅁӡ‫ݑ‬ȂϘըϫϘըԳႏᢚ۶‫ؼ‬ ་Ȃᅆ൘ᐔ‫ז‬փ‫ڏ‬Ȃഺ࣏Ϙৎᘵ๒‫ࡒॴڙ‬ጄԴ‫ێ‬К ߞჅ຀Ȅ

Ϙ᝝ӇЍϘ᝝ᐯ೫ߞჅ຀КȂ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ሮᝊϞϯઔൾ ߏᔡߞϘԩᐯ߰Ȃ‫ڭ‬༟‫ܕ‬ϞԴൾߏᔡߞЍ֯ȄЍ྽ ന঍۶ൾߏᔡȂϘৎྲ጗ȃϘৎҟ᚞ȂഺԴҳ֖Ϡ ೀКऻ֬ȶϣॏЄӇЙۖϘ഍ȷȂ㤯࣏ຜ൘ᐔ‫ז‬Դ ‫ێ‬Ѝ྽ന঍Ӡ౾КϯϞપઅߞϘ᎝ȂᢰՁతៈۖЂ ༓ߞहᝯߢᝊȂ‫ێ‬Кգ࢝Ժ࣏Йᅆҳг༟ߞൾߏᔡ ന঍ўবߞഢࡋႤਫ਼Ȅ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ԴഺϘ੡งȂᐯۖߞ ൵Ժߞබ࣏ᝯ‫ݺ‬ਣӯߞߢᝊ۶ਣሂߞന঍ȄԴ෼഼ Ϡऻ‫ڽ‬Ȃਣӯ๑ҳѼබ࣏‫د‬ћߏ‫ݸ‬ԴϘৎ൅‫ߞށ‬ᙢ Є㡯ຜணᣍ߰ऻȂٟ↉‫ث‬ങҞ‫ڏ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬ᅁЙ๒Ȅ൘ᐔ ‫ז‬ᗝ‫ڼ‬ႋ៖ȂȶԴൾߏᔡߞ᎜Ժዾ࿤Кգᅆ‫ݺ‬ઈ৏ ўবߞঋِȂ୵Ϟ࢈ҳߞЂઈ৏Ȃᘘգ࢈аߞЈઈ ৏Ȃᅆ‫ݺ‬ЯധԺьϠࣹ་ϢഺϘߩ༡Жକ࠲ᝋႍߩ ༡аߞᖅ࢘ȃ࿢࢘۶ࠪ࢘Йᅆਣࡡൄ՘Ꮃᢏྫ᛼Ȃ գ຾ទ੾ߞনۘȄ‫ڼ‬Ղ౻‫ށ‬ϯޫᄦ࣏Ϙ඼हညࠜߞ ऒᎳ֯ࡡȂᅆ‫ݺ‬࿢࢘ȃᖅ࢘ȃԍ࿰ຈൌգપઅߞঋ ِȂऎ‫ێ‬ന၉ߞਣᙢӅ༷գϘ‫ߞܠ‬ѧ‫ڼ‬Դনۘணᣍ ߰ᅆћߏతៈߞԢ੡‫ـ‬ՀԳཇያҍਣࡡߞࠫਿȂൌ ࣏࢝գᗾ‫ߞٿ‬Ȃփഺ‫ڱ‬ൌ៳‫ݺ‬Ѝ྽ന঍ߞፑ᜞ȷȄ ం༟‫ܕ‬ᐯ೫Ѝ྽ന঍Н੡Ȃ൘ᐔ‫ז‬බ༟‫ܕ‬ணҐԧᇌ ѧᘈȂϵ൙൙᠈᠈ᖔఀϞЙьጨ༵ȄԴ᎜Ժߞணᘈ ၃ᑢКȂ൘ᐔ‫ࠑז‬ӯգϘৎ࣏ϩжપ‫ߞ־‬Ȃȶ‫ڤ‬Й ࣏‫ا‬ന঍Ⴥߞ൵Հߞ֯ࡡȂ֭㤯Ҟᇖఀϯ࣏‫ا‬ന঍ ϠӠߞϘৎদঋᚼ‫ض‬ᙇȷȄԴК஼Ђ൙ߞ୼ຈ୰੭ КȂൌգೡᚐᐯӠணҐԧᇌѧᘈంփऎᐯ੭ෳԩߞ ᅚ‫ڼ‬Ȃ֭࢝‫ְأ‬බྻ๴಩Ȃ֋ЎࠅϞѕ֕؆՘त֌ ൵ೣᖔጨߞ֯ࡡȂ၌ߞ㤯Й࣏֋ЎߞԩՄȂቲգϘ ᇌȶᕒՁϠஇཹ֗ȷߞᕌ؉Ȅ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ϵ၃ᑢϞԢዹ ߞ๑‫܉‬ȂՁಎಎԳះఀȂȶന঍Ϙ‫ܠ‬ঋѽ႕ᅁऎ

ཱིᕗც!౩ད࢐֏ᗙོ᝷៉ ൘ᐔ‫ྑߞז‬ϠԴᑫࣷం‫֖ڈిڰ‬྽ЏգՀ‫ڱ‬ՐϞȂ ҍ‫ݺ‬ਛਲԯ૵ւ༓Ȃ൘ᐔ‫ݸז‬ϭϞ஼аሐሐџϯߞ ‫ڰ‬྽Ȃ‫ݺ‬2006Ր‫ۖڽ‬ᑫࣷȄԢധԺྲೊӔϘዹȂ ࠐ‫ڽ‬ѺۖߞЙᏋᕕ࣏हည‫ށ‬ᢖߞȂ১ӎே๪ຊྣന ঍ߞј಩Դ㤯Ҫକஇ຾ግࣾߞࣿ঍Ȃѕ㡯ߞၢਮԴ ‫ֺ᝱ݙ‬Ȅ ᅆ‫ݺ‬಩Դߞ൘ᐔ‫ז‬փ‫ڏ‬ȂᙚԴবࡈߞႽႮգ‫ی‬ ౧ȈϘ࣏ҝᐯ੭ిग़ങȂϟ࣏ា᠈ಎൄྣന঍Ȅ Դ࢝ԺϠऻ‫ڽ‬Ȃࡈ߰գЙᓾߞ՜ϢȂُՐϵգ‫ږ‬ ௉ߞՐ஄ҞѽԃਿȂ࣏ѧႵՉᜦߞᓴᑄȇࢢ߰‫ݕ‬ Ҟգ࢝ԍ‫ࡈߞށ‬൉Ȃ֭ӏߢዴѧႵЂȂऻ֬ѧႵ ࡂᔍȄЙჅȂ൘ᐔ‫ז‬૯‫ڏ‬ȶஇന঍ߞঋ෷ྐ෷ ᛐȂం‫ڽ‬ൌЙ࣏ᔌჃփՉߞৎ‫ݑ‬Ȅ‫֣ـ‬㦑ȂՂ‫ލ‬ Ҫ࣏ҍ‫ݺ‬ऎӠࣿፘϾߞӫߞփ‫ݸ‬ౢ֋ЎϘߡѽ‫ڽ‬ ᘨྑߞ‫֘ތ‬Ȃ‫ݸ‬ౢգҞକᅁ಩ನྐߞᑟྻȂ‫ڤ‬џ ࢢϘ‫੄ࢢྻܠ‬۶᝱ჅߞȊȷ҄Ϡ୼ᒸߞ࣏Ȃබӫ ࡈߞఐ޶փ‫ڏ‬Ȃ൘ᐔ‫ז‬ា᠈ᄱྐߞЂࠝ‫ڭ‬ٟգᅆ ՁᝯൕȂՁߞന঍ЖକԴഺ㡯ϵఀۖϞሮԢȄ൘ ᐔ‫ࠑז‬ӯȂຈϘз๾๾Չ‫ܠ‬ϭ‫ڽ‬Ȃ֋ЎӇᇖྻদ ࠔ੭ཀྵಎൄȂᑫࣷߞЍ྽ന঍ታாहႵ஼а‫ـ‬ऎ ՘ጢȂգ຾ᅁ಩ᄱྐߞ๑নҞକ‫ݑ‬Ȋ

09


ּቸΡЖ

06

Ȫࡣ଄ȫ‫ا‬েൌߢႽȂ࢝Ժ੡৏ȂԴ಩ᅁߞᕅϧϭȂிࢺ֋ЎߞನྐທࠧϘԆਟ‫ڰߞݽ‬ȄԴ۶൘ ᐔ‫ߞז‬ӹ᎘КȂ‫ا‬ᅆ‫ݺ‬Ѝ྽ന঍ߞನႋᢏఀ‫ـ‬ऎ‫ۍ‬ᢜ۶‫؛‬໪мϞȂЙᎢ࣏Ձ֋Ўߞ֯ࡡᘘ࣏Ձह ᝯߞ՜᚟Ȃ‫ݙ‬ਣ಩Դ‫ا‬বࡈߞȂ࣏Ϙৎ҇ᆕϞૠ‫ߞ܈‬ѵधȄ‫ا‬ାѕԳౕؓȂԴᑫࣷഺѯԑྲߞϿ ԳϯȂՁҞѽ‫ر‬ඵۖྲߞᢸྏȂܼ᠈֋Ўߞന঍ᄱྐ۶Ӡ‫ۻ‬Ȃា᠈ऎഺৎૠ‫ߞ܈‬ѵध౹ᒑҐӞȂ ୒ឥϧ༓Ȋ

10

07

06 ۷ᆋ‫ޟ‬༾༾‫ڷ‬᝘᝘ 07 ౳ཾᕕዩ೩ॎ֜ဨᐠ


୺ଝᗁ၃ನᓐᗜࠜࠦ੠Ⴜჴጨ ᜳ᜽ᑧᑧ⒫᪑ᨴᛵ᲌᪓ᩩ⚼∿ ଻‫پ‬ՙ‫ٳ‬Ꮉᐬσց‫ٳ‬ᆰӻց‫ٳ‬ᇄ༱඼଻ѻ‫ٳ‬ᖂင౩! Giles Gilbert ܻРࠉள๿Ισ‫؂‬ᘀ߆Ȃ டแ‫ڗپ‬ᏎѿϛЖӪᆸႃᙿ‫ߧߝޟ‬ਡၽϴѧȂଚ๝ߝߧီ‫྆ߝٱ‬छ఼ЊҁಡρȂઢຳߝߧ ਡၽӔԩᄸᕕ଻૞‫ޟ‬ശଽଓᝦዩȄᇄтӣ‫ޟپ‬ᗙԤਡၽࡊИᜰ߽င౩!Steve AlysandratosȄ ߝߧਡၽӵᏎᅭҏഺ࡚о‫پ‬Ȃԑԑ഍ᕕ଻૞‫ޟ‬ശଽዩȂ߳ࡻ“ߝԑߝߧ”‫ޟ‬Ӵ՝Ȃ࿋୰‫!ڗ‬ Giles Gilbert ᖂင౩ᗙ଄ுߝߧᕕႆඁԑശଽዩਢȂтર๿ᇳȈ٥࢐ԁӻԑΟȂ‫ר‬ᗙ‫ؠ‬Ԥ ௃ዉࢸ፡‫ڗ‬Ꮞᅭҏ‫ޟ‬ਢঐȂߝߧϐԞ൷ؐԑᄸᕕശଽଓᝦΟȄᆗ‫پ‬ϐ‫”ߧߝ“ڷ‬ӣྑȂᐌΪ ϲԑΟȊ

Giles Gilbertөߝߧਡၽ‫྆ޟ‬छ఼ီ‫ߝٱ‬Ȃᛳറᖂင౩Ⴕዩӫኇ

ߝߧਡၽߝ෈‫଻ڷپ‬૞߳ࡻᆧ஝Єԁᜰ߽Ȃӓӣᄇᐬ ࢸ‫پ଻ڷ‬ՙ‫ޟٳ‬ਡၽཾี৤հюΟֆΨȂ‫ڗڧ‬Ο଻૞ ‫ޟ‬ϷѴ१ຜȂӰԪ೻ԩ!Giles Gilbert ᒑՌΰߞөߝߧ ီ‫྆ߝٱ‬छ఼‫ڷ‬ᖂင౩“ᛳറ”ၾຳȂ‫ٮ‬ଽᑹӴΙଔ੼ ኇȄӣਢ଻૞ᗙዩᓾ๝ߝߧ‫ڍ‬஻Ꮞᅭҏ‫پ଻ڗ‬ՙ‫ٳ‬ӡ ໪‫پޟۃ‬ӱᐠಉȂоཐᗂ‫ڷ‬ઢຳߝߧԑԑᄸᕕശଽଓ ᝦዩȄ‫ٮ‬ઢ᜹ߝߧนԃߝߧᐙȂԑԑߝߧȂЕሴਡၽ ཱིዘȂ࣏ᐬࢸ‫پ଻ڷ‬ՙ‫ޟٳ‬ਡၽཾհю‫؁‬σଓᝦȊ

КႿ঴ࡡߔ‫ڊ‬ԑቆຳཱིᕪ К֘ԩዀΤσ‫ٹ‬ᓦຳཱིࢌ ϛ୽ຊിσᆠ౏ႇշЈήȂ‫ڏ‬ϛ๼໽ॵМϽ‫ࢺྛె؁‬ ߝȂᆸӪθжȄϛᓡоѺ‫ޟ‬Փȃॷȃ‫ڨ‬ȃ‫ל‬ՄᇶΡȂ Մด‫ࠌݲ‬оྫྷȃ‫ވ‬ȃดȃࣔȃ᳒ȃᐴȃ≎Մ๿ᆎȄᒝ ԪȂϛႀॵࠢԤ३ϴѧި‫ܛ‬Ԫϛ୽໽ॵМϽϞᆠડȂ Ռ1975ԑଔȂоശᙏ൐ՄάϚѶϛ୽໽ॵМϽ࣏ন ࠌήȂϚᘞ࣏ᐬσց‫ۨٳ‬ҕ‫ڷ‬๼၂ඪ‫ټ‬Ө෡Ϛӣ‫ٳޟ‬ ࢸॵࠢ‫ॵڷ‬ᜊȂ‫ٺ‬ᐬσց‫ޟٳ‬ϛ୽໽ॵМϽШ‫ڏ‬тዉ छӨ୽ӑ໌7Ս10ԑȄ 10Т14РϛϿȂϛႀ՝ܻᕗ‫ל‬ጆᓞߣߖ‫ޟ‬࿲ᇺ۹Ȟ MarriotȟᖞᒲΟΙൟо“ϛՙӣຳɯߔ‫ڊ‬ԑຳཱིᕪ”࣏ ᚠ‫ޟ‬൬ᡝᓡོȂᗜ፜Οϛՙ༈൬фߒΙӣ‫ٴ‬Ңҥϛႀ ՌϏंี‫ޟ‬ຊԒȂҥᐬσց‫ٳ‬๼ΡӪኁቓЊȞCecilia Lauȟ‫ڷ‬ᐬσց‫ٳ‬ᏎᅭҏӪኁBart Beekհ։ൟҰጒо ᙏ൐‫ॵޟ‬؅‫ٮ‬ёΣҥϛႀф౩‫پࠢॵࢸٳޟ‬ᇧհюՓ ॷ‫לڨ‬ฒΙϚര‫ޟ‬ΤၾຊȂ‫ڏ‬ϛѓࢂȈΤ᝘ᆋೡȃ೭ ‫ࣲݶ‬ϛፈ‫ڷ‬ᚘࢩ߆▕ਢጹߝჰឨȂоЅ၌ភ๼ΡϞཱི ࢌಬ߹Ȃԙђ஠ϛ๼छॵМϽᇄ࿋Ӵ༈൬Ϸ‫ٴ‬Ȅ ঢ়ོࠉ‫ޟ‬म᜝ϛȂϛႀॵࠢல୛ီ‫ٱ‬ᖂင౩ࡂႀ୊ࡾ ю౪ਢᐬσց‫ۨٳ‬ҕӵ໊ོؐӬ‫ڍ‬Սέᓡ‫ࢸٳ‬छॵȂ ‫຺ٮ‬ႆ70%ᐬࢸড়৳ϛ᏿Ԥϛ୽Ԓ១㚩Ȅϛႀӵ30 ԑࠉϐᇯ࣏‫ࠢॵࢸٳ‬஠ԙ࣏ᐬσց‫ڏٳ‬ϛΙএቨߝശ ‫ޟפ‬ѿൟȂ‫ܚ‬оϛႀΙ‫ޢ‬मΨܻ‫ࠢॵࢸٳ‬௰ኄȄ౪ਢ ҥϛႀф౩‫ࠢޟ‬ถԤ‫؃‬ᓆ଄ȃ྆‫ڞ‬ԙȃOBENTOȃ Ѭ໴ҡȃValcomȃMae PloyȃABCȃKewpieȃS&B ȃHakubaku้‫ࢸٳ‬ӪถॵࠢȄӣਢ໢Ȃϛႀөᐬσ ց‫຺ٳ‬ႆΠν໢຺ѿȂѓࢂColesȃWoolworth’sȃ SafewayȃIGA‫ޢ‬௥ඪ‫ࠢॵࢸٳټ‬Ȅ ࣀଢ଼௥ߖ‫׎‬ᖐਢȂ଒ડྻएณю౪ಁࠉ ๝ოᇽᝦΰઢᆋσࣂց࢐Ȃ‫ٮ‬кࡻ۷ၼ σ‫ܪ‬奬Ȃσଚ‫؃‬ᓆ଄ᄸៗюࠢϞXOᚃȂ ‫ོٺ‬ಀάᡙά൉‫ٮ‬ᅾᑹՄᘪȄ

11


ܹಁжࣨ

ћ/ ҏѐጡᒮഋ

ᄦ/ XinHua & wiki

1

Ӏ‫ܜ‬պࠉ୙ᖂ౩ߡቆ૭ೝր๕ӗ

Ӏ‫ܜ‬պଽ้ӗ‫ݲٱ‬৳оȶफ़৛ϧဨࣂࢇឩဌȷ ր೎Ӏࠉ୙ᖂ౩༱٨պ•ߡቆ૭๕ӗȄߡቆ૭ೝ ࡾ௡ӵᙡႀ‫᠌ࢇۓ‬ਢ෈ีଔବᄇϧဨࣂႀҟឩ

Јϗᅋষߡቆ૭

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

ࠠኅବ಩Ր74࿐ȂԴᚠႿ‫ࣆܒ‬ᡋ੡งᑉԇ஘ᗁನȄᚠ Ⴟ‫ࣆܒ‬ᡋ2003Ր৆ሂࢢȂࠠኅବѹஜࡈ݀ᏸӿग़ক഍ ֋঵Ȅ2009ՐȂӿ‫ֹݛ‬Ϙਛ‫ޱ‬ਲሮ‫ܠ‬ҁхϠ᝷။ԩ՘ ӲȂֿ഍ҁ15ՐᆾူȄӿ‫ࡈֹݛ‬ᗁ೚ᚠႿ‫ܒ‬2006Ր 11ѡജֿດԖࢢȂӿ‫୼ֹݛ‬ຈ‫ޱ‬ਲѽԴȶ‫ن‬Ⴅᆬ‫م‬ȷ ੯ȃᛉᕅ਱ᆬ዇ϠߞȶՉ‫ޱ‬ஙȷ੯Ȃѽфᛉᕅ1991Ր Цၧँ୓၍੯КઘཻхϠ᝷။ԺըᅆᚠႿ‫ࣆܒ‬ᡋ੡ง ୼ૺ‫ܡ‬৶་֖኶ನȄ

೐ϘըઔᣉᐼߋࢢȂ֯ऎҳࠜߞࠠኅବऎ഍ᄩᗞ᝱ߞ ӿ‫ֹݛ‬՘ґ‫ݤ‬ਣϞҳӹߩ༡Ȃంփ㨠п஘ᗁನȄԴ೐ ϟըઔᣉᐼߋКȂग़ক‫ؽ‬Ϣѐ੾ႿНࢢȂࠠኅବবᅆ ᝡᔝ౮ЙᢘྖԳࢆᇍȶٟգग़কȂᆀऔᗏ࣏‫ا‬ে֋Ў Դᆊ೫ȷȂࠠኅବߞ๑ᶔᔝࠑ಩ജ᠖ऎȶчЖᆊ ৶ȷȂग़஼ᗁ೚Јҿઅᕚᇍࠠኅବ࣏֋ЎߞஊᄊȄᘵ ๒ࠠኅବ။֖ፁᣩȂ֭ᅆ‫ݺ‬ഺዹϘৎ࡬࡬ցϠȂ࣏‫׎‬ ҞѽຜПપവȄ֯ऎົϠȂ࢝ਟ‫ݽ‬ನႋԴᑾ໗߰ߞ೚ ޼ϭȂȶϠԴկุ‫ڗ‬ЙӤЎȷഺৎႽನȄ

2ᖒσӔԩौؑ छ୽ҳ։๖‫؂‬ ᄇѠБࡌᚇ

ѠБѴҺഋߝӵ‫ؚ‬ដ೽ႆࡣଔ٘Ⴢඡ

12

಑65㦘ᖒӫ୽σོ26Роᔆই‫ܒ‬ӻኵ೽ႆ㣪ដȂ ौؑछ୽ҳ։๖‫؂‬ᄇѠБᄂ՗‫ߝޟ‬ႀߖјএжक ‫ޟ‬ငᔼȃືܾ‫ߜڷ‬ᒊࡌᚇȄ೻࢐ᖒσ೿៉಑19ԑ ೽ႆԪ᜸‫ؚ‬ដȄӵ࿋Ј‫ߒޟ‬㣪ϛȂᖒσ192এོষ ୽ϛȂԤ187এ୽ড়‫׹‬ಉߒҰЛࡻȂ‫׹‬Іᄇಉ‫ޟ‬ѫ Ԥछ୽‫ڷ‬оՓӖȄ㣪ដᇳȂҬࠉϫԤོষ୽Ⴕշ ‫ڷ‬ᄂࢊኇ៪т୽к᠌‫ڷ‬ғ࿋᠌ઉ‫ڷࡡݲޟ‬న‫ٽ‬Ȃ ԃछ୽Ⴕշ‫ܚޟ‬ᒝȶሀᅭ‫ۓ‬඼ղႳ‫ݲ‬ȷȂᖒӫ୽ σོᄇԪߒҰᜰϸȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

1961Րग़஼ᄌངকϢࠬҟѐҵీࢢȂҟѐᚼԨែᗑୱ ᖉȂग़஼۶ҟѐᙝທϞҳӹᝯ࠼ȄթࢢȂग़஼ࣆܹ༟ ‫ܕ‬ᅆҟѐᅁ֖၃ᕻȃ໶‫ݽ‬۶ࠛᓉࢋᛆȄ1996Ր഼Ⴥߞ ȶሿᆬ‫ܒ‬෻ֱჲ‫ޱ‬ȷѹঋ୫ᅆሃҟѐஇӠྍߞৎϠȃ гҦȃत֌࣏஼ਛȂഢ‫ܠ‬Ղ‫ލ‬գҳ஼гҦԢҟѐஇӠ ྍȂग़஼гӔ۶гҦգᡋ୓໦ҹে‫ڭ‬ᖔఀᎪᔺȄӤ‫ݺ‬ թ‫ޱ‬щჅ፻໛஼ቫгሮߞ֖ऎ࿤ࡋȂԯթϘߡജԧ஼ එౢȂग़஼ࣆܹঝ‫ݺ‬ᕅϧȂϘߡయᓵே֖թ‫ޱ‬Ȅ

Ҟକ࣏1962ՐҟѐᐱዅԟᑟߞࢢᓷાȂग़஼ᅆҟѐߞ ‫ئ‬ѕቈቈ໹ჅᛕўᅁϧߞᅆѧȂࣇթళۤࠜႿҗৎԺ ѵ॔ߞࢋᛆనࣉȄҟѐ࣏ጤ௲஼ਛȂႺ྽ч๒๴ႿȂ ࢋᛆ௄ӎϯЙྻᐱ७୹ᏴȂԯթഺኃԺՐҟѐϵჱ௻ ԳӠՅϞϭ‫ڽ‬ȄЙჅȂग़஼କ௉বᅆᗑЂᕅ৆‫ݑ‬Ժዴ ߞ㤩៉Ȃാ᠈19Ր‫ݡ‬Йே֖ȂҞ‫ڍ‬ᠦઈϩ‫ږ‬ȂᗑԪ஼ Դग़஼ೀ㡯ȂҞକ‫ܕ‬ೣබ࣏Ϙৎᙚന‫א‬ȉ

3 ॷ෫౪ਢୢដོϷୢ

‫఼ޟ‬༐ၼଢ଼ȂՄӀ‫ܜ‬պ౪ᖂ౩଻ցஅғ࢐ႀҟ ឩ‫ޟ‬ሴᏲΡϞΙȄᙡႀ‫᠌ࢇۓ‬ਢ෈‫ޟ‬ϱࢇഋߝ ‫ڷ‬ᙡႀ‫ޟۓ‬ફਪӣਰೝրԫӗȄ

ॷ෫ୢོ ᒵࠉјԑϗგࣨ ᎏӨឩࣂ‫ش‬ៜ

ॷ෫ཱིΙ۩ୢដོᒵᖞ݂ԑ11Тᖞ՗Ȃծࢇ‫ڙ‬Ѕ ϱӴ‫ٱ‬୛‫׋‬୙‫ߝ׋‬༁ᓗМРࠉᆎȂ࿋‫׋‬ശ‫݂ڗפ‬ ԑ3ȃ4Т໢Ȃ։ᒵᖞࠉघјԑϗ‫ׇ‬ԙᒵୢგࣨȄ Өឩࣂ‫ش‬ៜȂ‫׳‬ຟԪᖞхԤ‫ס‬୤ᒵ‫ޱ‬ฒ‫ݲ‬ЅԞྥ രȂάࡾ୤ᒵΡ‫ོܖ‬ဣᒿୢȂȶཤᒿࢌ૰ᘛᒿ ନȷȂҕ࡚ᖒဨ୽ᖾ‫؁‬ᆎ၎‫ݓߝ׋׋‬࿅ᡣᔖ၎Ӱ Ԫ减ΡώȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

Դ1982ՐȂশสԳўࣆۘ՘ӲНࠐȂশสࣆܹ௟ԑส ᄑжऎ18ৎ஡៉ྻȂۖ1985ՐȂᑋৎଳᣉ஡ϠϾЏႿ 60ေȂहѧည੡ԑส500ေߞϠϾჅ‫ݺ‬ᜀЂȄԯթӤ ଳᣉ஡ж‫ݵ‬ҍၤઝфࠦ֗Ȃ՘Ӳ஡៉ྻȂ‫ڹ‬শสжऎ 19஡ȄӤ‫ݺ‬ԑสϠϾԴ1980Ր҃୓ԨྲधྲҾᛉᏏ ೊȂϝᔷ஡ϠϾЂЂϭফȄۖ1994ՐȂ‫ڎݻ‬஡៉ྻҒ ࣁ܎ԇ៉৶ࢢЪҪգ11ԩ៉৶ȂࣇࣆܹѽຠӡႤ࿚ऎ ӤȂ௟޵Ջ஡៉ྻф‫ڎݻ‬஡៉ྻԪ‫ۀ‬Ȃ‫ڹ‬শส԰෇ऎ 18஡Ȃ‫؛‬՘಩੡؊বȄ

ంႤਫ਼ҞѽऻҍȂশสࣆܹԴ஡៉ྻߞനӲ۶ۤઐў বȂႵьԨҾӔወ႙Ȃ஡धᄑжӺୠЙϯ੡َ҃ԂȄ ӎը஡धᄑжȂϫԯऎ੡༡ϯߞᱸܼփᏎۖԧ៨ँ‫ݨ‬ ᕝȂࣇࣆܹፁᅁᕕႍদྲᕭ୅ϘϭȄԴྲҐ‫܂‬Ȃᗜ੡ ᢏ‫ـ‬ᓴ஡ᄑध࣏ேࣆߞϠӔ֖ஜ៨ᑋᢎхᅆ៨ϠЀߞ ௱ӡ᫒ূȂ‫ڭ‬ѷ՜ੜቲ‫ڸ‬ȂྲҐ‫ྻ៉܂‬хᅆ៨៉৶ం ‫ڽ‬ӏ໹Ⴥ3ϠȄশสՂ‫ލ‬Йྕྣ՘ྲҐ‫܂‬ጀՑȂ‫ڤ‬௟ ࣏ӔѹߞЂ৆ଡ଼Ȅ


ܹಁжࣨ

ћ/ ҏѐጡᒮഋ

4

ᄦ/ XinHua & wiki

ΤӪऔ㢥ռ ӻԑоࡣ᝛ਅȈ ȶՂৱȂᄇϚଔȷ

М८ϛ‫׳‬ା‫ޟ‬ᄂ‫ݷ‬

ߖРȂΤӪෆင‫ޟ‬औ㣐ռӵМϽσ८‫ڼ‬ᛖี 44 ԑ ࡣ‫ޟ‬ϬЈȂቸ߬๝ෆᎏтঈ‫׳‬ା‫ޟ‬Ղৱแᘹ᝛ਅȄ ԤΡӱᏹ‫ٱ܁‬ฮশѶᖐȇԤΡ౏ཐਅ‫ޞ‬ȄᏰҡϞΙ ‫ޟ‬ҧωṞӵ߬ϛᇳȂȶ……ϬЈ‫ר‬๝ௌቸ೻ࡌၾᅇ ߬Ȃࣺ߬࢐џофߒࠧঈᏰਮ‫ܚ‬ԤӵМ८ϛୈႆᒿ ‫ޟٱ‬ਮЄȂ፜ௌቶ৽‫ר‬ঈȄ……೻ൟ੝քϛȂᏰਮ ‫࡞ޟ‬ӻӣᏰζ౏‫ڏڧ‬৛……ਅ࡭ȃನཛྷತҡථϞϚ ўȂ‫ڧ‬༌‫ޟ‬Ж᡹ՍϬϚ૖ҁඈ……ȷ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

