JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY
SCHOOL OF ADVANCED INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
AÂ CONCEPT WHOSE TIME HAS COME (AGAIN)? ASIA:
Regionalism and Trade
A Historical Perspective
Honoring Past & New Professors
In this issue of SAIS Magazine, we are excited to bring you timely analysisâ€”from voices throughout the Johns Hopkins SAIS communityâ€”of the issues shaping international affairs today. SAIS Europe students reflect on migration issues on a study trek to the immigrant reception center on the Italian island of Lampedusa, an epicenter of mass migration to Europe from Africa and the Middle East. Renowned historians Margaret MacMillan and Niall Ferguson of the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs provide historical insight on the U.S. role in international affairs and why the nation must reaffirm its commitment to global leadership.
8Human Security Nobel Peace Prize recipient Jodi Williams â€™84, a leading voice on human security, joins JHU SAIS policy experts Soren Jessen-Petersen and Maureen White to explore human security as a holistic framework for approaching conflict resolution.
We celebrate the impact and careers of longtime faculty members Fred Holborn and Jim Riedel while we welcome four new senior policy experts to the school: Antony Blinken, Vikram Nehru, Sarah Sewall, and Adam Szubin.
We hope you enjoy this issue of SAIS Magazine as we continue to transform the study and practice of international relations. Warmly,Â
Vali Nasr, Dean
Johns Hopkins University | 1
EVENTS AT SAIS 4 Distinguished Guests Featured
speakers at Johns Hopkins SAIS
SAIS VOICES Security 8 Human Conversations on this issue return in foreign policy discussions
lecture series that brings provocative perspectives in international affairs for students
Asia Mega-Regionalism The U.S. takes a substantial hit in trade diplomacy leadership
STUDENTS ON THE GO Crisis SAIS 44 Migration Europe students learn about migration and the plight of refugees on European shores program
Scholars Q&A 20 Kissinger On the importance of
PUBLICATIONS Published 47 Recently Books by Johns Hopkins
U.S. engagement with the rest of the world Historical Photos 28 SAIS Enjoy a trip down
SAIS faculty and alumni
memory lane in advance of 75th anniversary
Review Eliot 50 Book Cohenâ€™s The Big Stick
to Fred Holborn 30 Tribute Landon Thomas, Jr. â€™91 remembers his teacher, mentor and friend
RECENT GIFTS Bernstein Honored 42 David Family endows new
Riedel Reflects 34 Jim Forty-one years teaching students from around the world Policy Experts 38 Senior Distinguished public
servants join SAIS faculty
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SAIS Magazine SAIS Magazine is published for the alumni and friends of Johns Hopkins SAIS.
ALUMNI LIFE & Spotlights 54 Reflections Dieter Mahncke B’64, PhD ’69: Distinguished scholar and public servant Yael Eisenstat ’99: Revealing her CIA past Stephane Kurgan B’90: Chief operating officer of Candy Crush
Marie-Helene Carleton ’98: Drawing on SAIS training during kidnapping crisis in Iraq
Julia Lovell N’97: Engaging with Chineselanguage readings in their historical context
Jonathan Burks ’10: Chief of staff for house speaker navigates move from being an opposition party to being a governing one Gifts 60 Annual Last year, the Fund for
SAIS awarded more than $8 million in scholarships
62 Around the Globe Philanthropy 70 Impact Bequest by Joe Kramer 63 80
B’70, ’71 creates financial support for SAISEurope’s fellowships
72 Keeping the Connection 74 News and Noteworthy
Editor Margaret Hardt Frondorf ’00 Editorial Committee Shamila Chaudhary Alan Fleischmann ’89 Jordi Izzard Sidney Jackson Kathryn Knowles B’01, ’02 Martina Leinz Jaime Marquez Julie Micek Noemi Crespo Rice Madelyn Ross Christopher Sands ’94, PhD ’09 Lindsey Waldrop Senior Writer Phillip Davis B’88, ’89 Contributors Jordyn Arndt ’18 Kenna Barrett Marie-Héléne Carleton ’98 Yael Eisenstat ’99 Mary Evans Margaret Hardt Frondorf ’00 Kristin Hanson Jordi Izzard Kathryn Knowles B’01, ’02 Landon Thomas Jr. ’91 Anna Lemberger Henry R. Nau ’67, PhD ’73 Vali Nasr Michael Plummer B’82 Madelyn Ross Lindsey Waldrop Copy Editor Mary Dempsey Design Beth Singer Design, LLC, Arlington, VA Awards American Graphic Design Award (2015, 2016) Communicator Awards, Silver Award of Distinction (2016) International Davey Award (2016) Hermes Creative, Platinum Award (2016) Letters and inquiries should be sent to SAISMagazine@jhu.edu or 1717 Massachusetts Ave. N.W. Washington, DC 20036 © 2017 by the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies of the Johns Hopkins University. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. sais-jhu.edu @SAISHopkins #SAISAlum #SAISAlumni Photos throughout: Kaveh Sardari
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EVENTS AT Juan Carlos Pinzón
Juan Carlos Pinzón, Colombia’s ambassador to the United States, discussed his country’s experience combating crime and terrorism, its economy and future prospects, and its relationship with the United States. DECEMBER 6, 2016
Shaykh Abdullah bin Bayyah
The Foreign Policy Institute hosted President of the Forum for Promoting Peace in Muslim Societies Shaykh Abdullah bin Bayyah in a roundtable discussion focused on how the forum uses Islamic traditions to challenge the view that religion is often used to justify, rather than solve, problems of violence. FEBRUARY 2, 2017
Frederic Neumann, co-head of Asian economic research and managing director of global research at HSBC Hong Kong, discussed the challenges facing Asia today and deliberated over its future prospects with John Lipsky, Peter G. Peterson Distinguished Scholar at the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs and senior fellow at the Foreign Policy Institute. FEBRUARY 13, 2017
Carrie Hessler-Radelet Former Director of the Peace Corps Carrie Hessler-Radelet reflected on her career, noting that the fundamental belief underlying the Peace Corps was that peace can only come through profound understanding and appreciation of others’ cultures. FEBRUARY 15, 2017
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Black History Month
Throughout February, Johns Hopkins SAIS recognized the heritage, accomplishments, and culture of African Americans by welcoming industry and academic experts to campus to discuss topics ranging from the U.S. economic outlook to gender relations. The school’s diversity committee also sponsored a visit to the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery to meet with a noted collector of African American art and hosted a screening of the critically acclaimed historical drama Selma. Dr. Roger W. Ferguson Jr. (above), president and CEO of TIAA, discussed economic trends. FEBRUARY 2017
Michael T. Franken Vice Adm. Michael T. Franken, deputy commander for military operations for the United States Africa Command, discussed the challenges of security and development in Africa. FEBRUARY 27, 2017
Joseph Nye Joseph Nye, former dean of Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, spoke at the Foreign Policy Institute’s annual Betty Lou Hummel Memorial Lecture. He addressed the future of the American world order given the rise of China and changes in U.S. domestic policies.
Deborah Kay Jones
MARCH 1, 2017
Former U.S. envoy to Libya, Ambassador Deborah Jones discussed insights and perspective gained during her service in Libya and Kuwait. MARCH 6, 2017
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EVENTS AT Kishore Mahbubani
Former U.N. Security Council President Kishore Mahbubani delivered a keynote address to alumni and invited guests during a special event in Hong Kong. MARCH 24, 2017
Cecile Kashetu Kyenge European Parliament member Cecile Kashetu Kyenge, who is Italy’s former minister of integration, talked to the SAIS Europe community about the need for a holistic approach to migration. MARCH 31, 2017
Michael Hayden Gen. Michael Hayden, who is a past director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency, addressed U.S. security priorities in the Trump administration. APRIL 4, 2017
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka The International Development Program hosted Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, executive director of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, as part of the Development Roundtable speaker’s series. APRIL 12, 2017
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Be sure to visit The Recap events blog for up-to-date summaries, videos, and photos of the school’s world-class events. events.sais-jhu.edu
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Photo by Shedrick Pelt
Award-winning novelist and Johns Hopkins alumna Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie spoke at a conference on “The Political Economy of Gender and Women’s Empowerment in Africa” hosted by the African Studies department. APRIL 14, 2017
Roger Cohen Journalist, author, and columnist for The New York Times Roger Cohen discussed human security, international affairs, and diplomacy.
MAY 2, 2017
World-renowned violinist, U.N. Messenger of Peace, and Distinguished Visiting Artist at the Peabody Institute Midori discussed using cultural diplomacy to address today’s global challenges. MAY 8, 2017
Condoleezza Rice Former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice delivered an address to the Johns Hopkins SAIS community as part of the school’s “Women Who Inspire” speaker series. MAY 12, 2017
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Empowerment Of the INDIVIDUAL
A CONCEPT WHOSE TIME
Human â€œWhat if we were to look at security through a different lens? What if we were to think about it in terms of meeting the needs of the citizens of a country? A people-centered security instead of 8 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
peopleOriented approach to Security
HAS COME (AGAIN)?
Security that of the nation-state. The world would look quite different and how our resources were allocated would be very different.”
–jody Williams ’84, Nobel PEACE Prize WINNER Johns Hopkins University | 9
a sweeping, people-oriented approach to security, took the world by storm in the 1990s and the early 2000s. The concept made inroads, sparked scholarly reports, and even gained its own United Nations commission. Then just as quickly as it emerged, it faded from view.
Today with Syrian refugees pounding on the gates of Europe, non-state actors like ISIS operating across state borders at will, and millions of civilians displaced in the Middle East, some say it is the right time to reawaken this policy framework. Jody Williams ’84, who was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for her work to ban anti-personnel landmines, said human security “deserves renewed emphasis in the 21st century.” She addressed the issue in a recent essay titled “Human Security and the Welfare of Nations.” “For at least four centuries, it has generally meant national security with the focus on the security of the state. If a country is safe, it would naturally follow that the people who lived in it are also safe,” she said. “In that construct, keeping the state secure requires military thinking and planning and armed forces and weapons systems to back that up. That, in turn, requires human and financial resources, sometimes on a massive scale, that cannot be used to ensure that competing needs of a society are met.” “What if we were to look at security through a different lens?” she asked. “What if we were to think about it in terms of meeting the needs of the citizens of a country, a people-centered security instead of that of the nation-state? The world would look quite different and how our resources were allocated would be very different.” Johns Hopkins SAIS Dean Vali Nasr said a human security approach is making a comeback because violence, refugee
1994 Human Security gains prominence with a U.N. report offering a framework for solving humanity's problems. 10 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
1998 The International
crises, and threats to life and security have grown in frequency with more devastating effect. “And more importantly, human security challenges have started to impact fundamental political issues in the West, such as Brexit, the future of the EU, and the rise of populism.” SAIS Europe’s Professor Soren JessenPetersen, who teaches a migration and human security studies course, said states cannot be secure if their people are not secure, and no state can be “cohesive and stable” if discrimination and restricted rights leave some groups more vulnerable than others. “Human security is about the protection of the individual against the violation of his or her human rights, and it is about the empowerment of the individual or groups of people through their human development,” he said. The concept came to prominence in 1994 when the United Nations Development Program issued a landmark report titled “New Dimensions in Human Security,” which made the concept a broad framework for solving humanity’s problems. It was followed by a flurry of human security actions, including the founding of the United Nations Commission on Human Security in 2001.
The human security concept was also bolstered by such civil-society achievements as the Ottawa Treaty to ban land mines, for which Williams won the Nobel Peace Prize. Another achievement was the creation of the International Criminal Court in 1998, an independent judicial body that can hear cases of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Human security also informed a concept known as “Responsibility to Protect,” which argues that states have a responsibility to safeguard people from egregious threats, such as genocide and starvation, if that comes at the expense of another state’s sovereignty.
A Loss of Momentum Despite these advances, human security started losing momentum as governments, including the United States, scrambled to respond not only to the terrorist attack of Sept. 11, 2001, with increased military might, but to emerging threats such as North Korea and the Islamic State.
2001 Military security issues come to the forefront again as nations respond to the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11. Johns Hopkins University | 11
Criminal Court is created to be an independent judicial body that can hear cases of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Maureen White, senior fellow at SAIS’ Foreign Policy Institute and director of the Human Security Initiative, said, “As we well know, military security issues have come to the forefront again—not only because of what happened in the Middle East but because of the rise of Russia as a force to destabilize NATO and the European Union. So, some of these problems have overshadowed or taken a higher profile than human security.” Meanwhile, the concept of Responsibility to Protect washed up against the hard realities of on-the-ground implementation.
White pointed to NATO’s March 2011 intervention to oust the Gadhafi regime as a classic Responsibility to Protect operation intended to save thousands of people from growing anarchy. “But the original concept included peacekeeping forces or a stabilization effort afterwards, and none of that happened,” she said. “There was a lack of will, a lack of peacekeepers, and a lack of finances to support such an operation.” “Since then,” she added, “I think Responsibility to Protect has become somewhat dead in the water.”
Human Security Today: an Ounce of Prevention? Why should human security make a comeback now? Because the world is getting more chaotic. At a human security conference at SAIS in 2015, the dean pointed to an unprecedented resurgence of conflict around the world. “There are over 35 conflicts under way. Four wars began in 2014. Fatalities and population displacements are on the rise,” he said, adding that governments and institutions are unable to respond to the needs of the displaced. “And children and women are among the most vulnerable in all of these instances.”
2011 NATO's intervention to oust the Gadhafi regime was a classic “Responsibility to Protect” operation without the backing for a sustainable solution.
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Sarah Sewall, former undersecretary of state for civilian security, democracy, and human rights and current Speyer Family Foundation Distinguished Scholar at the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs, believes human security is re-entering the mainstream security discourse largely because of Syria and Europe’s experience with migration.
and population displacement on the rise it shows how human security is influencing national security.
“I think it is increasingly recognized that human security has a very clear bearing on national security, and that states have an interest in minimizing the disruption of human security,” she said. That acknowledgment is channeling resources to programs that reflect a human security approach. “What we see now, for example, is that the European Union, which gives away tens of
Despite rising, falling, and rising again on the international relations landscape, human security has remained a durable framework for keeping the world focused on the ordinary people most affected by civil wars, violence by non-state actors, and even the changing climate. As the globe becomes more interconnected, human security thinking may be the best hope for moving to a world free from want and fear.
“I think it is increasingly recognized that human security has a very clear bearing on national security, and that states have an interest in minimizing disruption of human security.” —Sarah Sewall, former undersecretary of state for civilian security, democracy, and human rights billions of dollars every year in development aid, is now trying to think about how you need to keep migration flows from occurring,” Sewall said. “Is that a human security issue or a national security issue? It is both.”
Phillip Davis B’88,’89 is a journalist based in San Francisco. He has addressed international issues on National Public Radio and written about them for Congressional Quarterly and other publications.
In other words, human security is influencing classic nation-state security calculations—and vice versa. Johns Hopkins University | 13
T H E PA C I F I C C E N T U RY
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A SIAN REGIONALISM, TRAD E, AND
By Michael G. Plummer B’82
Director of SAIS Europe and Eni Professor of International Economics
The 21st century often goes by the sobriquet “The Pacific Century” in recognition of the tremendous progress and potential of the Asian region, where over half the world’s population resides. In the postwar period, the United
States has been the most important strategic and economic partner of many of the region’s economies; it has encouraged and facilitated regional cooperation and influenced significantly economic reform programs. From threats of
punitive tariffs on major Asian economies to the scrapping of the TransPacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, the Trump administration appears to be breaking with this traditional engagement, which is most regrettable.
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Asia’s developing economies have significantly outperformed other developing regions over the past three decades. In addition to impressively high economic growth rates, the poverty headcount in East Asia and the Pacific has plummeted to 71 million from about 1 billion; in China alone, it fell to 26 million in 2013 from 756 million in 1990, an amazing feat.1 The Asian middle class has risen rapidly and is projected to include about three-fourths of the residents in India, China, and the 10 countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations2 by 2030. That’s up from about one-fifth in 1990.3 Obviously the region is doing something right. There are many factors behind this success, but economists tend to assign a salient role to the region’s embrace of outward-oriented development strategies and to international trade, with strong encouragement from the United States and other developed countries. East Asian economies are now among the most open in the world. Trade as a percentage of GDP in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), for example, comes to almost 16 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
For over three decades East Asia has been outperforming other developing countries with impressive growth indicators: GDP (1990–2020)
PERCENT OF TRADE IN GDP FOR ASEAN
Regional production networks have been behind Asia’s explosive trade in intermediate goods.
