Embracing Lifeâ€™s Final Chapter
Wanted: A New Crop of Officers
Army Relief for Japan Disaster
Salvationist The Voice of the Army
Salvationist.ca I May 2011
Pakistan On the
Front Lines of Hope Appointments:
Should Corps Have More Say?
than is required.
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May 2011 No. 61 www.salvationist.ca E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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Departments 4 Editorial
Worldwide support bolsters relief efforts in areas hard-hit by disaster
by Major Jim Champ
6 Around the Territory 10 Point Counterpoint
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8 Life’s Final Chapter
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The Salvation Army’s special care home in Regina ensures residents live a quality life—to the very end
Appointment With Destiny?
by Julia Hosking
PRODUCT by Major Ray Harris and LABELING GUIDE Captain Justin Bradbury
FOREST STEWARDSHIP COUNCIL
13 Pakistan: On the Front Lines of Hope
The Salvation Army colours are flying proudly in the heart of Asia
12 Global Village by Melissa Walter
16 Army Roots
Rescue the Perishing
by Lt-Colonel Maxwell Ryan
17 Media Reviews 17 Territorial Prayer Guide 18 Ministry in Action
Photo essay by Keri Shay
20 Social Issues Power Hungry
by Dani Shaw
24 Wanted: Salvation Army Officers
Why aren’t more young people pursuing full-time ministry? What can we do to support them?
21 Personal Reflections
by Major Julie Slous
by Commissioner William W. Francis
Public opinion study examines Canadian attitudes toward poverty
My Prayer for You
25 Vision Critical Partners on Dignity Project
22 Gospel Arts Strike a Chord
by Julia Hosking
by Ken Ramstead
26 Celebrate Community
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The King’s Speech
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Enrolments and recognition, tributes, calendar, gazette
30 Clarion Call Class Act
by Major Fred Ash
31 Rethinking Church The Lasso of Truth
by Captain Rick Zelinsky
Inside Faith & Friends
When you finish reading Faith & Friends in the centre of this issue, Salvation Army Comedian Helps the pull it out Homeless Anita A Journey Renfroe and give it to Healing P.S. I Love You to someone who needs to hear about Christ’s life-changing power
Inspiration for Living
Full Speed Ahead
Comedian Anita Renfroe finds joy in life’s busyness
Crippled by Crack Cocaine
Rory lost everything to drugs. The Salvation Army helped restore his dignity
Twilight of the Gods?
In Thor, a valiant Viking attempts to redeem himself
From “Lame” Mom to YouTube Fame
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The King’s Speech
egend is told of a king who held a great race involving all the young men of his kingdom. The course began and ended in the king’s courtyard and the prize was a bag of gold. As they raced, the young runners were surprised to find a great pile of stones blocking their route, but they managed to climb over them and continue. When all the runners but one had crossed the finish line, the king waited before declaring a winner. Finally, the lone runner stumbled through the gate. “My king, I’m sorry I’m late,” he said, holding up his bleeding hand. “I discovered a pile of rocks on the road and I injured myself moving them.” Then he raised up his other hand and said, “But my king, underneath the rocks I found this bag of gold.” “You have won the race,” replied the king. “The one who runs best is the one who makes the path safe for others.” How do we safeguard the way for others? In early March, Canadian faith leaders from the world’s major religions— including Colonel Floyd Tidd, chief secretary—met in Ottawa with MPs from all of the political parties. Their message was clear and unequivocal: The level of poverty in Canada is unacceptable. More than three million Canadians—or one in 10—live in poverty, including 610,000 children. Last November, Food Banks
Canada reported that 900,000 Canadians rely on food handouts, an increase of nine percent from 2009. The Ottawa visit was not simply a rant against those in public office to provide a cure for our nation’s most vulnerable citizens. The faith leaders’ plea was for a comprehensive, co-ordinated and collaborative action involving all Canadians to make poverty reduction a priority. There was no passing the buck. The challenge put forward was to lay aside religious and political differences and commit together to make life better for the millions of poor people living in our communities. Hardly an easy task, but doable. Consider this. The current affairs publisher Canada and the World reports that providing basic health care and nutrition for everyone on earth would cost about $13 billion, a little more than one percent of the global military budget. The sad truth is that with more than $1 trillion spent globally on armaments, the world is not a safer place. And the plight of the poor continues to worsen. Making the way safe for others begins when we take seriously the needs of others and determine to do something about it. The research project conducted by Vision Critical in partnership with our territorial public relations and development department examines the attitudes of Canadians toward the poor (see page 25). The study provides each of us with a litmus test as to our own beliefs about those trapped by poverty in Canada. We’re not likely to find a bag of gold at the end of our journey, but there is the promise by another King for a better world. “Whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me” (Matthew 25:40). Major Jim Champ Editor-in-Chief
Read the Faith Leaders’ Declaration that resulted from their Ottawa visit at www. salvationist.ca/faithdeclaration.
is a monthly publication of The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory Linda Bond General Commissioner William W. Francis Territorial Commander Major Jim Champ Editor-in-Chief Geoff Moulton Assistant Editor-in-Chief John McAlister Senior Editor (416-467-3185) Major Max Sturge Associate Editor (416-422-6116) Timothy Cheng Art Director Pamela Richardson Production and Distribution Co-ordinator, Copy Editor Julia Hosking, Ken Ramstead, Captain Debbie Sinclair Contributors Agreement No. 40064794, ISSN 1718-5769. Member, The Canadian Church Press. All Scripture references from the Holy Bible, Today’s New International Version (TNIV) © 2001, 2005 International Bible Society. Used by permission of International Bible Society. All rights reserved worldwide. All articles are copyright The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory and can be reprinted only with written permission.
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Army Responds to Japan Earthquake Worldwide support bolsters relief efforts in areas hard-hit by disaster
hree Salvation Army teams in Japan have provided vital assistance to people affected by the country’s earthquake, the resulting tsunami and ongoing problems at a nuclear power station. The Japanese Government recognized the Army’s work and gave its teams permission to enter the disaster area and use access roads that are closed to the public. The first of the three teams went to Sendai, where about 1,000 meals were served to evacuees. Hot meals and drinks were prepared in The Salvation Army’s mobile emergency canteen and given out at Sendai Corps. Towels and Salvation Army publications were also distributed. Another team went to a relief office in the Mito area and unloaded bottles of water, biscuits, blankets, diapers and tissue boxes for distribution to evacuees. The third team headed to an area where people had been evacuated from the vicinity around the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station, but snow and shortage of petrol meant they had to divert to other areas to support evacuees. Offers of support have poured in from around the world. Two experienced International Emergency Services workers flew to Tokyo from International Headquarters in London, England, to assist their Japanese colleagues. The BBC reports that volunteers from a British group that failed to obtain clearance to work in the affected areas “donated their food and medical supplies to The Salvation Army working in the country.” The Salvation Army’s Korea Territory arranged for the K-Water Corporation to provide 100,000 bottles of water to be sent to Japan and the Korea Disaster Relief Association has sent 5,000 first-aid kits. Salvationists in Korea held a month of prayer for the people of Japan. In a touching show of solidarity, 1,500 young Salvationists in Haiti,―who themselves recently experienced a devastating earthquake, made prayer for Japan a focus of their rally in Fond-desNègres on March 11-12.
Above: The Salvation Army’s emergency canteen vehicles served hot food and drinks to a thousand people at a time Left: Sendai Corps was used as a goods distribution centre
International Emergency Services worker Major Raelton Gibbs reports: “The work that has been done is commendable, from feeding programs out of Salvation Army halls to the distribution of essential resources.” He says that Tokyo continues to feel aftershocks and admits that “no matter how many you experience, they are all daunting.” The Salvation Army distribution teams were well aware of the concerns surrounding the Fukushima Dai-ichi
nuclear power station and stayed clear of the exclusion zones. The focus was on the immediate response but Major Gibbs says that longerterm plans are being put in place, such as the provision of cooking equipment when people return to their communities. As it often does in emergency responses, The Salvation Army will pay particular attention to communities that have been missed by the government and other agencies. Visit Salvationist.ca/Japan for more information. Salvationist I May 2011 I 5
AROUND THE TERRITORY
Youth Take Time 2B Holy After The Salvation Army’s World Youth Convention in Sweden last summer, the territorial youth department recognized the need for a follow-up gathering. In January, 55 Salvationist youth and leaders met at Pine Lake Camp, Alta., for a holinessjustice retreat. Youth from the U.S.A. Western and U.S.A. Central territories also attended. Major Danielle Strickland, corps officer, Edmonton Crossroads Community Church, challenged youth to recognize what the evil one has done to enslave people today. “Human trafficking is the fastest-growing crime on the planet and 80 percent of all sexually enslaved victims are women and children,” said Major Strickland. “Nearly 50 percent of all cocoa beans are harvested in the Ivory Coast of Africa, where approximately 20,000 children are enslaved (most of them trafficked) on cocoa plantations to pick our beans. Every time we eat a chocolate bar that isn’t certified ‘slave free’ we are complicit in the current slave trade. Every chocolate company needs to be held to account and the people of God are called to be a voice for the voiceless.” Major Ivan Wild, territorial youth secretary, U.S.A. Western Territory, explored the Army’s tenth doctrine and holiness from a Wesleyan perspective. Captain Mark Hall, territorial youth secretary, expounded holiness from the Book of Leviticus. Major Denise Walker, assistant territorial youth secretary, outlined different types of prayer and then had the delegates pray in groups and in a designated 24/7 prayer room.
Army youth pray for justice around the world
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Two Bands, One Celebration
Canadian and New York staff bands premier new brass compositions in joint pre-tour concert
Excitement greeted members of the Canadian Staff Band (CSB) as they took the stage for their 42nd anniversary festival in March at the Toronto Centre for the Arts. The band presented a diverse program of music that also featured the New York Staff Band (NYSB) under the direction of Ronald Waiksnoris. The CSB premiered two new works: The Gathering by Marcus Venables and Rejoice! by Colonel Robert Redhead. Other pieces included Major Leonard Ballantine’s Abram’s Praise and Ein Feste Burg, the popular Dance of the Tumblers by Rimsky-Korsakov and Kevin Norbury’s Rhapsody on a Theme by Purcell. The NYSB gave dazzling performances of Children of Sanchez, featuring Andrew Garcia on flugel horn, a band chorus rendition of Heaven by Los Lonely Boys, and an energetic arrangement of Ol’ Man River with scintillating drum solos by Bob Jones. The band also played a new composition by Kenneth Downie, Hope of Glory. The two bands combined to present four items to conclude the evening, culminating with Eric Ball’s masterpiece, The Kingdom Triumphant. On Sunday, the NYSB ministered at Toronto’s Yorkminster Citadel while the CSB led the meeting at Toronto’s Harbour Light Ministries. Both groups will participate in the International Staff Band’s 120th anniversary celebrations in June. Eight staff bands from around the Army world will perform at the Royal Albert Hall in London, England, and march down The Mall into Buckingham Palace. Prior to this weekend, the CSB will visit the Netherlands and Germany from May 28-June 2, while the NYSB will tour Ireland.