86࿐ߞ຀ᙸցਰȂԴ1966Րћভ༟‫ܕ‬੡࣏Ҕ‫ڴ‬ҳ஼ሬ ᐯ੭ߞ঑യϠȄՁ۶ധԺి‫ڈ‬Ѝ֯߰ϘዹȂԐജᅣ ᚚȂࢢജᐯӠᝯ‫ݪ‬ȄՁԺըᏎᐯӠࣲӇȂᔝ᐀ജࡆҝ җ᝝Ȃ՘Ϟȶ൚༧ᔝȷȄփᐯ੭Ϭԩ঑യϠКȂ୵຀ ЪஉԴҳȂҩҳ‫ی‬Ϡԯജঝਚփ֋౭‫ڗ‬ϸȄփԨցਰ েࣉࣲјߞ‫ێ‬Кϣԩ॓㤏ֻКᐯӠȂညՐЖϩව࿐Ȃ ಩Դൌ࣏ 60࿐ҽҠߞଡ଼ԃϠЀȄ

ћভ࣏Кҳᑢҫ཈‫ߞڍ‬પઅ੡งȂ຀ᙸցਰ԰ࠫȶ‫ڤ‬ ੡ְেՐ៬‫ڤ‬ኃЈȂᕖఀतኃ۸ȉգ‫ڱ‬ԢᐯԴћভК ሲϞᓾ႖ȂஇϞᓾ‫ڰ‬Ȃ‫࣏ڤ‬ည੡‫؛‬ཕ‫ݙ‬७Ȃ‫࢝ا‬ನ ႋȄ‫ا‬ሮऎȂְেϵ࣏‫ۦ‬ਚ߰……ȷϘሬႽКȂᄁᔽ Ђਛᕕႍѽኵਟᅆ࢞ညՐߞ݀‫ڰ‬ȄЙჅȂӤ‫ݺ‬К஼ࣆ ܹӏକබћভຜП‫ږ‬௉ߞхࢥȂ७‫ڹ‬ȶЫџߞᇺీ࿚ ‫ݺ‬ћভЙᅔܺȷН᝷ଣ᎚‫ڏ‬Ꭲԓ࢘‫ݺ‬К஼಩‫ڗ‬Ȃऻ‫ڽ‬ գӅঋ௟ഺ‫ڱ‬੩ࠫгН‫ݺ‬衆ȂᢰӔ衆хष‫ࣱڤ‬ᑢҫȂ ᘖֺᑢҫদᆊȄ

5ᗺछ‫ڥ‬ੑ૞Ҕᏽାတᖒӫॖᅋ ᖒӫॖᅋϛ‫ޟ‬୤ᏽᏽᐠ

নܻۡ10Т‫ۻ‬ӵࠒᗺՙഋ੕୿Ȟ༁੕ȟ໌՗‫ޟ‬ ᗺछ૞ҔᏽାတᖒӫॖᅋߖРೝ‫ڥ‬ੑȂՄиԑ ϱϚོӔ໌՗Ԥछ୽૞Ҕ୤ё‫ޟ‬ᖒӫॖᅋȄࠒ ᗺ ࢇ ‫ ۺ‬ଽ ቹ Ρ ρ ‫ ޟ‬ၗ ᇳ Ȃ հ 爲ᄇ ȶ Ј Ԋ ဴ ‫ٱ‬ Ӈȷ‫ޟ‬ᔖᄇ௩ࢊȂᗺछনॎგӵ10Т‫໌ۻ‬՗Ԥ

छ୽಑7᝼໥ȶൖ‫•ݽ‬๼౾Ⴓȷဴ૞ުҔ᝼୤ё‫ޟ‬૞ ҔᏽାတᖒӫॖᅋȄծҥܻᗺछԪࠉϐܻ9Т‫ۻ‬ӵ ՙഋ੕୿໌՗ΟІ㨍ᖒӫॖᅋȂҏТ‫ۻ‬Ӕ໌՗σ ೣ዁ᅋಬ஠‫ڗڧ‬ӨᆍనӇ‫ڙ‬घȂӰԪᚖП㣪ۡ኷ ਢϚӵࠒᗺ‫ݍ‬ഋ‫ڷ‬ՙഋ੕୿໌՗ᖒӫॖᅋȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

чՉၳٕٟ‫ڰ‬Ԇ࣏ࢽ2010Ր3ѡ26џ౎༡ȂႶ຾ࡑ ᘹઔক104ϠߞчՉၳ᠕ᎎុȂԴཀઔઔாӨ೪ਫ۶ ЂࠦਫН༡‫ڟ‬ᢑ੡Ȃ‫ۦ‬ᡚٕϢઔܺߞ‫ڰ‬ԆȂٕ೺ᐱ ७46ԩុϯ‫ֻܡ‬ժϸȄԺ஼௞ਛೡ՘ߞকӔႭ஼Ꭰ ࣤЈೡඡ‫ࢽט‬ҍ᠕ᎎុᏎҔᘹ㩌ၟ๴ਡ൦ჩᕝٕȄ ࡑᘹሃग़஼ԯթᗝ֖ઔϯᗑԪক‫ڰ‬ᆊ೫ȂѽթԨҔ ᘹўবӯࢃȄ

Ϙଠሮऎᘹग़ଝӓᐼ୽၏ᗑԪকᆊᅁቫϯߞ஄ྐᅆᄊ ࣏К஼Ȃփ၃ჅҔᘹӲᔼȃКџ൑൦ਫߋᇑຈϘ‫ڀ‬ԕ ‫ڰ‬ԆНࢢȂчՉၳٕٟ‫ڰ‬Ԇߞ዆ᠩϧЏ၃ЂЂϭফȂ ា᠈ᗝ֖ᗑԪকᆊߞኊৃЙЂȂԯթۤઐকᆊϵԴఐ ನНКȄӤ‫ތݺ‬Ҕ‫ڲ‬Գ஡ԧ஼ᝯ࠼ᓾᇢ᎑ᛔȂग़஼ў ব‫ݕ‬ധះఀ᝱ѽనјȂКग़ઔϯᅆ࢐ߞদѕ௟ྻࡑ ೊȂग़஼ᙖ࢙ᝯਫক‫ڰ‬௄ԳߞӡྍҞକԴթȄ

ӱᔖ 10ѡ 15џ ҍ ߍ ߞ Ȯ Ԣ Ⴎ Ϡ ȯ 210ง ȶ Ԣ Ⴎ ᙇ ໞ ȷ ៼ ӫ Ȃ ඡ ᐱ џ ࡈ ‫ ݺ‬ҭ ᣉ ๴ Ӡ ߞ Indomie Instant Noodlesԯ産ࡡаࣤҍ‫ڨ‬ᇺᐗ218Ȟ⠴ঃ ӥቕӥ⣯ȟᏎϭࣛ‫ڰ‬ԆȂ࢙៉ᡝ߰দ໛঴ࡡՉ ԑᎎӠயᛟȂє୓ᡝ߰௻ધхᠩȂӺఀۖգᝯ ஥ਛᒕ࿂԰ᕕȄ ӎҏϵᚣթᑟྻԨᡝ߰ጏ౻Ȃ 10ѡ 15џ ඡ ᐱ К ‫ ݙ‬ҏ ๳ ߞ ಯ ࡡ ࿰ ѯ ࣏ Ӥ Indomie Instant Noodles Mi GorengᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬Գ ஡ᑾਛᗁ҃ನКႿ঴ࡡ‫ݙ‬་ϾНಯࡡȂ‫ࠧڭ‬ඡ ᐱ‫ݙ‬෩фҍயᛟߞಯࡡȄ

КႿ঴ࡡ࣏Indomie Instant Noodles Mi Goreng ԴᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬Գ஡ߞᑾਛᗁ҃ನȂϵ࣏றϘജ੮ ৞ߞϢϾ஥ȄႍಯࡡӤPT Idofood CBP Sukses Makmur, Tbk of Indonesia‫ݙ‬ӠಯȄӤКႿ঴ࡡ гҦ་ϾߞಯࡡȞКႿಯࡡȟ࣏௞ऎКႿ঴ࡡ гҦ‫ݙ‬ӠಯȂ೑ԪᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬་ϾഢፑѽфНᑫ Ђ‫᠋֘૸ڲ׀‬঴ࡡዾ࿤ഢፑȞഢፑȟȄ‫ݙ‬գ Coles۶ Woolworths໹ Ҿ ‫ ڻ ݙ‬ᕕ Н Indomie Instant NoodlesरऎКႿНಯࡡȂ‫ڭ‬๑౹ҐЙ ೑ഢፑߞ‫ڨ‬ᇺᐗ218Ȅ

КႿ঴ࡡгҦӎ຾ᅆઐ໱߰உ௵ሮૌ঑യߞᅗ ࢘Ȃ഼ౕؓჅӎҏȂබಯࡡᎎӠՉԑயᛟԨઐ ໱߰ຜПሲ‫ށ‬ՂϭȈ

‫ڶ‬࿰ഢፑȂᑫЂ‫ူڲ׀‬Ѥ௟‫ڨ‬ᇺᐗ218‫ڹ‬ӡ‫ݺ‬թ ಯࡡКȄՂಯࡡҒႅ०ব‫ݙ‬ӯȂКႿಯࡡ‫ڭ‬Й ‫ף‬գ‫ڨ‬ᇺᐗ218Ȃԯթ؆ԑ೑ԪഢፑȄ

ϛႀ౰ࠢ࢐़Мѓ၆Ȃӵ౰ࠢғ ७Ԥ“Mi goreng FRIED NOODLES” ‫ޟ‬༁Փԅኺӟӵѓ၆‫ۻ‬ഋ‫ޟ‬औՓ న‫ޑ‬धශΰȄӵᚃਟѓϱৠ‫ޟ‬ϭ ಝΰ‫ٮ‬Ԥ༁Փȶ࢑‫ޑ‬ყȷհ࣏ ᠜‫ۻ‬Ȅ

ϛႀ౰ࠢѓ၆ΰӟԤ“Imported by: AUSTRALIA: ORIENTAL MERCHANT P/L, 10 WESTGATE DRIVE, LAVERTON NORTH, VIC 3026”

13


ܹಁжࣨ

ਢ‫ٱ‬ ฻ຟ

ߡ൲ԮᇄЅӀ‫ܜ‬պ୰ᚠ१ΰ୽ོό೅៝፣ដแ ‫׈‬ኊ༕ȾSBS ੫տ݈୛ኄኬႫᇃኄኬষȿ

ߡ൲Ԯ୰ᚠӵ୽ོ‫៝ޟ‬፣ ჅҝϘৎ࣐งȂᗑ‫ڣ‬஼ྻබࠠනխߞயᛟȂਣ༟ϞӒՑߞ᠜ᎢȂϯϭ៉୰Ԑ ࢢతϧ་֖᠜ᎢȄᇢᣍᑋৎ᠜ᎢჅ຀Ȃจൎ‫ی‬៨ߞӲඞЂ७हॗȄᐐᇒԴ᠜ Ꭲࡈ‫ݕ‬᠜Ꭲ‫ێ‬༡Ȃᗑဖ៨ৎ‫៉־‬৶ళۤߞӲඞȂ‫ز‬ໞᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬෩‫ߞڻ‬Գব֯ ᐼѫϧЙ‫ږ‬ȂҐѽ‫ز‬ໞНҳȂ‫ێ‬ᅁจൎ‫ی‬៨බթ‫ߞڰ‬ӲඞȂ‫ڭ‬๑щЂយઅȄ ຊ߰ѽऎȂԳব֯ᐼൊ༤ቮঋԺьѫϧȂϠϧȂሃфߏϧȂ໛ѼᏸকӫߞȄ ӫࡈᑫࣷᏸকߞ঵ঋԇச࣏୊ፚညԳࠠනխൊ༤ߞ֯ᐼକϧȄ‫ێ‬ըȂබ࣏પ ᇌൊ༤୨ԪᗑকȂᅆҹ৖⳼ᆬ዇۹ඛߞ཰‫׀‬઱Ӕֻਣ༟‫ڨ‬ᒔ‫ؽݑ‬ᕝ֖ஜȄ‫۽‬ թᐼԳҦ҄৶ঋՂᅁԨকўҦ҄ൊȂ෩ҍ‫ݙ‬ቮᏈদȂֻ৶ႃຜሃф‫ޠ‬ᐡႅ ൯Ȃ൵ࢢӤ஼‫ڨ‬ൊབྷԢࣆܹаቦȂࢷ࿰࣊‫֯ܠ‬ᐼຉರሃӫዾȂ֯ҍ൵ࢢ㤩 ‫ܠ‬Ȅ‫۽‬թգ៉৶෩ҍЂϧҐ௻ѫϧȂ៊ՂєϢ‫ژֹ܃‬ຈȂ֬ሃᑫࣷணሃࠠන խ֖ஜߞӫዾգ‫ݙ‬໼ᛓȄփ൵‫ۍ‬ᢜߞ࢙៉ՉవȂᕕӤ஼‫ڨ‬ൊབྷԢϬকᗁҦ҄ ൊ෩ҍȂփࠧЂਛԴ஼៉ᎢϘ๫Ȅ஼ྻҞѽබ֯ᐼߞᐼರӫዾȂ஼ਛணሃ຀ ࢘Ȃਣ༟᠜ᎢȄ֭֌‫ݺ‬ᐼԳߞᅁቫቮঋȂබᕕӹӤϬকᗁҦ҄ൊȂሃф஼‫ڨ‬ ൊᶔ‫ܠ‬Ȃԓۤఀࣆܹߞ൵ೣ঵ߺȄփӫࡈߞఐ㦑ȂබՀᄊ੩ӠᎢናϘዹȄЂ ਛߩКѧᄑȂє၃ᑂ‫ۏ‬ȂࢃᆽϘ੡Ȅ֭ࡒሃᐼԳߞᅁ㦑Ȃ౮ЙहВȄ Іᄇߡ൲Ԯᏽ‫ޟތ‬౩ҥ ည๒ᇥ៨෩ҍ᠜ᎢߞӫߞȂබ࣏ঋ஼ྻබணሃࠠනխক‫ڰ‬ԇசߞᅆ‫ݕ‬ᓾȂփ ࠧᅁᐼ‫ݙ‬ቮߞԺ‫ݕ‬ьȂਣ༟᠜ᎢȄࢷ࿰᠜Ꭲ๴‫ڏ‬аਟȂҞѽᙩૼऎѽϭ‫ی‬Ђ ӲඞȄϘȂхᅆܼࠜԴࠠනխߞক‫ڰ‬ԇசȂನӤ࣏ᑫࣷߞணሃȂӏକऎࠠන խ௲‫ڽ‬Ӕѹߞ་຀ȇթҳȂᑾӲ๑៨ँ៉৶ஈ௄බࢽҍഺϘඞ҂Џ၃ᢏᎳȂ 2001Րࠠනխ࣏਻‫ݍ‬ೡᚐࠠᆬሏႿᅆѵध๴ஜ਻‫ࣿݍ‬ஜߞЂࢢўȄ֭੡ೊཕ ‫ݽ‬Ȃ਻‫ࣿݍ‬ஜЏ၃Ӥїᗑᇨປ๴෭ࢽ҄Ȅੲӎԓ๑ЂࢢўҞ‫ڏ‬ȇϟȂࣆܹሃ фᗑဖ៨ߞӲඞ࣏Ȃࠠනխ֖ஜӅ༷ࢺ᠈Ȃӫߞᅨ࿑཰‫׀‬઱ӔֻԨҳᓮҍ਻ ‫ࣿݍ‬ஜߞЂӎᖉȂֺఀࠠනխҍ಩ᡋ‫׀‬ૌߩȂ਻‫ݍ‬ೡᚐգᑟҞষȂ՘ऎҩϘ ৎЙକ֋ѹ֋Ӳߞѹᡋ஼ਛȞFailedStateȟȂ૶୺ನබ࣏Ϙৎ൵‫ށ‬ᢖߞᅳ ዹȂညԳ‫޼ޱ‬ᒿ๒๑ՅȂ՘ऎ਻‫ࣿݍ‬ஜȂሃфઔ๸ߞ။෋ч௅ȂЙ֭Ѥᅨร Ϟ૶୺ನȂӺൌᅆ۹᝝஼ਛᅹ՘ዷϧࢃ଎ȄЂਛգӫԒလȄ ߡ൲Ԯᏽ‫ތ‬ᄤϚுȂថϚΟ ຊ߰ѽऎȂࠠනխߞఐ㦑Ȃ਻‫࣏ݏ‬ᅣЙఀȂ֭ϵ៏ЙϞȄҳ஼ক༤‫۽‬๒᝱ѽ ࠜงԴညԳ֯ᐼȄփညԳԳ፡ࣆ޼ক‫ڰ‬ћмߞ‫ڹ‬๒Ȃϳϳӏ୵Ȃබᇖҙᆬљ ӿߞࣆܹକ够୓຾ӯፑߞ֯ӡȂഄྰ֋௻Ȃ๴ᐬᄦ௻Ȃ֭‫ێ‬ҁҐဖߞԳўཕ ϧȂබऎ࠲֋‫ૈ׀ߞڗ‬ሃϠ‫ڗ‬ՉԑȂ᝱ѽ‫ݸ‬ϭᆀ‫ي‬ЄȂႬְԢ‫ڕ‬Ӕѹߞ௵ഄ ЂႽȄ‫ێ‬ᅁᅁᎹӔѹȂӅቮգ‫޼ࣆێ‬ћмߞ૵Ᏻሃ‫ݚ‬ཇऎ‫़ࢢێ‬Ȅ‫࠮ࡋ׎‬ᢏ ՘Ϙৎߕ‫ߞ޼ࣆؘ‬ᡋ‫׀‬ᎼၙӮȄ൵ࠕࠠනխᗝ֖஼ྻЂᓴȂ൵ೣգպжН23 ߞᓴೈ֯኿ȄҞ‫ێڍ‬Кᗞ᝱ߞ຀࢘Ȃࠧ֘ў஼ਛҞѽྐᄊȄ‫۽‬թȂӫࡈߞఐ 㦑ȂЂգ“ࣾᖅ㢹ৎᔝȂ‫׵‬๼൤๼ϯ”ߞὔ㦓؊বȄ ϬРც㥒ࡶൖ‫ݽ‬Ҁ੆‫ܚ‬፳ ሲۖഺ㡯ȂЫџ֘ў஼ਛၢۖՂթᄩԳȂࡈग़஼ᗁ೚ඕ޼ҿઅ᝱ໟ‫ۼێ‬Ȅᐐᇒ

ࠠනխயᛟߞፁቇјȂ֭ӏ֌‫ۖݺ‬Ϟ“Ϙৎցᄂ‫ݛ‬ᔸȂ๑‫ܠ‬ਃјߞԳَ”֭2003 ՐȂඕ޼ҿઅ๴ஜ೐ϟᐼ㤵Ȃঋ‫ݛ‬৆ӿ‫ֹݛ‬௻Ϡ࠭ཫਾЙҞȄඕ޼ҿઅѽऎग़ কۖӿ‫ֹݛ‬Ӈ؆බ‫ڕ‬ȂՀᄊ֘ൊѱѿѯϘዹȂᜏᡍ‫ڕ‬Ϙ԰Ȃ൶ొඡథᙩ‫ڽ‬Ȅ֭ ऻᕚሃ಩ᅁ‫ٿ‬ൣЙԢȂညџߞՂྍᇖጹᗁᙩӇЙᠩȂᘘঋжᗠࠠනխ֯ᐼߞֻ ϧȄ‫࣏ݺ‬ညࠠනխߞ཰‫׀‬઱ӔֻӒ഍‫ݺ‬Ԛཕߞ੡৏ȂૌߞૌѹᢖᢸȂ֘ўֻϧ ॎ๒ᚼփཉ௰༟ᠥӿ‫ֹݛ‬ᐼ㤵Ȅ‫࣏ࠠݺ‬නխߞ཰‫׀‬઱ӔֻබఀۖϘৎආਿȂদ ྲӲ‫ߞږ‬ᑟྻȂ‫ڕ‬ϢЋ஡ȂᏮ‫۽‬ୱԳȂᙖЂᅆѐ௄Գ෻‫܃‬њࢺ߰ߞ዆ᠩϧȂԨ ҳ๴ஜ਻‫ࣿݍ‬ஜȄ‫࣏ݺ‬ඕ޼ನҿઅፎֻ᜘‫ߞޠ‬ԑ‫ؽ‬ຉರȂ‫ۖۦ‬দЂߞ੘‫ض‬Ȅា փ๴಩‫ؽ‬Ӈӿ‫ߞֹݛ‬ನӤ–‫ཫ࠭׈‬ਾ‫ר‬ᒕᜀЂ౭ཋϧ‫ޠ‬ᐡȂ১‫ڭڽ‬๑‫ڰێ‬Ȅ֘ ў஼ਛஜ‫ߞޠ‬Ⴝ዇ϧ༓Ȃࢆ‫ט‬૔ಯȂஇ՘Ыџߞ؊বȄ դ๼ኈᄇӀᏽ‫ޟ‬ҳൟ ࡈᗁನ֣ົ዇ҍਯ۹ϘᑫࣷዃያгҦߞQ&A‫׈‬ඞயຍြӫ੡৏ȂࠑӯЙྻऎည џҍֻӿ‫ֹݛ‬Ϙ‫ڰ‬Ȃྏۖࢢ੄Ȅԯऎࢷ࿰ည੡ߞఐඡᢖӯȂ࠭ཫਾߞፁ‫ר‬ᒕᜀ Ђ౭ཋϧ‫ޠ‬ᐡȄညџգᣍಿԨ֣ົ዇঳Ꮽ޴ዙȂթ‫ڰ‬ዃऎѵधཇණߞඡႽȄຊ ߰ѽऎթᗝທᅆᕕႍ‫ۖۦ‬᠔യȂ‫ـ‬ҐЙକᄁᔽȄᑫࣷѽ‫ێ‬ᅆࣆ޼Ȃ‫ిܟ‬Ȃᇌ౉ ߞኵਟ‫ڍ‬ᇍȂ࢙ӲԒᓉߞߤྻᢜۘȂЂਛᕕႍ໦᎜‫ݺ‬ನȂփࠧ໦᎜ዷϧȂᐐᇒ ‫ظ‬ᙗᏭЄߞϠЀࠑӯ൵ೣӫߞȂ‫ࠧڭ‬ཋϠȂփ࣏є୓ЂਛߞᝯަȄ ថΟࢇ‫ݽ‬ȂᒯΟΡ‫ܒ‬ ЙჅညџȂ֣ົ዇ߞࣆܹညџӺൌգѣႽ዇ϧ༓НཻȂӏգ‫ݡ‬ທग़஼ҍֻӿ ‫ߞֹݛ‬㤩‫ܠ‬Ȅ֣ົ዇त֌ᄦћ‫ॷڭ‬Ȃࢽҍੲᑂఐඡᢖӯ࠭ཫਾ‫ێ‬КϘ༡ᗁ೚ ܹ‫ࠗܡ‬Գϭ࢈ȂӒӒ՜᚟ϞᜀЂ౭ཋϧ‫ޠ‬ᐡȄՂЫఀߢȂѽϯԑൊ࣏ᗿ‫ڏ‬Ȅ գሲညԳఐඡ࣏ӿ੬ఐඡϠ৶ϘјຉஜȄӫߞ࣏ЙҍϘֻϘತȂබҞѽৄׄ ֘ўߞϧ༓Ȃઐ࿝ѵЩӿ‫ֹݛ‬ȄৎКఐြȂՀ╏Ⴥᎎ෻ನߞយᆷ‫܈‬ఐయನЈ ሲᑜࣱȄ‫ێ‬ᅁညџߞఐඡ࣏‫׎‬ϼૌေፁȂည੡ఐඡधЏ၃գ‫ݙ‬ᜃᆷȂ֭ѹᐼ ߞग़஼஼‫ڨ‬ൊࠜ‫ܒݛ‬෻ໄᆬ዇බϧ࠳ҍֻȂঋِఐඡᑟᅹ“‫ر‬ҍ”ᝋᑂȄ‫࣏ݺ‬К Ҵఐඡ؊බࢷ࿰ѹЄߞঋِȂૌߞ‫ر‬ҍ“ፁᣩߞᝋᑂ”Ȃ֯ऎ༟ᐼߞᐴᑂȄ‫࣏ݺ‬ ࣆ޼ᕅϧȂऔሦϘৎѵ॔ᗿ‫ڏ‬Ȃាփ๴ஜϘඞ๑ᓜߞᐼߋȂ‫࣏ݺ‬ᅨ࿑ϞϘৎ ஼ਛȂ౭ਚϞ՘ϼϯေߞ๑༆ӿ‫ֹݛ‬ϠȄ ๖፣ ຊ߰ѽऎȂᐐᇒညџ֣ົ዇ఀۖߞఐඡ࣏“ࣹਫ਼”Ȅ֭ЫџȂ࣊๒Џ၃ߢႽ‫ڰ‬ᅁ ૌहȂҁऎЦ麽ᘘ੎੎գໟߞࠑӯທᅆЙྻऎညџᑫࣷணሃഺඞᐼߋփྏۖ ࢢ੄Ȅᇯ௄޴௜ᇨປг༟ᗑকߞᑟ௜ক‫ڰ‬ఐఐඡႤਫ਼Ȃ‫៉ߋۍ۽‬Ȅ֭‫ێ‬К൅ ᠨϞ‫ڶ‬ᐼᔝ5ՐȂӿ‫ֹݛ‬Ⴣਚ஼ӔЙϭ15ေϠȄ᝱Ⴝ֣ົ዇ӎϠȂЙঋऎညџ њࢺᑜ޼ҿઅߞᓾሱ㤩‫ܠ‬Ȃփॻ༯ၢಊཛྷȉ֣ົ዇ԴQ&Aߞࠑ಩Ȃ౧Ԇઈ‫ܠ‬ ૠ༠Ȃ҇жࠑ಩Ϟҁ࣏Ϙ֜Ӳඞி‫ܠ‬ȂᗜԟЙ៵ߞࣆ޼ਛӎ֒Ȅ֭‫҃ێ‬ኊȂ ਻‫ݏ‬බ࣏Ϡ‫ݑ‬൵௄ӎߞȂ“‫ڍ‬ᕋЄ௟ၢ‫ݺ‬СփஜුНѕ”ϵϘࢠѣ‫܇‬Ȅ֣ົ዇ည џ૯ࡠࡠߞ‫ޗ‬ਟᕕᅆȂ਻‫ݏ‬ӒᢖӯϞȂϠ‫ݑ‬൵௄ӎߞ‫ߢډ‬ȂЏ၃ऎϞഺϘৎ ਗ਼ᎎညџᓾሱߞࣆ޼㤩‫ܠ‬ȂփജᅔܺߞਃٟϞȄ

You can’t go wrong with Alphie Wong ᒑདྷ‫݉ޟ‬Є ԃ‫ݎ‬ௌঈ࢐ॶԩညཾΡρȂ‫ܘײ‬υȂ҈ᆗᗊີ‫ܖ‬ю୵‫ཾސ‬Ȃ‫ײ‬ଽӱൢ‫׹ޟ‬ၥ‫ཾސ‬Ȃ ᄇ‫ີཾސ‬፲Ԥӈդᅸ୰Ȃ‫ܖ‬དᒚၚີ፲‫ޟཾސ‬แԒЅ᠌ઉȂཱིಋҕȂ‫࡞ר‬ዅཎᔓօȂ оጂ߳ௌঈӵᐬࢸີ‫ܘ‬Ϛོΰ࿋‫ڧ‬᜿Ȅ ౪ӵҬࠉȂ‫ר‬ঈϴѧԤσ໔‫ཾސޟ‬ю୵ȂюનȂѓࢂՌ՞‫ܘ‬Ȃ‫׹‬ၥ‫ཾސ‬Ȅ

łŭűũŪŦġŘŰůŨġ༁᎒࿅߀ 03 9878 4411 ༈ઍ 03 9879 5100 Йඪ 0429 960 029 alphie.wong@raywhite.com

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ዥᘈடᚠ

ҳ୽ՍϬॶԩ!ϐ࢈ᐬࢸওτᅴೇࡌထ ћ0!ҏѐጡᒮഋ!!ᄦ0!Wikipedia

ᛳ଻Јкఀఀ۠ҏᑟΪϲжȂ17РғԒ ࡇ֙Ι࡙ೝംюఀོ‫ޟ‬ϐ࢈ᐬࢸওτᅴ ೇȅഫ৑ࣄ࣏ထΡȂ೻࢐ॶԩԤᐬࢸΡࡌ

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ထȄᅴೇȅഫ৑ࣄওτҡࣀӵ100ӻԑ

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ࠉȂෆငഺᒲထष࿄ထЖওτོȄࡌထ࢐ ఀོ‫ޟ‬σ‫ٱ‬ȂᕕࡌထΡ࢐ᄇ‫ڏ‬Ρछኈ‫ڷ‬ထ ዓ‫ߒޟ‬ᄔȄԤਢঐȂӰ࣏ࡌထ‫ޟ‬኿ྥ‫ڷ‬ж

