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BY Michael DĂ­az, Raul Barbero & Alex Alvarez


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The evolution.................page 4 Mammals .................page 7 Birds .................page 25 Reptiles .................page 36 Insects .................page 45 Amphibians .................page 54 Fishes .................page 65


• The modern concept of biological evolution began in the nineteenth century thanks to the ideas of Lamarck and creationists of the time ( Darwin).

• Lamark

• Darwin


FIRST, WE HAVE TO KNOW WHERE DO ANIMALS COME?


THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION OF LAMARCK • Lamarck proposed use. By contrast, the that the evolution of disuse of an organ or species is a structure causes progression, in which atrophy. the organisms 4-Faced with the causing life forms changing are increasingly environment, there complex and are features in "perfect". His theory organisms called was based on the acquired following principles: characteristics. They 1-All organisms tend to are inherited from perfection, because generation to of an internal force Lamarck. The great or life force. contribution is to have postulated the 2-Changes in the first scientific theory environment of evolution. generate among agencies needs . 3-The needs make organisms are forced to use certain organs, which are developed for their


THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION OF DARWIN • Life forms are not static but evolve, species change continuously, some others originate and become extinct. The process of evolution is gradual, slow and continuous, discontinuous jumps or sudden changes. Similar organisms are related and descended from a common ancestor. All living organisms can be traced to a single origin of life. Natural selection is the key, in two phases, which explains the whole system. The first stage is the

production of variability: generating spontaneous changes in individuals. The second, the selection through survival in the struggle for life: the fittest individuals, those born with favorable spontaneous changes to address the environment will be more likely to survive, reproduce and leave offspring with these advantages.


Mammals are a kind world. of vertebrates The mammals are the characterized animals most especially because complex and mothers feed their evolved. They can babies through the live in land, fly, or breasts. That gives live in water. them the name. The mammals descended from reptiles. Not appear to be very similar now, because mammals appeared about 195 million ago years. Back then, reptiles ruled the


CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MAMMALS • Of general form we can say that the mammals are characterized by the following thing: • They are of warm blood and his temperature is constant. • Most of the mothers are provided with mammary glands. • The mouth is surrounded with lips in order that this way the babies can suck. • They present

• •

abundant glands and, generally, abundant hair. The majority have teeth. They have pulmonary breathing. The circulation is double (pulmonary and general). The majority of they are viviparous.


The proboscis birth the one baby. monkey: In general, they give birth in the • Both males and females have a big night. Males reach sexual maturity at nose. His nose 4-5 years and swells and turns females at 4 years. red when they are Their life excited or angry. expectancy is They also create about 20 years. loud noises as a warning when they • It is in danger of sense danger extinction, they are found only on the • Ninety-five percent island of Borneo. of their diet consists of leaves of mangrove trees. But they also eat fruits and seeds. • The females give


The naked mole rat: • This animal is a subterranean rodent that lives in complex tunnel systems isolated from the outside world, with individuals who live • in colonies in which only a few are breeding females. • They have the size of a mouse, which lives in arid equatorial East Africa. • A naked mole rat, can live at least getting to reach the thirties. Moreover it is an animal resistant to cancer,

some types of pain and can live without oxygen a long time so hold the record of holding without breathing between mammals. Interested in their incredible abilities, researchers around the world have investigated very thoroughly his life underground.


• The almiqui is known by the common name or solenodontes almiquís in Cuba. They are insectivores own the Antilles and are among the rarest mammals in the world. There are two very similar species: the almiqui of Cuba (Solenodon cubanus) and paradoxical almiqui (Solenodon paradoxus), who lives on the island of La Spanish

(Dominican Republic and Haiti).This animal is a true living fossil whose ancestors of bones found dating back 30 million years. This is a primitive mammal, and of the few who own venom.


• The body has a length of 28 to 32 cm and the tail is from 17 to 27 cm. From nocturnal habits, walks in zigzag their saliva is poisonous: the second incisor on each side of its lower jaw has a slot

connected with a poison gland, the poison is very active: when two of these animals are and fight happens that one of the two dies poisoned because of the opponent bites.