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AROUND THE TERRITORY
Church—Boring and Irrelevant? Oshawa Temple, Ont., enjoyed its second annual full-day retreat on Sunday, January 16, with guests Chick and Major Margaret Yuill from England. The morning worship focused on the story of Moses’ meeting with God at the burning bush (see Exodus 3). Chick Yuill spoke of church involvement surveys in the western world that consist- Chick Yuill speaks to Oshawa ently reveal that most people stop Temple Salvationists attending worship services because they find them boring and irrelevant. Yuill said that Moses’ meeting with God at Mount Horeb teaches that “to encounter God is to begin a dynamic relationship and journey with him, a God who is always with us to refresh and empower us—a relationship that is neither boring nor irrelevant. “Christian discipleship is an exciting quest in which we daily discover how to live under the transforming and energizing rule of Jesus Christ,” said Yuill. “Throughout the day the children and youth had their own retreat with worship and learning relevant to them,” explains corps member, Lt-Colonel Raymond Moulton. “The retreats culminated in corporate worship and rejoicing.” EOI Salvationist Qtr Page.pdf 3 1/20/2011 2:54:42 PM
The Salvation Army Historical Society The 97th Anniversary Memorial Service commemorating the sinking of the
No Fear, Say Alberta Youth
Youth create snow sculptures at winter retreat
During the No Fear winter retreat held in February, the Holy Spirit powerfully impacted 90 young people of the Alberta and Northern Territories Division. Decent Exposure, musicians from Calgary’s Glenmore Temple, facilitated worship and guest speaker Jonathan Evans, ministry director of Vancouver’s War College, challenged the youth to live unafraid because God’s “perfect love casts out fear.” “We need to be bold for Christ, and not fear death or anything that the world dishes out, for there is nothing that can separate us from the love of God,” said Evans in the Friday evening session. “God did not give us a spirit of timidity, but a spirit of love.” On Saturday morning, Major Everett Barrow, secretary for candidates, presented a workshop on the topic, What is God’s Will for Your Life?, and Evans facilitated another entitled What Does God Think of Sex? On Saturday afternoon, delegates skied, created snow sculptures and tobogganed. In the final session, Evans challenged delegates “to live life to the fullest by dying to self and being completely committed to Christ.” Three young people accepted Christ, others committed to soldiership and six expressed a desire to be Salvation Army officers. “During the final session, it was clear what God wanted me to do,” says Elizabeth Sears. “I signed my name to say that God has called me to become a Salvation Army officer.”
and paying tribute to those officers and soldiers of The Salvation Army who have been promoted to glory since May 30, 2010. Lieutenant Colonel Wayne Pritchett - Divisional Commander and the Ontario Central East Divisional Youth Band
Encounter the Lands of the Bible Greece, Turkey & Israel (including a 5-day cruise to the Greek Islands) With Majors Woody and Sharon Hale
October 15–30, 2011 Visit www.creativeventures.ca, e-mail email@example.com, write 138 Huntington Cres, Courtice ON L1E 3C5 or phone 905-440-4378
Sunday, May 29th, 2011 at 3:00 pm - Rain or Shine
Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto
“What an awesome trip! I will always remember this wonderful experience. I will truly never be the same again, since I walked where Jesus walked.” —A. Lewis-Stephenson, Wingham, Ont., Tour 2010 Salvationist I May 2011 I 7
Life’s Final Chapter The Salvation Army’s special care home in Regina ensures residents live a quality life—to the very end BY JULIA HOSKING, STAFF WRITER
lthough poor eyesight has rendered 95-year-old Kay Blott unable to read or watch TV, her days are not lonely or uneventful. Rather, since moving into The Salvation Army’s Regina William Booth Special Care Home (WBSCH), Blott’s daughter, Jacquie Fauth, reports that her mom is “comfortable and incredibly happy.” Blott’s contentment comes from the fact that her needs for human interaction and stimulation do not go unmet, thanks to the hard work of WBSCH staff. “The programming is wonderful,” says Fauth. “There is always something for Mom to go to if she chooses. Plus, when there is not a program scheduled, the staff will go into her room and keep her company.” The facility’s 170 staff members work hard to create a positive environment at WBSCH and the Regina Wascana Grace Hospice by offering programs that suit residents’ individual requirements. “We’re here to serve,” says Ivy Scobie, executive director of the 83-bed facility. “When residents are admitted to either the hospice or long-term care unit, some will say, ‘I’m coming here to die.’ I tell them, ‘No, you’re here to live until you die.’ ” Linda Ostryzniuk, recreation, adult day program and volunteer co-ordinator, is responsible for planning weekly activities that enhance the residents’ quality of life. “Our schedule includes group activities, entertainment, bingo and gardening,” she explains, “but it also has a lot of sensory stimulation programs for those who have health problems or aren’t cognitively well. Those activities involve hand massages, reminiscing on a certain theme and music programs.” One of the sensory programs highly enjoyed by Blott is the hand bell music group. “Mom has always loved music and she likes any program that involves learning,” Fauth shares. “Even though she can’t read 8 I May 2011 I Salvationist
A feature of the serenity garden is the wheelchair accessible planting boxes. Pictured are Chelsey, a practicum student for the University of Regina kinesiology program, and resident Ella Ross
the notes, the assistants tap her hand so she knows when to ring the bell.” Community Partnerships The activities and programs at WBSCH are supported by business partners and the community. Many of these relationships were created and maintained through the facility’s annual summer community garage
sale and other community outreach events. In turn, WBSCH has gained long-term volunteers, created training opportunities with universities and colleges and—with assistance from the Co-operators insurance company, the Canadian Progress Club Regina Wascana and the Sasktel Pioneers— developed a serenity garden. Featuring two open-air gazebos, wheel-
chair-accessible planting boxes and more than 400 perennial plants, the garden is “unbelievable,” says Scobie. “In the summer, people from the community take pictures of the flowers because the peonies and lilies—donated by the local Peony and Lily Societies—are of a unique variety,” she adds. Even when the garden is not in full bloom, WBSCH still has floral bouquets in the hospice rooms and on the dining room tables thanks to a relationship with a local business, Unique Florist. “Sometimes the hospice residents have phoned the florist to personally thank them for the flowers,” says Ostryzniuk. “Those calls bring tears to the eyes of the girls working at the shop.” It’s Their Home “Our residents are not living in our workplace, but rather we are working in the residents’ home. When we keep this in mind, the term ‘resident-focused care’ becomes a reality,” Scobie says. “Because residents are not able to cook for their family as they did while living independently, we host dinners five times a year where residents can invite family and friends. “The residents look forward to the occasion,” she continues, “and our residential hairdresser will style hair and do makeovers for the women. I remember the daughter of one resident who burst into tears. She said, ‘I’ve never seen Mom look so gorgeous!’ ” Ostryzniuk, who co-ordinates the dinners, has many people ask her why the home goes to so much effort with the décor, food and entertainment. “It’s because we enjoy it,” she says. “We love to see the smiles of the families and residents.”
Doing Whatever It Takes
When terminally ill Ruby Jamison* was admitted to the hospice, the 60-year-old cried, “I should not be going to a hospice to die. I should be going on a cruise! This is my retirement; I should be having the time of my life.” “When Ruby arrived,” explains Ivy Scobie, executive director of WBSCH, “she was angry and depressed. She was having trouble accepting the unexpected decline in her health.” One spring day, Jamison expressed irritation that she couldn’t plant flowers at her former home, where her son was now living. Linda Ostryzniuk, WBSCH staff member, decided to do something to help. “We went and bought the plants,” recalls Ostryzniuk, “then drove to Ruby’s house where she sat in her wheelchair and said ‘plant one here, plant this there.’ Over the coming weeks we took photographs and showed Ruby how her flowers were growing. We put together the images and explained to her son how his mom likes her garden. It was a legacy she could leave her son, but it was also a means of closure for her.” “Ruby’s journey toward acceptance of her death was made easier by the individualized care provided to her by the hospice staff,” concludes Scobie. *Name changed to protect identity. In addition to bringing residents joy, Scobie is motivated by her Christian faith. “When I was younger I worked as a nurse in a maternity ward. During that time, I had no interest in palliative or long-term care,” she shares. “But now, in the ‘sunset’ of my career, I can say I have the same passion for serving a resident at the end of their life as I did participating in a baby’s birth. The people who work in palliative and long-term care are like midwives. They’re helping somebody with a transition and a journey to the next life.” A Spiritual Emphasis Spiritual care is a key component of the Army home. Two chaplains—Captain Johannah Sessford and Cliff Geiger—offer pastoral and bereavement counselling, share prayers with residents and staff, lead
Residents with their family members at the “spring fling” dinner
Bible studies and church services, and conduct religious ceremonies, including funerals and memorials. Captain Sessford, long-term care chaplain, strives to share the love of God with residents. “I tell them that God is with them now, as he has always been,” she says. “I help people realize their intrinsic value, even though their diminishing physical and intellectual capacities may frustrate or even demoralize them.” For the past 10 years, Geiger, hospice chaplain, has also offered spiritual guidance to grateful residents and families. As one family wrote: “We could never have hoped for such a blessing in our dad’s last days. There is a sense of safety, peace, care and comfort at the home.” “The staff know how to serve,” Scobie concludes, “their heart is in the job and, at the end of the day, we receive equal blessings from the residents.”
Jacquie Fauth (left) with her mother, Kay Blott Salvationist I May 2011 I 9
Appointment With Destiny?
Is the Army’s appointment system too restrictive? Should we consider an approach where congregations “call” their own officers?