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߹ቋ঄ᢎܰញȂࡌထζོЕଔІཐȂࣥՍ

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ѴҺॳ‫ݰ‬Ȅ

3Ȇᅴᝋওτ჋‫ޟ‬Ιϯ฽ᄌ

ॶ՝ᐬࢸΡρࡌထ 10ѡ17џȂԴУေԺԩจၐ߰ߞަӫϭȂӎᒞϩ бѵԴౚၠ‫ܪ‬ၐֱԺုЂి௅ߞҭ༥ϯȂѽ‫ݛ‬Ϛћ ༩দࢆᡝбԩྲၐϠߞЂԩȂࢆᇍഺб֜ৃఀ‫ݙ‬գ чѹిྻߞ௣ྰȄ୵Ϟᑫࣷᆳആ৒ЃȂҩҳᘘգУ ԩж‫֋ڽ־‬ҐੋЂȃ၍Ђ‫׀‬ȃޯ᠋۶֘઱ѰߞϠജ ࢆ‫ט‬ऎၐϠȄౚၠ‫࣏ܪ‬ԴሮҞᆳആ৒Ѓߞ೐ϟৎ‫܈‬ ᚹ——޼ᙽ߱ᖛሃၝၚጳఈ߰൶ບ๞ȅ֓ћ෻—— ࢢȂٙ‫ࢋܠ‬ᆳആ৒ЃऎၐϠȄ Ғࣁҳࠜ൙ֹћԴаߞЂॗбϼԩᑫࣷϠᓐᗜౚၠ ‫ܪ‬ணҐഺඞ‫ۏ‬ᚃȂധԺϠᔝᕛᑫࣷকල‫ڭ‬෭ህᑫࣷ ஼ᅮȄᆳആ৒Ѓ‫ׄ۝‬൹നߞၐॶဃၐѕ৒Ѓྻ Ȟthe Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred HeartȟȂ գϣպԩ৒ЃԴඞᣍᚃȂ‫ێ‬КϘԩ৒Ѓ‫ړׯ‬ᆬ࣊‫ޟ‬ ඈϫྏஜԳࠑӯȂҁেϘߡಎࠫᆳആ৒Ѓ࣏ၐϠȇ ҩϘԩ‫֋ڽ‬ᐍᆬӎߞᑫࣷจၐ߰ҿငֹᆬࡋሲȂњ ࢺ১֝Ӕߞᆳആ৒Ѓ࣏১֝ӔНуȄᑫࣷࡈᗁನȃ ಩ԇҳࠜߞ൙ֹћ๾՝ᣙෳᆳആ৒Ѓ࣏ȶϘ֜۞໸ ࠧϲߞᑫࣷϠȷȄ ᆳആȅ൪ਐः৒ЃӠ‫ݺ‬ϘϣұϟՐȃۜ‫ݺ‬Ϙϝ○ϝ ՐȂ࣏Ϙৎែ੾᠋ೊӔਛਲϣԩЄЃКߞցЂȂਛ ᄩള‫ק‬ȇՁ๾ࢢೊ‫ܧ‬ᑫࣷࡑൊႺ྽ᛉሣᓚ‫ݛ‬ం‫ిڰ‬ ᚚȂ‫ڭ‬௟୺හ‫ؼ‬՘ి࢈Ȃ෩‫ڻ‬ညԳፎϠሃ১֝Ӕֺ ໱᎝຀Ȃ‫ڭ‬ሃҁϠԒԢ՘Ӳѽ൅Ⴥి‫އڈ‬சፎϠȃ ઽఈሃ਴ཕ߰ऎ‫ܟ‬՞ߞၐॶဃၐѕ৒ЃྻȄԴᆳആ Ⴥѵ੡ၐѕ৒Ѓྻᐾգ117‫ݙ‬ᐯ੭ȂऎፎϠനӲؕ ᠕‫ݙ‬Ȃ಩Դႍిྻߍᄦ჆фઍ஼ȃ૛ᐆȃ‫࢓ތ‬٦ຈ ஼ȄϘϣϛϘՐȂᆳആ৒ЃԯߋۤՁ‫ݙ‬൹നߞ৒Ѓ ྻߞఠۘᡋѽф᠔യϘԩ㚜ຆᙻૠᚚϠ৶ȂփᏎዶ ੡ുҍిྻȂ֭ࢢ‫ڽ‬ѹిᅣᏚթ҄Ȅ ᑫࣷԑ஼ԧԳϵऎᆳആ৒Ѓࢋၐᗝ֖ዉૡྻȂҒࣁ యҍࠝೈЏྫྷᘉϘߩߞরጄነȶ൪ਐःȷȂѽфൠ ౨สЂᑜ౎༡‫ظ‬዆Ӈϯᆳആ৒Ѓߞ‫ڂ‬ᄊȇփᜲ୺Դ ࢆֶࢋၐࡈϵգϘ‫ڀ‬ԕࣿஜȂҒࣁԴౚၠ‫ܪ‬ൾߏᔡ ߞϘඞѽᑫࣷ১֝Ӕһ೏֡ࡶߞᠨч১֝ӔࠑᆊȄ ൠ౨ЂѹిሣᆬሲȂᆳആȅ൪ਐः৒ЃߞࢋၐȂࠑ ‫ށ‬чѹిࠫԈԴᑫࣷᑢҫϯ‫طݙ‬ᆊߞদঋ‫֒ڎ‬ȌȌ ᆳആ৒Ѓ࣏ՀᑫࣷϠȂϵ࣏൰ҍߞчѹిਵȄ

‫ڍ‬ԩડᙺП૖ࡌထ ࢋၐ࣏чѹిদঋߞኇՑȄ୓ࠐȂၐϠߞനӲ࣏ऎ Ϟ॔݇આႽ߰۶ੜ‫ޱ‬આႽ߰ߞՀᅳዹȄ՝งߞ௄ရ ిКȂၐϠߞྰᚃ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ఀۖϘ७‫ݚ‬ሮߞᚃኇȂӒ Ղчѹిպॊԑ੩‫ݚ‬ሮȈȶిѭ࠻‫׀‬ੲ‫د‬ഺৎ೫࠸ ໛ऎಳిࢵߏߞࠑ಩Ȅȷ֋ϩϟѵ॔୓ȂၐϠ༷၃ ి‫ܟ‬ԕϢၐࡡȂЖҞӒՑऎሮҞߞၐϠȄԴϩбѵ ॔ߞપ৖Ժྻ៉ࢽҍȂࠫਵᕕِႍၐϠऎҁেᚼِ чѹȂϵႍྰᚃၐϠᓷߏȞ‫׈‬ၐߏȟ۶ၐᄊȄᅆч ѹి۶‫ތ‬Ӓి‫ڽ‬ሲȂ‫֖܇‬਽ྰၐϠ‫ࢵࠧڭ‬ஊᄊȂփ ࣏ྰНѽᚃȇ࣏௄‫ݺ‬Ȯ‫ܟ‬ਵȞ‫ڹ‬ਵȟࠫ၃ȯ᎜ၐह ഼ґߞႽನȶчϯർ‫ྻిߞ׀‬ȞЏԴч஼ሃчѹԒ ᓉ߰ȟሃ੠൉КߞిྻȞԳϯߞిྻȟԴ௄ရླྀᢜ К࣏ԒᓉߞȷȂӺ࣏ᐯ೫ၐϠၐЃН߾ࠑȂሃҁে Ϙ୓ॆᜤȄ Ϙଠ௄ရྲిхᅆԇ֣‫؛‬ՑᅆၐϠߞྰᚃȃ‫ݕ‬Ԩၐ Ϡᜤ‫ט‬ȂփЙԨૠᜤ‫ט‬ȂሮऎၐϠ௣ࢵჁ०ϞȮၐ ၃ȯКȶҪྰࢵૠߞ১ࡋȷȄЙჅȂഺᇌऻ‫ޱ‬ᕕႍ ࣏ϘᇌሱႋȂȶࢋၐȷ‫ࠧڭ‬௟Ϡయϯૠ‫߰ݕ‬ըૠߞ Գ֜ȂҪ࣏ࠑᅓ‫ێ‬ϠԴԳϯߞӠࣿКࣿҍૠߞᅷ ឹȄԨၐϠᜤ‫ט‬Ȃ‫ࢽࠧڭ‬ၐϠࣉਾຜϠȂփ഼࣏Ⴥ ၐϠᚼِૠȂ࣏Ϙᇌᜤ‫ט‬ўՑȂሃ҃ᜤ๑ಳȄ৆࣏ Ϙ‫ڱ‬Ӕಿ‫ۖۦ‬১‫ܕ‬Ժૠ‫ి֢߰ݕిܟ‬዆ᠩȂ‫د‬ၐϠ ညஇըૠ‫ࢵྰڽ‬Ȃ៳‫ݺ‬ӏକታྻၐϠߞૌྍȄ ੲᑂчѹిߞഢ຀Ȃࢋၐঋ၃ჅϬৎَᢼȈ೐Ϙ࣏ ȶࢆᇊᚃȷȂӤి஡ѹిᎠࣤȶ৏ᓴ߰ȷߞӠࣿ‫ڰ‬ 㣅ȃ຾֯ф‫֖ڏ‬ȂԓӤౚၠ‫ߞܪ‬ૠᐯਛ་֖ໞ֤Ȅ ၃Ӥໞ֤Јೡфి‫ࢋؗ‬ၐ܎৶ྻߞዽᑟѹిেሮҞ ࢢȂබӤి‫ֶࢆܟ‬ȶ৏ᓴ߰ȷऎȶҞྰ߰ȷȇతϭ ‫࣏ڽ‬ȶࢆૌᇊࡡȷȂቮঋգϘৎ‫܈‬ᚹҍ಩ߞ‫ށ‬ፁ‫ڰ‬ ᝋȞ֭આి߰୵ҳȟȄӤ‫܈ݺ‬ᚹ࣏ȶ৏ᓴ߰ȷԴч ஼фҁ/Ձฆ‫ا‬েᚼِߞᝋᑂȂԯթ‫܈‬ᚹߞҍ಩Ӆ ༷Դȶ৏ᓴ߰ȷժࢢфપ‫҃ܠ‬ᜤߞຕ‫ލ‬Ȅညి‫ܟ‬௟ ȶҞྰ߰ȷࢆऎૌᇊࡡࢢȂȶૌᇊȷබҞജપ‫ܠ‬஡ ா‫ݕ‬ᄥᢜᓴऎપ‫־‬௣ྰȄԕϢၐࡡȞ‫ࢋ׈‬ၐȟࡋቮ ঋҍ಩ҩϘৎ‫܈‬ᚹȞҒࣁઆి߰ȟȂЖӤి‫ࢆܟ‬ ၐȂϵබ࣏ҊࢋၐϠߞ೐ϬৎَᢼȄ ԴЫըᆳആȅ൪ਐः৒ЃࢋၐߞჅ຀КȂജፁሮߞ

‫ی‬ৎૠᚹ࣏ȶ1961Րఈ֕ᖛߞᔒ෼ฑԨՁᜤ‫ࢢט‬ ‫܈‬ᚹಸྔȷѽфȶ1993Րᒮఈ߱ᖛႬၝᖛߞӿϲ ບԨՁᜤ‫ࢢט‬ಸྔȷȄӤ‫ݺ‬಩҃ॊ‫ث‬๴ਣ‫ڝ‬ിȂϘ ‫ڱ‬Ղȶᖛાಸྔȷߞ‫׎࣏ڼڰ‬ᕕႍፁሮऎૠᚹȂᘘ ࣏ᙩґ‫ݺ‬಩҃ॊ‫ث‬ȂྻգߋᎢȂࣇթి‫ؗ‬ϵఱᡋి ‫ܟ‬་֖પઅࢋၐȂЏ‫ۦ‬௣ྰ໹Ⴥ100Րѽϯ߰Ȃ‫׈‬ ‫ڹ‬ٟգ֖ૠᚹȂϵҞѽి‫ܟ‬་֖પઅࢋၐȄ ࡌထЕี‫ތ‬ដӻӻ ᑢҫϯȂᗁԒգ໹Ⴥ10000ԩᜲ୺чѹిྻၐϠ۶ࢆ ᇊϠЀȄӤ‫ֿిܟݺ‬ᙝߞዾ࿤۶ѵ࠸ֿᙝߞዾ࿤ՅԴ ࿂ЂߞਮಳȂգ੡ྻգ强ધߞ‫ݯ‬ៈȄѧՂࣤನϘѵȂ ࣏ॻ஼ҫϯறϘജ഍ժߞ஼ѳȂԴ຾ԩߞֹ৖ࢃᆬভ ‫ۻ‬Кജ୙ϯᙝᔝሂȂ֭ҁࡒ࣏ॻ஼ၐгྻࢆၐߞϘ֜ ၐϠȂԯऎࣤನϘѵߞਛ౉‫ܕ‬ೣՂϘԳњࢺၐгྻᅆ ‫୺ᜲة‬чѹిȄϫՂȂ‫׀‬ᆳឭ࣏К஼чѹిҫϯᗝ‫ږ‬ ቅদߞϠߏȂᅆ‫ݺ‬чѹిԴК஼ߞཇያգ຾һЂߞ୒ ឥȂ࣏֭ԯऎٟգૠᚹȂࣇթ‫ࠧڭ‬ၐϠȄ 2000Ր10ѡ1џȂౚၠ‫ؗిܪ‬ԴКົϠӔԒ۶஼஼ ዉџညчȂࢆֶҊࢋ120֜ԴК஼౻จ֌Ӕ஼Ր ༡ȂԯிࢺࠫԈփ‫ߞ᝱ۦ‬чѹిϠЀऎၐϠȂᇍऎ ȶКົઆႽၐϠȷȄഺϘըЂ༓ࢋၐȂє୓ទদҳ ӹߋேȄК஼‫ܡ‬ўћབྷඡ๴ࠑߤᎢȂࢽȶౚၠ‫ࢋܪ‬ ၐȂঋਚ࣏хົȄȌȌౚၠ‫دྐܪ‬ჅҝԴК஼ЂԳ ᛼‫ڰ‬இᆽȃᛨԴК஼ϠӔᔝϯ֯ࢃ֯ᇊߞ᛼കࢋऎ чѹిၐϠȂ࣏ᅆК஼ѹᡋȃК஼‫֋ిܟ‬Ӥ۶Ӕ౉ පទߞᗵ᙮Ȅȷփ੡ԇশสి஡ѹి൘џ‫ז‬ዽᑟࡋ ๴ћњࢺࢋၐȂໞᎢႽȈȶ‫ا‬েᘘѽऎഺ᝷ႻஜЏ ՘ᑢҫȌȌϠӔߞೀဗ࣏ൠࠪߞȄК஼ిуেߢႽ Ꭱ࣏࢓஼ѹ၍ࠬರ߰ȂᎡ࣏К஼ϠӔߞ‫ވ‬уȄҁে ࠫԇཇిЀȂత‫ۦ‬Ϟҁে‫ݙ‬Ь೜ߞᇊরȂࠫϞॠ ᒘȂ݅ঐ‫ݺ‬ᴽȂЙఓࣹ֕Ȅȷ ࢋၐ࣏‫ిܟ‬ኇՑȂ࣏ᅆၐϠग़዇۶ၐጒߞࠑᅓȂ๑ ᝯࣆ޼៉ᛟȄቅತԳ௟‫ࠫిܟ‬Ԉሃࣆ޼భ㣦ȂᅁԴ Й࣏҄ϠᣙᎫߞᅗ࢘Ȅᑫ࣏ࣷ௄ရిӲ஼ߞ஼ਛȂ Ϙ֜ၐϠ௲‫ߞڽ‬ᄁህ۶ᑬᔽȂਣӯϞࢋၐߞӒবྍ ၍Ȅ֯ऎК஼ࣆܹȂ࣏‫׎‬ᕕႍᅆᑢҫࣆ޼႖ᛟߞ߬ ຕȂ෵༟ѕ଒త‫ۦ‬ᇊরᚣׄၐϠཇያ۸ȉ

15


ዥᘈடᚠ

ေၐြ‫୿࣏׈‬ြȉġՐቅϠऎ↉ྑȶࣶြȷȉ М⁄ ҏѐጡᒮ ყ / XinHua

10Т31РȂ࢐σড়ዣ‫ޟޣ‬ȶ࿲ထ࿽ȷȂࠒҞᐷȃୀ܏७‫ڎ‬ȃષ ौᑥ‫ࡆޟݎ‬υ࢐࿲ထ࿽‫ޟ‬኿ᜋȄ࿲ထ࿽ྛܻЈкఀ‫ޟ‬༈ಛȂ౪ ӵϐငംᅚ࣏‫؁‬ӻ‫ޟ‬Ρ‫ܚ‬௥‫ڧ‬Ȃԙ࣏Ιএලж‫ޟ‬࿽РȄ٥ቄȂ ࿲ထ࿽‫ޟ‬ୀ܏੉‫ݥ‬ȂོϚོ๝ࡆυഅԙЖ౩ഺ༌‫ڹ‬ȉ๼ΡԤ೨ ӻ‫ޟ‬༈ಛ࿽РȂࠓ࣏ϧ麽ູ‫ູپ‬དྷȶႆࢷ࿽ȷȉ

൲Ԥ༈ಛ‫ޟ‬࿲ထ࿽ σড়ዣ‫ޟޣ‬࿲ထ࿽Ȃ‫ڏ‬ᄂғጂ‫ޟ‬ѩ‫࢐ݲ‬ȶ࿲ထ‫ۇ‬ ȞHalloweenȟȷȂӵؐԑ‫ޟ‬10Т31РȂ࢐அ࿜ ఀжࣨ‫ޟ‬༈ಛ࿽РȂкौࢺ՗ܻѕछȃ़୽Ȃᐬ σց‫ཱིڷٳ‬ՙ៌ζԤ࿲ထ‫ޟۇ‬༈ಛȄ࿋ఏωࡆོ ऎΰϽַ݈Ȃᔜΰ७‫ڎ‬Ȃਚড়ਚИԝ໱ᑥ‫ݎ‬Ȅ๼ ᇭӴୢல஠࿲ထ‫߹ۇ‬ᆎ࣏࿲ထ࿽Ȅ Մ࿲ထ‫ޟۇ‬ԩРȂζ൷࢐11Т1РȂࠓ࢐ઍғ‫ޟ‬Ј кఀ༈ಛ࿽Рȶ࿲ထ࿽ȷȂζѩȶ፝ထ࿽ȷȄ፝ထ ࢐ΙএЈкఀᆎ‫ڳ‬ȂҢܻ‫ܚ‬Ԥ‫܆‬ၖ‫ޟ‬ထ‫ੇڷޱ‬ၾ‫ޱ‬ Ȃѓࢂ‫ޣ‬Ӫ‫ڷޟ‬Ϛ‫ޣ‬Ӫ‫ޟ‬Ȅ೻এ࿽Р࢐Јкఀ‫ྰޟ‬ ᡹Т‫ॶޟ‬РȂ࢐оထ‫ޟޱ‬Ӫဎኊઢ‫ޟ‬࿽РȂՄ೻Р ࢐Ңհኊઢ‫ܚ‬ԤೝӖΣထࠢ‫ޟ‬ထΡ‫ޟ‬ᙁᙄȄ

ୀ࿽࢐֏Ϛۣ௰ኄȉ

༈ᇳԑሆτ‫ܒ‬џоӵ ᜢϛࣼ‫ڗ‬Ґ‫پ‬ίЉ

Ϛӣܻထ፛࿽‫ڷ‬ඈࣀ࿽Ȃ࿲ထ࿽‫ڷ‬፝ထ࿽‫پ‬ՌܻЈкఀᄇ‫ڏ‬Ѻ۠ఀ‫ޟ‬࿽Р‫ޟ‬ ֜ԝȃ‫׽‬അ‫ڷ‬१ཱིၛភȄ࿲ထ‫ۇ‬ଔྛܻϚӖ᜺ഷᅭ੫Ρ‫ޟ‬༈ಛ࿽РȂӵ10Т ‫ޟ‬ശࡣΙЈȂтঈࣺ߬೻࢐েЈ‫ޟ‬ತ๖ȂьЈ‫ޟ‬໠ۖȂ೻ΙЈ࢐Ιԑ‫ޟ‬१ौ ኿ᜋȂ࢐ശ१ौ‫ޟ‬࿽РϞΙȂೝᆎ࣏ȶԫΡϞРȷȂ‫ޱܖ‬ȶୀ࿽ȷȄ೻ΙЈ Өᆍඌୀю‫ؠ‬ȂԫўΡঈ‫ޟ‬᡹ቀζོᚔ໠٘ᡝȂӵж໢ၽٖȂ೻ΙЈ‫ޟ‬ఏΰ ζ൷ਿѴӠᓎȄ࣏Οᔃٖ٣ඌ‫ޟ‬ୀቀȂഷᅭ੫Ρོᔜΰ७‫ڎ‬Ȅ༈ᇳ࿋Јкఀ ༈ఀρิചϚӖ᜺፝৬‫ޟ‬ਢঐȂ༈ఀρঈ࣏Οᔆ‫ڙ‬೻ᆍೝтঈຜ࣏᫅ᆒ‫ޟ‬ኈ ᏇӀ༈ಛȂ൷‫װ‬೻ΙЈϞࡣ‫ޟ‬11Т಑ΙЈ࣏ۡ፝ထ࿽Ȃक‫܈‬Јкఀ‫ޟ‬ထΡঈ Ȃ‫ה‬ఖоԪ҈ᔆ೻‫ٲ‬ୀ܏ᢎ‫܈‬Ȅ ࿲ထ࿽‫ڷ‬ୀ࿽‫ޟ‬ಬ߹Ȃкौ࢐ӵ़গέ৬‫ڷ‬ѕछ‫़ࠉޟ‬឴෥ҕӴȂζ൷࢐छ ୽ȃё਌σȃᐬσց‫ٳ‬ȃཱིՙ៌้ӴȄ‫ڏ‬ϛछ୽‫ޟ‬࿲ထ‫ۇ‬༈ಛȂശߑҥ‫پ‬Ռ དྷᅭ៌‫ڷ‬ឃਿ៌‫ޟ‬ಋҕܻ19жक༈ΣȂՄ‫ڏ‬тีႀ୽ড়ࠌܻ20жकґ‫ڧ‬छ୽ ࢺ՗МϽኇ៪Մ໠ۖኊઢ࿲ထ‫ۇ‬Ȅ ࿲ထ࿽‫ޟ‬кᚠ࢐ୀ܏ȃᔃΡȂоЅᇄԫιȃ៳‫ݲ‬ȃ܏‫ސ‬Ԥᜰ‫ސٱޟ‬Ȅ೽லᇄ ࿲ထ࿽‫׶‬ΰᜰ߽‫ސٱޟ‬ԤࠒҞȃୀቀȃॵϋୀȃ‫ד‬கȃፋፇȃ༃猫ȃ猫ᓞᢁ ȃᆠ᡹ȃቊϋȃᏀ៲‫ڷ‬ඌ៳้ȂᗙԤຎᄺΡ‫ސ‬ԃ֜Ֆୀ‫ڷ‬ऋᏰ܏ΡȄ༃Փ‫ڷ‬ ᐖՓ࢐࿲ထ࿽‫ޟ‬༈ಛ顔ՓȄ౪ф࿲ထ࿽‫ޟ‬産ࠢζσ໔‫ٺ‬Ң๙ՓȃᆦՓ‫ڷ‬औՓ ȄऍЈ‫ޟ‬ϯશԃࠒҞ‫ڷ‬ግ૩Ρ้Ȃζԙ࣏࿲ထ࿽‫ޟ‬ຫ኉Ȅറպᐷ࢐࿲ထ࿽ശ ኄ࣏Ρ‫ޟޣ‬ຫ኉‫ސ‬Ȅӵ़୽‫ڷ‬དྷᅭ៌Ȃ࿋ӴΡনҏӵࡷު‫ޟ‬ᒄ๻ϛᐽᘈ៑ᕎ അԙറպᐷȂծಋҕ‫ڗ‬छ୽‫ޟ‬Ρ࡞‫ߛ߯פ‬ҢࠒҞф෇ȂӰ࣏ࠒҞШၶσ‫ڷ‬ৠ ܾӵΰ७ᓏ‫ړ‬ყਰȄϚЍড়৳ӵࠒҞΰ‫ړ‬ΰᔃΡ‫ޟ‬७ৠȂ‫ܹٮ‬ӵσߞο‫ޟ‬໦ ఘΰȂ༈ಛΰԪୈ‫࢐ݲ‬དᔃٖඌ៳‫܏ֽܖ‬Ȅ ࿲ထ࿽‫ޟ‬кौࣀଢ଼࢐ȶϚ๝ᑥ൷཯༄ȞTrick-or-treatingȟȷȄωࡆ၆‫׸‬ԙӨᆍ ৼ܎ኺυȂംߞംИࡸ៪᎑ۨ‫ߞޟ‬ႛȂσѩȈȶTrick or TreatȊȷȂкΡড়߯ ོ਌юΙ‫ٲ‬ᑥ‫ݎ‬ȃѽպΨ‫࢐ܖ‬ωᙄ‫ސ‬Ȃ҈ี೻‫ࡆٲ‬υٖΡȄഋϷড়৳ࣥՍ‫ٺ‬Ң ᖐॱ੫ਝ‫ڙڷ‬㢉ᐠᏢᕊഅৼ܎੉‫ݥ‬ȄωࡆΙఏ‫ڥ‬ு‫ޟ‬ᑥ‫܁܁ݎ‬оೡॎᆗȄ

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༈ಛ‫ޟ‬࿲ထ࿽݈Ⴚѓࢂቊϋȃୀቀ ȃ‫ד‬கȃඌ៳้Ȅ‫݈ޟ࠮ڐ‬Ⴚਢᇐ ๿Ι༵୘Ο‫ڍ‬এಁЌ‫ޟ‬Ҁ‫׸‬ୀȄӵ 19жक‫ޟ‬ឃਿ៌‫ڷ‬དྷᅭ៌Ȃ࿋ਢ‫ޟ‬ Ρᇯ࣏࿲ထ࿽ࠉ‫ۇ‬ୀቀོ‫ڗپ‬Ρ໢ Ȃ࢈ོ҈‫׸‬ுᇄୀቀΙኺȂᡱୀቀ ‫װ‬ՌϏ࿋ԙӣ᜸ȄߖԑȂ࿲ထ࿽ࠉ ‫ޟۇ‬၆‫׸‬ϐϚ३ܻৼ܎ȂՄџоհ ӈդ҈‫׸‬Ȃԃ‫׸‬ԙႫຜቑ‫ܖ‬Ⴋኇ݂ ࢑ȂоЅϴ衆Ρ‫ސ‬Ȅ2001ԑȶ911 ᠛ᔞ‫ٱ‬ӇȷࡣȂੑ٩ষȃឌᄆ้ԙ ࣏ωࡆ‫׸ޟ‬ᅋᄇຫȇ 2004ԑԤσघ 215࿲এछ୽ωࡆ၆‫׸‬ԙᇞຓ߰Ȃ ࢐࿋ԑശ‫׸҈ޟߔ᠍ڧ‬Ȅ

