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All Photo : Arntai (SHAN)

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INDEPENDENCE

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(You are okay as you are, begin to look upon yourself as a human being)

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4

Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

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INDEPENDENCE

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qkr;f UNA wFrjf vdujf xdik z f jl y.iuf mef UN {jrdybf rmefj

6

Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

orfOh Mj-[Of;awvBjn.euf efeyfx h Okd uf w F bf tc t[huifjyefydlifiOfjydkif;rldif; nefqkrf;odkuf;

Photo : AP

Oef;xd 16_03_10 qkr;f nlp;f vDqmOf; cdOl ;f z.rUf =rfj (UNA- United Nationalities Alliance) nefyMbwDbumefri dl ;f qmOf;cdOl ;f 13 qkr;f =rfjuef auMbwifjOBUeefU wFrjf vdujf ql; zljy.iuf mefujl v.ijf v.ijf qmwfjqdik jf z.rUf =rfj vkrjf ZMU UN Vef@cD@rke@f OMj-{jqBj. nOf [Fif;wAuf;nefomifbxkufb rdyfbnD;qkrf;odkuf; rmefj SPDC ? u.yfjOMj (1) qkrf;odkuf;rmefj nrfb[Awf;q.rf; nefqmwfjqdkifjz.rfU=rfj vkrfjZMUwdkuf;olef;OBU (2) rBmrDjnef qkrf; odkuf;rmefjcAefbwFrfjOBUauMj omefcwf;uef wif;vkrfjZMUulpf;yBbayM; omefcwf;uef wif;umifqfgulef;rdlif;rmefj-OMjeB/ qkr;f nlp;f vDqmOf;cdOl ;f z.rUf =rfj vmwfj tev.ijf wmif;OMj- qOfj[Of;vBjvmwfjOBUOMj umefvuld jf wifjrlid ;f rmefj {juljZBmbvBjcOfj=rfj yM;? {jyAefumefvdlufjwifjv.wfjvFOf; tvj q.r;f ydil x f rf;YwM; (Free and Fair) / urf;eBU

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INDEPENDENCE

umefokduf;

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Photo : Harn (SHAN)

rdlOfj=Ofvdlefrmwf@csf qkrf;rdlif;vM; nefqOfjqBm;vde k ;f n.e=f Of ykwjf vBmjcBmUwyfh uef/ wyfUqkr;f 369 nef,yd ;f ukr;f eMjvdef y.w;f ovdOk ;f ,mif;u.ijf ,mif;vB. (rdil ;f ,mif;) cBmUugMbykwjf wyfU=rfbvlrjf iOfjike;f wyfUqkr;f 896 rlid ;f vM;/ wyfUqkr;f 369 wif;rlw;f rD; 4 wyfUu.if? wyfUqkrf; 896 rD; 3 wyfUu.if cBmUwyfUuefoAifj- eB,OfU/ qOfjeMjwDjefg;rldif;vM; auMUedkifj vmwfjteOMj- ]ydlOfjwMb{julef;odkuf; vlifU vFefbeMjvdef? ayM;rD;umefvrfbv.ifjvdlwfb rBjrM; uljwyfUqkr;f {j=Uquf;eMjvdef vDimrf; ao qmifjqB.jxFrfuefiBmj? nrfb=Uquf;ydkefU wDjeMjvdefuef nrfbarMugMbarMyBeefU ,Mb{jrD;}-OMjeB/ zljrD;qefUefg;wyfUqkrf; 369 qdlOf; cBmUugMbeMjvdefiOfjikef;rldif;vM;eefU ,mrf; 7 rli;f umif efag wMbxdik f 3 rli;f OBm;Oef; Zduk ;f [Ae;f _o.euf mefoukd ;f umefridl ;f uljOef;-eB,OfU/ qkr;f rlid ;f vM;eBU wifjtwb ugMbuAi;f wkif 25_02_10 nrfbvBj=yfUnkyfb zlju.ef;wdlif;

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]wKrzdyrlkh (Salad bowl) 0;yhd;yj xGoy-5b;yrd5b;y -5b;yro,yt,oyr -5b;yr,Kdyj-5b;y l5,yh -5b;yrzdyr,uj -5b;yrzdyr-K,yr ,kr-5oyr-;yr doygdkh 96bdytxGoy-5b;yrd5b;y -5b;yro,yt,oyr -5b;yr ,Kdyj-5b;yl5,yh -5b;yrzdyr,uj -5b;yrzdyr-K,yrp5j? d5Pry dkh p5jzy,. oyrowt v,yj;Koyh06o b hy -69 b ry xG'ry p5js^,hy doy/ xk]bc9ts'< ] ty Kw rg,kh95,hy ;kh “Sampayutta” (or`,w k )W s<'] ty Kw rzdyrlkh;kh “Vipayutta” (0dy`,kwW) ?

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yDbwkqw d v hf M;=b yM;vkujf ar;vufn h u. bf yBmjwyfUerf OBm;qkrf;odkuf;rmefj wFifbwifj=OfeMj yDbwkqw d Uf vM;=b ef;g tqjOAi;f rlid ;f wlef nef usy;D uBb. cde k jf yAeq f efUzlju.e;f wyfUu.i, f OfU? u.yfjvBj[Awf;umefeuf;? nrfbrD;cmOf;,mrf; [Aw;f umefeMj=de;f tvj n.euf efyM;vkujf ar; vufUyBmjwyfUeyfU=Ofoyd ;f / qmOf;vM;=b nefvufUyBmjwyfah uMUedik jf vmwfjOMj- ]wifjtwbqkr;f yDbwkqw d v hf M;=b yAew f yfUu.irf M;eBh nrfbvBj[Aw;f umefeMj=de;f wMa,;? ukrfbvBj[Awf;wyfU[Awf;wMb ckwf; vku;f xFeUf awMUvdeaf wMUoBm; rFubf rB[h mrfwrk f nrfbrD;Oef;vdkOfjtvj qifbvBjvufUyBmj}OMjeB/

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okud ;f wB;wif;rmefj,dOk ;f uef rmefjwBmerf wyfUodkuf;qdkifjwB; SSA qkrf;vB.wB; vFif; nefwlifUedkifefg;tqjOAif;erfUqmif Omif;zFeq f wf;oduk ;f rkw;f ,dOk ;f oduk ;f rmefjwBm eyfU=Ofoyd ;f ? ZBmb SSA [kyjf ,dw k ;f vBjclO;f c.if u.ifjumifbcdlifjodkuf;wif;erf/ rdlOfjOef;xd 13_03_10 ,mrf; 11;30 rlif; wyfUodkuf;qdkifjwB; oBmodkuf;wyfUq.yfb o.ufjqkrf;edkifj ugMb[Awf;odkuf;rkwf; yfgUrluf; ,dOk ;f oduk ;f rmefj cv, 525 ? cv, 99 vmif;cdOl ;f nefce k o f ukd ;f vlif wdebf n.ibf rlO;f n.e=f Of? [Fi;f oduk ;f 42 auMU wDjef;g =pfjvli?f [drf;OmefjuRif;vB.cmif ndlifb[Bm;zuf; tqjOAif; erfUqmif/ wdkuf;uef[dkifr.ufj 3 qlOfjrlif;? oduk ;f rmefjwBmef;g ymifwukd ;f 20 auMU? ef;g eefU yM;wlOfckefodkuf;vlifwdefbn.ifbrlOf;? qefU =Ofodkuf;vlif (3 rB) 2 auMU? qefU=Ofodkuf; (2 rB) 1 auMU? ulef;,dyf;oBmvlrf; 1 auMU/ ymifwdkuf;y.ufjurf;eBU ZBmbwyfUodkuf; qdkifjwB; nrfbrD;v.ifjvkokrf;oifao [kyfj

8

Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

,dkwf;vBjcdlifjodkuf;u.ifjumifbodkuf;rmefj rdlef eifb u.ifj (MA-1) 1 vOf;? MA-2 udkuf; (79) 1 vOf;? (MA-2) 2 vOf;? rmufb (M79) 5 vkujf ? rmufb 60 mm. 2 vkujf ? rFuUf u.ijf

23 rFufU? rmufbu.ifj MA 675 vkufj tvj xliUf ydOl Uf 10 vkujf - OAyUf oBmUcmOfbwB;v.wjf vFOf; www.taifreedom.com Oef;xd 16_ 03_2010 n.ufbcmOfbugMbeifbeB/ 他


INDEPENDENCE

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,5b'yrd6oygsH9uH p5joy.r,skl,69yt vC9yt]CoyH9bdyto5b;y a'yj9'yrv:dyj;5'yhdK'y d6oyvg,Hib-5b;yHs<'yjc]h vg,Hib-5b;yH 0Koyr? 0G'yjs<'yj9K'yr95dyr ,urd6oy,5b'yr -b;Hy [kH (Cuba) ? awKjv:djy ,ur,5'b ry f5;yH,uH ouH-oyH iuHzxytz]bdyt (Dominican Re-

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10 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010


INDEPENDENCE

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11


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12 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

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Photo : SHAN

Photo : SHAN

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INDEPENDENCE

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acj;cmefymuf,ugef:acj ,:djy 0C'hy m6'b y z5hvKoyjd:ory g-k d5oyr,5b'yr9wrd5h0K;yr-5b;yrowt d5b;yr]ulk lok voyv,yj,5boydoy ]wK05b;yt]wKx5b'y? vb'yo5b;yz5h9w:js<dyh Jd:oyrg-k" oxyt p,ypbxyr,oyh]dyrdKoy fuH,:dyT-giHluH/ l6ojy ]whd5ory / l6ojy ]wh95;dy ;yj9Cxry 99yr s'yrg-k/ d5h0K;yr-5b;yr d5hlklok d5hmKoyh d5oyr 9dyr]whsxtyx5Pyh ]:'yhm6dyj,Coyh0:,yr I9kr Justice, ]:'hy zG'jy xG'ry Equality, ]:'hy ]:9hy ]C;ry Freedom o'yjdoy voyp:,yr 14 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

sxyl t 'G dy K'y00 .y ,6 ry d5ory o,y/ ;wTodyrdC9jy clG'ydK'y0y.06,yrd5oyrgvj? x5oyt,kr,5b;yhdK'yxuowt -5rg,kpk]5'y0wKr m5Pyr gdkTxGoyz5ho,yrlklok-ib9yt voy p5jl;yr,5'b ry vg,Hib-;b5 Hy (USA) 96dry p:ory x6'b hy vb',y kr -yh. p:ory v;y9;b6 9 ty K'yr0yT. 96;b ry okh]bdhy d:ory g-k 9C,hy lyj. ]:'hy lklok-ib9ty z:'yhowc]h ]wh95dyr]5'yr;khg9xoyv:dyj o6'b hy xu].y # x:dhy Z]5o b gy vHx¤5;b Hy ]y c]h fuHlC,Hy [5;b Hy X o6'b hy x:dhy ]y. @ okh voyxo G y -K;yrpK,yr-6db Ty pyj. x5;b hy 9kj0K;yr-ib9?ty

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INDEPENDENCE

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L d6,hy ,5'b ry dK'ysK;y ]5'ry ,kr9:ohy sxyp t d6 Ty xkr,oyr 0;yh -6boyh,5b;yrd.kj,5b'yrdK'ysK;ygvkh? ,oyr0;yhp'yrl'yj]K9yh;w;t kh g9 -6o b ry p6d9 ty ;5 gy pkr-b'ry ]5'ry ,kr,5'b ry d5ory mC'hy x:dyho6b'yh owgvkh? d:xyhx5b;yhowgl 05b;yrp6,yjp,yoxyt;wh Izkr0;yhgpjl69'yr]wK v:ody oypo : ry x:ory ,'yjd]kj,b'hy -.o9 y hu ,oyr0;yh/ d:xhy x5;b hy p6,jy ;kh ,oyr0;yhxGoyIzkr0;yh voy,urlwK0y. ]bxry -urglm:,jy 'bory c]h sG9ry xoydkhvoy ];yhp:oyrp5jootygvkh? d:xyhx5b;yh'5boyhx6boyrowtc]h ]dyrouhxu -ib9ty 0'yj]whxGo,y kr # 9:ohy ? v:o9 y K'yr d:oyjokh0;yhgpjl6-ib9ytd5b9yj Before Christ (BC) c]h oxy9 t 'yhv;y0;yhgpjl6 -ib9dty 9 b5 jy Anno Domini (AD) owgvkh? ;oyr9b9yt oy.r]5boy,K9yH-\y v,yjooy gvHx造5;b Hy ]y owt 0K;yr-ib99 ty 'yr]wK p6,jy p,y-d6 ry m5xry 9:'ry d6,b ry ;kh xGo;y oyrvoy0;yh

b ry voys'< ;ty kh gpjl6xo 5 9 ty K'yr9wK]bxry -ur-6o ;oyr9b9ytvb9yHl95b;yH Easter Sunday owgvkh? d:xhy x5;b hy ]:'hy 9K'yrowct ]h 0K;yr-ib9ty Z05b;yrp6,yjp,ylklok-ib9ytX d5h,5b'yr,5b'yr v:oydoysG9yrxw:r 7Izkr0;yhgpjl6p:,yr9wK c]h]6dTy -6o b ry & Easter day voy;khooyt gvkh?

syh> Izkr0;yhgpjl6 xoyxo : ry ,'yjd]kj ,b'hy -.oo y ;b5 xy hu o:'9 ty rw s;yrpyj. pyj. o,yo,ygl d,yr]5Pyh? oxyp t ,ygl -5rg,kpk]5'y 0wKrm5Pyr ,5'b ry s^,hy 96,v y g,Hib-;5b Hy USA

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INDEPENDENCE

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19


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22 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

