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ADAPTI VEREUSE PRODI GYOFARCHI TECTUREDI SCI PLI NE

BySam eekshaRai


Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Contents Acknowledgement .......................................................................................................................... 2 Abstract ........................................................................................................................................... 3 Aim ................................................................................................................................................. 4 Objective ......................................................................................................................................... 4 Methodology ................................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 6 Availability and reasons to utilize various building typology for adaptive reuse. .......................... 8 Advantages of ecclesiastical buildings. ...................................................................................... 8 Advantages of industrial buildings. ............................................................................................ 8 Advantages of municipal buildings ............................................................................................ 8 Case study ....................................................................................................................................... 9 1. The reconversion of sant francesc convent by david close architects ................................. 9 2. Dresden museum of military by daniel libesking .............................................................. 11 3. Holistic city of amritsar ..................................................................................................... 15 4. Lucknow – the city of nawabs ........................................................................................... 18 C o n c l u s i o n ........................................................................................................................... 19 Sources .......................................................................................................................................... 20

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Acknowledgement I am using this opportunity to express my gratitude to everyone who supported me throughout the course of this Research project. I am thankful for their aspiring guidance, invaluably constructive criticism and friendly advice during the project work. I am sincerely grateful to them for sharing their truthful and illuminating views on a number of issues related to the project. I express my warm thanks to Ar. Tara Singhla for her support and guidance. I would also like to thank all the people who provided me with the facilities being required and conductive conditions. Thank you, Sameeksha Rai

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Abstract There must have been a time when preservation was about saving an old building here or there, but those days are gone. Preservation is in the business of saving communities and values they embody. -Richard Moe, National trust for Historic preservation As immense pressures results in reducing cost, Land conservation and reduction in urban sprawl, Solution remains very broad „sustainable design‟. There is nothing more natural than change. But just like other action, changes have their consequences too. As changes occur within the social, political or technological spheres, the built structure of a city becomes the key part of the development. This is it which one terms as „Adaptive reuse‟ that one aims to sustain land, with respect to nature and culture. Old buildings witness a terrifying decay, becoming the victims of change, trading the old viable use for an empty space, or even demolition. Thousands of buildings are abandoned and stripped of any purpose. These old structures are today void and in vain and have simply become a dead body of bygone soul.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Aim The paper aims to present certain examples of adaptive reuse, attempt of which as managed to maintain the cultural and historical character and achieve the goal of adapting at the same time, later concluding the paper with certain advantages and disadvantages of each typology of building. India has been making attempts to revive the old structures in order to reduce the building footprints and two such examples are presented in the paper as well.

Objective The aim would be accomplished by going through certain case studies of various historical structures and cities discuss the restrictions and advantages of adaptive reuse for each building typology and finally conclude the paper supporting all the points discussed in the paper.

Keywords: Amalgamate, Brutalism, chronological, Anthropological consideration.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Methodology

Introduction to adaptive reuse

Methodology of performing the technique

Advantages of utilizing various building typologies for adaptive reuse

Case examples 1. Sant Francesc convent 2. Dresden Museum of Military history.

India as an example of adaptive reuse. 1. Holistic city- Amritsar

2. Luckhnow city of nawabs

Conclusion

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Introduction Adaptive reuse is the process of finding a new use for an old building. It is usually defined as “Process through which structurally sound older buildings are renewed for economically viable new uses. The recycling and revitalizing of buildings is been a significant and focused historic preservation tool. It basically developed as a function of protecting historically important building from demolition. It is form of assert able urban regeneration, as it procures building‟s life and avoids waste of Demolition, motivates recycling of Embodied energy and also engraves important economic and social benefits to the society. Thus, it enfolds specific dimensions to sustainability. Modern communities have second nature of recycling as now everyone thrives for viability and gradation. When Adaptive reuse is being followed on an old building, it should have minimal impact on heritage importance of buildings. Adding a contemporary course of would create value for its future. Favorably, it is the only form or process in which building‟s fabric will be significantly cared for, interpreted or revealed, thereby making better option of use itself. When a building can no prolong its original function, a new use with adaptation might be the only way to preserve and conserve its heritage significance. It requires new elements to be recognizable and called contemporary, rather than an ugly imitation of the organic historic style being followed. However, it has always been controversial due to fade lines between faradism, renovation and adaptive reuse. It can be considered as compromise between demolition and cultural conservation and preservation.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline Factors which govern the methodology of Adaptive reuse are very specific and responsible as follows: 

Cultural impacts and significance.

Building‟s technical ability for adaptation.

Heritage importance.

Life cycle assessment.

Economic viability.

Environmental viability.

Social viability.

Architectural vocabulary.

Aesthetics.

Rules and regulations.

