Page 1

L 

|7| |8| |9|

10

rBm  vldefyFwfb yDwB;      â˜ş 

yMbwDboldOfzdlufbvMjoAOfjrkef;=dif; zljcAefomifj cvdyhfOD@WD@nlOf: ,MUqdkOfjOMU qBm;crf;vAuf; nrfb[yhfyAefz.if;wFef;

13

|24| typf&yf SSA trnfEiS v hf yk &f yfruku d n f D |31| rl;,pforif/ rl;,pfr;dk ESihf ukvrkq;dk |34| UWSA ESihf r[mrdwrf sm; tiftm;jyifqifr+ |37| Armtpk;d &/ 0 / rkid ;f vm; ESihf wÂśkwf

26

30


yke d ;f ckre f mif;r.ubf vlOd bf â?‘

â?‘

â?‘

â?‘

oc[ (12U7U2010)

vBmymufbyDrOdl jf u.ebf rke d Uf oke d ;f nykrbf yke d ;f ckrfemif;r.ufbvldOfb clOd ;f vDrOdl bf qmefj v.ijf qOfjZMUyDje.iUf wFubf ,Bmj e.iUf [dr[f w A ;f ckecf e dk ;f zke d Uf OBmbyDjnBmj vkuUf uAi;f wkiyf mB jyleUf rlid ;f ,mif; ugMbrluf;aoMUwAwfbwmif;[drf;vFefrldif;tcb ule;f xOfjtubqlOd ;f w.i;f eMjqOfjq.jB xFrf [MrFifbemif;uFrfwlOfnOfo.efUrdifjcmif; omifja[M-Omefjnmif;cmufb omifjOwfUrkuUf uFe;f oOf;xif OBm;vifeefUqOfjZMUe.ef;tz;wBmn.ifU z.if;rldif;cOf+ifUuFrfrldif;y.ufjOBmbrldOf;[Awf;ckef qOfjrke, f bgf -yM;qmifUrMUcke d ;f ugMb[yfUq.UB emif;qmOf;v.B emif;r.ufbvldOfborfUu.Bwluf;qmifUwBmyFwfj n.ee f w F jf [Aw;f yMb[AOjf ckruf w k ;f qldif;okwf;oOfjr.ifwFrfjrBmykdef; vlteuefce dk ;f Oef;,fbg yDomrfyu. jf ayM;i.ujf OBmbxwf;omifyidl yf e A f cke[f w A ;f cAeuf efwuF bf ,BmjauMjule;f rlid ;f urfUq.jB qfgwdwf;+Bj,.efUnrfbqfgjulef;wmifbqmwfjwmifbcldOf; qmOf;v.q B Odl ;f nlid bf r.ejf ody;f nAw;f +efbw.efUildOfjiOf rle d fo'D o d Of wif; cke, f jD crf; zljerf;v.eUf okud ;f uwfUimefqrk ;f vkuUf zke d Uf qkyjf uOfb uljzOfbqOfjiM;crf;n.e=f Of nrfbe.r;f ulOz f jl cAecf mg ufjrlid ;f vM;vM; ukud ;f uyf;rM;q.r;f yke d ;f y.w;f w.ejf ckre f mif;r.ubf vlOd bf qldif;oldOfbcBjw..if;-oefv.BeldOe f rfUr.if;/

S.H.A.N. P.O.Box 15, Nong Hoi P.O., Chiangmai 50007, Thailand

           âŒŤ   e-mail: shan@cm.ksc.co.th www.shanland.org, www.mongloi.org, www.khonkhurtai.org, www.mongloi.org/burmese, 089-2644127


INDEPENDENCE

pWc:] kCam];nL: 1

ykdefzmOfbuGef;acM zdwf;nrfbzdwf; l]5;Hy ;uH ouHp5b;yH

-¤5;Hy gvHl\b3;yH

[:9l ty o y Hu p5;b Hy

l5b;yH[uHp5b;yH

,:oHy gmH ouHd¤5;yH

vuHm]uH xK'yj]wKj

xK'yj]wKj

g-kHl5;Hy ;5;Hy vkH]y c,HluHf5;Hy g[H ouHp5;b Hy ouH p5;b Hy dib9ytly

x5oyt,kr;oyrmb ##T)T#Q@Q 9K'yr ]6,ry I9kr]6,hy akT voygdkj9'yh;wT9uh;G'ry sGdyT (The Hague) 06b'yh,5b'yroC9yHL5b;yH ]CoHy (Netherlands) 9Cxry 99yr;kh c0h

,5b'yr g-kHl5;Hy ;5;Hy (Kosovo) voy,uroy.r 06'b hy ,5'b ry l5;b Hy [uHp5;b Hy (Serbia) x6boyzK;yj d:oyrg-k ,5b;yh # xux5oyt,krooyt v,yjx5oytxCoy ,wK,uhd5h06b'yh,5b'yr?

123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 ¤5;Hy g,HouHp5;b Hy 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 [kH]ygdHiuHp5;b Hy 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 123456789012345678901 xK'yj]wKj 123456789012345678901

voycoto:oyrl69yr0,yrS d5oyr,5b'yr g-kHl5;Hy ;5;Hy -;yc9T xkrdoy,5oyhl5b;yr 09yrxwr: 09yr]K,yrdoy? 9K'yrl5;b Hy [uHp5;b Hy gdkh xkrdoy0y.],ygl x6boyzK;yj;kh v,yj

s;yr,ur-5'b hy ,6;b ry d:'dy K'y;Tw 9'yro,y v:o9 y K'yrp;yt ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

x6o b ry d;yj,6o b l ty o b6 ry o,y] t o b sy o b z y k,5'b ry s;yr p5j,krs'yrg-k ]bdhy s^,hy ,wKxK'y]'5 y @+%) l6ojy ]whzK9yjv:djy oyr. x5'b 'y ;yhx6'b ry 06'b hy ,5'b ry s^,hy 96,y @+%) ]whm6djy x5oxyt o C gy -kh]wh0y. oyr. ]bdhy s^,hy ,wKxK'y]'5 ,y kr9'yrx6db ry Sc9j0G,y 7l6ojy ]whz:'ry ',yr95;dy ;yj&/ 7l6ojy ]whd5ory & c]h 7l6ojy ]wh9uH,:dTy -giHluH& ◆ dKoy]db5 hy 9'yh @++Q gdkh xkj9uj9wrs^;l y ;b5 y ]whv:'jy gxto,yl9 6 ry oyr. 06'b hy 9wr Shan Herald Agency for News

3


L p:,yrsxytg-kh9Cxyr99yr]6,yrI9kr]6,yhakT? z5hm9yrlK'ydKoy,5b'yr ikHlb,Hy ,5HlkHxuH p5;a ty y (Rassim Musabeyov) ;kh g-kh9Cxry 99yrowt g9sG9ry syh> 05;b ry -yh. zK9yjv:djy 9'yr ]wKoy.r]6,yhakT xkrdoy0xyraKdyj0y.T96b;yr xGoy-5b'yh,wT-5b'yh,6b;yrd.kjv,yjsK'yt ;khow? ,5'b ry 9wrs;yr]5rSxGosy ;b6 ?y s;yrx6o b z y K;yj d:ory g-k,krp;yt 9uhgvjl69ry # x:dhy ? ▲ @#T@#T@++$ xKoys^;y,5b'yrs^b;yhs^b'yr xkh9yh. 0;yh-6ol y kjv:osy ;^ ?y ▲ @)T%T#QQ* z5hsdyT0K9yh05b;yrp5j ,5b'yro:dyh-;y v:oys^;ygdkj9'yh]5'yx:'y 06'b hy gl x6o b z y K;yjmC'hy d,yro6'b hy ? s;yrgdkh v,yj]u05,yrl5b;yr0:,yrs6b;y? p:oyt;kh s;yr,ur-5b'yh,6b;yrd:'ydK'y;wT9'yro,y v:o9 y K'yrp;y?t ◆ x6o b ry d;yj,6o b l ty o b6 ry o,y] t o b sy o b z y k,5'b ry s;yr p5j,krs'yrg-k?

◆ ]bdyhs^,yh,wKxK'y]5'y @+%) ? ◆ l6oyj]whzK9yjv:dyj oy.rx5b'y';yhx6b'yr 06'b hy ,5'b ry s^,hy 96,y @+%) ? ◆ ]whm6dyjx5otyxCoyg-kh]wh0y. oy.r]bdyh s^,yh,wKxK'y]5'y,kr9'yrx6bdyrSc9j0G,y 7l6ojy ]whz:'ry ',yr95;dy ;yj&/ 7l6ojy ]whd5ory & c]h 7l6ojy ]wh9uH,:dTy -giHluH&? ◆ dKoy]5bdyh9'yh @++Q gdkh xkj9uj9wr 6 ry oyr. 06'b hy s^;yl;b5 y ]whv:'jy gxto,yl9 9wr? d,yrowtl,yt,kr,urmC'yh g-kh9Cxyr99yr ]6,ry I9kr]6,hy akTvoy;kh x6o b z y K;yjd:ory gck owt v,yjzb9yr,wK,uhd5h06b'yh,5b'yr? p:oo ty oy]m u 9yrlK'y9P 5 ry ;kh g-kH l5;Hy ;5;Hy xGo,y 'b5 ry 05;b sty ;b6 ?y ,5o b ,y 'b5 ry 9wr,url'yM v,yj,5boy,5b'yr9wr,url'y?

g-khl5;yH;5;yH g-kHl5;Hy ;5;Hy ow,t ru oyr. 06'b hy ,5'b ry l5;b Hy

[uHp5;b Hy (Serbia) ,5'b ry voyd9 b6 ry ;wT ;wKrgl ]wK]wK,5b'yr 05b;yrs^,yhs<,yrdoygdkj9'yh06b'yh ,5b'yrs^,yh96,y p5Hd5;Hy l]kH;uHp5;b Hy (Yugoslavia) gl zK9yjv:dyjd.kj,5b;yh @++@S +# ? oyr. xu @++_S++ ]5'xy ': 0 y 'b6 hy l5;b Hy [uH p5b;yH o,yr]5Pyh l]5;yHx5;yHfGoyH ,uH ]5;Hy glH;b-\y (Sloboden Milosevic) 9Gdry 9G'z y ;G hy ,5P0 ty K;yr-5;b ry oyr. ,5'b ry -5;Hy l5;Hy ;5;Hy c]h p5j9uh9xytl6bdyrs^,yhs<,yrS,5b'yroy.rp5H ¤5xty voys'< ;ty kh goH95;Hy (NATO) v,yj p5j]whgl ;oyrmb #%T$T@+++ -;yh96db ry g9kr]6xb hy xC9hy 9xyl t db6 ry l5;b Hy [uHp5;b Hy v:djy oy.rokh]boy-5;yHl5;yH;5;yHd.kj? 9K'yrgoH 95;Hy gdkh ]wh,:xyhxoy ,6dyT06,yr0K9yh06b'yh z:,tys^,yh (UN) v,yjooy ]6,yr]6,yhakT ,kr x69hy 9Cory 09yrdKoyz': ry ',yr? ,5;b hy ]G;xy o G y 06'b hy ,5'b ry 9yh. s^,jy ]5,hy s^,hy 96,p y H5 ¤5xty (European Union) voy,ur]6dyh06,yr #) ,5b'yr ]5]:,yd6,yr95Pyr;wT?

]u]wh;5oty;kh JvGory vKoyr95;dy ;yjowt xwjm6'b -y K;yrpK,yr xwj]u]K9yhv:djy s<'l ty o C jy x6o b z y K;yj gxkr]K9yhgdkh 0K'yh,5o b 0 y ;b5 o ty 'yj 95;9 y ;yj voydKxyh,wT,body k. j0:,ry o5dTy xwjm6'b 9 y hu ,oyrgl]K9yhd.K,yr06'b y 0K'yh]69hy 95dry 9wK gxkrm6'b 9 y hu ]:9hy -Goy 0'yjdwh: ]u]K9yh" 4

Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010


INDEPENDENCE d5ory ,5'b ry -5;Hy l5;Hy ;5;Hy gdkh ]wh09yr dKoy]5bdyh9'yhgl gdkj9'yhlzkr,krs'yr -;y? 95'o ty 'b6 xy ;b5 hy 9kjl6ojy ]wh9Cxry 99yr95;y d;yj,kr? m6b'y,kr #QQ_ gdkh lG'ydK'y0.yd,yh xkho,yd,ym t C,;y kh 9dyr]whgdkj9'yh,5'b ry s'yr g-k owc]h ;oyrmb @)T#T#QQ_ 0'yjx6boy zK;yjd:oyrg-k?

p:oo ty oy g9]wh-wh0yc. 9tc9t? ,urmC'hy ]:'hy o6'b hy voy0K'yh96,p ty o : hy ? g-kh9Cxyr99yr]6,yrI9kr]6,yhakT Zvoy;kh -5;Hy l5;Hy ;5;Hy x6o b z y K;yjd:ory g-kv,yjzb9ry ,wK,uhd5h06b'yh,5b'yrX ooyt 0:'yjg9sG9yrsy>h,5b'yr 05b;yrd,ytmC,y g-kHl5;yH;5;yH o,y,krs6b;yow ooytd5Pyr? ]:'yh05b;yrowt s^Tg9]whxy.T95Pyr mC'hy ? d5Pry dkh voy0K'yh;kh,5;b hy ]G;cy 9tS

dKoy96,yt9:xyj @T 9'yhc9jx6o b z y K;yjd:ory g-k,krowt g-kH l5;yH;5;yH gdkhPkr9K'yrpKxyja6b9yjdG;yj ]5Pyh]:'yh]6,yhakTp:,yrsxyt? ,5b'yr05b;yrxGoy ]6dhy 06,ry 0K9yh06'b hy ]6,hy akT,ur @+# ,5'b ry A ooyt ,ur (+ ,5b'yrd5Pyr sxyts<'yr,dyr,oyhxGoy ,5b'yrd:oyrg-k? oy.rooytxkr 06b'yh,5b'yrs^,yh96,y vg,Hib-;b5 Hy c]h oyr. s^,hy 96,p y H5 ¤5xty #) xkr ## ,5b'yr/ d6b9yr # ,5b'yrv,yjsxyts<'yr? 05b;yr v,yjsxyts<'yr @QQ ,5b'yrxwKooyt ,uri9ytl\b3;yH 9'yr ,5b'yrc-j voyxGoy]6dyh06,yr * ,5b'yroy.r -:'Hy luHs^,jy ]5,hy (Security Council) voy ,urvkjokjl6'yl69yroy.r UN ? Z* ,5'b ry ooyt xGoy vg,Hib-;b5 Hy / vb'ry d]G9hy / ai'yjlG9hy / i9yl t \b3;yH c]h c-jX? x5b;yh9kj UN sxyts<'yrowt,ur]wKr]G;y? 9dyrsy>hl5;b Hy [uHp5;b Hy sxytv:oy9K'yr? gxkr ,oyrsxytgdkh 9K'yj,5b'yrzy.v,yj0K'yhmG'y? ,5;b hy ]G;y ,5'b ry l5;b Hy [uHp5;b Hy p:ory -;yh xGo] y d6 hy 06,ry oyr. s^,hy 96,p y H5 ¤5xty Zvoy9db6 Ty ,ur #) ,5b'yrX p5j? 9K'yrpKxyj,oyrowt gxkr -;yhxGoy]6dyh06,yrs^,yh96,yp5H¤:xytgdkh g9 ]whxwj: zkh g-kHl5;Hy ;5;Hy ? ,oyr0'yjg9]wh ;5oyt;kh voy]y.],yj]:'yhx5b;yh9kj,5b'yr,oyrS ❑ -;yhxGo] y d6 hy 06,ry s^,hy 96,p y H5 ¤:xty ZxGoy ,5'b ry mb #_X cojM? ❑ v,yjp:,yrxoyl5b;yH[uHp5b;yH9CdyjxGoy l:',y 'b5 ry mC'hy cojM? l5b;yH[uHp5b;yHowt ,urxoyskdG;yj]5Pyh dKoy,Kdyh,ur? gxkr-;yhxGo] y d6 hy 06,ry s^,hy 96,y p5H¤:xty (EU) gdkh g9]wh]5,0 y ?.y awKjo6'b hy gdkh v,yj-yh. syh> zCojy ]bo,y oyr9Cdjy pwKhmC'hy ?

g-kh9Cxry 99yr]6,ry I9kr]6,hy akTv,yj x:'jy ;kh g9z6djy ,9yst ,^ jy ',yrlyj. d5h06'b hy ,5b'yr g9]whsG9yr0:,yr? ,oyrxGoydK'y0y. (opinion) d5Pry ? -yh. sG9ry 0:,ry gdkh]wh/ v,yj -y.hsG9yr0:,yrgdkh]wh?

#T ]6,ry I9kr]6,hy akT v,yj]whm9yrlK'y ;kh g-kHl5;Hy ;5;Hy ]uzK9yjv:dyj l5;b Hy [uHp5;b Hy s6;b /y m6dhy ]whxGo,y 'b5 ry ]6dhy o6'b hy s6;b y v,yjm6djy ]whxGoSy 05;b ry ooy?t ,oyrm9yr lK'yco;kh x6boyzK;yjd:oyrg-k 0:'yjzb9yr v,yjzb9ry ooydt P 5 ry ? l'ysh>y m9yrlK'y9xC ry 99yr;kh ]uzK9yjv:dyjv,yj]uzK9yjv:dyj/ ]uxo G v y ,yj]uxo G ,y 'b5 ry ]6dhy o6'b hy ow0'b6 y 0K'yh v:dyj,krg-kh9Cxyr99yr voyxCdyjx5b'yh? vb'yo5b;y';yr]wKro'yjowc]h x5b;yh9kj s^,yh96,yp5H¤:xytgdkh g9d,ydboyr l5b;yH[uH p5;b Hy gdkhv,yjm6djy / g9l6xb jy xoys'C ry g-kH l5;Hy ;5;Hy gdkhpKxyj;wTc]h s^Tg9]wh96db ry l5oyr9'yrl:'yawKj sy>hv6xyjv5;yrdoygl sk y Kw jooyt 9K'yrvoylK'yjm6djy x6ohy 9'yrl:'a d5Pyr?

,5'b ry 9wr ]whs^T0:,ry l'y ]:'hy g-kHl5;yH;5;yH ,5b;yh0;yh0K'ytp:'ys^Pyh xwjlG'yhd,yH l69yr,6oyooyt pK,yh]K9yh;kh pK,yr]G;y v:oydoy;kh Jl6oyj]wh95;yd;yj9Cxyr99yr s'yrg-k" (Rights of Self-Determination) owtd5Pyr]u? xwj]u;khd:oyrg-k? gxkr;khd:oyr g-k v5PyrgdkTg9gvj z5h-Goyg9o,y? v,yj]usk]wKrzCoyg-kr95;yd;yj ;khow? voy]su 9 G ry owt 969 b v ty ;ydh5 06'b hy ,5'b ry syh> -;yhxkr,kroy.rdKoycdh]b9yhxoysk,5b'yr,Koyh

,5o b y g-kHl5;Hy ;5;Hy ooyp t ;yh? gxkrsG9ry ]wh o'yjowp;yt06b'y -y.h;khd:oyrg-k05b;yts6b;ygdkh ;kh]wh? ,5;b hy x5o b hy xwj-;yhxkr,kr0:,ry ooyt gxkr s;yr]K9yh]:'yhd:oyrg-k06b'y g9,5boy9'yr vurx5o b hy v:djy / x5o b hy v,yj-yh. -;yhp6'hy 0:,ry s;yr? d5Pry dkh gxkr95Pry g-kHl5;Hy ;5;Hy 06'b y xGdyTl,yt;kh goH95;Hy UN 9'yr EU -;y -;yhxkr,krgdkh xoyskp'yr96bdyT-:'yT-,yp5j/ x6ohy 9kj,5'b ry 9wrc9t -Cory sk9uh;khv,yj,ur? p:oyt;kh gxkrg9cdh]b9yhxoysk,5b'yr 9wr06b'y 9xytl6bdyrgoH95;Hy 9'yrs^,yh96,y p5H¤:xty gdkhv,yj,ur0,ys,b ry s;yr? voy,ru sb,ry s;yrowt xGov y o b Hy fuHp5;b Hy 9'yr c-j 05;b ry lKoy -9yr]:'yhd:oyrg-kd5hx5b'yx5b'yc]h vkh l\CoyH (Asean) ,5b'yrs^,yh96,ygvHl\b3;yH 0G'jy 0Koyr ;oyrv:djy voyxjw ,urvGo,y ru sC'ry l'y ooytd5Pyr? p:oo ty oyxjw m6djy ]u0,5 ry 0:,ry ;kh Jx6o b y zK;yjd:oyrg-kowt v,yjzb9yrgvT" owooty d5Pry ? ]u]hw ;5o;yt kh JvGory vKoyr95;dy ;yjowt xwjm6b'y-K;yrpK,yr xwj]u]K9yhv:dyjs<'ytlCoyj x6o b z y K;yj/ gxkr]K9yhgdkh 0K'yh,5o b 0 y ;b5 o ty 'yj 95;y9;yj voydKxyh,wT,boyd.kj0:,yro5dyT? xwj m6'b 9 y hu ,oyrgl ]K9yhd.K,yr06'b y 0K'yh]69hy 95dry 9wK ? gxkrm6'b 9 y hu ]:9hy -Goy 0'yjdwh: ]u ]K9yh?" ◆ 0y.T]wKrvoy 0K'yh,ur]wh v5PyrgdkT v5Pyr]uo,yo,y? ◆ 0yT. ]wKrvoy0K'yh,urz5h-Gogy vjgvj? gxkr-Go,y ru gvjs;yr0'yj9Gdry ,Koyh]wh? ◆ v,yj9KxyhlG'yh-K;yrpK,yr0:,yr ]:'yh d6,yj0bcorcltl:,yrdoy? ◆ ]Gxhy sGory -69 b ry -69 b ry 0:,ry ]6,hy akTgl dKoys;yr,url'y ly.j0y.ly.jsC'yrsG9yrd.kj s^,yhdoyc]hsG9yrs'yrzy.s'yr,oyr Zxboyjxwj ]5'] ty 'C ry x6'b hy vb'0 y h:w mC,dy ,yp t oydoyX g9]u p5j? 0wKr-6boyrly. Z#)T)T#Q@QX

Shan Herald Agency for News

5


L

umefrdlif;

oduk ;f rmefjofbg cleyf bD wkqw d Uf vM;=b wMbyAeuf mifjwrfacM;wB; Oef;xd 04_07_10 zlju.ef;wyfUu.if cv, 33 wmifU,mef; qOfjodkuf;vlif ausMbausMbeBmb ugMbzFOf_e.ef;[Frf; wDjOmefj ymifOi. f (y.uUf tcb) ndil bf vBa. q; tqjOAi;f wmifU ,mef;? Oef;xd 05_07_10 +ifUymifukrfumifU tub cken f ild bf wif;=OfeMjyDbwkqw d Uf ymifOi. f aor.yjf yefui. jf M-22 (AK-47) 4-5 vOf; wDjyDbwkqw d Uf tcbuduk ;f OmefjymifOi. f nef,bl yMjwfjg oFO;f wdOl bf ukr;f ,dy;f ? (OmefjymifOi. f rD;y.ufUtcby.ufUwB; 2 y.ufU) / vFifbcmOfbvmwfjOMj- ]tcbOmefjeBU nrfbayM;OlefUumefOmefjumefrldif;oif? ,mrfj ugMb,.ef;[Awf;yDbwkqdwfUu.efb? ydlOfjwMbumef uMU,MjcOf {jcOfjn.ufbugMbrM;iBmjvlrf/ nef oduk ;f rmefjyefwOkd Uf wmif;vD yDbwkqw d Uf qdOl ;f eBU wifjtwb=Ofvdlefar@rM; OBm;aowyfU qkrf; 1 nrfb,.rf;[yfUvFufjvBmjyAef yDbwk

qdwUf q.r;f oFiuf OF Uf qkr;f 3 qkr;f 7 ? uljy.ujf cOf,yd ;f u.ijf 5 urf; 10 urf; 'Bm@Zde l @f ulp;f ? rmefjcdkef;nOfu.ifj M-16, M-22 qdOl ;f eBU ykwfjwFef;yef? u.ifjuOfb 5 urf; 10 urf; rmefjnOfrdlOf;oAifj}-OMjeB/ zljvAyjf [Ae;f cOfxwf;omifOMj-]qkr;f oduk ;f rmefjnOfybD wkqw d Uf qdOl ;f eBU yAeo f e A jf yAee f mrf yAeuf mifjwrfacM;qkr;f wB;udw k ;f oduk ;f wyfUqkrf; 1 / teyM;v.ifjodkuf;rmefj yef [Fi;f ule;f uMU,Mj? ayM;[Aw;f yDbwkqw d Uf vBjuMU ,Mjxmifb[mifj? ZBmbedkifj ayM;cOfrM;ayUudef wB;auMj wB;awqif;cOf? ayM;nrfb[Awf; q.rf;zFefrmefjauMjrmefjawrdyfb=OfcOf}OMjeB/ wifjtwbumifvdlefar@rM; odkuf;rmefj ugMbole;f wkryf ef[iF ;f qkr;f yDbwkqw d Uf {juAy;f odkuf;rfgb efg;eMjvdefwyfUqkrf; 1 ,dyf;ukrf;?

rdlefeifbndlifbeM;vOf; ndlifbvB.tq; qAifb qmef;Oef;n.ubf wmifU,mef;/ vFibf cmOfbodyk bf vmwfjOMj- ]yDbwkqw d Uf tqjOAif;wmifU,mef;eBU yAefvM;=burfjerf? rD; 300 yBm/ yDbwkqdwfUvM;=b efg;ndlifb eM;vOf; nefiOfjref;rD;wDjOmefjerfz h mwfb eefU zljn.e=f Ofye A o f OF ;f wdOl bf rD;[Fi;f ule;f r.ufj 40 u.ifjaq;rdkOf;}-OMjeB/ odkuf;rmefj qdoifb{juAyf;yDbwkqdwfU rfbg xFijf ef;g ndil bf vBt. q; edik jf Omefjvfw g jD anb ,Mb{j,.rf; 20 auMU/ Omefjyv.ifjtvj OmefjvdaoM;auMj pM;wAuf;cmef; uAyf;[Awf; yDbwkqdwfU tvj urfjz.ifjn.efuefyBmjugMb wmif;wmifU,mef;? urfjz.ijf cmrfjcli;f ugMbef;g eMj vdefOMUauMjrD;- vFifbcmOfbodkyfbvmwfjxFifj eifbeB/ 他

o.ebf {jumefvuld jf wifjq.r;f xrf; yMbwDbodOl z f uld bf erfUcrf;wde k ;f nrfbcD yMbwDbumefridl ;f wDjOAi;f erfUcrf; qdOl ;f awcOfjtcUcFifbumefvdlufjwifj 2010 rD; 4 yMbwDb- 1U yMbwDbodlOfzdlufb (SNDP)? 2U yMb wDbyv.ifj (PNP)? 3U yMbwDbomifboDj odefj cAOfusefUzkwfU (USDP) tvj 4U yMbwDb wqp (NUP) qdOl ;f eBU/ nefwil Uf wde k bf rM;[Fif; 1U yMbwDbodlOfzdlufb? 2U yMbwDbusefU zkwUf ? 3U yMbwDbyv.ijf / 4U yMbwDb wqp (NUP) twU [Fif;anbvdlOfydlefj? v.efUuFef ref;rD;ulef; 4-5 auMU yAefwB;urfjz.ifj/ cOfawvli;f tcUvdul jf wifjnrfbvli;f ,if;yBb 6

Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

teUe.ef;-eB,OfU/ vFifbcmOfbvmwfjOMj- ]qArfydkif;eefU twU zljcOfjyMbwDbusefUzkwfUerfvdlOfydlefj xdeikd jf ? ulp;f uMj o.ebf {jrD;v.ijf v.wjf vFO;f tvjyAefxrf; (Free and Fair) ulpf;? ayM; vdul jf wifjrM;twU nrfbrD;zfcg jgf ofbg w.wjf cFy;f yefusefUzkwfU? yMbwDbodlOfzdlufb (SNDP) tvj yMbwDbyv.ijf (PNP) rD;oBmiBmerfow k ;f ? yMbwDbwB;odOl z f uld bf wuf;vBjtchciF bf yMbwDbyv.ijf (PNP) urfjerf? ayM;nOf=Ofulef;tqjOAif; erfUcrf;ywf;ydkefU? efg;yAif;yAef OmefjwB;

urfjerf yMbwDbyv.ifjnrfbayM;qmifjq.rfb qdrf/ oifyAefy.wf;vB.qdlOf;yAef Omefjyv.ifj urfjerfyMbwDbwB;nrfbqmifjugMbq.rfbqdrf}OMjeB/ z.if;umifvdlefusKef@ 2010 ylefUrM; vli;f qdOk jf OMj zlj[ufUqmwfjauMUedik jf ef;g 701 [Aw;f vdujf Ofyg Od q f uF bf yde k f ef;g tqjOAi;f rlbtqj erfUcrf;v.ifjOMj-nrfb[efvD? omefcwf; umefvdlufjwifjrmefj? ulef;rldif;,lbedrfedrf? zfg,MbayugMbw.wfjcFyf;/ [Awf;{j ulef;rldif; urfjz.ifjn.efuefeuf;qfgrBjqfgulOft[OBU/