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INDEPENDENCE jzpf+yDvm;’ [k vufcaH wG@qHo k l ppfO;D pD;yxrwef; G.1 Adv k rf ;– }uD; oef;xGËo f ed ;f u ajyma=umif; w±kw§f xdik ;f e,fpyfowif;&yfuu G f uajymygonf? }wd*Hwdkif; *sD0rf;ajymqdkr_tay: rdkif;vm;acgif;aqmifrsm; uvnf;-“taumif ; jzpf z d k @ cif A sm;wd k @ tay:rl wnf o vd k tqd;k bufomG ;r,fq&kd ifvnf; cifAsm;wd@k oabmbJ” - [k qd. k ? azaz:0g&D 24 &uf AdkvfcsKyfausmf®z;u rdkif;vm; 'kOuUX qef;ayESirhf ikd ;f ,kYawG@qHpk Of }wd*pH pfwikd ;f ±k;H od@k oGm;a&mufawG@qHk &ef zdw=f um;xm;.? twnfrðyEdik af o;aom twif;t& rdik ;f vm; ud, k pf m;vS,t f zG@J usKid ;f wHo k @kd a&muf±pdS Of 'kAv kd cf sKyf}uD;&Jjrifv h nf; }wd*Hppfwdkif;±kH;Y ±Sdaeonf[k qdk.? “tckawG@qHkyGJu bmrS wdk;wufr_r±Sd&bl;/ t&ifwkef;u vdkvJaz:az:a±Ga±Gr±Sdbl;/ awG@qHkyGJrSmvJ a&bJaomuf&w,f?

rdik ;f vm;tzG@J wke@f jyefcsuu f kd *s0D rf;u ‘toGiaf jymif;zd@k rajymif;zd@k cifAsm;wd@k tay: rlwnfw,f/ usaemfu txuftrde@f t& ajym& wm’ vd@k ajym+y;D awmhawG@qHyk ±JG yk o f rd ;f wmbJ” - [k tqdyk gusKid ;f wkH om;u qd. k ? 2009 atmufwdkbm 28 &uf usKdif;wHkY rdkif;vm;acgif; aqmifOD;pdkif;vif;ESifhaemufqHk;awG@qHkpOf 'kAdkvfcsKyf}uD;&Jjrifhu e,fjcm;apmifhwyftoGifajymif;&efom wbufowfzdajymcJh.? aemufydkif; awG@qHkr_r±SdawmhbJ ESpfbufqufqHa&;at;usJaecsdef *sE0M g&D 27 &ufu rdik ;f vm;wyfz@JG taxGaxG twGi;f a&;r–;OD;rif;tdrf vkyf}uHowfjzwfcH&onf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 26/02/2010

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etz ppfAsL[mrSL; - a'ocHbmompmay okH;cGifhydwfyif

rdkif;&,ftajcpdkuf etz ppfAsL[mr–;u o#rf;bmomjzifh a&;xm;onfh aps;qdkifqdkif;bkwfrsm;tm;vHk;ðzwfckdif;ouJhodk@ pmoifausmif;twGi;f Yvnf; ausmif;om;rsm;tm; o#r;f bmom jzifhoifjy±Sif;vif;jyjcif;rðy&ef E_wfrdef@xkwfcJhonf[k pHkprf;od±Sd &ygonf? “qdik ;f bkwt f }u;D }u;D awGajymraeeJ@? tdrf a±S@rSmr*Fvm,l uyfxm;wJo h #r;f ESpo f pfu;l eH&pH wdpu f mav;awmif tm;vH;k cGgypfz@kd azaz:0g&D 22 &ufu vrf;oGm;&if;E_wfrdef@ay;oGm;w,f” - [k a'ocHwOD; uajymygonf? azaz:0g&D 27 &ufae@ qdik rf ikd ;f bke;f }u;D ausmif; a*gyutzG@J .waygi;f yGo J #r;f bmomzdwpf mukv d nf; AsL[mr–;Adv k rf ;– }uD;=unf jrifhu qifhac:+yD;rvkyf&efwm;jrpfcJh.? xd@k tjyifrikd ;f &,f txuausmif;od@k oGm;a&muf+yD; q&m §r rsm;tm;vkH;pHknDtpnf;ta0;qifhac:um oif=um;ydk@cs &mY o#r;f bmompum;jzifh bmomjyef±iS ;f vif;ay;jcif;rðy&ef wm;jrpfchJ a=umif; - xdka'oa&muf0efxrf; wOD;u TuJhodk@ajym.?

SSA ESifh

“tJ'D AsL[mr–;u o#rf;±kd;&mtdk;pnfAHkarmif; wD;cwfwm awmifr=um;csib f ;l -wJ?h ‘usuo f a&’ r±Sb d ;l vk@d awmifajymw,f? rdik ;f &,ftxu ausmif;rSm q&m§r awGukd tpnf;ta0;vkyw f ek ;f uvJ o#r;f q&mrawGukd rwfwyf&yfcikd ;f +yD; uav;awGupdk moif&if o#rf;bmomeJ@r±Sif;jyzdk@vJ wm;jrpfw,f” - [k ajym.? AsL[mr–;Adv k rf ;– }uD;=unfjrifo h nf reufwikd ;f vrf;av#muf xGufpOfrnfonfhtdrfukdrqdk 0ifcGifhrawmif;bJ 0ifa&mufppfaq; ar;jref;avh±Sda=umif;/ Armbmompmay,Ofaus;r_rSwyg; tjcm; wdkif;&if; om; pmay,Ofaus;r_rsm;tay: zdESdyfcsKyfjc,fr_trsKd;rsKd; ðyvkyfa=umif; ukefonfwpfOD;u ajymjy.? ‚if;AsL[mr–;onf *sE0M g&v D u t&m±So d ifwef;rS jyefa&muf vma=umif;/ 'kAdkvfr–;}uD;tqifhrS Adkvfr–;}uD; &mxl;wdk;jr‡ifhjcif;cH& a=umif;/ o#r;f ESpo f pfu;l yGpJ ifjrifah y: trsK;d om;*k%ðf yaw; oDcsi;f wufqdkzl;onfh o#rf;vli,fwOD;tm;vnf; zrf;qD;csKyfaESmifzl; a=umif; - tqdkyg 0efxrf;u ajymjyygonf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 02/03/2010

wdkufyGJ etz wyf 20 a,mufaoqHk;

o#rf;jynfwyfrawmf SSA . ðcHcdkwdkufcdkufr_a=umifh Adkvf oef;a±$ ppftyk pf w k yfrS ppfa=umif;r–;Adv k }f uD;tygt0if Armppfom; 20 a,mufaoqH;k +yD; 8 a,muf'%f&m&a=umif; 16§3§2010 ae@ Y SSA . taifreedom.com 0ufpfqdkufwGifaz: jy.? Adv k }f u;D wifatmifr;kd OD;aqmifonfv h if;ac;tajcpdu k f cr& 528 ESihf cv& 99 rS tiftm; 42 a,muf±dS ppfa=umif;tm; ae@cif; 11 em&Dc@JG tcsed f 3 em&D=um ðcHcw kd u kd cf u kd af omae&mrSm o#r;f jynf

awmifydkif; erfhZef®r@e,f [dkufzwfwdkufe,f 0rfhausmif;vGefcef±Gm teD;Y jzpf.? wdkufyGJtwGif; etzppfwyfxHrS MA1 wpfvuf / MA2 ESihf M79 avmifcsmwGJ aoewf 2 vuf / MA 2 ESpv f uf / qufo, G f a&; a&'D,pkd ufwpfv;kH ESihf cJ,rf;tajrmuftjrm;udk o#r;f wyfz@JG u pmrsuEf mS 27 okd‹ Shan Herald Agency for News

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wyftoGifajymif;a&; cf-SSA tay: uef@owfcsufrsm;csrSwf azaz:0g&Dvqef;u typf&yfo#rf;jynfwyfrawmf OuUX Ad k v f c sKyf v G , f a rm0f / p0f a c;wd k i f ; / p0f v S j rif h / p0f p d k i f ; tG r f w d k @ vm;±_d;wdkif;r–; AdkvfcsKyfatmifoef;xGËfESifh oGm;a&mufawG@qkHpOf etz &mZoHay;onfh e,fajrapmifhwyftoGifajymif;a&;udpP aqG;aEG;cJh=uonf[k qdkygonf? typf&yfo#rf;jynfwyfrawmftay: uef@owfay;xm; onfh t"duta=umif;&if;ajcmufcsurf mS -1? a'ocHvx l k OD;aqmif r_trnfcH aphpyfa&;em,utzGJ@zGJ@pnf;&ef/ 2? jynfol@ppftoGif ajymif;+yD;ygu vuf±Sdwyfr[m 1 XmecsKyf 0rfh[dkif;wGifomtajc pdkuf&ef? 3? qdkifausmh0f (pdefa*smh) XmecsKyfe,fajr tygt0if rlv jynfol@ppfwyfzGJ@rsm;±Sd+yD;om; typf&yf SSA a'otm;vHk; vuf vGwfwyf±kyfqkwfcGg&ef/ 4? tkyfpk§&yf±Gmt}uD;tao; tvdkuf ppftpdk;&trmcH vlxkudk,fpm;vS,f 10 a,mufrS ta,muf 30 txd x m;±S d & ef / 5? aph p yf a &;em,u tzG J @ jzif h q uf o G , f qufq=H u&ef/ 6? em,utzG@J . tvkyv f yk f rnf±h ;Hk ae&mESihf tvkyf tr_aqmift&nftwGuf owfrw S af &;twGuf qufvufaqG;aEG; =u&efponfwdk@jzpfonf[k qdk.? tqdyk g uef@owfcsut f m;vH;k rSm etzu wbufowfcs rSwfxm;jcif;jzpfonf[k trnfraz:vdkonfh typf&yfo#rf;jynf wyfrawmft&m±SdwOD;u TuJhodk@ajymjyygonf?

o#rf;oHawmfqifh 09/03/2010

“tckajymwJh 6 csuu f Armtpk;d &ubJ wbufowf ajym oGm;wm/ usaemfwdk@bufu bmqdkbmrS rqHk;jzwfao;bl;? usaemfwdk@acgif;aqmifawGvJ 0 wdk@ rdkif;vm;wdk@ &yfwnfcsuf twdkif; qufoGm;rSm bJ” o#r;f jynfwyfrawmf(typf&yf)taejzifh wyftoGiaf jymif; a&;udpPukd rltm;jzifhomvufcHxm;onf[k qdkaomfvnf; tzGJ@ tpnf;emrnfajymif;a&;udpP§wyf wHqdyfajymif;a&;udpPrsm; vufrcHEdkifa=umif; quf ajym.? “typf&yfpOfwkef;u aemufwufvmrJh t&yfom;tpdk;& opfvufxufusrS Edik if aH &;udpaP wGaqG;aEG; tay;t,lvyk =f ur,f - qdk+yD;oabmwlxm;w,f? ppftpkd;&vkyf&yfu a±S@oGm;aemuf vkdufrnDbl;/ tckcsdefuwnf;u toGifajymif;zdk@vufeufcszdk@ zdtm;ay;vmwmu ESpfbufoabmwlnDcsufudk azmufzsuf wmbJ” azaz:0g&DvaESmif;ydkif;rS rwfcsfvqef;ydkif;txd etz ud, k pf m;vS,f vm;±_;d wkid ;f r–; Adv k cf sKyfatmifoef;xGËf ESihf typf&yf o#rf;jynfwyfrawmf acgif;aqmif AdkvfcsKyfvG,farm0fwdk@ 3 }udrf wdwad wG@qHak qG;cJah omfvnf; ,ae@xd wpHw k &m oabmwlnrD _ r±Sb d J yefqef;§rdik ;f vm;wd@k uJo h @kd yif vdycf w J nf;vnf; jzpfaeqJjzpf onf? Ô

e,fjcm;apmifhwyfrzJG@ygu rw&m;oif;a=unmrnf[k etzajym o#r;f jynfta±S@ydik ;f / txl;a'o (4)/ trsK;d om;'Dru kd a&pD r[mrdww f yfrawmf (NDAA-ESS) tzJ@G ac: rdik ;f vm;wyfz@GJ tm; e,fjcm;apmifw h yfz@GJ pnf;&ef ysuu f u G v f #if rw&m;toif; a=unm oGm;rnf[k etzbufu owday;xm;onf? wdkif;&if;om; vufeufudkiftzJG@rsm;ESifh etz t=um; e,fjcm;apmifhwyfzJG@pnf;a&;ESifhywfoufI ajyvnfr_ &Edkifrnf r[kwfbJ ,if;udpPonf 2008/ zJG@pnf;yHktajccHOya' tusyf t wnf ; omjzpf o nf [ k w±k w f - jref r me,f p yf p pf a &;tuJ c wf OD;atmifausmaf Zmu oH;k oyfajymqdo k nf? ‚if;u “e,fjcm;apmifh toGiful;ajymif;a&;udpPuawmh ESpzf ufpvH;k twGuf Constitutional Crisis zJ@G pnf;yHjk y\emt"du usw,faygh? jynfwGif;rSmvnf; trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzJG@csKyfu ajymaewm 2008 zJG@pnf;yHk jyefvnfoHk; oyfzdk@aygh? wdkif;&if;om; vufeufuikd af wGusawmh tJvkd rajymayr,fh zJ@G pnf;yHx k u J olw@kd e@J 24 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

rudkufnDwJh[mawGudk jyefvnfawmif;qdkwm? tJ'gudk etzu zJG@pnf;yHkudk b,fvdkrS jyifvdk@r&awmhbl; ajymaewm? tJvdk tajctaeatmufrSm etzbufu olwdk@awGudk rw&m;toif; qd+k y;D a=unm/ rl;,pfaq;udp/P opfupd P ta=umif;±Sm+y;D vufeufe@J ajz±Sif;zdk@yJ ±dSawmhw,f” [k ajymonf? 0 ajrmufa'oteD; [kyd ef®r@e,f twGi;f wyfpv JG su±f adS om rdwv Dˆ mtajcpku d f wyfr 99 vufatmufcw H yfrsm;wGiv f nf; wyf ajy;rsm; wae@wjcm;rsm;jym;vma=umif; wyfajy;rsm;xJwiG t f &m±Sd rsm;ukd,fwkdifyg0ifa=umif; xkd@jyif 15§1§2010 &ufae@wGif cr& 315 rS wyfajy;tjzpfowfrw S cf &H aom wyfom;atmifjrifx h eG ;f ESihf xGef;xGef;Ekdif wkd@ukdjyefvnfzrf;qD;&rd+yD; aemufykdif;ypfowfcJh a=umif; od±Sd&onf? Ô aygufayguf NEJ 8/3/2010