100 percent,4 more than double that of most other developing regions. Not surprisingly, the region has been active in devising bilateral and regional trading agreements to enhance integration with the global marketplace. At the end of 2016, Asian economies had 147 regional trade pacts in effect, up from 39 in 2000.5
Economies have benefitted from unilateral liberalization of their commercial regimes, as well as successive rounds of concerted trade liberalization under the auspices of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which was superseded by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995. Nevertheless, WTO negotiations under the Doha Development Agenda have stalled at a time when the demand to reduce barriers to trade has never been higher. In Asia, this demand has been fueled by existing and emerging production networks. These networks and associated supply chains have augmented the region’s ability to leverage its diversity, allowing for least-developed, middle-income, and advanced economies to contribute to production of a single product by specializing in their respective comparative advantages. Regional production networks have been behind Asia’s explosive trade in intermediate goods. In 2014, foreign shares of value-added in exports exceeded two-fifths in Singapore and about one-third in Malaysia, China, Taiwan, and the Philippines.6 In
them as large and comprehensive as possible. Hence, Asiaâ€™s trade pacts have evolved from bilateral, tariff-focused accords to comprehensive â€œmegaregionalâ€? agreements, including the TPP signed in 2016 after seven years of negotiations and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
launched in 2012 and still under negotiation. The TPP includes 12 countries on the Pacific Rim, while the RCEP includes ASEAN and countries with which it has a regional trade agreement: China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. These two megaregional groupings share seven members7 but differ in two notable ways, their leadership and their comprehensiveness and depth. The United States led the TPP, and China leads the RCEP. As for scope, the TPP is the most ambitious. Still, the TPP was designed to be a model trade agreement with a template to which the RCEP could eventually aspire.
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addition to expanding trade flows, these regional production networks reduce development gaps by enabling even the poorest economies with restricted skill sets to benefit from new international markets, increase employment, absorb new technologies, adopt best practices in management and industrial organization, and bring in much-needed foreign investment. Since regional trade networks require parts of a single product to cross many borders, tariffand non-tariff barriers are especially detrimental and costly. There is a strong economic incentive to not only promulgate regional trade agreements but to make
There is a strong economic incentive to not only promulgate regional trade agreements but to make them as large and comprehensive as possible.
Long-term estimated impact of the RCEP and the TPP on the U.S. economy: RCEP IMPACT TO THE UNITED STATES IN EXPORTS
TPP BENEFIT TO THE UNITED STATES
IN NATIONAL INCOME
In fact, as originally envisioned in the context of the Asia-Pacific Economic Organization (APEC) group, these two tracks were intended as pathways toward a Free-trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) composed of the 21 APEC economies and, perhaps, others. At the 2014 APEC Summit in Beijing, the group launched a two-year study on the modalities of the FTAAP, with the idea of starting negotiations in 2020. But the best-laid plans often go awry. In one of his first acts as president, Donald Trump pulled the United States out of the TPP, technically killing the agreement.8 It is possible that the TPP could be renegotiated to exclude the United States, something that was discussed at the March 2017 TPP signatories meeting in Chile. But at present this seems difficult: Prime Minister Abe of Japan, for example, called the TPP without the United States â€œmeaningless,â€? though he is warming to the possibility. Instead, there is now increased focus on concluding the RCEP by the end of this year. The economic impact of RCEP could be fairly large for its member economies.
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My colleagues, Peter Petri and Fan Zhai, and I estimate that RCEP could increase regional income by about 1.9 percent by 2025, or $664 billion, relative to the baseline scenario.9 Importantly, trade will lead this income growth. Exports from RCEP economies are projected to increase by 14 percent relative to the baseline. The direct effect of RCEP on the United States will be negative but trivial. (Exports are projected to decline by about $4 billion.)
In one of his first acts as president, Donald Trump pulled the United States out of the TPP agreement. Still, in an updated study, we estimate the potential benefits of the TPP to the U.S. economy to be $131 billion by 2030, led by a 9 percent increase in exports.10 Since these benefits constitute permanent increases in efficiency, they are in fact substantial. Moreover, we estimate that because labor gains more than capital and the lower prices of goods from TPP countries would disproportionately help the less prosperous in the United
The most important cost to the United States of withdrawing from the TPP may not be foregone income gains, however, but the longer-term cost of relinquishing its leadership role in the process of Asian economic integration. The Obama administration was famous for its “Asian pivot” but, in fact, it was only continuing a long process of strengthening links between Asia and the United States. With the TPP, the United States was able to craft a trade agreement meant for the 21st century. It addressed
complicated non-tariff barriers to trade and tackled restrictions on state-owned enterprises, intellectual property protection, and new rules in areas such as regulatory coherence, the digital economy, and enforceable provisions on labor rights. The TPP would have taken economic links to the region to a new level. Now that the United States has exited from the agreement, the China-led RCEP will become the regional standard and, in combination with the One Belt One Road initiative and the Asian Infrastructure Development Bank, China’s profile is increasing substantially in the region. At the same time, U.S. leadership credibility has taken a substantial hit, with ramifications that go well beyond economics into the strategic and diplomatic realms. This is an ironic
result for an administration that has been so critical of China and skeptical of its intentions. Combined with strong protectionist rhetoric and a promise to eschew any regional accords, the U.S. administration is throwing away years of hard-fought U.S. trade diplomacy and admirable progress. The 21st century is the Pacific Century. It is a shame that the United States is opting out of it, at least in the short-medium term. 1 Poverty here is defined by the World Bank as living on less than $1.90 per day (http://povertydata.worldbank. org/poverty/country/CHN). 2 Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam. 3 http://www.adb.org/sites/default/ files/publication/27726/ki2010special-chapter.pdf and http://www. adb.org/publications/asean-prc-andindia-great-transformation. 4 http://www.asean.org/storage/2015/ 11/ASEAN_Statistic_Leaflet_2015.pdf. 5 https://aric.adb.org/fta . 6 OECD Trade in Value Added database. 7 Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, and Vietnam. 8 Chapter 30 requires that at least six negotiating members comprising 85 percent of the TPP’s aggregate GDP are required for the agreement to go into effect, de facto rendering it necessary that both the United States and Japan ratify the agreement. 9 For details, see our website, www. asiapacifictrade.org. 10 Petri, Peter A and Micheal G. Plummer, 2016. “The Economic Effects of the Trans-Pacific Partnership: New Estimates,” PIIE Working Paper 16-2, January. 11 http://voxeu.org/article/economicstpp-winners-and-losers.
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States, income distribution should improve.11 As is the case with new technologies, however, this increase in efficiency requires structural change which, in turn, can be costly to workers who lose out to import competition. The perception that trade is detrimental to employment drove the anti-trade postures of most candidates in the U.S. presidential campaign, including that of now President Trump.
The most important cost to the U.S. of withdrawning from the TPP may not be foregone income gains, but the longer-term cost of relinquishing its leadership role in the process of Asian economic integration.
a historical perspective 20 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
Photo by Gage Ski dmore
OUR CHANGING ROLE
How important is the United Statesâ€™continued engagement with the rest of the world?
Masterâ€™s candidate Jordyn Arndt explores that question with Diller-von Furstenberg Family Foundation Distinguished Scholar Niall Ferguson and Xerox Foundation Distinguished Scholar Margaret MacMillan, both members of the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs.
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ARNDT: You have written extensively on empire and advocated for the United States to take a more involved role in international affairs. As President Trump campaigned on an “America First” platform, do you foresee a more limited role for the United States in the world? FERGUSON: We have already seen a shift in the role of the United States since 2008. President Obama significantly stepped back from the role that the United States had played under George W. Bush. What I’m seeing happening is not disengagement so much as renegotiation of the terms of engagement. When Trump began using the phrase “America First,” he probably wasn’t aware of its history as an isolationist slogan in the 1930s. I don’t think he is going to be, in practice, an isolationist because I don’t think any American president could easily disentangle the United States from its many commitments around the world.
Jordyn Arndt, first year Dean’s Fellow and MA candidate specializing in American foreign policy, interviewed both scholars about the role of America in the world.
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Trump spoke very negatively about [the North American Free Trade Agreement] last year, but NAFTA is not being scrapped. It is being redesigned. He spoke very negatively about China last year, but I don’t think the U.S. is about to embark on a trade war with China. And I don’t think the United States is about to walk out of NATO. In fact, if you look at what Secretary of State [Rex] Tillerson and Secretary of Defense [Jim] Mattis have been saying, as opposed to what President Trump has been tweeting, there is a greater level of continuity between this administration and previous administrations.
Photo courtesy of www.en.kremlin.ru
SAIS VOICES FACING PAGE: President Harry Truman signs the NATO treaty, 1949. ABOVE LEFT: Russian President Vladimir Putin talks to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry while Russian Foreign Minister Sergey V. Lavrov listens, 2015. ABOVE RIGHT: The Trump administration’s United Nations representative Nikki Haley at her confirmation hearing, 2017.
True, I think some of the rhetoric that the president has used has undermined American leadership. He has cast doubt on the notion of the United States as an exceptional power. A number of his critics have taken real exception to remarks he made that seem to draw moral equivalence between the United States and Russia. But, again, I think that kind of symbolic or rhetorical dimension matters less to me than the practice of American leadership. ARNDT: With rising populism, there has been a backlash against globalization. You have written extensively about 1914, a time that experienced a similar backlash. When considering these similarities and differences, what aspects of the world today give you hope? MACMILLAN: What is different today from the past is that we know what happens when the international system breaks
down. We have seen two world wars and a lot of us—you are too young to remember it directly—have lived under the threat of the third world war. So I think we have more experience with what can happen when things go very badly wrong. And, of course, we are all aware now that weapons—everything from cyber war to nuclear weapons to chemical and biological war—are much stronger today than they were in the past. So the possibility for doing damage to the extent of finishing off the planet is now there. Let’s hope that the prospect of a major war will actually make us and our leaders think sensibly. I’d like to think that we also have a stronger web of international institutions and international norms than we had in 1914. Yet we are seeing the fraying of some of that web. We are also seeing the [disregard] of some of those norms, which I think is dangerous.
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ARNDT: In your 2005 book Colossus: The Rise and Fall of the American Empire, you describe how the United States has difficulty asserting its will on other countries due, in part, to domestic politics. How do you anticipate this will play out under the Trump administration? FERGUSON: Colossus contained a prediction that the quasi-imperial endeavors of the Bush administration in Afghanistan and in Iraq would fail partly due to an attention deficit on the part of the American public. I think that prediction was completely correct. By the second term of Bush’s administration, public support for the war in Iraq had declined considerably. This is a striking characteristic of the United States. It was there in the 1960s and early ’70s in Vietnam. There wasn’t really much appetite for a sustained war in Korea in the early 1950s. And Americans did their level best to keep out of both world wars even if, ultimately, they got dragged in. This is a very distinguishing, and in some ways admirable, feature of American power—that the American public doesn’t really enjoy wielding it. Therefore, any American threat
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of force is not a threat of sustained force and the rest of the world knows that. ARNDT: Trump campaigned on an “America First” platform while also calling for “one of the greatest military buildups in American history.” What is your view of the juxtaposition of these two strategies? FERGUSON: The Trump campaign was full of paradoxes and this was one of them. I think part of the reason for the military buildup is that Trump wanted to appeal to a desire for strength that many Americans feel and he also wanted to make his threat to wipe out Islamic extremism credible. Yet, we end up with a buildup of military capability without any coherent strategy beyond the destruction of ISIS. I think the lack of a coherent strategy will ultimately be a source of weakness for the Trump administration. Here I agree with Henry Kissinger: If you have no strategic framework, you deal with each crisis on an ad hoc basis. “America First” is no more a strategic framework than “Make America Great Again.” The Trump administration has to make some fundamental choices about its relations
Photo by Ragesoss
Niall C. Ferguson is the Diller– von Furstenberg Family Foundation Distinguished Scholar at the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs. Ferguson is the Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History at Harvard University. He is a resident faculty member of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies. Ferguson is also a senior research fellow of Jesus College, Oxford University; a senior fellow of the Hoover Institution, Stanford University; and a visiting professor at Tsinghua University, Beijing.
with not only its principal allies but, also, its traditional rivals. Center stage is the ambivalent relationship with Russia. The Trump campaign emphasized its good relations with Vladimir Putin. Yet it is not clear what the point of that relationship is. If it were the basis for reordering the Middle East, then people might be more forgiving of the links to Moscow. But there is no sign of this. If I carried on down the list, it would become clear that we have a collection of bilateral relationships, many of them quite ambiguous. That’s not a strategy, and I still don’t see anything resembling a strategy emerging from the administration. Johns Hopkins University | 25
FACING PAGE LEFT: U.S. Army Lt. Col. Jim Browning speaks to an Iraqi Army commander before the battle to liberate West Mosul, 2017. FACING PAGE RIGHT: March on the Pentagon protesting the Vietnam War, 1967. BELOW: Protest against the Iraq War, 2007.
ARNDT: In your work on World War I, you emphasize the role of key decision-makers in influencing events. What can we learn from this period when considering today’s challenges?
Margaret MacMillan is the Xerox Foundation Distinguished Scholar at the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs. MacMillan became the fifth Warden of Oxford University’s St. Antony’s College in July 2007. Prior to taking on the wardenship, MacMillan was provost of Trinity College and a professor of history at the University of Toronto. From 1975 until 2002, she was a member of the history department at Ryerson University in Toronto and she served as chair of the department.
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MACMILLAN: I think that when things break down internationally, there are the underlying longer-term causes and then there are the shorter-term causes and, in the last moments, there are the individual decisions. Whether you’re looking at it in the context of 10 years or the last 10 days, you’ll find different answers. It’s a multilevel breakdown, and I think that is what we may be having today. I wouldn’t ever say it comes down to entirely depending on the individuals and the leadership. However, if you’re looking at a crisis on the edge, I think it becomes very, very important who is sitting in a particular office having to make these decisions. Sooner or later in a crisis, someone is going to have to say “Let’s do what needs to be done.” ARNDT: In The Uses and Abuses of History, you cautioned against the way in which leaders often misuse or abuse history for their own ends because the rest of us do not know enough to challenge them. What should we know about history to better understand the present? MACMILLAN: It is important to know the history of one’s own country and the history of the recent past, but I think it is important to keep an open, skeptical mind. When a leader says history teaches us a very clear lesson, my immediate reaction is “No, it doesn’t.” I’m always suspicious
Individuals are shaped by their memories and so, too, are nations. To understand others, you sometimes need to challenge the views that they would like held about their own history, because sometimes those views are oversimplified. History should encourage us to have a skeptical mind. Quite often political leaders will give a very simplistic view of their own country’s history and of the people they are dealing with, and I think that is really dangerous. We have seen the dangerous misuse of history with nationalist leaders in the past and today. We have to challenge these very simplistic views of history that impose a certain pattern on history and leave out other
evidence, nuances, and counter examples. Before World War I, there was a strong sentiment among the Germans and French that they had always been enemies. Yet, this was not true. I would say that the same thing is happening today. People will say, “Christians and Muslims have always been enemies of each other, what can you do?” I think it is utterly untrue if you look at history. There have been periods in which Christians and Muslims cooperated, worked together, learned from each other, and lived side by side. I hope that my work will open people’s minds to the possibility that their view of what is happening is incomplete or partial, that there might be other explanations. Even if those explanations themselves can be challenged, history exposes you to possibilities. It makes you more aware of the complexities in human affairs.
BELOW LEFT: Margaret MacMillan with Henry Kissinger discussing historical perspectives. BELOW RIGHT: Gen. Eisenhower on D-Day: “I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty, and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full victory.”
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of history [that comes] with a very simple explanation, not that simple explanations cannot sometimes be right. But we need to watch out for oversimplification.
Dean Thayer, wearing a turban, and several staff and faculty members line up for a group photo at a party with the Class of 1954.
IN SAIS HISTORY
Faculty and their children have lunch on the lawn at the schoolâ€™s New Hampshire summer site.
Bolognesi students at SAIS Europe, founded in 1955.
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Professor Hajo Holborn (father of professor Fred Holborn) leads a seminar at the summer session in New Hampshire.
Send us your photos in advance of the 75th anniversary
In 2019 Johns Hopkins SAIS will recognize the school’s 75th anniversary. We will reflect on our history, celebrate our present, and consider our future with upcoming events, academic activities, and publications. So much of our rich history can be told through photos—YOUR photos. So, please, help support our anniversary archive by digging out your old albums, find favorite photos of yourself, your classmates, and professors, and email to SAIS Magazine.
Just snap a photo with your smart phone and send (at full size please) to SAISMagazine @jhu.edu with your name and graduation year. We greatly appreciate your helping to build our school’s photo archives. We look forward to sharing these visual treasures with the SAIS community when we mark our 75th.
reading at the Bologna campus. LEFT: Students in
front of the Palazzo Comunale. Bologna’s leadership in education, culture, and political vitality made it an attractive location for SAIS’ European branch.
