Page 1

k Independence rBm  vldefodyf;o.if yDwB;       

|8| vmefhqOfj yAefwB; nrfbyAefwB; |11| okduf;wB;ydkefzmOfb=rfjxB;zAOfj,Mj |12| okduf;rmefjvkdyfjynlOf;cBmhOmefj |18| ymifnkyfbnlOf; DIALOGUE |22| ppfAdkvfwpfrwfom;tajccHOya' |29| axmif'%fESpf±SnfuscHae&aom o#rf;jynfEdkifiHa&;acgif;aqmifrsm; |33| PAD .trsKd;om;jynfol‹nDvmcH |39| rGefwdk‹EdkifiHqHk;yg;&yHk

Oef;vDukduf;ykdef; zkdefhckdef;i.ufjOBmb xwf;oBmbqkrf;umefrldif; @Q yD INDP 228.pmd

1

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

20-.


=rfqlrf;[yfhw.efjyDrfgbwB; 2101

Photo : SHAN

Photo : SHAN

xu,y.j9wr;KoyhxG'yr]5'y ;G'yrsC'y Z06b'yhmwrX

Photo : Khujor

xu,y.j9wrg0H;G'yro,yt-,yr ,5b'yr9wrx:9yrs<'yj

xu,y.j9wr;Koyh96b'yr-,yrv:oyj v5b'yjg0HlC'y m6'yt,K;yr Z,5b'yrc-jX

Photo : SHAN

xu,y.j9wrg0H;G'yr,5jg0H ,5b'yr9wrx:9yrs<'yj

Photo : SHAN

oyr. 05;hy ;oyrmb @*S#*2@@2#QQ( x5o,ty krowt ,Cohy z:'ry -K;yrl5'jy l'yjxud;yj sxy9 t o : hy xu,j.y 9wr xuho:'9 ty rw 0G,o y r.y ,5'b ry o:dhy ,5'b ry v:ody oys9 G ry xwr: d6o b ry -6db p ty j.y c]h z5h9wj: s<dhy ]wh-Cxry sK'yh,kraKdyj?