NO. The appointment system links us in meaningful ways. It allows us to do things together that we couldn’t accomplish separately. BY MAJOR RAY HARRIS It was a sultry night in June 1974. I stood with my wife, Cathie, on the stage of Toronto’s Massey Hall. General-Elect Clarence Wiseman looked us squarely in the eyes and said, “I appoint you to Drumheller in the Alberta Division.” Drumheller? I knew nothing of the Alberta Badlands, let alone its valleys full of dinosaur bones! But in the presence of fellow Salvationists, we heard our first appointment announced and began the journey of officership. At a time when the desire is expressed for Salvation Army congregations to choose their own officers, I would argue that there is something about our appointment system that is integral to the Army, and can be a prophetic voice within our culture. First, it’s important to understand that our appointment system is not an end in itself. It functions within a much larger picture that views The Salvation Army in its wholeness and not simply its parts. St. John’s Citadel, South Windsor, Berkshire Citadel Community Church and West End Community Church in Bermuda are individual congregations with their own personalities and commitments. But they also belong to each other. They are connected by a shared story, by important doctrines, by a common mission and by an organizational structure. Because of this, they can do things together that they can’t accomplish separately, such as responding to an earthquake in Haiti or combating human trafficking. The system of appointing officers is intended to serve the wider Salvation Army. If I can draw on a hockey analogy, its purpose is to strengthen not only individual teams but the league itself. At a time when concussions threaten the future of individual players, it’s evident that not only do players and teams have a role to play, but the league itself must act for the good of the game. In principle, officers are appointed for the good of the game, for the good of the Army’s mission in the whole territory. The practice of appointing officer leaders has its roots in the soil of Methodism. John and Charles Wesley spoke of the separate Methodist Societies as being in “connection” with them and with each other. They appointed Methodist preachers to an itinerant 10 I May 2011 I Salvationist
ministry within the movement. This view also has roots in the Early Church. The Apostle Paul, for instance, worked hard with Macedonian churches to raise funds for “the poor” in the Jerusalem church because they were connected. And he appointed leaders to move between the various congregations to help carry out the task. This was a communal expression of “the mind of Christ,” of looking to the interests of others (see Philippians 2:4-5). While our appointment system is designed for a Salvationist expression of the Church, I believe it also has relevance within the wider culture. For one thing, it can counter excessive individualism. Our culture places much emphasis on self-fulfilment. Universities market their programs by appealing to the benefits for the students. Jobs are advertised on the basis of what they will do for the applicants. What we also need to ask is how our vocations seek to contribute to the world beyond the fulfilment of the self. While an appointment system is not the only way, it at least indicates to our culture that we look to “something greater.” And because of this we are prepared to seek the greater good. We are prepared to find our life by losing it. In arguing for our appointment system, I believe it is also open to change. Appointments in the past have been used to discipline officers, if not punish them. Yet the current model is vastly different from the one that sent Cathie and me to Drumheller for our first appointment. Over the years, some appointments blindsided us, some involved conversations with supervising officers and congregations, and one even included my involvement in a search process for a position at the then William and Catherine Booth College. The model by which we appoint officers is adaptable, and we can make changes. But the underlying principle to which
POINT COUNTERPOINT I am committed is that of seeking the greater good of the territory, and not simply any one expression of it. If there is a sense in which the appointment system has its restrictions, they are intended to seek the good of the whole Army. While the system concerns individual officers and congregations, it is not individualistic. It requires communal discernment, including both congregations and officers. By working with an appointment system, all Salvationists can contribute to a larger vision of the Church. Through it we can all discover more of God’s providential ways. Major Ray Harris is a retired Salvation Army officer who enjoys running in Winnipeg’s Assiniboine Park.
YES. Congregations know their own contexts best. Giving them a greater voice in choosing their officers will make our denomination stronger. BY CAPTAIN JUSTIN BRADBURY During my ministry as a youth pastor, I often connected with teens by attending their sporting events. I’ll never forget Michelle, a gymnastics medal-winner, demonstrating her incredible flexibility by bending over backward and touching the back of her ankles in a competition. I still wonder how her back bone didn’t break! Careful training ensured her agility. Now apply that image to the officer appointment system. I wonder how flexible it is capable of becoming in the future. In a time when the territory is seeking to apply the principles of “appreciative inquiry” to its decision-making processes, it might be helpful to extend those principles even further in the area of officer appointments. Here’s why: The local congregation knows itself, its community and its mission best. Salvation Army churches are local missionary societies, serving in increasingly diverse contexts all across Canada. We must continue to seek ways of allowing local congregations and church boards to have a greater voice in defining what is best for their immediate and long-term leadership needs because they know their contexts best. In my current appointment at Southlands Community Church in Winnipeg, the church board clearly defined the “Kingdom ends” or spiritual goals that they felt God had called their congregation to pursue. Their long-term plan meant that they needed officers who would lead them in a way that complemented their vision. Therefore, it was essential that the board express a defining voice in the appointment of their leaders.
It will facilitate greater interdependence between the congregation and headquarters. While giving local congregations full autonomy in the selection of their officers is not feasible within The Salvation Army given our international structure, growing in interdependence with respect to the appointment system is. When local congregations are given the opportunity to express a defining―and not simply suggestive―voice within our denomination’s decision-making processes, the denomination will become stronger. Congregations will experience greater trust from headquarters. In turn, headquarters will realize greater support for its initiatives. This collaborative approach ensures “win-win” outcomes.
It would clarify and create mutual agreement around the officer’s ministry. Where local congregations have a more definitive voice in the selection process of their officers, areas of strength and opportunities for development may be identified earlier in the pastoral appointment. Although our officers are expected to perform a wide range of duties, not all are the pastor’s primary area of strength. Identifying this early on can alleviate misunderstanding about how the congregation and the officers perceive the focus of their work. In our case, because Southlands had clearly developed its sense of Kingdom ends, we were able to negotiate with the church board by providing our written interpretation of those ends—an interpretation that the board endorsed without reservation.* Whenever questions arise relative to our performance, the church board can refer to objective data as we pursue our goals together. While Salvation Army congregations may never have complete autonomy to “call” their pastors as other denominations do, their voice must become increasingly definitive within the appointment process. Such a transition can empower local leaders and congregations toward greater ownership of the local ministry. And in a time when local congregations must, out of necessity, become less dependant upon headquarters for financial and program resources, it is only natural that they exercise greater stewardship in achieving their mission. Captain Justin Bradbury is the corps officer at Southlands Community Church in Winnipeg.
* The Southlands Community Church board uses a policy governance model, adapted from the approach outlined by John Carver. Within this model, it is the church board’s role to govern and define the purpose for the corps, while the corps officer’s role is to lead the ministry and help the congregation achieve its ends. For more information, contact Captain Justin Bradbury at justin_bradbury@can. salvationarmy.org. Salvationist I May 2011 I 11
Col Robert Ward interacts with young Pakistani Salvationists
Embracing Culture As they serve as territorial leaders in Pakistan, Colonels Robert and Marguerite Ward focus on encouraging and developing local Salvationists BY MELISSA WALTER
olonels Robert and Marguerite Ward have spent more than half of their 41 years of service overseas. Thirty years ago, they received their first overseas appointment to Pakistan, so it is fitting that they have returned to the same country as territorial leaders. Pakistan remains a key strategic country bordering on India, China, Afghanistan and Iran. Western media feature news from Pakistan almost daily, often related to terrorism, natural or man-made disasters or the impact of religious extremism. An area in which the Wards have seen little difference is the role of women, but The Salvation Army is changing that. “I’m trying to encourage women to take on a leadership role and celebrate our heritage in the Army, because I think we can be a strong, positive force for women,” says Colonel Marguerite. Despite persistent cultural beliefs that women cannot take on positions of authority, female soldiers and officers of the territory—led by an active team of divisional directors of women’s ministries—are not only becoming 12 I May 2011 I Salvationist
leaders, but effecting real change in their communities. “The Lord gave a vision to one medical fellowship member, and now she’s got a small free clinic running in her neighbourhood, seeing 30 to 40 people,” continues Colonel Marguerite. “They are many kilometres from any health care, so it’s a huge service to them to be able to get their diabetes and their blood pressure checked, and that’s just Salvation Army women doing this for their communities.” It’s important to the Wards, as leaders in a developing country, that they encourage and support development among Pakistani Salvationists. “It’s hard to be a leader in the developing world because it’s easier to do things yourself than to teach others how,” says Colonel Marguerite. “But it’s about valuing people. If you don’t develop them so that they can take their own leadership positions, what does that say?” This effort to encourage leadership within Pakistan is complicated by the difficulties of working within a culture that sometimes goes against The Salvation
Army’s beliefs. “You could come in with a set of rigid principles and actually not help The Salvation Army or the Kingdom,” says Colonel Robert. “So, to what extent do you soften those rigid corners in order to at least function?” Other more personal challenges include the very real differences between Christian life in Canada and in Pakistan. “We struggled for a while physically because we live and work on a compound and we weren’t getting any exercise,” says Colonel Marguerite. “It can be a challenge to live just going up and down the stairs in the same place with the same people all the time. But now we’re walking in a park very early in the morning.” It is daunting to enter into a leadership role in a country with so many challenges, particularly considering the tragic murder of Colonel Bo Brekke, the former territorial commander, in 2007. The Wards acknowledge those difficulties. “You have a whole group of people who felt the shame of what happened, while at the same time experienced a serious leadership vacuum when the overseas department heads all left the country as a result,” says Colonel Marguerite. “We were like an army ready to march but we had really sharp stones in our shoes.” “We’re trying to lift up the territory, but at the same time as lifting it up, we’re trying to also move it forward,” explains Colonel Robert. Despite these difficulties, the Wards have been reassured by God’s constant presence. “I think there have been a lot of confirmations,” says Colonel Robert. “Every time we’ve been appointed somewhere, it’s been because our previous appointments have prepared us. So we go there and we find out God is going ahead preparing things for us, that we’re never in the middle of the jungle. We’re actually not the ones that have to cut down all the weeds and the branches to try to work a pathway through. There’s a pathway already there, and really all we have to do is find out where that pathway is and follow it.”
