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17/4/2009

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INDEPENDENCE

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Photo : SHAN

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Shan Herald Agency for News

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Photo : SHAN

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Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009

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INDEPENDENCE

Photo : SHAN

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Shan Herald Agency for News

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Photo : SHAN

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Photo : SHAN

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Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009


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Shan Herald Agency for News

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Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009

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z:oyrxK'yh 0;yhs^,jy akT ,cifo#rf;jynfaumifpD OuUX ppf[kHzSg‹

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Photo : Hseng Noung Lintner

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d59 b jy p:'hy gpkrv;y,o 6 y 9uh;G'ry ]5;b jy ? g,ks<'tyd.K,yr Zodyts<'ytX xKoy,y.j 06b;yhlG'ypy.j]wK]wKgdkT 05b;yrd.kj];yj,5oyh95oyh0y.,ur 0wKrv:'yjmur-,yr/ 0wKrlC'y0:,yakT/ 0wKrlC'y0:,y,K;yr/ 0wKrlwK]C'yr Zo,tyzb9ytz5rX/ 0wKr05b'yrsKoy/ 0wKrsKoy]'C ry / oK'yrlkjikj/ oK'yr,5;,y ;5 -y ,yrgvr/ oK'yr-,yro:'ty c]h g,ks<'ytd.K,yrmC'yh]wK]wKgdkT9'yro,y? -5rg,k9C,yhd.K,yr]5'y0wKr-,yr]Gdyr d5b9yj ,5b;yh #)2%2@+%+ 9uhx:dTy s^;9 y o C hy ;G'ry lCo;y /u gxkhS]6'ry -,yrdk 95ohy s6'ry Z-5rg,k9C,hy ]bdyh]5'y c]h v,K9yhoy.rgsklCoy;uX/ c,hS xkh0b'yjv6/ ,urxuho:'yt % gdkT? @T 0wKr96,yj-,yr Z]6 @++@X #T 0wKr-,yr]Gdyr $T 0wKrc,yr 9uj Z]6 @+_%X %T oK'yrv:,y-,yr/ 0wKr-,yr]Gdyrc9jokhs^boyrs^,yh oK'yrow:Tow:T9boyj ,ur]6dyh]K'yrs^,yhdoy % gdkT? ]whsxyt06,yh-5r fuHdiuH (degree) 0oytxwKrp59yrpk (M.B.,B.S) ? c9j9C,hy zG'ry xKoy,j.y ,kr0G,,y ;b5 hy @+*(S((j @+)Q 9C,hy zG'ry ]bdhy s^,hy ,wKxK'y]'5 /y z:ory dKoyz'G ry d.K,yr9wrxKoy,j.y ,:dhy *QQ zG'ry / zG'ry v'yrdb9,ty d: hy $* zG'yr/ zG'ry ,Koyh,:dyh *QQ zG'yr? d5oyrs^T0dyro,y,kr #QS$Q xu xwK? 05b'yr]C;yr xGoy06b;yh;5'yrswj9w:js<'ytzG'yr/ 0wKr,5r v:oys^;ygdkj 9'yh,kr,5;b hy sK'yxu @+_$ 05'b ry ]C;ry x:'jy ;kh ]:dry ]wKrxwKr05'b ry x5;b hy x6ohy dKoy]:9yh]C;yr/ ]wKr05b'yrp5b'yr05r9uh]:9yh]C;yr/ z:oyrdKoy;5'yr 05b'yr]C;yr 9'yhc9jv9yrv:dyj-Cxyrd.K,yr05b'yr]C;yr,wKS@ ;oyr9wr g9]:9yh]C;yr Z0wKr,5r 9C,yh2s<'yt d,yho,yX g9kjm6b'ypK,yr]G;y ;5'yr05b'yr]C;yr v:dyj-Cxyr d.K,yr,:dyh #@ -Cxyr? ❑


INDEPENDENCE

{+yD 27 &ufonf EkdifiHausmfaw;a&;q&m a'gufwm pkdif;crf;vdwf. ESpf 60 jynfharG;ae@ jzpfygonf? Freedom Way Band Zd % f ; avsm wD ; 0d k i f ; tzG J @ ES i f h csif;rkdifo#rf;pmay,Ofaus;r_toif;wdk@ uruxðyI q&mhukd =unfnKdav;pm;=uonfh xkdif;EkdifiH csif;rdkifa&muf q&mhausmif; aebuf/ rdwfaqG/ wynfh/ y&dwfowfrsm;uusif;yonfh arG;ae@yGJ yl;aygif;qifE$JoGm;cJh=uonf? {+yD 27 reufydkif; csif;rkdif 0yfulawmufbkef;}uD;ausmif; Y q&mpdik ;f crf;vdwt f wGuf tv–t'ge;f ESihf qkawmif;yGJ ðyvkyaf y; +yD; n 18;00 rS 24;00 em&D zg;,yfwuUodkvf tpnf;ta0;ESifh azsmaf jza&;cef;raqmifwiG f q&mhpikd ;f crf;vdwf aw;oDcsi;f ESihf twl azsmfajzyGJ ðyvkyfcJhygonf? q&mpk d i f ; crf ; vd w f . ausmif ; aebuf ol i ,f c sif ; o#rf ; jynf z G J @ pnf ; yH k tajccH O ya'a&;qG J a &;aumf r wD OuU X p0fcif;qdkifu Todk@rSwfcsufcs.? “aw;oGm;nDatmif t"dyüg,fav;eufatmif a&;pyfwJh pkdif;crf;vdwf&J@aw;oDcsif;awG[m em;axmifaumif;±kHwifru acwftvdkufordkif;rSwfwdkifpdkufxlay;wJt h wGuf usaemfwdk@trsKd; om;a&;twGuf*k%f,lp&mbJ”? “pdkif;crf;vdwfarG;ae@ udktcGifhxl;,l+yD; vli,fawG t wGufrSmcsifwmu aw;wyk'fa&;pyfr,fqdk&if us,fus,fjyef@jyef@ pOf;pm;yg/ rdrdtrsKd;om;em;0ifEdkifwJh em;vnfEdkifwJh bHkpum;vHk; awGa±G;+yD;oHk;yg/ ae&mrwl toGifrwlwJh aoG;csif;awGtwGuf aygif;ul;wHwm;jzpfatmifóud;pm;yg/@@@@@ pdkif;crf;vdwfeJ@rdom;pk aysmf±$ifcsrf;ajr@ygap”- [k tzGifhrdef@cGef;pum;ajym=um;oGm;yg onf? xkd@tjyif yg&*lbJG@,lpmwrf;tjzpf q&mpdkif;crf;vdwf. aw;udk avhvmusrf;ðycJhonfh tar&duefEdkifiH Ph.D bJG@& xdkif; EdkifiHol a'gufwmtrf;zGef;uvnf; “awmifay:wdkif;&if;om;q&m pdkif;crf;vdwf&J@ aw;oD csif;awG b,fvdkvkyf+yD;Armjynfvlxk=um;xJ xdk;azgufEdkifcJhovJ qdkwm usrt&rf;pdwf0ifpm;w,f? ArmjynfukdoGm;vnfawmh vnf; aw;a&;q&mpdik ;f crf;vdwf bmjzpfv@kd emrnf}uD; ae&ovJ qdkwmvnf; t&rf;pdwf0ifpm;w,f?” “ol[mq&m0efwOD;jzpf±kHwifru awG;ac:ynm&Sif/ aw;oDcsi;f eJ@ordik ;f rSww f ikd x f w l o hJ /l wdik ;f &if;om;pmay/ ±k;d &m,Of aus;r_/ awmifay:om;awG&J@b0udkyHkaz:EdkifwJhol wu,fhtEk

Photo : SHAN

EdkifiHausmf aw;a&;q&m a'gufwmpdkif;crf;vdwf tepf 60 arG;ae‹

f:dyH95b;yH oK'yrv,yrz:oyr a'gufwm trf;zGef; ynm±Sifwa,mufygbJ/ ±Srf;vdk/ Armvdk/ t*Fvdyfvdka&;pyfw,fqdk awmh o#r;f trsK;d om;awGtwGuf t&rf;*k%, f rl yd gw,f” [kajym .? xd@k twlrE Wav;®r@wGifvnf; &efukef/ rE aW v;wuUov dk f ±Srf;pmay,Ofaus;r_aumfrwDwkd@ yl;aygif;+yD; q&mpdkif;crf;vdwf twGuf *k%fðyarG;ae@yGJ usif;yay;cJhonf[kqdk.? a'gufwm pkdif;crf;vdwfonf 1949 {+yDv 27 &ufu odEDM®r@ [kdwJef@&yfuGufwGifarG;zGm;cJhygonf? odEMDapmfbGm;}uD;. trwf/ ±Srf;pmqkdawmfvkH;crf;um-ygpdefOwkd@. om;orD; 4 a,mufteuf 'kwd,om;}uD;jzpfygonf? ZeD;a'gufwmEGJ@EGJ@wif ESit hf wl om;orD; 4 a,muf xGe;f um;.? q&mpkid ;f crf;vdwo f nf 1965-66 uwnf;u acwfay:aw;oDcsif;rsm; pwifa&;pyfcJh+yD; ,ckcsdeftxd acwfay:o#rf;tyk'fa& 1000 ausmf/ t*FvdyfoDcsif; 35 yk'f/ ArmoDcsif; tyk'fa& 500 0ef;usifESifh ±Srf;acwfay:aw; trsm;tjym;a&;om;cJah oma=umifh yifv®kH r@y&d,wWd owf"rRygv pmjyef y G J t ES p f 50 jynf h a±$ & wk o bif tcrf ; tem; usif;ya&;aumfrwDu 2008 *|efvwGif o#rf;pmqdkawmfqk csD;jr‡ifh cJhygonf? Ô

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ydkef;uFyfjOlif;qdlif;vFOf; (Freedom Way Band)

05b'yr]C;yr Freedom Way Band lwKTS-.k Z06dyrX l-s/ -6oyl5b;y/ 9kjv5r/ 0wKr]GdyT/ 0wKr,5r lwKTS-.k Zo'yhX loy]w:/ 0wKrvb9yr 1984 Zd%;f avsmFWB0kdif;awmfom;rsm; qc[/ cGefaq/ omOD;/ pkdif;vdwf/ pkdif;rl; (1960-95)/ qefvG,f (1958-99)/ pkdif;tpf (1979-86) Olif;[BbwB.b+ifhzAif;ymefrfgb nefwFifb_+ifh_ydkeftzjzAif;yluf; olef;zkufbqfg umefqdlOfhqmwfj? umefz.rfh=rfj? umefvkufhzdkefh? umefawMboljwduk ;f awM;qkrf;oduk ;f rmefjcgmufjrdil ;f rM;cmOf;wmif; 25 yD eefh e.ufjvdlOfao Oli;f qdil ;f vFO;f Oli;f vAOaf uMj ef;g _e.ujf qdik jf wB; nrfbrD;Oli;f vfx g iF jf / ugmrf;acMjeBh rde l w f if;orfbrFerf e F ;f [Febf omefrOkd ;f +if;ulejf uOfbaowMU nrfbqfjg OMjzFeo f ik v f mwfjvlev hf Old ?f yAev f i. jf xkubf rFejf twh,bl ? [wf;OMjodOk jf qdOk jf qfjg ,lb/ qdlif;vFOf; yAefqdkOfjzdkefvdufjyluf;wdkefb umefz.rfh=rfjqdlOfh qmwfj tvjyAefqdkOfj Olif; [BbwB.b+ifhzAif; musical band eifbuef neftwbauMbwifjrM;z.i;f [mifyD 1983 / qdil ;f vFO;f y.ibf OMj-v.u;f vBm; yBm;qdil ;f ykejf ydOl jf umefvw . jf vFO;f ? vBm;qdil ;f ,dil ;f ql;wDjv.wjf vFOf;/ Freedom’s Way means the way to be free, the way of freedom

qBm;oFifqdkefj auMUOlefhn.ufbvBmvBmqdkOfjao =rfjuefvdlufjnOf qdlif;vFOf; / qdlif;vFOf; udlwfbrM;q.rf;umefz.rfh=rfj/ 1983 vdlefusLef@ 16 Oef; =OfyOfjvlif SURA qOfju.e;f qdil ;f yde k z f mOfb,de k ;f rdOk ;f v.ijf z.r=hf rfj/ 1983 vde l n f u. x hf Ol @f VdOl @f ndie f Old z f jl u.e;f eMjvdeo f ukd ;f y.wf;qmef; SSA qOfjqmrfrfgb yefykefjz.ef;tvj zljrD;qefU urfjz.ifj vkufhwmif;udOfb=uf; cM;[mef (vFefvdefy.wf;trj+ifjo.ef) cBmUugMbqB.jumefz.rfh=rfj wDjiOfjqdkifjymifrfgbokif/ qOfjcgmefrdlif; wif; 12 Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009

