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Lace in Fashion ᖢ๛Ȇᘠᝠ‫ޟ‬᛺೚!

ȶਢ‫ۦ‬ϛ‫ޟ‬ᖢ๛ȷ৤។

European Masters 19th-20th Century

MATERIALBYPRODUCT, Melbourne (fashion house) est. 2004 Susan DIMASI (designer) Australia born 1973 Chantal KIRBY (designer) Australia born 1976 Semi punchout top and skirt 2007 Laceblot collection, spring–summer 2008 cotton jersey (digital print), viscose jersey (a) 54.7 cm (centre back), 33.5 cm (waist, flat) (top); (b) 62.0 cm (centre back), 31.0 cm (waist, flat) (skirt) Collection of MATERIALBYPRODUCT, Melbourne

ᗡບȂ‫ॶڤ‬ᘳॶ಩ߞᙟសНग़ฅ၃ᢰ๑ዴϠ຾୛Ȅ ᇯԺ‫ڲ׀‬஼Ӳग़ങᔡ֋7ѡ༟‫ܕ‬ᗝᓱߞȶ੡‫ܥ‬Кߞ ᗡບȷਣ᠓ȂਣӯϞ໹Ⴥ50ԺԆᗡບᇟࡡȂҒࣁ ୫ᚐᗡບȞNeedle Laceȟ۶ౣѕᗡບȞBobbin Laceȟ‫ی‬ᇌȂਣ಩Ϟం16ѵ॔֌20ѵ॔ᗡບሦ֯ ߞ๴ਣჅ຀ѽф‫ێ‬Դ੡‫ܥ‬КߞদঋԳ֜۶֯ӡȄ ᑂ NGV஼ ቫ ੡ ‫ ܥ‬۶ ૱ ᚐ ࡡ ൊ ߞ ঑ യ Ϡ ᜲ ൰ Ȇ ౖ ȞRoger LeongȟЬ೜Ȃం16ѵ॔֌20ѵ॔Ȃᗡບ Դࣙᇌ຀࢘ϯ‫ڍ‬ᝋ۶࠳՘Ϟ੡‫ߞܥ‬ᢏভѽфЫџ੡ ‫ߞܥ‬লፑȄ ᗡບࠐงಯӠߞ੡৏Ȃ൵௱‫࣏ߞڍ‬ജӡ‫ݺ‬ЃႅȂપ ‫࣏־‬ᚃ‫އ‬۶௓૲Ȅ18ѵ॔Ȃገࣷਝ‫ؗ‬۶໳౉‫ݑٷ‬ ԴഞϾȃታᝅ۶᠑޻ϵฅЂ༓‫ڹ‬ӡᗡບȄ๑Ꭲ࣏ 19ѵ॔ࠐߞ࢓ࣆল੾ЃႅȂᘘ࣏ᔌࢢࣹ֖ߞ઎ᆝ ѹ၍੡ႅȂӺ‫ֹߞڱ౎ـݕ‬㡯ᓚ‫ޒ‬۶ѐဃᆬ੡งЃ ႅȂԴ‫ڹ‬ӡᗡບўবѧ୓ࡈϘѵ॔౮Йቊ֒Ȅ20

02

FRANCE Border c.1740 linen (needle lace) (Alençon) 9.6 x 56.0 cm National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne Felton Bequest, 1964

BEER, Paris (couture house) 1905–29 Gustav BEER, (designer) Germany, active in France 1905–29 Dress c.1912 cotton (muslin, machine lace, tulle, embroidery thread), silk chiffon 155.0 cm (centre back), 44.0 cm (waist, flat) National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne The Schofield Collection. Purchased with the assistance of a special grant from the Government of Victoria, 1974

ѵ॔ࠐߞྲ᜹ങল੾੡ႅԴᅆᗡບߞ‫ڹ‬ӡ۶ঋِϯ ‫ـ‬་ϘَȂᙰҿଠߞȶ๐ߩࠅ᝝ȷࣹ֖Ϙ੡ȄۖϞ 20ѵ॔ӐȂᔌ຾ȶ൅‫ށ‬ႅȷȞtransparent lookȟ ۶ȶ൅໛ႅȷȞsee through lookȟߞࣹ֖Ȃᗡບ ‫࣏ـ‬ॎ๒՘ऎϞ੡ႅህሂߞ‫࣐ށ‬ȂϘ੡༡՘ऎϞ੡ ችߞ҃ԩໟȄ ᗡບߞሦ࣏֯Ϙৎ࢝᎑ᛔߞჅ຀ȂԴ൵ࠐߞϬպ ԺՐ㡯Ȃ๑Ꭲ࣏୫ᚐᗡບᘘ࣏ౣѕᗡບȂൌቮঋ ‫ڶ‬Ꮻ૷јЍሦ֯փ՘ȂϘৎЙщ᎑ᛔߞᄦ੯ൌঋ ϘৎጢፚߞЃЍࠅϯϘৎѡत֌‫ߞࠜـ‬ሦ֯੡

BALMAIN, Paris (couture house) est. 1945 Pierre BALMAIN (designer) France 1914–82 Dress c.1966 rayon, cotton (chemical lace), silk lining 110.5 cm (centre back), 43.0 cm (waist, flat) label: PIERRE BALMAIN Collection of Sir Roderick Carnegie, Melbourne

ITALY Border mid 17th century linen (needle lace) (gros point) (bobbin lace) 23.0 x 88.0 cm National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne Felton Bequest, 1964

photo: National Gallery of Victoria text: ҏѐጡᒮഋ

ȶϚौωᕢؐΙএಠ࿽Ȃ‫ޟר‬Ԇӵོᡱձᡐு‫؁‬ԤᏄΨȄȷ!

ITALY Ornament for garment 17th century linen (needle lace), glass beads 18.2 x 45.7 cm National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne Felton Bequest, 1964

ፙМᇳ᛺

༡Ȃԯ፠ᚐຕౣј‫ޱ‬ԯϠփಳȂُϘ඼ᗡບ֯ࡡ ൌ࣏ᑾϘ๑ϟߞȄߡ֌18-19ѵ॔ȂЖҍ಩ᑟᐡ፠ ᚐߞᗡບȂᗡບϵԯթᢏఀ‫ـ‬ҐЂಿмȂԴ੡‫ܥ‬ Кߞᕕӡϵ‫ـ‬Ґዃ޾Ȅ ऎ Ϟ ୨ Ԫ ӎ ը ਣ ᠓ Ȃ NGVᘘ ਣ ҍ Ϟ Ӥ ѐ ᆬ த ȞBalmainȟѐᐌ‫އ‬ႅന঍‫ת‬۶ѧᆬȞBeerȟѐᐌ ‫އ‬ႅന঍‫ݙת‬௲‫ߞڽ‬၃‫ۏ‬ᗡບ‫އ‬ႅȂѽфᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ ಩҃‫އ‬ႅന঍ԩ๕ȶMATERIALBY PRODUCTȷ ‫ݙ‬௲‫ߞڽ‬କ௉҇жਣ಩ᗡບԴ಩҃‫އ‬ႅ੡‫ܥ‬КႻӡ ࿂७ߞᇟ௾֯ࡡȄ

ȶਢ‫ۦ‬ϛ‫ޟ‬ᖢ๛ȷȞLace in Fashionȟ৤។ҬࠉӵNGV୽ሬᓢջາ৤юȂ‫؁‬ӻၥଉ፜َngv.vic.gov.auȄ ৤។ਢ໢Ȉ23/07/2010 - 23/01/2011 ৤юӴ֭Ȉ180 St Kilda Road, Melbourne VIC 3000 ໠ܹਢ໢ȈΰϿ10ᘈՍήϿ5ᘈȞ໊ΠഖᓢȂ໊έ໠ܹՍఏΰ9ᘈȟ


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5

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‫ऻا‬൑൦ਫ

ӣၯΡᇭ

಑318෈

Diaoyu Islands to Me ‫ا‬ంӏۖჅ൑൦ਫ(Դশส੡‫ا‬েᇍऎ൑൦ҭ)Ȃৣпϯ Кᐯ੡(1970Ր)Դᐯ੭೐ϘըᡘۖჅ൑൦ҭഺৎԳўȂ ሲ࣏К஼ߞϿԳȂຜџӎϠȶ֫ᑂȷϞȂЂਛൌ݈࢝ ࢤȄ‫ێ‬ᅁੲӎЙ‫ށ‬ӨџӎՂ֣ȶ֫ᑂȷഺ‫ڱ‬ਫᕎȂϵЙ ߢഺ‫ڱ‬ਫᕎգतኃদঋȂҪ࣏ះఀ࣊๒࣏К஼ߞԳўȂ ٟգನӤຜ‫־‬஼ᄳҝϞȄ‫ڤ‬੡ୃఀЂᐯӠে‫ڕ‬ϯ໖‫ة‬ ៉Ȃϵ࢝‫ݎ܈‬ည੡ߞশสࣆܹȂՀᄊЙщњࢺфሮҞȂ ϵٟգୃఀ୓К஼ᅆഺ‫ڰ‬ԆգतኃࠑӯȂည๒аѕ࣏࢝ ‫ݎ܈‬ȂऎतኃҪ࣏ϠӔᅆ‫ڰ‬ԆգࠑႿȂփညࣆߞࡒٟգ ࢝ЂߞхᕕȄ‫ڤ‬੡ྻྐȂҞକ࣏ԯऎ਴஼๑ҳӹȂ‫ݙ‬ѽ ࣆܹ๼ЙϞ୓‫אڽ‬Ȅ ་ϢЂᐯࢢȂ๴಩১‫ڽ‬শสЂᐯӠϘߡ࢝ьᝯѕ஼ਛф ߤྻȂ֭70Րߞ࠲൑ႻஜȂ҄ည੡ߞЂᐯӠྍᝊۖ֋ ЎК஼Ϡߞ‫ڗ‬ԊȂ֋‫ڤ‬੡༟‫ܕ‬Ȃȶ‫ݸ‬ೀѵधȃሮᝊ૟ ஼ȃᝯѕߤྻȃߋۤᡋૈȷȂᚎᇍȶ‫ݸ‬ሮᝯߋȷ՘ऎϞ ည੡ЙьЂᐯӠᅆ֋ЎߞನྐȄ 80Ր҃ȂশสϠ൝Ϣ‫ڗ‬ԊԟᑟȂӔ༡࠲ᎎ൑൦ҭႻஜ Ӻ൝‫ֲݺ‬጗Ȃ‫ڭ‬ٟգє୓࢝ԺϠߞᝯѕȂϘߡۖ1996 ՐȂ൘࿓ೇ௲ታȶ࠲൑ၳȷȂྍᄦ毁᛼џӎϠ‫ݺ‬൑൦ਫ ‫࢙ݙ‬ᑶ཰փჃ࿡ȂԓϘըᑬᔽশสϠঋडఓ஼ਛታϿ؆ ᑋȂӺԯऎ൘࿓ೇߞЙܶȂϘ੡Н༡ᑬ୓ϞઔҳົϠᅆ ࠲ᎎ൑൦ਫߞᝯѕȄ ‫ێ‬ᅁ൑൦ਫߞயᛟȂ‫ڭ‬Йඏ࣏К஼۶џӎᅆ஼Ͽѹᡋߞ ߋ៉Ȃϵ‫׵‬ᛔ຾ग़஼Դ‫ࣷڲ‬Գ஡ক‫ڰ‬Գૈфఠۘߞԯ ૵ȂԯթК஼ԺՐ‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬Йᒕ࿂ҝႋٙഺߋ៉Ȅ୵຾К ஼ߞുᆙ௻ЂȂ‫ا‬हࠫ൑൦ਫѹᡋயᛟȂྻգ‫ـ‬Ԫನߞ ႋٙȄ๒փӎѡࠐȂ๴ӠϞКџᆢ೺हዠфК஼೺ࠜജ ՙ‫ݪ‬Ȃє๴ѵधԧԳົϠхџఐᇰȂদྲ҄ۖ൑൦ਫѹ ᡋ՘ऎК஼Ϡᝯަߞ๏ᙇȄ ‫ا‬ऽౕЫըߞߋ៉ȂକҨ‫ا‬ে‫ۖڍ‬К஼ᅆ‫࠲ݺ‬ᎎ֋Ўታ ϿߞٙѕȄ

I have never been to the Diaoyu Islands – a place I first learnt in my early teens (1970), and as I was told, it has been a piece of Chinese territory being ‘occupied’ by the Japanese. I did not understand the significances of these islands and how they could be taken away, but just felt annoyed about the Japanese occupation. As I remember, in those days university students protested on the streets, but seemingly without much support from the Hong Kong government, and even the Chinese government was not making much comment. I was puzzled why only the general public was so concerned whilst the governors were so indifferent. I thought maybe it was due to our underdog position in the international arena that we couldn’t do much. As I became a university student myself, I realised not many Hong Kong undergraduates were wary of happenings in their country and society. The 70’s activists of the Diaoyu Islands had aroused the patriotism of the then university students about their Chinese identity – since then, many became actively involved in pursuing the four idealistic objectives of “exploring the world, understanding your country, caring the society and upholding personal right and justice” During the 1980’s Hong Kong people were facing their own identity and sovereignty crisis. Diaoyu Islands defending activists did not take the limelight until 1996 when a defending boat leader Chan Yuk Cheung was drowned in his course of attempting to devastate a Japanese lighthouse in the area. His misfortune had once again stirred up the patriotic feeling of Hong Kong people and caught the attention of all overseas Chinese in this subject matter. The controversy of Diaoyu Islands is not just one between China and Japan in terms of sovereignty, American political and military interests in the Pacific area also come into picture. This could be one of the reasons why China had not been keen to sort out this controversy. With the growing power of China, it may be a favourable time for this controversy to be resolved satisfactorily. The collision of a Chinese fishing boat with Japanese coast guard vehicles earlier this month and the subsequent detention of the boat captain incidentally have set off a scene where Chinese world-wide are uniting for and looking forward to a resolution of this sovereignty problem. I hope the controversy this round can show us the determination of China in defending her own territory.

‫ߝޥ‬

Raymond Chow Publisher

۹ஈћ

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டցጡဴŊőijııĸĺıĵĵĶij

ြѪष$$$

ᇌ‫ڧ‬к‫৿ޟ‬ඏ ᏑߎਰҍӠ‫ڲ֘ڽ୺ݺ‬Ϙৎ௄ရਵߞਛਲႆȂ૟ឱ ᇊ࢙ȂਛКԒգ 10 ৎ҈‫܏ܓؙ‬ȂᏑߎਰవ֖೐ 9 Ȅȶላ‫ۦ‬ૠߞᎲПሃਾ෎Ȃ‫ا‬েϘਛఀۖѹߞྑȂ ЖକӀՉඈጄԳӠࣿ຾Ȅѭӓऎ‫ ߞا‬2 ֜৯৯ۤԩ ਾ‫ۏ‬۶ਾᎲȂփ‫ࡋا‬ԩਾ෎Ȃౕؓ‫ا‬েԴఀۖчѭ ߞᝯྑ੡Ȃϵକ‫د‬чѭߞྑ௲ຜ‫־‬ϠȷᏑߎਰႽҍ Ϟѭӓऎ‫ۤێ‬ԩߞӡྍȄ֋Јᡝ੩՘ᖻЙᓾߞᏑߎ ਰКᐯಲ྽ࢢȂࡒఀЙۖпᐯߞᑟྻȄҁሲ :ȶӠ ࣿԴ୺‫ົߞڲ֘ڽ‬ϠȂ၃௱ྻ‫ۖۦ‬వӋȄঋ་ϢЂ

ᆰࣸȂહࣸࢇ‫ཱིۺ‬Ιԑ‫ޟ‬၄օॎგ஠ོ१ཱི௰ю ཱ፜੼ཎҏϴѧኄ֙‫ܖ‬मႫ࠭ၚ

‫ٺ‬Ң‫ר‬ঈ௰ᙨ‫ޟ‬࿽Ы൐ᓞᝥ ؐԑџо࿽ࣸҢЫߖ 438,000 Ѐ ࣺ࿋ܻ࿽ࣸҢЫາ $534 ௶Ыາ $492

஥ӡြѪឤᔝ γᗊີ၎᜸౰ࠢ៫ࡊ Ԥᐠོᕕுࢇ‫ۺ‬၄օȊ

DELTA GROUP

8-10 Nelson Street, Moorabbin VIC 3189 T: 03 9555 2988Ⱦ୽ʟဃȿ F: 03 9555 4499 M: 0419 336 688

website: www.deltagroup.net.au

email: dgiwang@gmail.com

ၖ኉ હࣸ౰ࠢ᎛୵ф౩


ּቸΡЖ

01

ᐯȂ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ϘԆਟ‫ڰߞݽ‬Ȃ৹‫ݏ‬ᐾգԓՀߞ՘ᖻȄ ၃ᕻ౧ԆѧႵՀߞົϠൌྻ‫ࢅد‬Є୙ۖҳ஼઻ᐯȂ ๒փѭӓ๑‫ޱ‬঑ᑉ‫ا‬েۖҳ஼ᡝ੩ȷ ȄఀЙۖпᐯ ᑟྻߞᏑߎਰȂႾۖ঴޵ЍዄЍ֯Ȃ༉Ӑۖిྻ֯ ‫ߞ܇ڰ‬Ѝ֯Ȅ ϘՐࢢȂᏑߎਰ᝜ҝ঴޵ዄߞЍ֯Ȃۖૠᐯ୰་৒ ૠᐯȂඵِ‫ـ‬Ժૠᐯߞ��ᝊȄȶ‫ڤ‬ϘՐ༡Ȃ‫ا‬ᅆૠ գϞ‫ـ‬ಎߞϞႋȄ‫ـ‬Ժ‫ށ‬Өۖ : ‫܇ڰ‬Ȃ࣏Ӡ‫֋ߞۻ‬

02

๒ࣹᠨȂ࣏ఀۖѹߞ۲ҡȂ๑ࢩ๑੄ߞ‫܇ڰ‬Ȅփ֋ Ў࣏ૠ‫ݙ‬൹ൄҍ‫ߞڽ‬Ȃ‫ݸ‬ϭϘзႬంૠ۶‫܇ڰ‬ૠϜ ࣏ನ‫ݙ‬ည๒Ȃ࣏๑༷ԇ֣ನӤ۶ӫߞȄЙऎԩ‫׀‬Ȃ Ҫऎఀۖ‫ڤ‬ӖӠߞӠ‫ۻ‬۶៳чߞᎫᎲȂ‫ۦڳ‬ሃૠԢ ԴߞඈጄȷᏑߎਰ༟ѕԳሲȄԴૠᐯ୰Ȃϯ࢓௟Ϙ ֜ᆓࠪϫ଴႕ߞЃԢᐯᎲຜᏑߎਰ֯ೣӠߞ֡࠴Ȅ ௓ࢢȂᏑߎਰሃщщ࠮ਣ༟ϞཇిН੠ȂۖЙԢߞ ஼ਛȃԳ஡Ȃᓲంૠߞ՞ྍཇያᇊরȄ

ᇄડӣӵ!యϚৼា 12 ՐࡈȂᏑߎਰജᘛۖ૸֘᠋ϘৎЈᛉཇిȄԴ ‫ڤ‬ႆȂᏑߎਰϘਛұϾ‫ڶ‬Ꮻૠߞ‫ڻ‬ᕕȂอჅϞ 5 Ր ߞԍ฀Ȅȶᛓ༟୺‫ࡈڲ֘ڽ‬Ȃ૸֘᠋‫ڤ‬᝝ߞిྻҨ ‫ا‬ে‫ݸ‬ѕۖႿȂӠࣿ୓‫ܧ‬ൌЏജՉవ‫؁‬ညȄᎡߢȂ ည‫ا‬ሃщщ௲຾ 2 ৎЃ‫ࡈۊ‬ҝߞ੡৏Ȃిྻࡒঋ‫ا‬ ে֋ЎឯདྷႤࠛȃ‫ر‬ඵ֝഍Ȅ‫ڤ‬ᅆ‫ݺ‬ϠӠԳЙጢߞ ‫ا‬ে‫ڽ‬ሲȂ࣏ԆЙਟ‫ڰߞݽ‬Ȅ‫ا‬ሃщщฅ၃ᑉዎ Ⴥȃ຾ࢧჅȂಲൣ 2 ৎЃ‫ۊ‬ЙକЙҝᐯ੭ȂϘਛව ϾЙକٟգԳў֝ȄԴྊ෉੡Ȃ‫ا‬েԨѹᜤ‫ט‬Ȃِ

᡹‫ڼ‬ᓏ༭ৱ ԃդ࡚ҳߧЍԑ‫ޟ‬឴᡹ᐇጛȉ೻࢐Ιҏ౩፣ᇄᄂ፺ঙര ‫ޟ‬឴᡹ᐇጛᙏϭȂ࣏ϬРߧЍԑ‫ٱ‬ώඪ‫ټ‬Ι‫ྶٲ‬ณΙཱི ‫ޟ‬உ‫ى‬ПਰȄհ‫ޱ‬ԙђӴ஠Ι‫ٲ‬Ѡᙟ‫ޟ‬឴᡹༈ಛᇄП ‫ݲ‬ȂᡐԙΙ‫ٲ‬౪ਢߧԑΡζོ൉᠍‫ޟ‬ԙߝᐇጛȂ஠߬Ӊ Ͻԙ՗ଢ଼Ȅ

ࠍܻᆓఀ

ᆑၖ࣏к! ᆑ ണղ඼๿ ണ ؐ ؐР᡹ওင‫ڐ‬ ᙚឍԙ36ᆍМԅ ᙚ ᙚឍԙ36

ЮҔԃդ೩ۡࣨ३ȉԃդᔖᄇࡆυ‫ࢅޟ‬ᏽȉԃդӵસᆞ ‫ޟ‬དྷϛࠍܻᆓఀȉԃդӵདྷᇄᆓఀϛ‫ڥ‬ுҁᒋȉȶᆓ ఀȷᄂሬΰ࢐ЮҔӵᔓօࡆυȂ‫ࡆٺ‬υᏰོᔖᄇࢅᏽȃ ‫ܛ‬ᐊ೰ӈȃՌࡡՌ൵Ȅ

џ൉џዅϞ࠲!CDȁဃ

Ӓ౨ี՗ႉ 2,000,000ы

‫็ڋ‬ഺհထငၑᅈ

Burwood Suite 7, 1/F, 2-8 Burwood Hwy, Burwood East, VIC 3151 (Melway 61F7) Box Hill! 2-6 Oxford St, Box Hill, VIC 3128 (Melway 47C10) ᕊཾਢ໢! (Burwood) ࢑෈ΙՍϤ 10am~6pm Ѕ࢑෈ϲ 10am~4pm / (Box Hill) ࢑෈ΙՍϤ 10am~6pm ࢥၚዥጣ

06

03·9888 7422

rejoice@tpg.com.au


ּቸΡЖ

03

ѹዔዕȄЙϳНࢢȂిྻգ֜‫҈ؙ‬ऎ‫ا‬েϘਛ෩‫ڻ‬ ֝௛ȂփѷҪ՜ۤ࢝࠮‫ߞܢ‬૧ࠛȄԴٟգఀۖԇ֣ ిྻߞᕒׄϭȂ‫ا‬েӲ‫ؠ‬ჅࠫѕӠࣿȂԑѕ৅Ꮻૠ ȂྏਾԳჅ຾ُϘчȄգૠԴ‫ا‬ে‫ڗ‬᝝Ȃ‫ا‬ে౮Й ៵‫ݏ‬ԳবᅆӠࣿКߞᇌᇌᢏмȄ൵ৃఀ୼ᒸߞ࣏Ȃ ‫ا‬েۖჅЙԢߞࢆిЍඞ༟ଣֶႽȂ݅ѕ‫ڰ‬ѹȂ҄ ധԺϠ֩ҍᛕјȂ‫֋د‬ЎӹۖѹјКȷᏑߎਰྏᑬ ԳሲȄ 5 ՐࢢȂᏑߎਰϘਛϠᛓ༟૸֘᠋‫ۖڽ‬ᑫࣷൠ౨ᑉ ԇߎਰߞЍ֯Ȅ಩੡ߞᏑߎਰԴൠ౨ᜃ዇Ҿ (Ryde) ȶࠓऽ஼ቫిྻȷ(Impact International Church) ᑉԇ ߎਰߞЍ֯Ȃ௟ૠߞྑሃᝯᜃ௲ຜ‫־‬ϠȄ ȶࠓऽ஼ ቫిྻȷ୵Ϟُ࣐งգѹџᛕሬ௣ࢵҳȂӀ੡ϵᗝ ֖ԧᇌԧዹߞࣿஜȂᢰЂਛҞѽգ‫ـ‬Ժߞ੡༡݃թ ᝯᜃȂж‫ڳ‬ϯ࢓ߞྑȄᘵ๒ȶࠓऽ஼ቫిྻȷӫࡈ ߞϠዴЙԺȂ๒փᏑߎਰգࠫѕҞѽ҄‫ـ‬ԺϠ‫ۖڽ‬ ѹߞ‫ڗ‬᝝Ȃ௟֋Ў՛Ѿຜ἟Ȅ ȶૠԴᅷឹК‫ݙ‬ऽౕ ߞ࣏‫ا‬ে‫ڕ‬ϯࠫѕߞႽႮȂ฽ውૠߞૌನȂգѫጤ ߞѕྑѹȃྑਛϠȃྑ‫܏ܓ҈ؙ‬Ȅ‫ڕ‬Դࡈবߞ‫ا‬Ȃ գࠫѕକ௲ታ‫ـ‬ԺߞϠ‫ڕ‬ϯഺ౧ႽႮȂᢰЂਛૌӒ Ϙ୓ᄥࡵྰࢵૠȃᓐࠕૠȂ‫ڕ‬་ૠߞᅷឹႆȂሃૠ ԢԴȷᏑߎਰ҇ᆕࠫѕԳሲȄ Ӱ࣏དྷȂ‫ܚ‬оདྷ ԯऎఀۖѹॠᒘߞྑȂ‫ـ‬Ґி‫ܠ‬ϞᏑߎਰᅆ‫־‬Ϡࣉ ПྑߞٙѕȄ2 ՐࡈȂᏑߎਰҐϢϞൠ౨ȶઔ৶ৌ ጄ ൊ The mission to Seafarers - Sydney NSWȷȂ‫د‬ ྑ෸ያۖ‫֋ڽ‬ѵधԧԳઔ৶ߞ‫ڗ‬ϯȄൠ౨වѼُч ൌգ‫֋ڽ‬ЙԢ஼ਛߞ೺୸Ⴛറ‫ۖڽ‬ԧৎสϾȂᏑߎ ਰࡋ঑യۖԧสϾత୙ઔ৶‫ۖڽ‬ৌጄൊȂ‫߰ݕ‬௲ҁ েۖ഍ᣍԍȂᘉ໴ߏࡡȄՂ‫ލ‬ઔ৶ٟգ‫ږ‬௉ߞ੡༡ ϭ೺ȂᏑߎਰබྻ௲ϯߏࡡۖ೺ϯ֯ణണȃᜤ‫ט‬Ȃ ԨҁেཇᇊরȄȶৌጄൊ࣏Ӥၐгྻ՘Ӳփ՘Ȃന գᎎ࣐ც໛ȃ੸ಧȃცၝȃඡൢᛔራຈനࣉ‫ڻ‬ઔ৶ ‫ڹ‬ӡȂᢰҁেգ၉‫ڗ‬ਛКߞྏះȄৌጄൊЙ֭ऎઔ ৶෩‫ڻ‬ཇႽߞ‫އ‬சȂ‫ڱڤౕؓـ‬ቈᛓਛϠȃԴҳ‫ݰ‬ ྨߞઔ৶েକྏ‫־ۖۦ‬ϠߞᝯᜃȄৌጄൊന‫ݺ‬ҾК ѕȂϵ࣏ऎϞў࠮ઔ৶েᘉ໴џӡࡡȂ‫߰ݕ‬༎௙ߏ ࡡ԰ਛȄэ‫֋ڽ࣏ێ‬К஼ߞઔ৶Ȃҁে࢝၃௱ऎਛ КߞЈࢅ௙԰Ϙ౜ϫϘ౜ߞҷ૰ȷᏑߎਰ૯຾ሲȄ

ȶٟգઔ৶ߞ୒ឥȂѵधϯϘҗߞϠྻ‫ۦ‬ড়ȂҩϘҗ Ϡྻਖ਼ᏴȷȂ஼ቫઔ‫ڰ‬ೡᚐᅆઔ৶գ຾ഺዹໞኊȄ ઔ৶࣏Ϙৎবᅆল઎ȃ઎Ⴋѵधȃᆣ൅ϠӠȃ҇ᆕ ૠ‫࣊ߞڰࣇ܈‬પઅѷૠၐߞᚚ྽Ȃϵ࣏гሮߞᗞॴ ۶লᔍᚚ྽Ȅҁে݀݀ঋᛓਛՀවৎѡȂՂ‫ލ‬໿ቈ ࣶȂ੡༡ࡋྻ‫ࠜـ‬Ȅઔ৶ԯԧᇌನӤ‫ڕ‬ϯଝઔȂྑ ϯଝઔȂညҁেߞපទ༰КԴ೺‫؍‬ៜෳߞ஼ᅮϯ੡ Ȃҁেգࢃলȃ֋ሹ۶ጄᎷȄ๒փȂҁেߞӠࣿϵ ྻԯऎѕᜃѭӓߞಝభȃ‫ߞۊ܍‬ऽౕփ௚ᄽȂॴ෗ ȄऎϞຜПઔ৶ে‫ـ‬Ժߞᕒׄȃж‫ڳ‬ҁেѕКߞॴ ෗Ȃ๑Ꭲ࣏‫֋ڽ‬ઍ஼ȃК஼ȃ୺‫ڲ֘ڽ‬ȃ‫ތ‬ገຈ஼ ਛߞઔ৶েȂҪঋ‫ۖڽ‬ৌጄൊȂᏑߎਰൌྻ‫د‬ҁে ည֯֋ЎߞਛϠȂѹஜҝతៈҁেȃᝯѕҁেȂϞ ႋҁেߞӠࣿ०฀ȃћмȂԴ‫᝱ק‬੡ຜП൵Ђߞᕒ ׄȄȶُϘ֜ҍࠝԴҳߞϠȂൌቮঋ‫־‬ϠߞᕒׄȄ ᘵ๒ઔ৶ে‫֋ڽ‬ЙԢߞ஼ਛȂҁেգ຾ЙԢߞӠࣿ ೫ᅚȃћм०฀Ȃ֭ҁেൌգ຾ᅆਛϠߞྐ݇ȄҪ ঋ೺ϘᏫ‫ܫ‬ȂҁেබྻࢧзԳᗑປਛКߞᓐϠȂഺ බ࣏ᓐఐȄփ‫ڗا‬ϯ൵௱‫ۍ‬൯ߞϵ࣏ც႖ҙȂᢰҁ েҞѽᔌ੡Ӈც႖԰ਛඡӀՉȷ Ȅ ҢΙҡӱᔖડ ࿐ѡྻჅҝȂ੡҃ྻᢏᏏȂփѹॠᒘߞྑӖቈᏂ࿴ Ȅᴽᅆഺৎѵधߞྑ࣏๑ѽ৖ѧȃߩࡈທࢢȃ໹໸ ѵ༡ϘзߞྑȄ‫܇ڰ‬ૠዴϩႶߞᏑߎਰி‫ܠ‬Գሲ : ȶ‫ߞا‬Ӡ‫࣏ۻ‬ૠ‫ݙ‬ᎲПߞȂ‫ݙ‬ѽ‫ا‬ঋӡϘӠ‫ڽ‬԰ᕕ ૠԴ‫ڗا‬ϯߞਾ෎Ȃ‫ڰއ‬ૠȂᕒׄϠȄ൵Ђߞ՘බ ࣏ऻۖϠߞӠ‫ۻ‬ԯऎࠫѹփ‫ؼ‬ᢏȂ࢝ԺϠӤ‫ࠫݺ‬ѹ фၐᢸߞЍ֯Դ഍ನш‫܍‬ᝯ࠼фᓐЄᝯ࠼ϯఀۖϞ ࢝Ђߞ‫ؼ‬ຠȂഺ࣏൵҄‫ྏا‬ᘁૠߞȷȄᘵ๒ȂᏑߎ ਰٟգ࢝୼ߞ՜ϢȂ֭Ϙз௄ӎӠࣿ‫ݙ‬ቮȂൌϘ๑ ૿ѻȄȶ‫ا‬েٟգЂ‫ݗ‬Є۶୼ૺ‫ژ‬ЄȂЃ‫ۊ‬ϵٟգ Ժภྲ֗‫އ‬Ȃ֭‫ا‬েᘘ࣏࢝‫أ‬ጄȄഺዹߞᄩ޶ᢰ‫ا‬ েᐯۖ‫ـ‬Ժភ໳ߞґ᎝ -- ြኍߞग़዇ȃཔᐬЍ֯ѽ ᘇۤ‫ݙ‬ቮȂѽфϘжϘ౮ൌЙ઎໱Ȅၐ၃႐ፔ‫ڏށ‬ : Գ۶‫ێ‬К‫҇ݙ‬ᆕߞȂѵध۶֝Դ‫ێ‬༡ߞȂൌ៳ॠ ۶ົȄഺ႖෩ᓹ‫ا‬েȂԳϯ‫ݙ‬գߞϘзൌ࣏ంૠփ ‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ا‬েЫч‫ݙ‬ᐾգߞȂҒࣁ‫ۊ‬Ѓȃ੡༡ሃ୑නຈ ȂᘵԴ‫ا‬েߞԩϭȂ‫ا‬েࡒҪЙჅ࣏‫ۦ‬ૠ‫ݙ‬୉Ȃዶ ੡ฆᴽᇒನȄഺ࣏ϘᇌയԇȃϘᇌւᢚȃϘᇌૠၐ ߞ‫ۻڹ‬Ȃ൵ೣϵঋԨૠӹ҃ȷ Ȅ

04

01 ᎒‫ޏ‬ৱ‫಻ڗ‬ΰ௤೤੕ষ 02 ᎒‫ޏ‬ৱؐЈ഍௥࡟‫پ‬ՌϚӣ୽ড়‫ޟ‬੕ষ 03 ᎒‫ޏ‬ৱ‫װ‬डᑙஅ࿜‫ޟ‬དྷள๝‫؁‬ӻ‫ޟ‬Ρ 04 ᎒‫ޏ‬ৱᜰᛄ๿ؐΙ՝੕ষ 05 ᎒‫ޏ‬ৱϚᒸᎷΨӴ༈ၾ 06 ᎒‫ޏ‬ৱ‫ڗ‬෫ο௥ଚ੕ষ 07 ᎒‫ޏ‬ৱ݈‫ܻٱ‬ȶߔࣾ୽ሬఀོȷ 08 ੕ষঈཐᗂ᎒‫ޏ‬ৱ‫ޟ‬ᜰᛄ

05

06

07


ּቸΡЖ

07

ഺኃԺՐ‫ڽ‬ȂᏑߎਰሃщщȂЃ‫ۊ‬ӟѕጄྍ‫܇ڰ‬ϯ ࢓ȄЃ‫ـۊ‬၃௱Դిྻ֯ࠑᆊȂ঑യЂЂЈЈߞࣿ ஜȂิቅᏑߎਰߞџ௱‫ڰ‬சȄ ᏑߎਰྏਾԳሲ :ȶϯ࢓ྑ‫ا‬েȂᴽԴ‫ا‬েߞϠӠ Кգ‫ߞ׻܈‬঍ᄑȄᘵ๒ُৎϠൌգЙԢߞჅҝȂ֭ ϯ࢓Ъྻऎ‫ا‬েჰ൯‫ـ‬ग़Հߞ௟‫ڽ‬Ȅѹॠᒘ௄ရ࣏ ‫ݼ‬ԴȃЫԴ۶ӖԴߞѹȂϘзߞᅷឹჵᣙൌᙩ‫اݺ‬ েߞчѭϯ࢓ȷ Ȅ