Johns Hopkins University | 29
“The clippings have been piling up” Remembering Professor
Fred Holborn by Landon Thomas Jr. ’91
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I was in my earliest days at SAIS, rushing down a hallway—in a daze, knowing no one, trying to figure out where my classes were—when a man I did not know called out to me. He was alone in a classroom, sitting cross-legged at the head of a table, a pile of newspapers, some bulging manila folders, and a few books spread out before him. It was less a question than a declaration, largely swallowed up in a great clearing of his cigarette-scarred throat. He stayed in his seat as he addressed me. Not only did Frederick L. Holborn overlap with my father at Harvard University, he knew who his college pals were, my educational background, what classes I was taking, and who my one friend at SAIS was at the time.
Fred Holborn came to Johns Hopkins SAIS in 1967. He had an unfailing devotion to the school and to his students.
Fred, as he was known to all, took an interest. In people, history, music, economics, society, sports, movies, books, the Kennedys, politics, Washington, Boston, London, SAIS and, above all else, his students. And while that fall day in 1989 may have been the start of a perfectly acceptable two-year run at SAIS, it also marked the beginning of something far more profound: my real education.
For the next 15 years, until his death in 2005, Fred presided over my brain. This ceaseless tutorial took many and various forms. It began, almost immediately after that day he hailed me, with clippings. Every couple of weeks I would receive a thick folder of newspaper articles, magazine pieces, monographs from policy journals, book/movie reviews, editorials, snippets from the New York Times wedding section, essays on baseball and basketball. Often the manila folder would come with relevant books (a biography on Kissinger, the latest Updike novel), and this practice would continue long after I left SAIS, via FedEx boxes that would land with a thud on my various desks in Istanbul, London, and New York. I did take two classes with Fred. One on U.S. foreign policy, his specialty at SAIS, and another, a reading seminar specially designed for me and fellow Fred groupie, John Kremer ’91. But for Fred, who started teaching at SAIS in 1971, what really mattered was what happened outside the classroom.
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“I think I knew your father.”
Over the years, there would be countless counselings, admonishments (“Landon, would you please get out of your ideological Jacuzzi,” he once said to me in class) encouragements, dinners, journeys (Monticello, Gettysburg, Oxford), letters (few wrote a better one) and more.
The education continues to this day through his many books in my bookshelf: He left his library to me and Timothy Naftali ’87. This was selflessness of a very high order because there were others that Fred cultivated as such and it was in many respects a full-time job. Curating all these clippings (remember, this was prethe Web) for different tastes and appetites and following up with visits. (Fred would travel to see me in Istanbul and London and John Kremer in Singapore and Hong Kong.) Nothing exemplifies Fred’s need to put others before him than the fact that very few of us knew about his extraordinary background. Although he never said as much, we were aware that he had been an aide to President John F. Kennedy in some vague capacity. This became obvious from the preponderance of Kennedy-themed readings that were sent our way.
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“Landon, would you please get out of your ideological Jacuzzi” But one had to dig a bit to find out that he had been a close adviser to Kennedy as early as 1952; that he had written Kennedy’s famous speech in 1957, denouncing French colonial practices in Algeria—a moment that gave the then callow senator some foreign policy chops; and that he was an important member of the president’s White House staff. This would have become clear if, among the untold Kennedy books he made me read, he would have included William Manchester’s Death of a President. Fred’s presence in the index is quite robust: penning important letters, running into and out of the Oval Office and, of course, mourning. Fred Holborn was an aide to President John F. Kennedy from 1961–1963.
One passage sticks in my mind. Along with several other Kennedy insiders, he did not one but two tours around the president’s casket when it was lying in state. Like Zelig, Fred would pop up in the various books on presidencies and U.S. foreign policy I read over the years, not because they were books Fred would have given me but because, by now, they were the books I wanted to read. A recent example was Niall Ferguson’s biography of Kissinger’s early years. I dutifully picked it up and, what do you know, there was Fred (he taught at Harvard in the 1950s when Kissinger was making his mark there): a footnote on page 464, where he is named, with Kissinger, as part of a group of Harvard professors advising Kennedy.
The day after I graduated in 1991, I stopped by Fred’s classroom. (He never saw students in his office or home for that matter.) I had done all this reading, but had absolutely no idea what to do next, and I was thinking that Fred might be able to help. Who knows, I thought, maybe he puts in a call to Senator Kennedy.
In 1983, students organized a day-long crisis simulation in which students played the roles of high-level officials forced to deal with a hypothetical international incident that threatened U.S. security. Professors Fred Holborn and Michael Vlahos served as faculty advisers to the group and, in 1984, turned the excercise into a yearlong seminar and official one-credit course.
But there would be no talk of staff jobs on the hill. Fred wanted to discuss the state of the Orioles. I would have to figure it out on my own—under his careful gaze, albeit. In the late 1990s my career in finance ended ingloriously. I could not bear to tell Fred that I had been fired, so I went incommunicado for a good chunk of time. Finally the guilt was too much and I called him. “Fred, I lost my job and I am trying to figure out what to do next.” There was a long silence, then a cough and the familiar throat-rumble. “What is your address?” he asked. “The clippings have been piling up.”
Landon Thomas, Jr. ’91 is a financial reporter for The New York Times.
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Professors Riedel (top) and Tang (bottom left) with students on a field trip to Vietnam in 2017.
One of the perks teaching at Johns Hopkins SAIS, according to Jim Riedel, one of the school’s longest-serving professors, is that no matter where you are, a former student is nearby. “Even in Ulan Bator!” Riedel said. “I remember once landing at the airport of the Mongolian capital and walking down the ramp from the airplane. There at the bottom of the ramp was a former student of mine. “He said, ‘Hi, professor. I heard you would be in town, so I thought I would come by.’”
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SAIS VOICES Professor Jim Riedel in his office in 1984.
Jim Riedel Johns Hopkins University | 35
Riedel at the chalkboard in 1978.
book is How China Grows: Investment, Finance, and Reform, published by Princeton University Press in 2007.
Riedel retires this year from full-time duties after 41 years teaching students from around the world. He joined the faculty in 1976 and was one of the first members of the nascent Department of Economics. He worked alongside Isaiah Frank and Charles Pearson, who retired several years ago. Pearson recalled first meeting Riedel at the 1976 American Economic Association meeting. “Jim, fresh from a research stint at the Kiel Institute in Germany, had written the top paper I read that week—clear, forceful, and intelligent,” Pearson said. “We therefore retired to the bar and had a good chat about the then Book-of-the-Month: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. He became a comrade and colleague for the next 40 years.” As the school’s William L. Clayton Professor of Economics, Riedel has long focused on Asian economic policy, making numerous trips to Vietnam, China, and elsewhere for research and teaching. His most recent 36 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
Riedel’s interest in Asia dates to the 1960s. “That’s when the U.S. Army plucked me from the northern California countryside and sent me to Army language school, where I learned Vietnamese,” he said. Today, one of his favorite activities is leading an annual student field trip to Vietnam. The students get on-the-ground knowledge about Vietnam’s economy and development. As Riedel’s colleague Pearson put it, “At SAIS, faculty and students do not just talk about economics, they do it. Jim’s role in this is not exclusionary. All MA students are expected to get a strong foundation.” Riedel counts himself “very lucky” to have had a “wonderful career” at the school. “I’ve enjoyed the work,” he said. “If you always look forward to going to work every day, you know you have a good job. I enjoy the research, and the writing, and the teaching.” He added that there is another side benefit. “The SAIS students are more mature than the average college student, and they are much easier to relate to and get to know,” he explained. “Most of my best friends are former students.”
Riedel teaching at FETP in 2015.
Former Dean George Packard worked with Riedel for many years. “Jim always had a good sense of humor. He wore his economic expertise lightly— which is something you cannot say about all economists. And he was and is always open to new ideas,” Packard said. “He’s a wonderful human being who treated everyone at SAIS fairly. “He’s also a terrible tennis player,” Packard added, chuckling. “But he loves the game.” Riedel maintains a home in Vietnam, where he is a part-time professor at the
Fulbright Economics Teaching Program. He plans to split his time between Washington and Ho Chi Minh City. “Vietnam has changed immensely since my first visit as a professor in 1990,” Riedel said. “Then there were no cars, no trucks, no stores, no streetlights. Today, motorbikes compete with cars in the congested traffic, and skyscrapers and condos are going up everywhere. “It doesn’t sound like paradise, but to me it is,” he added. “I enjoy the culture and the people, and it’s a wonderful place to live.” Johns Hopkins University | 37
JOHNS HOPKINS SAIS PROUDLY WELCOMES FOUR NEW SENIOR POLICY EXPERTS
Sara h Se wal li Kiss Dist s the S pey i i n n g g inte rnat er Cent uished er Fam ily S iona e l aff r for Gl cholar a Found a o ati tt irs ba high -imp expert l Affair he Hen on cha ry A s ll k act . wor nown . Sewall prot enges. f k on Her or in is an ecti and r o e n esea n, th mer ova civ serv il-milita e ethic rch foc ging se tive, u s of r curi dem ed as u y relati ty usin ses on nde o c g ocra ns. S ivilia mili r se cy, a tary ewa n nd h cretar she forc y fo ll most uma e beg , rc rec an i n rig Feb n th hts, ivilian s ently ruar e e an a O y phil ppo curity, oso 2014. S bama a i n phy d h from e earn minist tment ra ed a the doc tion in Univ to ersi ty o rate in f Ox ford .
Sara ewall hS
ken Blin ony Ant Antony Blinken is the Herter/Nitze Distinguished Scholar at the Foreign Policy Institute and managing director of the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement. Blinken held senior foreign policy positions in two U.S. administrations over three decades, most recently as deputy secretary of state (2015–17), the nation’s No. 2 diplomat. As deputy secretary, he traveled to 40 countries, supporting diplomacy in the fight against ISIL, the U.S. “rebalance to Asia,” and the global refugee crisis. Within the Department of State, he built bridges to the innovation community, creating a fulltime state department presence in Silicon Valley and initiating the department’s Innovation Forum, which enlists innovators and technology experts to solve complex foreign policy problems. He earned a JD from Columbia Law School.
Johns Hopkins University | 39
Vik ra sup m Nehr port u is in a Dev elop g Intern disting uis m at on d eve ent, an ional E hed pra lo d co deb c t su pment Southe nomic titione s r-in s eco a tain , pros s I t As n nom abil pec ia St ternat -reside i i t c t y s s of iona poli , nce udie tic East govern , growt l h, p s. Nehr anc Asia Sou al, and ove u is e, th . His st an rese and the rty red Sou east As rategic thea ucti expert arch ia. F perf issu on, rom st e o Inte f 201 s confr ocuses rmanc rnat Asian e o 1 S i o ona ntin tudi resi and to 2 n th lP de g es 0 e man nt seni eace, w at the 16, Neh Asia, pa econom or fe Carn ru h rt a llow ere he egie was th icularly ic, an M gemen c . t e o P End p A an n r owm chair i d M ositions ior to t tinues n h Phil t o a a serv ent for from t the W t Neh ea ru the o Univ rld Ban served s a non ersi in se k. N ty o f Ox ehru ea nior ford rned .
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Ada mS zub in
Adam Szubin, who most recently was acting secretary of the treasury, joined Johns Hopkins SAIS in May 2017 as a distinguished practitioner-in-residence in the Strategic Studies Program. He served as the acting under secretary for terrorism and financial intelligence at the Treasury Department. In that role, he led the departmentâ€™s policy, enforcement, regulatory, and intelligence efforts aimed at identifying and disrupting lines of financial support to international terrorist organizations, proliferators of weapons of mass destruction, narcotics traffickers, and other actors threatening national security or foreign policy. Szubin has a JD from Harvard Law School.
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Perspectives David Bernstein’s family honors his lifelong commitment by endowing a new lecture series
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avid Bernstein’s wife, Pat, invited him to dinner for his birthday a few months ago, and she promised him a special surprise. Bernstein, a university and Johns Hopkins Medicine trustee emeritus and member of the Johns Hopkins SAIS Board of Advisors, expected a group of friends to greet him at the Baltimore restaurant she’d chosen. Instead, he found Johns Hopkins SAIS Dean Vali Nasr and his wife, Darya.
“Dean Nasr told me that my family had given a gift to endow a lecture series with my name on it,” said Bernstein, a 1957 graduate of the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences. “It was such a great and wonderful surprise.” The David H. Bernstein Endowed Lecture, supported by the family’s $1 million gift, will enable Johns Hopkins SAIS to host renowned international leaders with diverse viewpoints each year. “David has been a friend of Johns Hopkins SAIS for a long time, and since I started my tenure as dean in 2012 I have valued his
wise counsel in implementing the school’s mandate to educate and prepare the next generation of global leaders,” Nasr said. “His generous support for our community has advanced vital faculty, student, and infrastructure needs for over a decade. This lecture series will allow us to connect world leaders to our students in dialogue about critical global trends. “David’s philanthropy in this regard is truly impactful, as thoughtful and constructive debates about international affairs are needed now more than ever,” the dean added. The series honors Bernstein’s legacy at Johns Hopkins SAIS and across the institution. This includes his service as the founding chair of the Krieger School Advisory Council and as a member of the Carey Business School’s advisory board. The gift is also a testament to Bernstein’s lifelong interest in international relations, which was seeded in his youth, stoked in his career as a co-founder of Duty-Free International, and nurtured through his friendship with the late Fouad Ajami, the former head of Middle
Eastern Studies at Johns Hopkins SAIS. “He allowed me—at a very old age!—to audit some of his evening courses,” recalled Bernstein, who contributed to a professorship and lecture in Ajami’s name shortly after the professor’s death. “Before class, I’d sit with him in his office and talk about Arab history, Middle Eastern governments, almost like I was having my own course. He elevated my interest to an even higher level.” Bernstein hopes Johns Hopkins SAIS students will continue to benefit from that type of experience, especially through the new lecture series. The talks, he noted, will debut at a time of great uncertainty in the United States’ foreign relations structure and philosophy. “A great many Americans don’t have the background or interest in what goes on in the rest of the world, but we need more Americans to become educated in foreign policy to help fill our government positions,” Bernstein said. “SAIS provides an ideal training ground for these kinds of leaders. Our world needs more of what SAIS has to offer.”
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“We need more Americans to become educated in foreign policy to help fill our government positions. SAIS provides an ideal training ground for these kinds of leaders. Our world needs more of what SAIS has to offer.”
a close up VIEW OF THE
MIGRATION CRISIS A
s the world watches the migration crisis affect Europe for a third year, SAIS Europe students put feet on the ground to better understand the refugees landing on Europeâ€™s shores, often by sea at the island of Lampedusa. Lampedusa is the closest European territory to Libya, and it has become a prime arrival and transit point for migrants from Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. The International Organization for Migration reports the total number of arrivals to Europe by the end of December 2016 as 387,739. Italy was the country of first arrival for 181,436 of these migrants; Greece the point of entry for another 176,906. Fatalities in the Mediterranean and Aegean seas in the same year are estimated at over 5,000. These numbers, while large by any measure, are dwarfed by the figures from the year before: 2015 saw 1,046,599 migrant arrivals, of which 857,363 came to Greece.
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Nine students traveled to the island in May 2016 and spent three days meeting with officials of the Municipality of Lampedusa, the Italian Coast Guard, the
170,100 153,982 173,799 2016
Italian student delegation leaders Fabio Iannuzzelli and Riccardo Alfieri B’16, ’17 called the experience “transformational” for the participants. Iannuzzelli, from Turin, and Alfieri, from Naples, were especially proud of the role played by Lampedusa residents and the local administration, both of which offered full solidarity to migrants, even in the face of scarce resources. Although the island’s reception center accommodates just 801 people, on more than one occasion the island has received more than 1,200 new arrivals over a single weekend.
DATA: UNHCR & IOM
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the International Organization for Migration, and local representatives of the Roman Catholic Church.
TOP LEFT: Students Marina Gotthard, Diane Bernabei, and Julia Wargo speak with an official from the Hellenic Coast Guard in the port of Lesvos, March 2017. BELOW: The nine-member student delegation to Lampedusa meets with the Italian Coast Guard in May 2016.
STUDENTS ON THE GO
In the fall of 2015, a group of student-volunteers, led by Joy King B’16, ’17, founded the Migration and Security Initiative (MSI). MSI partnered with nongovernmental organization Antoniano Bologna ONLUS, which provides accommodations and support for refugee families. Later in the same academic year, MSI students worked with Søren Jessen-Petersen, the James Anderson Adjunct Professor of Migration and Security Studies, to organize a study trip to Lampedusa to meet with local authorities, multilateral organizations, and civil society actors.
