Taking Care of Creation
New Territorial Leaders Interviewed
Dignity Speaks, Canadians Listen
Salvationist The Voice of the Army
New Life on the Rock
A Newfoundland church opens its heart to a newcomer and his family
Witnessing in a Multi-Faith World The Booths: Our Founding Family
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14 From Nigeria to Newfoundland
How a Salvation Army church opened its heart to a newcomer to Canada PRODUCT LABELING GUIDE
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17 Kingdom Building
Mission Cuba offers opportunities for service and reflection
by Lieutenant Kyla McKenzie
18 Dignity Speaks
Salvation Army event highlights the prevalence of poverty in Canada
by John McAlister
20 Let Justice Reign Departments 4 Editorial
Stepping Up to the Plate
by Major Jim Champ
5 Around the Territory 11 Ministry in Action Welcoming the World
16 Social Issues Creation Care
by Lieutenant Joyce Downer
25 Media Reviews 25 Territorial Prayer Guide 26 Celebrate Community
by Ken Ramstead
Enrolments and recognition, tributes, calendar, gazette
12 Gospel Arts
30 Army Roots
by Julia Hosking
by Lt-Colonel Maxwell Ryan
The Focal Point
Inside Faith & Friends The Fire Inside
Firefighter Duncan Pollett’s faith helps him battle blazes
Start Your Engines
In Cars 2, four-wheeled friends Lightning McQueen and Mater return to the big screen in a global adventure
Giant of a Man
San Francisco ball player Jeremy Affeldt has a new pitch: clean drinking water and a
As a social activist, Major Campbell Roberts urges Salvationists to fight for a better world
22 Witnessing in a Multi-Faith World
Society tells us there are many paths to God. How do we respect other religions without compromising the gospel message?
by Major Juan Burry
Our Founding Family
fight against human trafficking
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Stepping Up to the Plate
baseball sits on the mantle in the living room of my mother’s apartment. Even to the untrained eye, it’s clear that the ball has special significance with its smart-looking woodand-glass stand. A closer examination reveals the ball has been autographed. The signature is barely decipherable, but an avid baseball fan would recognize the name of Tony Fernandez. Of his 17 major league seasons, Fernandez spent 12 of them playing with the Toronto Blue Jays. An outstanding fielder, Fernandez earned four Rawlings Gold Glove Awards and was a five-time All-Star during his baseball career. In 1993, he helped the Blue Jays win the World Series with an impressive display of hitting and fielding. Recently, Fernandez was the guest speaker at a Salvation Army men’s rally in the Ontario Great Lakes Division (see page 5). Now an ordained minister, his professional baseball playing days are behind him. But he keeps busy with his own personal non-profit foundation dedicated to helping underprivileged children and youth in Canada, the United States and the Dominican Republic, where he was born. Fernandez grew up poor and
is a monthly publication of The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory
believes his personal journey from rags to baseball riches is all part of God’s plan for him to assist others. The story of Tony Fernandez is impressive. It’s no surprise to me that my mother, who has been an avid Blue Jay fan for many years, holds Fernandez in high regard. His skills on the field and his generosity off it are truly remarkable. His story is also a refreshing reminder that as important as professional sports are to many people today—both to players and fans—there is more to life than its entertainment value. Many athletes give back some of the wealth and privileges they have gained in their chosen professions. They remind us of the scriptural truth that to whom much is given, much is expected. You won’t want to miss San Francisco ball player Jeremy Affeldt’s story in Faith & Friends this month (see pages 18-19). What could be more exciting than winning a World Series ring? This experience is not restricted to professional baseball players. Wealthy business professionals such as Bill and Melinda Gates and Galen Weston are committing vast sums of money to assist the poor and marginalized in today’s world through education and health care programs. We are not placed on this planet to simply live for ourselves. Long after the umpire has called the ball game’s final out, the impact and influence of Tony Fernandez and others like him will continue to be felt through the respect and dignity that they bring to the poor and less-fortunate of this world. While most of us will not experience the fame and fortune of elite baseball players, we are no less accountable for the resources available to us. “For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also” (Luke 12:34). Major Jim Champ Editor-in-Chief
Linda Bond General Commissioner William W. Francis Territorial Commander Major Jim Champ Editor-in-Chief Geoff Moulton Assistant Editor-in-Chief John McAlister Senior Editor (416-467-3185) Major Max Sturge Associate Editor (416-422-6116) Timothy Cheng Art Director Pamela Richardson Production and Distribution Co-ordinator, Copy Editor Julia Hosking, Ken Ramstead, Captain Debbie Sinclair Contributors Agreement No. 40064794, ISSN 1718-5769. Member, The Canadian Church Press. All Scripture references from the Holy Bible, Today’s New International Version (TNIV) © 2001, 2005 International Bible Society. Used by permission of International Bible Society. All rights reserved worldwide. All articles are copyright The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory and can be reprinted only with written permission.
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AROUND THE TERRITORY
Booth Graduates Equipped for Life and Work Front row, posing with Booth University College’s 2011 graduating class, Dr. Justin Cooper, guest convocation speaker; Commissioner William Francis, then chancellor; Dr. John Rook, then Board of Trustees chair; Dr. Donald Burke, president; Dr. David Neale, vice-president and academic dean
Booth University College’s recent convocational events in Winnipeg marked the first time it has conferred degrees under its new name. The service on Sunday morning, supported by Heritage Park Temple Band, honoured its graduating students. During the afternoon convocation ceremony at Knox United Church, 41 students received degrees and certificates. Among them were 12 Salvation Army offi-
cers who received their bachelor of arts degree through Booth’s extended learning network, and 25 students who completed the bachelor of social work program. Megan Bartel won the Chancellor’s Medal for her high academic standing and contribution to the life of the university college and to the wider community. “I move on to graduate studies with a passion for learning that has been instilled
in me by the professors at Booth, teachers who have shaped me as a person and prepared me for my future endeavours,” said Bartel. Captain Peter van Duinen, corps officer in Parry Sound, Ont., received the General’s Medal, an award granted to an extended-learning degree graduate for academic excellence and demonstrating potential for leadership and an understanding of the distinctive ministry and theology of The Salvation Army. Two significant transitions in leadership were also recognized: Dr. John Rook for his five years of service on the board of trustees, and Commissioner William W. Francis for his service as Booth University College’s chancellor. “My education at Booth challenged my bias and stereotypes,” testified graduate Peter Hickman. “My spiritual life had been shallow and dry. My fervour for God increased and I’ve been spiritually revitalized and made whole.”
Former Toronto Blue Jay Rallies Kitchener Blue Jays baseball legend Tony Fernandez was guest speaker for a men’s rally hosted by Kitchener Community Church, Ont. Believing baseball is a tool God gave him to use for bigger things, Fernandez gave a visual presentation of the Tony Fernandez City of Hope, a dream God gave him, he says, when he was 12. The project’s purpose is to empower youth in his native Dominican Republic to excel in life as community leaders and to know God in the process, realizing he is an integral part of our success. Fernandez challenged the 200 men present to be visionary leaders in their lives and in their respective churches. The Kitchener Community Church worship team, under the leadership of Jeff King, guided participants through times of corporate praise and adoration. The Ontario Great Lakes divisional emergency response unit was also on site for touring
and ministry overview. “It was an inspiring day as men renewed their desire to be people of vision and spiritual leaders in their homes and faith communities,” says Major Rene Loveless,
area commander, Ontario Great Lakes Division. Two hundred men worship with Tony Fernandez at men’s rally in Kitchener, Ont.
Salvationist I July 2011 I 5
AROUND THE TERRITORY
UK Musicians Shine at Oshawa Concert
The Homestead Receives $3.5 Million Renovation
Under the leadership of bandmaster Andrew Burditt, Oshawa Temple Band celebrated 125 years of music ministry in the Ontario city with a capacity crowd in attendance. Guests for the occasion were Andrew Blyth, territorial music director for the United Kingdom Territory with the Republic of Ireland, and Derick Kane, principal euphonium and deputy bandmaster of the International Staff Band. The concert began with Blyth’s fanfare and prelude, The Great Celebration, the first of six selections that were featured from the guest composer. Derick Kane played three solos: The Better World, Travelling Along and Anthem. “Listening to his impeccable interpretations was thrilling,” says Alan Coley, a member of Oshawa Temple. The band’s repertoire also included Spirit of Praise, Heart Beat, God Has Healed, Praising and Shine Down. It also performed Kenneth Downie’s major work, Majesty, music written for the centenary celebrations of the Melbourne Staff Band in Australia. It is a set of variations on J. W. Smith’s tune, Hardy Norseman, associated with Charles Wesley’s hymn, Jesus, the Name High Over All. Michael Stayner and Charles Gerard provided superb piano accompaniments. Andrew Blyth also led the Oshawa Temple Songsters in his compositions This Mighty King, Close To Me, Unlimited Love and Rock Eternal. Bandsman Robert Young shared from his 52 years of serving the Lord through his participation in the Oshawa Temple Band. A memorable evening of music making concluded with William Himes’ Procession to Covenant.
On May 13, The Salvation Army re-opened The Homestead―Alice M. Walter House residential recovery program for women struggling with substance abuse. The $3.5 million renovation was done through the generosity of the W. Garfield Weston Foundation and the Walter family of Toronto. The heating, plumbing and electrical systems were upgraded and an elevator was installed. “The Homestead is about change, recovery and hope for the body, mind and spirit,” says Lt-Colonel Myra Pritchett, then divisional director of women’s ministries, Ontario Central-East Division. Councillor Adam Vaughan brought greetings on behalf of the City of Toronto. Bruce Walter, whose family has been involved with the Army over five generations, expressed appreciation for the Army, particularly Staff Captain Alice M. Walter’s inspiring leadership. Brothers Garfield and Mark Mitchell paid tribute to their caring aunt Miriam Weston Burnett, who always provided a place of refuge for those in need. The Weston family’s donation provided a new kitchen and dining room which has been named Mrs. B’s Kitchen in honour of Miriam Weston Burnett. “The W. Garfield Weston Foundation is pleased to have helped The Salvation Army renovate The Homestead and expand their recovery programs,” says Charles Burnett III. The Homestead offers several treatment options: a 10-week residential program that houses 18 women at a time; a 10-week day treatment program; and a 10-week day treatment program located in Scarborough. Commissioners William W. and Marilyn D. Francis, then territorial leaders, dedicated The Homestead to God’s service as a place of healing, hope and transformation.
Oshawa Temple Band celebrates its 125th anniversary. From left, Derick Kane, Andrew Burditt, Andrew Blyth
Advancing the Mission Keep us informed about what’s happening. Send us your news and photos highlighting the various ways The Salvation Army is living out its mission in your community. Photos are acceptable in JPEG or TIFF format, minimum 300 ppi preferred. E-mail us at Salvationist@can.salvationarmy.org.
The Salvation Army Springdale Citadel Band Celebrates 50 years of spreading God’s love through song and music All former band members are invited to attend and bring your instruments to a Celebration Weekend November 12-13, 2011 If you are interested in attending, contact Brian Hancock at email@example.com or 709-673-4410, or the corps office at 709-673-3576 6 I July 2011 I Salvationist
Cutting the ribbon for the re-opening of The Homestead in Toronto are Adam Vaughan, Garfield Mitchell, Mark Mitchell, Bruce Walter, Elizabeth Walter, Commissioner Marilyn D. Francis, Commissioner William W. Francis
Encounter the Lands of the Bible— Greece, Turkey & Israel (including a 5-day cruise to the Greek Islands) With Majors Woody and Sharon Hale
October 15-30, 2011
Visit www.creativeventures.ca, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, write 138 Huntington Cres, Courtice ON L1E 3C5 or phone 905-440-4378 “It was more than a vacation—a spiritual experience that was very special. The Gospels take on new meaning having stood on the shores of Galilee and prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane. It had a profound effect on our daily walk with the Lord.” —G. and F. Woodland, St John’s, N.L.