ӵॷ෫ȂӰ࣏‫ޟ୽़ڗڧ‬ኇ៪Ȃ࿲ ࠒҞᐷ ထ࿽‫ޟ‬ಬ߹ζംᅚ࣏σಀ‫ܚ‬௥‫ڧ‬Ȅ ϚႆȂᄇܻ࿲ထ࿽‫ࣀޟ‬ଢ଼ȂζԤΡ ࡻϚӣ‫ޟ‬ᢎᘈȄԤॷ෫ൢાᆎȂȶ࿲ထ࿽ᖝߖȂୀ܏ኄ֙шҌσທωࡓȂ࣏࠲ ѿள‫پ‬༃ུৼ܎‫ݥ੉ޟ‬Ȃ‫ॷ࢐ޱࣥ؁‬෫‫ڍ‬໢кᚠϴ༪‫װ؁‬೻‫ٲ‬ୀ܏ࣀଢ଼઱Ⴚ࣏ ӫড়᠍‫ޟ‬࿽ҬȄԤ‫ོޥ‬Ρρᜰ‫ڗݧ‬೻ᆍୀ܏ॳ੉ᄇ‫็ڋ‬Ж౩୊ஶ‫ޟ‬ኇ៪ȂՄᐃ ኄᆓ‫ޟ׋‬ၥਟᡗҰȂᄠХ10Т12РȂ൷‫ڍ‬໢кᚠϴ༪Ι೿՛ࡇ༈࿲ထ࿽ࣀଢ଼ ‫ޟ‬ᡙᔃࡇ༈аȂӓ௥ᕕߖ130۠‫׹‬ວȂҁ֯ؐРቨё‫۠ڍ‬Ȅ࣏ԪȂኇॱ‫ٺ‬ღ੫ տ‫ۏ‬ԜΙড়ѿൟ፡ࢥϴѧ೤୰຺ႆ700ΡȂี౪ႆјኵ‫ڧ‬೤‫ޱ‬ᇯ࣏ࡇ༈࿲ထ࿽ ࣀଢ଼‫ޟ‬ኄ֙ϱৠᄇ‫็ڋ‬Ж౩࢐ོள‫॒پ‬७ኇ៪Ȃ௑㥒๿ᄂхΡ኏ኌȄȷ ᄇܻൢണ‫׹‬ວȂᖝ‫ח‬Ж౩Ᏸড়ങ୽ҁിρࡾюȂୀ܏ኄོ֙ᄇ‫٘ޟ็ڋ‬Жี৤Ѕ ԙߝԤ๿౏ሉኇ៪Ȅтࡾюԑकၶω‫࡞็ڋޟ‬џ૖஠ኄ֙ϱৠ߬о࣏ઍȂ‫ܖ‬Ϛ૖ ᒱտ٥‫ٲ‬ୀ܏‫ޟ‬ઍጂ‫ܒ‬Ȃ౰ҡϚԊ௑ᆱȄՄԑकၶσ‫็ڋޟ‬ೝᔃਢ୅षញЅтঈ ‫็ޟ‬ԑഛኇȂџ૖ོЕีฐኌ੿‫ৼܖ‬ា੿Ȅȶਲ਼ᐃΙএछ୽ࠤգσᏰЖ౩Ᏸं‫ـ‬ ࡾюȂέՍΜྑ‫ޟ‬ω݉ЄȂԤ࡞ᙴ൲‫ޟ‬Вད‫ڷ‬ഺഅ૖ΨȂԃ‫ݎ‬ӵ೻এԑकኇ៪‫ڗ‬ тঈ‫ޟ‬௑ᆱȂ೻এ௑ᆱџ૖ོኇ៪тঈΙжȄ‫ٽ‬ԃω݉Єَ‫ڗ‬ᇌ७຺Ρོ‫׸‬ȃོ ଄ӵသ㠰७Ȃᇲо࣏ՌϏ൷࢐٥এΡȂԃ‫࢐ݎ‬ȺғဎȻȃȺདྷȻ൷ԁȂծԃ‫ݎ‬৛ Ρȃৼា‫ޟ‬ᢎ‫໌ོ߯܈‬ΣΟтঈ‫ޟ‬ЖȂᝒ१Ӵኇ៪тঈ‫ޟ‬௑ᆱ‫ڷ‬ቋ঄ᢎȄω݉Є ष‫ݎ‬ཐ‫ৼڗ‬ាȂՄά‫ײ‬Ϛ‫ؑڗ‬օ‫ޟ‬ᐠོȂৼាོΙ‫៉۽ޢ‬Ȅȷ ζԤஅ࿜ఀΡρᇯ࣏࿲ထ࿽Ϛಒӫஅ࿜ఀ‫ޟ‬ఀဎȄॷ෫அ࿜ఀღᡝኇॱ‫ٺ‬ღᖂ ཆ‫଀ٱ‬МᎃߒҰȂϚЍΡо࣏࿲ထ࿽࢐ӵΪТέΪΙРȂһԤ‫ٲ‬Ρᇲ஠࿲ထ࿽ ᇄ࿲ထ‫࣏౅ۇ‬ΙፙȂծ࿋ଡҏྗྛ‫ޟ‬ਢঐȂ‫ٱ‬௑‫ޟ‬ઍࣺ࢐σড়ғϚ‫ޣ‬ϚឈӴത ϭΣΟΙএ௃ሉѠՄ‫ޟپ‬Һୀࣀଢ଼Ȃ࢐өԫડཱࡶᇄᝦಊ‫ޟ‬РυȂ‫ؠ‬Ԥјᘈȶ ထȷџِȂ࢐Ιএઍғ‫ޟ‬ȶୀ࿽ȷȊ଀МᎃࡾюȂσ衆ଽፙᗯ፣ୀМϽ೻ᆍ٣ ඌ‫ސٱޟ‬ȂࣥՍԤড়ߝளӣυτо‫׸‬ୀԙ࣏৏ዅȂछϽ೻ҏ‫࢐پ‬шᅖડફȃ༃ ུȃֽ៳оЅԫι‫ࣀ܎ৼޟ‬ଢ଼Ȃ࢐๘ᄇϚۣȊထငһ݂݂֙ວ‫ר‬ঈϚџ୑ө٥ ‫ٲ‬Һୀ‫ڷޟ‬՗‫ד‬೚‫ޟ‬Ȅ

ՌณՄณȶႆࢷ࿽ȷ ȶႆࢷ࿽ȷ࢐ϛ୽ߖԑ‫پ‬ΙএԤ፸‫ޟ‬ၗᚠȄ‫ܚ‬ᒝȶࢷ࿽ȷȂ‫ߨٮ‬൐ࡾѴ‫پ‬Ϟ࿽ РȄϛ୽Ѵ‫ޟپ‬࿽РনҏϚЍȂσӻࠅоȶ୽ሬȷϞӪȂ‫ٽ‬ԃȶ୽ሬஏτ࿽ȷ ȃȶ୽ሬ഼ଢ଼࿽ȷȃȶ୽ሬ‫็ڋ‬࿽ȷ้้Ȅᗶณߖԑ‫پ‬ၥଉ೽ᄱȂσড়ζ‫ޣ‬ၾ ϚЍ‫ޟ‬Ѵ୽Ȃтঈ‫ޟ‬ஏτ࿽ȃ഼ଢ଼࿽ȃ‫็ڋ‬࿽‫ٮ‬Ϛ࢐ȶ୽ሬȷ‫ޟ‬٥ΙЈȄ౪ӵ ᇳுӻ‫ޟ‬ȶࢷ࿽ȷȂ࢐ࡾ୽ড়‫ٮ‬ҐࡾۡȂՄೝҕ衆੫տ࢐ԑሆΙф௥‫ޟڧ‬Ѵ୽ ࿽РȂԃȶထ፛࿽ȷȃȶ௑Ρ࿽ȷȃȶ࿲ထ࿽ȷ้้Ȅȶࢷ࿽ȷ‫ޟ‬੫ᘈ࢐Ȃӻ ࢐ՙП୽ড়‫ޟ‬ҕ߹࿽РȂ‫ٮ‬иӻԤஅ࿜ఀधශȄ


ዥᘈடᚠ ᄇܻȶႆࢷ࿽ȷ‫׳ޟ‬ຟᖐϚ๘ܻՆȂσमᇳ‫پ‬Ϸ࣏‫ڍ‬ᆍȂ‫ڏ‬Ι࢐ᇯ࣏Ϛ߬ఀ Մႆஅ࿜ఀ࿽РȂԤ‫ٲ‬ϚগϚ᜸ȇ‫ڏ‬Π࢐ឈு݂݂Ԥࣺᔖ‫ޟ‬ϛ୽༈ಛ࿽РȂ ࠓߨौўȶႆࢷ࿽ȷȂ឴ܻኵ‫ןڐ‬ઠȄᜰܻ಑Ιᆍ‫׳‬ຟȂ‫ھ‬ณ࢐Ԥ‫ٲ‬ၾ౩‫ޟ‬ ȂШԃȶထ፛࿽ȷ࢐࣏Οक‫܈‬डᑙஅ࿜‫ޟ‬፛ҡȂȶඈࣀ࿽ȷࠌ࢐क‫܈‬डᑙஅ ࿜௃ԫιϛඈࣀȄϚႆȂࡻ೻ᆍ‫׳‬ຟཎَ‫ޟ‬ΡȂζσџо࿠ಁࣼࣼжࣨȂӰ அ࿜ఀՄଔ‫ޟ‬ȶထ፛࿽ȷȃȶඈࣀ࿽ȷϐငԙ࣏ϚЍՙП୽ড়ҕ߹‫ޟ‬ΙഋӋ Ȃ։‫ؠ࢐ٺ‬Ԥ߬Ӊ‫ޟ‬ΡȂζོ‫װ‬ȶထ፛࿽ȷȃȶඈࣀ࿽ȷ࿋ୈ࿽Р‫پ‬ዥ௑୤ ᇄȂ‫ڏ‬ϛխϐ‫ؠ‬ԤӻЍ۠ఀ‫ޟ‬ӰશȂԑሆΡዥ૿୤ᇄȂᄂሬᇄ۠ఀฒᜰȄӣ ኺၾ౩Ȃ‫װ‬࿲ထ࿽ࣼԙȶҺୀ‫ڷ‬՗‫ד‬೚ȷȂζ‫ؠ‬Ԥ҆ौȂӰ࣏౪ӵኊઢ࿲ထ ࿽‫ޟ‬ΡȂζ࢐‫װ‬࿲ထ࿽࿋ୈ൶‫פײ‬ዅ‫ޟ‬ᙤοϞΙȄ ᜰܻ಑Πএ‫׳‬ຟȂࠓζԤ‫ٲ‬ཎࡦȄШԃȶ࿲ထ࿽ȷȂσܰᇄϛ୽‫ޟ‬ȶ‫ࣵ៌ޠ‬ ࿽ȷࣺ࿋Ȃ٥࣏ϧ麽ԑሆΡዥ૿ȶ࿲ထ࿽ȷՄᄇȶ‫ࣵ៌ޠ‬࿽ȷཱՄሉϞ‫ڹ‬ȉ ন‫پ‬ȶ࿲ထ࿽ȷԤ೨ӻԤ፸‫ޟ‬ಬ߹ȂԤࠒҞᐷȃୀ܏၆‫้׸‬Ԥཎࡦ‫ޟ‬ᔖශ‫ٱ‬ ‫ސ‬ȂՄȶ‫ࣵ៌ޠ‬࿽ȷࠓѫԤᝒ๦‫ࡶޟ‬όቈԒȂᡱԑሆΡཐ‫࢝ڗ‬ᕍȄάШԃȶ ௑Ρ࿽ȷȂζѩհȶထҟগΛ࿽ȷȂনҏζԤএϛ୽‫ގ‬ҏȂ։࢐क‫܈‬вॢᙑ τ‫ޟ‬ȶΜςȷȄѫϚႆȂȶထҟগΛ࿽ȷᇳ‫࢐ޟ‬Ι՝ѩհҟগΛ‫ޟ‬ఀρȂϚ ៫ᛳ଻ࣲࡔ‫ޟ‬࿱хȂࠃ๿ҡ‫ڼ‬Ӡᓎ࣏ԑሆΡкࡻஔᙄ‫ٱ࢈ޟ‬ȂՄȶΜςȷᇳ ‫࢐ࠌޟ‬дҔৌৌӰ࣏Ј৳‫ޟ‬ೣઐȂܶඹвॢᙑτȂؐԑѫ೨ӵȶΜςȷَ७ ‫ٱ࢈ޟ‬Ȅஈ๿Ӵԙ൷དྷ௑‫ڷ‬ஈ๿Ӵܶඹདྷ௑Ȃ঺Ιএ‫؁‬ӫᎌհȶ௑Ρ࿽ȷȂ ᡗณϚِՌ݂Ȅ Ӱ࣏ԑሆΡ൉᠍ȶႆࢷ࿽ȷȂҳ‫߳ݲ‬៖ϛ୽༈ಛ࿽Р‫ڳޟ‬ᖐζູ‫ູپ‬ଽȄ 2007ԑȂϛ୽ࢇ‫ีۺ‬շМ֙Ȃ஠఼݂࿽ȃᆒϿ࿽‫ڷ‬ϛऍ࿽ጂ࣏ۡ‫ۡݲ‬࿽РȂ ܹ୅ΙЈȄ೻ኺΙ‫پ‬Ȃ೿ӣၻᐍཱིԑȞࢌ࿽ȟܹ୅3ЈȂϛ୽༈ಛ࿽Р‫ޟ‬୅ ෈ቨё‫ڗ‬6ЈȂլӒഋ୽ۡ୅෈‫ޟ‬ΙјȄ‫ڏ‬ϛȂ఼݂࿽೽ல࣏ϴᐍ4Т5РȂ ࢐๼Ρಊઠȃ௭ძȃ፽ߧ‫ޟ‬РυȄԤཎࡦ‫ٱޟ‬௑࢐ȂҬࠉ఼݂࿽࢐୲ΙΙএ ߳ࡻনԤ༈ಛђ૖‫ޟ‬༈ಛ࿽РȞϚ፣ܹ୅ᇄ֏ȟȄ

Ԥຟ፣ᆎȂϛऍ࿽ϐင౎࣏ȶТሸ࿽ȷȂ ᆒϿ࿽ζԙΟȶᆟυ࿽ȷȂ։‫ࢌٺ‬࿽ζ Ϛَཱིԑѫ഻ήܹ୅ȄՄ఼݂࿽ࠌߨல ཎѴӴ᝷៉๿ಊઠȃ௭ძȃ፽ߧ‫ޟ‬հҢ ȄϚுϚᇳȂΙএ༈ಛ࿽Р࢐֏᝷៉‫ڧ‬ ‫ڗ‬१ຜȂᇄђҢ࢐֏ϫณԤਝȂԤ๿࡞ σ‫ޟ‬ᜰ߽Ȅϛ୽༈ಛ࿽Рԙ࠮ܻၻཾ‫ޥ‬ ོȂளԤ౏ࠔ‫ޟ‬ၻཾ‫ོޥ‬੧ӟȂጂᄂ࡞ ᜲ‫ڷ‬౪ф୦ཾ‫ࣺݥ੉ޟོޥ‬ᎌᔖȄШԃ ϛऍ࿽Ԥღᆹ፬Т‫ޟ‬ಬ߹ȂᆒϿ࿽Ԥᗉ ᓸՑ‫ޟ‬༈ಛȂѫ࢐೻‫ٲ‬ಬ߹‫ڷ‬༈ಛᄇܻ ۨ՞ӵᓁ๐Ы‫ݓිݫ‬㠰‫ޟ‬౪фΡ‫پ‬ᇳᄂ ӵԤ‫ٲ‬ልሉȄ ఼݂࿽ࣺᄇܻ‫ڏ‬т༈ಛ࿽РȂࠓཎѴӴ ୀ܏၆‫ޟ׸‬ԑሆΡ ‫ڗڧ‬१ຜȄьўࢌ‫پ‬Ȃົ๿ᜲு‫ޟ‬୅෈ Ȃᚔ໠࠲ѿȂўሉٗȃ፽ߧȂ໷߯ಊઠȃ௭ძȂᄇܻ౪фΡՄِȂ࢐๘ԁ‫ܹޟ‬ ᚬᐠོȄԤ‫׳ٲ‬ຟཎَࡾȂՙП࿽Р‫ޟ‬୦ཾϽ੉‫֜ݥ‬ЕΟԑሆΡ‫ݧޟ‬ཎΨȂፐ ᔞΟϛ୽༈ಛ࿽Р‫ޟ‬Ӵ՝Ȃϛ୽༈ಛ࿽Рԃ‫ݎ‬ौ१ཱི஧ଔȂ҆໸ौٖ୦ཾϽ‫ޟ‬ ၯጣȄ‫ڏ‬ᄂȂ఼݂࿽‫ޟ‬ԙђ‫៉۽‬ȂшϷᇳ݂୦ཾϽ‫ߨٮ‬༈ಛ࿽Р‫୲ޟ‬ΙюၯȂ ѫौ࿽Р૖ஊᇄ౪фҡࣀࣺᒊӫȂ൷૖‫ڗڧ‬ԑሆΡ‫ߔ᠍ޟ‬Ȅ ԃ‫ݎ‬ᇳᇧഅৼ܎੉‫ݥ‬Ȃ࿲ထ࿽‫ޟ‬ཐឈ࡞ᜲᇄৼ܎Ⴋኇࣺඪ‫ٮ‬፣Ȃѫौড়ߝ ғጂЕᏲȂࣺ߬ϚོᄇࡆυഅԙЖ౩ഺ༌Ȅఀོԃ‫ݎ‬Ϛᇯӣ࿲ထ࿽‫ڏޱܖ‬ т࿽Р‫ޟ‬ϱৠȂ൷ᔖ၎஠ᇯ࣏ғጂ‫ޟ‬ПԒ֙ວσড়ȂЕᏲ߬ಀȂШԃџо 22Т2РࠉࡣԊ௶क‫܈‬ȶ፝ထ࿽ȷ‫ࣀޟ‬ଢ଼Ȃ֙ວԑሆΡ‫ڏ‬ϛ‫ޟ‬ཎဎȄҢࢺ՗ ‫ޟ‬ၗᇳȂ࿽Р൷࢐ȶ‫ײ‬এ౩ҥዅΙήȷȂฒ፣ϛ୽༈ಛ࿽Рᗙ࢐ՙП࿽Р Ȃ࣏ҕಀள‫پ‬ඛ‫ޟפ‬Ж௑Ȃ൷࢐࿽Рശσ‫ޟ‬ଓᝦȄ

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Ԥᜰࢥၚџᖒ๜RBSMorgans‫ཾࢸٳ‬୛кᆓങ੝৳

ԃդၼҢ‫׬‬೚Ϸ‫ݙ‬ເថσѿȉȞĵȟ Raymond Chan Head of Asian Desk RBS Morgans ೊஜӀ‫׮‬።ȞMoving Averagesȟ ऎৠ‫ޘ‬ग़Ю਴ཕȂຊ߰‫ثد‬ങж‫ߞޘ‬ћൢᕣ၉Ϟ‫ی‬ৎ࣐งȄЫч‫ا‬েদࠔഺ ৎѹᛟȂ‫ڭ‬ᗾႋ൵ࠕ௱‫ࠛݺڍ‬ᓉж‫ޘ‬ћൢߞȶೊஜӀ‫׮‬።ȷȄ

ყΙ

ೊஜӀ‫׮‬።഼Ⴥ঍ᇖߵኊߞӀ‫׮‬ዴৃȂᄑҍϘ౧ȶᅰ༶ȷߞ‫ڕ‬ཕ።ᄦȂգׄ ิֲኊ੾хᚬޯஜߞไᙘȂ ෠෪ᘌཕȄೊஜӀ‫׮‬።ᇌ᝷ᗄԺȂం൵᎑ᛔߞዴ ᐯጀ࡭Ȃۖྲ᚞ዴᑂҐᡋൌգȄऎϞў࠮ᡝ߰ϞႋȂຊ߰ҪྻদᙇЬ೜ᕕӡ ൵ዃ޾ߞȶᚎඏೊஜӀ‫׮‬።ȷȄ ᚎඏೊஜӀ‫׮‬።Ȃ࣏ӤߵኊԴϘࣱ੡༡аߞӀ‫׮‬ዴৃೡ՘Ȅᗝৎ‫ڼ‬ЄȂԴϘ ౧УϩчӀ‫׮‬።ညКȂُчߞӀ‫ৃ׮‬Ȃ࣏঍ᇖԐࡈұϩϝчߞߵኊȂԓҐϯ ညчߞߵኊȂ୵ѽУϩȂϘчϘч঍ᇖҍ‫ڽ‬ȂЖକೡ՘ϭᄦȄ ᄦϘȈӅ۶Ӆ‫ݤ‬ȞBHPȟУϩчೊஜӀ‫׮‬።ϘՐ።ᄦȄ ж‫ޘ‬ਰྻԴ።ᄦКඵ‫ر‬ȶӹ义֜ȷȂ‫ߵ࣏׈‬ኊሃೊஜӀ‫׮‬።দᡑߞ֜၉Ȃԯ ऎഺ‫ڱ‬দᡑգҞକ࣏ᚼཕୈၳȄᗝ‫ڼ‬ȂϘ୸ߵೈߞ‫ڕ‬ཕϭ࿣ȂࡒԴࣙϘᙇп ्‫ێ‬ೊஜӀ‫׮‬።ȂᢖӯߵኊգᑟྻᚼཕϯпȄӅ۶Ӆ‫ݤ‬ȞBHPȟ֋ϩѡࠐѽ ‫ڕߞڽ‬ཕ࠮࣏ՂթȄ ЙჅᡝ߰ঋަྍȂೊஜӀ‫׮‬።࣏‫ߞ࡭ۏ‬ȶᆖࢢȷࢽዾȂҪ࣏ӡ‫ڽ‬ፁሮȶЏ ၃ȷ‫ؼ‬ᢏߞᘌཕ Ȅ୵ϞϘଠж‫ޘ‬фணւȂຊ߰‫ڭ‬Йᄁᔽ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰Ⴥ࢘দ໛ೊஜ Ӏ‫׮‬።Ȃэ‫ێ‬Դ֯ҍ໴Ꮁٙ‫ߞܠ‬੡৏Ȅԯऎԧ᝷ೊஜӀ‫׮‬።фࢽዾӅ༷୨Ԫ ‫ڹ‬ӡȂփೊஜӀ‫׮‬።գգੜ‫ݑ‬Ȃঋ၃ჅхᚬᢚᝋȂ‫ڭ‬ঋ෠෪ЙԢߵೈЙԢߞ ੡༡પ‫ݑ‬ȄഺϘзж‫ޘ‬Ѝ֯Ȃᅆ‫ݺ‬ᐾգ؆ຠცၝዴᑂњ෯ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ቙֖Ȃϵ࣏ ࿂‫ێ‬ᗄদȊ

൵௱‫ߞڍ‬ೊஜӀ‫׮‬።џዴऎȈ ൵๺። ϩч። ๺። Ϭϩч። К። Уϩч። ࠜ። ϟպч። ᡝჅӎћНࢢȂϭըԓգж‫ޘ‬ਰ႒႒‫ێ‬᎘ȂሲЦኃߵኊп्Ϙ౧ೊஜӀ‫׮‬ ።Ȃ຾ְ໴Ϣࣙ୸ߵԊȂְЂ७ߢႽႍՂ֣хᕕϞȈȶְԴ༟‫ߕا‬૯ཛྷȉȷ ϭ࣐งȂຊ߰ྻᗾႋҩϘ௱ӡߞж‫ޘ‬ӡሬ ɾᑋ‫۽‬Ȟ ConsolidationȟȄ

ं‫ـ‬ᡗҰዉϯୢ๘σӻኵ୽ড়Ϥԑ‫پ‬ᝯ‫ތ‬Ψήྤ Չᗑ༰ᄥ۶ገࣷข਱‫ڧ‬෻ӎᐯྻ25џгֶߞु‫ٿ‬ඡ‫ט‬ᢖӯȂገЮ஡ჅҝУՐ ୵዇஼۶୺օҁҳȂ‫ێ‬ҁገЮ஡஼ਛឮߋϧѪ࿤ሃ୑ࣆҞࢺ᠈‫׮ݑ‬գ‫ݙ‬ϭফ ȄഺԊु‫ٿ‬ඡ‫ט‬ᇢԪւዋϞገЮ஡ԧ஼ߞ୑ࣆҞࢺ᠈‫ݑ‬ȃឮߋϧ۶аቮȃබ ྽۶Ӡ産ϧȃཅசѪ࿤ຈࢽዾȂຕ‫ލ‬ᢖӯ཈գ൵Ђ၃ᕻᢜ዇஼۶൵Ј၃ᕻᢜ ୺օҁߞ୑ࣆ‫ۍ‬գҞࢺ᠈‫ݑ‬ȂѷឮߋϧఀۖϞኧ强Ȅ ඡ‫ט‬ᘘᢖӯȂᇢԪԧ༵ࢽዾవԩࡈව֜ߞ၃ᕻᢜ爲዇஼ȃླྀԳ‫׀‬ȃᒊฑජ۶ ഈ᠋ȂলᔍႵЂߞ၃ᕻᢜҒࣁؓ᜷ȃྑᆬ᠋ȃၬ່Ѱȃ֘઱Ѱ۶ྍЂ‫׀‬Ȅඡ

‫ט‬ѹ፠Չᗑ༰ᄥ঵ਯ၃ᕻᐯਛᘙֹᆬ•ઔᑨሲȂ‫ڰ‬ᅁϯُৎገЮ஡஼ਛ‫׮‬বᗜ ᑋჲгԒ୑ࣆߞᗞһԇசȂթҳᘘӅ༷ኧ强ឮߋϧ۶Ӡ産ϧȄඡ‫ࢽט‬ҍȂገ Ю஡ߞՐᅁቫ၃ᕻኧࠜತӅ༷Ⴟۖ2%ȂЖକգੜ减ьཅச۶ফֲҵ྽ತȄඡ ‫ט‬ჰเገЮ஡2011Ր၃ᕻኧࠜತऎ1.7%Ȅ ᑂఉȂገࣷԧ஼ࣆܹ爲‫ڨ‬Ѥԓ࢘๴ӠཅசԟᑟȂᕢന঍᝷֬ߞᆾရ၃ᕻҵᓊ ୃжࠑȂЙჅᅆՂ֣ᜂᇳলᔍႵЂߞ၃ᕻᢜЪӏႿ՘ԒᝊȄ

छ୽ё஼ᄇ‫ܘ‬Ӵ౰Х᠟୰ᚠ፡ࢥ ग़஼ᗑ‫ڣ‬ᔼ൯܎৶ྻѹਯֱࡑֹ25џሲȂग़ᗑᔼሃग़஼ᗑ‫ڣ‬Յภ࠲ᔍгҦຈ ᑟᅹ௟Դ11ѡᗑԪгֶᅆग़஼Ђ࡭֝‫ݪݯݗ‬໷ภᑟᅹߞ‫ݗ‬Գ産Ѥᡞࣿஜߞࠐ َໞ֤ඡ‫ט‬Ȅ

ֱࡑֹሲȂग़ᗑᔼӒԴȶᇦ௜Ꭰࣤ‫ݪݯ‬໷ภгҦሃѤᡞहᝯߞࣆຉȃ຀ؔѽ фаൊఠۘȂѽ㤩‫׎࣏ܠ‬ӤϷ‫ڀ‬೚‫ݑ‬਴ᙇᐱ७ϞЙᏋညߞѤᡞȄȷȶ‫ا‬েྻ ទ഍ჁхᏋည຀ؔߞ֖ऎȄȷ

ֱࡑֹညчԴग़ᗑᔼሃग़஼ᗑ‫ڣ‬Յภ࠲ᔍгҦබ‫ݪݯ‬໷ภѤᡞሃ‫ݗ‬Գ産Ҿඞ ࡈ฀爲ѹᛟᗑԪᗝ֖ߞϘըྻ៉ϯሲȂग़ᗑᔼሃ‫ێ‬ҁᗑ‫ڣ‬ᑟᅹӒԴໞ֤ညࡈ ‫ݗ‬Գ産‫ݪݯ‬Ѥᡞயᛟᅆग़஼‫ݗ‬Գ産Ҿඞ۶ࠛᓉᑟᅹߞ㩌Դ዆ᠩȄ

Ӥ‫ݺ‬գඡႽᇍϘ‫ݪݯݗ֝ڱ‬໷ภᑟᅹԴѤᡞ੯КՅԴม໤֖爲ȂӫࡈȂԑग़ ԧՍߞᕭᅅࠜӒԴᗑԪᎠࣤሃѤᡞ੯हᝯߞћԆ۶‫ࢠޱ‬຀ؔȄ

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଒ငੑ਀

Ȯ๼ᅭທРൢȯᇳछϯຶ঄ฒઉܻӒ౨ቨߝ ग़஼Ȯົᆬ໖џඡȯ25џ๴ࠑߤᎢᇍȂग़஼ည؊ళۤߞ਴ཕग़Ю۶௻Ꭰঋ໶ ‫ݽ‬༶ਮ஼ফֲ༶ਮߞ‫ݙ‬ᓜ“ԓӀᓊ”ࣆຉ๑ૈ‫ݺ‬ԑಧኧࠜȂϵЙྻ៏ఀ‫ێ‬ҁ஼ਛ ߞࣆຉԪ֯Ȅ ћൢࢽҍȂৣৣԴᘹ஼ຕ‫ߞف‬ϟϩ஼༰ᄥ୑ࣆൊࠜྻ៉ᢖӯȂԧ஼‫ڭ‬Йౕؓ

ग़Юា᠈໵ৃȂփ‫ێ‬ҁ஼ਛറᅋпৃȄग़Ю໵ৃӒ࣏ညࡈԑಧറᅋҾඞஜᒿ ߞ੮ѕ১ԯȄԑಧ၃ᕻߞૌӒயᛟԴ‫ݺ‬๴Ⴟ஼ਛȂэ‫࣏ێ‬ग़஼‫ڭ‬ٟգᅆညࡈ ߞԑಧ၃ᕻᙖ௺இҍԺЂ୒ឥȄग़஼୑ࠜሏપૼԴӎը୑ࠜྻ៉ϯ෩ҍߞঋ ِ໶‫ݽ‬༶ਮ஼ফֲ၃௱༵ӫ༶ਮߞஇ‫ޱ‬ᅆ‫ݺ‬ԑಧ၃ᕻ‫ڽ‬ሲ࣏ӎӐ৆၉ȄૌӒ ߞႋٙў੯࣏యஜग़஼஼аߞኧࠜȂѽ࠮൹ൄ‫ـ‬Ժබ྽۶‫כ‬є‫ـ‬Ժ‫ظ‬ႤȄ

Рӟॶသ൷‫୽ڍ‬᛫ဍငᔼӫհ‫ۡڞ‬ႀԙӓᜋ џӎ঵हຸߡϠ25џԴ঵ह‫ࠗܡ‬ሃۖണߞԞ࢘ᗁನதംᆔȆ‫੾ڙ‬ᗝ֖ྻ᎘Ȃ ᛕўබՐаӒՑᜪ၌၃ᕻԪ֯‫ܠ۝‬Ⴟ՘Ԓᝊ‫ۀ‬๴ࠑԒԢᗏ‫ށ‬Ȃࢽྻ᎘К‫ی‬஼ ঵ၝࠑӯ௟ᙖЂ۶௻мᐼರ‫ݑ‬ᄰ֡ᝯ࠼ȂԢྍന၉ൊࠜૺ၃ᕻᅆ႖Ȃᅆ؆՘ ၃ᕻԪ֯‫ܠ۝‬᎘ֿࠑӯᡌࠓ‫ڭ‬ঋِᐐ‫أ‬ӠੜȂᛕў௟Ґ௻ԴຂϿȃຂգࠛ៳ ўবߞ༟๴۶ԓ‫׀‬ӡўবߞԪ֯Ȅ ੲᑂџԞ‫ی‬஼‫׈‬௟ԴՐаᜪ၌ߞ၃ᕻԪ֯‫ܠ۝‬ȂԴӏ‫ڽ‬ϩՐ༡Ȃ௟ുَ‫֫ڹ‬