08

ཐِ ണயည౎Ȃ‫ا‬գᑟྻႬ຾Ꮡߎਰత୙‫֋ڽ‬К஼۶ઍ ஼ߞઔ৶ে԰ۖสϾᛓ༟ൠ౨ȄϘႮϯȂᏑߎਰሃ Ђਛ᎘૯লӠȂऎઔ৶ে୙ϯૡᇊȄૡҁে๑ᎢԴ ৹ႆȂൌକఀۖӀՉඈጄȄӠࣿԴࣶࣶ๑ᆽѪாК ߞઔ৶েࠑӯȂઔ৶ߞӠ࣏ࣿඏᎠߞȄϠ‫ݙ‬କфߞ ԳўҪգ֋Ўߞ‫ؖ‬ᏛȃЍ֯௯֜۶ӥ‫ޕ‬ϯȄ୵թН ҳȂබ࣏ᅆਛϠ‫ڤ‬๑ᆽߞྐ݇ȄҁেಳϾԢᗏԳࠑ ӯȂ࢝ྏᘁᏑߎਰϘߡѽ‫ڽ‬ᅆҁেߞ࿰ᠪ۶ᝯᜃȂ ҄ҁেྏ‫ۖۦ‬Ϡ༡գྑȄߞፁȂЙьઔ৶ྻԴবᅆ

Ђઔබྏᜃ֋Ўߞ฿ЈȂѭӓ‫ڗۊ܍‬Դቈў๑ᆽ഍ ȂҪକ૭Դ୼഍ᅆ຾ϭবߞޯᕾަ໛Ȃಎ֒ߞઔѪ ȃӨߞ઎ࠅȃգ঳ߞઔ൧ȃႯ᠙ߞઔഭȄϠࡒҪକ ઻ԴϘ഍Ȃౕ຾ቈўࢥྐȂ‫د‬ᢸቿٔઓԴёྐНК Ȅգ੡ȂಊѪྻԴଢ๒КޭᖅᆕᗚȂѕఐϘՂઔ઎ ȂҞ࣏ࡒϫ๑‫ڏ‬ȂҪକ௟јКߞ៼‫ـߞعي‬ᇦȄᗂ ‫ڹ‬ᅆਛϠգϼଠߞЙ఺ȃ๑ᆽߞࢥ݇Ȃ๒փȂҁে ᘘ࣏ྻᓴᑄҍઔȂऎߞ࣏କᢰਛϠӠࣿఀ‫ـ‬ՀȄؓ ౕઔ৶ে๑Ꭲҝۖ৹ႆȂൌକఀۖ‫ـ‬ԺߞᝯᜃȄ

๼Ρᆓ౩ ᅾ๡ᅾछ ҂‫ڋ‬៖౩ (ᎌӫߑҡՍ3ྑ҂‫)ڋ‬ ҂࿵༪ (ᎌӫ3ྑՍ6ྑ҂็) !ᏲৱЅ៖౩ΡষၥਿೝᇯџȂ‫ڎ‬དྷЖЅञ‫ܒ‬Ȅ !ՙΡ҂࿵༪ఀৱ (Qualified Kindergarten Teacher) ஈఀȂี৤҂็ӻ П७ዖ૖Ȅ !᠍ߔӒР‫ܖڙ‬јР‫ڙ‬Ȃ໊ؐϤЈ‫ܖ‬ЍܻϤЈࣱџȄ !‫ܚ‬Ԥড়৳֯‫ٴ‬Ԥ Childcare Benefit & 50% Childcare RebateȂӫၥਿ ড়৳‫؁‬џᕕுӒາࢇ‫ۺ‬ၥօȄ᠍ߔөҏϛЖࢥၚȄ !ඪ঎ӻϯМϽȂӒᙛ๼ΡኁৱȂ֯ᒋ໽ॵЅᕊᎴȄ Wonderland Childcare & Kinder

6 High St, Doncaster

Wonderworld Childcare & Kinder

106 Templestowe Rd, Bulleen

(corner of Doncaster Rd)

03 9857 8123 ‫؃‬ӑҡʟ‫؃‬ЊЊ www.wonderlandforkids.com | www.wonderworldforkids.com

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ܹಁжࣨ

ਢ‫ٱ‬ ฻ຟ

ᖒ࿗ឩᇱौܶྒᖒ٤ώឩЍኵࣂࢇ‫ۺ‬ ‫׈‬ኊ༕ȾSBS ੫տ݈୛ኄኬႫᇃኄኬষȿ

ᑫࣷᓴᗝ܎৶ྻгҿ൵ࢢᙇᇖຕ‫ލ‬ȁ൵ྲӤᑫࣷᓴᗝ܎৶ྻгҿߞ൵ࢢЂᓴ ᙇᇖຕ‫ލ‬Ȃᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨൵ೣۤఀպжН50.12ߞዥೈੜᕕȂԒఀ72ਯȄփᗑဖ៨ ാԢԴ֘ᑫҐဖߞ஼ਛ៨ȶᑾӲȷ៉৶ȂԒఀ73ਯȄည๒Ѝ៨Ԣ੡ۤఀҩҳ Ϙԩᇥ៨៉৶Ȃሃфҩҳ3ԩᑾӲ๑៨ँ៉৶ҐဖȂԪԒ76ਯȄҞѽೡᚐྲࣆ ܹȄ෱Ү႖ሲȂᗑဖ៨෩ҍᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ேࣆЙԪ‫ߞݑޱ‬ሲ‫ޱ‬ȂᅁቫϯьϞϘৎ Ҟᓜϩж๑ᓜߞನӤϞȄ ӡ‫ܜ‬ኈ‫෈ޟ‬ఖ ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ϯ۹ԧൊൊࠜЏ၃हាබᚚȂᗁನԠ‫ݛ‬዇Դϯ۹бϘৎг༟ඞԪȂ๴ ࠑᆊሲ੡Ȃ൅ᠨӏ‫ڽ‬ϬՐ޼஼ߞงౕȄՁપ‫־‬෩ۖᒸ࢙їᗑᇨປ௄࢙നࣉЍ຀ Ϙ‫ڰ‬ȂබՂϟըѵधЂᐼࢢȂ‫ݼ‬џߞদঋ৒ᑜᑋႮ௄࢙Ѝ຀ϘዹȂቮঋࣆܹߞ ᜀЂњ෯фணሃȄԠ‫ݛ‬዇Ԣ੡۲ᣰᗑဖ៨‫ݸ‬ౢϘ៨ߞ‫׀ټ‬Ȃѽ஼ਛߞ‫ૈ׀‬ऎЂ ࡈ෩Ȃሃᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬Դӏ‫ڽ‬ϬՐȂԒԢయਣ࢙ന஼ਛߞ៉຀ȄԠ‫ݛ‬዇ႃ҇Ղ‫ލ‬ᗑ ဖ៨சঋႬࣆܹ۹ొȂѽయ৆ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ьዴँࣆܹऎ൵Ђӫߞ႖Ȃ‫ڤ‬ኃȂۖ੡ ৏ȂᓴӔබྻϩжЙ୼ᒸϞȄᗁನѽϯϘ๫‫ڏ‬ᎢȂ֬ԴԨ஼Ӕ๴ҍϘৎদঋୈ ਿȂᗑဖ៨‫۽‬๒ቮঋᆾရࣆܹߞႻ֯Ȃփ஼Ӕӎ‫ڗ‬Ӻൌঋѿ೟ऻ౻྾ᗑဖ៨ߞ ంࣆҍ๴ᙇȂ࣏‫׎‬Դ‫ۤݺ‬ఀࣆᡋऎϯȂ‫ݕغ‬ѽ‫އ‬ச஼ӔऎӎȂ๴෭хᅆ៨ߞᕕ գയԇȂᅆࣆܹߞࣉࣆ֯ҍ঑യԇߞ‫ز‬ໞȂᆾရ۶࢙៉Ȅ Քിኈ‫ޟ‬ᄇ‫ת‬Ԓࢇ‫ݽ‬ ๒փȂం֓ൾ዇ߞ൵ྲ‫ڏ‬ᎢఀߢȂঋ‫ݸ‬ౢϘ៨Н‫׀‬ȂሃࣆܹԪ֯Ȃ‫؛‬Ԣчଣ ‫܆‬᎘ȂԯऎႬࣆܹԪ֯ȂຈԢ‫ݸ‬ౢ஼ྻаᅆ‫ة‬Ցߞ៉‫ڰ‬ᑟۘȂతࠕ‫ظ‬ফȄ ऎ թ፡ࣇȂ֓ൾ዇ሮऎሃࣆܹ۶ઈ៉ࣆȂຈԢ௟ᗑဖ៨ߞࣆ޼ࡈ൉Ȃࢾјӹѧ ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ьዴँࣆܹȄ֓ൾ዇‫ށ‬Өሲ‫ށ‬ȂঋԴ18ৎѡаȂయ৆ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ߞь ዴँࣆܹȄԴ۹џȄᗑဖ៨៨ᛛChristopher Pyneత‫ۦ‬ཇያණണய੡ȂদӦх ᅆ៨ߞӏ‫ڽ‬18ৎѡаȄঋయ৆ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ьዴँࣆܹߞ‫ށ‬ᢖྍԨȄຊ߰ᡘϞН ࢢȂ܎ᅁѕධȂԯऎం֓ൾ዇Ⴥҝߞࠑ಩ȂՂ‫ލ‬ҁঋ૔᛼ߞ႖ȂҞᓜ۞۞գ ᏶ȄԯऎϘՂϯง෩ҍᗑဖ៨‫ة‬ᓊࣆܹߞϬَաȄϘȂЍ៨యҍߞӅ‫ܠ‬ᓾȇ ϟȂЍ៨බ࣏ӲඞӒፁȂϵҪྻҵీ՜ඞȇϬȂ๑ᎢஇतኃȂయҍतኃȂЍ ៨ൌᅔܺߞ๑କᇺీȄՂ‫ލ‬ຊ߰Йܶ‫ڏ‬КȂӏ‫ڽ‬18ৎѡᑫࣷߞࣆ޼Йᜦ‫ܠ‬Ȃ ࣊Ҟߺ‫ܠ‬ȄփԴԠ‫ݛ‬዇ታᐱϭߞᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨୵Ϟঋ‫ڹ‬ҍࠧϲߞढ़‫ݑ‬ȂᗜԟЙ གྷȂഄྰ֋强ȇᙚೲࡈࣆܹ੡Ȃਟ‫ۦݽ‬Ӕྍ዆ᠩߞᆒ೫ȇ‫ـ‬ঋԨ஼Ӕႎ೟ႋ ៖ࣆຉߞ‫ݙ‬ѽ๒Ȃሃфᅆᗑဖ៨෩ҍߞയ᝱Ȃ‫׈‬੡֯ҍԪನߞႋ៖Ȅ‫ࡋ׎‬Ȃ ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ьዴँࣆܹ᝱ୟϘՂϯ‫ܨ‬Ѝ៨ࢢҗՐߞᗞ᝱࿐ѡȄ Քിኈᜍ᝘ᅭήႀॶ໶এհᏽଢ଼ষх ҩҳȂᗑဖ៨দྲᑋԪȂୱᖉ㡯ব൵ऎԧधᝯަߞ዆ЄаቦϠᓴȂംჅ‫܎ݺ‬

ԇࡈ៨ቾᝌភᆬҍԇ዆Є഼ୈൊࠜϘᚚȄփ֓ൾ዇ӺൌఱПᝌភ‫ړ‬ᆬϘ༵দ ԇȂබ࣏‫ݵ‬࿑ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨෩ҍߞїᗑኵᔛᇨປ௄࢙঍ᄑȄᝌភᆬంࣆࡈȂฅ၃ ҍԇϘ༡їᗑᇨປߞே֖ၭ‫ڰ‬Ȃфࢢ՘ґ௟ႍгҦҍழҾඞȄည੡ᝌភᆬኹ ֖቙֖ਛߞയԇȂᎱఀՀኊȄՂЫҍԇᗑဖ៨ߞ഼ୈൊࠜȂᅁ֌ԩᙩȂգ၃ ᢚȂգႤᑢȂգ໛ൎȄ ‫ێ‬ᅁȂԧधᅆ‫ݺ‬ᝌភᆬߞ‫୺ڕ‬ϯԇȂգ‫ݙ‬งౕȂϵऎᗑဖ៨ಎዉఀϠȂྏۖ ୼ᒸȄԯऎ๑ᎢԴ໛ൎሃઈᐄȂᝌភᆬ഍഍ࠑ಩ҍȂѧ֓ൾ዇Ȃ‫ـ‬Ґ୼ ቈ ᣘȄփᐴ຾ᝌភᆬჅ݀Դኵᔛᇨປԋ྽ߞႻႶᖉ၃ᢚȂӅ‫ܠ‬Ҟѽऎթদঋ᎝ ᛟȂ෩‫ڻ‬দঋߞ୒ឥȄ֭யᛟ࣏Ȃᝌភᆬߞ঵ঋԇசȂ‫ࠧڭ‬ඏඏԴгԒ഼ୈ ‫ڰ‬྽ϯবȂᆾရࣆܹߞ഼ୈࣆຉႻ֯Ȃ‫ݕ‬෩‫ڻ‬ҩ᝷ࣆຉߞўԨȂߋۤ஼Ӕߞ њࢺȂփ࣏ঋ૔᛼ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨෩ҍߞїᗑᇨປࣆຉȄ Ղ‫اލ‬েం៉ࣆߞ຀ؔᖢႋ֓ൾ዇ߞ‫ݵ‬࿑҄ȇ‫ڤ‬ኃȂ‫ا‬েЙူঋயȂऎ֣֓ ൾ዇ԴഺϘৎ༥ࣱȂঋِᝌភᆬ‫ݵ‬࿑ࣆܹኵᔛತᇨປ௄࢙Ѝ຀? ֓ൾ዇ߞ‫ݵ‬ ࿑҄Ȃ࣏‫׎‬঎ఀჅ՝Ȃ‫ڽ‬ఀჅࢧ?൵ೣᗑဖ៨࣏‫׎‬ቮঋ‫ݵ‬࿑ࣆܹߞኵᔛᇨປȂ ࣏Ϙৎ៉ࣆߞ൵ೣຕᎢȂփࠧ៉ࣆ༟঵ߞ௄ӎჰനȄՂ‫ލ‬Ϙ༟‫ܕ‬බࢺхᅆۖ ܺߞӲඞȂ‫ڤ‬ኃȂᘘգतኃՀ᎘?ຊ߰ѽऎԴൎ៨ᕕည๴෭‫ێ‬᠜ᎢࣆܹࣆຉȂ ሃфᆾရࣆܹே֖ࣆຉߞґକȂփࠧѽϘۧхᅆȂϲ‫ڰ‬хᅆȂ֯ऎ‫ۤ޼ࣆێ‬ ԨȄԯऎȂᗑဖ៨൵ೣҞକȂҪྻၢఀҪգ૔᛼Ȃ౮๑࢙നߞ෋ԩȄ ΙࡡІᄇ‫ۻڗ‬Ȃࣥቄ഍Іᄇ‫ۻڗ‬ ည๒Ȃ֓ൾ዇෩ҍ‫ݵ‬࿑᛼ᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬їᗑᇨປࣆຉߞನӤ࣏ȂԴЂᓴง༡Ȃഺ ৎயᛟȂЏ၃᠜ᎢჅϞȄ‫۽‬թ֣ቮԓ֖᠜Ꭲ?֭யᛟ࣏Ȃᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ఀѽೡᚐྲ ࣆܹȂ‫ێ‬КϘৎ࢝দঋߞԯ૵Ȃබ࣏ѽ‫ێ‬ኵᔛತᇨປߞࣆຉȂ៏ఀ‫֜ی‬ᑾӲ ๑៨ँ៉৶ߞ൵ೣњࢺȄՂЫȂᗑဖ៨ӏକ࢙ӲྲࣆܹȂබನᕕత‫ۦ‬Ђᓴߞ ຕ‫ލ‬Ȃᢰᗑ‫ߞܹࣆڣ‬ኵᔛತᇨປ௄࢙Ѝ຀ϯ୺Ȅ๒ࢢȂంᆾရࣉࣆߞ‫࢘ڎ‬Ȃ ᅆࣆܹߞࣉࣆҵሱȂ෩ҍᛛຉȄփࠧ১ԳᎼَߞȂ৆ଡ଼֌১ԐЂᓴࡈࣆຉ᠜ Ꭲߞࠐ༥Ȃ‫ێ‬К๴ਣ҄Ϡ᝱ѽࠫ‫އ‬Ȅ ‫ێ‬ᅁሲۖܺȂ֓ൾ዇ߞхᅆϵ๑तኃႽನҞ‫ڏ‬ȄறϘҞѽನႋߞ࣏Ȃ֓ൾ዇ ֋2009Ր‫؍‬ҍԇᗑဖ៨៨ቾ੡Ȃ෩ҍхᅆ៨ߞ‫֒ڎ‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ᑉညࣆܹߞ஧஧ ༤Ȃփ࣏ϘϧхᅆۖܺȂϲ‫ڰ‬хᅆۖܺȂഺ࣏றϘҞѽನႋऎतኃ֓ൾ዇ᅆ թࣆຉࢺхᅆӲඞȄ୵թНҳȂ֓ൾ዇۹џ㚣ћȂᙚҍԑ஘ᐼ୽ࣛཕȂሰঋ Ⴌᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ьዴँࣆܹȂࢸჅְժ‫ࣿا‬ȄћൢӼՂϘፔᓴᐼᎢћȂϘፔຜП ήॲ៉Ȍ

09


ܹಁжࣨ ࣆܹߞᐼ੩ȇሰঋϞᙝഺϘඞӏ؆ӏϞߞᗑ‫ڣ‬ᓴᐼЙҞȄຊ߰գܶࢵᡝ֓ѩ Ђ֯Ȃᡝࢢ෌ంК‫ڽ‬Ȃ࿄ᄛऎ֣ᎢࣆȂঋᎢۖՂ෻Գَ?ऎ֣ᎢࣆȂঋᎢۖࠧ ‫ڽ‬ৎְժ‫ࣿا‬Ȃգ‫ا‬๑ְȂЙԒԢᕛчߞՂ෻ὔ㦓ᄩԳȄ ӫࡈȂᝌភᆬЏ၃ே֖֓ൾ዇ߞ֯ᐼ҄Ȃਣ༟‫ݵ‬࿑᛼ኵᔛᇨປ௄࢙Ѝ຀ߞَ ᢼȂᝌភᆬ෩ҍഺৎ঍ᄑȂ࣊๑՘ӎჰᇖж‫ޘ‬Ȃϵ๑୑சੜૈж‫ޘ‬Ȃ‫ـ‬๑ࠛ ᓉ࢙ጀҞ‫ڻ‬ணւȄթҳᝌភᆬӺൌ෩ҍᗑဖ៨Ϙߡ‫ݙ‬෩ҍߞхᅆನӤȂ‫ࣆ׈‬ ܹߞࣆຉȂ՘ӎჅ໳ȄᝌភᆬໟᏡ‫׀‬ኖਚȂ֭Ҟఓሃ‫ڰ‬ᅁЙ೑Ȅ ᐿҳϷ‫ݙ‬ൢ֙ϱৠ ঵ԐȂᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬഼ୈൊࠜ௵຿Դ5ѡȂЏ၃гҿӤᑾӲᠪயгҦKMPGሃф McKinsey & Co๴ࠑߞ՘ӎჰᇖж‫ޘ‬Ȃ୑சੜૈж‫ޘ‬Ȃሃфࠛᓉ࢙ጀж‫ޘ‬ȄЂ ਛҞѽᚙࣤᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬഼ୈൊԨҳधгҿߞћԆఀߢȄ‫ێ‬К෩фদᙇՂϭ: 1. ᑋৎԑ஼їᗑᇨປгҦ(ѽϭᚎᇍNBN)ߞ௄࢙Ѝ຀༵ӫȂԒж8Ր؆՘Ȃ ᑋৎЍ຀ȂԪԒቮঋ൵Ժ428ኆЮ‫ظ‬ႤȂփࢷ࿰಩੡Ԫನ࠲Շ֤঍Ȃ൵Ժ Ҫቮ370ኆЮȄ 2. ௄࢙Ѝ຀ж‫ی‬ৎ༥ࣱ؆՘Ȃ೐Ϙৎ༥ࣱȂቮঋࣆܹԴӏ‫ڽ‬5ՐȂԐஜӡг ܵ260ኆЮᒸ࢙Ȅ 3. 5ՐࢢȂ೐Ϙง௄࢙Ѝ຀؆՘ȂNBNҞѽ༟‫ܕ‬ᖉႻȂۤఀҞᣍߞ‫ࣆ୑ܠ۽‬ ՜ૈȂ֯ऎџ௱гҦ༟њȂሃф௟՜ૈȂদྲ‫ظ‬Ϣ᏶ϭ௄࢙Ѝ຀༵ӫȄ 4. ഺϘ༥ࣱȂNBNϵҞѽԨҾඞ༰ႤȂ؆՘‫ێ‬᏶௄࢙Ѝ຀༵ӫȄ 5. ࢷ࿰ж‫ޘ‬Ȃԯऎᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬Џ၃ሃTelstraႿ՘‫៉۝‬ȂҞѽ‫ڹ‬ӡ‫ێ‬௄ӎനࣉȂ ‫۽‬թЙྻҍ಩Ѝ຀দ㣯Ȃ઎໱Ⴄ࿚ߞఐ㦑Ȅ‫ێ‬ੜ‫ލ‬௟ྻҐി௟їᗑᇨປ‫އ‬ சయҍҾඞȂফֲNBNߞ՘ӎ༟њȂࢷ࿰֤঍Ҟѽ⦦԰40֌60ኆЮߞࢶ ԳЍ຀༟њȄփᇨປၢ՘ࢢȂҞѽ‫ڹ‬ӡ30Րȇ 6. NBN೐Ϙง௄࢙Ѝ຀༵ӫ؆՘ࢢȂُՐჰ঍Ҟѽۤఀ6֌7ৎպжᙇߞ԰ ඡȂሃгԒ‫ڰ‬྽ߵߞ՜ૈहॗ; 7. ࠛᓉ࢙ጀᢖӯ೐Ϙง௄࢙Ѝ຀؆՘НࢢȂNBNߞᖉႻࣹஜႤُࠛՐЂॗԴ 20֌24ኆЮ ҽҠȂ‫ږ‬௉ᢰࣆܹҞѽᐐ‫أ‬՜԰Џ၃њҍߞгܵȄ

௃ಋҕࢇ๊ࣼᐬࢸ‫ོޥ‬ ֋ం2007Ѝ៨ேࣆ༟‫ܕ‬ȂᑫࣷߞೊӔࣆຉᎠᑋ၃ჅϞՀවըߞᎠᑋȂ७ ‫ڈిێڹ‬ҍϾ֖྽‫ۖۦ‬ϞទদߞᎏᕝȄ09ՐϭҗՐ༟‫ܕ‬ȂϘ‫ڀ‬ԕᚚ྽‫ث‬ങ ᐯ੭Ԑࢢ৆ൕȂϘ‫ڱ‬Ђᐯߞ஼ቫᐯӠទদ减ьȂપ‫࣏־‬Ϙ‫ڱ‬ѽԞ࢘ᐯӠऎ ѹߞᐯ੭Ȃ‫ێ‬஼ቫᐯӠ‫ݢ‬ӠᛝሃҝՐԢงहѧȂิьϞԺЂ30%НԺȂ‫ڽ‬ ᑫ઻ᐯߞᐯӠᜪᝋӦ᎛ತԴϘ‫ڱ‬ѹঋӠ࿚஼ਛȂѧՂК஼ϵϭফϞ20%ѽ ϯȄ ՘ϵԯೊӔࣆຉȂీϵԯೊӔࣆຉȄُՐϯպኆᑫЮి‫ڈ‬ҍϾߞ՜ϢȂ՝බ ᢰЂᐯ۶ை୊ి‫ڈ‬ᑟᅹᄘۖϞಮᔝȂգి‫ڈ‬ᑟᅹᘘѽి‫ڈ‬ҍϾညҷಬȄ୫ᅆ ഺዹߞᢏмȂᑫࣷЂᐯѽфϘ‫ڱ‬ை୊ᑟᅹՂ‫ױ‬୫ᕸȊਚ‫ݏ‬ᙝҷߞϘ‫ڱ‬Ђᐯ۶ ை୊ᑟᅹೣ‫ױݺ‬Й֝ϞȄ՝ԴЂᓴࡈȂ࠮գЂᐯߞϘ‫ిڱ‬ఱ๴ҍϞ់‫ט‬ȂՂ ‫ލ‬ೊӔࣆຉ໸‫ؼ‬໸ទኖȂգҞକᢰᑫࣷߞి‫ڈ‬ҍϾంթ໇᝴Ȅ ЂᓴࢢȂԠ‫ݛ‬዇ា᠈ேࣆȂৣՀԠ‫ݛ‬዇ߞࣆܹೡቦ؆՘ȂϘ‫ࣆڱ‬ຉหሲᄥᢜ බӒՑϯ௯Ȃ༟‫ܕ‬ຜࣆܹᅬ់ៗϞȄᑫЂ‫ثڈిڲ׀‬କሃ൹ྲߞ஥சನ‫ྻڰ‬ ѹਯϵ࣏ᑫࣷಲ୺ࢃߞѹਯȂᘙֹᆬ • Չ዇ᐆЫч࠮Դࠛᓉ੡ඡϯ๴ћࢽҍȂ ា᠈‫ؼ‬ຠࣆຉȂ֤঍ᑫࣷి‫ڈ‬ҍϾߞ6ЂՀ഍Ȃ‫ܹࣆט់ڭ‬ሲՂ‫ܹࣆލ‬ЙԴࠕ งళۤࣆຉᎠᑋȂԴညЫ஼ቫి‫ڈ‬ᑬધឮߋߞఐ㦑ϭȂᑫࣷి‫ڈ‬ҍϾ֖྽࢝ Ҟକജ੒ժȄ ӫࡈ๺໛ߞࣆຉȂ࣊գҞକঋᑫࣷߤྻਃඏȄ ‫ݺٿ‬ȂऎतኃᑫࣷࣆܹঋᎠᑋೊӔࣆຉȉ‫ێ‬ᅁ‫ا‬ះఀഺৎੲӎ১ԯЙ࣏ԯऎ ਚ‫ݏ‬ሲЂ༓ೊӔ‫ر‬ЙۖЍ֯ȂຜᑫࣷࣆܹኧҐϞ঑ᑉȄഺৎನӤ‫ێ‬ᅁԴᑫࣷ ؆ԑЙ՘ӲȂԯऎබᆽ‫ی‬ৎ‫ߞ࢘ܞ‬ҵ྽ತࢽዴ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃᑫࣷ಩Դ‫ڶ‬᚞࣏ൻஜϧ ๺૿ȂබՂգ‫ڱ‬௞ਛ‫ݙ‬ሲȂ๺૿ൻஜϧᢰӫࡈ࢝ԺгҦ‫ݢ‬ၑЙьֲ‫ݺ‬ᚚ֜ঋ ِЍ֯Ϡ৶Ȅ

10

8. 8ՐࢢȂࣆܹҞѽҍழNBNȂᘇۤ6֌7ৎպжᙇߞ԰ඡತȄఐ㦑ሃгԒ‫ڰ‬ ྽ߵгҦ՜ૈहॗ; ѽϯ࣏ᑾӲж‫ٿुޘ‬ຕ‫ލ‬Ȃ෱Ү႖ሲȂ௄࢙঍ᄑ‫ࠧڭ‬ϘՂᝌភᆬ‫֓ݕ‬ൾ዇ሲ ՘౮๑ੲᑂȂ๑କሃ઎໱Ȅ ంҾඞ‫ؼ‬ভȂߤྻґକ‫࢞ऻڎ‬NBNҩҳȂం‫ؼ‬ভҾඞᑟۘ‫࢘ڎ‬փ‫ڏ‬ȂєϢԑ ஼їᗑᇨປ௄࢙Ѝ຀঍ᄑȂӺൌജ྽ध໛ऎϘৎӇ૔Telstra᛽ᙝᑫ഼ࣷୈ྽ ๴ਣߞறϘЍ‫ۍ‬Ȃഺ‫ڭ‬ЙକඏᏫҾඞᑟۘߞ֋ஜᎠ‫۝‬ҞѽᓱఀۖȄ ‫ێ‬ըంߤྻґକऻԑ஼їᗑᇨປ௄࢙Ѝ຀Ȃ௟їᗑᇨປ௄࢙Ѝ຀ܼ֩֌‫ڭ‬๑஥྽ ኊৃߞ๴ਣԳ஡Ȃ෎фࡱ༏ҾᛉȂԓ୨Ԫᗑ‫ߞܹࣆڣ‬ცЄᛁᖚᕫ੯ᇒನ‫ڀ‬೚Ȃం փ௟ஐቈԳ஡ߞᛁᖚ‫އ‬சሃѪӀ‫ࠕݛ‬ȇ෱Ү႖ሲȂԑ஼їᗑᇨປ௄࢙Ѝ຀঍ᄑ‫ڭ‬ ࠧϘৎඏඏ஥྽ࣿஜȂ‫۽‬թЙକ夠ඏం஥྽ੜૈւዋȄᗑဖ៨Ղ‫ُُލ‬Ҫѽ၃ᕻ ՘ӎੜૈऎ༓࢘ߞዾ࿤ȂNBN঍ᄑϘ‫ܠ‬գயᛟȄՂ‫ލ‬ᗑဖ៨ேྍՂթऻ࢞NBN঍ ᄑȂ‫ڤ‬ኃᗑဖ៨਻‫ݏ‬බҪ௟ࣆܹຈԢϘৎ஥྽ᑟᅹऻ࢞๑ಳȂ‫۽‬թഺৎ༓࢘ዾ࿤ Ӆቮ‫ݸ‬ЂȂҐϢߤྻгԒੜૈȂϘԢւዋȂԯऎࣆܹЙ࣏ԋ྽Ȅ ంҾඞ‫ؼ‬ভȂߤྻґକ‫࢞ऻ࢘ڎ‬NBNҩҳȂѽग़஼ऎ௄ԳȂգႤӎ100ኆЮߞ ஼ቫᕕӡॊ‫ث‬ԋ྽Ȃᅆ‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷࣆܹӒయҍ๴ਣྲϘ҃ߞԑ஼їᗑᇨປ௄࢙Ѝ ຀Ȃ‫ظ‬ѽ▖ውߞೀԍȄႍԋ྽ࠑӯȂՂ‫ލ‬ᑫࣷ՘ґ࢙Ӳ‫ێ‬їᗑᇨປ഼ୈ௄࢙ നࣉȂ‫ێ‬ґକӅ‫ܠ‬ቈቈ໹Ⴥӎ஼2000ေϠϾߞቮঋȄ֭‫ێ‬ൺ᏶ߞႻᇖȂୃᐸ ഍ನ‫ڀ‬೚ґକȂබҞѽ՘ऎѵधҾඞ࿂‫ێ‬ቮঋߞԐ་഼ୈॊ‫ث‬௄࢙жࣹന ࣉȂ‫ݕ‬ᑫЂࣶࣷႭԳாԐ་഼ୈॊ‫ߞث‬ዽ૸Ȅఐ㦑බՀᄊग़஼ߞߣ‫ڐ‬Ȃ༰՘ Ԑ་ߞ഼ୈॊ‫ث‬ȂྲᒸߞცϧжࣹгҦґକϘዹȄ‫۽‬թȂ௞ਛहࠫ NBN ߞӏ ‫ڽ‬Ȃྻᔌ຾‫ظێ‬ಯࢢߞᅁቫґକᆙ‫ڍ‬౻෽Ȃሃ੡ቍኧȄ ऎթ፡ࣇȂж‫ޘ‬ਛൌౕؓᝌភᆬѽ‫ێ‬቙֖ਛሃфࡈ഼ୈ྽֖ࣆᗁ໗ߞ०฀Ȃ ЙঋႬ֋ᇍცၝဓߞ֓ൾ዇ϘԢ‫ڍ‬ᝊȄ֭ഺϘৎงౕԴ಩ᅁߞࣆ޼‫ڎ‬ϧߞւ ዋϭȂϫգ֣ኊৃҞ‫ڏ‬Ȅ

ћ0!଀П փૌӒߞ১ԯȂ৆࣏බՂᑫࣷ஼ӲЂᐯిఱԃᜃપԴ൵ྲϘงȮ‫ܞ‬ҏћൢȯК ᎢগߞϘዹȂᑫࣷԴᐼರϯЙᇒЦኃԳ፡ࣆ޼Ȃ‫ڶ‬᚞Й᝸ྍ۶‫ࣷڲ‬ϘᢜмȄ‫ێ‬ ᅁഺවՐߞೊӔȂЂൌ‫ࣷڲ֋ڽ‬Ȃϫપ‫࣏־‬К஼۶Ԟ࢘Ȃ‫ࣷڲ‬Ϡ෼჆པൻȂత ‫ۦ‬Ϟ‫ډ‬Հߞి‫ڈ‬ȂգჅ๼ߞ૵ᎳȂညԳ࢝ԺϠȂሲ‫ۍ‬ᢜᙇϘ‫ڱ‬Ⴕऎ࠲ՇȂϫЙ щϯ་ߞӨϠԯթ‫ۖۦ‬Ϟ࢝ЂߞᎏᕝȄѽӨϠऎѹߞᑫࣷߤྻলઈӎ‫ڽ‬ѧႵ༠ ෸Ȃ‫ڤ‬ႆ၃ఀ֝‫ࣷڲ‬Ϡߞᎏᕝ۸Ȅ୵ࠧᑫࣷᝯࠝȂЙత‫ۦ‬ೊӔȄӤ‫ݺ‬ᑢҫ۶Գ ನߞ১ԯȂᑫࣷత‫ۦ‬ೊӔȂᑫࣷߤྻබঋஇՀജ‫ࣷڲ‬мߞѕ㡯࿤൯Ȅ‫ێ‬ᅁᑫࣷ Ӥ‫ݺ‬ႵऎֲߞӠ‫ڈ‬ತȂൻஜϧទদ๺૿Ȃ࣏ЙఀЙា᠈త‫ۦ‬ೊӔȄԯթȂᜄී ߞᑫࣷߤྻබӅ༷త‫ࣷڲۦ‬мߞᎏᕝȄ ӫࡈంϯৎѡ‫ی‬៨ԴឮᓴКȂᅆೊӔࣆຉߞࠑႿ‫ऻڽ‬ȄᑫࣷߤྻٟգஇՀഺዹ ߞ࿤൯Ȃ‫ی‬៨৏ᓴϠවѼԴࡇิೊӔϯႿ՘ϞԒᝊȂ‫ی‬៨ൌѽթ‫ڽ‬ඵِ࠲Շᑫ ࣷӨϠߞњࢺȄहᅆ‫ݺ‬ग़஼۶ҐੋЂȂᑫࣷߤྻԴഺўবࠑ಩ఀգ‫࠲ڱ‬Շ۶๺ ໛ȂѽфЙ՘ጢȄ ЙჅഺ৆ϵႬᑫࣷϠϾߞຕᅹգ࢝Ђԯ૵Ȃ঵ԐೊӔ‫ڽ‬ᑫߞ‫زڤ‬Ϡ࣏ҲӚሃᇒ ನҲӚߞϠȂత຾࣏ಌࠛࢉȂԓత຾බ࣏‫ی‬ըѵधЂᐼࢢȂऎϞቈᛓᐼѫȂቈ ᛓള‫ߞק‬Ϙ‫ڱ‬ገࣷԧ஼ߞ᝱ӔȂഺዹᛔགྷߞϘ၏ϠȂत֌ҞѽഺዹϘ၏ЙЂգ ћмߞϠȂϘ၏௲຾Ϙ௺௺ജม঑ߞᗚቈࣶۖᑫࣷߞϠȂ‫؛ݙ‬՘ߞᑫࣷѹࣹћ мȂྐӅ࣏ՀЙۖ‫ڤ‬㡯ҝߞȄ ಩ԇᗁನԠ‫ݛ‬዇ϵ࣏ϟᐼࢢೊӔᑫࣷߞॻ஼᝱ӔȂԐࡈ‫ڽ‬ᑫࣷ੡Ϙਛ‫ܧܠ‬ԴϞ हᅆѧႵၢࢢஐቈߞࡑᑫȂࢢ‫ڽ‬Ԡ‫ݛ‬዇ྦྷਛۖϞᐍᆬӎȂϵ࣏‫֝ܧ‬Դᐍᆬӎ֘ ൊϘৎႵऎളጰߞЍ྽஡ȂҞକϵӤ‫ݺ‬ഺৎ১ԯȂ‫ݙ‬ѽՁೡ࢙ߞࣆܹȂᅆஏอ ۖᑫࣷߞ᝱Ӕգ๑ᆽߞՀྏȂхНᅆӒညೊӔߞϠߞՀྏࡒहਮщቈȄ