qBm;oFiq f e kd jf cOfvjB ugMbqBj. umefye kd z f mOfbole;f wkrcf Ofj=rfj[Aw;f n.ubf zdkefcmOfb u.ef;acM tvj qdlif;vFOf; wif; qOfjcde k ;f ofg yDjqBm;qde k jf qOfjyde k cf rf; cOf/ z.i;f eefh arMo.e=f pfjqB;. rlid ;f yefb qBm;rl; auMj+wfjzFOOf hB tvj qBm;rl; qB.jwFrfj[mifjefg;yyfh qdlif;vFOf; / q.r;f eifb qBm;rl; yAefeufhwFifbzAif;_+ifhzAif;? yAefzlj[ufhqmwfj okefbwlOfauMj,mrfj nwf;yde k cf yF ;f ugmrf; nBmjolb,Mju.e;f yRi;f ndubf zAi;f ylu;f wde k bf umefrild ;f rM;urfjz.ifj/ qBm;ckefodlOf? qBm;wMbnl;? qBm;vAufUcOf qdlOf;yAef vkufjvmefzljerf; SURA auMj olifZBmb[BbwB.bwdkifj+ifhzAif;ugmrf;/ qBm;oFifqdkefj auMj,mrfjzdkuf;olifvAefjndwf;n.wf;tvj ayM; 45 auMUrM;pM;uefauMj nOf qBm;rl; erf;eMjauMbwifjOlif;rM;/ qBm;rl;qifbOmif;zFeuf mefnwf;zAi;f ? zljukr;f =if;ndwbf vdujf tvj+ifjumef G-5 yDjqBm;qdkefjauMUqB.jqwf;umef/ efg;vdlefelOf@ OFr@f VlOd @f 1983 qifbnOfqOkd jf Oli;f qdil ;f vFO;f aonwf;cFy;f Oef;wB; [Of;awv.wfjvFOf; n.efwmif;okwf;/ qBm;rl; wFifb_+ifhurfjerf/ qBm;wMbnl; qBm;vAufU cOf+ifhq.rf;rmifzAif;/ ,mifjcOfj 1984 ayM;v.ijf z.r=hf rfjqkr;f umefrild ;f ,fbg ugmifjrM; auMj qdlOf;vkufj[Aef;qefhq.rfefg;OAif;tvj ulef;ekrfbzlj[ufhqmwfj vBmwDjvBmwmif; rM;cOfj=rfjyM;xFifj? qBm;odlOfcrf; (vMjoAOfj) qkrf; TNSO nefqBm;umef;,.wfjn.ef=Of? qBm;oefvB. [dkOf qBm;zlrf;rM;


INDEPENDENCE zAi;f ugmrf;umefrild ;f / ,lbr.ujf 2 yDao qBm;oBmrmOf; y.ujf rdOl ;f ugMbef;g rdil ;f wfgj=rfjzlpf;ydlefj/ 1993 qBm;wMbnl; qifbn.e=f Of [mifj[Fe;f cdik yf i. f n.ubf ide k ;f urfUqBj. ao nwf;yde k f qdil ;f vFO;f rBm 9 a[Mvliuf iA ;f wkif qBm; James [Awf; music wif;cFy;f / qBm;oFiq f e kd jf nOfqOkd jf olrfjclrf[dkef; ao twb[Fujf wFibf _+ifq h r. ;f / odyk bf eefah o,Ofh qdil ;f vFO;f nwf;n.ubf cFy;f cfgjuljyD rdlefeifb

(rldif;yAif;)? qBm;ndwf; (uRufhtr;) cOf qdlOf;arM[Bbwdifb_wFifbzAif; uwfhcFefbqdlOf;eBhauMj wef;qB.jwB.b[Bbq.rf; qdlif;vFOf; rM;y.wf;n.efb w.efjedkifj/ qdil ;f vFO;f rBm 1-Oef;wB;[Of;awv.wjf vFO;f qBm;rl; auMUvAOf wFrfj_+ifhrlwf;/ rBm 5 xdkif 8 auMj qBm;rl;wFrfj_+ifhauMUvAOfoAifj/ qdlif;vFOf; rBm 2b3b4 auMj qBm;rl; auMUwFrfj_+ifherf? qBm;wMbnl;? qBm;vAufh? qBm;oefvB. cOfwFrfj_+ifhq.rf;urfjz.ifj? emif;oFifidkef; +ifh=Ofedkifj/ qBm;ckefodlOfwB.bu.if? qBm;wMbnl; qBm;vAufh qBm;oefvB. Rhythms ? qBm;rl; Lead guitar / qBm;oFiq f e kd jf twh qBj. wBb. Bass rmifzAif; efg;qdlif;vFOf; 1b2b3 nrfbrD;nef+ifh/

qldif;vFOf;rBm 10 (1994) ylb[Aifvkif;crf; qBm;vmefhrmOf;[Awf; music

0wKrl5b;y-,yr Zz5hly.j],yjlG'yzG'yr dK'y0y.gdkT]6dyTz6boytX classic guitarist pkdif;aqcrf;-vm;¶Sd; (1958-1985)

0;yh-6o b ry ly/. 0;yhdKoyrp:9hy / 0;yhx6o b -y ,yr p0fcif;qm,D/ pkdif;u%f;,Guf (1960-2004)/ pkdif;yifcrf;

qldif;vFOf;rBm 2 (1986) vdlwfjwB;_aebOdef;qlefcFyf;qB.U qBm;rl; [Awf; music urfjerf? oefvw .B rF jf _+ifz h i. jf / qldif;vFOf;rBm 3 (1987) cOfjomefuMj_cFyf; 75 qBm;rl; [Awf; music urfjerf? oefvB. wMbnl; qBm;vAufh +ifhz.ifj/ qldif;vFOf;rBm 4 (1988) Burmese Socialism oefvB. wFrfj_+ifhauMUvAOfoAifjao[Awf; music qldif;vFOf;rBm 5 (1988) iB.;wifjvrf qBm;rl; ([Bbwdifb=pfbvAOf) qldif;vFOf;rBm 6 (1989) umifqfgauMUvkufhzdkefh (zAif;qBm;umef;,.wfj) qBm;rl; music_wFibf _+ifh qldif;vFOf;rBm 7 (1990) WD@r.ufhca'@oD@[mifelufh,kif; qBm;rl; music_wFibf _+ifh qldif;vFOf;rBm 8 (1991) odlOfaw+ifh,Ofh (vBjydkef 1993) qBm;rl; music_wFibf _+ifh xdkifrM; 1991 qBm;rl; zmwfb,mef qdlif;vFOf; rdlOf;ugMbefg; rdlif;wB; wDjqkrf;wB;udkwf;odkuf;y.wf;+ifb r.ufj 2 yD/ qBm;oBmrmOf; vmOfydlif;cOf zFOfrM;=Ofrdlif; efg; 1992 auMj nrfbvBjnwf;ydkef

qBm;rl;y.ufjrM;cdkef;efg;yD 1994 eefhauMj nrfbwef;vBj cOfj=rfjOli;f qdil ;f vFO;f ? [Bbwdibf =pfbvAOn f wf;n.ubf cFy;f edik jf awMbayM; vyf;wMvdrk ;f rdil ;f ugMb wDjn.ijf =de;f uOfbref; Omefjvuf;wFibf rdOl jf 26U 12U1994/ qldif;vFOf;rBm 11 (1995) wB;wdkufhw.if;,lb James [Awf; music qldif;vFOf;rBm 12 (1996) 96-97 yDi'Bm;vlif James [Aw;f music qldif;vFOf;rBm 13 A (1999) OmefjuOfbvOfj[mrf;_=def;[Of; James [Aw;f music qldif;vFOf;rBm 13 B (1999) =dOf;rfgb James [Aw;f music efg;umifyD 1999 qBm;oefvB.auMj vkugMbwDj=def;ref; Omefj=pfjO.ef rdlif;Zmif z.if;nM,k 40 yBm/ qldif;vFOf;rBm 14 (1999) ulef;[mrf;okefbvBj James [Aw;f music l6bxyjokhS@* Shan Herald Agency for News

13


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Photo : Hseng Noung Lintner

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Oef;rdOl jf eBU iOf;vBm;ule;f rlid ;f wB;[Of;rD;qdil Uf [dOk ?f ,lbOBUqefUvfg -5r-6boyrly. ,:dyj]K9yhg-khd.K,yr ;oyrmb #)2%2#QQ+ q&mcif;qm,D-rdef‹cGef;ac|pOf ymifckuf;xlyf; ,kufh,.ifjOef;udlwfb cl;arMwFifbzAif;ymefrfgb qBm;crf;vAuf; nMb,k 60 yD tvj yDu.ef;idkef;Olif;qdlif;vFOf; 25 yD (Oef;xd 27_04_09) eefh yAefwdkOfUwmif; ydlOfjwMbxwf;omifcdkef; iOf;vBm;zAi;f ugmrf; ymefrbgf [Of; wifjtwbyleUf rM;awMb,mrf;vAOf ndubf rdlOf;eMj/ umyfjymefye l Uf rM; 30-40 yDeefU wdul jf wDjOMj cdil jf [BbwBb. wdik jf zAif;ugmrf;yBbcdkufUcFrfUcdkwf;yAif;rdlOfjvAOfaowMUauMj zAif;ugmrf;ymefrfgb uljy.ujf eBU nefvOD e l Uf tvj nefvx D r. bf (erfUugmrf; tvj vrfboAi)f rD;cOfjcdik jf uef/ ymefrOld jf vAOo f rfU cdil jf [BbwBb. wdik jf rdO@f oduUf (music) cdw k ;f umyfjcduk Uf w.e;f vDxr. bf erfrM;aowMUauMj nefvOD e l Uf q.r;f erfUugmrf;edlOfUzAif;orfU nrfbayM;vdkufUvrfbqefUokif/

rdO@f oduUf (music) zAi;f ugmrf; (song) eefh nOfoif[w A ;f ❑ ❑ ❑

vrfboAif (melody, tune) iBm;rdleftc;_rDbuD; erfUugmrf; edOl Uf zAi;f (words, lyrics) iBm;rde l cf OfjoAejf cOfjoB;. / v.ifj[BbwB.b (beat, rhythm)iBm;rdlefOmefbofgb

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[mifjwliUf uduk ;f zAi;f ugmrf; (music video) ([dOk )f cM@'M@nlO@f ac@ (Karaoke) - iBm;rde l z f e ld _f wifb_[mefUcBm_wDjeifjudecf OfjoAejf _ cOfjoB;. /

oAi[f bB wBb. wdik jf vrfboAiz f iA ;f ugmrf; (music) nefOMjeBU rD;nlnmB [Fi;f iOf; (influence) cduk Uf ,fbg / qmifj[Aw;f {j▲ ▲ ▲

qfgqMUyAefqfgvD? qfgvDyAefqfgqMU qfgnlefjyAefqfgcFif? qfgcFifyAefqfgnlefj qfgwluf;yAefqfgcdkefj? qfgcdkefjyAefqfgwluf;

14 Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009

ule;f rlid ;f wB;uljqmOf;cdOl ;f auMjvD? qmOf;wB;uljcdOl ;f uljrdil ;f auMjvD? xB;? vmOf;auMjvD- ,lbefg;iOf;vBm;qfgqMUqfgnlefj qfg,Bmj qfg,mefj qfg,.rf;? qfg,mefuef OBU,lb/ zdkefcmOfb Bangkok Post wFrfjcdlOf;acMj,ifbqfg survey nefvjB uAy;f +rfce . jf [kyjf ef;g vkujf [Ae;f xB; uAObf vlpjf v.ijf nOfuik bf rkef wlOuf Ofbudw l bf rM;yAex f ;B (wlejf qf[g ufUqmwfj) rD; 38% ulp;f / qdOl ;f udkwf; 62% twUyBbqmifjwFyf;wwf;-OMjeB/ nrfbvdOl af oqdik jf xB; yAerf idl ;f v.wjf vFO;f u.e;f acM? rD;qOfja[M crf; n.ef=Ofymefodkyfbymef refjudkrf;=dOfj=dif;rM; eyfU=OfymufbyD? ule;f ekrbf vkujf [Ae;f ymefrbgf ,mrf;vAOf orfUvlrv f mrfOifbOdOl jf irf;iOf;rM; wduf;wduf;/ v.ifj=rfqlrf;nOfukifbrkefwlOfuOfbudlwfbyAefxB;auMUedkifj eefUauMj nlefj,.rf;ugMb/ ykefjydlOjf wB;zmefrdlif;? wB;,mefrldif;[Of; orfUawyAe[f Okd <f / idlefjoFwfboBmiBmnefeBU qmifj[Awf;{j wB;cdlOf;vfgcdlOf;eefU O.wfjOBm;[BmvBmvBj/ ayM;wB;aocdlOf;cdlOf; okwf;qdlOfUokwf;zef; qlrf[BmugMb-vmOf;? xB; orfUawodkyfb,lb[dkifvBjxFifjuMj[dkOf/

ydOl jf wMbcmrfjyleUf vBjaz;cAev f il n f efeUB wB;cdlOf;vfgcdlOf;eefU tvjoif? wB;cdlOf;edkifjtvjcdlOf;edkifj tvjoif? wB;uljcdOl ;f cdOl ;f tvjoif- wuf;vBjqfv g ?D qfcg iF ?f qfcg e kd jf ? qfg[ufU? qfg[wf;? qfgqrfuefrM;/ ayM;eefqifbcdlOf;vfgcdlOf;eefUvfg? ide l jf cdOl ;f wif;oAijf vfg - aw,lbrefjudrk ;f ,de k ;f ,mOf;vBj/ ydOl jf wMb qdOl Uf cdOl ;f qku;f refj,de k ;f ,mOf;vBjeefU nlnmB [Fi;f iOf;vrfboAibf zAi;f ugmrf; ymefrfgb[Of;auMjcdkufUcrfbvrfbv.ifj? rD;ykefjz.ef;,fgbvlif/ w.ejf v.u;f (role) oAifugmrf;Omef (music) [Of;rD;oif? rD;qdil Uf [dkOf/ q.ifb[Of;[Awf;=Of[kyfj xwf;omifwlpf;/ xkufbvDwrf;yuf; vuf;umefOMj- zAif;ugmrf;[Of;wuf;vBjyAef,dlOfbqdlufj rdlef,mifumOf; uyf;qyf;uBmbclOfyef {judlwfbyAefv.ifjqrfqfg [ufU-tr;-z.rfU-qB.j/ (1) wuf;vBjqdydlif;,dlif;ql; eifb[dkOfqfgqMUyAefqfgvD? qfgnlefj yAeq f cgf iF /f qfq g if; qf, g mB j qf, g e . bf qf, g mefj ,Ae;f yAeq f [gf ufU


