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Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

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Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009


INDEPENDENCE

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Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

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INDEPENDENCE

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yDjnBmjckex f e k ;f nl; qOfjnl;usMb vBjxkubf yBb. n.ubf c.ujf rdOl jf Oef;xd 18_09_09 nefqrk ;f oduk ;f rmefjyBb. ule;f wlu;f c.ujf ywf;yde k w hf if;rlid ;f =rfj 7b114 auMUeefU yM;qOfjnl;usMb? zljerf; wB;wmifbqOfjnrfbyM;/ qOfjnl;usMb n.ubf c.ujf nlOf;zlOfb OAif;vdlOfb (ref;wav;) ao wdwf;awMbqOfjuM; y.ufjcdkefjrdlOf;oDbayMU Oef;xd 19_09_09 y.wf;efg/ (uMjylefUrM; ulef;n.ufbc.ufjvlifndef;oAifb wMjukifj qOfj eMjwDjrmefjyefie kd ;f qBmb_uMjvlwUf uM; auMUvfg 1b000 ysM;/) qOfjnl;usMb vBjxkufbqkrf;odkuf;rmefj wdp.yf;rdlOfj Oef;xd 03_08_2005 vkrf; YwM;rmefj wwf;odeyf efww l jf wmrfbc.ujf 13 yD/ qdte;OMj- ref;qOfjuyf;odyk bf wdw;f awMb

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Photo : SAM (SSA)

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oduk ;f rmefj,dOk ;f u.ijf uOf;ymify;.B rkeq f Ofjv.ebf rdOl jf Oef;xd 14_09_09 ,mrf; 02;00 rlif;umifefgqOfU odkuf;rmefjwyfUcv, 65 rdil ;f wlef 7 auMU yM;qefUqOfj[mef (ylObf rl;) 2 auMU ugMbuOf;ymify;.B rkeq f Ofjv.ebf wDjOwfU oleuf p k f ndil bf ykibf yMbcFrf tqjOAi;f rdil ;f wle/f odkuf;rmefj 7 auMUqdlOf;eefh urfjz.ifjrOf; vOfjao ugMb[Mvdlifj_ymef;zdwf;ulef;ekrfb qdOl ;f ugMbe.e;f [Fr;f _yfUg ymify;.B ? ,dOk ;f u.ijf ,MUuOf; ymifyB.;? ulefbvlrfUyFwfjokrfUefg;ymifyB.;vBmvBm 10 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

okrUf ? orfUyBm[dw k ;f [mwfby.iUf vMbxMUOMj- wB; nrfbrD;rdil ;f qdil Uf eifboleUB -OMjeB/ ule;f ekrbf urfjz.ijf vBjzdw;f uefwif; odkuf;rmefjao vBjxkufbayMUxkyfUqAyf;edlOfU qAyf;wlOfurfjz.ifj? rmifauMUvBjxkufbwdugMb ukrf;cifao ayMjtrjyDje.ifUwmif;=def; vBj nOfie kd ;f ugMbxkwbf n.ubf rM;/ OBm;rM; ule;f Omefj ulef;olefugMbwmifbvmwfjyMjedlOftvj qefU yMjedOl v f mwfjOMj awcde k ;f rM;n.ejf O.e;f ,.r;f

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INDEPENDENCE

qBm;r.i;f -zljwlyUf =dO;f rdeaf qj tcUvBjol;rdil ;f usyef@y.ujf cde k ;f uAi;f rBb

Photo : Arntai (SHAN)

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Oef;xd 23_09_09 OBm;Oef; qBm;r.if; x.if;vD nMb,k 12 yD (nefodkOfbn.ufbcmOfb qlpUf ofbg qdOk jf rmefjOMjqBm;r.ibf _e.iUf r.ibf ) auMU ugMbcFibf wlyUf =dO;f rdeaf qjyBb. Odw k Uf ykijf cde k jf ZMU vBjxd 3 wDjrlid ;f usyef@ y.ujf xdik uf iA ;f rBb/ zlj u.ef;=if;[Aef; =pfjoBm; wif;ayMjtrjref; qBm;twU ugMb[yfUxdik rf idl ;f u.ubf (uki;f xAyjf ) y.ujf rM;q.rf;uef/ ref;qBm; ugMbayUumeftcUcFifb yBb. =dO;f rdeaf qj omifjqdOk jf oAiyf efridl ;f xB;ao y.ujf rM;tvj cl;=if;[Ae;f umifUtubzlj,fbg Omefj ZBmbz.i;f irf;Omefjndil bf yM;qArq f rk ;f ule;f ekrbf

wB;ndubf qkr;f wB;vBmvBmqkr;f ugMbyfUg [yfUw.ejf wDjwMj=dO;f rde/f ayM;OMje.ifUr.if; vlif;=dOf;rdefrM;auMj uMjyAefqkrf;odkOfbcmOfb ugMbvkyfbw.ifjxmrf? qkr;f cl;vkujf [Ae;f ugMbw.ejf c.iZ f mufb? ,dy;f yBmU wlOfvdufj wFrfjacMjugmrf;,def;vDw.efj[yfU? z.i;f w.ejf [yfUeefUn.euf efwyl ;f rdOk ;f yef[iF ;f twUtwUOMjOMj/ qBm;r.i;f vmwfjtezljodOk bf cmOfbOMj- ]qlr;f odOl ;f vdOl w f e . ;f wDjvBjol;xd 3 tvjomifjqdOk jf oAirf idl ;f xB;vdOk ;f vif? wmif; rkijf r.i;f rdOl ;f eMjtwU cfjg yAeuf e l ;f a[Mj=dO;f rde}f

l6xb jy ,krokhS( z5hd:oyrl6bdyr,Koyh-;y 96boyr]K9yh;kh -K;yr pK,yrd69 b ry l6db ry l69ry lG'hy p;ySt ow 0G,,y ;b5 hy x5oyt,kr $S% ]5boy? z:'yr96bdyrd5;yrdK'ytooyt 06,yr]y.v,yj -;yh0w:hc]h 'wKh]5,y9kjl6bdyr,Koyhl6bxyjsK'yh l6db ry poyj'kdC9jy ]:,o ty kh]bo;y kT?

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Photo : AP

xuho:'yt9wroy.rdG'yr,y.jsxyt9:oyh 0wKr,:'yr 9uh9khs^b;yr,boyrdG'yr,wj ;oyrmb #$2+2Q+

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Shan Herald Agency for News

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qkr;f oduk ;f rmefj[Aw;f n.ubf ide k ;f aqjrmif[Mj[Aif ydOl jf wMbz.e;f vDwOl uf Ofb tvj ule;f rmufjrD;

idkef;aqjrmefjOmif 5b000 ysM; nef qkrf;odkuf;rmefjnmef;ndwfb n.ufbqfgUqBmb yAew f mif;umef wifjtwbOef;xd 01_10_09 ugMbeMjeBU rD;ydkefUoDvFif? wmif;eMjrD;[mifj qmifUzdlufb? [mifjOAif;iOfjrldif;vlifrfgbaebysDb awMb? vBm;erfUt[Uuifjumef[Awf;n.ufbidkef; y.rif e kd ;f uFu;f twU yAe[f mifjomifboDj rde l if e kd ;f aqjOmifqdlOf;[Awf;n.ufbuMjylefUrM;? oAefjrB vBmjnefZifOBUefg;wlOfidkef;aqj ydlOfjwMb t[Uuifjumef[Awf;idkef;uFuf;y.rfauMjrdlefidkef; aqjOmifuMjyleUf rM;eifbuOfb/ qkr;f oduk ;f rmefj ydkefzmOfbOMj- umef[Awf; n.ufbidkef;aqjrfgb Ofg[Mj[AifeUB ydlOfjwMbqfgUqBmbiBmjtvj nOfyM; udkuf;qyf;wlOfiBmj? idkef;rAwfUtvjidkef;aqj wmifbOfag uMjqfUg ugMbvBjrde l uf Ofb-OMjeB/

vFibf cmOfbvmwfjOMj- ide k ;f aqjOmifrbgf Ofg 5b000 eBU awrD;erfUw.ef;z.ef;vDwMb ule;f rmufjrD;? u.yjf OMjuAy;f OBUvBjerf? wMbule;f rlid ;f wif;erfqOld ;f zmeftwU awrD;z.e;f qMU rdlefeifbcefukefbodefuMUawcdkefj/ ]nef ulef;rdlif; cfgj{j[Awf;n.ufbyAefOfg 100 ysM;? u.yfjOMjidkef;OfgymufbrdlOfjvAOf ,.uf;eFefbtvj anbvli;f wdu;f wdu;f ? uMjvlwyhf mwfo h f (Bus) ef;g wMjukijf wDjanbokw;f 50 / rdOl jf vAOf rmif 100 nrfbayM;cfgjrD;tvjulef;rldif;xlyf; wmif;,myfbzdkwfbtwUtwU/ oifOMjcfgj[Awf; yefze . ;f vDue l ;f rdil ;f xkubf vD[w A ;f n.ubf Ofg 100 erferf}-OMjeB/ zljvAyfj[Aef;vBmauMU xwf;omifOMjidkef;aqjrfgbOfg[Mj[AifeBU ql;qfgwmef;olpfb

cfgjofgb[mifjref;? ulpf;uMj u.yfjulef;urfjerf yBbxkubf qftg vjuMjvBjnOf[mifjqmifo h bgf / qmifh eBUyAefcdlifjrBmOAif;uRufUtob wDjOAif;qMbwd wmef;olpfbudlwfb (wmif;uMjqmifUzdlufbuRuUf tob) tvj rde l uf efwif;wFe;f wlOrf ef;/ ZBmbedkifj qkrf;odkuf;rmefj cfgj[Aw;f erfUw.ef; z.ef;vDyefulef;rmufjrD;? tr;uAOfbtr;udif; tvj ,.ifjemrfbcdif;wmef;olpfb-OMjeB/ cmOfbvBmZBmbvBmqkrf;auMj n.ufbOMjayM;idef;cmOfbOMjOfg[Mj[Aifawn.ufbauMj cef ukefbodefuMUudkifUumifUcdkefjurf;vAOf? cefcrf; auMj cdkefjedkifjOmwfbvfg 2 rdkefbyBm? (n.ef wmif ; ed k i f j Omwf b r. u f j 576b000 ysM;? rdlOfjvAOfcdkefjxdkifOmwfbvfg 600b000 ysM;) cefidkef;rmefj auMjwluf;ugMbndwf;edkifj/ rdOl jf yD 1985 qkr;f oduk ;f rmefj aebOde;f [kyfj,dkwf;idkef;aqjOmif 100 ysM;? yD 1987 [kyjf ,dw k ;f ide k ;f Omifeikd jf qdwUf (25 ysM;)? Omif 35 tvj 75 / umef[yk jf ,dw k ;f ide k ;f 2 y.ujf eefh [Aw;f {jcefie kd ;f rmefjwlu;f ? ide k ;f qdOl ;f vBjxkubf [kyjf ,dw k ;f auMj nOfvuF jf cde k ;f nrfbvBj/ ide k ;f aqjrmefjqdlOf;qfgUqBmb,lb,mrf;vAOf rD;Omif 1b000 ysM;? 500 ysM;? 200 ysM; vli;f xdik Of mif 20 ysM;/ u.yjf qkr;f oduk ;f rmefjn.ubf ide k ;f aqjrfbg Omif 5b000 ysM;xF i f j tvj yAufUorfUydkefzmOfbOMj- awnrfb[kyfjodrf; ide k ;f aqjOmifuOfbuOfbaowMU ule;f rlid ;f n.ef uefrBjqfg/ nrfbayM;cfgj,krfb? ulOfrD;umef[kyfj ,dw k ;f ide k ;f aqjwmifbOf?g rde l e f ifb trjo.wbf (awMbeMjrsMUOwDb) qdOl ;f eBh nrfbayM;cfjg vFujf cfgj[yfUidkef;rmefj-eB,OfU/ 他

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12 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009


INDEPENDENCE

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13


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14 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009


INDEPENDENCE

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15


L s<'yj0oyd.kjx:9yr0Koyr/ l6bdyrx:9yr0Koyr0oyd.kjx:9yrs<'yj? sC'yr0y. l6db ry -;ygdkhv,yjgxt,ru dkhs6;b Sy d:xhy l'ys;yr-kh xwjp5jawKjgxtxo 6 hy / d:xhy x5;b hy xwj]5'] ty 'C ry doy]du P 5 ry / o,t0 y z .y ,: dty oyc9t ,urd5h,5jd5h06,ry p5jS ,5b;yh;oyrmb #)2_2Q+ p6b;yrdoy9uhd5;yrdK'yt #*S$Q ,bob9ytd5Pyr l6db ry ,Koyhgxkr9wK $S% lbxry ? x:'jy ;khl6db ry ,Koyhv,yj,uro,tdy 9yst 9yr 96bdyr voy;khowt ,oyr9Cdyj]C'yr]u? v,yj0y.h06,yrd6b9yrl6bdyrd5Pyr v,yj,ur95;m y x5 ry 9ksoy/ ,oyr-yh. 'K,yjdoypj5 / 06,ry d69 b ry l6db ry d5h06,ry pbxyrd:'yhdK'yj p'yr,uro,yt0y.sdyT05b;yt0K9yh/ 0Gxyr0y.gl0'yjpbxyr d:'yhdK'yj/ l6bdyr,Koyhc9tx5b;yh9kjv5,yv6boyx5boyh 9kj]wh,urvkjokj '6boyr-,yrd5Pyr?