Mammal that put eggs • The platypus is a semi-aquatic mammal species endemic to eastern Australia and Tasmania. • The bizarre • appearance of this egg-laying mammal, poisonous, with beak-shaped snout duck, beaver tail and otter paws baffled European naturalists when they first encountered it. • It is one of the few venomous mammals, males have a spur on the

hind legs that delivers a venom capable of producing severe pain to humans. The platypus is the animal emblem of the state of New South Wales.


• The grizzly bear is a subspecies of the brown bear's largest planet, which usually lives in the highlands of U.S. territory. They can reach weights up to 550 kg, although some • specimens have reached weigh 680 kg. They measure 1 meter to 4 feet, while standing, reaching 2.4 meters. • The muscles of the hind legs are strong enough for

the bear to rely solely on them, and to allow them to walk short distances in bipedal form. Can reach 55 miles per hour when running on 4 legs. They are omnivores and before entering hibernate usually increase about 180 kg.


A grizzly bear killed a trekker in Yellowstone National Park • A hiker who was visiting Yellowstone National Park died after attack by a • grizzly bear in 2011. • The incident occurred 2.5 kilometers from the start of the Wapiti Lake when • a couple of tourists came across a bear and her cubs. • According to park officials, the animal reacted

violently to humans to perceive who were a threat. The man died after the bear attack without him time to transfer him to a hospital, while the woman was unharmed. The last time a person was killed by a grizzly bear attack in Yellowstone was in October 1986.


• The blue whale is the largest creature, • with a 170-ton, nearly 35 meters long, the weight of 22 elephants and giraffes lying over 7. • They feed almost exclusively krill but also small amounts of copepods. The species of zooplankton eaten by blue whales varies from ocean to ocean. An adult can eat up to 40 million krill in a day and can consume during high season power up to 4 tones of krill

in one day. The male sexual maturity occurs at about five years of age, when measured around 20 to 21 m and from females when measured 21-23 m, also at five years.


The history of Koko • Koko (born July 4, Woodside, 1971 in San California. Francisco, • It is also California) is the recognized name of a gorilla worldwide as one trained by Dr. of the few animals Francine 'Penny' able to show their Patterson. The feelings clearly. objective of the • Koko feels a great training was to affection for cats. communicate with In studies it has her through more been relating from than 1,000 signs his childhood with based on sign them. language. It comprises about 2,000 words of spoken English. • Koko has lived most of her life in


• The shrews have a light weight of just 2 grams and a head body length, not including their tail, of only 3-5 cm. They are characterized by small eyes and a long snout with whiskers very sensitive. They are similar to a • mouse, but are related to the moles. • They are mammals that are most active. They hunt their food both day and night. Many species,

especially the Europeans eat their own weight in insects daily, and can die if they spend more than four hours without eating. Their food is based on invertebrates, and sometimes can take carrion. Are defended from predators by scent glands that produce an unpleasant odor that makes them unattractive dish for animals with a good nose.


Black rhino: • It differs from the white rhino in color and smaller size (although, however, reaches 1.6 meters tall and weighing 1,500 kilos) it feeds on the leaves of shrubs and low trees to a lesser extent, while the white rhino eating grass on the ground and has a lip straight and wide. • The black rhino

charge when beset caused a sensation when in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, European explorers and trappers penetrated into Africa and began killing rhinos hundreds.