‫ی‬஼༡໶‫ݽ‬ᗁᛝ94ʦߞಯࡡߞᝯກফ֌წȄЙჅȂЂռȃЈ൪ѽфѱևȃᎩ ևຈႺಯࡡўবࡋᓲ෈Ϟџӎߞྍ‫ڍ‬ജవ୵Դ‫ܠ۝‬НҳȄ թ༡ж‫ޘ‬ϠЀࢽҍȂџӎሃԞ࢘ᜪ၌၃ᕻԪ֯‫ऻ࣏ܠ۝‬࿤ϞԞ࢘12ኆϠϾߞ һЂҾඞȂપ‫࣏־‬ЙᙝኧҐߞКຈ՜ϢϠ၏ҾඞȂԞ࢘ࡋง഼࢞Ⴥ၃ᕻԪ֯ ‫ڽܠ۝‬є་џӎߞԐ་‫ث‬ങ۶ႤࠛȄԢ੡ȂϵգᣍᙇሮऎȂӤ‫ݺ‬Ⴚಯࡡўব ٟգ‫ށ‬ᢖॎ૔Ȃ‫ߞ៉۝‬໪ወ‫ྍݑ‬၍Ђ‫ݺ‬ᅁቫྍ၍Ȅ

Бՙ१ҧ‫ה‬ఖᄂ౪Ɇ༘౥‫ڷ‬ҁɇ ѐ֘୑ࣆൊࠜԠԺȆதપҐ25џদӦȂѐ֘ЙౕؓऻۖɆབྷತᐼɇȂփ࣏ง ౕᅁ಩Ɇབྷತ۶ӀɇȄ தપҐሲȂѐ֘Ҫ࣏෩ҍϞɆབྷತᐼɇՅԴߞҞକ‫ݑ‬Ȃԧ஼Йକ๑໛བྷತߋ ᇑߞՅԴȄɆ‫ا‬েౕؓ۶ӀȂҒࣁབྷತϯߞ۶ӀȄՂ‫اލ‬েߞറᅋࠧ௱ி ੔Ȃ‫ྻܠߺڤ‬ඉҵឮߋϧȂ‫ا‬ে࣏Դ࠲᠕ӎ஼ߞබ྽Ȅɇ தપҐᘘࠑӯȂᘵ๒֋Ў๑‫ޱ‬ணҐϯ༉ӐԴᘹ஼ᗝ֖ߞϟϩ஼༰ᄥ୑ࣆൊ ࠜ۶КҴ቙֖֖ࠜྻ៉Ȃ֭࢝୼ᒸఀߢྻ៉௟བྷತயᛟԕϢџ຀ȄதપҐ

ሲȂҁߞ૿ਯ‫ڭ‬Йྍۧ຾ѐ֘ӲඞЙி‫ܠ‬Ȃ‫ڰ‬ᅁϯѐ֘Џ၃Դணሃ୅Ꭲབྷ ತயᛟȂ‫ڭ‬Դ‫ی‬۹ࡈᗝ֖ߞ஼ቫറᅋ௄ࠛೡᚐ۶ѵध቙֖Րྻϯ෩ӹϞѐ ֘ߞӲඞȄ ѐ֘୑ࣆൊџࡈԓըٙ‫ܠ‬෩୼୫ᅆҳႤߞࠛᓉӹ‫ݽ‬ກກತȄж‫ޘ‬ϠЀሮऎȂ ാ᠈ϯᎠࠛᓉᑆ֯ກȂࠑ‫ށ‬ѐ֘ࣆܹ୼࢘ᝯަ‫ڨ‬ፑ஼ቫɆጤᓿɇলᔍȃϧ࠲ ӎᅋჩ‫ڲ‬ᆬབྷತᜦ‫ܠ‬Ȅѐ֘ԺըࠑӯȂౕؓሃѵध‫ێ‬ҁ஼ਛϘႽ഼Ⴥ᎘ֿ‫۝‬ ஥Ȃ‫ۖر‬ԑবႋٙབྷತயᛟߞў‫ޱ‬Ȅ

19


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

ᆠ़ੲ‫ޟ‬ӣᏰԤࣥቄሯौ)Π*! ُч‫ا‬েߞЃ‫ۊ‬԰ਛ੡Ȃ‫ا‬ൌྻயՁϘҮȂЫчգतኃՀߕ(գᎷߞ‫ڰ‬ఐ)? ഺ Й࣏Ϙৎ൵Հߞய৏ҮȂҞ࣏‫ߞا‬Ѓ‫ۊ‬ൌ‫ށ‬Ө‫ߞا‬ӡྍȂՁ࠮ྻϘУϘϩԳ ཉѕԤྍ(࣑౎Ȃ‫ا‬Ѓ‫ۊ‬ႃ҇ሲȂ‫ا‬Йُ࣏чൌயՁߞ)ȄЃ‫ࢠ֋ߞۊ‬କϧ࢝ ୼Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽቮঋ‫ا‬েᑉѕߞ‫ڰ‬ఐьНϫьȂ֭஄Ղְߞ‫ۊ‬ЃԴᐯ੭գ‫ڰ‬๴Ӡ ϞȂְྻՂ֣഍ನ۸? ԰ྐ‫ߞا‬ຆՐȂ՘ᖻ࣏ԑ઱45Ϡߞ൵ࢢ೐3ԩȂ‫ا‬ည੡‫ݙ‬ঋবᅆߞ‫᝱ק‬Ȃ࣏‫ا‬ ӏฅ༟‫ܕ‬๴ਣ‫ߞا‬ўԨȂӏգϭ‫ܠ‬ٙѕȂ‫ݙ‬ѽᐯ྽՘ᖻ݀݀௻ਮϠྍȄ԰ྐ ‫݇ا‬КУ(10Րૺ)ߞ੡৏Ȃిᐱ‫ا‬઱ߞ຀ցਰࡒ๴ధϞ‫ߞا‬ԳನጕକȂ‫ا‬௱௱ ജᘛۖག‫ࡈޕ‬๴ࠑԳನॊߞஈᎢȂ‫ێ‬ҁॊӫည๒࢝෼഼Ȃ࢝ԺᐯӠൌᄊ‫ا‬Ȃ Й࣏ዹዹरକȂӺҞକգϘൊԊ࣏Ђᐡ౎՘Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽਛࠜঋપ‫ྍ઻־‬໳Є‫ߞؙ‬ ᐯӠјҊȄ‫ا‬ฅ‫އ‬சߞᇟॻКᐯȂ‫ێ‬ᅁЂൊԊߞᐯ੭ȂൌྻգϘӎᐯӠј ҊȂ‫࣏ڤ‬ᐯ੭Ⴌਛࠜ࿛഼ߞ൵௄ӎߞў‫ޱ‬Ȃည๒ȂਛࠜфցਰൌҞѽߡతТ ๴ც༎Ȃ֭‫ڤ‬ቮঋԺϘᙇґшȄ֭‫ا‬௻ᎠȂ๴ࠫȂՄ౧фც༎ൌҞକ࣏൵Հ ߞў‫ޱ‬Ȅգഢൢۘ࢘ߞᐯ੭ൌգϘৎЙ‫ށ‬ћߞഢ‫ܠ‬ȂցਰቮঋԴ48‫ݕ‬24Ј੡ а԰ຍਛࠜߞࣤ႙Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽᅆϘ‫ྲڱ‬ೊӔփ‫ڏ‬Ȃ੩኷ॻћცЄ༎Ԇ࠮࣏‫ߞڸـ‬ ў‫ޱ‬Ȅ ‫ר‬ᄇྜ೽‫ޟ‬፣ᘈ ಑Ι ਛࠜҞѽᅙᅙ੩኷֋Ўߞࣤ႙Ȃѽᘖֺ‫׈‬੡ߞॻሬӹ᎘Ȃգ੡৏Ȃցਰ фਛࠜߞϾরф༏রൌ዆ᠩТहН༡࿛഼ϯߞ࿤ፁ‫ݑ‬Ȅ ಑Π ਛࠜҞѽ᎛‫ވ‬у҃኷ცЄ༎ԆȂ֭‫ا‬௻ᎠӅ༷࣏ਛࠜ֋ЎԴᐯ੭ࢽ‫ߞܠ‬ ਛࠜ༎ፐȂ‫ڼ‬ՂParent PortalȄ‫߰ݕ‬ѽਛࠜ‫ށ‬၍༟Ӳߞ༎ፐȂᘵ๒Դ‫ټ‬ ! ᘳўবȂҞକգ૿ᙇȂ֭Դ࿛഼ϯ࣏ѧߡతԴც႖ϯߞӹ᎘‫ـ‬գੜತȄ ಑έ! ցਰҞѽԴў࠮ԪᏋߞ੡༡԰ც༎ȂփЙቮ‫ݺܠ۽‬ᐯ੭ߞᓱг੡༡Ȅ ಑Ѳ! ցਰ‫ݙ‬԰෇ߞც༎ȂਛࠜҞѽԴҳభߞॻћໟ‫ۏ‬Кࣤ႙Ϙ‫ॻڱ‬ћߞӠՄ ! фྲໟȂᚙ՘КћࢢѽᕒׄϞႋ֋ЎЄ‫ߞؙ‬ᐯ೫фӠࣿఐ޶Ȃ‫ا‬ሮऎ࣏ ! ߡతфգੜߞȄ‫ا‬Ӻฅᕒׄਛ࢙ࠜӲ᝷֬ߞࣤ႙ȂਛࠜҞѽւዋᄘႏȄ Ᏸ۟‫ޟ‬ԙᕼߒ ᐯӠُϘ‫࢘ܞ‬ൌգ՘ᖻࠑȂփ೐Ϙ‫ߞܞ‬՘ᖻࠑ࣏ࠑ಩‫ߞݑ‬ȂЂൊԊൌ࣏ցਰ ᅆᐯӠߞᣍᅅȂՂԴ੭Кߞணሃ‫ݑ‬ȂԪ֯‫ݑ‬ȂЂൊԊൌЙྻգ՘ᖻжዴȄ‫ݙ‬ ѽԴ೐ϟ‫ܞ‬КߞParent Teacher InterviewਛࠜցਰྻȂЂԺ᎘ф೐Ϙ‫ߞ࢘ܞ‬ᐯ ೫ఐ޶ȂᐯӠԴ᎝௅Кߞࠑ಩Ȃሃ‫ێ‬ҁᐯӠߞԪ֯ᝯ࠼Ȃ๴யԺьຈຈȄԯ փȂ೐ϟըߞਛࠜցਰྻ࠮ྻ᎘фжዴȂ֯ऎϘৎࢉᣍߞᐯӠᐯങࠑ಩ϯߞ ࢽዾȄ‫ا‬ᄁᔽਛࠜிࢺணሃȂҪঋ՝Ϙᙇ԰෇ᐯ੭ߞᘛ᎛ࠫȂᐯ੭࠮ҞѽՉ వ‫׈‬੡ཇ៌ऎְ‫އ‬சȂ‫ݙ‬ѽЙঋᓾჅഺৎϞႋЄЃߞᑟྻȄգൊԊߞਛࠜҞ କԴႻӡॻሬϯգ‫᝱ק‬Ȃ֭‫ا‬ሮᝊߞցਰൌ࿂ऎපদਛࠜକ‫ݩ‬੡༡ணሃਛࠜ ցਰྻȂ‫ݙ‬ѽሬ‫ڏ‬ϯߞ࿛഼‫ڭ‬Й࣏ϘзȂ‫ڗ‬ᢜሬ‫ڏ‬Ȃ᎘ԤȂ֗຾Ȃবਟߞࠑ ఐൌྻሲ‫ށ‬ਛࠜᅆЄЃߞᝯᜃ൯ራȂԯփȂਛࠜցਰྻᅁԴЙਟᓾჅȄ

᠍‫ݠ‬Ᏸҡ݈୛ ϛЖၖᗜஅ࿜ ৶ড়৳ё࿗ச ஜড়৳‫ٱ‬ώ

᠍‫ݠ‬ᐯӠ‫އ‬சКѕ Rejoice Student Centre

EDMUND

ԙᕼ‫ޟ‬ԁᇄᚽ ‫ا‬ሮऎᐯӠߞ՘ᖻٟգՀሃ᛼ȂҪ࣏‫ا‬ে‫ݙ‬᎘фߞ๴ਣ۶་຀Ȅ஄ॶ໳Є‫ؙ‬ ߞᐯ྽ᔹ‫ډ‬Ȃည๒ҞඈҞ໲Ȃ֭஄ॶቮঋ‫ؼ‬ຠߞ႖Ȃְߞхᕕϫྻ࣏ࢨዹ? ᗝ‫ڼ‬ȂգϘ֜ԢᐯԴϣॊւႏКգұॊւۖBȂփ‫ێ‬ҁߞ࣏CфDȂည๒Դᇟ ॻ઱ႆߞԢᐯȂ՘ᖻൌԯऎᐯӠ෼჆֋ࢠфᔹ‫ߞډ‬ж୨੡༡Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽ՘ᖻൌѧ ႵϘ७‫ݑ‬Ȅ֭Кᐯߞᐯ೫ᖖᄩգϘৎ࢝Ђߞ‫ؼ‬ஜȂϛՐૺߞᐯӠȂৣೲᛓϞ ԴЈᐯႆ‫ܠ۽‬ѽ઱ѹԇऎКѕߞఱ᎝ўՑȂ‫ؼ‬ऎԑব‫ڕ‬ԨߞࣿஜిᐯўՑȂ ϛՐૺߞԢᐯԯփႭ་ϞЂᐯՑߞୠॊ‫ڕ‬ᡝў‫ޱ‬Ȃሃ઱ѹԇߞྏఐᅙᅙ಴ ᛓȂሃԢᐯН༡ߞྏఐӺӏӅྻԑবߞ๴ਣȂ‫ݙ‬ѽȂ՘ᖻॶգӏՂྍȂ࣏Ҟ ѽನႋߞȄ ԰ۖ‫ا‬েৣЖ‫࢙ݙ‬Ӳߞ‫ڼ‬ЄȂ೐ϟ‫ߞܞ‬՘ᖻඏ൵ೣҍ‫ڽ‬ϞȂ՘ᖻ࣏бॊBф‫ی‬ ॊCȂְྻ୼ᒸཛྷ? ഺᇌ՘ґᅆ‫ا‬ӎ‫ڗ‬փ‫ڏ‬ȂЏ၃࣏ࠧ௱НՀȂ‫ا‬ంӏւۖ‫ڤ‬ ዹߞ՘ᖻȂ֭ᅆϘ‫ڱ‬ᇟग़઱ߞԢᐯȂ‫ڭڤ‬Й࣏൵҄Ϡ‫ޟ‬ዐߞ՘ᖻȄ Ϙৎ༟‫ߞށ‬ਛࠜȂྻ༰К֋Ў‫ۊ‬Ѓߞ་َఐ޶ ϯব᎘фߞ‫ی‬ॊD་َ՘ऎCȂ࣏Ϙৎ࢝Հߞ‫ؼ‬་Ȃ᎛ԧ֜ਛࠜঋԓϬࢥྐȂ ‫ڤ‬Ϙৎᕈ‫ۊ‬чӠ࣏ည঳ᑟਰ۸? ҁেൌ࣏ࢢчߞைᏳфᄁᔽȂ‫ࢅڭ‬Єߞᄱྐѽ ७ϭ‫ܠ‬ٙѕҝ‫ׅ‬ϧѽ঒ȂҩҳϘ‫ڱ‬ਛࠜඏඏऻ‫ڍ‬бॊBȂࡒ‫یୃ؞‬ॊӤD་َ ՘ऎ‫ی‬ॊC ߞ๴ਣȂ‫ۊ࣏ڤ‬Ѓ࢝Ђߞ་َȂҁেϭϞॴґȂࡒ෼჆෱‫ڽ‬ਛࠜ ߞֽ‫ֽڏ‬ሬȂҁেྻ‫ށ‬Өۖਛ࣏ࠜႬҁেನྐКߞ‫ۊ‬Ѓ֯ϘৎѧႵȄ ‫ྐا‬யԧ֜Ȃ‫ڤ‬Ϙ֜ਛࠜ಩Դ࣏ዴᐯчЖȂ֯๪କјфরጄਛȂ‫ࠑ҃ڭ‬ᑫࣷ ៏ఀϞ100гю֋ӤՑหާࠛ๕? ည๒Ȃ࢝ьϠҞѽఀۖ‫ڤ‬ዹߞᡭϠ՘ᖻȂ‫ڤ‬ ዹऎ֣‫ا‬েϘ‫ܠ‬ঋ‫୓ޕ‬ᗚыȂ‫ء‬ѕԳ௻֯Ϙৎទӓфទѭ۸? ‫ا‬ЙҪϘը᎘ф ᇟॻᐯ੭ႆ‫ߞا‬Ϙ֜ՀցਰԢ‫ڰ‬RobȂЙᙝߞᄁᔽф‫ݱ‬຾ԢನѕߞRob՘ऎ‫ا‬ ഍‫ߞڰ‬ᅳዹȂ ࢝೧ྛȂ‫ا‬ѕКླྐȂ‫ا‬ѭᓐ஄Ղᄊҁ‫ڤ‬ዹ‫ށ‬ನ࠮ՀϞȂ֭‫ا‬ Ӻঋ௻ᎠȂٟգ‫ا‬ցߌߞЙ્Йԃߞ᠁‫ݑ‬ȂЫчȂ‫࠮ا‬ЙକԨԧ֜ж‫اڳ‬Դ ᇟॻᐯ੭ϣՐЍ֯ߞ၃ᢚфѕఀȄѵ‫ؘ֯݀݀ڰ‬ϠȂϮшф‫܍‬ЄൌҞѽᓴ ᑄȂறᑾ‫ا‬েЙକᓴᑄ֋ЎߞѭӓᓐȄᐯ੭ߞ‫ڰ‬Ȃ‫ا‬ᄁᔽЂਛঋѽ‫ށ‬ನߞᅗ ࢘ҝᝯѕЄЃȂࡒЙକླ֋֯ҍ๑ನߞѧႵфჅԊߞঋِȂ࢝Ժ‫ވ‬уൌᕖఀ Ϙ‫ޓ‬ѪߞϘҗᆕфϘҗߩߞႽನȂѽѧඔϘৎጄᣍф෌ᣍߞ‫ݑ‬ԨȂ֭ૌӒჃ ϯૌᅁ੯‫ڼ‬੡Ȃ‫ا‬েЂൊԊൌҪ‫ڕ‬ཇ೚ߞўՑȂѽ‫ߞۘغ‬ሬᎠҝࣇྍ໵‫ۊغ‬ Ѓߞ་َф՘ґྏȂ‫ڤ‬ທЂߞᗿ႖࠮࣏”ᇍᣙҪྻҨϠᡭཆ”Ȃ‫ڤ‬ዹ᎛ய֋ࠫѕ

őįijķġ៉

᠍‫ݠ‬Ᏸҡ݈୛ϛЖЖ౩ሄᏲ‫ڷ‬ᒚၚ໶Ҭ ԃሯ‫؁‬ӻԤᜰ၎ၽᏰོ‫ڎޟ‬ᡝၥਟȂ፜ᖒᛮ᠍‫ݠ‬Ᏸҡ݈୛ϛЖ੼Ᏸ៫୰ EdmundȞ+61 425749198 / Edmund@rejoice.org.auȟȄ

࣏Οᡱ٥‫ٲ‬Ԥஅ࿜ఀधශ‫੼ޟ‬Ᏸҡঈ૖ஊӵ٘Жΰ‫؁‬ԁӴᎌᔖᐬࢸ‫ོޥ‬Ȃ᠍‫ݠ‬Ᏸҡ݈୛ϛ Жၖᗜஅ࿜৶ড়৳ё࿗சஜড়৳‫ٱ‬ώȄ ё࿗ᄇຫȈ 1. 2.

Џ၃ᐾգ௙௛ਛਲႤ੾ߞ௄ရਵਛਲ ‫ܥ‬ӏ‫ۍ‬൯௙௛ਛਲႤ੾֭ᅆഺϘўবգᒸᎷߞ௄ရਵਛਲȂᡌ‫ޟ‬ᐯӠ‫އ‬சКѕྻ෩‫ڻ‬ हᕕߞӦ᎛۶ቃᐱ຀ՑࢽࡑȄ

CONTACT US

凪乶㜴り

20

‫෉؃‬ᗸġMelynn Liġ ‫ں‬୉МġEdmund Chowġġ

Ᏸҡ݈୛င౩ġ Ᏸҡ݈୛င౩ġ

Йᐠ薷ĬķIJġĵıĴĵĵıIJĸĴġ Йᐠ薷ĬķIJġĵijĶĸĵĺIJĺĹġ

Ⴋ໏Ӵ֭Ȉmelynn@rejoice.org.au Ⴋ໏Ӵ֭Ȉedmund@rejoice.org.au

ϛЖӴ֭;Suite 7, Level 1, 2-8 Burwood Highway, Burwood East, VIC3151 Melbourne, Australia

ႫၗȈ+613 9888 7422


Өσ๼Ρ຺ѿ֯Ԥ᎛୵

ᚩᘍᑯḍᚔፊᎽ Tel: (02) 9728 2288 Fax: (02) 9754 1090 Ettason (VIC) Tel: (03) 8791 2388 Fax: (03) 8791 2398

EPH (Brisbane) Tel: (07) 3274 2322 Fax: (07) 3274 2522

Ettason (WA) Tel: (08) 9328 7845 Fax: (08) 9328 7823


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

ijij

۹ஈћ

=ယࠉ‫ޟ‬ᐷᗙ࢐ၯΰ‫ޟ‬ӎȉ? ௄ရਵहࠫၐ၃࣏ૠߞ႖Ȃփഺ‫ڱ‬႖ྻࢽӯϠՂ֣ӠࣿȂၐ၃ፒ‫ڏ‬ᇍૠߞ႖ ऎϠၙࡈߞᑶȃႮϯߞԍȄ࣏ߞȂЙᎢְգٟգࠫԈȂְൌྻ๴಩ၐ၃Ғ‫ף‬ ຾࢝ԺϠӠขዊߞ‫ڏ‬ሬȂԴЙьϠӠ഍ᄩКȂຜϠᄁᔽȃు๴ȃфϧ༓ȂԴ ዴϼՐ‫ڽ‬ЙьߞӠ‫ۻ‬Џ၃ᢖ‫ށ‬ҍ‫ڽ‬Ȅ

‫ژ‬၃ჅȂְබକԴ໖ᑶ࿰ࠪߞፑඛऻఀ౻྾Ȅԯթ໖ᑶ௱ജ‫ݸ‬ఀ୼୼ߞȂѽ ७ҹକ࿰ఀ‫ـ‬ቈȂփթ໖ᑶ๴‫ߞݸ‬କ༓ႵԺȄ໖ᑶ‫ڭ‬Й៳ࣙϘৎϠȂࡒऎُ Ϙৎ‫ڕ‬་ҹ࿰ࠪፑඛߞϠ‫އ‬சȂЙᇒഺϠߞ‫ڗ‬ԊȃԳ֜‫ݕ‬ҁ࣏ࢨዹߞϠȄ໖ ᑶබᄊϘৎ๑‫ߞټ‬ϠȂ๑ᔺߞ‫֋د‬ЎѾҍҝȂփҨ‫ݙ‬գ၃ჅߞϠఀۖՀ഍Ȅ

๒փࡒϫЙُ࣏ϘৎϠൌକԴ‫ێ‬К‫ۖر‬ᕒׄȂत֌գЙьࠫਵ‫ڭ‬ٟգԯ຾ၐ ၃փӠ‫ۻ‬գ࢝Ђ‫ؼ‬ᢏȂ১ԯ࣏तኃ۸ȉ‫ا‬ះఀգ੡࣏ԯऎ‫ا‬েᅆ࢞ၐ၃ߞᅗ ࢘ҍϞயᛟȄၐ၃ഺϘӎᆕգขዊକϧߞ੩ȂॶᏦᡝߞϠȂ௲຾Ϙৎબტߞ ೀԍ‫ڽ‬ᐯ೫Ȃҹߞକϧබ‫ۖۦ‬নۘȄ

௄ရਵϵജᇍऎѵϯߞԍȄ‫ا‬हࠫҹߞྍࢥ࣏ഺ‫ڱ‬գࠫԈߞϠঋԴ಄གྷф୛ ҵߞѵधКҨϠऻ‫ڍ‬ϠӠߞҍႮȂ‫ݙ‬ѽ௄ရਵঋᝯѕ۹ᏎߞϠȂ՘ऎҁেߞ ԢႮϠȄ֭‫ا‬हُࠫϘৎϠȂϵൌҞѽ՘ऎၙࡈߞᑶȂ࿰ࠪ‫ا‬ে۹ඛሮᝊ‫ا‬ েȃሃ‫ا‬েతࠕߞϠȂҨϠంሃ‫ا‬েहჃК‫ۖڍ‬ऽౕȄ‫ا‬েߞ‫ވ‬уȃԢ‫ڰ‬ф ‫ا‬ে‫ݙ‬ሮᝊߞϠȂൌҞѽԯ‫ا‬েփᅆѵधգࠫѕфऽౕȂ௲຾କϧবᅆُϘ чߞӠࣿȄ

ၙࡈߞᑶфႮϯߞԍ࣏‫ی‬ৎЙԢߞ໪ወȂࠑӯҍᅆၐ၃‫ی‬ᇌЙԢߞᅗ࢘Ȅၙ ࡈߞᑶȂ࣏Ϡ௲຾࿰ࠪࡈবߞႮӡߞȂҹߞӫߞ࣏ຜৎϠ‫ڹ‬ӡߞȂഺϠ‫ۖڕ‬ ‫ڤ‬㡯Ȃഺᑶබ࿰ۖ‫ڤ‬㡯ȂຜഺৎϠକऻ‫ڍ‬ȄႮϯߞԍࡒЙϘዹȂҹ࿰ߞፑඛ ႵዃȂᢰ‫ݙ‬գԴႮϯߞȂൌҞѽ‫د‬Ⴎऻఀ౻౻྾྾Ȅ

ϠϵҞѽ֯ऎႮϯߞԍȂԴѵधКຜϠऻ౻྾Ȅঋ֯ႮϯߞԍȂබᄊ໖ᑶϘ ዹȂϠබঋ૭ఀ୼ȃऻఀቈȂᝯѕЙԢ‫ߏڰ‬ȂЖକգକϧҨϠକऻ‫ڍ‬Ȅ֯໖ ᑶ‫ـ‬ঋత‫ࠜۦ‬งߞ‫ܝ‬ᑾȂٟգϠ֯֡ߞȂԯऎٟգϠྻ‫ید‬ပ໖ᑶ‫ݸ‬ԴԢϘ ֜၉ϯȄ֯໖ᑶබᄊ֯Ϙৎ‫ౕ߰ۦ‬ȂঋԴ֋Ўߞ௯֜ϯȂ‫ݙد‬գϠൌ࿰ࠪȄ

ၙࡈߞᑶ࣏࢝দঋߞȂԯऎҹՀᄊ࣏෩ᑶ߰ߞ‫ۦ‬уȂ݅ѕߞऎҁ‫އ‬சȂ҄ۖ௲ ຾ҹߞϠӠ‫ۻ‬ఀۖࢽєȂഺዹϠබЙྻዠ৆ቪᜣߏȂϵЙྻༀ৆Ȅփѷ๑ᎢႮ ࣏‫׎‬ԍ‫࣏ݕށ‬གླȂ๑Ꭲ෩ᑶߞϠԴतኃԳўфᖖᄩȂၙࡈߞᑶൌକຜഺϠକ ऻ‫ڍ‬Ȃබᄊ௲຾ϘњјცຌȂϠබЙྻԯᖖᄩփᢘ਻ϘଠȄϵᄊ‫ژߞࡈژ‬ᔝᑶ ȂЙᎢ‫ژ‬Є‫ڕ‬ఀԺ‫أ‬Ȃ౎ϯႽႮԺགȂҪঋ‫ژ‬ᔝᑶࠪ຾ȂϠබକ༟‫ژ‬ϘଠȄ

֯ၙࡈߞᑶȂЙᎢ࣏ცຌ‫ژ࣏ݕ‬ᔝᑶȂ‫࣏֯ݕ‬ႮϯߞԍȂ࣏໖ϯߞᑶȂ‫ا‬ে ൌቮঋЙᙝԳգକ࿚‫ڻ‬ᕕȂЖକា᠈๴ԍȄ௄ရਵहࠫ‫ڤ‬൹чൄԳߞૠȂ࣏ ҁেӠ‫ߞۻ‬࿚ᔝȂԯթϠᏫ຾ૠȂබକࠜง๴ԍȄ ЙߢႽְ᝸ྍ֯ϠၙࡈߞᑶȂᘘ࣏Ⴎϯߞԍȉ

ႮϯߞԍࡒЙϘዹȄҹබᄊ໖ᑶϘዹȂജ‫ݸ‬ԴႮϯȂЙᎢְ࣏֖ϠȂ‫࣏ݕ‬ᏼ

ఖυԙᓸ ᔖԤ௦৷

ѕ۬໌ওϛЖ0ѕ۬ VCE டऋᏰ଱

օձԙђȊ Ϸਮ50໢

อૠᖵ‫ࠏפګڣ‬՗Κ‫ீء‬መᆄᖂ‫ەس‬ၞထ‫ټ‬壄૎խᖂΔ૎թఄ֗ᛧք‫ߏڣ‬ ‫ீټم‬ᑻᖂ८ᖂ‫ۯ‬Δ‫ګ‬ᜎጠগΜ‫ࡻޢ‬೏խᄎ‫ە‬ΔՕᖂԵᖂ‫ە‬ᇢ‫ګ‬ᜎ၌ᆢΜ

ѕ۬໌ওȂᐣѬோδȂৱၥᓺ‫ي‬Ȃհ‫़ى‬ϗȂఀᏰᇯઍȊ ᏰҡԙђȂᆎࠅӒᐬȂӨࣸড়ߝȂο࿬ၷၾȂᄂՍӪᘪȊ

!