MIGRANT ARRIVALS IN ITALY, BY SEA
3,279 3,771 3,930
MIGRANT deaths in the mediterranean
The student delegates were also greatly impressed by the extraordinary work of Italy’s coast guard. During a visit to the coast guard’s operation room, students learned how the monitoring and rescue of migrants begins just 12 miles off the Libyan coast, one of the main points of human trafficking in the Mediterranean. The success of the 2016 activity has laid the groundwork for the expansion of the Migration and Security Initiative at SAIS Europe (now the Conflict Management Club) and continued volunteering with the local migrant community. SAIS Europe students offer child care for asylum seekers so that they may take English lessons at the Antoniano Bologna ONLUS. The five co-leaders of the club have also made it possible for 34 of their classmates to visit Lesvos, Athens, and Lampedusa. Greek student co-leaders Konstantinos
Koutsantonis and Sofia Agrapidi helped to organize meetings on the ground with the Greek foreign ministry, the Red Cross, the International Rescue Committee as well as numerous migrant reception centers. Elle Sweeney and Diane Bernabei, both American, explained why they added Athens to the list of destinations: “We were seeking to understand more deeply how the European economic crisis and migration flows were having compound effects on Greece, one of the countries hardest hit in both situations.” The student-led trips were sponsored by the James Anderson Initiative on Migration Management and the JHU Alumni Association. Gaston Felgueres, originally from Mexico, summarized his experience, “It is impossible to spend a year of study in Europe and not be touched by the stories and struggles of the thousands of people who risk their lives in search of what they hope will be better ones. It is our privilege and obligation to study this migration crisis up close in order to be a part of the solution.” LESVOS, MARCH 2017: Students meet with representatives from the Red Cross, UNHCR, and a local security firm (top); Abandoned rafts and life vests near transit camps on the shores of the island (bottom).
PUBLICATIONS P U B L I C AT I O N S
F A C U LT Y INK The Global Financial Crisis in Retrospect: Evolution, Resolution, and Lessons for Prevention, by Anthony Elson (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017) A professorial lecturer at Johns Hopkins SAIS, Elson examines the causes and consequences of the global financial crisis of 2008–09 and evaluates national and international efforts to contain its effects and to reestablish economic growth and stability. The book assesses the actions that have been, or need to be, taken at the international level to reform financial regulation and to improve the crisis prevention and rescue operations of the International
Monetary Fund in order to minimize the risk of future crises. The book also explains why the academic economics profession failed to identify risks that gave rise to the crisis and to contribute useful policy proposals for its resolution. Forward Resilience: Protecting Society in an Interconnected World, edited by Daniel S. Hamilton ’79, PhD ’85 (Center for Transatlantic Relations, 2017) The notion of “resilience” is gaining currency in European and transatlantic security policy discussions. The European Union and NATO are each building the capacity of their member states to anticipate, preempt, and resolve disruptive challenges to vital
societal functions. The E.U. and NATO are also exploring ways to work more effectively together in this area, but is resilience enough to deal with disruptive threats in a deeply interconnected world? In this new study, authors and experts argue that while stateby-state approaches to resilience are important, they may not be sufficient in a world where critical infrastructures spill over national borders and where robust resilience efforts by one country may mean little if its neighbor’s systems are weak. The book’s contributors argue that resilience must not only be shared, it must also be projected forward, and that traditional notions of territorial security must be supplemented with
actions to address flow security so as to protect critical links that bind societies to one another. L’Europa in trenta lezioni, by Gianfranco Pasquino B’66, ’67 (Utet, 2017) The book offers an overview on how the European Union came into being and how it works. It also forecasts where it will go. The author challenges most superficial interpretations, especially those alleging a democratic deficit in the European institutions. There is no crisis of the European Union, only temporary problems in its functioning and the need for farsighted leadership. Peace, democracy, and even prosperity remain significant, unequalled achievements.
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ALUMNI IN PRINT Crimean Seas, Kiev Skies, by Eric Almeida ’87 (Cove Rock, 2016) This international political thriller unfolds in 2013 in Ukraine. Centered on recent university graduate Yulia Petrenko and encompassing a multinational cohort of characters, the story plumbs the social and intellectual discontent that yielded the Maidan Revolution of the ensuing winter, mixing action, energy politics, religion, and high finance along the way. Almeida resided in Ukraine during the period he depicts (and still does), and he has drawn upon his observations and experiences for reallife effect.
The Prisoner in His Palace: Saddam Hussein, His American Guards, and What History Leaves Unsaid, by Will Bardenwerper ’10 (Scribner, June 2017) This work is a portrait of the 12 soldiers and the Army medic who went to war expecting to fight the enemy and, instead, found themselves living with and caring for the enemy’s leader: Saddam Hussein. While never in doubt about Hussein’s guilt, in the course of increasingly intimate interactions they come to know a man of great complexity: voluble, charming, manipulative, given to surprise displays of affection, stoic, and courageous as he faces death. A History of Labor and the Political Left in Uruguay, by James Cason ’68 (Selfpublished, 2016)
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This volume covers a history of the Communist Party, the development of industry, and the labor movement in the small, largely middle class democracy in South America. Extensive country archival and electoral research join the findings of Ambassador James Cason during his time in Uruguay as a Fulbright Scholar and U.S. diplomat. Entrepreneurial Renaissance: Cities Striving Towards an Era of Rebirth and Revival, by Piero Formica B’68 (Springer International Publishing, 2017) The parallels between the Renaissance during the 14th to 16th centuries and the upheavals in human and physical sciences that herald an insurgent entrepreneurial renaissance in the 21st century are examined in this book.
The first Renaissance was a melting pot of art, culture, science, and technology. The road to a new entrepreneurial renaissance is traveled by cities with creative communities. Shifting Paradigms, edited by Johannes Lukas Gartner B’14 (Humanity in Action Press, 2016) This volume brings together articles on policy and pluralism across borders. The authors, senior fellows of Humanity in Action, offer a richly and varied collection of original analyses. The author addresses contemporary interpretations of Albert Camus’ writing in the context of current policy debates and also highlights proposals to apply U.S. gang-diversion strategies to fight the radicalization of young men by extremist groups in Europe.
P U B L I C AT I O N S
Home Front to Battlefront, by Frank Lavin ’92 (Ohio University Press, 2017) Army Pvt. Carl Lavin is a high school senior when Pearl Harbor is attacked and World War II begins. At 18, he enlists—a decision that takes him across the United States and Britain for training and into the worst of the combat in the Battle of the Bulge. This is the tale of a foot soldier who finds himself thrust into a world where he and his unit grapple with the horrors of combat, the idiocies of bureaucracy, and the oddities of life back home—all in the same day. Crude Volatility: The History and the Future of Boom-Bust Oil Prices, by Robert McNally ’92 (Columbia University Press, 2017) This fresh and concise historical analysis of the
global crude oil market is viewed through the prism of price volatility, focusing on efforts by companies and officials—from Rockefeller’s Standard Oil through the Texas Railroad Commission and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries—to stabilize prices via supply controls. The book concludes that OPEC’s influence has waned and that the oil market entered a third period of boom-bust oil prices about 10 years ago. It also maintains that consumers, industry, and governments will find it challenging to handle the unusually wide oil-price swings that result, especially given oil’s central importance in the global economy. Politica Economica nell’Unione Europea, by Susan Senior Nello ’77 (McGraw Hill Italia, 2016)
This textbook builds on the 2005, 2009, and 2012 English editions of the McGraw Hill book, The European Union: Economics, Policies and History. It presents a combination of economics, politics, and history to explain and assess the functioning of major European Union policies, including economic and monetary union, environmental policy, measures to address immigration, and attempts to increase productivity. The Future of U.S. Warfare (Military Strategy and Operational Art), by Scott N. Romaniuk and Francis Grice (with a chapter by Suzie Sudarman ’94) (Routledge, 2017) This interdisciplinary analysis of the future of U.S. warfare includes its military practices and
the domestic and global challenges it faces. The book’s primary goal is a clear and comprehensive depiction of the types of conflict that the United States is likely to become involved with in the future, as well as the methods of warfare that it may employ within these struggles. It is structured as thematic chapters that address the key issues relevant to the future of U.S. warfare, among them cyber warfare, asymmetric conflicts, drone warfare, and nuclear strategy. Suzie Sudarman’s chapter, “Psychological Warfare: U.S. Covert Paramilitary Operations,” analyzes the United States’ use of psychological warfare to win the hearts and minds of the people of Indonesia during the 1950s and in Iraq during the 2000s.
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BOOK REVIEW THE BIG STICK BY ELIOT A. COHEN R EVI EW BY P H I LLI P DAVI S B ’88, ’89
MILITARY MIGHT 50 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
oday’s world seems increasingly chaotic, marked by vicious civil wars, armed insurgencies, cyber attacks, mass migration, and states openly hostile to democracy. So it is high time, Eliot Cohen argues in his new book, The Big Stick, for the United States to take a cleareyed look at how hard military power can and should respond to this ever-shifting international landscape. The new work published by Basic Books offers a fresh examination of the issue. Cohen said that while it is not written for policy wonks, it should speak to them. A 2016 survey by the Pew Research Center found that 57 percent of Americans are wary of military force to help solve problems abroad,
In addition, he cited a group of “dangerous states openly hostile to the United States.” They include Iran, North Korea, and Russia. He said the fourth challenge came in the form of increased competition over ungoverned space, including the rapidly opening seas on the Arctic and the vast reaches of outer space. preferring to “let other countries deal with their own problems as best they can.” Cohen says that concern is also found at the highest levels of the U.S. government. “George W. Bush did not intend to be a wartime president. Barack Obama did not intend to be a wartime commander-in-chief. I suspect that Donald Trump has not really been thinking about being a wartime commander-in-chief,” Cohen said. “But that really is their destiny.” Unlike the Cold War years, which were dominated by the two superpowers, Cohen said there are now four types of challenges facing the United States and its military. He said a more aggressive China, flexing its muscles in the South China
Facing these challenges, according to Cohen, is an American military that, while still by far the largest in the world, has seen its conventional edge over its rivals steadily decline. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, for example, said U.S. defense spending in 2015, at about $600 billion, was essentially flat from 1988 levels when adjusted for inflation. Meanwhile, in that same period, China’s defense spending has skyrocketed from $14 billion to an estimated $214 billion in 2015. Cohen argues facing down these threats requires an honest realization that military force will sometimes be needed—and should be well-prepared for that eventuality. As The New York Times said in its review of the
book, “[Cohen] makes an unfashionable, unabashed, and—above all—unwavering case for the use of force in the service of American security and ideals. To shy away from hard power, in Mr. Cohen’s view, would come at great moral and mortal cost in a world of irrational regimes, religious revolutionaries, cyber guerrillas, and bellicose competitors like China and Russia…” Against this backdrop, Cohen said U.S. leaders, from the president down, will need to clearly communicate to the public that military success will not likely come quickly. “There are going to be very few conflicts where you can quickly get in and out. That is just the nature of things today,” Cohen said. Instead, he said, the president and other top politicians must make clear to the public that when America puts “boots on the ground,” it will likely end up staying in a location for years or even a decade or more. Cohen said he wrote the book “for the larger population of thoughtful citizens who want to engage on some of these first-order questions about American purpose in the world.” At certain times, it is important to reach out to a much broader audience, and that is what SAIS is all about.”
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P U B L I C AT I O N S
Sea and beyond, is one concern, as is the rise of “jihadis,” or non-state Islamist groups that use force and terrorism to achieve their goals.
“General Washington” is facing some tough choices.
PHOTO: BENJI PREMINGER
It’s not easy being “George.” Just ask the students of Eliot Cohen, the Robert E. Osgood Professor of Strategic Studies at the Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, pictured below. His innovative program takes them to world battlefields, where they assume the roles of generals, politicians, foot soldiers, citizens — and experience the strategic process firsthand. It’s a lesson they’ll remember when making their own tough choices later in life.
Together, there’s more we can do to attract and sustain great teachers like Professor Cohen. Watch his video at rising.jhu.edu/tough-choices and join us in Rising to the Challenge.
ALUMNI LIFE WE ARE MORE THAN 19,000 STRONG, WITH ALUMNI RESIDING AROUND THE GLOBE. GRADUATES FROM OUR THREE LOCATIONS IN WASHINGTON, DC; BOLOGNA, ITALY; AND NANJING, CHINA, STAY CONNECTED THROUGH SAIS-SPECIFIC CLUBS AND GROUPS, AS WELL AS THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATION.
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REFLECTIONS & SPOTLIGHTS
“The European project has brought us a singular, in fact revolutionary, structure for peaceful conflict resolution. This is the essential foundation on which all else rests.”
Distinguished Scholar & Public Servant
— BY HENRY R. NAU ’67, PHD ’73
My friend and colleague DIETER MAHNCKE B’64, PHD ’69 capped a distinguished career as a scholar and public servant when he received the title of Honorary Professor of the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, in October 2016. Mahncke taught at the college for more than 40 years, first as a visiting professor and, from 1996 to 2010, as the AlfriedKrupp-von-Bohlen-und-Halbach Professor for European Foreign Affairs and Security Studies. During that time, he was dean of the Department of European Political and Administrative Studies and founding dean of the Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies. He continued teaching until 2016, and during the gathering at which he received the honorary professor award, he offered a lecture affirming his lifelong commitment to the European experiment.
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“The European project has brought us a singular, in fact revolutionary, structure for peaceful conflict resolution. This is the essential foundation on which all else rests,” he said. “However complex and at times dysfunctional the institutions in Brussels may be, they ensure contact, discussion, compromise and, thus, peace and progress.” Mahncke earned his MA in 1964 and PhD in 1969 at SAIS, attending classes in both Washington and Bologna. After graduation he worked at the German Council on Foreign Relations in Bonn and then taught at the University of the German Federal Armed Forces in Munich and Hamburg. In 1980, he became a senior adviser to the president of Germany and, in 1985, moved to the Ministry of Defense where he became deputy chief of the planning staff.
In March 2017, Mahncke was awarded the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Mahncke published numerous scholarly works, starting in 1972 with his PhD dissertation directed by Robert E. Osgood, Nuclear Cooperation: The Federal Republic of Germany in the Atlantic Alliance 1954–70. His many books include Berlin in Divided Germany (1973), Conflict in South Africa (1989), Confidence Building Measures and the European Security System (1994), and Redefining Transatlantic Security Relations (2004). He concluded his invited lecture in October with this admonition: “The EU is no longer an elite project known only to a few. We must gain and assure the support by the European citizens. Without this support we cannot achieve anything.”
YAEL EISENSTAT ’99 has spent 16 years working on global political, social, and security issues in government, as a corporate social responsibility strategist for the world’s largest energy company, and as the head of a political risk firm. Her years working at the nexus of humanitarian, political, and security issues—mostly in Africa and the Middle East—have contributed to her current focus on whole-of-society approaches to complex global challenges. For more than 13 years, Eisenstat was a CIA analyst, a diplomat, the senior intelligence officer at the National Counterterrorism Center, and a special adviser to former Vice President Joseph Biden on national security. She left government in 2013 to explore the private sector’s role in addressing the world’s most important challenges. In 2016, she founded Kilele Global, an advisory firm helping investors and companies navigate the global political, social, and security space. She helps companies and startups operate smartly and with purpose in emerging markets. In the months leading up to the U.S. presidential election, Eisenstat felt compelled to use
her national security credibility and expertise to offer a reasonable voice when it matters. The transition from behind-the-scenes player in the national security realm to a public voice was not one she approached lightly. An article she published in TIME in June 2016 was her first foray into publicly discussing dangers facing America and the first public admission of her intelligence background. She revealed her CIA past in a recent New York Times op-ed, “The Shocking Affront of Donald Trump’s C.I.A. Stunt.” She has since spoken to multiple media outlets, including CNN and CBS News, about the Trump administration’s relationship with the intelligence community and current national security issues. Eisenstat credits her SAIS education for helping develop her ability to approach global issues from a wide variety of perspectives. She now spends her time speaking about geopolitical, intelligence, and national security issues; guest lecturing at universities; providing analysis and context for news outlets; and consulting.
The transition from behind-thescenes player in the national security realm to a public voice was not one she approached lightly.
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REFLECTIONS & SPOTLIGHTS
Candy Crush You have been in virtual contact with STEPHANE KURGAN B’90 if you count yourself among 100 million people worldwide who are hooked on Candy Crush Saga, the mobile match-three puzzle video game. Candy Crush Saga was released by King.com, the British and Swedish games studio where Kurgan is chief operating officer and a member of the board of directors. He oversaw the launch of Candy Crush on Facebook and on mobile devices, increasing the company’s revenues from $160 million in 2012 to $1.8 billion in 2013. A year later, King.com’s initial public offering was the largest ever for a European tech company. In February 2016, Kurgan was part of the team that oversaw the company’s acquisition by Activision Blizzard—of World
of Warcraft and Call of Duty fame—for a transactional value of $5.9 billion.
van Dijk Electronic Publishing BV, and was a consultant with McKinsey & Company Inc.