xu,y.j9wr;9yt,y.j ,5b'yrd:dyj Z06b'yhmwrX

Photo : Leang Wan

xu,y.j9wr;9ytd5j9;yh dG'yr,wj Z06b'yhmwrX

xu,y.j9wr,5b'yrlb'yH-x5;yH Z0wKrmurlC'ys<'ytd.K,yrsxyt9:oyhxu,y.j9wrX

xu,y.j9wr ;G'yr]:oyHf:oyH Z,5b'yrvb'yrd]G9yhX Photo : Sai Aung Pee

Photo : Kham Jad

INDP 228.pmd

2

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM


INDEPENDENCE

pWc:] kCam];nL: 1

0;yhlC'l y db6 ry c]h 0;yhsKoy p:'sy P ^ hy

9:oyh9kjm9yrlK'y]K'y;ur 0ursoy voy0;b6 hy 0yh. ]:'hy 06,ry dKoy,'b5 ry 9wr Zoyr. ,5'b ry 2 o:dyh,5b'yrX -K;yr9K'yrs^;ylbxyrxuowt 9dyr]wh p6boyrz6boyt-6boyr x6boyr,6boytl6boyr? -K;yr9K'yr * xu @Q xuowt gxkrv;y d5oyro6,yjd5oyrd,yd,yho,y;khc9t -y.h;khs6b'y pK;yr-K;yrdwS-yh. ]6,b ry ;wr: ;wr: gl9kT x6ohy 9kj dKoyx59yrxw:j05b;yt0K9yhc]h x6oyh9kjd5oyr -K;ytd5oyrcdj vkjp6 *QS(Q -6boyho5b;yc9t v,yj9oyrs^T9oyrsoy/ ]Cxyh,5boy dCxyto6b'yh d,yrv:ojy d5Pry ? o'yjsK'yh96db xty o 5 dty k. j ,5;b hy ;kr ,5b;yhl6boyr/ -K;yrpK,yrv6boydboyvkjp6d5oyr/ l5oyrvur9kjsbxyhoC9yhx5dyr96boyj/ ]6dyts6boyj -9yr0y.okhdKoy/ oy.r05;yhxKoyowt 0:'yjg9 9oyr]whsoy ,5;b hy s<9hy p5'b ry ,wKl6'l y 9 6 ry s;yr skr/ ,ur,kr]:'yh-u,:'y? oy.r]6dyh]5boy o5;yH;C,yH[5b;yHowtgdkh ]:'hy -6db ] ty db6 dty db6 ry x6o b ry pyj. ]5'xy o 6 hy 9kj06'b hy 9wr ,ur]wK05b;yt]wKx5b'y? x5oyt,kr @* xu ,5b;yh +2@@2@++@ 06,yr l6bdyr,KoyhpkTd5oyjm6xyt]C;yxC9yh gsk]5'y dG'ry 96'y voyxo G -y ': xy P 5 hy -5;ry d69 b ry d6db ry x6o b ry ,5b'yr9wrx:9yrv:dyj? x5oyt,kr %) xu ,5b;yh @(2@@2@+*+ l6bdyr9wr]6dytz6boytS 05b;yrxGoy06,yrx5;yj,:'yj/ 0;yh96boyr-,yr/ x5;yjg9j;b'yj/ x5;yj;kT-;y c9j96db ry g9kr9xy,t Koyh-.Kdyh,5'b ry voy0;b6 hy lG'ypy.j]6b;yr]'y s<'yt;khxK'y96bdyr9K'ytpKoyr Sxkr0G,y9uhl5oyd5Pyh Zo:'y]C'y2]w:g,kjX o:'yzk ]w:xK'yIzkr ,5b'yrpw o,tyx:'yh xK'ys6'yr S,5b'yr9wrx:9yrs<'yj? x5oyt,kr @Q xu ,5b;yh @(2@@2@++( ,Coyh;oyr]G;ydoyowto'yjd;yj/ 06,yr9wro:dyh ,5b'yr x5oytxK'yj]wKj (overseas) s^,yhdoygdkj 9'yh s^,yh96,yfuH,5;yH-giHluH06b'yh9wr

Photo : SHAN

]5o b xy du db6 ry x6o b ry z6o b -ty o b6 ry ':dhy ;wKj m9yrlwKj06,ry dKoy,'b5 ry @Q xu Jz5;b jy d6,jy ;5oo ty dyr0y. 9kjsK'yhsCory csTgzr-Goy 9kTsyh> xGo9 y kjc,r]:dry v5ohy s;yrxGo] y d: ry -C'y s<,ry zC'] y Kw rx69m ty l:oo y ,yr ,5'b ry ;oyr95dry 9,yrzCoy ]wKrsG9ry voyotw l,y-t ;b6 ry p,y,ru ;wz t o : ry ]u]'5 ] y K'y x5o b hy sGory s^Tm9yrlK'y 96;b ry d,ypj5 p;y?t " (SDU) oy.r,5b'yrmwr ;wKrgl-6oylkjv:oyv;y

;K'yr-5b'yh-6xyt-;yjo:,yr05rl6bdyr,Koyh s6b'y @Q ]5boy? ;oyrmb @(2@@2#QQ( owt ;oyrd5b9yj SDU gdkj9'yh,kr-5xyrs<xyh9G,y @Q xup;yT c]h x6oyh9kjz5hsdyT0K9yh 06,yrdKoy,5b'yr dKoyl6bdyr9wr 05b;yrpK,yhs^TpK,yh'boyr]:'yh SDU ]u]hw ;5oty o b6 ry x6o b ry xGo,y kr ]:'hy SDU, ]:dry 9:ohy SDU, ';yr]wKr SDU, dKoy'Koyr SDU pK,yr]G;y 0G,y05b;yrowtz:'yh? d,yhz:'yh c9tg9;kh Js^,hy 96,f y Hu ,5;Hy -giHluH06'b hy 9wr (SDU) ooyt xGo0 y ,6 ry 05;b sty ;b6 /y ,urdkh]y/. -;ysG9yrl'y xkrzy.]wK]wK/ p5b'yrvKoyr9kj l'ySp'yrxwj9:oyts^TpK,yh'boyr"Sowp5j? ;wKrgl-6ol y kjv:ov y ;y 9xyl t db6 ry ,5'b ry 9wr (MTA) ;K'yr-5b'yh ,5b;yhs^;yxu @++( p;ty/ ;wKrgl06,ry 9wrd69 b ry l6db ry x:9ry s<'jy SSA-N Zvoy0;yhl5;b m y o C hy 0;yh0wKro:'ty 0;yh]w: ,K;yr 0;yhdwKjakT 0;yhxK'yjakT -;yvo : sy ;^ Xy 9'yr SSNA 06,ry 0;yhdKoyrp:9hy 0;yh0wKr puh -;yvo : sy ;^ sy ,< ry doys9 G ry 9C;ry s^,hy (Front) x5dyr9'yh,6dyt06,yr',yrpGoy06b'yh9wr (SSPC) ,5;b hy #$2@2@++( p;y/t ;wKrgl SSPC 9'yr MTA