INDEPENDENCE |uAObf uyf;v.ijf eBU w.ijf xmrfzjl cmefymufbwyfU . ;B vFi;f qOfj[mef oduk ;f qdik jf wB; (SSA) vBw vmOfoFif auMjw.yfbOMj- ][Of;twUwdkef; omefcwf;umefvuld jf wifj? ayM;urfUxFruf mef vdul jf wifjauMj rde l w f if;urfUxFrf ydil if Ofjydik ;f rldif; nefqkrf;odkuf;rmefjcAefbwFrfjZBmbvAOf ao wrf;Omif;zFefayUumefvdlufjwifj ydlOfj wMb[kyjf ,dw k ;f nrf;emwfj ugMbxFijf cmOf;,mOf; ulpf;}-OMjeB/E auMurfumeftqjOAif; EC c.iyf MbwDbodOl z f uld bf wDjerfUcrf;cOftwhvmwfj OMj- wMbvlif;olef;wkrfoyf;vFif; efg;ulef; rlid ;f eBU ZBmbvfag uMj,OfUcOfnrfbulO?f ulOrf Okd ;f xd 3 ulpf;/

rdOl jf =Ofve ld uf sL@vBm@ r.ujf Oef;xd 0203_07_10 W.u@f wdOl @f qBm;r.ubf crf; =OfyOfj auMurfumefyMbwDbomifboDj (USDP) vMjoAOjf ? ugMbcOfj=rfjymifyw kd bf vkr;f tvjzFeyf mB h(USDP) wDjoDbayMU? rD;wB;oDbayMUurfjz.ifj vmwfj zmwfjzdwfj{jref;qOfjvBjidef; ]cdif;eBU wef;ugMbekijf odejf cAOrf Old jf vfn g rfb=Uanh C} nOfeMjref;qOfjvFif eFwfjr.yf;rFyf;o.ifU yFwfj? nrfbayM;[wf;awMbeMjulef;erf-OMj eB/ ZBmbedik jf wmif;edik jf wMbyMbwDbodOl z f uld bf awugMbolef;wkrfc.wfbz.wfj auMurfumef tqjOAif; y.wf;uAif;wkif-wMjcDjvAuf;eefU

ide;f OMjYoMbvli;f uFOjf [yfUykejf z.e;f OBU/ YoMb qBm;vlif;uFOfj udlwfbrdlOfj 1942 ? n.ifbqefU 7 wDjuAif;wkif qefUokif 1958 ? [Awf;cl; o.ew f jD e.iaf ,; uAi;f wkif 1960-65 / yAef z.if;wFef;c.if NLD ayUumefvdlufjwifj 1990 wDjuAif;wkif? OBm;eefUx.efwlOfn.ufb NLD ugMbcOfjql; SNLD / vde k ;f okw;f yMbwDb =OfoOld f SNLD nrfb[efvDumefvdlufjwifj rmefjao nrfb,.r;f wmifbrBmZmifcOfj=rfjumef vdul jf wifjauMj cde k ;f cOfjyM;ef;g yMbwDbodOl z f uld bf (SNDP)/ 他

yMbwDbodOl z f uld bf vMjoAOjf rke;f =di;f ule;f wmifbyMbwDbudil ;f ql;erf

Photo : SNDP

d5oyr05b;yr,kr9K'yjp:oyr-;yhxGoy]6dyh06,yr96bdyTmwKjsK'yh 9kjsG9yr;y.dxyr95;y c]h voy9db6 Ty xyT. mwKjp5j mC'hy 9'yro,y

ndifedlOfyMbwDbodlOfzdlufb ([dkOf) yMbwDb WD@r.ufUc'Fwf@wduf@qdlOfUcdlOf;wB; (SNDP) arMcOfj[Molef;wkrf=pf;yBm; tvjzljcOfj yMbwDbomifboDjodejf cAOf (USDP) wif;yMbwDb wqp (NUP) qdlOf;eBU cOfj=rfjyMbwDb odOl z f uld bf wif;erfeyfU=Ofoyd ;f ? rmifyu. Uf 10 yBm? wif;OAif;cfgjrD;[drf;ymufb/ e.ufjaoeefU auMvdufjvBm; auMjcOfj=rfjz.ifj/ rdlOfjvAOf

auMurfumefiOfjike;f EC wDjvMjoAOjf rD; 19 auMU? zljcOfjyMbwDbnrfb,.rf; 800 auMU? qdOl ;f wduk Uf cOfjxFijf auMjrD;,lbcdOl ;f ,f;g / vFibf cmOfbvmwfjOMj- ]yMbwDbodOl z f uld bf wDjvMjoAOfjeBU u.yfjvBm;olef;wkrfcOfcFrfU/ qdlOf;yAefwB;cOfjyMbwDbusefUzkwfU wqp qdlOf;eBU uBUvBjxkufbqdte;toUo.rf;OMjyAecf e . w hf Ofyh e ld jf wkrrf e . yf e ld jf ule;f cBmqmwfj

qdOl ;f eBUtvj qifbn.euf efrM;cOfj=rfjyMbwDb odlOfzdlufb/ y.wf;Omefje.ufj ndlifbrldif;a,M nDbeBm; qdOl ;f eBUauMj cOfj[M+wfjxdik , f OfU}OMjeB/ Oef;ydw k bf vkr;f zFeyf mB U vMjoAOjf (Oef; xd 21_06_10) eefU =OfyOfjqBm;nBmjyOf;? uFr=f OfyOfjqBm;o.io f bD ? qBm;crf;rmwfj? YoMbqBm; crf;vFif (zljudlOf;ukrf) qdlOf;eBUauMjugMbcOfj =rfj? e.ujf aoeefU yMbwDbqmOf;cdOl ;f qdOl ;f vBj +ifUr.ufb rdlefeifbqkrf;ulOf;umifU qkrf;OMU qkr;f vM;=b qdOl ;f eBUauMj ugMbcOfj=rfjyef[iF ;f -eB,OfU/ yMbwDbodOl z f uld bf ydw k bf vkr;f zFeyf mB UOBUwDj vMjoAOjf vlif awMbeMjOwfUumifridl ;f ? =OfyOfj auMurfumeftqjOAi;f vMjoAOjf yAeq f mB ;n.ibf us;D nMb,k 60 yBm? ule;f rlid ;f ,B? uljy.ujf ,mrfj[Aw;f cMj[myfbumefckefZBmb,lbvD/ uFrf=OfyOfj qBm; rdef;wAif; nMb,k 56 ? yAefulef;y.ufU 7 vliaf vMU? ,mrfjcOfjyMbwDb wqp (NUP)? oliv f e A jf [Fi;f ydwUf rmufbeif? zljerf;ef;g qBm; oBmuAOf ule;f ymifvil f (vkujf clpyf Ol bf awbOdibf )/ 他他他

Shan Herald Agency for News

7


L

yMbwDbusefUzkwUf uke[f id ;f =pf;ole;f wAu;f qfUg w.wjf cFy;f _v.ubf idw k jf wifjtwb=OfvdlefusL@vBm@rM; yMbwDb usefUzkwfU_omifboDjodefjcAOf (USDP) wDj uke[f id ;f vli;f ole;f wkr[f MoAiq f r. ;f Omefjndil bf ef;g tqjOAi;f uke[f id ;f / wlOz f jl erf;ef;g qBm;ek (nMb,k 45 yD) n.e=f OfuMg b[Mvli;f ole;f wkrf l e f ifbuAi;f crf; Omefj [MoAiyf w . ;f Omefjndil bf rde vOf; oBm;cmOf uAif;vlrf; vBm;urf-qdlOf;eBU/ qdOl ;f cOfvmwfj rdOl jf vli;f ole;f wkrOf MjayM;vd l u f j wif j rM; {jw. w f j yef q k r f ; cOf ,Mbw.wjf yefwmifbqkr;f ? rD;yMbwDb (USDP) cOfup l ;f [Aw;f twhye A tf wh? wmifbyMbwDb wmifb qkr;f eBU zlbzmOfbnOfup l ;f ? u.yjf OMj[Fi;f ule;f

[Fi;f ide k ;f erfUuwfUauMjnrfbrD; wlOx f yl ;f wM [efauMjnrfbrD;-OMjeB/ ,if;yBmv.ufbidkwfjOMj- ayM;ulef;Omefj ulef;eM; pM;v.ifj,myfbzdkwfbwkufUc az; cAef yef[MoifauMj rD;cOfup l ;f qmifjuFwbf tc t[UuifjyefvBj qB.jtujvdwfjyefvBj? wMb ydik jf ndiq f , gf bgf vBjwmifbyMbwDbwmifbqkr;f rde l f yMbwDbusefUzkwfUwdkef;nrfbrD;-eB,OfU/ qBm;ek yAeuf e l ;f qMbwduiA ;f vlr;f cBmU,lb efg;OAif;ukef[dif;? yAefvkufjulef;rmufjrD; ,OfU qefUvdujf oki?f twbyAez f jl erf;ef;g rM;qArf rdlOfjauMbwifjusefUzkwfU (USDA) 1993

awMbrdlOfjvAOf/ qkr;f useUf zkwUf (USDA) twU BBC ndifnmifjugmrf;vmwfjwlb'rsdefUnl; zljcmef ymufb USDP ao n.ufbcmOfbrdlOfjOef;xd 15_ 07_10 OMj- q.rfqduf;odkuf;rmefj wmef; olpbf qdoifb,MUyFwjf rdOl jf Oef;xd 06_07_ 10 / rdlOfjvAOf qkrf;usefUzkwfU (USDA) yAefyMbwDb (USDP) tvj qdlOf;cOfjyM;efg; (USDA) rdlefeifbvkufj[Aef;? cMj[myfbumef ckecf OfawnrfbyM;,OfU? ulp;f uMj,if;qdoifb qfUg uAy;f ule;f (nMb,k 18-45 yD) edik jf tqj OAif; 20b000 auMU/ 他

zljcAeo f mifjcvdyUf OD@WD@nlO@f v.ifj,Mj ,MUuOf;OMU cMUqdOk jf zljerf; ydOl jf wMb{jzljerf;tvjrlbqkr;f OMUqwfh imufjwFubf ,BmjuefeefU rD;ule;f clio f mifj[Aw;f n.ubf cvdyUf OD@WD@nlO@f (VDO) zMoMtcb toUo.rf; zljerf;OMU n.efqkrf;OMUyBoAefj wmif;zdw;f ? qOfjeMjwDjOMUOMj zljcAe, f MU [Of;auMj nrfbayM;wkrfUwdlOfUoif/ cvdyOhf @D WD@nlO@f wif;rlw;f rD; 4 nef 1U [mifjzljerf;OMU yOf;,AOfbosFif ,Aef;yAef [mifjvkyfbu.uf;=OfugMb? zMoMtcbvmwfjq.rf; OMj- zljn.e=f Ofoal wwBm,OfU? ,Mbayq.r;f oAejf wmif;ref;/ 2U [mifjxde l bf yMb xBmb,mrf; umifcdkef;vyf;odifb rD;wMo.ifc.efvFif;=dOfj n.ufbrM; orfUnOfcdlifjvAefj (Effect) vkufU yAeZ f ;B rBjugMb? zMoMtcbvmwfj-olawnrfb rD;nAef[Fif;/ awnrfbxdkif,dlif;nmef;vBj? rD;oAefjwmif;wBmulpf;? udkwf;,dkwf;umef,Mj rOf;urfvMj? urfqwMoloe A jf wmif;wBmulp;f OMjeB/3U [mifjzMbrdkOf;n.ufbvdlwfjvFifqmif; 8

Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

odibf ? zljn.e=f Ofol qmifj[uf;vifov l jB wdOl Uf qfg ugMbql;oAefjwmif;wBm ZmifUowd ZmifU owd/ 4U [mifjrBmZlef@ 66848107104b 0848107104 ? vmwfjOMj- c.yfjqfgu.yfj cOfjwlpf;iOf;wlifU[Of;? awrD;ol;vmyfjyef 70b000 ,gef? wdwf;awMbuyf;Zlef@rM; wDjrBmteOBUeBU? awuAyf;OBU (Automatic) [if;ulpf;ref;- OMjeB/ v.ifjeBhqOfjeMjwDjqkrf;OMUw.yfbtuj OMj- ]zFeuf mefzjl cAe, f MU[Of;auMj yAev f mB ; wde k jf wFrbf nrfbcduk Uf vduk Uf orfUy.w;f ? vBm;te (Presentation) auMjyBbcFrfU? efg;OMU[Of;ulef; =UzMoMtcbnrfbayM;rD;? ule;f cOfjwlp;f c.r@f auMjnrfbayM;rD;? u.yjf eBtvj nrfbwkrUf wdOl Uf [Of;oif}-eB,OfU/ 他 [mif;? urfrOkd ;f aocde k ;f yBb. [mifjoduk ;f OMU zkw;f rM;qkuf;efg;nlifjrdkOf;? vmwfjugmrf;tcb ZmifU uFr;f OMj- ,dil ;f nmef;ol yAeo f e A jf wmif;vyf;


INDEPENDENCE

qBm;crf;vAu;f nrfb[yfUyAef z.i;f wFe;f cAOyf MbwDbomifboDjodejf cAOf r.ujf Oef;xd 18_07_10 ule;f ekrbf y.w;f +ifb rD;wdOk Uf wmif;ugMbnFObf ,Arjf qf;g W.u@f wdOl @f qBm;crf;vAuf; wDj=def;ref;qOfj OAif;vdlOfb

vFifbcmOfbvmwfj- ]qOfjeMjwDjcOf uBUugMbwkuf;,.ef;[krf;O.ef; {jref;[yfUyAef z.if;wFef;cAOfeefU ref;nrfbw.efUw.yfb

vBj=UOMj- uMjyleUf rM; useUf zkwUf _omifboDj odefjcAOf USDP uBUugMbwkuf;,.ef;[krf;O.ef; {jref;qOfj[yfUyAef z.if;wFef;cAOfaowMU

ref;qOfjnrfb[yfU/ nefr;D cmOfbOMj [yfUyAef z.i;f wFe;f wDjOAi;f vdOl bf vf?g c.r@f rose d @f umef vdul jf wifjvfq g Old ;f eefU nrfbqfjg -eB,OfU/

vmwfjykwf;cmwfbwFufbvFif;? nrfbw.efUyef ugmrf;refjOMj aw[yfUaw[Aw;f aoy.ujf ? v.ijf nrfb[yfUvBjeefU nrfbOB=OfOw k ;f Okw;f eifb uOfb? ulp;f uMjref;wde k ;f nrfb[yfU/ ref;qOfj rD;wmif;yAen f OF if mifburf;urf;vBj,lw;f ,M}OMjeB/ od k y f b vmwf j OMj ]OB m ;aoref ; qOf j nrfbw.ybf [yUfyw k ;f cmwfbwFubf vFi;f auMj qOfj eMjwDjrmefj uBUuBUwdw;f awMbuyf;zle@f wDj =def;wduf;wduf;? urfjerfyAef ar;emif;ref; [yfU/ oifbvmwfjOMj- cfjg vBjcfjg [Aw;f oif_aw vBjqBj. xFro f ifauMjvmwfj OMjeB? ref;qOfj OMj nrfbcfgjvBjoif/ ar;emif;ref;auMjnrfb yef[Fif; vmwfjOMjtubcmOfU,OfU udkifbvDvBj [Awf;umefxrf; YwM;ulpf;}-OMjeB/ ulef;ekrfbauMUekdifj vmwfjteOMj]vBjide;f cmOfbeBU qlr;f q.r;f twU? nrfbcfjg {j qBm;crf;vAuf;yM;q.rf;ZBmbvfg? nrffbcfgj{julOfj nlud bf oFOn f mB yMbwDbumefridl ;f ? nrfbcfjg {jrD;oD? cfgj{jref;qOfjqdkefbqkuf;,lbugMb qldOfUeifb qOfjyBm;r.ef;vlif Great Artist auMUnef ule;f ekrbf [Of;cOf xkubf vBj,lid jf cB}. -OMjeB/他

vmrf;wufU,myfb sK'yrx;yjow/t sCory ;wTxoy g9]whsoyx9 G ry -,yr-wjs6;b y z5ho5djy 96;b -y ;y gxkrv;y-jw d.kjlG'hy M

Shan Herald Agency for News

9


L

umefokduf;

wyfUoduk ;f qdik jf wB; =rfqrl ;f w.ejf [yfh zlj[ufUqmwfjcOfj=rfj+rf;

OBm;zljerf;qkr;f wB;udw k ;f oduk ;f ugMbwlu;f vlif;,.rf;[yfUvFufjvBmjyAefyDbwkqdwfU wDj vkr;f u.e;f wdil ;f oduk ;f vMj oAOjf rdOl jf 22_04_10? iOfjikef;oFifuFOfU wyfUqkrf; 3 wyfUqkrf; 7 yefoBmrBmnAef[Fif;u.ifj_ulef; qdlOf;vFufjvBmj

[Aw;f yDbwkqw d Uf rdOl jf 24_04_10 rM;eBU oduk ;f [mefzjl rD;qefU qdOl ;f nrfbcfjg [Aw;f yDbwkqw d Uf n.ufbyBmjql;cOfj=rfj+rf; wyfUodkuf;qdkifjwB; SSA qkr;f vBw . ;B vFi;f wif;erf/ zljcmefymufbwyfUoduk ;f qdik jf wB; (SSA)

vB.wB;vFif; qOfj[mefvmOfoFif vmwfjOMj]rdOl jf vAOq f rk ;f wB;udw k ;f oduk ;f SSA qdOl ;f nrfb cfjg [Aw;f yDbwkqw d Uf rM;=rfj+rf;wyfUoduk ;f qdik jf wB; cdlOf;,fg;rD;r.ufj 60 yBm/ qdlOf;cOfvmwfj tenefvrfbv.ijf 2 acMjOMj- 1U v.ijf [Aw;f yDbwkqdwfUeBU nrfbqfgjumifqfgcOf? yAefulef; vlif qOfjvBr. mOf; qOfjuBmbZMU zlju.e;f wyfU qkrf;cOf ugMbwluf;vlif;rmefjulpf;? 2U [Awf; yDbwkqdwfU ,lbyMjwfgjodkuf;rmefjukrf;eefU yAefumefomefcwf;,ldif;nmef; wyfUodkuf; qdik jf wB; (SSA) nefauMbwifjrM;rdOl jf 1964 tvjnrfb[yfUvBj}- OMjeB/ ]odkuf;[meftvj zljrD;qefU efg;qkrf; wB;udkwf;odkuf; yAefulef;rldif;wB;? orfUqkuf; refjedOl o f e A jf wmif;qkOd jf qfjg tvj qlr;f odOl ;f w.ejf [yfU? qefUtvjeMjumefcOfqOfj nef ,mrfj[Awf;rM;eefUauMj [yfU+if;wFifbwifj yef odkyfb[Awf;ugMb rD;okefbvBjwArfxlefj? umifqcgf Of cfjg odyk bf [Aw;f omifjqdil Uf [dOk uf Mg bauMj awcdkify.ifyef}- qOfj[mefvmOfoFif odkyfb vmwfjteeifbeB/ 他

vBmZBmbuAy;f oduk ;f wde k ;f nrfbiBmj ule;f rlid ;f zliUf yBmjulOv f jB [Aw;f oduk ;f rldOfjumifvldefusL@vBm@ odkuf;rmefjqd oifbuAyf;odkuf;rfgb tqjOAif;rldif;cmufb efg;ndlifb rdlif;ekif; wif;rlwf; 7 Omefj? odkuf;rmefj +ifUymifurk yf bl umifUylb[Aif ef;g ndil bf rlid ;f eki;f ao qdoifbOBUOMj- awuAyf;odkuf;rfgbwif;nldifb 150 auMUtvj ulef;ekrfbefg;ndlifbrldif;ekif; 10 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

n.euf efymB jugMbulj=;uljwmif;? urfjz.ijf yBmjugMb rlid ;f cmufb uAi;f wki?f ugMbwmif;rlid ;f y.uUf rdil ;f zFef auMjrD;? yBmjugMbwmif;vFefvdefxB;auMjrD;/ ul e f ; ek r f b nMb,k 30 yB m auMUed k i f j vmwfjOMj- ]efg;ndlifbrdlif;ekif;eBU uljy.ufj odkuf;rmefjuAyf;odkuf; nrfb,mrfjrD;,mrfjidef;

odkuf;rmefjuAyf;odkuf;aoy.ufj/}-OMjeB/ ndil bf rdil ;f eki;f rD;yDbwkqw d Uf wB; wif; rlwf;rD;r.ufj 20 auMU? rD;u.ifj 7-8 vOf;? =OfeMjqdkOfj emefndef;elef; (nMb,k 53) ,lbOmefjwyfUrfgb? ref;qBm;vFyfjawvBjn.ef =Ofvlif;olef;wkrfqdoifbuAyf;qB.j-eB,lb/


INDEPENDENCE auMjuAy;f oduk ;f y.w;f rlid ;f wlef rlid ;f ,.i;f rdlif;zsmufj rldif;[B; qdlOf;eBU/ qOfjeMjwDjqefUokie f ;gf SSA vmwfj OMj- ][Of;nrfbuAy;f oduk ;f auMj yde l jf uAy;f uljrlb uljqkrf;,lb? nAef[Fif;eBU wMbawMboljqkrf; odkuf;rmefjcgmufjrldif;ulpf;? qkrf;vfguAyf;odkuf; auMj,OfU v.ijf ule;f rdil ;f yBmjeDeUB cfjg yAeuf jl wDj? ulp;f uMj ule;f uljauMUuljqkr;f eBU ayM;xmrfOMj q.ifbcfgjvBjv.ifjxmifb[mifjv.wfjvFOf;_v.ifj ylw;f yBb. eB? zfag uMjorfUOMj cfjg vBjOmefjcfjg vBj rdil ;f ,lb? ayM;uAy;f oduk ;f orfU n.euf efymB j aw [Awf;[dkOfvBj} -OMjeB/ zljcmefymufb SSA qOfj[mefvmOfoFif auMj,mrfjvmwfjOMj- ]ulef;rldif;wB;uljauMU rD;ykejf z.e;f wuf;vBj[Aw;f oduk ;f uFwbf tcqdOl Uf qmwfjOmefjrlid ;f wduk ;f awM;yFwjf zljcAe[f Of;? ulef;ekrfbnMb,k 18 cdkefjedlOf wuf;vBj[myfb udw k Uf umefoukd ;f cmOf;wmif; 5 yD? umefuyA ;f oduk ;f eBU [Of;nrfbuAyf;auMjydlefjuAyf;}-OMjeB/他 SSA

OBm;cAifjcFifawMbodkuf;rmefj nrfb,.rf; [Awf;wyfUyfgUvFefvdefrM;eBU efg;cmOf;wmif; 3-4 vde l rf M; eMjvderf ild ;f vM;uljy.w;f w.ejf ywf;yde k Uf uAy;f oduk ;f rfbg xFijf 1b000 auMU? ZBmb

edik jf oduk ;f OMUauMjuAy;f ef;g eMjvdeOf MUao wduk Uf vli;f =if;Zduk ;f o.euf mefoukd ;f ugMb wDjrlid ;f y.uUf rldOfj=OfyDeBU? yDbwkqdwfUvBmvBmwDjauMjuAyf; okud ;f ? z.i;f ,mrf;vAOuf ef wyfUoduk ;f qdik jf wB;

oduk ;f rmefj,dOk ;f oduk ;f OMUwBmedik jf auMU y.w;f =Ofymifb ,.eUf u.ijf vefbvkwjf rdOl jf Oef;xd 17_07_10 ,mrf; 10;00 rlif; umifefg odkuf;rmefj (cr, 109) wif; odkuf;OMU (wyfUqkrf; 318) ,dkOf;uefwDj OmefjrFOhf wlO, f mifb? edOl w f mif;uM; erfUwduk ;f =Ofymifb vFecf e F jf OMUrmefj oduk ;f OMUwlu;f okr;f 1 auMU/ OmefjrFOfUwDj,dkOf;uefeBU yAefeMj vdef,lbyMjwfgjodkuf;rmefjukrf;? ulpf;uMjodkuf; rmefjnrfbyuf;oduk ;f ,lbOBUtvj rmifyu. jf rmifvgf odkuf;OMUuBUugMbnFOfb? u.yfjOMj,mefvmefb_ uAwfUOMU qAifbqmef;Oef;wluf;r.ufj 1 uD@ vlO@f cdik jf / vFibf cmOfbvmwfjOMj- ]OmefjrFOUf rD; 30 vif=def;? yAefwDjodkuf;OMUuBUugMbnFOfb[Mudef vOfj/ rdOl jf qOfjeMjwDjoduk ;f rmefj ugMbvAyjf [Ae;f ulwbf xwf;=if;[Ae;f eefU orfUyM;oduk ;f =rfbvlrjf 30-40 tvj oduk ;f OMU 4-5 auMU

qdlOf;,lbefg;Omefj[efrFefjao wluf;qfgOMj rmefjawrM;,dOk ;f [Of;,lOhf C eBao oduk ;f OMU

auMUedkifj nOfu.ifjref;qBm;vefbvkwfjcdkefj ZMU? oduk ;f rmefjauMjOleUf OMj OMU,dOk ;f cOfne . f wmif;eBao ,dOk ;f ofbg OMU? rmefjnrfb=UOMjOMU nOfu.ifjvefbvkwfjcdkefjZMU tvjvBj,dkOf; uef}-OMjeB/ vFibf cmOfbndin f mifj acMjugmrf;zljrD;qefh wyfUodkuf;OMUauMUedkifjvmwfjOMj? rdlOfj,dkOf; uefeBU rFefjz.if;zljerf;odkuf;OMU nrfbrD; erfUwdkuf;? yOf;nBmj\lifU zlju.ef;wyfUqkrf; 318 cOf wdkufUugMbcdkefjymifukrfwDj ymifomif; nefqwf;[Awf;Oef;xd 15 awMbOef;xd 21_07_10 / BBC auMjn.ubf cmOfbOMj- nef ,dOk ;f uefyu. jf eBU oduk ;f OMUrD; 4 auMU rmefjrD; 30 yBm? OBm;,dkOf;uef,OfU ydOfb[Mbrl; wmef; xkef;nl; ulwfUcBm ugMb,.ef;e.rf;,.rf;zdwf; ,lb-OMjeB/ 他

Shan Herald Agency for News

11


L

oduk ;f xB;awauMbwifjwyfUqkr;f vlirf bgf rBm 7 uFwbf tcvFev f e d x f ;B -vmOf;-rmefj zdkefcmOfbVFif@u.uf@zlwf@

(Bangkok

Post) Oef;xd 24_07_10 n.ubf cmOfbOMj wyfU

odkuf;xB; u.if@xyfUzmufj 3 (nef=rfbvlrfj qdik jf xB;y.w;f edOl )f awauMbwifjwyfUqkr;f rfbg (wyfUqkrf;vlifrBm 7) xFijf ydOl jf wMbuFwbf tc t[UuifjvFefvdefwdwf;qyf;rldif;vmOf;tvj rdil ;f rmefj? u.yjf OMjnAe[f iF ;f oduk ;f xB; wyfUqkr;f vlirf mB 1 tvjrBm 4 ,if;yBbyAi;f ayM;wMbuFwbf tct[UuifjvFefvdef/ ,mrf;vAOf wyfUoduk ;f xB; u.i@f xyfU (u.if wyfU) zmufj 3 rD; 2 wyfUqkrf;vlif? wyfU qkr;f vlif uM;umyfbvAu;f rBm 1 tvj wyfUqkr;f vlifrBm 4 ? rBm 1 yuf;iOfjikef;wDjzdwfUoek vlufU? rBm 4 yuf;iOfjikef;wDj ec.ef@oOef? 2 wyfUqkrf; rD;nAef[Fif; 20b000/ vkufU zdwUf oekvul Uf wif; ec.e@f oOef ugMbql; vFev f e d f vmOf;-rmefj uBye l Uf wDj? [Fi;f ule;f 2 rde k bf auMjwduk Uf anb? u.yjf eB awzdrl Uf xFrf auMbwifjxFijf wyfUqkr;f vlirf mB 7 wDjuAi;f rBb (edlOfoAefjwmif;vlif trj'drf@-trjwFif) nmef;OBUwMbnAef[Fif;ulef; 25b000 auMU/ wyfUqkr;f vlirf mB 7 awtwbauMbwifj ef;g yDeMj (2011) ? rD;cli;f umef 5 yD awMbxdik f 2015 ? z.if;vlifZBmbuFwfbtc q.rfodkuf;vlif