ܹಁжࣨ

ᖒӫ୽νԑี৤Ҭ኿ଽ઻տོដ໠ᄍ ᗑԪ஼ϼՐ๴ਣӫዾ୼ૺ‫៉ྻ־‬20џԴ૸ॗᗑԪ஼ ᗁൊ༟ᅌȄ೐65㧗ᗑЂѹਯȃငЀࡈᗑ‫ڣ‬ѹਯᕛ෻ ۶ҁߞࡈԇȃ೐64㧗ᗑЂѹਯᄦ㡯௄ᑉԇЂྻԒԢ ѹਯȄᗑԪ஼૪੩ࠜጝ௄ћ۶Ђॗ140ৎ஼ਛߞЮ ঵‫ܹࣆݕ‬঵ၝҍਯྻ៉Ȅ

թըྻ៉ऎงϬчȄሃྻԧ஼ታᐱϠ۶஼ቫೡᚐߞ ঑യϠ௟බϼՐ๴ਣӫዾே֖಩ߐѽфՂ֣Ґ‫أ‬ᅁ ಩ӫዾ៚‫ށ‬ᣍᙇȄЂྻᘘ௟ҡ༟Ժඞཪ੸ྻ៉Ȃж ‫־‬୅Ꭲള‫ק‬ȃ‫־ݑ‬Ӏຈȃஉ௵۶ి‫ڈ‬ȃҞࢺ᠈๴ਣ ۶Ґ强ᄰ֡ᝯ࠼ຈயᛟȄ

ᕛ෻۶ጝ௄ћԴᗾ႖К‫ࠑ׮‬ӯȂϼՐ๴ਣӫዾፁӲ ѽ‫ڽ‬ȂЏ၃ۤఀϞЙҞ‫׎‬ሮߞһЂ՘බȂ֭ϵবᗜ ទਧࣄᐼȂԧ஼ታᐱϠᕕ๴෭ࣆ޼ታᐱକϧȂָ಩ ԴϼՐਪྻϯ֯ҍߞ‫ݚ‬ᓚȂऎ2015Րࢷงᅁ಩ϼ Ր๴ਣӫዾ൹ൄգ‫׀‬౧ԆȄ

2000Ր9ѡȂ189ৎ஼ਛߞ҃ࠑԴᗑԪ஼ϼՐਪྻ ϯ഼ჅȮϼՐࢆ‫ڏ‬ȯȂ‫ݚ‬ᓚԴ2015ՐНࡈᅁ಩Դ 1990Րߞ௄ᚂϯ௟ԑಧള‫ק‬ϠϾѧ‫ڼ‬减җȃ෼ф Јᐯి‫ڈ‬ȃ࠳་‫ٷ‬ЃӀຈȃফֲӓᕈժϸತȃ‫ة‬ᕝ ֓ไઽ۶ᆸ઼ȃ࠳་ᖖᄩҞࢺ᠈๴ਣ۶యஜԑಧԪ ֯ᄰ֡ᝯ࠼ຈ8༵ӫዾȂ‫׈‬ϼՐ๴ਣӫዾȄ

ᖒӫ୽νԑี৤Ҭ኿ଽ઻տོដӵહघᖒӫ୽ᖂഋᖞ՗

ӟ࡙Ӗࣺٙኡ‫࢈ٱ‬ႄᜲ‫ޱ‬ᖂኵЀՍijIJΡ ᑂԞ࢘գ።ዃያც໛ᇨ20џϭоඡႽȂညџ՝౐Դ КҴ‫ڣ‬๴Ӡߞѫ‫ژ‬हዠ‫ߞࣇڰ‬Ⴣ᝱߰ᗁዴп֌21 ϠȂҩգ50ԺϠ‫ۦ‬ཋȄԞ࢘ᠠႮൊࠝሲȂ‫ࣇڰ‬๴Ӡ ੡ȂညԳӒϭЂࠥȂକ‫࢝࢘ڍ‬ਮȄ

ాϠ৶ቁۖ಩ඞࢢ‫ڹ‬ӡз൷ᑟӇ༟ࢉႻԕ‫ྫۦߞژ‬ ‫ژ‬䦕Ȃ๴಩ϞϘ‫ڱ‬Ⴣ᝱߰ȄԞ࢘ᠠႮൊࠝሲȂ‫ࣇڰ‬ ᘘൄ՘50ԺϠ‫ۦ‬ཋȂϘ‫ڱ‬ϠཋཕѧႵទদȂӒԴᛁ ୰త‫޼ాۦ‬ȄӫࡈȂ಩ඞᖉా֖ஜЪԴ་֖Ȅ

ညԳ੡༡20џ≩౐4੡45жധȂϘԕറႻԕ‫ژ‬ԴК Ҵ‫ڣ‬ѐႿ‫ݛ‬Ӟ෻‫ژ‬૭ዠϯϘԕஃᏫߞࢉႻԕ‫ژ‬Ȃዠ ᕝᐱ७4ြ‫ژ‬䦕‫ྫۦ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬КϘြ‫ژ‬䦕ྫ᛼ទদȄᖉ

Ԟ࢘ᠠႽൊࠜ઱ૼԠࢆҿȂ௟ऎُ֜Ⴣ᝱߰ਛ៳෩ ‫ڻ‬50ေᒊѧȞ1ग़ЮॗԪ46ᒊѧȟߞዬࢳࠛȂऎُ ֜দཋ߰෩‫ڻ‬10ေᒊѧߞႃᔺࠛȄ

ӟ࡙ีҡӖࣺٙኡ‫࢈ٱ‬

Ѯᢊϛࠒഋኸߦԙ‫خ‬ ሂઈ໪ൊࠝߞᆾเᢖӯȂ19џϯо๳൙ҭᣉߞȶϲ ‫ڲ‬ѧȷትলӒԴѽُЈ੡20г‫ڧ‬ി࢘ࢺ᠈Ԩ֘ೊஜ ‫ิڭ‬਴Ȃ੍֭௲ࠥ༓ᢘϠȂӫࡈফࠥѹঋ༰КԴ୼ ༯ȃࢍ‫ތ‬Գ஡Ȃ㨦௟ുᆙᙖ෸ۖᄜ၍ѽࡑԳ஡Ȅ ం19џ≩౐ۖ15੡10жȂࢍ‫ތ‬ϬԳࠝ༏‫؍‬ኴЋফ

ࠥ༓ЏႿ571౮ռȂ୼༯ȃࠅ፷ф‫᠋ܢ‬Ћ஡؊ൊԳ ஡ফࠥЏ໹Ⴥ350౮ռȄ‫ۦ‬লࠥ዆ᠩȂԑሂۖКо ऎѤԒ30ေїҍ಩ஃცȇࠠ‫ڧ‬ЋгႮԺ഍ϿӮ‫׭‬ ўȂԑ㤵ӹ഼Кᙝȇҭ‫ތ‬ᒩщ൫㡯࿨ҽ‫ܫ‬16੡ҽҠ ๴ӠጚඟȇԑሂᘘգԺ഍ទদಂѪȂൊжԳ஡ӹ഼ Кᙝ‫ࢋݕ‬ൕȄ Ѯᢊࠒഋኸߦԙ‫خ‬

߼ᛳ඼ө‫៌ݰ‬ඪюЕ෮ٙՋІࢇ‫ۺ‬ಢᙑᓞҬКњडЉ኷ฒ๖‫ݎ‬ ࠻ᜲ෻ᗑ‫ڣ‬ᗁᕭᅅ୰20џԴ‫ܡێ‬ўᇨ૭๴ҿᗏ‫ށ‬ ሲȂႍൊࠝЏԨޯ᠋ўব෩ҍєอ‫֊ژ‬Ԓ۶஼хࣆ ܹ‫ޠ‬ႅೡᚐᔝӫљҙॠшߞ᎛ِȄ࠻ᗑ‫ڣ‬ᗁᕭᅅ୰ ‫ݚ‬ᓚȂϘӌޯ᠋ўবٙ‫ܠ‬௟љҙॠшєอ֌࠻ᜲ ෻Ȃ࠻ў௟ऎљҙॠш෩‫ڻ‬೑Ԫ஼ቫዾ࿤ߞᡋ‫࠲׀‬ ቪȄ љҙॠш17џԴޯ᠋঵ൌົْࡈ݀ȶѵध‫֊ژ‬ϠЂ

ྻȷྻ៉Գᙇߞ൉Кജޯ᠋់ў‫ݲ‬੏‫ڭ‬୙݀ົْԳ ўᕭᅅ୰ȄົْԳўᕭᅅ୰Ԩົْ‫ޱ‬୰෩ҍ௟љҙ ॠш‫઻ݲ‬40чȄ֭ົْ‫ޱ‬୰ѽљҙॠшᐾգॻ஼᝱ ӔԳ֜ऎӤȂ௟‫ێ‬៖‫ݸ‬ȂনงᛓᄩȄᑂޯ᠋ණᢜඡ ႽȂљҙॠшᔌࢢᛓ༟ޯ᠋ࡈ݀ॻ஼Ȃ֭‫ݚ‬ᓚ௟ࠔ ԰ޯ᠋ணҐޯ᠋ўবබȶ࣏‫׎‬Ԩ࠻ᜲ෻єอљҙॠ шȷயᛟҡ༟ߞᡘᝋྻȄᅆ‫׎࣏ݺ‬єอљҙॠшۖ ࠻ᜲ෻Ȃޯ᠋ᗁನᄦ෻ֹฅ‫ށ‬ፁࠑӯȂޯ᠋Й‫އܦ‬

‫ݺ‬ԇ֣ҳԴᕅϧȂޯ᠋௟‫ڶ‬ᑂ஼ቫ‫ޱ‬ዾ࿤ѽфޯ᠋ ӎ஼‫֯ૈ׀‬ҍ㤩‫ܠ‬Ȅ љҙॠшฅԴࡈ‫ܹࣆ֊ژ‬КᑉԇჅ஘ᗁನȂ࣏࠻ᜲ ෻‫ޠޱࠧ֊ژ‬ႅᔝӫ୺෻ࡣԺшߞ୼ૺׄјȂϵ࣏ ȶѵध‫֊ژ‬ϠЂྻȷ๴୓ϠНϘȂ2000Րࡈ݀ॻ ஼Ȅ࠻ࣆܹ2002Ր૿ਯֿ഍љҙॠшգ။Ȃ‫ڭ‬Ԩ ॻў෩ҍϞєอঋِȂ֭ജॻ஼‫ݡ‬ທȄ

11


ዥᘈடᚠ

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ߜᓀᇄདྷ୽‫ޟ‬Ж

ࠕџশสߞණᢜඡᐱϞ‫ی‬ԆྲᇷȂ‫ی‬ԆՀᄊሃสϠ ๑щЂߞᝯ࠼Ȃ֭ϫՀᄊգᙇ‫ۊ‬዆ᠩۖশสႻ֯ߞ ‫ڰ‬ఐȄϘ࣏ಎԲ၃ᕻપ஡ዉૡ՘ӲϬϩ۹ՐȂК஼ ஼ਛѹਯ१ᔅᕾг༟త‫ڍ‬শสන஥‫ق‬ᄜ႕;փ‫ێ‬ϟ ࡋ࣏㣵ᚳၭ‫ࠜڰ‬ఠߵ(HSBC Holdings PLC)ߞၭ‫ڰ‬ ࠜၩᔑ(Stephen Green)ԯऎ௟ҍԇॻ஼໶‫ݽ‬Ђ֊ փ‫ݺ‬ՐܺࡈᛓԇȄഺ‫ی‬Ԇ‫ڭ֬ऻڰ‬๑ᝯാȂ֭‫ێ‬ᅁ ‫ق‬ᄜ႕фၩᔑ‫ݺ׮‬শส๴ႫȂ࣏ۖܺतኃ՘බϟϠ Ы੡ЫџߞԳ֜ȉ ϟϠ‫ݺ‬ӏ‫ߞڽ‬Ϙാ֖֚ஜϫྻ ऎশส௲‫ڽ‬तኃ‫ؼ‬ᢏȉ ಎԲ၃ᕻપ஡ዉૡ՘ӲϬϩ۹ՐȂК஼஼ਛѹਯȂ শสѽфᑫ֖ࠝࣆࠜ‫ܡ‬ຈ୼‫ܡ‬ൌ૾૾ҍਯૡ໲‫ۏ‬ ᚃȄփ‫ێ‬К൵є୓ᝯަߞ࣏Ȃतьሃশสනሹඏᑾ ྻবϘԨᚰྕߞ१ᔅᕾ૔чଣг༟ඏᑾత‫ڍ‬শสන ஥‫ق‬ᄜ႕Ȃϫᘛ᎛ൊжশสཇණళണȂхփশส֖ ࣆࠜ‫ܡ‬ฅ፹ᡋϵҪႬ‫ێ‬ҁሼࢉϘԢᖔఀత‫ڍ‬Ȃփѷ ٟգՉవණᢜళണȄ १ᔅᕾԴྻবКᅆ‫ق‬ᄜ႕ሲȈȶ‫࣑ا‬чϘۖȂᡘሲ ఋ‫ڽ‬ϞȂ‫ا‬බຜࣶ٘Ԣ‫ؠ‬ሲȂЙᇒ੡༡ࠜ๺Ȃ‫ا‬ᗁ ࣏ঋ‫ڍ‬Ϙ‫قڍ‬ԐӠȂႬ‫ق‬ԐӠ೭Ϙ೭Ȅȷ१ᔅᕾթ ᗝє୓Ϟশสණᢜߞᝯަф୅ᎢȂփЂൊԊߞಟเ ‫׮‬ஐԨ঑বȄশสКћЂᐯࣆ޼ᐯ߰୺ᕐ‫ڭ‬Йሮऎ ഺըత‫࣏ڍ‬Հ‫ڰ‬ȂԯऎഺҐಎϞশสӔಿН༡Ȃ஥ Ϡࣆ޼዆ᠩϧჅЂߞ‫؛‬ᄊȂԢ੡ϵᢰપ஡ࣆܹ഍‫ݺ‬ ᕌ؉ߞ֜၉Ȅ ȶन‫ོ؃‬ȷ॒७‫ޟ‬ౠก Йьᐯ߰Ӻ૾૾බթ๴ࠑໞᎢȂգϠሮऎഺըȶ१ ‫ྻق‬ȷ࣏ᝯѼশส‫ࣆ࢏ݗ‬ຉߞᢏஜȂӺգϠሮऎ१ ᔅᕾթᗝ࣏۶শสߤྻ൵ࠕߞЩනఐᇰգᝯȄӤ‫ݺ‬ ࠕՐশสߞ‫ݗ‬ಯኊ੾୼ᆚຈ১ԯє୓শสዃ޾Ӕಿ ЙᆕȂളනយઅԯփ዆ᠩϞশสߤྻߞ۶ᓘȂЩන ߞఐᇰӒԴส፺ܼȄփԴশสᐾգᜀЂ྽சՂԳ ಯȃცୈຈߞ‫ق‬ᄜ႕‫ـ‬՘ऎϞಿӭНߞȄ փϘ‫ڱ‬ໞᎢሮऎȂԴশสՅԴЩනӬ़ߞఐ޶ϭȂ १ᔅᕾթᗝ࣏՞ԴՉዬশส஥धఐᇰȄЙჅգϠሮ ऎթᗝ‫ڭ‬๑ׄ፤۶শสߤྻ൵ࠕߞЩනఐᇰȂхփ ௟ᐱ७෋мȄ‫ڼ‬Ղࡈส஡ϠЂ҃ࠑ‫௵ד‬ћԴশส‫ށ‬ ඡዤћࢽҍȂᅆ‫ݺ‬ȶ१‫ྻق‬ȷഺ֖ஜҁሮऎᘵ๒ԧ ўԴྻব૾૾ऎ‫ێ‬ႋ๪Ȃࢽ‫ق‬ᄜ႕࣏Ҟ҃ࠑᒕ࿂ண ሃಎԲ๴ਣߞส஥ȂऎаԳ๴ਣ୒ឥतԺȂЙჅ‫ד‬ ௵ћࡋࢽȂ‫ق‬ᄜ႕‫۽‬๒ᅆаԳգ୒ឥȂЙჅ१ѹਯ ȶЙᇒ੡༡ࠜ๺Ȃ‫ا‬ᗁ࣏ঋ‫ڍ‬Ϙ‫قڍ‬ԐӠȷߞᅗ࢘ ߞፁྻ҄ϠӔᅆ‫ق‬ᄜ႕ȶۗӫहऻȷȄҁሮऎഺը ୼Ꭰߞȶ१‫ྻق‬ȷх࣍ϞКҴࣆܹȶᅆশส঵නߞ Ⴥ࢘দ໛Ȃ҄Ϡྏۖশสߞ௄ኸൻஜ၏ಿ۶Кಯ߰ ሃЍ஥නሹߞᝯ࠼ԴКҴೀКЏҵҝӀᓊȷȄ ‫௵ד‬ћϘћ๴ࠑࢢє‫ڽ‬Йьᐯ߰ф៉৶ߞԢྍȂশ สӲ‫៉ྻޱ‬৶‫۞ق‬ϠӺሮऎȶ१‫ྻق‬ȷҪྻҐಎߤ

12

ћ0!ҏѐጡᒮഋ

ྻಎኸըӬ़Ȃ‫زڭ‬ໞ୼ᎠྻবҪྻׄࠜশส୑ ቧȂ҄ࣆܹԨ୑ᄥཉెȂሮऎྻবЙ཈๑‫ޱ‬ᙚӀ ୑ᄥН༡ߞӀᓊȂӺࣄ୓ളනӬ़Ȃ๑ׄႋٙߤ ྻயᛟȄփশสКЂࣆ޼ф֖ࣆᐯ‫ڀ‬஘ిఱ୺ᕐ ӺሮԢКҴჅ࢘দ໛শส঵නȂԯӀџ‫ځ‬գྻব ஥धߞ१ᔅᕾЙ཈ሃ‫ق‬ᄜ႕ඏᑾྻবȂ‫ـ‬ȶԴ‫ڏ‬ ᝜ϯదҁȷȂЙඏԑสҾӔϵྏЙ࣏ۧ‫ۊ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬ҁ ஥धӺྻЙ݈Ȅ ȶѫَॶ൲ȃ೿੫ॶζϚَȷ ߞፁȂഺըКҴታᐱϠ‫ق‬ᄜ႕ሃฅ፹ᡋత‫ڍ‬ഢ੾ យઅȂӒՂ‫௵ד‬ћߞћК‫ࢽݙ‬ȂȶҪ‫ڍ‬঵නȃാ પ঵ϵЙ‫ڍ‬ȷߞ֖ஜፁᅁਟ‫҄ݽ‬ϠӔȂэ‫ྻێ‬ᢰ สϠྏۖЙՉȂԓҐϯࡈϠЂ௱܎ฅᐳౙӺϧዣ ‫ق‬ᄜ႕Ȃࢽȶ஥Ϡ޼ส࣏ᕕႍߞȷȂంփᢰϠಯ ӠϞȶۖܺᎡЖ࣏শสߞ঑യϠ۸ȉȷߞᆷயȄ १ᔅᕾഺը୼Ꭰߞሃ‫ق‬ᄜ႕ྻবȂКҴࣆܹ࣏‫׎‬ Դླӯգྍᢰ‫ق���ᄜ႕ѽ୑ϧཕϧࣛߩࣆܹȂ዆ᠩ પ஡ࣆܹߞࣉࣆ۸ȉӺ࣏‫׎‬କऎশสપ঵ฅ፹ᡋ ࠕџබ୺Һ‫ݛ‬ϠᎳ‫ڰ‬ԆЙऎКҴࣆܹ‫ݙ‬ఠۘߞ֖ ऎ֯ႋ៖۸ȉഺըߞȶ१‫ྻق‬ȷऎЂಿ઻ϭϞᇌ ᇌ᝱ѽႋຍߞயᛟȂশสߞӏ‫ڕྻڽ‬Ԩ‫ڤ‬౧Ⴝ ႮȂබறգࢹӫѽ࢞ȂऻКҴѽфশสࣆܹӏ‫ڽ‬ ߞ֖ஜሃ֯ऎϞȄ жࣨΰശ‫ڧ‬൵१‫ޟ‬ሚ՗ড়ϞΙ‫ޟ‬ဪᓒ գȶѵधϯ൵‫ۦ‬පদߞ቙֖ਛНϘȷग़᠖ߞ㣵ᚳ ఠߵѹਯၩᔑ(Stephen Green)ࠕџᝋᅁ௟ྻ‫ݺ‬ӎ Րܺᛓ༟‫އ‬ச28Րߞ㣵ఠȂᕕॻ஼঵हҙ౥৖ߞ ᘛ᎛Ȃౢ஥ంࣆȂ‫ށ‬ՐϘѡҍԇॻ஼໶‫ݽ‬ф‫ظ‬Ⴄ Ђ֊(ᚎᇍ‫ظ‬ႤЂ֊)Ȅ ಩Ր61࿐ߞၩᔑಲ྽‫ॻݺ‬஼ѱࣺЂᐯȂ‫ݺࢢێ‬ग़ ஼൫षನЍᐯ୰ۤఀᇇЀᐯ֜Ȅҁ‫ݺ‬1971Րԇᚚ ॻ஼ࣆܹઔҳ‫ݤ‬ਣൊȂ 1977ՐҐϢ൪ߺᔁᇒನᠪ யгҦȂ ‫ݺ‬1982ՐҐϢশสϯઔ㣵ᚳ቙֖঑യԋ ྽ຉᄑȂ཈ϬՐ੡༡බ՘ऎ঑യᖖಧ୑Ⴄ྽சߞ ѹᇒȂᐽࠜҳ㣵‫ظ‬Ⴄߞҁ‫ݺ‬1992Ր՘㣵ఠҦ਱Ȃ 1998Ր੢‫ڗ‬ே֖ၭ‫ڰ‬Ȃ2003ՐȂҁпԇऎ༰ᄥ֖ ࣆᗁ໗Ȃ2006Ր‫ـ‬ҍԇ㣵ఠ༰ᄥѹਯ֌ЫȄ ణ୦௃ࢇϚܾ࣏ ࠕՐ‫ڽ‬Ȃॻࣆܹߞ‫ظ‬ႤЂ֊ൌЙ࣏ం៉৶Кߏ ֒Ȃփ࣏ంႭ஼‫ټ‬ϠᑟᅹКࢶ‫ڎ‬Ȃᢖ๒ౕؓৄׄ ҁেߞႭ஼Ϡଔ۶‫ݙ‬ᐾգߞ஥धៈះȂ࠳་໶ ‫ݽ‬Ȃ‫כ‬єҳႤۖॻ஼‫ظ‬ႤȂంփদ੎ॻ஼၃ᕻȄ ࠛᓉઔኣࢢȂည੡ߞЍ៨ࣆܹԢዹԳ܎ԇϞౢ஥ ంࣆߞำӇ༰ᄥࡈѹਯᕛᇯࢥ(Mervyn Davis)Ȃҍ ԇ‫ظ‬ႤЂ֊ϘᚚȂѽ‫ێ‬၃ᢚ۶Ϡ‫ڰ‬ᇨປᕒׄࣆܹ ༟‫ݤ‬ઔҳߞ஥྽ᗑᜭ۶ҾඞȄ ЫՐྲ঵हҙ౥৖ϯҭࢢȂᅆ‫ݺ‬໶‫ݽ‬Ђ֊Ϙᚚߞ

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Ϡᓴᢖఀहညদ໛Ȃ‫ـ‬ᓐ֋ᗑᜭѽфᘛ᎛ၩᔑҍ ԇႍᚚȂѽ‫ێ‬࿂‫ߞڸ‬ϠଔȂфᅆॻ஼ࣆܹႻ֯գ ҇жሮᝊȂ‫ݤ‬ਣઔҳҾඞȂ࠳་ҳ໶ȂӤթҞ ‫ڍ‬ȂঋԴഺৎᚚ֜ϯۤఀ՘ґ‫ڭ‬Й࣏‫ڰݽ‬Ȅ ၩᔑȂ‫ڗ‬ऎ㣵ᚳఠߵȂԑገࣷ൵Ђߞࠛᓉ༰ᄥѹ ਯȂԴԇаࠑ಩ҍ֒Ȃࠛᓉઔኣ੡งՉԑ௲ታ㣵 ఠอჅ᝱ᝯȂऎьዴЙӡత‫ަܹࣆۦ‬Ⴄߞ቙֖Н ϘȄփѷ‫ݺ‬㣵ఠԇᚚ28Րߞ०฀ȂၩᔑЙ཈ᅆԑ ಧ໶‫ݽ‬ᘌཕᖢՂࢽ෠ȂԓҐϯ‫ێ‬௻ЂߞϠቫᇨປ ѽф၃ᢚȂᅆК஼Ҿඞߞጢఉ௟գׄॻ஼ԋ྽༟ ‫ݤ‬К஼ҾඞȂ‫ؼ‬ຠॻ஼஼а၃ᕻȄ ‫ޏ‬ৱሚ՗ড় ୵Ϟ㣵ᚳఠߵѹਯȂၩᔑӺգҩϘৎ‫ڗ‬ԊȂබ࣏ ॻ஼ၐгྻߞࠧ‫ۦ‬ᗟߎਰȄᘵ๒࣏቙֖Ђ઱Ȃџ ನေᑟȂُ֭െ۹Ӑൌྻ‫ۖߩݩ‬඲‫ిߞࠕࠢݙ‬௅ ‫އ‬சȂԴสง༡ӺฅϢᡝ‫ົށ‬ૠᐯ୰Ȅ11ՐࡈȂ ၩᔑዤ኷ϞϘ੩ȂԩऎȮч஼ሃ୑‫—׀‬ၩᔑᎢࠛ ᓉҾඞȯȂѽа֖Ϡߞ‫࢘ڎ‬۶௄ရిࠫԈ൅໛ࠛ ᓉҾඞߞӠᅗȂӺ࣏঵ըգϠѽ௄ရਵߞ‫ڗ‬Ԋణ ୅ᑲጤߞࠛᓉҾඞȄ ѽߎਰߞ‫࢞ऻ࢘ڎ‬቙֖྽ȂԢඏϘ‫ڗ‬Ԋߞࠛᓉਛ हѧȂ‫ـ‬ᢖఀҩ᝷ȄҁԴϘ୑၃џඡ‫ݙ‬இߞ௞ണ КࠑӯȂԋ྽ћм۶Ⴝ዇ᑆՇ࣏Դ஥྽ѵध㡯൵ ऎদঋȂȶՂ‫ލ‬Ϙਛԋ྽ߞћм‫ڭ‬ЙᄁᔽҹߞϠ ৶੡‫ے‬ᗾِ֖‫ڰ‬ᇑӒȂЙᎢգԺьᆾᇒߞഢࡋȃ ౧‫ڼ‬ȂൌЙ‫ږ‬ѽ‫ن‬ທԟᑟԓ಩ȄȷԴࠛᓉઔኣ๴ ӠНࢢȂၩᔑ‫ـ‬ತԐ‫ز‬ໞ቙֖धߞല௏۶ᗟ჌ࠅ ॓ۘ࢘ᄁᔽ๺໛֖ऎȂ‫ـ‬ѽ‫ࡋ֯ڗ‬Ȃড়ຕ֋Ўߞ ᗟࠛфാ᠈ұՐЙ՜ࠅ॓Ȃഺ‫ڱ‬Ⴝನ۶֖ऎȂ‫ݕ‬ ധ࣏ၩᔑԴߎਰӠࣿК൵Ђߞ՜ᜥȄ ‫؃‬ოၖ‫ڷ‬ဪᓒོ࣏ॷ෫ள‫׽ޟپ‬ᡐȉ џࡈ‫ق‬ᄜ႕௄ࠛྻࢆҿዥภ3ኆสЮ(ॗ500ေᑫ Ю)Ȃయ֖ԩऎȶশสХ ྑশสȷߞгૈ֖ஜȂ௄ ࠛྻѹਯ‫ق‬ᄜ႕ӺԨสණࠑӯȂᡌࠓ‫ݙ‬գশสϠ ணሃȂѽ֖ஜҝ‫ؼ‬ຠߤ஡Ȃҁ഼ౕؓჅഺৎ঍ᄑ କ൹ൄϘৎ഍഍գᝯᜃȃϠϠጄׄߞߤྻȄᅁ֖ ԴᘇᓿߞԢ੡ȂӺᠪфᝯѕশสߞ਴ཕߤ၏Ȅ ԢዹԳȂ‫ॻ֋ڽ‬஼ߞၩᔑഺըᓴᑄᛓ༟‫އ‬சϞ28 Րߞ㣵ᚳఠߵȂጋ๒ᛓ༟শสҍԇॻ஼ࣆܹߞ໶ ‫ݽ‬Ђ֊Ȃϫ࣏‫࣏׎‬ҩϘৎࢫ֬‫ق‬ᄜ႕ࠑӯྑ஼ߞ ֖ஜȉѽᕒׄ֋Ў஼ਛ࠳་໶‫ݽ‬Ȃᝯѕߤྻࠑ಩ ҍᅆ஼ਛߞ݅႕ȉ ‫ق‬ᄜ႕۶ၩᔑൌ࣏ሃশสतգಅ࿚ߞ஥ਛ቙֖ ਛȂ‫߰ی‬ൌᅆК஼џࢢߞ๴ਣࠧ௱দ໛Ȃहࠫᔌ 㣣ϟϠ‫ࠕݺ‬џߞϘാ֖֚ஜȂК஼ѽфশสߞӏ ‫ڽ‬ൌྻԯթփ֯ҍᢏмȂԢ੡ȂϘзᆷயӺ௟ྻ ‫ށ‬੬мȄ


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Ι‫ݰ‬ҐҁΙ‫ݰ‬άଔ!! !ϛР‫ތ‬ᆒРઉЀ઻ ћ0!ҏѐጡᒮഋ

ϛРᚖПӵȶΞ• Μ ഒധ৬ኡ಻ȷ‫ٱ‬Ӈ೎౩୰ ᚠΰጲ๿ϚήȂ‫׋‬༖໌Ι؏Ӓ७ඌϽЀ઻Ȅ РПȈӓӣ‫ࠌޥ‬Еक़Рҏࢇ‫ۺ‬ੑ਀ߒҰȂ РП٠ᡒ಻ᇄϛ୽ᅣ಻࿦ኡ឴ܻएี‫ٱ‬ ӇȂծϛПԤཎ஠‫ٱ‬Ӈี৤࣏ሴπ୰ᚠȇ РПϚོ௴‫ڥ‬ᄇ‫ת‬௩ࢊȂծஅܻРҏк᠌ ‫୽ڷ‬ϱ‫ݲ‬Ȃ೎౩ᅣ಻಻ߝၝ‫ڏ‬໰‫ޟ‬Пବζ Ϛོ‫׽‬ᡐȄ9Т19РȂү࠰ᙏܾ‫ݲ‬଱‫׳‬ট஠ ϛ୽ᅣ಻಻ߝၝ‫ڏ‬໰‫෈੼ܳޟ‬३ȂӔ࡙‫۽‬ ߝ10ЈȂՍ29Р࣏ХȂо߯㣪ۡ࢐֏ᄇт ௴‫ࡡݲڥ‬՗ଢ଼ȄԪѴȂӓӣ‫ޥ‬Еक़Рҏ٩

ࢌᐎ‫੉ݶ‬Ҥ ॶሲ൑൦ҭ᎜Ժ‫ܥ‬ѷಝ‫ۖص‬ᑢҫ߬૾Ȃ‫ڤ‬ኃȶ࣋ ᑍȷϘ੯؆ԑҞѽሲ࣏џӎ๑ನۤᐂȄКџН༡ Ϙߡѽ‫ڽ‬գ‫ތ‬ઔᄑधߞߋ៉ȄԴ‫ތ‬ઔ௞៳၃ᕻ஡ ᄑधயᛟϯȂК஼ிࢺЂ൙ࣛ֋๒ܼ֩ߞ১ࡋȂ ࢷഺϘ১ࡋȂКџ‫ތ‬ઔжध㤵ᕕႍԴٞᜰઔዿࠢ ࠕȄփџӎிࢺ൙Գ໼ᛓК༡㤵১ࡋӀж‫ތ‬ઔȄ

ፏࣸ‫ڷ‬Ռፏ໥ੑ਀ΡρᆎȂ٩ፏࣸॎგᘗ шചΰՌፏ໥ጡ‫ڙ‬Ȅ‫ڎ‬ᡝ‫پ‬ᇳȂ࣏Οᔖᄇ ഒധ৬୰ᚠȂРҏғं‫ـ‬ӵ٩ԈΨ໔ᖡ৵ ‫؟ޟ‬ᛱᑪ৞Ѡ৬оՙഋဍഋ໥ȂΪԑϱ௃ ౪Ԥ‫ڍޟ‬νΡσൽቨё‫ڍڗ‬࿲ΡȄ ϛПȈϛ୽ѴҺഋ୙ഋߝдӎ‫ٳ‬19࿋ఏ൷ РП೻Ιฒ౩㣪ۡөРҏᎹ๼σ‫ٺ‬ϝՁԇ ΙॢߒҰ஼੨ኚ඗‫תڷ‬ដȄϛ୽ѴҺഋҳ ։ߒҰȂ኷ୄᚖ᜞ࣸഋ઻оΰҺ‫܁‬ȂϛХ ΟᚖПԤᜰቨё૞ੲȃᘗσϛР૞᠌‫ۣٱ‬ ‫ޟ‬௥ញȂ௰ᒶΟϛРྯ࣓ᆣӫོដȂϛ୽ ၽࡊࠉ‫܁‬Рҏਡၽζ‫ࣺڗڧ‬ᔖኇ៪Մσൽ ࠈ෵Ȅϛ୽ѴҺഋᗙߒҰȂΰक़௑㥒೰ӈ ‫ׇ‬ӒӵРПȂРПᔖฒనӇܹᗙϛП಻ ߝȂ֏ࠌ҆໸‫ܛ‬ᐊҥԪЕี‫ޟ‬Ιϸࡣ‫ݎ‬Ȅ

ࢌᐎ‫੉ݶ‬ҤȈϛ୽஼ԤΨ‫ޟ‬Іᔞ ȶϝ• ϛ ൑൦ਫዠ೺ȷ‫ڰ‬Ԇ๴ӠࢢЙϳȂК஼ҳӹ ൊ10џ‫׈‬ӒՑࢆҿȈК஼ࣆܹ㤩‫ܠ‬๑নงయᓵ১ ‫ݺܠ‬9ѡК՟ᗝ֖ߞ೐ϟը‫ތ‬ઔயᛟ১ࡋԒᝊȞК џ‫ތ‬ઔԒᝊȟࣆܹ༡᎘ֿȄබթయᙝК஼௟գҞ କ㤩‫ܠ‬ᅆᛕўՅԴᡋૈНߋߞȶ࣋ᑍȷઔϯઈ޵ ӣ༟‫ظܕ‬ಯȄ ࠕџȂգџӎཇණєগӏ၃ᝋᅁߞઐਿᇍȂК஼ႋ ‫ݸ‬ক‫ތ‬ઔុ༤2ᒹᠭുុЏࡈ݀‫ތ‬ઔȂգҞକۖ࣋ ᑍ޵ӣࠢࠕઔாே֖‫ڟ‬ᢑԇசȂџӎઔϯ֋ᎎ༤ߞ ஍ᅅᑟЏ၃ፁሮϞКўԨӨᑔ޵ઈӣྦྷႻᣢСᐡ‫ل‬ ߞ㣅໪Ȅ୫ᅆթઐਿȂџӎ঵हຸߡϠ۶ҳहࡈ১ ႕ҦЏࠑӯȂϘӌК஼ૌߞ༟‫ܕ‬་֖༟ళȂџў௟ ళۤहᕕ֖ஜȂў੯ҒࣁԴКўനࣉߞࠢࠕඏᑾႏ ༟ళȂϫ‫ݕ‬Ԩ஼ቫઔ‫ޱڰ‬ਲ୓໦ຈȄ