INDEPENDENCE

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Photo : Getty Images

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“ uk;d uef@tzG@J u zke=f um;±Si;f rdom;pkudk vm;±_;d &Jpcef;u qifah c:ovkrd sK;d 0 uko d mG ;vkyv f @dk r&bl;? [kw d csed v f t dk yfaewke;f uawmh zke=f um;±Si;f ukw d idk ;f &if;om;acgi;f aqmifq+dk yD; uifyeG ;f wyf xm;&muae rvkt d yfawmh rl;,pfaq;0g;w&m;cHajy;qk+d yD; wHqyd f uyfcahJ o;wmbJ? tcktcsed rf mS wkid ;f &if;om;acgi;f aqmifqw kd mrsK;d etzu rvkt d yfv@dk vJ olw@kd atmufrmS e,fjcm; apmifw h yf vkycf idk ;f aewm” OD;atmifausmaf Zm (NEJ 15/02/2010)

( UPI 17/2/2010)

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Photo : illustration by Lai Khun

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26 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010


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etz wyfrrsm; 0 e,fteD; ydkrdkjznfhwif;csOf;uyf rwfcsfvqef;twGif; etz wyfr rsm; 0 xdef;csKyfe,fajr teD; ydkrdkjznfhwif;csOf;uyfvmonf[k pHkprf;od±Sd &ygonf? “ajrmufydkif; 0 e,fajrywfywfvnfrSm Armwyfr 4 ck avmufa&mufaew,f? 'Dvqef;ydik ;f uvJwyfr 77 u tvH;k t&if; eJ@wufvmw,f/ &duQmawG/ ppfvufeufypPnf;awGwifydk@w,f? wyfr 77 ppfom; 500 ausmf vm;±_d;uae odEMDudkjzwfoGm;+yD/ ud;k uef@eJ@ 0 e,fjcm;bufuOkd ;D wnfw,fxifw,f” - [k trnf raz:vdkonfh vm;±_d;om;wOD;u ajymyg onf? rwfcsf 11 &uf o#r;f jynftv,fyikd ;f rdik ;f aemifbufa&muf aeonfh wyfr 55 uvnf; tiftm; 200 cef@yg ppfum; 7-8 pD; jzifh rdik ;f ±–;®r@wqifh wmh0ef;aemif; ul;wd@k qdyo f @kd qif;oGm;a=umif;/ xd@k enf;wl oHviG t f a±S@ jcrf; rdik ;f jyif;®r@e,ftwGi;f ±Sd etzwyfrsm; uvnf; ajrmufzuf±Sd erfhcgacsmif;udkjzwfausmfI 0 e,fteD; vG,yf efvo kH @kd tiftm;xyfjznfx h m;onf[ak 'ocHrsm;uqdo k nf? “wyfr 33 tiftm; 1500 avmuf udk;uef@e,fbufrSm ±Sdae+yD;om;? rdwWdvmtajcpdkuf wyfr 99 u vJxyfvmOD;r,f”[k ud;k uef@a'ocHwOD;u ajymyg.? {&m0wD owif;xkwfjyefcsuft& typf&yfwyfzGJ@rsm;jzpf onfh ucsif KIA / o#r;f wyfz@JG SSA / 0wyfz@JG UWSA/ rdik ;f vm;wyf zGJ@ NDAA - ESS xdef;csKyfe,fajrrsm;teD; etzwyftiftm; 70˜000 jyifxm;onf[k qdkygonf? w±kwf e,fpyftajcpdu k f jrefrmhEikd if aH &;/ ppfa&;u|r;f usio f l OD;atmifausmfaZmu ArmhwyfrawmfwGif wyfrwckv#if wyf&if; 10 &if;±Sad =umif;/ wyf&if;wpf&if;wGif vufeufuikd f tiftm; 150-

160 =um;om±Sda=umif;/ 0 wyftm; trSefwu,f wdkufcdkufrnf qdkygu etzwkd@}uD;rm;onfh toufaoG;ac|;t&if;tESD;trsm; tjym; ay;qyf&rnfjzpfa=umif; ajymqdkoHk;oyfygonf? 0 e,fteD; etz wyfrsm;csOf;uyfvmouJhodk@ 0 wyfzGJ@ uvnf; rnfonhftzGJ@rqdk rdrdxdef;csKyfe,fajrowfrSwfrsOf; twGi;f u|0H ifvmygu ypfred @f xyfay;xm;a=umif; - 0 t&m±Sw d OD; u ajymygonf? tqdyk g ppfa&;wif;rmr_tay: trnfraz:vdo k nfh NGO 0efxrf;wOD;u u o#rf;oHawmfqifhodk@ TuJhodk@ajymygonf? “yefqef;®r@wGi;f rSma&m aps;xJrmS a&m jynfoal wGuyHrk eS f bJ? t&ifuvdk aps;a&mif;raumif;wmuvJGvdk@aygh? Armtm%m ydik af &m/ 0 tm%mydik af &m tppftaq;t&rf;rsm;awmh NGO awG tvkyfvkyf&wm uoduatmifhydkjzpfwmaygh” 2009 udk;uef@ ta&;tcif;rSpI typf&yf 0 wyfzGJ@ ESifh etz qufqaH &;rajyvnfra_ =umifh NGO vkyif ef;rsm;. xuf0uf cef@ avsmhusoGm;ouJhodk@ b¾ma&;bufvnf; jzwfawmufcH& a=umif;/ rdrdwdk@vHkðcHa&;twGufpdk;&drf&aoma=umifh xda&mufpGm rvk y f E d k i f = ua=umif ; / 0 jynf e ,f t wG i f ; a&muf ± S d a eonf h Armppfwyfov l #Lt d jzpf ouFm ruif;ol (zsmxrf;/ apmifxrf;/ ig;yd ig;ajcmuf/ wHjrufpnf; a&mif;onfAh rmvlrsK;d rsm;/ bke;f }uD;twk[k xifcH&olrsm;) ta,muf 20 cef@ ppfaq;zrf;qD;cH&a=umif; od&onf? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 12/03/2010

pmrsuEf mS 23 rS odrf;qnf;&rdonf[kvnf; az: jyxm;onf? aoqH;k olrsm;xJwiG f Adv k }f uD;wifatmifr;kd tygt0if wyf =uyf}u;D ESpaf ,mufEiS h f'k-wyf=uyfwa,mufvnf;yg0if.? o#r;f wyf bufrStustqHk;r±dSa=umif; Taifreedom.com wGifaz: jyxm; onf? tvm;wl rwf 1 &uf n 8 em&Dausmf o#r;f jynfawmifyidk ;f rkdif;yeftajcpkduf etzppfwyf cr& 332 ESifh SSA ppfa=umif; wpf a=umif;wdk@wkdufyGJjzpfyGg;&m etz ppfom; 3 a,muf aoqkH;+yD; 1 a,muf '%f&m&cJhonf [kod&onf? o#r;f jynfwyfrawmfbufrS aoa=u'%f&m&jcif;r±Sad omf vnf;wkdufyGJjzpfyGg;onfh rkdufuGrf;±GmrS±Gmol±Gmom; 10 a,muf ausmfukd etzppfwyfuzrf;qD;ac:aqmifoGm;+yD;axmifcscJhonf

[kqo kd nf? “±Gmol}uD;xGufajy;awmh ol@rdef;r eef;azukdArmppfom; awGu zrf;oGm;w,f? 10 a,mufausmfzrf;oGm;wm wpfa,muf usyf 2 ode;f eJ@ jyefa±G;zk@d Armwyfu ac:w,f? wcsK@d vJ yku d q f o H mG ; ay;vk@d jyefvw G v f mjyD? wcsK@d vJjyefrvGwv f mao;bl;? ±Gmol}uD;&J@ pma&;vJ zrf;wJt h xJygomG ;w,f? tckawmh jyefvw G v f m+yD”- [k rkdufuGrf;±Gmol wpfOD;uajymjyonf? tzrf;cH&olrsm;rSm etzppfom;rsm;. uefausmuf±kduf ESuf ppfaq;jcif;cH&onf? vGwfajrmufvmonfh aemufykdif;vnf; ae@pOf etzppfwyfo@dk oGm;+yD; owif;yk@d ae&a=umif;vJ ‚if;uajym jy.? o#r;f oHawmfqifh 17 /03/ 2010 Shan Herald Agency for News

27


L a±$Œajymif;tvkyo f rm;

a±$@ajymif;tvkyform;rsm;. tEW&m,f- tpD&ifcHpmxkwfjyef udk w&m;r#wpGm tumtuG,af y;Edik o f nht f csed rf o S m xdik ;f tpd;k &u ,m,DEikd if u H ;l vufrw S u f pd u P kd qufvufvyk af qmifoiho f nf [k b&uftm'rfpfu tpD&ifcHpmwGif wijfyxm;onf? xkid ;f Ekid if w H iG f a±$@ajymif;tvkyo f rm; (2) oef;rS (4) oef; txd±Sd&mY (80) &mckdifE_ef;onf jrefrmEkdifiHrSjzpfa=umif;/ ,m,D Ekid if u H ;l vufrw S ðf yvky&f ef p&dwrf mS xkt d vkyo f rm;wk@d . vkycf (2) vpm/ (3) vpmtxd ±dSaeonfhtwGuf ðyvkyf=u&ef cufcJ=ujcif; jzpfa=umif;vnf; azmfjyyg±dSonf? w&m;0ifrw S yf w kH ifxm;onfh jrefrmtvkyo f rm; (1) oef;

a±$@ajymif;tvkyform;rsm;onf owfjzwfcH&jcif;/ xdef; odr;f a&;pcef;rsm;Y vdiyf idk ;f qkid &f m t=urf;zufc&H jcif;/ ±ku d Ef u S n f O‡ ;f qJc&H jcif;/ vluek u f ;l cH&jcif;/ t"rRvyk t f m;ckid ;f apcH&jcif;/ uef@owf wm;jrpfc&H jcif; ponfv h @l tcGit hf a&; csK;d azmufrr_ sm;udk cHpm;ae& a=umif; tpD&ifcHpmwGif azmfjyxm;onf? tvkyo f rm;rsm;tay: vl@tcGit hf a&;ESiu fh sK;d a=umif;rnD nGwo f nfOh ya'rsm;udk xdik ;f tpd;k &taejzihf ,cktcsed w f iG zf suo f rd ;f oih+f yDjzpfa=umif; HRW . tm±Sa&;&m 'g±u dk w f m b&uftm'rfpf uajym=um;xm;onf? ,m,DEikd if u H ;l vufrw S ðf yvky&f ef av#mufxm;jcif;r±do S nhf a±$@ajymif;tvkyo f rm;rsm;udk ,ckvukew f iG f zrf;qD;um ae&yfjyef yk@d rnf[k xdik ;f tpd;k &.a=unmcsuaf =umihf tvkyo f rm;rsm;tae jzifh &yfwnf&ef ydkrdkcufcJ=uvdrhfrnf[kvnf; ‚if;u ajymqdkonf? xd@k a=umihf a±$@ajymif;tvkyo f rm;rsm;. tcGit hf a&;rsm;

ausmfudk xdkif;tpdk;&uae&yfjyefydk@ygu vkyfief;tcsKd@&yfqkdif;oGm; Ekdif+yD; xkdif;EkdifiH. pD;yGm;a&; usqif;oGm;Ekdifaoma=umihf jyefykd@&ef rjzpfEidk af =umif; jrefrmtvkyo f rm;ta&; aqmif±u G af eonft h zG@J wkd@u cef@rSef;=uonf? “xkdif;EkdifiH&J@ pD;yGm;a&;[m a±$@ajymif;tvkyform;awG tay:rSmtrsm;}uD; rSDwnfae&ygw,f? 'gayr,fh t=urf;zufr_ tE W&m,fuaeolwkd@twGuf umuG,fay;aewmu wu,fhukd tenf;tusOf;omvkyfay;ygw,f” [k HRW tzGJ@rS tm±Sa'o qkdif&m 'g±kdufwm b&uftm'rfpfu ajym=um;onf? xk@d a=umifh a±$@ajymif;tvkyo f rm;rsm;tay:xkid ;f tm%m ykdifrsm;/ 0efxrf;rsm;/ pD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;u &mZ0wfr_qkdif&m t=urf;zufr/_ zdEydS rf r_ sm; vkyaf eonfukd tqk;H owfEidk af p&ef xkid ;f tpk;d &taejzifh óud;yrf;oifah =umif; tpD&ifcpH mwGif axmufjyxm; onf? NEJ 24/02/2010

Photo : Bangkok Post

xkid ;f Ekid if w H iG ;f vma&muftvkyv f yk af e=uaom a±$@ajymif; tvkyform;rsm;tay: xkdif;tm%mykdifwkd@. t=urf;zufzdESdyf uef@owfr_vkyf&yfrsm;udk wifjyxm;onfh tpD&ifcHpmwapmifukd tar&dueftajcpku d f vl@tcGit hf a&; apmif=h unfah &;tzG@J (Human Rights Watch) u xkwfjyefvkdufonf? “usm;vGw&f mrS rdausmif;tE &W m,fwiG ;f ok@d ” [k trnf ay;xm;aom tqdkygtpD&ifcHpmukd jrefrm/ uarBm'D;,m;/ vmtkd EkdifiHom; (82) OD;. tjzpftysufukd tajccHa&;om;xm;+yD; azazmf0g&D (22) &ufwGif xkwfjyefcJhjcif;jzpfonf?