12 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

y'M@Odwf@ Olif@okOef@ vlif;vBm;rdkOf;[yfU +if;yef/ zde k cf mOfbrwfUwdcsLef@ auMjvmwfjOMj -,.eUf rlid ;f xB;y.w;f edOl f rD;v.ijf vufUwFy;f rBU ,MUxde l bf erf? vufUawMUolibf ,Mj cOfjxB; erftvj [Fi;f oduk ;f zdrl Uf xFrw f Old ;f rM;xFijf qkid f v.ijf =rfbvlrjf awvDce kd jf rM;vdOl uf Ofb/ rdOl ;f eMj rM; oifOMj vBjyAefodkuf;odlOfuefwif;rdlif; [dr;f +rf;qdik q f mifjayUvBj wmifbrlid ;f auMj wMb

cAibf wMUrlid ;f rmefjeBU nrfbwrf;qf?g u.yjf rmefj rD;=dOf;rdefwdkuf;oFef;rduf@ao 'wf@osLdOf@ urfUqBj. ZBmbvif? rmefjyBmrD;zFeyf i. o f mifjedO@f cvD@,dlO@f q.r;f clO@f \D@,dOl @f +ifb (uOf;vD edlOf) xFijf / n.efwmif;okwf; awuAyf;[kyfjwkrfrM; wDjvBmvBmwyfU efg;qdkifjxB;y.wf;+ifb (zmufj edOl )f tvj qAibf +ifbOef;n.ubf wMb[Fi;f oduk ;f r.ufj 8b000 auMU-OMjeB/ 他


INDEPENDENCE

cmOfbwAuf;wAif

qkr;f oduk ;f rmefjawydebf qdOk jf +ifjteclO;f yde k ;f rdil ;f ,.i=f pfjxFijf a[Mvli, f i. jf =pfj nefqrk ;f oduk ;f rmefj wifjqdkOfjvdkef;okwf;OMj +ifjteclOf;ydkef; ykwfUx (ykwfUxysMUwBmh) eBU ylefUrM;rdlOfj umifve dl uf sL@vBm@vBjide;f OMj awydebf qdOk jf rfbg xFijf OMj +ifjteclO;f yde k ;f Zdijf tijuljqmOf;cdOl ;f (wBm;,de;f wM;,lO;f ,MbysMUwBm)h / z.i;f qOfj eMjwDjrmefj wdkufUydkwfb+ifj teclOf;ydkef; ykwUf xyDumB rM;yDehB ule;f [Aw;f umefr;D 7 auMU? rD;wB;auMUvAOuf p l ;f ? yAerf mefjrlw;f ? ulp;f uMj ekifjclOf;wB;/ ayM;ydkwfbrfgbxFifjeBU ulef;uOfb ef;g yde k Uf wDj awvBjcBmUugMbuAi;f wkio f iA jf ? aw nOfulef;aebysDbawMbrM;yuf;OBU-OMjeB/ clO;f uOfbc.irf e . uf ukd ;f a[M qArrf e kd Uf ode k ;f u.efb eyfU=OfymufbyD nefqkrf;odkuf;rmefj nOfcmB UugMbOBUwDjaebysbD awMbqdOl ;f eefU ule;f efg;ydkefUwDjcOfnkyfbuefOMj nefao;vBm vlifvmif yAefvFOf;qOfjolpfbwFufj (nkrfb idkef;cyfUoFif) wmif;,mOf;rD;[Mjo.ufb/ +ifjteclOf;ydkef;eBU efg;cmOf;wmif; 2

yD rM;eBUulp;f urf;urf;ydebf qdOk jf yAef 3 y.ujf ? n.efwmif;okwf;yAef 1U +ifjteclOf;ydkef; [mifja[M,.i=f pfj (p.ibf olpbf a[Memef;wrBm; ysMUwB m h ) 2U +if j tecl O f ; yd k e f ; yk w f U x

(ykwfUxysMUwBmU) 3U +ifjteclOf;ydkef;Zdifj tijuljqmOf;cdOl ;f (wBm;,de;f wM;,lO;f ,MbysMU wBmU)-qdlOf;eBU/ 他

qkr;f okud ;f rmefj[mrfjyke d tf zjcmOfb v.ijf e.i[f mB ;,MjerfU[Fijf qkrf;okduf;rmefj wAifugmrf;euf;[mrfjcMj [myfbumefckef tvj ulef;rldif; okdyfbvmwfj y.ibf cmOfbeg;f rlid ;f _e.ujf rlid ;f uAObf vlpjf v.ijf erfh egf;e.if[Bm;,Mj (e.in f mif;av; eg;f qkid jf wB; y.w;f qmef;) vlw;f [Fijf ,.r;f ? u.yjf ulOn f OfuMg b ykdeftzjwkrfhwldOfhv.ifjnFOfbrldif;/ ,.efhu.yfjn.efeMjeBh rD;okdOfbe.ufjrldif; nOfugMbykdeftzj[mifjerfhe.if[Bm;,Mj vlwf;

,.rf;[Fifj ndufbv.ifjrldif;rmefjxlyf;az;erfU [Fijf ule;f rlid ;f nrfbrD;erfuh e d ?f ckerf mefjcgmufj rlid ;f nrfbogbf qgw f p l ;f v.rf v.ijf ,lboOf;ule;f rldif;/ vFibf cmOfbvmwfjOMj - rlOd jf vAOf rD;okOd bf vBmzkdef nef,mrfj[Bm;imef;uAOfbvlpfjv.ifj yuf;wMerfhegf;e.if[Bm;,Mj vBjxkufbqOfjeMj wDjqkr;f okud ;f rmefj [mrfjndwbf yke d tf zj? vlOd f

eefh ule;f Omefjule;f rlid ;f qlOd ;f ,lboOf;eg;f e.if [Bm;,MjauMj vBjxkubf oifb[mrfj nrfb{jvmwfj v.ifjerfh[Fifj yefzljw.ifjwAOf;+wfjnFOfb ndufbulef;wmifbwDjwmifbvFefcOfvBj[yfh[lUOMjeB/ (Irrawaddy)

Shan Herald Agency for News

13


L

uljv.ifjv.ifj

okud ;f rmefjwAu;f cmef;+ifU ule;f arM,AyUf clO;f wB; ugMbaebysDbawMb twb=Ofve dl uf sKef@ 2010 okud ;f rmefj cmef;+ifUulef;arM,AyfUclOf;wB; efg;qdkifjwB; y.w;f +ifb tq@w.ejf vMjoAOjf ? rlbtqj? uRuUf tr;? ukev f il f tvj vmOfbuBm; (eMjvdef ulOf;umifU) qldOf;eBU ekdifjtq@w.efj 3 auMU {jugMbaebysbD awMb ydOl jf wMb,AyUf olOd jf clO;f wB; yefcOfoOdl jf eMjOBmj/ ule;f Omefj[dr;f +rf;vmwfjOMj- ]Oef;xd 08_06_10 okud ;f rmefjcmef;+ifU ule;f arM,AyUf oldOfjclOf;wB;efg;tq@w.efj rlbtq@ ugMb 18 auMU? vldufjnOfulef;cFefb 3 auMU olifbugMb aebysbD awMb/ v.ijf ike d ;f w.i;f twU qkr;f okud ;f rmefjnrfbvmwfjoif? r.yjf yefcyF ;f Of, g i. jf a,M;

ulpf;} OMjeB/ ulef;OmefjrlbtqjauMhekdifjvmwfjOMj]ule;f ,AyUf clO;f 3 auMU awvBj=rfjuef,yA Uf yef olOd jf clO;f wB; 100 wkpbf ? nOfzMjtz; ,AyUf clO;f ef;g [mifjef;g a[Mrde l yf mefw;B rlOd jf u.ebf / vBjide;f OMjqkr;f useUf zkwUf cOf awekijf cOfj ymifvldufjwifj-}OMjeB/ ule;f rlbtqjauMUekid jf vmwfjOMj- ]ayM; yMbwDbusefUzkwfU USDP cOfugMbolef;wkrf yDje.ifUwB; wmif;rldif;cmif wldif;tqjuFifb (quFi;f )? yM;qAre f ;gf qdik jf wB; ide;f OMjawekijf olOd jf clO;f wB;[MoAi}f -OMjeB/ yMbwDbqmOf;cdOl ;f qlOd ;f awcOfjcFibf ymif

vlud jf wifjef;g rlid ;f wB;-rmefj rde l e f ifb yMbwDb WD@r.uUf c'Fw@f wdu@f qlOd Uf clOd ;f wB; (SNDP)? yMbwDbqmOf;cldOf;wnmif; (TNP)? yMbwDb WD@r.uUf c'Fw@f wdu@f OMU (WDP)? yMbwDbylu;f y.ifqmOf;cldOf;OMU (WNDP)? yMbwDbWD@r.ufU c'Fuf@wduf@ qmOf;cldOf;vM;=b (LNDP)? yMbwDbrldif;wB;y.wf;+ifb (NSSPP)? yMbwDb usefUzkwfU (USDP)? yMbwDbqmOf;cldOf; nmif;oM;ckdefj,fgb (INDP)? yMbwDbWD@r.ufU c'Fuf@wduf@tvj umefz.rfU=rfjulOf;umifU (KDUP) ? qkr;f wqp (NUP)? qkr;f qmOf; cldOf;ynlOf; (PNO) wif; yMbwDb vkif;olpfb nlif; UDP wif;rlwf; 12 yMbwDb/ 他

ule;f rlid ;f wB;yBmjcOfjrlid ;f xB;z.i;f =OfyD 2010 erfrM; ZBmbyuf;wMwlpf;ulef;yBmjaz; vFef vdefwB;-xB; vmwfjOMj- twbnOfvldef use F @f edO@f 'D@rM;awMbxkid f an@y\lOd @f vf yD 2010 eBU ulef;rldif;wB;yBmjaz; +wfjzFOf y.wf;vFefvdefwB;-xB;ao odkyfbylefUcOfj rldif;xB; 3 tqjOAif; rldif;Zmif arjnBm; csB@y'M@umef@ nefvBjuAyf;wFrfj oBmrBm vBm;qdOk jf OBU wif;rlw;f rD; 1b322 auMU? zwfU zAibf vde l v f gf 300 auMU/ ef;g ule;f [Aiyf mB eefU emif;,dif; 686 auMU (52%) vkufjn.efb vAuUf awMbxkid o f e F ;f [kejf nMb,k 14 yD 346 auMU (26%)? urfjerfyAefulef;rldif;wB;y.wf; qmef;_y.wf;n.ufb rldif;wlef rldif;yAif;/ ZBmbqBj. xFr_f yuf;wMule;f yBmjaz; vmwfj OMj- ]wifjtwbyDrbgf rM;eBU ZBmbxB;[mrfjule;f cOfjrlid ;f [mOfj[Fi;f auMj ule;f rlid ;f wB;wduk Uf yBmjcOfj rldif;xB;,lbwduf;wduf;? uljyDylefUrM; cOfjrldif; xB; zwfUzAifbvdlefvfg 200 yBmulpf;? nrfb 14 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

w.efUcOfjrM;erfrdlefeBaoy.ufj/ ayM;eyfU o.efbyM; ulef;rldif;wB;cOfjrldif;xB;wmifbwDj vBm=;vBmwmif; nef[Of;cMjnrfbvBj=Uq.rf; ao nrfbvBjwFrfjrBmqdkOfjoAifOBUeefU =rfj

uefekdifjvldef awnrfb,.rf;=Of[AifauMU}OMjeB/ v.ijf wmif;nrfb,lbvBj ef;g qdik jf wB;ao xdkifwDjvBjyBmjaz;cOfjrldif;xB;eefU ulef;


INDEPENDENCE rlid ;f wB;+wfjvFev f e d af uMUedik jf vmwfjOMjtwbvldefusFef@edOf@'D@ 2010 rM; odkuf; rmefjwyfUr 55 (uavM;) vkufUuavM;rM; wlifUedkif+efjxOfb o.ufjwOfwmif;rldif;udkif au;oD;? rM;wAuf;,.ef;udefvBmrlyAwf;uBbvOfj cOfjedOl Uf wDjule;f rlid ;f ? uAy;f c.ebf uljv.ijf v.ijf qArcf e . bf eM; c.ebf =de;f ? c.ebf ole, f Mj? c.ebf xlOfbvdef? wAuf;uAyf;okdOfUcOfjyldufbuMjxkufb? d Uf / wAu;f uAy;f yDbwkqw e.ujf aoeefU oduk ;f rmefjwyfui. f 112b 113 wdpy. ;f acsM;vlwUf uM;_xlOjf / ule;f Omefj vBjyefbykwfjuef nOfvlwfUuM;ugMbyefedkifj Oef; 1 Omefjvfg 5 vrf;? xlOfj 6 vrf;/

ule;f qdOl ;f nrfbrD;vlwUf uM; nrfbrD;xlOjf orfU wAuf;qfgUuAyf;idkef;uef ofgbuMjerfUref;yef/ ulef;Omefjefg;vBmtqjOAif; rdlefeifbukef[dif;? erfUqmif rldif;eBm; vmif;cldOf; rdlif;yefb qldOf;eBU vBjxkufbodkuf;rmefj [kyfj,dkwf;wDj vdefao nOfcBmyefulef;rM;,lbrgfb-OMjeB/ ZBmbyuf;wMulef;yBmjaz; vmwfjte xFifjOMj- ulef;rldif;ZBmbwluf;clif; efg;vBmvBm tqjOAif;yBmjaz;rM; zFOfvFefvdefxB;eBU vBjoAijf ike d ;f uMjvlwUf uM;edik jf auMUnrfb,.r;f 150b000 ysM;? (wlu;f ide k ;f xB;r.ujf 5b2005b300 Omwfb) ayM;vkuUf wDjuBwmifbtqjOAi;f rM; vBjoAifjidkef;r.ufj 200b000 ysM; (wluf;

ide k ;f xB;r.ujf 7b000 Omwfb)? vkuUf vFev f e d f cOfjrlid ;f xB; xdik yf w . ;f rlid ;f Zmif oAijf ide k ;f xB; xFijf r.ujf auMUvfg 4b000-5b000 ? rmifqOld ;f auMj pM;ulef;olifbwmif; uOf;udefao oAifj ide k ;f 9b000 OmwfbauMjrD;/ zdOl bf rM;[Aw;f udef umef y.w;f rdil ;f ZmiforfU ule;f qBm;vBjuMj[Fi;f edkifjOef; 100 Omwfb? emif;,dif;vBj 80 Omwfbulpf;/ u.yfjvBjuMj[Fif;anbtvj urfj z.ifjqdlOf;ulj,dkrfidkef;yDje.ifUao yAefeDj yAefc.wfbOBUeefU wMbwFef;cdkef;auMj,myfb? awMjwMbude, f if;nrfbcfjg ukrbf - eB,OfU/ 他

odifbOFwfhv.rfh

omefcwf;oAejf wmif; awMUxmefb[derf idl ;f ulu;f cmrfjvFev f e d x f ;B Oef;xd 17_07_10 qkr;f y.iuf mefnidl bf 4 ndil bf tqjw.ejf uAi;f [Bm; qdik jf xB;y.w;f +ifb 1U nldifbtrjov.if;efg; 2U ndlifbtrjov.if; e.ufj 3U nldifbxldwfUxB; 4U ndlifbyMbomif; qdOl ;f eBU [Aw;f ymifurk w f jD uAi;f [Bm;/ W.u@f wlOd @f Oef@cs@B oD'cd se zljauMbwifjtvj=OfyOfj ef;g qefUq.rf trjZMUvlif nefye A yf M;uFr=f Of yOfj tqjw.efj yAefzljn.ef=Of+ifUymifukrf? ulef;cOfj=rfj 50 yBm/ vBjqfguefomefcwf; umefauMbomifj oAefjwmif;awMUwmifbt[jxmefb[def nef c.r@f yeD@o'M@yk\@D awawMUwmifbnOfwjD rldif;uluf; nefqkrf;odkuf;rmefjyefaqMUckwf; wMbcmOf;wmif; 30 yD? (,dil ;f nmef;awawMU ekid jf Oef; uM; 10 avMU 270 vrf;? 2b0005b000 wef@) vwf;zmefbvFefvdefy.wf; trjusLufU- OmefjrlifUuOfjvif cOfjrldif;xB; wmif;Omefj[defwFufb (xdlwfUxB@) ugMby.ifb oAefjwmif;vlifwDjndlifbyMbomif; tqjOAif; trjqef; tqjw.ejf uAi;f [Bm;/

olrz f il @f acrOli@f

olrfzlif@ acrOlif@ uFrf=OfyOfj qkrf; y.iuf mefnidl bf xlw d x hf ;B vmwfjOMj-]ayM;awMU wmifbxmefb[derf M;wmif;oAejf eBah wvBjvwf;

zmefbOmefjulef;erf awwkrfUwdlOfUvBmvBm v.ifj rdlefeifbwmif;u.B? ZkefbawzlifUzmif; uljwDjuljwmif; odibf OFwUf v.rUf vkvOF ?f wkrUf wdlOfUyBm;,lbvD_v.ifj,lbudefulef;rldif;? wkrfU wdOl Uf v.ijf =rfbvlrjf ef;g yke d Uf wDj tvjumefwi. jf wAO;f nFObf rlid ;f ? v.ijf awMUolibf uMUcBm,MjrOf; urfqr. ;f awerfrM;? u.yjf eBcil ;f umefauMbomifj oAejf wmif;eBUnrfbxkubf vBjrD;}- OMjeB/ nefvaD wMUwmifbcOfj yAew f mif;wMjcDj vAuf;? u.yfjwmif;odkOjf ? cOforfUcfgjwAuf;wkdOf awMUwmifbwmif;trjusLufU zljvAyjf [Ae;f qOfj ekdifjvmwfjOMj- ]qkrf;okduf;rmefjcfgj[Awf; wmif;oAejf eBU ,.eUf wMbnD;n.ubf wyfUokud ;f qkid jf wB; SSA (vBa. uMbOef;) wif;qkr;f oduk ;f OMU UWSA nefyuf;,lbeM;,mOf; rdil ;f umef;? cli;f umefawMUwmifbxmefb[dee f UB okud ;f rmefj rmifbudlOf;,dkrfrdkOf;xB; nD;n.ufbodkuf;wB;tvj oduk ;f OMU/ v.ijf eBU qOfjeMjwDjZBmb=rfbvlrjf vFefvdefxB;auMj nrfb[efvD? cfgj{jawMU wmifbcOfjwmif;wMjcDjvAu;f }-OMjeB/ 他

Shan Herald Agency for News

15


L

c.yjf clybf 1 yD okud ;f rmefjzOf=e d ;f ule;f Omefj eg;f rlid ;f wB;y.w;f umif

Oef;xd 13_08_2009 qlOd ;f wliUf edik f ydlOfjwMbokefbvBjulef; vBmqkrf; SHRF, SWAN, SSEO, SYP =rfjuef n.ufbacMj yde k z f mOfb v.ijf okud ;f rmefj [Aw;f [BmUrlud jf rgjf yleUf

yFeo f e k bf vBjule;f OMj-twbOef;xd 27 vle d f usL@vBm@ 2009 odkuf;rmefjzOf=def;ulef; Omefj efg; 3 tqjOAif; 500 vifyBm? a[Mj vdkyfjulef;Omefj 39 Omefj? urfjerfyAefefg;

tqjOAi;f vBm;cMj/ ydkwfbte zAif;ugmrf;qBm;oBmvmOf+ifUOBU ]OmefjuOfbvOfb[mrf;} ndufbwif; [mifjxBmb OD@WD@nlO@f nefvufUxBmbvuf;xmefOUB z.i;f okduf;rmefjwkdufUzOf=def;ulef;Omefj tvj vkdyfja[MjwAuf;qgfUcBmUyBmj nrfb,OfUnrfbOBm; eefU =rfjuef clefUcBjykdwfbn.ufbr.ufbte qmOf;vkrfjZMU egf;wkdOfUwmif;Oef;c.yfj 1 yD rlOd jf eBU auMurfumefqjB. vlOd tf vjylu;f y.iq f idk jf wB; (SRDC) cyf;ckdif[Awf;n.ufb/ 27 vldefusL@vBm@ 2010 yAefOef; ckuf;xlyf; v.ifjulef;rldif;wB;xkufbokduf;rmefj ylefUyFef[Awf;[BmUrldufjrfgj[mOfj[Fif;y.ufjurf;,gfb vlif OBm;aovBjxkufbvkdyfja[MjcBmUOmefj zOf OmefjzOf=def;/ z.if; 1996 - 1999 =Of ulef; 3 oFefyBm vBjyBmj[mrf;wDj,lbwDjudef nrfbrD;[BjolefeM;[Awf;[Mudef? urfjz.ifjyBmj cOfjrldif;xB; eyfU=Ofrkdefb=OfoFef/ 他

l6bxyj,krokhS19 nOfuw kd ;f ,ifUugMb qifbcde k ;f rM;qfUg xlpjf urf; eBU-OMjeB/ ZBmbedik jf wmif;edik jf z.i;f =Ofve ld uf sL@ vBm@ (2010) eBU qOfjeMjwDjqkrf;okduf; rmefjymifvlif wAuf;qfgUcMj[myfbumefckefvBm +ifjumef rdlefeifbZBmbz.if;irf;? ZBmb[Awf;Ofg uyf;wlOfulef;rldif;? ZBmbuAyf;c.efb? ZBmbxldefb yMbrBU? ZBmbtcZB;? ZBmbyBm;ypMb? ZBmb,lbvD qldOf;eBUugMbx.ef/ ugMbq.efUyFwfjwlefjrmufb ref;,fg;ao zkufbwlefjeAifjwFef;/ ulef; Omefjule;f rlid ;f twUnrfbwAu;f cmef;/ ulp;f uMj n.efuefrBjqfg ulOfrdlefrdlOfjzkufbwlefjrmufb ref;,fg;? u.yfjOMjayM;nrfbugMb vBjofgbidkef; edkifjOef; 5b000 ysM;-eB,Ofh/ 他

16 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

0

kj,K y.Tvkjo

d yjd:'yh

K'hy 'jy s K hw m jy ] 6 o l : ry o yd6 p r 9

] l6oyj

whd5oyr


INDEPENDENCE

Photo : SHAN

nlp;f auMU-vkujf e.iq hf rfqfg =rfjqwf;ymifwmef;cku;f xly;f qBm;rl; tvj oefvB.

[lOfeMjOmefjyBmjaz;ukif;ausMb yDjqBm;vFif; Oef;xd 12_07_10 ,mrf; 09;00 rli;f ulef;ekrfbOmefjyAif;vlif_vuf;wFifb tvj OmefjyBmjaz;uki;f ausMb nlid bf yAi;f vlif wlibf OAi;f OAi;f [Fif [lOe f MjOmefjyBmjaz;uki;f ausMb yDjqBm; vFi;f n.e[f Ol cf yf;ckid f [lrjf qwf;[Aw;f ymifcuk ;f xlyf; qBm;rl;-qBm;oefv.B/ ymif+rf;wmef;cku;f xly;f [Aw;f wDjckryf Mb [AOfj qBm;rl;-qBm;oefv.B eldOfu.if;v.B ZBmb qmef;Omefjvuf;wFifb? zljcOfj[lrfjurfjerf yAen f p l ;f auMU ndubf vkujf e.ichf ;l qBm;rl; tvj vkufj[Aef;urfjz.ifj? wmef;xkdifoifcqOfj 5 wle?f [lrjf uef,mwfb erfth zukoOl bf ,lid ;f ql; qBm;rl; - qBm;oefv/B. OBm;clechf jB teyke d ;f y.w;f zlj[.iuhf mg rf;qkOd jf vkOd ;f wif;o.i/f yDjqBm;vFi;f vmwfjOMj qBm;rl;-qBm;oef v.B yAez f jl rD;qg[f ufq h mwfjtwhauMj nrfbayM; rD;zgo f bfg qgcf uk ;f OleOhf e hB uf;elOd cf OfehB vDaovBm vlifvmif? rdlefwif;qkrf;okduf;rmefj cwf;qgf ,MUr.wbf yde k ;f q.ro f udk ;f n.ibf omef; |zljvli;f vBm;rkOd ;f vdujf [lrjf rBmymifvil f xkubf ,kOd ;f wBmrlOd jf 1947 nefulef;rldif;rmefjurfjz.ifj [Mv.uf;

vBm;,kuUf ,.ijf ref;qOfj? [Of;,lbwDjxmifb[mifj v.wfjvFOf; orfhnrfbn.efuef,kufh,.ifjzlj uwfhcFefb[Of;eBU nrfbvDyAef/ okyd bf vmwfjxFijf OMj- zljerf;uwfch e F bf rlid ;f yle d jf vk[mB wBmugMbeyf[h Ol yf mufbyD? yle d jf ,if;

,ku, hf i. jf cku;f xly;f uljyD? zljuwfch e F bf [Of;wBmugMb nrfbxkid f 20 yD [Of;ayM;cgjf vkrd ;f uefO;B. O.;B ,Ofh -OMjeB/ qBm;rl; uldwfbrldif;yefb rldOfjyD 1960 ? twb[Awf;umefu.yfbuljqmwfj 1984 ,mrfj [Aw;f cl;u.e;f =if;[Ae;f tvjyAez f jl wFrjf _+ifh zAif; olef;wkrfyluf;wkdefbv.ifj[ufhqmwfj? wFrjf [.iuhf mg rf;wB;_rmefj-nrfb,.r;f 500 ykujf ? ref;qBm;oAifjurf@vkc.BjrldOfj 26_12_1994 wDjOmefjvuf;wFibf / qBm;oefvB. yAeuf e l ;f rlid ;f yAi;f [myfbukw d hf umefvkufUzdkefU 1985/ ,lbZBmbolef;wkrf? wFrfj_+ifUzAif;ugmrf;/ zAif;qBm;oefv.B nef qyf;[lwdwf;qgfzljx.rfb oAif,gfb yAefugmrf; ]aebOde;f qlecf yF ;f q.UB } ]oefvq B. w A ;f ar;} tvj ]a[Mvliuf iA ;f wki}f qlOd ;f eB/h qBm;oefvB. oAifjurf@rldOfj 1999 wDjOmefj[lpfjO.ef tqjOAi;f rlid ;f Zmif/ qBm;rl; - qBm;oefvB. yAef zlj[lrjf auMbwifj Oli;f qlid ;f vFO;f (Freedom’s Way) rldOfjyD 1984 / ¾

Shan Herald Agency for News

17


L

tcbuMU,Mjy.w;f erhcf rf;rD;ide k ;f [Aw;f Ofug yf;wlOw f e dk ;f iBmj ,.eUf ,Awjf r.ev f jB efg;yD 2010 =OfyOfjrfgb ZBmbulwfbulef; cOfjrldif;tvj Ofguyf;wlOfulef;rldif; (vOu nkufUux) OAif;erfUcrf; nl;nmefb,def; (qmOf;,mif;) nMb,k 59 ? (nefcBmhrM;ykwfj wFe;f nl;rde;f r.ibf vBj 2 yD) wif;nl;vMUOde;f nMb,k 36 =OfyOfjndil bf vdaoM; clOv f il f (rdil ;f Okpf;) =rfjuef[Awf;Ofguyf;wlOf (rmwfjylifb wdefb) yefqmOf;tcb y.wf;ndlifbrdlif;Okpf; cmOf;wmif;yDyBmrM; [Awf;yefOfgtcb,OfUr.ufj 300 auMU? urf j z. i f j yA e f u l e f ; uMU,Mj? edkifjauMUnOfidkef; 3 oFefcdkefjedlOfxdkif 10 oFef? yDuBmyDn.efoAifjedkifjauMU 2-3 oFef ulpf;? efg;yD 2010 rM;eBU cdkefjrM;vdlOf[Fif;

0MU - wMUw;B rle d Z f ;B ylid ;f tewmif; d5hx:dhy dkhx5o,ty kr l6db ry 9wrpK,yh;kh9uh l6bdyr;kTSJpkjxoy,KoyhS,yd5oyhl5okh"ow p5j? l6db ry ;kT-6o b ry ;kh Jl5v,yj9Kxyh,wh0y0 . ,: ry s;yr/ l5d9 C jy c-95;l y 5 v;y9;5 l y ] 5 9 : hy d:ojy ]kh? gxkrv;yxo b6 ry x5'b xy o G y c]h 95;m y x5 ry s;yr ;khc9t 9wrowt v,yjl5h]wh]:'hy / xbohy xbohy 'wK'wK? v,yjl5h,urd9bdK. ,yr,oyh? v,yjg,kz:,ty doy/ d,yrd,yrdwT9Cdjy pwKhdoy? soylo 6 jy 95;y xGop y j.y ? d:xhy owct ]h 9wr0'yjl5ory 96,0 y K;yr -5;b ry pKxyj? gxkr;kTs;yr ,urs^;dy o 5 ry o,y,o b5 9 y rw c9t s;yr96db ry ]wh,5'b ry 0G,] y p .y ;y?t " 9kTx5b'yr Z0K;ytvwKTx5b'yrX (2%2#Q@Q l;yzk ZxK'y;wKX okh]boy;kT9xyt06,yr $@_ Zz5hd:oyrl6bdyr;kT ;khooy-6boyr/ 96boyrv,yj 0K'yh9dyrlG'y9:xyjmG'yX 18 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