AROUND THE TERRITORY
Georgina’s Day of Prayer Inspires Action On April 15, Georgina Community Church in Jackson’s Point, Ont., began Holy Week with 24 hours of worship and prayer with guests Lt-Colonels Raphael and Winsome Mason, THQ corps ministries. “Lt-Col Winsome Mason brought a different approach to how we can pray,” says Ken Brooks, the corps’ family pastor. After breaking for an hour of individual prayer at 11 stations set up throughout the church, participants came together in the sanctuary for the final night session. “Our people were on fire for the Lord and prayer was God-breathed,” says Brooks. As the day continued, Major Denise Walker, assistant territorial youth secretary, prayed for youth, and Stan and Aura Burditt, London Citadel, Ont., led prayer for an end to human trafficking. Ian Gillingham, youth and outreach co-
ordinator, London Citadel, challenged participants to share their faith with a hurting world. “We feed the hungry and clothe the poor, but how many of us are afraid to converse with them?” asks Brooks. “The Salvation Army’s early converts were pulled from the pubs and saved by the grace of God. Through constant prayer and the strength of the Lord we should not be afraid to do likewise.” Major Doug Binner, then area commander, Ontario Central-East Division, led the final session, discussing the various names of God that Christians can use in prayer. “The Lord made his presence known and lives were changed,” Brooks says. “I encourage every corps in the Canada and Bermuda Territory to get involved in 24/7 prayer initiatives.”
Dressed for Success at L’Abri d’Espoir A creative spring fashion event was held in the gallery of the Nordelec building in Montreal to benefit L’Abri d’Espoir, The Salvation Army’s women’s shelter. Models wore outfits from Salvation Army thrift stores, which had been refashioned by talented designers. Well-known TV personalities Sonia Benezra and Mario Pelchat co-hosted the evening. The benefit raised $43,840 for the shelter. “Bad things happen to good people, and when they do, we need a helping hand,” testified Elizabeth, a current resident of the shelter. “I can honestly tell you that L’Abri d’Espoir saved my life.” “Homeless women are vulnerable and desperately need the safety and dignity that L’Abri d’Espoir provides,” says Major Kathryn Trim, divisional director of women’s ministries, Quebec Division. “We are grateful to the many talented and generous individuals who donated their support to make this event successful.”
The fifth prayer station set up at Georgina Community Church as part of its 24/7 focus on prayer
Did you know … … the Ontario Association of Architects (OAA) singled out more than a dozen projects for design excellence for its 2011 awards program, one of them being The Salvation Army’s Toronto Harbour Light? The seven-storey, flagship facility houses a community church, transitional housing, a residential addictions recovery program and community and family services … this summer, residents at the Salvation Army men’s shelter in Thunder Bay, Ont., are enjoying fresh fruits and vegetables they helped cultivate through a project run by the Rotary Club? Rotarians, staff members and residents work together to plant and tend the tomatoes, beans, carrots and other produce, which help supply the shelter cafeteria and The Salvation Army’s soup van. The residents manage the day-to-day watering and weeding … the Maritime Division has added a second emergency services vehicle to reach out to disaster victims and local homeless people in need of a hot meal? Operating out of Saint John, N.B., the community response unit, the first of its kind in the province, is essentially a mobile kitchen with a six-burner stove, a convection oven, a fridge that can transform into a freezer and a compartment to keep meals warm. The Harold E. Ballard Foundation and The Salvation Army in Saint John contributed to the purchase … as a result of a very successful fiscal year, National Recycling Operations will pay a dividend of $1.4 million for use in community and social services programs across the country? The funds will be distributed to divisions based on NRO’s sales within the divisional boundary during the past year … more than 250 people enjoyed a Sunday supper courtesy of the Royal Canadian Legion Branch #11 in Woodstock, Ont., on May 15? Event organizer Ken Sercerchi and branch president Ken Newman gave the proceeds of $2,048 to The Salvation Army to promote The Dignity Project
From left, Mjr Kester Trim, DC, Quebec Div; Mario Pelchat; Sylvie Rodrigue, honorary chair; Sonia Benezra; Mjr Kathryn Trim, DDWM, Quebec Div Salvationist I July 2011 I 7
Forging a Path to the Future—
Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle, new territorial leaders for the Canada and Bermuda Territory, signal their commitment to listen to and work with their fellow Salvationists
rior to taking office on July 1, Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle, territorial commander and territorial president of women’s ministries, participated in an e-mail interview with John McAlister, senior editor. At the time of writing, Commissioners Peddle were serving as chief secretary and territorial secretary for women’s ministries in the United Kingdom Territory with the Republic of Ireland. Tell us about your family background. We were both born and raised on the East Coast of Newfoundland and Labrador, where our Christian parents gave us “roots” and “wings.” We were grounded in our faith and then set free to explore God’s will for our lives. Both of us are extremely grateful for the spiritual impact and influence of our parents on our lives. Brian was introduced to The Salvation Army in his late teens and immediately fell in love with the vibrancy of its mission and ministry. Convicted by the call of God upon his life to be an officer, he was commissioned as a member of the Companions of Christ Session (1975-1977). Rosalie grew up in the Army and participated in most of the corps activities. Committing her life to Jesus at the age of seven was a very real and memorable experience. Through her teenage years, as she grew spiritually, there was a deep awareness of God’s calling on her life to become a Salvation Army officer. Rosalie entered the College for Officer Training as a member of the Overcomers Session (1974-1976). What are your interests or hobbies? Brian enjoys the outdoors whenever opportunity presents. He finds quiet lakes, rivers for fishing and a choppy sea for kayaking to be great places of solace and enjoyable moments. Rosalie enjoys reflective and 8 I July 2011 I Salvationist
Commissioners Rosalie and Brian Peddle take up their new appointments as territorial leaders
quiet activities such as walking, reading, watching a good movie and great conversation over a cup of tea with friends. Together we enjoy cycling, hiking and exploring new places and landscapes. Each of these experiences is enhanced when we can schedule in a coffee along the way. Family is extremely important, and as we move home to Canada we look forward to becoming “real” grandparents as opposed to “Internet” grandparents! You’ve been serving out of the territory for a number of years. Please share with our readers what you have been doing. While serving as divisional leaders of the Maritime Division, we were presented with the opportunity to take up divisional leadership roles in Auckland, New Zealand. As the divisional commander and divisional director of women’s ministries,
we shared responsibility for the Northern Division, which includes Cape Reinga—the most northern tip of the country—and also hosts Auckland, New Zealand’s largest city with 1.4 million people. We easily identified with the Kiwi culture and experienced the warmth and welcome of its people. An extra blessing was the immediate connection we experienced with the heartbeat and mission of the Army, which made our time there both enjoyable and fruitful. New Zealand was our first experience of serving outside our home territory. Little did we realize that after two years and four months we would find ourselves in the United Kingdom Territory with the Republic of Ireland as chief secretary and territorial secretary for women’s ministries. Suddenly the familiarity of past appointments seemed quite distant as we took on senior leadership roles in what we discovered to be a busy, complex and diverse
territory. The past two years have been both a challenge and a time of significant personal growth. We are grateful for every opportunity and for the provision of so many people who have contributed to our lives. Given the close proximity of International Headquarters, one of the special features of this appointment was the gift of a broader awareness of the international Army and its huge responsibility in serving the world. Having seen the Army at work in different countries and settings, what have you come to appreciate about the Army’s mission and diversity? Thank you for this question as it suggests there is an expectation that the Army is not the same in every territory. Though we serve under the same flag, embrace the same doctrine and share the same DNA, our difference in expression, mission priorities and what it means to follow God’s will in God’s way remains cause for celebration. Salvationists around the world are impacted by the culture in which we live. Even within countries there is often ethnic diversity. Every country desperately needs the gospel and deserves the best possible Christian, caring response through social care and social justice. The Army offers its most effective devotion to God when its ministry reflects the demographics of the people where it exists and serves. We remember one corps in New Zealand that boasted representatives from 17 nations sharing worship. It certainly made for
interesting pot-luck dinners. Also, the Army is not static. It continues to develop as an Army called to serve the present age. Territories are all at different points of progress as they grapple with identity, mission focus, relevance and priorities. It is great that we are united as one Army under God and also that there is diversity within this unity. May we continue to celebrate this diversity as it relates to each territory being culturally relevant. As you return home to Canada, is there something you’re looking forward to doing that you haven’t been able to do in recent years? At the top of this list is sharing with family. It’s about personal engagement and connection. Since we have been away, four grandchildren have joined the family. Hugs and kisses have limited value over the Internet. On a practical basis, other items are minor as we have always lived in developed countries. However, it will be nice to be able to visit Swiss Chalet and Tim Hortons again, and also to drive on the right side of the road! On a serious note, we long for the familiarity of Canada: our family, friends, Army and home. In the past few years, the Canada and Bermuda Territory has emphasized the importance of leader-coaches. Describe your style of leadership. We are both graduates of the executive
Having returned to their home territory, Commissioners Peddle look forward to spending more time with family—in particular, their grandchildren
leadership course that was offered by the Army in partnership with Simon Fraser University. The leader-coach model is very much in line with our approach to seeing, expecting and developing the best in others. We would express freely that we are looking forward to joining the team at territorial headquarters. We will value the opinions of others and take counsel from colleagues. This would be based on our conviction of positive regard for collective reason and wisdom. A personal philosophy that we have often stated is, “If we go down, we go down together. If we celebrate, everyone celebrates.” Having noted the above, we will not abdicate our responsibility regarding leadership. The Memorandum of Appointment issued to territorial commanders focuses on responsibilities that can’t be delegated to others. As the Army appoints us, our intent is to give the territory our best. We aim to do this through a consistent and effective practice of spiritual leadership. The acceleration of change in culture and technology has had a significant impact on the Army in our territory. As we adapt to shifting trends, what do you feel are the non-negotiables in our Movement and what is open to change? As time moves on and we become reacquainted with the territory, we suspect we will have more to say on this matter. For now we will take the high ground and note that regardless of cultural change or technological shifts, the Army in Canada and Bermuda must remain a positive and contributing part of the international Salvation Army and a relevant evangelical expression in our society. Our strength is in our obedience to God, our doctrinal adherence and our commitment to our evangelical message and social justice. Our hope is that the whole of the Army—every corps, centre, division—will stand comfortably in the trenches, both holding the line and taking ground for the Kingdom’s sake. We will need to have increased open discussion about priorities and how we become “fit for purpose” in 2011, as well as carefully considering our methodology to evaluate what needs reworking. We will honour the past but not be defined by it. The Army has always prided itself on being a leader in women’s ministries. Are there ways that we can improve in this area? Of course! We simply need to value and Salvationist I July 2011 I 9
use the gifted people in the Army in a way that honours God. This applies to both men and women. On the specific question, we recognize that we still have a distance to go. We are pleased that this territory has put some clear markers down in this area and we would want to emphasize continued development of leadership that is reflected through consultation and appointments. What areas of ministry are you most passionate about? As officer years have passed, our focus has become more intentional and a growing influence through our personal journey has demanded clarity in our articulated priorities. For us it is about: • Fulfilling our “royal priesthood” duties in bringing God to the people and the people to God • Pursuing Kingdom work, growth and values here on earth. We must raise up a holy nation of God’s people • Treasuring the opportunities provided to inspire and bring out the Godgiven gifts in others • Longing for the body of Christ (and specifically the Army) to be viewed from within and by the world as an unstoppable force for good • Falling in love again with God’s mission in the world and remaining committed to the “whosoever gospel” • Remaining convinced that the world needs to see and hear the true meaning of social justice as people have encounters with the Army • Always recognizing and providing a place for our youth and children, not in the future but today, as they are vital to who we are as a Movement What do you see as the strengths of the Canada and Bermuda Territory? The territory’s greatest strengths are found within its membership. Those who worship and serve in the Army (both Salvationists and employees) see its purpose in the world as God-ordained. Then there is our strength of diversity in expression, which stretches from coast to coast and south to Bermuda. We need to celebrate and respect such diversity. Our reputation in the public forum is a strength. There is a thin line between the popular and prophetic, but we are a respected voice. We anticipate that the territory has grown and strengthened on many fronts. We want Salvationists to honour and build 10 I July 2011 I Salvationist
In their leisure time, Commissioners Peddle enjoy cycling, hiking and exploring new places and landscapes
on the past but also to grapple with the present challenges with hope and courage, and then by God’s grace continue to move forward from strength to strength. What will be the emphasis of your leadership? In response to this question we could outline personal ponderings regarding the way forward, and possibly it is right that readers hear from us on such matters. However, at the present time, you will have to be patient. We have committed ourselves to an aggressive re-engagement with our home territory. We feel that we will need to listen to the heartbeat of the territory. This includes leadership colleagues, officers, soldiers, adherent members and friends engaged in the salvation war. The chief secretary has already set aside a full day for the Cabinet to share with us when we arrive. In September and October, we will travel the territory to share in dialogue and re-acquaint ourselves with the Army in our home territory where God has appointed us to lead. Forging a path to the future together
will be the banner. Working with, listening to and leading forward will be the priorities that mark these early days. It won’t be long before we will be specifically asking all Salvationists to join us on this path for God’s glory. What words of inspiration do you have for the territory? Remain faithful and committed to the purpose for which God raised up the Army. Celebrate our distinctive place within the body of Christ, our doctrine, our mission, our message. Re-affirm faith in God’s mission in the world and be a partaker of the success of that mission. Engage in prayer for the Army where you are and ask God to reveal the new thing that he is doing. Commit to being a dynamic soldier of Christ and the Army and exercise obedient faith. And trust in God for the revealing of his will for us―and then, at all costs, surrender to that will. At all times and in every circumstance remember Ephesians 3:20: (It is God) who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to his power that is at work within us.
