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INDEPENDENCE

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z5h-6boyhxK'yd6,y9kjg9dGxyrx6boyr]wKr]6dyTz6boyt Shan Herald Agency for News

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Vol. 25, No. 244, 2008

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INDEPENDENCE

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Photo : Wichit

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Shan Herald Agency for News

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Vol. 25, No. 244, 2008

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Photo : SHAN

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Vol. 25, No. 244, 2008

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xy.T]5vKoyjmC'yh9:oyh Z#X oy.rd:oyrg-kxK9yhokhgld,yr 10 Vol. 25, No. 244, 2008


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INDEPENDENCE nl;rAOf;rdef;? nl;vMUcdefbcOf yAefzljxwf; omif cOfj=rfjyM;q.rf;eefhauMj v.ufbidkwfj (w.ujf omwfjvBm;ulwihf u. ;f ) tvj nOfye A cf yF ;f urfhxFrfugMbwif;erf/=if;w.wfjcFyf;umifqfgrBm 18 wDjOmefjzBmb nef nl;,AefbrAOf; yAef =OfeMjukrf;=if;eefhauMj qOfjeMjwDjcOf ukOd e f MjudOk w f MawMbule;f OmefjqdOl ;f ulO, f mefj nrfb=Uoifeefhtvj vBjcFyf;urfhxFrfugMb eifbuOfb/

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umifqfgy.wf;rldif;ukwfj rldif;rdwfj vMjoAOfj vBm;cMj uAi;f wkiq f Odl ;f eB[h mifjqMUylev hf Odl yf e dl jf / wlO, f mifbref; ef;g rlid ;f ukwjf - cFy;f umifqw gf Mb 3 y.ufh nOfc.efjuefeyfhnmefb rD;cFyf;omef cwf; 900 yBm/ cFyf;urfhxFrforfh 800 yBm/ zlju.ef;=if;w.wfjcFyf;orfh nOfcFyf;yOfbc.if ulef;nrfbrM;qldOf;eefh cdwfbcefbyAefrBmurfh xFryf w F jf oAijf oAijf / vlOd e f efch yF ;f vk (cdwfb cefbzdw;f ymufjyFwjf )qlOd ;f eefah uMj nOf[w A ;f yAefcFyf;urfhxFrfckdef;oAifj/ u.yfjeef ayh nefOMjeefh wAuf;rmyfbzmrf;vFefulpf;/ ,lbwDjyMbwDbyBm;rlid ;f qkr;f ekid jf auMjvD? ,lbwDj ulef;rldif;auMUekdifj_okefbwlOfauMU vAOfauMj ,Ofh wkdef;nrfb,.rf;[yfhvBj}- OMjeB/ qkr;f =OfoOdl _f iOfjike;f WD@r.u@f ca'@ f e k ;f oD@qlOd chf Odl ;f wB; (SNLD) eBh qOfjckex nl; yAef=OfyOfj (auMUvBjxkufbokduf;rmefj wdcifc.ufj 93 yD) ? qBm;ekwf; (nefpM; c.ufjOBh 85 yD) yAefzljerf;efg;? ayhymifvldufj wifjvBjxd 2 rldOfjymifvldufjwifj 1990/ 1993-1996 ,mrfjcOfjymifukrfvlifqldOfh qmwfj cAefbwFrfjyldifiOfjykdif;rldif; q.rf;okduf; rmefjaowMU ,.e=hf UOMjnrfbrD;z.e;f vDoif wMbqldOfhqmwfjtvj x.efwlOfn.ufb/ =OfyD 2005 n.ecf w . bf z.wjf c.i@f oD@ulOd ;f ukrq f idk jf wB;tvj zljerf;wB; 9 auMU vBjxkufbokduf; rmefjwd,w A jf c.ujf ? yM;qOfjolOd x f e F jf zljerf; SSA y.w;f +ifb/ ef;g eefc h ;l rse d w hf mef; nMb,k 56 oAifjrkefefg;c.ufj wmefbw.B; aq@rldif; 'cFifb rldOfj 02_05_2006/ yldifiOfjykdif;rldif;,kuf;,mifb c.ifqkrf; f il f okud ;f rmefjeBh okud ;f rmefjtwb[Aw;f ymifurk v qldOfhqmwfj (NC) 1993 ao ,dkwfjcmOf; ,mrf;cAefbwFrfjrM; 14 yD/ vldefZFyf@VdOf@ 'D@ 9 Oef; ykdefzmOfbaw[Awf;ymif,ifb umifqfgefg;vldefar@eBh/ orfhykdefzmOfbyM;OMj aw[Awf;ymifvldufjwifjefg;yD 2010 OM;eB tvj zljawMboljylOd jf wMb WD@r.u@f ca'@oD@ cOfqOfj ayM;vmrf;vmwfjuefOMj uMjnrfbayh nrfbql; okduf;rmefjwkdef;aw[Awf;{jayheB ,lbqArv f /gf u.yjf eBoudk ;f rmefjayhuMg b,mrf;vAOf auMj w.efjwMbcOfqOfjtwh nrfbvmufbvBm;? [yfhauMjwkdef;nrfb,.rf;[yfhvBj-OMjeB/ q