֋1974Ր୓ȂК஼‫׈‬༟‫ܕ‬Դ‫ތ‬ઔ་֖Ӯ޵ȃч๒ ઈ஛เȂ‫ڭ‬๴಩ϞԺৎ޵ӣȄ࣋ᑍ޵ઈӣȂ࣏К ஼Դ‫ތ‬ઔ൙ࣛऴԳุ֘Ҍ൝К༟๴ߞϘৎЂ࡭޵ ઈӣȂణ‫ߞށ‬ч๒ઈᔼ༓Ⴟ700ኆӲўռѽϯȂӤ К஼ઔࣶӮ޵ᗁгҦ۶К஼Ӯ޵мЍ༰ᄥгҦ‫ظ‬ Ⴄ࢙നȄ ഺ㡯Ӆ༷ࢽҍߞ࣏Ȃ࣋ᑍ޵ӣ֜‫ݺ‬ᄾޯҾ‫ࡑތ‬350 г‫ڧ‬Ȃ഍‫ތݺ‬ઔ௞៳၃ᕻ஡ᄑधߋ៉஡ѽҳȂऎ ౮๑ߋ៉ߞК஼ታϿȄ2003Ր5ѡȂџӎࡒ෩ҍȂ Ӥ‫࣋ݺ‬ᑍઈӣ໼ᛓџКК༡㤵཈5г‫ڧ‬ȂԯթԴႍ Գ஡ߞЂഢጀ༟ళྻᐱ७‫כ‬ᇸੜᕕȂӤթџў‫׀‬ ૈྻ‫ྫۖۦ‬ਚȂԯթџӎ‫៉ة‬К஼ߞඏўব֖ ஜȂঋِК஼ஃѤ༟๴Ȅഺᇌ࿂‫ێ‬๑ᓥߞሲ‫ڏޱ‬ ϭНྍऎȈȶԳϭߞӮ޵࣏ാԴϘ୓ߞȂְ‫ڤ‬᝝ ༟ళȂ‫ߞاݺ៳د‬Ӯ޵ຜ‫ڕכ‬ϞȄ‫ݙ‬ѽঋኃ‫ا‬ϵ ணሃ༟ళȂжϘ‫ޓ‬᜵ȂঋኃЂਛൌ‫ྐ־‬ՀՀ ྅ȊȷџӎഺϘᣌᑖߞຕ‫ލ‬බ࣏К஼ȶᕕϞব ЄȂᓮϞ㡯Єȷ——2008Ր6ѡ18џȂК஼ҳӹൊ ๴‫ڏ‬ϠᗣဉࢆҿКџ‫ی‬஼බ‫ތ‬ઔ޵ઈӣயᛟႿ՘ ১ࡋԒᝊȈ୵Դ‫ތ‬ઔᓴᑄϘৎ஡ུ་֖ԒԢ༟๴ ҳȂџӎԋ྽ᘘ௟‫ڶ‬ᑂК஼‫ࢠޱ‬ணሃԪ֯༟๴࣋ ᑍ޵ઈӣணሃҒࣁ࣋ᑍԴаߞԺৎ༵ӫϯߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ Տࢷѧ‫ڼ‬ᖔఀ՜ૈȄ ՂЫȂК஼‫ڽ‬ഺϘϭ԰ᕝȂࢫ࣏ӇഏӇϛЇȂᢰ џӎྖϞૠȂతϭ‫ڽ‬ᛕўߞႵ༓ȂྐӅྻ‫ـ‬Ґᑬ ધȄ ҕ໢Ȉҽਝᐿ৬Ȃν಻߳ഒ டড়Ȉॖ‫ٱ‬ငᔼȂᚖᆓቆή ୫ᅆྔᆊྔધߞȶϝ• ϛ ൑൦ਫዠ೺ȷ‫ڰ‬ԆȂ衆Ϡ ᅆ‫ݺ‬Ղ֣ȶѽዷۘዷȷȂхᕕЙϘȄ‫ێ‬КȂ൵କ ҃ࠑӔ༡ᅗ࢘Ȃቲऎє୓᠛ஜߞ࣏শสȮ‫ࣷڲ‬۹ ҏȯߞࢋবћൢȮӔ༡ϼ೺࠲൑᝸฀՜෇൑൦ਫ Й࣏ᄱȯȄႍћൢᇍ‫ܫی‬ϬԳᕕੜ‫ޱ‬50ԺՐࡈᘹ

஼ᄳ԰ᑾਫߞᇟૠȂႻӡК஼8Ր‫ة‬џ࠲ਛȃֹዲ ۘർߞ‫ޱ‬ភ——ϠӔᐼߋȂ๴ஜȶϼ೺ኅ๴൑൦ ਫȷ֖ஜȂ௟൑൦ਫᄥᄥඛ୓‫ڽ‬Ȃ۶џӎϠߕઔ ϯหᕝᐼȂК஼ߞϼ೺ေၟኅஜ৶Ȃྻ҄џӎည ؊నјЙфȄ‫ܨ‬੡ȂК஼Ӕ衆ষཕϯਫȂԴਫϯ Չ ᖉ љ ᅂ Ȅ Ђ ൙ ຾ ԩ ‫ ݗ‬Գ 産஥ ϯ ਫ ሏ ၃ ᕻ Ꮛ ӡ ‫ݗ‬ȇКೊஜȃሂᣉЂ৯ЂԴਫϯനӲ഼ୈ௄ԳȂ ༟഼јᑟ۶ТᗑᇨȇКົცϧ࢙൑൦ሂщ༧କ๴ ც૭ȇሂᣉ࠮‫ܸ׀‬ϯਫ༟നࠝҾȇ‫ܫی‬Ӕ衆Ԑ௟ ൑൦ਫᄳ԰‫ڭ‬೚ϘȄ ႖ሲ԰‫ڽ‬ȂѧНК஼ࣆܹߞȶᕣ၉Ϙ᝝ȷ۶ȶϾᔝ ᗏ୅ȷȂџӎ֋ంϩϝѵ॔Ӑѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃᅆ൑൦ਫߞ၃ ᖉం‫ڽ‬ٟգКᙝჅȂం՝งߞᙷۤ൧րഺᇌ૷၃ᕻ ֖ऎȂԓۖࠕවϩՐ‫࢙ߞڽ‬ᗜ੡ᑟඞȃᑶ཰ȃૠ ߤȂѽфሃᆢӔᜪ‫ܠ‬૧ॗຈຈȂൌ࣏ԴََऎᖉԳ ᅁ಩ᅆ൑൦ਫߞȶࠜงᅁቫҚታȷȂѽթ‫ڽ‬۲ᕕ஼ ቫ‫ޱ‬Кߞहᝯ౧ћȄՂЫȂȮ‫ࣷڲ‬۹ҏȯഺዹߞ෩ ៉Йҵऎȶѽ‫ێ‬ϠНႽᘘ޼‫ێ‬ϠН‫ڗ‬ȷȊ ည๒Ȃѧ୓ഺᇌहᅆѧႵȶ‫ۊ‬ᕚмȷߞᎏஜஇ ‫ޱ‬Ȃ௞ਛেߞ࢙៉֬Ѽ‫ـ‬գҞۤН഍ȄК஼ߢԩ ক‫ڰ‬ᐼರ௞ਛෆԍᗽьሮऎঋૌӒႿۖੜ‫ލ‬ȂӅ ༷ȶ୫ᏡहᅆȷȈ೐ϘȂ௟‫ތ‬ઔ޵ӣߞ᎘ֿ๑ন งయᓵȂत֌ۤઐȂԑবࢭ෇‫ތ‬ઔ޵ӣߞ஛ణ۶ Ӡ産ȇ೐ϟȂ‫ܠ‬งँҍգᐼ୽ϧߞᆢࣆ೺Դ൑൦ ਫઔா᠕ଝȂ‫ڹ‬Нۘ࢘мȇ೐ϬȂԴ‫ا‬൑൦ਫઔ ா༟ਣক‫ڰ‬୊ፚȇ೐ұȂњࢺᐯधᅆџӎࠧ‫ޱ‬Қ ታલಧ၏ਫயᛟዥགྷхӒȄ К஼ߤॊ୰џӎु‫ٿुݙٿ‬৶༾࣌ࡷሮऎȂџЮ ߞ‫ڕ‬Ԩߡత዆ᠩ຾џӎ࣏‫ڕ‬Ԩ෇ែᘘ࣏‫ڕ‬Ԩᓂ ౧Ȃԯթȶᅆџӎ൵գੜߞхۘనࣉබ࣏໴་џ ЮȂঝ‫ڹ‬џЮпৃȷȄК஼಩҃஼ቫᝯ࠼ु‫ٿ‬୰ џӎ‫ٿुݙ‬৶ኒক॓ࢽҍዶஃКџН༡ߞᖖ࠲Ԫ ֯ᘵ๒գྫᛕўߞ‫ૈ׀‬Ȃ֭ೣ‫࣏ٿ‬џўԫᗪЂȄ փ஥சൊु‫ٿ‬୰џӎயᛟ௞ਛ৫౳লࡋࠑӯȈ ȶ၃ᕻۘ໗‫ڭ‬Йକ֯ऎൾ࢚ߞឯፅȂփ࣏ቮঋඵ ‫ۍر‬ᢜߞనࣉȷȈᒕ࿂ৄᑟ‫׀‬ӡԪ‫ޱ‬ᗝనഢፑџ ԋߞԴົ྽சȂԢ੡ิь‫ݕ‬নۘᅆџႤ࿚ҍϾȄ ഒധᇃတ৬ȈϛРُΨкᏽൟWTϛछُΨ୙ᏽൟ ᅆ‫ݺ‬թը‫ڰ‬ԆȂᘘӅ༷ᝯަߞϘᙇබ࣏‫߰࠰֯ܕ‬ ग़஼ߞᅗ࢘Ȅթը‫ڰ‬Ԇ๴ӠࢢȂџӎණᢜฅჀய ग़஼ࣆܹȂ൑൦ਫ࣏‫׎‬ЏԕϢग़џԒԢ‫ڨ‬ᎎߞፑ ඛȂᅆթग़஼‫ܡ‬ўࠑӯϞߺ‫ߞܠ‬԰ຍȄȞަȈֹ ‫ޒ‬ჲࣆܹ੡งȂग़஼஼‫ڨ‬ൊ஘ׄನൊࠜ‫ړׯ‬ᆬԴ 1996Ր ‫ ށ‬ፁ ࠑ ӯ ൑ ൦ ਫ Ꮛ ӡ ‫ ݺ‬Ȯ џ ग़ Չ ࠲ ౧ ॗȯȇ2004ՐȂҿЦࣆܹ੡งߞ஘஼ச০ࠠռၠ ‫܈‬ϵፁሮ൑൦ਫᏋӡ‫ݺ‬Ȯџग़Չ࠲౧ॗȯȟ๒փ වчНࢢȂգණᢜា᠈ୠயթ‫ڰ‬Ȃग़஼ࡋѽഢឍ Кџᛕў۶ऎ໳ऎӤȂ‫ף‬ፘ‫ێ‬᝜ȂٟգຜПߡత ԰ຍȄӤթȂ‫ږ‬Ҟऻҍग़஼ԴഺԆ‫ڰ‬ఐϯ഍‫ݺ‬ ȶᕌ؉‫ڭ‬ଣᚱȷߞԳ֜Ȅ ϭ঱᠈Ȍ

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ዥᘈடᚠ ෼‫׀‬ຉጨᖔఀ߰Ȃग़஼Ȯ૸ॗ੡ඡȯႤಎୃ߰ф ௞ ៼ ֯ ਛ Һ ҟ ‫ ݛ‬෻ ・ֹ 㡯 ෻ է ш Ȟ Nicholas Kristofȟ10џԴ‫ێ‬ৎϠൾࢉКϘፔᛟऎȮ઻ѕ൑ ൦ਫȯߞћൢ㡯ϘўবԕҍϞԺ༵ᝋᑂȂᝋ‫ށ‬൑ ൦ਫȶѕ࿰ЙࢆȷԳ֋ҟ៳‫ݺ‬К஼ȇҩϘўবϵ ࢽҍϞग़஼Դџग़Չ࠲౧ॗКߞȶ၍சȷ۶‫ێ‬ᅆ ൑൦ਫѹᡋߞᅗ࢘Й೑Ȃ഍‫ݺ‬ȶ࢝ଣᚱȷߞᄩ ԳȄֹ㡯෻էшж‫ޘ‬ႽȂం‫ث‬ങኸব‫ڽ‬ᗾȂȶग़ џՉ࠲౧ॗಉሏџӎ֖‫ڹ‬ᇒᘑᡋߞԳўȄՂ‫ލ‬К џӹѫȂग़஼գ၍சҍֻᕒׄџӎȄ๒փग़஼ϫ ࢆᇍȺᅆ൑൦ਫѹᡋ‫៳ݙ‬ٟգྍ‫ڍ‬ȻȄϵබ࣏ ሲȂ‫ا‬েՏٟգԢྍ൑൦ਫ࣏џӎߞȂ㤯ঋԯऎ ൑൦ਫᕒџӎӇ҂Ȅȷබ‫ڰ‬ᅁኸবփ‫ڏ‬Ȃҁሮ ऎȈȶग़஼ٟգನӤऎϞවৎੲӎබ࣏К஼ߞਫ ᕎփሃК஼๴Ӡ੮ᎏॎȄȷҺҟ‫ݛ‬෻ߞᣍᙇᘵ๒ Ҫ࣏ϘਛНሲȂ֭࢝Ђ຀࢘ϯ҃ࠑϞЙьϠᅆ‫ݺ‬ ग़஼ԴթКџታϿНᐼКȶЙԍ௾ȷ֯ӡߞϘᇌ ‫ز‬ໞᅗ࢘Ȅ ᅆ‫ݺ‬ग़஼փ‫ڏ‬Ȃȶ൑൦ሂ၏ਫȷயᛟЙჅ࣏‫ێ‬ᇯࢺ ޾щӀࣶԳ஡ȶ୵֋ЎҳЙᢰ‫ێ‬ҁԇ֣Ϙৎ஼ਛ‫ױ‬ ЂȷߞϘᇌຉರ۶јࣱ፪ϞȂӡȶᠷ଺हߋȂᆢଃ ఀ‫׀‬ȷϘҮ‫؛ڽ‬ਟᅌࢢߞग़஼ȂҞѽሲ࣏ࢫՂ‫ێ‬ жȄहࠫጢߢᑢҫߞ‫ށ‬ೀϠϘ‫࢝ܠ‬౻྾ȂϟᐼНࢢ

џӎߞҳӹࣆຉԴ࢝Ђ຀࢘ϯ࣏ᓲ෈ ग़஼ߞᐼರቮঋߞȈညࠐԯऎКែӹ ෋ȂҞѽᗑК‫ة‬ែȂ‫ݙ‬ѽᕣ၉൑൦ҭ ၏ਫயᛟКџ࢙ӹȂᕣ၉ҭᣉயᛟК ग़࢙ӹȂഺЖգϞϘࣱȶѵѵ҃҃у Հϭҝȷߞመѡȇྲѵ॔ѽ‫ڽ‬ȂԴ ȶК஼௦୓Ꭲȷ۶ȶК஼ࢃ଎Ꭲȷߞ ዆ᠩϭȂȶ‫ڲތ‬Ԓᅷȷ‫ڕ‬Ԩȶџग़Ԓ ԢȷȂȶ൑൦ሂ၏ਫȷ൵ࠕවՐ‫ڽ‬త ϟാϬȶᕡᆀ‫ڕ‬ѫȷȂЙჅ࣏঵ည‫ێ‬ ᎏߞജӡ֯Ϟൾ࢚ߞทЄ፪ϞȄ ୽৻ড়࡭ȈೝྑТ҈ᑑՍȶష‫ן‬ȷȉ թը൑൦ਫ‫ڰ‬ԆȂࢫെȶϝϘϣ‫ڰ‬ᢏȷ79༉Ր॔ ݇ џ Ȃ К ஼ а Գ ф শ ส Ӕ 衆ѽ ф Ҕ ग़ ົ Ϡ Դ Ҕ ‫ڴ‬ȃϯઔȃᙬ༧ȃಎԲȃদዉȃশสȃ૸ॗຈࡱ Ҿ๴ஜϞႼ֖ӯࢃࣿஜȄࢷ࿰ჰ঍ȂȶྲЩ᚞ ࢬȷ‫׵‬ᛔԴϘ഍Ȃє๴ߞዙࢤညՂȶկѪ࿧ ࿧ȷȂѷϫ࣏᝱ఀԴࣆܹȶᔵധȷНϭȂႼ֖Н ༤ԁನᕕϩж‫״‬ЂȂᇬܼዴ㡯ЖᅆȄබᇖЙକԢ ȶУұȷहѧȂϵႍ۶ညՐȶК஼ᏸࡑЂ‫ڹ‬ᔡജ ओȷ੡ߞႼ֖ᗏཕϘଠЖ࣏Ȅ๒փ‫ڰ‬ᅁϯȂК஼ аԳߞႼ֖Ժऎᇨປҡ༰ߞ֋๴Ⴜ֖Ȃᘿ‫ڍ‬۹௜ ߞೡᚐ঍ᄑȂഢጀ‫ڭ‬ЙЂȞЙჅዴϩϠȟȂࢺ᠈

໷݈!ྣ࢙!සኋ! छᝋ‫ޟ‬๖ӫ அ࿜ఀឮΡོȞΙȟ तኃዹߞЃϠЖ࣏൵ग़ដߞȉहࠫЙԢߞϠྻգЙ Ԣߞ‫ܠ‬၍Ȅኲग़ߞਟሻȉ‫لڗߞྏݑ‬ȉத‫ߞ׻‬ᗏ রȉѵ࠸ᅆ‫ݺ‬ग़ដߞ‫ܠ‬၍࣏݀݀ҳԴߞȂᔌ຾Րົ ߞࣹീ݀݀෸᎜‫ݺ‬লᄧȄறգаԴߞग़ȂЙԯ੡༡ ߞઐᒐփ‫ؼ‬ᢏȂхփྻ၃ᏦᑢߞኧԺփྔ๴ᇟ࿯Ȅ ༶‫އ‬ȃ࿢ࣘȃขዊ——ឱ຾ॠᒘߞྑജૠ‫ཬݙ‬ൄ՘ ߞ‫ۍ‬൯аԴग़ߞЃ‫ݑ‬ȂᢰਛਲȃЍ֯ȃిྻфߤྻ ൌକላᇊȂഺබ࣏Դૠߞᝯྑϭ‫ݙ‬՘Ӳ‫ڭ‬՘ࠜ୓‫ڽ‬ ߞࠧո‫ྎ׀‬ຠᄥᢜ——௄ရి៭ϠྻȞChristian Ladies’s Clubȟߞಳ໪Ȅ ௄ရి៭Ϡྻ‫ݺܕ‬1993ՐȂည੡ȂԴྻࠜ१‫ޒ‬ኂ ਍ЃҀߞ௲ታϭȂϘ၏‫ڰ‬྽գ՘ߞЃҀȂ‫ݸ‬ϭԧ֋ ᗄদߞЍ֯Ȃሮૌ೮ᡘૠ‫ݙ‬௲‫ߞڽ‬ᇊরȇ၃Ⴥ‫ی‬Ր ੡༡ߞሮૌᜤ‫ט‬ȂԨૠِԞᝋфࢽєȂᑟᅹ‫ݺ‬ 1995Ր Ӓ Ց Դ শ ส ໜ Ҋ Ȃ ୓ ࠐ ‫ ۻ‬ԩ ऎ ȶ ៭ Ϡ

ડ፳‫ר‬ΙᗻઍЖ! ઍЖϷ‫ٴ‬кདྷ! ‫؁‬ёछᝋ!‫؁‬ёདྷΡ0དྷડ! ‫؁‬ё໷݈!‫؁‬ёྣ࢙!

14

ྻȷȂ֌2004ՐЖӦ᎛՘ऎ಩Դߞࠧո‫ྎ׀‬ຠᄥ ᢜ——௄ရి៭ϠྻȄ ௄ရి៭Ϡྻգ຾Ϙᘺ‫ـ‬ऎዃᘮҒਟߞѕȂᅆ‫ݺ‬ ணҐ߰ȂЙжԇ֣ిྻ۶‫ँܟ‬ȇЙቮঋգ༯ࡓߞ ၃ᕻᅁϧȂЙቮঋգ࢝୼ߞૠᐯ०฀ȂЙቮঋգ हညЂߞߢԩ࢘ȇҪ࣏ඏඏᐾգϘᘺᚎඏփ଴႕ ߞѕȂᚣ຾ЙԢ‫؛‬ՑߞᇸྻȂՂ௞ᛟᗾਲ਼ȃᒸᎷ ЈೡȃЍ֯‫ת‬ȃᆊ஭ྻȃᇊরᔠྻत֌੠֖ຈȂ ҝ‫כ‬єЙԢ༥ኸߞϠҀணሃ་‫ڽ‬ȂᢰՁেԴቅ᛫ ේ‫ߞأ‬ᖖᄩϭత‫ۦ‬ॠᒘ௄ရऎాѹȂఀ຾ϧ༓֖ ‫ڕ‬ϠӠႮ‫ۦڳ‬ᚳಽߞӠ‫ۻ‬ȇ‫ـ‬ӡՁেంૠ‫ڤ‬ႆ‫ݙ‬ ታੁۖߞȂ‫ݙ‬ᕖఀۖߞȂҝཇෳ௄ရߞᇊরȂપ ‫־‬ᢰ௎Ѓেକ௉‫ށ‬෽௄ရԴՁে‫ڗ‬ϯߞ֯ӡ۶‫ڹ‬ ‫ۻ‬ȇᚣӤթȂϵ‫ڹ‬ఀ௄ရి៭Ϡྻକ௉՘ऎԢߤ ྻȃԢిྻН༡ߞȶᇊরᑜጇȷȊ

དྷкΙҡϚᡐ ΙҡΙжႶᢚ0ਝ‫ݲ‬кདྷ ΙҡᅈႶ‫ޟר‬к Жϛшᅖ๿සኋ

ᚖПᄇ‫ݶ‬Ҥ‫ތޟ‬ஈ

੡༡ӺЙࠜȞЙۖϘЈ੡ȟȇх৆࣏শสфҔग़ ົϠ‫ۍـ‬ೡᚐ‫ݑ‬Ȃഢጀϵ‫ـ‬ЂȞग़஼૸ॗգዴϼ ϠணҐȟȄᘵ๒Ȃ๾՝ࡈߞ17џȂК஼Ӕ༡࠲൑ ᗑԪྻ‫׎‬ሮ௟ೡᚐЂႼ֖ȂփК஼ҳӹൊ๴‫ڏ‬Ϡ ᗣဉϵࠑӯգࠫѕӔಿྻӡನ‫ߞݑ‬ўՑࠑႿ໦ ِȂхᅆჅᑬ֖ऎȄЙჅȂ‫ا‬ে࣏‫׎‬Ҟѽನႋഺ Ϙ಩໪ՅԴഺዹߞᑉዎȈȶցպ‫ܖ‬ᄾҞԴᇨϯӇ ϾѪ҂ȂϵЙ᝸‫ݸ‬ϭјᔝߞ‫ڰ‬ૌӒ૭ҍ‫ڽ‬඄Ϙ ᗏȊȷ‫ا‬েሲϠᕕညԨࡈऻȂЙକցٕઓԴჅҝ 㡯Ȃ๒ࢢȂՂ‫ୃ؞ލ‬Ϟ‫ݼ‬џߞཋ๭۶ి୊Ȃᢰᑢ ҫߞ‫ژ‬Ꮗদ᎑ᕅჅȂ୎Й࣏‫ـ‬ҐҞ෌ȉ


ዥᘈடᚠ

࠲໐Ϟ‫ތ‬Ȃོ࢐ᐬࢸࢇ‫ݽ‬ដᚠ༝ȉ ћ0!ҏѐጡᒮഋ Դ8ѡ21џЂᓴКȂேࣆ៨Ѝ៨཈ైᖔ72ਯȂփх ᅆ ៨ ᗑ ဖ ៨ ࡋ ྫྷ ϭ 73ਯ Ȅ ܶ Հ Ԡ ‫ ݛ‬዇ Ȟ Julia Gillardȟۤఀᇥ៨Ϙਯȃ๑៨ឱ༏ϭᓴ஡3ਯಿ៉ ৶ߞњࢺȂѽৣՀჅҗߞ76ਯാԇ՘ґȂᘖֺ՘ ऎᑫࣷҫϯ൵๺‫ߞۻ‬ᗁನȄ ಿ‫ݙ‬༉ߢȂᑫࣷࣆܹϘԨᅆ‫ݺ‬ஐቈ༏஡‫ݙ‬෩‫ߞڻ‬ന ࣉ࣏૿ѻߞȂ‫ـ‬ംய‫ݺ‬Ђᓴง༡‫ی‬៨ऎ༏ϭᓴ஡‫ݙ‬ ෩ҍ‫כ‬єᓴӔߞᔹࡓў੯Ȅ‫ࢢێ‬༏ϭᓴ஡ߞ2ԩ๑ ៨ឱ៉৶ӺࠑӯȂԴᑫࣷ៉ྻۘ࢘ϭȂஐቈԳ஡ߞ ᓴೈ௱௱Й‫ۦ‬দ໛Ȃ‫ڹ‬ఀညԳϠӔߞᗏরജ݆໛Ȅ ֭Դȶយ࢐៉ྻȷߞҍ಩ࢢȂЍ៨ߞԠ‫ݛ‬዇ѽф֋ Ӥ៨ߞ֓ൾ዇(Tony Abbott)ൌж‫־‬ऎߋۤ‫ـ‬Ժߞ៉ ਯȂփ෩ҍಿԺᔹࡓߞ౧Ԇѽ‫כ‬є๑៨ឱ༏ϭᓴ஡ ߞ3֜៉৶њࢺȄࠜႿ17чߞ‫ݛ‬ᜇᐼӤթਣ༟Ȃ෠ ෪ѹஜᡋߞ3֜๑៨ឱ៉৶༟‫ܕ‬ԨജஜߞԠ‫ݛ‬዇۶ ֓ൾ዇෩ҍԧᇌᅆᓴ஡Ȃत֌֋‫ڗ‬գ‫ߞ׀‬౧ԆȂ൵ ࢢԠ‫ݛ‬዇༶‫׀‬ാԇȂӺϘϘᅁ಩ԐࡈຍЯߞ౧ԆȄ ԴࠕџԠ‫ݛ‬዇๴ࠑߞྲаቦ՘৶ԩඏႆȂ൵єϠަ ӫߞ࣏ԺϞϘৎࡱ༏Ҿᛉ๴ਣൊȂ‫ێ‬ൊࠜӤߦാ ȞSimon CreanȟᑉԇȄഺըЍ៨પ‫־‬՘ӲϘৎ௞ ࠝ഍ನࡱ༏Ҿᛉ๴ਣ‫ڰ‬சߞൊࠝȂҞѽ๴಩Ԡ‫ݛ‬዇ ࣆܹգྍᅆஐቈ༏஡‫ݙ‬෩‫ߞڻ‬നࣉ֯ҍ‫ؼ‬ຠН᏶Ȃ ӺҞѽ԰ඡ๑៨ँ៉৶ߞњࢺȄ ҩҳȂ֯ऎሃ๑៨ឱ៉৶‫ߞ៉۝‬ϘൊԊȂԠ‫ݛ‬዇ፁ ࠲ኵ௲ᇨႮ঍ᄑԴԑ஼ᅁࣉ೚Ϙ՜໱Н᏶ȂྻᔹԐ Դ༏‫م‬Գ஡Ꮫനኵ௲ᇨႮȂԢ੡Ӻ‫ݚ‬ᓚԴࣆܹϭϘ Ꮗߞᛁᖚфᛁ୰ዥภ঍ᄑКȂᑫࣷ༏‫م‬Գ஡௟ᖔఀ ȶгӀж୨ȷȂ՘ऎ঍ᄑߞদᙇȄ୵ϞᇨႮ۶ᛁᖚ фᛁ୰ዥภȂЍ៨ᘘྻऎϘ༵༏‫م‬Գ஡௄ᚂ࢙ന঍ ᄑዥภ8ኆЮȂ‫ێ‬Кգ5.73ኆЮ௟Դ༏‫م‬Գ஡๴ਣ ‫ڰ‬ச‫ܡ‬৶ߞࢽᐱϭ་֖‫ڹ‬ӡȄԓҐϯᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬թࡈ Դᓴᐼ੡‫ݚ‬ᓚߞዥภȂᑫࣷ༏‫م‬Գ஡௟ᗁԒᖔఀ 99ኆЮߞዥภȄ ᚂᕛ݈୛‫ޟ‬ીм ༏‫م‬Գ஡௄ᚂ࢙ന঍ᄑߞ‫ێ‬КϘৎদᙇऎᛁᖚфᛁ ୰ዥภȂᛁᖚЙ‫ږ‬Ϙߡ࣏༏‫م‬Գ஡ࠜงՅԴߞயᛟ НϘȄգ༏‫م‬Գ஡ߞ‫ܧ‬ӔԨණᢜࠑӯȂѰᛁԴᑫЂ ‫ڲ׀‬Ϙߡ഍‫ݺ‬๺૿ߞߐ޶ȂփঋԴஐቈԳ஡ඵ‫ۖر‬ Ѱᛁ‫࣏ـ‬ϘЂ᝱ᛟȄԯթ‫֝ܧ‬ԴஐቈԳ஡ߞϠُُ

ൌቮঋࠅЂ༓ߞ੡༡ຈ࢞ॗ‫ڍ‬ѰᛁȂഺӺྍۧ຾ҁ েߞϾວஉ௵෋мߞఐ޶ྻѧႵ‫أ‬ȄӺӤ‫ݺ‬ഺ১ ԯȂ࢝Ժ‫ܧ‬ӔѽϘଠЙԪѰᛁႤ੾ߞᛁӠ҃ฆႋٙ Ѱᐎஉ௵ߞயᛟȂఐ޶҄ϠᑉዎȄ ኦဴΰᆩϐԙᐣѬ ᑂఉҺ౐Ꮱඡ18џߞඡႽȂWi-Fi๑።ϯᇨ‫އ‬சԴ ఉҺ༟‫ܕ‬ᒸ୓ȂധԺ۩பᣇȃᄦ੩ᔡф୧‫א‬ൌ෩‫ڻ‬ ֺ໱‫ֲݕ‬՜໱ߞWi-Fiϯᇨ‫އ‬சȂգ໹Ⴥ6ေԩߞҾ Ӕ‫ڹ‬ӡϞႍ‫އ‬சȂ࣏ϘৎһЂߞ՘ґȄԴ಩Ы୼ॊ ‫ྻߤߞث‬Ȃ๑።ϯᇨȂ୼ിኵ௲‫۽‬ᇨ‫އ‬சߞࣹ֖Ȃ ᢰዥၳϯᇨ՘ऎࡱҾϠߞᑢҫȂϠјϘൊߞขକј ᑟ‫ـ‬ҞѽᢰϠᔌ੡ᔌԳߞണயТᗑᇨȄ ЙჅഺ‫୼ڱ‬ॊ‫ث‬ӡࡡϘ֭ۖႿϞ༏‫م‬Գ஡Ȃ࢝Ҟକ ྻఀߏ๑‫ݙ‬ӡȂԯऎႍԳ஡ȂӏӅྻգცࠫᇨປ‫އ‬ சȄՂࡈব‫ݙ‬গȂ‫ێ‬ᅁᑫࣷࣆܹϘԨᅆ‫ݺ‬༏‫م‬Գ஡ ߞቮِൌళ݆ۤ໛ߞᅗ࢘ȂՂৣٙ‫ܠ‬ᅁࣉߞኵ௲ᇨ Ⴎ঍ᄑ࣏༏‫م‬Գ஡Ϙߡ૿ѻߞȂცࠫ‫އ‬சߞ௄ᚂന ࣉਮН᏶Ȃјᑟኵ௲‫އ‬சѽф୼ിኵ௲‫۽‬ᇨ‫އ‬ச ȞADSL 2ȟӺϩж૿ѻȄ ੲᑂ೚঍؊൵ྲߞዴᑂᢖӯȂሃҝՐहѧȂТᗑᇨ ߞ‫ڹ‬ӡತЂЂߞኧࠜϞ໹Ⴥ50%Ȃփ‫ڹ‬ӡ๑።ϯᇨ ߞϠ‫ـ‬ኧࠜ70%Ȃ‫࣏׈‬ॗգ350ေӡїȄ೚঍؊ߞ ‫ث‬ങ൹ྲׄನ഍ࠜMark Bloomfield‫ۦ‬ണ੡ᅆթࠑ ӯȂТᗑᇨ‫ڹ‬ӡತߞϯпȂᢖӯҍϭႶി࢘௟ঋኧ ‫أ‬Ȃҁ‫ࢽـ‬ҍႵᅙߞዥၳϯᇨ՝Џం2002Ր3ѡߞ 370ေ ӡ ї Ȃ ֌ ಩ Ы Й ‫ ږ‬100ေ ߞ ӡ ї Ȅ Й Ⴥ BloomfieldࢽӤ‫ݺ‬ஐቈԳ஡ዶ੡Ⴕ᝱෩‫ڻ‬ኵ௲‫އ‬ சȂҁেҪକា᠈‫ڹ‬ӡዥၳϯᇨȄ

ᑫᗁನԠ‫ݛ‬዇௲ታྲаቦ՘৶ࢆሰබᚚ ᆷȂᗑ‫ڣ‬഼ୈൊࠜStephen ConroyӺ‫ݺ‬8џ՝౐Դ ᑫࣷዃያгҦߞళണКȂᇍഺ঍ᄑ௟ྻ഼ჅȶӀຈ ႃᔺȷߞўՑ‫ڽ‬ᅁ಩Ȃ‫ڤ‬Й࣏Դླӯ௟ྻ഼ჅኧҐ ࡱҾ‫ܧ‬Ӕߞ՜໱‫ڽ‬Ӏ‫׮‬ஐቈԳ஡ߞኊ੾ཛྷ? ୵թНҳȂЍ៨಩੡බళឩກߞயᛟԢ੡ജࢽയȄ ࡈᗁನ൙ֹћታᐱϭߞЍ៨ࣆܹȂฅ෩ҍ໹ૺឩ྽ ກ෩੯Ȃወ՜40%ߞႤ࿚ກ‫ڽ‬ऎᏳցࠛᓉႤ۶ࡇิ гҦກȂᑫࣷళឩ྽ࡈ10Ր༷ᜳૼ850ኆЮߞກȂ ഺ঍ᄑᑬࢤϞళឩ྽ȄփညԠ‫ݛ‬዇ۤ҃൙ֹћ՘ऎ ᗁನ੡Ȃऎຕ‫ߋف‬ᇑȂԠ‫ݛ‬዇‫د‬ກತফֲۖ30%Ȃ ‫ڭ‬Ԩళឩ྽෩‫ێڻ‬ҁᔹ෎Ȅ փࠕџЍ៨гֶ঍ᄑȂࢽ99ኆЮߞஐቈԳ஡෯ׄ঍ ᄑКȂ‫ێ‬Кߞ60ኆ௟ྻ‫֋ڽ‬՜ۖߞళឩກȂփഺ༵ ሲ‫ڭ‬ఀۖ஘ᗁನȃ୑ࣆൊࠜ෻‫ݻ‬ȞWayne Swanȟ ߞፁሮȄЙჅӔ౉៨ታഞપ‫ݛ‬෻ࡋ‫ݨ‬ᕝഺৎஐቈԳ ஡ߞ෯ׄ঍ᄑȂҁࢽȂ99ኆ঍ᄑК60ኆ‫֋ڽ‬ӏ‫ڽ‬ 10ՐళឩກȂഺৎ঍ᄑхփҪྻ‫ࡲݳ‬ஐቈԳ஡Ȅ

༏‫م‬Գ஡‫ݙ‬၃ᑢߞҞЙҪϯগȂ୵ϞᇨႮߞயᛟȂ ՜ऻֺ໱ᎎ࣐ც໛Ӻ࣏༏‫م‬Գ஡ߞ‫ܧ‬Ӕ‫ݙ‬၃ᑢߞ‫ێ‬ КϘৎயᛟȄᑂϞႋȂ಩գࠕවϩေ‫֝ܧ‬ԴஐቈԳ ஡ߞ‫ܧ‬ӔȂ๑‫ۦڳޱ‬ሃࡱҾ‫ܧ‬ӔϘዹߞֺ໱ᎎ࣐ዴ ፅც໛ᢜᢚȄ

ᑹ࡚១ၯོ֏ၶϣᖒᆩ݈୛१ौ? ஐቈԳ஡෯ׄ঍ᄑҞକྻ҄ൊԊԳ஡ߞ‫ܧ‬Ӕྏۖᒸ ᐬȂЙჅТᗑᇨ‫އ‬ச࣏‫׎‬ஐቈԳ஡൵ঝзߞቮঋ ۸?գ‫֝ܧ‬ԴஐቈԳ஡ߞႺӔԨණᢜࠑӯȂࣆܹ‫ڭ‬ Й؆ԑϞႋҁেૌӒߞቮِȂAndrew ThibaultȂ Ϙ֜‫ݺ֝ܧ‬ஐቈԳ஡ߞႺӔԴత‫ۦ‬ȮᑫࣷϠඡȯߞ ണய੡ߡࢽȂҁ‫ڭ‬Йሮऎኵ௲‫އ‬சକᕒׄႺӔȶా ҍԳᆯȷȂThibaultሮऎ‫ؼ‬ຠႽႮ۶ᠠႮЖ࣏ညச НࢧȂэ‫࣏ێ‬ᑫࣷҔൊࠕ‫ڽ‬፿ࡎ๴ਣߞళឩ۶Ⴄ ࿚Ȃ҄ᠠႮ‫އ‬சߞቮِ༓‫ـ‬ЂȄ

ώឩҐ‫ޟپ‬ஈࢇၾၯᖟᜲ ཈ѽԺϘৎ៉ਯߞྋ਴ᔹཕۤఀϞேࣆᡋߞЍ៨Ȃ ‫ݙ‬ᅁ֖ߞஐቈԳ஡100ኆЮߞ෯ׄ঍ᄑࠕџࡒЙᙝ ജ‫ݨ‬ᕝȂᘵ๒Ԡ‫ݛ‬዇࠲ᝋԑ஼ኵᔛᇨႮ௟Դԑ஼ѽ ‫ز‬๴ኊ೚Ϙ՜໱ȂᢰஐቈԳ஡۶ЂࡱҾߞϠϘዹ‫ڳ‬ ‫ۦ‬Ԣዹ໱ತߞТᗑᇨ‫އ‬சȄЙჅЙьϠබթࠑӯᜃ

хᣍЂࡱҾߞᠠႮ࢙ന঍ᄑȂᗑ‫ڣ‬௄࢙ൊࠜ֓ᆬ઱ Һ෻ȞAnthony Albaneseȟ18џࠑӯȂࣆܹ௟ྕ দւዋᒸ࢙ᑫࣷ‫ތ‬ઔ‫୼ܫ‬ിᠠႮȂ੡ി350г‫ߞڧ‬ ୼ിᠠႮྍۧ຾ంఉҺۖᐍᆬӎ཈ቮЙۖ3Ј੡Ȃ Դ፤ႋႻᓮᕅϧߞԢ੡ȂԢ੡ϵ࣏ᇥ֒ᖖ࠲ߞႻᓮ ўՑȄഺȂϫ࣏‫ࡱ׎‬Ҿ൵ঝзߞቮঋ۸?

