Superlative Adverbs: “Of all the girls at the ball, Priscilla was dressed most beautifully.” In the above sentence, most beautifully is an adverb form that describes the verb dressed. I could have simply stated that Priscilla was beautifully dressed or that she was dressed more beautifully than Erica. But since I wanted readers to know that her manner of dress far exceeded any other, I used a special type of adverb called a superlative adverb.
What Are Superlative Adverbs? A superlative adverb is used to compare three or more people, places, or things. It’s used to state that the action performed is to the highest degree within a group or of its kind. They are sometimes preceded by the word “the” but not always. Bobby talks the loudest of all the boys. Jill danced the best. In the opening sentence the superlative form of the adverb beautifully was used to compare three or more manners of dress. Most beautifully is the highest degree of dressing beautifully!
Forming Superlative Adverbs The rules for forming superlative adverbs are rather straightforward. If the adverb has the same form as a one-syllable adjective simply add the suffix –est to the end of the word. For example: Barry slept the longest. Jack’s bullfrog jumped the highest. Naomi finished the quickest. Also, just as with forming superlative adjectives, if the adverb ends with a “y” then change the “y” to “i” and then add –est. Like this: Kyle and Lindsey arrived early but Luke arrived the earliest.
Comparative Adverbs: When we talk about two things, we can "compare" them. We can see if they are the same or different. Perhaps they are the same in some ways and different in other ways. We can use comparative adjectives to describe the differences. We can use comparative adjectives when talking about two things (not three or more things). In the example below, "bigger" is the comparative form of the adjective "big":
A1 A2 A1 is bigger than A2.
What Are Comparative Adjectives? Comparative adjectives compare two things, people, or places unlike positive adjectives which stand alone and do not make comparisons between nouns. Frequently, the word thanaccompanies the comparative but not always. Paul is taller than John. The taller boy is Paul.
Rules: Superlative & Comparative Comparatives Simply add -er Examples: smart = smarter young = younger fast = faster
Superlatives Use THE and add -est Examples: smart = the smartest young = the youngest fast = the fastest
Rule 1B - One syllable adjectives with a Consonant-VowelConsonant Pattern: If the adjective has a CVC If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and pattern, double the consonant and add add -er. -est. Don't forget THE! Examples: Examples: wet = wetter wet = the wettest big = bigger big = the biggest sad = sadder sad = the saddest
Rule 2 - two syllable adjectives ending in Y Change the Y to I and add -er Change the Y to I and add -est. Don't forget to use THE! Examples: Examples: pretty = prettier pretty = the prettiest happy = happier happy = the happiest busy = busier busy = the busiest Rule 3 - Adjectives or adverbs with two or more syllables (not ending in Y): Use MORE Use THE MOST Examples: Examples: famous = more famous famous = the most famous interesting = more interesting interesting = the most interesting carefully = more carefully carefully = the most carefully Rule 4 These are the irregular words. There is no system or pattern here, so you'll just have to remember them. Fortunately, there are only a few... Examples: Examples: good = the best good bad = the worst = better far = the farthest (the furthest) bad = worse well = the best badly = the worst far = little = the least farther (
Superlative and Comparative adjectives