Candy Crush Saga is one of the first and most successful uses of a “freemium model.” While the game can be played without spending money, players buy special actions to help clear more difficult boards, and those purchases are where King makes its revenues.
He earned his undergraduate degree from Université Libre de Bruxelles then spent a year at Johns Hopkins SAIS Europe, later earning his MBA from INSEAD. He remembers his year of study in Bologna as laying the foundation for his global and interdisciplinary approach. Kurgan is often quoted as saying there are five interdisciplinary pillars for success in the borderless world of digital gaming: art, craft, science, technology, and marketing.
Kurgan has more than 20 years of management experience at high-growth technology businesses. Prior to joining King, he was chief financial officer at Tideway Systems Ltd., a data center management software company acquired by BMC Software Inc. He also served as senior vice president and managing director of ENBA, held various sales and product management roles at Bureau
Candy Crush Saga is one of the first and most successful uses of a “freemium model.” 56 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
Kurgan remains in close contact with the school and is one of the supporters of the Bologna Class of 1990 Fellowship.
Changing the World
— MARIE-HELENE CARLETON ’98
I’ve always been interested in understanding the dynamics of a complex world, and my time at SAIS was great training for that. I learned to think critically, to see underlying fundamentals and the layers of history, policy, and culture that shape our world. Systems and structures form the bones of the world we live in, but I wanted to explore what happens for people within that framework. What is the real impact of policies? How are people affected? What are their stories? In 2000, a few years after graduating, I dove headfirst into the world of new media and technology. I started a media production company with my partner, a photographer and filmmaker. We complemented each other with my experience in international relations and his in visual arts, and we have been making films ever since. My SAIS training and network were essential in 2004 when my partner was kidnapped in Iraq for 10 days while filming.
My SAIS training and network were essential in 2004 when my partner was kidnapped in Iraq for 10 days while filming. Contacts and connections from my SAIS days were invaluable in resolving that crisis. We’ve made films for 17 years working with media from Al Jazeera to The New York Times to Vanity Fair. We’ve worked around the world in conflict and post-conflict zones and explored everything from the destruction of cultural heritage during the Iraq War, to the efforts of a Bosnian comedy team to reconcile 20 years after the war, to the current refugee crisis as dozens of boats arrived daily on the shores of Greece.
ABOVE Carleton, dressed in a hijab,
films Amir Doshi in the Nasiriyah Museum in southern Iraq which was burned by militants, June 2004 BELOW Carleton photographing on
the beach of Lesvos, Greece, while working on a documentary film about the refugee crisis, January 2016 Photos by Micah Garen
Sharing others’ stories is an inspiring experience for me. Especially in this time when media and art are under threat, it is important to remember that stories can change the world one person, one viewer, one film at a time.
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REFLECTIONS & SPOTLIGHTS
“...Using Chinese, not just as a mode of communication but also as a tool for academic analysis.”
Translating History Award-winning author and translator JULIA LOVELL N’97 credits her year at The HopkinsNanjing Center with being “an ideal springboard to the next phase of my career.” “I knew I wanted to go into academic research, but I also knew that I needed to up my game, linguistically and in terms of engaging with Chinese-language readings in their historical context,” said Lovell, a professor of modern Chinese history at the University of London. “The curriculum at The Hopkins-Nanjing Center is a kind of fast track toward using Chinese, not just as a mode of
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communication but also as a tool for academic analysis.” Lovell completed the one-year graduate certificate program at The Hopkins-Nanjing Center in 1997–98 before earning an MPhil and PhD in literary history at Cambridge University. She has published numerous acclaimed translations and historical writings, including The Opium War: Dreams, Drugs, and the Making of Modern China, which came out in 2011 and won the Jan Michalski Prize. In 2006, she published both The Great Wall: China Against the World, 1000 BC–2000 AD and The Politics of Cultural Capital: China’s Quest for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Lovell also writes about China for The Guardian, The [London] Telegraph, The Financial Times, and The Times Literary Supplement. She received the Philip Leverhulme Prize for History in 2011. Transnational history, in Lovell’s view, is about the international travels of important ideas and how these travels change the original ideas. She is currently on academic leave to research global Maoism, including Maoism in Nepal and India, where she is “looking at how the theory and practice of Mao’s revolution has been translated (and mistranslated) into other languages and cultures.”
Photo by Caleb Smith
AN AMBITIOUS AGENDA “Doing big things is always hard. It is always a challenge to move from being an opposition party to being a governing one” With the Republican Party controlling all three branches of the government for the first time since 2007, Capitol Hill has become a maelstrom of GOP activity. The party’s ambitious domestic agenda includes repeal and replacement of the Affordable Care Act, tax code reform, and reshaped immigration laws. Beyond the elected officials themselves, perhaps no one is closer to the center of this storm than JONATHAN BURKS ’10, chief of staff for House Speaker Paul D. Ryan, R-Wis. Burks runs Ryan’s staff, moves Ryan’s policy agenda forward, and manages outreach to the media, the public, and interest groups. Burks attended SAIS from 2008 to 2010, majoring in security studies under Eliot Cohen, with whom he had worked in the White House during the presidency of George W. Bush.
“One of the great things about SAIS for me was that having been engaged in government before going to SAIS and being selftaught to some degree on a lot of issues, it was actually nice to be able to sit down and read, from front to back, a book or two— and really get engaged in some of the more scholarly debates on economic issues,” Burks said. “That really helped me get some perspective on the questions that we face and to get a further grounding in the work that folks have done and have really thought through on the issues.” As for Ryan’s work, “everyone is pretty energized on my side of the aisle, for the opportunity that unified Republican government presents,” Burks said. “The speaker spent all of 2016 putting together a policy agenda that basically said to voters, if you elect us, these are the things that we want to get done,” Burks explained. “So now we have a responsibility to deliver on that promise.”
With the nation’s attention on Ryan’s plans to revamp health care and the tax code, Burks said the speaker’s office is swamped. More than 10,000 phone calls, emails, cards, and letters arrive daily. That’s in addition to 435 members of Congress who want a piece of the speaker’s time and the steady flow of international delegations. The Bahraini foreign minister, for example, stopped by the office in March. “I often don’t get home until 11:30 at night,” said Burks, 38. In the long run, however, he said it’s worth it. “Doing big things is always hard. It is always a challenge to move from being an opposition party to being a governing one, and that is something that we are working through,” Burks said. “And members have to get used to making the compromises necessary to make law.”
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FUND FOR SAIS COME FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD!
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Number of gifts to the Fund for SAIS in 2016, by country or state n 1â€“10
In academic year 2017, Johns Hopkins SAIS will award more than $8 million in scholarships and financial assistance to students with financial need from all around the world. Unrestricted contributions to the Fund for SAIS raised 10 percent of that. Every gift counts! Dean Vali Nasrâ€™s single largest priority is to increase fellowship support. Thank you for joining us on this journey to provide more opportunities for the brightest minds in international relations.
MAKE YOUR GIFT
Recognizing Our SAIS Family Alumni and friends world-wide had an opportunity to connect with the next generation of outstanding faculty, Johns Hopkins SAIS leadership, and students at three events honoring Fellowship, Christian Herter Society (for leadership annual gifts of $2,500 or more), and Legacy Circle donors (for those who have included SAIS in their estate plans). We hope you will join us next year! Thank you to all who contributed to Johns Hopkins SAIS during our 2016 fiscal year (July 1, 2015â€“June 30, 2016). Look for the donor honor roll at sais-jhu.edu/giving.
Fellowship supporters Peggy and Mark White with student fellows. Current fellowship recipients speak at the 2017 Fellowship and Internship Reception.
BY PHONE: (202) 663-5630 BY MAIL: Office of Development and Alumni Relations 1740 Massachusetts Ave., N.W. Washington, DC 20036 Johns Hopkins University | 61
AROUND THE GLOBE Our amazing Johns Hopkins SAIS community comprises alumni, friends, and students who create links with each other, the school, and the broader Johns Hopkins universe. On nearly all continents, alumni guide activities and drive events while working in partnership with SAIS Alumni Relations.
A S I A
Alumni came together at Mother May I Kitchen for an evening of conversation. Joey Tulyanond ’02 and Thitinan Pongsudhirak ’92 greeted participants. 1
Bangkok: Social Gathering
Hong Kong: JHU in Asia event
HONG KONG Alumni in Asia were invited to a discussion at KPMG titled “The Unraveling of the Global Order: Asia Adjusts.” The presentation featured keynote speaker Kishore Mahbubani, dean of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, and an expert panel featuring Laura Cha, chairman of Financial Services Development Council of Hong Kong; Professor David M. Lampton, Johns Hopkins SAIS George and Sadie Hyman Professor of China Studies and Director of SAIS China; and John Lipsky, Johns Hopkins SAIS Peter G. Peterson Distinguished Scholar at the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs. The discussion was moderated by David Frey ’95, partner, Markets Strategy, and national head of U.S.-China Strategic Corridor KPMG in China.
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Hong Kong: APAC Alumni Leadership Summit
HONG KONG Alumni leaders representing nine countries and 11 cities in Asia united in Hong Kong for a summit to discuss alumni engagement best practices and alumni leader next steps for the region. Charles Chang ’96 hosted the meeting at BNP Paribas.
MANILA Philip Erquiaga ’81 joined fellow SAISers in Manila for dinner at Crystal Jade restaurant. The evening was marked by good food and conversation.
Manila: Dinner Gathering
SEOUL Alumni gathered with current students visiting Seoul and newly admitted students for an evening of conversation over dinner at Hanul Poong-Kyoung. Kee Hoon Chung ’11 and Eunjung Lim PhD ’12 were there to welcome guests.
Seoul: Social Dinner Get-Together
SHANGHAI Frank Tsai N’03 welcomed fellow alumni and newly admitted Johns Hopkins SAIS students for an evening of networking at Café Sambal with Francis Bassolino N’93, who gave a talk titled “The Rooster Crows: What to Expect in China This Year and Beyond.”
Shanghai: Hopkins China Forum
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AROUND THE GLOBE
SINGAPORE Mark Garlinghouse N’91 greeted alumni for happy hour in Singapore at Love Pal Café. The group enjoyed an evening of stories and networking.
TOKYO Alumni met newly admitted SAIS students for drinks and dinner at the Grand Arc Hanzomon. Attendees were greeted by Ariko Ibe ’85, Shoichiro Odagaki ’69, and Jordi Izzard, senior associate director of SAIS Alumni Relations.
Singapore: Cocktails and Conversation
Tokyo: Networking Dinner
Berlin: Forum on Post-Atlantic Europe
Berlin: Happy Hour
E U R O P E BERLIN Alumni invited to the Richard C. Holbrooke Forum on Post-Atlantic Europe enjoyed a discussion with SAIS Dean Vali Nasr on “Diplomacy and Statecraft Under President Trump.” The gathering took place at the American Academy in Berlin.
Alumni in Berlin got together for a happy hour at Brlo Brewhouse to welcome new students. 10
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Brussels: Cocktails with Alumni
BRUSSELS SAISers in Brussels met for a happy hour at Loft Bar with SAIS Europe students on a career trek.
LONDON Allison Evans ’13, and Joy Wiersum B’07, ’08, SWAN London co-chairs, welcomed guests attending the skills workshop on “Negotiating the Job” at IHS Markit’s office. SWAN Executive Committee member Marshall Millsap B’75, ’76 and Terri McBride ’99 led the evening discussion. The group enjoyed dinner afterwards at a nearby restaurant.
London: SWAN Skills Workshop
MILAN SAIS alumni in Milan attended a panel discussion with SAIS Europe Director Michael Plummer B’82 at the Boston Consulting Group. He spoke on “President Trump’s Economic Agenda” at the event organized by Boston Consulting Group’s Milan office, ISPI, and Corriere della Sera.
Milan: Panel Discussion with Director Plummer
MUNICH SAIS Europe alumni in Munich convened at Spatenhaus an der Oper for a dinner discussion with SAIS Dean Vali Nasr, Die Zeit Publisher and Editor Josef Joffe, and Bundestag lawmaker Andreas Nick. The discussion addressed “New Challenges in the Transatlantic Relationship Following the Inauguration of the New U.S. President.”
Munich: Annual Alumni Gathering
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AROUND THE GLOBE
M I D D L E
E A S T
Vahid Fotuhi ’02 15 greeted SAIS UAE alumni and guests who gathered at his residence for a dinner debate on “The Role of the Media in the Trump Era.” The evening featured Simeon Kerr from the Financial Times, LeAnne Graves from Abu Dhabi-based daily newspaper The National, and Peter Wonacott from The Wall Street Journal. The debate was moderated by Anthony DiPaola from Bloomberg.
Dubai: Dinner and Discussion
Toronto: Happy Hour
New York: SWAN NY Travel and Storytelling Panel
New York: Book Signing with Professor Eliot Cohen
N O R T H
A M E R I C A
Toronto alumni 16 enjoyed happy hour and a night of good conversation at the Duke of York after being welcomed by Tina Wong ’11. TORONTO
NEW YORK SWAN NY hosted a two-part series on the art of storytelling at the New York Film Academy. The series included a panel of SAIS grads who shared stories about how travel has affected their professional decisions and career paths. Panelists were coached by storyteller Cyndi Freeman from THE MOTH Community Program. Guests took part in a Q&A session and shared their own stories.
NEW YORK The SAIS New York Alumni Club hosted a book signing at Credit Suisse that featured Professor Eliot Cohen, director of the SAIS Strategic Studies Program, who discussed his new book The Big Stick: The Limits of Soft Power & the Necessity of Military Force.
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Boston: New Year Happy Hour
BOSTON Boston alumni gathered for a 2017 New Year Kick Off Happy Hour at the Globe Bar and Café. Geetha Rao ’98, Ambereen Mirza ’12, Cynthia Greene B’99, ’99, and Mary Yntema ’95 were on hand to greet alumni and guests.
BOSTON The SAIS New England Alumni Club hosted a reception and book signing with WorldBoston at the Union Club. Participants heard Professor Eliot Cohen, director of the SAIS Strategic Studies Program, discuss his new book, The Big Stick: The Limits of Soft Power & the Necessity of Military Force.
20 Boston: Book Signing with Professor Eliot Cohen
SAN FRANCISCO Johns Hopkins San Francisco/ Bay Area Alumni hosted a discussion on “The Rise of Populism in Western Studies” featuring SAIS Professor Francisco E. Gonzalez, the Riordan Roett Senior Associate Professor of Latin Studies. The event took place at the Handlery Hotel.
San Francisco: Francisco Gonzalez on Global Populism
WASHINGTON, DC The SAIS Women’s Alumni Network (SWAN) DC, in partnership with the SAIS Global Women in Leadership student club, hosted a lively workshop and panel discussion on “Finding Your Voice.” Allison Shapira, CEO and founder of Global Public Speaking LLC, led the workshop, which was followed by an alumni panel featuring Daniela Kaisth B’89, JHU’90, Sampriti Ganguli ’99, Lisa Kopp ’07, Kelle Bevine B’89, ’90, and Celina Realuyo B’89, ’90. Marshall Millsap B’75, ’76 offered remarks at the event held in SAIS Kenney Auditorium.
DC: SWAN-GWL Skills Workshop “Finding Your Voice”
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AROUND THE GLOBE
DC: SWAN Director’s Talk & Movie Screening
WASHINGTON, DC The SAIS Women’s Alumni Network (SWAN) DC organized a screening of Women of Maidan. The film was followed by a discussion with director Olia Onyshko and special guest Anna Kovalenko, who shared behind-the-scene stories of the powerful role women played in the 2013–2014 Ukrainian Revolution of Dignity.
WASHINGTON, DC SAIS Europe alumni joined together in SAIS Kenney Auditorium for the annual reception in DC. They welcomed SAIS Europe Director Michael Plummer B’82 and met prospective students.
DC: SAIS Europe Reception
DC: MIPP Reception
DC: Admissions Open House
DC: SWAN Happy Hour
WASHINGTON, DC MIPP alumni joined current MIPP students and faculty for a reception with Dean Vali Nasr.
WASHINGTON, DC Every year a panel of illustrious alumni convenes at the SAIS Open House to speak with new students and introduce them to the conversation and academics pursued at SAIS.
WASHINGTON, DC SWAN DC kicked-off the student-led Global Women in Leadership (GWL) conference on “Securing a Sustainable Future: Women as Leaders in a Changing Climate” by celebrating with cocktails at Mission.
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SAIS Europe Alumni Weekend SAIS Europe put out the red carpet for alumni coming back to Bologna by organizing a weekend of cultural events, academic and student panels, city tours, and social gatherings.