You can’t go wrong with Alphie Wong ᒑདྷ‫݉ޟ‬ЄȈԃ‫ݎ‬ௌঈ࢐ॶԩညཾΡρȂ‫ܘײ‬υȂ҈ᆗᗊີ‫ܖ‬ю୵‫ཾސ‬Ȃ‫ײ‬ଽӱൢ‫׹ޟ‬ၥ‫ཾސ‬Ȃᄇ‫ີཾސ‬፲Ԥӈդᅸ୰ Ȃ‫ܖ‬དᒚၚີ፲‫ޟཾސ‬แԒЅ᠌ઉȂཱིಋҕȂ‫࡞ר‬ዅཎᔓօȂоጂ߳ௌঈӵᐬࢸີ‫ܘ‬Ϛོΰ࿋‫ڧ‬᜿Ȅ ౪ӵҬࠉȂ‫ר‬ঈϴѧԤσ໔‫ཾސޟ‬ю୵ȂюનȂѓࢂՌ՞‫ܘ‬Ȃ‫׹‬ၥ‫ཾސ‬Ȅ

łŭűũŪŦġŘŰůŨġ༁᎒࿅߀

Ⴋၗ 03 9878 4411 ༈ઍ 03 9878 5100 Йඪ 0429 960 029 alphie.wong@raywhite.com

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CAB AUDIT

as at Mar 31,2009 Distribute in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Adelaide

Audited 15,879

Tel: 03) 9888 7199 Fax: 03) 9888 7299 Suite 7, Level 1, 2-8 Burwood Hwy, Burwood East, VIC 3151 Info@sameway.com.au

଒ငੑ਀ ୽ሬ‫׹‬՗Ρρዥដϛ୽ငᔼ!ᇯ࣏ಁӎሯܹߝ ‫ڷ୽ݲ‬ՙੲб࡚ដ኉ԝߜᒊҺܾโ छ୽᠌ࡄᐠᄺ ጂۡҏᎈငᔼ૾ଝܻўԑϲТ๖‫؂‬

୽ሬ‫׹‬՗Ρρዥដϛ୽ငᔼ ᇯ࣏ಁӎሯܹߝ ᔌ຾К஼၃ᕻᗁ༓໹Ⴥџӎ՘ऎѵध೐ϟȂઔҳҍ಩ϞК஼Йᕕԓ࣏ȶ๴ਣ К஼ਛȷߞᗏরȄ୫ᅆഺϘጤᙇȂዝੲЂ഼ȃग़቙ग़‫ޒ‬ȃင቙༰ᄥȃ୼ಽ༰ ᄥ۶ѐֹ຿቙֖5ਛѹঋ஼ቫ‫ظ‬Ⴄ቙֖ߞК஼྽ச঑യϠ‫ݕ‬К஼၃ᕻु‫ٿ‬ѹᇒ ߞԒᝊ࣏Ȉদྲध‫ܠ‬К஼ȶ๴ਣК஼ਛȷ‫ݑ‬Ꮃᘘऎ੡Ⴥ՝ȄК஼ᘵ၃ᕻ՘බ ᢖ຾Ȃ֭‫ـ‬ᕕ຾ೀࠜቈȂඵِҞࢺ᠈๴ਣНႮȄ ௞ਛেϘ७ሮऎК஼՘ऎѵध೐ϟЂ၃ᕻᢜ࣏‫۽‬๒ҞඈȂ֭К஼‫ـ‬ᕕ࠲ࢺ౻ ᓹᔝၝȄԯऎ๑ᎢంϠ‫׮‬஼аӠಯᗁৃȞGDPȟȃႤ࿚࠲գ༓ȃ‫֘ތ‬ൊԳ஡ ๴ਣҿ؊ਮ໼ȃಯ྽໶‫ݽ‬ຕᅹਮ໼ȃߤྻ՘ጢ࢘ȃ࠲ቪᢜ‫ڀ‬ѽф൹ྲକϧຈ ўব‫ऻڽ‬ȂК஼Ъ๒࣏Ϙৎ๴ਣК஼ਛȄ ᅆ‫ݺ‬К஼ߞ၃ᕻ՘බȂપ‫࣏ࠛ־‬ᓉԟᑟѽ‫ࠑߞڽ‬಩Ȃԧ֜஼ቫ‫֖ظ‬ϠЀຜП Ϟ୼࢘ໞኊȈሃ֘ў஼ਛहѧȂК஼Դԟᑟง༡ᢖӯҍϞႵ௻ߞ؈ᣍ۶஡ா ၃ᕻᎠఠକϧȂళۤϞѧ֘ў‫ـ‬ᒕ࿂ߞ୑ࣆ۶ࠛᓉࣆຉȄК஼ࣆܹԴ༰К۶ ж୨ԑ஼୑ϧȂ‫۝‬Ꭰ஡ா၃ᕻ๴ਣȂ࠳་ಯ྽ຕᅹᎠᑋѽфєᐱߤྻ‫ظ‬Ⴄў Ԩຈўব‫ۍ‬գ࢝௻କϧ۶ᔹཕȄ֭Ԣ੡ȂК஼ࣆܹᕕֹႍ‫އ‬ᐼർԟᑟಯӠߞ ൫⟕ѕನȂᝯަԑಧ۶ӎ஼၃ᕻಯӠߞຕᅹ‫ݑ‬ᢏмȂᏋ੡֯ҍࣆຉᎠᑋȄ К஼၃ᕻ๺งবᗜ᎑ᛔ؊বȂϘўবԑಧҳඛҾඞኧࠜЙ੎ȂҩϘўব஼а ഼ຫᘢᔝϵԴЙᙝҍ಩ȄԢ੡ȂК஼၃ᕻߞҞࢺ᠈๴ਣϵবᗜहညទਧߞࣄ ᐼȄК஼Ӓবᗜ་Ϣࢢԟᑟ੡҃ߞ၃ᕻলᔍȄԯթȂ௄‫ݺ‬ԟᑟ௲‫ߞڽ‬ᎏᕝ۶ ၃ᢚి୊Ȃᔌ຾К஼ᅆѵध၃ᕻ዆ᠩߞџૈ෩пȂК஼ᕕ‫ـ‬ᝯަԧ᝷লᔍȂ యஜຕᅹ‫ؼݑ‬ভȂᓖِࠜቈ๴ਣНႽȄ

16

ߜᒊΔ଒ငΔӴ౰Δ‫׹‬ၥ

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ԑߧΡ౩଒Ϟၾ!) Π *

P.17

ԃդၼҢ‫׬‬೚Ϸ‫ݙ‬ເថσѿȉ) Ι *

P.18

ߜᓀ༘ܲѿ໊ຟ 9 Т 15 Р - 9 Т 29 Р

‫ڷ୽ݲ‬ՙੲб ࡚ដ኉ԝߜᒊҺܾโ ‫ޱ‬஼ᗁ೚ᚠॊኅ۶֘઱Ѱ঵हᚠܳપᜲ20џж‫־‬ԴᗑԪ஼ϼՐ๴ਣӫዾ୼ૺ ‫៉ྻ־‬ϯ๴‫ڏ‬Ȃ࢙៉ወ՜ࠛᓉӹ‫ݽ‬ກȂѽӡ‫ݺ‬њࢺᅁ಩஼ቫิളӫዾȄᚠॊ ኅሲȂ๴Ⴟ஼ਛᘵ๒‫ۦڗ‬஼ቫࠛᓉ۶၃ᕻԟᑟ዆ᠩȂ֭Йକ‫د‬ԟᑟည֯ୟᘖ യԇߞᚣϾȂփᕕԴњࢺϼՐ๴ਣӫዾўবஇҍ‫ـ‬Ђ‫ׅ‬ϧȂપ‫࣏־‬ᕒׄࠧࣷ ஼ਛȄᚠॊኅሮऎȂӅ༷ඵ‫ߞྲر‬Ⴄࠛ‫ڽ‬࿚Ȃѽ࠮њࢺ஼ቫิളӫዾߞᅁ ಩Ȅҁ࢙៉ወ՜ࠛᓉӹ‫ݽ‬ກȂѽӡ‫ݺ‬ᕒׄ๴ਣК஼ਛᅁ಩ϼՐ๴ਣӫዾȄᚠ ܳપᜲϵᅆ‫ݺ‬ഺϘ෩៉ࠑӯᝒԢȄᚠॊኅညчᘘࢆҿ‫ޱ‬஼௟Դӏ‫ڽ‬3Րа‫د‬෩ ‫ڻ‬ຜԑಧ֓ไઽȃຕ੮ઽ۶ᆸ઼௄ࠛߞ੕ภኧҐ20%ȄҁሲȂُՐգ100ေࠧ ࣷ‫ۊ‬ຆժ‫ݺ‬ᆸ઼ȂՂ‫ݙލ‬գ੕ׄ஼ൌକኧҐ੕ภȂ஼ቫߤྻ௟ྻԴᅔܺઐ࿝ ᆸ઼ўবۤఀ㤩‫ݑܠ‬་ਣȄ


଒ငੑ਀

Ԥᜰࢥၚџᖒ๜RBSMorgans‫ཾࢸٳ‬୛кᆓങ੝৳

ԃդၼҢ‫׬‬೚Ϸ‫ݙ‬ ເថσѿȉĩΙĪ Raymond Chan Head of Asian Desk RBS Morgans

ᐐᇒҾඞ‫ڕ‬ཕ᝱เȂЙьж‫ޘ‬৶‫ڶ‬๒ٕ୛ԴᄦࠑሃዴՄН༡ȂయᅬҾඞߞ‫ڕ‬ ཕጀՑȂౕؓऎӏ‫ظڽ‬Ⴄ෩‫ڻ‬ႮԨȄ ! ᘵሲգЙь‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰‫׀‬ӡ‫ث‬ങж‫ޘ‬໿៏ЂҾȂ֭‫ث‬ങж‫ޘ‬Ϙߡ൯‫៉ߋۦ‬Ȅ‫ڼ‬Ղ գ‫ڱ‬ж‫ޘ‬ў‫ޱ‬ȂӅ༷‫ڶ‬ᏫϘৎ୼ੜತߞҾඞЖକ๴෭֯ӡȂညҾඞੜತЙᅓ ߞ੡৏Ȃഺ‫ڱ‬ж‫ޘ‬ϵྻԯԐчನᎢߞЙ‫ږ‬փҵੜȄӫࡈԑಧႤಯ۶‫ظ‬Ⴄಯࡡ ԺЙർዴȂউӠփ՘ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄӹ‫֖ݽ‬ऎȃᐼങ۶ຉರϵ࣏УࠅպࠝȄऎϞ࠲ࢺ ࢉᣍȂӎ៼Ҫྻ൘গԧᇌ‫ث‬ങж‫ߞޘ‬Ӥ‫ڽ‬۶‫׀‬ᅑȂփЙྻཉԨԇ֣Ϙᇌж‫ޘ‬ ў‫ޱ‬Ȅ! ຊ༷߰‫ڰ‬ԐӦ‫ށ‬Ȃ‫ث‬ങж‫ٮޘ‬Ϛ࢐ऋᏰȄҹЙԢ‫ߏݺ‬ನ۶ዴᐯȂϵЙԢ‫ݺ‬௄ ᚂж‫ޘ‬К௱ӡߞࠛᓉನᎢȄᘵ๒‫ث‬ങж‫ޘ‬Ғ‫ף‬Ϟ၃ᕻᐯ൵௄ӎߞ‫ِڻ‬১ನȂ ֭Դᅁቫᑆ֯ϯ‫ڭ‬ٟЦኃॊᐯᢑ፟Ҟ‫ڏ‬Ȅ‫ݙ‬ᓜ‫ث‬ങж‫ޘ‬Ȃ൷࢐ᢎᄆ‫ڷ‬ਐਔѿ ൟЖ౩ȂӔ೽ႆ௰౩‫ڷ‬ᄂ፺Ȃശࡣϗ‫ל‬ԙ౩፣Ȅ! ӒՂຊ߰Ԑࡈ෩фȂညЫߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄሃӹ‫ݽ‬ຉರ‫ޒޒ‬ᇌᇌȂЙԢߞႤಯфԯ૵੡ ‫ے‬዆ᠩ຾Ҿඞ‫ڕ‬ཕȄᅆԢϘৎҾඞȂ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰ߞ‫ڍ‬ႋϵԧգЙԢȂۖܺళӡ৹ Ϙᇌ‫ث‬ങж‫ޘ‬ЖᏋԪְȉ֋๒ϵঋ໛Ѽఐ޶ȂԯϠփಳȄ Ӥ‫ߵݺ‬ኊᢏஜߞԯ૵ՂթНԺȂ‫ث‬ങж‫ޘ‬ϵබжࠝ‫־‬᝷Ȃ௞ަৠ‫ޘ‬ЙԢߞҾ ඞપ‫ݑ‬Ȃ‫ڼ‬ՂҾඞѕನȃӹ‫ݽ‬༓۶งᡋஜԨຈȄᘵ๒‫ث‬ങж‫࣏ޘ‬Հ࣏᛼Ȃ֌ Ы᝱գ‫ܠ‬ᎢȂ֭ᡝ߰Й‫׸‬໛НऎϘᇌණЬȄЙᎢৎϠᘘ࣏ᑟᅹ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰ȂൌҞ ᔌ੡ႻӡഺৎණЬҝৠ‫ࠛޘ‬ᓉҾඞϯߞԧ᝷ႤୈȂంК‫ر‬ҍҾඞႻ֯ߞഢ ࢠȂ࢙Ӳ‫ظ‬ႤຉರȄ! ӏ‫ڽ‬ዴ࣐งȂຊ߰ྻᗾႋԧ༵‫ث‬ങж‫ޘ‬ф‫ێ‬પ‫ݑ‬Ȅ

ԑߧΡ౩଒Ϟၾ)Π* ՐࠦϠᔼሊߞў‫ޱ‬գ࢝ԺᇌȂӅ༷ԯᕕҁেԧ֋ߞӫዾȃ‫ظ‬ႤՐง‫֯ڽ‬ҍԪ Ꮛߞ঍ᄑȂলᔍߞҞత‫ۦ‬຀࢘Ӻ࣏ᓴۤ‫ظ‬Ⴄᇌ᝷ߞϘৎᝯᘣȄЙঋሮऎՐࠦ ϠබϘ‫ܠ‬ҞѽᓴۤϘ‫୼ڱ‬লᔍߞ‫ظ‬ႤȂሱѽऎҁেබᇖᗪϞᓿϵգ࢝Ժ੡༡ Դ݀ࢢߞϠӠᘇ԰‫ڽ‬Ȃഺৎທᅆ࣏Ϙසఐ᝸ߞྐ‫ޱ‬Ȃঋ‫ށ‬Өߞ࣏ՐࠦϠ൅Ⴥ ЙԢߞి‫ڈ‬ȃਛਲ०฀ȃ၃ᑢȃࠫԈфЍ֯ྻಎಎߞ዆ᠩҁেᅆ‫ظ‬Ⴄলᔍߞ ऻ‫ޱ‬Ȃԯթգ࢝ԺߞՐࠦϠӺҞѽࠧ௱࠲ՇߞȄ୵թНҳȂည࢝ԺՐࠦϠ‫ט‬ ໦ְҁҞѽࡂ࢝୼লᔍߞ੡࠭ȂְӺЙକᆽࠫփ࣏ᕕႍ౻྾Գႋ៖ຜҁেሮ ᝊলᔍߞ᝷‫־‬ȂԯऎҁেੲӎЙ҇Ԋನႋҹߞ‫ྍף‬Ȅည୼লᔍߞ‫ظ‬ႤԴҾ޶ ‫ډ‬ՀН੡‫۽‬๒ҞѽຜП‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰ನྐߞ԰ඡȂ֭ॶ‫ލ‬Ҿ޶ᚼ᛼੡ഺ‫ظڱ‬Ⴄߞༀ ඼഼௱࣏൵ЂߞȂ‫ڤ‬੡Րࠦߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰ЖҞକᢘះ֋Ў১‫ڽ‬ЙᏋԪഺᇌգՂ‫ױ‬ ȶჅЋ‫ژ‬ȷߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄў‫ޱ‬Ȅည๒ЂਛঋߢႽߵҾգпН੡ӺྻգༀȂༀߞჅࢢ බྻп԰ҝȄߵҾԴҝۖϘ‫֜୼ܠ‬Н੡๑Ϡକჰ঍௟ྻҍ಩ༀ઎փҞѽ‫ظد‬ ႤԑዴެҍȂည‫ט‬໦ЂਛᑫࣷࢽዴԴჅҝϣϩՐُՐߞ᎑Ց԰ඡ໹Ⴥ11%Ȃ Ђਛϫ֣༷щჅ঍Ⴕ‫ݺ‬ᓾჅ୼֜Ꮁҍ‫ֲ֜ݕ‬໴Ϣ۸ȉҪঋЙঋԴߵҾֲร੡ ԯჅЙϞѕನᝯϾփ‫ظد‬Ⴄԑዴެҍ࠮ҞȄ ഺ‫ۊ‬Ϙৎᅁ‫ڼ‬ऎՐࠦϠኧҐᔼሊȄJane಩੡30࿐Ȃ໼ᛓଡ଼ԃᘘգϘࣱहညࠜ ߞ੡༡Ȃ֭ҝՐߌߌߞଡ଼ԃ҄Ձᅆᔼሊߞऻ‫֯ޱ‬ҍϞ‫ؼ‬ᢏȄJaneೀऻߌཽଡ଼ ԃࢢ࠮༢຾Ȃߌߌྐ໺ҁᘘϧ‫״‬੡Ժ௲ཽཽۖઔҳ੠Ⴜ‫ۦڳ‬ϠӠȂ֭யᛟ࣏ ҁেߞᒕሊЙԺȂᑉѕ੠ႼԺϞᒕሊ࢝‫ࠅ࠮أ‬ԍȄJaneѕྐߌߌϘӠ௶௶ဨ ဨȂࠧ௱པൻԳЍ֯Ȃ֭಩੡ᘘ༷ঋऎ֋Ўߞଡ଼ԃӠࣿᑉѕȂᅁգᙇ‫ۊ‬Йг ӀȄJaneॎ๒ྐۖ֋Ўߞଡ଼ԃӠࣿ௟ྻ࣏ࢨዹȉփѷᘘցྐ຾ҪᏫᄌѹߞ9% ࠲ᝋ‫ڻ‬ภ࣏‫ږ׎‬௉ȉ Jane಩੡ߞ՜ϢऎУေЮȂଡ଼ԃࠛգϟေЮȂӡನ୑ഹԆ঍ᇖȂҪঋՁُ࣐ ง֯ҍϬϩЮߞᛝҳ‫ڻ‬ภȂ6%Ր԰ඡȂՁ࠮ҞѽԴ65࿐੡ѧ૿ѻഺৎ‫ڻ‬ภԺ ҍϟϩұေ(಩ৃ)ȂᢰՁߞଡ଼ԃҞჅఀ‫ـ‬Ґනႈ (ໜȈᛝҳ‫ڻ‬ภҞᖔఀࣆܹߞ ُՐϘҖЮߞԒԢ‫ڻ‬ภ)ȄJaneߞ‫ވ‬уেൌᅆ‫ݺ‬Ձߞஇ‫ۖྏޱ‬ЙನႋȂ֭Ձ֋ Ў࢝౻྾ُ࣐งϬϩЮ‫ڻ‬ภᅁ࣏Ϙৎ࢝ьߞዴӫȂϘՐЖҪ࣏$1560Ȃփѷ ՁӺ‫ށ‬Ө಩੡ᆽ՝༟‫ܕ‬঍ᄑྻᢰՁЙӡԴଡ଼ԃࡈЖ֯ϘЂຊߞ‫ڻ‬ภȂфᆽ՝ ༟‫ߞܕ‬ᔼሊ঍ᄑҞѽ҄ࠛᛝ໸ᆋ໸ԺȄ ԪМണ឴ܻΙૡ‫ޟܒ‬ၥਟȂ‫ٮ‬Ϛ૖фߒӈդ‫׹ޟ‬ၥ‫ܖ‬౩଒‫ࡾޟ‬ᏲȄԃԤཎୈӈդ‫׹‬ၥ‫ܖ‬ ౩଒П७‫ؚۡޟ‬Ȃ፜ӑөௌ‫ݧޟ‬ы౩଒டড়‫ོܖ‬ॎৱࢥၚȂ‫ܖ‬џоᖒ๜नოᓸོॎ౩଒ ‫ٱ‬୛‫ܚ‬Ȅनოᓸ౩଒‫ٱ‬୛‫࢐ܚ‬Premium Wealth Management‫ޟ‬ԙষϞΙȂPremium Wealth ManagementࡻԤᐬࢸ‫׹‬ၥ౩଒ถྱ (AFSL No: 237498)

छ୽᠌ࡄᐠᄺ ጂۡҏᎈငᔼ૾ଝܻўԑϲТ๖‫؂‬ ग़஼ԑ஼၃ᕻु‫ݙٿ‬20џࢆֶȂ‫ݺܕ‬2007Ր12ѡߞӎᏇग़஼၃ᕻଽଡ଼‫ݺ‬2009Ր 6ѡຕ‫ف‬Ȃᑢ੡8ৎѡȂऎ೐ϟըѵधЂᐼࢢग़஼၃ᑢߞ൵ࠜ၃ᕻଽଡ଼งȄ ग़஼ԑ஼၃ᕻु‫ݙٿ‬ԴϘԊᗏ‫ށ‬КሲȂႍु‫ݙٿ‬ϭ៳ߞ஥྽༉งჰเ܎৶ྻ 19џҡ༟ྻ៉ࢢ൵ೣఀҍϯগຕᎢȄᗏ‫ށ‬ሲȂሃྻ߰௄‫ݺ‬஼аӠಯᗁৃ ȞGDPȟȃබ྽ߐ㦑۶ৎϠ՜Ϣຈ၃ᕻࢽዾஇҍߞഺϘຕᎢȄᗏ‫ࢽށ‬ҍȂ֋ 2009Ր6ѡӎᏇग़஼၃ᕻଽଡ଼ຕ‫ࢢف‬ȂЫࢢԇ֣၃ᕻଽଡ଼ൌ௟ജሮऎ࣏ྲϘᏇ

ଽଡ଼ȂփЙ࣏‫ݺܕ‬2007Ր12ѡഺඞଽଡ଼ߞܼ᠈ȄԴթНࡈȂग़஼ԴϟᐼࢢᏎ Ⴣߞ൵ࠜ၃ᕻଽଡ଼ж‫־‬ऎ1973Ր֌975Ր၃ᕻଽଡ଼۶1981Ր֌982Ր၃ᕻଽ ଡ଼Ȃϟ߰‫׮‬ᑢ੡16ৎѡȄ ग़஼ԑ஼၃ᕻु‫ݙٿ‬՘Ӳ‫ݺ‬1920ՐȂ࣏Ϙਛ‫ټ‬Ӳȃࠧळ‫׀‬۶๑៨ँߞ၃ᕻु ‫ٿ‬ᑟᅹȂജ෼჆ሮऎ࣏ुֿग़஼၃ᕻଽଡ଼ߐ޶ߞᡋࢃु‫ٿ‬ᑟᅹȄ

17


଒ငੑ਀

ߜᓀ༘ܲѿ‫ں‬ຟ

ᐬࢸѵ՗ՃኌӔԩё਀Ȃ೽ೲᑷ๬‫ٮ‬Ґ୲ΙՃ໔ 9ѡ21џȂӎ۹ϟϯо11ᙇ30жȂᑫࣷҴ֖Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) г‫ݍ‬Ϟӎѡߞ‫׀‬ತྻ៉ߞ॔ঋȄӤ‫ݺ‬RBA‫ށ‬ፁࠑӯ“ऎ࠲ᝋ഼ຫѪӀ೑ԪКง ߞӫዾȂҞԓը་֖ҐਿȄ” ԯթԴઐਿгҿࢢᑫЮָग़ЮAUD/USDӲ‫ے‬ϯ ᆚȂ‫ڭ‬ѷ‫ݺ‬ညџϯᆚ֌0.9581ߞ୼֜Ȃ൹2008Ր7ѡѽ‫ߞڽ‬൵୼ৃȊ RBA‫ޟ‬कौкौϱৠѓࢂȈ ԴჅҝߞවৎѡညКȂग़஼၃ᕻ෇ែ۶ገЮ஡ѹᡋࠫ໷ԟᑟߞᑉዎᕅֲϞࠛ ᓉҾඞߞࠫѕȄ๒փȂԢ੡գ㣅໪ᢖӯȂ‫ࣷڲ‬ѹঋ၃ᕻᢜߞ၃ᕻኧࠜᜦ‫ܠ‬Ȅ К஼ߞឩ྽ቮِգ‫ݙ‬ϭ࿣Ȃ๒փ၃ᕻኧࠜጄᣍȄᑫࣷ၃ᕻᑋᢜኧࠜ௻ࡏȄ GDPា᠈࠲ࢺҞᣍߞኧࠜȂ໶‫ݽ‬ळ᏶ኧࠜȂ஥྽‫ظ‬Ⴄࠫѕ෩пȂઐ໱߰ࠫѕ ϯෳȂൻஜϧҾඞጄᣍȄЙჅዴᑂᢖӯ‫࢏ݗ‬Ҿඞգ‫ݙ‬ফ࿢Ȅ ᑫࣷ၃ᕻኧࠜി࢘Դӏ‫݇॔ߞڽ‬ညК௟գౕᇯࢺԴӀ‫׮‬ѪӀѽϯȄႍჰงւ ዋۖϞG7Ѝ྽஼၃ᕻࡈ฀ߞ‫ݸ‬፤Ȃ۶‫ࣷڲ‬၃ᕻ࠲ࢺኧࠜཕᔝȄ๒փȂRBAϵ ࠑӯȂϘӌग़஼၃ᕻ෇ែߞ‫ݸ‬፤ѧჰง‫ـ‬ऎ෋мߞ႖Ȃ‫ڤ‬ኃК஼Ȃ‫ێࣷڲ‬ҁ ஼ਛ۶ᑫࣷൌ௟‫ۖۦ‬ទদߞ዆ᠩȄ㧗੡ྲߞ“ࠛᓉᏩᒿ”գౕҍ಩ȄՂ‫ލ‬ഺዹߞ ᑉዎ‫ڭ‬Йҍ಩Ȃ‫ڤ‬ኃRBA௟Դգቮঋߞఐ㦑ϭԓըҐਿȂ‫࠲ڽ‬ᝋ഼റᒶຫѪ ӀᇯࢺԴКงӫዾࠢࠕȄ ߜᓀܲ၌᠞Ȉ RBA‫ޟ‬ᄘ࡙࢐݂ጂȂиҭࣽ‫ޟ‬Ȅ‫ށ‬ፁߞ࣏ᑫࣷ၃ᕻኧࠜി࢘۶ࡈ฀‫׮‬Հ‫ݺ‬G7 ‫ێ‬ҁѹঋЍ྽஼Ȃփ‫ࣷڲ‬၃ᕻȂપ‫࣏־‬К஼၃ᕻߞኧࠜȂѽфᅆឩ྽ߞቮ ِȂ௟Դӏ‫ڽ‬වՐаា᠈యஜᑫࣷႤ࿚ಯ྽त֌࣏ᑋৎ၃ᕻߞኧࠜȄփ၃ᕻ ߞኧࠜᘖ഼ֺറᒶຫߞኧҐȂԯթȂRBAЖࠑӯ௟ւዋҐਿ‫࠲ڽ‬ᝋ഼ຫᇯࢺ ԴКงӫዾߞ2-3%Н༡Ȅ RBA࢐ྥരԁџоӔԩё਀‫ޟ‬Ȋ๒փӬ़ߞ࣏ȂገЮ஡ѹᡋࠫ໷ԟᑟ‫ڭ‬ӏ؆ ԑჅҝȄؓ᜷ߞ‫ڰ‬ఐ֬ѼᘘᑢᑢԴӫȂRBAᅆገЮ஡ٟգࠫѕȄԢ੡ȂRBA ᅆग़஼ϵٟգࠫѕȄग़஼၃ᕻԴ೐Ϭ‫࢘ܞ‬ညКߞ‫ށ‬ፁߞফ࿢ȄՂ‫یލ‬ৎயᛟ Ԣ੡෋мȂ‫ڤ‬ኃRBA‫ݙ‬ᑉѕߞྲߞ“ࠛᓉᏩᒿ”࣏؆ԑգҞକ๴ӠߞȊԯթRBA ٟգᓱ‫ޱ‬ԓҐਿȄᘘգᑫࣷߞ഼ຫȄࠕงߞ഼ຫዴᑂᢖӯᑫ഼ࣷറᒶຫѪӀ Џ၃ϯᆚ֌3.1%Ȃ๒փ೐ϟ‫ܡߞ࢘ܞ‬ўઐ໱߰ߏኊࢽዴCPI‫ڭ‬ӏϯᆚॎ૔ RBAఠۘߞϯনȄԯթRBAҐਿߞನӤ‫ڭ‬Й҇жȄ ٥ቄRBAդਢӵё਀ȉRBAԓըҐਿ௟ۤ㤩‫ݺ‬ग़஼၃ᕻ෇ែ۶ገЮ஡ѹᡋࠫ ໷ԟᑟߞ๴ਣȂѽф஼а഼റᒶຫߞఐ㦑Ȅᑫ഼ࣷຫា᠈ኧࠜ௟࣏๑‫ޱ‬ᘖֺ

18

9Т15Р- 9Т29Р

Julius Wei

ߞȄᔌ຾ᑫࣷ၃ᕻߞኧࠜȂ஼аઐ໱ߞኧҐȂൻஜϧҾඞߞ‫ؼ‬ຠຈຈȂᑫࣷ ߞ഼ຫ௟ྻᜦ‫ܠ‬ኧࠜߞȄԯթȂ‫ـ‬ऎদঋߞ࠳་RBAւዋҐਿߞԯ૵௟ѹঋ ۤ㤩‫ݺ‬ग़஼၃ᕻ෇ែ۶ገЮ஡ѹᡋࠫ໷ԟᑟߞ๴ਣȄԴӏ‫ڽ‬1-2ৎѡညКȂՂ ‫ލ‬ग़஼၃ᕻ෇ែߞᑉዎଡ଼㤯ȂገЮ஡ѹᡋࠫ໷ԟᑟЙԓը᜕๴Ȃ㧗੡RBA௟ գౕѽԑಧ၃ᕻᜦ‫ܠ‬ȂӎԳ၃ᕻጄᣍȂఠ഼ۘຫߞᇢԪ‫ݑ‬ᚣϾԓըҐਿȄం ੡༡ϯ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃ10ѡԊߞҐਿҞକЙЂȄ छ୽݂ጂᘗσၥ౰ᗊີȂछϯຶ঄༉࢐ൽ࡙୰ᚠ ᑫࣷ‫ތ‬ൊ੡༡9ѡ22џ≩౐4ᙇ15жȂग़஼Ҵ֖ग़ᗑᔼFederal Reserve (Fed) гҿϞ‫ێ‬ӎѡߞ‫׀‬ತ㤩‫ܠ‬ȄӤ‫ݺ‬Fed‫ށ‬ፁߞࠑӯ௟ւዋԓը་֖‫ێ‬Ⴄಯᘉ໴঍ ᄑȂग़ЮԴઐਿгҿࢢЂ඼ϭༀȂग़஼ߵҾϯᆚȄFedӎѡԓըᇯࢺ‫ܡێ‬ў‫׀‬ ತԴ0-0.25%ߞ஡༡НаȂ೑ԪҾඞߞჰงȄ๒փԴ‫ێ‬ᗏ‫ށ‬КȂFedࠑӯ“ग़஼ റᅋ܎৶ྻ௟ྻា᠈ᝯަ၃ᕻࡈ฀۶ࠛᓉ๴ਣఐ㦑ȂՂ‫ލ‬գӅঋ႖௟ྻऎࠛ ᓉҾඞ෩‫ـڻ‬ኵ᛫ߞᖖᄩȂ‫ڽ‬ᇯࢺ၃ᕻ෇ែȂ‫ڭ‬ѷᇯࢺߏኊߞኧࠜȄ” ۶ϯৎѡ‫׀‬ತྻ៉ᗏ‫ށ‬ѽфग़ᗑᔼѹਯֱࡑֹBen Bernankeᗾ႖Ϙߡߞ࣏Ȃ ग़ᗑᔼԓը௻ᎠϞ഼റᇦᖺߞলᔍȄߏኊѪӀߞϭ࿣੡ग़ᗑᔼညࡈᑉዎߞѹ ঋԯ૵НϘȂԓը་֖Ⴄಯᘉ໴঍ᄑӒ࣏ӏ‫ڨڽ‬Ѥग़஼ӏ‫ڽ‬഼ᖺߞҞକȄ๒ փ۶ϯৎѡ‫׀‬ತᗏ‫ށ‬ЙԢߞ࣏Ȃग़ᗑᔼᅆ࢞ᙖЂႤಯᘉ໴঍ᄑߞྍ᝸‫ـ‬ऎ‫ށ‬ ፁ۶ߺ‫ܠ‬Ȅ಩ԴȂग़ᗑᔼԓըᙖЂႤಯᘉ໴঍ᄑЏ၃࣏ཕԴӅ֖ߞ‫ڰ‬ఐȂత ϭ‫ߞڽ‬யᛟ཈཈࣏֣੡۶ԺЂߞഢጀȄ Դ2008ՐԑಧࠛᓉԟᑟНࢢȂग़ᗑᔼࢺ᠈་֖Ϟࠕ1ေኆग़ЮഢጀߞႤಯᘉ໴ ঍ᄑȂੜ‫ލ‬ᢖ຾ȂЙ֭୓ۖϞᜦ‫ࠛܠ‬ᓉҾඞࠫѕߞ֯ӡȂϵయஜग़஼၃ᕻ‫ڕ‬ ҍ၃ᕻଽଡ଼Ȃ‫ڭ‬ѷࢺ᠈ԴЫՐߞ೐Ϙ۶೐ϟ‫࢘ܞ‬ᇯࢺ၃ᕻኧࠜȄႤಯᘉ໴঍ ᄑϵయஜԑಧ‫ظ‬ႤҾඞࠫѕߞ෩пȂग़஼۶ԑಧѹঋߵҾൌ‫ݺ‬Ⴥҝ2009Ր3ѡ ࢢᇯࢺϯᆚȄ փ֯ऎႤಯᘉ໴঍ᄑߞ঑ব዆ᠩ࣏ग़Юߞ໵ৃȄԯթԴЫџߞઐਿгҿࢢȂ ग़ЮԓըЂ඼ϭༀȄग़ЮࢽዴDXYం81ߞࠢࠕϭༀ֌80.20ҽҠȄᔌ຾ӎըߞ ϭༀȂग़ЮࢽዴDXYϭༀ֌8ѡࠐߞྲֲࠢࠕȂ‫ێ‬ᝯᘣߞњዣ࣏Դ2010Ր4ѡ ߞֲ֜Ȉ80ࠢࠕȂϘӌༀ૔Ȃग़Юࡋգౕា᠈ϭༀȄ Ղ‫ލ‬ఋᅆӎћКߞаਟգԇ֣ᆷயȂ᎛ᗑᜭ֯߰Julius WeiȂҁߞ༎ԆԳ ‫࣏׬‬Ȉjulius.w@baomoney.com.auȂఋϵҞѽ๳ᔂۖࠛᓿ‫ـऻࣤݱ‬ԺEric ߞћൢȂࠛᓿ‫ߞݱ‬ᇨ૭Գ‫࣏׬‬www.baomoney.com.au