xkj9ujs^;yl5b;y Z';yh'6oyr9uH,5;yH-giHluH 05b;yt-5b;yr9wr SNLDX s^,yhdoy-:9yjz:9yh gdkdxyr lKoy SSCC ,5b;yh #*2@2@++) voy]dC hy ]wKhmC'hy xGogy dks^,hy lK'yh06'b hy 9wr (SSJAC) ,5; b hy @*2)2@++_ p;y/t 05;b ry xGoy 9wro:dyh,5b'yrgdkh 0'yj,kr-;yhskv6xyjd6,ydoy gdkj9'yh SDU ,5b;yh @(2@@2@++(? 06,yr9wro:dyh,5b'yr 05b;yrs^,yhdoygdkj 9'yh SDU x5oyt,kr @Q xuooyt ,ur,5boyo'yj ,6d0 ty ,6 ry ]5'0 y 'b6 hy 9wr (SSO) voy0;yhlC'y l6bdyr Z-6oyd\kjo6X v:oys^;y/ 06,yr-5b;yr9wr z:,yts^,yh Z,5b'yrd:dyjX xuh0wKrm6oyr dG'yr96'y v:osy ;^ /y 06,ry 9wrx5oxty K'yj]wKj,5'b ry x:9ry 95dry 0;yh0K'yT p:'sy P ^ hy 0wKr;oyrly. -;yvo : sy ;^ /y 06,yr NGO 9wr 05b;yrxdyr]6,yroy.r,5b'yrmwr d,yhz:'yh S05b;yrowtp;yt? z:'ry ooyt s^;xy ;yh]5'y SDU xGoy 0;yh l5;b sy ,^ jy ,5'b ry x:oy Z]6dhy 0wKr0;yh0K,yjm6ory voy]whm6dyj06,yrd5oyrswKTp6b;yr0:,yr 0:,y l6bdyrv:'yjlKoyr-;y ,5b;yh @+2)2@+%) gl o:ory czr #Q2)2@+%)X p5j;w,t 'b5 ry v:9Hy l gImH]uHp5;b Hy X z5ho,yroyr. xGo0 y Kw r;oyrly. voyp5j,5b'yrd\b3;yH,ouH/ 0;yhlC'yl6bdyr l,yt

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

3

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

3


k xkroy.r06,yrx:'ydKoy';yh'6oyr (EC) c]hz5h -KoyxKdyj (spokesman) 0;yh0K'ytp:'ys^Pyh l,ytxGoyz5hd5b;yrd6,y ,5boy9'yrz5ho,yrokh? z5hx:'ydKoy';yh'6oyr EC ,ur @@ gdkT/ z5h -;yh';yh'6oyr #@ gdkT c]h 9uhd5b;yrd6,y 95b'yjxK'yj @) gdkT {xkr9'yr0;yhl5b;y-Koyj akT ZxuhvwKh]5'0 y ;yh0K'yt p:'sy P ^ hy X/ 0;yh -6oys^,yj}?