MINISTRY IN ACTION
Welcoming the World
The Salvation Army’s Immigrant and Refugee Services extends a much-appreciated helping hand BY KEN RAMSTEAD, EDITOR, FAITH & FRIENDS AND FOI & VIE
oses Bukenya arrived in Canada from Uganda in December 2006 seeking asylum. He had no family, friends or means of support in Canada. The shelter where he was staying referred him to The Salvation Army’s Immigrant and Refugee Services (IRS) in Toronto. “Moses was looking for help and information, but, just as importantly, he craved the extended family he had left behind in Africa,” says Florence Gruer, director. “He found it all here at IRS.” Newcomer Needs In the 1980s, IRS was born when a Salvation Army assessment indicated that many immigrants and refugees were falling through the gaps of society. While the settlement field has expanded since then and numerous agencies now address the needs of newcomers, IRS’ strength is its flexibility. IRS is there at every step in the settlement process, from arrival to applying for citizenship. “Naturally, we provide English-as-a-second-language courses,” says Gruer, “but we have orientation and information sessions that address issues most Canadians take for granted, such as filling out income-tax forms. Even finding a family doctor or a dentist can be daunting if you are a newcomer.” In addition, IRS offers other essential services such as employment referrals, immigration information, short-term crisis counselling, chaplaincy services and Bible study. Family Matters In Moses’ case, IRS provided information concerning housing and the refugee-claim process, guided him with his studies and search for employment and explained the various government forms he encountered along the way. Armed with this knowledge, Moses put himself through school while holding down part-time jobs in the evening. He now has full-time employment and owns a condo in the city.
IRS clients and staff
As Moses’ story illustrates, IRS is not about handouts; it’s about people taking the information provided and using it for their betterment. “We didn’t do this for Moses,” emphasizes Gruer. “Moses did it for himself, with a strong faith, a positive attitude and a great work ethic. “We rejoiced when he was officially recognized as a refugee in January 2009 and again in December when he became a permanent resident of Canada.” Celebrating positive events such as birthdays and baby showers is important at IRS. Many newcomers have no extended family with them, and so clients and staff become “family.” When Moses first met Gruer, for instance, he started to refer to her as “Aunty”—his ultimate term of respect. Clients, in turn, look after one another. When one ESL student’s sister overseas passed away, her classmates passed the hat to collect enough money to help to pay for the funeral costs. A Nation of Immigrants Because IRS is part of the Toronto Harbour Light Ministries, there has been opportunity for joint participation. Both Harbour Light Community Church and IRS participate in Christmas
events, for example, where the members of the church and the ESL students have supper together, giving both groups an opportunity to share the Christmas story. Students have also attended events such as a Sunday morning service featuring the Canadian Staff Band. Through this type of exposure, IRS clients experience the wider Salvation Army world and learn about God. Gruer is proud of the IRS track record. “Last year, we served 1,552 households, which represents 2,034 family members. Out of that total, 495 were new households, totalling 709 family members. “The Salvation Army has always had a heart for newcomers to the country,” says Gruer, “and IRS continues that tradition. Ultimately, Canada is a country of immigrants and helping newcomers find a future here is really about our commonalities— sharing love and sharing hope.” Salvationist I July 2011 I 11
The Focal Point
A Salvationist and avid photographer, Ian McKenzie believes that the visual arts can deepen our personal and corporate worship BY JULIA HOSKING, STAFF WRITER
Ian McKenzie (top) talks to the people living on the street before photographing them (see left). “This fellow lives on the street with all his goods in a couple of plastic bags. He sleeps on that bench most nights,” says McKenzie. “But he likes to do puzzles and the activity gives him a little bit of enjoyment in his life”
here is an old bridge in Edmonton that leads downtown. It is an ugly, metal structure, rusted with age and yearning for renewal. Thousands of people drive over it every day without giving it a second glance. When Ian McKenzie, a soldier at Edmonton Temple, first photographed the run-down bridge three years ago, some of those daily commuters saw it with fresh eyes. “People discovered something in that bridge they had never seen before,” says McKenzie. “A photograph offers the ability to communicate what is often unseen or missed in the busyness of life.” McKenzie—whose full-time hobby is photography and full-time job is divisional director of employee relations, Alberta and Northern Territories Division—believes 12 I July 2011 I Salvationist
in the power of the visual medium. In particular, he recognizes the role photography can have as a communication tool in a worship setting. “Photographs help people focus on a particular subject or topic in different kinds of ways,” he explains. “Some of my pictures have been used at my corps as creative PowerPoint backgrounds to song lyrics or Scripture passages. For example, when reading a Psalm in church that talks about lifting your eyes to the hills, an appropriate photo can illustrate visually what the psalmist is saying.” Capturing the natural world through photographs is one way that McKenzie personally worships God. “One of my fascinations is with the intricacy of nature,” says McKenzie. “A lot of my photos focus on the small details. If
I’m taking a picture of a tree, it’s normally of a leaf or a piece of fruit, not the whole tree. Photography allows me the opportunity to see the detail of God’s creation.” Photography can also be used to generate awareness. For example, the Army uses photographs and other visuals during the annual Partners in Mission Campaign to tell the stories of people in the developing world. “A visual image can connect the need to the practical ways we can help and express our Christian faith and worship,” says McKenzie. One of the themes that flows through McKenzie’s photographic artwork is the plight of the homeless. “The idea of simply taking a picture of someone without permission doesn’t sit well with me so I engage in conversation with them first,” he shares. “My experiences of talking to the homeless have increased my awareness that they are people like me with needs, desires and interests. It is easy for them to become invisible, so having a conversation and taking their picture reinforces that they are important to, and loved by, God. I’ve shared this approach with others, and some of my photography friends have become less critical of the
homeless over time.” Whether it is communicating a message, helping provide a new understanding of Scripture or portraying God’s creation, McKenzie feels that the visual arts—such as photography—play an important role in worship. “We put music to good use in our worship activities,” he says, “but I think all sorts of artistic expression have a place in both personal and corporate worship. The visual arts help focus people on God and encourage an emotional response to him. This could be as simple as a cross hung on a wall in remembrance of the Crucifixion and Resurrection or a photograph of a bee’s wing to demonstrate the intricacy and beauty of God’s creation. “When I go into a church sanctuary that displays fabric banners with Scripture verses or thoughts along with pictures, I find my mind and heart pulled into the activity of worship. They help me realize that the place I’ve entered is set aside for worshipping God and all the aspects of the environment help focus my mind and heart on that activity.” To see more of Ian McKenzie’s photography, visi flickr.com/photos/tubaism.
The photo of this bridge in Edmonton is one of McKenzie’s most popular images. “Photography allows you to take something ordinary and draw people’s attention to it so they see previously unseen details,” he says
McKenzie delights in capturing the intricacy and detail of God’s creation in photographs. “I’m fascinated by photographing a bee and seeing all the lines than run through the small, delicate wings,” he shares. “God didn’t just make the design for the sake of it; the designs help the bee perform specific functions” Salvationist I July 2011 I 13
Photos: © Jessica Buckle | www.jessicabuckle.com
engineer in 1995, the gifted musician and songwriter had become well-versed in the Bible and theology. A senior engineer at a telecommunications company in Lagos, Nigeria, Solomon immersed himself in church life and became an assistant pastor and youth leader. In 2002, he immigrated to the United States to pursue his dream of self-producing a CD of his worship songs, but the dream foundered against some harsh realities. “The CD would have cost me more than $15,000,” Solomon says, “money I did not have.” Undaunted, he secured a teaching position at a private school, and a caring American couple who attended his church in Maryland, an offshoot of the one he had attended in Nigeria, provided room and board. “I was content, certainly, but something was missing in my life,” continues Solomon. “And then I met Dena.”
From Nigeria to Newfoundland How a Salvation Army church opened its heart to a newcomer to Canada BY KEN RAMSTEAD, EDITOR, FAITH & FRIENDS AND FOI & VIE
hen I met my wife, Dena, I didn’t even know where Newfoundland was,” laughs Solomon Okhifoh. “But since moving to Conception Bay South, N.L., in 2008, I can’t imagine living anywhere else.” Following a Dream Solomon was born in Nigeria, the son of devout Christians. “But just because my 14 I July 2011 I Salvationist
parents faithfully attended church didn’t mean I had the slightest idea what my faith was about,” he says. While studying to be an engineer, however, the university student attended a Christian youth group meeting and found a faith he had lacked. Solomon soon became the unofficial leader of a group of Christian students and by the time he graduated as an electronics
Cyber Connection Born and raised in Newfoundland and Labrador, Dena George is the daughter of Salvationists and was preparing to attend Bible college when she and Solomon met on a Christian online dating site in 2004. “It didn’t take long for us to discover that we were meant for each other,” states Dena. “There were a lot of prayers and a lot of Bible study on the phone.” That October, she journeyed to Maryland to meet Solomon in person. “I felt there was no wasting time,” explains Solomon. “I proposed to her, she accepted and that was it!” The couple were married in December and journeyed to Illinois, where Dena had been hired as a Salvation Army youth pastor. They stayed there for three and a half years and had two children. In 2008, when Dena’s work visa expired, they made the decision to move to Canada. A Home in Canada Though Conception Bay South would be a homecoming for Dena, Solomon was apprehensive about moving to Newfoundland and Labrador. But any reservations he had were dispelled by the warm welcome they received. Majors Wayne and Rosemary Green, then corps officers at Conception Bay South, opened their hearts to the family and helped them transition to their new community, even involving them in the corps leadership team. As well, members of the corps often invited the family for dinner and Solomon and Dena were given employment referrals.
