Page 1

Growing Gladiolus

A Greenpress Publication.


Introduction to greenworks

1

Floriculture

Floriculture

Ă?Z

2.1

2.2

pure 2.3

2.4

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


R&D activities in Pakistan on Gladiolus Crop

1.1

2

1.2 1.3

1.4

1.5

1.7

1.6 Our Research Partners

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


3

Let’s Ask Questions ]!* ZŽÆ]ÑZÎë Z¼

W, Z6, ðZÅ Õ @»ÝzgÅ `gÎ

3.1

3.2

W, Z »]g ZwzgŠ‰zZ6, 6ZgzŠÆ`

110

5 cm

7.5 cm

10 cm

80

15 cm 70 60

12

15

20

25

c days

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


Understanding Gladiolus Bulbs

4

4.1

4.2

8,000

Quan ty ( Nos ) (Approx. / Box)

Bulb Size ( cm ) (Circumference CM) Quan ty ( Nos ) (Approx. / Box)

3cm

5cm

4cm 20,000

3,000

10,000

6cm 6,000

1,500

8cm

7cm 3,500

2,500

1,000

9cm 2,000

10cm 1,300

11cm 1,200

12cm 900

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


How they do in Holland?

5.1 Planting

5.4 Cutting

5.7

Drying

5.10

Filling

5.2

5.5

Beds

5.3 Growth

Harvesting

5.6

5.8 Storage

5.11 Packing

5

Washing

5.9 Treatment

5.12 Shipment

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


6

How we do in Pakistan? 5Ò¯~yÎ 0* iZ%Æ“ & »ÅåH G 6.1

6.4

Fungicide treatment

Making Ridges for Gladiolus

Labors are planting bulbs

6.6 Covering Bulbs

6.9

6.2

Bulblets Growth Stage

6.5

6.7 Flood irrigation system

6.10 Mesh Cover for Frost

6.3 Making Ridges for Bulblets

Making Beds for Drip Irrigation System

6.8 Drip Irrigation System

6.11

Ready to Harvest

6.12 Making Bundles

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


7

Cultivation Of Gladiolus In Different Areas Of Pakistan

CY

IT AGEN

NA:GILG

7.1

ER

YB

KH

A

HW

NK

TU

H AK

P

5%

AZAD and OCCUPIED AREAS JAMMU KASHMIR

10%

60%

15% PUNJAB

10%

Punjab Sindh KP Balochistan Kashmir

BALUCHISTAN

SINDH

7.2

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

s6, Z

MAY

& »Å â ¤ “ /Ìñ

JUN

JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

ðÑŽ ~Z m ' , ÆZ

& »Å âuÌñ “

& »Å Ìñ “

& »ÅVZ  “ % Ìñ

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


Flower Growing Stages

8

8.1

yŠ g Zz³%

10-20

15-30

20-40

30-40

20-40

10-20

25-50

45-90

75-130

95-170

A

B

C

D

E

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


Planting time

9

9.1

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

High C

21

23

30

33

40

45

42

38

35

30

29

25

Low C

1

6

12

19

28

33

30

29

26

18

13

3

Avg C

14

17

18

20

32

34

32

30

28

22

19

15

RH Avg %

76

70

65

60

55

65

80

85

75

65

75

80

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


Bed Preparation and Irrigation Methods

10.1

Drip Irrigation

x

x

80 cm 36 in

10.2

10

x

x

18 in

80 cm 36 in

55 cm 24 in

Flood Irrigation

x

x

50 cm 20 in

x

25 cm 10 in

x

18 in

50 cm 20 in

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


Fertilizers Application 5Ò¯ wEZ »VzŠ 3~ åH G

11

11.1

11.2

Stage - 1

Stage - 2

Stage - 3

Stage - 4

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


Storage Of Flowers

12

5Ò¯ iZ%Z ÆU»wYÆ åH G

Gladiolus Cutting Stages

12.1

12.2

1 0

1

2

3

4

5

5

5

2 2 0 0

12.3 Fresh 1

2

3

Storage Freshness Meter

4

5

6

7

8

9

Wilted 10

Days Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


One Flower Many Colors

13

73 %

10 08

13.1

%

%

05

%

04 %

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


14

Gladiolus Stocks Trend* In Pakistan Market

14.1

ÇD

MAX

MIN

Rs.

Rs.

04

AVG

Rs.