28 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010


INDEPENDENCE

EdkifiHwumtrsKd;orD;rsm;ae@ w±kwfe,fpyfwGif usif;y

Photo : KNG

urBmhukvor*~tzGJ@rS todtrSwfðyxm;aom rwfcsfv * &uf ,ae@usa&mufonfh Edik if w H um trsK;d orD;rsm;ae@udk *k%ðf y aomtm;jzifhjynfwGif;ESifh e,fpyfa'orsm;±dS trsKd;orD;tzGJ@ 4 zGJ@ yl;aygif;I w±kwfe,fpyfwGif tcrf;tem;usif;ycJhonf? tqdkyg tcrf;tem;udk o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif;rS yavmif trsKd;orD;tzGJ@ PWO u OD;aqmifusif;ycJh+yD; ucsifjynfvGwfvyf a&;tzGJ@trsKd;orD;toif; (KIWA)/ xdkif;tajcpdkuf ucsiftrsKd; orD;toif; (KWAT) ESihf w±kwef ,fpyf±Sd trsK;d orD;rsm;tzG@J csKyf jrefrmEdkifiH (WLB) wdk@u yl;aygif;yg0ifcJhonf ?

ESpfaygif; 90 xdwdkif wef;wla&; +idrf;csrf;a&;/ w&m;r#w a&;ESihf zG@®H z;a&;wd;k wufa&; twGuf óud;yrf;cJh onfh trsK;d orD;rsm; twGuf wufa&mufvmol trsKd;orD;trsKd;om; 40 ausmfu udk; uG,&f m bmomtvdu k +f idro f ufqak wmif;jcif;jzifh tcrf;tem;udk pwifzGifhvSpfcJhonf ? “usrwdk@trsKd;orD;awGtwGuf pGef@vGwfay;wJhol&J aumif;trsK;d orD;awG usq;kH oGm;wJt h rsK;d orD;awGukd todtrSwðf y wJt h aeeJ@quf+yD;awmh trsK;d orD;awG touf±n S af tmif use;f rm

atmifoufqikd &f mbmomtvdu k f 3 rdepf+idr+f yD;qkawmif;=upd@k ” vdk@ tqkdygtcrf;tem; pwifcsdefwGif yavmiftrsdK;orD;tzGJ@0if wpfOD;u ajym=um;onf? xdk@tjyif jrefrmEdkifiHwGif;Y etzppfwyf. zdESdyfr_cHae& onfh trsKd;orD;rsm;ta=umif; wufa&mufolrsm;u qufvuf aqG;aEG;=u+yD; EdkifiHwumtrsKd;orD;rsm;ae@ay:aygufvmyHkESifh ywfoufI apmapmu yavmiftrsKd;orD;tzGJ@0ifwpfOD; u tus,fw0ifh ±Sif;jycJhonf ? “'DurBmay:rSm±dw S hJ trsK;d orD;awG&@J óu;d yrf;r_a=umifh trsK;d orD;rsm;ae@qdw k may:ayguv f m&w,f? ukvor*~utod trSwf ðyxm;+yD; Edik if aH wmfawmfrsm;rsm;u tvkyt f m;vyf&uf owfrw S f xm;=uw,f? 'Dae@rSmqd&k if trsKd ;orD;awG vlrsK;d bmom rcGjJ cm;yJ aoG;pnf;nDnGwfr_udkjyo+yD; pD;yGm;a&; vlr_a&;rcGJjcm;yJ tcrf; tem;usif;y=uwmayg@aemf” vd@k olu qdo k nf ? urBmay:±dS trsKd;orD;rsm;u 1*57 ckESpfrSpwifI tcGit hf a&; twGuf ±ke;f uefc&hJ m 1975 ckEpS w f iG f urBmh ukvor*~ tzGJ@u rwfv * &ufae@udk EdkifiHwumtrsKd;orD;rsm;ae@tjzpf todtrSwfðycJhonf ? EdkifiHwum trsKd;orD;rsm;ae@udk w±kwfEdkifiH tygt0if Edik if aH ygi;f rsm;pGmwGif tm;vyf&uftjzpf owfrw S f xm;aomfvnf; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif usif;yðyvkyfcGifhr±dSa=umif; od&onf ? etzppftpdk;&u trsKd;orD;tcGifhta&;umuG,fonfh EdkifiHwumOya'jzpfonfh pDa'gpmcsKyfudk vufrSwfxdk;xm;+yD; Edik if t H 0Sr;f ±dS trsK;d orD;rsm;tay: t=urf;zufrr_ sm; us,jf yef@pGm usL;vGeaf ea=umif; trsK;d orD;rsm;tzG@J csKyf (jrefrmEdik if )H urwfcsv f * &uf,ae@wGif a=ujimcsuf xkwjf yefxm;onf ? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 08/03/2010

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ywfoufvdk@ usaemfwdk@zwf±_avhvmaeqJjzpfw,f? aemufouf qdkif&m EC tzGJ@0ifrsm;eJ@aqG;aEG;wdkifyifaeqJjzpfwJh twGuf a=umifrh @kd vd@k ygwzD @JG pnf;a&;udp/P a±G;aumufyu JG pd eP @J ywfouf vd@k 'Dae@ 'DtcsdefrSmusaemfwdk@bmrSjywfjywfom;om; rajymEdkifao; ygb;l ? wckaocsmwmuawmh usaemfw@kd OuUX/ twGi;f a&;r–; jyefr vGwfao;bl;? xdk@twlbJ,Hk=unfcsufa=umifh EdkifiHa&;tusOf;us aewJh Edik if aH &;acgi;f aqmifawG vGwrf vmao;bl;? tJ'yD *k Kd~ vfawGukd vGwfay;apcsifw,f? tJvdkvGwfay;+yD;awmhrS t&ifusaemfwdk@ ajymaeus oHk;yGifhqdkifaqG;aEG;a&;vkyf&r,f? tJvdk oHk;yGifhqdkif aqG;aEG;+yD;rSomv#if a±G;aumufyu JG pd u P kd usaemfw@kd bufu pwif aqmif±Guf oGm;EdkifrSm jzpfw,f”

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ppftpdk;& xkwfjyefwJh a±G;aumufyGJ Oya't&qdk&if &ufaygif; 60 twGif; EdkifiHa&;ygwDawGtm;vHk; rSwfyHkwif& awmh r,f? SNLD taeeJ@ jyefwifrSmvm; wifrvm;§rwifbl;vm;? rwif&if w&m;r0ifwJh ygwDjzpfoGm;r,f? tJvdkqdkbmqufvkyf rSmvJ?´ “'DudpPu usaemfwdk@n‡dE_dif;aeqJjzpfw,f? 'DyHkpH=unfhjcif; tm;jzifah wmht"dygü ,rf ±Sb d ;l ? ,H=k unfcsuaf =umifh Edik if aH &;tusO;f usaewJh a':atmifqef;pk=unf wdik ;f &if;om;acgi;f aqmif cGex f eG ;f OD;/ pdkif;!Gef@vGifwdk@udk wrifwumz,fxkwfwJhyHkpHrsKd;jzpfw,f? wjcm;yk*~dKvfawGtwGufvJ tvm;wlygbJ? EkdifiHa&;eJ@ ywfouf qufE, G w f hJ oufqikd w f yhJ *k Kd~ vftm;vH;k udk 0gv;kH ±Snef @J yxkwv f u kd f wJhoabm? 'DOpPmurjzpfoifhwJh udpPw&yfbJvdk@ - usaemfavm avmq,frSwfcsufay;vdkw,f”

wmvJ´ “usaemfw@kd OuUXeJ@twGi;f a&;r–;udb k mjzpfv@kd awG@qHck iG hf awmif;wmvJqdkawmh 2010 ckESpf[m Armjynf'Drdkua&pD az: aqmifa&;eJ@ wdik ;f &if;om;aoG;pnf;nD!w G rf t _ wGuf ta&;}uD;wJh tcif;usif;w&yf pkaygif;az:aqmifoGm;&rJh umvwckjzpfw,f? tJ'Dvdk,lqxm;wmeJ@tnD 'Drdkua&pDaz:aqmifa&;eJ@ wdkif;&if; om;aoG;pnf;nD!w G rf u _ pd &P yfawGrmS SNLD taeeJ@ b,fv±kd a_ 'gihf uae +yD;awmh wbufwvSr;f yg0ifaqmif±u G af y;Edik rf vJqw kd mudk OuUXeJ@twGi;f a&;r–; 2 a,mufukd oGm;a&mufawG@qHak qG;aEG;+yD;rS omv#iq f ;kH jzwfEikd w f ,f? tJ'v D q kd ;kH jzwfcsucf sEikd zf @kd twGuf awG@qHk aqG;aEG;zdk@ awmif;qdk&jcif;bJjzpfygw,f” tcktajctaerSm awG@cGit hf vm;tvm±Srd vm;? awG@cGihf ray;&if bmqufvyk rf mS vJ?´ “awG@cGiahf y;ray;qdw k muawmh 'DciG ðhf yrJh yk*Kd~ vfay:rlwnf w,f? wu,fv@kd usaemfw@kd awG@qHck iG ahf wmif;qdx k m;wJt h wdik ;f awG@cGifhr&bl;qdk&ifawmh 'Dhxufydk+yD;tao;pdwf ydk+yD;xda&mufwJh enf;vrf;±Sm}uH +yD;awmhrS UNA rdwaf qGygwrD sm;eJ@ndE‡ id_ ;f wdik yf if+yD; qufvufaqmif±GufoGm;zdk@jzpfygw,f” OuUXeJ@twGi;f a&;rSL;udk SNLD-EC rsm; awG@ciG ahf wmif;qdk aewJt h csed rf mS etz u a±G;aumufyJG Oya'xkwf jyefa=ujimw,f? tJ'Da±G;aumufyGJOya'udk b,fvdk±_jrifoHk;oyfrdygovJ?´ “a±G;aumufyGJ Oya'u rae@wkef;u aumfr±Siftydkif;eJ@ qdkifw,f? 'Dae@awmh ygwDzGJ@pnf;r_tydkif;ygvmw,f? tJ'DudpPESifh 30 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

bmjzpfvdk@ 0gvHk;±SnfeJ@ yxkwfw,fvdk@ ajymEdkifygovJ?´ “etz xkwfjyefwJh a±G;aumufyGJ Oya' tcef; 2 zJG@pnf; jcif;qdw k hJ eHygwf 4 tyd'k if ,f (c) rSm xifay:ausm=f um;onfh *k%f owif;±Sdaomyk*~dKvftjzpf EkdifiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifh zG@H ®z;a&;aumifpu D ,lqoljzpf&rnf - qdw k t hJ csuu f vH;k 0 wbuf owfqefw,f? etzrS xifay:a=umf=um;wJyh *k Kd~ vfq+kd yD; jrifcsiw f hJ yk*Kd~ vfujkd rifr,f/ rjrifcsiw f yhJ *k Kd~ vfusawmh 'DxrJ mS yg0ifciG rhf &awmh bl;vm;? tJ'gha=umifh 'Daumfr±Sifuawmh wbufowfaumfr±Sif vd@k bJ oH;k oyfvykd gw,f” pmrsuEf mS 32 okd‹