-eB,OfU/ vFifbcmOfbvmwfjOMj- ]ayM;cMo.ifauMU nOf oBmrBmqmOf;tcb,OfU? nOfOugf e l ;f =Of=e d ;f vli;f ugMbvMjoAOjf wDjvkr;f ZBmb[Aw;f Ofug yf;wlOf tqj rdil ;f (ysbD tebvOu,li;f ) ? ql;nl;t,;rdeUf ulObf ulObf ? vli;f vBm;rkOd ;f aoy.ujf rM;qFubf rFibf Of/g ulef;OmefjugMb[Awf;Ofg uyf;wlOfwDjvkrf;tqj OAi;f erfUcrf; wDjanbokw;f wde k ;f vBjoAijf edkifjauMU 1-2 rdkefb? wMbawvBjauMj,myfb eFefb? rmifqOdl f;nrfbrD;idkef;yef/ urfjz.ifj rD;vkujf vmif;nMb,k 10 yDce kd jf edOl f 3-4 auMU yBbvBjaoauMUauMjrD;}-OMjeB/ efg;yD 2007 qOfjeMjwDjrmefj ZBmb

[Aw;f Ofug yf;wlOf vli;f ugMbxwf;oBmrBm=Of=e d ;f _ =Ofue l ;f y.w;f Omefj[mwfb[def uke[f ;B ac;ckebf rmefj+if; e.icf rf;-qdOl ;f eBU/ ule;f nMb,M 10 cdkefjedlOfqdlOf;yBbvBj[Awf;Ofg tvj nMb,k 18 cde k jf edOl q f Old ;f yBbvBjykwjf vBmjOfrg bgf edik jf Omefj rD;wDjanbokwf;nrfb,.rf; 100 yBm? cOf vmwfjOBUOMj- uMjxBmb[mifjedkifjauMU 1 [Aif? uMjaqjwif;uMjzdkefrdlef 2 [Aif wif;rlwf; 3b000 yBm/ ulef;OmefjyfgUrkifjr.if;,lbauMj nOfrluf;tqj,AefoFyf; [mefUawMbrdlOfjvAOf? ulef;ekrfbqdlOf;yBbrD;OfgugMbvfgyBvfgauMj,myfbeB,OfU/ ¾

-K;yS],y/ 95;0 y ,y0d.y w ❁ gdkTv5bPyH l:'sy 'G l y xb ry -6'b hy 9G'hy p'yrxwjlG'hy l69ry g-khd.K,yrx69ry -K9yj v,yj-y.hsK9yjgdkh g9]whdK9yj9Koyh-K'yrcodoy

❁ gdkTv5bPyH s<,yrd6bdyrdoy ,5b;yh;oyrl6boyr;kr d:9yjg-kr,krs^,yhlKoy,6b;yrdoy z:,dty ,yp t oys'b6 p y K;yrgl9kT okhakT';yr]wKr,5b;yhowt zy.d:'y]'y d6'b dty K'ydt '. cy z9K'yrpKoypK9yj zK9yjd.kjxGody jw o6'b hy 95;-y oyo'b6 hy ':ohy 95b;ytp:oyh0y.;5oyt9oy ,6'yhsoydoyp5jgdkh d.K,yr]K9yhg9khs6b;yv:dyjlG'y]wh -5oyt-wh,5b;yhooyt 95;ydwgdkh0y.0,y pK,yr]G;y 95;y0,ygdkh0y.dw 05b'ytowxGoyzy.mCdyj-Coyh99yr v;y,wTm9yr],y -.K'ycsTcdhl5s;yr 0wKrlwK]K;y-5b;yr Z;G'ry 969 b v ty ,yj-G'hy X @+T(T#Q@Q


INDEPENDENCE

d.K,yr9C9hy ]K9yh,5o b Sy 9C,hy zy,. oyr/ 9K'yrp5j]:9hy 9wr Speak universally, Write locally: The Shan path to survival dKoydh5 ]:'hy ]:'hy g9v:'jy ooyt g9]wh'5'b cyt ;h ]wKr-kh95;-y kh0yc. ]h ]wKr0:,ry 95;0 y ,: ry 0yg. l 0:,ry lGohy 9K'yrxKoydK'ySx69ry m0;yh l:oyx:oyho'yjow? dG;yj]5PyhdKoy]bdyh]wKr dKoyzklkd.K,yr]K9yhs;yr-6b'yp5jowtgdkh ,oyr,5boyooy? v,yj95Pyrs<xyhs<xyhgl96b;ysG9yrp5js'yrd5Pyrgdkh v,yjm6djy ? 0:,ry -:'xy o b5 hy 9'yrx6db ry 9bdry 9bdry gdkhv,yj,Cohy ? 9dyr]wh9,yr;K'yrxdyrx5'b y voy-x5 ry 'K,yj0:,ry ';yr]wKrgl s^,hy doys9 G ry d.kj0'yj0K'yh x5oyt]wh? gxkrs;yrg9p5'b hy 0:,ry -:'xy hu -:'o y ': 9 ty 'yrx6db ry gdkh -5;b ry 9wrs;yr 0K'yhp6o b ry pK;yr d.kjowgl9kT ]dyh-okj-5'b hy x5'b y (identity) 9wr]5'y s;yr 0K'yhswK? gxkrg996;b sy 9 G ry s'yrd5Pry gdkh sC'ry vkjokj sC'ry dKoy,'b5 ry s;yrxwj,urc]h g9,5o b dy o 5 ry ]6Pry -K,yho,y0 t ;C hy ]9yrl6;b hy gl 0K'yh05,sy Kw d5Pyro'yjd;yj? d5Pyrdkh 9wr]5'yowt v,yj,5boy9K'yj05b;yt-5b;yr oy.r,5b'yrs^,yh96,y? ]K;yr 9'yr mwr voyxGoyxuho:'yts;yrowt ,urvkjokj0bdyr0:,y (sovereignty) gl 9'yhxGoy;KoyhxGoy,5b'yr;wTd5Pyrv,yjdkr x5dyrx:'y]bdyh]wKrd.K,yr]K9yh-;yp5j? sC'yr-;ygdkh xG'yrgxkrx5b;yh9kjd,ytpoy]wh]bdyh]wKr d.K,yr]K9yhs;yr x5oyt-K,yh]who,yt0C;yhowtp5j? d:xyhooy gdk]bdyh]wKrab'yhc'hs;ygdkh 9'yh,kr]wKlbxyr,5b'yrp;yt? m6b'y-K;yrpK,yrs;yrm6dyj]wh-;yhsk ,6dyT06,yrxuho:'ytmwr ]K;yr 05;b ry sG9ry dKoyaKw j]bdhy ]wKrd.K,yr]K9yhgl sk]wKrx5;b hy 9kj Jd5Phy x6'b hy 'K,yh 'K,yhx6'b hy d5Phy " Jxuhs^Tl:'y o:'sty T^ o6'b hy " gl d,y0 t h:w doydk. j xkrdoy -6boyhpy.jp;ytS-y.h96bdyrl5oyro'yjow? vb'yrd]G9yh Contempt Content Contented Contest Contraband Contraption Control Cooperate Coordinate Cope

mwr  

      

 

   

lG'yv:dyj f5Hm6dyj o5;b rty FvkTsk gzkHd\wH -C'yj-oy -:'m y ;b5 jy Fvoyj -¤5;b Fty v'y,t ;b6 Hy -.3xyt-6,yH ¤.3,yt,6b;yH xilKoydoyH ixyr,6;b Hy fwT

9wr;kh]wh ]5m6dyj o5b;tysk gxkr0y. -C'yj-oy -:'ym5boyj -5'b hy ,6;b ry d5xytd6,yr s^,yh,6b;yr dxyrlKoydoy sxty,6b;yr]wh

mw:h9wr2,Koyhvoy0y.Tp5j ]5,;y2mK'yj]GdyT ]:oty,:oyr xG'ry gxkr0y2. sKoy0 t .y c-T-C'yj ,:'yj-5;yj -5b'yh0y.T2-5b'yh96b;yr2dibpkj pbxyrmb'yr2d,yd6,yr x5rx:'ry 2s<,ry ,6;b ry

oduk ;f rmefj qfUg xlpjf rmufbref;,f;g ,Ofz h uk bf rmufbrlijf oduk ;f rmefjrdil ;f wlef qdoifbx.ex f p l jf yFwfjwlefjrmufbref;,fg;c.ifwyfUrmefj wmif; ugmifjeyfU=Ofymufban@cdOl @f ao wAu;f qfUg zkubf wlefjrmufbrlifjtvjwmifbydlif/ z.if;=Ofvdlef usKef@ylefhrM; wDjymifvlifauMj wAuf;qfgUcMj [myfbumefckefrmefjvBm+ifjumef xlpfjyFwfj wlefjrmufbref;,fg;aozkufbwlefjeAifj/

yleUf rM;nrfb[dik e f UB oduk ;f rmefjrdil ;f wlef wyfU u.iv f w l Uf wFiUf 6003 qdoifbx.ex f p l jf yFwjf wlejf rmufbref;,f;g c.iw f yfUoduk ;f rmefj ef;g tqj OAif;rldif;wlef wmif;ugmifj 246 an@cdlOf@ nefwAuf;cmef;ulef;rldif;zkufbyefwifjtwb 2006 rM;ao wAuf;cmef;qfgUzkufbrmufbrlifj 600 wlefj? rBUqvmef; 500 wlefj?

,l;cvdyfU 200 wlefj/ olefrmufbref;,fg; qdOl ;f eBU nefye A uf mefr;D 30 an@cdOl @f ? ulj y.ufjayM;wAuf;cmef;qfgUzkufbauMj wlefjrmufb ref;,f;g nrfbqyf; qOfjeMjwDjrmefjwAu;f qfUg zkufbcdkef;? ulpf;uMj OBm;rM;nrfbyAefumefao l6bxyjokhS16

Shan Herald Agency for News

19


L =dOf;wFufb nOfcDjrkufj,MnrfbvBj When a ship cracks How can one caulks it with snot.

  

avS0rf;ayguf/ ESycf sD ;avmufeâ&#x20AC;šJ ydwrf &

d.K,yrl:oy,5b'yrx5boyh From birth to death Three in ten have long life Three in ten have short life Others shorten their life by their own action Because they love their life too much. Tao Te Ching, Chapter 50, Lao Tzu, 6 th century BC philosopher

9'yhc9jd59 b jy m6'b 9 y Kw lK,yor.y lbxry ,urvkp6pK;yr lK,yor.y lbxry ,urvkp6x9 : ry ]5;b o y oyt ,urvkp6x9 : ry 0:,ry 9K'yrsG9ry -;y p:o;ty kh-;ysdyT95;0 y -.y ;yxo 5 9 ty hu ? ];yj06;b jy 0;yhxwKr;5oty d:ojy -ib9Ty s^;xy Kdyjxu ( ? xxty 9;t9 y ;b5 dy \b'ry doy *Q

20 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010


a7;vmwJhay;pm

i

INDEPENDENCE

o#r;f oHawmfqifh t,f'w D mcifAsm; e,fpyfuek o f , G af &;vkyif ef;tm; e,fpyfuek o f , G af &;OD;pD;Xmezsuq f ;D onfu h pd w P ifjyygonf? e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;vkyfief; rlp,f 105 rdkifwGif ,cifu vkyfief;rsm; wdk;wufatmifjrifoavmuf ,cktcgvkyfief;rsm; aESmifhaES;=uef@=umaeayonf? ukefonfvkyfief;±Sifrsm;oGif;ukefvdkifpif tjref&±SdrSom aps;uGut f wGi;f ukeyf pPn;f rsm;wifoiG ;f +yD; vkyif ef;vnfywfEikd =f u onf? OSS ( One Stop Service) ( wae&mwnf;tvkyf+yD;apEdkif aompepf)[ktrnfay;xm;aomfvnf;ukeo f nfrsm;. ypPn;f rsm; rw&m;odr;f ,l&mYwae&mwnf;+yD;ap.? !¸e=f um;a&;r–;±H;k xdik af e aomfvnf; bmrSvkyfydkifcGifhr±Sd? e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;tm; Border pepfrS Normal pepfodk@ ajymif;&rnf[k owfrSwfvdkufaom tm%mydkifrsm; OD;aESmufr±Sd/ ‚if;wd@k ydik q f ikd o f nfah ':vmaiG (Earning Money) rsm;tjrwftpGe;f &±Sda&;twGuf vkyfaqmifvdkufjcif;omjzpfonf? e,fpyfuek o f , G af &;qdo k nfrmS e,ferd w d jf cif;xdpyfaeaom EdkifiHrsm;. ukefoG,fa&;jyifjzpf./ wEdkifwpfykdifvkyfief;twGuf jyXmef;jcif;jzpf./ xd[ k mtm; +cHpnf;±d;k udk acgiw f ikd v f yk cf ikd ;f v#ijf zpf rnfavm/ vuf±Sdtaetxm;rSm oGif;ukefvdkifpifav#mufvnf; aejynfawmf/ bmvkyfvkyfaejynfawmfjzpfaeonf? aemufqdk taygt h av;oGm;v#iyf if aejynfawmfomG ;&rnfxif.? usaemfw@kd tzd@k w&m;0ifoiG ;f ukev f rf;a=umif;twdik ;f oGm;csio f nf? od@k aomf vdkifpifu tenf;qHk;oHk;ywf 21 &ufcef@apmifh&ojzifh rapmifhEdkif/ taumufcGefrJhvrf;a=umif;oGm;v#if ESpf&ufqdkv#if aps;uGufxJ a&mufa=umif; t0wftxnfukefonfwpfa,mufuvnf; olr. cHpm;csufudk ajymjyygonf? *sLwDtusKd;aqmifrsm;vnf; ukefonfrsm;tm;aocsm onfah ps;E_e;f wGucf surf ay;Edik /f oGi;f ukev f ikd pf ifav#mufxm;&mwGif vnf;aejynfawmfa&mufawmh aps;E_ef;tajymif;tvJjzpfwwf onf? !¸ef=um;a&;r–;wpfa,mufajymif;v#if Oya'wpfrsKd;xyf vkyaf wmhtvkyv f yk o f rl sm;twGuf tcuftcJjzpf=u&onf? Oya'/ pnf;urf;owfrw S cf surf ±So d nfXh mejzpfao;a=umif; tajymif;tvJ jzpfwmrqef;ay? ,cktcg e,fpyfuek o f , G af &;vkyif ef;Y tcGeaf iGrsm;usqif; vmaomfvnf; tcGeaf iGrsm;rsm;&±Sad &; twGuo f iG ;f ukeaf ps;E_e;f rsm; wd;k jr‡io hf wfrw S o f jzifh ukeo f nfrsm; *sLwDraqmifEikd b f J taumuf

cGef rxGufae=u&onf? ukefoG,fr_wdk;wuf/rwdk;wufqdkonfudk &±Sdaom tcGefaiG=unfh&Hkjzifh odEdkifrnfr[kwfyg? ukefoG,fr_ypPnf; ta&twGufudk=unfh&rnfjzpfonf? ukefo,f,mOfrsm;ESifhywfoufI ,cifuref@0def;ukefcs uGif;twGif; wpfzufEdkifiHodk@wifydk@rnfhukefrsm;csxm;+yD; wpfzuf EdkifiHrS,mOfrsm;vma&mufo,faqmif&onf? xdkacwftcgue,fpyf ukefoG,fa&;wGif OD;aqmifcJhol epzwyfcJG (1) wm0efcw H yfrawmfaxmufvrS ;f a&; Adv k rf ;– =unfZif (,ck ylwmtdak xmifY tusO;f us aeol ) olu ‚if;.taygi;f tyg rsm; Edik if aH wmfyikd u f |e;f opfrsm;cd;k ,lo,faqmifvmonft h cg jrefrm jynfbufjcrf;ukefrsm;cs+yD; ppfaq; jcif;rcH&atmif 2001 *sLvdkif 1 &ufae@u wpfzufEdkifiH us,fa*g0fodk@ o,f,lydk@aqmifa&;*dwf rsm; a±$@ajymif;zGifhvSpf&efESifh armfawmf,mOfrsm; wpfzufEdkifiH t a&mufydk@aqmif&ef trdef@xkwfjyefcJhonf? xdkodk@trdef@xkwfcJhjcif;a=umifh rdrdEdkifiHrSw&m;r0ifo,f aqmif aomukefpnfrsm;tzdk@ ukefppfaq;a&;0efxrf;rsm;tm; vmbfaiGay;jzwfoef;I wpfzufEikd if o H @kd tvG,w f uly@kd aqmifvm Edkifonf? oGif;ukefarmfawmf,mOf*dwfrsm;taejzifhvnf; wpfzuf Edik if u H kd tcGeaf iGay;aqmifI vkyif ef;aqmif ±Guaf e=u&jcif;a=umifh rdrdEdkifiHtwGuf&±Sdrnfh tcGefaiGepfemqHk;±_H;&ayonf? w&m;0if oGif;ukefvdkifpifjzifh aqmif±Gufae=uonfh *dwfvkyfief;±Sifrsm;xH hJ ek pf nfrsm; o,f wpfzufEikd if o H @kd ESicf saomfvnf; taumufceG rf u aqmifonfh armfawmf,mOf*w d rf sm;tm; vpOfa=u;,l+yD; rlp,f®r@ ay: vkyfaqmifcGifhay;jyefonf? rdrdEdkifiHawmftwGuf tcGefaiGrsm;rsm;&±Sda&;/ ukefoG,fr_ vkyif ef;wd;k wufa&;twGuf e,fpyfuek o f , G af &;OD;pD;XmerS oGi;f ukef vdik pf ifrsm;jrefjrefqefqefcsay;Edik af &; / oGi;f ukeaf ps;E_e;f wnf+ird af &; wd@k udk vkyaf qmifoifyh gonf? e,fpyfuek o f , G af &;OD;pD;Xme. ,ck aqmif±Gufaer_rsm;onf w&m;0ifvkyfief;±Sifrsm;tm; w&m;r0if vrf;a=umif;ay:od@k a&muf&adS p&efweG ;f yd@k aeovdk e,fpyfuek o f , G f a&;vkyfief; ysufpD;&mysufpD;a=umif; vkyfaqmifouJhodk@ jzpfae a=umif; rlq,f(105 rdik )f ukeo f , G af &;ZHk *sLwDtusKd ;aqmif tzG@J rS oH;k oyfwifjyvdu k yf gonf? ppfxufEdkif (cef@rSef;oHk;oyfol) Shan Herald Agency for News

21


L Ekid if aH &;

wdkif;&if;om;ygwDrsm; }uH@ cdkifa&;ygwDuJhodk@ v_yf±Sm;pnf;±kH;cGifhr±dS

22 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

yavmifjynfvGwfajrmufa&;wyfrawmfOuUXa[mif; rdkiftdkufrkef@ OD;aqmifonfh yavmiftrsKd;om;ygwD TNP /vm;±_d;®r@&yfuGuf 2 ae OD;ay:OD; (±k;H cGOJ uUX) wdik ;f &if;om;pnf;vH;k nD!w G af &;ygwD NUP/

Photo : SHAN

o#rf;jynftwGif; EdkifiHa&;ygwD 10 ausmf±Sdonfhteuf jynfaxmifp}k uHch ikd af &;ESizhf @HG ®z;a&;ygwD wygww D nf;om vGwv f yf pGmoGm;vmpnf;±kH;a[majymrJqG,fcGifh±Sda=umif; trnfraz:vdk onfh EdkifiaH &;ygwDtodkif;t0dkif;u ajymygonf? “usaemfwdk@o#rf;jynfrSm rSwfyHkwifrusao;wJhygwDawG vJ±Sdao;w,f/ =uH‹zGwfuvJGvdk@b,fygwDrSvGwfvGwfvyfvyf pnf;±kH;a&;qif;cGifhr&bl;”- [k wdkif;&if;om;EdkifiHa&;ygwD0if usKdif;wHkom;wOD;u ajymygonf? *|efvqef;ydkif;rSpI 2010 a±G;aumufyGJaumfr±SifrS EdkifiH a&;ygwrD sm;tm; ygwaD xmifciG rhf w S yf w kH ifciG ðhf ycsuq f ufwu kd cf say; cJhaomfvnf;wkdif;&if;om;ygwDrsm;rSm ygwD0ifOD;a&jynfhrSDa&; twGufom pnf;±kH;cGifh&a=umif;/ axmufcHrJ&a&;twGufrJqG,f pnf;±kH;cGifhr&ao;a=umif; - wdkif;&if;om;EdkifiHa&;ygwD todkif; t0dkif;u ajymygonf? “usaemfwdk@usKdif;wHkrSmaus;±Gmtkyfpkwkdif;oGm;pnf;±kH; w,f? aus;±Gmtkyfpkwcktiftm; 350 jynfh&r,f/ }uHhzGwfygwD r0ifrae&/ 0ifjyefawmhvJ ygwD0ifa=u;wa,muf 1000 usyfxyf aumufao;w,f/ ol@acwfqakd wmhvJ olvyk cf si&f mvkyaf ew,f” - [k }uHhzGH@ygwDxJt"rR0ifcdkif;cH&ol a'ocHwOD;uajymyg onf? SNDP onfygwDrSwfyHkwifuscsdefrSpI o#rf;jynf®r@}uD; tcsK@d wGif ®r@e,f±;Hk cGrJ sm; qufwu kd zf iG chf ahJ omfvnf; e,fbufpnf; ±kH; a&;rqif;ao;a=umif;/ oHvGifta±S@jcrf; rdkif;wHk/ rkdif;qwfbuf wGifvnf; }uHhzGH@ygwDom±Sda=umif; - rdkif;wHk ®r@cHwOD;u TuJhodk@ ajym yygonf? “}uH@zGwyf gwb D ±J rdS ,fq&kd ift'J aD 'o§®r@e,f a±G;aumuf yGv J yk pf &mrvkad wmhb;l wJ/h tvdv k akd e&if; olw@kd ygwDuvlbJ v$wf awmfu, kd pf m;vS,§f jynfe,fu, kd pf m;vS,w f ef;jzpfr,fw”hJ vm;±_d;®r@Y vuf±Sd±kH;zGifhonfhEdkifiHa&;ygwD 5 ckrSm SNDP usm;jzLygwD (®r@e,faumfrwD -OuUX pdkif;atmif}uD;)/ vm;[l trsKd;om;'Drdku&ufwpfygwD LNDP (±kH;csKyf - OuUX *s[m;±SJ 56 ESpf)/ 0 trsKd;om;pnf;vHk;nD!Gwfa&;ygwD WNUP (±kH;csKyf- OuUX wmhyvdwf)/ udk;uef@'Drdkua&pDESifh pnf;vHk;nD!Gwfa&;ygwD KDUP (±kH;csKyf - OuUX avmf±Sif;uGrf; 60 ESpf) ESifh }uHhzGH@ygwD (±kH;cGJ - OuUX ausmufrJom; OD;aemfcrf;OD;) wdk@jzpfonf? usefygwDrsm;rSm 1990 a±G;aumufyGJtEdkif& wdkif;&if;om; pnf;vH;k nD!w G af &;ygwD NUP rS[ykd ef®r@e,fjynfo@l ud, k pf m;vS,f cGefxGef;vlOD;aqmifonfh 0 'Drdkua&pDygwD WDP/ ,cif PSLA

rlp,f®r@ ZGrfaZmf&yf TNP ±kH;cGJzGifhyGJ tif;trsKd; om;zGH@®z;a&;ygwD INDP/ u,ef;trsKd;om;ygwD KNP ESihf ucsiyf gwjD zpfonfh o#r;f jynfajrmufyikd ;f wd;k wufa&;ygwD NSSPP wd@k jzpf=uonf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 07/07/2010

rsKd;cspfpdwfeJ@vkyfaewm o#rf;ygwDraxmifbl;qdkvdk@±Sd&if/ usaemfwdk@r0if&if o#rf; jynftwGuf b,folvkyfay;rvJ/ usaemfwdk@utckEdkifiHcspfpdwf/ wdkif;jynfcspfpdwf/ trsKd;cspfpdwfeJ@tvkyfvkyfaewm? usaemfwdk@ r0if&ifo#rf;jynftwGufb,folajymay;rvJ/ vufzuf&nfqdkif rSmvnf;ajymvd@k r&/ v$waf wmfrmS yJjiif;=ucH=k u ajym=uqd=k u r,f/ 'guudk,fhtwGuftcGifhta&;yJav? tcGifhta&;awG awmif; qdrk ,f? tajccHOya'rSmjyXmef;xm;wJt h wdik ;f ajymvd@k qdv k @kd &w,f av? o#rf;jynfaumif;usKd;twGuf wckwnf;r[kwfygbl;/ o#rf; jynfvnf;aumif;r,f/ usefwJhjynfe,feJ@wdkif;awGvnf;tm;vHk; aumif;r,f/ jynfaxmifpk}uD;vnf;aumif;atmifvkyfEdkifzdk@ usaemfwdk@ ar#mfvifhxm;ygw,f? SNDP OuUX pdkif;tdkufayg0f; Irrawaddy (24/07/2010)


INDEPENDENCE

ta&twGufxuf t&nftaoG;ydkta&;}uD;[k usm;jzLygwDajym

Photo : SHAN

*|ev f qef;ydik ;f rSpI o#r;f jynftES@H ®r@e,faumfrwD±;Hk cGJ rsm; quf w d k u f z G i f h v S p f c J h o nf h o #rf ; wd k i f ; &if ; om;rsm; 'D r d k & uf w pf ygw(D ac: ) usm;jzLygwt D aejzifh ta&twGux f uf t&nftaoG; &zd@k ydt k a&;}uD;a=umif; ygw0D iftodik ;f t0dik ;f xHrS =um;od&ygonf?

“ygwD0ifta&twGufjynfhzdk@uusaemfwdk@twGuf odyf pdwfryl&bl;/ vlxk&J@ ppfrSefwJhESvHk;om;&zdk@ta&;}uD;w,f/ ta& twGufxuf t&nftaoG;uydkta&;}uD;w,f”- [kusm;jzL ygwD0ifyifvHk®r@om;wOD;uajymygonf? ®r@e,faumfrwD0ifrsm;zGJ@pnf;&ef pnf;±kH;&mwGifvnf; aumfrwD&efyHkaiG&±Sda&;/ tem*wfvlxk§ wdkif;jynfacgif;aqmif rsm;jzpfrnfh vli,frsm;t&nftaoG;jr‡ifhwifa&;wdk@ukd t"du xm;ajym=um;onf[k qdyk gonf?