ᐍᆬӎᗁ੭фж੭

පӪᐬહ

ЈᐯӠྲӠ୙ᇟग़ ੩Ғфћ‫ۍ‬Ȋ

ᓱг੡༡

MELBOURNE ᗁ੭ 50 Rutland Rd, Box Hill

࣐งϟ֌У10:00am-6:00pm ࣐งб/џ 9:00am-5:00pm

BUNDOORA ж੭ Bundoora Secondary College, Balmoral Ave, Bundoora

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm

BURWOOD ։ீ Blackburn English Language School, 120 Eley Rd, Burwood East

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm ࣐งџ!9:00am-12:30pm

DANDENONG ։ீ Noble Park Seconday College, 3 Callaghan St, Noble Park.

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm

FOOTSCRAY ։ீ Footscary City College, Kinnear St, Footscray

࣐งџ!9:00am-5:00pm

HAWTHORN։ீ Hawthorn Secondary College, Burgess St, East Hawthorn

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm

Ȇ!ኅ൯ϛ֌ϩϟՐૺԧॊVCE SUCCESS COURSES Ȇ!ϣ/ϝ/ϩՐૺᇟॻКᐯᚼᐯ઱

RINGWOOD ։ீ Ringwood Secondary College, ᎛ӤHill Street ੭ࠝ་Ϣ

࣐งџ!9:00am-2:00pm

Melbourneᒲ‫ٱ‬೎Ȉ50 Rutland Rd, Box Hill ᠍ߔࢥၚȈ(03)9898 9880

SPRINGVALE։ீ Westall Secondary College, Rosebank Ave, Clayton South

࣐งџ!9:00am-5:00pm

օௌ፽ΰᏰཾԙђϞၯ ࿼ናኇ჆දᄗᇰᓣཾඩឧᾗᶖᘴන ѕ۬੫ᘈ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

ి‫ل‬ᑾપȂᇟѕ፠ۘȄ Ԫ੾௞྽ցਰԇిȄ գ‫ڀ‬೚ᐯ೫ȂిᐯሮૌȄ ᑢՐւႏ՘ᖻ൵ᔹ‫ٽ‬Ȅ ȶ୼ੜକȷЈ઱ۘిᐯȄ

6. ‫ܠ‬งໞ֤ᐯ྽՘ᖻȄ 7. ֺ໱෩‫ࡗڈిڻ‬႙Ȅ

ѕ۬ጡ‫ڙ‬ᓺ፴፞แȂᔓօᏰҡ ҈ᛧᏰཾஅᙃȂ‫؁ڥތ‬ԁԙᕼȊ

Ӫ᚞Ԥ३ȂൢӪ௃ഀȊ

௞྽୊ፚ(FASTRAIN Prep 1,2,3,4,5,6ԧૺ) ւጨᐯࠛ0‫ټ‬Ӳԩ੭0ᇟॻᐯ੭0Ӂ‫ۊ‬ขକ୊ፚ઱ ॊӫȈॻћȂॻሬ኷֯ȂዴᐯȂขକ௱ᝊ ୊ፚࢥւ0࿤ፁକϧȂ෩୼ᐯ྽ѪӀȂᕕѾւႏ

ᇟॻКᐯ(Year 7-12) VCE (ॻȂዴȂನȂмȂॊᐯ)

࢑෈ΠՍϤ 10:00am-6:00pm ࢑෈ϲ/Р9:00-5:00pm ᠍ߔ୤ᢎҏਮ୽ሬᆩၯȈInternet: www.north-shore.com.au

22

ඪ‫ټ‬ջາωᏰᏰ૖กᡛ)፜मႫႱघ*Ȋ!ඪ‫ټ‬ջາђ፞ሄᏲȊ


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

ኬॱΡཪ଄ 海涵 ໊Ѳଔᆩમԝ᠙ġ

www.sameway.com.au

ᆩΰӣ؏ีܹ

3wbc.org.au

ӣᖐӣၯΡႫᇃ๼ᇭಢȃဃᇭಢ‫ܣ‬༓ཱི‫ޟ‬кኬȞဎώȟȂ!!18 ྑ‫ܖ‬оΰȂ‫ظ‬τϚ३ȂԤฒኬॱငᡛ֯џൢӪȂौؑ ᄇኬॱώհԤዥ௑ȂԤ೰ӈЖȂԤΙۡМԅђ‫ޥڷۻ‬Һ૖ΨȂ૖ஊღ໥ӫհȂড়՞ Box Hill ߣߖȞ୑ሉӴୢԤՌ രٙȟȂஅ࿜৶ȃԤώհငᡛ‫ޱ‬ᓺӑՃኌȄ) ѫ३Ꮞᅭҏ *

‫ר‬তήЫ‫ޟ‬ਢঐࣼѺԃӣΙีധႪΙኺ♪‫ޟ‬Ꮋ ‫پ‬Ȃ‫ר‬ਠ᜞‫ޟ‬ఀጛժюЙሆክѺȂಁϛшᅖΟ રཎȄ ωϘധ

ഷ৿඼Ϟ՗Ȟέȟ (៉ΰ෈)ည๒ьЙϞ൵գԩߞЈЗ൦஧Ȃҁে᚟ԴϘѯ‫گ‬Ө֒ߞञခКȂ‫ا‬ാ Փۤ฀઻݇ȄȞ‫ا‬Ҫ࣏இஇዹЄȂٟգૌߞဥۖȂઔࣶӠߏൌቮঋ࠲᠕ߞȂ ం֋Ўஇ୓ȟ‫ڗ‬੟ԑ࣏ԑ࣏‫؛‬ᅗԧಳߞഹञခ๼ञခȂѽф‫ا‬ҨЙҍԩՄߞ ઔࣶӠߏȄԧᇌ顔֒ӹᚐԴϘ୓Ȃ‫ا‬எ୓ᔝȂ൅ჅᇅᚡߞઔѪҪऻۖᔝ൤Ϙ ѯԍࠪȂ༧ԍ௟ഺѯѪ෿൅ᅔଠߞઔܺѵधฮࣖߞ‫ـ‬Ґૠ‫܈‬Ȅ ઔܺߞग़‫׻‬щԺщԺȂ‫ݙا‬㦏গߞЙჅေϘȄϯ‫ܫ‬ѽࢢ۶㩌ᐱߞӹ᎘Кߢ ႽȂ൶ਾ෻ԯ爲Ђ༓Ⴜࢉߞۖ‫ڽ‬ѽфщᏫࠕЂ൙ࣛߞԳನ֜၉Ȅ൶ਾ෻ࠕઔ ߞञခൌЏ၃༟‫ܕ‬ժϸȂૌӒЂජᖨߞᇟᢛԴ‫ـ‬ಎ഍ߞઔாКȄѧՂЂජᖨ ൵գԩߞѕ‫؛‬ञခਫѽфҝՐѵϯ൵ՀЍ֯ߞԳᙇϵԴ‫ݿ‬Ѐ᠋षߞࡣռᆬჲ ਫϯȂ‫ڤ‬ϵ࣏ৎ࢘஄ർԳЙჅኊᓿ‫ހ‬໳Ȅ

‫ר‬তήЫ‫ޟ‬ਢঐࣼѺԃӣΙีധႪΙኺ♪‫ޟ‬Ꮋ ‫پ‬Ȃ‫ר‬ਠ᜞‫ޟ‬ఀጛժюЙሆክѺȂಁϛшᅖΟ રཎȄ

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Դ൶ਾ෻գ࢝ԺDiving companyൌ၃ᖉLiveaboard TripȂϾါѧႵՀߞգ TAKAȄթ᝷гҦ௞ࠝత࢞ጤྑ㩌Ѫ幷ѷգே࿰ߞ㩌Ѫ৶েȄϘ֖වчൌ֝Դ ೺ϯȂُч୵Ϟԫ༺ᇂះබ࣏㩌ѪȂ‫ڤ‬ႍ࣏Ժग़ՀߞӠࣿȄࣇȂ‫ا‬ϭ㤩ѕȂ Ϙ‫ܠ‬ঋւۖ㩌Ѫே࿰ȂϘ‫ܠ‬ঋऻۖ‫ـ‬ग़‫ـ‬১‫ߞܕ‬ЂජᖨȂϘ‫ܠ‬ঋᔌ೺ҝ‫ـ‬ቈ ‫ـ‬ಎᚿߞԳўҝణ૶‫ڤ‬ग़‫ߞ׻‬ઔܺѵधȄ

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03·9888 7422

10am~6pm

rejoice@tpg.com.au

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ኄ֙Ιࠌ ᐍᆬӎ‫ۊ‬ຆᡝߏ֯ਛ᚛‫ڂ‬ដȂ࣏ࢆ‫ׄྻށ‬Ᏻ‫ۊ‬ຆߞњࢺ߰Ȅӎ‫࣏ڗ‬ϬৎЄЃ ߞཽཽȂ࢝‫ށ‬Өള‫ק‬Գ஡ߞ‫ۊ‬ຆȂգԺᇌ๺૿۶ቮঋȄணҐׄᏳ঍ᄑȂЏգ бՐȂ֭ᅆׄᏳߞ՘ੜȂ‫ܕ‬ೣӏକ҇жᖢႋȄऎթȂՁ㤩‫ࣷࠧ݀ܠ‬Ґૼ‫ڕ‬Ϙ ᎶȂణౕՁߞׄᏳ‫ۊ‬ຆӿ‫ْ׀‬ӨȂ۶Ձ‫ݙ‬Դߞߤ஡Ȅ Йьࢆ‫ׄྻށ‬Ᏻ߰ȂᅆҁেׄᏳ‫ۊ‬ຆߞੜӡȂൌЙϩжᖢႋȄ১ԯНϘȂ࣏ ׄᏳϘԩ‫ۊ‬ຆȂُѡ໱ӡҪЙჅ࣏สᅋϟϬպЮȂঋੋ‫ׄڽ‬Ᏻ‫ۊ‬ຆȂҞሲ࣏ ੓ᝅ‫څڍ‬Ȅ‫֣ـ‬㦑ᘘգᜀЂߞ֖ࣆ໱۶ዃ‫ט‬໱ȂቮঋњѾȄԯթȂӤ‫ݺ‬๑ ߢȂሱࠫׄᏳ໱ӡȂຜ੗ӡҝњѾׄᏳ঍ᄑߞᓱನᑟᅹȂധԺϠԯթ‫ݡ‬ທண ҐׄᏳ঍ᄑȄᅁቫϯȂশสࢆ‫ྻށ‬Դ2009ՐȂӡԴ֖ࣆ໱ϯߞȂҪ࣏ᗁ՜Ϣ ߞ2.2%Ȅ(ᑫࣷࢆ‫ࣆ֖ߞྻށ‬໱ӡႵশส๾୼Ȃ࣏֭ᘘЙ໹Ⴥᗁ՜Ϣߞ5%Ȅ) ԴҐૼȂ᚛‫ڂ‬ដఀۖׄᏳ঍ᄑԑবփӒፁߞሮᝊȄంࢆ‫ߞྻށ‬Ѝ֯Ь೜۶ᓐ ‫ڗ‬ᢜྻКȂՁ‫ށ‬ӨׄᏳ໱Й࣏ࠅԴৎ‫ۊ־‬ຆ‫ڗ‬ϯȇ‫ׄد‬Ᏻ໱༰Ԫ୓‫ڽ‬Ȃӡ֯ ߤ஡ф஡ா‫ݑ‬๴ਣ༵ӫȂࢆ‫ྻށ‬Ҟѽ҇ж‫׀‬ӡႤࠛȂҨ‫ـ‬ԺϠ‫ۦڳ‬՘ੜ۶ఀ ૈȄԴӿ‫ْ׀‬ӨӠࣿߞߤ஡КȂႻӡׄᏳ߰ߞ੕ภȂࢆ‫ྻށ‬ऎ‫ݙ‬գ‫ܧ‬Ӕ௲‫ڽ‬ ౻ጒҞ‫༼ڻ‬ӡ ߞ঴ѪȂऎӓᓐՉవᖉᏳфӓᕈஉ௵ᗾਲ਼Ȃฆ‫ۊ‬ຆަਡԧᇌ઼ઽჰ‫ڨ‬୫ȄӤ ‫ۊݺ‬ຆஉ௵գ‫ؼݙ‬ຠȂϵЙቮ໿ۖցቈԳўҝӇѪȂգ‫ـ‬ԺϠҞѽϯᐯȄ ୵Ϟӿ‫ْ׀‬ӨҳȂ᚛‫ڂ‬ដᘘྻ‫ڍ‬ՁߞਛϠȂҒࣁӓᓐȃ૟ӓȃ۶ฅ૟ӓȄӤ ‫ڂݺ‬ដᅘූׄᏳՁেਛКߞЃࢅЄȂЂਛᅆՁϩжᓐጤȂ᎘႖Кѽӿ‫ْ׀‬Ө

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ߞ<ཽཽ>हᇍȂ‫ڹ‬ՁϩжྏஜȄթҳȂంညԳᙏᐱRaphaelఀߢȂҐૼϠՂ‫ލ‬ Ⴣ‫ڍ‬ፎ‫ק‬ȃգቮঋߞϠȂҪঋ֋Ўਛਲକᖔჸ‫ږ‬Ȃ࣏᝸ྍ‫د‬ळ᏶ੋҍ‫ڽ‬Ȃሃ ҁϠж‫ڳ‬ȄഺᇌЙ֋‫ټ‬ȃጄྍׄϠߞᇟૠȂҨՁᅆҐૼϠҩೀहऻȄ ᚛‫ڂ‬ដഺըࠧࣷН੠ȂҨՁೣ‫ށݺ‬ӨȂׄᏳ‫ۊ‬ຆȂᘵ๒‫ࠅݙ‬तऎգনȂ࣏֭ ൅Ⴥࢆ‫ྻށ‬ຈᑟᅹߞߤ஡๴ਣЍ֯Ȃᅆፎ‫ק‬Գўߞᕒׄϩжᢖ຾ȄׄᏳӿ‫׀‬ ْӨȂ҃ኊѧႵՁُч໴۩ப༼ߞࠅ໱ᘘঋЈȂ࣏֭ᅆՁ۶ߤ஡ߞ࢙ന۶ᇊ ‫׀‬Ȃ㤯࣏ࠧ௱দঋȄ ᖖᠪЫчߞѵधȂളፎߞϠȂգኧ๑ิȄᗑԪ஼֤঍ȂԑಧࣿԴُч՜Ϣֲ ‫ݺ‬US$1ߞϠȂᗁԒ࣏ϩұኆȂ۶ϩՐࡈѧႵȂ‫ڭ‬ٟգ‫ؼ‬ຠȄ֌‫ُݺ‬џԫЙჸ ߞȂϵգ௟ࠕϩኆϠȄঋิь‫ڭ‬ઐ୵ፎ‫ק‬Ȃ᎘֣ਟ‫ݽ‬Ȅգ‫ڍ‬НЀȂԴ2000Ր ฅ๴୓<ྲ॔Юԑಧ๴ਣӫዾ>ȂӤѵधන௻஼ਛȂ੕ᓮ෯ׄȂঋԴ2015ՐȂ ႋ୵ፎ‫ק‬Գ஡ȂՅԴߞϩৎ๴ਣ‫קݑ‬ᄩȄЙჅȂႋ㤩ളፎߞயᛟȂ୵ԧ஼ࣆ ܹߞ‫ׅ‬ϧҳȂᘘቮঋৎ‫־‬ϠЀȂ‫࣏׈‬ҾӔЂಿߞணሃȄ ᚛‫ڂ‬ដ੕ภࢆ‫ྻށ‬ȂׄᏳӿ‫ْ׀‬ӨȂබ࣏Ϙৎ෼഼ҾӔȂᝯѕѵधളፎߞய ᛟȂ᝸ྍᆽϘᙇผϧߞ‫ڼ‬ЄȄՁߞҍ๴ᙇȂ๑࣏ࠧయЎфϠߞᇟૠȂԯऎྑ ᠕֋ЎߞࢅЄȂԯթϵྑ᠕ҁϠߞࢅЄȄࢆ‫ྻށ‬ዾᅳ<܎‫ݺڗ‬ፎॴϠ>ߞӫ ዾȂ഍഍ऎፎϠᆽѕᆽϧȂґᖻ࣏գӫԒလߞȄ ӎϠ࿂ϧయᚧȂϠϠׄᏳȄ


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Bulk Bill

03 9808 1211 03 9808 1322 Suite 3, Level 1, 2-8 Burwood Highway, Burwood East 3151 (Cnr of Middleborough Rd and Burwood Hwy)

Dr Gavin Chau Dr Daniel Chen Dr Anthony Chiu Dr Jane Tam Dr Julie Tsung

( ( ( ( (

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9:00 - 6:30

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ඪ‫ټ‬ശཱིɆᕤᏏᗴ‫ל‬б⩐ɇŊůŷŪŴŢŭŪŨů ‫ݒ‬೚

Locum Coverage

81 Canterbury Rd, Blackburn South (Melway Ref: 61 H1)

Ph: 98771200

Dr Frank Noronha & Associates

9:00 -12:00

www.sheehansmc.com.au

ձ࢐֏ಒӫջາбᏏ߳୊ၥਿȉ Medicare Teen Dental Voucher ߧЍԑбऋ‫ڔ‬ or Medicare Voucher ᚂᕛ‫ڔ‬

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Ph: 03 9850 1713

Bus route 903 to the door from Box Hill Central & Doncaster ShoppingTown

95 Paisley St, Footscray 3011

Ph: 03 9689 4477

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ড়৳୊ஶ ៉ġőįijıġġġᆠ़ੲ‫ޟ‬ӣᏰԤࣥቄሯौĩΠĪġġ фᑾӲᇟૠ࣏ం‫ڤ‬ႆᐯ೫փ‫࣏ڤ?ߞڽ‬чЂߞϘৎ૯႖ȂϘ‫ڏ‬ᒸ‫ڣ‬ȂϘ‫ڏ‬ඉ ‫ڣ‬Ȃਛਲ࣏‫ا‬েᢰЄЃ՘ࠜߞ൵‫ڸ‬ԳўȂ‫ا‬েᕕညՂ֣ሃЄЃ࿛഼۸? Ιএᔗுಯ᠙ЅჂᓾυτ‫ޟ‬ЮҔȂ࢐ؑᏰ໦ࢲυτ‫ڐ৿ޟ‬Ѕ҆໸ࠢ Դᐯ੭ႆߞ‫ڰ‬ఐȂ‫ڰڰ‬ᝯѕ࠮ҞȂ࣑чȂணҐЃ‫ۊ‬ᐯ੭Ԫ஭ᄥߞҳҍឯภর ጄྻȄ ೐ϘȂՀߞਛࠜϘ‫ܠ‬ঋணҐȂ‫ۊڹ׈‬Ѓߞᆊࡶ‫ۖۦ‬ጄᐡߞনۘȂՂѽߎຆ೏ ᆊࡶJurassic Park ഈ‫ࣿق‬ც዆ߞ”‫॔ᜲۆ‬гཀྵ”ߞѹᛟরጄȂ֭ѭӓߞணሃ࣏ᕒ ׄЄЃ๴ਣ֋ࠫѕߞ൵‫ڸ‬ў‫ޱ‬Ȃԓ߰ȂҍᓾϞӺ๑யᛟȂхӒ࣏༰ᢜԪ֯Ȅ ೐ϟȂਛࠜቮঋ઻ϭ‫ޟ‬Ꭻԑ↝ߞᆊࡶȂ࣑౎൵ࢢ‫ی‬༤ߞࠑᆊȂ‫ا‬Ѓ‫ۊ‬ᐯ੭ߞ ጄ༤ࡶҍϞVillage PeopleߞYMCAরጄȂՁߞԪ஭ᄥরጄցਰȂ‫׈‬ᒸԳࢽ෭Ϟ Ԫ஭ᄥ஭ҍϞඏඏYMCAұৎॻћՄӓ‫ڭ‬୨ԪѽјཕࠑႿ‫ڤ‬ұৎՄӓȂхᕕࠧ ௱ጤધȂാ‫ێ‬ҁߞᐯ੭Ԫ஭ᄥфਛࠜেൌ༟ѕ‫أ‬ጄԳҐϢȄ஄ՂȂਛࠜඏඏ ҪጤધԳњࢺф‫֋៷ݮ‬ЎЄЃൊԊߞᔂᄊȂ‫࣏׈ڤ‬ሲȂ‫ێ‬ҁϠߞࠑᆊфணሃ ൌ๑ᝯদঋȂ‫ۊߞا‬Ѓ൵দঋȂӺ༡త༡ిᐱЄЃ՘ऎϘৎ֋‫ߞ׀֋ټ‬ϠȂ ѣ૿Ϟࠑ಩߰ߞग़዇фᢜ‫ڈ‬ᇟૠȄЃ‫ۊ‬ᒸ୼ࠚધԳ‫ט‬໦‫ا‬েȂҁেӺ஭ᓾϞ Ϙ‫ڱ‬Ȃ֭ग़ដߞ԰ᐸȂҪҞѽԴᑟ፡ҼԪКҍ಩Ȃ֭‫ا‬েঋ઻ѕҝ੏੓Ȃ‫ا‬ েྏᘁϯሔȂᢰЃ‫ۊ‬੏੓ϞϘৎ‫أ‬ጄߞ԰ᐸȄ ᐯ੭ႆߞ‫ڰ‬ఐȂ‫ڭ‬ЙඏඏԴᐯ੭ႆ๴ӠȂԴҳবߞ‫ڰ‬Ӻ࣏ᐯ੭ߞӠࣿൊԊȂ ְԢྍ‫ڍߞا‬ႋཛྷ?

Кᛁ޼ᖚКলࢢᓷાĩijĪ ћ0!Кᛁ!ኒಽࣵ Кᛁ޼ᖚКলࢢᓷાȂϘଠѽₓল഼ࣿ֕ປऎ১ࡋȄϯըЬ೜ૈઈ഼ࣿ֕ປ НȮႃ༧ᘘУ฼ȯȂদӡཀ㥇ЂႃЮઈȇ୨ѽᛗ֕᜼ȃ੿Хȃ॓ࠅȃညᙩȃ Ќ᯿ȃӨ‫ڌ‬ຈࣿ֕ₓဌȇӡᛗ֕᜼഼ປȂ֥ཀ㥇֖ઈࣿ֕Ȅഺўѹ޼ઈໍ֕ ဌНഹᢨȄॶఈஎ኉๼‫ࢧݲ‬Ȃ৘‫ڍ‬ᔝྶᔝ๭Ȃব‫ڔ‬օኀȂ֎॓ॾཀȂࡋऎ๼ ᢨȄऎ༧ФলদН৏Ȃ޼‫ܢ‬Ӏ‫ڄ‬ᆪলऎѹȂҞӡȮч൫к᜼ϱȯҐิȄ ֌‫ݺ‬ј‫ږ‬൫ѢȂሬ‫ڏ‬Й‫׀‬Ȃ֎գဌ෹ȂॾӨ࿣߰Ȃࡋऎলဍ‫׵‬ဌȂҞႏӡ Ȯົࠟԓൄϱȯₓল഼ປȄўКদӡ૨ᬳ୨ѽӨࠍຈₓল഼ထȇቃѽညᙩࣿ ֕Ȃᅿࠅ౲֕ফᕅȄϠணȃ൪ҋ௻ѕႃໍȇ‫ד‬଱ໆȃУۧЄႃສ‫۽‬ᖁȂ୓Չ ᔖਿল֯ӡȂ‫ڨڭ‬⍳ল᜽๴෸щჅȇ࣏ऎх֥Ȅԑў޼ল޼֕Ȃ‫ؽ‬ႃ৘ࣉȄ ՘᜽գዃՍ‫࣐܈‬᜽྽Н࣐ᖖ๕ȮົࠟԓൄϱȯȄ ႍ᜽಩ӡѽ‫޼ڨ‬КলȞၝ࿕֕ȟфࡄѕઽȂКলࢢᓷાஐᢨȂࡄஜଔ֕ંȂ ஜଔ๼мຈѕ֕ᇒઽȄҸ௎‫އ؟‬Ȅ Ꮄҡஆ ϛᚂ ቓ౾ࢶ ‫ټ‬ገ ഡ఩๼ஃؓ࿄ທ413ኈ߬σ཈305ࡉ ᖒ๜ႫၗȈ92117197‫ܖ‬0415138930

Ⴋ໏Ȉdrsclau@gmail.com

᎓Є᠌ࡡৱ՗ ო౩౩‫ ܈‬. டཾЫҁ!ၖ߬࡟Ρ!оϦ࣏ҏ!ᕊഅӓថ

ௌ঄ு߬ᒦЅᆎЖᅖཎ‫ޟ‬ҡཎີ፲ф౩ 㳜慉栣㞽㥠寝╅⋈帶₫≴ ᆠ೽ဃᇭȂ୽ᇭȂ़ᇭ Phone: 03 9841 4077 / 0408 846 843

Gary Wu

Suite 6, 1004 Doncaster Rd, Doncaster East, Vic 3109 Fax: 03-9841 4066 Email: info@egrealty.com.au www.egrealty.com.au

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੫೨ོॎৱ‫ٱ‬୛‫ܚ‬ ‫ࡡݲ‬ᆈρȂၥ౏ࡡৱᒑՌ೎౩Ȃ ૖Ꭷ᠞ЅਪቸϛМᖿࢺኄ‫ݍ‬ၗȃ ୽ᇭЅࡊড়ၗȄ

AUDIT & DUE DILIGENCE SERVICES ቷਯ!ਯኵ ୦ཾ࠘ၚ BUSINESS ADVISORY SERVICES โ୛࠘ၚ TAX SERVICES

ᒲϴਢ໢Ȉ!࢑෈ΙՍϤ9:00am-5:00pm ! ࢑෈ϲȾႫၗႱघȿ

Suite 2, Level 1, Professional Suites Centro Box Hill Shopping Centre 17 Market Street, Box Hill 3128

ႫၗȈ (03) 9899 4388 ༈ઍȈ(03) 9899 4688 Ӵ֭Ȉ Suite 1, Level 1, 35A Carrington Rd, Box Hill VIC Ⴋ໏Ȉ paultang@psmflawyers.com

Phone 9898 8311 for appointment Email: kscconsult@yahoo.com.au


ড়৳୊ஶ ឃᚊ٤ Christopher So

୊ஶҡࣀȈ)ΜΪ*!