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14 Vol. 25, No. 244, 2008


INDEPENDENCE

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;wKrooyt 0K9yh06b'yh]6,yhakT (UN) gdkh l5'yj95;y9Coyr0oytl6'yd.kj,5b'yr,Koyh s^xv ty x6 jy 9bd6 ry l5ory 06,ry l6db ry ,Koyh/ p:ory s^xty xkrv:'jy lKoyrl6d\ju ? dK'y]o b5 a y xC Hy [b;Hy ;iuH Z@+2#2Q_X 06,yrl6bdyr,Koyh0'yjx6boyzK;yj ;kh x5'b 'y ;yhx6'b ry ,5'b ry ,yj. -;y-o G jy 9C,hy ooyt m6'b y 9uhp;y9 t ;5 hy ? x6o b z y K;yj Z+2#2Q_X ;khg9 09yrsCory xK'yp'yj0yd. o 5 ry ,5'b ry ;oyrmb @Q2 *2Q_ g9sG9yrxK'y]5bdyh9'yhxu #Q@Q ow v:oy9K'yrokhooytc]h sG9yrsy>hd5hawKjawKj x69 b jy s^,o b6 ry 9k xGo9 y ;5 xy o G 9 y o b jy 95'l ty Koyh ,krmC'yhd,yro6b'yh? gxkr,kr;wtodyr xdyr9ko5b;y ';yr]wKr ,5'b ry ,KoyhpK,yr]G;gy l ]Gxhy sGory m9yrlK'y dxyrdwKjxK'yp'yjdK'y0y. voy-;y9Gdyr-boysy>h d5ory ,5'b ry d,ym t ,C p y ,: ry sxyo t oySt 9dyr]wh;5oty d6b9ytsk'5boyhg-khmK,y % x5b'?y dS d:xyhl'yc]h06,yrl6bdyr,Koyh 09yrsCory xK'yp'yjdK'y0.yreferendum -S 06,yrl6bdyr,KoyhzCoydKoysK'yhsCoyr;wT 05;b sty ;b6 y 'S voy0K'yhxGoy,kr ;wKrxK'yp'yjdK'y0y. 0S ]:'yh96,ytp:oyho5b;yd5oyr,5b'yr d5h0K;yr-5;b ry