INDEPENDENCE

acgif;aqmifawGeJ@awG@ cGifh&zdk@ o#rf;tzGJ@csKyf xyfawmif;qdk

tusO;f uscaH e&wJh o#r;f trsK;d om;rsm; 'Dru dk a&pDtzG@J csLyf SNLD OuUX OD;cGex f eG ;f OD;eJ@ taxGaxGtwGi;f a&;r–; OD;pkid ;f nGe@f vGif wk@d eJ@awG@cGi&hf zk@d SNLD tvkyt f r_aqmiftzG@J 0ifawGu ppftpk;d & ukd rwfv 6 &ufae@u xyfrHawmif;qdkvkdufygw,f? 'Dawmif;qkdcsufukd ppftpkd;&t}uD;tuJ AkdvfcsKyfr–;}uD; oef;a±$xH 5 &ufae@ ae@pGJeJ@ay;ykd@wJhpmrSm xnfhoGif;azmfjyxm; ygw,f? nDnw G af om wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;r[mrdwt f zG@J UNA uvnf;axmufcaH =umif; SNLD &J@ajyma&;qkcd iG ±hf o dS l OD;pkid ;f vdwf uajymygw,f? “usaemfwkd@ SNLD uae+yD;awmhrS OuUXeJ@twGif;a&;r–; ukdawG@cGihf&zkd@etz OuUX AkdvfcsKyfr–;}uD;oef;a±$qDukd pma&;+yD; awmif;qdx k m;wm tckyge@J qkd 'kw, d t}udr±f +dS yDayg?h 'Dpmukd azazmf 0g&Dv 6 &ufae@rSm AkdvfcsKyfr–;}uD;qDvdyfrl +yD;awmhay;ykd@ygw,f? 'gayr,fh rwfv 6 &uf 7 &ufxdwkdifukd wpkHw&mta=umif;jyef =um;jcif;r±SdwJhtwGufa=umifhrkd@vkd@ rwfv 6 &ufae@ reufrSm usaemfw@dk &J@ Ekid if aH &;rdwaf qGrsm;jzpfwhJ UNA tzG@J 0if Ekid if aH &;ygwD yk*~Kdvfvl}uD;rif;rsm;ukd zdwf=um;+yD;awmhrS usawmfwdk@ zGifhqkd±Sif; jyjcif;jzpfw,f? tJvkd zGifhqkd±Sif;jywJhae&mrSm wkdif;&if;om;EkdifiHa&;ygwDu yk*~KdvfawG tukefvkH;uvJbJ 'DOpPmtay:ukdtaumif;jrifw,f? usaemfw@kd &J@awmif;qdck suu f adk xmufcw H ,f? etztpk;d &taeeJ@ vnf; awmif;qdkcsufukdvkdufavsmoifhw,fqkd+yD;awmhrS wnD

wnGwfwnf;awmif;qkdxm;ygw,f?” awG@qkaH qG;EG;a&;eJ@ ppfreS w f ahJ ±G;aumufyu JG si;f yEkid zf @dk ppf tpk;d &taeeJ@zrf;qD;xm;wJh twku d t f cHtiftm;pkawGujdk yefvw G f ay;zkd@ vkdtyfw,fvkd@ OD;pkdif;vdwfuajymygw,f? “ wkdif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifawGukdtjrefqkH;jyefvGwfzkd@/ avmavmq,f jyefrv$wfao;Ekdif&ifvJ usaemfwdk@&J@ OuUXeJ@ twGi;f a&;r–;ukd awG@qkaH qG;aEG;cGiðhf yzk@d xyfr+H yD;awmhrS jzpfEidk af cs±dS wJh enf;vrf;eJ@ xyfrcH sO;f uyfóud;pm;oGm;rSm jzpfygw,f? bmjzpfv@dk vJqkdawmh 'Dwkdif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifawGukd awG@cGifhray;bl;/ tusO;f csxm;&muae v$wrf ay;bl;qk&d if tm;vk;H uawmif;qkad e wJ/h jzpfvnf;jzpfoifjh zpfxu dk w f hJ awG@qkaH qG;aEG;a&;qkw d m b,fvdk rS jzpfEkdifrSmr[kwfbl;? awG@qkHaqG;aEG;a&;qkdwmrvkyfbJeJ@ awmh 'Da±G;aumufyGJukd etzppftpkd;&wzGJ@wnf;uwzufowfaqmif ±Guf oGm;vkd@vJ t"dyüg,f±SdrSmr[kwfbl;?” o#rf;wkdif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifawGukd EkdifiHawmfykefuefr_/ EkdifiHawmft=unfndKysufapwJhyk'frawGeJ@ 12 ESpfuae 106 ESpf txdcsrw S x f m;+yD; &moDOwkq;dk ±Gm;wJah 'o±Sd tusO;f axmifawGudk a±$@ajymif;xm;ygw,f? ±Srf;trsKd;om;'Drkdua&pDtzGJ@csKyf SNLD [m 1990 jynfEh pS f taxGaxGa±G;aumufyrJG mS 'kw, d rJtrsm;qk;H & wJh EkdifiHa&;ygwDwckjzpfygw,f? Agencies 8/3/2010

Shan Herald Agency for News

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wdkif;&if;om;EdkifiHa&;rsm; a±G;aumufyGJ0ifa&;tcufawG@ OD;rk;d aZmf (VOA 10.3.2010) “a±G;aumufyrJG wkid cf ifrmS NLD tygt0if wkdif;&if;om; Ekid if aH &;ygwaD wGa&m a±G;aumufyyJG g0ifEidk w f hJ tcif;tusi;f awG cif; usif;zkd@vkdygw,f? txl;ojzifh zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'/ +yD; awmh 1990 a±G;aumufyGJqkdwm e0w§etzu w&m;0ifusif;y ay;cJhwJh a±G;aumufyGJjzpfw,f? vGwfvyf+yD;w&m;r#wwJh a±G; aumufyjJG zpfw,fv@dk vJ a=unmxm;w,f? 1990 a±G;aumufyGJ&vm'fwckukd b,fvkdrStaumif txnfrazmfbl;? todtrSwfvnf;rðy? 'DvkdbJxm;cJhrSmvm;? 'g wkid ;f jynftwGuf Ekid if t H wGuaf umif;wJt h pOftvmr[kwb f ;l vk@d jrifygw,f? 'Dv[ dk mawGuo dk ;Hk oyfz@dk jyifqifz@dk vkyd gw,f? tm;vk;H 0ifEkdifatmif NLD a&m/ wkdif;&if;om;ygwDawGa&m 0ifEkdifatmif óudwif+yD;awmh aqG;aEG;zk@d vkv d rd rhf ,fv@dk usaemf'v D b dk jJ rifygw,f?” OD;at;omatmif &ckdif 'Drkdua&pDtzGJ@csKyf taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; “usaemfwkd@uawmh zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajctcHOya'ukd rjyifbl;qkd&if a±G;aumufyGJ0ifzkd@qkdwmrjzpfEkdifbl;? bma=umifhvJ qkad wmh jynfe,fawGrmS vJ wyfrawmfu 25 μ ygwt hJ jyif jynfe,f 0ef}uD;csKyfukdvnf; orRwucef@r,fqkdawmh jynfe,fawGrSm vkyyf idk cf iG b hf mrSr±Sb d ;l ? wkid ;f &if;om;awG&@J tcGit hf a&;vnf; bmrS

rnfrnf&&r±SdwJhtwGufa=umifh zGJ@pnf;ykHjyifa&;om usaemfwdk@ ygwDtzkd@ t"duusygw,f? tckvkd aumfr±SifOya'/ ygwDrSwfykHwifOya'xGufayrJh 'D[mawGxuf usaemfw@dk uawmh zG@J pnf;tkycf sKyfyt Hk ajccHOya'ukd jyifapcsiw f ,f? jyifay;rSom usaemfw@kd a±G;aumufy0JG ifz@dk pOf;pm; rSmyg? ZkdrD;trsKd;om;uGef*&uf OuUX ylusifh±Sif;xef “ ygwOD ya'xGuw f meJ@ 2 v tawmtwGi;f rSwyf w Hk if& r,f a jymw,f ? 'gayr,f h aumf r ±S i f a wG ra=ujimao;bl ; ? aumfr±Sif±kH;vJra=ujimao;bl;qkdawmh awmfawmfpOf;pm;&cuf w,f? usaemf w d k @ OuU X eJ @ twG i f ; a&r– ; uk d avmavmq,f axmifxJykd@xm;w,f? jyefvGwfrvmao;bl;? olwkd@awGrygbJeJ@ awmh bmrSrpOf;pm;? rqkH;jzwfEkdifao;ygbl;? a±G;aumufyGJvnf; rpOf;pm;ao;bl;? ygwzD @JG zk@d twGuv f J usaemfw@dk rpOf;pm;ao;ygb;l ? usaemfwdk@OuUXeJ@ twGif;a&;r–;ukdrawG@qkH raqG;aEG;&bJeJ@ bm wckrS qkH;jzwfOD;rSmr[kwfygbl;?” o#rf;wdkif;&if;om;rsm; 'Drkdua&pDtzGJ@csKyf (SNLD) ajyma&;qkcd iG ±hf o dS l OD;pkid ;f vdwf

pmrsuEf mS 30 rS a±G;aumufyGJ Oya'xkwfjyef+yD; a&G;aumufyGJusif;yr,fh &uf rowfrSwfEdkifao;wJhudpPudk b,fvdk=um;odxm;yg ovJ?´ “a±G;aumufyGJ&uf twdtus rowfrSwfao;wJhudpPu usaemfxifw,fa±S@av#mufr,fh tem*wfudketzudk,fwdkif jywfjywfom;om; rqHk;jzwf&ao;wJh oabmrsKd;rSm±Sdw,f? 'ga=umifhrdk@ b,fae@b,f&ufusif;yr,fqdkwm oludk,fwdkif ra=ujimEdkifao;wmjzpfr,f” wdkif;&if;om;EkdifiHa&;ygwD 13 zGJ@ yg0ifwJh UNA uaum etzxkwfjyefcsuftay: b,fvdkqHk;jzwfcsufGcsxm;ovJ?´ “wdkwdkwkwfwkwfajym&r,fqdk&ifawmh oHk;yGifhqdkifawG@qHk aqG;aEG; a&; rvkyb f eJ @J a±G;aumufyu JG kd wbufvyk o f mG ;r,fq&kd if SNLD taeeJ@ vHk;0 yg0ifywfoufrSmr[kwfbl;? tJha=umifh 32 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

wdkif;&if;om;r[mrdwftzGJ@jzpfwJh UNAtaeeJ@vJ tvm;wl oabmxm;§&yfwnfcsuf±Sdvdrfhr,fvdk@ usaemfwdk@ =um;odxm; &ygw,f?” aemufqHk;taeeJ@ bmrSmcsifao;vJ´? “axGaxGx;l xl;awmhr±Sad o;ygb;l ? bmvd@k vJqakd wmh a±G; aumufyGJOya'uvJ tjynfhtpHkrxGufao;bl;? aemuf+yD;a±G; aumufyGJqdkwJh[mu vmr,fvmr,fajym+yD; toHom=um;ae& +y;D b,fawmhvyk rf ,fqw kd m r=um;&ao;wJt h wGuf wpHw k &mjznfh ajymzdk@ r±Sdao;ygbl;?” SNLD ajymcGifh&yk*~Kdvf OD;pkdif;vdwf 8/3/2010


INDEPENDENCE

2010 a±G;aumufyGJ - 0ifE$Joifhroifh Adv k o f ef;a±$ ppftyk pf u k ol&@J vrf;jyajryHk 7 qifh tpDtpOf twdik ;f ol@tvdu k s 2008 em;*pfz@JG pnf;yHu k kd taumiftxnfaz: zd@k 2010 ESpx f rJ mS a±G;aumufyv JG yk af y;r,fv@kd wyfcsKyfxyd o f ;D }uD; udk,fwdkif tvDvDxkwfaz:cJh+yD;jzpfygw,f? tJ'D 2010 a±G;aumufyGJrSm yg0ifoifhroifh/ txl;ojzifh wdkif;&if;om;tkyfpkawGtaeeJ@ 0ifa&muf,SOf®yifoifhroifh tjiif; yGm; ae=uqJjzpfygw,f? wzG@J udw k zG@J wOD;tay:wOD; pGypf JG tjypfz@kd aewJh tifwmeufpum; ppfx;kd yGaJ wGvJ r=um;csit f qH;k jzpfygw,f? 2010 a±G;aumufyGJ0ifEGJoifhroifhqdkwm etztaeeJ@(1) em;*pfzGJ@pnf;yHkrSm jyifqif&r,fhu¾§yk'frawGudk jyifrjyif? (2) a±G;aumufyJG Oya' b,fawmhxu G rf ,f/ b,fvpkd nf; rsOf;pnf;urf;awGowfrSwf jy Xmef;xm;w,f? (3) vGwfvyfr_eJ@w&m;r#wr_ Free & Fair ±Sdr±Sd- qdkwJh tcsufawGeJ@ csifhcsed fwdkif;wm=unfh&r,fvdk@ axmufjyol awGvJrenf;ygbl;? ckaetcgrSm rkef@qDa=umf b,fem;±SdrSef;rod ao;bJ E_wfcrf;emeJ@wnfhrvm;rajymcsifbl;vdk@ aZm'uwufol awGvJ 'ke@J a';yg? txufygtcsuf 3 csufudkqef;ppf csdefxdk;=unfhvdkuf&if (1) 'Drdkua&pDeJ@ wdkif;&if;om;awGar#mfudk;vdkvm;wJh zGJ@pnf;yHkjyef vnfoHk;oyfjyifqifa&;qdkwm Adkvfoef;a±$ppftkyfpktzdk@ Al;qdk&if z,Hrk oD;jzpfaeyg+yD? (2) a±G;aumufyOJG ya' b,f&uf§vrSmxGuf r,fqw kd mvJ b,forl t S wdtusrajymEdik af o;? (3) Free & Fair jzpfz@kd t&dyt f a&miftvm;tvmqdw k mvJ ckuwnf;u tayG;jrif tyifod/ tjynfht0 vGwfvyfr#wr_ qdkwma0vma0;bJvdk@ cef@rSef;wGufqae=uygw,f? bmbJajymajym ppftyk pf u k si;f yrJah ±G;aumufyu JG kd qef@usif ola&m§=um;aeola&m§axmufcHolygwlnDwJhtjrifESpfckawmh ±Sd=uygw,f? (u) 'Drdkua&pDta&ðcH/ jynfaxmifpktrnfcH wjynf axmifpepfem;*pftajccHOya'udv k ufrcH=uygb;l ?(c)'Da±G;aumuf yGJ[mt&yfom; tpdk;&ta&cGHvJvdkufwJh rif;om;acgif;aqmif; bDvl;vkyfZmwftwGuf oufouftaxmuftulðyw,f-qdkwJh tjrifESpfckyg? 0ifoif§h r0ifoifh tydik ;f rSm aESmuf,u S zf suq f ;D vd@k &&r&&/ rsufpdpHkrSdwf±_yfcsqef@usif&r,fqdkwJh tydkif;eJ@ bmrSr&wmeJ@ E_dif; pm&if &EkdifoavmuftcGifhtvrf;0if,l/ tcGifhta&;&ayguf twGuf vufrvGwo f ifq h w kd t hJ ydik ;f ±Sad e=uwm[m ol@qifajceJ@ol ta=umif;jycsuf udk,fpD ±Sd=uvdk@ygbJ? bmbJjzpfjzpfa±G;aumufyJG 0ifEo $J ifrh oifh qdw k chJ sichf sed f qH;k jzwfr[ _ m ppftyk pf ak vmif;&dyaf tmufa&muf±adS e=uwJh tkypf t k oD;