• The giant panda is a kind of mammal order of carnivores. • The main food is bamboo panda (around 99% of their diet), but also • feeds on fruits, small mammals, fish, and insectos.3 is a good climber, but is rarely seen in the trees. Fits captivity and thanks to their hair easily withstands winter conditions of their habitat. • Is in danger of extinction as the species is highly

localized. In 1600 living in the jungles and 188 in captivity, reports show that the number of pandas living in the wild is on the rise. Unfortunately is in danger of extinction due to hunting and habitat destruction


• The sheep Dolly born July 5, 1996, was the first mammal cloned from an adult cell. Its • creators were Scottish scientists Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell.

tissue, the mammary gland of an adult animal (a sheep End Dorset six years). Dolly lived always at the Roslin Institute. There was crossed with a male Welsh Mountain to produce six offspring in total. • The February 14, 2003, Dolly was euthanized due to progressive lung disease. Necropsy showed that it had a form of Jaagsiekte call lung cancer, a • The cell from which disease of sheep Dolly was coming only. from a particular


• Birds are vertebrates, warm-blooded. • They have two hind limbs (two legs) and two front limbs (two wings). • Serve wings to fly but not all birds fly. • Birds have no mouth but a peak. • Birds have covered the

entire body except the beak feather.


• The wings of all birds have • Birds are the the same most structure numerous • Birds have vertebrate lighter bones species. With to fly better. over 4,000 Birds are species. oviparous. • Parts of the bird:


• The largest bird He could reach was Argentavis speeds up to 108 magnificens. km / h in the right conditions. He lived 6 million years ago. U.S. scientists say that he lived six million years in the territories that today form Argentina. He measured up to 8 meter wingspan and could weigh up to 100 kilos. Flight soared jumping from a high place.


• Cassowaries are like knives, which solitary birds, are a deadly unable to fly. defensive They live in the weapon. rainforests of They can measure Australia and New about 2 meters Guinea. It is the and weigh 70 second heaviest kilograms. If you bird in the world want to escape after the ostrich. them think that May infringe fatal reach up to 50 km injuries to an adult / h through the human, with their dense forests. solid hitting and They can jump up strong legs, to 1.5 m and are opening the body also good of the intruder swimmers. with its sharp claws. The inside toes have long, sharp claws


• The world's smallest bird is the Bee Hummingbird • (Mellisuga helenae) also known as bird fly or bee elf. • Is 6 inches from beak to tail, and • weighs on average about 1.8 grams. The male is still smaller than the female and has a head and neck bright red, metallic blue back and wings, white gray chest and abdomen. In flight flaps its wings about 80 times per second, and

up to 200 times per second during mating. Heart rate has the second fastest of all animals, and is the bird with the least amount of feathers. His body temperature is 40 ° C, the highest of all birds, while at night drops to 19 ° C. The hummingbirds consume half its weight in food and up to 8 times its weight in water for a day.


• The crested eagle is whitish bands. an eagle of Lives in Honduras, in considerable size, the North of reaching up to 81 Argentina and Brazil. inches in size. It has Lives in rainforests broad and rounded nests in those tall wings, long tail and trees of the vast prominent pointed forests where it lives. crest on its head protruding. Bill and • Recent reports place it in Sarapiqui and legs relatively small. Osa. The plumage coloration in adults is variable. The most common individuals have the neck, chest and head gray with yellowish brown hues. The tail is black with three


• An individual held captive at the Zoo La Marina in San Carlos. He was caught near the border with Nicaragua. • It feeds on snakes, frogs, hammers, and occasionally birds. • The main

cause of extinction is habitat loss due to deforestation.


• The lone Aquila • has great size can reach up to 76 inches in size and 3 kilos of weight. Their name comes from their customs and to • be quite scarce. • The body is covered with dark gray plumage, of the neck sticks out prominent crest. The tail tips are white. Their wings are wide and its tail is short. Young individuals are different. They are dark brown edged and mottled with dark spots and chest is barred with black.

It lives in dense forests, often fly at high altitudes. It extends from northern Mexico to northern Argentina. It feeds on live prey, such as monkeys and other arboreal mammals and birds, reptiles and insects.


• The sun heron is a rare bird, with a size • of 48 cm from beak to tail and weighing • around 255 grams. The beak and legs are long, like a heron, a large head with a thin neck. The coloring your head is black with white eyebrows and • mustache, white throat and breast collar with black coffee, back blackish, abdomen barred from olive brown with whitish background. Su branches nest usually consists of leaves, small branches and

decaying moss. Lives on the banks of rivers. Their flights are short. It feeds on small frogs, crabs, shrimp and insect larvae river that starts from the stones. The cause of his disappearance is forest destruction and pollution of streams and rivers, affecting habitat and food sources.