96boyrv,yj0y.;kh 06,yrl6bdyr,Koyhp5b'yr vKoyr9kj]Cdyh]wKhxGoyfuH,:dyH-giHluH c9t/ g9p:,ry xwj: ;K'yrv,yroK9yhvkjokjxoy ]5'yx:'y06b'yhd5oyr,5b'yrc9t? ,oyr-6b'yx:'y9:oyh 9kjp69 b hy vkjokj-K;yrpK;yr-wKT]:dry m:djy ]wKr v;y];yhd;yjlyj. oyr. 9;yh,yj. Z]6dTy 9uh-6osy Kw T v,yj-;yhx5b'y,wK,uh sy>hgxkrpGoyrxGoy-6oyswKT m6dyj,Coyh-;yhx5b'y,wK,uh/ xGoyzu]5rv,yj,urokh dKdyj sG9yrzu]5rl6xyrokhdKdyj-6oyzuX ooyt d5Pry ? ,oyroxytl:oyj;khS,Kdyjd:'yh @ ]6dyh p6b;yrv;yo5dyt * 95;y? -b6oyh95oyh,Kdyj,5'yh v;yxkr,Kdyj]K'yr/ ,Kdyj,oyt/ ,Kdyjg-k/ ,Kdyj zkh-5;b ry ? Z@X '5'b cty ;hsC'ry ,bxjy vuroyr. ,5'b ry o:dhy ,5'b ry voy]wKawKj96bdyrl5oyr96dyrp:oyrsy>hp:oyj pKoyrp:,ry sxyv t x6 jy v5;ry awKjlKoy-9yrc]h ]:'yhdKoy,Kdyh,ur95dyr9C,yjdxytdboyr (avoid dialogue & economic crisis) ? Z#X o'yjs6;b gy 9v,yjxGo] y ': hy ]6dsty o b6 jy lKoy-9yr ,5o b ,y ;b5 hy sK'y]o b5 l y xC Hy mC,Hy [5;b Hy #QQ) voyl'y- 0;yh,6oy oxyts^;ylCoy v:oys^;yd5oyr,5b'yr95'yt96boyj? l,ty0:,yr]wKr d;yj ,5boy,5b;yh]6dyhsGoyrd5oyr,5b'yrp6'yhpK'yh lKoy-9yr @+__ gl ]whsG9ry xK'y]db5 hy 9'yh @++Q ? Z$X '5b'ytc;hsC'yro:dyh,5b'yrx:'tycord,y dboyr Z,5boy EU, US, UNX ]:'hy v,yjp:,ry ]Cdhy ]wKh? x5'b -y db6 ,ty oyr c-j 9'yr vkHlC\oyH (ASEAN) )S_ ,5b'yrgdkh x:'ytg,krl5oyrvur syh> 0G;ry coo,tcy o95;y 0:,ry o'yjzCo9 y K'yr