INDEPENDENCE qfgcdkefj qfgz.rfU qfg[wf; qfgqrfuefudlwfbyAefrD;rM;/ (2) uyf;uBmbvrfboAi_f v.ijf [BbwBb. _edOl Uf zAi;f erfUugmrf;auMj wuf;vBj rD;v.uf;rD;ydlif OFyfb,mifb (system, style) vDimrf; rD;wDjy.ifb ugmrf;rBmvdkufUugmifjqefUokif? rD;nefwifjnef=yf;? u.ifUuBmb uyf;wmrf;erfUugmrf; (lyrics) cdkufUcFrfU/ nrfbqfjg OMjn.ubf oAiuf mg rf;auMjql;,OfUayM;,OfU/ wuf;vBjrde l f eifbzkufbwlefjrBU? nrfbqfgjvMjvDjzkufb? vdlufjqdlOfUzef;? Zkefbifgj? wDjvdef? erfU omifbxkufbaozkufb? orfUrD;auMUvkrf;vM;/ vMjvDj zkubf auMjnrfbyAew f e l jf / yAew f e l jf auMjnrfbqfjg wlejf cdOl ;f r.ubf rmufb rD;uMjrD;cef? vMjvDjwFibf auMjnrfbyAeo f iA z f iA ;f Omefqyf;oly;f qyf;qf?g nrfburfUnD;umefomifjqmwfj qdil Uf eifbqBm;crf;vAu;f qBm;rl; cOfne . f ymufjv.ifjtewmif;yluf;y.ifrM;/ (3) wFifbzAif; {jerfUugmrf;edlOfUzAif; yAefvifbuMb (rD;acMjwifj acMj=yf; rdlefqBm;umef;,.wfj_qBm;crf;vAuf;_qBm;vmOfydlif;cOf arMwFrfjcdkufUvdkufUyM;r.ufbrmufb)/ ydlOfjwMbedlOfUzAif;cFrfUw.ef; eefU wuf;vBjuBUvluBUnmefb vAyfj[Aef;ugmrf;vlif ,fg;[dkef zde k yf yfUvdujf uOfb vdujf vlif qdil Uf eifbqBm;crf;vAu;f qBm;umef; ,.wjf cOf/ ule;f ekrbf ,mrf;vAOx f uk bf vBjvl,ild jf cOfqOfj/

(4) xB.jugmrf;edlOfUzAif;qBm;crf;vAuf; tvj qdlif;vFOf; nef,mrfj wFibf +ifUrM;uMju.ebf yleUf uljy.ujf twU ,dil ;f ql;ef;g wB;? ule;f rdil ;f wB;x.rbf ulp;f / nrfbOMjoFe;f [kejf uOfb_[kejf rfbg awMb,mrf;vAO/f iOf;vBm;,mrf;vAOforfUwuf;vBj {jwB;uljwDj uljrdlif;x.rfbvBj [yfUvBj? qifbawyAef,dlOfbqdlufj nefnOfyBmurfoAifzAif; uyf;omeftewmif;vBjcdkOf;,rf/ qB.j{jqrfqfguef wdwf;qyf; uef/ayM;cdOl ;f wB;ndrl jf qrfcOfjqfw g w d ;f qyf;uefrM;auMj awyM; uefce kd jf ,fbg ? cmrfjyleUf vBjv.ijf ,lyjf ,.r;f e.r;f nlejf n.ebf tn; ,lb,mrf;vAO/f umefzr. Uf yFi;f c.ejf [Fi;f eBU nrfbu.rUf OMjyAeyf e k jf z.e;f ZBmbumef rdlif;? umefodkuf;? umefrmufjrD;? umefyluf;y.ifz.if;irf;olef;wkrfulpf;/ w.efjvrfboAifzAif;ugmrf;? v.ifjwB.b[Bb (music) auMj rD;ykefjz.ef; urfUqB.jyef[Fif;vBj,fgberf/ v.ifjnOfrkef,.ifja,M; Oef;ckuf;xlyf; nMb,k 60 yD qBm;crf;vAuf; tvj yDu.ef;idkef;Olif;qdlif;vFOf; 25 yD wuf;vBjnOfye A w f Okd Uf wmif;wlO, f mifbylu;f ole;f ule;f ekrbf oFe;f [kejf rfbg cOf odkyfbomefumefomifjqmwfjugMbrdlOf;eMj/ qBm;cdkef;ofg (17_04_09)

l6bxyj,krokhS@$ qldif;vFOf;rBm 15 (2001) acMjxmrfxdkiferfhclif; qBm;vmefhrmOf;[Awf; music qldif;vFOf;rBm 16 (2002) =dOf;rfgbomrfqAifbcrf; James [Awf; music (yM;zAif;olrfjqArf;Zmwfbekdifj=Of) qldif;vFOf;rBm 17 (2003) aovBmerfhclif; qBm;vmefhrmOf;[Awf; music qldif;vFOf;rBm 18 (2004) udkifbwif;vkpf; oFifoAifofg (rdlif;u.ufb) [Awf; music qldif;vFOf;rBm 19 (2004) qBm;umef;,.wfj 1963 James [Aw;f music qldif;vFOf;rBm 20 (2007) u.ef (ATK + SWS [Awf; music) qldif;vFOf;rBm 21 (2008) yB.b{j (ATK + SWS [Awf; music) efg; 10 album yBmeBh e.ufjaoqBm;wMbnl;? qBm;oefvB.? olrfjclrf[dkef;? oFif,Aefofg? qBm;vmefhrmOf;? James ? qBm;qefndef; (vdlefqdkefj) emif;crf;uFOfj? emif;rsMU cOfqB.j+ifh,Ofh rD;rM;xFifj qBm;oBmvmOf? emif;rlpif e kd ;f ? Sumai 2? qBm;an;vAuUf ? emif;e.ie hf e l ;f ? qBm;wdkef;vD? emif;oFifvdkef;? oFOf;[mef awMbxdkif qBm;v.rfhOkef;/ nefcukd v hf Old yf e ld jf [Aw;f {jZFe@f (fan) zAi;f yef[iF ;f qdil ;f vFO;f erfrM; eef, h e . hf emif;rlpif e kd ;f (qmOf;aeM@Olp@f ) auMU+ifz h iA ;f A Place

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INDEPENDENCE

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19


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INDEPENDENCE

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Shan Herald Agency for News

21


L odlOf,Aef; clyf;OlOf;wBm ulef;,Aef; nOfcdlOf;[Bm Were-tigers crush cows to death Were-breeds bring a race to extinction

 

     

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Z,wK9:'yr doy @( v,yj]whly.jxkr?X 22 Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009


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INDEPENDENCE

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vlawGjrifawmhcsucf si;f qko d vko d wif;ys@H oGm;w,f? olw@dk Akv d }f uD; uodomG ;awmh “a[haumifawG eifw@dk vkyyf u Hk tm;vk;H iwfued ;f qkdufawmhr,f? ac:oGm;wJhvlawGcsufcsif;jyefykd@” vkd@pcef;r–;ukd pum;ajympufeJ@vSrf;ac:ckdif;wmwJh? aemufae@a&mufawmh&yf±GmxJuvlawG usaemfwdk@ukd ajymjyw,f? tJ'D*dwfapmifhppfom;awG rdef;cav;c&D;onfawGyg wJhowif;=um;&if t+rJwrf;ac:oGm;w,f? oDayg/ ausmufrJu rdef;cav;av; 4 a,mufvJ usaemfwkd@tzGJ@rvmcifppfom;awG ac:oGm;wmbJ-wJh? 'ga=umifhvlawG[m jzpf&yfrSefqkdayr,fh jrif&±kH/ =um;&±kH eJ@ awmfawmfwefwef r,kHcsif=ubl;? ukd,fwkdifóuH&rS ,kH=uwm? usaemfvJ tckukd,fawG@óuHcJh&+yD? t&ifu*G%f;ac:eJ@/ wjcm;pm apmif awGxJrSmygwJhowif;awG/ tjzpftysufawGr,kHrdwmaemif wjyef&aerdw,f? jynfov l x l u k dk tEkid u f sin hf i‡ ;f yef;ESyd pf uf zsuq f ;D aewJ/h uHuH.tusKd;ukdr,kHwJhppfom;awG wae@olwkd@0ËfvnfrS/ ukd,f wkdifjyefóuH&rS r,kHcsifvJr&awmhbl;? tJ'DtcsdefukdusaemfhvkdbJ trsm;uar#mfvifh=ur,fxifyg&J@? rdef;zSg@xifhxrf; 19§4§2009

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awmif;qdkxm;aomtajzr&rcsif; etzar;cGef; ajz&efr&S d[k 0 t&m&S dajym 0 jynfaoG;pnf;a&;wyfrawmftzdk@ etz avmif;&dyf atmufcdk0if&ef t+rJzdtm;ay;cHvm&aomfvnf; rdrdwkd@.vdkvm; csurf sm;twGuf tajzr&rcsi;f 0 zufrt S ajzay;&ef r±S[ d q k kd onf? “olwdk@udk usaemfwkd@ar;wkef;uawmh olwkd@tajzray;cJh bl;/ ckusawmh olw@dk ar;cGe;f awGtwGuf olw@dk tajzvdck siaf ew,f qdw k mrw&m;bl;av”[k trnfraz:vdo k l 0 tkycf sKyfa&;ESiphf nf; ±kH;a&;t&m±SdwOD;uajymonf? typf&yf UWSA onf r[mrdwftzGJ@0ifrsm;ESihftwl 1993 rS 2008 txdusif;ycJhaom trsdK;om;nDvmcHokd@ wuf a&mufcJh=u+yD; oHvGifta±S@bufjcrf; w±kwfe,fpyfwav#muf e,fajrrsm;tm; 0 tkycf sKyfa&;a'otjzpf owfrw S af y;&ef tqdðk y wifoGif;cJhonf? “tJ'DtwGuf usaemfwkd@ bmwkef@jyefr_rS r&cJhbl;? olwdk@ zG@J pnf;yHt k ajccHxu G v f mwJh tcsed rf mS usaemfw@dk awmif;qkx d m;wJh tcsut f vufawGe@J udu k n f w D m bmwckrrS ±Sb d ;l ? etz&J@zG@J pnf; yHkeJ@vmrJh 2010 a±G;aumufyGJudk usaemfwkd@axmufcHovm;qef@usio f vm;qdw k majymzk@d rvdyk gb;l ? usaemfw@dk taeeJ@ wjcm; tzGJ@tpnf;awGvdk w&m;0ifxkwfjyefa=unmcsuf rvkyfwmyJ ±Sdw,f” [k ‚if;uqdkonf?