THE DANGER OF BEGIN HIT DRIVES EVOLUTION OF A TYPE OF SWALLOWS • In the U.S., it is estimated that more than 60 million birds die each year trampled. So intense is the pressure, that 100 years of the automobile has been enough for some animals develop in order to prevent abuse. E Neither the helmet or seat belt: the idea is to run. Or rather, maneuver better. • The process has been surprisingly rapid. None of isolated islands for thousands of years that alerted Darwin. In 30 years of study has been able to measure the results, published by Charles

Brown of the University of Tulsa (Oklahoma) and Mary Bomberger Brown, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, in the journal Current Biology. The couple has measured the number of bird nests trampled and size. And the relationship is clear: children grow more and die less.


• The researchers The result is that claim that since there has been a 1982 have steady decline in traveled the the size of the same roads in birds. the same area And those who died every drink stop in an accident to pick up that hit. had longer wings To put it in than average. context, measures the bird deaths by natural causes, estimated the total population and other factors such as the presence of predators or traffic volume.


The Reptiles are CURIOSITY! a group of The reptiles can vertebrates emerged controle her corporal dinosaurs age. They temperature. have adapted to live out of the water, but one part of them live in the water. Her skin are very resistant and scaly thanks to keratin, a protein. Another adaptation of reptiles are their lungs, have very developed. Are reproduced internally and are oviparous, put eggs.


injecting a neurotoxin through fangs. Their venomous snake of predators are the family Elapidae. mongoose and some Known for their menacing appearance birds. and bite. They live in tropical and desert areas of southern Asia and Africa. It is easy to recognize because they display a kind of "hood" in the head when irritated or in danger. They feed on rodents and birds, which kill by

The cobra is a


• The saltwater crocodile

6 and 7 meters long. Females are smaller than males, (Crocodylus porosus) is a kind of between 2 and 3 meters in length and family crocodilio weighing 500 kg. Crocodylidae. It is the largest crocodile • They feed mainly on land of the buffalo in the world and the largest reptile on the and their predators when they are small planet. they live in swampy areas From tigers. South Asia to the north of Australia. • Males weigh between 900 and 1500 kg, and measuring between


In the breeding season, after mating the female lays up to 90 eggs hidden land, depending on temperature are born male or female. Then the female carries her breeding in a cavity in your mouth, to security in the water.


• The most famous • reptile is the sea turtle because • they have appeared on many films for kids, for example NEMO. Also are very famous because are very large, it’s measuring between 4 and 5 meters. • They feed of plants or a wide range of animals.

We can be find it in the waters over continental sheves. Sea turtles are almost always submerged, and, therefore, have developed an anaerobic system of energy metabolic.


• The chamaleon is

approximately 1 gram. the most smallest • They feed the specie of reptiles. little insects with her tongue, that • There are take fast and hunt approximately their prey. 160 species of chameleons, They are distinguished by theirzygodactylou feet. • They measuring 1 meter the largest. • It’s weight


• The most strangest reptile is the turtle matamata. The matamata is unmistakable. It has a brown or black carapace 45 cm long. The plastron is narrow, narrow, sharply cut forward and pulled back and the male is concave. • The head is triangular, flattened and elongated. It has numerous bumps on the skin. It has two whiskers and two additional filaments chin. The snout is elongated

and tubiforme. The upper jaw is neither bend nor trimmed. The neck is flattened rather long, rather than the spine inside the shell, and have protrusions on both sides giving it saw aspect. Head, neck, legs and tail are gray-brown in adults. Each front leg has five webbed claws swim. The tails of males are thicker and longer.


• We can be found in lazy rivers, calm lakes, marshes and swamps. Lives in tropical forest in eastern Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, southern Venezuela and Guianas, and northern and

central Brazil.