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a±G;aumufyGJeJ@ywfouf+yD; wdkif;&if;om;vufeufudkif awmfveS af &;tiftm;pkawG odoifo h x d u kd w f hJ ordik ;f ocF%;f pmwck udo k wd&rdygw,f? Adv k af e0if;0ef}u;D csKyftjzpfwm0ef,x l m;wJh tdrf apmift h pd;k &vufxuf 1960 {+yDv a±G;aumufyrJG wdik cf if xdpk Ofu o#rf;jynftpdk;& pdkufysKd;a&;0ef}uD; (yifvHkpmcsKyfvufrSwfxkd;ol) cGe=f umyk[m xdik ;f e,fpyfzufa&mufomG ;+yD; o#r;f jynfvw G v f yfa&; wyfrawmf SSIA acgif;aqmifrsm;udk pnf;±kH;odrf;oGif;cJhygw,f? Shan Herald Agency for News

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L vufeufeJ@'Drdkua&pDvJvS,f+yD; a±G;aumufyGJoGm;0ifzdk@em;csyg w,f? r[mArm0g'Dtpdk;&udk ,Hk=unftxif}uD;+yD; cGef=umykeJ@ twlvdkufoGm;wJh xdkpOfu SSIA OuUX cGefr[m(wef@,ef;)w a,muf &efukefr*Fvm'kHavqdyfa&mufa&mufcsif; tzrf;cH&awmh wmygb?J a±G;aumufyv JG rJ 0if&/ cJavor#oaJ &usawmh vH;k 0t}uH tpnf ysufokOf;§tusKd; vHk;0ewˆdjzpfcJh&ygw,f? tJ'DocF%f;pmtay: axmuf±_+yD; (,cif SURA OuUX) Adkvfrdk;[def;ac: p0fuGrf;Zdrf;u jynfwGif;rsKd;cspfjynfcspf yk*~dKvftzGJ@ tpnf;awGe@J awmwGi;f §jynfy rsK;d cspjf ynfcspf tzG@J tpnf;awGukd tdrf=uuf eJ@ awm=uuf vdkOyrmxm; cdkif;E_id f;jycJhzl;ygw,f? awm=uufawGukd rufv;kH ay;pnf;±k;H zd@k / qGaJ qmiford ;f oGi;f bd@k tdr=f uufuw kd nf=unftjzpf toH;k csaevd@k acsmifaeovdx k if& wwfygw,f? tJ'ga=umifh taumif;qH;k enf;emuawmh ud, k chf iG rf mS ud, k af e+yD; tcsi;f csi;f tjyeftvSef em;vnfwnfryDS yhH ;kd &if;/ twdik f tazgufnDnDvkyfwwfbdk@om; t"duusygw,f? tJ'grS EdkifiHa&; ðyjyifajymif;vJr_vkyfEkdifr,fvdk@ vrf;!¸efcJhygw,f? Adv k cf sKyfatmifqef;wd@k /p0fZef@a,mifa[G@ (q&m}uD;,l*si;f odkuf) wdk@ vrf;!¸efcJhzl;ovdk Common Goal , Diverse Actions bH&k nfreS ;f csuw f n l D vky[ f efu, dk pf u D jJG ym;wJeh nf;emtwdik ;f 0kid ;f 0ef; óu;d yrf;oGm;=uzd@k bJ±w dS ,fv@kd o#r;f 'Dru kd &ufwpftpnf;t±k;H SDU twGif;a&;r–; pdkif;0rf;qdkifuvJ axmufjyvmygw,f? 2010 a±G;aumufyrJG mS vGwv f yfr#wr_ Free & Fair b,f avmuf±Sdvdrfhr,fqdkwm uae@vufawG@tajccH rlvblwvGwf vyfcGifh 3 &yfjzpfwJhvGwfvyfpGmpka0;cGifh (Freedom of Assembly) vGwv f yfpmG tzG@J tpnf;xlaxmifciG hf (Freedom of Association) vGwfvyfpGm owif;tcsuftvuf rsm;&±SdcGifh (Freedom of Information) awG b,favmuf±w dS ,fqw kd mukcd sed x f ;dk wkid ;f wmod±dS Edkifw,f? 'DtajccHvGwfvyfcGifh 3 &yfr±Sdao;wmudk,fYua±G; aumufyv JG w G v f yfr#wbd@k cJ,Of;rSmbJqw kd hJ a':atmifqef;pk=unf

&J@ rSwfcsufpum;uvJ txl;tav;xm;&rJh tcsufjzpfygw,f? 15§2§2010 ujrefrmjynfux kd yfraH &muf±o dS mG ;wJ jh refrm jynfqdkif&mukvor*~ vl@tcGifhta&; txl;oHudk,fpm;vS,f aomrwfpftkda[;uifwm;em;uvnf; Armjynfvl@tcGifhta&; tajctaewd;k wuf§qkw, f w k rf [ _ m 2010 a±G;aumufy&JG @J vGwf vyfr#wr_uydk gxif[yfw,f? vGwv f yfr#wr_twGuf óudwif wdik ;f wmEkdifwJh t"dutcsufwckjzpfw,fvdk@qdkygw,f? jynfya&muftwdu k t f cH 'Dru dk a&pDtiftm;pk tawmfrsm; rsm;uawmh 2010 a±G;aumufyGJ0ifE$Jygu etzudk axmufcHjcif; jzpfw,f? em;*pfz@JG pnf;yHu k kd vufcw H o hJ abmjzpfw,f? ud, k *hf ;kd udk ud, k jf yef±;– ovdjk zpfw,fv@kd qdak e=uygw,f? D zG@J tpnf;rsm;tzd@k jynfwiG ;f u jynforl sm;/ Edik if aH &;ygwt ud, k t hf ajctaeeJ@ udu k n f t D yfpyf ud, k b hf momud, k f qH;k jzwfoifh w,fv@kd ,lqolwcsK@d uawmh 'Dvx kd ifjrif ,lqcsuaf wG ±Syd gw,f? (0&rf;ajy;xdkif;0ef}uD;csKyfa[mif; xufqif±Sif;e0yf&J@) zvef;y&csm;c|ef;ygwD (People Power Party) [m 1997 zGJ@pnf;yHk udkom qkyfudkifxm;+yD; 2007 tajccHOya'opfudk vufrcHbl;vdk@ vlod±Sif=um;xkwfaz:a=ujimxm;cJhayr,fh tcGifhtvrf;vuf vGwrf rd mS pd;k vd@k (2007 zG@J pnf;ykt H &) 2009 ESpOf ;D ydik ;f rSm taxGaxG a±G;aumufyGJ 0ifE$J,SOf®yifcJhygw,f? ygvDrefxJa&mufoGm;olawGeJ@ ygvDrefjyify±SdaeolawG t=um; em;vnfr_±Sd±Sdn‡dEd_if;wdkifyif/ twGif;tjyif twdkiftazguf nDnD yHhydk;yl;aygif;vkyfaqmifwJh enf;vrf;twdkif; óud;yrf;wdkufyGJ 0ifEdkifw,f vkd@qkdygw,f? a±G;aumufy0JG if&if§r0if&if &ifqikd af wG@óuH&r,fh aumif; qdk;usKd;jypf qef;ppfZum wifEdkif=uygap? a±G;aumufyGJ0ifoifh§r0ifoifh jynfwGif;ubJ csifhcsdefqHk; jzwfEidk yf gw,f? 0 jynfe,fom;§wmhtdkufum; (17/2/2010)

COMPROMISE tjyeftvSef tay;t,l tav#mt h wif; compromise oabmw&m;em; vnfwEhJ idk if aH &;orm;awG v$waf wmfxaJ &mufomG ;zk@d qkw d m/ tawG@tóuH uif;rJ+h yD; tpGef;a&muf w,loefr_qD OD;wnfapwJh jy\emzefwD;a&; wzufurf;cwf EkdifiH a&;orm;xuftxl;vkt d yfw,f? tJ'v D jdk zpfc&hJ ifxdyw f u dk &f ifqidk rf x _ rJ mS bJ vk;H vnf vkduf+yD; n‡dE_dif;aqG;aEG;vkd@&EkdifrSmr[kwf? xkdif;EkdifiHa&;oabmw&m;q&m edxdt,kdqD0kef;(27/ 04/ 2009)

34 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010


INDEPENDENCE

2008 zGJ@pnf;ykHtESpfom& tqdyfjyif;vSwJh tEW&m,f}uD; o#r;f ucsi/f csi;f / Arm wk@d ujynfaxmifpzk @JG &atmifq+dk yD; awmh yifvkHpmcsKyfvkyfw,f? jynfe,fawGu ±Sd&if;pGJtm%mukd vufrv$wfbJ tm;vkH;nDwlnDr#vkyfxm;wm? ðAef;ceJ AkdvfcsKyf J mvJr+yD;ao;bl;? atmifqef;usq;Hk oGm;wm tajccH Oya'a&;qGw a&;qGw J m+yD;wJt h cg vJt'J o D abmw&m;ukd eJeyJ g;yg;xJ+h yD;t"du uswJhtcsufawGbm rSrygvmbl;? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; usqHk;vdk@ ,lóuH;r&jzpfaecsed rf mS 'guo kd yd rf az:awmhbJ 10 ESpaf vmufomG ;cJh w,f? tajccHOya'udk jyefvnfqef;ppfawmh jynfaxmifpkppfppf r[kwb f ;l ? csi;f / ucsi/f o#r;f jynfrsm;u jynfe,fOuUXrsm; jynfe,f 0ef}uD;rsm;udak ±G;wJt h cgrmS v$waf wmfu, dk pf m;vS,t f rsm;pk&@J qEN t&r[kwfbJeJ@0ef}uD;csKyfu olóudufwJhvlukd cef@tyfay;w,f? 1961 *|efvavmufrSm awmif}uD;nDvmcHvkyfw,f? 0ef}uD;csKyf OD;Ekuvnf; Ak'b < momukd Edik if aH wmfbmomtjzpfjyXmef;zd@k / zG@J pnf; yHjk yifqifz@kd óud;pm;w,f? olrEJ idk o f mG ;awmh jynfe,fu, kd pf m; vS,f awGuawmif}uD;nDvmcHusif;yw,f? AdkvfcsKyfae0if;u cGJxGuf a&;ajym+yD;tm%modrf;w,f? 1962 up+yD;63 ESpfajrmuftxd wdwdususjynfaxmifpkoabmaqmifwm r±Sd cJhbl;? etz&J@ 2008 zGJ@pnf;yHkukdEdkifiHw0Srf;vHk;&J@ vlOD;a& 92 μ u axmufcw H ,fqw kd [ hJ m usaemfw@kd vufrcHb;l / 'DtajccH Oya' xJrmS jynfaxmifppk pfppfrl yifvpkH mcsKyf eJ@ qef@usizf v D mwJt h jyif 'Drdkua&pDenf;pepfeJ@vJ qef@usifzDvmjzpfw,f? EkdifiHawmfukd OD; aqmifwt hJ xJrmS wyfrawmfyg0ifr,fq+kd yD;vkyx f m;w,f? 'Dru dk a& pDjynfaxmifppk pfppfEidk if x H al xmifwt hJ cgrmS Ekid if aH &; xJ0ifcsiw f ,f qk&d if,el aD zmif;c|w+f y;D wyfxu J xGuu f x dk u G &f rSmjzpfw,f? ppfwyf xJvkyf&if;eJ@ EdkifiHa&;rvkyf&bl;qdkwJhrl 'Drdkua&pD EdkifiHwdkif;rSm±Sd w,f? 'guckd sKd ;azgu+f yD;awmh ppfwyfyg0ifciG ±hf &dS r,fqw kd m ppftpd;k & tm%moufq;kd ±Snzf @kd bJ &nf±, G x f m;w,f? wdik ;f &if;om; vlrsK;d pk rsm;udk umuG,x f m;wJh Oya'vJwckrrS ygwt hJ wGuf 2008 zG@J pnf;ykH ukd Oya'vdk@awmif rac:oifhwJh Oya'jzpfw,f? 1947 tajccHOya'rSmusawmh tcsuf 5 csufxJrSm yg w,f? t*FvdyftkyfcsKyfaecsdefqkdawmh t*FvdyfawGu csif;jynf e,fukdcsif;vlxkvufxJtm%mv$Jxm;w,f? ucsifqkd&ifvJ 'l0g awGvufxJ tm%mv$Jxm;ovkd o#rf;awGqkd&ifvJ apmfbGm; awGvufxJ tm%mv$Jtyfxm;ay;w,f? b,fol rS olwkd@ukd 0ifrpGuf zufbl;? 'Dtwkdif;jzpf&rSm ? tck zGJ@pnf;ykHxJrSm vrf;yef; qufoG,fa&;vkd trsm;eJ@qkdifwJh[mukd aocsmuef@owf xm;& r,f qkw d mtwdtusygw,f? Principle oabm avmuf bJjzpf awmh twdtusvkyf&r,f qkdwJh [m rygvmbl;? CRPP OuUX ylusifh±Sif;xef (14/02/2010)