Shan Herald Agency for News

15


L dKoy,5b'yr (Roadmap) ,oyr ) -dyT? gxkr;kh 06,yrl6bdyr,Koyhx6boyzK;yj g9sG9yrxK'yp'yj dK'y0y. (referendum) xK'y]5bdyh9'yh (election) #Q@Q gdkh lG'y06xyjxKdyj-9yrxKdyj x5o b hy pGody k. j? c-j/ vboHy fuHp5;b Hy (India), vkHlC\oyH (ASEAN), mwr 05;b ry owp t 'yrxwK ;kh soy]ud,ytmC,y? Z%X 06,yrl6bdyr,Koyhp6,yjp,y,oyh0y. 95;dy ;yj;khS,oyrp5jawKjgxtxo 6 hy / ,oyrsG9ry ]whd6,ry ]wh/ ]Gohy ]wh? 9:ohy 9kj ]Cdhy xGojy -CxyrdK'y0y.lKoy-9yrpGoyrxGoy-CxyrdK'y0y. d,ym t ,C 2y dKoyst h>y xGogy xtooy9 t o b6 ry syh> xGody Koy? Z*X sG9yr0:,yr ]:dyr]wKrgxj9K'yj dkj]krc,rdG;jy c,rdb'ry / voy,oyrpK,yh-K,yh x5oytv;ygxt xGoydKoy]wh]:'yh,kr ]wKx:dyh ]wKd,yr? d,yho,y,oyrdwT99yr,dyr]Cdyh]wKh -6'b xy ': dy Koypj.y dKoy]'5 o y r.y ]5o b gy ,H (May)? ,5;b hy ]5db hy 9'yh @++Q gdkh ]5o b gy ,H #)? ,5b;yh;K'yrzCoyzG;yh]K'yt z:'yr NLD ]5'yr l5oyr96,y voyvKoyrc,rzu v:'yjlKoyrl6 d\uj ooytgdkh #QQ$ ]5boyg,H $Q ;oyr? ,5b;yh-6boyrc9jxK'yd6,y05b;yt0K9yh (NC) mC'hy d,yr]6boyrgdkh #QQ% ]5boyg,H? x5b'yo6b'yh 95Pry ;oyr]5o b gy l '5'b cty ;h;oyrpyj. ]5'v y oy ]6dyhsGoyrd5oyr,5b'yr0K'yh-:oyh96,y]6dyTs6boyj lKoy-9yr? ,5boyo'yjoy.r ( ]5boy (June) xGoy;oyr d5b9yjv:'yjlKoyrl6d\uj @+2(2@+%*/ oy.r ) G ;y oyr]6dhy sGory 0oy0 t ,: y ]5o b y (July) l,txy o 96o b jy lKoyhlKoy-9yr,5;b hy )2)2@+(# m6'b y 9uhgoj;boyr 0bl'yjxw:j,Kdyjs<'yh]6,yr06,yr ]6dyhsGoyrd5oyjx'yrxC9yh? oy.r _ ]5boy (August) l,tx y o G ;y oyr _ luj95;v y oyldb6 ry ,Koyh p6b;yr9wK]6dyhsGoyr 0;yh,6oy d5oyr,5b'yr oxyt s^;sy 'G ,y ;b5 hy _2_2@+__? oyr. + ]5o b y(September) l,ytxGoy;oyr06,yrl6bdyr,Koyhglkr,:'yj S9Koyrl5Pyj p6b9yrvkjokj x:dyhd,yr $ ,5b;yh @_2+2@+__ ?

Z-X 06,ry l6db ry ,Koyh sK'yhsCory zCody Koy;Tw 05;b Ty s6;b My x5b'y';yhx6b'yr,5b'yr -:'y06,yrl6bdyr,Koyh 16 Vol. 25, No. 244, 2008