45

ĊÐ

18

ĊÇ ĊČ ĊĈ

ĊĆ ČE ČÐ

ČÐ ČĐ

ČĐ

ČÇ ČČ

ČÇ ČČ

ČČ

ČĎ

ČÇ

ČČ

ČÇ ČĈ

ČĆ ĈÐ ĈĎ ĈD

ĈÐ ĈĐ

ĈÐ

ĈĐ

ĈĎ ĈD

ĈÐ

ĈD

ĈD

ĈÇ

ĈĊ

ĈĊ

ĈČ

ĈČ

ĈĈ

ĈĆ Ð

ČĈ

ĈĎ ĈD ĈĊ

ĈČ

ČÇ

ČČ

ĈĊ ĈČ

ĈĈ

ĈĆ

ĈĆ

Ð

E

Ð

ĈĆ

Ð

Ð

E

E

Đ Ď Ç

Ď

Ď

Ď

Ç

Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul AugSep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar 15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

16

17

17

17

*Two years market price data shows the average prices during said period in Lahore Sagian Flower Market.

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


15

Gladiolus diseases and disorders 5Ò¯ 2g ¬vŠgzZVc* g FÅwYÆ åH G

Bacterial diseases Scab (Burkholderia gladioli)

(a) Corm with scab (b) Grey spots on leaf.

c* Ù ïG E3½]

Xanthomonas campestris Leaf spots

a

15.1

b

15.2

15.3

Insects, Mites & Pests Thrips

(a)Corm with yellow thrip larvae and black adult thrips. (b)Leaf infestation by black thrips (c)Symptoms on the Flowers.

a

15.4

Red spider mites Tetranychus urtica

15.7

b

15.5

Caterpillars and corn borers ú»} zg Ñ

15.8

Bean Seed Fly (Delia platura)

15.9

c

15.6

Cutworms infestation

ð#eÎ

15.10

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


16

Gladiolus diseases and disorders 5Ò¯ 2g ¬vŠgzZVc* g FÅwYÆ åH G

Physiological disorders

Vc* g FŠÑ-‚ Û

]Z W, ZÆ} º

Frost damage Corm with blisters

Shoots with dead leaf tips and deformed growth

16.1

Nematodes

Heat damage

16.2

eIˆ

Infestation by Potato Rot Nematodes

16.3

Viruses

ú»k], Zz

Tobacco Rattle Virus infestation Brown or red-rimmed spots in the corm by CMV infestation

16.4

16.5

Phytoplasmas ‘Bushy plants’ an infection of aster yellows

16.6

Inner leaves turn yellow and the outer leaves remain green

16.7

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


17

Gladiolus diseases and disorders 5Ò¯ 2g ¬vŠgzZVc* g FÅwYÆ åH G

Fungus Dry Rot (Stromatinia gladioli)

^Zg ðZg e

Symptoms of Dry Rot (a) Withering plants (b) Sclerotia on a stem (c) Dark sunken spots on the corm

a

17.1

17.2

17.3

Fusarium (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. gladioli)

Hard Rot (Septoria gladioli)

(a) Corms infected with Fusarium (b) Infected plants

a

17.4

Gladiolus Rust (Uromyces transversalis) Leaf showing symptoms of Gladiolus Rust

17.7

b

17.5

~g л

c

b

Root-knot ^zg nematode e I ˆ^ ** Root thickenings due to Meloidogyne nematode attack.

17.8

17.6

Crown Rot (Sclerotium) Shoot of iris showing symptoms of Sclerotium rolfsii

17.9

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


18

Gladiolus diseases and disorders 5Ò¯ 2g ¬vŠgzZVc* g FÅwYÆ åH G

Fungus QZg^1

Botrytis Blight (Botrytis gladiolorum) Corms exhibiting symptoms of Botrytis

QZg^1

Botrytis Blight (Botrytis gladiolorum) Foliage with symptoms of Botrytis: (a) Small spots on the leaf (b) Grey-brown spot with grey fungal weft

a

18.1

18.2

18.3

** v&»Vza % Root Rot (Pythium) (a) Roots with brown rot (b) Corm with a Pythium-infected root system

Penicillium Storage Rot Corms infected with Penicillium exhibiting a fungal weft

18.4

18.5

18.6

Rhizoctonia Disease (Rhizoctonia solani)

Curvularia Disease (Curvularia trifolii)

(a) Roots with brown rot (b) Tunics of a new corm (c) Underground leaf parts

a

18.7

~g FÅ *Íz^ ,Zg

~g FÅ c* g Ñz™

Corms with spots caused by Curvularia Disease

c

b

18.8

b

18.9

18.10

18.11

Growing Gladiolus in Pakistan

vol.3. 2018.01


0300 0300 699

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Growing Gladiolus Flowers in Pakistan

How to Grow Gladiolus Flowers ( Urdu )  

From this booklet you will learn growing gladiolus flowers in Pakistan, Market Prices, Varieties and decease identification.

How to Grow Gladiolus Flowers ( Urdu )  

From this booklet you will learn growing gladiolus flowers in Pakistan, Market Prices, Varieties and decease identification.

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