“e,fqif;zd@k A[ku d axmufychH w hJ ahJ iGa=u;vJ odyrf avmuf csib f ;l ? aiGa&;a=u;a&;tcuftcJ±w dS ,fv@kd ajym&r,f/ ygw0D ifupd P u tJavmufta&;r}uD;bl;/ ajrmufydkif;o#rf;jynfbJ ygwD0if tiftm;u 700-800avmuf±Sdae+yD/ yifvHkrSm 70-80 avmuf ±Srd ,f? wjynfv;kH twdik ;f twmeJ@qkd wjcm;®r@e,fawGu w®r@ e,f 20-30 avmuf&&if tkdau+yD”- [k qufajymonf? o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif;Y usm;jzLygwD®r@e,f±kH;cGJtrsm; tjym;qufwdkufzGifhvSpfEdkifcJhaomfvnf; o#rf;jynfawmifydkif;ESifh oHviG t f a±S@ydik ;f wk@d Yqufvufz@JG pnf;&OD;rnfjzpfa=umif;od&onf? ®r@e,faumfrwDzGJ@pnf;+yD;jzpfaom o#rf;jynfawmifydkif; aus;oD;/ rkid ;f aemif/ vJcsm;(vdik ;f c)/ rdik ;f udik w f @kd wGirf l ±k;H cef;rzGiv hf pS f &ao;a=umif;/ rkid ;f ±–;wGiv f nf;aumfrwD0ifrsm;yif rzG@J pnf;&ao; a=umif; tqdkygtodkif;t0dkif;u ajymjyygonf? “oHviG t f a±S@jcrf;qdk rdik ;f wHk rdik ;f qwf bufvo J mG ;&OD;r,f? vif;ac;/ rdik ;f yef/ armufr,f eJ@rd;k eJw@kd bufawmhvv l w $ +f yD;+yD/ tck avmavmq,fawmh yifavmif;rSm±kH;zGifhxm;w,f? u&ifeDjynf vG,af umf zg;aqmif;bufvo J mG ;aewke;f ” - [k o#r;f jynfawmif ydkif;a&muf usm;jzLygwD0ifwOD;uajymyg onf? usm;jzLygw0D ifteuf o#r;f jynfajrmufyikd ;f ESihf ucsijf ynf wd@k rSt&nftaoG;±So d nfyh *k Kd~ vfrsm; trsm;tjym;&±Sx d m;a=umif;/ o#rf;jynfawmifydkif;/ ta±S@ydkif;tjyif tjcm;jynfe,f§wdkif;wdk@rS yk*~dKvfrsm;vnf; trsm;tjym;qufwdkuf0ifa&mufvmrnf[k ,kH=unfa=umif; tqdkygyk*~dKvfu qufvufajymjyygonf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 08/07/2010

2010 a±G;aumufyGJoydwfarSmuf=u&ef a±$vDjrpf0Srf;a'oY v#Kd@0Sufpm jzef@a0 etz ppftkyfpk OD;pD;usif;yonfh 2010 a±G;aumufyGJwGif ryg0if=u&ef rlp,f/erfhcrf;®r@e,ftwGif;pmrsm; v#Kd@0Sufjzef@a0 a=umif; pHkprf;od±Sd&ygonf? “xke@f arm0f; tajcpdu k f SSA - S wyf&if; 701 o#r;f rsK;d cspf qdk+yD;awmh 'Dvqef;ydkif;rSmjzef@w,f? tJ'DpmxJrSm jynfoltae teJ@ etz a±G;aumufyGJrSmryg0ifzdk@ t"duwdkufwGef;xm;w,f/ yg0if&if bmvkyrf ,fnmvkyrf ,f qdw k mawmhajymrxm;bl;”- [k rlp,fae pdkif;EGHarm0f;u ajymygonf?

}uH@zGwyf gwt D ygt0if arvaESmif;ydik ;f a±G;aumufyJG aumf r±SifxHrS ygwDrSwfyHkwifcGifh&onfh wdkif;&if;om;EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm; v_yf±Sm;vmaecsdef TuJhodk@ pmjzef@a0r_ jzpfay:vm jcif;onf? o#rf;jynfwyfrawmf ajymcGifh&yk*~dKvf Adkvfr–;avm0fqdkifu “usaemfwdk@ay:vpDt& 2010 a±G;aumufyGJ[m jynfoltwGuf bmrS tusK;d r±Sb d ;l ? oef;a±$ ppftyk pf k pdww f ikd ;f us a&;qGw J hJ 2008 tajccHOya'toufoGif;zdk@bJjzpfw,f/ ppftm%m±Sifoufqdk; pmrsuEf mS 24 ok‹d

Shan Herald Agency for News

23


L

typf&yf SSA ‘trnf’ ESifh ‘vkyf&yf’rudkufnD[k rdkif;vm; acgif;aqmifa0zef

Photo : SHAN

etz ppftyk pf . k toGiaf jymif;a&;tpDtpOfvufccH o hJ nfh typf&yfo#r;f jynfwyfrawmftm; ‘o#r;f jynfwyfrawmf’qdo k nfh emrnfEiS rhf vku d zf uf[k rkid ;f vm;wyfz@JG acgi;f aqmif p0fpikd ;f vif;u a0zefa=umif; pHkprf;od±Sd&ygonf? “o#rf;jynfwyfrawmfqdkwJh emrnfu (o#rf;jynftwGif; rSm aexdkifwJh wdkif;&if;om;jynfolw&yfvHk;udk tumtuG,fay; zdk@) wjynfvHk;udk udk,fpm;ðyxm;wm? wjcm;wyfzGJ@awGeJ@rwlbl;/ Oyrm 0wd@k rkid ;f vm;wyfz@JG wd@k qdw k mu ud, k ef @J qdik w f ehJ ,fajrud, k f bJudk,fpm;ðywm? tckjynfol@ppftoGifajymif;zdk@vufcHwJhudpP o#rf;jynfwckvHk;twGufr=unfhbJ udk,feJ@qdkifwJhqdkifausm0fh (pdefa*smh§qifausmh) a'otwGufbJ vkyfoGm;yHkay:w,f” - [k p0fpdkif;vif;uajyma=umif; ‚if;uqdkonf?

qifausmh (2) jynfol@ppf (Xmae) Uniform etzppftkyfpkzdtm;ay;r_a=umifh jynfol@ppftoGifa&; vufcHxm;aom OD;vG,farm0f;acgif;aqmif ajrmufydkif; typf&yf SSA - XmecsKyfwyfz@JG / wyfr[m 3 / wyfr[m 7 wd@k tm; rdi k ;f vm; acgi;f aqmif p0fpikd ;f vif;u tm;rvdt k m;r& a0zefvu dk jf cif;jzpf+yD; toGifajymif;a&;vHk;0jiif;qefonfh AdkvfcsKyfyefzS OD;aqmifonfh wyfr[m 1 wyfzGJ@ukdrl axmufcHtm;ay;a=umif; ajymygonf? jynfol@ppftoGifa&;vufcHxm;onfhtypf&yfSSA acgif; aqmifwOD;u - “typf&yf SSA &J@tajctaeu rdkif;vm;wyfzGJ@ wd@k /0 wyfz@JG wd@k eJ@rwlb;l / olw@kd u e,fjcm;apmifw h yftoGiaf jymif; &if wyf&if;wck Armt&m±Sd ta,muf 30 yg0ifr,f/ usaemfwdk@ jynfol@ppfwyfzGJ@usawmh emrnftm;jzifhom jynfol@ppfjzpfwm/ wyfzGJ@taetxm;uawmh e*dktwdkif;bJqufjzpfaer,f/ Arm wyft&m±SdvJyg0ifrSmr[kwfbl;? aemufwcku a'ocHvlxk 'kuQ ra&mufatmif/ ppfab;ppf'%fuaea±SmifuGif;Ekdifatmif vufcH

24 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

Photo : Arntai (SHAN)

o#rf;oHawmfqifh 12/07/2010

rdkif;vm; acgif;aqmif p0fpdkif;vif; vdkuf&jcif;jzpfw,f”- [k ajym.? o#rf;acgif;aqmifwOD;uvnf; “o#rf;jynfwyfrawmf onftpOftvm±Sdonfhwyfrawmf/OD;vG,farm0f;acwfusrS pdef a*smhXmaejynfol@ppfjzpfoGm;jcif;onf vuf±Sdwm0efxrf;aqmif aeolrsm;tzdk@ordkif;wm0efrausyGef&ma&mufa=umif;/ o#rf;jynf wyfrawmfqufvufwnf±Sda&;onf AdkvfcsKyfyefzStay:rlwnf vm a=umif;” ajymqkd.? o#r;f jynfwyfrawmf SSA onf anmifa±$apmfbmG ;r[m a'0D p0feef;[def;crf;u ukd,fykdifjyXmef;cGifhESifhwef;wltcGifhta&; twGufwdkufyGJ0if&ef 1964 YwnfaxmifcJhonf? Ô

pmrsuEf mS 23 rS ±Snfzdk@bJjzpfwJhtwGufjynfoltaeeJ@ryg0if§ rJrxnfh=uzdk@twd tvif;owday;vkdufygw,f/ rvGJomvdk@ zdtm;eJ@ rJay;cdkif;&ifvJ AvmrJay;wJeh nf;bJtoifah v#mq f ;kH - qdw k hJ tcsuaf y:vkyaf qmif oGm;jcif;omjzpfw,f”- [k o#r;f oHawmfqifo h @kd ajym.? erfhcrf;®r@wGif}uH@zGH@ygwDtm;aygufvHk&yfuGufae pdkif;crf; atmif(53 ESp)f u OD;aqmif+yD;/ (o#r;f )usm;jzLygwD ®r@e,faumfrwD OuUXrSma'gufwmpdkif;ausmftkef;/ yavmiftrsKd;om;ygwD TNP ®r@e,faumfrwDOuUXrSm pdkif;at;armifjzpf.? wdkif;&if;om;pnf; vHk;nD!Gwfa&;ygwDukdrl aygufwdkuf&yfuGufae touf 53 ESpf±Sd pdkif;vSatmifu OD;aqmifa=umif; od&ygonf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 09/07/2010


INDEPENDENCE

o#rf;jynfwGif EdkifiHa&;ygwD 15 ck 0if+ydKifzG,f±Sd etzppftkyfpkOD;pD;usif;yrnfh 2010 a±G;aumufyGJY o#rf; jynfw0Srf;vHk;wGif EdkifiHa&;ygwD 15 ygwDxufrenf;0ifa&muf,SOf ®yif&ef±adS =umif; *sLvdik v f ,faemufq;kH owif;rsm;t&pHpk rf;od±&dS yg onf? “usaemfw@kd od&oavmuf o#r;f jynfwikd ;f &if;om;awGukd udk,fpm;ðywJhygwDu 10 ck/ ucsifygwDuawmh rSwfyHkwifrusao; bJ? usefwJhygwDawGuawmh o#rf;jynfxJur[kwfwJh/ wjcm;u vmwJhygwDawG”- [ktrnfraz:vdkonfhvm;±_d;a'ocH wOD;u ajymygonf? wjcm;rSvmonhf EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;rSm jynfckdif®z;ygwD/ wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nD!¸wfa&;ygwD/ trsKd;om;'Drdku&ufwpf tiftm;pk/ jynfaxmifpk'Drdkua&pDygwDESifh jynfaxmifpktrsKd;om; Ekdiif Ha&;tzGJ@csKyfwdk@jzpfonf[kqdk.? “}uHhzGwfygwDu Adkvfoef;a±$ ppftkyfpkausmaxmuf aemufcðH ywJyh gwjD zpfw,f/vltm;aiGtm;eJ@ tm%mt±Sq d ;kH ygw-D vkycf siw f mvkyaf ew,f/ ygw0D ifawGut kd "rRac:,lw,f/ &HyakH iGqkd vJwikd ;f jynfyu kd q f H wdu k ±f u dk , f o l ;kH w,fv@kd =um;w,f? wpnygwD uvJ tJ'Dtwdkif;bJ }uHhzGwfavmufawmhay:wifrvkyfbl;/ ol@ acwfu rqvacwfqakd wmh acwfveG o f mG ;+yDayg”h - [k o#r;f jynf awmifykdif;rS trsKd;om;a&;v_yf±Sm;aeolwOD;uajymygonf? J u G f a'guw f moef;+ird ;f OD;aqmiftrsK;d om; xk@d jyif NLD cGx 'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pk/ yifvHknDvmcHwufa&mufcJh&ol &yv tzGJ@0ifa[mif; 0g&ifho#rf;EdkifiHa&;orm;}uD; (touf 80 ausmf) OD;a±$tkef; (uifqma&m*gcHpm;ae&ojzifhe,fvSnfh c&D;xGufjcif; &yfem;xm;&) OD;aqmifonfh jynfaxmifpk'Drdkua&pDygwDjzpf+yD;

2 a±$e‹J 1 pdef a±$awGped af wG tode;f toef;wJh

jynfaxmifpktrsKd;om;EdkifiHa&;tzGJ@csKyfrSmrl ppftkyfpkESifh eD;pyfol [kemrnfausmfonfh (88 ausmif;om;emrnfcH) OD;at;vGifu OD;aqmifa=umif;=um;od&ygonf? “at;vGiq f w kd v hJ u l OD;cGex f eG ;f OD;eJ@ o#r;f acgi;f aqmifawG tzrf;rcH&cif 2005 ESpq f ef;ydik ;f o#r;f jynftwdik yf ifcaH umifpzD @JG zd@k tpnf;ta0;rSm oluADG'D,dkeJ@"gwfyHkuifr&mrif;/ etzukdtpD&if cH owif;yd@k wmolyv J @kd trsm;u,lqxm;w,f/ tcko#r;f jynfrmS vma&muf,SOf®yifrSmuvJoludk,fwdkifOD;aqmifr,fvdk@=um;xm; w,f”- [k awmif}uD;om;wOD;uajymygonf? oSsr;f jynfwikd ;f &if;om;Edik if aH &;ygwrD sm;rSm -Inn National Development Party (INDP) tif;trsKd;om;wdk;wufa&;ygwD// Kayan National Party (KNP) u,ef;trsKd;om;ygwD/ Kokang Democracy and Unity Party (KDUP) udk;uef@'Drdkua&pDESifh nD !¸wfa&;ygwD/ Pa-O National Organization (PNO) ytkd0f;trsKd; om;tzGJ@csKyf/ Taang (Palaung) National Party (TNP) wtmif; (yavmif) trsKd;om;ygwD/ Shan National Democratic Party (SNDP) o#r;f wdi k ;f &if;om;rsm; 'Dru kd &ufwpfygwD (usm;jzLygw)D / Wa Democratic Party (WDP) 0 'Dru kd &ufwpfygw/D Wa National Union Party (WNUP) 0 trsKd;om;nD!¸wfa&;ygwDESifhcGifhðyrdef@r usao;onfh Northern Shan State Progressive Party (NSSPP) o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif; zGH@®z;wdk;wufa&;ygwD (o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif; ucsifygwD) wdk@jzpfonf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh *sLvdkif 16 &uf 2010

tmomirf;irf; rpm;&0cref; avzrf;'ef;pD;/ jzef;+zD;&rf;wrf; ®yifzufawGuzkd rf;/ vrf;rSm;vrf;aysmuf

jynfoAl u kd af rSmuf0rf;[m bmvJ[hJ 2010 a±G;aumufyJG 'Dvb kd aJ jymvdu k cf sif

Shan Herald Agency for News

25


L

wtmif; (yavmif) ygwD wjynfvHk;tqifh ,SOfòydifrnf ppftkyfpkzdtm;ay;r_a=umifh 2005 Y vufeufcs yavmif jynf vGwaf jrmufa&;wyfrawmf acgi;f aqmif rkid t f u dk rf ek @f OD;aqmif onfh TNP wtmif; (yavmif) trsKd;om;ygwDu wjynfvHk; twdkif;twmjzifh 2010 a±G;aumufyGJ0ifa&muf ,SOf®yifrnf[k pHpk rf;od±&dS ygonf? “usaemfw@kd ygw0D ifu 500 bJr[kwb f ;l / tckygw0D iftif tm; 3000 ±Sd+yD/ o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif;ru &efukef/ rE Wav;wdkif;eJ@ ucsifbufvJoGm;r,f”-[k TNP taxGaxGtwGif;a&;r–; rkdif tkef;cdkif uajymygonf? ar 25 &uf w&m;0ifEdkifiHa&;ygwDjzpfvmonfh wtmif; trsKd;om;ygwDonf vuf±SdwGifo#rf;jynfajrmufydkif; -ygwD±kH;csKyf erfhqef®r@tjyif refwHk/ erfhcrf;/ rlp,f/ uGwfcdkifESifh ausmufrJ®r@rsm; YtoD;oD;±Hk;cGJzGifhvSpf+yD;cJha=umif; =um;od&ygonf? “+y;D cJw h hJ paeae@(25§7§2010) rlp,frmS ®r@e,faumf rwD ±Hk;cGJxyfzGifhw,f/ o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif;rSm 5 ®r@e,f ±Hk;cGJzGifh+yD;+yD/ wjcm;®r@awGrSmvJ xyfzGifhzdk@óud;pm;oGm;r,f” - [ko#rf;oHawmf qifhodk@ajym.? rlp,f®r@e,f aumfrwD±;kH cGt J m; ZGraf Zmf&yfuu G f vG,w f ed f hf pS +f yD; OuUXrdik af rmifaX;/ twGi;f a&;r–; rdik af rmif crf;vrf;ay:wGizf iG v usefjzpfa=umif;/ zGifhyGJodk@zdwf=um;xm;onfh {nfhonfawmfrsm; tjyif usm;jzLygwD/ }uHhcdkifa&;ygwDESifhrlp,fo#rf;pmay,Ofaus;r_/

yavmifpmay,Ofaus;r_wdk@rStiftm; 150 ausmfwufa&muf a=umif; rlp,fa'ocHwOD;u ajymygonf? “o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif; ®r@e,ftm;vHk;eJ@awmifydkif;u uavm/ atmifyef; / rE Wav;wdkif;qdk rdk;ukwf/ ucsifjynf zg;uef@ ®r@e,fawG 0if®yifr,f/ avmavmq,fawmh oGm;a&;vma&;eJ@ toif;&efyHkaiG&±Sdzdk@tcuftcJ±Sdw,f? tqifajyatmif yavmif vlxkudk qufvufajymqdkpnf;±kH;oGm;&r,f”- [k rdkiftkef;cdkifu qufajym.? yavmifygwD. A[dkaumfrwDwGif rdkiftdkufrkef@ (OuUX)/ OD;xGef;atmif/ OD;!¸ef@armif/ rdkiftkef;cdkif (twGif;a&;r–;)/ OD;armif ausmf/ OD;atmifxGef;wdk@yg0ifa=umif;/ jynfe,fv$wfawmftjyif/ trsK;d om;v$waf wmf ESihf jynfo@l v$waf wmftwGuv f nf; ,SO®f yif rnfjzpfa=umif;=um;od&ygonf? etz.em;*pf 2008 zGJ@pnf;yHkt& o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif; ±SderfhqefESifhrefwHk®r@e,fESpfcktm; yavmiftrsKd;om;rsm;. udk,f ydkiftkyfcsKyf&a'otjzpf owfrSwfay;xm;onf? tjcm;owif;&yfuu G u f rl o#r;f jynftjyifbufwiG f pnf; ±kH;a&; tpDtpOfom±Sd+yD; a±G;aumufyGJ0if&ef tpDtpOfr±Sda=umif; ajymqdkonf? (t,f'Dwm) o#rf;oHawmfqifh *sLvdkif 27 &uf 2010

123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567

anmifa±$a[mfeef; 2 ESpftwGif; oHk;rnf&

Photo : SHAN

2008 u Ak'<jywdkuftjzpfajymif;vJcH&vdkufonfh anmif a±$a[mfeef;rSm 2010 *sLvdkiftwGif; wdkif;&if;om;±kd;&mjywdkuf t jzpf xyfrHajymif;vJtrnfwGifrnf[k pHkprf;od±Sd&ygonf?

26 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

“tck 2 ESpfausmftwGif;anmifa±$a[mfeef; 3 rnf&oGm; +yD? tckvw J ikd ;f &if;om;±k;d &m jywdu k q f +dk yD;xyfraH jymif;r,fv@kd =um; &w,f”- [k anmifa±$®r@cHwOD;uajymygonf? anmifa±$a[mfeef;tm; anmifa±$ a[mfeef; ordik ;f jywdu k /f Ak'<jywdkuf/ ,ckw}udrfwdkif;&if;om;±kd; &mjywdkuf[lI t}udrf}udrf trnfajymif;+yD;ordkif;azsmufzsuf&ef Adkvfoef;a±$ppftkyfpk pDpOf aea=umif; apmfbGm;EG,f0ifwpfOD;uajym.? “ESpfaygif;&mcsDu a[mfeef; eef;oHk;ypPnf;awGawmh Adkvf ae0if;tm%modrf; uwnf;u wjznf;jznf;Armjynfudk o,f ,loGm;wm/ tckbmqdkbmrSr±Sdawmhbl;/ Ak'<jywdkufqdkwJh emrnf ajymif;wkef;uvJ useftoHk;taqmifawG aejynfawmfudk xyf,l oGm;+yD/ a'ocHawG tjrwfE;kd qH;k tESajrmqk;H uawmh bd;k pOfabmif qufu p0fa±$odkuf&J@(ig;awmif±Snf "g;±kd;"g;tdrf rSefpDa±$cs) "g;”pmrsuEf mS 28 ok‹d


INDEPENDENCE

ppfa&;

a±$vDcsdKifh0Srf;Ytypf&yf SSA toGifajymif;jynfol@ppf tajccszG,f±dS etz. jynfol@ppftoGifajymif;a&; vufcHxm;aom typf&yfo#r;f jynfwyfrawmf (SSA) tcsK@d tm; w±kwef ,fpyfteD; xke@f armif; (ac: ) a±$vcD sKd if0h rS ;f a'owGif wyf&if;wpf&if; pkz@JG xm; ±S&d ef etz ppfwyf tm%mydik rf sm; !¸e=f um;xm;ojzifh jynfo@l ppf (od@k ) e,fapmifw h yf&if;wpf&if; pkz@JG v_y±f mS ;vmzG,±f adS =umif; pHpk rf; od&onf? *|ev f ukeyf ikd ;f u ta±S@ajrmufyikd ;f wdik ;f ppf XmecsKyfrOS uUX OD;vG,af rmif;xH tqdyk gupd w P u kd ±f u kd ! f e¸ =f um;xm;+yD; ‚if;uvnf; a±$vcD sKd if0h rS ;f a'owGiv f pl &k ef jyifqifaea=umif; typf&yfo#r;f wyf todkif;t0dkif;u o#rf;oHawmfqifhodk@ ajymonf? vuf±dStypf&yf tufpftufpfat onf oDayg®r@e,f pdefausmhpcef;Y tajcðyv_yf±Sm;aeaomfvnf; a±$vDcsdKifh0Srf;a'o [kac:aom rlp,f/ erfhcrf;®r@e,frsm;wGif ‚if;wdk@wyfzGJ@0ifa[mif; tcsKd@usef±dSaeqJjzpfojzifh vufusefvla[mif;rsm;pkpnf;Iwyf &if;wpf&if;zGifhvSpfrnfhtaetxm;jzpfonf?

tqdkyga'otwGif; xdkif;e,fpyftajcpdkuf wdkufcdkufqJ o#rf;jynfwyfrawmf (wyf&if; 701) ESifh ucsifjynfvGwfvyfa&; wyfrawmf KIA wyfz@JG rsm;vnf;v_y±f mS ;vsu±f aSd =umif;od&onf? typf&yftufpt f ufpaf twGiw f yfr[m 3 ck±o Sd nft h euf Adv k cf sKyfyefzaS cgi;f aqmifonfh wyfr[m 1 wyfz@JG onf jynfo@l ppf toGifajymif;a&;udk qufvufjiif;qefaeqJjzpfonf? tvm;wl ar 18 &ufae@u e,fjcm;apmifw h yfz@JG pnf;a&; tqdkudkjiif;qefaeaom 0 jynfaoG;pnf;nD!Gwfa&;wyfrawmf xdef;csKyfe,fajrteD; o#rf;jynf (ta±S@ydkif;) wmcsDvdwf®r@e,f twGi;f jynfo@l ppfwyfz@JG tm; e,fjcm;apmifw h yf&if;trSwf (1009) ESihf armfzaS 'ojynfo@l ppftm; e,fjcm;apmifw h yf&if; trSw(f 1010) tjzpfajymif;vJ zGJ@pnf;cJh+yD;jzpfa=umif;od&onf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 05/07/2010

typf&yf SSA wyfr[m 1 e,fajrtwGif; jynfol@ppfxyfaumuf jynfol@ppftoGifajymif;a&;vufrcHonfh typf&yfo#rf; jynfwyfrawmfwyfr[m 1 xde;f csKyfe,fajrtwGi;f ±St d csK@d aus;±Gm rsm;wG i f e tztm%myd k i f r sm;jynf o l @ ppf t wif ; t"rR x yf r H aumufcikd ;f I vufeufrsm;xyfrw H yfqifvsu±f adS =umif; pHpk rf;od±dS &onf? “wyfr[m 1 utoGifajymif;a&; vHk;0vufrcHbJ jywf jywfom;om; jiif;vdu k +f yD;wJah emuf arvv,fup+yD; jynfo@l ppf xyfaumufaewm” [k wef@,ef;®r@cHwpfOD;u ajymygonf? wyfr[m 1 xde;f csKyfe,fajrrsm;jzpfaomwef@,ef;®r@e,f em;avm0f;aus;±Gmtkypf /k vG,u f saJ us;±Gmtkypf w k iG w f pf±mG v#if 10 a,mufxufrenf; xyfrHaumuf,lvsuf±Sdonf[k ‚if;uquf vufajym=um;ygonf?

yavmif/ vDql;±Gmom;rsm; jynfol@ppfrvkyfcsif=uaom a=umifh wef@,ef;®r@odk@vnf;aumif;/ oHvGifjrpfta±S@jcrf; 0e,f ajrtwGif;odk@vnf;aumif; tcsKd@xGufajy;wdrf;a±Smif=ua=umif; od±&dS onf? wzufuvnf; etztm%mydkifrsm;ujynfol@ppfrsm; tm; vufeufopfrsm;wyfqifay;a=umif; od±Sd&onf? cv& 33 wyf&if;r–;Adkvfr–;}uD;ausmfausmfEdkifuvnf; *sLvdik f 5 &ufu wef@,ef;®r@e,fv, G u f saJ us;±Gmtkypf yk efa0gi±f mG / yefa0gifjynfol@ppfxHrS wvHk;xdk;acwfa[mif; ±dkifz,faoewfrsm; odr;f ,l+yD; M-16, M-22 aoewf 4-5 vufjzifh jyefvnftpm;xd;k ay;tyfcJhonf? pmrsuEf mS 28 ok‹d

Shan Herald Agency for News

27


L taxGaxG

vlemrsm;tm; *¶krpdkufonfh erfhcrf;aq;¶Hk ajcmufuyf vlemrsm;tay: *±kpdkufr_ enf;yg;onf[k owif;}uD;ae ojzifh o#rf;jynf(ajrmufydkif;) erfhcrf;®r@jynfol@aq;±Hk}uD;ajcmuf uyfv#uf±Sda=umif; od&onf? {+yDvukefydkif;u erfhcrf;aq;±HkwGif arG;vlema':crf;±Sif AdkufcGJarG;pOf rdcifa&muav;ygaoqHk;r_jzpfyGm;+yD; aemufydkif;oGm; a&mufaq;ukcH,lolododomomenf;yg;vma=umif; aq;±kH0ef xrf;todkif;t0dkif;u o#rf;oHawmfqifhodk@ajymonf? aq;&Hkodk@ vlemodyfrvmawmhonfhudpPESifhywfoufI etzumuG,fa&;0ef}uD;XmerS 'k-AdkvfcsKyf}uD;rif;atmifvd_if a&muf±SdpOf pHkprf; ar;jref;cJhao;a=umif; aq;±Hk0efxrf;ESifheD;pyfol wpfO;D u ajymonf? “wdik ;f csKyf&@J erfch rf;c&D;pOfrmS aq;±Hu k v kd m=unfh oGm;w,f? aq;±Hkajcmufuyfaeawmh vlemawGbma=umifhr±dSwmvnf;vdk@ ar;w,f? AdkufcGJarG;vdk@aooGm;wJhudpPa=umifhvm;vdk@ar;w,f? aq;±Hw k m0ef±o dS al wGubmrSawmhjyefrajymbl;” [kou l qdo k nf?

vlemenf;&onfh aemufxyfta=umif;wpfcrk mS ,cktcg erfhcrf;®r@ay:wGif yk*~vdu aq;cef;tajrmuftrsm; zGifhvSpfvmI vnf; jzpfa=umif; olu qufajymonf? “aq;±ku H q&m0efawGu, kd w f ikd f jyifyrSmaq;cef;zGiahf wmh awmf±zkH sm;wmemwmu tjyifrmS yJuko=uwmayg@ jyifyaq;cef; uawmh 8 ckavmuf±dSw,f? cGJpdwfEdkifwmu 2 ck±Sdw,f” [k qdkonf? a'ocHtrsm;pku erfhcrf;aq;±kHwGif cGJpdwfukor_cH,l&ef rvdkvm;=ua=umif; a'ocHwpfOD;uajymonf? “aq;±Hu k aumif;aumif;rGerf eG u f rk ay;bl;/ arG;vlemAdu k cf JG arG;r,fq&kd if óudwifaiG 3 aomif;t&ifay;&w,f aiGray;&ifv;kH 0 *±krpdu k af wmhb;l ? t&ifarG;vlemao+yD; aemufyikd ;f qdk cGaJ rG;wmqdk aq;±kHuvufrcHawmhbl;? rlp,f aq;±HkukdbJvGwfw,f/ tckqdk rlp,fudkoGm;=uwmrsm;w,f” [k a'ocHu qdo k nf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 09/07/2010

pmrsuEf mS 26 rS [k a±S;a[mif;ypPnf;jrwfEdk;wefzdk;xm;ol aemufa'ocHwOD; uajymygonf? jywdu k af pmifh 0efxrf; 7 a,muf±adS =umif;/ o#r;f trsK;d orD; wOD; ESifh o#rf;±kd;&m0wfpHk jzifh ArmvlrsKd; 6 a,mufwdk@ uapmifh a=umif;/ xdk0efxrf;rsm;tm;vHk; usKdif;wHkodk@ajymif;a±G@cH&rnfjzpf +yD; ‚if;wdk@ae&modk@aejynfawmfrSwdkuf±kdufvlvGwf tpm;xdk;rnf jzpfa=umif;- tqdkygyk*~dKvfuqufIajymjyygonf? “t&ifwkef;uacwftqufquf apmfbGm;ypPnf;awG±Sd awmh c&D;oGm;awG pdw0f ifpm;=uw,f? Ak'j< ywdu k v f yk +f yD;aemufyikd ;f qif;wkawmfawGbJjyxm;awmh odyfrxl;qef;bl;? c&D;oGm;awGvJ tvnf r oG m ;csif a wmh b l ; ”-[k {nf h v rf ; !¸ e f w OD ; uvnf ; ajymjyygonf? rlvo#rf;bmomt"dyüg,f a,mifa[G@ (pyg;usD csKdifh0Srf;)rS qif;oufvmonfh anmifa±$onf o#rf;apmfbGm;rsm;tkyfcsKyf onfhjynfe,frsm;teuf a±S;tusqHk;®r@w®r@jzpfonf? c&pfESpf AD 1369 uwnf;uwnfaxmifcahJ om acwf tqufquf rd±kd;zvmtzdk;wef a±S;a[mif;ypPnf;rsm;xm;±Sd&m tqdyk ga,mifa[G@a[mfeef;udk ordik ;f jywdu k t f jzpf rqvacwfu