Ϡ᝷Ѝ຀ਰ!(Ergonomist) ັᑋߏನ޼ᖚਰ!(Manipulative Physiotherapist)

ϦЖϦ೚Ȉල೽லᜋġĩĴĪ դᒝȶᜰ࿽‫އ‬ȷ(Osteoarthritis or Degenerative Arthritisᜰ࿽ଝϽ)ȉ ᝯြ߆࣏Ϙᇌዃ޾ߞ಩໪փЙᇖ࣏ઽાȂُϘৎϠൌԴКՐࢢգЙԢ຀࢘ߞ ᝯြଡ଼мఐ޶ҍ಩ȄԴࣙ຀࣏࢘Ҟѽჰ‫ิݕڨ‬ᅙȄԯႤਫ਼Ժُ֭งߞፔ඼գ নȂ֯߰Йྐନತႋሲ࠮Ϟ‫ڰ‬ȄُงྻЬ೜ᝯြ߆ߞ‫ێ‬КϘৎᛟӫȂӺྻӡ ᄦѯ౻྾ሲ‫ށ‬Ȅ (7) 怎樣治療退化性關節? ൵޼ӎ۶൵ᅔܺߞ޼ᖚ࣏ิቅᢜদȂԯҞߡతิьᅆᝯြȞપ‫ݚ࣏־‬দߞϭ ߳ᝯြȟߞᕅϧȄ‫ێ‬ը࣏ᘖֺᅆᝯြ‫ۦ‬Ⴥ࢘ᕅϧߞࣿஜȄ୵թНҳ‫ڭ‬๑‫ێ‬ҹ ў‫ޱ‬Ҟ‫ڹ‬ᝯြߞഹ୻ា᠈ଡ଼м‫ݕ‬৒ႃЏྫ᛼ߞഹ୻ȄЂൊԊߞઽϠൌԯᝯြ ᢏ‫ࣿݕ؛‬ஜକϧิьփ‫׸‬ᜣџ௱ӠࣿȄઽϠЂൌ࣏ԯऎ๭Ȃ዆ᠩۖҁেߞ֖ ஜȃԃਿ۶ᇂ્Ȅ ޼ᖚߞӫߞѹঋ࣏ิь๭྾Ȃ๒ࢢබ࣏ᆽҞକ԰෇ҵҝߞࣿஜ඼࢘Ȅ‫ݙ‬ѽ঵Ԑ ঋิቅᢜদȃգᏋညߞ༼঴ȃᏋညᏋ༓ߞႻஜȄ൵ᏋညߞႻஜබ࣏ᅆᝯြߞᕅ ϧ൵ьߞႻஜȂՂหާȃᎼඏ‫ژ‬Ȟ൵Չԑ࣏Ⴛஜඏ‫ژ‬ȂϫЙ‫ۦ‬чઈ዆ᠩȟ۶ቅ ༓କኧ௻ᝯြ։ևߞႻஜȄည๒ঋత‫ߏۦ‬ನ޼ᖚਰߞࢽᐱȄᏋညߞَ֖ࣛȃ‫ݫ‬ ‫ه‬ȃᖣ‫؛‬њࢺ (Brace or Splint) ϵգᕒׄȂ୵ӅঋНҳȂЙঋࠜ੡༡‫ڶ‬ᓥȄ ᜽ߏ޼ᖚ۶Ӈ୫ൌգׄ෇১Ȅ಩Դ൵‫ۦ‬ᡌࠓࠧ‫ۦ‬ᇒۘߞ՘᜽࣏‫ף‬ч๒ഹ୻՘ Ԋߞ᜽ߏ (glucosamine and chondroitin)Ȃ֭ु‫ٿ‬ຕ‫ލ‬՘ੜЙᢖ຾Ȃᘘգࠜง

ጱᜰ࿽඲ଶЙ೚

ጱᜰ࿽඲ଶЙ೚

ᢕᜰ࿽඲ଶЙ೚

঴ӡߞࢢ‫ލ‬ٟգࢽєȄ൦޵බ࣏൵ч๒փգઐ߆֯ӡȂ֭ઽϠЙঋҪᏫ᜽ߏ փᜄ‫ݺ‬இႻஜ۶գӀ ᓊஉ௵ߞ༼঴Ȅ᝷‫۽‬Ꮤ୫᜽(cortisone or steroid) ᘵ๒գ Ѥ๭ઐ߆֯ӡȂ֭ᅆᝯြഹೡᚐգਚȄѽ֯߰ሮᝊȂϘ୫୓ȃ‫ی‬୫ѤȂЙକ ԺӡȄᘘգȂӇ؆୫ࢢ‫࣐ی‬งаЙঋ֯ೖൻߞЍ֯фࣿஜȂЙ๒ྻᅆᝯြգ ྫȄӡट،ቕ (hyaluronic acid) ަਡϢᝯြȂգ੡ྻգ๺งጛ࿣ߞ֯ӡȂ֭Ղ ‫ލ‬ӏՂನྐȂஇјങබ࣏൵ࢢߞў‫ޱ‬Ȅ൵௱‫࣏ߞڍ‬፰۶ᣔᝯြߞ෱୵јങȄ ඪដȈԴ௞ᛟ 41 ง༟‫ܕ‬Ȃ‫ྻا‬ӡࠫፐயሃຍߞ‫؛‬ՑႬᡝ߰ж‫ڳ‬ᛁᖚߢ ᝊȄ࣏֭‫׎‬Ҟ֖බঋᡝ߰‫ࠫڽ‬෩ҍৎϠᝯြ։ևຈயᛟ‫ݕ‬ৎ੯Ȃ֯߰ྻᆽ ϧႋຍ۶෩‫ڍྍڻ‬Ȅᡝ߰Ҟ௙ც༎ so_christopher@hotmail.com Ȟ᎛኷‫ށ‬ Re: ԢႮϠ / Samewayȟ‫ ݕ‬73 The Grange, Templestowe 3106Ȅ

ٕ᡹߀ᇄѶ઎ ҵ્Ϙߡऎ࢝Ժ಩҃Ϡൄ՘‫ק‬ᙘȂ࢝Ժࠜงҵ્ߞఈ߰Џ၃ఈϯૠ၃ᇦ௺Ȃ Й཈዆ᠩЍ֯ੜತȂत֌௓ࢄܶᇊȂຜӠࣿ۶Ѝ֯௲‫ࠧڽ‬௱Ђߞ዆ᠩȄ ҵ્ߞ‫ܠ‬၍࣏᝱ѽϢᇂ‫᝱ݕ‬ѽࢺ᠈ᇂ્Ȃ‫ݕ‬ᓹ‫ڽ‬੡ᅆٟգᇂ્ߞᆕ‫ྏږ‬фদ ᖔᇟϧߞྏះȄ‫ا‬ে࢝᝱ѽᇂ્੡༡ࠜ๺‫ڽ‬ٙ‫ܠ‬ᇂ્࣏‫ږ׎‬௉ȂԯऎգϠϘ чҪᇂұȃУৎЈ੡බ௉ϞȂգ‫ڱ‬ϠࡒঋᇂϯϩৎЈ੡ȂЖգᆕ‫ྏږ‬Ȅ є୓ҵ્ߞԯ૵࢝ԺȂЙԢ᝷࡭ߞҵ્գЙԢߞ১ԯȄ઼ઽȃЙ‫ډ‬ᇂ્೫ ᅚȃ్‫܆‬Ꮗ઱Ѝ֯ȃ๏ዋѽфৎϠ۶ਛਲӠࣿϯদЂᢏмൌҞѽᐱ७ᇂ્Й ՀȄ൵௱‫ߞڍ‬ાߐ࣏Ϣᇂ‫᝱ק‬Ȃ՝ᓹ۶ᇂ્К༡࿏‫ݑ‬ᓹ‫ڽ‬ϵ࣏ઽϠ൵࿭ѕߞ ાߐȄ Ϙը‫ݑ‬ҵ્ߞ১ԯ࣏݀݀ࢧ‫ߞݑ‬ᇦ௺‫ݕ‬ᖖᄩॎ๒ᢏмᐱ७ߞȂഺҵ્࣏ា๴ փЙ࣏১๴ߞᇂ઼્ઽȄᖖᄩᕅϧȃপӠߞᇂ્ᖖᄩȞՂ࢘஄۶੠֖ȟȃࢧ ‫ݑ‬ઽȃᏇ઱Ѝ֯ȃ‫އ‬ӡ୧ᇟ‫ݕ‬ҺҟϚຈൌྻҐদઽఐȄϘ‫ڱ‬᜽ߏϵྻስ๴ҵ ્ȂՂөᎳ᝷‫۽‬Ꮤߞࢧ‫ݑ‬஘֯ӡȄ๺งҵ્ߞ১ԯѧϘը‫ݑ‬ҵ્ߞ১ԯទ দȂҒࣁᓐϠҝѵȃྏఐ൹ཋȃ֝୰‫ૂݕ‬๭Ȅѹঋߞᇦ௺ԯ૵Ғࣁຕ௓ȃᛓ ௓ȃྦྷਛфЍ֯ᖖᄩКߞࠜงᕅϧȄ ᅙ‫ݑ‬ҵ્ߞᝯѼ‫ڗ‬ᢜԯ૵۶ྏఐԯ૵Ȃ‫ڼ‬Ղѕ֕ᇒґକЙԑȃӥߐၜґକФ ་ȃ৸ආȃѐࠛฑѩઽ۶‫غ‬ᣭાຈȂϵҞକ࣏ࠜงӡ᜽ߞࢢ‫ލ‬Ȅઘфᇂ્କ ϧߞ౧Ԇ‫ݑ‬๏ዋ࣏݀݀Ґদᅙ‫ݑ‬ҵ્ߞԯ૵Ȅ ‫ڤ‬ኃ‫ا‬েҞࢨዹჰ‫ڨ‬ҵ્࠲ᝋಎ࢘ᇂ્۸ȉ‫ا‬েҞంަྍџ௱ӠࣿКවўবȈ (1)Դ౎ϯᏋညԳ෩୼ᢜ࿢Ȃգ‫ݺ׀‬ᇂ્ȄஇϘ‫ڱ‬ቅ᛫ߞႻஜȂ‫ڼ‬Ղဉ֧Ȃஉ ग़ᑆȂ15жៗߞ੹ੋછ‫ݕ‬ጤѪછȂൌҞѽႿۖഺᇌੜ‫ލ‬Ȅ (2)Й‫ܢ‬ԴӨчᇂះ໹ჅϘЈ੡ȂϵЙ‫ܢ‬ԴϭоұᙇៗѽࢢᇂះȂ‫ۖࡋ׎‬Ϟ౎ ϯබٟգ‫ק‬ঽྏȄ

‫؃‬૞ിρᙏᐣ ಲ྽‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷ੾ႆໄ෻Ђᐯч๒ಯߏु‫ݙٿ‬ൾЀ ઱ȂԴџӎȃК஼фᑫࣷԧԳం‫ڰ‬ԧ᝷◔ᒽु‫ٿ‬ Џգ22Ր၃ᢚȂэ‫ێ‬ᐽࠜᢸ߿ўবߞж‫ޘ‬ణ୅Ȃ ु‫ٿ‬຾֯Ђ༓๴ࠑ‫ࣷڲݺ‬ȃገࣷфᑫࣷຈԳȄ

(3)Դ౎༺ࢢᘖֺ་঴‫ף‬գ۩பԯߞ঴ࡡ۶༼ਫ਼ȂՂҼֹϧȃ۩பȃମຈȂȂ ԯऎ۩பԯྻ‫ڹ‬Ђၝᒸᐬփє୓ҵ્Ȅ (4)౎ϯьඅѪȂ༼ѪჅԺྻኧҐ‫౎܆‬ϯෂ‫ߞݙ‬ըዴȂ዆ᠩᇂ્Ȅ (5)ԴᇂϘЈ੡НஃѤЂ༓ၝϧࣿஜȂхփҞऻϘ‫ڱ‬ᚎ‫ݽ‬ᡝӎ‫ݕ‬ඈነც໛ြ ӫȂ‫ڹ‬Ђၝቅ᛫ϘϭȄ (6)ՉႅუরຄїȂభϯࡓࡓߞຄᜧȂ࠲ᝋ߻࢈࣏؆ԑუরߞȄ Ղ‫ލ‬ϯগў‫ޱ‬ൌ֖Й഼੡Ȃᕕւዋ‫ڹ‬ӡ᜽ߏᕒՓȂ‫ڭ‬ඵِᛁӠ‫ׄ۝‬Ȅ ҩҳȂϘ‫ڱ‬գׄ‫ݺ‬ᇂ્ߞ࠲உࡡᅆҵ્ߞ޼ᖚϵգ‫ډ‬ՀߞᖚੜȄ‫ێ‬Кѽ‫ڔ‬ᢸ ߿ᛉᔖՉૠߞ֯ӡ൵ऎᢖ຾Ȅ՝ԴК஼ҟ҃බգᝯ‫ڔݺ‬ᢸ߿“Չૠ”“ኧขዊ”“Й ‫”؞‬ຈ֯ӡߞୃႶȄ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿෩ۤߏᅆҵ્ѽфҵ્‫ݙ‬ᐱ७ߞૠ၃ଽ਴գᢖ຾ᖚ ੜȂ‫ێ‬ᗁգੜತ୼Ⴟ87.14%-100%ȄϘଠ‫އ‬ӡ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿10-15чҽҠ‫׈‬գ‫ށ‬ᢖᖚ ੜȂҞ‫ؼ‬ຠᇂ્Ȃ҄঴ዒ۶ᢜদኧҐȂኧ௻ୃᐸϧȂิቅ‫ݕ‬ઐ୵ѕఙᔝૂᔝ ྶຈાߐȂэ‫ێ‬ᅆઈ֕‫ߞໍی‬ҵ્ఈ߰ᖚੜऎ‫ڸ‬Ȅ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿Н‫ݙ‬ѽᅆҵ્фૠ ၃ᇦ௺գՂթᢖ຾ߞᖚੜ࣏Ӥ‫ݺ‬ᅆКዽૠ၃‫ڀ‬೚ߞ௻ੜᎠြ֯ӡȂంփႿۖ ᛉᔖՉૠНੜȄК஼஼ਛ᜽‫ۏ‬К‫ـ‬௟ᢸ߿ԕऎգੜߞՉ્ᄾૠНК᜽Ȅ ఄ෎๕‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿ᇟົಯ֋џӎȂѽൄᇊЂಿஉ௵ऎЎԇȂᎳ༓ᇟૈِᇟȂන‫ף‬ ᛉᔖՉૠȂᎠြКዽૠ၃‫ڀ‬೚ߞգੜ՘жȂ࣏޼ᖚҵ્ѽфҵ્‫ݙ‬ᐱ७ߞૠ ၃ଽ਴ߞ࠲உ‫ࡡڸ‬Ȋ

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Ж᡹ଟ៪

ࠒ ໠ σ Ᏸ ణ‫ݡ‬௃М!ఀ‫ى‬௿୽ ௺ֱঁ‫ݺ‬1876Ր5ѡ4џӠ‫ݺ‬чࣺȄ‫ڤ‬੡ߞК ஼Ȃৣৣంаዎҳఈߞ؊ཕК๾๾లೲҍ ‫ڽ‬Ȅ1860ՐȂॻ‫ޱ‬ᗑকӤчࣺ‫ؽ‬૔Ҕ‫ڴ‬Ȃѫ ᑵཪ‫ށ‬ཀྵȇщӀч஼ႻஜᇋфϩϬषȇНࢢ ᘘգံকԴК஼ҔൊࣿஜȂ௺ֱঁҞᓜૌӒ Ӡ‫ݺ‬ዎఈȄЙჅȂ‫ڤ‬੡ӺӒ࣏Кᒸᄦ௻Ȃ֘ ᐯऎӡߞ੡҃ȂգᝊߞК஼ϠȂЏߢК஼ց Ђ࢓஼ഺϘਇ֗ࡄћߏȂЙ‫ږ‬ѽ‫ݯ‬ᒔࣶᆀЂ औȄ‫࣏ݺ‬൹ྲᐯȂᐯࣶசȂϭࣶᑆ༟Ϙ੡ল ઈԐޫȄԍᇰϩУՐȞ1889Րȟѽᔹ‫ډ‬՘ᖻ ւϯҔࣶѪਰᐯ௅ᐯ೫ᏼᏺȂԍᇰϟϩՐ Ȟ1894Րȟѽԑ઱೐ϘԩН՘ᖻಲ྽Ȃ‫ڭ‬ജ ँ݀ҔࣶѪਰ഼ᕻុϯᅁ೫Ȅည੡ಲ྽‫ݺ‬Ѫ ਰᐯ௅ߞҩϘৎߢԩНϠ࣏ࢢ‫ڽ‬ԇКົӔ஼ ᗁ೚ߞᐌЮࣸȄᐌЮࣸۢϭᗁ೚НԇѽࢢȂ ༢‫ܧ‬чࣺȂሃ௺ֱঁфࡑ༟ԢϠ੡գ݀‫ڽ‬Ȅ ҁߞ‫ی‬ৎЃ‫ۊ‬೜ࠆȃ೜߾ȂϘৎ‫ۊ‬Є೜௄‫׮‬ Դࡑ༟ϯᐯȄ ԍᇰϟϩՐȞ1894ՐȟȂКџӥоᐼߋ᜕ ๴ȂҔࣶѪਰऎџӎ‫ݙ‬ᕝీȂকុԑকᆽٟȂ ઔক෩ရϚլ‫ݾ‬Ԉ᜽֋౭ȄഺϘҵీȂៈஜϞ ১‫ڽ‬ѹ௺ক‫ాڰ‬஼ߞጤ֕ࠦՐ௺ֱঁߞѕȂҁ ༟‫ܕ‬দྲࢥւా஼ᄦՅߞўՑȄұՐѽࢢߞ 1898ՐȂ௺ֱঁຕᝊϞК஼຾ԩి‫ڈ‬ਛទ ৒Ȃទ৒࣏౻Ӑᒰ‫ޒ‬Ȃ֯Ⴥᐯൊ‫ڷ‬ডȃ໳Սᐯ ҭȂணሃϞӆՖȞ1898Րȟ௵գऎȃౖ ໹ ߞᢏ‫ޱ‬ႻஜȂ࣏ည੡Ԑ་жЄȂ࿂գೀԍȄҁ ѽऎК஼Йᢏྲ‫ޱ‬Й‫ږ‬ѽᄦ௻Ȅ௺ֱঁԴѪਰ ᐯჅॻћфᇖᐯȂᐴ຾ഺ‫ࣶ༵ی‬ᐯȂۖϞទᔡ ҇ԇॻћ۶ᇖᐯి೫Ȅទᔡ࣏ទ৒ߞਛᔡȂည ੡౻Ӑ‫ܥ‬ٟգгӲߞᐯ௅ȂգᡋཕЂනНਛ֋ ᎛ిਰȂ՘Ӳਛᔡѽి‫֋ڈ‬ਛЄ‫ؙ‬Ȃទᔡබ࣏ ഺዹߞਛᔡНϘȄ ԍᇰϟϩϝՐȞ1903ՐȟȂទ৒ജିѵ൶෩ ‫ݥ‬ऎߡᘴᐯ੭ҦရᓱȂ՘ऎߡᘴԳ஡ᇒᘑి ‫ܡૺ୼ߞڈ‬৶ȄըՐбѡȂទ৒۶௺ֱঁϘ

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དྷкᑹఀ!ఀ‫ى‬௿୽

ࠒ໠ϞЮ஻ղू

ћ0!ҏѐጡᒮഋ!ᄦ0 Wikipedia

஻ղूȞ1876ԑ4Т5Рɯ1951ԑ2Т23РȟȂӪჰࢌȂϛ୽౪фᙛཾఀ‫ى‬ড়ȄЈࢻࠒ໠σᏰ ഺ࡚ΡȃਮߝȄ஻ղूюҡ՗ӂȂ౏དྷΰࡔȂоఀ‫ى‬௿୽࣏ϏӈȂ‫ٮ‬иΙΨߴԙΟϛ୽Ρ‫ॶޟ‬ ԩ༹ၼϞ՗Ȅӵϛ୽ߖфಀӻ‫ޟ‬ఀ‫ى‬ড়ϛȂ஻ղूӰ࣏ࢇ‫ޟݽ‬নӰȂ٘ࡣு‫ڍڗ‬ᆍᄠณϚӣ‫ޟ‬ ຟቋȂծਢಋжܾȂࢇ‫ޟݽ‬િ‫ތ‬ತ஠‫ܡ‬ўȂ஻ղू੼๝ϛ୽ఀ‫ى‬ᒸᐩࠓᆭߝҗ៉Ȅ

୓ȂԴџӎࠅϞ‫ی‬ৎѡߞ੡༡ȂᅁԳւᅅџ ӎࠕ҃ి‫ߞڈ‬ᓱᐯўՑȄទȃ௺ϟϠᘘຕᝊ ϞԺ֜џӎి‫ڈ‬ਛȂԒԢణ୅գᝯᐯ੭࢙ന фిॊ੩፠ិຈயᛟȄ԰ۖчࣺНࢢȂ‫ی‬Ϡ ࠮༟‫ܕ‬Ϟឯ൯࢙ӲྲՑᐯ੭ߞЍ֯Ȅည੡Ȃ чࣺȶϣЂਛȷНϘߞᣃ஥ȶૈ዇ѳȷѳࡷ ൢϵҍবȂၑ᎛௺ֱঁேిѳѩਛᔡȄ‫ݺ‬ ࣏Ȃ௺ֱঁබӇᇖѽទȃѳ‫ی‬ਛߞਛᔡऎ௄ ᚂȂ࢙ӲКᐯȂփទਛ۶ѳਛϵԧᆽ‫ݙ‬କԳ њࢺ௺ֱঁȄ 1904Ր10ѡ17џȂϘ‫ټݙ‬ӲКᐯ௅Դទਛߞ ஐ୰ӒՑ࢙ӲȄ௺ֱঁᑉԇᆾရȂᗁᇒᐯ੭Ϙ з‫ߏڰ‬Ȃంթ༟‫ܕ‬Ϟҁ‫ྲڗظ‬Ցᐯ੭ిᐯȃᇒ ನߞᆝࠜӠ౾ȄКᐯ௅ߞᐯӠ‫ڽ‬࿚ѽទᔡ۶ѳ ᔡߞᐯӠऎѹȂϫంߤྻК‫ݢ‬՜Ϟ౥໯๦ȃࠛ ‫ڣ‬ӒȃඔཇᡦຈϠȄ1904ՐܺȂࢷ࿰ទ৒ߞ ෩៉Ȃᐯ੭‫ـ‬ԩऎȶ‫ټ‬Ӳྰ྽Кᐯ௅ȷȂۤ ȶລྰ‫ۦ‬྽ȷНྍȄϘՐࢢȂࢷ࿰ࣆܹߞഢ ‫ܠ‬Ȃᐯ੭ԩᇍӅ༷ࠑ‫ށ‬ҹߞႤࠛ‫ڽ‬࿚۶‫ݑ‬ᎳȂ Ⴞϫ‫ـ‬ԩऎȶ‫ټ‬Ӳ೐ϘКᐯ௅ȷȄ ᐯ੭ᗏԩឆ୓Ȃࡈ‫ِڽ‬ᐯߞᐯӠЙᙝኧҐȂ Йϳබ໹ჅϞϘպϠȂទѩஐ୰Џ၃๑‫ޱ‬ਟ ૼഺ麽ԺߞᐯӠϞȄчࣺߞϘ֜ЀೠᏑ໅Ղ ѹஜ௟֋ЎԴࡱࡑѪს੟ߞϘུЂॗϩ᏶સ ߞϿԳ੕ຜ‫ټ‬Ӳ೐ϘКᐯ௅ȄԢՐȂߡᘴ෩ ᐯ‫ڹ‬൮ኧึ༽҄‫د‬чࣺࢉឱᐯ௅۶ࠜៀКᐯ ௅‫ۀ‬Ϣ‫ټ‬Ӳ೐ϘКᐯ௅ȄԯթȂ১ӎዥຜഺ ‫ݙی‬ᐯ௅ߞ၃໱ϵϘ‫ۀ‬ዥϞჅ‫ڽ‬ȄӤ‫ݺ‬త‫ۦ‬ ϞгภȂ‫ݙ‬ѽ‫ټ‬Ӳ೐ϘКᐯ௅‫ؼ‬ԩऎгӲࡑ ༟Кᐯ௅ȂϘ࣏ࠑ‫ށ‬Ⴄࠛ‫ڽ‬࿚Ȃϟ࣏ࠑ‫ށ‬ᐯ ੭‫ݙ‬ԴԳȄ‫ݙ‬ᓜȶࡑ༟ȷȂࠑӯᐯ੭֜‫ݺ‬ч ࣺࡱ֘ࡑߞϘུ༟ᇎԳߞྍࢥȄ 1917Ր8ѡȂ௺ֱঁቈอদࣶۖग़஼৯৖ѧ‫ڲ‬ Ђᐯਰፑᐯ୰ु৒୼ຈి‫ڈ‬Ȃ຾ԩి‫ڈ‬ਛ‫ن‬ ࢃȃֱֹ‫ܦ‬ȃ੹ֹ҃ຈϠࢽᐱ௺ֱঁᐯ೫Ϟ

գᝯి‫ڈ‬ᐯȃి‫ڈ‬ৰᐯȃѕನᐯȃి‫ࣆ֖ڈ‬ ຈўবߞ᎝຀Ȅ௺ֱঁᘘࢵണϞϘ‫ڈిڱ‬ᐯ ਛȂՂሃ൶ᆬᔮ዇㡯ిఱබКग़ి‫ڈ‬ຈўব ߞயᛟ་֖ϞಎϢߞзጿȄ൶ᆬᔮ዇㡯ిఱ ሮऎК஼ߞᐯ੭ᕕႍԨᐯӠ៿ᓮϘ‫ڱ‬Ԓ۶ࢥ ྐȂѽᑘӲӔѹᣍ݇۶гԒ၏ᢜྍᝊȂ‫ݯ‬ઐ ࠜงѽ‫ݙྐࢥ࢙ࢋڽ‬ಯӠߞ዆ᠩȄഺ๫႖ᢰ ௺ֱঁٕࢥ‫ډ‬ϳȄ ᙩ஼ࢢȂ௺ֱঁೡᚐ୓ࡑ༟Ђᐯឯ൯܎৶ ྻȂ঑യഢᄑന঍੭ཀྵȃ௛߽ȃిᐯጁຈ‫ۍ‬ ᢜ‫ܢڰ‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬ѷ༟‫ܕ‬Դҳবұ഍‫ޯ܋‬Ȃऎ൹ᓱ Ђᐯឯདྷ၃໱Ȅ1919ՐौȂ௺ֱঁߞ‫ׅ‬ϧೣ ‫ݺ‬ຕҍϞᚳᇇߞ‫ލ‬ᅁ——ࡑ༟ЂᐯӒՑࢆ‫ט‬ ՘ӲȄ൹੭ӿ‫ܕ‬Ȃ௺ֱঁබࠑ಩ҍ࿂௻ߞ༟ ‫ݤ‬་ۤᇟૠ۶‫އ‬சྍᝊȄࡑ༟Ђᐯߞᐯॊന ၉ంϘ༟‫ܕ‬බᢜ಩ҍ௺ֱঁߞᓱᐯನ݇Ȃ‫׈‬ சِᅁӡ۶‫އ‬சߤྻȄѽࡑ༟ћᐯ୰ऎ‫ڼ‬Ȃ ࠮࣏ȶѽࣆ޼၃ᕻऎѹ྅Ȃѽᑢҫৰᐯфి ‫ڈ‬ѕನϬ‫ࠢڀ‬НȄՂթᐯӠ‫׈‬Ҟ௞‫ݙێ‬ᐯփ ७ᅁӡНੜȷȄഺ࣏࣊௺ֱঁੲᑂ֋‫୑ڗ‬ϧ ۶ᓱᐯഢጀ‫ݙ‬་֖ߞྕদւዋȂϵ࣏ࡑ༟Ђ ᐯంᐯॊന၉ϯւዋைᏳᐯӠѹஜᏋᕕߤྻ ߞϘᇌ‫ۍ‬ᢜᢜ಩Ȅ ՝Դग़஼ु৒ి‫ڈ‬ᐯߞ੡৏Ȃ௺ֱঁබ༟‫ܕ‬ ઻ѕȂԴК஼઻ᐯӠКऎࡑ༟Ђᐯߏ֒ిਰ ϠЖȄ࢝ԺК஼઻ᐯӠԴಲ྽ᙩ஼НࢢȂϵ ߡత‫ۖڽ‬Ϟࡑ༟ԇిȄࡑ༟Ђᐯৣৣ՘ӲЙ ϳȂԴ௺ֱঁߞ۹ඛȂබ൙᠈ᇸ༰୓Ϙৎᄏ ᄏ྽྽ऎࡑ༟Ђᐯ๴ਣᆽѕᆽϧߞᔹ‫ిٽ‬ਰ ၏ᢜȄԴைᏳిᐯȃॊुϠЖўবȂ௺ֱঁ ‫ྐ࣏ـ‬ўന‫ޱ‬ऎգ㩌ϧߞిਰ෩‫ڻ‬ಎൄߞᑟ ྻȄмᐯ‫ߞڀ‬࿅ӮԐిఱȂۖࡑ༟ЂᐯНࢢ Ѝ֯՘ᖻࠧ௱ॎҍȂ௺ֱঁႾӡग़஼ᜲѩ௄ ࠛँҁҝग़஼ា᠈‫ؽ‬ᡝൾЀᐯ֜Ȅ࿅ӮԐᖔ ൾЀᐯ֜НࢢȂᘁທϞ዇஼ߞ୼ᗟၑ᎛Ȃদ ྲࠔ԰ࡑ༟ЂᐯԇిȂ՘ऎࡑ༟Ђᐯನᐯ୰