Views of stakeholder

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Availability and reasons to utilize various building typology for adaptive reuse. Advantages of ecclesiastical buildings. Main advantages of ecclesiastical buildings are usually that they are spacious large enough for a congregation. An existing balcony or mezzanine can be used to create bedroom and bathroom areas, and a new mezzanine can be built at the opposite end of the building, above what would have been the altar. A high roof can also be useful for bringing extra light into the building. Some ecclesiastical buildings retain features such as leaded windows, Gothic arches and stained glass. These elements are not only part of the character and history of the building but also inspire a decorative style. Advantages of industrial buildings. Factories usually have a facility of natural lighting since in the past most works were performed manually hereby avoiding eye straining. Most of the factories and industries are located near busy roads there for once retained the users can enjoy the access of transportation easily. Advantages of municipal buildings They have an advantage of being positioned centrally in a locality whereas the upcoming new projects are mostly on the country outskirts because of lack of land in the interiors of the city. Since these structures had already existing parking space because they were public spaces initially and this feature adds on to the genuine bonus of the building infrastructure. Since such structures have double heighted spaces because of heavy duty machines used inside, installation of mezzanines and balconies becomes easy.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Case study 1. The reconversion of saint Francesca convent by David close architects A neglected church was renovated by Architect David Closes to merge modern architecture with ancient stone without disturbing the integrity of the building. “The intervention preserves the historical heritage of the building and simultaneously add new values which highlight and singularity the ancient church in a Contemporary way. It is located in town of Santpedor, Spain. It was the last structure standing and required a great need of repair. They turned the former church into multifunctional and an Auditorium for cultural events. Original rough façade was left in the exterior with values of modern renovation blended in it. Preservation of historical importance and values thereby commixing elements for update. Volumes are added to hide electrical Equipment that runs the building. The blend of steel and wooden members amalgamates with preexisting stone cladding. Flooring and landing patterns includes contemporary formations while artificial lighting produces a great sense of soothing visual comfort and ambience. The use of the building is changed while the grace is still monumental, historical and looks antique masterpiece. The Emergence of contemporary principles is very composed through circulation

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline and segmentation through staircase. Wood Framing constitutes paneling and railings which distinguishes the typology of Architecture into old and new.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline 2. Dresden museum of military by Daniel libesking “It was not my intention to preserve the museum‟s façade and just add an invisible extension in the back. I wanted to create a bold interruption, a fundamental dislocation, to penetrate the historical arsenal and create a new experience. The architecture will engage the public in the deepest issue of how organized violence and how military history and fate of the city are intertwined.”-Daniel Libeskind

Architect has aggravated a pointed steel and glass shard through the heart of the war museum in Dresden. The Five-stored triangular wedge extends the existing galleries of the museum of Military History, making it largest in Germany. The tip of the formulated structure points eastwards, to the way of firebombs dropped while war. A 30-meter-high roof top viewing platform showcases viewports towards the city skyline in the west. Interior of the building, exposed concrete following brutalism is vitalized while walls separate new exhibition areas from historic galleries. Screening and lectures will have held inside the building‟s auditorium.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

This design boldly intervenes the original symmetry of the building. The massive five stored extensions of 140 ton wedging of glass and steel cutting through 135-year-old ordered arsenal structure formerly. A 98-foot height platform for viewpoints gives overwhelming feel of city. The newly constructed façade showcase great transparency and openness while giving rigidity and opacity to the building.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline 

CHANGING PERSPECTIVE

German military history has been offered with different perspectives. The thematic exhibition and chronological exhibition permanently roasts both traditional and new form. 

VIOLENCE FOR CULTURAL HISTORY

History goes beyond weapons in its investigation and uniforms, offering certain ways of accessibility induced from culture of violence and it‟s past. 

THE CENTRAL THEME IS HUMAN BEING

The theme of the museum is based on the exhibition design of an anthropological consideration of nature of violence. It grosses hopes, memories, passion, fears, motivations, aggression and rationality. 

MUSEUM AS FORUM

In coherent with present and past topics in special exhibitions and events, museum exhibits lecture, screening and international symposia.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline The famous quote by Louis Sullivan, “Form follows function,” is now being outdated philosophy, as has “Form follows Culture” by an Indian Artist Satish Gujral. While today‟s corporate world approach to architecture will determine this sentiment as “Form follows Culture”. Many of the contemporary buildings in India does not reflect complexities and richness of cultural evolution. While, some Architects must value the Emotional spirit of Architecture. India is culturally vibrant and rich in heritage. Asian countries are historically sound and grounded with great mysterious out forms and developments. The left part in Indian Architecture is compounded with contemporary outbursts. Missing analysis of merge architecture is never being important in India. Blend of Mughal and Hindu Architecture can be seen and many more but contemporary architecture is free of specific style therefore it can be adapted with comply of Indian architecture through adaptive reuse. In India, the method of adaptive reuse is being followed in many cities. The metropolis Mumbai has many architectural Examples which emphasizes on renewal, redevelopment and revitalization whereas cultural and historical characteristics are left incarnated. For example, Chatrapati Shivaji Terminal, which was being renewed with adaptive reuse of its function as a railway terminus. When buildings of historic merit are conserved, preserved, restored and manipulated for adaptive reuse, its cultural energy is being restored and recycled.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline 3. Holistic city of Amritsar “The Heritage Walk is a guided tour deep inside the narrow lanes and bye-lanes of the 400-year old city of Amritsar. One gets to see Katras, Akharas, Bungas, Havelis, and Hattis - the vocabulary of traditional town planning and architecture. The walk takes you back in time as you witness traditional trades and crafts being practiced in the same place and in the same manner, as has done for centuries. It is, however, the famous intricately carved wooden facades that will take your breath away” - Punjab Tourism