voy99 b6 m ty '5 jy -K;yrpK,yr-Gojy 9C,hy oyr. xK'yd,6 y ]5'y05b;yt0K9yh (NC) s6b'y,kr @% xuooyt sKoytg9kjm6b'yokh-K;yrl:oyro,yt d5oyr,5b'yr d,yho,yp'yrxwjsoy/ xwj]wh]5vKoyj]Gxhy sGory l'y? ;oyrmb +2%2Q_ m6'b 9 y hu ,oyrvb9jy v:dyj Z9kjd5oyr,5b'yr %Q ]KoytxwKX gdkh g9kTc9tx6boyczh @ ,6boyjxxytd5Pyr/ l,yt-wK @ xxyt]y. @jQQQ x\kr/ v,yjd.kj]wh,urd5h9uh c]h d5ory ,5'b ry sk0;ydt o b -y ,yhd,yho,y zyv . ,yj l5o0 y 9 .y kjl6;b ] ty ?5 z5;b jy l6;b xty xtxy 'b5 xy 'b6 ry ooyt l,yt gxkrd6,yjdboy9kj @ ;oyrp;yt? xGoy]wKr zCoydKoy9kjsy>h v,yj0K'yh]GxyhsGoyrm9yr lK'y]wh? p:oytd5;yd5oyr,5b'yrlKoy-9yro,y v,yj,5o b ,y 'b5 ry mwr vb9jy x6o b xy 'b5 xy 'b6 ry ,yj. -;y oxyt s^;y]Koytxxty0Cdyjxoy]wK ,5b;yhxudwK #QQ) ? l6db ry ,Koyhx6o b z y K;yjg9sG9ry xK'yp'yjdK'y0.y (referendum) ooyt xoy-K;yrpK,yrx:9ry x:9ry gl 0'yj,krx6boyv:dyjxxytx5b'yx6b'yrd,yr]6boyr? v,yj,5boy,5b'yrx5boyhSx6boyxxyt,wK,uhx5b'yx6b'yr sy>h,ur -K;yrpK,yr]5vKoyj]GxyhsGoyrp;yt 0'yjx6boy zK;yjsG9yrxK'yp'yjdK'y0y. (referendum) ? o:dyhglooyt 06,yrl6bdyr,Koyhl,yt x6boyzK;yj96bdyrl5oyr sy>hd,ytmC,yx5b'yx6b'yr,oyr? 96dyr9kawKjlKoy-9yr,5boy NLD vbdyj]wK ,5j]wK06,yrl,yt ,oyrv,yj,C'yjx5boyhxoy9K'yr s^T/ v,yjsy>hl5oyr96,y/ v,yjxoym9yrlK'y? ,5b'yrmwr Zxu #QQ)X c9t 95bdyh9uhxGoy06,yr l6bdyrp6b9yrvkjokj;wtgdkh p'yrxoyd5oyr,5b'yr ]6dyts6boyj96boyjlKoyhlKoy-9yr/ xoyv:dyj muH;uH (TV), z6o b -y K;yj/ v6xjy mG'dy oym9yr lK'y? 06,yrl6bdyr,Koyhl,yt xdyr9k95Pyrgl xwKcsTsK,yhgxkTm6x0 ty ;b5 ry m9yrlK'y/ 9bPx: ry d5oyroxyts^;yxKdyj 05b;yrl5oyr96,y 9kjlKoy -9yrx5b'xy 'b6 ry ,oyr? o'yjowgdkhS06,yrl6bdyr,Koyhl,yt96bdyt ]K9yh;kh g9pK'yh05r2g9x5dry x:'f y Hu ,:dHy -giHluH? m6b'y9uh-kjsKxyjdKoy-6oy2z5h,ur 0oyt oyr. 9xyl t db6 ry ,oyrd,yhz:'hy 05;b ry vKoyr d,ytmC,yx5b'yx6b'yr,oyrgdkh gxkr-K'yrx:'yt]:'yh vb,jy ,5;b jy ;ws;^ ,y kr? awKjo6b'yh9K'yro6b'yh 06,yrl6bdyr,Koyh -6b'y]wKrz5b,ytmC,ylGoyh,wK05b;yrvoy;khd,ytmC,y x5b'yx6b'yr,oyro,y9bdyr9bdyr? 05b;yrg99:9yh

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INDEPENDENCE xC9yh-Cxyrd,ytmC,yp:,yrsxyt x5b'yx6b'yr,y.j-;y?

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INDEPENDENCE

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INDEPENDENCE

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96bdyrv,yjd5;y9wK 0'yj0K'yh]:9yh/ 96bdyrp6b;yhp6b9yr;'yj;5b;yh g0kTc0T g,kc,gdkh0K'yh9wKSsGdyh;kh zC o y j ]b o y ,io? 0'yj;khS oy.rzCoyj]boyz5'ytxb;y pkj96bdyr? oy.r zCojy ]bo9 y o b ,y ;y pkjd69 b ry ? oyr. zCojy ]boy sb,0 y 'b ry pkj96;b ?y oy.rzCoyj]boyx6b9yj pkj-Coy9K'yr;wt? oyr. zCojy ]bo9 y K'yrcz skv5Pry ]ugdkjlK'yh ,b9ytlskp? oy.rzCoyj]boyodyr0y. dGxyrs<,y -;yho,yt-5b'yh0y.T Zd,yhz:'yhsoy;kh v;y0y. d5oyr,5b'yr sy>h-;yd,yt0w:hs;yrX ? oyr. zCojy ]bo9 y d6 Ty pKdyh 9dyrsbxhy x5o?ty oy.rzCoyj]boym6dyj]:,yt 9dyr0y.TdKoy]:dyj zK'yr (strategem) oyr. zCojy ]bo,y io 9dyr