• The insects are a legs and two group of couples of wings invertebrate (not all have wings) arthropods, Abdomen: Is divided because they have in eleven the body and the segments, where articulated legs. they have the • Is divided in: digestive device, the excretory and The head: Here, they have two antennas, reproductive apparatus. two eyes, and the mouth, which allows them to crush the food. The thorax: Divided in three segments, where they have three couples of


• At the breeding • The sexual organ season females of a spider male is become very on the end of one aggressive and of his legs. sometimes can • Some flies do not eat the male. live more than one • Insects eat any day. food substance, • There is a kind of but each species worm in Tasmania has different that can measure habits. up to 180 The mantis, has centimeters. specialized legs for hunting other insects, or the woodworm that feeds wood just. • Ants have five noses.


• The beetle Goliath is the largest insect in volume and weight. • They can measure • 10 cm and are native to tropical Africa, they live feed on the sap and fruit trees and feed on • nectar and pollen, and fruit and sap. • Like most beetles, have a pair of wings strengthened like protective covers that act as their secondary pair of wings and abdomen. Each beetle legs ends in

a pair of sharp claws that provide great grip when climbing. The males have a Y-shaped horn on the head that is used in battles against other males. Apart from its enormous size, the beetles are surprisingly strong.


• Small wasps of gender Trichogramma are considered the world's smallest insects. Without actually just a millimeter in length are known for many farmers who used to control pests in their crops. They can be seen on other insects to those used to travel long distances. • These small wasps are currently used in the control of at

least 28 species of insects. The female wasps lay their eggs inside the eggs of other insects and their larvae consume the embryo and other parasitized egg contents.


• The mosquito

way inject eggs and also pass kills millions of diseases. people each year. Contagious yellow • The males diet fever, dengue consists of nectar, fever, encephalitis, sap and fruit West Nile virus juices, usually high and malaria from in sugar. The one person to females have. another, without being affected by these diseases. • Females have a mouth parts that form a long proboscis ready for piercing the skin of mammals and suck its blood. This


• Bird wing butterflies is a kind of lepidopteran family • ditrisio Papilioninae. Butterfly is the world's largest daytime. Lives in New Guinea. • The females are bigger than males with markedly shaped wings wider round. The female can reach a size of 31 cm, body length of 8 cm and a mass of 12

grams. They have brown wings with white markings. Males are smaller than females with brown wings blending blue and green. The wingspan of the males can reach 20 cm, but the most common is 16 cm.


• The drone brachypterous butterfly is a kind of Lepidoptera Nymphalidae family ditrisio. Native to the deserts of Venezuela. • Females have a large reduction of the wings and deformation of the rib of the same, so it is a unique case of braquiptería butterflies. Its natural habitat is restricted to wet moors. • It is considered in danger of

extinction by its restricted distribution within 180km2, habitat vulnerability to climate change and the pressure of the fire and livestock, even within protected areas.


The butterflies are losing ground in Mexico • Monarch butterflies that come to Mexico every November to hibernate are so numerous that there is no way of telling. Millions, • tens of millions or hundreds of millions. • The only way we have to measure the population is to calculate the area occupied by forests. • This season the area has declined by 59%: 1.9

hectares compared to 2.89 in 20112012 hibernation cycle, which is the lowest level in 20 years, since no data. They travel more than 4,000 miles south and go through three countries: Canada, from whence, United States, which accounts for most of the journey, and Mexico.


• It is during that return • Luckily there and trip north when citizen initiatives that problems arise that address it as the are affecting their teacher at the population. "The University of Kansas, change in land use Chip Taylor. The from agriculture to project led, Monarch industry in the U.S. Watch, coordinates and the use of volunteers to replant agrochemicals has milkweed in their led to a reduction in gardens or in areas the presence of that are on the route milkweed plants, the followed by these only food of these insects. insects.


• The amphibians are a vertebrate animal. -Characteristics of amphibians : They have four legs and have cold blood. At first gill breathing is, after lung and skin. They reproduce by eggs, normally with external

fertilization and metamorphosi s grow.