“Conception Bay South is blessed with people who accept, welcome and love those who come to us,” states Major Wayne Green. “This is what makes the corps work and grow.” “Everyone fell in love with Solomon and unequivocally accepted him as one of their own,” says Dena. “He’s even part of the worship team and often plays the drums or bass guitar.” “Even though Nigeria and Newfoundland are worlds apart, the people here remind me of those in the village where I was raised,” says Solomon. “They are kind, giving and compassionate.” When Solomon’s father unexpectedly died in an automobile accident last year, the corps gave a love offering and were able to raise $3,000 so that the couple could travel to Nigeria to attend the funeral, one anonymous donor giving a third of the amount. “I hadn’t been home to see my family in eight years, so this generosity was as unexpected as it was appreciated,” he explains. Solomon is a residential counsellor at The Salvation Army’s Wiseman Centre in St. John’s, while Dena is a youth pastor at St. John’s West Corps. Solomon is completing a master’s degree in electrical engineering at Memorial University of
Newfoundland, and Dena will complete a bachelor’s degree in biblical and theological studies from Booth University College in the fall. “We don’t know what the future holds but we hope it is here in Newfoundland and Labrador,” says Dena. One incident encapsulated the Okhifohs’ experience. Solomon had been pondering a job opportunity in Alberta when one of the corps officers took Solomon aside after a church service. “I don’t know what your plans are,” Major Wayne Green told him, “but I want to let you know that you are welcome here. This is your home.” “That statement went right through me,” says Solomon. “I realized this was my home now.” Left, the Okhifohs in front of Conception Bay South; right, the family poses on a fishing boat
at s u n i Jo anadian ion The Cnal Exhib2it011 Natiog.19-Sept.5,ronto Au
Volunteer at The Salvation Army Refreshment Centre For more info or to volunteer, please contact Lisa Marinis at email@example.com 416-321-2654 ext 210
Solomon and Dena in African attire
Save the Date!
Saturday, December 3, 2011 Toronto Santa Shuffle Location: 1132 Leslie St., Wilket Creek Park and Sunnybrook Park To volunteer please contact Lisa Marinis firstname.lastname@example.org 416-321-2654 ext. 210 Salvationist I July 2011 I 15 SS Salvationist Qtr Page.indd 1
3/29/2011 8:42:51 PM
How concerned should Christians be about the environment? BY LIEUTENANT JOYCE DOWNER
rowing up, my family didn’t watch much television. The only TV we owned was a tiny 14-inch unit with poor colour quality and rabbit ears for an antenna. Needless to say, TV was not something I grew up with. Instead, what occupied my time was a vast forest in our backyard, nearby cornfields with roaming deer and a large ravine with a creek that trickled into Lake Huron. The natural world was my playground, a place where my siblings and I were free to explore the unknown. Adventure was always just around the corner. We went on hiking explorations, played “capture the flag” in the woods, fished and waded in the nearby creek, picked wild strawberries and built snow forts. As I reflect on those days, I realize how 16 I July 2011 I Salvationist
our escapades surpassed anything TV had to offer and instilled in us an imagination that can’t be taught. It was my childhood playground of nature that gave me a deep appreciation for the environment. These days, enjoyment of the natural world is meaningless if it doesn’t push us to corresponding action. Carbon emissions, excessive consumer waste, increased energy consumption and water shortages are all threats to our planet. If our children are to enjoy nature in the same way we did, our behaviour has to change. As humans, we typically focus on what creation can do for us. For example, we think of trees for their benefits: a source of heat and energy, construction materials and pulp to make paper. Yet, the created world is not just for satisfying our immedi-
ate needs and desires. Scripture informs us that the primary purpose of creation is to honour and glorify Christ, who is the “firstborn over all creation. For in him all things were created: things in Heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him” (Colossians 1:15-16). The same God who breathed life into humans also spoke into being all living things. When God made the world, he called each part of it “good.” The Salvation Army’s position statement on Responsibility for the Earth affirms that “God delights in each part of creation and fills it with intrinsic value, regardless of its utility. As such, caring for creation is an act of worship to God, while neglecting or abusing it is an act of disobedience.” From the world’s inception, God intended that we care for nature. That’s why he made our first parents stewards of the earth: “The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it” (Genesis 2:15). The meaning of the original Hebrew text is “to protect,” “to look after” or “to nurture.” The Army’s position statement affirms this: “Humans are called to careful stewardship of the earth and its resources. The call to stewardship must be seen as an invitation to inhabit God’s garden, to tend to this bountiful planet, care for it and help it to flourish, joining with all creation in witnessing to God’s glory.” Caring for creation involves sacrifice. Whether it’s leaving our cars at home for short trips, making the effort to recycle and compost, buying energy-efficient appliances or conserving water, we can all do our part. It may be difficult to interrupt our comfortable and convenient way of life, but we must take seriously our calling to environmental stewardship. Our very world depends on it.
For Further Reflection:
• Do I take more from the earth than is my small portion? Can I live with less? • How do we move from appreciation of creation to action that helps protect it? • How do our individual and corporate decisions live out God’s call to stewardship? Lieutenant Joyce Downer is corps officer for the Glace Bay circuit with New Waterford, N.S. While at training college, Joyce joined the territorial Social Issues Committee as a cadet member. To learn more or share ideas, contact email@example.com.
Kingdom Building Mission Cuba offers opportunities for service and reflection By Lieutenant Kyla McKenzie
he joy of the Lord went with us as we set out on a mission to build relationships and rebuild Salvation Army properties,” says Cadet Laura Van Schaick, who served as a member of Mission Cuba 3 as part of her Salvation Army officer training. For the third year in a row, the Ontario Central-East Division sent a mission team to Cuba to support the work of The Salvation Army there. For two weeks, I was part of the Canadian team that participated in construction, renovations, teaching and training seminars. When we arrived in Cuba, the group accessed a 40-foot container that had been shipped to Cuba with $40,000 worth of construction materials. “We thank Home Depot, Sherritt International and private donors for their partnership in making this mission trip possible with their generous contributions,” says Major John Murray, divisional secretary for public relations and development and the team leader of Mission Cuba. The Salvation Army has a strong presence in Cuba, operating 24 churches, 14 community service programs, a seniors’ residence and an addiction rehabilitation program. During the trip, the mission team split into two working groups, with one group working in Banes and the other in Holguin. I was a member of the group working in Banes, which is a small town in southeastern Cuba. We were responsible for installing new roofs, doors, windows and wiring and the painting of three Salvation Army buildings. In addition, we had to assemble new beds and furniture for the officers’ quarters. One of my assignments was to prepare lunch for the other team members. Working alongside Captain Yoandra, the corps officer in Banes, I had the privilege of interacting with her family and getting a glimpse of their Christian love, generosity and hospitality. While I had expected to be ministering to others, it was me who was ministered to. As the team members focused on their responsibilities, it was incredible to see
Above: Commissioner William W. Francis, then territorial commander for Canada and Bermuda, dedicates the renovated Banes Corps building; left: Lt Kyla McKenzie, Mjr Brenda Murray and Darlene Stoops at work on the Banes worksite
how quickly the tasks were completed. I learned how to paint, saw, haul lumber and had an unsuccessful attempt at hammering, but it was great to know that even with my limited skills, I was able to contribute to the efforts in Cuba. Some might believe that this was only a construction trip, but as Major Murray says, “It’s all about the people―encouraging fellow Salvationists, sharing and working together and strengthening the ministry in Cuba. The construction projects were but a small part of the overall missions program.” God was at the centre of all we did. Every morning at breakfast, we learned the
verse that would be used for devotions that night so we could meditate on God’s Word all day long. At various times throughout the day, I would hear someone ask where I saw God’s presence or repeat part of the verse we were focusing on. In the evenings, we gathered together for devotions and shared how we had seen God’s hand at work during the day. We appreciated the many people that Major Brenda Murray had organized in Canada to pray for our team while we were in Cuba. Their support was felt and the results seen daily. The ability to do God’s work is an amazing gift—one he gives freely and without reservation—and it was a gift that 26 people accepted and went to Cuba to carry out. Lieutenant Kyla McKenzie is the corps officer in Fernie, B.C., and was commissioned last month as a Salvation Army officer. She participated in Mission Cuba 3 as part of her officer training. Salvationist I July 2011 I 17
Dignity Speaks Salvation Army event highlights the prevalence of poverty in Canada By John McAlister, SENIOR EDITOR
18 I July 2011 I Salvationist
officially welcomed people (both in attendance and viewing on the web) to the Dignity Speaks event. “Dignity for
all is at the heart of The Salvation Army’s mission,” he said. “We believe that how we treat our most vulnerable citizens matters.
Photos: Steve Nelson
hree million Canadians—one in 11 people—live in poverty today. Despite these high numbers, many people think that poverty doesn’t exist in Canada. And some even believe that the poor have only themselves to blame. “The Salvation Army is called to a mission of service that provides dignity and respect,” says Graham Moore, territorial public relations and development secretary. “As Canada’s largest non-governmental direct provider of social services, last year the Army served more than 1.6 million people across the country with basic needs. So we know that poverty exists—we see the evidence of it every day.” While the Army continues in its mission to assist the most vulnerable in society, it depends on the financial support of public donors to make this happen. As such, it’s essential that the Army inform Canadians about what it means to live in poverty and what they can do about it. In May, the Army launched The Dignity Project, a public awareness campaign to reinforce the principle that everyone deserves the fundamental right of human dignity. “We believe that every person should have access to basic rights, such as nutritious food, health care, education and economic opportunity,” says Moore. Declaring May as “Dignity Month,” the Army organized Dignity Speaks, an event held on May 15 to showcase The Dignity Project and the Army’s work with the marginalized of society. Held at Toronto’s Harbour Light Ministries, Dignity Speaks was marketed as a national event with video of the proceedings streamed live on the Internet and constant updates made on the Army’s Twitter and Facebook accounts. After a musical prelude by Hark the Herons, the lights dimmed as the crowd watched a short video featuring moving testimonies by Virasak Thongpheng, Corry Frost and Wally Race, three individuals whom the Army helped to overcome their addictions. Colonel Floyd Tidd, chief secretary,
We want to educate, motivate and inspire you to take action as you think about those who struggle to get by every day.” Colonel Tidd encouraged people to join The Dignity Project by signing the Dignity Manifesto (see sidebar). He then introduced Herbie Kuhn, who has been the voice of the Toronto Raptors since 1995, as the MC for the event. As he took the stage, Kuhn shared how his young son, upon hearing about the Dignity event, wanted to give some of his money to the Army. Kuhn then presented the donation to Colonel Tidd on behalf of his son. A short video about Gwen Boyne followed. At age 18, Boyne was stabbed in the back of the head by her boyfriend, who wanted to control and demean her. Later, after being evicted from her home, she sought help from the Army’s youth shelter in Sutton, Ont. Determined to be treated with respect, she regained her dignity through the support of the Army. After the video, Kuhn interviewed Boyne on stage, after which she shared a poem she wrote about her experiences. Kuhn then introduced Damon Allen, who played 23 seasons in the Canadian Football League. A former CFL Most Outstanding Player and two-time Grey Cup winner, Allen shared how his relationship with Jesus Christ has reinforced his belief in promoting dignity in others. After speaking, Allen threw two autographed CFL footballs into the crowd. Downhere, a Juno Award-winning band from Canada, then took to the stage for the first of their two sets. Glenn Lavender, a member of both Downhere and Hark the
Dignity Manifesto I believe that: Everyone should have access to life’s basic necessities Poverty is a scourge on society that puts dignity out of reach People’s lives change when they are treated with dignity Everyone has a right to a sense of dignity The fight against poverty deserves my personal attention Sign the Manifesto at SalvationArmy. ca/dignity.