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L v,yjp:,ry xwKh? ,5;b hy -;ylh5 9wKooyt -yh. ]wh-yh. xGoy l'y 9kjv,yj]whv,yjxGoyv,yj,ur? d:xyh;kh -;y96bdyr]5Pyhl69yrvGoyl69yrsC'yr? pb'yh 95db hy 0:dTy pb'hy v,yjd5;?y pb'hy ]bd6 Ty -;yh pb'hy oG;o y o C hy ? pb'hy v,yj,ur9K'yr0wh: pb'hy -;yg9 96db ry ]6Pry lyj. ? ,5b;yhooyt v,yj9oyr]wh9dyT -;ygxkr g9aK'tl y 9b;Tw ? v,yj9oyr0bl'yj -;ygxkr g9sG9yro'yjdK'y0y.0;yh? v,yj96bdyrl5oyr gdkh s^,hy 0ys. ,^ hy 95;?y v,yj]K9yhgdkh g9,ur xdyrx5b'y? -;yg9v,yj]5'y v,yjd.'ygl g9 96bdyrg9kj9wK v,yjp:,yrxwKhou?

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22 Vol. 25, No. 244, 2008


INDEPENDENCE glx5oytv:dyjX? oy.rzCoyj]boy,io 9dyr ]K9yhco l6bdyrs;yr;kh 9dyrp:,yr9wK? ]wKr ]G;9 y kj]:9hy 9wK ,ur9uhv,yjd5;9 y Kw d5Pry p;t?y lzk;d5oyrl6bdyrooyt ,5b;yhm6dyj]:,yt g9-G'jy 9kT/ v,yj0wh: 95;dy ;yj]wh g996db ry o5djy 96db ry 9oy/ v,yjx5oz ty h5 -Go] y hw g9m:,jy d.K,yrl'yj9G,y9uh? v,yjs^TvGory vKoyr-6o,y 'b5 ry gdkh v,yj 0K'yhz6dyj-:9yjxGoy,b9ytlskp? v,yjs^Tokh ]boy m5o b jy ]ws: db6 ry skT-wKrd5,jy v,yj0K'yh-6o b hy l6bdyr? v,yj0y.Td5oyro,yr9K'yroy.rx6boyt9uh gdkh v,yj0K'yh]whz:oyr]u9uhokh]boy? gxkrv,yjs^T]dyrdKoy05b;yr9y.howt g-kh ]G;gy dkhv,yj0K'yhxGo9 y xyl t db6 ry v:'jy gxtldb6 ry ? gxkr96bdyr,5b'yrpy.j v,yj9Kxyhxw:j sy>hz5h -Go-y o : hy 96,sy 'C ry ,oyr]wh? 9dyrsG9ry syh> v5Pry ]u,sk,b9ytawKjz5h-Goy v,yj0K'yh,kr0w:h]wh? Z96db ry ,5'b ry pyj. gxkr0Cdjy sC'ry x5o b hy ]wh 0;yhgdkh g9,ursC'ry py.j]5b;,y oyr? gxkr0;yh,ursC'ry py.j ]5b;y,oyr z5h-Goygdkhg9d5;yp,y? gxkrz5h b l ty skp,oyrgdkh -Gody ;5 p y ,y0'b6 v y P 5 ry ]u,9

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Photo : SSA

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xGody K. ,yrlCory ]yM. dG;jy dxyr]:'hy z;kTd5ory c]h z;kT9wr/ d,yho,yxGoyoC;yr Pop, Pop Rock c]h Rock 05; b ry ow/t d:xhy x5;b hy -yh. syh> m:,jy ]wh'wKh'wKh/ -;yh]whd5ory d5hxKoy/ l,y-t h.y syh> -;yh]whoyr. ,5'b ry owc]h 0'yjxkr;wtd.K,yrsdyTd.K,yrxC'yrz:'yh?

vuhl'yxo G sy 'C ry vurl5ory syh> 9C,hy d.K,yrM ;wKrgl 0wKr,5r lG'yhd,yHl69yr,6oyd.kj ,5;b hy xu @++% p;y/t z5h9C,hy d.K,yr9wrd9y-t o C jy 24 Vol. 25, No. 244, 2008

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INDEPENDENCE

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