Cols Robert and Marguerite Ward
On the Front Lines of Hope The Salvation Army colours are flying proudly in the heart of Asia
Photos by Keri Shay
ack in 1883, Captain Victoria Roberts accepted Commissioner Fredrick Booth-Tucker’s request to start The Salvation Army’s work in what is now Lahore, Pakistan. She went with two lieutenants and a soldier and started preaching outside the city gates. Today, The Salvation Army continues to minister in Pakistan through corps, schools and social service centres. Colonels Robert and Marguerite Ward, Canadian officers serving in Pakistan (see page 12), are the territorial leaders and oversee nine divisions and one district. With over 75,000 members, the Army in Pakistan is a vibrant Christian witness in a predominantly Muslim country. This exclusive photo essay by Keri Shay offers a glimpse of the Army’s work in Pakistan. Keri Shay is a professional photographer currently living in Seoul, Korea. At one of the Army’s three schools, Pakistani children receive a quality education A Pakistani Salvationist waves an Army flag as others engage in worship Salvationist I May 2011 I 13
As they walk through the streets, Salvationists often pause to talk with people and pray for them, especially those in trouble Although many Christians experience difficult times in Pakistan, these young Salvationists remain joyful and exuberant
The â€œSally Annâ€? program provides income for women as they use their sewing skills to create products to sell internationally, such as these small handsewn purses (inset)
14 I May 2011 I Salvationist
Salvation Army schools offer students the necessary skills and education to pursue employment
For many orphans, The Salvation Armyâ€™s five boarding homes offer shelter, love, stability and education
Prayer is an essential component of Christian life in Pakistan
With their uniforms, Pakistani Salvationists have a visible Christian witness
Col Robert Ward visits a Salvation Army corps outside of Lahore
Salvationist I May 2011 I 15
Rescue the Perishing Since the late 1800s, the Army has advocated on behalf of women and children who are sexually exploited by Lt-Colonel Maxwell Ryan
The White Slave Trade, 1895, by Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida
ach year countless people, predominately women and children, are trafficked into the commercial sex industry and exploited for prostitution, pornography and exotic dancing. Since its earliest beginnings, The Salvation Army has fought this evil. In the late 1800s, what was known then as “white slave traffic” flourished in Victorian England. In 1884, Elizabeth Cottrill, a Salvationist who lived in the East End of London, welcomed a girl into her home who wanted to leave prostitution. When her work came to the notice of William Booth, the Army’s Founder, he decided that the Army should open homes for such women, and rented a small house on Hanbury Street. Within the 16 I May 2011 I Salvationist
first six months, 84 prostitutes sought help. When Florence Booth, wife of Bramwell Booth (the son of William and the Army’s second General), interviewed some of the women, she discovered that there was an organized trade that trapped young girls and children and shipped them to Europe for sexual exploitation. When a 17-year-old girl who had escaped from a brothel was found huddled at the door of the Army’s headquarters, Bramwell Booth moved into action. He vowed “to stop these abominations, to rouse public opinion, to agitate for the improvement of the law.” He enlisted the help of William T. Stead, the editor of London’s Pall Mall Gazette, who launched a series about
sexual exploitation. It shocked the nation. The Army and Stead worked together and organized a huge two-mile-long petition containing 343,000 signatures, demanding government action to raise the age of consent. The petition, coiled up into an immense roll, was driven in an open wagon to the Houses of Parliament. Eight uniformed Salvationists carried it inside and deposited it on the floor of the House. Within a month a new law was passed that raised the age of consent from 13 to 16. Elsewhere, the Army’s concern for exploited women in India led to the opening of a rescue home in Calcutta for girls who wanted to escape from brothel life. Salvationists visited brothels and hospitals, talking to the girls. Some girls had been taken from school at an early age and placed in brothels, while others had been sold by their fathers and were not free to leave. Girls who left prostitution were cared for by the Army and taught a trade. But the hardest battle Salvationists faced was in Japan. For centuries it was legal in Japan for a girl to be openly sold to prostitution for a fixed period. In 1872, however, the government passed a law forbidding this
The brothel staff set on the Salvationists and beat them up practice, but it was not very effective. Even though girls were no longer sold as before, they were taken into brothels in return for a loan to their parents. In theory, when the loan was paid off they would be free to leave. Of course, the loans were never paid and girls
remained trapped in the brothels. The Army decided to take action and in July 1900 opened a rescue home for women in Tokyo. A special “rescue issue” of The War Cry (Toki-no-Koe) was printed to inform readers that brothel keepers must hold no girl because of debt. On the day of publication, 50 officers marched behind the Army flag through the brothel district, singing and beating their drum. Girls came running out of the houses and copies of The War Cry were distributed. Then the brothel staff set on the Salvationists and beat them up. The flag was torn to shreds, the drum smashed and a number of officers were seriously injured. Salvationists set out again a few days later, this time with police protection. But again they were beaten. The Japanese press took up the cause, even though brothel staff also attacked the newspapers. Forced to take action, on October 2, 1900, the government passed a new law allowing prostituted women to leave brothels freely. The imperial edict declared that any prostitute who wished to go free had only to go to the nearest police station and make this known, and no girl under 16 could be registered as a licensed prostitute. Only two months had passed between the publication of the rescue edition of The War Cry and the government’s amendment of the law. During the first year alone over 12,000 girls abandoned prostitution. The historic work done by God through these early day Salvationists laid the foundation for action by Salvationists today. Under God’s direction, the Army worldwide continues to take a leading role in helping to defeat this societal scourge. Lt-Colonel Max Ryan is retired in Burlington, Ont., where he serves as a part-time hospital chaplain and amateur Army historian.
Writing the Vision
Territorial Prayer Guide
Commissioner Wesley Harris
Review by Major Stephen Court
riting the Vision is easy to read but hard to ignore. The tenth book written by Commissioner Wesley Harris includes articles taken from the online magazine Journal of Aggressive Christianity, stories categorized as Truth—Stranger Than Fiction, a series of imaginary letters to the Apostle Paul inspired by an unlikely dream and selected poems that reveal the motivation of the writer to “Write the vision and make it plain” (Habakkuk 2:2 KJV) A former territorial commander of the Canada and Bermuda Territory, Commissioner Harris responds to the challenge effectively. He spins conventional wisdom with God’s wisdom, weaving in lessons on prayer, holiness, Salvationism, mission, attitude, innovation and the Bible. Commissioner Harris is a rare breed. He is a dedicated Salvationist, a widely read wordsmith and a three-time territorial commander. Upon his retirement 18 years ago, he began teaching religion at the local public school, a volunteer role he filled for 15 years. He also represents a connection to our earliest days as his mentor served as private secretary to General William Booth (a story you can read about in his book). Writing the Vision has something for everyone: • busy people will appreciate the concise and pithy chapters. • veteran Salvationists will be reminded of what The Salvation Army is all about. • newcomers will encounter a wide-ranging introduction to the Army. • young people will get a taste of history and inspiration from a true enthusiast. Writing the Vision is “full of simple, yet often startling, insights and down-to-earth common sense,” says General Eva Burrows (Rtd). “It’s a book to treasure and return to again and again.”
Right Here, Right Now
WEEK 1 - MAY 1-7 Focus on Personnel Department, THQ • Officers and their families affected by the annual June move • Officers and lay persons on international service • Retired officers to discover meaningful ministry • Active and retired officers recently bereaved or ill WEEK 2 - MAY 8-14 Focus on Partners in Mission—Hong Kong and Macau Command • Stability as they implement a new leadership structure • Smooth transition of the new secretary for program, secretary for personnel and secretary for business administration • Soldiers and officers to move forward in unity of purpose . WEEK 3 - MAY 15-21 Focus on the Call to the Mercy Seat • Gratitude for the biblical significance of the mercy seat • The spiritual benefits of the mercy seat to be embraced in every ministry centre • Greater appreciation of the mercy seat as being any place where we meet with God • The Holy Spirit to prompt us to use the mercy seat to pray for ourselves and others WEEK 4 - MAY 22-28 Focus on the College for Officer Training • The Ambassadors of Holiness Session in preparing for their commissioning and appointments • The Friends of Christ Session as they get ready for their summer assignments • Accepted candidates for the Proclaimers of the Resurrection Session • Salvationists to respond to the Holy Spirit’s call to officership
Everyday mission for everyday people Alan Hirsch and Lance Ford How can you live out God’s mission in the world? Authors Alan Hirsch and Lance Ford do not believe that being missional is a fad, but rather the very nature of Christianity. It defies easy definition and is not a church growth system. It is something that Christians should do. Right Here, Right Now offers ideas of how church can be missional, such as adopting a single mother and her children or choosing to bring an elderly parent into your home rather than to a nursing facility. By taking action, we can rediscover our dormant potential.
Steve Bell’s 16th solo album, Kindness, features 12 beautifully crafted songs, including About Love, Kindness, Stubble and Hay, In Billy’s Wake and Absalom, Absalom. This seasoned Canadian artist’s lyrics are challenging and spiritually insightful. In Kindness, Bell reminds us that “Christ has no body here but ours.… Through our touch, our smile, our listening ear, embodied in us, Jesus is living here.… Let us go into this world with kindness.” Bell has won numerous music awards and several of his songs are sung worldwide in congregational worship.
WEEK 5 - MAY 29-31 Focus on the Global Call to 24-7 Prayer • Ministry units and individuals to commit specific times to pray • Divisional prayer co-ordinators as they give leadership to this ministry
Salvationist I May 2011 I 17
MINISTRY IN ACTION
At Khi Community Church in Milton, Ont., volunteers and clients get far more than they bargained for BY KEN RAMSTEAD, EDITOR, FAITH & FRIENDS AND FOI & VIE
Circle time for children and parents participating in Khi’s Busy Hands, Creative Minds program
here is no special event, no flashy campaign, no magic formula for adding people to the fellowship of believers,” declares Captain Leslie Wiseman, corps officer at Khi Community Church in Milton, Ont. “It’s really all about relationships. Often it only takes an interest in someone, an invitation and, of course, a welcoming atmosphere if and when they take you up on the offer. That’s what we try to do at Khi.” Caring Community Khi Community Church was planted in Milton in 2003. Although a Salvation Army 18 I May 2011 I Salvationist
church had existed, it closed leaving only a community and family services office. With its population growth, Milton became an attractive location for the Army to plant a new church. “Six years ago, there were 40,000 people in Milton. Now, I hear there are 90,000,” says Captain Leslie Wiseman, who has been corps officer with her husband, Stephen, since 2010. Just as Milton is growing, Khi is growing with it. The name comes from the symbol X (pronounced khi), the first letter of Christ’s name in Greek. “The Army has a great presence in Milton,” Captain Wiseman goes on to say.
“We’re often profiled in the local paper, and we are a part of the Remembrance Day and Santa Claus parades.” Many residents find out about Khi through this community involvement. This past December, Khi Community Church helped more than 300 families through their food hamper program and toy drive. The community support was so generous, they were easily able to meet the needs. “The toys and food donations just poured in,” says Captain Wiseman. Here to Stay Though Khi is the only Salvation Army
MINISTRY IN ACTION church in Milton, both old and new members of the community recognize the Army shield and come in looking for volunteer opportunities. “Many of our clients are also our volunteers and our church members,” explains Captain Wiseman. “They want to give back by volunteering at our food bank and then start attending the church.” Recently, a man called on behalf of his daughter who needed one more volunteer hour for her academic requirements. Khi’s warehouse manager, who also oversees the food-bank volunteers, invited them to drop by. “When the man saw that the food bank and the worship space are in the same building,” says Captain Wiseman, “he was impressed and asked questions about The Salvation Army, our faith and our beliefs. The following Sunday, father and daughter attended Khi’s church service and later invited their entire family.” And through events such as Khi’s monthly potluck lunch and youth group, the family have integrated into the corps fellowship. “People come in through the back door—to volunteer or receive assistance—and end up staying,” says Captain
Wiseman. “Some of our new members have even become soldiers.” Coming Together Many who attend Khi do not necessarily come from a Christian background. “There’s a lot of freshness, newness and excitement here as a result,” says Captain Wiseman. “People are searching and eager to learn.” This makes mentoring and discipleship a priority for the Wisemans. “When we come together on Sundays,” she continues, “it’s very real. People come as they are, whether they’re happy or they’re sad. There are no masks you need
“There’s a lot of freshness, newness and excitement here. People are searching and eager to learn”
to don in order to worship. You don’t have to pretend you have it all together. None of us do, and we just come and acknowledge that.” Over the next five years, the plan is to expand on Khi’s community focus. “We want to move from being a church with a couple of small groups to being a church of small groups. That would be where the nurturing, the growth and the care and community would come from. Everybody would be connected to a small group during the week, and then come together on Sunday to worship.”