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w.yfb mbo6b'yhowt s;yr-khpkjgxv;y 9K'yrdkT9K'yr-wKxwKr,Kdyh,ur s;yr p'yjsKdyh;wtoy.r,5b'yr,Koyh? mbl:'y dKoyl6oyj95;ygdkh pkjgxv;ydk. jdG;jy ,5'b ry ,Koyh/ gxkr;khdKoy'o b6 ry 9:'ry s;yr dKoydkT-wKs;yr d.kjp'yjsKdyh;wo t r.y -5royr. ;G'ry / ]6dhy ]K'yroK'yrg,rs;yr ,urp5joyr. ;G'ry 06'b y ,ur0ys. dyT05;b 0 ty K9yhgdkh voylx5 ry dwT;kh dKoy,'b5 ry mbo'b6 hy l6ojy 95;y mbl:'yooyt g9xGoyd5oyrv6xyj]5'yd5Pyr/ -khsoym6b'yc9t g9v,yj 06o] ty hw 0G,xy o b5 hy 0G,9 y ;5 -y kh/ gxkr-yh. 06o] ty hw owc9t ]6dhy g,rc]h l'y dKoyxwKr,Kdyh,uroy.r-5roy.r;G'yr oy.r,5b'yr,Koyh05b;yrootyc]hl'y/ ]u]wh-wh0y.;5oytsk]wKr,oyrp;yt/ gxkrp5joy.r-5roy.r;G'yrv;y95;y]:9yh d5Pyrc9t -khmK'yj,oyrg9v,yj-K;yrpK;yr/ zy.,Kdyh,urdkhs6b;ygdkh g9pGory xGo-y ': ,y Koyh lG'hy lG'hy d5Pry / '6o b ry 0;yhd;yj,ur;wl t o 6 jy 95;y gdkh]u/ d6'yj,6oy,6dyt06,yr d6'yj,6oyd5oyr]5'ygl ,ur,krgdkh]u/ ]uv;y s<,yroy.rdKoy05b;yt0K9yho6b'yhx6oyh/ s;yr-khv,yj;kh9'yr,59yr/ v;y;wt 9kjl6ojy 95;] y d6 hy ]K'yro6'b hy x6ohy / g995dry m6djy p5j/ d5ory o6,jy vbdjy z5hv:osy ;^ sy ;yr-khd5h0;yh gxkr;khxuho:'] ty d6 hy ]K'yroK'yrg,r2xwKr,Kdyh ,urd.kjdG;jy -:'hy 9'yr,5'b ry ,Koyh;w/t gxkrg9;5ogyt ,kh-;yhzy. g,khc;yh,oyr c9t 9kjs9yrx69yr-K9yj9Cdyj]C'yro5b;y,Koyhowt'wKh'wKh? gxkrs;yr-khv;y]d6 hy g,rs;yr -5'ry dKoy-,: jy xouj dKoydkTcwK s;yr d.kja'y96boyr]K'yrp'yjsKdyh;wtoy.r;G'yr oy.r,5b'yr,Koyhc9t -5;yr-:'y s;yr-kh05b;yrooyt x5boyhg9v;ysG9yr95bdyj]5boy p5b;yj,Kdyh;G9yrx5boyh? xkv,yjdboy95bdyj]5boy ,oyrv,yjp5j]wh g90K'yhm6dyj,Kdyh;G9yrp5j/ l6bxyjokh 36


INDEPENDENCE

d.K,yr9C9hy ]K9yh,5o b Sy 9C,hy zy,. oyr/ 9K'yrp5j]:9hy 9wr Speak universally, Write locally: The Shan path to survival ;oyrmb @*S@)T@QTQ+ 9K'yr0oyt0:,y06]kH]5'yHd:oyH9uhd6'yrmGxyh 09yrsCoyr xK'yd6,y]5'yd5h06b'yh,5b'yr ;kh]5PyhdKoy]GxyhsGoyr ]:'yh9wr,5b'yr9wr? # ;oyrsCdyh @*S@(T@QTQ+ ,ur]:'yh]5vKoyjdG;yj]5Pyh9wr/ ;oyr]6boyr @)T@QTQ+ c9t ,ur]:'yhdkh;Coy9Goyh s<'ytd.K,yr9wr ,5ohy 0y9 . 'yr;oyr? z6boy]bdyhvoy]5vKoyj05b;yrooyt 0Cdyj;wTxGoy _ lCoyrS @T 9wroy.r,5b'yrmwr/ #T p:,yj9wrd5h9uh/ $T ]:dyrx5b'yz:'yr',yr9wr/ %T lklok c]h]:'yhd5b;yr]u/ *T 05b'yr (art) c]h vx6,yj9wr/ (T 95;y]bdyh9wr c]hxxyt]bdyh9wr/ )T ]bdyh9wrc]hzG'yrd.K,yr9wr/ _T 9K'yrs^T 9K'yrg,k9wr? zklkd.K,yrdK'y0y.T96b;yrvb'yrd]G9yh? d.K,yr9wrc]hd.K,yrmwrgdkh0y.T96b;yr]wh? d5Pyrdkh,urvoyxboyjzkjlkjawKjvb'yrd]G9yh? oy.r0;yhxwKrs^T9wr voyg9-;yh9K'yjcoxkrooyt,urS 0;yho5oyrv5 ]:dyh0:dyj/ ]:dyr]wKr0;yhakTz:'yr',yrxKoyd5hx:dyh/ 0;yh0K'yr lC'ys^b'yr okj]boyj9 lklokx69ytm9wr/ 0wKrs<'y-,yr gsk0;yhakT9wr/ 0wKr]m6oyr pksKdyh,wt Zpk0:,yjd:,yjX/ 0wKrg0kr9bd -5b;yrp6boyr z6boy]bdyh9wr o:dyh,5b'yr9wr/ oK'yr-5b;yrlCoy lCoy;u 0;yhgsk-,yrogirl5oy 9'yr 0;yh-,yrdwKjow:T lCoy;u/ oK'yrlu]kr;oyr 9K'yrdboy9wr/ 0wKrlwK]5boy-,yr ]:'yhdkT-wK9wrxKoyd5hx:dyh/ 0;yh0K'yr,skxoypkr xK'yl:oy]bdyh9wr-K;yr,wh/ oK'yrlC'yo:'yt xw:r9wrlbxyrl:'y]5boy/ oK'yrvoyr -5;yro6'yh9wr/ 0;yh0K'yr Pkoluib s6oyjsK'yhx69ytm0;yh-:'y9wr? o:dyhooytgdkh xGoy0;yhxwKrs^Tmwr/ ai'yj/ c-j c]h d\xoyH? y rw xwjs^T]:'hy 9wr]u ,5o b z y h5 9wj: s<dhy -;yotw ,urz6o b ] y db hy 05;b ry voy]l u o 5 0 y /.y ,5o b o y 'yjz6o b ] y db hy 79;y9 t ;b5 dty \'b ry & voy ];yj06;b jy 05;b ry xGo9 9C,yhooyt d5oyr96b;yrd,yd,yho,y xGoy-5b;yr9wro,yowooyt]y.? 0'yj]wh,:djy m6'b xy hu o:'9 ty rw 9uh0,y9hu dw 05;b ry ]wh'bory -K;yj]wh]5vKoyjz6o b ] y db hy 9wr/ -Cory g9khp6dTy 95;gy pkr-b'ry d.kjxoyvo G xy oys'C ry -;yhs^,yhm:,yj'boyr]5]:,ygld,yr?

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17


L =OfnrfbrM; [mif[Fifj If nothing comes from the head The tail is dry

     

txuftnmu (a&pD;) rvmawmh atmufta-urSmcrf;ajcmuf

d.K,yrl:o,y 'b5 ry x5o b hy Full grown man sets heart Upon the substance rather than the husk Upon the fruit rather than the flower Upon what is within to what is without Tao Te Ching, Chapter 38 Lao Tzu, 6 th century BC philosopher

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18 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009


INDEPENDENCE

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t,f'w D mcifAsm;Adv k cf sKyfr;– }uD;oef;a±$.ajr; zd;k vjynho f nf&efuek /f A[ef; ®r@e,f±dS aumfzq D ikd w f qdik . f rSerf sm;±du k cf zJG suq f ;D &efo. l vHðk cHa&; wm0ef,o l Al v kd rf ;– tm;apckid ;f cJ+h yD;aemuf tqkyd gaumfzq D ikd rf mS ,ck ydwo f rd ;f vdu k &f onf? qkdifonf A[ef;®r@e,f/ urBmat;bk&m;vrf;/ csif;acsmif; eef;awmfa±S@±Sd ,Ofaus;r_0ef}uD;Xmeydkifajrtm; r=umrDvydkif;u rS iSm;&rf;zGihfvSpfxm;onhf Seven Corners aumfzq D ikd jf zpfonf? pm;ok;H olrsm; óud;rht J ifwmeuf tok;H ðyEkid o f nhf aumfzq D idk v f nf; jzpfonf[k qko d nf? +yD;cJhonhfoDwif;ywf 3 ywfcef@u zkd;vjynhfuqkdif±Sd ypPnf;ESihfrSefrsm; ±dkufcGJ&ef apcdkif;cJhjcif; jzpfonf[kod±Sd&onf? xdkodk@±dkufcGJpOf “EdkifiHawmftwGif;a&;rª; wm0ef,lxm; olawG&J@ om;orD;awGu 'DvdkEdkifiHawmfydkifajray:rSm pD;yGm;a&; vkyfpm;&ovm;” [k ajymqkd&ef ajr;jzpfolrS !¸ef=um;cJhonf[k t&m±Sda[mif; wOD;uajym=um;onf? xdkodk@ ±dkufcGJ zsufqD;ckdif;onhf udpPrjzpfrD &ufydkif;tvdkY tqdkygqdkifokd@ zkd;vjynhfa&mufchJ+yD; usyf 5 axmifwef aumfzD aomufvakd =umif;rSm=um;cho J nf[k qko d nf? 0efxrf;rsm;u qkdifwGif 3axmifausmfwef aumfzDom ±dSa=umif;±Sif;jychJ+yD; xkdaps;t}uD;qkH; aumfzDukdoma&mif;csay;cJh onf[k qko d nf? zk;d vjynhu f usyf 5 axmifay;acs+yD;xGucf mG oGm; cJhonf[kod&onf? xkdtjzpftysufaemufykdif; qkdifukdzsufqD;&ef trdef@ay;chJjcif;jzpfonf[k qkdonf? qdkif±SdrSefrsm; ±dkufcGJcH&+yD;aemufydkif; qdkifydwfxm;onfukd awG@&onf? +yD;cJo h nho f w D if;ywfuek w f iG f qdik t f aqmuftOD;udyk g tjrefzsuo f rd ;f vsu&f o dS nfuakd wG@&onf? qkdifukdetztzGJ@ twGif;a&;r–; 1 AdkvfcsKyf}uD; oD[ol& wifatmifjrihfOD;.om;/ trsdK;om;pDrHudef; ESihf pD;yGm;a&;zGH@®z;wdk; wufr_0ef}uD;Xme 0ef}uD;OD;pdk;om.om;rsm; tygt0if 5 OD; tpk pyf zGihfvSpfjcif;jzpfonf[k od&onf? tjcm;twnfrðyEdkifonhf owif;w&yft&AdkvfcsKyfr–; }uD;ajr;jzpfolESihfqufEG,fonhfukrü%Du ukefypPnf;wifoGif;cGihf ygrpfav#mufxm;&mwGif Adv k cf sKyf}uD;oD[ol& wifatmif jrihOf ;D u y,fcsonhftwGuf xdkuJhodk@vkyfaqmif&ef aphaqmfcJhjcif;jzpfonf [k qdo k nf?