28 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

Armtm%mykdifrsm; ajymif;vJac:qkdcJh.? a,mifa[G@(anmifa±$)udt k yk pf ;kd cJah om aemufq;kH apmfbmG ; rSm jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHawmf. yxrOD;qHk;orRw (19481952) owd;k r[moa&pnfol p0fa±$ou kd jf zpf.? ‚if;.r[ma'0D rSmo#rf;jynfwyfrawmf SSA wnfaxmifcJhol p0feef;[def;crf;jzpf onf? o#rf;jynfta±S@ydkif; usKdif;wHka[mfeef;udkvnf; 1991 u e0w ArmppftkyfpkzsufqD;+yD; usKdif;wHka[mfw,fjzifhtpm;xdk; wnfaqmufxm;onf? usKdif;wHka[mfeef;uJhodk@ useftjcm;apmf bGm;rsm;. a[mfeef;trsm;tjym;ukdvnf; enf;trsKd;rsKd;jzifh ppftkyfpk®zcsazsmufzsufypfcJhonf? 1962 Adkvfae0if;tm%mrodrf;rD txd jynfaxmifpk o#r;f jynf (Federated Shan States) apmfbmG ; 34 jynfe,f±cdS o hJ nf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh *sLvdkif 27 &uf 2010


INDEPENDENCE

=uufqlrsm;jyefE_wfcdkif;+yD; vufzuftpm;xdk;pdkufcdkif;

o#rf;jynfawmifydkif; yifvHk®r@wGif =uufqlyifrsm;±Sif;vif; cdkif;+yD; ppftm%mydkifrsm; vufzufyifrsm;xyfrHtpm;xdk;pdkufysKd; cdkif;a=umif; pHkprf;od±Sd&onf? “tcktpd;k &0efxrf;awGudk =uufqyl if±iS ;f +yD; vufzufjyef pdkufcdkif;w,f? vlxkukdawmh rckdif;ao;bl;” [k yifvkH®r@cHwpfOD;u ajymygonf? =uufqyl ifpu dk yf sK;d a&;pDru H ed ;f taumiftxnf az:pOfu vnf;vkyt f m;ay;roGm;Edik =f uonft h rd rf sm;tm; wtdru f syf 5000 '%fwyfouJo h @kd ,ckvnf; xko d @dk xyfraH umuf,rl nfukd ®r@cHrsm; pdk;&drfae=ua=umif; trnfraz:vdkonfh yifvHk®r@cHaemuf wOD;u TuJo h @kd qufI ajymjyygonf? “=uufqlyifpdkufcdkif;wkef;uvkd roGm;EdkifwJhtdrf ig;axmif xyfaumufrSmudk t&rf;pdk;&drfw,f/ rdom;pkzlvHkzdk@twGuf renf; ±Hk;uef&wmukd;? [dka=u;'Da=u; xyfay;&&if wylay:ESpfylqifhwm aygh” taxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;/ vl0ifr_}uD;=uyfa&;/ taumufcGef/ opfawm/ t&HrD;owf/ ynma&;ESifh usef;rma&;Xme 0efxrf;rsm; =uufqlyifE_wf vzufjyefpkdufae&jcif;jzpf.? “tckt'J =D uufqal wGujdk yefEw _ cf ikd ;f +yD; vufzuftpm;xd;k jyefpdkufcdkif;w,f/ tckwrsKd;awmf=umwrsKd; ±l;ae=u+yDvm;vdk@ ar; vdu k cf siw f ,f”-[k trnfrazmfvo kd 0l efxrf;wpfO;D uajymyg onf?

o#r;f jynfawmifyikd ;f vif;ac;®r@e,fwiG v f nf; '%fay;pepf jzifhrpkdufrae&pdkufysKd;ckdif;aom =uufqlcif;rsm;vnf;,cktcg arh avsmhypfy,fxm;+yD; ±Gmom;rsm;tm;ppfwyfwnfaqmufr_Yom vkyt f m;ay;qufwu kd f cdik ;f apaea=umif; a'ocHrsm;ajymjycsut f & od±&dS onf? rkdif;yefol ukefonfwpfOD;url “=uufqlyifukd tvkyfjypf tukid jf ypfpu dk cf idk ;f w,f? bmrStok;H rusb;l ? oef;a±$e@J twlwb l ?J ajymawmhpHjy=uufqlpdkufcif;wJh/ =uufqlvJtvum; oef;a±$ppf tpdk;&vJ tvum;bJ” - [k rausreyf ajym.? u,m;jynfwiG v f nf; tpd;k &0efxrf;ESihf jynfov l x l t k m; =uuf q l y if u k d t jrpf y grusef E _ w f c d k i f ; a=umif ; uE W & 0wD w d k i f ; pmapmifwGif azmfjyxm;onf? 2005 aESmif;ydkif;rSpI wjynfvk;H twdki;f twmjzifh =uuf qlqDrsm;ydkiftdk'DZ,ftjzpftoHk;ðy&ef jynfolvlxktm; =uufql yifpdkufysKd;cdkif;cJhonf? odk@aomf ,ckcsdeftxd =uufql'DZ,f tjzpf xkwfvkyf toHk;ðyEkdifjcif;r±Sday? =uufqlpdkufysKd;r_pDrHudef;rSm aA'if/ ,=wm,Hk=unfaom jrefrmppftkyfpktzdk@ tm%moufqdk;±Snfa&;twGuf vkyfaejcif; omjzpfonf[k trsm;ua0zefajymqdk=uonf? arGacg0f 13/07/2010

pmrsuEf mS 26 rS

rl;,pfaq;0g;vG,v f G,fulula&mif;0,fzdk@twGuf jynfol@ppfvkyf csif=uwJholawGjzpfw,f” “'Dvdkjynfol@ppfxyfaumufaewm[m wyfr[m 1 twGuf taESmifhtoGm;jzpfatmifvdk@bJ? jynfol@ppfvkyf&if vGwfvGwfvyfvyf bdef;pdkufysKd;/a&mif;0,fvdk@&w,fqdkawmh etzudk qifjzLawmfrSD }uHpkyfvkyfEdkifw,fqdkwm jyaewmbJ”[k avhvmoHk;oyfolvm;±_d;om;wpfOD;u ajymyg onf? wef@,ef;®r@e,ftwGif;±Sd pkpkaygif;vm;[ljynfol@ppftif tm;rSm 300 ausmf±Sda=umif; od±Sd&onf? arGacg0f 07/07/2010

em;avm0f;aus;±Gmtkyfpk erfhzwf±Gmtajcpdkuf vlolvuf euftiftm; 40 ±Sdvm;[ljynfol@ppftzGJ@udk a±SmufawuOD; aqmifonf? yefa0gifjynfol@ppfrSm yefa0gif±Gmw±kwfrsm;jzpfa=umif;/ ‚if;wdk@onf EdkifiHa&; ppfa&;xuf pD;yGg;a&;udkomt"duxm; a=umif; a'ocHwpfO;D u TuJo h @dk ajym=um;ygonf? “yefa0gi±f mG rSmaewJw h ±kwaf wG ppfa&; Edik if aH &; pdw0f ifpm; wJholawGr[kwfbl;? a±SmufawvufatmufcHawGjzpfw,f?

Shan Herald Agency for News

29


L

etz aemufcH EdkifiHa&;ygwD ESifh Dr. pdkif;crf;vdwf rywfouf

Edik if aH usmaf w;a&;q&m a'guw f mpdik ;f crf;vdwt f m; 2010 a±G;aumufyGJwGif wdkif;a'o}uD;v$wfawmf udk,fpm;vS,favmif; tjzpf}uHhzGwfygwDYyg0if+yD; EdkifiHa&;v_yf±Sm;&ef rE Wav;}uH@zGwf t}uD;tuJrsm;ESifh etztm%mydkifrsm; t}udrf}udrfurf;vSrf; aomfvnf;vufrcHa=umif; pHkprf;od±Sd&onf? “touft±G,faxmufvmvdk@ cg;rsufaewma=umifh vufrcHyg&apeJ@vd@k q&mhZeD;a'guw f ma':EG@J EG@J wifuawmif; yef+y;D ajymvdu k w f ,f? cg;emaeawmht+rJwrf;ukoae&w,f av”- [k o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif;om; wynfhwpfOD;uajymjyyg onf? a'gufwmpdkif;crf;vdwftm; rE Wav;}uH@zGH@ygwDt}uD; tuJrsm;ESifh a'ocHtm%mydkifwdk@u}uhHzGH@ygwDtwGuf wdkif;a'o

}uD; v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpfyg0if&ef t}udrf}udrfawmif; qdkaomfvnf; vufrcHEdkifa=umif; vdrRmyg;eyfpGmjiif;qdkcJh.? odk@aomftm%mydkifwdk@ t}udrf}udrfzkef;qufaeao; a=umif;/ ZeD;jzpfola'gufwma':EGJ@EGJ@wifuvnf;-“touft ±G,faxmufvm+yDjzpfojzifh bk&m;w&m;tvkyfudkomvkyfapvdk a=umif;” ajz=um;cJhonf[k ‚if;uo#rf;oHawmfqifhodk@ ajymjy ygonf? a'guw f mpdik ;f crf;vdwo f nf use;f rma&;0ef}uD; a'guw f m ausmfjrifhESifhvnf; yk*~dKvfa&;t& &if;ESD;odu|rf;oljzpf.? pufr_ 1 0ef}uD; OD;atmifaomif;u rE Wav; - jyifOD;vGif ESihf rd;k ukwo f @kd o#r;f vlrsK;d rsm;ESiahf wG@qHpk nf;±H;k pOf a'guw f mpdik ;f crf; vdwt f m; Ekid if aH &;ygwjD zpfvmrnfh }u@H zGwzf ufraS eI wdik ;f a'o}u;D v$waf wmfu, kd pf m;vS,t f jzpf 0ifa&mufta±G;cH&efawmif;qdx k m; onf[q k . kd ? xdk@twlyif rE Wav; o#rf;oma&;ema&; 'kOuUX(AD.1 [dw k ,fEiS hf *VKefe*g; ouFe;f wdu k yf ikd ±f iS )f pdik ;f EGr/f a±$ysm;rif; abmf'g ydkif±Sif(erfhcrf;ygwDaumifpDacwf vl}uD;a[mif;) pdkif;ausmfat;0if; ESifh rdk;ukwfo#rf;pmay,Ofaus;r_ OuUX (o#rf;jynfawmifydkif; uGe[ f ed ;f Zmwd vuf±u dS sm;jzLygw0D if) a'guw f mpdik ;f aemfw@kd vnf; wdkif;a'o}uD; v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf csOf;uyfajzmif; jzjcif;cHcJh&onf? o#r;f oHawmfqifh *sLvdkif 28 &uf 2010

ppftm%m±Sifrsm;udk cyf±GH@±GH@ jzpfojzifh a'ocHvlxk usm;jzLygwDodk@ r0if&J oSsr;f jynfawmifyikd ;f ®r@e,ftcsK@d Y a'ocHvx l u k qdik &f m tm%mydik rf sm;udk cyf±@HG ±G@H jzpfaeojzifh ®r@e,faumfrwD zG@J +yD; ±H;k cGzJ iG hf &efcufcJa=umif; usm;jzLygwD0iftodkif;t0dkif;rS =um;od&ygonf? “rdkif;±–;/ vJcsm;eJ@ erfhZefu rsKd;cspfjynfcspf trnfcHvl}uD; vlvwfydkif;awG ygwDxJ0ifzdk@wGef@qkwfae=uw,f? olwdk@wckck pdk;&drfaew,f? tJ'ga=umifh ®r@e,f 2 - 3 cku aumfrwDcGJzGJ@pnf; Edkifjcif;r±Sdao;bl;”- [k pnf;±Hk;a&;qif;usm;jzLygwD wpfOD;u o#rf;oHawmfqifhodk@ajymjyygonf? vJcsm;®r@wGif SNDP ygwDtwGufv_yf±Sm;&ef pdwftm; xufoefaomvli,frsm;±Sdaomfvnf; trmcHvl}uD;rsm;r±Sdojzifh aumfrwDzGJ@pnf;&ef rjzpfEdkifao;[kqdk.? 30 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

arGacg0f 29/ 07/ 2010

“a'ocHtm%mydkifawG/ }uHhzGwfygwD0ifawGeJ@wpnygwD u vlawGudkcyf±GH@±GH@jzpf=uvdk@xifw,f? }uH@zGwfygwDpnf;±Hk;a&; qif;wJhtcg a'ocHtm%mydkifawG vdkufvHulnDaewmudk;? }uhH zGwfygwDu =oZmtm%m±Sdw,fqdkawmh qdkif&mtm%mydkifawG +cdrf;ajcmufajymqdkrSmpdk;vdk@xifw,f”- [kvG,fvif®r@ usm;jzL ygwD0ifwpfOD;u oHk;oyfygonf? zG@J pnf;Edik jf cif;r±Sad o;onfh ®r@e,faumfrwD rsm;zG@J pnf;Edik f onftxd usm;jzLygwDXgecsKyfu qufvufóud;pm;oGm;rnfjzpf a=umif;/ aumfrwDz@JG pnf;+yD;onfEiS hf o#r;f jynfawmifyikd ;f ESihf ta±S@ ydik ;f od@k XmecsKyfrv S }l uD;rsm;ud, k w f ikd u f iG ;f qif;rnfjzpfa=umif; ‚if; u qufvufajymjyygonf? Ô


INDEPENDENCE

aqmif;yg;

rl;,pforif rl;,pfrdk;eJ@ ukvrkqdk;

Photo : SHAN

“tar&duef/±k±Sm; w±kwfwkd@qDrSm t%kjrLvufeuf ±Sdw,f? igwkd@rSmvJ bdef;jzLvufeuf±Sdw,f” 'Dpum;uawmh 1980 eJ@ 1990 ESprf sm;wke;f u(,mr pdwf ºuGaq;jym;acwfrpm;cif)rqv- e0w ppfAv dk cf sKyfawG ck;d a=umif ck;d 0Su*f % k , f 0l ifºh umG ;[pfaºu;G cJw h phJ um;jzpfygw,f? 'Dpum;twkid ;f xkid ;f - tmqD,-H tar&duefw@dk ukw d u dk zf @dk bde;f jzL xkwv f yk w f ify@dk a&;ukd Armppftm%m±Siaf wG aemufu, G u f tckid t f rm tm;ay; cJhygw,f? 1990-1991 wkef;uvnf; AkdvfcsKyfarmifat;[m tar&duefudk rl;,pfaq;vufeufe@J wku d &f r,fqw dk hJ vrf;n¸ecf suf topfwzef csay;cJhygw,f? 'D&nf±G,fcsufeJ@bJ cGefqmukdarG;cJhwmjzpfygw,f? (uGef jrLepfe@J wkid ;f &if;om;olyek af wGudk ppfwyfu, dk pf m;wku d af y;zk@d &nf ±G,cf suv f nf;ygcw hJ ,f?) vuf±edS tz'kOuUXAkv d cf sKyfarmifat; tyg t0if&ycwkid ;f r–;awGudk cGeq f mESppf Ofa=u; ykrH eS o f iG ;f cJ&h +y;D pmtquf toG,t f +rJ±cdS w hJ ,f? pD;yGg;a&;udpaP wG / wkid ;f &if;om; olyek o f wif;/ Auyowif;awG / ppfqifa&;owif;awG zvS,fcJhygw,f? [kdwkef; u aiGwefzkd;t&wpfESpfukdtenf;qkH; usyfoef; 300 avmufoGif; ay;cJyh gw,f?uawmfawGtwGux f idk ;f ypPn;f vufaqmifawGuawmh ajymp&mukdrvkdawmhyg? 'ghtjyif cGefqm[m 88 e0wtm%m odrf;p b¾ma&;tusyfqkdufaecsdef/ EkdifiHwumuvnf; aiGa=u; taxmuftuljzwfawmufxm;csed rf mS vnf; usyaf iGa&m a':vm aiGyg axmufyaHh cs;iSm;ay;wmawGvyk cf v hJ @dk e0wtouf±a– ygu&f oGm;cJw h mjzpfygw,f?

MTA ppfOD;pD;csKyf

cGefqm wHcdk;xGm;pOfu

*gr%d

aemufykdif;rSmawmh cGefqm[m rl;,pf*kd%f;yDyDoorae awmhbJ ±Sr;f jynfvw G v f yfa&;awG/ trsK;d om;a&;awG0ifa,mifvm vk@d wa=umif;/ e0wtzk@d ta±S@ajrmuftypf&yftzG@J }uD;awGe@J pD;yGg; a&;vkyf&wmykdwGufacsukdufvmwmwa=umif; e0w[m cGefqmh MTA wyfudk tav;teufppfqifa&;vkyf tðywfðzwfc&hJ ygw,f? 'Dvedk @J ppfAv dk cf sKyfawG[m rl;,pfaq;ukr% ü o D pfawGudk xl axmifvnfywfvmygw,f? typf&yftzGJ@awGukd rl;,pfaq;vkyf ief;xJepfaeatmif wjcm;pD;yGg;a&;vkyfief;awGydwfqkd@/ zdtm;awG rufv;Hk awG qG,v f ;Hk awGay;cJw h ,f? eHygwf 3/ eHygwf 4 ,mr pdwºf uG aq;awGjynfyaps;uGut f wGub f J xkwv f yk zf @dk jynfwiG ;f aps;uGurf mS rjzef@zk@d rl;,pfaq;xkwv f yk o f al wG rl;,pfaq;ukeo f nfawGuedk 0w axmufvSrf;a&;awGwkdif;r–;awG wkdif;ppfXmecsKyf (ppfOD;pD;t&m±Sd yxrqifeh @J 'kw, d qif)h *s-D 0rf;/ *s-D wl;awGuuk, d w f idk u f , dk u f sac: ajymcJhygw,f? qufa=u;rSefrSefay;zkd@eJ@ ±S,f,m&zkd@ n‡dwmawGukd awmh xnfhajymp&mvkdr,frxifyg? 'gayr,fh ppftkyfpk[m b,folawaw iawrm+yD;a&m orm;awGjzpfwt hJ wGuf tJ'‘D tdwpf yf @dk ay:vpD’vnf; olw@dk txJ ubJjyefazmufzsucf yhJ gw,f? etzaxmufvrS ;f a&;/ AsL[m/ wyfr/ wkdif;ppfXmecsKyftqifh t&m±SdawGOD;pD;+yD; ppfwyfvufa0cH rl;,pf ukefonfawG vufvDvufum;orm;awGukd ±Srf;jynf/ u&ifeD/ ucsifjynf/ rE Wav;/&efukefwkd@rSm aps;uGufawGzGifhckdif;cJhygw,f? bdef;zkdawG ,mrpuf±kHawG[me,fajrcHwyf&if;/AsL[mr–; axmufvrS ;f a&;wk@d ukyd rHk eS q f ufa=u;ay;&±kw H ifru wkid ;f r–;txdyg ay;&ygw,f? wcsKd@vnf;wkdif;r–;udkcGJray;csifvkd@AsL[mr–;&if;r–; avmufe@J bJ v#K@d 0Suv f yk w f mawG ±Syd gw,f? 'Dx h uf edrw hf hJ Akv d }f uD; Akv d rf ;– awGuawmh rl;,pfaq;csed f rl;,pfaq;/ qkid u f ,fcsed q f idk u f ,f/ 0Spaf omufum;csed f 0Spaf omufum;/ ausmufprd ;f csed af usmufprd ;f pwJh u,f&v D yk if ef;awGe@J &yfwnfvm=uygw,f?ukeu f ek af jym&&ifb, D m/ tcsKdr_ef@awmif u,f&Dvkyfay;=uygw,f? &Jbufpcef;rSm aopm&if;jyvku d w f hJ tusO;f om;avmyef; awGukdawmifppfAkdvfawGubJ tdrfta&mufu,f&Dvkyfykd@aqmif ay;ygw,f? ppfwyfukdtodray;bJvkyf=uwJh rl;,pfaq;ukefonf awG puf±aHk wGuawmh zrf;qD;cH odr;f qnf;cH=u&ygw,f? e,fajrcH axmufvrS ;f a&; 2 &pf wyf=uyfavmufuv dk idk ;f a=u;ay;wJh &yfuu G f wGi;f vufvo D rm;awGawmiftzrf;rcH&ygb;l ? 'gayr,fh txufu pDrcH sucf s&ifawmh 'Dvufvo D rm;awGudk e,fajrcHaxmufvrS ;f a&; u ru,fEidk af wmhygb;l ? qif}uD;awGvw $ af y;+yD;jcifuav;awGzrf; Shan Herald Agency for News

31


L jywmppftm%m±Siaf cwf&@J vky±f ;dk vkypf Ofygb?J 'gawG[m Akv d cf sKyf cifnGefeJ@axmufvSrf;a&; ,E W,m;}uD;±Sdwkef;ua&m AkdvfcifnGef@ ðywf+yD;aemufrSmygtajymif;tvJr±Sd worwfwnf; jzpfay:xGef; um;aewmjzpfygw,f? wbufu =unfjh yef&if +idr;f csr;f a&;tzG@J }uD;awG[m vlt awGr[kwyf gb;l ? vufeufuidk w f u dk af ewJh acwfuwnf;u w±kwf bmomeJ@v$ifhwJh bDbDpD/ AGDtkdatawGukd em;axmifcJholawG jzpfyg w,f?(Auyukyd ek u f eftm%modr;f wke;f uaoG;xGuo f , H rdk ±Sad tmif txl;*±kpkdufcJholawGjzpfygw,f) 'Duae@urBmha&pD;a=umif;ukd em;vnfoabmaygufolawGjzpfygw,f? urBmrSm+idrf;csrf;a&;eJ@ zGH@®z;a&;acwfpm;vmwm rl;,pfaq;jy\emukd vlom;tm;vkH; ±_wcf s0idk ;f y,fvmwmpwJh yifra&pD;a=umif;awGuu dk , dk ahf 'o uk, d hf tzG@J tpnf;taetxm;eJ@ uku d n f o D [Zmwjzpfatmifvyk zf @dk vkd tyfcsufaumif;aumif;oabmaygufvmolawGjzpfygw,f? +idrf; tzG@J }uD;awG[m &mpkEpS ef @J cst D jrpfw, G v f mwJh rl;,pfaq; jy\em ukdajz±Sif;zkd@wwfEkdifor# wjcm;aumif;a&mif;aumif;0,fa&m rl; ,pfaq;r[kww f hJ wjcm;ra&mif;aumif; r0,faumif;awGyg trsK;d rsK;d jzef@cGJ Diversify vky+f yD; tzG@J tpnf;&yfwnfa&;/ a'ozG@H ®z;a&;/ wOD;csif;pD;yGg;a&;twGuf vkH;yrf;aewm jrefrmjynfwjynfvkH; rsujf rifjzpfygw,f? 'ga=umifhrl;,pfaq;0g;yaysmufa&;ukd ESpfumvowf rSwf+yD; jywfjywfom;om;aqmif±GufcJh=uovkd bdef;wyifawG@&if acgif;jzwfoGm;ygvkd@awmif &J&J}uD;tmrcHcJh=uygw,f? ukvor*~ tzG@J tpnf;awG tef*st D adk wGudk +idr;f a'otwGi;f tcsed rf a±G; wHcg; r±Sd "g;r±Sd 0ifxGuf ppfaq;cGifhðycJhygw,f? 'grsKd; tuef@towfr±Sd ppfaq;cGifhukd etz tkyfcsKyfwJh a'oawGrSm r&ygbl;?

UNODC tpD&ifcHpm

32 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

'gayr,fh UNODC vk@d ac:wJh ukvor*~ rl;,pfaq;0g;eJ@ &mZ0wfr_qkdif&m±kH;uawmh jrefrmjynf&J@ rl;,pfaq;jy\emrSm etzppftkyfpk&J@ tcef;u¾ukd a&ikHE_wfydwf+yD; +idrf;tzGJ@awGukd tjypfycHk saeygw,f? Ek0d ifbm 26 &ufae@rSm ukvrl;,pfe@J &mZ0wf ±k;H eJ@ tm±S ypdzw d q f idk &f m uk, d pf m;vS,q f o dk l *,f&D vl;0pPu jrefrm jynfu wkid ;f &if;om;vufeufuidk t f zG@J awG[m tem*wfra&&mwJh twGuf rl;,pfaq;0g;awG t}uD;tus,x f w k v f yk af &mif;cs+yD; aiGpk aew,fv@dk pGypf cJG yhJ gw,f? tJ'aD e@rSm olw@dk xkwjf yefvu dk w f hJ 2009 ta±S@tm±Se@J ta±S@awmiftm±Sqidk &f m pdwºf uGaq;tvm;tvm eJ@ykpH rH sm; tpD&ifcpH mrSm t"dutm;jzifh pdwºf uGaq;awGudk uk;d uef@ eJ@ 0 typf&yfe,fajrawGrSm xkwfvkyfaew,fvkd@qkdxm;ygw,f? ZGefvuxkwfjyefwJh 2009 urBmrl;,pfaq; tpD&ifcHpmrSmvnf; UWSAuk;d uef@eJ@ ±Sr;f jynfwyfrawmfawmifyi dk ;f wk@d [m,mbpdwf ºuGaq;xkwv f yk af &;ukt d "duaqmif±u G af ew,fv@dk pGypf cJG yhJ gw,f? 'gayr,fh etz ppfwyfwu dk ±f u dk f tºuGi;f rJch sKyfuidk x f m;wJh t+yD;tykdifvufeufcstzGJ@awG jynfol@ppftzGJ@awGukdawmhwcGef; rSajymrxm;ygbl;? wu,fawmh'DtzGJ@awG[mvkH;0 &mE_ef;jynfh etzcsKyfuidk rf a_ tmufrmS eHygwf 3/ eHygwf 4 ,mbawG vGwv f w G f k v f yk af e=uwm ±Sr;f jynfa'ocHawGtm;vk;H todjzpfyg vyfvyfxw w,f? Oyrmjy&&ifcGefqmtzGJ@ tºuGif;rJhvufeufcscJh+yD;aemuf etzutxl;zGH@®z;a&;a'oawGowfrSwfay;+yD; jynfol@ppf okd@r [kwef ,fjcm;umuG,af &;wyfz@JG cef@tyfay;xm;wJh [krd ed ;f tajcpku d f r[m*smOD;pD;tzG@J / em;±kid ;f tajcpku d f *sK;d qef; vDcidk Of ;D pD;tzG@J rwfusKid ;f (erfZh ef) tajc pku d f vif;qkid Of ;D pD;tzG@J awG[m &ycukd wpfEpS o f ed ;f 4˜000 pDqufa=u;oGi;f +y;D bde;f ndK/ bde;f jzL/ ,mb óuu d o f vkx d w k f ae=uygw,f?(r[m*smuk, d w f idk u f ,mbpGaJ e ±–aeygw,f?) 'DtzG@J awG[mbde;f +cHawGaygi;f ±Si;f zd@k / bde;f ap;jcpfz@dk twGu+f cHtvkyo f rm; awGuw dk vusyf 5 aomif;ay;r,fv@dk avmfpyDumeJ@awmif}uD;®r@ xJ vSnfhatmfac:iSm;wJhtxd ajAmifusus vkyfaeygw,f? cGeq f mtzG@J 0ifa[mif;vnf;r[kw/f jynfo@l ppfvnf;r[kwf wJyh *k v ~ u d avmyef;awGO;D pD;aewJzh adk wG/ puf±aHk wGvnf; &ycok@d r [kwf oufqidk &f mAsL[mawGwyf&if;awGudk qufa=u;oGi;f +yD;vkyf aewm uGe[ f ed ;f e,f umvd/ yifavmif;e,f xDbmG / z,fceHk ,f vtd vtde/f qDqidk ef ,f rJe,fawmif/ vG,af rmawmif pwJah e&mawGrmS awG@&ygw,f? 'gawG[m uk;d uef@/ 0wk@d eJ@ bmrSrqkid b f J etze,f ajroufoufjzpfygw,f? &vvz ytkd0f;+idrf;csrf;a&;tzGJ@&J@ 0g&ifh acgi;f aqmif wmuv,fudk ðzwfcs tm%modr;f cJw h hJ cspaf rmif[m tm%m&+yD;wJhtcg&ycwkdif;r–;/ qDqdkifu puc 7 AsL[mr–;/ bef;,Ofu cr& 425 eJ@ 426 &if;r–;wd@k udk pkpak ygi;f qufa=u; wESpf ode;f waxmifoiG ;f +yD; vG,af rmcGi/f [dek rfch iG ef @J bef; rwfciG af wGrmS bde;f zdak wGwnfcw hJ m jzpfygw,f? qufa=u;ay;±kw H ifru tpk±, S f ,mawGygvufcHay;cJh&ygw,f?(®r@ay:utESdyfcef;awG/ um&mtdk aucef;awGrSm axmufvSrf;a&;eJ@ppfwyfu ±S,f,m0ifovdkrsKd;yg


INDEPENDENCE yJ)? tcsi;f csi;f ta0rwnf&h mu 2007 Zlvikd -f =o*kwv f xJrmS t+yD; wdkifvufeufcsoGm;cJhayr,fhtvkyfudkawmh umvwcktxdquf vkyfcGifh&cJhygao;w,f? o#rf;jynfta±S@ydkif; }wd*Hwdkif;rSmvnf; cGefqmvufeufcs wjzpfvJ w&m;0ifjynfol@ppfawGjzpfwJh erfhykef(wmcsDvdwf) tajc pdu k , f ahD q;OD;pD;tzG@J /a±$}wd*aH 'orl;,pf&mZmaemfcrf;OD;pD; tzG@J awG D ufa=u;ay;oGi;f +yD; [musKid ;f wHu k etzwdik ;f r–;udk ode;f axmifcsq rl;,pfaq;vkyfief;rsKd;pHk vkyfaeygw,f? aemfcrf;tzGJ@aomif;usef; vGef;vdk@ aemufqHk;rSmw±kwfzdtm;ay;r_eJ@ 2009 azaz:0g&DvrSm etzu [efaqmifyefaqmifErdS ef if;jycJ&h ygao;w,f? }wd*w H ikd ;f xJ rSmrdik ;f wH/k rdik ;f qwfe@J wmcsv D w d ef ,fawGu vm;[l jynfo@l ppfawG vnf;yk*u d~ avmyef;awGe@J wG+J yD; bde;f csupf uf±/Hk ,mbpuf±aHk wGukd wdkif;r–;/AsL[mr–;awGqDqufa=u;ay;wnfaxmifxm;ygw,f?