Khi’s float in the Milton Santa Claus Parade
A Wealth of Activities
The key to Khi’s success has been the integration of its community services and its church. Besides the food bank, Khi operates the following: • Moms and tots afternoons—This weekly session for mothers and their pre-schoolers consists of songs and stories, a circle time, exercise activities and snacks. • Tax clinic—Volunteers come in at tax season to help prepare tax forms free of charge. • Friday night junior and senior youth events—Children can participate in different activities and outings, such as movie evenings, laser tag, minigolf and scavenger hunts. • Halton Fresh Food Program—This initiative, where people can sign up and receive a box of local produce, supports local farms. • Khi music night—A community outreach where children can learn to play an instrument and participate in the choir. • Bible study, Sunday school and day camp programs, ladies’ scrapbooking and card-making nights.
Worship team in action
Packing Christmas hampers Salvationist I May 2011 I 19
The dramatic fall of dictators around the world can cause us to question our own relationship with authority
ecent events in Northern Africa and the Middle East remind me of the adage originally penned by Lord Acton: “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” Where power remains unchecked, terrible abuses of human, political and civil rights can occur. Remarkably, several of these nations are experiencing a rebalance of power as citizens demand political reform and the international community considers coming to their aid. Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled the country in early January after street protests called for his resignation. President Ben Ali had been in power for 23 years. On February 2, Yemen’s President Ali Abdullah Saleh announced that he will not seek re-election in 2013. Days later, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak stepped down after a 30-year reign. Several straight days of internal political protest and international pressure led President Mubarak to hand over power to the military. In each case, political change occurred with minimal violence. Oncepowerful autocrats realized they were powerless in the face of people who no longer respected their authority. Compare this with the ongoing situation in Libya where, at the time of writing, Colonel Moammar Gadhafi clings to his 42-year reign. Gadhafi, described by some as a megalomaniac, has vowed to “fight to the death” and used military strikes against his own people in an effort to shut down widespread protests calling for his resignation. A ruler who has historically brainwashed school children, silenced all opposition and expelled foreigners is now subject to growing international sanctions as advanced democracies around the world call for him to step down. As a Canadian, I watch the news in fascination as country by country, city by city, citizens gather to speak truth to power, daring to confront what in some cases have been highly oppressive regimes. Many proclaim a willingness to die for freedom, thinking not just of themselves, but of their fellow citizens and future generations. They vow to remain on the streets, day after day and night after night, until their political leaders and oppressors heed their cries. As I watch events unfold from the comfort of my living room, I ask myself: Would I speak out against an abuse of power within my own country? What about in my workplace or my church? Would I be willing to make personal sacrifices to confront the misuse of power? Or would I sit idly by, allowing our political, business or religious leaders to use their power for personal or ill gain? The Army’s International Positional Statement on the Use of Power defines power as “possession of command, control or influence over others.” It points out that power should be used, not for manipulation or exploitation, but to promote love, justice and mutual respect. Power, when appropriately checked and exercised in humility, can be used to achieve some of the greatest goods. 20 I May 2011 I Salvationist
Photo: CP/AGF s.r.l./Rex Features
BY DANI SHAW
Gadhafi, described by some as a megalomaniac, has vowed to “fight to the death”
Many of us possess power without realizing it. As a senior manager of employee relations, I can influence other managers in the way they handle difficult workplace situations. I can recommend that they show compassion and mercy or that they take a hard line with intransigent employees. As a boss, I have the power to hire and fire my team, to grant or deny them pay raises and bonuses, and to offer them learning opportunities. As a consumer, I can influence a company’s business decisions by choosing to buy or not to buy their products. With such power comes great responsibility. I must ask myself: Does the advice I give to my clients promote love, justice and mutual respect, or does it lead to the mistreatment, manipulation and exploitation of other employees? As I manage my own employees, do I treat them equitably, with dignity and respect, or do I show favouritism? When I purchase products and services, do I do so mindful of the impact my decisions have on others around the world? The Salvation Army also possesses considerable power. Our positional statement commits the Army to seeking opportunities to bring relief to the poor, the marginalized and the oppressed, to empower the powerless, and to improve the lives of those who would otherwise remain neglected, isolated and unaware of the love of God. It commits us not just to social service, political action or evangelism in isolation, but to a holistic approach, to exercise whatever power we have toward the promotion of the common good. Dani Shaw is a lawyer, a former political advisor to the Prime Minister and the federal Minister of Health, and a long-standing member/observer of The Salvation Army’s Social Issues Committee. She has been blessed by a strong relationship with her Scottish grandmother who has taught her a thing or two about the power of compassion, conviction and influence.
My Prayer for You
We’ve shared four wonderful years together. These are the words I need to leave with you BY COMMISSIONER WILLIAM W. FRANCIS For this reason I kneel before the Father, from whom every family in Heaven and on earth derives its name (Ephesians 3:14).
s many of you are aware, my wife and I will be “moving on” next month. Another page will turn in our lives. We, along with the Canada and Bermuda Territory, will commence a “new chapter” on July 1, 2011. Four years ago you received us as your territorial leaders warmly and with open hearts. As we have trekked the awe-inspiring lands from British Columbia to Newfoundland and Labrador to Bermuda, we were amazed at how God has blessed this territory and continues to open new doors of opportunity for ministry. We have come to know, love and value you. My wife and I want to thank you for accepting us with such graciousness. We will never forget the Canada and Bermuda Territory because you have become part of us—part of the very fabric of our being. We have been changed because of you. We have grown because of you. We have become more Christlike because we have seen him reflected in you. We can never thank you enough for all you have done for us. As we depart for new challenges and opportunities, we leave with an earnest prayer for you. We join the Apostle Paul as he wrote to his dear friends in Ephesus. We, too, “kneel before the Father” in humility, submission and gratitude to the One who called us, anointed us and saved us. This is our prayer for you: We pray that you will be strengthened by God’s Holy Spirit to do the work he has set out for you; that you will have courage and vision to move into new spheres of ministry, into unconquered terrain that will benefit those in your community and the wider world. You are presently doing great things for the Lord! Yet we believe, by God’s empowering Spirit, that you can do even more through innovative ministries. May the Holy Spirit be your guide, giving you wisdom and discernment as he provides direction and power in the
Commissioner Francis: “I pray that you will be strengthened by God’s Holy Spirit to do the work he has set out for you”
days ahead. We pray that you will continue to personify Christ in all you do and say. May others see Christ shining in and through you. May your attitude be that of Jesus Christ. May you continue to be humble in spirit as you minister to others with servant hearts. May God’s love permeate all your thoughts and actions. When you face discouragement or disappointment, may you be reminded of God’s infinite love, providing divine guidance and motivation as you continue the fight against evil in this corrupt and fallen world. We pray, above all things, that you will remain holy children of God. May you continue to live a life of holiness. May Satan be defeated in and through you. May you remain free from the stains of sin, impurity and unholy deeds and thoughts. Pray to the Father daily that you will be faithful to him. Ask the Spirit daily to give you victory over temptation. Talk with Jesus daily, telling him how much you love him. Keep your eyes fixed on him. Yes, our dear friends, our brothers and sisters
in Christ, live a life of holiness unto the Lord—blameless and unblemished. For if you do this, you will continue to shine for our Lord and Saviour. I close with a benediction for you and the Canada and Bermuda Territory. Inspired by the words of the Apostle Paul in Ephesians 3:20-21, we pray: Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to his power that is at work within us, to him be glory in the Canada and Bermuda Territory and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever! Amen. God bless you. God bless the Canada and Bermuda Territory. God bless The Salvation Army and its mission around the world. Since 2007, Commissioner William W. Francis has served as the territorial commander of the Canada and Bermuda Territory. This column concludes his long-standing Personal Reflections series. The June issue of Salvationist will feature a farewell interview with Commissioners William and Marilyn D. Francis. Salvationist I May 2011 I 21
Photos: Timothy Cheng
Strike a Chord
Sharing the message of Christ through music
John Lam knows the value of time spent with a young musician BY JULIA HOSKING, STAFF WRITER
well-known and highly accomplished musician and bandmaster, John Lam had limited interest in playing the trombone when he was young. A conversation with a Canadian Staff Band (CSB) member, however, played a key role in cultivating his musical passion. Prior to a CSB concert, the band’s bass trombonist spent some time with Lam and nurtured his talent. “Fifteen years later,” says Lam, “I had taken his place in the band. “It was significant to me then, and still now, that with everything required of a staff bandsman on an ‘away weekend,’ he spent time with me,” he continues. “The fact that I ended up playing bass trombone in the CSB proves that time invested in a young person can make a lasting impression.” Lam, currently bandmaster of the CSB and London Citadel Band, Ont., says 22 I May 2011 I Salvationist
relationships made the difference in his musical journey. In addition to the influence of the CSB, he credits the trombone section from Owen Sound Corps Band, Ont., in developing his love for music. “When I was learning to play the trombone, I didn’t like it that much,” he shares. “But I liked the people who taught me; they were all amazing role models. I trusted and relied on them and talked to them about things I couldn’t with my parents.” As time progressed, music became more important to Lam and he studied to become a music educator. He now teaches at Westminster Secondary School, an inner-city school in London, Ont., where he invests in the lives of students (see sidebar). “Music is just a means to an end; the end being forming relationships, engaging young people and bringing them to Christ,” he says.