,cktjzpftysufonf r=umao;rDESpfrsm;u AdkvfcsKyf}uD; a[mif;ae0if;.emrnfausmfajr;jzpfol ausmfae0if;ESihftaygif;yg rsm; &efukef®r@±Sduvyfrsm;Y &rf;um;cJhonhf tjzpftysufrsm; jyefvnfowd&ap+yD;/ Adv k cf sKyfr;– }uD;ajr;vnf; tqdyk g ausmaf e0if; wd k @ .ae&m0if , l o nh f o abmjzpf a eonf [ k &ef u k e f o wif ; axmufwOD;u a0zefajymqdo k nf? etz acgif;aqmif AdkvfcsKyfr–;}uD;.om;orD;rsm; ydkifqdkif onhfpD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;rsm; &efukef®r@wGif;yifrsm;pGm±Sad eonf? t vm;wlyif 'kwd,wef; acgif;aqmifrsm; jzpfonhf AdkvfcsKyf}uD;rsm;/ 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyf}uD;rsm;.om;orD;rsm;vnf; e,fy,ftoD;oD; YpD;yGm;a&;vkyfudkifvsuf±Sd=ua=umif; pD;yGm;a&;e,fy,frS vkyf ief;±Sifrsm;u od±Sd=uonf? J Donuts aumfzDqdkifqdkv#if AdkvfcsKyfr–;}uD;.r,m;yg om;OD;xGef;Edkifa±$ydkifqkdif+yD;/ &efukef®r@plygrm;uufe,fy,fwGif tatmifjrifqHk;jzpfonhf pD;wD;rwftkyfpkrSmvnf; AdkvfcsKyfr–;}uD; .om;orD;rsm;u ±S,, f mtrsm;pk ydik q f ikd o f nf[k trnfraz:vdk onhf taumufcGef 0efxrf;a[mif; wOD;u ajymqdkonf? tqdkyg 0efxrf;u tjcm;pD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;±Sifrsm;tae ESihf jynfyjzpfZdrfcHypPnf;/ tpm;taomufrsm; wifoGif;&ef cufcJ csdefwGif pD;wD;rwfukefypPnf;rsm;udkrl ppfwyftrnfcHxm;onhf ukeaf owWmrsm;jzihf wifoiG ;f cJ+h yD;rnfonhf taumufceG /f axmuf vSrf;a&;rS zGihf=unhfppfaq;&ef r0Hh&J=u[kqdkonf? o#rf;av; acwW&efukefòr‹ (19/9/09)

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L Edik if aH &;

66 ESpf p0fcGefxGef;OD;arG;ae@ o#rf;rsm;aumif;r_ukodkvfðy

2009 pufwifbm 11 &ufae@ SNLD o#rf;wkdif;&if; om;rsm;'Dru dk a&pDtzG@J csKyfOuUX p0fceG x f eG ;f OD;. 66 ESpaf jrmufarG; ae@ tcgor,wGif rlq,f/ erfhcrf;/ aus;oD;/ yifvHk/ usKdif;wHk tyg t0if o#rf;jynf®r@±GmtESH@tjym;wkd@tjyif xkdif;EkdifiaH &muf SYC o#r;f vli,frsm;yl;aygi;f aqmif±u G af &;aumfrwDw@kd u toD;oD;t vª'geðyvkycf =hJ uonf? rlq,fo#rf;vli,fwOD;u - “rlq,f®r@e,f o#rf;wdkif; &if;om;'Dru kd a&pDtzG@J OD;aqmif+yD;cGex f eG ;f OD;twGuf arG;ae@tvª yGJðyvkyfw,f? vG,fwifcrf;rSmqGrf;oGm;uyfw,f? cGefxGef;OD;eJ@ ygwo f ufwhJ trSww f &awGajymw,f? atmifjrifpmG bJ +yD;qH;k oGm; w,f? &efukefrSmvJOD;cGefxGef;OD;twGuf rdom;pkol@todkif;t0dkif; u qGrf;uyftvª'geðyw,f=um;w,f”- [k ajymjy.? o#rf;jynftajccHOya'rl=urf;a&;qGJa&;aumfr±Sif OuUX OD;cGefpkdif;u -“p0fcGefxGef;OD;[m wpfae@r[kwfwpfae@ etz ppftpkd;&&J@tzrf;tqD;cH&r,f/ rdom;pkeJ@cGJcGg&r,fqkdwm óudod 20 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

xm;&ufom;eJ@ZGJrav#mhcJhbl;? owWd±Sd±Sdqufvuf óud;yrf;cJhw,f? AdkvfcsKyfaqxJefqdkvJ - axmifwGif;rSm qif;&J'kuQpGmae&ayrJh olwdk@twGufpdwfrylzdk@/ tjyifavmurSm qufvufv_yf±Sm;zkd@ axmifrusao;wJhyk*~KdvfawGukd tm;ay;pum;yg;cJhao;w,f? ol@wdk@awGvkd &JpGrf;owWdjynfh0+yD; qkH;jzwfcsufjywfom;wJhyk*~Kdvf t&rf;±Sm;ygw,f” - [kajym.? SNLD OuUX p0fcGefxGef;onf 1943 ckESpfpufwifbmv 11 &ufae@ odE®DM r@YarG;zGm;cJ. h ? zcifp0f=umZko H nfoaD ygapmfbmG ; p0f=umqkdif. tpfukdjzpf.? 1964 wGif awmif}uD;®r@ uarBmZ txufwef;ausmif;atmifjrifonf? 1965 &efuek w f uUov dk w f iG f Oya'bmom&yfukd 'kwd,ESpftxd wufa&mufcJhonf? 1967rS 1977 txd tif'kdeD;±Sm;oH±kH; ppfoHrª;.ukd,fa&;t&m±Sdtjzpf wm0ef xrf;aqmifcJhonf? xkd@aemuf*syefEkdifiHrS OCS ukrü%D. jrefrmEkdifiHukd,fpm;vS,ftjzpfwm0ef xrf;aqmifcJhonf? 1988 pwifzGJ@pnf;wnfaxmifcJhaom o#rf;wkdif;&if; om;rsm; 'Drkdua&pDtzGJ@csKyfwGif taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rª;tjzpf wm0ef,lcJh+yD; 1989 wGif tzGJ@csKyfOuUXtjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmif cJhonf? 1990 a±$;aumufyGJwGif SNLD onf NLD +yD;v#if wjynfvkH;Y ae&mtrsm;qkH;tEkdif&cJhonf? cGefxGef;OD;ukd,fwkdif oDaygrJqENe,ftrSwf 1 Y jynfol@ v$waf wmfu, dk pf m;vS,t f jzpf a±G;cs,w f ifajrm‡ ufjcif;cHc&hJ yg onf? 1993 etzppftpkd;&. trsKd;om;nDvmcHwGif wkdif;&if; om; 7 jynfe,ftwGuf tajccH&ykdifcGifhrsm; wifjyawmif;qkd aomfvnf; vpfvsL±_y,fcsjcif;cHcJh&.? trsKd;om;nDvmcHvkyfxkH; vkyfenf;rsm; w&m;r#wr_r±Sda=umif; EkdifiHjcm;toHv$ifh Xmersm; tm; &J&J0Hh0hHxkwfazmfajymqkd.? etz ppftpkd;&csrSwfcJhaom OD;wnfcsuf 6 &yf tajccHrl 104 csufESifh vrf;jyajrykH 7 qifhwkd@ukd cGex f eG ;f OD;vufrcHbJ trsK;d om;nDvmcHrS OD;aqmifEw _ x f u G cf hJ onf? rsKd;qufopfo#rf;jynfacgif;aqmifrsm; OD;aqmifusif;y onfh 2005 azaz:0g&D 7 &ufo#rf;jynftrsKd;om;ae@ npmpm;yGJ t+yD; azaz:0g&Dv 8 &ufESifh 9 &ufae@rsm;Y OuUX p0fcGefxGef;OD; ESihf twGi;f a&;rª; OD;pkid ;f nGe@f vGiw f @dk tm; &efuek ®f r@ aetdrYf zrf;qD; xdef; odrf;cHcJh&onf? o#rf;jynftwkdifyifcHaumifpD zGJ@pnf;r_pGyfpGJ csuf tjyif tjcm;tr_aygi;f rsm;pGm±Sm}uHI axmif'%f 93 ESppf &D if csufcsum OuUX}uD;tm;&moDOwkqkd;0g;vSaom ucsifjynf ylwm tkad xmifo@dk yk@d aqmifcsKyfaESmifvu dk o f nf? yk*v ~ u d a&;&mpD;yGg;a&; ykdifqkdifr_rsm;ukdyg ppftpkd;& odrf;,lcsdwfydwfcJhonf? Ô


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zkef=um;±Sif;wdk@tm;tyfESH&ef 0 wyfzGJ@xH etz wyfrSL;awmif; tm%mvufvGwfcJh&ol udk;uef@ OuUX zkef=um;±Sif;wdk@ nDtpfudk om;tz 4 OD;tm; v$Jtyfay;&ef pufwifbm 2 &ufae@u avm0fudkif; puc r–; Adkvfr/–;csKyf0if;armif u yefqef; 0 XmecsKyfxH pma&;ta=umif;=um;onf[kqkd.? “zkef=um;±Sif;/ nD zkef=um;zl;/ om; zkefwmh±Sef;/ zkefwmhvD wdk@emrnfeJ@wuG pma&muf+yD;aemufwpfae@ 3/9/09 rSmtpnf; ta0;xdik w f ,f/ bmrSta=umif; rjyefz@kd qH;k jzwfw,f” - [k trnf raz:vdo k nfh 0 t&m±Sw d OD;utcdik t f rmajyma=umif; acgi;f aqmif tcsKd@ESifh &if;ESD;0ifqef@olwa,mufu ajymjyonf? “ta=umif;jyefjyef rjyefjyef jy\em±SmcsifwJh ppftpdk;& tzdk@ jy\emwckckzefwD;vmrSmbJ”- [k 0 xdyfydkif;acgif;aqmif

rsm; ,Hk=unfaejcif;a=umifh jzpfonf[k qkdygonf? zkef=um;±Sif;ESifhtaygif;ygrsm; 0 jynfaoG;pnf;a&; wyfr awmfxdef;csKyfe,fajrtwGif; ykef;a±Smifaeonf[k etzppfwyfu ,lqxifrw S af omfvnf;“tcktcsed rf mS zke=f um;±Si;f b,frmS ±Sw d ,f qdw k m usaemfw@kd rajymEdik af o;bl;” - [k typf&yf acgif;aqmif wOD;uajymonf? udk;uef@ta&;tcif;rS jzpfay:vmaom EdkifiHa&;tajc taea=umifh 0 a'otwGif;0ifa&muf tultnDay;aeonfh NGOs tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;tm; 0 e,frS xGufcGgay;&efvnf; 0acgif; aqmifrsm; arwWm&yfcHxm;a=umif; - 0 t&m±SdESifh &if;ESD;onfh ukefonftodkif;t0dkif;uajymygonf? Ô

rdkif;vm;wyfzGJ@xH p&z !$efcsKyf pma&;ausmoyf udk;uef@ta&;tcif;ESifh ywfoufI pdk;&drfylyefjcif;r±Sd &ef txl;a'o 4 rkid ;f vm;wyfz@JG xH p&z !¸ecf sKyf 'k -Adv k cf sKyf}uD; &Jjrifh pma&;ac|;odyaf usmoyfcahJ =umif; w±kyef ,fpyfowif; &yfuu G u f qdkygonf? pufwifbm 1 &ufae@&ufpyJG g Adv k cf sKyf&jJ rifx h rH aS y;pm wGif pmrsufESm 3 rsufESmausmfyga=umif;/ yg0ifonfh ta=umif; t&mrsm;rSm - udk;uef@udpPESifh ywfoufI pdk;&drfxdyfvef@zG,f wpHkw&mr±Sdap&efESifh vufeufpuf±kH/ rl;,pfcsuf±kHta=umif; ajz±Si;f csuaf wmif;cJo h nfukd zke=f um;±Si;f tkypf u k vufcaH jz±Si;f jcif; rðybJ &JwyfzGJ@tm; ypfcwfwdkufcdkufonfhtwGuf wdkufyGJjzpfcJh& a=umif;yg0ifonf? xdk@tjyif rdkif;vm;wyfzGJ@onf tpdk;&. &if;ESD;aom r[mrdwfjzpfa=umif;/ a'ozGH@®z;a&; at;csrf;om,ma&;twGuf yl;aygi;f aqmif±u G &f rnfh vkyif ef;aqmifwmtrsm;tjym;±Sad =umif;/ ylyifaomua&mufaprnfhvkyf&yfrsKd; wyfrawmfbufrS txl; a±Smif±Sm;rnfjzpfa=umif;/ tqdkygta=umif;rsm; rdkif;vm;t&m±Sd rsm;ESifha'ocHjynfolrsm;tm; ±Sif;jyapvdka=umif; - a&;om;xm; onf[k typf&yfxdyfydkif;acgif;aqmifrsm;ESifheD;pyfonfh ukefonf wOD;u ajymjyygonf?