1947 zG@J pnf;yHrk ay:cif yifvpkH mcsKyf t&ifay:w,f? 1947 a&;wJt h cgusawmh yifvpkH mcsKyft& wdik ;f &if;om;tm;vH;k ud, k yf ikd f jyXmef;cGifh±Sd&r,fqdkwJhtcsuf ygrvmawmhbl;? tJ'Dtcsdefup+yD; awmh usaemfw@kd &J@wef;wla&;ud, k yf ikd jf yXmef;cGi&hf ±Sad &; aysmufomG ; +yD;awmh wdik ;f &if;om;awGvufatmufcv H rl sK;d vdak wmufav#muf jzpfvmw,f? 1947tajccHOya'rSmawmif 'Drdkua&pDtenf;t usOf;&ao;w,f? 1962 tm%modr;f +yD;aemufyikd ;f wkid ;f &if;om;tcGit hf a&; awGtm;vHk;±_H;+yD; wwdkif;jynfvHk;ppftm%m±SifpepfatmufrSmus a&mufomG ;wmtckxufxyd gb?J 1974 rqvacwf awmfveS af &; aumifpD a&;qGw J hJ zG@J pnf;yHrk mS wjynfaxmifpepf yd+k y;D yDjyifvmw,f? wygwD pepftyk cf sKyfra_ tmuf a&mufvmw,f? vGwaf wmf w&yfxJ xm;+yD;awmh wif;wif;=uyf=uyf tm%m±SifpepfeJ@quftkyfcsKyf vmw,f? 1988 tm%m±Sipf epf ®y+y;D aemuf wygwpD epfxuf ydq k ;kd wJ h ppf w yf t m%m±S i f p epf v $ r f ; rd k ; vmwmtck x uf x d y gbJ ? wdkif;&if;om;awGvJ wESpfxufwESpf ydk+yD;'kuQa&muf ydk+yD;awmh tcuftcJóuHvm&wJhb0jzpfvmw,f? tcktajctaeukdoHk; oyf&if aumif;zdk@vrf;pu wckrS rawG@ao;ygbl;? yifvHkoabmwlnDcsuf&J@ t"du uawmh wdkif;&if;om; awG csi;f qdv k J csi;f awmifwef;a'o/ ucsiq f v kd J ucsiaf 'o/ o#r;f qdv k J Fedrated Shan States ? apmfbmG ;e,fawGtm;vH;k yl; aygi;f +yD; ArmjynfeJ@vGwfvyfa&; twlwl,lr,fqkdawmh vGwfvyfa&; &+yD; twlwlaewJhtcsdef vlrsKd;}uD;wrsKd;rsKd; tkyfcsKyfwJhatmufrSm r[kwb f J 'Dvrl sK;d av;rsK;d e,fajrav;ckrmS tedrq hf ;kH tqifh wef;wl a&; tajccHay:rSmtwlaezd@k oabmwlchJ ? od@k aomf yifvpkH mcsKyfukd wm0efccH w hJ hJ Adv k cf sKyfatmifqef; usq;kH awmh Adv k cf sKyfatmifqef; vkycf w hJ u hJ pd u P kd usew f AhJ rmacgi;f aqmifawG b,forl t S mr rcHawmh bJ tm%m±Sifwquf+yD;wquftkyfpkd;vmw,f? vlrsKd;wrsKd; wnf;jzpfa&;/ ppfwyfatmuf vufeufudkifwyfzGJ@tm;vHk;±Sda&;/ ppfwyf tpd;k &wckxu J se±f adS &;vkyv f mwm tck 2008 zG@J pnf;yHjk zpf vmw,f? usaemfwdk@wdkif;&if;om;awGtm;vHk; xm0& emvHrxl Edkifatmif wyfrawmftpdk;& ppftm%m±Sifatmuf qufvuf u|efcH&r,fhzGJ@pnf;yHkrsKd;aygh? ±Sif;±Sif;ajym&ifawmh Oya'qkdwJh "g;oGm;udk ysm;&nfeJ@zHk;xm;w,f/ tifrwefrS tqdyfjyif; wJh zG@J pnf;yHak yg?h ysm;&nfe@J zH;k +yD;awmh jynfaxmifpk orRw jrefrmEdik if -H qdkwJh ysm;&nfav;pum;vHk;eJ@ zHk;xm;wmjzpfygw,f? 2008 &J@tESpfom&u wu,fhtqdyftawmufjyif;wJh tE W &m,f tifrwef}uD;wJh zGJ@pnf;yHkjzpf ygw,f? pmrsuEf mS 37 okd‹

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oHk;yGifhqdkifaqG;aEG;a&;omv#if jynfwGif;ppfrD;a±SmifvJGEdkif “autdik t f t kd aeeJ@vJ yifvpkH mcsKyfukd tajccHwJ o h abm xm;udkwifjyayr,fhtckcsdeftxd bmrSn‡dE_dif;vdk@r&ao;bl;? 'g a=umifh 'Da±G;aumufyGJ tajctae tcuftcJawGóuHae&w,f” “olwdk@ppfwyfxJrSm tajctaeraumif;ygbl;? KIO eJ@ aqG;aEG;wke;f u wif;rmr_jzpfw,f? wdu k yf jJG zpfz@dk txd KIO bufu tqifoifhjyifqifw,f? 'gayr,fh etz u rwdkufbl;? 'D[mudk =unhjf cif;tm;jzifh ol@rSmtm;enf;csuaf wG±adS ew,f? tJ'g a=umifh a±G;aumufyv JG J a±$@Edik w f ,f? a±G;aumufyJG rjzpfraevkyrf ,fq&kd if tay;t,lvky+yD;rSbJ vkyfvdrfhr,f?” “typf&yftzG@J wdik ;f &if;om;Edik if aH &;tzG@J / 'Dru kd a&pDta&; twGuf óud;pm;aewJh tzGJ@awGeJ@ etz awG@qHkaqG;aEG; tajz±Sm r,fqdk&if 'Drdkua&pD EdkifiHwckjzpfvmr,f/ awG@qHkaqG;aEG;r_onf omv#if tajzwckjzpfw,f ” ukdatmif0g “2010 a±G;aumufyGJu 2008 zGJ@pnf;yHk tajccHwJha±G; aumufyjJG zpfw,f? wdik ;f &if;om;wyftiftm; tm;vH;k wyfrawmf atmufrSmxm;±Sdzdk@ tajccHOya't& wyfrawmfwckwnf;om vufeufuikd cf iG ±hf w dS hJ yHpk rH sK;d xnfx h m;wJt h wGuf BGF vkyzf @kd zdtm; ay;vmwmjzpfw,f/ tJ'gudk rGefEdkifiHa&;tiftm;pkawG vufeuf udkiftiftm;pkawGu 'g[mEdkifiHa&;tcGifhta&;r[kwfbl;/ 2008 zGJ@pnf;yHkuvnf; wdkif;&if;om;awG&J@ tcGifhta&;udk bmrS tmr rcH xm;wJt h wGuaf ±G;aumufyv JG rJ 0ifEikd b f ;l vufeufvrJ tyfEikd f bl;/ e,fjcm;apmifhwyftjzpfvJrajymif;Edkifbl;? rGefjynfopfygwDu yGiyhf iG v hf if;vif; a=ujimxm;wmawG@&w,f? tpd;k &zdtm;ay;r,f wckckvkyfvmr,fqdk&iftajctae ydkqdk;vmbG,f±Sdw,f?” “'Dz@JG pnf;yHt k ajccHOya' t=uyftwnf;atmufrmS vuf eufudkifawmfvSefa&;uvGJ&if wjcm;enf;vrf;r±SdwJhtwGuf wdkif; &if;om;awG vufeufudkbJtm;udk;ae&wmjzpfw,f?” “ukvor*~uae tpOftqufcsrSwfvmwJh oHk;yGifhqdkif aqG;aEG;a&;eJ@ aemufqHk;+idrf;csrf;a&;twGuf tajz±SmEdkifwJh vrf; wckbJvdk@ usaemfjrifw,f?” “wdik ;f &if;om;tcGit hf a&;u zG@J pnf;yHrk mS t=uyftwnf; ±Sad ew,f/ zG@J pnf;yHo k ;kH ckukd =unfw h t hJ cgrmS 2008 tajccHOya'u ydq k ;kd vmw,f? 1947 wH;k u wdik ;f &if;om;tcGit hf a&;twGuf rjzpf bJ wjynfaxmifypHk jH zpfayr,fh zuf'&,fypkH jH zpfvmEkid rf ,fh zG@J pnf; yHak wmifjzpfao;w,f? 2008 usawmh jynfe,fawGrmS vGwaf wmf awG±adS yr,fh ppfwyfvrG ;f rd;k xm;wJv h al wGe@J ppfwyfuzG@J pnf;xm;wJh Edik if aH &;ygwaD wGbt J m%m&vdrrhf ,f? wdik ;f &if;om;awGukd ud, k pf m; ðywJw h ikd ;f &if;om;ud, k pf m;vS,af wG tm%m&rSmr[kwb f ;l ? jynf 36 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

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e,f vGwaf wmfawGtay: A[dt k pd;k &u csKyfuikd x f m;w,f? usaemf wdk@rSmu pmayeJ@,Ofaus;r_tcGifhta&;awGaz:xkwfzdk@awmif tcuftcJjzpfaew,f? 2008 zG@J pnf;ykrH mS tajccH'rD u kd a&pDtcGihf ta&;eJ@ tajccHtrsKd;om;tcGifhta&; jyXmef;csufawG rjyXmef; rxm;wJt h wGuf rGejf ynfe,fvw G af wmf±rdS ,f qdak omfjim;vJ bmrS vkyfvdk@r&wJh tajctaerSm ±Sdw,f?” EdkifuaqmhrGef “etzu zdtm;ay;wJyh pkH H +crd ;f ajcmuft=uyfuikd w f yhJ pkH aH wG enf;rsK;d pHo k ;kH aewm awG@&w,f? t"du uawmh e,fjcm;apmifw h yf tqdkðycsuf vufrcHwJhtzGJ@awGudk t"duxdk;ppfqif+yD; aoG;cJGa&; ®zcGJa&; +cdrf;ajcmufa&;eJ@ vufeufudkifwdkufEdkifwJh tqifhrsKd;aygh? tJ'gawGudk jyifqifaewmawG@&w,f? typf&yftzGJ@awG&J@ vuf eufuikd w f yfu e,fjcm;apmifw h yfqakd yr,fh oufwrf;u ody=f um rSmr[kwfbl;? ,m,DygbJ/ ul;ajymif;umvrSm e,fjcm;apmifhwyf ac:+yD;awmh aemufoHk;av;ESpfqdk&if wyfrawmf&J@ vufatmufcH t+rJwrf;wyfz@JG jzpfomG ;r,f? aemufq;kH wdik ;f &if;om; vufeufuikd f wyfawG vHk;0r±Sda&;qdkwJhay:vpDatmufrSm tcif;usif;jzpfae w,f? wdkif;&if;om;vufeufudkifwyfzGJ@taeeJ@ rdrd&J@trsKd;*k%f trsKd;om;vuQ%m rdrdjynfe,frdrde,fajrudk qufvufwnf aqmuf csifw,fqdk&ifawmh udk,fhvufeufudkifwyfu udk,fhygwD tzG@J tpnf;vufatmufrmS bJ±w dS rhJ u l kd vufuikd &f rSmbJ? tu,fI


INDEPENDENCE etzu yHkpHtrsKd;rsKd;eJ@ ajczsuf&if 'Da±G;aumufyGJeJ@ ywfoufvdk@ ta=umif;jyvd@k &ygw,f? a±G;aumufyu JG kd vkycf sipf w d rf ±Sad wmhb;l / ta=umif;trsKd;rsKd;a=umifha±$@csifw,f zsufodrf;csifw,f qdk&if awmh wdik ;f &if;om;awGut kd a=umif;jy+yD;a±$@Edik /f vkyEf ikd w f ,f? od@k wnf;r[kwf ,m,DtaeeJ@ e,fjcm;apmifw h yfupd u P kd c%arhxm; +yD;awmh a±G;aumufyGJudk taESmifht,Sufuif;±Sif;pGmeJ@ aocsm f yk rf ,fh oabm ayguEf ikd af tmifvyk rf ,fq&kd ifawmh tvJtvS,v ±Sdw,f? etztaeeJ@ a0cJGvdk@r&wmua±G;aumufyGJudk tEkdif vkyfrvm;/ typf&yftzGJ@awGudk ta=umif;jy+yD;awmh a±G;aumuf yGaJ ±G@rvm; ol'guakd ±G;&cufaevd@k a±G;aumufyOJG ya' rxkwaf o; wmvdk@ usaemfcef@rSef;w,f?” “2010 xJrmS awmh 'Dvb kd J +cdr;f ajcmuft=uyfuikd w f mr,f/ vufawG@ud;k uef@vdk wdu k yf o JG ¾mefrsK;d urvG,b f ;l ? etz wyfxJ k v f @kd aoa=u&r,fu h pd rP sK;d emcHrr_ ±Sad wmhwhJ rSmudb k J tcsi;f csi;f wdu twGuf wyfwiG ;f pnf;±k;H r_tm;enf;aeawGvJ tajccHta=umif;awG jzpfw,f? 'guekd tzu zH;k uG,x f m;ayr,fh usaemfw@kd uawmh tck tajctaerSmuwkdufcdkuf!¸ef=um;EkdifwJh nD!¸wfr_tajctaersKd; ray;bl;vd@k ajym&Jw,f? wbufvo J @l taeeJ@ a±G;aumufyJG atmif atmifjrifjrifvyk Ef ikd zf @kd a±G;aumufyu JG aexGuv f mr,fh vGwaf wmf wd@k tpd;k &opfw@kd ppfwyfub,fvt kd m%mmcGaJ 0r_ Power SharpmrsuEf mS 35 rS jynfaxmifpkEdkifiHawGjzpfwJh tar&duef/ *smr%D/ uae'g/ qGpfZvef/ tENd, tm;vHk; trsKd;tpm;awGrSm jynfe,fawG eJ@zGJ@&w,f/ jynfe,fawG r±Sd&ifjynfaxmifpkr±Sdbl;? 'gha=umifh trsK;d tpm;wckxeJ @J zG@J &w,f? od@k aomfvJ etzzG@J pnf;yHrk mS awmh rqvwkef;u vkdwdkif;a'o}uD; 7 ck jynfe,f 7 cktwlwlbJ t&ifu twdkif;ygbJ?tcsKd;rwlwJh wcsKd@uwkdif;jzpf/ wcsKd@u jynf e,fjzpf 'Dvdke,fajrawGaygif;pnf;wmudk jynfaxmifpkvdk@ ac:&if Oya't&abmifvrJ 0ifb;l / twkta,mif jynfaxmifpk udjk yef+yD; OD;wnfw,fqw kd may:vGiw f ,f? wdik ;f a'oawG jynfe,fawG aygi;f xm;wJjh ynfaxmifpv k @kd ac:ayr,fh jynfe,ftvdu k f wdik ;f tvdu k f vkyfydkifcGifhawG Oya'ðycGifhawGbmrSr±Sdbl;? A[dktpdk;&vdk@ac:wJh jynfaxmifpk tpdk;&rSmu tm%mOya'ðycGifhtm%m 120 ausmf ,lxm;+yD;jynfe,fvw G af wmfrmS bmrSta&;r}uD;wJh Oya'ðyu¾ 40 avmufbJ csex f m;ay;w,fqadk wmh 'gu A[dck sKyfuikd rf w _ if;=uyf wJh wjynfaxmif pepfjf zpfae+yDqw dk m ±Si;f ±Si;f vif;vif; ajymvd@k & w,f? wcsed x f rJ mS wyfrawmfwckx±J &dS r,f vk@d 2008 zG@J pnf;yHk ed'gef;rSm a&;xm;w,f? t*Fvdyfvdk Oneness wckwnf;aom wdkif;jynfvkd@a&;xm;w,f? tJ'gjynfaxmifpk&J@ qef@usifbufjzpf