John Lam is the bandmaster of two Salvation Army bands and a music educator
However, Lam asserts that music cannot be second-rate. “Young people have a
GOSPEL ARTS strong sense of ‘quality,’ ” he says. “They will tell you that they will listen to almost anything on their iPods as long as it is quality; the same can be said for the sheet music we place in front of them.” Lam believes that providing excellent music shows young people they are valued and leads to meaningful relationships. “The Army has a rich heritage in music but we also play high-calibre jazz, rock and classical in my bands,” he says. “If music brings people together, then we should use every style available to facilitate a ‘corps village’ in which to raise our youth. “Some of the kids in my school band come because music moves them and they love it. They are the ones that beg me to play classic pieces such as Air for Band by Frank Erickson. Others attend rehearsal because I may be the only adult that calls them by name that day and they want someone they can depend on. Young people will connect with anyone who spends time with them, whether it is in a worship group, brass band or basketball team.” Kingdom Fellowship As a bandmaster, Lam works to facilitate an inclusive band culture. “Before I joined London Citadel, the band was already involved in tours and
For 10 years, Greg Dunleavy, a Grade 12 student, has benefited from John Lam’s commitment of time as a school teacher and witness of Christ’s love. “We were on a band trip one year,” Lam relates, “and Greg told me about his difficult situation at home. But then he said, ‘The day you put the baritone horn in my hands changed my life.’ That encapsulates what I strive to do through teaching.” Thanks to Lam’s spiritual example, Dunleavy is now a member of Resounding Brass, the London Citadel youth band. “I have a desire to come closer to God. I hunger for more of his Word,” says Dunleavy, who has also taken soldiership classes and attends youth group. “Music is my passion. It has helped me through a lot of tough times and I can express myself through it. When Mr. Lam told me about The Salvation Army’s heritage in music, I wanted to be involved. I’ve found everyone at church is loving and friendly; it’s like a family.” Lam, in particular, has been the caring family member Dunleavy desperately needed. “I can speak to Mr. Lam about anything,” Dunleavy continues. “He has been like a father to me. Since I was a child, he understood me when no one else did. I look up to him and respect him.” outreach,” Lam notes. “The community loves to hear us play and so we share the message of Christ with them through music. “When the Canadian Staff Band tours, we only have 36 to 48 hours in a corps or community. So in that time, we try to be personal and engage with those we see through concerts and workshops.” Additionally, developing personal connections within a band—not just with the
tutor or bandmaster—is highly important to Lam. “The London Citadel Band facilitates mentorship,” he says. “My 17-year-old son is friends with 70- and 80-year-olds because of the band. He’s surrounded by positive Christian role models. For me, those quality relationships make the band members my extended family. If there is a crisis or cause for celebration, they’re the first at my door.”
June 24-26, 2011 Metro Toronto Convention Centre Toronto, Ontario Conducted by Commissioners
William W. Fr ancis Territorial Commander
Marilyn D. Fr ancis Territorial President of Women’s Ministries
June 26, 2011 3:00pm Retirement Service for Commissioners
William W. and Marilyn D. Fr ancis Conducted by Commissioners
Norman and Marian Howe
Commissioning SA Half.indd 1
3/1/2011 12:02:18 PM Salvationist I May 2011 I 23
Salvation Army Officers Why aren’t more young people pursuing full-time ministry? What can we do to support them? by Major Julie Slous
ccording to a 2005 Gallup poll, the most popular career choices for teens are doctors, nurses, teachers, computer technologists, professional athletes, lawyers, veterinarians, chefs, musicians, military officers and 24 I May 2011 I Salvationist
mechanics. Depending on gender, one of these options may sway you in one particular direction or another. More recent 2010 findings would add accountants, firefighters, fashion designers, forensic scientists and police officers into the mix.
Salvation Army officership—or other positions of church leadership—didn’t make the list. What happened to the youth who view ministry as a lifelong calling and vocation? The survey responses hit me quite personally, as the very thing I’m passionate about seems to be the most undesired by the masses. In the Canada and Bermuda Territory, there are nine cadets who may be commissioned in June as Salvation Army officers. While this is the same number of disciples with which Jesus commenced his ministry, shouldn’t we be concerned that there are so few Salvationists signing on to fulltime service? Some might argue that less is more. We should celebrate the fact that it is not quantity, but quality that matters. Better to have just nine Spirit-filled, Spirit-driven leaders than to have a larger group that may not make it over the long haul. We could also look at the Gallup results in a different way. What if being a preacher or pastor did rank at the top of the career list, and every youth graduating from high school sought to become a minister of the gospel? What would be the subsequent effect? If everyone chose to be in ministry, eventually there would be no one left in the pews. So we shouldn’t argue that everyone should seek the role of a minister or officer, but rather ask why we don’t see more people embracing this vocation. When we engage this tension in theological terms, we recognize that being a minister of the gospel is a holy and sacred calling. To Moses, God said, “I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt” (Exodus 3:10). God’s word to the prophet Jeremiah was equally as clear and directive: “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations” (Jeremiah 1:5). Choosing to be a minister of the gospel is not a choice that can be made outside of a strong sense of holy calling. So how do we assist young people to discern the will of God for their lives? How are today’s youth encouraged to consider full-time ministry as a viable life goal? Our Founder, William Booth, had strong convictions on this subject. In an excerpt from The War Cry, December 6, 1884, he said: “We must have officers. The people are perishing. We want men and women filled with this idea, and filled with the idea of the grand remedy that is provided and filled with the resistless power
of the Holy Ghost, who will go and force these same ideas upon the world about them.” He then went on to address the active role the community of faith must play in nurturing young people toward their sense of God-focused vocation. “Let everybody help God to speed it! Mothers and fathers, captains and lieutenants, sergeants and soldiers … put them on the altar. Spend money and time and strength in teaching and training them. Nurse them for God. When they fall down, pick them back up again. Get them saved. Get them into uniform. Write their names on the roll. When they get carried away by childish impulses … fetch them back again.… Fill their mouths with your songs. Teach them your music and hurry them in every way possible to get ready for the fight.” While some might question how directive we can be in hurrying people to the fight, particularly in our postmodern/ post-Christian context, the point is well taken. Our corps have a responsibility to encourage young people to at least consider the vocation of officership. And those of us currently serving as officers have an increased burden to speak about the things that inspire and motivate us as we fulfil our calling. As I reflect on my past and present appointments, I am amazed at all the places ministry in the Army has taken me. My life is richer for all the people I have met and the lessons I have learned. Yes, there are days when the challenges seem overwhelming. Yet, there come these wonderful moments when you see God’s Spirit bursting forth in a human life and
you know the journey has been worth every step. Certainly it has been a life of sacrifice, but also a life of adventure. I have placed myself at the Army’s disposal. Yet I have learned nothing can outweigh the joy of being a part of God’s unfolding plan for the world. It’s also essential that we foster a commitment to membership in The Salvation Army. In order to have officers, we must
It’s also essential that we foster a commitment to membership in The Salvation Army. In order to have officers, we must first have soldiers first have soldiers. Challenging people to step up and sign up, as General Linda Bond has said, is one of our greatest needs. Only as people are invited to align themselves with the mission of The Salvation Army, and find their role within it, will we find the means to open conversations about full-time service in the Army. Over the past year at Winnipeg’s Heritage Park Temple, we have seen an incredible influx of community children
into our congregation. As we have brought them along the discipleship spectrum, some have reached a point where they are considering junior soldiership. A recent conversation with one parent will always stand out in my mind. “You are inviting my son to enlist? Wow! Cool!” he said. “My son just loves The Salvation Army!” While it was important to help this parent understand we would not be shipping his child off to missionary service any time soon, the father recognized the significance of belonging to something. On Easter Sunday, we enrolled eight junior soldiers who have come directly from community ministry contact. Who knows? Maybe among the mix there will even be a future officer of The Salvation Army. The point is that we have learned the importance of opening the door for these conversations and seeking to be a community of faith that will nurture Kingdom possibilities. Officers are needed—people who will make themselves available to be used by God in any way and at any time for the mission of reaching the world for Jesus. Maybe ministry will never make the top career choice on the Gallup poll. But in Salvation Army terms, we will find increased ways to strengthen the recruitment of officer candidates in the context of our faith communities. In so doing, we assist the young, and even the not so young, in more actively discerning the will of God for their lives. Major Julie Slous is the corps officer of Winnipeg’s Heritage Park Temple. Read her columns at Salvationist.ca/tag/julie-slous.
Vision Critical Partners on Dignity Project Public opinion study examines Canadian attitudes toward poverty
n March 1, The Salvation Army launched the Dignity Project, an initiative that engages Canadians about the reality of poverty in the 21st century. The project features online events, street outreach, traditional advertising and social networking. To coincide with the launch, Andrew Grenville, chief research officer at market research company Vision Critical (Angus Reid), conducted a public opinion study that looks at some of the myths and misconceptions that Canadians hold about poverty. Grenville, a member of the Army’s National Advisory Board, found that more than a third of Canadians believe the poor “still have it pretty good,” and that nearly half believe that if poor people really want to work, they can always find a job. Canadians ranked poverty the third most important issue in
the country today, behind health care and the economy. But while 89 percent agreed that “people living in poverty deserve a helping hand,” 37 percent felt there was “really nothing [they] could do to help.” “It’s clear from this data that many continue to believe well-worn myths about what it means to live in poverty,” says Commissioner William W. Francis, territorial commander. “Our hope is that by educating the public through the Dignity Project, we can debunk some of these myths and help put dignity within reach for every Canadian.” Read the complete report, Debunking the Myths About Poverty in Canada, at SalvationArmy.ca/dignity_project_report. Salvationist I May 2011 I 25
Enrolments and Recognition
MAPLE RIDGE, B.C.—Mjr Dirk van Duinen, AC, B.C. Div, conducted the enrolment of 23 adherents at The Caring Place in Maple Ridge.
CAMBRIDGE, ONT.—Mjrs Scott and Michelle Rideout, COs, congratulate retired corps sergeant major Gary French on 25 years of devoted service to Cambridge Citadel.
DILDO, N.L.—Daphne Hutchings displays her new commission as home league secretary of Trinity Bay South Corps. With her are Cpts Claudette and Chris Pilgrim, COs.
KENTVILLE, N.S.—Edith Wheaton is commissioned as home league secretary at Kentville Corps. From left, Mjr Ross Grandy, CO; Edith Wheaton; Mjr Doreen Grandy, CO. 26 I May 2011 I Salvationist
SPRINGDALE, N.L.—During Springdale Corps’ 93rd anniversary celebrations, Joan Stoodley was commissioned as home league secretary and Brian Hancock as corps sergeant major. With them are Mjrs Gerald and Doreen Lacey, COs. Springdale Corps’ newly commissioned local officers, Val Hutchcraft, corps treasurer, and Peggy Hancock, corps secretary, display their commissions.