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jyefr_rSr&awmh cifAsm;wkd@ppfa&;jyifqifr_awGvkyfaew,fvdk@ o wif;awGxu G af ew,f/ usKyfw@kd &J@urf;vSr;f r_ujkd iif;wJo h abmvm; vd@k xyfar;wmayg?h tJ'rD mS vJusaemfw@kd acgi;f aqmifawGtif;rvkyf tJrvkyfawmh olbmrSr&bJjyefoGm;w,fav” [ktqdkyg t&m±Sd u Adkvf&Jjrifh.ajympum;udkjyefvnfudk;um;jycJhonf? UWSA onf ,cifuxuf ydr k pkd nf;vH;k nDnw G rf ±_ v dS m+yD; vlrsKd;a&;cGJjcm;a&;vnf;r±Sd/ 0jynftwGif;±Sd wkdif;&if;om;aygif;pkH wef;wlr_udk OD;pm;ay;a=umif;vnf; ‚if;u o#rf;oHawmfqifhtm; xyfrHajymjyonf? 1989 uwnf;uyl;aygif;cJhaoma0ha±Smfuef;.tcef; u¾udak r;jref;&m4if;u-“wu,fwrf;qd&k if a0h[maemufayguf a±$=umyifyg/ olupD;yGg;a&;yJ OD;pm;ay;w,fav/ etzu ol@udk pnf;±k;H zJx h w k f v$r;f rd;k csKyfuikd zf @kd óud;pm;aewm usaemfw@dk odwmbJ/ 'gayrJhusaemfwkd@udk olypfroGm;wefaumif;ygbl;? aemufqkH;olcGJ xGufoGm;cJhr,fqdk&ifawmif t}uD;tus,fxdcdkufp&mr±Sdygbl;” [kajymjyoGm;onf? rnfumrwW+idrf;csrf;a&;. taumif;tqdk; tusKd;tjypf h nf? udv k nf;olu Tod@k ±Si;f jycJo “òcH+yD;=unhf&ifawmht±_H;xuf usaemfwkd@tjrwfydkrsm; w,fxifwmbJ? jynfov l x l t k zd@k ppfab;uif;+yD; +idr;f csr;f pGmvkyf udik pf m;aomufae&wm 'g[myxrOD;qH;k yJ? vlxyk nma&;A[kok w us,jf yef@vm+yD; use;f rmvm=uw,f? csK@d ,Gi;f csu&f ,fv@kd ajym Edik w f muawmh usaemfw@dk upD;yGm;a&;-a'ozG@H ®z;a&;udb k J tom; ay;aqmif±GufcJhwma=umifh EkdifiHa&;zufodyftm±Hk rpdkufEkdifwJh tcsufygbJ” [k 4if;uajymoGm;onf? NDA-K ucsi/f MNDAA ud;k uef@/ NDAA-ESS rdi k ;f vm; ESihf UWSA wkd@onf +idrf;csrf;a&;ESihf 'Drdkua&pDwyfOD; (PDF) tzGJ@0ifrsm; jzpf=uonf? 4if;u “Edik if aH &;tydik ;f rSm usaemfw@kd vkyzf @dk tawmfav;vdk tyfaeao;w,f? wjcm;typf&yfwyfzGJ@trsm;pkuzuf'&,fpepf udak ºuG;a=umfawmif;qdck =hJ uayrJh etzeJ@xdyw f u dk w f ;kd zk@d usaemf wd@k tqifoifhrjzpfao;bl;vdk@,lqcJhw,f/ 1999 tpnf;ta0; wckrSmtzGJ@toD;oD;uEkdifiHa&;rl0g'vrf;pOf&yfwnfcsufawG wifjycJh=uayrJhtm;vHk;oabmwlvkyfaqmifvdk@&wJh&nf&Gufcsuf awGudkawmhrnfolrSrwifoGif;EdkifcJh=uygbl;”[koluajymonf? “tJ'u D wnf;u b,forl t S av;teufrxm;Edik af wmhyJ tcsdefawGukefvGefcJhwmyg” [k oluqufajymonf?


INDEPENDENCE

o#rf;'DcsKyfOuUXtm;axmif0ifpmoGm;awG@&ef rdom;pkrsm;tcufawG@

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yk'fr 122(1) EkdifiHawmfykefuefr_tr_wGJonf jrefrmEkdifiHOya'rsm; ESifh ukdufnDjcif;r±Sd[k w&m;vufvGwfzrf;qD;r_qkdif&m ukvor*~ vl@tcGifhta&;aumifpD. pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;vkyfief;tzGJ@u rwfcsf 24 &ufuqkH;jzwfcsufcsygonf? tar&duef EdkifiHjcm;a&;Xmeu vnf; ppftpd;k &ud±k y_ cf s+yD; ukvqH;k jzwfcsut f ay: axmufco H nfh a=ujimcsufudk rwfcsf 25 &ufae@u xkwfjyefa=ujimcJhygonf? vuf±pdS pftpd;k &onf zG@J pnf;ykH tajccHOya't& vlxak ±G; aumufwifajrmufonfh tpdk;&w&yfr[kwfaoma=umifhjypfr_ qkdif&mOya'ESifh jyXmef;xm;onfh jynfwGif;Oya'jyXmef;csufudk azmufzsuw f mjzpfonf[k AHRC tm±Sv@l tcGit hf a&; aumfr±Sif uvnf;qdk.? Ô

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ol@rSmtenf;qHk; 16 oef;avmufusefw,f” [kq. kd ? jynf a xmif p k t jrpf w nf & m yif v H k a jrwG i f o mru rdkif;udkif®r@ 0rfhzGD;aus;±GmtkyfpkYvnf; avmif;upm;0kdif; zGifhvSpf a=umif; a'ocHrsm;uqdkonf? o#rf ; jynf E d k i f i H a &; apmif h = unf h a vh v mol w OD ; u“usaemfwdk@o#rf;jynfxJ tckvdkavmif;upm;0dkif;us,fus,f jyef@ jyef@rvkyfwm=um+yD/ yxrtcsufu ppftm%mykdifawG vlxkudk tm±kv H w J$ mbJ/ Edik if aH &;bufpw d rf 0ifpm;atmifayg?h 'kw, d tcsuf uawmh a±G;aumufyrJG wdik cf if &efyakH iG±mS xm;wm jzpfz@kd rsm;w,f? aemufwcku - ppftpd;k &XmecsKyf aejynfawmftrde@f t& ppfwikd ;f / 'up/ AsL[m/ wyf&if;/ wyfcGJwdkif; udk,fydkif&efyHkaiG ±Smcdkif;w,f/ qdkvdkwmu txufu vpmtjynfht0 ray;rau|;Edkifvdk@ tck vdk wdkif;jynftESH@ avmif;upm;0dkif;zGifhvmwmjzpfw,f” - [kqkd .? 2009 aEG&moDwiG f oHviG t f a±S@jcrf;rdik ;f wH®k r@e,f yHyk gusif ®r@e,fcGJ±SifðyyGJta=umif;ðy+yD;avmif;upm;0dkif;'dkifuppfAsL[mr–; xHvmbfaiGxdk;um avmif;upm;0dkif;zGifhcJhonf? rdkif;jyif;®r@e,f wHkwmwdkufe,f odrfawmftv–yGJwGifvnf; avmif;upm;0dkif;±SdcJh onf? usKdi;f wHk®r@e,f/ oHvGiftaemufjcrf;/ o#rf;jynfawmifydkif; ®r@awmfawmfrsm;ESihf rlq,f 105 rdik f / erfch rf;/ vm;±_;d wd@k wGiv f nf; avmif;upm;0dik ;f rsm;zGiv hf pS af =umif;a'ocHrsm;xHr=S um;od&onf?Ô

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INDEPENDENCE

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Shan Herald Agency for News

27


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awmf v S e f a &;aumif p D a cwf o#rf ; jynf a umif p D O uU X a[mif;wOD;.om; [ife&Dat;onf ArmjynfwGif;rS o#rf;jynf ya[Vd The Shan Conundrum in Burma pmtkyfxkwfa0jzef@csD vdu k o f nf[q k o kd nf? ArmjynfwGif;rS o#rf;jynfya[Vd The Shan Conundrum in Burma pmtkyfrSm 252 rsufESm±Sd+yD; 2009 {+yD 14 &uf rSpI jzef@csDae+yD[k uavmif±Sif [efe&D - atmif;'a&; at; Henry Andre Aye u o#rf;oHawmfqifhtm; ajymjyygonf? o#r;f jynfz@JG pnf;yHt k ajccHOya'rl=urf; a&;qGaJ &;aumfrwD OuUX p0fcif;qdkifu - “t&ifwkef;u EdkifiHwumtqifh t*Fvdyf bmomeJ@ a&;om;xkwfa0Edkifolawmfawmfrsm;rsm; awmf0if apmfbGm;rsKd;EG,fawGbJ? tck'D ArmjynfrS o#rf;jynfya[Vd The Shan Conundrum in Burma a&;wJhyk*~dKvfu apmfbGm;rsKd;EG,f r[kwfbl;? apmfbGm;pepfudk vHk;vHk;qef@usifwJh omrmefjynfol o#rf;jynfacgif;aqmifwOD;&J@om;ua&;w,fqdkawmh ydk+yD;a'gifhpkH avhvzwf±_Edkifr,f? t&ifuo#rf;jynfqdkif&m pmtkyfawGzwf&if '*F g;wjcrf;bJjrifr,f? tckpmtkyzf wf+yD;&if jynfo@l bufu ±_a'gihf aum/ apmfbGm;bufu±_a'gifhygjrifvmr,f” [kqdk .? t*Fvdyfbmomjzifh o#rf;jynftrsKd;om;wdk@ ta=umif; a&;om; xkwaf 0zl;onfh awmf0ifrsK;d EG,rf sm;rSm p0fZef@a,mifa[G@ (anmifa±$apmfbGm;om;awmf) . Armjynfuo#rf;ta&; The Shan of Burma- Chao Tzang Yawnghwe / p0fEe G ;f tl (&yfapmuf apmfbmG ;orD;awmf). aysmufq;kH oGm;aomusrurBm My Vanishing World - Sao Noan Oo / p0fqkpEDN (oDaygapmfbGm;r[ma'0D) . r_H&Dr_dif; wkdif;jrefrm Twilight Over Burma - Sao Thusandi of Hsipaw / p0fqdkifrd%f; ref;±dkif; (usKdif;wHkapmfbGm;om;awmf). o#rf;jynfESifh +Adwdo#tifyg,mcsJ@xGifr_ The Shan State and British Annexation - Sao Saimong Mangrai ponfwkd@ jzpfygonf? 28 Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009

“usaemfwdk@vJomrefjynfolbJqdkawmh awmf0ifrsKd;EG,f awGa&;wJph mtkyaf wGbzJ wf&&if olw@kd awG[m olw@kd &J@zcifbuf uumuG , f a &;om;xm;w,f v d k @ xif j rif , l q Ed k i f w ,f / tck apmfbGm;r[kwfwJh omrefjynfolwpfOD; a&;om;xkwfa0w,f qdkawmh/ tm;vHk;zwfoifhw,fvdk@wdkufwGef;csifw,f” [k quf ajymjy.? pmtkyfwefzdk;rSm tar&duefa':vm 115.99$ (B 567) jzifh a&mif;csay;aea=umif;od&onf? pma&;ol [ife&D atmif;'a&; at; Henry Andre Aye(56 ESp)f onf o#r;f jynfapmfbmG ;pepfukd qef@usif wdkufcdkufol (,cifo#rf;jynf e,fOuUX) erfhcrf; OD;xGef;at; .om;jzpfonf? [ife&Donf awmif}uD;Zmwdjzpf+yD; jyifopf EdkifiH yJ&pf®r@/ tar&duefEdkifiH e,l;a,muf®r@ESihf *smr%DEikd if H *seD AD m®r@rsm;Y aexdik cf zhJ ;l onf [k pmtkyyf gu, kd af &; rSww f rf; t& od&onf? Ô

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INDEPENDENCE

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Photo : SHAN

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vrf;jyajrykt H &qk&d if [kt d rd b f J 30 Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009