jynfoltrsm;tjym; a'owGif;rS pGef@cGgxGufajy;&onfh ta=umif;&if;ESiyhf wfoufIvnf; usKid ;f wHck ±kid f 'k-&Jr;ª }uD;uvnf; 1/09/09 &ufae@u rdkif;,ef;odk@oGm;a&muf+yD; XmepHknD tpnf; ta0; w&yfðyvkyfcJhao;a=umif; - rdkif;,ef; a'ocHwOD;u o#rf; oHawmfqifhodk@ ajymjyygonf? Ô

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w±kyfjynfESpf 60 jynfhyGJt+yD; 0 tm; ppftpdk;&xdk;ppfqifzG,f±Sd w±kyfjynfxlaxmifjcif; ESpf 60 jynfhyGJ+yD;v#if txl;a'o 2 UWSA 0 wyfz@JG tm; ppftpd;k & xd;k ppfqifwu kd cf u kd f zG,±f o dS nf[k typf&yfxdyfydkif;t&m±Sd todkif;t0dkif;u ajymqdk=u ygonf? “ta=umif;&if; 3 &yfawG@&w,f? (1) etz o#rf;jynf wyfrawmfudk xdkif;tpdk;&uaewqifh aqG;aEG;cdkif;w,f? (2) oHviG t f a±S@jcrf;armfzaS 'orSmvrf;awGðyjyifw;kd cs@J w,f?vufeuf }uD;awGoHcsyfumum;awGeJ@twl wyftiftm;wcsKd@ xyfjznfhae w,f? (3) w±kyfjynfxlaxmifjcif; ESpf 60 jynfhyGJ +yD;ajrmufwJh tcsdefeJ@ typf&yfawGtoGifajymif;zdk@owfrSwfcsdef twlwlbJjzpf aew,f?” - [k trnfraz:vdkonfh typf&yft&m±SdwOD;u ajym.? Adkvfr–;}uD;,Gufppf OD;aqmifonfh o#rf;jynfwyfrawmf awmifydkif;wyfzGJ@tm; xdkif;tpdk;&rSwqifhurf;vSrf;=unfh&ef Armppftpd;k &vSp[ f jcif;onf 'G[ d jzpfaeonfah wmifyikd ;f 0 wyfz@JG

tm; vGeq f x JG m;jcif;ESihf pdw"f gwpf pfqifa&;qifEaJG ejcif; jzpfa=umif; trnfraz:vdkonfh xdkif;vHkðcHa&;t&m±Sd wOD;uvnf; TuJhodk@ ajymjy.? ajrmufydkif; 0 t&m±SdwOD;uvnf; - “tck e,fpyf bufrSmvJ w±kyfvkHðcHa&;wyfawG±Sdwkef;bJ/ +yD;cJhwJh 17 &ufae@ wkef;uvJ w±kyt f m%mydik af wG tpnf;ta0;vkyw f ,f? ud;k uef@ a'oxJu w±kyfvlrsKd;awG pufwifbm 28 &ufae@aemufqHk; xm;+yD; w±k y f j ynf x J j yef z d k @ ajymw,f ? tJ ' D t ajctaeud k = unf h & if usaemfwdk@bufuvnf; pdwfrcs&awmhbl;” - [k qdk.? e,fpyf±Sd typf&yfwyfzGJ@rsm;tm;vHk; e,fjcm;apmifhwyf toGifajymif;&eftwGuf 6 v tcsdefay;xm;onfrSm atmufwdk bmvu aemufq;kH owfrw S &f ufjzpfa=umif;/ w±kyjf ynfxal xmif aomae@rSmatmufwdkbm 1 &ufae@ jzpfa=umif; 0 t&m±Sdu ajymygonf? Ô

0wyfzGJ@tm;&efpzdk@ vm;[ljynfol@ppftokH;cs awmifydkif; 0wyfzGJ@ESifhjy\emjzpfap&ef vm;[l jynfol@ ppftzGJ@tm; a'ocHtpdk;&ppfwyfu tiftm;jznfhwif;ay;I 0 wyfzGJ@ xdef;csKyfe,fajrtwGif; usL;ausmfe,fvSnfhcdkif;onfhtjyif 0 wyfzGJ@ESifh jy\emwufv#if csufcsif;yl;aygif;wkef@jyef ulwdkuf rnf[k ajymxm;a=umif; rdkif;wHk®r@e,f vm;[ltodkif;t0dkif;u ajymygonf? “t&ifu *syD;uG,f OD;aqmifwJh em;aumif;rl; vm;[l jynfol@ppfwyfzGJ@rSm vlolvufeuf tiftm; 40 avmuf±Sdw,f? tck vufeuftjynft h pHek @J 20 xyfjznfah y;w,f/ +y;D awmh 0 e,fxJ ppfa=umif;vSnfhcdkif;w,f/ 0 udkoGm;&ef pcdkif;ovdkaygh? 0 bufu pypf&if Armppfwyfu csufcsif;ulwdkufr,fvkd@ ajymxm;w,f” [k trnfraz:vdkonfh vm;[ltrsKd;om;wOD;uajym ygonf? ud;k uef@ta&;tcif;+yD;aemufyikd ;f awmifyikd ;f 0 wyfz@JG ESihf ppftpdk;&t=um;wif;rmr_jzpfyGm;cJh+yD; rdkif;qwf®r@ta±S@awmif zufwiG v f nf; oHcsyu f m / tajrmufum; t}uD;tao; 10 pD;cef@

22 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

csxm;onfhtjyif wyftiftm; 200 ausmf 300 cef@ xyfjznfh xm;a=umif; - rdkif;qwf®r@cH ukefonfwOD;uajym.? ppftpdk;. ypfrSwfonf rdkif;wHk - em;aumif;rl; - yHkygusif - (xdik ;f e,fpyf) bDy0D rf; um;vrf; taemufbufjcrf;±Sd awmifyikd ;f 0 XmecsKyf rdik ;f u|wb f uf jzpfa=umif;/ 0 wyfz@JG tm;xd;k ppfqifv#if vm;[ljynfol@ppfwyfzGJ@ukd a±S@ajy;wyftjzpf toHk;csrnfjzpf a=umif;- yHkygusiftajcpdkufAsL[mr–; Adkvfr–;}uD;ausmfolESifh&if;ESD; onfh um;q&m wOD;u ajymjyygonf? “ pufwifbm 5 &ufae@u Armwyf tiftm; 50 avmuf rdkif;wHk - yHkygusif um;vrf;aemufbuf xdkif;e,fpyfem; erfhvkwf 0 wyfpcef;txd usL;ausmfaoG;xdk;prf;=unfhw,f? 0 wyfem; ra&mufcif 0 wyfbufu aoewfypfazguf+cdrf;ajcmufvdk@ olwdk@ tm;vHk;jyefqkwfvdkuf&w,f” - 0 wyfr–;wOD;ESifh&if;ESD;onfh yHkygusif®r@om;wOD;uajymjy.? Ô


INDEPENDENCE

0 udkwdkufv#if vufeuf}uD; ESifh ppfav,mOfoHk;rnf[k aejynfawmf t&m±dSajym ppftpdk;&.b¾ma&;ESifh pDrHudef;0ef}uD;XmerS Adkvfr–;}uD; ausmfausmf/ rdkif;cwfAsL[mr–;Adkvfr–;}uD;aevif;wkd@ rdkif;,ef;®r@ a&mufpOfXmeaygi;f pH0k efxrf;rsm;/ a'ocH&yfuu G Of uUXrsm;tm; t pnf;ta0;w&yfqifhac:cJhonf[k usKdif;wkHrSukefonfwpfOD; u ajymonf? “aejynfawmfuvmwJh t&m±Sd Adkvfr–;}uD;ausmfausmf qdkwmu +yD;cJhwJh 5-6 ESpfu rdkif;,ef; cv& 269 wyf&if;r–; jzpfcJh zl;w,f? tJ'ga=umifh pnf;±k;H a&;twGuf ol@udv k w $ v f mwm aerSm ayg”h - [k trnfraz:vdkonfh rdkif;,ef;®r@cHwOD;u ajymygonf? tpnf;ta0;wGif Adkvfr–;}uD;ausmfausmfu tpkd;&ppfwyf ESifh rdkif;vm; wyfzGJ@/ 0 wyfzGJ@wkd@ ppfrjzpfEdkifa=umif;/ xkd@a=umifh xGufajy;wdrf;a±Smif=uonfh a'ocHrsm; 0efxrf;rsm; tm;vHk;rdrd ae&yfjyefvm+yD; yHrk eS t f wdik ;f aexdik f oGm;&efrmS =um;cJah =umif; ajym qdkonfhtjyif “aumVm[mVowif ; awG a =umif h wd r f ; a±S m if a ewJ h 0efxrf;awG tjrefq;kH jyefvmyg/ tcsed rf t SD vkyf vmrvky&f if&mxl;

uaeðzwfcscH&r,f? }uD;av;wJhjypf'%fay;cH&r,f/ tcktajc taerSm wyfrawmftzk@d 0 eJ@ rdik ;f vm;udk wdu k zf @kd ta=umif;r±Sb d ;l / wdu k rf ,fq&kd if wyf&if; q,fe@J csD awG@&rSmayg/h wdu k af v,mOfawG/ vufeuf}uD;awGawG@&rSmaygh/ t&ifuvdk vltiftm;rsm;rsm; pm;pm;oHk;awmhrSmr[kwfbl;/ tck 'Da'orSmxl;jcm;wJhjyifqifr_ awGrawG@&wmukdu vHk;0wdkufyGJjzpfrSmr[kwfbl; usaemftmrcH w,f” [k ajym=um;cJhao;a=umif; trnfraz:vdkonfh0efxrf; wOD;uqdkygonf? rdkif;,ef;Y aejynfawmft&m±Sdu ppfrjzpfEdkifa=umif; a'ocHvlxktm; ±Sif;vif;ajym=um;ouJhodk@ yefqef;0®r@awmfY vnf; ppfjzpfcJhygutenf;qHk; 3 vrStrsm;qHk; 5-6 vtcsdef ,lrSomXmecsKyfodk@ysH@ESH@vmEdkifrnfjzpfa=umif; eH&Huyfpmapmif rsm;uyfI a'ocHvlxktm; ae&if;jyefvm&efac:aoma=umifh wcsKd@w0uf jyefvmae+yD[ktqdkyg ukefonfuajymjyonf? Ô

usKdif;wHk*sD0rf; ESifh p&zrSL; olv#Kdaysmuf xGuf±Sm aysmufq;kH oGm;onfh etz ppfwyf olv#Kd oH;k a,muftm; usKid ;f wH*k s0D rf; ESihf p&zr–;wk@d uk, d w f idk f rdik ;f vm;ok@d oGm;a&muf pHpk rf; ar;jref;cJha=umif; e,fpyfowif;&yfuGufuajymygonf? “=o*wfpv f ukeu f usKid ;f wH*k s0D rf; Adv k rf ;– }uD;oef;xGËo f ed ;f / p&zr–; Adkvfr–;&efaemifpdk; rdkif;vm;udk a&mufw,f? txl;a'o4 xJrmS olw@kd ppfom; 3 a,muf aysmufomG ;vd@k owif;vmar;wm wJh/ udk;uef@udpPeJ@ywfouf+yD;awmhvJ em;ra,mifzdk@ajymw,f =um;w,f” - usKdif;wHka&muf yefqef;ukefonfwOD;u ajymyg onf? txl ; a'otwG i f ; ppf t pd k ; &vG w f x m;onf h ol v #Kd trsm;tjym;±Sda=umif;/ usKdif;wkH*sD0rf;wkd@vkduf±Smonfh olvSsKdoHk; OD;teufwyf=uyf}uD;tqifh±SdolwOD;ukd '%f&mtjyif;txefESifh jyefvnfawG@±SdcJha=umif; - typf&yftzGJ@ESifheD;pyfonfh todkif; t0dkif;uqdkonf? “usaemfod&oavmuf aysmufoGm;wJh etz&J@olv#Kd tkyfpkvkd@ ,lq&olawG[m e,fvSnfhaq;uk q&m0ef[efaqmif +yD;typf&yftzGJ@awG&J@ ta&;}uD;wJh ae&mawGvdkufaxmufvSrf; wJholawGjzpfw,f/ jyefawG@wJh wa,mufu acgif;rSm'%f&mawG

eJ@? tckrdkif;,ef;aq;±kHrSm” - [k tqdkygukefonfuqufajym ygonf? ppftpdk;& t&m±Sd ESpfOD;ESifhtzGJ@ rdkif;vm;odk@ vlaysmuf owif;oGm;a&mufppkH rf;onfch &D;pOfwiG f “ud;k uef@udpeP @J ywfouf vd@k bmrSp;kd &drx f yd v f ef@zd@k rvdb k ;l / yHrk eS t f wdik ;f bJ aeoGm;yg? ud;k uef@ wyfzGJ@twGif; pdwf0rf;uGJcJhwmudk wyfrawmfu 0ifa&muf ajz±Sif; ay;wmygb?J 'gukd zke=f um;±Si;f tkypf u k vufrcHwt hJ wGuf wdu k yf JG awGjzpf&wm? tajctaeyHrk eS t f wdik ;f jyefjzpfatmif wyfrawmfu ulnaD qmif±u G af y;cJ+h yD;+yD” - [k usKid ;f wH*k s0D rf;u ajym=um;cJo h nf [kqo kd nf? ud;k uef@ta&;tcif;ESihf ywfoufI rdik ;f vm; xdyyf ikd ;f acgi;f aqmifrsm;aqG;aEG;oH;k oyfae=ua=umif;/ avmavmq,f ppftpd;k & tiftm;oHk;+yD; rkdif;vm;tay: zdtm;ay;vmrnfh tajctae ra&mufao;aomfvnf; - tem*wf rvGrJ aoG&ifqikd &f rnfh tajc taetqdk;taumif;twGuf tqifoifh jyifqifxm;&rnfjzpf a=umif; ajymqdkaqG;aEG;onf[k typf&yfESifheD;pyfonfh yefqef; ukefonf todkif;t0dkif;u ajymygonf? Ô