Өσ๼Ρ຺ѿ֯Ԥ᎛୵

ᚩᘍᑯḍᚔፊᎽ Tel: (02) 9728 2288 Fax: (02) 9754 1090 Ettason (VIC) Tel: (03) 8791 2388 Fax: (03) 8791 2398

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Ettason (WA) Tel: (08) 9328 7845 Fax: (08) 9328 7823


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

ኬॱΡཪ଄ 珍姐

໊Ѳଔᆩમԝ᠙ġ

www.sameway.com.au

3wbc.org.au

ӣᖐӣၯΡႫᇃ๼ᇭಢȃဃᇭಢ‫ܣ‬༓ཱི‫ޟ‬кኬȞဎώȟȂ!!18 ྑ‫ܖ‬оΰȂ‫ظ‬τϚ३ȂԤฒኬॱငᡛ֯џൢӪȂौؑᄇኬ ॱώհԤዥ௑ȂԤ೰ӈЖȂԤΙۡМԅђ‫ޥڷۻ‬Һ૖ΨȂ૖ஊღ໥ӫհȂড়՞ Box Hill ߣߖȞ୑ሉӴୢԤՌരٙȟ Ȃஅ ࿜৶ȃԤώհငᡛ‫ޱ‬ᓺӑՃኌȄ) ѫ३Ꮞᅭҏ *

ּቸოᇽкࡻగᓂԑ ԧ֜ᡝ߰фᡘಿȂЫงঋႬְেЬ೜ߞያরϠߏُ࣏ѡϘըऎFM94.1ዃ‫ތ‬႖ ҭᗾႋѕನȃϠቫᝯ࠼ຈፑ᜞ߞ(Johnny)ౖᔁՐԐӠȂঋӡഺዹࢉઈߞᇍ۲ ‫ڽ‬Ь೜ҁȂरԯJohnnyߞҳ‫؛‬ቲᄊϘ֜ిᐯߞցਰȂُը‫ۖڍ‬ҁȂൌ࣏ࢳঊ ֘ᓌϘ࢘ᑋᑋኅኅߞȂփҁሲ୓႖‫ڽ‬ϵ࣏ϩж࿢ћգᚃȂຜϠߞྏះ࣏Ϙԩ ۶ᛞ੆֒Ȃᗚϯభ຾૯ਟȂЙ࿢Йѫߞࠑࠑᐯ߰Ȃॶ๒ЂਛգऻჅԢႮϠ೐ 82งߞϠߏ௞ണȂ‫ێ‬КᅆJohnnyգ‫ـ‬ႎᆽߞЬ೜ȂԯթȂड‫ܓ‬ϵබҪՀೖರ ߞЬ೜ϘϭJohnnyߞ०฀ȂՀᢰٟգऻჅJohnny௞ണߞᡝ߰ϵକᅆҁգԺϘ ᙇߞሮᝊȄ JohnnyවՐࡈ୸‫ڗ‬ంশสೊӔ‫ڽ‬ᑫࣷНࢢȂබऎഺഠᄂ஼୒ឥҁߞ௞྽‫ݙ‬ ࠜȂԴϘ༡ᇊরᑟᅹКညѕನቃᐱ৶Ȃ‫ێ‬ᅁJohnny୎Ҫ࣏Ϙԩቃᐱ৶ഺዹᚎ ඏȂ୵ϞቃᐱߞЍ֯НҳȂJohnnyԴЙԢߞߤ஡‫އ‬சКϵգ‫ݙ‬ணሃȂҁϵฅ ᕕᘛѹᗾϘ‫ڱ‬ѕನஉ௵ȃϠቫᝯ࠼ߞ௱ᝊᗾਲ਼ȂԴћՄЍ֯Кऎᇨ঱ȃᛔራ ዤ኷௞ᛟћൢфቅ᛫ЈࡡȂᘘգߞȅȅȅည๒࣏ԴዃያϯߞணሃȂऎዃЂᡘ ಿ௟ѕನфϠቫᝯ࠼ߞి࢈Ȃంߡያ࢈௲་ۖᡘಿߞਛႆҝȂड‫ُܓ‬ϘըႬ JohnnyஇြӫߞԢ੡ȂϵබϯϞϘ௅ѕನ᎝ȂᖔૈЙьȊ

20

ᆩΰӣ؏ีܹ

‫ڤ‬ኃԴߡያ࢈КJohnnyգЦኃࠑ಩۸ȉႬJohnnyԪ֯ჅߞϠൌҞѽሲฅຜҁ ӒবߞᄁᔽჅȂҪঋJohnnyᡘۖϘ‫ڱ‬գྍࢥߞྍ‫ڍ‬੡ȂҁంЙ‫׊‬ఓߞຜႬҁ ୨ྥߞϠࠑႿҁߞሮԢ۶ߺ‫ܠ‬ȄJohnnyຜႬҁϘԢணሃြӫߞያরϠߞᇍധ ۶њࢺȂ՘ऎြӫఀѽ༶‫׀‬་֖ߞԯ૵НϘȂэ‫࣏ێ‬ည‫ێ‬ҁϠԴྍ‫ڍ‬۶இ‫ڰ‬ ўՑࢺЙԢߞۤԨ੡ȂJohnnyᗁ࣏ᆕѕҒਟߞ௟ԧϠߞྍ‫ڍ‬ϘϘҐԴҁঋᗾ ႋߞаਟႆবȄ‫ێ‬ᅁညКঋ෠෪ߞ֣Ѥ࣏ᗾሲߞ‫ث‬ҼȂ‫ߢ࣏ݕ‬ᝊߞࠑႿȂᘘ ༷ঋᗜඞߞаਟᕕᢏ۶ᎠᏋȂҪঋ࣏ϘৎЙ઻ૠබЙߢሲۖ‫ڤ‬㡯ҝϞȂԯ թȂُըߞያরሲٟգᕅϧ࣏᝾ϠߞȂҪ࣏JohnnyൌକᕕѾ֋๒փ‫ٻ‬Ȅ ‫ڤ‬ኃᘘգЦኃҞຜЂਛж‫ڳ‬Johnnyߞᙇᆍ۸ȉड‫ྐܓ‬ംჅ‫ڤݺ‬ϘըႬJohnny இണயߞԞ໪ϞȂ‫ێ‬Кညड‫ܓ‬யфJohnnyঋࢨዹҝЬ೜ҁ੡Ȃҁ‫ڭ‬ٟգঋِ Ь೜ҁգЦኃߞᐯᑢ‫ڽ‬ᔝȂ‫ڤ‬ൊԊߞ႖ᛟҪ࣏ቅቅߞ௲ჅබᇖϞȂႬ຾ҁබ ༟‫ܕ‬ᗾগҁԴቃᐱўবߞЍ֯၃ᢚ۶ፑඛȂሃթԢ੡ȂҁϘবᗾȂҁߞೀૠ ϵᔌ຾ࢥႮԢَ་Ϣۖҁ֋Ўߞࠫ݇НКȂ‫݂؜‬ҁሲ႖ߞаਟЙ࣏ຜ‫ا‬ሲ ߞȂփ࣏ຜҁ֋ЎሲߞȂሮ‫ܠ‬ᕒׄϠфຜϠӠ‫ࢽߞۻ‬єഺබ࣏ҁߞϠӠӫ ዾȂҁ௞ަۖϘৎԳَȂሲ႖ᄊЙ༷ঋ۲‫ߞכ‬ϘዹȂփड‫ܓ‬ည੡ߞхᕕҪ࣏ ྐஃϭຊ‫ڽ‬Ȃ઻ѕഺৎٕᏕ‫֋ݺ‬Ў‫ݱ‬঑НКߞϘৎϠȂᄘႏϞႋҁᅆѵϠߞ ఐᜃ۶ᝯྑȂҪ࣏JohnnyᅁԴሲఀԺ‫أ‬ϞȂϯϘҮᘘӏգ኷ಲබЏ၃་ۖϭ ϘҮҝϞȂԯթड‫ܓ‬ϵබறգ௞ѕȂា᠈௞ѕߞ኷ϭҝȅȅȅ


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

IJĸ

۹ஈћ

=๼Ρ୤ࢇ? ៨Ȃ‫ڭ‬Йਟ‫ݽ‬ȄփѷԴϘৎࣆ៨НКȂྻգЙԢߞँ‫ڀ‬ȂϵЙ࣏‫ݙ‬գࣆ៨ታ ᐱᄥ༤Ȃൌ᝸ྍຜົϠணࣆߞᑟྻȂԯթঋணࣆߞົϠ݀݀ྻᢏ՘ऎԺবൌ Й୅Հߞఐ޶ȄົϠգ੡ྻះఀࣆ៨ᅆົϠߤ஡ЙྏᒸᎷȂփࣆ៨ϫྻះఀ ணࣆߞົϠᅆߤ஡ٟգ࢝Ђߞ዆ᠩϧȂӏକऎࣆ៨௲‫ڽ‬तኃњࢺȄ

೐Ϙ҃ೊӔକԴྲߞߤྻ࢙Ӳ֋Ўߞਛਲȃ‫ވ‬уȃ‫ڰ‬྽ȃߤ஡Џ၃࣏Йਟ‫ݽ‬ ߞ‫ڰ‬Ȃ֭କ‫ڗظ‬ணሃࣆ޼Ȃᒕ࿂ணሃ஼ਛߞᇒ޼ф࢙നࡒ࣏᝱ϯҐ᝱Ȅ֭‫ا‬ हࠫົϠঋ‫ـ‬ᒕ࿂ᝯѕф‫޼ࣆڗظ‬ȂЖକԴᑫ࢙ࣷӲ‫ـ‬ᏋԪົϠӠࣿߞԺЮ ћмߤྻȂԯթ‫ا‬ऎ‫ݙ‬գഺࡌઈф঑ᑉߞϠᄁ෠ȂЙᎢҁেߞࣆ‫ڍ‬Ղ֣ȂҪ ঋ࣏ᜃ຾࢙നᑫࣷߤྻߞӫዾȂ‫ا‬ൌњࢺҁেߞѾҍȄ

ԯթȂົϠணࣆȂ୵ϞঋఀۖѹࣹߤྻߞሮԢȂ‫ـ‬ঋఀۖົϠߤ஡ߞњ ࢺȂ‫ݙ‬ѽգ‫ݺؠ‬ంࣆߞົϠȂබঋࠅ‫ـ‬Ժߞ੡༡۶‫ׅ‬ϧȂඵ‫ر‬њࢺфሮ ԢȄ‫ݙا‬ሮᝊߞᅐኰਔЃЀ࣏Ϙ֜ጤѕߤ஡ߞՀ‫ވ‬уȂՁϘߡहࠫঋ഼Ⴥ ࣆ޼ߞணሃ‫ڽ‬๴ਣົϠԴᑫࣷߤྻߞԳ֜Ȅ‫ا‬ϩж‫ޟ‬ᎫՁߞѾҍȂЙჅϵ ऎՁକ‫׎‬գഺኃԺ੡༡Ȃ‫ݸ‬Դ֋ЎߞನྐНКփᑉѕȂԯऎϠߞ੡༡фକ ϧᗁ࣏գনߞȄ

՘ՐϠೊӔᑫࣷȂൌྻᅆ১‫ܧ‬Գ࠲઻हညЂߞᝯѕфሮԢȂхփᅆ֋Ў‫ݙ‬ᓴ ᑄੜ݅ф‫ظ‬Ϣߞྲ஼ਛȂ‫ڭ‬Йਟ‫ݽ‬գ࢝௻ߞᙩ៳ྏȂԯթೊӔ഼߰௱ൌቮঋ ӡ੡༡‫ށڽ‬Өᑫࣷഺৎ஼ਛߞႻ֯Ȃ‫ڭ‬ѷணሃۖϘৎକԑ‫ظڗ‬Ϣѹࣹߤྻࣆ ޼ߞ຀࢘Ȃ‫ڭ‬ЙԺ‫ڍ‬ȄȮԢႮϠȯ‫ݺ‬ዴงࡈണயϞࡑᑫϯ៉୰៉৶‫Ⲓ຺ق‬ѽ фࡑᑫ஘ᗁရᐌћ‫؂‬Ȃ࣏ѽЙԢўՑணሃѹࣹߤྻߞϘ‫ڼڱ‬ЄȄంണய‫ݙ‬ ‫ڍ‬ȂҁেᅆᑫࣷߞጤѕȂҐϯҁেहࠫົϠକ୒ឥᑫࣷߞࠫ݇Ȃѽфះఀົ Ϡቮঋ‫ـ‬ԺߞணሃЖକ‫د‬ᑫࣷᢏ՘Ϙৎ‫ـ‬ᏋԪົϠӠࣿߞԳўȂ࠳‫ڹ‬Ϟҁে ‫ݙد‬գ੡༡‫޼ࣆۖݸظ‬ணሃНКȄ

ϩϘѡȂᇯՍ௟་֖ЂᓴȂ಩੡ᇯՍ៉ྻົႁ៉৶Ҫգ‫ޒ‬ग़ᚳ៉৶ϘϠȄ‫ا‬ ߢఉᅐኰਔЃЀ௟ྻ҃ࠑ֋Ӥ៨ணᓴϯ៉୰ȂົϠߤ஡ϵգЙьϠԴ๴ஜњ ࢺȄ‫ا‬ऽౕົϠߤ஡‫ـ‬ԺᝯѕϘϭഺ‫ົڱ‬ႁ৏ᓴϠȂѹஜҝ‫ށ‬Өҁেߞࣆ޼ ನ݇Ȃ‫ڭ‬ѷ઻ѕҁে࣏‫׎‬ᆽѕᆽϧߞҝ‫އ‬சߤ஡Ȅॶ๒ᡝ߰ে࣏ሮԢњࢺҁ েߞ႖Ȃබᕕႍຜҁে‫ـ‬ЂߞᄁᔽȂԯऎҁে֯ऎົϠԴணࣆߞႮ൉ϯȂૌ ߞ࣏ѧ‫־‬Ϡ‫᝱קـ‬Ȃփ‫ا‬हࠫϘৎକࣿ᠙‫ົݺ‬Ϡߤ஡ߞࣆ޼ታഞȂӅକ‫ـ‬գ ੜߞ‫ົڰއ‬Ϡߤ஡Ȅ

ົϠணࣆȂѧ୓֘Ϡ‫᝱קـ‬ȂົϠঋକᐖᇸϧ༓ணࣆȂබঋҐϢѹࣹࣆ៨Ȃ ‫ڭ‬ѷԴົϠߤ஡К༡‫ۖر‬њࢺ௄ᚂȄᘵ๒ُϘৎࣆ៨ൌऽౕକఀۖьዴ౉ႁ ߞњࢺȂ֭‫ڭ‬Йُ࣏Ϙৎѹࣹࣆ៨ߞታഞൌ᝸ྍతࠕ‫ݕ‬೮ ьዴ౉ႁߞᗏ রȄಲൣȂѹࣹࣆ៨ߞњࢺ‫֘֋ڽ‬ϠऎѹȂԯթঋ‫ۖر‬ႵऎᝯѕົϠߞࣆ

ఖυԙᓸ ᔖԤ௦৷

ѕ۬໌ওϛЖ0ѕ۬ VCE டऋᏰ଱

օձԙђȊ Ϸਮ50໢

อૠᖵ‫ࠏפګڣ‬՗Κ‫ீء‬መᆄᖂ‫ەس‬ၞထ‫ټ‬壄૎խᖂΔ૎թఄ֗ᛧք‫ߏڣ‬ ‫ீټم‬ᑻᖂ८ᖂ‫ۯ‬Δ‫ګ‬ᜎጠগΜ‫ࡻޢ‬೏խᄎ‫ە‬ΔՕᖂԵᖂ‫ە‬ᇢ‫ګ‬ᜎ၌ᆢΜ

ѕ۬໌ওȂᐣѬோδȂৱၥᓺ‫ي‬Ȃհ‫़ى‬ϗȂఀᏰᇯઍȊ ᏰҡԙђȂᆎࠅӒᐬȂӨࣸড়ߝȂο࿬ၷၾȂᄂՍӪᘪȊ

!

ᐍᆬӎᗁ੭фж੭

පӪᐬહ

ЈᐯӠྲӠ୙ᇟग़ ੩Ғфћ‫ۍ‬Ȋ

ᓱг੡༡

MELBOURNE ᗁ੭ 50 Rutland Rd, Box Hill

࣐งϟ֌У10:00am-6:00pm ࣐งб/џ 9:00am-5:00pm

BUNDOORA ж੭ Bundoora Secondary College, Balmoral Ave, Bundoora

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm

BURWOOD ։ீ Blackburn English Language School, 120 Eley Rd, Burwood East

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm ࣐งџ!9:00am-12:30pm

DANDENONG ։ீ Noble Park Seconday College, 3 Callaghan St, Noble Park.

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm

FOOTSCRAY ։ீ Footscary City College, Kinnear St, Footscray

࣐งџ!9:00am-5:00pm

HAWTHORN։ீ Hawthorn Secondary College, Burgess St, East Hawthorn

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm

Ȇ!ኅ൯ϛ֌ϩϟՐૺԧॊVCE SUCCESS COURSES Ȇ!ϣ/ϝ/ϩՐૺᇟॻКᐯᚼᐯ઱

RINGWOOD ։ீ Ringwood Secondary College, ᎛ӤHill Street ੭ࠝ་Ϣ

࣐งџ!9:00am-2:00pm

Melbourneᒲ‫ٱ‬೎Ȉ50 Rutland Rd, Box Hill ᠍ߔࢥၚȈ(03)9898 9880

SPRINGVALE։ீ Westall Secondary College, Rosebank Ave, Clayton South

࣐งџ!9:00am-5:00pm

օௌ፽ΰᏰཾԙђϞၯ ࿼ናኇ჆දᄗᇰᓣཾඩឧᾗᶖᘴන ѕ۬੫ᘈ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

ి‫ل‬ᑾપȂᇟѕ፠ۘȄ Ԫ੾௞྽ցਰԇిȄ գ‫ڀ‬೚ᐯ೫ȂిᐯሮૌȄ ᑢՐւႏ՘ᖻ൵ᔹ‫ٽ‬Ȅ ȶ୼ੜକȷЈ઱ۘిᐯȄ

6. ‫ܠ‬งໞ֤ᐯ྽՘ᖻȄ 7. ֺ໱෩‫ࡗڈిڻ‬႙Ȅ

಑ѲᏰ෈ ஠ܻΪТϤР໠፞Ȋ Ӫ᚞Ԥ३ȂൢӪ௃ഀȊ

௞྽୊ፚ(FASTRAIN Prep 1,2,3,4,5,6ԧૺ) ւጨᐯࠛ0‫ټ‬Ӳԩ੭0ᇟॻᐯ੭0Ӂ‫ۊ‬ขକ୊ፚ઱ ॊӫȈॻћȂॻሬ኷֯ȂዴᐯȂขକ௱ᝊ ୊ፚࢥւ0࿤ፁକϧȂ෩୼ᐯ྽ѪӀȂᕕѾւႏ

ᇟॻКᐯ(Year 7-12) VCE (ॻȂዴȂನȂмȂॊᐯ)

࢑෈ΠՍϤ 10:00am-6:00pm ࢑෈ϲ/Р9:00-5:00pm ᠍ߔ୤ᢎҏਮ୽ሬᆩၯȈInternet: www.north-shore.com.au

ඪ‫ټ‬ջາωᏰᏰ૖กᡛ)፜मႫႱघ*Ȋ!ඪ‫ټ‬ջາђ፞ሄᏲȊ 21


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

᠍‫ݠ‬ᐯӠ‫އ‬சКѕ

੼Ᏸҡ‫ޟ‬ҡిȗϞЮҔጕ)Ϥ*

Rejoice Student Centre

EDMUND ‫ا‬েЙߢႽం‫ڤ‬ႆ‫ߞڽ‬ઐਿ! ȗ! ѭӓᓐൌգϘৎપ‫ߞ־‬ᡋࢃȂ‫ڤ‬ϘᇌᡋࢃȂ ෼჆ൌԴཇ೚ߞК஼ਛਲКᇍНऎࢃទȂϘଠൌ៳‫ݺ‬ѭᓐে‫ڳ‬գȂփທЂൊ Ԋߞӓᓐൌྻళӡྎӓߞ‫֒ڎ‬Ȃԯփ‫ݸ‬ౢϞᡋࢃȄ ѭӓᓐߞࢃទ‫ݕ‬ᡋࢃȂϘଠൌྻ຾ೀ‫ݺ‬ཇ೚К஼ਛਲߞ௄ӎᝯ࠼ϯȂ‫ڻ‬঴֝ ௛ф‫ڻ‬੩ిᐯȂ‫ڱڤ‬௄ӎߞӠࣿ౧Ԇ࣏29࿐ࡈߞࠦьՐ๑‫ޱ‬঑ᑉ‫ݕ‬ᘇۤߞȄ ࠦьՐߞ՘ࠜԴ‫ݺ‬ѭӓ‫ڙף‬ଭॴߞѾҍȂࡒЙඏඏԴ‫ݺ‬ѭӓᓐ‫ڗ‬Ԋߞૌᅁ‫ݑ‬ ϯȂഺᇌᝯ࠼Ҫ࣏࢙௄‫ݺ‬၃ᕻᐯϯߞ‫׀ݕِڻ‬ਚ‫ࢠܠ‬ϯཛྷ@ हࠫȂ࢝Ժ‫ވ‬уൌྻԢྍ‫ا‬ѽϭߞϘ‫ڱ‬ᣍᅅȂ೐ϟըЂᐼНࢢȂཇ೚К஼Ϡ ਛਲߞКѕᙇᅙᅙӤਛКࠜᏅᚼೊ֌ਗ‫ۊ‬ȂЂਛਲᅙᅙᢏ՘ѽਗ‫ۊ‬ऎКѕȂ ӒԯऎਛਲКѕᙇߞᚼೊȂ‫ݙ‬ѽȂਛКߞᡋࢃӺᅙᅙӞႋȂਛߞᡋࢃत֌ൌ ಍ऎਗ‫ࠑߞۊ‬಩ඞԳȄԯփȂਗ‫ۊ‬Ҟѽ۲লඓࠥȄഺৎ಩໪࣏ஊ๒ߞᘘ࣏෼ ჆ߞ಩໪@ գඡᐱࢽҍනգਛਲКȂࠦьՐϠ๑໛ᡋࢃߞఐ޶ҍ಩ತ൵ԺȄ‫ێ‬ը࣏Ј௵ НਛȂ! ѭӓԯऎጁ‫ݗ‬໷ภփൌҍҳЍ֯ȂਛൌٟգϠᇒϞȂࠦьՐԴഺዹߞ ՘ࠜᖖᄩКࠜЂȂҁে‫ڗ‬ѕᢸᑋԑߞ՘ґತൌֲ࢝ȂѭӓߞᡋࢃӺԯփҍ಩ Ϟទদϭ࿣Ȅգߞत֌ё࿝ϞȂԯऎȂѭӓԴЙߢЙះ༡‫ݸ‬ౢϞిᏳߞയ ԇȂփҪ࣏༰К‫ڻݺ‬ᕕࢅЄߞџ௱ߞߏᎳϯߞ‫ݙ‬ቮȂѭӓሃЄЃߞᝯ࠼Ҫാ ᜭ‫ߏݺ‬Ꮃϯߞ‫ڻ‬ᕕȄ෼჆ϯȂ! ૿ѻྑߞࢅЄྻҍ಩ᐯ೫ϯߞቪᜣȂӺਟ‫ݽ‬ಯ Ӡ૿ѻᐯ೫ஜᑟȂ૿᎝фୟᐯ࣏෼჆ߞ಩໪Ȅ

᠍‫ݠ‬Ᏸҡ݈୛ ϛЖၖᗜஅ࿜ ৶ড়৳ё࿗ச ஜড়৳‫ٱ‬ώ

൵҄ਛࠜেᑉѕߞҞକ࣏ЄЃٔ࿡‫ݺ‬ӸᗑᇨКᢏ՘ϞϯᇨᡒȂఈϯྑไઽȂ ኪ३ф֋౭ȂਛࠜҞѽՂ֣԰ᕕ۸@൵ੲӎߞႋٙᓱ‫࣏ޱ‬Ԩ֋ЎߞЄЃႽᆆȂ ԯऎੲӎߞயᛟ࣏Դ‫ݺ‬ѭӓߞ಴݆ȂѭӓٟգՀՀߞҝ໗ைЄЃߞ՘ࠜȂѭ ӓӺٟգႬᐯ੭Ԫ֯ҝᇒిЄЃȂѭӓӺٟգࠅ੡༡ႬЄЃ࿛഼ைᏳѭӓЄ ЃН༡ߞྏఐȂЄЃ࣏ԴٟգϠऻᇒߞఐ޶ϭ՘ࠜߞȄည๒ӺԴٟգᡋࢃܺ ϭᅙᅙᢏ՘๑‫ޱ‬๑чߞࠦьՐ။ӚȂԴገग़ߞКᐯ੭ཀྵᆀᕝ‫ڰ‬ԆȂ‫ا‬ሮऎ࣏ ࠦьՐᐯӠ‫ࠜۖۦ‬งߞᕅ‫غ‬ȂԢ੡૿ѻਛႆߞњࢺփ‫؛‬՘ߞȄ ࠦьՐ઻ᐯӠ‫ـ‬ҞକԯऎჅ՝ᛓ༟ѭӓߞᇒిф࿰ᠪȂԯփȂ՘ࠜ‫ۖۦ‬Ϙ‫ܠ‬ ߞ‫خ‬աȂԯփȂ‫ݕ‬Ժ‫ݕ‬ьԴࡡ੾ߞைᏳϯ૿ѻϞᑋԑߞ๴ਣȄᘵ๒಩Ыߤྻ ‫ݙ‬ᐾգߞ࿛഼ัႽࠧ௱ዃ޾ȂҞ࣏Դаਟфዴ༓ϯࡒ࣏ളѻߞȄ ‫ڤ‬ᕕႍՂ֣ҝႋٙഺৎயᛟ@! ‫اྐا‬েᕕ԰ྐ‫ا‬েሃЄЃߞᝯ࠼Ȃҁেৣҍ Ӡߞ੡৏ᝯ࠼࣏ࢨኃዹߞȂ಩ԴȂҁেൌቮঋԢዹߞ࿰ᠪȄᡋࢃЙඏԴ‫ڗݺ‬ ԊȂփ࣏Դ‫ݺ‬ᝯ࠼ߞ࢙ӲϯȄ

᠍‫ݠ‬Ᏸҡ݈୛ϛЖЖ౩ሄᏲ‫ڷ‬ᒚၚ໶Ҭ ԃሯ‫؁‬ӻԤᜰ၎ၽᏰོ‫ڎޟ‬ᡝၥਟȂ፜ᖒᛮ᠍‫ݠ‬Ᏸҡ݈୛ϛЖ੼Ᏸ៫୰ EdmundȞ+61 425749198 / Edmund@rejoice.org.auȟȄ

࣏Οᡱ٥‫ٲ‬Ԥஅ࿜ఀधශ‫੼ޟ‬Ᏸҡঈ૖ஊӵ٘Жΰ‫؁‬ԁӴᎌᔖᐬࢸ‫ོޥ‬Ȃ᠍‫ݠ‬Ᏸҡ݈୛ϛ Жၖᗜஅ࿜৶ড়৳ё࿗சஜড়৳‫ٱ‬ώȄ ё࿗ᄇຫȈ 1. 2.

Џ၃ᐾգ௙௛ਛਲႤ੾ߞ௄ရਵਛਲ ‫ܥ‬ӏ‫ۍ‬൯௙௛ਛਲႤ੾֭ᅆഺϘўবգᒸᎷߞ௄ရਵਛਲȂᡌ‫ޟ‬ᐯӠ‫އ‬சКѕྻ෩‫ڻ‬ हᕕߞӦ᎛۶ቃᐱ຀ՑࢽࡑȄ

CONTACT US

僪䵶㘴⾊

‫෉؃‬ᗸ!Melynn Li! ‫ں‬୉М!Edmund Chow!!

Ᏸҡ݈୛င౩! Ᏸҡ݈୛င౩!

Йᐠ蒷,72!514551284! Йᐠ蒷,72!53685:2:9!

Ⴋ໏Ӵ֭Ȉmelynn@rejoice.org.au Ⴋ໏Ӵ֭Ȉedmund@rejoice.org.au

ϛЖӴ֭;Suite 7, Level 1, 2-8 Burwood Highway, Burwood East, VIC3151 Melbourne, Australia

ႫၗȈ+613 9888 7422

ύεΓӧᏀᅟҁ

ؐ ҏ ѫ ୵

଄ၷΟΠΪέ՝ॷ෫ϛМσᏰ౳ཾҡӵᏎᅭҏ‫ޟ‬ಋҕငᐣ

ញଢ଼ձЖ‫ޟ۾‬ҡ‫ڼ‬Ϸ‫ٴ‬ ౫ϑӶᏏᅮҐ᠎‫ݡ‬ਫࡊϵ໡ึ୶ Burwood Suite 7, 1/F, 2-8 Burwood Hwy, Burwood East, VIC 3151 (Melway 61 F7) Box Hill 2-6 Oxford St, Box Hill, VIC 3128 (Melway 47 C10) ᕋཿਣ໣Ļ Burwood ࢒෉ΚՎϥġ10am~6pmІ࢒෉ϳ10am~4pm / Box Hill ࢒෉ΚՎϥ10am~6pm ࢦၛႬၘĻ 03-98887422 / rejoice@tpg.com.au

22

‫ܚ‬Ԥԝઉ!ЛࡻϛМσᏰਮЄོᖒོωࡵᐊᓾᏰ՗ଢ଼ ωࡵᐊᓾᏰ՗ଢ଼ܻϛ୽࡚ҳΟѲΪϲ‫ܚ‬ϛωᏰ

ҏ ኄ ֙ ҥ Ȱ ӣ ၯ Ρ ȱ ᜓ օ


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

Cyber Bullying ћ0!గᓂԑ (Johnny Leung) ௱ᡘۖѭӓയ൯ࢅЄԯࠅщԺ੡༡ϯᇨփଣ኿ᐯ྽Ȅ๴‫ڈ‬КߞࢅЄȂϘଠч ‫࣏ݑ‬Հ‫܈‬фྑՀ‫ە‬ᑬȂփϯᇨӒՀ࣏ҁেߞՀߕྍȂЙ֭କԴᇨϯߕႼᕚփ Ђᢖ‫ڗ‬јȂϫକ൅ჅѧᘈԴᇨϯሃҁϠϘѧ୼ֲȂጄᎷ๑ፎȄ֭Ҟఓߞ࣏Ȃ ಩੡գϠ൅ჅᇨϯஇҍᅆҁϠঢ়୘ߞ֖ऎȂ຾ྍԴᇨϯஇҍ໥࿑ҁϠߞሲ ႖Ȃϫ‫ݕ‬Դᇨϯ෬ᠨҁϠߞ‫ټ‬ᘳȂൄ՘ҁϠߞཋਚȄ ТᗑᇨҞ࣏Ϡ᝷݃թ࿛഼ߞ൵‫ڸ‬ණᢜȂϫ‫أ‬థփϫਟ‫ݽ‬ᑆ֯ȂӺգ‫݃ݺ׀‬թ ӹࣹୈਿȂᄦћ‫ॷڭ‬ȂϘӫϞ๒ȄӺӤ‫ݺ‬ҁߞཇያ‫ݑ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬዆ᠩϧӺ๑‫֤ޱ‬ ঍Ȃᅆ‫ݺ‬գཋਚ‫ߞݑ‬ཇᇷȂྻᔌ຾ᇨуН༡Йᙝࣹཇփᅆ‫ۦ‬ਚϠൄ՘ЙҞ֤ ঍ߞཋਚȄપ‫ڱڤ࣏־‬෬ᠨϠਛ‫ټ‬ᘳߞႤਫ਼Ȃ‫ۦڹ‬ਚϠ๑Գ֋ਟȂ‫ڗ‬ѕ‫ۦ‬ ൹Ȅᇨϯมঢ়࣏ࢽϘ‫ڱ‬Ϡ൅ჅТᗑᇨ‫ڽ‬ኚ૯‫ݕ‬ᕚ‫ݕؘ‬໥࿑Ϡਛ‫ݕ‬෸ያᘀ‫ڏ‬Ȅ ࠕ‫ڽ‬Ӻҍ಩ധԺԯԴᇨϯജมঢ়ߞ‫ۦ‬ਚ߰գ֋౭ߞ݇ᔝф֖ஜȂҞྐփߢ‫ێ‬ ዆ᠩϧНЂȄҞఓߞ࣏ȂӤ‫ڰݺ‬ԆԴᇨϯ๴ӠȂգ੡Ӥ‫ݺ‬ലߕփ݀݀Ӡ‫߰ڰ‬ ӏକᢜྻ‫ۦ‬ਚ߰ߞ‫ڗ‬ѕхᕕȂҞྻ౮Й઻ఐԳԴᇨϯ௟‫ڰ‬ఐ႒ЂȄփ‫֋ڽ‬ԧ ўߞ԰ᕕ߰ӺྻҐϢৎϠߞѹᣍನႋփ‫ڰد‬ఐ་ϘَաႋȂ‫ڰڹ‬ఐߞ๴ਣϘ ๴ЙҞ՜ࣂȄᇨϯߞ‫ڏ‬᎘Ҟ࣏ྻٟգधনȂ༟‫ݸ‬փЂᗙȂ‫ـ‬Ҟྻ࣏Ϙ‫ڱ‬Ϡߞ ๴ईัႽȂࣇྻ࣏ٟգ᝝ቫȄ ည๴಩ְߞࢅЄԴᇨϯ‫ۖۦ‬มঢ়੡ȂਛࠜেቮЈѕ഍ನȄЙ‫ܢ‬Դഺ੡৏യ൯ ࢅЄԯٔ࿡ϯᇨփ֋ۤ‫ێ‬ਚȄहхԳȂਛࠜ‫ܢ‬ႬࢅЄϘ୓᎘Ꭲҁেߞྏ‫ۦ‬Ȃ ‫ڭ‬ж‫ޘ‬ᇛКߞயᛟфҞᕕѾߞў‫ޱ‬ȄӤ‫ݑݺ‬ఐႵᗠ਴ߞࢅЄਟ‫ۖۦݽ‬ҁϠߞ