Left: Glenn Lavender of Downhere and Hark the Herons performs; above: Matt Rawlins and Agnes create art for the event; below: Herbie Kuhn and Colonel Floyd Tidd
Herons, grew up attending a Salvation Army church in Cambridge, Ont. Although not able to attend the event in person, two-time Olympic Gold medalist Catriona Le May Doan sent a video message. A supporter of The Dignity Project, she encouraged people “to understand the struggles that face society’s most vulnerable…. With our support, The Salvation Army’s vision of dignity for all people can be realized.” Kuhn then interviewed Matt Rawlins, who works at L’Arche Toronto, a community where people with developmental disabilities are celebrated. Throughout the event, Rawlins and Agnes, a core member from L’Arche, created artwork that promoted the value of others. Colonel Tidd then introduced Mike Jack, who shared how at age 10, he had begun abusing drugs and alcohol. Quickly becoming an addict, Jack did whatever he could to get high. Through the support of Toronto’s Harbour Light, Jack was able to overcome his addiction and today is a support to many recovering addicts. At the conclusion of the Dignity Speaks event, Colonel Tidd thanked everyone for their support of the Army and asked them to encourage others to sign the Dignity Manifesto. The Dignity Speaks video can be viewed at SalvationArmy.ca/dignityspeaksvideo. For more information about The Dignity Project, visit SalvationArmy.ca/dignity. Salvationist I July 2011 I 19
Let Justice Reign
As a social activist, Major Campbell Roberts urges Salvationists to fight for a better world
ajor Campbell Roberts is the secretary for social program and national director of social policy and social services for the New Zealand, Fiji and Tonga Territory. He is responsible for all government and parliamentary relationships with the Army in New Zealand and is often called upon as a national spokesperson and media commentator on issues of poverty, prison reform, housing, welfare and employment. Major Roberts is the founding director of The Salvation Army’s Social Policy and Parliamentary Unit (SPPU), which has a mandate to work toward the elimination of poverty in New Zealand. In recent days, Major Roberts has also been responsible for co-ordinating The Salvation Army’s response to the September 2010 and February 2011 earthquakes in Christchurch, New Zealand. Julia Hosking, staff writer, interviewed Major Roberts for Salvationist while he was in Toronto for the territorial social services conference. How has The Salvation Army responded to the earthquakes in New Zealand? Initially, our support was through feeding programs and psycho-social support. When there was further destruction and loss of life in February, our response increased to include visiting people and households with police, going into the areas where rescues were taking place and being part of the police teams that met with relatives of those missing. We 20 I July 2011 I Salvationist
recently implemented a $500 cash card for people to purchase resources, and because the trauma is very deep— partly due to the continuation of aftershocks—we’ve instituted a scheme of giving people a respite away from the city for four or five days. You said the trauma from the earthquakes is very deep. How else has Christchurch been affected? The first earthquake created a lot of disruption in terms of housing and so the second earthquake hit a patched city, not a repaired city. As a result, significant areas of Christchurch will not be able to be rebuilt due to soil and
structural damage to the earth. Additionally, many roads are still impassable, the central city is inaccessible, buildings are slowly being demolished and 10,000 to 15,000 houses will need to be destroyed, with many more currently unliveable. Furthermore, because school buildings were also ruined, some schools have been forced to adopt a “shift system” where one school uses a building in the morning and another in the afternoon. You seem passionate about social justice and social change. Is there a particular Scripture passage that resonates strongly with you? The major themes that I see in
Scripture are that we need to be about faith, we need to be merciful to people and we need to be about justice. That’s captured most strongly in Micah 6:8: “And what does the Lord require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God.” The SPPU’s mandate is to work toward the elimination of poverty. Is that a realistic possibility? Poverty, in the way in which it takes away from the abundant life of a person, is evil. It is not only bad social policy, it is sinful. The Army’s mission includes eradicating sin and seeing salvation for all. Likewise, the calls of Jesus were about the eradication of
poverty and carrying out justice, so eliminating poverty is a missional imperative. Will all people be saved and all sin and poverty eradicated? Probably not. Rather than being “successful” in those tasks, however, we are called to be faithful and honour the claims of the gospel. Why do you say poverty is sinful? Much of the world’s pain and suffering is caused by sinful systems, whether that is corrupt political systems or unfair conduct of businesses. There is talk about fair trade, so there is an assumption of unfair trade and, in that, there is sinfulness. Some people are the victims of those systems, so although the victimized person might be a sinner, because of another’s actions, they are also “sinned against.” Jesus died for sin in all its forms, not for sin in some of its forms. As a result, we need to address the sin against people as well as personal sin. The Canada and Bermuda Territory recently released the Dignity Report, which revealed 50 percent of Canadians believe that if poor people really want to work they can always find a job and that 25 percent believe people are poor simply because they are lazy. How do we counter attitudes like those? The public relies on information from the media, which tends to take the worst or most dramatic stories and then portray them as the situation for all people. The Salvation Army has a vital role in changing this because we are meeting daily with people on the margins of society. We need to tell their stories and be their voice. We need to do research that shows why people are in poverty and what are the drivers of that poverty, such as poor housing, lack of income and racial disadvantage. After forming the SPPU, we
identified the 500 most-influential people in setting New Zealand’s social and economic agenda. That includes leaders in politics, business, media, education and commerce. One of the ways I build relationships with the politicians is by sitting at the Wellington airport. I live in Auckland, where the SPPU is, and work part-time at territorial headquarters in Wellington, so I fly home every Thursday, the same time that the politicians fly home from parliament. There is never a week that I don’t have at least one politician seek me out for a conversation. This provides me with the opportunity to share people’s stories and speak on issues that are important to The Salvation Army. Do you have an example of a small-scale act of social change? One of my first appointments as an officer was as an industrial chaplain. I’d often talk to the management team and employees about their problems and reflect on them from a biblical and theological perspective. The general factory manager told me one morning that the board said he had to make 100 staff redundant and he wanted to do it in a “Christian way.” After much discussion, the management team decided that the redundancy was unjust and unnecessary and they needed to fight the board. That required risking their jobs and the life of the factory. I saw that morning an act of self-denying love and compassion, and I learned that when people take the teachings of the gospel seriously, justice can prevail. Can you share a “success story” from a larger-scale campaign? Although New Zealand was facing a housing crisis, the minister of housing said there was none. The SPPU staged a public demonstration to say that yes, there is a housing
crisis. We took into one of our city squares a car that a family had lived in for several days. The media highlighted what is happening in terms of housing; that there are people living in cars or temporary shelters, doubling up in homes or needing to move frequently. We then suggested to the government ways to change the system, how more money could be put into housing and what policies could be implemented. We identified the need, provided some
of poverty means addressing fundamental issues of housing, education, employment, discrimination or health care. On an individual level, though, it is about quality time and being prepared to enter into a relationship with someone. I once had a client ask me for a food parcel. I could have just given it to him, but prompted by the Holy Spirit, I took the time to talk with him and learn why he was requiring the parcel. Due to his employment and financial situation, he was losing his family home at an auction that day. By going deeper, I uncovered the reason behind his need and in the end, he didn’t lose his house. We often want to give people something, but we find it more difficult to give them our time and listen to their stories. Engaging meaningfully with others is something anybody can do.
Mjr Campbell Roberts
What are some other practical ways that Salvationists can get involved in social justice? Look around your neighbourhood and community—the places you live, work and socialize—and ask yourself, “What would this community look like if it was totally Christian?” Paint a picture of the Kingdom of God on earth, and look for where that picture falls short. The areas that fall short are the areas that need work. Change isn’t always dramatic; it’s often about simple things. For example, using my car to take someone to an appointment, befriending a lonely person, telling a client about a government provision they didn’t know they could access or changing how I think and act, how I listen to the news and what myths I perpetuate. Social change occurs when an individual person realizes that the gospel is about social justice and living justly. And everything we do needs to further the gospel.
“When people take the teachings of the gospel seriously, justice can prevail” solutions that were practical and realistic and eventually the government increased the amount of money they put into housing and they changed the nature and provisions of housing. How can we break the cycle of generational poverty? In order to break generational poverty we need to ask, why is this family in poverty? What are the factors that are holding them back? Breaking the cycle
Salvationist I July 2011 I 21
Witnessing in a Multi-Faith World
Society tells us there are many paths to God. How do we respect other religions without compromising the gospel message? BY MAJOR JUAN BURRY
orn and raised on the island of Newfoundland, I completed my officer training in St. John’s and had my first two appointments in small Newfoundland communities. Wherever I went as a Salvation Army officer, I encountered Christians—either devout Christians or people who were affiliated with a Christian denomination. So, when I sang the national anthem and asked God to “keep our land glorious and free,” it seemed consistent to me. I was living in a Christian nation. Or so I thought. As I moved across the country, and ultimately to British Columbia nearly a decade ago, I noticed a changing religious flavour the farther I moved west. The Sikh and Buddhist temples and the mosques of Islam that I saw in high-school textbooks were scattered throughout Vancouver and Victoria. The cultural framework in which I would be fulfilling my calling was quite different from the place where I started. Multiculturalism, and the resulting religious diversity, is an official policy of Canada, introduced during Pierre Elliott Trudeau’s time as prime minister. As citizens of this great country, we are expected to accept people regardless of their religious beliefs. Also, the biblical mandate to “love our neighbour” teaches us to show respect for people of all religions. The subject of pluralism and the Christian response to it is perhaps the most daunting challenge facing the Church today. Far more than just a matter of pragmatism, it is a difficult theological question: How do I function in my ministry context when nearly half of the people I encounter identify with a religion other than Christianity? In typical Wesleyan fashion, I rely on four different sources to help me reach my theological conclusions. The Methodist Albert Outler referred to this as the Wesleyan Quadrilateral: tradition, Scripture, reason and experience. 22 I July 2011 I Salvationist
1. Tradition—Historically, what does the Christian Church have to say on this matter? While space does not permit a comprehensive overview of this subject, it is important to say that the opinions of the Church and leading Christian thinkers throughout history have been varied. We can narrow down the viewpoints into three categories: Normative Pluralism. This is the view that all ethical religions lead to God and salvation. This would be the most liberal viewpoint. Christianity is thus seen as one of many paths.