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I M PA C T PHILANTHROPY
or a quarter century, Silver Lake Guest House welcomed travelers from all paths of life. From members of Congress to members of the B-52s, from DC weekend refugees to overseas vacationers, the stately inn in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware, has hosted conversations on just about every theme imaginable.
It may come, then, as no surprise to find a SAISer behind it all. JOE KRAMER B’70, ’71 and his partner of 40 years (and now husband) MARK T. BROWN Bus ’77 had successful careers in Washington for the better part of two decades before acting on a fantasy that many have, yet few do anything about. They traded it all to run a bed and breakfast. Soon after
they purchased it, Silver Lake Guest House was thriving. Kramer and Brown said success came from their ability to help visitors “find what they are looking for.” Everyone who checked into the inn during the 25-year period of its operation from 1990–2015 had something they hoped to experience. Some tucked into the solace of their bedrooms while
A desire to JOE KRAMER’S ESTATE BEQUEST ENSURES FUTURE SUPPORT FOR STUDENT FELLOWSHIPS
SAIS was the most important two years in my formal educational life. What I consider its mission is extremely important, especially in current times:
Let’s all get along. —JOE KRAMER B’70, ’71
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Joe Kramer, left, with his business partner and husband Mark Brown
be do givemore Silver Lake Guest House
others sought out the continual chatter of the common spaces or the owners’ recommendations for local cuisine.
As he made his life of reading people’s dreams, Kramer’s thoughts turned to his own estate plan. Contemplating retirement, he wanted to make sure the assets he and Brown had built over the years would ultimately benefit others. To that end, he has earmarked his share of the couple’s estate to establish a significant endowment providing financial aid for SAIS-Europe. Kramer’s decision testifies to the profound effect that the Bologna experience had on him. Kramer was a young man from rural Iowa when he arrived in
Bologna in 1969. To adventure around Europe during the roiling late 1960s was transfixing. Antiwar protests on both sides of the Atlantic bred in Kramer an anti-establishment cynicism coupled with a desire to contribute to a higher purpose.
“SAIS was the most important two years in my formal educational life,” Kramer said. “What I consider its mission is extremely important, especially in current times: Let’s all get along.” He said the interaction with fellow students and professors from different cultures was especially powerful. “SAIS, while imperfect, I believe is one of the premier international
institutions that tries to bring us together, striving to create a better world for all,” said Kramer, whose bequest responds to SAIS Europe’s deep need for financial support for fellowships.
Kramer may have retired from the hospitality industry, but his farreaching gift will ensure that more talented young people attend SAIS and find—with a bit of luck and hard work—what they are looking for.
Kramer documented his intentions through a straightforward process that gave him gift credit now for his future commitment. To document your estate gift, contact Kenna Barrett, director of development at SAIS (email@example.com).
Johns Hopkins University | 71
News you need to know.
KEEP CURRENT with SAIS Alumni NEWS, a monthly e-newsletter featuring recently published alumni books, news, and a menu of event opportunities happening around the world. You wonâ€™t want to miss it! Subscribe by sending your current email address to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Engage with Johns Hopkins SAIS and social media.
SHARE YOUR JOHNS HOPKINS SAIS-RELATED NEWS any time you are attending an informal dinner with fellow alumni or organizing a formal alumni event! Use #saisalum and @SAIShopkins to connect our community via Twitter and Instagram. Did you know that there are more than 10,000 alumni on LINKEDIN and that 7,000 are part of the Johns Hopkins SAIS LinkedIn group? It is a great global network where you can search for and find fellow alumni by geographic location or industry, review mid-career job announcements from fellow alumni and our Career Services team, and hear about alumni-driven social events.
72 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
Pay it forward. Remember the excitement of relocating to a new city—venturing out and forging new connections? To meet fellow alumni, you do not have to do it all on your own: More than 60 Johns Hopkins SAIS graduates serve as POINTS OF CONTACT (POCs) worldwide. They assist newcomers with introductions to other alumni and host dinners and happy hours to get the community together. View the Who’s Who of SAIS POCs at sais-jhu.edu/ communities, or pay it forward and become a POC in your city.
GoHopOnline. Johns Hopkins’ WORLDWIDE ALUMNI NETWORK, with more than 212,000 alumni, connects you across continents and time zones. GoHopOnline.com links you with your trusted JHU community. Easy sign-on and sync up with Facebook and LinkedIn help you grow your network. Social media feeds keep you updated on Hopkins news, chapters, resources, programs, and more. Find a Hopkins friend, mentor, or event. Find a job or internship. Activate your profile today at GoHopOnline.com.
Have extra time? Want to add some ENRICHMENT to your schedule? • R eceive a 50 percent fellowship for fall or spring Johns Hopkins SAIS courses (space permitting) and a 25 percent fellowship for summer courses. For details, call 202.663.5671 or email email@example.com. • S AIS Global Career Services offers professional skills courses to help alumni brush up. For more information, contact Lorena Valente Haber at firstname.lastname@example.org. • V isit the Johns Hopkins SAIS and JHU libraries to tackle your every knowledge need. Alumni are granted access to the libraries for up to four hours per day. In-library privileges may be limited, based on availability of space and resources, as current JHU students receive priority over alumni and other library guests. Borrowing privileges for a library cost $50 for six months (or $100 for six months for access to all JHU libraries). For more information, see the library’s Alumni Information Guide at libguides.sais-jhu.edu/alumni or email SAISlibrary@jhu.edu. Knowledge Net—a selection of online resources at connect.jhu.edu/knowledgenet— is available to all alumni, free of charge.
Johns Hopkins University | 73
y h t r o w e t o n & CLASS OF
GEORGE VÁSQUEZ B’64, ’64 is teaching every other semester at San Jose State University. He plans to move permanently to California’s Monterey Bay area. His big sorrow is the fact that his six grandchildren live on the East Coast.
and strengthen our democracy. She is conducting online research for Brandnewcongress. org. Although she has volunteered many times throughout her life, this is the first volunteer opportunity in which she is using her skills as a political scientist. She is grateful to JHU and, specifically, SAIS. She and her husband reside in Santa Fe, New Mexico. CLASS OF
WILLIAM (BILL) BODDE JR. ’67 returned to the
At age 75, IRA KORNBLUTH B’63, ’65 enjoys yoga, which makes him look and feel 20 years younger. He resides in Southampton, New York. After publishing a book three years ago on the democratization of nongovernmental
organizations in South Africa, Tajikistan, and Argentina, JULIE FISHER MELTON ’65, PHD ’77
began looking at democratization of NGOs in the United States. Given the current political crisis, she believes it is more important than ever for the nonprofit sector to help preserve
74 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
State Department in 1967 after receiving a master’s degree from Johns Hopkins SAIS. He then served as a political officer in Stockholm, Berlin, and Bonn, as U.S. consul general in Frankfurt, and as U.S. ambassador to Fiji, Tonga, Tuvalu, and the Marshall Islands. He was deputy assistant secretary of state for European and Canadian affairs at the
end of the Cold War. Named the first executive director of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation in Singapore, he retired from APEC and the State Department in 1994. He taught at the University of Hawaii Graduate School of Business and has kept busy as a writer, lecturer, and consultant in the United States and abroad. ROBERT (BOB) BOTJER ’67 joined Citibank
immediately after graduation from SAIS. He retired in late 2000. His first 30 years were spent on three continents where he was senior officer for Ecuador, Colombia, Puerto Rico, sub-Sahara Africa (based in Nairobi), Saudi Arabia, and Switzerland for the bank. Returning to the United States, he served as division head for Citigroup’s Corporate Business in Latin America, based in Miami. After leaving Citigroup, he became
PHILLIP W. MOELLER ’67
Alumni from 1967 returned to SAIS in Washington, DC, on April 6, 2017, to celebrate their 50th anniversary and to remember their graduate school days. The class raised $80,000 in support of SAIS priorities during its reunion year. chairman of EuroWest Inns with oversight for the Inn at Essex. This involvement continues. He is also a founding partner of Sportime, which includes the John McEnroe Tennis Academy. Botjer chaired the Greater Miami Tennis Foundation, served as trustee of Champlain College, and was a member of the SAIS advisory board. He currently sits on the advisory board of the Johnny Mac Tennis Project. Botjer is married to Leslie Watson ’68 and has four children. After the Peace Corps and Johns Hopkins SAIS, JOHN FRANKLIN ’67 joined USAID and worked on the India Desk for two years. He then joined a small consulting firm, which was sold to a larger company. For personal reasons, he shifted his focus from the international to the domestic arena and joined a small DC firm to handle executive recruiting. He eventually opened the Washington, DC, office for Russell Reynolds Associates, where he stayed for 25 years. A decade ago, he
launched his own firm offering career advisory services to individuals. Franklin serves on a nonprofit board and a for-profit board. Previously, he was chair of another nonprofit. He describes himself as “thoroughly engaged” as grandfather to five grandchildren in DC. Following SAIS, RICHARD E. HECKLINGER ’67
began a 34-year career in the Foreign Service, interrupted by a threeyear interlude at Harvard Law School. His primary focus was on economic and energy policy issues. From 1990–2001 he was deputy assistant secretary in the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs and the Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs and then had “the good fortune” to serve as U.S. ambassador to Thailand, heading one of the United States’ largest and most interesting missions. After leaving the Department of State, he was named deputy secretary general of the OECD, based in Paris. When he returned to the United States, he rejoined the State Department on a part-time
basis to lead inspections of U.S. embassies in countries such as Afghanistan, India, Iraq, and Russia. Hecklinger and his wife, who also worked for the State Department, live in Alexandria, Virginia. LYNNE FOLDESSY LAMBERT ’67 finished
SAIS in Bologna and then spent a year in London followed by a year in New York with McKinsey & Co. In 1970, she joined the Foreign Service, where she stayed for more than 30 years. Her overseas tours included Athens, where she met and married David Lambert; Tehran, where she experienced the beginning of the revolution; and Paris, London, and Budapest. Among the highlights of her career were negotiations toward the independence of Palau, a leadership position on the Canada desk during the Quebec separatist referendum, and an assignment as senior adviser for counter-terrorism finance after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Since leaving the State Department in 2008, Lambert has been
augmented his SAIS graduate studies by earning a PhD at American University in cross cultural communications, co-authoring over 20 books. He found fascinating and endless international social justice and environmental applications of his doctoral studies including teaching in developing countries. He became an expert on the reentry of people back into their culture. In his career he held positions at the State Department, World Bank, UNDP, Asian Development Bank, and several consulting firms such as Chemonics and MSI. The range of issues and projects included anti-corruption, the elderly, LGBT rights, land erosion, dams, and dust control for villages. The freedom as a consultant enabled Moeller to work on personally and professionally rewarding issues that help people have a better life. HENRY R. NAU ’67, PHD ’73 taught at Williams
College from 1971–73 before joining the George Washington University, where he continues to teach. Along the way, he was a visiting professor at Johns Hopkins SAIS (during the summers of 1974 and 1975), Stanford University (1977), and Columbia University (1978). He also served as special assistant to Johns Hopkins University | 75
active with Democratic political campaigns, several nonprofit boards, opera, and grandchildren.
NEWS AND NOTEWORTHY
the under-secretary of state for economic affairs from 1975–77, as senior staff member and White House sherpa on President Reagan’s National Security Council from 1981–83, as associate dean of the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs from 1988–1993, and as a fellow at the Hoover Institution from 2011–12. After SAIS, BARBARA FRENCH PACE ’67 moved overseas with her Foreign Service husband, working in various capacities, including evaluating multinational aid projects in Southeast Asia. Returning to DC, she began a 30-year career with the CIA as an analyst and manager of assessments of foreign military and political capabilities and intentions. In retirement, she continued consulting in national security affairs, while also developing a second career as a painter and photographer with gallery representation. After SAIS, ALAN PLATT B’67, ’67 received a PhD in international politics from Columbia University. He then worked for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, the U.S. Department of State, taught international politics at Stanford University and, for several years, was a senior staff member at California-based think tank RAND Corp. During the past 18 years, he has worked in Washington,
JACK DEVINE JHU ’69, ’72, PHD ’78 traveled to Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, in January 2017. He was photographed in front of the Latin Bridge, the site of the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the event that triggered World War I. Devine teaches in the Historical Studies Program at Stockton University in Galloway, New Jersey. He resides in Ocean City, New Jersey.
DC, as an international counsellor and the only non-lawyer partner at Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, a global law firm. He recently retired from the law firm and now is as an adjunct professor at SAIS. Platt serves on several nonprofit boards. CANDACE (CANDY) S. SULLIVAN ’67 spent 35
years in Washington, DC, where she held senior-level positions at the National Institute of Education, Office of Economic Opportunity, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, National Association of State Boards of Education, and Capital Children’s Museum. For several years she lived on Chesapeake Bay where she volunteered, co-founded a child advocacy organization, and participated in Leadership Maryland. In 2005, Sullivan and her late husband, Jule Sugarman, moved to Seattle to be near family. She treasures her water, city, and mountain views and is active in her community. She runs a small consulting firm focused on grant writing. After SAIS, ANN MILLER WATKINS B’67, ’67
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received a diploma in development economics from the University of Cambridge. She served as an economist at the Brookings Institution, Booz Allen Hamilton, Georgetown University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. That was followed by 30 years at the Environmental Protection Agency, where her analytical approach for valuing health benefits of air pollution reductions is still in use. Since retiring in 2006, she has served on the Children’s Health Board at Children’s National Health System and on the board of governors of her alma mater in Nebraska. As Watkins and her husband, Bob, mark 48 years of marriage, they enjoy travel, participating in DC’s political and cultural life, and spending time with their sons, Robert and Matthew, and their families, in the DC area. Following SAIS and a brief stint running a small business, JAMES L. WHITELY ’67 began a long career in banking. First with Marine Midland in the Commodities Group, deputy rep in Tokyo, four years open-
ing and running the Seoul office, and NYC head for Southeast Asia. Hired away by Chemical Bank, he first headed East Asia, then Japanese and Korean institutional business worldwide. He also opened the bank’s Western Canada office in Vancouver, served as assistant to the chairman, and had a variety of corporate banking assignments. Since retirement in 2006, Whitley has served as a trustee/board member to several nonprofits and schools, mainly on governance and financial matters. He currently chairs a foundation board, serves on the advisory board of a Korean foundation, is a governor of the Old Asia Hands Society, and a member of the finance and investment committees of his prep school. Oh yes, he also runs the family farm. VIRGINIA JOHANNSEN WILLARD ’67 followed
graduation from SAIS with a career in international banking at First Chicago. She spent 10 years in the Latin America Division of the bank’s rapidly expanding international business.
BONNIE WILSON B’66, ’67, PHD ’71 served as asso-
ciate dean for student affairs at Johns Hopkins SAIS for almost 20 years— the longest serving dean in the school’s history and the first female to hold a dean’s position. As associate dean, she supervised several offices: admissions, financial aid, international student and scholar services, student advising, student life, the registrar, and career services. She was the liaison for the Bologna Center and worked on key administrative
committees. Wilson received her bachelor’s degree from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, where she graduated valedictorian. She received her MA and PhD from SAIS, studying on both the Bologna and the DC campuses. Prior to her appointment as associate dean, she was active in the field of international affairs as a counselor and as a research scholar at the Brookings Institution and the Council on Foreign Relations. In March 2017, GIANFRANCO PASQUINO B’66, ’67 delivered a key-
note speech at a Milan conference to celebrate the publication of The Encyclopedia of Interna-
tional Political Communication, to which he has contributed several articles. He resides in Bologna, Italy. CLASS OF
After graduating, THEO A. DELVOIE B’67, ’68
worked for Unilever for a short time and then joined a large consulting firm. He later restructured several larger companies, worked as managing director for a nonprofit organization specializing in mining operations, lived in Ukraine as a consultant for mine closures, and was responsible for the creation of the C-mine cultural center in Genk, Belgium. Delvoie lives in Maasmechelen, Belgium.
CLAUDIA FLISI’S B’71, ’75 first children’s book, Crystal and Jade, arrived around the same time as her first grandson, Remy Alexander Flisi. When she is not promoting the former and delighting in the latter, she continues to write for industrial magazines (ball bearings, forklifts) and travel publications (pythons in Ghana, sloths in Costa Rica). She believes that the Chinese curse, “May you live in interesting times,” has never been truer for Johns Hopkins SAIS students.