AdkvfrGef;

o#r;f jynfajrmufyikd ;f &rc e,fajrrSmawmh wdik ;f r–;udk &yc/ woc rSmvdk qufa=u;ay; rl;,pfaq;xkwv f yk u f ;l oef;a&mif;0,f aewJh cGefqmvla[mif; w&m;0ifjynfol@ppf AdkvfrGef;OD;pD; ref@yef (wef@,ef;)tajcpdu k t f zG@J / avmrm;OD;pD;rke;f [Je;f - rke;f [ (rdik ;f &,f) tajcpdu k t f zG@J awG[m emrnf}uD;awGjzpfygw,f? 'gt h jyif wouf vHk;etzjynfol@ppfvkyfcJhwJh erfhcrf;e,fajr (cdkvHkvda±Sm) yef;aq; ausmjf rift h zG@J / uGwcf ikd ef ,fu wDceG jf rwftzG@J / rH;k ud;k e,fu aemfcrf; tzG@J /azgi;f qdik ef ,fajru wDceG af wGtzG@J / tke;f pGr(f rkid ;f aig)h u ausmf tH;k tzG@J /wmrk;d nJu jrifv h iG t f zG@J /a±Smufa[mfu vSjrift h zG@J /uGr;f vHk ua[mfa±Smufcsr;f tzG@J awG[m ud;k uef@/ 0 wd@k vdek mrnfrxGub f J rl;,pfaq;vkyfief;udk etzwdkif;r–;tqufcGifhðycsufeJ@ qufa=u; ay;+yD; w&m;0ifoabmrsK;d vkyaf ewm ESpaf ygi;f rsm;pGm =umaecJyh g+yD? ukvor*~u 'gawGudk rodayr,fhe,fajrcH vlxkawGtm;vHk; od

ae=uygw,f? 'Dae@o#r;f jynfrmS bde;f t"dupdu k w f ahJ 'oawGu o#r;f jynf awmifyikd ;f yifavmif;/ [dyk ;kH (rJe,fawmif) qDqikd f (vG,af rmawmif)/ rdik ;f udik f (qifawmif) e,f pwmawGjzpfygw,f?ajr=oZm / =uufacs; D yd eHü nf;us” yd;k owfaq;/ tyif}uD;xGm;aq;awG xnfh +yD; “acwfro ESpfoD;pm;/ oHk;oD;pm;/ “oD;xyf” pdkufae=uygw,f? 'De,fajrawG [metz=oZmcH (2010-'k orRwavmif;)o#rf;jynf}uHhzGH@acgif; aqmifatmifcrf;xD OD;pD; yDteJ t f kd (txl;a'o 6) tzG@J eJ@vufeuf cs o#r;f cGx J u G w f yfr[m 758 (oGm;avol rde;f Zift h zG@J ) csKyfuikd &f m e,fajrawGjzpfygw,f? 2009 rwf-{+yDwkef;u yDtJeftdkXmecsKyf ausmufwvHk;udk yifavmif;e,fu bdef;pdrf; 176 yd\mo,f,l f w D w H m;rSmzrf;rd vmwke;f anmifa±$®r@e,f (bDv;l acsmif;ul;) arSmb cJh&mrSm 73 yd\mpm&if;aysmufoGm;cJhygao;w,f? 'Dowif;udk vnf; etz u zHk;zdxm;ygw,f? wcsdefu +idrf;csrf;a&;txl;a'o 7 vdk@owfrSwfcJhwJh o#r;f jynfajrmufyikd ;f yavmifa'o erfq h ef - refwekH ,fajrrSm PSLP yavmif+ird ;f tzG@J [m 2005 {+yv D rSm vk;H 0vufeufcszsuo f rd ;f oGm; cJyh gw,f? 'gayr,fyh avmifa'orSm bde;f pm;awG ,mborm;awG uawmh txl;wkd;rsm;vmcJhygw,f? aemufqkH; tJ'Da'orSm pcef;xkid ef ,fajrxde;f aewJh etzwyfom;awG t=uyfawG Adv k af wG &JawGyg bde;f jzL bde;f pGJ ,mbpGJ ta&mif;t0,fawGvyk af evk@d vlxk wGi;f rl;,pfaq;pGjJ y\em jzef@jzL;r_jy\em wkid w f ef;p&mae&m ukid f wG,fwm;qD;Ekdifp&m tm%mykdifr±Sdawmhyg? 2009 =o*kwfu &yc *sD0rf; ( ppfOD;pD;t&m±Sd yxrwef; ) 'kAkdvfr–;}uD;armifarmifjrifh&J@ ZeD; ukd,fhukd,fukd owfaor_qkdwm wu,fawmh rl;,pfaq;ta&mif;t0,fudpPZmwfvrf;±_yf+yD; t owfcH&wmjzpfw,f?'Dtr_rSm &ycwkdif;r–;/ *sD0rf;eJ@ p&zr–;Akdvfr–; }uD;0if;Akdvfwdk@yg0ifygwfoufae+yD; &efukefrSmbdef;jzLuDvkd 500 zrf;rdr_eJ@oufqkdifaeygw,f? 'ghtjyif Zlvkdifvwkef;u wmcsDvdwf rSmbde;f jzLuDvdk 1˜000eJ@,mraq;vk;H 2 oef;cGzJ rf;rdwm? vm;±_;d rSm bde;f jzLuDvdk 500 zrf;rdwmawG[m etzwyfr;– }uD;awGe@J wku d ±f u dk f ygwo f ufaeygw,f?twGi;f owif;wckt& uarBmZ b%ftjrwf enf;vmvd@k t"dutpk±, S , f m±Si}f uD;jzpfwhJ q&mausmif;eJ@ Akv d f csKyfarmifat;wkd@u rl;,pfaq;vkyfief;rSm wkduf±kduf0ifvkyfvm w,fv@dk vnf;=um;&ygw,f? etzwyfr;– }uD;awG uk, d v f w G ±f ek ;f Ekid f atmif zrf;rdwhJ rl;,pfaq;awGudk zke=f um;±Si;f uk;d uef@tzG@J tay: w&m;cHv$JjywJt h aeeJ@( AkdvfcsKyfr–;}uD;oef;a±$tm±kHv$Jatmif) =o *kwv f ukeyf idk ;f u ppfwu dk w f mvk@d vJ awmif}uD;rSmowif;xGuaf e ygw,f? 'Duae@umvrSm etz[me,fjcm;apmifhwyfzGJ@pnf;a&; vufrcHbJ wkdif;&if;om;tcGifhta&;awmif;qdkaewJh +idrf;csrf;a&; pmrsuEf mS 38 ok‹d Shan Herald Agency for News

33


L

UWSA eJ@

r[mrdwfrsm;&J@ tiftm;jyifqifr_

etzppftpdk;&ay:rSm rlwnfw,f? olppfqif wdkufcdkuf vmr,fqkd&if qdk;usKd;awGyJ &ifqdkif&r,faygh? usyfwJh=um;xJuae oly+kd y;D tusyt f wnf; ydq k u kd v f mrSm? 'Dvo dk m olvyk af v ydck ufav jzpfr,fvdk@ usaemfjrifw,f? olw@kd tm%mwnf+rJa&;twGuf +idr;f csr;f a&;tzG@J awGukd zdtm;ay;r,f/teft,fv'f u D zkd t d m;ay;r,f? olvcdk siw f yhJ o kH ¾mef f hJ jzpfomG ;+yDq&dk ifawmha±G;aumufyJG olvyk af wmhrmS ayg?h olvckd siw yHkpH 99@99 wdk@bmwdk@ ola=unmawmhrSmaygh? +idrf;csrf;a&;tzGJ@eJ@ a':atmifqef;pk=unfw@kd ±Sad eoI a±G;aumuf yGaJ wmh vG,v f , G f eJ@vkyfr,fvdk@ rjrifbl;? 'DEpS u f ppftpd;k &twGuf ppfrsuEf mS tawmfrsm;w,f? (1) KIA ±Sr d ,f? (2) ud;k uef@ajymufusm;wyfz@JG awG ±Sad ew,f? aemuf UWSA ±Sdw,f/ rdkif;vm;vnf;±Sdw,f? oHvGiftaemufbufrSm SSA tiftm;tenf;qH;k 3 axmifausma f vmuf±w dS ,f? 'gukd olt rsm;}uD; xnfhwGuf&vdrfhr,f? Edik if aH &;t& ndE‡ i_d ;f wdik yf ifr,f/ awG@qHak qG;aEG;r,f? awG@qHk aqG;aEG;vd@k r&bl;/ etzu vH;k 0y,fcsr,fq&kd if jyifqifra_ wmhvyk f &rSmaygh? tckvnf; jyifqifr_awGvkyfaew,f? 'Dtajctaeu jzpfr,frjzpfb;l qdw k mudk usaemfw@dk ,wdjywfajymvd@k r&bl;? vlxk uawmh vef@vef@zsef@zsef@±Sdae wmaygh? vufeufuikd f +idr;f tzG@J awG jzpfcsiw f muawmh aemifwuf vmwJt h pd;k &eJ@ pum;ajymzd@k ? vuf±'dS u D pd u P akd ±$@qdik ;f xm;zd@k ? owf rSwfwJh{&d,me,fajrtwdkif;xm;zdk@? 'gawGyJ olwdk@awmif;qdkwm jzpfw,f? tJ'g vHk;0vufrcHwJhudpP jzpfaew,f? ppfjzpfvm&if ppfuraumif;qkd;0g;qkdawmh tenf;eJ@ tusO;f awmh qH;k &_;H ESpef mr_awG±rdS mS aocsmw,f? 'guakd wmh ra±Smif v$JEdkifbl;? 'gayrJh'Dae@'DtcsdefrSm vufeufudkifwdkufyGJjzpfvmcJh&if wzG@J wpnf;wnf;r[kwaf wmhb;l ? wEdik if v H ;Hk rSm±Sw d hJ tiftm;pkawG tm;vHk;vkdvdkjyef+yD; wdkufcdkufr,fhtaetxm;±Sdaew,f? wpk wpnf;eJ@ wEdik if v H ;kH wwfEikd w f ehJ nf;? Oyrm ajymuf=um;enf;wwf Edik v f nf; ajymuf=um;enf;/ tjyeftvSef yl;aygi;f wdu k cf u kd f oGm;zd@k tm;vH;k vdv k kd qH;k jzwf=uw,f? etzrSm tusyftwnf; tawmf}uD;w,f? apmarmif ðzwf+yD;uwnf;u olwdk@rm±S,fpDrHudef;a&;qGJcsrSwfcJhw,f? tif tm;awmifw h if;wJw h yfrawmfw&yf±zdS @kd olw@kd a&;qGcJ srw S t f aumif txnfazmfcw hJ ,f? 'gayrJh vufawG@t& wyf&if;aygi;f 600- 700 avmuf±Sdayr,fh wyf&if;w&if;rSm 100 ausmf±Sdawmh tiftm; wodef;ig;aomif;avmufom±Sdw,f? wEdkifiHvHk; wdkif;&if;om; vufeufudkiftiftm;eJ@E_dif;,SOfr,fqkd&if 3;1 avmuf±Sdw,f? usaemfwkd@rSmwa,muf±Sd&if olwdk@oHk;a,mufaygh? +yD;awmhtck 34 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

avmavmq,fwyfwiG ;f rSm rnDrr#ra_ wG/ ukeaf ps; E_e;f }u;D jrifrh a_ wG/ rdom;pkawGtvl;tvJcaH e&awmh wyfajy;awGrsm;vmwm? rwuf rºuGawGrsm;vmwm/ ppftm%m±Sif pepfqef@usiv f mwJh a&csed u f vGefcJhwJh tESpf (20) xuf trsm;}uD; jrifhvmwmukdawG@&w,f? ppftpdk;&twGif;rSmvJ trsm;}uD;tusyf twnf; awG@aew,f? vufeufuidk w f u kd yf JG jyefqifEv J$ m&ifjzpf ay:vmr,ft h aetxm; u wyfwGif;ykefuefr_awG/ tvkyform;/ v,form; v_yf±Sm;r_awG tqufrjywf ay:ayguv f mvdrrhf ,f? vufeufuikd w f u kd yf eJG @J wjcm; wdkufyGJo¾mef awmfawmfeD;pyfvm EdkifwJh taetxm;±Sdw,f? rdrda'oawGrSm ajymufusm; wdk;jr‡ifhv_yf±Sm;wm/ ®r@ay: vlxkydkrdk+yD;awmhv_yf±Sm;vmwm? ajymufusm;wdkufyGJawG/ tao; pm; acsre_ ;f a&;awG - Oyrm wyfpak csre_ ;f a&;/ wyfz@JG acsre_ ;f a&; 'gawG aygi;f pyfomG ;&rSmbJ? tckvnf; jyifqif aew,f? KNPP / PNLO ytd0k ;f tzG@J / KNU tzG@J awG jyifqifae =uw,f? wjynfv;kH v_y±f mS ; oGm;zdk@qkdawmh tjyeftvSefem;vnfr_awG vGefcJhwJh ESpfawGxuf trsm;}uD;±Sdvmw,f? w±kwfjynftzdk@ ðyjyifajymif;vJa&; pvkyfuwnf;u +idrf;csrf;wJh ywf0ef;usif±Sd&r,f? +idrf;csrf;wJhywf0ef;usif±SdrS acwfrSD Edik if x H al xmifEikd rf ,f? tJ'rD l ay:vpDt&ol@e,ferd w d yf wfywfvnf rSmb,fppfyrJG rS vkcd siaf wmhb;l ? yl;aygi;f aqmif±u G af &;pD;yGm;a&;t& tjyeftvSeftusKd;±Sda&; 'Doabmxm;eJ@'DrlyJ±Sdw,f? tu,fI ppfjzpfvmcJh&if olbmwwfEdkifrvJ? 'D etzppftpdk;&u b,fol@ udkrS *±krpdkufbl;? ukvor*~udkawmif *±kpdkufwm r[kwfygbl;? w±kwfjynfuawmh wdkif;&if;om;awGudk zdtm;ay;r,f/ tpd;k &udk zdtm;ay;r,fqw kd hJ ay:vpD ol@rSm r±Syd gb;l ? tjzpfEikd q f ;kH ESpb f ufpvH;k oifo h ifjh rwfjrwf aeapcsiw f myJ? 'gu wav#mufv;kH ol@ay: vpDv@kd usaemfjrifw,f? ud;k uef@udpw P ek ;f u olw@kd wdu k v f rd rhf ,f rxifb;l ? aygah ygh qqaewm wdkufvmawmh jyifqifr_r±Sdbl;? jyefvnfwkH@jyefzdk@u tajctaeray;cJhbl;? 'Dvuf±Sd tajctae atmufrSmawmh wzGJ@ wdu k cf &H &ifwzG@J wdu k &f awmhrmS ? r[mrdwpf w d "f gw/f bH&k efow l u kd zf @kd pdw"f gw/f ±Sio f ef+yD;wu,fvnf;wdu k rf ,fv@kd usaemfw@dk ,H=k unf w,f? awmfawmfrsm;rsm; 0 tzGJ@udk tm;ay;=uw,f/ rav#mhzdk@ trSefqHk;&yfwnfzdk@? wu,fvdk@0 tzGJ@av#mhr,fqdk&if usefwJhvl awGvnf; tawmfxdcdkufoGm;rSm? 'Dawmh 0 awGvnf;av#mhrSm r[kwb f ;l ? r[mrdwaf wGe@J vufw+JG y;D taumif;qH;k jzpfatmif pDpOf aqmif±Gufr,fvdk@jrifw,f? OD;tdkufref; VOA - 25 April 2010


INDEPENDENCE

vGecf w hJ hJ 48 ESpf ppftm%modr;f uwnf;u ykpH t H rsK;d rsK;d eJ@ tkyfcsKyfvmcJhwJh ppftpkd;&awG[mA[kdcsKyfukdifr_ tm;aumif;zkd@ukd omOD;pm;ay;ygw,f? wkdif;&if;om;awG&J@awmif;qkdr_ukd*±krpkduf wmrsm;ygw,f? ppftpkd;&em;vnfwJh trsKd;om;pnf;vkH;a&;[m trde@f emcHa&;jzpfaewma=umifh vufeufuidk af wmfveS w f hJ wkid ;f &if; om;tkypf ak wGyrdk rdk sm;jym;vmygw,f? 1974 rSm wygwq D ±dk , S v f pf tajccHOya'ukd jyXmef;+yD; csi;f / &ckid ef @J rGejf ynfe,f owfrw S cf sed rf mS vufeufukdifawmfvSefaewJh wkdif;&if;om;tzGJ@aygif; 20 ausmf±Sd yg+yD? 1988 vlxt k ºHk uGr}_ uD; jzpfay:vmawmhrpS pftpk;d &[m w±kwf -jrefrme,fpyfu wkdif;&if;om;vufeufukdifawGeJ@ aphpyfaqG;aEG; +yD; typftcwf&yfpJEkdifcJhwm jzpfygw,f? tckvnf; 2008 tajccHOya'ukd wzufowfjyXmef;+yD; ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&;ykHpHawG azmfjyxm;ayr,fh vufawG@uawmh wkdif;&if;om;vufeufukdiftm;vkH;ukd ArmppfwyfvufatmufcH tjzpford ;f oGi;f aeygw,f? Armppfwyfe@J wkid ;f &if;om;vufeufuidk f awGt=um;tcsed rf a±G; ppfjzpfEidk w f t hJ ajctaeukad &mufaeygw,f? vufeufypPnf;eJ@vltiftm;rsm;wJh ppftpkd;&[mwkdif;&if;om; jy\emukd vufeufe@J rajz±Si;f Ekid b f jJ zpfaeygw,f? 'D=um;xJ pD;yGg; a&;jy\emukd rajz±Si;f Ekid w f t hJ wGuf wkid ;f oljynfom;awG[m Arm ppftpkd;&ukdt,kHt=unfuif;rJhvmygw,f? 2008 tajccHOya'ukd qef@usifwJh wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;pk awGudk Armppftpk;d &zdEydS n f i‡ ;f yrf;ESyd pf ufyeHk @J ywfouf+yD; Amnesty International Eki d if w H umvl@tcGit hf a&;tzG@J csKyfu vGecf w hJ ahJ zaz: 0g&DvrSm 66 rsufESmtpD&ifcHpmxkwfjyefxm;ygw,f? EkdifiHa&; v_yf±Sm;ol wkdif;&if;om; 700 ausmfay;wJhowif; tcsuftvuf ay:rSmtajccHxm;wJt h pD&ifcpH mjzpfygw,f? w±kw/f xkid ;f / b*Fvm; a'h±fS e,fpyfxu G af jy;vmolawGuadk wG@qkaH r;jref;ygw,f? wkid ;f &if; om;tzGJ@tpnf;awGuay;wJhowif;awGukdvnf; &,lygw,f? 2008 tajccHOya'ukd wkdif;&if;om;awGu jynfe,f 7 ck pvkH;rSm enf;rsKd;pkHeJ@uef@uGuf=uygw,f? ppftpkd;&ajymovkd aomif;aomif;zszsaxmufcHwmr[kwfbJ ae&mtESH@tjym;rSm uef@uGucf =hJ uwmjzpfygw,f? ppftpkd;&&J@vkyf&yfawGukdoabmrwla=umif; +idrf;csrf;pGm uef@uGufwJh wkdif;&if;om;awGukd zrf;qD;axmifcs+yD;ESdyfpuf=uyg w,f? wkid ;f &if;om;trsm;pk[m 1990 a±G;aumufyrJG mS tJet f ,fvf 'Dokd@r[kwf a'ocHEkdifiHa&;tzGJ@tpnf;awGeJ@ywfoufolrSefor# ppftpkd;&u&ef±Smygw,f? vufeufukdifwkdufyGJ0ifaewJh wkdif;&if; om;vufeufukdiftzGJ@awGeJ@ywfoufw,fvkd@,lqwJh wkdif;&if; om; t&yfom;awGukd tjypf±Sm+yD; tjyif;txefta&;,lygw,f? Oyrm SSA (Shan State Army) awmifykdif;o#rf;jynfwyfrawmf

eJ@ywfoufw,fvkd@ ArmppfwyfurouFmwJh wkdif;&if;om;t&yf om;awGudk ESyd pf ufnO‡ ;f yrf;owfjzwfyaHk wGudk vl@tcGit hf a&;tzG@J tpD&ifcHpmrSmazmfjyxm;ygw,f?

p0f,u G pf pf Armppftpk;d &[m olcsKyfuidk v f @dk r&wJh vlra_ &;/ bmoma&;/ wkid ;f &if;om; tzG@J tpnf; awGudk tjypf±mS zk@d t+rJwrf;óud;yrf;aeyg w,f? 'ga=umifh c&pf,mefbmom0if u&if/ ucsif/ csif; wkdif;&if; om;awG[m ppftpkd;&aESmuf,SufwmukdcHae&ygw,f? o#rf;eJ@ u&ifwidk ;f &if;om;awG&@J pmayeJ@,Ofaus;r_aumfrwDawGudk 2008 rSm rSwfykHwifcGifhydwfyifvkdufygw,f? wkdif;eJ@ jynfe,fawGtm;vkH; ppftpkd;&zdESdyfn‡Of;yrf;tEkdifusifhwm cHae=u&ygw,f? pD;yGg;a&; tajccHawGwnfaqmufwhJ pDru H ed ;f awGa=umifv h nf; wkid ;f &if;om; awG epfemqkH;±_H;ae=u&ygw,f? Oyrm w±kwjf ynfe@J xkid ;f Ekid if u H dk v#ypf pf"gwt f m;a&mif;pm; zkd@&nf±G,fwJh a&tm;v#yfppfpDrHudef;rSm a&umwmwnfaqmuf wm[m a'ocHwidk ;f &if;om;awG&@J b0 "avhut dk E &W m,fjzpfapyg w,f? rdrdb0xdckdufysufpD;rSmpkd;&drfvkd@uef@uGufwmukd ppftpkd;& urn‡mrwmwkH@jyefavh±Sdygw,f? a±G;aumufyGJrSmwkdif;&if;om; tkypf ak wGtEkid rf &atmif ppftpk;d &u}uHpnfEidk w f ,fv@dk Ekid if w H um vl@tcGifhta&;tzGJ@u qkdygw,f? &ckid jf ynfausmufjzLu a±$"gwaf iG@eJ@a&eHyu dk v f idk ;f pDru H ed ;f / ucsijf ynf {&m0wDjrpfqaHk &umwm/ o#r;f jynfu wmhqef;a&um wm/ u&ifjynfu 0J}uD;/ [wf}uD;eJ@'g;*Gif a&umwmpwJhpDrHudef; awGudk uef@uGuq f ENjy=uayr,ft h pk;d &wyfu tvk;H t&if;eJ@ae&m ,l+yD;a'ocHawGuzdk Ed ydS x f m;ygw,f? aoewfjy+yD; pDru H ed ;f taumif txnfazmfovkd jzpfaeygw,f? a±G;aumufyGJeD;vmavav ppf pmrsuEf mS 38 ok‹d Shan Herald Agency for News

35


L

wdkif;&if;om; vufeufudkifta&; tiftm;±Sw d hJ wdik ;f &if;om;vufeufuikd t f zG@J awG[m Arm ppfwyfvufatmufcrH vkyv f akd =umif; {+yDvaESmif;ydik ;f u qH;k jzwf vkduf=uygw,f? tiftm; waomif;eD;yg;±SdwJh KIA (Kachin Independence Army) ucsiv f w G v f yfa&;wyfuvdv k m;csuf r&rjcif; Armppftpdk;&urf;vSrf;wmudk y,fcsw,fvdk@a=unm+yD;ppftif tm;jznfhwif;aeygw,f? tiftm;oHk;aomif;ausmf±SdwJh 0 wyfzGJ@ uvnf;Armppftpd;k &&J@ urf;vSr;f csuu f kd y,fcs+yD; vufatmufcH e,fjcm;apmifw h yfrvkyv f akd =umif; jiif;qefxm;ygw,f? tay;t,l vkyzf @kd 0 tzG@J u wifjywmudv k nf; Armppftpd;k &u vufrcHygb;l ? typftcwf&yfpx J m;wJh vufeufuikd w f ikd ;f &if;om;tkypf x k rJ mS tif tm;±Sw d t hJ yk pf ak wG[m Armppftpd;k &urf;vSr;f wmudk vufrcH=uyg bl;? Armppftpdk;&u olurf;vSrf;wmudkvufrcH&if wdkif;&if; om;vufeufuikd t f zG@J awGukd olyek t f jzpfa=unm+yD;wdu k cf u kd rf ,fh yHkpHrsKd;eJ@ +cdrf;ajcmufxm;ygw,f? typf&yfa'oawGrSm tpdk;&wyf tiftm;wdk;csJ@aeygw,f? typftcwf&yfpJr_ ysufjym;oGm;&if w±kwf-jrefrmeJ@ xdkif;-jrefrme,fjcm;ukefoG,fa&;udktrsm;}uD; xdcdkufEdkifygw,f? ArmppfwyfvufatmufcH e,fjcm;apmifhwyf rvkyfcsifwJh rGejf ynfopfygwu D kd jynfo@l ppftjzpftoGiaf jymif;zd@k xyfru H rf;vSr;f wmudv k nf; {+yDvaESmif;ydik ;f u y,fcsvu kd yf gw,f? vufeufuikd f 1000 avmufe@J tzG@J 0if 3000 ausm±f w dS rhJ eG jf ynfopfygw[ D m1995 rSm Armppftpd;k &eJ@ typftcwf&yfpcJ yhJ gw,f? rqvacwf rGejf ynf e,frSmtpdk;&wyf&if; 10 ckom±SdcJhayr,fh typftcwf&yfpJxm;wJh umvrSmtpd;k &wyf&if; 30 avmuf±v dS mw,fv@kd od&ygw,f? Arm ppfwyfuxd;k ppfqifvm&if ajymuf=um;ppfqifa&;eJ@ wH@k jyefr,fv@kd rGejf ynfopfygwu D qdyk gw,f? aphpyfaqG;aEG;yGJ ysujf ym;oGm;uwnf; u ppfjyifqifr_awGvkyfaea=umif;od&ygw,f? yifr KNU u cGJxGufoGm;cJh+yD; tpdk;&wyfeJ@ typftcwf &yfpJxm;wJh autef,l+idrf;csrf;a&;tzGJ@OuUX AdkvfcsKyfaX;armifu ppfvHkðcHa&;t&m±SdcsKyf 'k-AdkvfcsKyf}uD;&Jjrifhudk t*FvdyfbmomeJ@ jyef=um;wJh 7 rsuEf mS ay;pmud=k unf&h if Armppfwyf&@J wzufowf csKyfuikd af &; tpDtpOfawGukd tao;pdwf odEikd yf gw,f? tpd;k &wyf vufatmufcrH vkyEf ikd &f if autif,+l ird ;f csr;f a&;aumifpu D rkd w&m; toif;a=unmrSmjzpfa=umif; u&if+idr;f csr;f a&;wyfukd wd;k cs@J cGirhf ±dS a=umif;/tjcm;wdkif;&if;om;tkyfpkawGeJ@qufoG,fcGifhr±Sda=umif;/ yifr autef,leJ@vnf; qufoG,fcGifhr±Sda=umif;/ xdkif;eJ@ tquf toG,v f yk cf iG rhf ±Sad =umif; pwJt h csu(f 5)csuu f kd tpk;d &u owfrw S f wmudk=unfh&if u&if+idrf;csrf;a&;tzGJ@udk vufatmufcHwyf&if; wckvdk oabmxm;wm odomygw,f? 36 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