ing vkyfr,fqdkwJh cGJwrf;awGrwnfhwmeJ@yJ a±G;aumufyGJ=um oGm;Edik w f ,f? tJ'v D =kd umEdik w f m a±G@Edik w f mta=umif; &if; w&m;cH u ppfwyfudk,fwdkifbJjzpfw,f? w&m;cHrjzpfatmif typf&yfawG a=umifq h +kd yD; w&m;cH±mS wmbJjzpfw,f? oH;k oyfv@kd &wmu 2010 xJrSm a±G;aumufyGJudk atmifjrifatmifvkyfcsifwJhqENu eHygwf 1 OD;pm;ay;/ typf&yfawGudk wdkufzdk@u 'kwd,jzpfw,f?” “ppftm%m±SifpepfeJ@ a&;wJh ppfOya'atmufrSmawmh vHðk caH &;uawmh jynfwiG ;f vHðk caH &;rubl; jynfyvHðk caH &;udyk g xdcu kd f Edik w f t hJ vm;tvmawG±w dS ,f? typf&yfawGe@J wdu k yf jJG yefjzpfonf jzpfap/ twif;t=uyf ESdyfuGyfonfjzpfap/ aoG;cJGwmjzpfap etz pnf;±k;H r_ ®yuGw J mbJjzpfap vHðk cHa&;udx k cd u kd Ef ikd w f hJ ta=umif;t&m awGbJ ” AdkvfrSL;}uD;cGefOuUm

“ wdik ;f &if;om;awG vdck siw f mu txufpnf;u r[kwyf g bl;? wef;wla&;tajccHav; awmif;wma=umifh wef;wla&;tajccH h ;l wef;wla&; ay;vdu k ±f eHk @J udk todtrSwðf yay;zd@k 0efrav;oifb nD!w ¸ w f hJ jynfaxmifpu k kd wnfaqmufEikd rf ,fv@kd ,H=k unfw,f?” OD;armifarmifoef; BBC 7/ Feb/ 2010

w,f? tvHuvJ ajrmufu;kd &D;,m;tvH AD,uferftvHe@J twlwl bJ? tm%m±Siv f ufatmufrmS aewJh wjynfaxmifwikd ;f jynftvH/ =u,fwvH;k bJxm;w,f? jynfaxmifpw k ikd ;f jynfreS &f if =u,fwvH;k qd k w mr±S d b l ; ? w±k w f j ynf } uD ; awmif r S tenf ; qk H ; =u,f 4 vHk;awmhxm;ao;w,f? ckusawmh jynfaxmifpk vJajymw,f? wvH;k wnf;aom=u,fqakd wmh wckwnf;aomwyfrawmf atmuf rSm tm;vHk;jym;jym;0yf&r,fh jynfaxmifpktwk bJ? ytd0k ;f wkid ;f &if;om;taeeJ@ajym&&if usaemfw@kd ytd0k ;f awG uvJ pnf;vHk;nD!¸wfr_tm;enf;w,f? vlOD;a& ESpfoef;qdkawmh bmrSr±Sb d ;l / OD;atmifcrf;xDuvnf; typf&yf vky+f yD; &oavmuf k yf ikd t f yk cf sKyfciG hf ,lr,fqakd wmh ol@rSmoH;k ®r@e,ftajccHwhJ ytk0d ;f ud, &a'oemrnfav;awmh &vku d yf gw,f? od@k aomfvnf; zG@J pnf;yHrk mS ud, k yf ikd t f yk cf iG &hf a'o jyef±yk o f rd ;f r,f - vk@d 'upr–;wa,mufu }udrf;0g;cJhzl;w,f? 'gha=umifh bmtcGifhta&;rSr±SdwJhtjyifudk tJ'D 'upr–;u tJvkd ppfwyf tm%myg0gjyaeawmh zGJ@pnf;yHkxJu ukd,fydkiftkyfcsKyf cGifh&emrnfeJ@ 'De,fajr[m twkta,mifbJ? ytd0k ;f acgi;f aqmifwa,muftaeeJ@ ytd0k ;f a'oowfrw S cf suf eJ@ 2008 zGJ@pnf;yHkudkvJ usaemfvHk;0vufrcHbl;? Akv d rf LS ;}uD;cGeOf uUm (14/02/2010)

Shan Herald Agency for News

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typf&yfrsm;tm; ArmppfwyfòzdcGJvdkaomta=umif;&if; Adv k o f ef;a±$ppftyk pf u k 2010 a±G;aumufyJG Oya'udk rwfcsf 8 &ufae@wGif qdkif;rqifhAHkrqifh trSwfrxif a=ujimvdkuf.? T onfum; ppftkyfpk. ^m%feD^m%feufOD;wnfcsufwckjzpf.? jynfwGif;a&mjynfyyg vlolwumpdwfyg0ifpm;pGm rsufpda'guf axmufapmifh=unfhae=uonfh ArmppfwyfESifhtypf&yf (txl; ojzifh 0 wyfz@JG ) rsm;t=um; vdycf w J nf;vnf; wif;rmr_u±kd w k cf sn;f tm±kv H v J$ u kd jf cif;jzpfonf? ae@pOf &ufquf a±G;aumufyOJG ya'rsm; wck+yD;wck xGuv f monfEiS hf ArmjynfEikd if aH &;jy\em avhvmol rsm;tzd@k typf&yfEiS ehf tz yËdyuQtay:tav;xm;r_ avsmyh g;oGm; ap&ef&nf±, G jf cif;jzpfonf[q k Ekd ikd o f nf? a±G;aumufyGJ Oya' 4-5 ckxGufvmonfESifh ppftkyfpku rnfIrnfr#wzufowf ud, k b hf ufu, kd , f ufxm;onfukd txif; om; jrifawG@&.? 1990 a±G;aumufyEJG iS q hf D ESihf a&yrmuGmjcm;+yD; ppftyk pf rk u S sm;uefay;xm;onfh tvdak wmf&d Edik if aH &;ygwrD sm;om tqDtESpfrsm; vuf0g;}uD;tkyfxm;rnfjzpf.? twdkuftcHrsm; twGuf t±k;d t&if;tºuiG ;f tuserf sm;omcsex f m;ay;rnfh pnf;jcm; uef@owfcsuf Oya'rsm;jzpfonf? yodk@qdkap etztzdk@ rdrd.vrf;jyajryHk 7 qifhtwdkif; pdkif;jyif;&if; typf&yfrsm;tm;vnf; ®zcGif;okwfoif&if; ®yifwlESpf vrf;oGm;enf;em usio hf ;kH vmbG,±f o dS nf[k ,lq&.? typf&yfrsm; xdef;csKyfa'oudk teufa&mife,fajrowfrSwfcsefvSyfI a±G; aumufyu JG si;f y&efrpOf;pm;awmhbJ rw&m;toif;tjzpf a=ujim Ekdifp&m±Sdonf? Adv k o f ef;a±$ppftyk pf Ok ;D aqmifaom Armppfwyfuvufeuf udkifwdkif;&if;om;rsm;tm; tb,fha=umifhz,f±Sm;®zcGif; ±Sif;vif; vdkoenf;? rdrdtwGuf ESpf±Snfvrsm;tpOfwpdkuf taESmifhtoGm; jzpfaecJhonf[k ppftkyfpkrS ,lqowfrSwfxm;aoma=umifhjzpf.? rdrt d zd@k wEG,if ifwpifyg jynfwiG ;f jynfy&efukd óudwifumuG,&f ef ppftkyfpk. wcsufckwfESpfcsufjywf ppfa&;r[mAsL[m pDrHcsuf a=umifh jzpfonf? w±kwef ,fpyf tajcpdu k v f ufeufuikd w f yfz@JG rsm;tm; ®zcGi;f Edkifv#if ppfa&;t&w±kwfusL;ausmfr_udk wpdwfwydkif;umuG,f [ef@wm;Edkifonf[k ppftkyfpkrS rSwf,lxm;aoma=umifhjzpf.? 1970 - 80 ESpfrsm; twGif; ArmjynfuGefjrLepfygwD wyfzGJ@tm; ajcqHk; acgif;qHk;ulnDyHhydk;ay;cJhonfh w±kwfppfwyf.&yfwnfr_udk Adv k af e0if; rqv vufxufuwnf;u t}uD;tus,f ocF%;f pm &cJhaoma=umifhjzpfonf? e0w§etzonf tESpf 20 =um usOf;xJ=uyfxJ rdrd&yf wnfa&;twGuf ppfa&;/ pD;yGm;a&; EdkifiHa&;t& w&m;tm;xkwf w±kwftm;xm;vmcJhaomfvnf; ,ae@wdkifw±kwfudk r,Hk=unf 38 Vol. 27, No. 265, 2010

ao;bJtwGi;f }udwf oHo,±Sad eqJjzpfa=umif;ppftyk pf . k v#K@d 0Suf ppf a &;pD r H c suf r sm;YawG @ ±S d & .? 1988 Ytm%mod r f ; aom Adkvfapmarmifppftkyfpkudk tOD;qHk;óudqdktodtrSwfðycJhonfrSm w±kwfEdkifiHjzpf.? Armjynftay: =oZmtanmif;qHk;EkdifiHjcm; wdik ;f jynfjzpfcahJ omfvnf; ArmppfAv kd cf sKyfrsm;tzd@k ‚if;wd@k . r[m tiftm;}uD; tdrfeD;em;csif;EdkifiHtay: oHo,rsufvHk;jzifh owd xm;}uD;pGm apmif=h unfah ecJah =umif; vm;±_;d tajcpdu k t f a±S@ajrmuf ydkif;wdkif; ppfXmecsKyf. v#Kd@0Sufppfa&;pDrHcsufY az: jycJhonf? &rc . xdyfwef;v#Kd@ 0Suf e,fajrvHðk caH &;pDrcH suf udk e0w tm%modrf;+yD; 9 ESpft=um/ xdkpOfuppf wdkif;r–; AdkvfcsKyfwifaiG u 30§8§1997 &ufY }uD; =uyfppD pf vufrw S af &;xd;k cJh .? pmrsuEf mS 120 ±Sd tqdk yg tao;pdwf tpDtpOft & w±kww f @kd ESiphf pfjzpf&v#if (od@k ) ppfa&;t& w±kww f @kd usL;ausmfcJhonf±Sdaomf 1˜375 rdkif ±Snfvsm;aom e,fpyf wav#muf±dS rdrw d @kd . ryc/ &yc/ }wd*w H ikd ;f ppfwikd ;f 3 wdik ;f a±S@wef;wyfrsm;ESihf &ifqikd &f vdrrhf nf[ak z: jyonf? tqdkyg v#Kd@0SufpDrHcsufY w±kwftay:oHk;oyfxm;aom t"dutcsuf 5 &yfyg0if.? Ô qdkAD,uf,leD,H ®yuGJ+yD;aemufydkif; w±kwfjynfonf tar&duefESifhykcHk;csif;,SOfEdkifonfh wckwnf;aomurBmh tiftm;}uD; EdkifiHjzpfjcif;? Ô w±kwfudk,fYuvnf;tm±SwGiftm%m=oZmt}uD; rm;qHk;EdkifiHjzpfvmap&ef rem; raeóud;yrf; aejcif;? Ô w±kwfjynf. taemufawmifzuf csmydwfukef;wGif;ydkif; a'otzdk@ tENd,ork'N&modk@vrf;yGifhEkdifap&ef Armjynf onfom xGufaygufjzpfaejcif;? Ô tjcm;tiftm;}uD;EdkifiHrsm;. EkdifiHa&;ppfa&;=oZmcsJ@ xGifjzef@usufvmr_udk[ef@wm;umqD;Edkif&ef Armjynf onf w±kwftwGufjcHpnf;±kd;'dkif;ozG,fjzpfaejcif;? Ô 'kw, d urBmppfocF%;f pmt& Armjynfvrf;a=umif;tm; vufOD;r_±SdpGmrxdef;csKyfEdkifv#if Armjynfvrf;a=umif;udk tjcm;tiftm;}uD; EdkifiHrsm; ydwfqdk@vdkufygu tcufóuH&rnf[k


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OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTE Supported by a grant from Foundation Open Society Institute (Zug)

& Soros Foundations Network

korn kaw 49  

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