INDEPENDENCE

twGif;&ef - typf&yfftay: AdkvfrusEdkifwJ@ etz “etztaeeJ@ ol@vrf;jyajryHk 7 csu&f @J toufaoG;a=um jzpfwJ@ 2008 zGJ@pnf;yHkudk vufawG@taumifxnfaz:usifhoHk;rSm u 2010 a&G;aumufyjJG zpfv@kd ol@&J@óud;yrf;csuaf wGukd oltqifq h ifh tvkyfaeygw,f? 2008 qENcH,lyGJrvkyfcifrSmudkyJ typf&yftzGJ@ awGudk yxrvufeufðzwfzdk@ pDrHcsuf±Sdygw,f? AdkvfcsKyfausmfqef; ud, k w f ikd q f ENc, H yl rJG mS vufeufwum;um;eJ@rawG@csib f ;l vd@k ajymcJh w,f? qENc, H yl JG ausmjf zwfvm+yD;wJ@aemuf vufeufuikd t f ypf &yf tzG@J awG eud, k t f wdik ;f yJ ud, k ahf 'o ud, k t hf ajcaeeJ@ ud, k &f yf wnf Edik w f @J twGuf etz&J@vrf;jyajryHrk atmifjrifb;l ? tckvaJ ±G; aumufyOJG ya' xkwjf yefjcif;r±Sad o;wJ@twGuv f mr,fah ±G;aumuf yGu J vkyjf zpfr,frvkyjf zpfb;l tcsed q f rJG ,f rqGb J ;l qdw k mcef@rSe;f vd@k r&ao;bl;? tu,fI a&G;aumufyGJOya' xkwfvdkufr,fqdk&ifawm@ xkwf+yD;wJ@aemuf ajcmufv (odk@) wpfESpftwGif; a±G;aumufyGJ trSefwu,fjzpfvmr,f? tckcsdefxd Oya'rxkwfao;wJhtwGuf trSefwu,f jzpfvmyghrvm;qdkwmvnf; oHo,jzpfrdw,f? tem*wftajctaeuawmhetz taeeJ@olqufvuf h rf;a=umif;vd@k usaemfw@kd tm%m}uD;pd;k qkyu f ikd af &;qufomG ;r,fv ,lqw,f? tJ'v D ykd w d q f @kd r_±v dS mawmh twGi;f &eftjyif&ef tm;vH;k udk ol±iS ;f &r,fo h abm±Sw d ,f? twGi;f &efjzpfwhJ NLD acgi;f aqmifawG eJ@ NLD awG tzGJ@tpnf;udkvHk;0v_yf±Sm;vdk@r&atmif olcsKyfudkif r,f? typf&yfwikd ;f &if;om; vufeufuikd af wGuv kd nf; tzG@J i,f awGudkðzwfr,f/ tv,ftvwfawGudk =um;xm;r,f/ t}uD;awG rv_y±f mS ; Edik af tmifxed ;f csKyfr,f? yHpk t H rsKd ;rsKd ;eJ@ csO;f uyfaewmjzpf w,f? 'gu ol@twGif;&ef? tjyify&efusawmh e,fpyfa'otwkduftcHvkyf±Sm;r_xJ rSmOya't& t"duuswJh jrefrmEdlifiHa±S@aersm;aumifpD BLC vdk tzG@J tpnf;[m etz&J@ zG@J pnf;yHu k Okd ya'a=umif;t&wdu k cf u kd af e w,f? etz wm0ef±SdAdkvfcsKyf}uD;awGudkEdkifiHwum&mZ0wf w &m;±Hk;wifEdkifzdk@ ukvor*~uaewpfqifh yHhydk;zdk@tcsuftvufpk aqmif;aewJv h y_ ±f mS ;aewJh BLC (Burma lawyer council) udk rw &m; twif;a=unmxm;w,f? BLC &J@ taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rª; tay:zrf;0&rf;xkw+f y;D xdik ;f tpd;k &udk zdtm;ay;wJ@tqift h xd vkyf vmw,f? twGif;&ef a&m tjyif&efyg ol±Sif;aew,f? jyifyrSmv_y±f mS ;aewJ@ twku d t f cHwyfaygi;f pkukd tm;enf; ®yuGaJ tmifvyk rf ,fqw kd mwGuv f @kd &w,f? ,ckypkH t H wdik ;f qd&k if ppf

rSefwJh +idrf;csrf;a&; wdkif;jynfjyefvnf xlaxmifa&; / ppfrSefwJhEdkifiH a&;vrf;jyajryHu k awm@ etzar#mrf eS ;f ovdk acsmacsmarmarm jzpfr vmEdkifbl;vdk@ usaemfoHk;oyfygw,f?” “vufeuftm;ud;k +yD; tiftm;eJ@nD!w G af &;/ +idr;f csr;f a&; wnfaqmufr,f/ wdik ;f jynfxal xmifr,fqw kd phJ w d af epdwx f m; t awG;tac:rsdK;udkppftkyfpkpGef@vGwfoifh+yDvdk@,lqw,f? 21 &mpk ppfat;wdkufyGJtvGef 'DvdkacwfumvrsdK; EdkifiH wumrSmtm;vHk;u jzpfEdkifoavmuf twlwuGomwlnDr# +idrf; csrf;pGmaexdkifwJhenf;eJ@ol@tcGifhta&;/ udk,f@tcGifhta&;/ ol@ taetxm;/ ud, k &hf @J taetxm; tjyeftvSeaf v;pm; todrw S f ðy+yD;yl;aygi;f aqmif ±Gu=f uwJu h rBmt h ajctaeeJ@pmvdu k &f if yx0D taetxm;t&usO;f usO;f av;±Sw d AhJ rmjynfrmS rwlujJG ym; jcm;em; f hJ enf;vrf; wJv h rl sKd ;pkawGwaygi;f wpnf;xJ twl+idr;f csr;f pGmaeEdik w ±Smoifh+yD? tEdik u f sihf Adv k u f s+yD; 'Dvo kd wfjzwf zdEydS af ewJeh nf;uawmh urBm}uD;rSm acwfr±Sdawmhbl;? 'DvdkvkyfaewJhvlrsKd;/ tzGJ@tpnf; jzpfap/ vuf±AdS rmhwyfrawmfjzpfap 'Dvt kd zGt J pnf;awGtwGuu f tem*wfv;kH 0raumif;bl;? jynfou l aomfvnf;aumif;/ urBmu aomfvnf;aumif; cGifhvGwfrSmr[kwfbl;? tJh'gawGudk War crime bJac:ac: Crime against humanity bJac:ac: wpfcsdefcsdefrSm 'D vky&f yfawGusL;vGew f o hJ w l ikd ;f jypf'%fusc&H rSmjzpfw,f? taumif; qH;k uawmh'gawGupkd eG @f vGw+f yD;+idr;f csr;f pGmtwlaeEdik w f ehJ nf;vrf; ud±k mS =u&ygr,f” PPLO OuUX

“,ae@tajctaersdK;rSmtem*wfArmjynftwGuf usaemfwdk@udk,fus&mwm0ef udk,fvkyf=ur,fqdk&if aemif 4 ESpf twGi;f usaemfw@kd atmifyaJG wG&Edil yf gw,f? 'Dvrkd [kwb f J ud, k Ahf u kd f wpfv;kH pm ud, k x hf rif;ud, k f ±Sm=uazG=ur,fq&kd if usaemfw@kd xuf aemifrsdK;qufom;/ orD;/ ajr;jrpfawG ydkcHpm;&rSmjzpfw,f? ,ae@jzpfaewJ@e,fpyfa'oudprP mS Adv k o f ef;a±$u ol@jynf wGif;&efudk a±G;aumufyGJrwdkifcif jywfjywfom;om;zdESdyfxm;zdk@ olq;kH jzwfxm;w,f? rESpu f vkycf w hJ hJ 4 vywf wyfr;– tpnf;ta0; rSmAdkvfoef;a±$udk,fwdkifxGuf+yD;awmh 'DtzGJ@awGrv_yfEdkifatmif vkyfxm;vdk@ajymcJhw,f? 'gayr,fhwu,fwrf;awmhrjzpfygbl;? ,ae@ etzwyfu vlav;ode;f ausm±f w dS ,f/ 1947 Armh wyfrawmfzGJ@vmuwnf;u vltiftm;trsm;qHk;jzpfayrJh wdkuf &nfcdkuf&nf tpkyfjywfqHk; tedrfhqHk;/ ,ae@wyfr–;awG rsdK;cspfpdwf tuif;rJhqHk;eJ@ t&nftcsif; tuif;rJ@qHk;jzpfw,f? Shan Herald Agency for News

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L aemufxyfppfO;D pD;csKyfvm;/ 'kO;D pD;csKyfvm; wufjzpfr,fqkd wJh rae@wae@u wyfr;ª wufjzpfwahJ umifawGajymzl;wm 7 &ufe@J 0 e,fudkodrf;r,f - wJh? tckoGm;=unf@ygusaemfwdk@ zdwfac:yg w,f? wpfcsdefutwlwdkufcJhwJh 0 wyfrrª;wpfa,mufusaemf@udk ajymw,f-“udak tmifausmaf Zma& cifAsm;wd@k eJ@ twlwu kd cf w hJ ek ;f uvdk usaemfwdk@uwkwfusif;av;awGudk 0g;av; xif;av;awGeJ@ umxm;wmr[kwyf gb;l / tckuuGeu f &pfe@J tkwaf wGe@J yg - wJ?h ”

a&mufvm=uwm? usaemfw@kd uolw@kd eJ@ESpaf ygi;f 20 - 30 avmuf wdkufcJhzl;w,f? Adkvfoef;a±$ 88 wyfrrª;b0wkef;u tjynfht0 ynmay;cJw h hJ Auya[mif; wyfz@JG awGtzd@k Adv k o f ef;a±$O;D pD;+y;D wdu k f rvm;vd@k xdik af pmifah e=uw,f? tJ'Dawmhusaemfwdk@ vdkcsifwJhtcGifhta&;rsdK;u wdkif;&if; om;tm;vHk;wlnDwJ@tcGifhta&;&zdk@u 'Dae@Adkvfoef;a±$acgif; aqmifr_atmufrSm b,fawmhrSrjzpfEdkifbl;? tJawmhpnf;pnf; vHk;vHk;eJ@tjyeftvSefn‡dEdlif;aqG;aEG;+yD; nD!GwfwJhEdkifiHopfwpfck wnfaxmifz@kd qdw k m ESpzf ufpvH;k rSm oifah vsmaf vsmufywfwahJ cgi;f aqmif±Sdzdk@vdkw,f? Adkvfoef;a±$ppftkyfpk±Sdaeor# 'DvdktajcaersdK; zefwD;EdkifrSmr[kwfbl;? jynfwGif;ppf}uD;xyf+yD;avmif®rufzdk@rsm; ygw,f? usaemfw@kd ñuHawG@&wJb h 0qd;k rsKd ;om;orD;awG ajr;jrpfawG awG tzdEydS cf b H 0rsK;d rwd;k apcsib f ;l qd&k if wm0ef±w dS rhJ b d tzd;k tzGm; vdk@udk,fhudkudk,f,lq=u&if usaemfwdk@tm;vHk;tay: zdESdyfaewJ@ ppfzdeyfudk 0dkif;0ef;wGef;vSef±dkufcsdK;=uzdk@vdkygw,f? wdik ;f &if;om;vufeufuikd f tzG@J acgi;f aqmifawGpOf;pm;=u ovdak wmufajymifwhJ tem*wftwGut f rsK;d om;a&;tusK;d quf vufxrf;aqmifcsifw,fqdk&if 'Dppftm%m±Siftpdk;&rsdK;udk jywf jywfom;om;qef@usif=uygvdk@ wdkufwGef;vdkygw,f” OD;atmifausmfaZm EkdifiHa&;ppfa&;avhvmol (OD;cifarmifpdk; - we*FaEGaqG;aEG;cef; RFA 10/5/09)

OD;atmifausmfaZm Armwyfrª;awGudk ajymcsifwmu rwdkufcifoGm;=unf@ vdu k t f ;kH vd@k ? ,ae@e,fpyfa'o vufeufuikd f tzG@J awG[m[dw k ek ;f uuGefjrL epfygwDacwfuvdkudk,fha'o vGwfajrmufa&;twGuf r[kwfawmhbl;? udk,fhtrsdK;om;&ydkifcGifhjzpfwJhudk,fhjynfe,feJ@ udk,fhtrsdK;om; tusdK;pD;yGm;umuG,fae=uwmjzpfw,f? Armppfwyfu *syefwyf0ifovdk 0ifr,fq&kd ifawmh awG@=u ao;wmayg?h 'Dae@ArmppfwyftajctaeuvJ odw@J twdik ;f yJ t xl;ojzifh 'Dav;ig;vaemufydkif;twGif; wdkufcJhwJhwdkufyGJ tawmf awmfrsm;rsm;rSm wyf&if;rª;tcsdK@awmifðywfw,f? [dw k ek ;f uusaemfw@kd wdu k yf }JG u;D awG 10 &uf 15 &uf wdu k cf hJ wmawmifwyf&if;rª;wpfa,mufusz@kd urvG,b f ;l ? tck[mu xD ceJ qdkwyf&if;rª;usvdkuf ppfAdkvfusvdkuf? txl;ojzihfu&ifjynf e,fawmifil - &efukef&xm;vrf; ta±S@zufjcrf;rSmqdk&if wdkufyGJ awGae@ wdik ;f jzpfaew,f? olw@kd ajymovdw k u,f[w k rf [kwq f kd wmolwdk@todqHk;yg? ,ae@etzawmif;qdkwJh wyftoGifajymif;a&;udpPudk jywfjywfom;om; jiif;qd&k =J uwmvJ 'DtajccHtcsuaf wG±v dS @kd bJ? Adkvfoef;a±$wdk@/ Adkvfarmifat;wdk@/ Adkvfa±$ref;qdk@qdkwm xifay:vdk@pifawmfuaumuf wmrSr[kwfbJ/ pdkifaumfvdk@òcHay: 32 Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009

'DvkdusnfqHawG/ Akdvfoef;a±$wkd@ukd b,fvkdykHpHeJ@ay;rvJ´ ajymif;0xJuv$wfxGuf/ w'uf'ufeJ@ay;wm atmufóuŒumurf;quf/ vufeufeJ@twl tvum;,lap/ tcGifhta&;awGeJ@vJwm/ b,f[mukda±G;rvJ´?