GRAND FALLS—WINDSOR, N.L.—At Park Street Citadel, Colonel Tracey Tidd, TSWM, presents retirement certificates to HLS Joan Blackmore and AHLS Clara Howse for faithfully serving 12 years in their respective positions. With them is Mjr Sharon Rowsell, CO.
YARMOUTH, N.S.—Bhreagh Hannem proudly displays her Soldier’s Covenant. With her are Mjrs Peter and Janice Rowe, COs, and Hugh Nickerson, colour sergeant.
KENTVILLE, N.S.—Eva Chambers uses her quiltmaking skills to turn fabric into beautiful quilts that she then donates to The Salvation Army. With her is Mjr Doreen Grandy, CO.
ST. ANTHONY, N.L.—New soldier Andrew Compton of St. Anthony Corps with Mjrs Raymond and Laura Janes, COs.
ST. GEORGE’S, BERMUDA—St. George’s Corps celebrates the enrolment of nine junior soldiers. They are Trey Butterfield, Kayla Esdaille, Xavier O’Conner, Christian King, Rohan Richards, Micah Simmons, Hailee Butterfield, Selah Swan, Nickai Pearman. With them are corps and divisional leaders.
DILDO, N.L.—Four junior soldiers are enrolled at Trinity Bay South. From left, Mark Davis, Joshua Elford, Kaylin Thorne, Cole Reid. Supporting them are Samuel Drover, holding flag; Cpts Chris and Claudette Pilgrim, COs; and JSS Cora Smith.
JACKSON’S POINT, ONT.—Georgina Community Church welcomes four junior soldiers. From left, Alivia Martin, Emily Martin, Jenna Sheppard, Kayla Sheppard.
BAYVIEW, N.L.—Joan Greenham receives a certificate of recognition for 33 years of faithful ministry as home league treasurer, home league secretary and cradle roll sergeant. From left, Mjr Marilyn Blackler, ASWM, N.L. Div; Lt Rose Campbell, CO; Joan Greenham; Lt Larry Campbell, CO; Mjr Maurice Blackler, AC, N.L. Div.
OSHAWA, ONT.—Six senior soldiers are enrolled at Oshawa Temple. From left, Jamie Carr, Christine Carr, Randy Peddle, Ashlyn Frost, Rebecca Hewson, Jory Hewson. The Hewsons believe that God has called them to officership and in the enrolment service received candidate pins from Mjr Everett Barrow, secretary for candidates.
POINT LEAMINGTON, N.L.—Point Leamington Corps celebrates the enrolment of six senior soldiers. Front row, from left, Flossie Stuckless, Una Pearcey. Back row, from left, Howard Noseworthy, Alma Noseworthy, Ellis Guy, Wilfred Guy, Mjrs Trudy and Richard Mouland, COs. Three local of f icers are co mmissi o n e d at Po int Leamington Corps. From left, CSM Rex Thompson, HLS Judy Thompson, AHLS Una Pearcey.
Advancing the Mission
Georgina Community Church enrols five adherents. From left, John Binnie, John Morris, Tom Duncan, Jim Conrad, Nancy Conrad.
Keep us informed about what’s happening. Send us your news and photos highlighting the various ways The Salvation Army is living out its mission in your community. Photos are acceptable in JPEG or TIFF format, minimum 300 ppi preferred. E-mail us at Salvationist@can.salvationarmy.org. Salvationist I May 2011 I 27
A Passionate Servant of God
KITCHENER, ONT.—In February, the YP workers’ committee of Kitchener Community Church held a winter carnival for community outreach. The fun activities included sack and three-legged races, snow football, snow sculpturing contest, parachute games and free hot chocolate, coffee and snacks. “Half of the 150 who attended were from the community and most were children,” says Scott Allen, who helped co-ordinate the event.
Thrift Store Grabs Shoppers’ Attention TILLSONBURG, ONT.—The Salvation Army thrift store has become a major point of interest in Tillsonburg. Shoppers enjoy stopping by to view the delightfully dressed windows that often reflect the season, an event or a special celebration. One such theme celebrated Canada’s national game of hockey. Former and active NHL players and executives, as well as local hockey buffs and collectors, generously donated sweaters, jackets, pictures, hockey cards and other hockey paraphernalia. The sale and auctioning of the items coincided with Hockey Day in Canada on February 12.
TORONTO—Born in Winterton, N.L., fourthgeneration Salvationist Arthur Pitcher taught school for five years preceding Salvation Army officership. He entered training from the St. John’s 2 Corps and continued as a teacher for six years following commissioning in June 1939. Arthur married Captain Elizabeth Evans in 1942. Following several corps appointments and one as youth secretary for Newfoundland and Labrador, he moved to the mainland of Canada and led several corps, the last being Vancouver Temple. After serving as youth secretary in Southern Ontario, Arthur returned to his native province where he served as provincial secretary. After four years as divisional commander for Quebec and Eastern Ontario, he served as provincial commander for Newfoundland and Labrador. He was then appointed as chief secretary in South Africa, returning to Canada in 1976. After briefly serving as acting principal of the College for Officer Training in Toronto, he was appointed territorial commander in the Caribbean Territory. This was followed by leadership of the U.S.A. Southern and Canada and Bermuda territories. During his last appointment he served on the advisory council to the General. Commissioner and Mrs. Pitcher retired in October 1984 and shared 66 years of marriage. Mrs. Commissioner Pitcher was promoted to Glory in 2009. Commissioner Pitcher described himself as “belonging to a people who know what it is to battle to arrive and to battle to survive.” He allowed God to channel that fighting spirit into a passion for evangelism that became the driving force in his life and service. In his youth, he was known in his home province as the “boy evangelist.” During his final years at the Army’s Meighen Health Centre in Toronto, he continued to share the good news of God’s love for people by visiting the bereaved, praying with the sad and looking out for those who seemed alone or forgotten. Salvationists and Army friends around the world thank God for the influence of Commissioner Pitcher who was noted for his Bible-centred teaching, eloquent writing and passionate preaching. He is survived by children Major David (Donna), Colonel Eleanor (Glen) Shepherd and Rev. Donald (Brigitte); seven grandchildren; five great-grandchildren; and sisters Major Eileen Peat, Mrs. General Maude (Bramwell) Tillsley and Lt-Colonel Ethel Slous.
The Journey Towards Tomorrow
Tillsonburg thrift store staff dress in donated hockey paraphernalia. “Referee” Rose Young, store manager, calls a penalty on Darryl Buchner, employee.
The Prince George Salvation Army Community Church
90th Anniversary June 3-5, 2011 Help us celebrate with Majors Robert and Shirley Ratcliff and the Gospel Brass Band Greetings from former officers and friends can be sent to 777 Ospika Blvd, Prince George BC V2M 3R5; phone: 250-564-4000 28 I May 2011 I Salvationist
ORILLIA, ONT.—Orillia Corps’ bereavement ministry offers a year of support to its members following the death of loved ones. The program involves a funeral lunch, quarterly letters, grief books and an October candlelight memorial service. The theme for the 2010 service was The Journey Towards Tomorrow. A cross was placed at the front of the sanctuary and lined with candles for the bereaved to light in memory of their loved ones. From left, Mary Ellen Shell, Lynda Flannigan, Jorge Ginzinger, Mjr Merriell Hanks, Cindy Leef, Judy Cook
Tributes VANCOUVER—Mrs. Commissioner Lilian May Fewster was promoted to Glory at the age of 100. A member of the Endurers Session, she was appointed to Peterborough, England, in 1931 and married Captain Ernest Fewster in 1932. They served together in various corps and administrative positions in England, Scotland, Wales, Guernsey, Canada and Africa. Lilian loved home league and gave women’s ministries her support. Following her husband’s death in 1973, she moved to Vancouver to be near her family. She was a painter and loved playing the violin and piano. A tireless worker, Lilian was a devoted friend and a strong supporter of social issues. Known for her superb public speaking, even at 100 years of age she could command attention with her eloquence and strong voice. Her faith sustained her even in the most difficult times. Her memory is cherished by daughters Mary, Anne and Trish, and many friends. OSHAWA, ONT.—Lt-Colonel Baden Marshall was born in Toronto in 1931. He committed his life to God and the Army at the age of 17. Experiencing the transforming power of the Holy Spirit at a Salvation Army holiness camp changed his life forever. Baden was an avid hockey player, but accepted God’s calling to officership rather than pursuing a career in the National Hockey League. Baden served in corps in Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia, and as a public relations officer in Alberta. He then became a divisional commander for Mid-Ontario, Western Newfoundland, Alberta and Northwest Territories, Manitoba and Northwest Territories and Ontario North. While in Manitoba, he served as president of the Kiwanis Club in Winnipeg and was made Honorary Citizen of Winnipeg by the then Mayor John Norrie. Baden was a faithful servant of the Lord and will be remembered for his passionate preaching, love for God’s Word and people, and his godly influence. He is survived by wife, June; son, Stephen (Colleen); daughter, Cynthia (Roy) Moulton; five grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. CORNER BROOK, N.L.—Beatrice Burt (nee Knee) was born in 1938 and was active from childhood at Corner Brook Citadel. After marrying Winston, Beatrice’s involvement included songsters, Brownie leader, Sunday school teacher and home league. She and Winston often catered on the weekends to small groups at the Army’s Camp of the Silver Birches, and she frequently volunteered up to six days a week at the thrift store in Corner Brook. Beatrice’s Christian influence impacted not only her family, but many others through her work as a child homecare provider and volunteer. Beatrice is missed by husband, Winston; son, Raymond (Claudia); daughter, Captain Darlene; sisters Lt-Colonel Audrey (Ray) Rowe, Major Doreen (Max) Sturge, Effie Ward, Jean (Frank) Pilgrim, Dorothy (Aubrey) Budgell; brothers Aux-Captain Douglas (Donna), Benjamin (Maudie), Frank (Joan), Wilfred (Peggy); and granddaughter, Chiara. CONCEPTION BAY SOUTH, N.L.—Chesley Edgar Rodgers was born in St. John’s, N.L., in 1937. After marrying Margaret, they lived in Conception Bay South for 52 years. Edgar became a soldier of Conception Bay South Corps in 1995. He enjoyed attending Bible studies, Sunday services, men’s fellowship and league of mercy. He also taught Sunday school and helped out around the church property. Edgar was an encourager to his family and friends and is remembered by wife, Margaret; five children and their spouses; 10 grandchildren, four greatgrandchildren and many other relatives and friends. SARNIA, ONT.—Joseph Craig was born in Clyde Bank, Scotland, in 1930 and moved to Canada in 1968. He settled in Sarnia with wife, Anne; sons Ken and Rob; and stepchildren Mark, Nicola and Michael. Joe was bandmaster and songster leader for 20 years. He worked for Canada Post for over 23 years, and in retirement he loved helping with the Christmas kettle ministry and playing the bass drum. Joe’s family and friends give God glory for his life and time with them.