If God is loving and merciful, would he sentence people to judgment without providing them an opportunity to choose or reject the gospel? Exclusivism. This is the conservative viewpoint that states that salvation is found in Christ alone. Typically, an exclusivist believes that we need to explicitly pronounce faith in Christ in order to be assured of salvation. There are some exclusivists who choose to remain agnostic about the fate of those who have not yet heard the gospel. Inclusivism. This is the centrist viewpoint between pluralism and exclusivism. Inclusivists believe that salvation has its origin and fulfilment in Jesus Christ, but that may mean that the subject is saved
and is not fully aware of it. The individual might not have heard the gospel or may be following a different religion. However, they are responding to God in the best way that they can, based on the revelation that they have received. I admit that I find it difficult to accept the pluralist view. If all roads lead to God, then of what significance is Jesus Christ? Why evangelize? At first glance, exclusivism appears to be the most faithful to the historical Christian message of salvation in Christ alone, which is one of its strong points. However, there are a couple of difficulties with exclusivism as it relates to sharing our faith. First, it tends to cause believers to appear arrogant and intolerant, which is not helpful to our witness in a pluralistic context. Second, exclusivists fail to consider the sociological and cultural factors that play into whether a person becomes a Christian or not. As theologian Ronald Nash puts it, “Is God’s grace limited to the relatively few who, often through accidents of time and geography, happen to have responded to the gospel?” Inclusivism is not without its critics either. Inclusivists are sometimes accused of being soft on the gospel. If a person of another religion is already saved, then the impetus for evangelization might be removed. While exclusivists often have the loudest voice in evangelical Christianity, historically many Christians have been inclusivists. In fact, they probably represent the consensus viewpoint in Christianity today. C. S. Lewis was an inclusivist. His view was summed up in a scene in The Last Battle (Chronicles of Narnia) where the pagan soldier Emeth learns to his surprise that Aslan regards his worship of Tash (a pagan idol) as directed to himself. This is an obvious inclusivist principle. Lewis earlier wrote in Mere Christianity, “There are people in other religions who are being led by God’s secret influence to concentrate
on those parts of their religion which are in agreement with Christianity, and who thus belong to Christ without knowing it.” Concerning the unevangelized, our spiritual grandfather John Wesley once wrote, “We have great reason to hope, although they lived among the heathen, yet [many of them] were quite of another spirit, being taught of God, by his inward voice, all the essentials of true religion.” Lewis and Wesley would agree that there are Christians who do not know they are Christians. 2. Scripture—What does the Bible say about it? Exclusivists probably have an easier time than the other two in finding Scripture to verify their position. The declarations of Jesus himself in John 14:6 (“I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me”) and of Peter in Acts 4:12 (“Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name given under Heaven by which we must be saved”) are well-known to all Christians. While inclusivists do not doubt that Jesus is the author and finisher of our faith, they also find a basis for what could be called “anonymous Christianity” in the Bible. The Bible declares that Jesus Christ is the only way to salvation. However, the Bible does not limit that salvation to one segment of history. As theologian Clark
Pinnock wrote, “God has been at work saving human beings before Jesus was born and does so where Jesus has not been named. The patriarch Abraham was justified by faith without knowing Jesus, and Paul holds him up as a model believer for us all, even though he never heard the gospel (see Romans 4:1-25).” Inclusivism places the focus of salvation upon the work of Jesus Christ and his mercy, not necessarily upon our response to it. 3. Reason—What does rational thinking conclude? While we may approach rationalism differently, we can agree that our opinions of pluralism must logically agree with our corollary beliefs about God, sin and salvation. If we believe that God desires for all people to be saved, then we would reject the notion that large groups of humans in history had no chance of being saved. If we believe that God is loving and merciful, we would find it hard to comprehend him sentencing people to judgment without providing them an opportunity to at least choose or reject the gospel. Believing that people are precluded from the Kingdom of God when many haven’t had the same opportunities that we’ve had is akin to Calvinist predestination. I cannot believe that God would allow that to happen for the same reason that I don’t believe he chooses some to be saved and rejects others.
Putting Our Beliefs Into Practice
Here are some tips to living our faith in a pluralistic setting. 1. Remember that inclusivism is not syncretism. Showing respect to other religious faiths does not mean that we have to form a new religion out of the old ones. It does not mean that we have to compromise our beliefs. Respect is a two-way street. If we show respect for our neighbour’s belief system, then it is appropriate that our own faith is presented completely. Our neighbour will appreciate that we are steadfast in our convictions. We should never be ashamed of our faith, but we should not suppose that acting spiritually superior to others is a good way to win them to Christ. 2. Talk to people of other faiths. Just as our beliefs inform our behaviour, conversely the things we do and people we meet influence what we believe. As my physical environment has changed, my notions about pluralism have advanced. Some might say that is a bad thing and that I have been unduly influenced by my culture. I disagree. I believe that all theology is contextual. We often do not know what we ought to believe until we put it into practice in the real world. It is easy to judge Muslims harshly when we have never taken the time to get to know one. 3. Repent of any prejudice. It is shocking how much racism and xenophobia still exists in the world. We are not immune from it in the Church. I am convinced that the effectiveness we have in witnessing to people from other cultures and religions is often directly related to the biases we hold. Hatred and prejudice are sins and must be eradicated. No person carrying those feelings can be successful in sharing the love of Christ. 4. Give people freedom. Our job isn’t to change people. Only God can do that. We are called to witness, by our words and our actions, to what Christ has done for us. If our neighbour rejects the gospel, that is not our responsibility. That is sometimes hard for Christians to accept. We want to win the entire world, but we must leave people in God’s hands and allow him to deal with them. Salvationist I July 2011 I 23
4. Experience—How does my own personal journey inform what I believe? In case you haven’t guessed, I am an inclusivist. I believe that Jesus is the only way to God and his sacrifice makes salvation possible. I believe that salvation is extended to all those who hear the gospel and choose to accept it. I also believe that there are many people—some Jews, some Muslims, some of indigenous faiths and some of no religion—who are not as fortunate as I was to be taught the gospel at an early age. I recognize that they have not yet heard the good news or they have heard some of it and are not quite sure how Jesus is superior to their own path to salvation. Or perhaps they are mortified to even consider giving up their inherited faith for something new, just as we would be. I believe that some of them are in Christ. I am not saying that one has to be an inclusivist to be an effective witness in a pluralistic context. We may want to cling to an exclusivist view. Regardless, we should all approach people with a spirit of inclusiveness. Why? First, inclusivism is a message of hope. I am encouraged by the prospect that the numerical results of Christ’s sacrifice will be even greater than what I can see with my physical eyes. Perhaps the people I am sharing my faith
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Our job isn’t to change people. Only God can do that. We are called to witness, by our words and our actions, to what Christ has done for us with are not as far away from the goal as I used to think. Second, inclusivism helps me to see my neighbour without the distorted lens of nationalism or prejudice. The problem of evil and injustice in our world is big enough without having to add entire races to the mix through no fault of their own. As Peter said, “I now realize how true it is that God does not show favouritism but accepts those from every nation who fear him and do what is right” (Acts 10:34-35). Finally, inclusivism provides a fuller picture of God’s redeeming will. It upholds the particularity of Christ as the only way of salvation and at the same time explains the universal scope of God’s plan to save sinners.
God is at work in this world, at all times and in many places even through other religions. In Wesleyan terms, we would call it an act of prevenient grace— grace preparing them for a fuller understanding of Christ. Our new Handbook of Doctrine states: “The sacred writings of other religions may possess insights helpful to spiritual searching” and the “Bible can interpret and inform current thinking and attitudes.” Our calling then is to work alongside of God; to go to the people where he is working and moving. Being a Christian in a pluralistic environment is an awesome opportunity. Like Paul, who preached to philosophers on Mars Hill in Athens (see Acts 17), we get to share with people who have a sense of the divine and make inroads toward having meaningful dialogue about faith and salvation. It is a tremendous opportunity to open the door to Jesus Christ. I believe that our God is loving and merciful, and that people who are honestly searching will find the truth when they seek it with all of their hearts. Major Juan Burry is the executive director of the Addictions and Rehabilitation Centre in Victoria. He is married to Lorraine and they have two children.
Territorial Prayer Guide
The Lion Guide to the Bible
Peter Walker The Lion Guide to the Bible is a straightforward yet authorative onevolume introduction to our Scriptures. With an engaging writing style, Peter Walker explores every book, concisely analyzing the main themes and stories and introducing the principal characters. Avoiding technical jargon, Walker carefully explains important concepts and addresses problem issues, using special boxed features for easy access. Lavishly illustrated with over 200 colour photographs, maps, timelines and charts, this is an informative and spiritually enriching guide for understanding and teaching God’s Word.
WEEK 1 – JULY 1-2 The Nation of Canada • Government leaders to seek God’s guidance in decisions that shape Canadian society (1 Timothy 2:1-2)
If God, Why Evil?
A new way to think about the question Norman L. Geisler The existence of evil poses a difficult question for Christians. If God is all-good and all-powerful, why can’t he put an end to murder, rape, starvation, devastating earthquakes, hurricanes and tsunamis? In If God, Why Evil?, Dr. Norman Geisler answers these tough questions using step-by-step explanations. He walks readers through timetested answers, but also provides a fresh approach as to whether or not this world is the “best of all possible worlds.” Genuine seekers of truth will be grateful for Geisler’s insights that lift the veil on some of the elusive mysteries of evil in our world.
The complete do-it-yourself guide for becoming a great father Todd Cartmell Men like to build things, taking parts and putting them together to make a whole. Todd Cartmell, clinical psychologist and father of two, believes that this approach can help men become great fathers. In a humourous style, Cartmell takes readers on an action-packed journey to help them become the fathers God made them to be. In Project Dad, Cartmell addresses five key areas that every father needs to renovate, including how they look at, talk to, connect with, act toward and lead their children. Cartmell conducts parenting workshops across the United States and is the author of Respectful Kids.
The Irresistible Church
Twelve traits of a church Heaven applauds Wayne Cordeiro In The Irresistible Church, Wayne Cordeiro shows how a church can be used by God in incredible ways. He lays out 12 steps to being a church that Heaven applauds—including how to encourage love for the community, develop a culture of serving and turn visitors into regular attenders. His thesis is that when a church hungers for the presence of God, promotes healthy relationships and connects everything to a soul, it becomes a vibrant church that’s irresistible to God and to people. A study guide is included to assist churches in applying these principles.
A desperate quest for redemption in a world of corruption Lee Strobel Known internationally for his non-fiction “A Case For” series, Lee Strobel has turned to fiction with his first novel, The Ambition. Edgy characters populate this taut thriller, set in a gleaming suburban megachurch, the office of a big-city newspaper struggling for survival and the shadowy corridors of politics. The Ambition capitalizes on historical figures, including Chicago hit man Harry “The Hook” Aleman and murdered Arizona investigative reporter Don Bolles, cases Strobel covered for the Chicago Tribune.