INDEPENDENCE

EdkifiHausmf aw;a&;q&m a'gufwmpdkif;crf;vdwf 60 ESpfjynfharG;ae@ u ol[mt&rf;pmzwfwJhvlwpfa,mufjzpfw,f? pm}uD;ay}uD; awGzwfw,f? t*FvdyfpmawGzwfw,f? ol@&J@ aq;ausmif;u wuUov dk q f &mwcsK@d uawmif ol@qDpmtkyjf yefimS ;zwf&w,fv@dk =um;zl;w,f? tqifjrifhtawG;tac:orm;wpfa,muf vkd@ ajymvk@d &w,f? usaemfavhvmrdoavmuf rSwcf sucf s&r,fq&dk if q&mpkid ;f crf;vdw[ f m acwfumva=u;rkjH yifudk xif[wfjyEkid pf rG ;f ±SdwJhoDcsif;a&;q&m pmqkdawmfwpfa,mufjzpfw,fvkd@,lq w,f?”

{+yD 27 &uf[m EkdifiHausmfaw;a&;q&m a'gufwm pkid ;f crf;vdw&f @J 60 ESpjf ynfah rG;ae@jzpfygw,f?o#r;f /Armaw;oDcsi;f tajrmuftrsm;a&;pyfoDukH;cJhwJh q&mpkdif;crf;vdwfukd Armjynf tEkynmtokdif;t0kdif;u EkdifiHausmfaw;a&;q&mtjzpf todt rSwðf ycJyh gw,f?o#r;f jynftrsK;d om;rsm;uaum q&mpkid ;f crf;vdwf ukd b,ftwkdif;twmtxd todtrSwfðyygovJ/ o#rf;jynfom; rsm;twGuq f &mpkid ;f crf;vdw[ f m bmha=umifph jH yyk*K~ v d jf zpfygovJ? ol@&J@o#rf;trsKd;om;twGufa&m b,favmuftxdtusKd;ðyygo vJ? touf 50 ausmf 0jynfZmwd 0-o#r;f ujym; aw;a&;aw;qdk qc[ udk awG@qkHar;jref;xm;ygw,f? qc[ [m awmfveS af &;aw;oH±iS f Freedom Way Band Zd%;f avsm qc[ tjzpfo#rf;jynfvlxktcsKd@=um; emrnf&vm +yD ; 2007 a±$ 0 ga&mif awmf v S e f a &;umvu “"rR e J @ t"rR qef@usifzufESpfck” ArmoDcsif;a&;om;oDqkdcJhygw,f? a'gufwmpdkif;crf;vdwfudk b,fwkef;ub,fvdkpwif odu|rf;vmovJ? 'grSr[kwfausmif;aezufvm;´? “q&mpkdif;crf;vdwfukd p+yD;&if;ESD;cJhwmuawmh 1971 u usaemftygt0if wef@,ef;u 10 wef;usvli,f 3-4 a,muf rE W a v;rS m usL±S i f o G m ;,l w ,f ? rE W a v;awmif a jcrS m q&m pkdif;crf;vdwfeJ@ 4-5 vavmuf twlaecJhzl;w,f? q&mpkdif;crf; vdw&f @J zcifu odEaDM pmfbmG ;trwf o#r;f pmqkad wmf vk;H crf;um&J@ psmyetcrf;tem;rSmq&meJ@xyfawG@w,f? vm;±_d;rSmaygh?” q&mpdik ;f crf;vdw[ f m b,fvv dk rl sK;d vJ/ avhvmrdoavmufajym jyay;ygvm;´? “q&mpkdif;crf;vdwf[m ±kd;om;óud;pm;+yD; tepfemcHwJh ae&mrSm usaemfwkd@twGufpHjyjzpfcJhygw,f? ol@&J@xl;jcm;r_wpfck

Armjynfwckv;kH omru wdik ;f &if;om;awG=um;rSm rE aW v;a&muf o#r;f wa,mufe@J emrnf}uD;cJw h ,fv@kd ajym=uygw,f? o#r;f vlrsK;d awG=um;rSmuaum b,foDcsif;eJ@p+yD; vlodrsm;vmygovJ´? o#rf;jynfuvlrsKd;pkeJ@ awmifay:wkdif;&if;om;awGeJ@ ywfoufvm&if - txl;ojzifh o#r;f oDcsi;f awGxrJ mS yifvpHk mcsKyf oDcsi;f qd&k if q&mhuv dk o l rd sm;vmapw,fv@dk wpdww f a'o ajym vkd@&w,f?rqvacwfv,favmufa&mufvmawmh “±Srf;awG rSwfrdao;w,f” vkd@t"dyüg,f&wJh oDcsif;jzpfw,f? 1970 aemuf ykid ;f usawmh“rsK;d csppf w d "f gw±f =dS uyg”tp±Sw d hJ trsK;d om;a&;oDcsi;f awGykdrsm;vmw,f? q&mud, k w f ikd u f aw;a&;§aw;qdq k akd wmh q&mpdik ;f crf;vdwf a&;om;wJh ArmoDcsif;awG o#rf;oDcsif;awGxJu b,foDcsif; tESpf oufqHk;vJ? bma=umifh óuufESpfoufw,fqdkwmudkvJ ajymjyay;ygvm;´? q&ma&;wJhArmoDcsif;awGxJrSm usaemfESpfoufrdwJh oDcsif;awGuawmh - obm0/ [rf;ikdif;vrf;/ eH&Hukd vufoD;eJ@ xkd;rdw,f/ wma0;tajy;orm;- tJ'DoDcsif;awGu awmfawmf xdrw d ,f? t"dygü ,u f s,jf yef@w,f/ acwf &J@a=u;rkjH yifux dk if[wf apw,f? tawG;tac:av;eufw,f/ pum;vkH;awGtqifhjrifh w,fv@dk usaemfjrifw,f? usaemfEpS o f ufwhJ o#r;f oDcsi;f awGxJ rSm tenf;qkH; 5 yk'f 6 yk'f avmuf±Sdw,f? usaemfwkd@b0/ usaemf wk@d tajctae/ usaemfw@dk &nfreS ;f csu/f usaemfw@dk vkyif ef;/ usaemf wk@d &J@v_y±f mS ;r_e@J ywfoufwahJ w; oDcsi;f awG awmfawmfrsm;w,f? q&mpdik ;f crf;vdwu f o#r;f jynftvSty/ vlaer_b0 az: aqmifwhJ aw;awGa&;om;wJhtjyif o#rf;trsKd;om;a&;twGuf ta&;ygwJh oDcsif;awGvnf; trsm;tjym;a&;om;cJhw,fvdk@ajymygw,f? b,foDcsif;awGu o#rf;trsKd;om;rsm;twGuf ta&;ygovJ´? b,foDcsif;uta&;ygovJqkdawmh 'gvnf;a±G;&cuf Shan Herald Agency for News

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L w,fAs? cyfrsm;rsm;ta&;ygw,fvkd@ usaemfxifw,f? tcspfeJ@ ywfoufwJhaw;oDcsif;awGuvGJ&ifayghAsm? Armtpdk;&bufu q&mpdkif;crf;vdwfudk wdkif;&if;om; emrnf}uD; aw;a&;q&mwa,muftjzpf todtrSwfðy *k%fðywmawG±Sdzl;yg ovm;´? f dk w&m;0if Armtpk;d &tqufqufrmS q&mpkid ;f crf;vdwu vlod±Sif=um;*k%fðyw,fqkdwm usaemf wcgrS r=um;rdao;ygbl;? 'gayr,fh ArmtEkynmtokid ;f t0kid ;f / tqkad wmf/ oDcsi;f a&;q&m tausmftarmfawGxJrSm q&mhukdtodtrSwfðycsD;usL;=uw,f? Oyrmyav;ydGKif;wD;0kdif;tzGJ@wkd@/ tqkdawmf arqGdwkd@/ arcvm/ a[rmae0if;/ *Dwvkvifarmifukdukd/ aw;a&;q&m/ owif;pm q&m/ ±kyf±Sif'g±kdufwm OD;0if;azwkd@ armifom&wkd@ a':trmwkd@ pojzifhaygh? q&mhukdcsD;usL;=uw,f/ tm;ay;=uw,fvkd@ usaemf =um;zl;w,f? o#rf;jynfom;rsm;uaum q&mpdkif;crf;vdwfukd b,favmuftxd todtrSwfðyygovJcifAsm;? o#rf;jynfxJrSmawmh a±S@rD aemufrDvli,fvlvwfawGu q&mhukd av;pm;=unfndK=uw,f? txl;ojzifh rqvacwfudk rDwv hJ v l wfyidk ;f touf 40-50 t±G,af wGayg?h e0wacwfaemuf ykid ;f awmheeJ aJ jymif;oGm;w,f? q&mhta=umif;ukd vli,ftcsK@d bJod w,f? usefvli,fawGodcsifrSodr,f? etzacwfrSmawmh q&mh ta=umif;/ q&mhoDcsif;awGav;eufykH/ q&mhukd,fykdifoHpOf oDcsif; awG tqkdrsm;wm avsmhyg;oGm;w,fvdk@xif&w,f? txl;ojzihf touf 20 ausmv f il ,fawGayg?h usaemfq h &m p0fcif;qdik af jymwm uawmh “'Duae@o#rf;oDcsif;/ ArmoDcsif; awGxJrSmem;axmif aumif;wJhoDcsif;awGrsm;vmw,f?'gayr,fh tawG;tjrifaumif; t"dyüg,fav;eufwJhoDcsif;awGavsmhenf;oGm;w,f” vdk@ajym w,f? 'gukd usaemfvufcw H ,f? q&mpdkif;crf;vdwfeJ@ywfouf+yD; tm;usp&mawG twk,lp&mawG a0zefp&mawG±Sdygovm;´? q&mpk d i f ; crf ; vd w f [ m usaemf h & J @ vuf x yf o if q &m r[kwaf yr,fh pHjyvufO;D q&mjzpfw,f? q&meJ@uGu J mG cGcJ mG vm+yD; aemufykdif; usaemfhtwGuf jrifq&m/ =um;q&m t+rJjzpfaeao; w,fvkd@ usaemfcH,lw,f? q&mhukd todtrSwfðycsD;usL;/ *k%f,l p&mwpfcu k awmh q&mpkid ;f crf;vdw[ f m ppftm%m±Sif "g;rk;d }uD;pk;d wJh Ekid if rH mS ql;=um;u Al;cg;EkEk tjzpfrcHbJ xGuaf ygu±f mS wwfw/hJ rD;armif;xkd;jyEkdif pGrf;±SdwJh ol@&J@owWd/ t&nftcsif;ukd rcsD;usL;bJ raeEkdifbl;? q&mhae&mrSmqkd&if usaemfwkd@ ol@vkdvkyfwwfrSm r[kwfbl;?

34 Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009

rsK;d csppf w d ±f iS o f efa&;aw;oDcsi;f awG xkwv f yk jf zef@csw D hJ Zd%;f avsm Freedom Way Band tzGJ@om;wpfOD;taeeJ@ q&mwkd@bufu q&mpkdif;crf;vdwfarG;ae@*k%fðytpDtpOf bmawG±SdygovJ´? q&mpkdif;crf;vdwf arG;ae@*k%fðytpDtpOftwGuf 27 f ,f? q&m &ufreufyidk ;f bke;f }uD;ausmif;rSmqGr;f uyftv–'gevkyw aeaumif;usrRm touf±Snfapzkd@qkawmif;ay;r,f? nykdif;tpD tpOfrSmpwdwf±_d;±Sdw,f/ tJ'DrSmq&mhausmif;aezufoli,fcsif; o#rf;jynfzGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya'rl=urf; a&;qGJa&;aumfrwDOuUX p0fcif;qdkif tzGifhrdef@cGef;ajymr,f? tJ'Daemuf 2008 o#rf;ESpfopf ul;wke;f u vef'efrmS q&mpkid ;f crf;vdwef @J awG@qkaH r;jref;cJw h hJ xkid ;f trsKd;orD; a'gufwmtrf;azmef;u +idrf;csrf;a&;±SmazGar#mfrSef;ol aw;a&;q&mqk d w J h a cgif ; pOf a tmuf r S m u q&mpk d i f ; crf ; vd w f ta=umif;ajymw,f? tJ'aD emuf q&ma&;om;cJw h hJ oDcsi;f awG 10 yk'af usmu f dk vli,f vlvwfawGuqk=d uw,f? aemufqHk;taeeJ@ q&mpdkif;crf;vdwf&J@ ESpf 60 jynfah rG;ae@rSm q&mh twGufb,fvdkpum;rsKd; yg;vdkygovJcifAsm´? q&mhESpf 60 jynfharG;ae@rSmwkdufwGef;csifwmuawmh rqvacwfwek ;f uvkd tESpo f m&av;eufwhJ acwf or,vlaer_ b0o±kyaf z:aw;oDcsi;f awGxyfa&;apcsiw f ,f? tcGit hf cg óuHv@dk tajctaeay;cJh&ifjynfwGif;jynfyu usaemfwkd@awmifay:wkdif; &if;om;awG&@J vlr_ tokid ;f t0kid ;f =um;xJ0ifxu G zf @dk zdw=f um;r_awG ±SdcJh&if vufcHay;apcsifygw,f? ulnDay;apcsifygw,f? bmjzpfvkd@ vJqadk wmh aw;*DwtEkynmu¾rSm awmifay:wkid ;f &ifom;awG twGuf q&m[m &mbifw&mewfw*kd;/ vl±$ef; tJvkdyk*~Kdvftjzpf usaemf wkd@u todtrSwfðy *k%f,lxm;wmukd;? tJ'Dvkdusaemf wkd@&J@ av;pm;*k%f,ltodtrSwfðyr_ukd q&mhtaeeJ@vufcHpOf; pm;+yD;qufvuf+yD;awmh OD;aqmifr_ay;oGm;apcsifw,fvkd@tEl; t!¸wfwkdufwGef;vkdygw,f? aus;Zl;wifygw,f? ÔÔÔ

etzw&m;pD&ifa&;u¾ zGwx f u G jf c,fv, S u f jyvk@d awmify@dk rSe;f rodao;wm pm;zm;rsm;om±Sd