Akv d cf sKyfaX;armif acgi;f aqmifwhJ attef,w l yfr[m (7) [m 2007 ckEpS rf mS ppftpd;k &eJ@ typftcwf&yfpv J u kd w f hJ autef,l +idr;f csr;f a&;tzG@J jzpfygw,f? 1994 uvnf; u&ifA'k b < momwyfz@JG (Democratic Karen Buddhist Army - DKBA) autef,l ucGJ xGuf+yD; tpdk;&wyfawGeJ@yl;aygif;oGm;ygw,f? 'D DKBA wyfzGJ@rSm tiftm; 5000 avmuf±SdEdkif+yD; e,fjcm;apmifhwyftjzpftoGif ajymif;zd@k oabmwlayr,fh tjiif;yGm;r_awG±adS ea=umif;od&ygw,f? tpdk;&wyfeJ@ DKBA vufwaJG ewm =umvSyg+yD? KNU +idr;f csr;f a&;tzG@J twGuf tdra f wGaqmuf/ vrf;awG azmufay;xm;ayr,fh u&ifjynfov l x l t k wGuf bmrSaqmif±u G f ay;jcif;r±Sb d ;l vd@k Adv k cf sKyfaX;armifuajymqkyd gw,f? tpk;d &wyfe@J vufwGJaewJh u&ifjynfol@ppfudkajr‡mufay;+yD; u&iftcsif;csif; owfjzwfcikd ;f wm[m tpd;k &vrf;pOfvjkd zpfaewma=umifh autef,l +idrf;csrf;a&;wyfzGJ@wnf±Sdzkd@ vdktyfw,fvdk@qdkygw,f? +idrf;csrf;a&; tzGJ@udktquftoG,fjzwfcdkif;wmudk r±dk;om;wJhvkyf&yftjzpf azmfjyxm;ygw,f? Armppftpd;k &tm;enf;aecsed u f mvrSm wdik ;f &if;om;vuf eufuikd af wGe@J typftcwf&yfpEJ ikd w f ma=umift h ESpf (20) ausmf +idr;f csrf;a&;&±SdcJhygw,f? ol@e,fudk,fhe,f ydkif;jcm;+yD; em;vnfr_&,l Edik &f if vufeufuikd f yËdyuQukd &yfqikd ;f Edik af =umif; jyovdu k w f myg? 'gayrJt h ESpf (20) typftcwf&yfpcJ sed rf mS ,H=k unfr_ rwnfaqmuf Edkifwm xif±Sm;aeygw,f? wdkif;&if;om;vufeufudkiftzGJ@awGudk Armppftpd;k &uwzwfowf trde@f ay;+y;D pnf;±k;H odr;f oGi;f aewmudk ppftiftm;±SdwJh wdkif;&if;om;tzGJ@awGuvufrcHEdkifwmawG@&yg w,f? Armppftpdk;&uom tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHawGudktm;udk;wm r[kwfbJ wdkif;&if;om;vufeufudkifawGuvnf; ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm tdref ;D csi;f Edik if aH wGe@J qufo, G v f mcJw h mjzpfygw,f? wdik ;f &if;om; vufeufuikd v f y_ ±f mS ;r_rmS w±kwef @J xdik ;f yg0ifywfoufcw hJ m rqv acwfuwnf;u jzpfygw,f? jrefrmjynfrSmraeEkdifawmhvdk@ xdkif; Edik if x H 0J ifa&mufcv dk w _H "hJ avh[m Armrif;vufxufuwnf;u ±Scd hJ wJhtpOftvmwckjzpfygw,f? Armppftpdk;&u EdkifxufpD;eif; vkyv f @kd jynfwiG ;f ppfjyefjzpf+yq D &dk if tESp(f 20)umvrSmwnfaqmuf cJw h mawG ysupf ;D oGm;Edik yf gw,f? wdik ;f &if;om; vufeufuikd yf ËdyuQ &J@ &v'fuawmh yg0ifywfoufoal wGtm;vH;k tusK;d pD;yGm; ysupf ;D qHk;±_H;wmawGyJ jzpfygw,f? a'gufwmatmifcif rsufarSmufa&;&mokH;oyfcsuf VOA - 01 May 2010


INDEPENDENCE

Armtpdk;&/ 0 / rdkif;vm; eJ@ w¶kwf 'Dru dk a&pDta&;twGuf aqG;aEG;zd@k +idr;f csr;f pGm awmif;qdk ae=uwJh EdkifiHa&;ygwDawGudk ppftpdk;&u aqG;aEG;zdk@ pdwfrul;bJ pdwfóudufOya'pnf;rsOf;awG xkwfjyefaeayr,fh wdkif;&if;om; vufeufuikd af wGjzpfwhJ ucsi/f 0 eJ@ rdik ;f vm;wyfz@JG awGukd r=umc% awG@qHkaqG;aEG;aeygw,f? 'gayrJh Armppftpdk;&vkdcsifwmudk wkdif; &if;om;vufeufuikd af wGu rvdu k af vsmEdik af o;ygb;l ? 'Dae&mrSm w±kwftpdk;&&J@tcef;u¾[m pdwf0ifpm;zdk@aumif;ygw,f? ppf tpkd;&eJ@ NLD OD;aqmifwJh 'Drkdua&pDtiftm;pkaqG;aEG;a&;[m jynfwiG ;f a&;jzpfv@kd =um;0ifrpGuzf ufcsib f ;l vd@k w±kwt f pd;k &t+rJ wrf;ajymaeygw,f? jrefrmrSm tajymif;tvJjzpfatmif w±kwu f vkyfray;Edkifbl;vdk@ qkdygw,f? 'gayrJhvufawG@uawmh jrefrmhjynfwGif;a&;txl;ojzifh e,fpyfa'owkdif;&if;om;ta&;eJ@ pD;yGm;a&;rSmw±kwf[m t"du tcef;uyg0ifaeygw,f? Armppftpdk;&u wkdif;&if;om;vufeuf udkif/ txl;ojzifh ucsif/ 0 eJ@ rkdif;vm;wyfzGJ@awGudk vufatmuf cHe,fjcm;apmifw h yfjzpfvmatmif odr;f oGi;f aewm ratmifjrifwhJ twGuw f ±kwu f kd tultnDawmif;&ygw,f? vGecf w hJ hJ 'DZifbmv w±kwAf v kd cf sKyf}uD;tku d [ f ±l rS ;f jrefrmjynfrmS (5)&ufc&D;vSnv hf nf +yD;0eJ@rdik ;f vmwyfz@JG awGukd awG@qHak qG;aEG;cJah yr,ft h a=umif;rxl; ygb;l ? w±kw'f -k orRw ±Su D sizhf siu f vnf; 'DZifbmvxJrmS yJaejynf awmfudkvm+yD; ESpfEdkifiH qufqHa&; wdk;jr‡ifhygw,f? 'gayrJh wdik ;f &if;om; vufeufuikd af wGukd xifovdv k yk v f @kd r&wJhtwGuf Armppfwyf[m vdyfcJwnf;vnf; jzpfaeygw,f? 0 eJ@rkid ;f vm;wyfz@JG awGukd a'oqkid &f mwyfr;– / wdik ;f r–;awG rausreyf jzpfaewmodomygw,f? 0 eJ@rdkif;vm;wyfawGudk rsufajcrjywf apmifh=unfhaezdk@ }wd*Hwdkif;r–; AdkvfcsKyfausmf®z; u ajymqdkwmudk o#rf;oHawmfqifhowif;u Zefe0g&D (12) &ufae@u owif;ay; yd@k ygw,f? 0 jynfaoG;pnf;nDnw G af &;wyfrawmfrmS wdik ;f &if;om; vlrsKd;pHkyg0ifygw,f? vGefcJhwJh 2009 twGif;wyfom;opf 3000 ausmf pkaqmif;&±Sad =umif; od&ygw,f? rdik ;f ayguXf mecsKyfu ppfoif wef;qif;yGrJ mS wyfom; 1000 ausm±f +dS yD; 0/ o#r;f eJ@w±kwu f 200 ausmf/ vm;[lu 800 ausmfavmuf±Sda=umif; Zefe0g&D (15) &uf xkwf o#rf;oHawmfqifhrSm azmfjyxm;ygw,f? "gwkvufeufoHk; vm&ifumuG,fEdkifwJh ppf0wfpHkudkvnf; 0 eJ@rdkif;vm;wyfzGJ@u pkaqmif;aeygw,f? 'DtawmtwGi;f w±kwu f rk % ü aD wG[m o#r;f jynfajrmuf ydik ;f rSma&tm;v#ypf pf wnfaqmufz@kd pDpOfaeygw,f? uGe;f vH®k r@e,f awmif*sy±f mG teD; oHviG jf rpfrmS a&tm;v#ypf pfpuf±w kH nfaqmuf zdk@ azaz:0g&DvaESmif;ydkif;u Armppftpdk;&eJ@w±kwfukrü%Dwdk@ oabmwlcsu&f ,lwmudk tpd;k &owif;rSmazmfjycJyh gw,f? a&um

wm (5) ck wnfaqmufr,fh pDrHudef;udk 2007 u em;vnfr_& ,lcw hJ mjzpfygw,f? oHviG jf rpfvufwufjzpf+yD; 0 ®r@awmf yefqef; udk jzwfoef;pD;qif;aewJh erfhcgjrpfeJ@ rJacgifjrpfvufwufjzpfwJh rdik ;f vm;e,fu erfah vGacsmif;awGrmS a&tm;v#ypf pf wnfaqmuf zd@k w±kwrf mS pDru H ed ;f ±Sad =umif; azaz:0g&D 12 &ufae@xkwf o#r;f oH awmfqifhrSm azmfjyygw,f?

&ckdifurf;vGefu ,leefjynfe,ftxd uDvdkrDwm (800) k v f ikd ;f vHòk cHa&;[mvnf; w±kwpf ;D yGm; ±Snv f sm;wJh a&eHe@J "gwaf iG@ydu a&;twGuf tvGefta&;}uD;wmrkd@ w±kwf jrefrme,fpyfa'o +idr;f csr;f a&; eJ@ wnf+idraf &;udk tpGr;f ukef yl;wGaJ qmif±u G &f r,fv@kd w±kwf 'k-orRw ±Su D sizhf sif u vGecf w hJ hJ 'DZifbmv aejynfawmfukd vma&mufpOf AdkvfcsKyfr–;}uD;oef;a±$u *wday;vdkufygw,f? jy\em udk aphpyfaqG;aEG;wJeh nf;eJ@ +idr;f csr;f pGm ajz±Si;f vdrrhf ,fv@kd ar#mv f ifah =umif; w±kwf 'k-orRw±Su D sizhf siu f aejynfawmfrmS ajym oGm;ygw,f? ud;k uef@a'oudk t=urf;zuf wku d cf u dk o f rd ;f ydu k w f mrsK;d aemufxyfrjzpfzdk@ tmrcHwmrsKd;udk w±kwfu vdkvm;ygw,f? udk;uef@a'oudk 0ifa&mufwdkufcdkufcJhwJh tpdk;&wyf&if; awG[m tJ'DrSmyJquf+yD;ajcukwf,lxm;wJhtwGuf e,fpyfa'o tajctaewif;rmaewmjzpfyHk&ygw,f? w±kwf&J@ &if;ESD;jr‡KyfESHr_ a=umifh 0 jynfe,f wd;k wufz@HG ®z;vmwmjzpfwt hJ wGuf 0 jynfaoG; pnf;nDnw G af &;wyfrawmf xde;f csKyf&me,fajru w±kwf &if;ES;D jrK‡yEf HS r_awGudktumtuG,fay;zkd@ 0 A[dkaumfrwDuqHk;jzwfxm; a=umif; vGefcJhwJh'DZifbm (25) &ufae@xkwf acwf®yifowif;pm apmifrSm azmfjyxm;ygw,f? &mbmpdkufcif;/ vufzufpdkufcif;/ owWKwGi;f pwJv h yk if ef;awGrmS w±kwef @J 0 zufpyfvyk x f m;=uygw,f? Arm ppftkyfpkeJ@ w±kwfukrü%DawG zufpyfvkyfudkifovdk 0-w±kwfzufpyfvkyfief;awG trsm;}uD;±Sdygw,f? udk;uef@/ 0 eJ@ Shan Herald Agency for News

37


L rkid ;f vm;rSm w±kwaf wG&if;ES;D jr‡KyfEaHS ewmtESpf 20 ±Syd g+yD? 'ga=umifh 'Da'oawGrSm Armwyfut=urf;zufvdk@ wdkuf=ucdkuf=u+yDqdk&if w±kwt f pd;k &eJ@ w±kwu f rk % ü aD wG epfemqH;k ±_;H zG,±f ydS gw,f? ud;k uef@ a'oudkArmppftpdk;&wyfawG 0ifa&mufwdkufckdufodrf;ydkufwJht wGuf w±kwv f yk if ef;±Siaf wG qH;k ±_;H epfemwmudk tar&duef a':vm oef; (40) avsmfa=u;ay;zdk@ ,leefjynfe,f vifcsef;c±dkiftpdk;&u Armppftpd;k &udk awmif;qkx d m;a=umif; od&ygw,f? Armppfwyfu wbuf/ w±kwpf um;ajymwJh 0 eJ@ rkid ;f vm;uwbuf vufeufuikd f yËdyuQjzpf&if w±kwfu b,fvdk&yfwnfr,fqdkwmapmifh=unfhzdk@ om±Sdygawmhw,f? OD;atmifcif rsufarSmufa&;&mokH;oyfcsuf VOA -27 March 2010

pmrsuEf mS 33 rS tzG@J awGudk pGcJ sut f rsK;d rsK;d eJ@ vufnKd‡ ;xk;d ta=umif;±Sm+yD; acsre_ ;f zk@d jyifaeygw,f? tJovdk tajctaerSm ukvrl;,pfaq;±k;H UNODC u etztvku d s wkid ;f &if;om;+idr;f csr;f a&;tzG@J awGudk vufnKd‡ ;xk;d w&m;cH±mS ay;wm[m b,fvrdk S vufcEH idk pf &mta=umif;r±Syd gb;l ? acwfa[mif;tar&duef±yk ±f iS u f vl±i$ af wmf *s,&f v D ;l 0pPe@J emrnf qifwal ewJh ukvor*~ *,f&v D ;l 0pPvnf; *efzvm;ukd “ ausmuf ,ljyef” jzpfae+yDvm;? wbufrSm +idrf;tzGJ@}uD;awG[m olwkd@trsKd;om;awGukd uk, d pf m;ðyxm;wm b,fojl iif;csiyf govJ? etzu jrefrmEkid if u H dk ukd,fpm;ðyxm;wJhtajccHxuf olwkd@trsKd;om;awGtay: 'DtzGJ@ }uD;awGu, dk pf m;ðywJh tajccHu yked uf±id_ ;f ykcd idk rf mygw,f? trsK;d om; a&;tajccHtay: t"du&yfwnfaewmjzpfv@dk Armjynf&@J wkid ;f &if; om;jy\emeJ@cGJvkd@r&ygbl;? trsKd;om;a&;tcef;u¾ukd tod trSwrf ðybJ aq;0g;udpu P dk Ekid if aH &;vufeuftjzpftok;H ðyaeoa±G@ jrefrmEkdifiH&J@jynfaxmifpkjy\emrSm b,fawmhrStajzawG@rSm r[kwfovkd aoG;acsmif;pD;jynfwGif;ppfoHo&muae b,fawmhrS vGwfajrmufrSm r[kwfygbl;? wu,fawmh ArmjynfrSm etzacgifu rvkHvkd@ rl;,pfrkd; ,kad ewmjzpf+y;D rl;,pforif[m etz rif;}u;D wmubJxu G af ewm jzpfygw,f? 'gukdrodbJ ukvor*~rkqkd;}uD;u rl;,pforifzrf;zkd@ óud;pm;ae&ifawmh a&xJt±kyfa&;ovkdyJjzpfaeygvdrfhr,f?Ô *gr%d (16.12.2009) 21.12.2009 acwf ® yif 0 uf b f q k d u f pmrsuf E S m yg aqmif ; yg;uk d jyefvnfazmfjyjcif;jzpfonf?(pmwnf;)

38 Vol. 27, No. 268, 2010

pmrsuEf mS 35 rS tm%m±Sipf epfqef@usio f al wG tjyif;txefEydS u f yG cf &H avav jzpf vmrSmpk;d &dr&f w,fv@dk vJ Ekid if w H umvl@tcGit hf a&;tzG@J uok;H oyf ygw,f? 'ga=umifha±G;aumufyGJeJ@ywfoufwJh csKyfcs,fuef@owf csufawGukd ±kwfodrf;ay;zkd@ Amnesty International tzGJ@u Arm ppftpkd;&ukdawmif;qkdxm;ygw,f? Ô OD;atmifcif rsufarSmufa&;&mokH;oyfcsuf VOA - 3 April 2010

pmrsuEf mS 39 rS o#rf;jynfuGefu&ufukd -2008 'DZifbm 21 rS 23 txd 3 &uf=umusif;ywJh (SSNPCC- The 1st Shan State National Patriots' Council Conference) uae zG@J pnf;vku d w f m jzpfygw,f? tzGJ@0ifawGuawmh (TCC-Tai Coordination Committee) rS p0fydefzS/ pkdif;yifcrf;/ eef;qkdifaemifh/ (RCSS-Restoration Council of Shan State) rS Akdvfr–; avm0fqdkif/ (PNLO-PaO National Liberation Organization) rS cGefol&def eJ@ cGefpGJxkd/ (WNO-Wa National Organization) rSwmhtu dk @f !Ge@f eJ@ wmhvaS xG;/ (LDULahu Democratic Union) rS *sz;dk vk(H zk;d ode;f ±Si)f (LND-Lahu National Development Party) rS *sul;wkd@jzpfygw,f? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 14/07/2010

oHk;acsmif;axmufxdkifckHyHkyrm vGwfvyfwJhwdkif;jynfwpfjynftzdk@ r±SdrjzpfvdktyfwJh tcsif;t&m tpdwftydkif; 3 ck ±Sdw,f? Ô jynfolua±G;aumufwifajr‡mufwJh vlxktpdk;& Ô wu,ftvkyfjzpf+yD; {ueftusKd;±SdwJhaps;uGuf Ô vlxktajcðy vlr_tzGJ@tpnf; 'DudpPtvkyfjzpf&if oHk;acsmif;axmufxdkifcHkwpfvHk;eJ@ t vm;wlygbJ? [Dv&Dcvifwef tar&duefEdkifiHjcm;a&;0ef}uD; 3§7§2010 ydkvef


INDEPENDENCE

o#rf;jynfom;rsm;wef;wla&;

Photo : Hseng Noung Lintner

o#rf;jynfta&;twGufar#mfudk;+yD; a'ocHwkdif;&if;om; aygi;f pHyk g0ifwhJ o#r;f jynfueG *f &ufnv D mcHukd *|ev f aemufq;kH ywf u usif;ycJhygw,f? tJ'DnDvmcHrSm ytdk0f;/ vm;[l/ 0 eJ@ o#rf;wdk@ yg0ifaqG;aEG;=u+yD; uGef*&ufqdkif&m&nf±G,fcsuf/ vkyfaqmifcsuf awG u d k a qG ; aEG ; cJ h y gw,f ? o#rf ; jynf w d k i f ; &if ; om;awG & J @ pnf ; vHk;nD!Gwfr_eJ@ wef;wltcGifhta&;u b,favmufta&;ygae ygovJ´ f &uf (,m,D) &J@ A[dt k vkyf 5 }udraf jrmuf o#r;f jynfueG u tr_aqmifaumfrwD EC tpnf;ta0;ukd +yD;cJhwJh *|ef 25 &ufu usi;f ycJ&h m uGeu f &ufqikd &f m&nf±u G cf suf 6 csuef @J vkyif ef;aqmif wm 6 csufawGrSm 5 csufpD aqG;aEG;oabmwlEkdifcJh+yD; eHygwf 6 h wGuv f mr,fh 6 }udrf tcsuu f adk wmh oabmwlnrD r_ &Ekid af o;wJt ajrmuf EC tpnf;ta0;rSm xyfrH aqG;aEG;rSmjzpfwJh ta=umif; wufa&mufol TCC (Tai Communication Committee) ud, k pf m; vS,f pdkif;yifcrf;uajymygw,f?

SSC-EC tpnf;ta0;

o#rf;jynfuGefu&uf (,m,D) &J@zGJ@pnf;yHkrl=urf;pnf;rsOf; tcef; 7 cef;/ yk'fr 29 ck ukdjyefvnfaqG;aEG;wJh 5 }udrfajrmuf SSC - EC tpnf;ta0;rSm tzGJ@0ifawGjzpfwJh 0 / vm;[l/ ytkd0f; eJ@o#rf;udk,fpm;vS,f - EC 9 a,muf wufa&mufaqG;aEG;cJ=h u ygw,f? SSC OuUX *sz;dk vkH (LDU vm;[l wDru dk &ufwpf) / twGi;f a&;r–;Akdvfr–;avm0fqkdif (o#rf;jynfjyefvnfxlaxmifa&;aumifpD RCSS)/ 0trsK;d om;tzG@J csKyf WNO rSwmhtu dk ! f eG @f / PNLO ytk0d ;f trsKd;om;vGwfajrmufa&;tzGJ@csKyfOuUX cGefOuUmeJ@o#rf;yl;aygif; aqmif±u G af &;aumfrwD TCC rS OD;yifcrf;wd@k wufa&mufc+hJ yD;(1) o#rf;jynfuGef*&uf&nf±G,fcsufESifhvkyfief;vrf;pOf/ (2) o#rf;jynfuGef*&ufqdkif&mzGJ@pnf;ykHpnf;rsOf;/

(3) o#rf;jynfuGef*&uftajccHrl0g' pojzifh tykdif; 3 ykdif;cGJ+yD; aqG;aEG;cJhygw,f? &nf±, G cf suu f ¾rSm (1) 'Dru dk a&pDEiS hf vl@tcGit hf a&; (2) w&m;r#wa&;ESifhukd,fykdifjyXmef;cGifh (3) EkdifiHa&;/ ppfa&;aygif;pnf; a&; (4) ppftm%m±Sipf epfðzwfcsa&; (5) o#r;f jynfat;csr;f a&;ESihf k iG yf g0if§ zG@H ®z;wk;d wufa&; (6) Armjynfe,fyg0ifaom jynfaxmifpw ryg0ifa&;pwmawG aqG;aEG;jzpfcJhygw,f? vkyfief;vrf;pOfu¾rSmawmh (1) yifvkHpmcsKyftaumif txnfazmfaqmifa&; (2)wkdif;&if;om;wpfzGJ@eJ@ wpfzGJ@=um;av; pm;or_ ðyonft h aejzifh todtjrifrsm;ES;D aESmzvS,af &; (3) w&m; r#wa&;tajccHonfhnD!Gwfr_azmfaqmifa&;/ +idrf;csrf;aomenf; vrf;jzifhjy\emrsm;ajz±Sif;a&;(4) zuf'&,fpepfjzifho#rf;jynfxl axmifa&; (5) tm%m±Sifpepfðzwfcsa&; (6) Armjynfe,fyg0if aom jynfaxmifpkYyg0ifa&; pwmawGjzpfygw,f? “uGefu&ufzGJ@pnf;ykHpOf;rsOf;rl=urf;u¾rSm odyf+yD;raqG; aEG;cJ&h bl;/ tcsut f m;vk;H vkv d jdk ynfph aHk e+y/D jyifqifz@dk tenf; tusO;f av;bJ±Sdawmh tcuftcJ}uD;r[kwfygbl;”- cGefOuUmuajymyg w,f? eHygwf 6 tcsujf zpfwhJ Armjynfe,fyg0ifaom jynfaxmifpk Yyg0ifa&;qkdwJhtcsufeJ@ygwfouf+yD;awmhvJ cGefOuUmu “jynfwiG ;f pnf;vk;H nDnw G af &;eJ@jynfy pnf;vk;H nDnw G af &; qk+d y;D ±Sw d ,f? yxr wpfcsuf u o#r;f jynfxJ rSm±Sw d hJ vm;[l/ ytk0d ;f / yavmif/ 0 wkdif;&if;om;wcsKd@[m PDF, DAB, NCUB tzGJ@0if awGjzpfw,f? qkdawmholwkd@u Armjynfe,fyg0ifwJh jynfaxmifpk rSmyg0ifzkd@oabmwlxm;awmh o#rf;jynfuGefu&ufrSm Armjynf e,fyg0ifwJh jynfaxmifpkrSmyg0if§ryg0ifa&;qkdwJhtcsuf rxnfh xm;&if o#r;f jynfxrJ mS yg 0ifz@dk olw@dk awGtwGut f cufawG@r,f?” “jy\em r+yD;rjywfEkdifatmif ajz±Sif;ae&r,f? 'gayr,fh xnfah qG;aEG;vku d &f ifawmh udpjP ywf+y/D jy\emr±Sad wmhb;l ? jynfy pnf;vk;H nDnw G af &;qkw d muawmh - UN[m jrefrmjynfut dk oif; 0iftjzpf todtrSwfðyxm;awmh ol@rSmtcsKyftjcmtm%m ydkif qdik rf ±_ w dS ,f? wu,fv@dk tpdwt f ydik ;f wckcck x JG u G v f jdk cif;awG bm awG±Sdvm&if tpkd;&bufuwm;qD;umuG,f&r,f? umuG,fzdk@ twGuf jynfytultnD awmif;cHykdifcGifh±Sdw,fvkd@ygw,f?” ok@d ayr,fh oabmwlq;Hk jzwfcsurf &ao;wJh Armjynfe,f yg0ifaom jynfaxmifprk mS yg0ifa&;tcsuu f v dk mr,fh 2010 aESmif; ykid ;f rSmxyfru H si;f yr,fh 6 }urd af jrmuf SSC - EC tpnf;ta0;xyfrH aqG;aEG;OD;r,f vkd@vJajymoGm;ygw,f? pmrsuEf mS 38 ok‹d Shan Herald Agency for News

39


9dyrsoy9h.y 9k d5b9yj,y.ja6'ypy.jl5b;yz5bdyj g99k]5bdyjs6b;y9k,Coyr g99:'ytdCoyrs6b;y9:'tyvb,yj g9g,kmb,yjl5b'yjoGxyt]xyt'krs6b;y g9Pkr'wKr]wKrs^;yl5b;y 0K'yh]whm6djy m5;b sy ;b6 Sy 0K'yhdqdyr-K,yh;Coxy o 5 Mty ?

vkufhwDjyldifydkif; 2008 ckid uf w F bf cOfjv.u;f vlud jf wifj 2010 rldef,dyf;tewmif;rkifjr.if;-rmufby.if;vlrf; 2008

em;*pfzGJ‹pnf;ykHarG;xkwf

vHñuyfa¶G;aumufyw JG mpl avylazgi;f ar#mrf eS ;f csuf 2010

OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTE Supported by a grant from Foundation Open Society Institute (Zug)

& Soros Foundations Network

korn kaw 52  

korn kaw 52

Advertisement