Shan Herald Agency for News

23


L vl‹tcGifhta&;

±GmrD;±_d@olrsm; cJGxGufo#rf;wyfzGJ@ vufcsuf[k etzwyfvkyfZmwfcif; ajymjyonf? “OD;aqmifr;D ±_@d wmu vG,v f if cv& 12 / cv& 9 / vJcsm; cv& 64/ cr& 515 wdk@bJ/ ArmppfwyfeJ@twlvdkufyg ±_d@wmu umvdex f @JG OD;aqmifwhJ rdik ;f Zifh 758 tzG@J jzpfw,f? cifAsm;wd@k trsK;d om;csi;f bJvyk w f ,fq+kd yD; aus;vufvx l u k kd em;vSnyhf g;±ku d w f m” - [k trnfraz:vdo k nfrh ikd ;f udik o f m; acwfynmwwfvv l wfyikd ;f wOD;u ajymjyygonf? a'ocHo#rf;oHCmawmftcsKd@/ ®r@aevlxkxH qefqD qm;aq;0g;t0wf tpm;vdkufvHtvªcHI 'kuQa&muf aus;vuf vl x k t m; ay;urf ; a0iS a epOf etzArmwyf a &muf o G m ;+yD ; toifhygoGm;aom wyfrawmfaxmufyHhr_&,lonfhyHkpHpm±Gufay:

“cifAsm;wdk@aocsm=unfhyg/ cifAsm;wdk@±Gmudk rD;±_d@wm usKyfwdk@Armwyfr[kwfbl;/ cifAsm;wdk@o#rf;tcsif;csif;bJ” - [k axmufjya=umif;/ aus;vuf vlxkepfemqHk;±_H; 'kuQa&muf&r_ twGufawmif;yefa=umif;/ aus;±GmrD;±_d@r_xyfrjzpfap&ef txl; a±Smif±Sm;*±kpdkufoGm;rnfjzpfa=umif;/ odk@aomf rdrdwdk@ wyfrawmf tm; o#r;f olyek u f xyfrw H u kd cf u kd v f #if tmr rcHa=umif;/ acsmw h cg ajcmufwvSnahf jym=um;cJah o;onf[k qdo k nf? “tck±Gmjyefaewm 70 &mcdkifE_ef;avmuf±Sdae+yD/ csufcsif; aeEdkifzdk@twGuf rD;±_d@armif;xkwfrcH&wJh wjcm;±GmuvlawG vkyftm;ac:w,f/ oufu,frdk;0g;x&Hum tdrfyHkpHi,fav;awG vkyfay;cdkif;w,f/ bmypPnf;rSray;bl;”- [k a'ocHwOD;uvnf;

vufrSwfxdk;cdkif;jcif;jzifhvnf; =um;rStjrwfxkwfao;onf[k qdk onf? vJcsm;/ rdkif;aemif/ aus;oD;ESifh erfhZef®r@e,ftwGif;±Sd aus;±Gmaygif; 39 ±Gm tdrfajc 500 tausmfppftpdk;& rD;±_d@zsuf qD;vdkufonfhtjyif a'ocH±Gmom;trsm;tjym;vnf; ®r@ESifh eD;onfhae&modk@t"rRajymif;a±$@cdkif;cJha=umif;/ jy\emt&yf&yf ulnDaqmif±Gufay;&eftwGuf ASEAN ESifh UN xHodk@ o#rf;jynf wyfrawmfEiS hf o#r;f vl@tcGit hf a&;todik ;f t0dik ;f rsm;u awmif;qdk a=umif; =o*kwv f v,fyikd ;f Y owif;pm±Si;f vif;yGðJ yvkyI f a=ujim csuf toD;oD;xkwfjyefcJh=uonf? Ô

Photo : Mizzima

Photo : Mizzima

*sLvdkifvaESmif;ydkif;u o#rf;jynftv,fydkif;aus;±Gmrsm; rD;±_@d olw@kd rSm rdrw d @kd wyfrawmfom;rsm;r[kw/f cGx J u G o f #r;f wyfz@JG 758 rdef;Zifhvlrsm;.vufcsufjzpfa=umif; "gwfyHkADG'D,dk taxmuf txm;rsm;ESifhwuG a'ocHvlxktm; etzwyfvdrfnmjyo+yD;/ rD;±_@d armif;xkwrf cH&onfh tjcm;±Gmrsm;rS qefqq D m;rsm;aumufcH ulncD ikd ;f a=umif;- 0g;tcif;tumoufu,fr;kd wJtrd rf sm;vkyaf y; cdkif;a=umif; o#rf;jynftv,fydkif;owif;&yfuGufu ajymygonf? wHak vmbke;f }uD;ausmif;rS rdik ;f udik ®f r@e,f [dck ikd ;f wdu k f e,f ae&yf&if;od@k jyefaecGiðhf yonfh ±Gmom;rsm;tm; vGKd ifviftajc pdu k f cv& 9 u ±GmrD;±_d@olrSm Armppfom;r[kwfa=umif;/ wrif ±kduful;wnf;jzwfxm;onfh ADG'D,dkjyocJha=umif;/ -

24 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009


INDEPENDENCE

jynfol@ppf0wfpHktwGuf aus;vufvlxkudk usyfodef;q,fcsDaumuf o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif; wef@,ef;®r@e,f rdkif;aumif(0f) tajcpdu k f cv& 33 u wdu k ef ,fOuUX/±Gmol}uD;rSwqifh aus;vuf vlxt k ay:usyo f ed ;f q,fcsaD umufcaH ea=umif; o#r;f jynfajrmuf ydkif; owif;&yfuGufuajymygonf? “vm;[ljynfo@l ppf ppf0wfpekH @J olw@kd rdom;pkawG axmufyhH zd@k twGuaf jymwmbJ/ aus;±Gmtkypf w k ckqu kd syo f ed ;f q,fe@J csx D nfh &w,f? tdraf jcrsm;&ifawmhxnf0h if&wmenf;w,f” - [k c&D;oGm; ±Gmom;wOD;u ajymygonf? k f cv& =o*wfpv f aESmif;ykid ;f rSpI rdik ;f aumif(0f) tajcpdu 33 wyf&if;rª; 'k - Adkvfrª;}uD;aZmfEdkif/ 'k -wyf&if;rª; Adkvfrª; ausmfrif;wdk@u vm;[ljynfol@ppf ppf0wfpHktpHk 100 twGuf rdkif;aum0ftkyfpk OuUXtm; aus;±GmvlxkxHrS ydkufqHaumufcdkif; cJhond[kqdk.? “jynfo@l ppf0wfpkH wpHk usyf 12˜000 wJ?h usaemfw@kd tkypf k u usyf 12 ode;f pufwifbm 3 &ufu 'kwyf&if;rª;udk oGm;tyf+yD; +y?D wtdraf xmif tenf;qH;k usyo f ;kH axmifxnf&h w,f” - [k tqdk yg rdkif;aum0f±Gmom;u ajymygonf? rdik ;f vHak us;±Gmtkypf Yk w±Gmv#if usyaf iGig;ode;f usa=umif;/ xkd@tjyif cv& 33 wyf&if;rª; 'k-Adkvfrª;}uD;aZmfEkdif uvnf;

yavmif±mG tm;usyaf iG 4 ode;f / ok;H &uftwGi;f t+yD; aumufay;&ef qifhqdkcJha=umif; - qdkygonf? “usaemfw@kd zufrmS u vm;[l jynfo@l ppf 3-4 zG@J ±Sw d ,f? *saqmf OD;aqmifwJh jynfol@ppftkyfpku qDZdef/ rJef;vrf/ vkwfudkif ±Gmol}uD;udak c:+yD;awmh usyo f ed ;f 30 tjrefq;kH aumufay;zk@d qifh qdw k ,f? awmif;awmif;yefyefe@J 15 &ufae@ wke;f uusyf 15 ode;f oGm;xnfah y;vdu k &f w,f” [k trnfraz:vdo k nfh ±Gmom;aemuf wOD;u ajymygonf? wef@,ef;®r@e,f rdik ;f aumif(0f) jynfo@l ppftwGuf ppf0wfpkH axmufyahH =u;aiGujdk ynfov l x l x k t H "rRaumuf,al ejcif;rSm typf &yfrsm;tm; xd;k ppfqifwu kd cf u kd &f ygu rdik ;f aumif(0f)-erfah vmif;(0f;) - wmh0rfq h rk hf oHviG u f ;l wd@k qdyf rS 0 wyfxed ;f csKyfe,fajr t0ifvrf; twGuf vm;[ljynfo@l ppftiftm;oH;k +yD; ydwq f @kd vdv k #iaf omf‚if;/ ajrmufydkif; SSA (wyfr[m 1) ESifhxdk;ppfqifwdkufcdkufcJhv#ifaomf ‚if;/ awmifydkif; SSA tm; xdk;ppfqifwdkufcdkufv#ifaomf‚if; a±S@ ajy;wyftjzpftoHk;cszG,f±Sdonf[k typf&yftodkif;t0dkif;u oHk; oyfajymqdkonf? Ô

tcdsefwefvm/ tdwo f eG zf garSmuf

zkef =um; ¶Si;f

wkid ;f &if;om;acgi;f aqmif[/k xkpd OfuvufraxmifcsD ;=uL;/ ppfbv D ;l tjypfyt Hk uGucf s/ tckrv S ufnK‡ ;d aiguaf igux f ;dk Shan Herald Agency for News

25


L taxGaxG

*syefEdkifiH puULacgufav,mOfypfjydKifyGJ Ek difiHrJho#rf;vli,fqk&

Photo : AP

Photo : AP

xkdif;EkdifiHYarG;zGm;}uD;jyif;+yD; EkdifiHrJhjzpfaeaom o#rf;EG,f bGm; pkdif;armif; axmif;'D;onf *syefEkdifiH tkd&dumrd puULacguf av,mOfypf®yifyGJY qkESpfckqGwfcl;&±SdcJhonf? “19 &ufae@ ®yifyGJwkef;u 3 a,mufyg0ifwJh pdkif;armif; axmif;'D; tkypf u k csyH , D q H &k w,f? 20 &ufae@ 12 ESpaf tmufwOD; csif;®yifyGJrSmawmh wwd,qk&w,f/ a=u;qkaygh/ xdkif; TV uae xkwfv$ifhwm=unfh&awmh 0rf;omwmayghAsm” - [k ol@&J@zcif pdkif;!¸ef@u ajymygonf?