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{+yD 27 &ufrSm touf 60 jynfhwJhrE aW v;+rdK@u xif±mS ; wJah w;a&;q&m a'guw f mpdik ;f crf;vdw&f @J aw;oDcsi;f awGe@J tawG; pdwful;awGudk avhvmoHk;oyf=unfhvdkuf&if -“-- wmwdrk mS cGet f m;/ wmvwfrmS tqH;k jzwf/ wma0;rSm pdwf"wf --” wma0;tajy;orm;oDcsif;vdkygyJ? 1970 ESpfvGefydkif; rE aW v;aq;wuUov kd af usmif;om;b0uwnf;u uAsmqefqef pmom;±dk;±dk; eJ@ q&mhudk,fydkifoHpOfoDcsif;awG[m c&D;tprSmcGef tm;tjynf@eJ@ armif;ESifvmcJ@ygw,f? wcsed u f vGwv f yfwhJ tawG;pdwu f ;l ta=umif;t&mawGe@J vd&k mOD;wnfcsuw f nfw h nfah &mufatmifa&;wwfwahJ w;a&; q&m pdkif;crf;vdwfoDcsif;udk vl}uD;vli,fra±G; tHh=ow}uD;vufcHcJhyg w,f? a'gufwmpdkif;crf;vdufeJ@ &if;ESD;wJ@rdwfaqGwpfa,muf jzpfwhJ pG,pf &kH tEkynm±Sif q&m}uD;OD;0if;azu ol@oDcsi;f pmom; awGeJ@tawG; tac:awGudk tckvdkrSwfcsufcsygw,f? “vGwv f yfru _ t kd ajccH+y;D olajymcsiw f @J ta=umif;t&mudk yDjyifatmifajymw,f? vGwv f yfciG u hf akd v;pm;+yD; tm;±S±d edS @J az: jy wJah cwfopftjrifv@kd ajymcsiw f ,f? ola&;wJph mawG[m t&yfom; utpcav;awGtxdem;vnfw,f? tcspzf @JG &moDz@JG udk wtm;}uD;eif;uef Excessive romantic vGefvGefusL;usL; azmfusL;aewmrsdK;r[kwfyJ xdxda&muf a&mufaz: jyEdik w f ,f? ±d;k om;w,f/ owW±d w dS ,f/ xda&mufatmif azmfusL;Edkifw,f/ pmvHk;awG&J@wefzdk;udk odyfem;vnfw,f?” “-- ud, k v f ckd siw f @J vGwv f yfr&_ ,f ud, k cf rkH ifw@J +idr;f csr;f r_&,f --” q&mpdkif;crf;vduf[m oleJ@twGJnDqHk;/ '*F g;jym; wpfck&J@ acgi;f eJ@yef;vdv k nf;jzpfw@J uG,v f eG o f t l qdak wmfpikd ;f xD;qdik ef @J ESpf aygi;f 30 ausmv f ufw+JG yD; obm0&J@ &ifaoG;i,frsm; tzG@J eJ@twl ud, k yf ikd f oHpOf *Dwacwfwpfacwf xlaxmifcyhJ gw,f? oDcsi;f oHpOf awG±dk;ayr,fh pdwful;pdwfoef;aumif;aumif; ajyjypfwJhpum;vHk; toH;k E_e;f awGe@J a&;pyfxm;wma=umifh tcsed u f mvwdw k akd v;rSmyJ ol@oDcsif;awGy&dwfowftay:vGrf;rdk;EdkifcJhygw,f? oDcsif;trsm;pk[m awmifay:obm0 tvSty taiG@ touf cspfjcif;arwWmawGyg+yD; ol@b0tpdwftydkif;wpfcsdK@udkvJ awG@&wwfygw,f? wcsK@d oDcsi;f awGq&kd ifEikd if aH &;qefygw,f? tcspf oDcsi;f vdv k kd Edik if aH &;tbd"rRmvdv k ekd @J aw;a&;q&mud, k w f ikd f yDjyif pGmaocsmjyrxm;ayr,fh ud, k @f bmomud, k f qG, J cl pH m;vd@k &Edik w f hJ

oDcsif;vnf; trsm;}uD;yg? OyrmaiGawmifwef;od@k ocD si;f wpfy'k /f bD;eHygwf OK0122L eJ@ tdyfpuftem;,l+yD qdw k o hJ cD si;f awG[mo#r;f jynfoal wG vGwf vyfr_ qHk;±_H;aewJh aqmif;yg;}uD;±Snf vdkygyJ? tJ'DxJu obm0 qdw k hJ oDcsi;f uvnf; tcspo f cD si;f vdv k kd tcGit hf a&;ydwyf ifcsKyfcs,cf H &wmawGukd zG@J qdx k m;wmawG@&ygw,f? “-- ysHoef;wJhiSufudkolwdk@rdk@zrf;csifwm -- a±$avmif tdrfrSmaysmfvdk@r&yg - cspfwJ@aumif;uif&J@vGwfvyfr_udk±Sm --” omrefumv#Humem;axmif&if aocsif;w&m;eJ@ tedpP oabm ajymovdkvkdeJ@ udk,hfaoG;udkpkyfaewJ@ tm%m±SifawGudk !¸ef;vdkovm; vdk@,lqEdkifwJ@ ºuufjcife@J vlw@kd ta=umif; oDcsi;f uvnf;xl;jcm;wJh wifjyyHkav;jzpfygw,f? “-- jcifaxmifxrJ mS za,mif;wdik rf ;D eJ@jcifxeG ;f zd@k &m }urH vd@k vm; --atmf-- jcifxuf rif;taoG;tom; awGpkyf,laewJhol udkawmifbmrSrvkyfEdkifrSawmh jcifudkab;rJhay;oifhygw,f --” 'Dvdkxl;jcm;wJh ta&;tzGJ@awGa=umifhvJ pdkif;crf;vdwf em G +f yD; oDcsi;f a&; rnfxif±mS ;vm+yD; t&ifutqdak wGom emrnfxu wJh oludkrod=uwJhtpOftvmawG[m aysmufysufcJhygw,f? OD;0if;azu - “ol@a=umifrh @kd ayg@av/ aw;a&;q&mawG&@J u¾yd+k yD;awmha±S@wef;udk a&mufvmw,f? ±d;k pif;+yD; tajccHuswhJ vltrsm;tvG,fwul taiG@toufcHpm;EdkifwJh a0g[m&awGoHk; vmw,f? ole@J wpfcsed x f J ol@xufapmwJh olawG±ydS gao;w,f? t awmftoifv h nf;emrnf}u;D =uygw,f? od@k aomfo@l acwfrmS usryS kd +yD;xif±Sm;vmw,f? ol@aemufrSma&;wJhaw; a&;q&mawGvnf; olwdk@&J@tawG;ac:eJ@ pmom;awGudk*±kpdkufvm=uw,f? ol@t awG;tac: tawmfvrG ;f rk;d w,f? ol@&J@tawG;tac: ubmvJqkd awmhvlwdkif;od±SdcHpm;EdkifwJh/ vltrsm;eJ@oufqdkifwJhvltrsm;em; vnfwh/J pmom;cHpm;csufawGeJ@ awG;awma&;pyfvm=uw,f?” “-- pdwu f pGv J nf; ±kyrf aqmifom/ usnq f aH wGuek f ,rf; vnf;ukef tcGHomusefwJhaoewfpkyfrSm --” q&mhorD; eef;crf;EGJ@vdwfudk zcifqDuaeb,ft&mawG vGrf;rdk; cH&wmvJvdk@ ar;=unf@ygw,f? “crf;tay:vGrf;xm;wmawmhtrsm;}uD;ayg@? 80μ vGrf; rd;k r,f? usr&J@pHjyyk*Kd~ vfwpfa,mufjzpfw,f? tEkynmorm; wpf a,muftaeeJ@vJvrG ;f rd;k r_±w dS ,f? tazu±d;k om;w,f t&rf;óud; pm;w,f? b,fawm@rS rkom;rajymbl;? ol@cHpm;csuaf wG oDcsi;f xJ rSmwifrubl; vlwdkif;&J@cHpm;csufudkyg ol@oDcsif;awGazmfjyEdkif Shan Herald Agency for News

35


L w,f? tv$mwdkif; vlawG&J@&ifudk pGJ+rJapEdkifw,f? “-- rajyvnfEdlifwJ@ b0tqHk; - b0tqHk; - tdkb0 tqHk; -- b,furBmtxdae&tHk;rSmvJ ´ ---” o#rf;,Ofaus;r_eJ@ rsdK;cspfoDcsif;awG a&;pyfwJhq&m[m o#rf;trsdK;om;a&;0g'Djzpfovdk wpfcsdefuArmrkef;wD;a&; pdwf±Sd w,fvdk@=um;zl;wJh ajymoHqdkoHawGeJ@ywfouf+yD; orD;jzpfol eef;crf;EG@J vdwu f “r[kwfygbl;/ ol@trsdK;om;a&;twGufolvkyfwm[m kd w f ikd v f J Armrwpfa,mufukd ,l Armrke;f wD;a&;r[kwb f ;l ? olu, xm;wmyJav? wdik ;f &if;om;wdik ;f udo k cl spyf gw,f? b,fo&l ,fv@kd olcGJjcm;r_r±Sdbl;? olajymwmuawmh vlwdkif;[mudk,fcsif;pmpdwf xm;=u&ifaumif;w,fwJh” “--'gayr,fv h J ae&mcsi;f awmhrvJygb;l awmifay:om; wpfa,mufjzpf&wm*k%, f cl siyf gw,f -- rE aW v;a&muf o#r;f wpf a,muf&@J tjzpf[mrvG,yf gvm;--” q&mh&@J pdwaf eoabmxm;udk teD;uyfb,fvjkd rif&vJv@kd eef;crf;EGJ@vdwfudk qufar;=unfhawmh -“ol@b0rSm olwefz;kd txm;qH;k t&mu ±k;d om;r_e@J ±Sio f ef w,f? olvrd n f mrajymbl;? rrSew f mrvkyb f ;l ? olrsm;tay:vSnhf zsm;aumufuspfr_r±Sdbl;? &wmeJ@a&mifh&Jwif;wdrfw,f” “-- a±$pkvnf; rrufarm -- aiGpkvnf; rrufarm-a&wpf cGufyJ pdwfapm --”

pmrsuEf mS 17 rS Adv k cf sKyf&jJ rifah jymqdo k nht f csurf sm;teuf ‚if;yk*Kd~ vfrw S f rdonfhtcsuftvuftcsKd@udk o#rf;oHawmfqifhodk@ ar 2 &uf paeae@u TuJhokd@ ajymjyygonf? - vlol/ vufeuf/ wyf&if;/ wyfzGJ@tiftm;tm;vHk; owif;ydk@&ef/ - yifpif,l&eftwGuf wm0efrS&yfem;&rnfh touf 50 ausmf wyfr–;§t&m±Sdrsm;pm&if;ay;ydk@&ef/ - wyfzGJ@pnf;yHkukd acwfrSDwyfrawmftqifhwdk;jrifha&; twGuf ppftpdk;&wyfrSyg0ifulnD&ef - vufeufcJ,rf;/ vpm/ pm;eyf&duQmrsm;tm;vHk; ppftpdk;&rS wm0ef,l&ef/ - wyfjyefvnfzGJ@pnf;a&; ðyjyifajymif;vJa&;umv 6 vomtcsdefay;Edkifonf - [kqkdygonf?