Project of Beautification was long back followed in city of Amritsar which hereby complete in year 2016. It followed concept of heritage walk and beautification of streets through façade treatment, reducing traffic congestion, and direct accessibility to holy place of Golden Temple. Architectural vocabulary of Amritsar is very distinct and rich with different art forms and styles. Use of Wooden Jharokhas in Old city nearby Golden temple, Amritsar.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Connecting Bridges in arterial road lane in old city. Closely packed density is beautifully cared of with mixed use of built up, having famous restaurants, jewelers‟ shops, nukkads, and street shops. Brutalism followed with color variation enthroned with lime walls,” Chuna”. Government of Punjab has done excellent job in following the characteristics of same identity in main heritage walk to golden temple which are quantitated in mix use of buildings which were already pre-existed in Amritsar. Popular Restaurants like mc Donald, Dominos etc. are given with touch of aesthetics decay. Government Buildings and extended Parking is being given and elevated road direct from the highway is connected to parking and heritage walk in Amritsar.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline Widening of street for Proper functioning of Heritage walk. Restricted Vehicular Movements regulates much better elementary design and Characteristics of old Amritsar could be availed. Façade Treatment with modern Jharokhas and same intricates as followed before. Ornamentation and adaptive reuse is propagated with specific change in its use in detailing.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline 4. Lucknow – the city of nawabs State of Uttar Pradesh is very rich for its architectural vocabulary with its heritage old and antique buildings. Impact of Hindu and Mughal architecture is very well seen in the structures built. Adding element of future into it will make it more gratuitous and intricate for its typology of use. Many ruined and old buildings are underutilized and left as it is degrading the urban fabric and space in old inner city and peripheral boundaries. It must be conserved using adaptive reuse for propagative and regeneration of quality which history determines of Lucknow. City of nawabs is named as it shows great ethnicity and culture of rich Mughals prevailed in history. Chronology of dynastical approach is very interesting and prominent in state like Uttar Pradesh. Architectural characteristic of Uttar Pradesh is very much influenced by its neighboring capital state Delhi whereas it lost its own identity which must be new and interrelated to its cultural coagulation. City of Amritsar took a very prominent and glorious step to beautify it and maintain its vocabulary redefining its dominating use with distribution in market, parking, government buildings etc. Similarity between both the cities is only the outburst of heritage, richness and culture and great extent of architectural identity, therefore Lucknow must proceed its development into direction of adaptive reuse glorifying fabrication and faradism while building use may be specific and tested.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Conclusion Adaptive analysis must be integral part of every old building to be conserved, preserved, renewed or revitalized. The process not only solves the aesthetics but recycle the cultural restored energy of the building. The chronology of the building gets extended to the future from past role-play. Specification to its use can also be redefined as variation in principles of design. India looks forward into future and contemporary outlooks while adaptive reuse is bridge to its connection. Blend of modern, contemporary and Indian architecture is very necessary as characteristics of ethnicity in Indian context are very rich and vibrant. Separate outlook is desperately needed to enroll buildings which are old, unused, antique, old and historically strong. Adaptive reuse is sustainable conservation implying more awareness and representation of cultural habitat India in a very different resolved way. Being a positive strategy adaptive reuse provides longer usefulness and boldness. It not only embraces architectural elements but impact subjectively in reducing urban sprawl and refurbishment of fabric. Spatial continuity in regions will determine better catchments, facades, building use and specific iconic characteristics of cities like in case Guggenheim museum in Bilbao. India as rich culture heritage and habitat, Building’s form may follow functions and vice versa or any other elemental regeneration but Form following culture, ethnicity, must be grossed. And adaptive reuse is offering that implication in a better way.

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Adaptive reuse – Prodigy of architecture discipline

Sources 1. www.youtube.com/ urban planning architecture adaptive reuse reservation Urban planning and development by community heritage partners. 2. www.youtube.com/ adaptive reuse challenges, opportunities and benefits By NAIOP corporate. 3. www.youtube.com/ adaptive reuse of historic buildings Keene NH2015 by 710 main films 4. www.archdaily.com/tag/adaptive-reuse 5. www.archdaily.com/783283/20- creative-adaptive-reuse-projects 6. www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adaptive_reuse 7. https://www.thoughtco.com/adaptive-reuse-repurposing-old-buildings-178242 8. http://preservation.lacity.org/incentives/adaptive-reuse-ordinance 9. https://adaptivereuse.info/ 10. http://www.archdaily.com/774390/the-chapel-on-the-hill-evolutiondesign/5605e4fae58ece47740002f6-the-chapel-on-the-hill-evolution-designimage 11. http://www.uptourism.gov.in/pages/top/explore/lucknow

12. Recycled spaces- converting old buildings into new homes Vinny lee photography by Ray main.

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Profile for Sameeksha Rai

Adaptive reuse - Prodigy of Architecture discipline  

Adaptive reuse - Prodigy of Architecture discipline  

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