Metamorphosis: • It is the process of breathe through physical changes gills. of amphibians 4 - When begin adult, from the birth until you leave the legs they are adults and tail. Breathe 1 - The fertilized egg through lungs and is formed by skin. external water. It is surrounded by a gelatinous mass. 2 - The egg is transformed into an embryo, which moves within the gelatinous shell. 3- Birth of the tadpole. Has tail for easy movement and


• The most • dangerous amphibian is FROG DARK GOLDEN. They are more poisonous frogs earth. It measure approximate 60 or 70 mm. It is brightly colored ( If they are bright colors can be dangerous because they are poisonous).

with 1g its venom can kill 15,000 humans. Is very dangerous.


THE WORLD'S LARGEST TOAD • This summer in northern Australia, three biologists have found a toad the size of a dog of small stature. The race was toad Bufo marinus, and has been called Toadzilla. Toadzilla weighs about one kilogram, and is the largest cane toad ever found in northern Australia, as reported by three biologists. Environmentalists

have sought to curb the proliferation of these poisonous animals in Australia, since they were brought into the country from the island of Hawaii in the early 30s of the last century.


• This is a frog from scientists in the New Guinea, does jungles of Papua not exceed 7.7 New Guinea. mm. The diminutive size Of the more than made it the world's 60,000 vertebrates tiniest vertebrate known to man, the largest is the blue whale, with an average of more than 25 meters long. Before the animal was a fish smaller than 8 millimeters Indonesia. It was discovered in early 2012 by U.S.


THE WORLD'S DANGEROUS TOAD • Surprised and scared. forces invasive species So it was a farmer in legislation, sacrificed the Delta de l’Ebre, animal Tarragona, seeing The agency technicians between plants in his conducted several garden a frog a frog inspections on the great. The animal ground, but apparently it weighed 600 grams and is a unique case. The was 15 centimeters. director of the Natural He captured the animal and Park celebrates having brought him to the found that this animal Natural Park of Delta de could have wreaked l'Ebre. havoc on the already damaged Delta wildlife. There, biologists said it was a bullfrog, very problematic exotic species: the animal is listed as one of the 100 most aggressive invasive species in the world. Therefore, the discovery came in finding all alarms in the area. As


BAD NEWS FOR AMPHIBIANS • Amphibians go to the extinction. 30% of amphibian species on the planet listed as threatened in the catalog of IUCN For decades, researchers study the phenomenon, and one of the latest findings worsens the picture. Frogs, salamanders and caecilians (the three major types of amphibians) may disappear much faster than expected. Scientists have identified three main threats to amphibians: the destruction of their habitat by changes in land use, climate change, and a fungus

called chytrid. These researchers studied the geographical distribution, worldwide, of 5,527 species of amphibians, almost all known. Also looked at what areas are given the three main threats to these animals. They also used computer models to estimate the evolution of these threats until 2080. Will not know anything till then.


• The painted frog is a of the country. colorful amphibian is Perhaps the main danger usually yellow, bright is global warming. green, orange or Red, There is a parasitic fly that with a pattern of black lays its eggs in the spots or streaks. In harlequin frog skin. some cases, the When l larvae of the fly stomach is green . The born, they eat the pints males measure no are intestines of amphibian. more than 3.5 cm in A fungus that attacks length and females amphibians and is between 3.3 cm and favored by global 54.5 cm. warming. Because They live in lowland and amphibians breathe mountain rain forests, through their skin,. near rivers and streams. . In Costa Rica, thought to be extinct, however, found individuals of this species. In addition to Costa Rica, also lives in Panama. The harlequin frog is critically endangered because it has disappeared from most


• The poisonous toad Perez Zeledon. is a toad without Your eating habits visible parotid glands, include ants, isopods, variously colored, termites and small which can range from flies and other small green, lime, yellow, insects. orange or red with This species is black spots or black endangered by their bars. colors and are racked It terrestrial habits and for exhibitions, by only goes to the water habitat destruction to lay eggs. from deforestation They breed near rivers. and capture for the The eggs have the illegal trade. same adult coloration, which becomes a warning signal to predators. Populations are known in San Vito de Coto Brus, Palmar Norte and the Downs of