36 Vol. 26, No. 255, 2009

q&m[m use;f rma&;csK@d wJ=h um;u oDcsi;f a&;pma&;rysuf wJh ta=umif;/ 'gayr,ft h ckvakd cwf}uD;rSm q&mhocD si;f awGukd 0,f qdkol±Sm;yg;vma=umif; ZeD;jzpfol a'gufwma':EGJ@EGJ@wifuajym ygw,f? h l odyrf ±Syd gb;l ? “q&mhocD si;f u tckacwfrmS 0,f+yD;qdrk ,fv tvum;&&ifawmhqdkr,fhvl±SdrSmaygh? acwfuajymif;oGm;+yDav? olw@kd Hip-hop awGbmawG qd=k uw,fav? tcky&dwo f wf uvJ vli,f y&dwo f wfrsm;w,f? wu,fwrf;u cs;D ajr‡mufwv hJ al wmif r±Sdcsifbl;?” “ -- tcef;aemufu pm;yGaJ y:wifxm;wJh qkwq H w d af wG zkefwufawmhatmifjrifr_awG rae@usefcJh+yD ---” rE aW v;wuUov kd f pmayeJ@,Ofaus;rSKaumfrwD&@J em,u jzpfwahJ 'guw f mpdik ;f crf;vdu[ f m wa,mufqw kd a,muf acwfay: aw;*Dw tOD;pumv&J@ tm;aumif;armif;oefjzpfcJhygw,f? acwfpepfq;kd awG=um; oufvakH umif;aumif;eJ@ajy;aewJh wma0;tajy;orm; aw;a&;q&mpdik ;f crf;vdw[ f m o#r;f vdk Armvdk oDcsif; 1000 eD;yg;eJ@ t*Fvdyfvkdtyk'fa& 35 yk'f a&;cJh+yDvdk@vnf; od&ygw,f? aw;a&;q&m a'guw f mpdik ;f crf;vdwf use;f rmpGmeJ@ aemuf xyf oDcsif;aumif;awG tajr‡muftrsm; a&;pyfEdkifygap? udk!dk (RFA - 25/4/09)

“wyf j yef z G J @ pnf ; zd k @ 6 vbJ t csd e f a y;w,f q d k w mu atmufwdkbm txdayghAsm? typf&yfoufwrf;umv ukefqHk;+yD qdak wmh olw@kd oabmtwdik ;f rvdu k af vsm&if jyefcsawmhr,fqw kd hJ oabmvm;” [kq. kd ? uE Wm&0wDwdkif;rf KT owif;xkwfjycsuft& u&ifeD jynfYvnf; uvvo KNPLF typf&yftzGJ@rS ppftpdk;&xH vlolvufeuf tiftm;pm&if;ay;ydk@xm;+yD;jzpfaoma=umif;/ *|efvrSpI ppftpdk;&xkwfay;onfh vpmrsm;&±Sdrnf jzpfa=umif; azmfjyxm;ygonf? ,cifESpfuvnf;2008 =o*wfpf aemufqHk;xm;+yD; +idrf; tzGJ@rsm;vufeufcs&ef umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfatmufae&ef ppf tpkd;& 'uf('f)vdkif;ay;cJhzl;aomfvnf; ,ae@txd etz t}uH tpnf txrajrmufcahJ =umif;/ tckvnf; TyHpk t H wdik ;f qufomG ; EdkifzG,f±Sda=umif; EdkifiHa&;avhvmol tcsKd@uoHk;oyf=uygonf?Ô


INDEPENDENCE

EGm;uGJ&ifusm;qGJvdrfhr,f u&iftrsKd;om;tpnf;t±kH; KNU u u&ifAk'<bmom eJ@c&pf,mefwyf ESpjf crf;uGo J mG ;wJah emufyikd ;f uae@txdtcsi;f csi;f wdkufyGJqufwdkufqifEGJaewm[m ppftpdk;&tm%moufqkd;±Snf a&;twGuf vkyaf y;aeovkjd zpfa=umif; ppftpd;k &udq k ef@usiw f u kd f cdkufaewJh tzGJ@tpnf;awGuqdkygw,f? {+yD 6 &uf reufydkif;u Armppftpdk;&ppfa=umif;u typf&yf DKBA u&ifAk'<bmom tzG@J udOk ;D aqmif+yD; KNU&J@ a0gavcD;wyfpcef;ukd xd;k ppfqifwu kd f cdkufpD;eif;odrf;ydkufcJhygw,f? wbufwvrf;uvnf; rwfcsf aESmif;ydik ;f u ppftpk;d &0ef}uD;csKyf 'kAv dk cf sKyf}uD; ode;f pdeef @J Edik if jH cm; a&;0ef}uD; OD;^m%f0if;wd@k ukd xdik ;f Edik if jH cm;a&;0ef}uD;u oGm;a&muf awG@qHkwkef; etz eJ@ KNU =um; aphpyfjzefajzay;zkd@ ppftpkd;& zufu wdu k w f eG ;f xm;wJt h wGuf {+yD 7 &ufae@rSm KNU ud, k pf m; vS,feJ@ xdkif;EdkifiHjcm;a&;0ef}uD;wkd@awG@qHk aqG;aEG;cJh=uygw,f? bmha=umifhu&iftcsif;csif; wdkufcdkufaeygovJ? ±Srf;jynf trsKd;om;awG=um;rSma&m u&ifvdkjzpf&yfrsKd;±SdcJhzl;ygovm;? EGm; uGJ&if usm;qGJwJh qdk±kd;twdkif; wdkif;&if;om;awGjzpfae+yDvm;? o#r;f oHawmfqifu h SSA acgi;f aqmifAv kd rf ;– }uD; ,Gupf pfuakd r;jref; xm;ygw,f?

u&iftcsif;csif;wdkufcdkufaewmudk EdkifiHa&;avhvmapmifh=unfh ae=uwJhyk*~dKvfawmfawmfrsm;rsm;u ppftpdk;& oyfv#Kdr_ aoG;cGJr_ vdk@ ajym=uw,f? tJ'Dtay: b,fvdkajymvdkygovJcifAsm;? “[kwfygw,f? tck u&iftcsif;csif; wdkufcdkufaewm ppf tpdk;&a=umifhbJ? Ak'<u&if DKBA u etztm%moufqdk;±Snf a&;twGuv f ufuikd 'f w k ±f yk af o;jzpfaewmudu k saemfpw d rf aumif; jzpfrw d ,f?usaemfw@kd ud, k af wG@bJ 2002 / 2005 wke;f u UWSA udkpnf;±kH;+yD; etzu usaemfwdk@XmecsKyfudkcsDwufwdkufcdkuf cJhzl;w,f? ig;=uif;qDeJ@ ig;=uif;a=umfwmbJ? 'gudkusaemfwdk@ wdkif;&if;om;awGu oifcef;pmr,lbJ tcsif;csif;cdkuf&efjzpfyGm; uGJ+yJaer,fqdk&if EGm;uGJ&ifusm;qGJr,f qdk±kd;twdkif;bJ? etz pdwfóudufayghAsm?” Adv k rf LS ;}uD;,Gupf pf

KNU wd@k vdk xdi k ;f tpd;k &eJ@awG@qHzk @kd wbufbufu urf;vSr;f xm;

wmrsKd;aum ±Sdygovm;cifAsm;? “xdkif;tpdk;&eJ@ jzpfjzpf etzppftpdk;&eJ@bJjzpfjzpf b,f tcsdefrqdkawG@qHkzdk@ usaemfwdk@t+rJwHcg;zGiófh udqdkw,f? w&m;0if urf;vSrf;r_rsKd;awmhr±Sdao;bl;?” xdkif;buf EdkifiHa&;oHk;oyfolawGawmh etzppftpdk;&u KNU udkwdkufcdkufodrf;oGif;+yD;&if SSA eJ@ KNPP bufjr‡m;OD;vSnv hf m r,fv@kd ajymqdak e=uw,f? 'gukd b,fvjkd yifqifxm;ygovJcifAsm;? “jzpfEdkifygw,f? usaemfwdk@bufawmh apmapmuajym wJt h wdik ;f bJ awG@qHzk @kd 24 em&Dvufurf;óudaeovdk wu,f wrf; etzbufu aqG;aEG;r_rvkyfvdkbJ wdkufcdkufzdk@csDwuf vmr,fqdk &ifvJ usaemfw@kd bufu tqifo h ifyh gb”J ?

Photo : AFP

u&iftrsKd;om;tpnf;t±kH;KNU eJ@ etzawG@qHkEdkifatmif xdkif; =um;0ifay;r_tay: b,fvdkoHk;oyfygovJcifAsm;? “rae@u KNUeJ@ xdkif;EdkifiHjcm;a&;0ef}uD; rpPwm uqpf zd±rG ;f wd@k awG@qHw k ,fqw kd m taygi;f vuQ%maqmifygw,f? etz eJ@KNU t=um;ppfrSefwJhawG@qHkaqG;aEG;r_ jzpfvmcJh&if ydkawmif aumif;ygw,f? 'gayrJhusaemfhtjrifuawmh atmifjrifzdk@tvm; tvmrawG @ &bl ; ? etzuvrf ; a[mif ; twd k i f ; bJ av#muf aeawmh KNUtwGufvJ bmrStusKd;±SdrSm r[kwfbl;”

etzppftpdk;&u wbufuvJawG@qHkaqG;aEG;zdk@ xdkif;tpdk;& ud=k um;0ifay;ckid ;f w,f? aemufwbufrmS KNU udk xd;k ppfqifae w,f/ 'DudpPb,fvdkajymvdkygovJ? “trSew f u,fawG@qHzk @kd etz qEN±rdS ,fq&kd if xd;k ppfqif aewm&yfwef@xm;&r,f? ppftpdk;&[m KNU tay:ppfqifa&; ESpfrsKd;w®yifeufvkyfaew,f? yxru pdwf"gwfppfqifa&;/'kwd, tcsufuawmh ppftiftm;oHk;xdk;ppfqifwmbJ? u&iftrsKd;om; xkwckvHk;udk usaemfwdkufwGef;csifygw,f? tck DKBA [m pmrsuEf mS 38 ok‹d Shan Herald Agency for News

37


ucsif ESifh yifvHk t&if;ppfawmh tjrpfajrqdkovdk wu,fwrf;qef;ppf =unfv h #if ,ae@(twkta,mif)jynfaxmifpw k iG f ucsijf ynfe,f tjzpfpwifay:aygufvmonfrSm 1948 *sEM0g&Dv 4 &ufae@u jzpf.? 4§1§1948 vGwfvyfa&;ae@rSmvnf; 1947 azaz:0g&D 12 &ufae@rSjrpfzsm;cHcjhJ cif;jzpf.? 1947 yifvn kH v D mcHonfe,fcs@J t*Fvyd v f ufatmufrv S w G af jrmufap&ef a&cHajrcHr;D ±_;wefaqmif jzpfaoma=umifh yifvHkpmcsKyfcsKyfqdkvufrSwfa&;xdk;aom 12§2§ 1947 ae@r±Syd gu(zg;wydik ;f ig;wydik ;f zuf'&,fjynfaxmifp)k 1947 zG@J pnf;yHt k ajccHOya'vnf;ay:aygupf &mta=umif;r±S?d vGwv f yf a&;ae@vnf; *sEM0g&D 4 &ufYjzpfbG,f&m ta=umif;rjrifay? odk@jzpfI ucsifjynf.arG;ae@udkwenf;tm;jzifh 4§1§ 1948 [kqdkEdkif.? wqufwnf;rSmyif ucsifjynfpwifoE<wnf/ 1947 tajccHOya'wGif t&ifhtrmudk,f0efaqmif/ vGwfvyfa&; ae@ wGifarG;zGm;cJh=uonfh yxrqHk; 4 rGmyl; jynfaxmifrsm;um; o#rf;jynf/ ucsifjynf/ csif;jynf ESifh Armjynfwdk@jzpf=uonf? tjcm;jynfaxmif jynfe,fom;rsm;enf;wl/ ucsifjynf onfvnf; yifvo kH abmwl nDcsuu f kd qkyu f ikd t f av;xm;/ yifvkH pdwf"gwfrsm;udkaz:xkwf/ yifvHkvkyfxHk;vkyfenf;a=umcdkif;olwdk@udk qef@usif/ yifvHkvrf;pOfaygufajrmufap&ef }uHpnftm;xkwfzdk@ txl;wm0ef±Sdyga=umif;? RCSS/SSA OuUX

Adkvfr–;}uD;,Gufppf. tawG;tjrif udkudk;um;onf? o#rf;jynfrsKd;cspfwpfOD;(2/3/2009)

pmrsuEf mS 37 rS ppftpdk;&&J@ vufudkif'kwfb0a&mufaew,f? u&iftcsif;csif; wdkufcdkufowfjzwfaewmudk usaemfpdwfraumif;bl;? udk,fusKd; twGuf a±S@wef;wifwhJ acgi;f aqmiftenf;pka=umifh trsK;d om;xk xdcdkufysufpD;wmraumif;bl;” wdkif;&if;om; vufeufudkifwyfzGJ@rsm;tay:xm;wJh Arm ppftpd;k &ay:vpDu ±k;d om;r_r±Sad =umif;/ jynfov l x l Ek iS hf wdik ;f jynf tay:wu,f±kd;om;ygu jynfaxmifpkjzpfwnf&m yifvHkudkjyef oGm;&rSmjzpfa=umif;/ xdk@twlwjcm;wdkif;jynfjzpfap/ EdkifiHwum tzJG@tpnf;jzpfwJhukvjzpfap rdrdwdkif;jynf&J@aemufcHordkif;eJ@ t&if;tjrpf jy\emudk oabmaygufem;vnfvufcHrSom ajz±Sif;EdkifrSmjzpfa=umif; Adkvfrª;}uD;,Gufppfu qdkygw,f? o#rf;oHawmfqifh 16/4/2009

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