ཋਚȂԯऎҁেߞ֋‫ا‬ኊৃྏႵֲȂਛࠜ‫ݺܢ‬ӀџԐ࢙ӲҁেߞࠫѕȂգᑟ ྻ੡Ժᇍധҁেȃߺ‫ܠ‬ҁেȄਛࠜ৐କ‫ݺ‬ӀџႬࢅЄ೫ᅚ࿛഼Ȃत֌୅Ꭲϯ ᇨߞߕྍȂ‫ڤ‬ညҍ಩ᇨϯมঢ়ߞயᛟ੡ȂࢅЄ࠮କԴਛࠜߞൖ֡ϭನႋயᛟ ‫ݙ‬ԴȄԯթȂਛࠜሃࢅЄߞᝯ࠼๴ਣಎࡓȂ࠮գׄயᛟߞႋٙȄ಩ЫӺգധ Ժਛࠜӏକ෠෪ϯᇨߞ‫ث‬Ҽфӡ഍Ȃ‫ڹ‬ሃࢅЄҵҝԒኀȂࢅЄӺԯਛࠜᅆϯ ᇨߢᝊߞളѻփЙ᝸ሃਛࠜ᎘ᎢȂൄ՘݃թߞუ፯Ȅ գ‫ڱ‬ਛࠜ‫ࠡྻـ‬ѤࢅЄϯᇨȂѽթ‫ڽ‬ᘖֺ‫ۖۦ‬዆ᠩȄ֭ഺ࣏݆ರϞТᗑᇨߞ Հ഍ȂփԴഺѽᇨϯ഼ୈߞЂ੡҃ϭȂ‫ا‬েߞϭϘ҃Ҟྻ‫ڶـ‬ᓥᇨႮӠࣿȂ ഺ֖ஜҪྻൄ՘ࢅЄሃ੡҃ೲြȂӺգҁߞ዆ᠩȄਛࠜҞిᐱࢅЄՂ֣࠲ࢺ ৎϠ‫ټ‬ᘳȂЙ‫ܢ‬ԨপӠϠᜉᠨৎϠߞ‫ڗ‬ԊȄӺঋЈѕᇨϯߞม᝾֖ऎȂЙല Հ഍ԳၢϢҁϠߞ஻ਇȂ‫ۖۦ‬ཋਚȄਛࠜӺҞைᏳࢅЄԺўবߞᒸᎷȂЙ७ ࢅЄҪ઻‫ݺ‬ϯᇨȂ൵‫ߞڸ‬ў‫࣏ޱ‬ਛࠜӺକൖԢࢅЄணሃȂЙ֭କϞႋф‫ׄ۝‬ ࢅЄ‫ظ‬ϢࣿஜКȂӺକ࢙ӲᓐЄᝯ࠼ȂϘፏᛕ㓐Ȅ‫ݺ‬Ⴣϯயᛟ੡ЖႬࢅЄϞ ႋ‫ڰ‬ఐߞ‫ڽ‬ᔷҝଔȂ‫ݕ‬ധྻऎ੡Џ౎Ȅᘘ࣏Ԑ֯Հ࿤൯ȂሃࢅЄԐ࢙Ӳ۶Հ ߞᝯ࠼Ȃѷ೫ᅚ݃թ༟‫ݸ‬Գ࿛഼Ȃࡋயᛟҍ಩੡࠮Ҟਚ‫ݽ‬ನႋϞȄ

հ‫ޱ‬Ȉ᠍‫ݠ‬ᏰಬϛЖȶԙߝ‫ف‬ӖȷᏲৱగᓂԑӑҡȃᐬࢸ୽ҕ߳୊ᇯџ ᆠડ୊ஶሄᏲষ“Medicare Accredited, Mental Health Counsellor”ȃሄᏲ Ᏸᆈρȃஅ࿜ఀं‫ـ‬ᆈρЅ‫ོޥ‬ώհЅࢇ๊ᄸៗᏰρ

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ፙМᇳ᛺

‫ר‬ ‫ڧ‬ ‫ڗ‬ ం ज़

ѾȆ༁ኋ߇ ѡȆ༁த২

‫ࡈا‬џԴϘӎȶ੩๪ਛᎷᇷȷߞ੩КȂᡝۖ Ϙࣱգᝯѳ㩨Нఱ੩ߞୃႶȓѳ㩨Н࣏຾ԩ ੩‫ޱ‬ਛѳᒯНߞ‫ۊ‬ЄȂႬҁᐯ੩߰ಿȄࣙ чȂҁۖϘ֜Ҩտ‫ߞޟ‬ᐯӠਛКȂտ‫ޟ‬Ӓо ᇂȂ㩨Н෩୓ຊԴҁߞ֗‫އ‬ϯാ኷ϞවᇌՄ ᢜȄտ‫ޟ‬ᓹࢢȂऻۖ֗ঊϯߞՄȂՂᖔ֌ភ Н᏶Ȃϫ೧ྛӹҐȂ֋թُџᗜዟЙѤȂೣ ՘գԩЂ੩‫ޱ‬ਛȄ

Ϭ෈ϭಝ‫࢐ޟ‬༁ኋ߇‫ڷ‬༁த২‫ޟ‬ਪհ!;

ഺৎᎷ‫ڰ‬Ȃሲ‫ށ‬ցਰѽఐஜϠȂ‫ـ‬କᑬᔽᐯ੩ ߰ߞٙѕȄփ‫ࡋا‬Й๒Ȃ࣊๑թढ़‫ݑ‬Ȃᘘ੡գ ሬ‫ڏ‬ϯߞఀҵȄѧՂϘ‫ڱ‬Ԣᐯӹ‫ߞڽ‬೫֯Ȃ኷ ఀЙϩжԪೀߞȂࡋѽȶ‫܈‬ᘟȷϟՄྰНȂ҄ ᅆў᝱ඝН࿂Ȅည๒Ȃ‫ا‬ѽࡈᐯ੩੡Ȃցਰ࿂ ទኖȂȶ‫܈‬ᘟȷȂȶ‫װ۾‬ȷՄೀȂ௱҇Ӌ‫ݺ‬օ ቫȄ֭Ы੡ЙԢ‫ݼ‬џȂթԳգ‫ڣ݃־‬Ȅ࣏࣊ ሲȂթᎷᇷӺుচϞ‫ا‬Ȅ

ཀዊࠆѽ౻จКงᏒӮՂߞါܲऎፑӎȂЏգ Ϙࣱ੡џȂࠐ‫ۍ‬ϞՄ‫ڭ؛‬෠෪ϞᑖӀᎨߡߞӡ ຊȂ഼ፔֶ؊‫׮‬йȂұ᝝ߩӨԪನȂภՄЂЈ ఀ‫ܢ‬Ȅ֭գ‫ڱ‬Մ಴௜഍ನЙ௉Հ! ;! Ղȶጄȷ Մᔝ಴ȇȶփȷՄК༡ߩ֜๑ަྍ༡უȂភሏ ᔝ྿੩ۧদȇȶϾȷՄߞК༡ߩӨщЂȄᏒӮ Ղߞ੩‫ޱ‬ȂՄ࡭ࡓদȂຊ๪ᐖ࿯ȂຕՄᜦஉᇑ ទȂॶཀЃЀԓ஄ѽ੡༡ፚ೫Ȃ֖ຊ๾ᅙϘ ᙇȂຊ๪ۤཕжቅদȂ௟գ‫ـ‬Ђ་ۤȄ

ḉ ᘄ ყ ‫ٹ‬ ᄺ ᜊ ࠔ ኈ ๼ ണ

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ཀ௣ਧԐӠߞନ੩ȂӺᇖᡍೲ༯‫ݸ‬Ȃգ֋ਛߞ বӫȄࡈ‫ڱ‬੡ҁ‫ࣖڗ‬ЈਸȂь෩ຊȄࠕงࢧ ୠȂѕјहᕕϘઈփ՘Ȅѽթଠ୼៬Ȃ‫ܥ‬କ་ ۤȂૌ࣏ցညૈ‫!"״‬ᅆࢢᏅ֋๒࣏Ϙᇌࡍᔽ!"! ॶ֖ຊަྍᖁ་Ȃ෠෪ႻຊߞြࡶȂ຾ྍᐍ֒ ࣜጛȂ‫ڸـ‬Ȅ !

⎂᠎ᱷ᭿ ᏈᖷᐹḦỒ

⓴␈ጱᡣⓨ❣᭥Ồ₈ ⑬ᘿ⃍ᥥᚷỒᜳ፛ ᫞ᒭᘥᤍ᳍▱ᗦ▚ ⎂᠎℆ᡎᏈᖷỒ␸⧐ዷ

ệḉ

݂ Т ଽ ᅈ Ⴖ ᙴ ђ ୉ ᕼ


CAMI ఀᏰ፣Ꮻ

୅෈!ɆшႫɇϚџЍ ϫۖϞᐯ੭஄งȂҞ࣏ࢨዹՉవࢅЄߞ஄งȂබ՘ϞϘ‫ڱ‬ѭӓߞ᝱ᛟȄᅆ‫ݺ‬ ࢅЄে‫ڽ‬ሲȂ୵Ϟߕ‫ۊ‬ѽҳȂᘘҞѽஇ‫ڱ‬तኃ۸ȉ գ‫ڱ‬ѭӓऻۖࢅЄԴਛ‫ێ‬К၃௱๑‫ڰڰݙ‬Ȃ୵Ϟऻც໛ȂӇႼᕚȂබ࣏ϯᇨ ೭чȂᇂᜄះȂϵ࢝຾ࢧȂҞᅁԴٟգतኃՀў‫ޱ‬ᢰࢅЄেԴ “ѕᜈૠ‫ߞ”ݐ‬ ஄งК࠲ࢺϘৎ‫ډ‬Հ೫ᅚȄ‫ێ‬ᅁȂ஄ง࣏ࢅЄ“҇ც”ߞЂՀ੡งȄ୵Ϟ࢘஄ѽ ҳȂҞѽԺᏦᡝȂԺᡝවӎՀ੩ȂࢅЄ‫ࠧૈۦ‬౺ȄᘘҞѽӡ҇жߞ੡༡ைᏳ ۶๴ਣৎϠྑՀȄӀ௱ٟգ੡༡இߞȂԴ஄งКႃϯȄᘘҞѽᏮ‫۽‬Ϙϭѽࡈ ᐯჅߞߢᝊȂऻϘऻϭᐯՐঋᐯ೫ߞߢᝊ……գϘᙇȂѭӓঋપ‫ྍަ־‬Ȃഺ ੡ቮঋఋ۶ࢅЄԒԢ֯ҍϘৎ஄ง੡༡ࠑȄُчߞවᙇۖවᙇஇतኃȂ ‫ܠڭ‬ ੡இϘৎᕭࣤȂ ‫׈‬ঋᢰࢅЄে༟ѕԳߕ‫ۊ‬Ȃϵঋգ՜ૈȂЙঋᢰ஄งӨӨ࢘ ჅȂٟգԇ֣գྍ၍ߞ՜ᜥ஬Ȅ գ‫ڱ‬ѭӓҞକሮऎȂ࣊๒࣏஄งȂබᕕႍᢰࢅЄᆽఐԳߕ‫ۊ‬Ȃ֌‫ྲݺ‬ᐯงߞ ‫ڰ‬ఐȂබᢰҁেᅙᅙࢭ෇۶Ꮛᕕ‫א‬Ȅ‫ێ‬ᅁȂᗝϘৎᚎඏߞ‫ڼ‬ЄȂఋබҞѽ‫ށ‬ ӨऎतኃϘৎЙ༡ᙝߞᐯ೫ߐᅗᅆࢅЄে࣏࢝գૈ഍ߞȄఋ༟‫ژ‬੡ȂՂ‫ލ‬ቈ ቈԳऻۖ॓ᑶࠪϞȂఋබ༟‫ิܕ‬ിȂ๒ࢢᅙᅙ࿣֖Ȃۖ॓ᇥᑶႬࡈ੡Ȃ॓ᑶ ‫ؼ‬ऎᇥᑶϞȂఋҪঋቅቅᎽ޵ࠝȂ‫ژ‬ിබྻӲ‫ے‬෩ϯ‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫د‬੟᝝՝ЏஃԴ॓ ᑶϭߞ‫ژ‬ቈቈԳӢԴࢢবȄஃԴ॓ᑶϭߞ‫ژ‬ঋӡϧᎽ޵ࠝȂփി࢘Ъ๒Йକ Ӳ‫ے‬෩ϯ‫ڽ‬Ȅഺබ࣏К஼ϘҮց႖ሲߞȈ“Й‫ݏ‬ᅙȂබ‫ݏ‬૭Ȅ” ࢅЄেԴ஄ง Кည๒Йቮঋӡ࢝Ժ੡༡‫ࢺ࠲ڽ‬ᐯ೫ȂҪቮঋُ࣐งӡ1ৎЈ੡Ȃ൵Ժ2ৎЈ ੡ȂᏮ‫۽‬ϘϭѽࡈᐯჅߞߢᝊȂऻϘऻϭᐯՐঋᐯ೫ߞߢᝊȂգϞഺ1-2ৎЈ ੡ȂࢅЄԴྲᐯงӿ‫ܕ‬੡Ȃྻ࢝ቅ᛫ԳᏋᕕȂԴྲᐯՐߞᐯ೫КȂ‫ྻـ‬ЂЂ ໹ҍ‫ێ‬ҁԢᐯȄ Ҟ࣏Ȃٟգ᎝ӎ‫֯ݕ‬྽ȂࢨዹᢰࢅЄ᎑೫۶ჰ೫۸ȉԴഺᇌఐ޶ϭȂఋЙ‫׸‬ ళӡCAMIԺණᢜిᐯ᎝຀Ȅᐾգ25Ր՘ґిᐯ၃ᢚߞCAMI᎝຀ȂҞՉႅԴ ఋߞј෩ცၝϯȂ๑Ꭲఋ԰஼ᘘ࣏੠ႼȂᔌ੡Ҟѽ௲Դ‫ڗ‬᝝Ȃ‫ݕ‬ՉႅԴЙԢ ცၝϯȄੲᑂਛਲ۶ࢅЄেߞ஄งՉవȂᢸࣿ‫ڹ‬ӡȄCAMIి຀࣏؆ԑੲᑂᑫ ࣷߞిᐯЂᇩന၉ȂంӁဴཀྵۖ12Րૺߞ᎝຀ԑҒࣁԴаȂжऎॻሬȃዴ ᐯȃขዊ۶ॊᐯȞҒࣁߏನȃмᐯȃӠߏȟȃ4ൊжȂُϘൊжൌࢷ࿰ిᐯЂ ᇩߞঋِᗾႋȂੲᑂᐯӠߞৎϠ຀࢘ҍፚ೫ᛟȂᜀЂߞᛟ਱Ғ‫ף‬Ϟం௄ӎፚ ೫ۖឮᘈૺ‫࢘᝱־‬ԧಳߞԧᇌᛟӫȂ࠲ᝋᐯӠُчൌྻգྲᛟஇȂЙྻྏۖ ᄔঽȂ௄ӎᛟஇྻϞȂცၝ᎝຀ྻ֋ஜӠ՘‫ߞ᝱ـ‬ᛟӫȄԯթȂഺ࣏ϘᇌϘ ᅆϘߞቃᐱ୊ፚȂѧЂ઱ఱ᎝ੜ‫ڸـލ‬ȄϘըҗৎЈ੡ҽҠߞ੡༡ȂᅆࢅЄ Й࣏तኃ঑ᑉȂࢺНѽࢮȂࢅЄߞᐯ೫՘ᖻ۶ขዊѪ࿤࠮କԴԢ៬ϠКೲᒖ փҍȄᅆ‫ށ‬ՐঋணҐጨᐯࠛ۶ᇟॻᐯ੭ւႏߞᐯӠ‫࣏ـ‬գ‫ڀ‬೚᎑೫۶໹ࡈᐯ ೫ߞᑾۖ֯ӡȄ

Кћ᎝຀ऎࢅЄ෩‫ڀڻ‬೚ߞКћᐯ೫ȂంࢸরȃՄȃໟȃҮۖћൢȃᅆ႖۶ ፚ೫Ȅ഼Ⴥขዊॊ‫ث‬Ȃ൹ൄሬ‫ڏ‬ᖖᄩȂ‫ڭ‬഼Ⴥᗏȃ‫؛‬ȃᄦȃஜ๪हຕԪȂ҄ ᐯ೫ᢏఀ੾ҳቅ᛫ȃТஜȃේ‫أ‬ȄЂ༓К஼ћмȃᑢҫȃԳನȃল࠸ȃြџ ຈᎷۧߢᝊ‫ޟ‬ᎫȂᢰࢅЄԴᐯ೫Ⴥ຀КȂЙ཈Ҟѽቅ᛫ȃ‫أ‬ിԳᐯྻКћȂ ᘘҞѽᢜྻК஼ൾЂᇟಎߞћмȂᖢႋК஼Ȅᅆ‫ݺ‬Ր៬Ђ‫ࢅߞڱ‬Є‫ݕ‬գϘ‫ܠ‬ Кћ௄ᚂߞࢅЄȂԺණᢜ᎝຀Кգ࢝ԺቃׄЍ‫ۍ‬ȂᕒׄࢅЄ་֖ᡝȃ኷ȃႤ ਫ਼ྩ૶ȃᚙ៌ຈȄ ขዊை୊᎝຀ӡᚳනգᎷȃᇟ௾ӠஜߞႼᕚ‫؛‬ՑைᏳ۶୊ፚࢅЄߞ༰Кକ ϧȃୃᐸକϧȃхᕕി࢘۶ᐯ೫ߞੜತȄᅆࢅЄџࢢߞᐯ೫գ࢝ЂᕒׄȄ CAMI᎝຀ߞցਰቃᐱԴᐯ੭஄ง੡༡࿰௱Ѝ֯Ȅ‫ݙ‬ѽȂࢅЄেߞґ᎝Ҟѽ໹ ௱‫ؼز‬ȂჃۖԇ֣ᐯ೫யᛟൌҞѽᔌ੡ఀۖᕒׄȄ Йҍҳ࢘஄ߞᐯӠȂᘘҞѽணҐCAMI஄งቃᐱ઱Ȉॻћȃዴᐯቃᐱ઱ȇ 2010-2011Րጨᐯࠛ۶ᇟॻᐯ੭ւႏቃᐱ઱ȇॻћȃዴᐯȃϘᅆϘቃᐱȇླྀዴ ઱Ȅપ‫࣏־‬ЫՐ11۶12ՐૺߞᐯӠȂഺৎ஄ง‫࣏ـ‬௞༵ႃ೫ߞЂՀ੡ᑟȄ CAMI Кѕবఱቃᐱߞցਰ‫ۍ׮‬գ࣏ᚳනిᐯ၃ᢚߞցਰȂԒԢપᙇ࣏ᅆᐯӠ ۶ిᐯգ຾๴֋аѕߞጤྑȂକ௉ԴѧႵ๺ߞ੡༡а๴಩ࢅЄߞ‫੾ݑ‬۶ᐯ೫ પᙇȂຠ‫ݺ‬ሃᐯӠ࿛഼Ȃӡు๴ȃєᐱȃᄁᔽȃᣙෳߞᒕ࿂ᅗ࢘ᑬ๴ࢅЄߞ ᐯ೫ጤఐ۶ጕᎳȄԢ੡ᅆᐯ೫аਟȃ་࢘۶ຕ‫ލ‬ൌգ຾ទ੾ԳঋِȄ ๑ᎢఋԴ஄งКҐϢCAMI᎝຀ᘘ࣏ቃᐱȂൌҞѽ‫ۦڳ‬પ‫־‬ᔹ෎ȄՂ‫ލ‬ఋౕؓ ‫ۍ‬ᢜᖢႋCAMI᎝຀۶ቃᐱߞᓙ႙Ȃ᎛ዥӇֺ໱ᓙ႙ც႖1800 462 650Ȅ

CC03

ॻћ᎝຀഼ჅԧᇌᏦᡝȃನႋȃໟྉȃћ‫ޱ‬۶኷֯ᐯ೫ȂᢰࢅЄ‫ـ‬ՀԳᓉϢ ѹࣹߤྻȄົϠѭӓϵҞѽ഼ჅCAMIߞ᎝຀ᐯ೫ॻћȂૌ࣏ϘᗝϬఀȄᅆ‫ا‬ েົϠਛਲߞࢅЄ‫ڽ‬ሲȂॻћ኷࣏֯ϘৎႵЂߞࣄᐼȂCAMI ిᐯ᎝຀ߞॻ ћ኷࣏֯ϘᅆϘցਰቃᐱȂ၃ᢚᚳනߞॻћցਰྻႎ೟‫ؼز‬ᐯӠߞ֯ћȂ‫ڭ‬

֯ҍж‫ޘ‬ඡ‫ט‬Ȅᅆ‫ݺ‬6ՐૺѽϭߞᐯӠȂ᎝຀ԺѽႼᕚȃჅᝯຈ‫؛‬Ց‫ה‬಩ȂЙ ࣏ࣜᖌߞࢆᗾȂ҄ࢅЄᐯఀࣺࣺգۧȂփѷԞ໪ಎ‫ے‬Ȅ

Ꮞᅭҏఀོ ᆹོΙ។ߒ ‫װ‬ձ‫ޟ‬ఀོϭಝ๝տΡ Ԥᜰ၏௑፜‫پ‬Ⴋࣁፙ ႫၗȈ(03) 9888 7199 26

CC25

96 Essex Road Mt. Waverley Vic.3149 : 18 Kelvinside Road, Noble Park, VIC 3174 Noble Park ( 89 F1)

03 9546 4073 0413 249 578 cctcm08@gmail.com

11:45am (03)9833 3553 / 0400 530 823 (03)9727 3026 / 0411 163 706


St. Thomas’ Burwood Anglican Church

:

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10:00am

: Rev. Chris Appleby Rachael Lie

11:30am

{

0422 187 127 0434 243 168 0488 332 438

vicar@stthomasburwood.org.au www.stthomasburwood.org.au 44 Station St, Burwood, VIC 3125 (Melway 61C7)

Rev.Peter Misso 11:30am 43 - 49 Orchard Grove,Blackburn South

11:15am 19 Holland Rd., Blackburn South 3130 03) 9877 9588 (03) 9877 5333 newlife@ecc.net.au CC13

Burwood Community Presbyterian Church

6:00pm 19 Holland Rd.,Blackburn South CC0

8

Resonate Service 11:00am OLD ORCHARD PRIMARY SCHOOL 88 Koonung RD, Blackburn North 3130 Evangelical Chinese Church

53 Victoria Street, Doncaster, Vic 3108 (Melway 33 J11) 03) 8820 2275 / 0435 867 075 www.chineselutheranvic.org.au pastor.johnlai@chineselutheranvic.org.au

(03) 9801 7645 03) 9886 4268

642 - 644 Elgar Road Box Hill North, Vic 3129

9898 5358 9898 5066

http://www.ecc.net.au eccbh@bigpond.net.au

ᒦМ୊‫ޏ‬ৱ Pastor John Lai CC36

CC16

CC33

Australia for Christ Fellowship

St. Matthias Angli can Church North Richmond

2-6 Oxford Street, Box Hill

1070 Stud Road, Rowville, Melbourne Vic 3178(Mel 72 J12) 10:00 am 1:30 pm 1:30 pm 1:00 pm

11:00 11:00

2 A William Street, Abbotsford 3067 P.O. Box 1056, North Richmond 3121 (03 9427 9764 info@stmatthias.org.au

613) 9764 8330 www.acfchurch.com/chinese

кРதࡶȓഇ࢑෈РΰϿΪΙਢғ ‫็ڋ‬кРᏰȓᇄкРதࡶӣਢ໌՗ ࢥငइᛥོȓഇ࢑෈ΠήϿΠਢғ ఏᛥོȓഇ࢑෈ΠఏΰΤਢғ ծо౩ߧԑღ࠶ȓഇ࢑෈ϤήϿΜਢј ᙛߧღ࠶ȓഇؐТ಑ΠЅ಑ѲкРήϿΠਢғ

613) 9764 8011 admin@acfchurch.com

:

: 0 4 3 4 1 9 2 2 2 8 ; E-mail: rebekah.tong@ gmail.com : (03)98988591

CC10

CC12

9:00am 10:30am ( 10:30am 10:45am

)

Rhema Chinese Christian Church of Melbourne

Chinese Church of Christ

Chinese Alliance Church of Victoria 17 Livingstone Close,Burwood Vi 3125 03) 9888 7114 (03) 9808 8388 www.cacv.org.au cacv@cacv.org.au Pastor Colin Wun Mr. Jim Wong Mr. Eden Law

CC04

1:30pm( ) Corner of Canterbury Rd and Valonia Ave (Surrey Hills Uniting Church) 7:30pm - 9:30pm( Rev Kun-Chu 0412 342 399 9858 3209 / 0423 379 961 clayaccf@hotmail.com www.rcccm.org

10:30 am 9:15 am 8:00 pm 147 Waverley Road, Chadstone 3148 (Mel 69 K2) 0408 464 737 ccocemail@yahoo.com CC19

CC21

Templestowe Baptist Church

CC31

The Salvation Army Chinese Corps 10:00am ( 10:30am 7:30pm 10:00am

New Life Christian Fellowship

10:00 - 11:30am

CC18

)

Pines Community Centre, Doncaster East (Cnr of Reynolds Rd & Blackburn Rd)

2:00 - 3:30pm

9:30 107 Andersons Creek Road, Doncaster East, 3109

234 Elgar Rd., Box Hill South 9728 2026/0402 034 515

310 Elgar Road, Box Hill, 3128 9890 6727 / 0419 132 078

03 9842 8776 03 9841 8486 www.tbc.org.au chineseministry@tbc.org.au 0433839315 / Shirley Chan 0412 541 088

Crossway

Chinese Christian Church of Victoria

67-71 Spingvale Rd, Nunawading Vic. 3131(Melway 48F8) : 9878 2368 cccv@cccv.org.au www.cccv.org.au

2 Vision Drive, Burwood East, Vic 3151 Crossway

CC28

Chinese Immanuel Church of Melbourne

10 Power Street., Hawthorn Vic 3122 53 Grove Road, Hawthorn 9886 1468 0431 559 837

CC07

CC06

Chinese Lutheran Church of Victoria

Crn. Greenwood & Tennyson Sts. Burwood 3125 (Melway 61 E6) Rev Dr John Elnatan Elder Jensen Low

Envisage Service( 5:00pm

ල೽ၗதࡶġѹџIJıġĻġIJĶġłŎ ဃᇭதࡶġѹџIJIJġĻġĵĶġłŎ ĩӤĺѡĶџ༟‫ܕ‬ȂྲኧġĹġĻġĵĶġłŎĪ ŊňŏŊŕņĩ़ᇭϛᏰҡωಢĪġѹџIJIJġĻġĵĶġłŎ ᗺᇭġѹџIJġĻġIJĶġőŎ ӟѻᇭġѹџķġĻġııġőŎ ‫็ڋ‬ટࡶġĩ़ᇭĪġѹџġĹĻĵĶłŎȃIJıĻIJĶłŎȃIJIJĻĵĶłŎȃķĻııőŎ

8847 4954 8847 4901 8847 4914 Rev. Madé Sutomo 8847 4953 Ps. Alex Choi 8847 4991

9886 3700 9886 3711 Website: www.crossway.org.au

(

)

:

(

:

: 0433 777 455)

LifeSpring Nunawading

cc40

(Multicultural English Contemporary Worship)

Sunday Worship:11:00 a.m. Pastor: Rev. Patrick Lok (Mobile: 0401 671 962) Other activities: SaturdayLife (5:00 - 9:00 p.m. last Sat. every month) Life groups Sunday School

Children Sunday School (11:00am)

Junior Church (11:00am)

(Kinder to grade 2)

(grade 3 to grade 6)

(

1:30 p.m.)

27


௃֜ࢳ‫!ࢳקڗ‬ՌᏐҡՄ‫ོޏ‬ șșᏽഽࢳ᠓៳ୀ‫ޟ‬

ৰυ‫ޢ‬

ћ/ӎҏ፠ᓭൊ ᄦ /Wiki

ӵ఼фȂ᠞ਪ໌Ᏸ࢐ΙૡᏐҡ‫ޟ‬ശσჲདȂ։߯ӵஅ࿜ఀ༈Σϛ୽ϞࡣȂᏐҡ ᙽՄ߬ఀ‫ޟ‬ΪϷ‫َق‬Ȅৰυ‫ޢ‬Ȟ1835 - 1896ȟ࢐ΙӪᏐҡȂζ࢐ΙӪᏉаࢳ ࠢ‫ڧޟ‬৛‫ޱ‬Ȅ༈ಛ‫ޟ‬Ќ‫۝‬ϞၾϚ૖ᔓօт‫ק‬ଶࢳ᠓ȂՄडᑙஅ࿜‫ޟ‬ఀᇵࢁ௿Ο т‫ޟ‬᡹ቀȂт‫׹‬өкᛄȂ༈ኬᆋॱȂ‫ٮ‬иᔓօࢗΰࢳ᠓‫ޟ‬Իۗ‫ࢳק‬Ȃтԙ࣏Ο ৰυ‫ޢ‬ᇄՙࢷ༈ఀρ

ΙӪ‫ޏ‬ৱȂԙ࣏Οȶৰഽ៳ȷȄ

៳ୀ਒ဇ‫ޟ‬Ԟԑҡࣀ ৰυ‫ܻޢ‬1835ԑюҡӵόՙࣸҁ໨‫ۺ‬ᖝ‫ؤ‬ᑪՙ೅؆‫ޟ‬Ιএਪॷ൲ড়ȂЮҔ഍ ࢐ᚂҡȂζ࢐Ꮠড়Ᏸ‫ޱ‬Ȅৰυ‫ޢ‬௃ω൷‫ڗڧ‬Ο‫ي‬ԁ‫ޟ‬Ꮠড়༈ಛఀ‫ى‬Ȃߝσࡣ Ϛ༉᝷‫ܛ‬ΟЮҔ‫ޟ‬ᚂ೚ȂᗙӵΪϲྑ๖ஔࠉ൷࿋ΰΟ‫ؾ‬ϗȄᎬ๿՗ᚂ‫ڷ‬ѓᡧ ຠ೪Ȃৰυ‫ޟޢ‬ҡࣀΙ‫ޢ‬഍࢐൲၉ோ໡Ȅ ுϛ‫ؾ‬ϗࡣϚδȂৰυ‫ޢ‬ᇄΙ՝྆ড়ω‫ׇ۔‬ஔȄϚ۷‫࢐ޟ‬Ȃ྆Ъӵඁԑоࡣ ൷ўжΟȂৰυ‫ۨ៶ޢ‬Ϊԑࡣ៉஌‫؃‬ЪȂҐਟԂάԞഁȂၿӔ஌గЪȂϗு ತࣺ٘բȄᏁ‫ێ‬ԞԫȂάฒ‫ڋ‬τȂ‫ٺ‬тӵࠗฮϞᎷȂཐ‫ڗ‬Ρҡ‫ޟ‬ຎުȂ໠ۖ ൶ؑΡҡઍᒓȄᗶณᢣंΟᏐȃភȃၾέఀင‫ڐ‬Ȃ㣰ϫณ‫ײ‬Ϛ‫ڗ‬ҡԫ‫๎ޟ‬ਰ ȄЌЉυ‫ޟ‬ఀଋХϚ՞т᡹ቀ‫଺ޟ‬෾ȂྱϚ߫ቩძ‫ޟ‬༃ུȂ‫؁‬ฒ‫ٺݲ‬༌Ж‫ޱ‬ ு‫ڗ‬ԊኑȄՄգఀଶΟ‫ٺ‬тཐឈΙϸࣱުϞѴȂӔฒ‫ڏ‬ѺᔓօȄၾఀ‫ٺ؁‬т ٘‫ڏڧ‬৛ȂӰ࣏ওྰၾఀ‫ߝޟ‬ҡ೚Ȃ‫י‬ுтᡝᛷ੉૾Ȃཎ‫ס‬ੑ‫ؖ‬ȂശࡣതՍ ࢗΰᏉа㢉᠓Ȃ౎࣏㢉ୀȂϚ༉ฒ‫ݲ‬᝷៉՗ᚂȂ೿ЮҔ༈๝т‫ޟ‬Ҥ౰ζฒЖ ᆓ౩ȂоमՌϏ‫ޟ‬ড়ཾᇄࠉഊࣱೝᏉа㢉‫֍ܚ‬ᏦȂഞΣඍᄞȃ೴፮ϞცӴՄ Ϛ૖Ռ‫ܦ‬Ȃт൷೻ኺୈΟΪԑᏉа㢉‫ޟ‬ѷᗵȄ࿋ਢȂᏉа‫ࢳޟ‬৛Ϛ൐ᄩྒΟ ৰυ‫ޢ‬Ȃζᄩྒ๿όՙΡҕȄΡঈӵࠔց‫ޟ‬ᇶඋήȂ։‫ٺ‬ՌϏϚ‫ܪ‬σྭȂζ ौ‫װ‬ন‫پ‬౾౰Ϥጊ‫޳ޟ‬Ҥ‫آ‬π‫׽‬ᆍ᝹๓Ȃоᒗ‫ڥ‬ኸցȄৰυ‫ڧ౏ޢ‬σ㢉Ϟ৛ ȂᄇθЕ໌ࢳᆌȃ෤৛ϛ୽ӣफ‫ޟ‬ՙࢷΡȂЖϛฮ࡭ԤёȄ ᐠጢѽӫᘪөкᛄ 1876ԑȂ๼ѕϤࣸีҡᝒ१‫خ؀‬ȂᎵ∠ԙတȂࠗᘄႇഏȄ‫پ‬๼ࡇఀ‫ޟ‬ՙПࡇ ఀρ໠ۖ‫׹‬Σᇾ‫خ‬ώհȄ1878ԑȂ़୽ϱӴོࡇఀρ‫؃‬ও๡ȞDavid Hillȟ‫ڷ‬ ኈ‫ݽ‬ԊȞTurnerȟᇾ‫ڗخ‬Οҁ໨‫ۺ‬Ȃӣਢ‫װ‬ᆋॱζள‫ڗ‬ৰυ‫ޟޢ‬ড়໐Ȅծৰ υ‫ޢ‬ᄇ‫ܚ‬ԤՙࢷΡшᅖኳཎȂ‫؁‬ᇯ࣏அ࿜ఀ࢐ֽِඋಀȄ 1879ԑ࢐ऋᖞϞԑȂόՙӨӴᏰυિિࠉ‫ོࣸ܁‬ሂՃȂ‫؃‬ও๡‫ޏ‬ৱ࣏Ο‫ڥތ‬ ೻‫ٲ‬ኇ៪ϛ୽‫ޟོޥ‬᠞ਪΡȂ‫ؚ‬ཎ௴‫ڥ‬оஅ࿜ఀौဎ࣏ᚠ᝚፬኉М‫ޟ‬ᒲ‫ݲ‬Ȃ ‫װ‬அ࿜ᆋॱ൐஻ȂਪᝲЅ኉М‫ޟ‬ണแΙ‫ࣂځ‬ଚ๝॓ࣸᔖՃ‫ؾޟ‬ϗঈȄᚠҬӓ ԤϲএȈઍၾϞྛȃғЖȃइᛥȃ፬๡ᆴඌȃୋ჋‫ڷ‬σྭȂዩߜ࣏಑ΙӪ30 ‫ڍ‬ҩሚȂ಑ΠӪ20‫ڍ‬ҩሚȂ಑έӪ15‫ڍ‬ҩሚȄ࿋ਢ‫ޟ‬ৰυ‫ޢ‬ϐငѲΪӻྑȂ Մи㢉៳ៈ٘Ȃਲ਼ҏ‫ؠ‬ԤᔖՃ‫҈ޟ‬ᆗȂࠓ௃щߝ٥၇ு‫ޟีࣂܚپ‬ၥਟȄт Ι७ฮ࡭ࢷΡȂΙ७㣰‫ה‬ఖថுᙴࠔ‫ޟ‬ዩߜо၌೴੾Ϟ֨ȄӵտΡ‫ޟ‬ኒைЅ ҭࣽ‫ޟ‬Ж௑ήȂт໠ۖᇯઍं᠞அ࿜ఀၥਟ‫ڷ‬ԤᜰਪᝲȂྥരМണᔖ኉Ȅ Ԥዩ኉М‫ޟ‬ຟᒵ๖‫ݎ‬Ȃৰυ‫ڍڷޢ‬՝ȶ݉ЄȷѓᡧΟࠉέӪȂᄂሬΰȂ೻έ