NANAIMO, B.C.—Yvonne Louise Bell was born in 1947 and was an Army soldier for 40 years. She served as a community care ministries worker and home league member and enjoyed volunteering with many organizations, including Scouts Canada. She loved gardening, including weeding the flower beds at the corps building. Yvonne was known for her faithfulness and cheerfulness, a willingness to help where needed and being consistent in all she did. She always had a winsome smile and a sense of humour. Yvonne is missed by her family and many friends. HALIFAX—Earl St. Clair Ward was a lifelong member of Halifax Citadel Community Church. He served in the music sections, youth work and on various committees. Having worked for Sears Canada Inc. for 43 years, he retired in 1981 as regional superintendent for human resources. After retirement, he served on the board of directors of the Canadian Bible Society and became a representative of the Society to the Mission to Seamen. Earl is lovingly remembered by daughter, Carolyn (Kevin) Parsons; son, Gordon; three grandchildren and one great-grandchild. MUSGRAVETOWN, N.L.—Lillian Keats was promoted to Glory at the age of 80. “Aunt Lily” was a faithful soldier first at the Bunyan’s Cove Corps, N.L., and then at Islandview Citadel, Musgravetown. Lily obediently served God by reaching out to others. She was known as a woman of strong faith, prayer and a lover of the Word of God which she distributed with her husband as a member of the Gideon Bible Society. She is missed by husband, Bert; son, Gordon; four grandchildren; three great-grandchildren and other extended family.
TERRITORIAL Appointments Mjr Susan van Duinen, DC, with promotion to the rank of lt-col, Ont. CE Div; Mjrs Doug/Jean Hefford, DC and DDWM, Maritime Div; Mjrs Larry/Velma Martin, DC and DDWM, B.C. Div; Lt-Cols Wayne/Myra Pritchett, DC and DDWM, N.L. Div; Mjrs Ron/Donna Millar, DC and DDWM, Alta. and Northern Ttys Div; Mjr Deborah Hilliard, special assignment, officer personnel department, THQ; Mjrs Wayne/Sharon McDonough, executive director and chaplain, Dinsdale Personal Care Home, Brandon, Man., Prairie Div; Mjr Melinda McNutt, chaplain, Winnipeg Grace General Hospital, Prairie Div; Cpt William/Mjr Velma Preston, executive director and spiritual care co-ordinator, Golden West Centennial Lodge, Winnipeg, Prairie Div
Commissioners William and Marilyn Francis Apr 28-May 1 Booth University College graduation, Winnipeg; May 5-8 Salvation Army/Vatican conversations, Rome*; May 12-13 National Advisory Board, Toronto; May 16-19 Territorial Executive Conference, National Leader’s Conference/National Prayer Breakfast, Ottawa; May 22 Mountain Citadel, Hamilton, Ont. *Commissioner William Francis only Colonels Floyd and Tracey Tidd May 1-2 Booth University College graduation and board meeting, Winnipeg; May 9 London Advisory Board, Ont. GL Div; May 16-18 Territorial Executive Conference, Ottawa; May 19 National Prayer Breakfast, Ottawa General and Mrs Bramwell Tillsley (Rtd) May 8 School for Officer Training, New York; May 15 Oshawa Temple, Ont. Canadian Staff Band May 27-June 6 International Staff Band 120th anniversary, London, England, and tour of Holland and Germany
Salvationist I May 2011 I 29
When was the last time you had a serious theological discussion? by Major Fred Ash
ld teachers never die, they just lose their class.” With an opening like that, some of you are probably thinking that I have finally lost mine. You may be right. If so, I take solace in the fact that I am not alone. It seems that most of the Evangelical Church, including The Salvation Army, has lost its class. Bible class, Sunday school class, soldier’s class—many no longer exist or are very poorly attended. When we do manage to entice a few to Bible study, the content is like the inside of a cream puff—sweet and gooey but mostly air. It was one of the complaints of the Apostle Paul that the Corinthians were not ready to get into the meat of the Word. “I gave you milk, not solid food, for you were not yet ready for it. Indeed, you are still not ready” (1 Corinthians 3:2). The writer to the Hebrews expressed the same sentiment: “Though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s Word all over again. You need milk, not solid food” (Hebrews 5:12). We Salvationists are not known for our theological prowess. We minister with emotions and action. We feel compassion for the hurting in society and rush out to do something about it. As one of our mottos puts it, we serve “with heart to 30 I May 2011 I Salvationist
God and hand to man.” That is all good, but there is more to a human being than that. God also gave us a mind. God gave us the ability to think, ponder, reflect and learn. While we are eager to feed the hungry with bread, we shouldn’t forget to feed our minds with the Word. Peter put it this way: “It would not be right for us to neglect the ministry of the Word of God in order to wait on tables” (Acts 6:2). Perhaps we can expand our motto to read: “Reflecting on the Word, we serve with heart to God and hand to man.”
Most of the time when Jesus is addressed, he is called “teacher” While we like to recount the stories of Jesus healing the sick, giving sight to the blind and raising the dead, nowhere in Scripture is Jesus ever referred to as “doctor.” Most of the time when Jesus is addressed, he is called “teacher.” His reputation was that of a teacher. In the King James Version, the word for teacher is translated “master” or “rabbi,” but the new Bible translations correctly use the
word “teacher.” Each of the four Gospels addresses Jesus as teacher. Together they refer to him in this way more than 50 times. While the sacrifice of Jesus brought salvation, it can be argued that his teaching turned the world upside down. Yet in the Church we often relegate teaching to 20 minutes on a Sunday morning. This is not because the pastors and officers don’t see the importance of teaching; it is because most churchgoers are not interested in learning. When was the last time you had a serious theological discussion? When was the last time you talked at length about holiness, redemption or the Incarnation? What about church history? Most Christians jump from the Book of Acts to the present day and completely ignore the two thousand years of church history between then and now. They don’t know how we got the Apostles’ Creed or the Nicene Creed, if they even know they exist. They know almost nothing about how the Western Church divided into Roman Catholic and Protestant factions or the issues that brought that about. They have very little understanding of the work of the Jesuits, Moravians or Methodists. They barely recognize the names Martin Luther and John Calvin, although most Salvationists do have an appreciation for the work of William Booth and Billy Graham. I am afraid that in most Salvation Army churches, the old teachers have indeed lost their class. There is no one interested enough to show up and learn. Yet, according to the Bible, teaching is one of the most important sacraments of the Church. A sacrament by definition is a means of grace, and what better means of grace is there than one should teach and another should learn? The Bible says, “So Christ himself gave [to the Church] the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the pastors and teachers” (Ephesians 4:11). The pastor-teachers are a gift that Jesus gave to the Church. They are right up there with the apostles, prophets and evangelists. Theirs is a holy calling, the purpose of which is “to equip his people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up” (Ephesians 4:12). Before we rush out to do our works of service, we first have to meet with our teachers to be equipped. We can’t do a class act of service in the world without a classroom of learning in the Church. Major Fred Ash is the corps officer of Burlington Community Church, Ont.
The Lasso of Truth
Church leaders can learn from Wonder Woman’s transparency BY CAPTAIN RICK ZELINSKY
o be honest, I don’t consider Wonder Woman a real superhero. Her “superpowers,” if you can call them that, have nothing to do with her intrinsic abilities. Instead, she relies on gadgets: an invisible jet, bullet-proof bracelets and a lasso that makes people tell the truth. (I know, Batman falls into the same category, but his toys are much cooler.) But while she may not be able to leap tall buildings or see through walls, Wonder Woman’s crime-fighting techniques provide a useful framework for Christian leadership, one that is built on transparency and truth-telling. I recently spoke with the CEO of an Internet development company, a 20-something hipster who informed me, “Transparency is the new currency. People want transparency if they are going to trust you.” An article in Harvard Business Review entitled “The Big Idea” illustrates the shift by contrasting the tobacco industry in the 1980s and the food industry in the present day. The tobacco giants went to great lengths to hide the harmful effects of smoking, even when medical evidence showed otherwise. In contrast, when the dangers of trans fats came to light, the food industry responded by changing recipes, funding public education campaigns and pushing reduced-fat products. That openness helped people to continue to trust them. Jesus taught transparency. In the Sermon on the Mount, he told his followers, “Let your light shine before others, that they may see your good deeds and glorify your Father in Heaven” (Matthew 5:16). In the same way, “no one lights a lamp and hides it in a clay jar or puts it under a bed. Instead, they put it on a stand, so that those who come in can see the light” (Luke 8:16). The Apostle Paul picks up the teaching in Ephesians 5 where he encourages believers to live as “children of light” (v 8), to live in a godly manner as true followers of Jesus, to live transparently. Transparency breeds trust. It’s the key to healthy small groups, making them a safe place for people to open up and share their thoughts and feelings. Transparency says to people, “I trust you so I will be myself in front of you.” The greater the transparency, the deeper the relationship. I remember in the late 1980s when pastor Gordon MacDonald rocked the Christian world by admitting to adultery. That confession opened the door to other pastors and church leaders to be honest about their failings. MacDonald’s ministry changed dramatically, and for the last 20 years he has been involved in the ministry of healing and restoring lives destroyed by sinful choices. Transparency requires boundaries. We must still exercise wisdom and discernment in our sharing. For MacDonald, confession came only after much counselling with his wife and discernment and spiritual direction with Christian leaders. Being transparent requires being real with people, but also knowing when and what struggles to share. It doesn’t mean we work out our problems in the public arena, but rather, choosing the right moments to share how we have been healed through God’s grace. Transparency allows people to see God working in our lives.
Being transparent requires being real with people. Leaders are most effective when they have nothing to hide Transparency gives other people hope. One Father’s Day I preached about the fact that I don’t always feel like a good dad. Our family used to leave the house in an uproar on a Sunday morning. Trying to deal with three kids, I sometimes lost my temper in the car only to arrive at church and pretend that all was well. I didn’t feel like the “father of the year” in those moments. You could almost hear the sighs in the room as parents related to what I was saying. They realized they weren’t alone in their struggles. The same is true when we read of the imperfect “heroes” in the Bible. If God could work through murderers, liars and prostitutes to achieve his purposes, then there must be hope for us. We may not all be Wonder Men and Wonder Women, but leaders are most effective when they have nothing to hide. And if we use that “lasso of truth” on ourselves once in a while, we’ll have the kind of integrity that will draw people to us—and ultimately to Christ. Captain Rick Zelinsky and his wife, Deana, are the corps officers at North Toronto Community Church. Salvationist I May 2011 I 31