GUSSIE DANIELS ’71, is
retired from USAID and says life as a country gentleman in his hometown of Henderson, Texas, is hard work. He continues to grow peas and beans at his farm and he is stocking his two natural ponds with bass. In March 2017, DENNIS LOCKHART ’71 retired as president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. He served in this position for 10 years. CLASS OF
In 2016, JOHN MORKEN B’72, ’72 created a website for the greater Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, area where he now lives with his wife, Patti. The site is the first to aggregate all fine arts events in the area—more than 600 annually. Myrtle Beach is so known for its beaches, golf, and tourist attractions that its cultural offerings have often been overlooked and underappreciated. CLASS OF
JEANNE ZARKA B’74, ’75
recently joined Sing for America to raise funds for her charity, the National Brain Tumor Society. A survivor of aggressive brain cancer, Zarka is committed to raising research funds to help others survive this dreaded disease. Retired from a more than 30year career in nonprofit and social services adJohns Hopkins University | 77
In the mid-70s, she worked in Bogota, as manager of the bank’s Andean region, at the same time classmate Bob Botjer and his wife Leslie—Willard’s SAIS roommate—were in the Colombian capital with Citibank. When Willard returned to the United States, she remained in senior management in corporate banking and private-client services for another 17 years in Chicago, Kansas City, and Portland, Oregon. She shifted focus in the early 1990s and left banking to spend the next two decades in the nonprofit world, including 12 years as executive director of the Business Committee for the Arts in Oregon. Now retired, Willard and her husband, Jack Olson, live in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina. She has a stepdaughter and three grandchildren.
NEWS AND NOTEWORTHY
In January 2017, the National Contract Management Association awarded MARY DICKENS JOHNSON ’86
In January and February 2017, JULIET BENDER B’75, ’77 and spouse CHARLES GOLDSMITH B’75, ’76 of Eugene, Oregon, made their annual trip to Querétaro, Mexico, where they served in the Peace Corps in 2009–12. They return each year to visit the four youth organizations with which they worked during their Peace Corps service and currently support through their nonprofit organization, the Central Mexico Youth Fund.
ministration, Zarka uses her time to improve the world in ways that she feels passionately about. CLASS OF
In February 2017, MICHAEL REITERER B’79
began his new assignment as the European Union’s ambassador to the Republic of Korea. CLASS OF
JIM HYDE B’80 retired as a professor of public health policy at Deakin University in Melbourne, Australia, in October 2016. During his public health career, he served as director of health services policy in New South Wales, director of public health in Victoria, and director of policy and communications with the Royal Australasian College of Physicians. Hyde lives in Melbourne
and likes to hear from his Bologna classmates regularly. ANNE LEBOURGEOIS ’80
is managing director at Hamilton Advisors, a Hong Kong-based strategic communications firm she co-founded with Robert Grieves in 2009. The firm serves a range of clients in the financial services and real estate sectors, as well as think tanks and educational institutions. LeBourgeois, previously a corporate banker with JPMorgan Chase and Heritage Banks, worked more than 20 years in New York, Beijing, and Hong Kong. She and Grieves live in Hong Kong. CLASS OF
PHILIP ERQUIAGA ’81 is retired after working for the Asian Development Bank for almost 29
78 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
years. He continues to consult for international financial institutions. In his free time, he trains for triathlons and spends time with his 14-year old daughter, Adi. He lives in Manila, Philippines. CLASS OF
(social class year ‘81) lifetime certification as a certified professional contracts manager and certified federal contracts manager in Honolulu, Hawaii. She is affiliated with the Johns Hopkins Hawaii chapter. She is in her 14th year of teaching contracts management online with Villanova University’s certificate programs. NED MCMAHON B’80, ’81 is adjunct associate
professor of international development at the University of Vermont. In addition to his academic work, he undertook a pre-election mission to Burundi in 2016 on behalf of the Carter Center. He resides in Shelburne, Vermont.
BLAINE GIBSON B’80, ’82 traveled to Mozambique and
Madagascar from February to December 2016 and, at one point, found 15 pieces of debris from Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. He lives in Seattle but is rarely home.
Woodrow Wilson Award ALBERT GERARD KOENDERS B’80,’81, whose public service spans
four continents and an impressive roster of leadership positions, has been honored with the Johns Hopkins University Alumni Association’s Woodrow Wilson Award for Distinguished Government Service. The award was bestowed on April 29, 2017, during SAIS Europe’s annual alumni weekend gathering. Koenders has served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands since October 2014. During his keynote address he offered insights on Europe’s new security environment and the trans-Atlantic relationship and shared how his SAIS experiences had shaped his career. In addition to his year as a student, Koender’s also spent two years in Bologna as visiting professor of conflict management from 2000 to 2002. Minister Koenders’ years of public service include high-level positions at the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, European Commission, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the United Nations. Recent challenging assignments included under-secretary-general of the United Nations and head of the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali in 2013– 14, as well as the U.N. secretary-general’s special representative and head of the U.N. operation in Côte d’Ivoire from 2011–13.
After three wonderful years as U.S. ambassador to Indonesia, BOB BLAKE ’84 retired from the U.S. Foreign Service and moved back with his wife and three daughters
to Washington, DC. He joined McLarty Associates where he heads the South Asia practice and helps as needed with Indonesia. He looks forward to re-establishing contact with Johns Hopkins SAIS colleagues in DC.
HANS-PETER BRUNNER ’84 is working with
his own outfit, which strengthens economies and ties networks in Asia and beyond. In his free time, he enjoys being with his family and, specifically, advising
ARIKO IBE ’85 works at
the International Education Center, an organization that offers English and Japanese language education and cross-cultural activities such as the Japan-America Student Conference. Her husband, Masanobu Ibe ’84, is chair of IEC. They live in Tokyo. HIROYUKI OIE ’85 is a chief economist for Joyo Industrial Research after working 35 years at the Bank of Japan. He lives in Japan’s Ibaraki prefecture.
A resident of Kyushu, Japan, YOSHIO TATEYAMA ’85 is president and CEO of the Washington Institute of Language. He is also director of the America-Japan Society of Kumamoto, an organization positioned to host the 11th International Symposium of America-Japan Societies in the next year. CLASS OF
In March 2017, HUNT HENRIE ’86 became a managing director at Locust Walk Partners, a boutique investment bank and investment firm focused on emerging growth companies in Johns Hopkins University | 79
his daughter on her budding career. He also likes jazz, the arts, and the outdoors, skiing in the winter and hiking and mountain biking in the summer. He lives in Manila, Philippines.
NEWS AND NOTEWORTHY
ifornia wine industry in sustainable farming and specializes in wines from Bordeaux and Rhone varieties. Stuck welcomes Johns Hopkins SAIS alumni traveling through the Paso Robles region to contact him to schedule a visit. CLASS OF
MIGUEL ANGEL CÚNEO ’88, Argentina’s former JAMIE PLEYDELL-BOUVERIE B’12, ’13; FENTRESS BOYSE JHU ’12, B’12, ’13; and MARK DIRZULAITIS JHU ’12, ’13 successfully completed the Chicago
marathon in October 2016. All three finished in record time and enjoyed their run through the city on a beautiful fall day. ELEANORE KUHN BOYSE ’85 was there to cheer on her son and fellow SAIS alumni.
biotechnology and medical technology. Hunt leads the medical technology practice for the firm, which has offices in Boston, San Francisco, Tokyo, and Cologne, Germany. Henrie and his wife, Leslie, have lived in Lexington, Massachusetts, since 1994. Their two sons, aged 24 and 26, are out in the real world and thriving. The Hunts are about to celebrate their 31st wedding anniversary. In November 2016, AMBASSADOR KARSTEN WARNECKE ’86 became
executive director of the Asia-Europe Foundation (ASEF). CLASS OF
ROSS PUMFREY ’87
served as chair of the Texas Solar Energy
Society for 2016 and engaged in efforts to raise the group’s profile and effectiveness, including co-authoring an op-ed in the El Paso Times. For fun, he spent three weeks at an Italian language school in Verona in the spring, studying by day and enjoying fine wines by night. In December 2016, he received an award for excellence in environmental leadership from the Energy Systems Laboratory at Texas A&M University. In January, SKYLAR STUCK B’86, ’87 celebrated his 20th year in the wine business in Paso Robles, California. He has spent the last six years at Halter Ranch Vineyard, where he is general manager. Halter Ranch leads the Cal-
80 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
ambassador to Ukraine and Armenia, has had a long career with Argentina’s foreign service. He contributed to the Argentine Council on Foreign Affairs’ website related to issues associated with the Ukraine. He resides in Santander, Spain.
LINDA SILVERMAN B’87, ’88 has a new job as
the director of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon. The solar decathlon is a collegiate competition made up of 10 contests that challenge student teams to design and build full-size, energyefficient, solar-powered sustainable houses. The winning team is the one that most successfully blends design excellence, smart energy strategies, innovation, and market potential. The next solar decathlon takes place in Denver from October 5–15, 2017, and Silverman hopes SAISers interested in sustainable residential building design will attend. Silverman lives in Potomac, Maryland.
ANDREW YOUNG B’87, ’88 was sworn in as U.S. ambassador to Burkina Faso in November 2016. He completed three years in neighboring Bamako, Mali, during which he received the 2016 State Department Award for the Deputy Chief of Mission. His spouse, MEG HAWLEY-YOUNG ’88, is acting special representative for commercial and business affairs at the State Department and plans to join Young in Ouagadougou this year.
BERT ULRICH B’89, ’90 oversaw NASA’s participation in the recent hit film Hidden
Figures. Ulrich is the multimedia liaison for film and TV collaborations for NASA and past credits include The Martian, The Avengers, Men in Black 3, Transformers Dark of the Moon and Tomorrowland (pictured here, top row second from left, on break during Tomorrowland filming at Kennedy Space Center with NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, Astronaut John Grunsfeld, Producer Jeffrey Chernov, Director Brad Bird and actors George Clooney, Tim McGraw and Britt Robertson).
MARSHALL MAYS ’89 is director for Emerging Alpha Advisors Ltd., a company that advises investors in Asia on risk management. In his personal time, he enjoys raising his 10-year-old son, Liberto Brooks. He lives in Manila, Philippines, and Hong Kong. CLASS OF
MATT CLARK N’91, chairman of Atlantic-Asia Productions and Kemaxiu Music, has released his latest recording, Beijing Band 2012: AMERICAN MANDARIN. He describes the two-CD recording as translingual rock. It contains 10 American protest songs performed in both English and Mandarin. After studying at The
TOM SAUER B’93, associate professor of international politics at Belgium’s Universiteit Antwerpen, co-edited the 2016 book Nuclear Terrorism: Countering the Threat (Routledge). Sauer lives with his wife, Astrid, and their three children near Leuven, Belgium. CLASS OF
In the summer of 2015, Hopkins-Nanjing Center, Clark worked as the international manager and in-house producer for Chinese rock legend Cui Jian. During that time Clark produced his first record, Beijing Band 2001, which was featured in the PBS documentary China In The Red. Clark currently teaches global history at Brooklyn School for Music and Theatre and continues to be active in Chinese rock music. MARK GARLINGHOUSE N’91 lives in Singapore
with his wife and two children. He recently re-engaged more regularly with China through his consulting business, working closely with the science publishing industry and a health care information social network. He welcomes SAIS visitors to Singapore.
In 2016, ISABELLE WELTER ’91 took a one-year unpaid leave to travel. She is now back at the Luxembourg civil aviation authority in charge of research and development. The agency’s offices are close to Luxembourg Findel Airport. Welter and her family have moved and now live in the town of Kockelscheuer, in southern Luxembourg. CLASS OF
DOUGLAS MCNEILL B’93
moved to 10 Downing Street in November 2016 to become special economic adviser to British Prime Minister Theresa May. He resides in London. In January 2017, JENNIFER REINGOLD B’91, ’93, the former editor-at-
large at Fortune maga-
JOYCE BURNETT B’94, ’95 formed the startup
company Loice Mae’s Kitchen. LMK makes vegetable and fruit smoothies that focus on cruciferous veggies. The goal of the company is to increase daily intake of green leafy vegetables. Burnett lives in northern Virginia with her husband. She encourages alumni to come sample LMK blends in Springfield, Virginia, when the farmer’s market opens. SALLY STOECKER PHD ’95
attended a Russian language refresher course at Middlebury College in Vermont in August 2016. It marked her first return to Middlebury since 1977, when she took an eight-week course. She found that not much had changed in 39 years, including the housing and lectures in Gifford Hall. Johns Hopkins University | 81
zine, took a new job as global head of content at executive search firm Egon Zehnder. She remains in New York City but will do a lot of traveling and hopes to meet up with former SAISers.
NEWS AND NOTEWORTHY
NICOLE ALTNEU B’93, ’94 is a professional fundraiser and environmentalist. She has been working for the past four years with former Vice President Al Gore, as part of his Climate Reality Project Leadership Corps, to educate and inspire people to implement solutions to climate change. In December 2016, Altneu was with Gore and Vanessa Hauc from Telemundo for the live annual broadcast of 24 Hours of Reality at Liberty State Park, opposite Ellis Island. Altneu lives in the greater New York area.
PRINAT (BEE) APIRAT B’96, ’96, PHD ’03 is minister
counselor at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Thailand in the Office of the Permanent Secretary. She enjoys catching up with Johns Hopkins SAIS friends and traveling. She lives in Bangkok, Thailand. On Jan. 20, 2017, MIKE DEMPSEY ’96 was appointed as acting director of national intelligence. In this capacity, he is responsible for leading the 16 agencies of the U.S. intelligence community. Prior to this assignment, Dempsey was deputy director of national intelligence and President Barack Obama’s primary intelligence briefer. ESIN SILE B’95, ’96
In 2016, VERONIQUE DE WEICHS DE WENNE B’94 started a store dedicated to local goods and Dutch design in Amsterdam. Since the store sits in the antiques quarter on the road leading to Amsterdam’s main museums, she meets people from all over the world. Weichs de Wenne usually stays away from discussing international politics because, as she puts it, ”what fun is that these days.” Still, the international social connections she makes on a daily basis remind her of Johns Hopkins SAIS and the fun she had there. Weichs de Wenne’s new working life enables her to feel part of the local community and to cooperate in many ways with friends and family, including her two teenagers.
received a PhD in economics after her years at Johns Hopkins SAIS. She has been doing consulting ever since. She had never considered teaching, but that changed this year when she began teaching a graduate class in economics of innovation and entrepreneurship at Boston College. So far, she has found it to be an amazing experience, one that allowed to her to return to her research roots and connect with students. CLASS OF
JOHN VAALER ’97, formerly the finance director at John Deere Russia, became finance director of global forestry for
82 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
Deere & Co. (the brand name for John Deere) in December 2016. He lives in Bettendorf, Iowa, with his wife, Angela, and daughters Maria, 15, and Emma, 12. CLASS OF
UMIO OTSUKA ’98, a
self-described “man of the sea,” is a vice admiral and president for the Command and Staff College for the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force. He is a Tokyo native and, after having lived in cities around the globe, he is now back in Tokyo.
SANDRA POLASKI ’97
retired from the International Labor Organization in Geneva in spring 2016. She was ILO deputy director general for policy from 2012–2016, and she served as the ILO sherpa to the G20, among other responsibilities. Prior to that, she headed the International Labor Affairs Bureau at the U.S. Department of Labor during the first Obama administration. Polaski and her husband live in Paris and Washington, DC, where she continues to write, speak, and consult on global employment and social issues.
In December 2016, RALF J. LEITERITZ B’98, ’99 became director of postgraduate studies in the School of Political Science, Government, and International Relations at the Universidad del Rosario in Bogota, Colombia.
After 11 years in Brussels and eight years working for the European Commission, GATIS EGLITIS B’02 and his family are back home in Riga, Latvia. Eglitis and his wife have two children, 2-year-old Elizabete and 4-year-old Eduards. After Brussels, Eglitis was economic adviser to the prime minister and the deputy prime minister of Latvia. He also served on the board of one of the biggest ports on the Baltic Sea coast, Ventspils. Eglitis is slated to begin a new position at a bank in Latvia. NOBUMASA TANAKA ’02 has been using the
combined skills learned from his Johns Hopkins SAIS degree and MBA from Northwestern University in his job as a supervisor in the Strategic Planning Department and Planning Division for Hakuhodo. He lives in Tokyo. JOEY TULYANOND ’02
CAROLE CHAPELIER B’99, ’00 and her family left London in August 2016 for Abu Dhabi. Chapelier is a freelance consultant, working mostly with BBC Media Action where she was senior project manager for the Africa portfolio. Her husband works for the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, managing a team of macroeconomics researchers. Chapelier looks forward to meeting the dynamic Johns Hopkins SAIS community in Dubai and hopes other SAISers will join her in burgeoning Abu Dhabi.
spends his days as a full-time father to his 3-year-old son, Jett. He also works in the world of politics and is waiting for the military government of Thailand to allow elections before officially going back to the Thai Democratic Party. He resides in Bangkok, Thailand. CLASS OF
MIKE GRAGLIA B’02, ’03
moved from Washington, DC, to Palo Alto,
California, with his wife, Ashley Evans, and son, Tony, in 2015. The family relocated for a career opportunity for Evans; Graglia remained in his role with the Gates Foundation. In January 2017, he joined New America as the director of property rights. The job has him traveling with frequency to Washington, DC. CLASS OF
In January 2016, ANNE KNIGHT ’05 bought a house in a walkable neighborhood in Alexandria, Virginia. A month later, she and her partner Gordon McIntosh rescued a fiesty and headstrong puppy. Knight continues to work as the Colombia Country Director in the Office of the Under Secretary for Policy at the Pentagon. She relishes being one among a small group of returned Peace Corps volunteers working for the Department of Defense. JOYCELYN TATE ’05 was selected to serve on the International Telecommunications Advisory Committee at the U.S. Department of State. As an ITAC member, Tate will advise and provide strategic planning recommendations to the Department of State on telecommunication and information policy matters related to international meetings and treaty organizations.