o#rf;jynfom;a±$@ajymif;tvkyform;rdbrS arG;zGm; onfh pkdif;armif; axmif;'D;onf rdrdpmoifausmif;rS®r@e,f tqifh qifh puULacgufav,mOfypf®yifyGJ0if®yif&m 2008 u xkdif;EkdifiHY yxr&±Scd +hJ yD; ,ckEpS f pufwifbm 18 rS 20 &ufae@txd *syefEikd if H okd@ xkdif;EkdifiHausmif;om;vli,frsm;ukd,fpm; oGm;®yifcJhonf? “usaemf ig;ref;acgif;eJ@ iSufav;awGvkd awmifyHygwJh av,mOfysaH wG=unf+h yD;bma=umifph uf}uD;u aumif;uifrmS yso H ef; EkdifovJqkdwmt&rf;pdwf0ifpm;rdw,f” - [k *syefodk@rxGufcGm cif pkdif;armif;u o#rf;oHawmfqifh okd@ajymzl;.? yku d q f EH iS hf puULrsm;ukðd zef;wD;aeonf[k q&m§q&mrrsm; r=umc%qJqkdwwfovdk zcifjzpfolpkdif;!Gef@uvnf;-“'DpuUL acgufav,mOfav;u ol@ukdtcGifhta&;awGaumif;usKd;awGay; vdrfhr,fvkd@rawG;rdygbl;”- [kajym.? 26 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

csi;f rkid f a[G@qkid ;f tv,fwef;ausmif;rS pwkww ˆ ef;ausmif; om; pkid ;f armif;.rdbESpyf g;rSm xdik ;f Edik if aH &muf a±$@ajymif;tvkyo f rm; rSwyf w Hk ifuikd af qmifxm;ol o#r;f jynfawmifyikd ;f erfZh efZmwd rsm;jzpfonf? xk@d a=umifh pkid ;f armif;rSm xdik ;f Edik if YH arG;zGm;aomfvnf; xdkif;EdkifiHom;rjzpf- EkdifiHom;jzpfcGifhawmif;qkdrnfhta&;ESifh ygwf oufIvnf; pkid ;f armif;.zcifjzpfol pkid ;f nGe@f u -“xkid ;f Ekid if o H m; jzpfciG hf usaemfw@dk rawmif;0Hah o;ygb;l ? xkid ;f tm%mykid af wG ay;o em;&ifawmh aus;Zl;wifwmaygAh sm”- [k owif;axmufrsm;tm; ajym .? pkdif;armif;&±Sdvmaomqk 2 ckukd xkdif;bk&iftm;oGm; a&mufqufozkd@pDpOfxm;aomfvnf; xkdif;EkdifiHom;jzpfcGifhudkrl awmif;rnfr[kwfa=umif; pufwifbm 21 &uf naeydkif; csif;rkdif avqdyfa&mufa&mufcsif; owif;axmufrsm;tm; pkdif;armif; u ajymcJhonf? qkawGqGwfcl;&±Sdvmol pkdif;armif; axmif;'D;tm; Ph.D bJ@G &onftxd xki d ;f tpk;d &u axmufyo Hh mG ; rSmjzpfa=umif; xkdif;ynma&;0ef}uD;XmeuxkwfjyefcJhygonf? Ô


INDEPENDENCE

0 trsKd;om;rsm;av;pm;onfh acgif;aqmif p0fnDvdkif;uG,fvGef 0 trsKd;om;rsm; cspfcifav;pm;onfh touf 70 ±Sd UWSA 0 wyfz@JG acgi;f aqmif p0fnv D ikd ;f onfv}l u;D a&m*gjzifh w±kyf EdkifiH ,leefjynfe,f csef;,Grfjynfol@aq;±kHY pufwifbmv 8 ae@ rGef;wnfhcsdefu uG,fvGeftedpPa&mufcJhygonf? “p0fnDvdkif;u 0 trsKd;om;wckvHk;&J@aus;Zl;±SifbJ/ olu td r f a qmuf v k y f w J h o l / ayguf , d k c sef u td r f ð ypk a pmif h a ±S m uf olv@kd rSw, f x l m;=uw,fav? olw@kd ESpOf ;D twGu*f % k ðf yoDqx kd m; wJh trsK;d om;oDcsi;f awmif±w dS ,f/ tpm;xd;k vd@k r&wJh acgi;f aqmif qHk;±_H;oGm;awmh tm;vHk;0rf;enf;wmayghAsm” - [k 0 trsKd;om; wOD; uajymygonf?

pufwifbm 12 &uf c&pf,mefbmom xkH;wrf; pOfvm t& ±kyt f avmif;ajrðr‡yo f ®*[fonfah e@Y vlaxmifcsw D ufa&muf cJha=umif; psmyetcrf;tem;wufa&mufcJhonfh trsKd;om;a&; twGuv f y_ ±f mS ;aeolwpfO;D uajymygonf?

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OD;atmif'if (BBC 5/9/09) Shan Herald Agency for News

27


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Photo : AP

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“qdkifxJu ypPnf;awGtm;vHk; Armppfom;awG ,loGm;w,f? aqmf'gykvif;eJ@ tat;Al;awGawmif csefrxm;ygbl;? Truck um;ay:udkwif,loGm;wmta0;uae udk,fwdkifjrifawG@&w,f” udk;uef@a'o pwdk;ydkif¶SiftrsKd;orD; vDc|ef;[Gm AP ¶kyfjrifoH=um; (BBC 5/9/09) 28 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

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Photo : www.china-defense.com

Photo : www.china-defense.com

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0 jynfe,fom;wOD; (9/9/09)

Shan Herald Agency for News

29


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Photo : Reuters

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32 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

OD;ausmfZHom (VOA 2/9/09)


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VOA

rl;,pfaq;0g;eJ@ ywfoufwhJ &mZ0wfra_ wGtay: jyif yurBmEh idk if aH wG&@J pGypf rJG a_ wGt& ppftpk;d &ukd wenf; wzkrH suEf mS v$x J m;wJo h abmrsK;d / tm;ay;tm;ajrmuf vkyx f m;wJh oabm ykpH rH sK;d awG¶adS eawmh tckvt dk ypf&yfawGudk vuf!K‡d ;xk;d vm &ifwzufuvnf; ppftpkd;& acgif;aqmifykdif;wcsKd@ yg0ifywfouf vmr_awGtay:azmfxkwfvmrSmukdetztaeeJ@ pkd;&drfr_r¶Sdbl; vm;?

cGeOf uUm

typf&yftzGJ@tpnf;acgif;aqmifawG vkyfykdifcGifh¶SdwJh vlawGukde0wu rufvkH;ay;+yD; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfcGifhay;/ rl;,pfaq; 0g;yJvyk v f yk /f &mZ0wfrr_ uif;wJh tvkyyf v J yk v f yk =f unfh xm;w,f? rSww f rf;,lxm;w,f? wae@wcsed rf mS vufeufozG,f tokH;ðy+yD; 'DvlawGudkjyef¶kdufcsKd;zkd@/ ESdyfuGufzkd@/ tjynfjynfqkdif&m tjrifoabmxm;rSm w&m;enf;vrf;usw,fqw dk hJ tjrife@J ukid zf @dk olw@dk jyifxm;wmayg?h 'ga=umifh etz pepfwuspak qmif;+yD; tcsed f usvmwJt h cg jyifqifxm;wJt h wkid ;f ukid w f , G v f u dk af wmh &mZ0wf r_awG jzpfvmw,f? typf&yfwidk ;f &if;om;acgi;f aqmif awGtcGit hf a&;&cJw h ek ;f ajrm‡ +y;D &,lcv hJ u dk cf yhJ gcw hJ [ hJ mukd olw@dk jyefuidk w f o hJ abm rsKd;jzpfw,f? enf;y&d,m,f aumif;aumif;eJ@ tjrpfðzwfr,fhpepf vk@d ajymvk@d &ygw,f? VOA

ajrmufykdif;u PDF r[mrdwfwyfOD; tajctae t a=umif;jyefar;&&if tck ukd;uef@e,fajrrSm ykdifqHkcsdef wk@d OD; aqmifwhJ A[kad umfrwDtopftay: PDF taeeJ@todt rSwðf y+yD; jyefqufqo H mG ;zk@d tvm;tvm¶Syd govm;? PDF aemuf ykdif;tvm;tvmu b,fvkd¶SdrvJ?

cGeOf uUm

aocsmayguaf ygAh sm? &mZ0wfre_ @J pGypf EJG idk w f hJ ta=umif; awGtrsm;}uD;yg? ajrmufykdif;tzGJ@awG rajymcifrSm awmifyidk ;f rSm¶Sd wJh ytk0d ;f eDv@dk ac:wJh &vvz ud=k unfv h u dk ?f tif tm;¶Sdwmav;ig;&m? &vvz ukd tcGift h a&;ay;+yD; wu,fwrf; csKyfuidk af wmh rl;,pfaq;0g;r_/ &mZ0wfr_ ruif;aomtr_awGe@J ukid f +yD; zrf;qD;axmifcs/ ðzwfypfwm trsm;}uD;ay:vmw,f? ay:vm awmh +cdrf;ajcmufr_a=umifh &vvz av;pkav;zGJ@uGJ+yD; wcgwnf; ykyH suyf ef;ysuf jzpfomG ;cJw h ,f? tckq&dk ifr¶Sad wmhb;l ? tcku;kd uef@ rSm tJ'DykHpHrsKd;oGm;jyefokH;wmawG@&w,f? udk;uef@orkdif;a=umif; t& zkeftkyfpkeJ@ ,efrdom;pktEG,f uGJ+yJtm%mvkcJh=uwm =um yg+yD? 'gujdk yeftpazmf+yD; etz u ,eftyk pf u k adk jr‡mufay;awmh tm %modr;f wJzh uf tok;H cs vku fd w f t hJ ay:rSm uk;d uef@tkypf k tuGt J +yJ ukdckwkH;vkyfw,f? 'kwd,tcsuf/ tESpf20 vkH;vkH; cGifhðy+yD;rjrif a,mifaqmifaecJhwJh vkyfief;awGukd tckrS &mZ0wfajrmufw,f/ &Jta&;,lyidk cf iG ¶hf w dS ,f? jynfxaJ &;Xme&J@ vkyif ef;qk+d y;D awmh jynfxJ a&;Xme 'k wm0efcH uk, d pf m;vS,f w¶kyu f o dk mG ;+yD;ta&;qkw d [ hJ m u etz&J@ wrsKd;wzkHvSnfhuGufvkd@ ajymEkdifygw,f? 34 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

cGeOf uUm

tcktopfay:vmwJt h zG@J u ¶kyaf o;jzpfw,f? ol@rSm bmrS rSefuefwJh vkyfykdifcGifhr¶Sdbl;? avmufukdiftajc pkduf 'up uyJ oludkukdifxm;r,f? ajymcsifwmckdif;csifwm ckdif;+yD; uk;d uef@ vlrsK;d ukv d nf; uk, d pf m;ðyrSm r[kwo f vk/d wkid ;f &if;om;awG &J@ tcGifhta&;ukdvnf; ukd,fpm;ðyrSmr[kwfbl;? 'Dawmh wu,fh wkdif;&if;om;tcGifhta&;/ jynfe,ftcGifhta&;/ ukd,fykdiftcGifh ta&;awG/ wu,fjh ynfaxmifpk wnfaqmufcsif wJv h al wGtwGuf tck etz wyf cef@xm;wJhukd;uef@ ¶kyfao;tzGJ@ukd t,kHt=unf ¶Srd mS r[kwb f ;l ? todtrSwðf yr,fv@dk usaemfrxifb;l ? tck etzzG@J ay;wJh ukd;uef@tzGJ@ukd Oyrmay;&&if autef,luaecGJxGufoGm; cJw h hJ 'DaubDat vkd jzpfvmr,f? uk;d uef@tcsi;f csi;f wku d zf @dk cku d zf @dk aozkd@a=uzkd@vkyfxm;wJh etz pDrHcsufjzpfw,f? OD;oef;vGifxGef; (VOA - 6/9/09)


INDEPENDENCE

Armppftpk d;&/ w±kwfeJ@ typf&yftzGJ@rsm; w±kwf-jrefrme,fpyfa'o Auy(ac: )ArmuGefjrLepf wjzpfvJ wkdif;&if;om; vufeufudkifawGeJ@ jrefrmppftpkd;&wkd@t ypf tcwf&yfpJcJhwm tESpf (20) ±SdoGm;cJhyg+yD? ucsif/ ukd;uef@/ 0/ rkdif;vm; pwJh vufeufukdif wkdif;&if;om;tzGJ@awG[m wcsdefu w±kwfuGefjrLepf&J@ulnDaxmufyHhr_eJ@ &yfwnfcJhwJh Auy tzGJ@ 0ifawGjzpfygw,f? 'D tpOftvma=umifh w±kwfeJ@ykd+yD;eD;pyf=u ygw,f? udk;uef@tzGJ@ukd awmifay:w±kwfvkd@ ,leefrSm vlodrsm; ygw,f? 'gayrJh 'DvufeufukdifwyfawGa=umifh w±kwf-jrefrmaqG rsK;d ayguaf zmfqufqaH &;ukd txdcu dk cf rH vm;qkw d mpOf;pm;p&mjzpf ygw,f? f eG jf rLepf pD;yGm;a&; 'Dtwkid ;f qk&d if Armppftpk;d &eJ@w±kwu ppfa&; yl;aygif;aqmif±Gufr_ euf±_dif;vmavav e,fpyfa'ou wkid ;f &if;om;typf&yftzG@J awG&@J a±S@a&;[mvnf;ra&&mrao csm jzpfvmavavvk@d ajymEkid yf gw,f? w±kwzf ufu =unfrh ,fqdk &if

uawmh rl;,pfaq;arSmifct dk zG@J tjzpf owfrw S +f yD; 0 acgi;f aqmif 8 OD;ukd w&m;±kH;rSm pGJcsufwifxm;ygw,f? rl;,pfaq;vkyfief;rSm Armppfwyfu xdyyf idk ;f ppfAv kd af wGyg0ifwhJ taxmuftxm;rawG@ &ao;ayrJhatmufykdif;uppfr_xrf;awGyg0ifwmuawmh aocsm w,f vk@d qkyd gw,f? rl;,pfaq;vkyif ef;rSmtpk;d &ppfrx _ rf;awG yg0ifw,fv@dk o wif;xGuaf ewm=umyg+yD? o#r;f jynfrmS Armtpk;d &wyfu bde;f pku d f ysKd;w,fqkdwJh tpD&ifcHpmawmif&Sdygw,f? ppfr_xrf;rdom;pkawG uk, d w f idk f bde;f pku d yf sK;d a&;eJ@ a&mif;0,fa&;rSm yg0ifvyk u f ikd af ew,f vk@d od&ygw,f? 'gayrJt h a&;,lc&H wJh xdyw f ef;t&m±Sad wGawmhr±Syd g bl;? e,fjcm;jzwf&mZ0wfr_ ESrd Ef iS ;f a&;ukd tar&duefa&m w±kwyf g pdw0f ifpm;=uygw,f? 'ga=umifh typf&yftzG@J awGudk xd;k ppfqifr,fq&dk ife,fjcm; jzwf&mZ0wfr_ ESdrfESif;a&;ukd Armppftpkd;&uta=umif;jyEkdif