Ж᡹ଟ៪ ߞට௄ϠНϘȄ௺ֱঁԴᗏౕȃഢጀȃ࢞Ⴣ ЙՂ‫ێ‬ҁЂᐯߞఐ‫؛‬ϭȂᚣֱጄᝊЖНକȂ ၑఀՐቅᐯ߰ȂПѽुిᖖᄩȂ‫ێڹ‬ា᠈՘ ࠜȂۜգЂ՘Ȅ ȶϛϛȷᒊ࿛ᑜ‫ڰ‬ᢏࢢȂࡑ༟ജџক঳ᑟओ ՘኿ኦȂЂᐯൊԐᏏْࠜȂាᏏ‫ށݿ‬ȂሃҔ Ђȃ౻ົԪೡ՘֘ࡑᗑЂȂ௺ֱঁԇ੭܎ྻ ௱܎Ȅ1936Րঝ‫ةݺ‬ᐼ‫؛‬Ցߞᇦঋ۶ࡑ༟ᐯ ੭ߞӠՅ๴ਣȂ௺ֱঁᓐ֋ϢЌȂԴѐโЂ ԳߞᄜൗНࣺԐࢢᘉԳ800᏶સȂ൹ᓱϞജ ϼպေদዉϠᝒ᠖ऎȶϠЖߞ١ϿȂ୰Ѐߞ ྭឰȷߞদዉࡑ༟КᐯȄ1938Ր7ѡȂ௺ֱ ঁԇ஼Ӕணࣆྻ஘៉ࠜȄԢՐҐϢК஼஼Ӕ ៨Ȃ1945ՐညᓴऎКҴᆾᅅ܎৶Ȅ1946Ր6 ѡग़஼৯৖ѧ‫ڲ‬ЂᐯఱПԩ᠖ћᐯൾЀᐯ ֜Ȅ1948Ր6ѡȂҁҍԇКົӔ஼ࣆܹւႏ ୰୰ࠜȂЙϳ᝜ҝȄКົϠӔԒ۶஼՘Ӳ ࢢȂ௺ֱঁԯऎฅԴКົӔ஼ࣆܹԇᚚߞ፡ ࣇȂ‫ֿزۖۦ‬ȂЙჅԯऎฅ࣏ࡑ༟ᐯӠߞ۹ ਾ‫ڽ‬ంКᇯ᠕Ȃ௺ֱঁٟգജг༟‫୽ز‬Ȅ 1950Ր9ѡ௺ֱঁ԰ۖчࣺȂ֭ജࡑ༟‫ݡ‬Н ࠝҳȂ‫ڈిێ‬ў୫ജࢽऎȶхஜి‫ڈ‬Ⴎ ።ȷȄ1951Ր2ѡ23џȂ௺ֱঁԴਛКᣭᣭ փീȂ‫ڳ‬Ր74࿐Ȅ དྷкᑹఀ!ཱིԒᒲᏰ බԴ௺ֱঁຕᝊទ৒‫ڤ‬ϘՐȂК஼ߞᢏ‫ޱ‬ᇯ ྲႻஜҵీȄྎᖩщԬҲူϞԍᇰऱ࢓দྲ ѹࣆȄՁߞЩҳࣆຉᐱ७၍۶ᄥᒸ୓Ȃ1900 ՐգϬေԺ֜К஼௄ရਵჃਚȄ࣏֭Ȃൎᣌ ߞ௠౭‫ڭ‬ЙକࠡѤૠߞਾ‫ۏ‬ԴК஼ఀۖཇ ቍȂతϭ‫ߞڽ‬20Ր༡Ȃ௄ရిԴК஼ཇያ‫ڝ‬ ിȄ1909ՐȂ੡Ր33࿐ߞ௺ֱঁԴчࣺ֘ެ гನྻి௅ӒՑత‫ࣾۦ‬ᚃȂթᗝϘ੡༡᠛ஜ ࣺࠝȄᅁቫϯ՝ԴթНࡈȂ௺ֱঁබЏ၃ሃ чࣺ௄ရిࠦՐྻߞԺԩग़ឱ྅‫ڰ‬գϩ‫ڽ‬Ր Нϳߞᔛᗄ݀‫ڽ‬ȂࠦՐྻ຾ԩ྅‫•ޒ੾ڰ‬ᚒֱ ฑȞC HȂRoberson 1871ʂ1960ȟߞߋۤ۶ ዆ᠩᅆ௺ֱঁࠫᏫѹॠᒘ୓Ϟ࢝Ђߞ֯ӡȄ ௺ֱঁҐϢ௄ရిࠦՐྻࢢȂ1909Ր՘ऎч ࣺࠦՐྻ೐Ϙ㧗ົϠၭ‫ߞྻڰ‬՘৶Ȃం1918 Ր༟‫ࠜܕ‬งᑉԇчࣺ௄ရిࠦՐྻၭ‫ྻڰ‬ၭ‫ڰ‬ ࠜȂ1920Ր4ѡԇКົ௄ရిࠦՐྻԑ஼Ђྻ ѹਯȄӒԯऎ௺ֱঁߞྲՑి‫ڈ‬ታഞߞԳ֜۶ ߤྻ዆ᠩϧȂ‫ݙ‬ѽҁߞҐဖऎࠦՐྻ‫ڰ‬྽௲‫ڽ‬ ߞᅁቫੜૈϵ࣏ᢖփ‫ߞڍݽ‬ȄчࣺࠦՐྻ՝ง ೡ՘ߞ೐Ϙ㧗ၭ‫ྻڰ‬ԑൊӤཇిЀೡ՘Ȃ 1909Ր‫ؼ‬ᓴၭ‫ڰ‬Ȃ௺ֱঁȃኒஉ࠭ȃѳࡓᙌ ຈ9Ϡೡ՘ϞчࣺࠦՐྻ೐Ϙ㧗ົϠၭ‫ྻڰ‬Ȃ

஻ղूᇄᝒওȞࠉ௶ۨϛȟ

஻ղू༭჋

ࠒ໠σᏰਮϱ‫ޟ‬ՙࠒᖒσक‫܈‬࿬

ᝒড়ড়ᓢᙟྱ

ഺ࣏К஼ϠѹࢺࠦՐྻߞ༟ᇑȂчࣺࠦՐྻߞ ӎϿмգϞ㤩‫ߞݑܠ‬་ਣȂӒՂ྅‫ڰ‬໲ᄜӲ ȞCharlcs wȂHal'-veyȟԴඡ‫ט‬К‫ݙ‬ሲȂȶК ஼ታഞߞҐϢȂપ‫࣏־‬ၭ‫یྻڰ‬ԩ൵௻գϧߞ ՘৶௺ֱঁ۶ѳࡓᙌȂᅆ‫ا‬ে‫ڽ‬ᗾૌ࣏ࢫെ‫ێ‬ ੡Ȅ௺ֱঁȂчࣺࡱ㡯൰ҍߞి‫ڈ‬ਛȂҁߞକ ϧȃԴࠧ௄ရਵКߞ዆ᠩϧȃ۶ታഞԳ֜Ȃ‫ڹ‬ ҁԴ᎜Ժྲᒸ‫ڰ‬྽ߞታഞК‫ڳ‬գዃ޾ߞߢԩ࢘ ۶࿂୼ߞᗏ᠖Ȃҁ๑ᆷ࣏ົҔԳ஡൵দঋߞ௄ ရਵȄԴК஼ࠦՐྻߞᑢҫϯҞକٟգԇ֣‫ێ‬ ҁߞ‫ڰ‬Ԇߞྍ၍କ够ѧఀϯ௺ֱঁߞल‫ڶ‬௄ ရȂഺዾራ຾‫ا‬েഺϘႻஜӎϿмߞ་຀Դົ ҔᘙҍϞ㤩‫ߞݑܠ‬ϘَȂ‫اڹڭ‬েҐിϞК஼ ిྻ֋Ᏻȃ֋ཇߞَԂȄ௺ֱঁߞ၃ᢚȃҁԴ ࡱҾ㡯ߞጢϠႤ࿚ߤྻᝯ࠼ȄԴታഞϠߏညК ߞᗏౕȂ႕ᕗ۶ᒕ࿂ߞᕒׄЏ၃Դདྷ੕۶ࠦՐ ྻЍ֯ߞ‫ێ‬ҁўবᢜ಩ҍ‫ڽ‬Ȅ཈ഺ‫ی‬ৎϠߞ๴ ಩බ‫ڹ‬ЫՐϘՐߞЍ֯Ђ‫ݸ‬ԍ௾ȂৃఀЂ੩પ ੩Ȅȷ

ᇨປߞᝯᘣȇփ௺ֱঁल‫ڶ‬௄ရిѽф۶ ௄ရిࠦՐྻߞᗑᜭȂϵऎҁಲӠୠِߞ ి‫ڰڈ‬྽ᖔఀϞ஼ቫ०฀۶Ⴄ࿚Ȃ‫ֱ௺ڹ‬ ঁߞࡑ༟ᐯ੭ѽфࡑ༟Ђᐯሃग़஼ຕϭϞ ࢝ಎߞಅ࿚Ȅग़஼຾ԩᐯ߰໱Ӓ౻ѹ፠ߞ ȮናᑜКົӔ஼ҫȯԴୃগ୼ຈి‫ߞڈ‬ൢ ြКӡϞहညߞຊᐍҐѽЬ೜Ȉȶ൵຾ԩ ߞి‫ڈ‬ਛߞࣿஜ‫ڼ‬Є࣏ࡑ༟Ȃഺ࣏௺ֱঁ ታᐱϭԴчࣺ՘ࠜ୓‫ߞڽ‬Кຈᐯ੭۶୼ຈ ి‫ߞڈ‬ᗑԪᢜȄ……1917—1918Ր௺Դ৯ ৖ѧ‫ڲ‬Ђᐯਰፑᐯ୰ᐯ೫ϘՐࢢȂఀۖទ ৒۶ፑ࿚ᑤߞᝒׄȂҁেњࢺҁᓱЂᐯߞ ঍ᄑȄ഼Ⴥ๴ஜҁሃчࣺϯኸߤྻ۶஼а ߢᝊधߞᝯ࠼Ȃᘘգሃ஼ቫి‫ڈ‬ᄥᢜߞᝯ ࠼ Ȃ ҁ ឯ ༰ Ϟ ‫ ږ‬够ߞ Ⴄ ࠛ Ȃ ఀ ѽ ࢙ ൄ ࡑ ༟

௺ֱঁߞ዆ᠩϧѽфዃᘮߞߤྻᝯ࠼࢝‫أ‬Դ ࠦՐྻឯ࢙ྲྻ‫ڰߞݙ‬ఐϯఀۖϞᢜ಩Ȅᔌ ຾чࣺࠦՐྻ‫ڰ‬྽ߞᙖਣȂϬ‫ڭڈ‬ᗝȂ১‫ڽ‬ ૧ӡߞ୰ၢᆙᆙЙዳ‫ڹ‬ӡȂ‫࣏ݺ‬ၭ‫ྻڰ‬㤩‫ܠ‬ ԴࡱҾКѕ֜၉ߞ‫୺ތ‬Ⴎᘉ໴Գ௄ឯ࢙ྲྻ ‫ݙ‬Ȅం๴಩ྲྻ‫ݙ‬Գ௄ߞߩԳȃ᎘ֿԳಯȃ ๴ஜЂഢጀߞདྷ੕ȃ഍ನԧᇌྋ‫׻‬փϫᓾᇢ ᎑ᛔߞߤྻᝯ࠼ȂൌӤѳࡓᙌ۶௺ֱঁంК ᑆ֯Жକᅁ಩Ȅࢷ࿰Ҕग़‫ࣆߞྻ۝‬ຉȂ࢙ᒝ ໱ӤҔग़‫҃ྻ۝‬དྷȂᘉ၉Գ௄ߞภ༵ࡋϘࢠ ӤညԳឯ༰Ȅည੡ԧૺ‫ܡ‬৶ѽфЀೠԳў୑ ࣆ঑ᑉٕদȂདྷ੕࣏ࠧ௱Й‫ߞݽ‬ϘԆ‫ڰ‬Ȅփ ഺըདྷ੕՘‫ލ‬ᢖ຾Ȃᕢឯภ42000‫ی‬ȂϘԒ੕ ఀ37000᏶‫ی‬Ȃȶᅘූ੕ׄ߰ЂգϠԴȷȂ‫ێ‬ Кุࡑឱන஥ገ༧ՠ዇ϘϠබ੕቙2ေ‫ی‬Ȃԩ ԕདྷ੕ඏН঵ȄԴᎢфऎЦ麽ຜࠦՐྻ੕ภ ੡Ȃҁપ‫־‬෩ۖȂȶऻۖ௺ֱঁԐӠՂթᒕ ࿂ԳњࢺࠦՐྻȄ‫ا‬බߢႽഺߺ‫࣏ܠ‬Ϙ༵෎ фчࣺࡱ㡯ߞՐቅϠߞՀЍ֯Ȅ‫ݙ‬ѽࠧ௱୼ ᒸ‫ا‬କऎࠦՐྻᘉఀྻ‫ݙ‬Գ௄ੜϧȄȷ

௺ֱঁฅ኷ႽȂ‫ێ‬ϘӠ‫ڰ‬྽ѹঋఀϧ‫یݺ‬ৎ ԯ૵ȈϘৎ࣏ҁߞшϠȂҩϘৎࡋ࣏ᅆॠᒘ ߞࠫԈȄࡑ༟КᐯᘵЙ࣏ిྻᐯ੭Ȃ֭௺ֱ ঁ㤯ԴധԺўবऎҁߞࠫԈஇ‫ڍ‬ᝋȂُৎᚃ ࢵᅆᐯӠߞ୊႖බᄊᗾႽ‫ݕ‬௄ရిႽ዇ిᐱ ϘዹȄҁُџᡝၐ၃ϘЈ੡Ȃ‫ڭ‬њࢺၐ၃ᚙ ៌۶๴֖‫ڰ‬ЍȄҁߞϘӠබ࣏Ϙৎգϧߞ‫ށ‬ ᝋȂᝋ‫ށ‬ᇊর‫ڭ‬Й࣏֘ў‫ތݕ‬ўߞಯߏȂྑ ஼۶ྑ௄ရ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ТहవӋߞȄҁ࣏ϘৎԴ ӠࣿКᅁᎹ‫ࠫێ‬ԈߞϠȄ

‫ڰ‬ᅁᝋ‫ށ‬Ȃग़஼྅‫ڰ‬๴಩௺ֱঁȂߋۤ௺ ֱঁҐဖࠦՐྻȂ࣏ࠦՐྻᅹᒝӎϿߤྻ

Ђ ᐯ ߞ ೐ Ϙ ਲ਼ ੭ ߽ Ȅ ……௺ ֱ ঁ ߞ ᛕ দ ћ мߞ྽ᖻ࣏‫֋ڽ‬чࣺϯኸߤྻȃ઻ᐯᙩ஼ ి‫ڈ‬ਛߞ஼аߢᝊध۶஼ቫȞપ‫ॻ࣏־‬ ग़ȟి‫ڈ‬ᄥᢜߞњࢺߞຕԪȄȷ

௺ֱঁӠ‫ݺ‬౻Ӑ಄གྷߞ੡؊Ȃ൹྽‫ݺ‬Ӕ஼ᐼ ѫߞՐ҃Ȃ൵ࢢೣց‫ࣆݺ‬ᡋ‫ـ‬জНቫȂऻ֬ ϘӠᇸْ՘཰Ȃ㤯ཉᚬ‫ݺ‬Ϙ‫܆‬Н༡Ȃ‫ێ‬ᅁҪ ࣏ࣆ޼௻֖ᎬПഺ֜ి‫ڈ‬ਛߞ‫ۻ‬Ⴛᓾ֜փ ЏȄ੡֌ЫџȂࡑ༟ЂᐯԴК஼ి‫ڈ‬धߞԳ ֜Ȃᑢ҃ࡑ༟ᐯЄԴߤྻКߞ՘ᖻȂ‫ށ‬Ө๑ ሱԳ‫ט‬໦ѵϠ௺ֱঁԴК஼ࠕ҃ҫϯ๑Ҟฆ ҃ߞԳ֜ȄՀ֬௺ֱঁ֋Ў‫ڏݙ‬Ȉ‫ا‬ՀᄊϘ ུӮᔝȂԴ௥ᅉЙӀߞႮϯԨࡈᆋȂЙ෷֯ ѯ‫ے‬ஃ઻ȄϘུӮᔝҪ༷ЙᙝԳԨࡈᆋȂ֌ ьޭЙϯॾᢣȂ‫ا‬ಎࠫӮᔝྻྔᆋྔཪȂႮ ϵྻྔ‫ྔڕ‬ኵߞȄ

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Ж᡹ଟ៪ σՌณЖ᡹ఀࡉ‫ف‬Ӗ)Ѳ*

ӻߛӻ࠼ġġிे᢫ᝆ Мʟጾ‫ۅ‬օ‫ޏ‬ৱ ᐍᆬӎ࣏ᑫࣷћм᜹ങㅊິߞКѕȂంѵधૺᆇነߞᔹᎳҟ‫ۖۏ‬১֝Ӕরጄ ህᘏߞጤఐ‫ݸ܋‬ȇంҟ‫ۏ‬᜹ങߞग़‫ۄ‬ग़ࡸۖ໖ᔝ᜹Ϡߞᢘᢳᛔफ़Ȃᗁ࣏഍഍ ෸๴຾᜹ങਛᑾપߞઈᎳল੾Ȃ‫ה‬಩ԍ௾ᄳӫߞԺЮћм۶ԺࠚԺࡻߞᐃ ϧȄԢዹԳȂ៝නᑧࡓ᜹ങઈਿߞ‫׻܈‬൹ൄૠȂԴᑫࣷ১‫ܕ‬লሻߞ֋๒฀ᣍ КȂԴᇌ᝷ᗄԺߞᑫࣷൎӠᣪចКȂ൹ൄҍϘᇌȶчӠដᎳ᝱֋ౢȷߞᜆဲ ᣪចȂ‫ٱ‬েϘ‫ڗ‬ԺࠚԺࡻߞրሡȂ๘Ղϯ࢓પԳऎ‫ێ‬༓‫ڗ‬஗໗ߞ௾আ֗ሡȂ ЙఀЙ҄ϠӫᖞϾ‫ב‬Գᣙᄛൄߏѹߞ‫׻܈‬ૠЍȂ‫ڤ‬බ࣏‫ٿु៷ݮا‬ᑫࣷ൧᝷ Ӡᅗ൵঵ঋߞᅆ໪ɯɯ௾আ‫כ‬መᣪច(Rainbow Lorikeet)Ȅ ௾আ‫כ‬መᣪចϫԩУ௾ᣪចȂӠ‫ݑ‬ᑟᢸࣿጐȂ֖ஜϧϩжూథȂᄊ֬࠱өՀ ஜߞЈࢅϘଠȂԴᑘ‫៿ޒ‬Ѣ༡֋Ӥ֋ԴߞႯ᠙঳ມȄУ௾ᣪច၏ᇸ‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷ‫ތ‬ ࡑ޻ઔߞֲԳฑ‫ޒ‬ȃନ১ȃޮᑨ஡ȃЈᛉȃгཀྵȃႺ֯஡ຈ஡ாȂԴᑫࣷᗄ উตਿߞፑඛжֶ࿂‫ێ‬ዃᘮȂգ੡ϵྻԯ຾঴ߏቮঋփᏏఁȂ֭ЂԺ๑Ђഢ ጀߞᏏఁ֖ऎȄ‫ٱ‬েᅆЂ֋๒ᖖᄩߞᏋᕕ࢘࿂୼ȂӺඈྑሃ‫ێ‬ҁᇌ᝷ߞ‫כ‬መ ᣪច಄ᛔփ‫ܧ‬Ȃ঴ߏࡋѽ‫ݿ‬ᚪȃѪ‫ލ‬ȃࠅȃࠅመȃᇌЄऎ‫ێ‬ѹ঴ȄУ௾ᣪច ᘘգऎӠߏᐯਛ‫ࣺࣺݙ‬ጄႽߞȂംჅ‫༼ߞٱݺ‬঴‫ࡋޱ‬ȄУ௾ᣪចߞᢸҼ‫ߐ۔‬ ֎ᔝȂᅁԴ࣏ϯ࢓ऎ‫ٱ‬েᑾપ൹֯ߞᚃߏȂ࠳‫ٱڹ‬ে࠮‫ݺ‬Դᑘౘࠅᙍ༡‫כ‬঴ ग़ۧߞࠅመȄϯ࢓ᘘԴ‫ٱ‬েᢜаന঍ៃ‫ף‬຾Ϙᇌપઅઐмቔ૵Ȃᇟ࿤Գжႋ ‫ߞۤ៷ݙ‬ԧՑ঴‫ل‬Ȃᚣѽ‫כ‬՜঴ߏႆߞԧᇌᖉᏳȂ࣏‫ٱ‬ে༼঴‫ࡋޱ‬КЙҞ‫ݕ‬ ૿ߞՀᕒјȄ У௾ᣪចϵ࣏Ϙᇌަদ௓ࢄӠࣿߞᣪចȂ‫ٱ‬েᘵ๒࣏៳‫ݺ‬၏ᇸ‫ݑ‬൧᝷Ȃ֭џ ௱Ӡ഼ࣿ௱ྻгቬ՘ᛕ՘ᅆȂԴ‫ޑ‬ᔝϯह৅ह஋ۤྷȂቈቈᣍНȂ๘ՂϘৎ ֒௾ᘿᣨߞྑѕ୼୼భԴᑘ‫ޑ‬༡Ȃਾྑࠧ௱Ȃ㙴㖰ఐಎȄҁেӺጄྍ՘၏ຕ ༤ࣿஜഡ঴Ȃஊᆬ‫ـ‬ኅᇸॗംዴպ୸У௾ᣪចȂ୼ᗏංኝȃ‫ݛ‬ᕒຕᄰȂ‫ࠅݺ‬ ᑘᑘࡄኸ༡঳᠙ᕚफ़Ȃ๴ҍኤኤඎඎȂᏩօ౬ᡗߞ‫ם‬ᛔᗏȂ፶ऎ‫܈‬ᣍȄԴᑫ ࣷൎҳ‫៷ݮ‬У௾ᣪចߞӠᅗჅ຀КȂ‫ا‬๴಩ԴᑫࣷԺࠚԺࡻߞᣪចࡡᇌКȂ ϯ࢓֬Ѽᑾᑾᘨఐ‫ݺ‬У௾ᣪចߞ‫އ‬ႅന঍Ȃऎ‫ێ‬ᇟѕႅ‫ط‬ᄊ֬ϘႽႽग़ᢳࠧ ϲȂ֒௾෹៹ߞ௾আȄऻ຾У௾ᣪចᄁஜᛕଂߞ‫ڗ‬዆੡Ȃᗁྻᢰ‫ا‬ᗑྐ୓᚞ ॗၐ၃КȂ༰Ϭϼ᛿ྑ‫ݺ‬Ϙ‫ߞڗ‬ॗဃȂԴᣨ༧ϭ୼ᗝ֒௾ᚳනߞᄱё௾֗Ȃ ᢰУ௾឵૾ߞ֒௾ᡍጐԴࠛཀ֒൪ӣߞ๪বȂϵ҄Ϡಎ‫ے‬ᢘᄛൄߏѹᄊ֬જ ᜑӖࢮߞЂ᜹ങਛȂ‫֋ێ‬๒֯ࡡขዊфᑾપ‫ݑ‬Ȃቈቈ໹໸‫ا‬ে‫ྐݙࢥݙ‬Ȅ 2010Ր10ѡ20џȂᑫࣷԢႮϠᛔራ‫۝‬ᓱϘৎȶұЌȆশส‫ۊ‬ຆग़Հ‫ށ‬чᜱ๪ ѧᘈᅱӹࣹਣ᠓ȷߞ஼ቫᜱ๪ѧᘈȂ‫ا‬գܶ‫ۦ‬ᘛᑉԇᜱ๪ѧᘈᑫࣷ஡ߞग़ങ ໞ኶ȄұЌ௻Ꮹߞજ‫׃‬ᘵЏ༡უ‫ی‬Րҗߞ੡ԍȂ֭ᑢ၃‫֌᝱٭‬ЫߞুՅ߰ѕ ᢸȂ֬Ѽ‫ڶ‬๒ላ‫ۦ‬຾࿂Ђߞ൹ཋфᡫྗȂ‫ڶ‬๒҇Ӌ຾ᅆӠ‫ྖ਻ߞۻ‬ሃЙՉȄ Ӓည‫ऻا‬຾Ϙ඼඼ӡᘿᣨ֒௾ȂᄁᔽњࢺұЌԳᏩ‫٭‬஡ࢅЄߞѧᘈ๪֯੡Ȃ ϘႽႽ҇ᆕຆဴඏ૷ߞ௾আȂᄑჅᅝທϠᐰߞұЌ௻Ꮹ෌๭ȂࢅЄেѽᚎඏ ߞຊᎠф֒௾Ȃ‫ט‬໦ഺѵधᘵ๒ϠӠ᝱ֺྻգധԺчྭԳஜߞᙝ࡯รᐨȂ֭ ‫ا‬েጋ๒ிٙहࠫȂዷলࠥߞᆽᔝӅգग़ដߞ௾আȄ ॻ஼຾ԩߞল฀๪ँЂਰ൅ૼ(Joseph M. William Turner)࣏Ϙ֜‫ڳ‬᠖ԑಧߞ ᜹ങਛȄҁ‫ڤ‬Ђઈፀ礴ߞ໛ൎ᜹ങȂᡍೲᑬ‫ߞހ‬ຊៈ֒௾Ȃऎည҃ᜱ๪ল੾ ަϢϞԺࡻԺ௾ߞࣿϧȂપ‫־‬ᅆઔ฀๪ԍ዆ߞ෠෪෡গȂ҇ж๴෭Ϟ౽ᆌᆽ ७ߞ᜹ങઈਿȄ൅ૼգϘࡋᓐЄు๴ࣇ‫ڰ‬Ȃ҄ϠӤା‫އۂ‬ҁߞЖົф৒ᏳȂ ‫ڰࣇێ‬෡গϘч՝౐ȂҁՐӁߞࢅЄ౬Ӽੜѭᓐᜱ๪ߞૠ᝶Ȃ௟൅ૼᕣ၉Դ ๪ࣛϯఀྍߞ૵෡ܺፇȂѽУᛞб֒ߞᛞਫ਼ᔌྍ෭ᡍȂ൵ࢢགྷ཮ᐈۖᑋ඼๪ ᆕӫጵಹȂ๑‫ޱ‬৒෇ȄӒညࢅЄ๴಩ѭᓐ༟ࠝࡈ‫ڽ‬ȂߢႽᢵ՘Ђᓾփᐺ੄Й Џ੡Ȃ൅ૼѽྎྑߞᛕј‫ݱ‬຾‫ݙ‬ѕྑߞࢅЄȂЙྖЙՓԳ௟বӫԑࠧߞ১գ ᅹᄦদྲкஙᏇᅏȂѽ௾ຊ‫ࢅ෈ڶ‬Є१གྷ཮ᐈߞᛞ֒ȃ።౧ϘϘҐѽ௾ᜱȂ

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ຕ‫ڹލ‬ϘԆ১ӎϘћЙৃߞ཮ᐈ֯ࡡȂᖠ༡ᚼм՘Ϙ඼҇ᆕࣿϧȂኊৃࠧϲߞ ল฀๪Ȃ຾ᅁ҄ϠᄛऎᣍѤȊ ‫ێ‬ᅁȂԴ‫ا‬েϠӠߞ๪ҿϯȂЙ၃ྍ༡ϵྻᏎჃϘ‫ڱ‬੘‫ض‬ȃທౕȃ๑‫܉‬ȃ਻៵ ……ߞ֒ᑨ‫཮ݙ‬ᐈฮࣖȂ‫ݙ݂؜‬գߞዓ዗ᚡᄦജᅔܺӞႋȂᢏఀϘћЙৃȃ౮ ๑ҞۤН഍Ȃ֭බԯऎ‫ا‬েգϘ֜ஈЂߞ൹ൄѹȂᴽ࣏‫ا‬েȶчϯߞѭᓐȷȂ ᴽѽྎྑߞᛕј‫ࢺج‬ᖖ‫ݱ‬຾‫ا‬েȂҪঋ‫ا‬ে᝸ྍहࠫᴽȃᚼԨᴽȃຈ৏ᴽऎ‫ا‬ ে‫ݙ‬ჰ൯ߞ௾আӠ‫ۻ‬ȂᴽබҞѽԴ‫ا‬েߞӠ‫ۻ‬๪ҿϯȂмᇺդऎૠ‫܈‬Ȃ௾ᜱҍ ԍ௾ᄳӫߞ௾আ֯ࡡȂদྲ൹֯ҍϘ඼ኊৃാࡱߞ၃‫ۏ‬๪֯Ȅ ȶ௾আȷЙඏඏ࣏֋๒฀ᣍКϘᇌ‫ߞ׻܈‬ԍᐯ಩໪ȂԴၐ၃ૌನႆ‫࣏ـ‬Ϙৎૠ ሃϠӲॗߞୃၳȂჰࠑ຾ૠߞዔዕфྎྑӖЙᛓౢϲ៳‫ݺ‬ᴽߞЄӔȄԴօጢକ ႎߞ੗‫(ڲ‬Noah)ў֐ࣇ‫ڰ‬КȂԯ຾Ϡ᝷ಎ൝။෋ߞ፡ࣇȂᐱ७ϯ࢓ѽࣸѪ࿑࿝ ѵधȂ௲‫ڽ‬Ϡ᝷࿂Ђߞॴ᝱Ȃ֭ԯ຾ૠߞዔዕфૂఓȂࢽӯ੗‫ڲ‬Ϙਛ࢙ൄాਾ ߞў֐ȂֺҝϞࣸѪԴԳ150чߞ๑ԽН‫٭‬ȄԴዷলࠥࢢߞ෾ߩ๪ҿϯȂૠ௾ ᜱϘႽ֒ᑨᘿᢳߞ௾আሃϠӲϭӖॗȂᕕധЙԓӡԑব‫ڽ᝱٭ߞݑ‬࿑࿝ԑԳȇ ᴽᕕധ੗‫ࢢߞڲ‬ႁ௟ঋӠᏳಿԺȂ჆ᆕԑԳȇᴽᕕധഺѵधᘵգॴ᝱Ȃ֭Դॠ ᒘႆࡒգૌӒߞӀՉȂૠЏऎ‫ا‬েനϭग़ដߞϛ௾ԍᖖȂᴽঋ‫ا‬েࣿҍ௾আӠ ‫ྍߞۻ‬၍ሃኊৃȂᢜ಩௾আϠӠߞলົሃᐃϧȄ

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Sameway ISSUE212《同路人》212期  

《同路人》是全澳发行的高质素免费社区生活刊物。总编辑部位于维多利亚州首府墨尔本热闹的Burwood区。杂志每周四出版,坚持每期为澳洲华人奉上一个能激励人心的故事,一个能帮助移民融入主流社会的热点专题,以及更多覆盖家庭、教育、健康、文化、时事、经济、社会、生活资讯、信仰人生等方面的...

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