WEEK 2 – JULY 3-9 Leadership Development Department, THQ • Thank God for the resources in the department to help officers develop leadership skills • Wisdom in facilitating opportunities for officers’ ongoing growth • Department programs to assist transformational learning, spiritual encounters and fellowship • Thank God for partnerships with CFOT, Booth University College and Simon Fraser University WEEK 3 – JULY 10-16 Overseas Personnel • Gerald and Blanca Dueck, Meissen Corps, Germany and Lithuania Tty • Cpt Andrew Morgan, regional commander, and Cpt Darlene Morgan, assistant regional commander with responsibilities for women’s ministries, Hungary Region, Switzerland, Austria and Hungary Tty • Col Robert Ward, territorial commander, and Col Marguerite Ward, territorial president of women’s ministries, Pakistan Tty WEEK 4 – JULY 17-23 Quebec Division • Continued spiritual renewal through the ministry of corps and social service units • Montclair Residence for the Aged— residents, their families and staff • Lives to be transformed by God’s love through summer camping ministry • Francophone men and women to respond to God’s call to officership WEEK 5 – JULY 24-31 The Call to Our Life Together • Gratitude for the various expressions of the Army’s territorial mission • Salvationists to practise accountability for one another’s spiritual well-being • All communication structures in the Army—administrative, corps, social centres, technology and print—to enhance unity within our territory • The Holy Spirit to nurture, mentor and challenge people with love to attract others to Christ Salvationist I July 2011 I 25
Enrolments and Recognition
PENTICTON, B.C.—Penticton celebrates new soldiers and adherents. From left, John Laurenson, holding the flag; Bev Kennedy; Jacqueline Edwards; Gerald Brigden; Lester Patrick; Mjr Moe Davis, CO.
CHATHAM, ONT.—Chatham-Kent Ministries are delighted to enrol 10 junior soldiers. Front row, from left, William Watkinson, Julia Stratton, Malcolm Shaw, Aiden Hawgood, Alex King. Middle row, from left, Jessa King, Libby Shaw, Jacob Shaw, Evan White, Ellie White. Back row, from left, Cpt Andrew Watkinson, CO; Paul Stratton; Cpt Stephanie Watkinson, CO; Nicole Shaw, youth co-ordinator.
OSHAWA, ONT.—Oshawa Temple enrols eight junior soldiers. From left, Sara Bungay, Myles Calbert, Ryan Ellis, Charlotte Robertson, Emma Hustins, Josh Corrigan, Jessica Corrigan, James Corrigan.
LONDON, ONT.—London Citadel enrols three soldiers. From left, Mjrs Jamie and Ann Braund, then COs; Mavis Thompson; Lynda Lyons; Bradley Cox; CSM Dan Jaremko.
MANUELS, N.L.—Two local officers receive commissions at Conception Bay South. From left, Mjrs Wayne and Rosemary Green, then COs; Charlene Barrett, cradle roll sergeant; CSM Nic Dobson; Jerry Mercer, flag sergeant.
PENTICTON, B.C.—Nearly $9,000 was raised at a local Penticton shopping mall on a Saturday when Penticton Salvationists teamed up with the Penticton Sister City organization to aid victims of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan. In photo, Ron Oates, corps treasurer at Penticton, is shown with several children dressed in traditional Japanese costumes for the day-long event. SMITHS FALLS, ONT.—On Easter Sunday, Lt-Col Wayne Pritchett, then divisional commander, Ont. CE Div, conducted the worship service in Smiths Falls and enrolled soldiers and adherents. From left, CT Reta Hawe; Mjrs Brian and Sue Fuller, then COs; David Purden; Barb Thornhill; Pat Burke; Doris Thompson; Amanda Pyne; Margaret and Kevin Pilkington; Lt-Cols Myra and Wayne Pritchett.
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Children Raise $1,000 for Japan Relief MARKHAM, ONT.—Concerned by the devastation unleashed by the earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan, eight-year-old Noah Whalen and his mother, Julie Whalen, decided to help by making and selling cookies to raise money for the Army’s relief efforts. “We wanted to give our friends and neighbours an opportunity to assist and learn about the mission of The Salvation Army, and ultimately get a glimpse of God working through us,” says Julie. “Noah, Hannah (Noah’s six-year old sister) and I prayed that people would want to participate and that others would buy our goodies. We met with the 12 participating families to decorate and bag the cookies at the Army hall in Markham and Noah explained what The Salvation Army was doing in Japan. Most of the cookies were sold in two days and we raised $1,000 for the project.” FREDERICTON—Fredericton Community Church welcomes five soldiers and one adherent. Front row, from left, Sarah Bishop, Matthew Schriver, Daniel Schriver. Second row, from left, Cpts Bradley and Jennifer Reid, then COs; Michelle Smith; Cassandra Berry; Susan Bishop; CSM Betty Young.
COTTRELL’S COVE, N.L—Michael and Crystal Lewis commit their son, Logan Michael, to God as Mjr Melvin Chipp, CO, performs the dedication ceremony.
Markham children display cookies they made and sold to help the Army’s relief work in Japan
“Barracks” Night in Charlottetown CHARLOTTETOWN, N.L.—Under the leadership of guests Cpts David and Melanie Rideout from Gambo, N.L., Salvationists and members of the community enjoyed the opportunity to reminisce as the Army in Charlottetown kicked off its 118th anniversary on April 7 with a traditional “barracks” night. Paraffin lamps lit up the sanctuary and many attended wearing old-fashioned Army uniforms. The meeting concluded with a “glory march” around the hall. Saturday evening’s dinner was followed by a concert featuring Newfoundland gospel singer Irene Bridger. Bridger also sang in the Sunday morning and evening meetings. “The Spirit’s presence was tangible as people knelt to pray at the mercy seat during both meetings,” says Lt Darren Woods, then CO.
Presented by Ontario Central-East Division
Saturday, December 3, 2011 - 7:30PM Roy Thomson Hall 60 Simcoe Street, Toronto, Ontario Tickets available soon through Ticketmaster and from RTH Box Office
Joyce Abbot and Ida Powell, the oldest soldiers in Charlottetown, N.L., cut the cake during anniversary celebrations. From left, Cpt David Rideout, Joyce Abbott, Cpt Melanie Rideout, Ida Powell, Lt Danette and then Cdt Darren Woods, then COs Salvationist I July 2011 I 27 CwTSA2011_Sal_Qtr.indd 1
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Officer Retirement Lt-Colonels Alfred and Ethel Richardson are retiring after 90 years of combined service. Commissioned in 1967, the Richardsons were appointed to Red Deer, Alta., followed by Cornwall, Ont., Point St. Charles, Que., Stratford, Ont., and Winnipeg’s Hampton Citadel. They subsequently provided leadership in youth ministries for the then Alberta and Ontario Metro Toronto divisions and at territorial headquarters. After being corps officers at Hamilton Temple, Ont., they were appointed in 1995 to divisional headquarters in Bermuda, becoming divisional commander and divisional director of women’s ministries in 1996. They then served as divisional leaders in the former Newfoundland Central, Ontario Great Lakes and Newfoundland and Labrador divisions. “A memory we hold dearly is our time in Gander, N.L., following the events of 9/11,” Alf says. “Ministering to the hundreds of airline passengers stranded after the terrorist attacks was a life-changing experience.” Lt-Colonels Richardson look forward to spending time with their children and grandchildren in the days ahead. Majors Wayne and Rosemary Green retire after 25 years of service. “We were blessed by God as we served in Summerford, Glovertown, Park Street Citadel (Grand FallsWindsor), N.L., Brantford, Ont., Bonavista and Conception Bay South, N.L.,” says Wayne. “Along the way, God went before us to make the rough places smooth. He is always faithful. We are indebted to many local officers who worked so diligently with us for the Kingdom’s sake. Thanks to all our congregations for your prayers and encouragement. We are more than grateful that The Salvation Army, the church we love, has enabled us to fulfil our calling.” For the past five years, Majors Clarence and Linda Bradbury directed a school for leadership training in the U.S.A. Southern Territory. This project utilized their joint experience and education, including 18 years as corps officers in Newfoundland and Labrador and Ontario. Their loyalty to God and the Army included a commitment to personal development. In 2001, Clarence earned a doctor of ministry degree in leadership at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont. “We value the diversity of opportunity the Army has provided,” says Linda, currently a student at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. She held separate appointments at divisional and territorial headquarters and at three training colleges, and was the first editor of Catherine magazine. Clarence became the first full-time post-secondary student chaplain in St. John’s, N.L., the consultant for corps health and development at territorial headquarters and secretary for corps ministries. As principal and director of personnel at the College for Officer Training in St. John’s, N.L., they led the college’s response to the 9/11 tragedy. Believing “he who began a good work in you will carry it on to completion” (Philippians 1:6), in retirement Clarence and Linda will continue to mentor and train leaders. 28 I July 2011 I Salvationist
Following commissioning in Toronto in 1984, Majors Bill and Sharon Mason served in corps, social services, divisional and territorial appointments in Canada, Barbados, Antigua, Jamaica and the Bahamas. “We have proven that God remains true to his word,” testify the Masons. “ ‘For I know the plans I have for you,’ declares the Lord, ‘plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future’ (Jeremiah 29:11). We thank God for the years of training and service and are eagerly anticipating the next chapter. To God be the glory!” Majors Fred and Shirley (nee Russell) Ash were commissioned in St. John’s, N.L., in 1967. After serving a year as single officers, they were married in 1970 and ministered for 22 years as corps officers in isolated communities and in large cities. They worked together for 13 years in the editorial department where Fred was editor of youth publications (The Young Soldier and The Crest), Horizons (a leadership magazine) and the founding editor of Faith & Friends. Shirley served faithfully in the magazine circulation area of the department. They also served in the education and leadership development departments at territorial headquarters and as personnel officers on the training college staff in St. John’s. A skilled writer, Fred’s articles can often be read in various Army publications. Shirley used her speaking and hospitality gifts to enhance the lives of hundreds in their appointments. “We are grateful that our final appointment has been as corps officers for five years in Burlington, Ont.,” says Fred. They retire in Barrie, Ont., where they will be able to visit their three children.
Accepted for Training Leonard Heng, Scarborough Citadel, Toronto, Ontario Central-East Division Though I came from a nonChristian family in Singapore, I gave my life to Christ at age 17 and graduated from several Bible colleges. When my family and I came to Canada, the Lord led me to a full-time ministry position at Scarborough Citadel, where we came to understand and appreciate the people and traditions of The Salvation Army. Several officers spoke to us on four different occasions about officership and I finally realized that if God was really speaking to us, we should obey. My desire is simply to know Christ and to make him known. “The one who calls you is faithful …” (1 Thessalonians 5:24). Peck Ee Wong, Scarborough Citadel, Toronto, Ontario Central-East Division I was first exposed to Bible studies and stories in elementary and secondary school in Singapore and publicly confessed faith in Christ at an evangelistic rally in 1977. After attending church and sensing God’s call to full-time ministry, I studied in seminary for two years. I met Leonard there and we had the opportunity to serve as “tentmakers” in China from 1995-1998. Since ministering at Scarborough Citadel, we have worked effectively as a couple. We believe that God has opened this door for us and know that he will lead and provide.