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Armppftpkd;&qDu&r,fh o,HZmweJ@ tcGifhtvrf;awGtrsm; }uD;±Sdae+yD; typf&yftzGJ@ }uD;pkd;wJhe,fajru&rSmuawmhrl; ,pf aq;eJ@ e,fjcm;jzwf&mZ0wfr_ (Transnational Crimes) om jzpfae ygawmhw,f? 'ga=umifh Arm-w±kwfqufqHa&;ysufjym; apwJh udpPrsKd;ukd w±kwfuvufcHEkdifrSmr[kwfygbl;? e,fjcm;jzwf&mZ0wfre_ @J trsm;qk;H a&maxG; ,Suw f ifjzpf aewJh typf&yftzG@J [muk;d uef@eJ@ 0 tzG@J jzpfw,fv@dk tar&duef u,lqygw,f? vGefcJhwJh{+yDv 27 &ufae@uxkwfjyefwJh tar&d uefuGef*&ufv$wfawmfokawoeXme&J @ (18) rsufESm tpD&ifcH pmrSme,fjcm;jzwf&mZ0wfr_ usL;vGeo f al wGuadk zmfjyxm;ygw,f? rl;,pfaq;/ ausmufrsuf/ vlukeful;r_ eJ@ tjcm;Oya'rJhvkyfief; trsm;tjym;[m e,fjcm;jzwf &mZ0wfr_ jzpfygw,f? 0 wyfzGJ@ o#rf;jynfwyfzGJ@ DKBA u&iftzGJ@ eJ@ w±kwfvlqkd;*kd%f;awG[m e,fjcm;jzwf&mZ0wfr_ukd trsm;qkH; usL;vGefw,fvkd@ azmfjyxm; ygw,f? 'DtxJu&¶SdwJh tusKd;tjrwfukd Armppftpkd;&vnf;cH pm;&w,fv@dk qkyd gw,f? 0 e,fajrukd bdef;rJah 'otjzpf 2005 ckESpfu a=unm cJah yrJph w d ºf uGaq;xkwv f yk rf /_ opfc;dk xkwrf /_ avmif;upm;r_/ vluek f ul;r_/ ausmufrsufarSmifckdr_ pwJh 'kp±kdufvkyfief;awG±SdaeqJjzpf ygw,f? 0 wyfzGJ@ukd w±kwfu todtrSwfðyxm;ayrJh tar&duef

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35


L l6bxyj,krokh 16 voyxhu o:'dty ;5 ry dK'yl t ,6 ry l6db ry x:dhy owt 9dyr]whv;ys9 G ry 9:ohy l:op y j.y ]5'/y z5hv:osy ;^ sy ;yr-khdwT;kh pkjsyh> lG'dy ': hy awKjs;yr9Cdjy v:o9 y K'yr? voyowt,KoyhgdkTs^T;wT/ o'yjs6b;yd:'yh,oyrg9v,yj9Cdyjv:oy9K'yr ,oyrgdkhg9aK'ytglsG9yr/ 9kjlG'yd:'yhs;yr9Cdyjowt s;yrgxkrg9 v,yj0K'yhm5Phy 0yp . ;y/t g9Pkr9K'yr95db hy 9oy g9v,yj0K'yh]Cohy 0K'yhxwKh v,yj0K'yhzCoydKoy09yrdKoyl'yp;yt?

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pmrsuEf mS 35 rS

pk +yD;&if +idr;f ygw,f? 'ga=umifh oD&v d uFmtpk;d &[m typftcwf&yfprJ u _ kd ±kwf odrf;+yD; xdk;ppfqifEkdifwm jzpfygw,f? Edik if jH cm;u ppfa&;tultnD aumif;aumif;&aewJh tpk;d & [m jynfwiG ;f jy\emukd vufeufe@J ajz±Si;f Ekid w f ,fqw dk mukd oD&d vuFmjynfwGif;ppfu oufaojyaeygw,f? oD&dvuFmvlrsKd;pkeJ@ Tamil vlenf;pkjzpfyGm;wJh vlrsKd;a&;yËdyuQrSm w±kwftpkd;&[m tm%m&vlrsm;pkzufu&yfwnf+yD; ukd,fusKd;pD;yGm;ukdumuG,f vkdufwmygyJ? vlenf;pktypf&yftzGJ@eJ@vlrsm;pk Armtpkd;&udk qufq&H mrSmvnf; w&kwt f pk;d &[m vlrsm;pkzufuvku d +f yD;uk, d f usK;d pD;yGm;jri‡ w hf ifz@dk om; tvm;tvm±Sad =umif;wifjyvku d yf g w,f? OD;atmifcif (VOA 27/09/09) 36 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

“wdik ;f &if;om; typf&yftzJ@G awGtay: etzu ppfa&; +cdr;f ajcmufra_ wGvyk af ewmawG[m wcsed u f emrnfaumif;,lcw hJ hJ vufeufuikd f wyfz@GJ awGe@J +idr;f csr;f a&;,lEikd cf +hJ yDqw kd mudk csK;d azmuf vdkufwJhoabm? tcktcsdefrSm ol'gudk csKd;azmufzdk@vdkvm+yD/ a¶G; aumufyJGudk rjzpfrae vkyfcsifw,fqdk&if a¶G;aumufyJGzsufEdkifrJh tiftm;pkawGudk òzd&r,f/ òrd@xJrSqdk&if a':pkwdk@udk ol®zxm;+yD? vufeufudkif+idrf;csrf;a&; tzJG@awGu 'kwd,jzpfw,f/ 'gudkvJol p+yD; òzdae+yD? aemufqHk; owif;&mxm;wmawmh pk +yD;&if +idrf;/ +idr;f +yD;&if KNU aygAh sm tJvq kd uf¶iS ;f zd@k txd olw@kd Plan awG¶adS e w,fv@kd od&w,f” NDF - EC cGefOuUm OD;barmf (BBC - 5/9/09)


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o#rf;jynftwGif;rS udk;uef@e,fajr oacFy ordkif;a=umif;

vGefcJhonfhtESpf 20 eD;yg;txd udk;uef@[laomemrnf odyfr=um;zl;yg[kpmzwfoltawmfrsm;rsm;uqdk.? Armjynf uGefjrLepfygwD CPB vufatmufcH vlrsKd;pkwyfzGJ@wcktjzpf 21 ESpfcef@&yfwnf wdkufyGJ0ifcJh+yD; 11§3§1984 Y cGJxGufI typf &yfvmawmhrS udk;uef@udkvlodrsm;vmonf? wnfae&m o#rf ; jynf e ,f e d r d w f . ta±S @ ajrmuf p G e f ; Ywnf ± S d . ? auG@aumufonfh±Snfar#mar#myHkpHjzifh ta±S@zufwGifw±kyfjynf ,leefjynfe,f/ taemufzufwGifoHvGifjrpf/ awmifbufwGif typf&yf UWSA 0 wyfzGJ@ESifh xdpyfaome,fjcm;rsOf;tjzpf oHvGifjrpfxJpD;0ifonfh erfhwifacsmif;u jcm;xm;.? {&d,mtus,ft0ef;tm;jzifh 2200 pwk&ef;uDvdkrDwm ±S. d ? emrnf}uD;vBupf u kd yf sK;d &ma'ojzpf+yD; bde;f xkwv f yk rf Y_ vnf; vlord sm;cJ. h ? t*Fvyd af cwfu o#r;f jynfxu G b f ed ;f tm;vH;k . 30μ pdkufysKd;cJhzl;.? (0 e,fajr 60μ ESifh vG,farmf/ vG,f*sJ 10μ) ordkif;a=umif; AD 17 &mpk w±kyfjynfrifrif;qufY w±kyfjynf,leefe,f vifcsef;a'orSajymif;a±$@+yD; ,efrdom;pkrsKd;EG,fu udk;uef@e,f pwif t ajccscJ h . ? xd k p Of u tcsuf t jcmrS m wmh ± S , f x ef (wma±$xef) jzpfonf? 19 &mpk +Adwdo#tapmifha±SmufcH odEMD(qJef@0D) apmfbGm; e,ftwGif;yg0ifaom e,fy,fwckjzpfcJh? 'kwd,urBmppf (1945-46) w±kyfjzL ulrifwefvuf atmufcHwyfzGJ@tjzpf jrefrmjynfudk odrf;ydkufxm;aom *syefwyf tm;qef@usifwdkufcdkuf? 1947 odEMD(qJef@0D)apmfbGm;e,frS jynfaxmifpko#rf;jynf . 34 ajrmufe,ftjzpfcGJxGuf? 1949 ,efZed ;f qdik af c: tuf'yG , f ef; apmfbmG ; t±ku d t f &m qufcH (‚if;.nDrawmfwpfOD;jzpfonfh ,ef*sif;qGDac: tdk;vpfAf ,ef; rSm trsKd;om;qefqef a,mufsm;±Smjzpf+yD; - ±kyf±Sif rif;orD; 0g0g0if;a±$uykd ifvufxyfc)hJ 1959 o#rf;jynfapmfbGm;rsm; o#rf;jynf ('Drdkua&pD jynf ol@)tpd;k &xH tm%mpGe@f vGwt f yfEpHS Ofuvnf; ,efZed ;f qdik yf g0if? 1962 Adv k af e0if;OD;aqmifaom Armppfwyftm%modr;f ? Edik if aH &;acgi;f aqmifrsm;ESit hf wl apmfbmG ;rsm;tm; zrf;qD;csKyfaESmif pOfuvnf; tuf'Gyf,ef;yg0if? 1963 tuf'Gyf,ef;. nD*sifrD,ef;ac: ,efZdef;±Sdef;ac: p0fvsuf - vufeufudkifwyfzGJ@tcsKd@udk OD;aqmifI udk;uef@awmf vSefa&;wyfzGJ@ KRF zGJ@pnf;? zkef=um;±Sif;vnf; wyfr–;wOD;jzpf?

1964 o#rf;jynfvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmf SSIA ESifh o#rf; trsKd;om;nD!Gwfa&;wyfOD; SNUF wdk@yl;aygif;+yD; o#rf;jynf wyfrawmf SSA xlaxmifpOf KRF yg0if? SSA . wyfr[m 5 tjzpfzGJ@pnf;cJh aomfvnf; aemufydkif;Y tkyfpktoD;oD;uGJxGuf? 1967 ArmjynfwGif w±kyfArmta&;tcif; tjyif;txef jzpfygG ;cJo h nfEiS hf w±kyt f m%mydik rf sm;u zke=f um;±Si;f tm; zdwaf c: I ud;k uef@jynfo@l vGwaf jrmufa&;ygwD KPLA zG@J pnf;&ef axmuf cHyHhydk;? 1968 w±kyfjynf.axmufcHtm;ay;r_jzifh o#rf;jynf twGif; Armjynf uGefjrLepfygwD CPB e,fajrcsJ@xGifxdk;azguf vmonfhaemufydkif; KPLA uvnf; CPB . wyfzGJ0iftjzpfcH,l? 1989 zkef=um;±Sif; OD;aqmifaomwyfzGJ@u CPB rS 11§3§1989 wGicf x JG u G ?f CPB vufatmufcH yefqef; 0 wyfzGJ@/ 815 ppfa'o (rdkif;vm;) wyfr[m 768 (rkdif;,ef;) 101 ppfa'o (yef0g - ucsif) wdk@uvnf; a±S@qifhaemufqifhxyfcGJxGuf? ‚if; 4-5 zGJ@ pvHk; e0w ppftpdk;& ESifh typf&yfoabmwl? 1992 ,efrdk;vJsef/ ,efrdk;tef; wdk@nDtpfudka=umifh tm %modrf;r_jzpfyGg;? zkef=um;±Sif; 2 ESpfcef@ z,f±Sm;cH&+yD; wdrf;a±Smif &mrS UWSA 0 wyf. tultnDjzifh 1995 wGif tm%mjyef&? 1999 AdkvfcsKyfcif!¸ef@ESifhtwl udk;uef@e,fajrtm; rl;,pfaq;0g;uif;rJhZHktjzpfa=ujim+yD; rl;,pfaq;0g; yaysmufa&; jywdkufopfa±S@Y twlwuGcdkaumifrsm;vGwf?