Johns Hopkins University | 83
Johns Hopkins Society of Scholars Inducts Dr. Hynd Bouhia ’00 Once again a Johns Hopkins SAIS
school and master’s degree program
graduate has been inducted into the
in corporate finance.
university’s Society of Scholars. DR. HYND BOUHIA ’00, former director of
the Casablanca Stock Exchange and author of a number of works on finance and development, is among 16 newly elected members of the society.
The Johns Hopkins Society of Scholars—the first of its kind in the nation— inducts former postdoctoral fellows, postdoctoral degree recipients, house staff, and junior or visiting faculty who have gained marked distinction in their
Dr Bouhia, the first woman to head the
respective fields. Previous SAIS induct-
stock exchange in Morocco and the first
ees include Robert Gallucci, former
SAIS alumna to be inducted into the
president of the MacArthur Founda-
society, received her doctorate in envi-
tion and former dean of Georgetown
ronment engineering from Harvard Uni-
University’s Walsh School of Foreign
versity. “I learned about the technology
Service, in 2015; Vishnu Padayachee,
but I needed to know about policy and
professor at University of the Witwa-
how to bring the technology into use,”
tersrand in South Africa in 2016; and
she said, “and so I came to SAIS.” She is
Hans Morgenthau, in 1971, the third
now back at Harvard collaborating on a
year of the society. Candidates are
book Smart Food Production in a World
nominated by SAIS faculty. William I.
of Changing Climate: Rethinking the
Zartman is the SAIS representative on
Water-Energy-Food Nexus while main-
the selection committee.
taining connections back home. As CEO of the Global Nexus private equity fund, she helped Morocco organize the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties, and she led a major campaign of development investment in the country. In the process, she helped develop a private university in Rabat and set up its business
84 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
In December 2017, ANNA-MARIE VILAMOVSKA, PhD B’01, ’03 was bestowed with the Polish Republic’s Commodore’s Crest State Insignia, in recognition of her contributions to Poland, becoming one of its youngest bearers. Finishing her term as secretary for innovation policy for Bulgaria’s president (2012– 2017), she is now happy leading 2017–2022 Education for Growth Strategy Development in Plovdiv, Bulgaria’s second largest city, and the 2017–2020 IT Talent Hub Bulgaria public private partnership of the Bulgarian IT Industry. In the fall of 2015 she was selected as one of the New Europe 100 outstanding individuals leading world-class innovation by the Financial Times, Visegrad Fund, Google, and ResPublica. She is one of the national leads in the EC eSkills and Digital Entrepreneurship Campaigns. Pictured with Vilamovska are Bulgaria’s president (2012–2017), Rossen Plevneliev, who was a special guest at the ceremony, and Polish Ambassador to Bulgaria Krzystof Krajewski, who bestowed the insignia in the name of the Polish Republic.
AMY CLOUD B’06, ’07
has been serving as the deputy attaché for U.S. Customs and Border Protection at the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City since April 2014. She manages bilateral programs related to trade and travel between the two countries. She is excited to report many Johns Hopkins SAIS classmates among her visitors, and she looks forward to welcoming more in the coming years. MICHAEL COGNATO ’07 lives with his wife
in Washington, DC, where he works on the Australia Desk at the Department of State. In July 2016, Cognato, a foreign service officer, completed a two-year assignment to Pakistan, working on consular issues in Islamabad and political issues in Lahore. In July 2015, JULIE KLINGER N’07 completed her PhD in geography at the University of California, Berkeley and joined the faculty at Boston University’s Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies. Her book on rare earth mining and prospecting in China,
In June 2015, KATRIN REINHART B’07, former country manager at KfW Development Bank, went on an external assignment to work as an adviser on public financial management with German development agency GIZ in Nairobi, Kenya. She resides in Nairobi and Frankfurt, Germany. In September 2015, MELANIE STANDISH B’06, ’07 joined Control
Risks as a global client services consultant. She was promoted within that division to senior consultant in July 2016. Standish lives in Washington, DC. CLASS OF
In October 2016, GEORGES DE LA ROCHE ’08, Guatemala’s former
ambassador to India, assumed a new position within Guatemala’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, having been promoted to director general for global bilateral relations. De la Roche lives with his wife, Alice, and three children in Guatemala City and travels often with his new job. Liyan Gavryck Ji was born in November 2016 in Berkeley, California. Parents YONGYONG JI N’05, ’08 and SARA
GAVRYCK-JI N’05 and their older son, Kaiyan Gavryck Ji, are excited about the new addition to their family. RYUJI KOJIMA ’08 is a principal at Industrial Growth Platform. An international development concentrator, Kojima credits his Johns Hopkins SAIS degree for teaching him to see big picture opportunities that exist in Asia. He lives in Tokyo, Japan. GARY LOBERG ’08 retired from the U.S. Marine Corps in March 2017 after 22 years of service. He is currently exploring opportunities for his next career adventure while studying at Columbia Business School and London Business School. He lives in Alexandria, Virginia, with his wife, Karma, and son, Paul.
In February 2016, FLORIAN THEUS B’06, ’08 left his post as
adviser at the Secretary General’s Office of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development to become a civil servant at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Development and Cooperation in Berlin. His first post is as senior policy officer in charge of the Asian Development Bank desk. CLASS OF
DARA ISERSON B’08, ’09
has served as former associate director of Agribusiness Systems International and
Johns Hopkins University | 85
Brazil, and outer space will be published by Cornell University Press later this year. Klinger lives with her spouse, Nick, down the street from Fenway Park.
NEWS AND NOTEWORTHY
launched Bactrian Global Strategies to provide job-seeker and entrepreneurial services to DC-area professionals seeking the next level in their careers. Since June 2016, she has also served as co-chair of the Johns Hopkins SAIS Women’s Alumni Network DC Hub, developing networking and career development initiatives for alumnae in Washington, DC. Iserson lives in Vienna, Virginia. HELEN LOK N’09 just started a new job at Liberty Mutual Group, focusing on the North Asian business and specializing in and working for directors’ and officers’ liability and financial institutions. In her free time she enjoys rock climbing, paddle boarding, and coffee. She lives in Hong Kong. CLASS OF
In January 2017, MUHAMMAD USMAN ASGHAR B’10 joined Na-
tional Defence University of Pakistan as a lecturer in the Department of Government and Public Policy. His main thrust will be policy research in Pakistan. He resides in Islamabad, Pakistan. NINA CAI N’10 started a job a year ago in the production department of Light Chaser Animation. She enjoys badminton, jogging, and attending Johns Hopkins and Yale Club alumni events. She lives in Beijing.
In March 2017, FRED TSAI ’08 married Leslie Lang in San Francisco, California. The wedding was a true SAIS reunion with more than two dozen alumni from Johns Hopkins SAIS, JHU, and The Hopkins-Nanjing Center. The alumni (mainly from the class of 2008) traveled from the U.K., Japan, Mexico, Canada, and throughout the United States to celebrate in the city by the bay.
In January 2015, SUSHMITHA NARSIAH PIDATALA ’10, gave birth
to a son, Arjun Ashok Pidatala. Pidatala is a consultant in the World Bank Group’s Women, Business and the Law Project. She lives in Dubai with her husband, Sai. MARI TANAKA ’10 has
been based in Yangon as a project manager of The Nippon Foundation Myanmar Liaison Office since June 2015. Tanaka mainly covers community development projects through school construction in remote areas of Myanmar. She hoped to perform the traditional Myanmar dance, which she had been learning, at school-opening ceremonies in the villages around April 2017. CLASS OF
After four years at the Environmental Defense Fund, preceded by eight
86 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
years in the Johns Hopkins SAIS Development Office, SPENCER ABRUZZESE ’11 has launched Transformative Development, a coaching and consulting practice to train board members and executives of nonprofits, schools, and organizations to become fearless fundraisers—because asking for support for a worthy cause is actually easy. SARAH AUSTRIN-WILLIS ’11 returned to Washing-
ton, DC, in 2016. She is a vice president in BlackRock’s Financial Markets Advisory Group. IZUMI DEVALIER ’11
recently moved back to Tokyo after living for several years in Hong Kong, where she was actively involved with the alumni network. She is director and head of Japan economics in the global research area at Merrill Lynch Japan Securities Co. She lives in Tokyo.
In February 2017, U.S. ARMY LT. COL. KWENTON KUHLMAN ’11 assumed
battalion command of the 2-504 Parachute Infantry Regiment in the 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. MIHOKO MATSUBARA ’11
has been living in Japan for the past five years. She is chief security officer for Japan at Palo Alto Networks, the next-generation security company. A strategic studies concentrator at SAIS, she uses skills she learned from her degree to drive thought leadership engagements and best practices around cybersecurity and cyberthreat intelligence. RAJ SRINIVASAN ’11 is a health care consultant on a USAID project to eradicate HIV in Southeast Asia. In his free time, he enjoys being with his children. He and his wife, Cristina, live in Bangkok, Thailand.
BENJAMIN “BENNO” LAUER ’12 and his wife,
Molly, welcomed a son, Dylan, in December 2014. They live in Silver Spring, Maryland. RACHEL STROHM ’12 is launching a research institute that will support the work of PhD students and scholars across Africa. The Mawazo Institute will be based in Nairobi, Kenya. CLASS OF
AMAR CAUSEVIC B’12, ’13 moved to Stockholm
in May 2016 to start a climate-finance research project examining multilateral climate investments in sub-Saharan African cities to find out in what ways and to what extent they help these cities transition to a low-carbon economy. In August 2016, his wife, Sara, gave birth to baby girl. EMILY KESSLER ’13 is
director of internation-
al programs at Johns Hopkins University. In her free time, she is learning Chinese by watching National Basketball Association games when she is working in China. She lives in Washington, DC. PAJAREE (KOI) VARATHORN ’13 is with
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand, working in the Department of International Organizations. She spends her free time with friends, traveling, watching movies, dancing, and with her dogs. She lives in Bangkok, Thailand. ANDREW WASUWONGSE ’13 is deputy director of
the Bangkok Field Office for International Justice Mission. He moved to Bangkok in 2017 to launch the office and will work with Thai authorities to combat forced labor in the fishing and seafood industries. In his free time, he enjoys Thai boxing and motorcycle trips in northern Thailand.
M E M O R I A M
B ET T Y BE AUCHAM P , SAIS REG ISTR AR 1961–2 00 5 B R IT TANY DAN I SCH B ’0 1, ’0 2 A N N E FR I EDMAN GL AUB ER ’ 7 7 OMAR GR I N E B ’67, ’67 ROY HAR R ELL ’60 JOSEF KR AI N ER B ’ 5 6 MA RY FR ANCES LI K AR ’ 7 7 STACY LLOYD I I I ’61 FR I EDR ICH SCH I M P F B ’5 8
WANLAPA KOMKAI ’14 is
working in government affairs and public policy for food export at a global multinational corporation. She lives in Bangkok, Thailand, and enjoys travel and yoga. In August 2016, SEUNGHYE SONYA LIM ’14, a foreign service
officer with the U.S. Department of State, took a position in the U.S. Embassy in Cyprus after having served a two-year assignment in Austria. An article she wrote while at SAIS, “Sam Adams: The Father of Covert Influence,” was published in the Austrian Journal for Intelligence, Propaganda, and Security Studies in January 2017. Lim resides in Nicosia with her husband, Christopher Turner, the author of The Cassia Spy Ring. In October 2016, JOSHUA NOONAN ‘14 completed his Presidential Management Fellowship having held positions working on Russia and Eurasia at the Department of State’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor and working on policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense at the Department of Defense. Returning to the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Noonan continues to work on paid-through-savings efficiency retrofits of public housing. He lives in Washington, DC.
In July 2016, SAMINE JOUDAT ’16, founded aesthetic/theories magazine, a biannual print publication that curates works presented in diverse languages and that display relevance to the current human condition through their medium. The magazine is available at retailers in Los Angeles, New York, Amsterdam, and London. He lives in Los Angeles, New York, and DC.
Prior to her SAIS graduation, KAITLIN LAVINDER ’16 accepted a position as national security reporter and Europe analyst with The Cipher Brief. She has since traveled to Germany, Belgium, and the Czech Republic for research and is currently writing a book on the future of transatlantic security. She lives in Washington, DC.
Johns Hopkins University | 87
C O N G R AT U L AT I O N S CL A S S O F
As you begin a new chapter in your lives of international engagement, you join the family of Johns Hopkins SAIS alumni, an extraordinary group of individuals who hold positions of leadership in government, business, journalism, and nonprofit organizations around the world. Please stay connected and involved with alumni activities as you move forward in your careers. It will enrich your work and our alumni community.
GoHopOnline.com sais-jhu.edu @SAISHopkins #SAISAlum #SAISAlumni sais-jhu-edu/alumni#keep-connection
88 | SAIS Magazine Summer 2017
ALESSANDRA ADAMI* Administrative Assistant of Development, SAIS Europe email@example.com
KHADIJA HILL Associate Director of Development firstname.lastname@example.org
KENNA BARRETT Director of Development email@example.com
JORDI IZZARD Senior Associate Director of Alumni Relations firstname.lastname@example.org
MICHAEL BUMBRY Associate Director of Development email@example.com GABRIELLA CHIAPPINI* Director of Development, SAIS Europe firstname.lastname@example.org LOUIS DIEZ Associate Director of Development email@example.com MARY EVANS Senior Special Events Coordinator firstname.lastname@example.org MARGARET HARDT FRONDORF ’00 Director of Alumni Relations email@example.com LINDSEY FALBO Development Coordinator firstname.lastname@example.org JONATHAN HENRY Associate Director of Development, Asia email@example.com
ANNA LEMBERGER Senior Development Coordinator for Volunteer Engagement firstname.lastname@example.org KIM MORTON Associate Dean of Development and Alumni Relations email@example.com CLARISSA RONCHI* Development Coordinator, SAIS Europe firstname.lastname@example.org MAYA SHIH Associate Director of Development, Corporate and Foundation Relations email@example.com HUGH SULLIVAN ‘16 Director of Advancement for Asia firstname.lastname@example.org FRANCESCA TORCHI* Assistant, Alumni Relations, SAIS Europe email@example.com RACHAEL WEISS Administrative Coordinator firstname.lastname@example.org *Staff based in Bologna, Italy
Recognizing Our SAIS Family Giving society members receive special recognition in the Honor Roll, exclusive event invitations, and other opportunities to connect with fellow members. Contact our staff for more information. SAIS is privileged to recognize our generous donors through the following giving societies. HONOR ROLL Thank you to all who contributed to Johns Hopkins SAIS during our 2016 fiscal year (July 1, 2015–June 30, 2016). Look for the donor honor roll at www.sais-jhu.edu/giving. DEAN’S CIRCLE Honoring those who make commitments of $100,000 and above. CHRISTIAN HERTER SOCIETY Recognizing annual gifts at the following levels: n
$25,000 and above
$10,000 to $24,999
$5,000 to $9,999
$2,500 to $4,999
SAIS LEGACY CIRCLE For those who secure the financial future of SAIS by making a planned or estate gift.
Johns Hopkins University | 3
Contact Our SAIS Development and Alumni Relations Staff
1740 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036
SAVE THE DATE Amici di Bologna
WA S H I N G T O N , D C
O CTOBER 7, 2017
Class of 1992 25th Reunion
O CTOBER 13–15, 2017 WA S H I N G T O N , D C
Class of 2007 10th Reunion
WA S H I N G T O N , D C
O CTOBER 13–14, 2017
I Bolognesi a Londra
NOVEM BER 11, 2017 VISIT WWW.SAIS-JHU.EDU/ALUMNI FOR MORE INFORMATION ON UPCOMING EVENTS
Published on Jun 13, 2017
Published semiannually by the office of Development and Alumni Relations. Read more at http://www.sais-jhu.edu/alumni#sais-magazine.