• The Proteus is an amphibian that lives in the caves • of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. This amphibian is the only member of the genus Proteus and one species of • frog that breathes through gills. This species has a strong resemblance to Typhylomolge rathbuni and antique Ambystoma mexicanum. On the ages, it was believed that the

Proteus was a baby dragon. Proteo body is like a snake, between 20 and 30 cm in length, with some specimens reaching up to 40 cm. Proteus is in danger of extinction, now there are only 200 in Europe.


The food prepared with fish are very healthy for group of aquatic vertebrates. They live the humans. in the water. His skin CURIOSITY! is covered with scams. The fishes are They have fins to swim ectothermics, namely fast. They breathe with depend the external gills that help them sources for get body breathe in the water. heat. Many fishes are fishing every day for kill them and later for are food for humans.

The fishes are a

The fishes can be salt water and freshwater.


• The great white shark is the most

and some seabirds. This specie is the only specie that has dangerous fish. We survived the group can find it in the of Carcharodon. super face of the all • The great white the oceans. shark is the animal • They weight that more attacks between 300 and has made against 400 kg and the humans. measuring between 6 and 7 meters. • They live around 15 or 30 years. • They feed of a lot of mammals in the sea,


• The ocean sunfish is the

other known vertebrate. most largest fish • The predators of this specie are the because he’s sharks, sea lions measuring 10 and orcas. meters.

• This specie we can find it in the depths of the oceans. • They feed the mainly of jellyfish • Female can produce more eggs that any


• The most famous • fish is the shark, because apart from • that appeared on a lot of films the people feared for their aggressively in the water, but this is not true, as the shark only attack to defend or for to know it’s this thing. In the segon option, the attack is called ‘’test bite.

We can find it in the all of oceans. They feed of a lot of animals. And them predators are the orcas.


• The most smallest fish is the Paedocypris progenetica is a • fish that lives in wetlands of the island of Sumatra, and are members of the carp family. funny thing is that they are of a transparent body and do not have a skull in the cabeza.los males have large pelvic fins which apparently serve

to grip females during mating wing. It’s measuring 7,9 mm.


• The fish Monkfish has • a very large mouth fu ll of teeth, unusual flatten ed body, and loose skin, muddy. Millions of people in Europe, Japan, and the United States consume this big ugly fish. • This species inhabits rocky seabed are, with lush vegetation, • also in deep sandy places, lives between 10-500

meters deep. It is so ugly that scares have a huge big mouth flattened, giving the feeling that has more teeth than normal. His teeth are so sharp and pointed like a needle powerful, they are all together, no spaces between some and others are stuck. It is one of the ten world's ugliest animals.


• Its body is flattened, seems crushed, the skin is so loose as he was detached and seems muddy, your head is much larger than the body, the belly is white, and the body color varies from dark brown to purple or green


Man dies after being attacked by a great white shark in New Zealand • A New Zealand woman everywhere in the has died after an attack water," said one by a great white shark. witness. "Six or seven Police shot the animal shots fired at the shark, and managed to retrieve three from the police the body. The incident helicopter and the other took place at Muriwai from the lifeguards. Do beach located about 40 not know if they killed kilometers northwest of the shark or not," he Auckland, known for its said. waves. The head of the local Rescuers say the shark lifeguards confirmed was a great white shark, that "one or two" sharks about 4 feet long. Event were spotted, but that Witnesses said a rescue went away since retiring helicopter also fired at the water body. the shark. "We saw the shark fin, and the next minute came the attack. Was blood


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Editorial: SA MARAS Date of creation: 1985 Director: Michael Díaz Vásquez Supervision: Michael Díaz Vásquez Reporter: Raul Barbero Editor: Alex Alvarez CP: 08640 Barcelona: c/Les rambles nº132



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