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ጕМണ഍࢐тհȂѫϚႆ୅ Ԝ݉Є‫ޟ‬Ӫဎ୤ᗉȂৰυ‫ޢ‬ ᄇ֜Ꮙа㢉‫ޟ‬৛೎ᕣԃࡾඡ Ȃ౏ඌฮ๘ȂବବَՖȂቸ ுాᅍᅾमȄҥܻᕕዩΡ҆ ໸ौᒑ٘ሴዩȂৰυ‫ޢ‬ѫԁ ࠉ‫؃܁‬ও๡‫ޏ‬ৱ‫ޟ‬՞‫ܚ‬Ȅ‫؃‬ ও๡‫࣏ޟ‬ΡЅِፙᖞХ‫ٺ‬ৰ υ‫ޢ‬෣‫ڃ‬ශӉȂᄇՙࢷΡ‫ޟ‬ ӟຫζԤ‫׽ܚ‬ᢎȂθ࢐ᔖ‫؃‬ ‫ޏ‬ৱϞᗜȂԙ࣏Οт‫ޟ‬ϛМ ఀৱȄՌԪȂӵৰυ‫ޢ‬ఀ‫؃‬ ϛ୽ଵՙࣸ ও๡᠞ѲਪϤင‫ޟ‬ӣਢȂт ζӵ‫؃‬ও๡‫ࡾޟ‬ᏲήȂ໠ۖᎧ᠞ȮထငȯȄᄚᄚӴȂ೻՝ᠮ༇‫ޟ‬ρσЉೝȮ ထငȯΰ‫ޟ‬ၗᇭ㺞੨Ӵ֜Е՞ΟȂ௃ᎂ๿᠞‫ֲڗ‬ଔ‫پ‬᠞Ȃശࡣၲή‫پ‬᠞Ȃ౏ ‫ڧ‬ડ‫ޟ‬དྷᇄσ૖‫֜ޟ‬ЕȂູ᠞ູឈுՌϏ࢐এԤဌ‫ޟ‬ΡȄΙএऍ‫ۇ‬Ȃৰυ‫ޢ‬ ၲইӵӴȂ‫װ‬Ȯထငȯཱ৾Ӵܹӵ७ࠉȄ࿋тၲ᠞‫ڗ‬डᑙӵࡊՙ଻ѻ༪ϛᐿ Ռ኏༌ඍฮөЈЮᛥ֙ਢȂ஛ᓗϛтխн᠙َкडᑙ‫ڳޟ‬ᖐȈȶ‫ר‬Ж၇ࣥ࢐ ኏༌ȂඁнौԫȷȄထ᡹ཐଢ଼тȂ‫ٺ‬т௃Ж၇ࣺ߬Ȉȶडᑙདྷ‫ר‬Ȃडᑙ࢐࣏ ‫ר‬௻‫ڼ‬ȷȄՍԪт‫ׇ‬Ӓ६݈Ȃ௥‫ڧ‬डᑙஅ࿜հт‫ޟ‬௿кȄӵ೻‫ޟּۉ‬ငᐣϛ Ȃтጂ‫ޣ‬ՌϏ‫ޟ‬ဌϐᇌ೶ջȂҡ‫ڼ‬ு๿‫ཱི؁‬Ȃӵஅ࿜㠰ϐԙཱི࣏ΡȄ࢈Ԫт ᇳȈȶ‫ר‬౪ӵཱࡶડȎϚ࢐‫ڧ‬ϧቄΡ‫ޟ‬ᝎᏲȎՄ࢐‫ڧ‬ထ᡹‫ޟ‬ంҰȄ‫࢐ר‬᠞Ο ડ‫ޟ‬ၗоࡣϗ݂ҩ‫ޟ‬Ȅ‫ޣר‬ၾ‫ר‬ဌσඌྃȂᔖ၎ή‫ڗ‬ӴᅰȄծ‫ר‬ζ‫ޣ‬ၾडᑙ ϐ೶ջΟ‫ר‬Ιϸ‫ޟ‬ဌȂᡱ‫ר‬оࡣҗሉᇄтӣӵȷȄΙএଽ༇ȃՌ॒ȃ୑َ‫ޟ‬ Ꮠఀ‫ؾ‬ϗȂತܻ࣏அ࿜‫ޟ‬དྷ‫ܚ‬ᒊϽȂϚδт‫ࢿڧ‬ԙ࣏Ιএ૵ၖ‫ޟ‬அ࿜৶Ȅ ‫ٷ‬Ꭼк৿௳ಳ᷽ᚇ ‫ޟࡣࢿڧ‬಑ΙӇ‫ٱ‬൷࢐‫ࢳק‬Ȃтࣺ߬㢉᠓࢐៳ୀҢо਒ဇт‫ޟ‬ᚇᜦȂᘞณ㣪 ۡୄХ֜ॵᏉаȄԪਢт‫ࢳޟ‬᠓ϐင࡞౏Ȃ൐Ꭼᚂ᛾ϐငϚ૖࠷ਝȄӵฮव ՍྃਢȂт஼੨ཐ‫ڗڧ‬ኪծ‫ޟ‬Ψ໔Ȃ៳ୀցҢྭ᠓հ࣏ྒྞт‫ݡޟ‬ᏢȄծৰ υ‫ޢ‬ᇯᜋ‫ڗ‬೻࢐឴᡹‫ތޟ‬ᏽȂто௿к࣏୲Ι‫ٷޟ‬ᎬȂϚ՞ӴइᛥȂϚම฿ ᚔ௿кј؏Ȅтᡱкडᑙஅ࿜‫ޢ‬௥ᇄጏ϶ඌྃ‫ޟ‬ኳΡ௥ᏽȂ೻ኺϗ૖ѩኪծ Ϛ૖ுഄȄтᎬ๿көኪծࡇ֙ᇳȈȶ៳ୀȂձौࡩኺȉ‫ޟר‬ҡ‫ڼ‬ϐငܹӵ ડ‫ޟ‬Й၇Ȅ‫ר‬௑᜹‫ྭק‬ԫўȂζ‫ؚ‬ϚौࣀӵဌϛȷȄӵ࡙ྃฮवϞሬȂтө Ոᡝࡇ֙ᇳȈȶ‫ר‬ჿԫζϚӔ֜σྭȊȷт‫ׇ‬Ӓ‫װ‬ՌϏҺԜӵડ‫ޟ‬Й㠰Ȃ᝷ ៉஀ࡻइᛥȃ᠞ငȂ‫؃‬ও๡‫ޏ‬ৱ้ζϸϸ࣏тइᛥȄӵ࡙ྃ૾৵‫ޑޟ‬ᄘϛȂ


тӔέᔘؑထ᡹६ས௿тȂ‫ٺ‬тಳᚔ៳ୀ‫ޟ‬Ιϸᗒ‫ڙ‬ȄငႆΜЈΜ‫ޟۇ‬वव ௳Кȃᛥ֙ȃཀྵାюΟΙ٘σԮȂತܻᏽഽΟ㢉ୀ‫ޟ‬਒ဇ⛍‫ڙ‬൷೻ኺৰυ‫ޢ‬ ತθᄕ‫קۻ‬ଶΟᏉаȂᏽഽΟඌ៳Ȅᆧ௥๿ȂтΙ‫װ‬Ь஠ড়㠰‫ޟ‬ୋ჋Ӓഋฏ ྒȂӵՙ೅؆Еଔྃσ‫ޟ‬ៜଢ଼ȄԪࡣȂт‫׽‬Ӫ࣏ȶഽ៳ȷȄ ৰഽ៳‫ێޟ‬υনҏᄇஅ࿜ఀΪϷኗඌȂծӰَࣼίЉᎬк‫ק‬௬σ㢉Ȃ٘ᡝР ᅚஶ୊Ȃ‫ܒ‬௑ζ݂ᡗӴ‫׽‬ᡐȂ࢈ՄᅚᅚܹήԙَȄίЉ߬кࡣάөԂᖐِϚ ӄ‫ێ‬ȂϚઽ‫ۍ‬Ȃ‫؁‬хԂཐଢ଼࿲ϷȄৰഽ៳ҏԤΙএ᝷ҔȂശߑӰ࣏ড়ც೴֨ Ȃೝৰഽ៳ሂӱৌড়Ȅ‫ࢿڧ‬ᘪкࡣȂৰഽ៳ሂᆧ‫װ‬Ԃ௥ӱড়ϛȂ᝛ਅႆў‫ޟ‬ ဌᒿȂ‫ٮ‬ᔖ೨࣏ԂᎴՂଚತȄৰഽ៳ҏ‫پ‬ᇄՌϏ‫ޟ‬έএщ‫ך‬ζϚ‫ڷ‬࿚Ȃཐ௑ ҡ౵ϐδȄт㣪Жᒳ՗кडᑙ‫ޟ‬ఀଋȂᇄщ‫ך‬ঈ१ওᙟԁȄ঺‫ޣ‬щ‫ך‬ঈӰт ߬ΟȶࢷఀȷȂതϚ᜹ཎᇄт‫ڷ‬ԁȄৰഽ៳‫ٮ‬ϚӰԪܹణȂІՄӻӻ࣏тঈ ᛥ֙Ȃάӻԩөтঈ፫Ϛ࢐Ȃ‫ܛ‬ᇯՌϏо‫ޟ܁‬ႆᒿȄщ‫ך‬ঈತܻೝт‫ܚ‬ཐϽ ΟȂ‫ڷ‬ԁԃߑȄӰ๿ৰഽ៳٘ᡝΨ՗Ȃк‫ޟ‬ၾ൷ೝ݈߬ΟȄδՄδϞȂ؆ҕ ‫ڷ‬ᒑ឴ച៉ࠉ‫܁‬тড়୤ёᆋॱᆹོȂՄт‫ێޟ‬υ‫ڷ‬᝷ҔΠΡ‫࢐؁‬ዅܻ኎ၾȄ ᔓօ‫ྭק‬ӒΨ༈ၾ ԪࡣȂৰഽ៳Ѳ೎ࡇපᆋॱȂᝎϽಀΡȂиਢਢᇌထ᡹ЕᏲȂ‫ٺ‬᠙ၾ‫ޟ‬ΡЖ ᙉ໠㴕Ȃ݈߬௿кȄࠉ‫ؑپ‬օ‫ޱ‬һࣥಀȂ‫ڏ‬ϛϚмጏवϞΡȄৰഽ៳ᡐ፲Ο Ιϸ‫ܚ‬ԤȂৰЉΡϚ௔ᡐ፲ՌϏ‫ॶڷַ༺ޟ‬ႺȂ‫پ‬௥ᔼጏΡȂ࣏‫࢐ޟ‬ौтঈ ӣுᆋॱ‫ޟ‬ԁ೎Ȅծৰഽ៳ശ࣏ᜰЖ‫ޟ‬ᗙ࢐٥‫ܻྡྷؖٲ‬Ꮙаࢳ᠓‫ޟ‬ΡȂ࣏ᔓ օ㢉ҕ‫ק‬㢉Ȃৰഽ៳໠೩ଔ‫ק‬㢉ᓢȂ‫ڥ‬Ӫ࣏ȶЈ‫׋ܣ‬ȷȂӣਢ௃Јࢻᗊີ‫پ‬ ‫ྭק‬᛾βȂ፜γԤЖ‫ޟྭק‬Ρࠉ‫݈پ‬Ңȇ‫ٮ‬иۡήೣࠌȂγ‫ޱྭק‬Ȃ҆໸୤ ёᆋॱᆹོȂԞఏཱࡶડȂ௃Մႀ‫ڗ‬௿Ρ٘ᡝᇄ᡹ቀ‫ޟ‬Ҭ‫ޟ‬ȄϚδȂȶЈ‫ܣ‬ ‫׋‬ȷӪᖐσᏡȂࠉ‫קپ‬㢉‫ޱ‬ཕ‫پ‬ཕӻȂоम‫ק‬㢉᛾β‫ټ‬ϚᔖؑȄৰഽ៳Ι७ ࿱ॵइؑડ‫ޟ‬ЕᏲȂΙ७ՌϏ଩ПȂՌᇧ᛾βȂതՍσᕕԙђȄծৰഽ៳‫ٺ‬ Ρ‫ק‬㢉ԙђ‫ޟ‬ફ೦ȂϚ࢐‫ٷ‬ᒦܻ᛾βȂζϚ࢐‫ٷ‬ᎬΡȂΝ࢐ौ‫ק‬㢉‫ٷޱ‬Ꭼк डᑙ೻՝௿кȄৰഽ៳ՌϏ‫࢐؁‬Ӊᒦк‫ڐ৿ޟ‬Ȃؐԩ଩ᇧ᛾β‫ޟ‬ਢঐȂтᖂ ࢐ӵࠉΙЈ൷࿱ॵᛥ֙Ȃؑк፳ᆋȄтலᇳȈȶк๝‫ޟר‬ώհȂ࢐ौ‫ࢋר‬ୈ ኬᆍ‫ޟ‬ၻҕȂάୈኪᆩ‫ޟ‬ᅣЉȄ‫ڗ‬೎༈පᆋॱȂ࢐ኬᆍȇΙএΙএ‫ޟ‬ѩΡ‫ק‬ ྭȂᝎΡ߬кȂ࢐҈ധȷȄৰഽ៳೩ҳȶЈ‫׋ܣ‬ȷ‫؁‬Ϛ࢐࣏Οᓀ଒ȂෆԤΡ ौөтᗊີ᛾βȂоყ௃ϛᒗցȄৰഽ៳‫ޣ‬ၾтঈ‫ޟ‬ҢЖȂᝒ቗೰രᇳȈȶ ‫ר‬໠‫࣏࢐׋‬Ο௿ΡȂՄϚ࢐ौᗈᓀȇषӰೳ଒Մ໠‫׋‬ȂᜲၾЈЮོৠ೨ȉ೻ ᛾β࢐ЈЮҢоࢁ௿᡹ቀ‫ޟ‬Ȃ࿲࿲Ϛ૖፲๝ձঈȷȄтՌϏϚ‫ڧ‬ӈդᖠЫȂ ϚሴӈդࢻຮȂԃԪ౵଒уဎȂхΡཐ‫ڃ‬Ȋ 1886ԑȂৰഽ៳ӵҁ໨ҥᔜኈҡȞHudson Taylorȟ౥ሴ‫ޏޟ‬ৱღࡸҳ࣏‫ޏ‬ৱ Ȃ॒೰ҁ໨ȃࢹࢾȃЊჿ้Ӵ‫ޏޟ‬ᎴώհȄհ࣏‫ޱޏ‬Ȃৰഽ៳൲ԤདྷЖȃස ኋᇄ૖ΨȄӵтࣼ‫پ‬ȂΡҡശ१ौ‫ٱޟ‬௑ѫԤΙӇȈདྷкडᑙȂདྷΡ‫ޟ‬᡹ቀ Ȅт‫װ‬ՌϏ‫ܚ‬Ԥ‫ޟ‬ΙϸȂѓࢂਢ໢ȃߜᓀȃড়৳ȃ݉Є‫ڷ‬ՌϏ‫ޟ‬ҡ‫ڼ‬ȂӒ഍ ܹӵಊᏫΰ७Ȅт‫ޟ‬᡹ওȂт‫૵ޟ‬ၖȂт‫ޟ‬ᖿၾȂт‫ޏޟ‬ᎴȂฒϚхΡ݈߬

ȂฒϚᇄт‫ޏ‬ৱ‫ޟ‬ᙛӋࣺᆎȄтঙ‫ؾڎ‬ϗ‫ޏڷ‬ৱ‫ڍ‬ᆍ٘ӋȂԤᙴ൲‫ޟ‬ϛ୽༈ ಛМϽ‫ޣ‬ᜋȂζԤᙴ൲‫ޟ‬அ࿜ఀ‫ޣ‬ᜋȂӵ‫ޟޱڍ‬ᒊӫΰтհюᐿ‫ޟڗ‬ଓᝦȄ ৰഽ៳࣏༈ఀୈΟϤȃϲΪॶၑᅈȂӵ࿋ਢড়༈ИᐎȂࣥՍϚ߬‫ޟ‬Ρζၭ๿ ୮ଔ‫پ‬ȄӵȶЈ‫׋ܣ‬ȷ㠰‫ק‬㢉‫ޟ‬ΡȂ኏པྮඎਢȂ൷୮ၑ၌኏ȇ߬৶ԃႄၐ ྰȂζᓍο୮ΙॶȂ೻ኺ൷σ‫ٱ‬ϽωȂω‫ٱ‬ϽΟȄᅈᜊഋϷ࢐ഺհՄ‫ޟپ‬Ȃ ഋϷ࢐ϛ୽ҕ໢ᅈԢ‫׽‬ጡՄԙ‫ޟ‬Ȅৰഽ៳ՌϏ൉᠍୮ᅈȂт୮‫ޟ‬ਢঐ‫׎ॱװ‬ ‫ܜ‬ு࡞ߝȂ჋‫ٵ‬ቑΙኺȂԝ‫࡞ڗ‬ԁ‫ޟ‬ђਝȄ ή७‫ޟ‬ΙॶၑȂ࢐ৰഽ៳‫ܚ‬հ‫ޟ‬Ȃ࣏όՙ‫ޟ‬அ࿜৶‫ܚ‬൉དྷȈ Ιȃ࣏߬кȂড়೴ጏȂ‫ר‬ЖխᜲԊȇད‫܈‬кȂӵࡊ۹Ȃ‫ר‬Ж߯൉᠍Ȅ Πȃ࣏ᏰၾȂႄႁफ़Ȃ‫ר‬ЖխᜲԊȇད‫܈‬кȂ‫ڧ‬਒ဇȂ‫ר‬Ж߯൉᠍Ȅ έȃ࣏ᆋॱȂငၐྰȂ‫ר‬ЖխᜲԊȇད‫܈‬кȂೝ᚜҈Ȃ‫ר‬Ж߯൉᠍Ȅ Ѳȃ࣏ఀོȂᎏᑑᜲȂ‫ר‬ЖխᜲԊȇད‫܈‬кȂଫव࢜Ȃ‫ר‬Ж߯൉᠍Ȅ ୙ᅈȈк፳‫ר‬ҁԊȂк፳‫ר‬ҁԊȂк‫ܚ‬፳‫ޟ‬ҁԊȂᇄжᆋฒϓȂΡϚ૖ჴў ȂҁԊΝӵЈȄ ఼ӎᆱΞԑȞ1883ԑȟৰഽ៳಑ΙԩഺհΟᜓछၑȮ‫ר‬ঈ೻ԩᆹོԤএጢ࢈ ȯȂᅈຠ೽߹ܾᔗȂԢ፡Ң‫࢐ޟ‬ϛ୽Ϥᖐॱ໦ȂளԤ݂ᡗ‫ޟ‬ҕᅈ‫ڨ‬ၾȄ‫ࡣڏ‬ тάച៉ഺհΟȮк፳ҁԊȯȂԢ፡Ԥόՙᖝ‫ؤ‬Ӵୢҕᅈ੫ᘈȄтᗙߛҢ౪ ԙԢ፡༲ຠȂԃȮ‫ۈ‬к৯ሌȯȂ൷࢐ߛҢҕᅈȶ‫࠺۝‬τȷ‫ޟ‬Ԣ፡༲ຠՄԙ‫ޟ‬ ȄтϚծ࢐ϛ୽ॳਿᜓछၑ‫ޟ‬໠ഺ‫ޱ‬Ȃζџᇳ࢐ϛ୽ശԞ‫ߖޟ‬фᅈԢഺհ‫ޟ‬ ௤ષ‫ޱ‬Ȅ౪фᏰ‫ޱ‬дఋӵȮஅ࿜ఀᜓछၑӵߖфϛ୽‫ޟ‬༈ኬЅ‫ڏ‬ኇ៪ȯΙМ ϛፙ‫ڗ‬ȶϛ୽Ρ໠ۖഺհ‫ڎ‬Ԥϛ୽ॳਿ‫ᜓޟ‬छၑȷਢࡾюȈȶ‫ڗ‬Ο఼фґԑ, ζϐԤΡ୤ᇄѴ୽༈ఀρጡឍᜓछၑ‫ޟ‬ώհȄծόՙᓓԎ‫ޟ‬ৰഽ៳Ȃࠌ࢐ϛ ୽ഺհᜓछၑԢ፡‫ޟ‬಑ΙΡȄȷ ৰഽ៳‫ޟ‬ȶЈ‫׋ܣ‬ȷᇌડ፳ᆋȂഅᆋಀҕȂംᅚᘗ৤‫ڗ‬όՙȃଵՙȃ‫ڷࠒݬ‬ ‫ޢ‬ᗵѲࣸȂӓ໠೩45এȶЈ‫׋ܣ‬ȷϞӻȂࢁ௿ΟฒኵΡ‫٘ޟ‬ᡝ‫ڷ‬᡹ቀȂՍӎ ᆱέΪέԑ(1907)Ȃ3࿲ᎷΡ‫ק‬ᘞ㢉᠓Ȅ࣏ΟȶЈ‫׋ܣ‬ȷ‫ٱޟ‬ђȂৰഽ៳Ϛ‫ޣ‬ ӬΟӻЍवȂਚႆӻЍಣȂᇌ‫ڧ‬ႆӻЍᇲ၌ȄԤΡ‫׾‬ᔞৰഽ៳ᙤȶЈ‫׋ܣ‬ȷ Թցี଒ȂᄇԪт‫ۄ‬ณӱ๎ᇳȈȶ࢐‫ޟ‬Ȃ‫ר‬ᒲ‫ޟ‬Ј‫࢐׋ܣ‬ց਀ᓺࠔ‫ཾٱޟ‬Ȅ Ѻ‫ޟ‬Ղᗳ൷࢐‫ޟר‬кȂζ൷࢐࿲Ԥ‫ޟ‬кȄ‫ר‬ᒗ‫ޟڥ‬ց਀࢐ฒቋ‫ޟ‬᡹ቀȄΣΟ ‫׋‬Ȃ᠙ΟᆋॱȂ߬ΟၾȂு௿‫ޟ‬Ρ‫ٮ‬ϚᆗЍȄ௃໠‫ڗ׋‬౪ӵȂΣ‫ק׋‬Ο㢉‫ޟ‬ ΡȂ‫ظظ‬ττӓԤඁνΡȂ߬ၾ‫ޟ‬ϚЍȂ‫ڏ‬ϛᗙԤΡ࿋Ο‫ޏ‬ৱȃߝՂ‫ڷ‬ஈ‫ٱ‬ Ȅ೻ᆍ‫ۈ‬кӪ‫ܚ‬ୈ‫ޟ‬ҡཎȂԤϧቄџоІᄇ‫ڹޟ‬ȉȷт൷࢐೻ኺΙ՝ϚᏵՖ ੉՗‫ޟٱ‬ડ‫܆ޟ‬Ж჊ΡȄ࣏डᑙȂтҠ᜹௻㥯ΙϸȂध॒Ϊԅ࢜Ȅ ৰഽ៳஀߬Ȃौੑྞඌ‫ܒ‬қဌȂ‫ھ‬ณџоၼҢఀ‫ى‬ȃ‫ོޥ‬ȃᗖ፣‫ڷ‬ѧ‫้ݲ‬Ψ ໔ȂծശԤਝ‫ޟ‬П‫ݲ‬ೃႆܻჂᓾт௥‫ڧ‬Ιএғጂ‫۠ޟ‬ఀ߬ӉȂᡱडᑙஅ࿜໌ Σт‫ޟ‬ЖȂ‫ٺ‬т၇ᓞԤडᑙ‫ޟ‬ҡ‫ڼ‬ȄӰ࣏ԤΟཱི‫ޟ‬ҡ‫ڼ‬ȂϗོԤཱི‫ޟ‬ҡࣀȄ 1896ԑ2Т16РȂৰഽ៳Ԋ਀ܻ࢈໐ՙ೅؆ϛ‫ޟ‬ዅ༪Ȃ‫ٴ‬ԑ62ྑȄ

ύεΓӧᏀᅟҁ

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‫็ڋ‬Ж᡹࠲ൣ‫ف‬Ӗ!)ΠΪΤ*

፜࣏‫ר‬ᑯᕜ‫ޟ‬Ҕᒑफ़ϸᛥ֙ Мʟጾ‫ۅ‬օ‫ޏ‬ৱ ᒑདྷ‫݉ޟ‬ЄঈȈ᜹ௌҁԊ 2010Ր9ѡ19џȂജग़஼գ።ც໛ྲᇷᇨCNN(Cable News Network)ࢋᇍ ȶ‫ݎ‬᜙ትলȷߞȶϲ‫ڲ‬ѧ(Fanpi)ȷትলȂѽ੡ി220г‫ߞڧ‬17ૺ໹ૺ௻ધୱ লၒঅᡚᕝҭᣉȂഺहည‫ݺ‬ѽ500гѝᕅϧᖠ༡ᕅ൤ߞᢘϠ૔᛼ϧȂᑖబᆖ ઻ҭᣉ9ৎԺЈ੡Ȃ‫ݙ‬௲‫ٳߞڽ‬লᢼࠥদ൹ҭᣉ၃ᕻಯ྽Ȃϵൄ՘ԧԳ‫٭‬ఐ ᔛཇȂᠠгႮȃ୼ᠠфଝߩӹ഼ജঝ઱ըۤઐȂധԺᒩҾߞൊжႮࣱѪಂф ଒Ȃգ‫ڱ‬Գ஡֝࢏‫ـ‬႒௺ۖЏѪಎॗգϘኸጁ୼Ȃ‫ݸ‬ೀౕҝࣶ٘ϘѯȂᅝЙ ‫ء‬လȂ60ေї‫ܧ‬ӔஃѪஃცȂԑሂ40ව഍ѹঋႽႮᑜౖКᙝࢋᛆȂࡑҭᣉᒩ Ҿҍ಩УϩՐ‫ڽ‬൵ទদߞ‫٭‬ఐȂჲ੡՘ऎѪ༏ᑨ஼Ȅ 2010Ր9ѡ20џᐍᆬӎߞධ‫܆‬ȂӒညϲ‫ڲ‬ѧትলѽ௻ጤ௲লዷࡻཕȂ௻ཕ๳ ൙К஼ᇊ࢙‫ތ‬Ћۖ੢կϘ௲޻ઔԳ஡੡ȂϘ୓ᇷলඉᗙȂ᎘ᖛ֒ᢏߞᖛાল ዷȂॎ๒ంࡑҭᣉߞࣇ༏ߡᡚ๳൙‫ߞا‬ѕ‫ݗ‬ታϿȂѽ500гѝᖠ༡ᕅϧߞࢤ ‫נ‬ዷলȂ‫ٳ‬ൎዧ໘‫ا‬ៜწߞѕఐȄ⊢ᇷӓᓐፁ໧ᒮఈЄਝа፯ၜᖛ (adenocarcinoma)ߞઐਿȂ๘Ղ෾чᠧᢷ᠛᠛֯ᠩȂ‫ऺྒྷا‬ЙਣߞԴ࢏аᓧ َᜤ‫ט‬Ȃ‫ا‬ѽብࡑሬ௲຾ӓᓐϘ୓ᜤ‫ט‬Ȃᕗِૠᛁ޼ߞЂକంភਲ਼ᚳࣹٗҍ ᛁ޼ࣿࣵȂጓ៿ᗜфԴӓᓐߞ઼ઽϯȂ୵ҝᖛ೟४᛽၊Դӓᓐ‫ڗ‬ϯߞགླᡋ ཕȂᙝ༟ԇ֣঑বࢥᇯᄳۤ‫֫ࠬݕ‬ӓᓐߞ៳ᢸታாȊ‫ا‬ᕗِૠਮँಿч‫ڹ‬ч কұඛᖖᚒಾᠪ຾ӓᓐȂທЙਟധ෋߰գᑟҞষȂ‫ڭ‬ѷକ௲ҍ൵៖‫៳ߞݸ‬ᢸ ઈਿȄ᝸ૠࠜᘮ୼ಎߞྑȂѹॠᒘ௄ရߞភ֕ᏌሏԴӓᓐߞઽఈ഍ȂᎲϭӀ ᔖՉᜦߞѕ‫ڽؠ‬বᅆթᖛાলዷȄ ‫ا‬԰ྐ୓ҝՐ4ѡȂցӓᓐলᄧᄉᄉԳంҭᣉྥᑟቈ঒ᐍᆬӎȂԯ຾ᅆࢅЄ ᠁गߞྑȂ᝸ྍֹ‫ྥއ‬ᑟօ๭ȃሬ‫ڏ‬უባȃઈ࿢ЙᏋȌȌຈᇌᇌ᝱ᛟȂౕ຾ ϘᏅЄऎ‫ۊ‬ЃൻѕൻϧȂᑢ၃লᘶȃֶᆕጸ૳ՐᘙցӓᓐߞहѯȂѕКϫп ୓ϘୱЙ఺НఐȄऻ຾Ϙ௺௺Դᑫࣷᐍᆬӎ઻ϭߞहѯȂ‫ا‬԰ྐ୓ُϘৎ౐ ‫ރ‬Ȃ‫ا‬েӓЄূᗁྻَࠫ‫ܧݺ‬ਛࠢࠕߞ‫ޒ‬༡ЈႮȃุષȃ࿨੟ȃନඞȃ໖ ႽȂ‫ا‬ে‫ڕ‬຾ȃ೭຾ҭᣉфᐍᆬӎ‫ی‬ԳഺවՐߞ‫ߏڰ‬ᢏᏏȇ᎘Ꭲ຾൘᚞ߞ݀ ‫ڰ‬фӏ‫ߞڽ‬᝸฀ȇж‫ڳ‬຾ࠫԈߞૌ၍фӠ‫ߞۻ‬ኊৃᣍȄՂЫȂබԴ‫ށا‬ч‫׈‬ ௟ԴᐍᆬӎൾЀЋᛁ୰(Box Hill Hospital)త‫ߛۦ‬ઈ༟ϥјങНቫȂఀߢӓᓐ ௟Դ9ѡ23џ(༉ұ)త‫ۦ‬з୵ЄਝфၚጳȂᚣѽ་Ϙֿَᙝ࣏‫࣏׎‬১֜ᖛ‫ݕ‬գ ᚼೊ಩໪Ȃԓ֖ٙ‫༷׎࣏ܠ‬ቃѽ‫ݸ‬ਡ޼ᖚȃмᖚ‫ݕ‬Ҹ⣮᝷‫ة‬ቬᑬ૵ሦᐗຈȂ ‫ا‬Ϙᑋчߞѕఐබᄊ֬ЫчᐍᆬӎߞчઈϘଠ൚ᡨ‫ླރ‬ȂѕК঺ྏ࿂࢘ߞ๑ ‫܉‬ф๑ׄȂു෩ຊ๴ࠫຜԑಧߞົϠిྻȂงౕಿົϠిྻф‫܏ܗ҈ؙ‬Ȃ՘ ऎૠᎲຜ‫ا‬েϘਛߞᜤ‫ט‬ч‫ڹ‬Ȃऎ‫ا‬েߞ༟ϥјങឥϯՇౕᜤ‫ߞט‬Ѝ֯Ȅ ȶ㤨ॶЙᕅᑙᣈ՘ำȂҹබЙକ՘޵ȇ㤨ॶЙ࿯৹⸧՘ᇼȂҹබЙࣹࠆ߾ȇ 㤨ॶЙ‫ظ‬ၬ່Ϣ♐ȂҹබЙକᢏ՘୧ȇѹȂ‫ا‬ഺϠ࣏‫׎‬ϵঋ‫ۦ‬㤨ധҞߞ൹ ཋȉُըߞӇᕝȂൌ࣏ૌ‫ૈ׀‬ȇՂ‫ލ‬㤨՜ҝߞ‫֘ތ‬Ȃ㤨ѽ֋Ў‫҃ڽ‬ฆ……‫ا‬ ঋᣙग़Ȃԓঋᣙग़Ȃᣙग़֣ຈӟಮȇᘵ‫ا‬᝝ᣙग़᝝ࣹಊȂӟಮѧࡈ‫ـ‬Ґ౹Ȅ କգतኃѧְ‫ـ‬Հȉѧְඈ੆ҞភȉѹȂ‫ا‬ҪգϘৎᜤ‫ט‬ȈְକҐኧȂ‫ิا‬ ьȄȷЫч՝౐ሃѹᓐࠕᢸ৒੡ȂϘ঵Ӥ዆ᠩК஼෇ᒸ֌ოߞ៳ᢸታഞɯɯ ৔࣬ᗏ‫҈ؙ‬Ȃҁ‫ݙ‬൹֯ߞȮְॶЙᕅᑙᣈ՘ำȯ႐ᆇᖠ༡Դ‫ا‬ѕܺ౻෽৮஭ ຾Ȃഺᇌྏះᄊ֬ᐍᆬӎϛѡධҋႆߞྷ༧ȂጤતતԳ௾ᜱ຾‫ا‬൚ᣭߞч ߩȇϵᄊ֬‫ُا‬ч‫༼ݙ‬ӡߞॴᖁ፸‫ލ‬ӗȂ౹ҐশᏔӟಮߞգᑟၻመϘଠ౻শ ग़ۧȄ‫ߢا‬ႽȂ‫ߞ܇ࠫݙا‬ૠ࣏ՇॗࣉྎྑߞԑକૠȂ‫ا‬ে‫ݙ‬ᏎჃߞᖛાল ዷӅգૠߞग़ྍф௲ታȄ‫ا‬ಎࠫȂఋߞᜤ‫ט‬ф‫ا‬ে‫ݙ‬၃ᑢߞఈ᝱Ȃൌ௟՘ऎ ‫ا‬েӠ‫ۻ‬К൵ላૡᇊߞඈጄࣵ࿚Ȅ

1 ӓᓐ๳Ћ‫ޟ‬ᎫൎӠᣪច 2 ӓᓐᐯ‫ݮ‬࿰ 3 ӓᓐඈྑᅡ঴ᐍᆬӎൎӠѪ‫ލ‬ 4 ӓᓐඈྑᐍᆬӎߞԔ౼౽ 5 ӓᓐऎϞ‫ߞا‬ቮঋᇌ້

ຜְȄऻ৹Ȋ‫ا‬ЫџӲְԴԕ‫ڣ‬ԕ஼НϯȂऎঋࣉ֖‫ݥ‬ҍȃ‫ݵ‬࿑ȃ࿑࿝ȃཉ ᚬȃϫঋ࢙Ӳȃ੺นȄȷ‫ا‬हࠫȂૠЯധ‫ا‬၃ᑢతϟാϬߞᖛાলዷȂᴽӅԴ ‫ا‬ਛ౉ߞӠ‫ۻ‬КȂ‫ݥ‬ҍᚙᚼᗞᖁߞॴ྾Ȃ੺นඈጄಮग़ߞ‫ލ‬ᅁȂᴽӅգ‫ߞ׻܈‬ ขዊфᇟҼߞՉవԴഺ‫ߞ᝱ॴڱ‬०ࢢȄԴ‫ا‬েұব྾ᆇߞϠӠႽႮϯȂѹᘵӏ ฅᕕധч֒௱ᚡȃࠅশ௱ᆝȂ֭ᴽᕕധѹӅሃ‫ا‬েԢ֖Ȃ‫ا‬ፁᅁᡘۖᴽᅆഺұ ব྾ᆇߞѵ҃ሲȈȶձ࿋ত஼ֵᖚȊϚौា‫ܐ‬ȂζϚौᡙකȇӰ࣏ձฒ፣‫܁‬٥ ၇ўȂड‫ڷ‬๼˕ձ‫ޟ‬ડ҆ᇄձӣӵȄȷ(ၐ၃ॗ੩‫ୃڲ‬Ϙൢ9ြ) ൵ࢢȂ‫ߞاࠑ҃ׄ܄‬ӓᓐфਛ౉Ȃԓըྏᘁԧ֜᝸ྍ՘ऎ‫ا‬েߞᜤ‫ט‬ч‫ڹ‬Ȃ՘ऎ Դ‫ا‬েᖛાলዷНКߞԢႮϠфዩᆳ‫ڲ׀‬ϠȂԴթұব྾ᆇߞ੡‫ࠧॶے‬ѹॠᒘߞ ਾ‫ۏ‬ሃዔዕȃಿిྻߞঝз҃ᜤሃњࢺȃ‫ߞ܏ܓ҈ؙ‬ԢѕԪྍሃ‫ݚ‬ᑉȂ‫ا‬ᅁԴ࣏ ϧЙକർȃЙඝ঑ഈȂ‫ڏ‬ሬЙ‫ࠑږ‬Ⴟ‫ྏߞا‬ᑬНఐȂत᝸ૠᎲᇊሃְেȂᙖ௺ְ েӠ‫ߞۻ‬ᄩधȂ௱ሃְেԢԴȂ࠲ְ֦েЙᏎఈ᝱ȂЙ‫ۦ‬ᗞॴȇ᝸ૠᕕЯ‫ا‬ে‫ݙ‬ ᕗِߞȂ॔݇ఋч‫ߞڹ‬ᜤ‫ט‬ȂᎲਾ‫ݺ‬ఋфԑਛϠȄॠᒘఀർȊॠᒘྑఋȊ

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੫ġቋġ੕ġൢ $16.00 A4 A3 A1$1.60

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2000 x 790 mm

$160 ea

1 - 200 $1.60 ea 201-500 $1.00 ea 1000 up $0.32 ea

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‫ܚ‬ԤቋਿϚ֤HTU‫ڷ‬೩ॎ;ԤਝР෈Ս410:021


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