Tributes GLACE BAY, N.S.—Elizabeth “Bessie” FerneyhoughAshe was born in Harbour Breton, N.L., in 1916. After moving to Glace Bay, she worked in a doctor’s office and in 1940 married Sydney Ferneyhough, a widower with four children. Together they had four more children. After Sydney’s death in 1958, she married George Ashe. Converted during Lt-Colonels Boyde and Marie Goulding’s ministry in Glace Bay in the 1970s, she became a devoted member of the home league, donating her beautiful crocheted and knitted items and cooking for the annual church suppers. Bessie is remembered for her deep faith in God, gentle spirit, quick wit and love for her family and friends. She is survived by seven children, four stepchildren, grandchildren, great-grandchildren and one sister. DEER LAKE, N.L.—Beulah Rebecca Moulton was enrolled as a senior soldier in Deer Lake in 1979 and became an active member of the home league and the Golden Years Club. In later years, Beulah became a caregiver to her husband, Max, who had Alzheimer’s disease. She loved her grandchildren and would have been proud of their active role in her funeral service. Left with loving memories are her children Doreen (Derek), Betty (Dick), Bob (Linda), Kimberly (Jason); sister, Shirley (Calvin); brother, George (Ivy); six grandchildren and one great-granddaughter. CHARLOTTETOWN, P.E.I.—E. Merrill Carr was born in Charlottetown in 1937. Though born deaf, Merrill witnessed through his 47-year War Cry/Salvationist and Christmas kettle ministry, which he continued from his wheelchair. Enrolled as a soldier in 1964, Merrill served wherever he was needed. Each year he looked forward to men’s camp at Scotian Glen and encouraged others to attend with him. Merrill is fondly remembered by wife, Katherine; sons Peter (Kelly) and Ron (Valerie); grandchildren, nieces and nephews. SIMCOE, ONT.—Roy Arthur Kennard was promoted to Glory at 91. Originally from Kingston, Ont., Roy was an avid Army bandsman, serving as band secretary and sergeant at Kingston Citadel. While living in Newfoundland and Labrador, he helped plant the Mount Pearl Corps. He was the head of the occupational therapy department at Kingston Psychiatric Hospital until his retirement in the late 1980s and occasionally taught at Kingston’s Queen’s University. Roy is missed by daughters Elaine (Kerry) and Jennifer; brothers David (Enid) and Bill (Eileen); sisters Janice, Nora, Jean, Nellie and Olive (George); nine grandchildren, seven great-grandchildren and many nieces and nephews. ST. CATHARINES, ONT.—Roy Price was born in Twillingate, N.L., in 1922. He moved to Port Colborne, Ont., to raise his family and start a business. Roy served in many positions in Port Colborne, including continuing as corps sergeant major when it amalgamated with Welland. After Welland closed, he transferred to St. Catharines. A praying, faithful servant of God, Roy was greatly respected by those who knew him and will be remembered for his love of God’s Word and his devotion to Christ. He is missed by wife, Frances; daughter, Arlene; son, Austin (Joyce); daughter-in-law, Margaret; grandchildren, stepgrandchildren and great-grandchildren. DARTMOUTH, N.S.—Frank Banfield faithfully held the position of corps sergeant major at Dartmouth Community Church for over 25 years and was instrumental in the building of the corps on Pleasant Street. He was admired by members of the corps and the community and had a positive impact on all he met. He was the last surviving member of the original Bluenose crew. Lovingly remembered with thanksgiving for his love for God, The Salvation Army, his family and others, by children Scott, Martha and Michael; and family members and friends of the Dartmouth Community Church.
STONEY CREEK, ONT.—Doreen Lillian Cockhead (nee Tovey) was born in 1931 in Toronto to Salvationist parents. She taught Sunday school for many years at Lisgar Street Corps. After moving to Niagara Falls, Ont., she and her husband, Jack, raised a family, and she eventually worked as a secretary at the men’s hostel and corps in St. Catharines. She was promoted to Glory while a member of Winterberry Heights Church in Stoney Creek. Doreen always spoke a kind word to anyone she met. Doreen is lovingly remembered by husband, Jack; daughters Shawna Hopkins (Steve) and Leona Corr (Stephen); son, Garwin; and three grandchildren. TORONTO—Brigadier David Strachan was born in Broughty Ferry, Scotland, in 1912. David became an Army soldier in 1928 and moved to Canada, settling in Woodstock, Ont. He was commissioned as an officer in 1933 and appointed to Goderich, Ont. After service in Norwich, Dresden and Dunnville, Ont., David married Margaret Hughes in 1939. They then ministered in several corps in Ontario and Quebec, in social appointments across Canada, including in Hamilton, Ont., and Montreal and twice at the Sherbourne Street Hostel in Toronto. In retirement, David and his second wife, Nessie, served in several short appointments and David spent six years in the corrections department at territorial headquarters. He also wrote 25 daily devotional books that have benefited Salvationists and others around the world. David is greatly missed by son, Brian (Carol); daughter, Fae; daughterin-law, Sharon; four granddaughters, seven great-granddaughters, one great-grandson and one niece. SAULT STE. MARIE, ONT.—Samuel Henry Samson was born in Peter’s Arm, N.L., in 1943. He married Dinah Blake and they moved to Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., with their twin girls in 1964. He committed his life to Christ at a men’s fellowship camp in Newfoundland and Labrador. When they moved to Sault Ste. Marie, he diligently served in community care ministries, on corps council, as flag sergeant, door keeper and for five years as cub leader. Additionally, Samuel was noted for cooking for women’s ministries dinners and volunteered for 24 years at family services and 10 years at the thrift store. A passionate fisherman, he had a great sense of humour and is missed by his friends. Samuel is survived by his wife, Dinah; daughters Denise (Rick), Diane (Gerald), Rosalie (Rick), Kathy (Shawn) and Patty (Shawn); 13 grandchildren, nine great-grandchildren, one great-great-grandchild, three brothers and one sister.
Territorial Appointments Cpts Serge/Yvette Brunet, corps officers and community and family services officers, Église Communautaire de Trois-Rivières, Que. Div (additional responsibility); Cpt Rachele Lamont, assistant divisional youth secretary, Que. Div; Mjr Shirley King, executive director, Mountberry Adult Day Services, Stoney Creek, Ont. GL Div Promotions to Major Cpts Juan/Lorraine Burry; Cpt Bertrand Lessard Promoted to Glory Mjr James Stoops, from Toronto, Apr 11; Mjr Elizabeth Oliver, from Ajax, Ont., Apr 28
Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle July 6 public welcome and installation as new territorial leaders, Jackson’s Point, Ont. Colonels Floyd and Tracey Tidd July 6 public welcome and installation of Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle as territorial leaders, Jackson’s Point, Ont. Canadian Staff Band July 6 public welcome and installation of Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle as territorial leaders, Jackson’s Point, Ont. Salvationist I July 2011 I 29
Our Founding Family
Gifted evangelists and leaders, The Salvation Army’s founding family faced many challenges in the early days of the Movement—much of it stemming from sibling rivalry By Lt-Colonel Maxwell Ryan
Photo: The Salvation Army International Heritage Centre
willing to accept direction from their father, though not always from their elder brother who was in the unenviable position of having to issue orders and see they were carried out. His siblings could be no exception to the rules and regulations to which all officers had given signed assent. As William said to his, at times, recalcitrant children, “I am your General first and then your father.” Bramwell had no recourse but to give the same line, “I am your Chief of the Staff first and then your brother.”
William and Catherine Booth with five of their eight children
illiam and Catherine Booth, the Founders of The Salvation Army, had eight children, all of whom but one made significant contributions to the early days of the Movement. One of the younger children, Marion, was severely disabled, and though she held the honorary rank of staff-captain, was never able to participate in Army activities. A peek into the domestic life of the busy and energetic Booth family reveals a strict but happy family life. Also evident are childhood authority structures that carried over from childhood to young adulthood when each child took their expected place in Salvation Army life. The Chief Brother As a precocious and highly intelligent child, Bramwell was used to organizing his 30 I July 2011 I Salvationist
brothers and sisters. Wrote his daughter Catherine in the 1933 biography Bramwell Booth, “As a general manager in the nursery, he has no rival. He organizes the games, rules with a generous unselfishness, fully realizing that as eldest and being biggest and
strongest he must look after the others.” Bramwell’s life was dedicated to “looking after the others,” even when as adults his energetic and forceful siblings did not appreciate such close oversight. It is generally acknowledged that without Bramwell, The Salvation Army might not have survived the death of William and Catherine. As a young teenager Bramwell was responsible for organizing and giving oversight to a number of Christian Mission (the precursor of the Army) initiatives. Increasingly, his evangelist father would say when problems arose, “Leave it to Bramwell.” And the eldest son, as chief of the staff, continued in his caring nursery role. William expected his children to play an active role in the burgeoning Salvation Army and the children in turn were
Resignations and Loss The first break in family unity came in 1896 when the second eldest son, Ballington—then in charge of the Army in the United States—refused to accept orders from International Headquarters (IHQ) to farewell. This dashing and commanding leader resigned and, with his wife, Maud, formed Volunteers of America, a social services agency that reflected Salvation Army ministry, and still exists today.
ARMY ROOTS Ballington and Maud were replaced by Frederick BoothTucker (in 1882 he started the Army’s work in India) and his wife, Emma, daughter of William and Catherine. Emma’s life came to a sudden and tragic end when she was killed in a railway accident in 1903. Catherine (known as Katie), the eldest Booth daugh-
ter, started the Army in France and Switzerland. In 1887, she married Colonel Arthur Clibborn, who became enamoured with the teachings of Alexander Dowie, an obscure faith healer. Disagreement with IHQ about the place of faith healing in their ministry led Katie and Arthur to resign in 1902. They spent their years evangelizing, mainly in Pentecostal circles. Arthur died in 1939 and Katie, known as “la Maréchale” and who had a worldwide ministry, died in 1955. Also in 1902, the youngest Booth son, Herbert, whose songs caught the heartbeat of the Army and are still sung today, joined his sister and brother-in-law and resigned. He and his wife had been transferred from the leadership of the Army in Canada to Australia and Herbert became increasingly dissatisfied with the highly centralized control by William and Bramwell. He, too, became a successful
travelling evangelist and died in 1926. The youngest Booth child, Lucy, held several senior positions, giving leadership to the Army in India, France, Denmark, Norway and South America. Married in 1894 to Emanuel Hellberg, she was widowed in 1909. Lucy died in 1953. The Third General Booth The most strident and determined of Bramwell’s opponents was his sister Evangeline, who disagreed with the method her father had written into the Army’s constitution, that the General would choose his or her successor. Eva was concerned that Bramwell would choose his daughter, Commissioner Catherine, to replace him. Out of Eva’s concern, and that of many of the Army’s leaders worldwide, came the first High Council in 1929 to elect a new General. Although not elected General by the first High
Council, Eva served as General from 1934 to 1939. She died in 1950.
And what of Bramwell? He laid such a solid foundation that the Movement survived the passing of the Booth family. Bramwell was promoted to Glory in 1929, six months after the High Council’s decision to remove him from the office of General. Many said he died of a broken heart.
Time to be Holy
TE RR UT I T O H I NS R I A T
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“The Territorial Youth Institute will provide an opportunity for young adults to receive training and hands-on experience in prayer, holiness and social justice,” says Captain Mark Hall, territorial youth secretary. “Delegates will be encouraged to grow in their relationship with God, and to reflect seriously on their faith and how this impacts their life choices.” With the theme of Time to be Holy, the youth institute will be held from August 27-September 1 at Jackson’s Point, Ont. This is the second of two events organized by the Canada and Bermuda Territory following the World Youth Convention held in Sweden last year. Directed by Captain Hall, the faculty will include Major Stephen Court, Major Danielle Strickland, Jonathan Evans and Major Denise Walker. The special guest for the event is Lt-Colonel Janet Munn, secretary for spiritual life development, IHQ. “Young people in North America have been given much and have much to give,” says Lt-Colonel Munn. “My desire is that every advantage they’ve been given would be totally offered up to the Lord for his redemptive purposes on the earth. Our youth have a voice and they can be empowered to speak up for the voiceless, such as the exploited and oppressed women and children in the world. I believe this is key to the Lord’s global strategy to spread salvation and justice throughout the earth.”
Territorial Youth Institute will challenge Salvationist youth to deepen their faith
Salvationist I July 2011 I 31
National Mu%ic Camp CANADA & BERMUDA’S TERRITORIAL SCHOOL OF MUSIC
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