2009 - aemufq;kH jzpf&yfrsm; {+yD - ppf t k y f p k u +id r f ; csrf ; a&;acwf u k e f q H k ; +yD [ k typf & yf t zG J @ rsm;tm;ajym=um;? e,f j cm;apmif h w yf t jzpf toGifajymif;&efwdkufwGef;? *sLvdkif - zkef=um;±Sif;u OuUXtm%moHk;I 'kOuUX ydkif qHck sed /f vsLaumf±;DS tygt0if xdyyf ikd ;f acgi;f aqmif 6 OD;tm; &mxl; rSz,f±Sm;? rdrdom; 3 a,muftm; zkefu ppfa&;/ tkyfcsKyfa&;/ pD;yGm;a&;u¾rsm;vGJtyfxm;r_tay: ‚if;wdk@rauseyf=uonf omru ppftpdk;&. e,fjcm;apmifhwyfudpP acgif;+idrfhvdk=ujcif; a=umifh [kqdk? xdktusKd;qufrS tm%modrf; uGJ+yJr_pjzpf? 8§8§09 Armppfwyfavmufudkif;odk@ xdk;azgufpD;eif;? udk;uef@wyfzGJ@tjyifpnf;rS 0dkif;xm;? e,fpyfw±kyftm%mydkifrsm; u ESpfbufpvHk;tm;ajzmif;jzjzefajz? vufeufpuf±kH±Sdonf[kpGyfpGJ+yD; ppftpdk;&u ±SmazGppf aq;cGiahf wmif;/ zke=f um;±Si;f OD;aqmifonfh ud;k uef@wyfz@JG vufrcH ojzifh ESpfbufwif;rm+yd; ypfcwfvkeD;yg;jzpf?

Shan Herald Agency for News

37


L 9§8§09 udk;uef@e,fajrtwGif; ppftpdk;& wyftiftm; jznfhwif;/ xdk;azgufae&m,l? 10§8§09 zkef=um;±Sif;tkyfpkt&m±Sd 5 a,muftm; vm;±_;d od@k qifah c:aqG;aEG;+yD; 3 a,mufux kd ed ;f xm;/ avmufuikd f od@k 2 OD;jyefciG ðhf y+yD; zke=f um;±Si;f tm; vm;±_;d od@k jy\emoGm;±Si;f &ef qGJaqmifcdkif;? zkefu jiif;qefy,fcs? 11§8§09 vm;±_;d wdik ;f r–;avmufuikd ;f od@k ae@csi;f jyefomG ; a&muf? zke=f um;±Si;f tawG@rcHojzifh ‚if;.ud, k pf m;vS,f 5 a,muf ES i f h etz wyf r – ; rsm;awG @ qH k a qG ; aEG ; ? zk e f = um;±S i f ; . nD avmufudkif;®r@awmf0efESifh usef 3 a,muf xdef;odrf;cH&/ erfhwpf tajcpdkuf UWSA 318 wyfr[mr–; aygufwmh±kef;u udk;uef@ acgif;aqmifrsm; vGwfray;v#if wdkufrnf[k owday;ojzifh noef;acgifusrS jyefvGwfay;/ tajctae ydkIwif;rmvm? 18§8§09 udk;uefa'otwGif; vm;±_d; - uGefvHkzufrS pm;aomufukefwifydk@r_ ppftpdk;& uef@owfwm;jrpf? 21§8§09 PDF wyfOD;u zkeftkyfpkudk axmufcHa=umif; a=ujimcsufxkwf? rwluGJjym;aomjy\emrsm;udk +idrf;csrf;pGm ajz±Sif;&ef etzudkawmif;qdk? tESpf 20 +idrf;csrf;a&;qufvufxdef;odrf;&ef vdkvm;? jy \emt&yf&yfpkaygif;ajz±Sif;/ tjyeftvSefulnDrSDcdkyHhydk;=u&ef o abmwl? 22§8§09 zkef=um;±Sif;.om; zkefwmh±$ef;/ zkefwmhvD eSifh nD zkef=um;z–;wdk@ 4 OD;tm; vufeufudpP &mZwfr_oGm;&ifqdkif&ef vm;±_d;&Jpcef;utrdef@xkwf? ‚if;wdk@zmodzmomae? 'kOuUX ydkifqHkcsdefacgif;aqmifaom udk;uef@a'o ,m,D OD;pD;aumfrwDpwifzGJ@pnf;cJh? 23§8§09 ppftpdk;& ajcmufbD;ppfum; 10 pD;ausmf udk; uef@a'oodk@ tiftm;xyfjznfh? 24§8§09 etz &JwyfzGJ@u zkefrdom;pk 4 OD;tm; zrf;0 &ef;xkwf? zkef=um;±Sif;tkyfpk udk,fpm;vS,f 4-5 OD; ESifh etzppfwyf uk, d pf m;vS,f avmufuikd ;f Y xyfawG@qHak qG;aEG;? tajc taeydrk kd wif;rm/ ppfXmecsKyf±Sd&m ukef;qm±Gm awmifbufodk@ zkef=um;±Sif; tkyfpk nwGif;csif;ESpfqifhwyfqkwf/ ypfcwfr_a±Smif±Sm;&ef e,fpyf w±kyftm%mydkifwdk@ owday;ajzmif;zs? 25§8§09 ppftpdk;&wyf avmufudkif;®r@wGif; tcsKd@ae &mwyfpGJ/ ykvdyfwyfzGJ@ zkef=um;±Sif;tdrfESifh a'ow0dkuf ae&m,l vHkðcHa&;cs? 'k-AdkvfcsKyf}uD;&JjrifhESifh &rc (vm;±_d;wdkif;r–;) atmif oef;xGËf avmufudkif;odk@ae@csif;jyefa&muf? 26§8§09zkefwdk@nDtpfudkom;tzwdrf;a±Smif? zkef=um; ±Si;f ESio hf pPmcH vufeufuikd w f yfz@GJ tm;,m,DO;D pD; aumfrwDEiS hf yl; aygif;&ef a=unmcsufxkwfjyef?

38 Vol. 26, No. 259, 2009

27§8§09 avmufudkif; &efvHkusdKuf*dwf/ csif;a±$a[mf owfrSwf*Gif twGif; usL;ausmfe,fu|Honfh ppftpdk;&wyftm; owday;onfh =um;rSveG q f efojzifh zke=f um;±Si;f tkypf pk wifypfcwf/ ppftpdk;&zuf 3 a,mufao 5 a,muf'%f&m&/ tjcm; 3 ae&m wdu k yf q JG uf jzpf? Arm&Jwyfz@GJ 0if 39 zrf;qD;ac:aqmifomG ;? etz wyfESifh tm%modrf;tzGJ@q,f*%ef;ao? w±kyfe,fpyfteD; ,ef vHkusKduf/ avmufudkif;®r@ ESifh csif;a±$a[mfwdk@Y wdkufyGJpjzpf? 28§8§09 &efvHkusdKufESifh csif;a&$a[mfbufwGif udk;uef@ wyfzGJ@0ifrsm; qufvufwdkufcdkuf? etz wyftxdem/ tiftm; jznfhwif;? PDF r[mrdwfwyfOD;rSulnD wdkufcdkuf&ef zkef=um;±Sif; a=ujimcsuf xkwf v_@H aqmfwu kd w f eG ;f ? 29§8§09 udk;uef@wyfzGJ@0if&mESifhcsD e,fpyfw±kyfppf wyfxH vufeuftyfEHS cdv k c_H iG ahf wmif;/ tjcm;ud;k uef@aysmuf=um; wyfzGJ@wdkufyGJqufqifEGJ? rGef;vGJydkif;wGif ESpfzufwyfrsm; typft cwf&yfpJoGm;? 30§8§09 zkef=um;±Sif; wdk@ 4 OD;tm; w&m;Oya't& &ifqdkifajz¶Sif;&ef ,m,DOD;pD;aumfrwDrSa=unmcsufxkwfjyef?

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INDEPENDENCE

2§9§09 udk;uef@uav;ppfom;rsm;tm; w±kwf&JrS udk;uef@e,fajrtwGif; jyefv$wfay;? ppftpdk;&tmabmf rD'D,mrsm;Y qufwdkuf az: jycJah om udk;uef@a'oqdkif&mowif;rsm;teuf? 2§9§09 wGif pDatm±Gm±dS zke=f um;zl;aetdrt f wGi;f rS WY wHqdyf pdwfºuGaq;jym; 3000 ausmf aq;jym;xkwfvkyf&m wGif tokH;ðyonfh zefaygif;tdk;ESifh"mwkaq;0g;rsm; zrf;qD;&rdcJh onf[k vHñuyfowif;xkwfjyef? w±kyfe,fpyfteD;rluGm;usdKuf±GmESifh bDyD 127 t=um; taqmuftOD;wckwiG f WY pmwef;ygpdwfºuGaq;jym; wpfodef; ausmf zrf;qD;&rd? rluGm;usdKuf±GmESifh wmpifaus;usdKuf±Gm=um; taqmuf tOD;wGif ,rf;xkwfvkyfonfh puf±kHodrf;qnf;&rd? 27-1§9§09 avmufuikd +f rdK@ w0du k yf pPn;f cd;k ol 26 OD;udk tpdk;& &JwyfzJG@rsm;vdkufvHzrf;qD;? 4§9§09 txd tpdk;&ppfom;rsm;udk pdk;&drfa=umufvef@ =uaomfvnf; avmufudkif;òrdŒodk@ jyefvnf0ifa&muf vmonhf a'ocHjynfol 10731 OD;±dS?

jynfov l x l ck pH m;csuf 30§8§09 rS pI wdkufyGJrsm;jzpfyGm;jcif;r±Sd? w±kyfe,f jcm;apmifhwyfrsm;. tajymt& ‚if;wdk@ xdef;odrf;xm; aom udk;uef@wyfzGJ@0if tiftm; 1000 ausmfcef@ &Sdaea=umif;ESifh jrefrmtpdk;&rS touftE W&m,f vHkðcHr_tmrcHygu jyefv$wfay; rnf[kajym? udk;uef@pcef;rsm;tm;vHk;udk jrmfrmppfwyfrSodrf;ydkuf ae&m,lxm;+yD; wpfzufEikd if rH S jyefvnf0ifa&muf vmolrsm;tm; pm&if;rSwfwrf; ðypkvsuf¶dSygonf? wdkufyGJrsm; jzpfyGm;cJhr_a=umifh w±kwfEdkifiHtwGif;rS pD;yGm; a&;vma&mufvkyfudkif=uolrsm; xdcdkufqHk;±H_;r_rsm;cJh? txl;ojzifh avmif;upm;/ tESdyfcef;/ nuvyfESifh tjcm;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; tqHk;t¶H_;rsm;? w±kyfpD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;ESifh udk;uef@jynfol trsm;pkrSm aemufxyfwdkufyGJrsm;jyefjzpfrnfudk rvdkvm;? ud;k uef@wdik ;f &if;om;trsm;pkEiS hf w±kypf ;D yGm;a&;orm;rsm; uvnf; ud;k uef@a'otwGi;f wdu k yf rGJ sm;xyfrjH zpfrnfukd a=umuf ¶$@H ? vuf¶t Sd opfz@GJ pnf;xm;onhf ud;k uef@tkycf sKyfa&;aumfrwD. vkyaf qmifcsuu f akd pmif=h unfv h su±f ?Sd ud;k uef@a'oE &W tkycf sKyfa&; tajymif;tvJrSm pdwf0ifpm;zG,faumif;? o#r;f oHawmfqifh

Shan Herald Agency for News

39


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ppftyk pf Ek iS t hf ypf&yfrsm; Vif;w oem;rS vdycf srf;om TykyH rmjzifh E+id ;f Ekid rf nfavm´?

S.H.A.N. P.O.Box 15, Nong Hoi P.O., Chiangmai 50007, Thailand

           â&#x152;Ť   e-mail: shan@cm.ksc.co.th 40 Vol. 26, No.www.shanland.org, 259, 2009 www.mongloi.org, www.khonkhurtai.com, www.mongloi.org/burmese

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