06b'yh9wr? 9uh-6bdyt]6bdyt,oyr SDU owt g9sxyt 96'yr]:'yh SNLD v:oys^;ygll5oyr96,y x6o b z y K;yjxoys'C ry SNLD 0wh: xGoxy KdyjxGol y 'G y SNLD 9uho:dyh,5b'yr? g9kjm6b'yxu @++_S++ ooyt SDU 95'yto6b'ydKoy,5b'yr,kr]wK05b;yt]wKx5b'y ,5boyo'yj 9b9ry g9kjoyr. ,5'b ry ]5'] ty 'C ry doy9'yr SSPC/ SSJAC ? -;yhv:dyjdxyrlKoy06,yr0K;yr-5b;yr

$S% xux5oyt,krowt ]wh;khdKoy'Koyr]:'yh95'yt b ry p5xhy p:,ry d.kj9'yro,y/ o6'b y SDU p6;b hy p69 zCoydKoyxwKr96bdyr (strategy) ,ur;wt-6bdyt-,yj gl9kT ]:'hy sK'yhsCory 95'o ty 'b6 0 y ,: ry -dy9 t o : hy ]wKr96bdyr (tactics) l,ytv,yj-6b;yrp,yc]h o,ydt 9y2t 9'yro,y (quality, quantity) dKoy 05b;yt0K9yh9wr v,yj],yr-6b9yr]wh06,yrl6bdyr ,Koyhgdkh;kh]wh?

}

m9yrlK'y,o 5 cty ,r9uhp5xhy p:,ry 95;dy ;yj v6dry p6dry v;yjp;yjsyh> -C,] ty xC hy oCohy okgld:ojy oxyl t o : jy 9kjcsTd'yhgzr-Goy 96o b ry xGo] y Kw rx69m ty l'yjl:oy y xb ry 96;b ry d5ory ,5'b ry 95dry gxkrv:op 9,yr;K'yrxwKr96db ry voy-;b6 ry p,ypj5 p;y?t

~

x5'b -y 9 : jy z:9hy SDU 0;yhl5;b sy ,^ jy 9C,hy xoy Zvoy,dyr,oyh *2#2@++_ X ooyt,ur ]dyrdKoy ( g-kh Zz:,sty ,^ hy / zG'jy xG'ry / l6ojy ]wh9Cxyr99yr95;yd;yj/ fuH,5;yH-giHluH/ ,wK,uhz:'yr',yr c]h d9yrpGoys^,yj]5,yh Unity, Equality, Right of Self-determination, Democracy, Rule of Law, PeaceX

lGoyh9K'yrokhdKoyl,ytS s^,yh,6b;yrd5h06,yr 0K;yr-5b;yr lKoy-9yrg9kjl5h 06,yr0;yh vkjokjl6db ry ,Koyh9:ohy 9kjx:'l y K'yhl6ojy ]wh 9Cxyr99yr95;yd;yjs'yrg-k s^,yh,6b;yr-:xyj;5'yr ]6,yhakT cdh]b9yhxoyskpkh,;yrd,y oy.r

0;yhl5;b sy ,^ jy 4

,5b'yr9wr x]:'yh xv5;yr ;kT ]krs^j 0G,y05b;yr owtSsG9yrdKoy-;yhskl5oyrs^Pyrs6,yr;:oyr (lobby) o:dhy ,5' b ry EU, US, UN 05;b ry ow,t kr? o,t9 y o : ry z:ory ]upj.y ]5'y voys9 G ry syh> d5hawKjd5h06,ry s^,0 y ,5 ry 0yp . j.y 0y-. o b6 hy 0:,ry ooyt SDU-9yr0ys . h>y 06'b hy 9wr]wh-;yhxGo] y d6 hy 06,ry UNPO xGoy,5b'yrmb *Q ,5b;yh;oyrmb @+2+2 @++) ? oy.r06b'yh9wrc9t d5oyr,5b'yrd,yho,yg9 s^T0dyr 06,yr9wrd6b9yrl6bdyrx:9yrs<'yj c]h SSA-S voy0;yhp:9yhl6bdyrv:oys^;y ooyt gl9kT o:dyh,5b'yrl,yt x5boyhpK,yhs^T0dyr SNLD/SDU ,krd,yho,y? d5ory ]5'z y h5 o,yr SDU *S( 0;yhl,yt ,urx6o b sty T^ o,ydt 9y-t 9 b6 ry 0oyxt Kw r,5'b ry ]6,hy akTd,yho,y? z5hv:osy ;^ o y r.y SNLD/SSA-N gdkh ]wh;khd,ytmC,y0y.py.j -;y0;yh? voyv:oys^;y-xyrsCoyrxK'yd6,y 9:oyh 9kj9C,hy ,wK,uhxdyrx5'b 0 y 'b6 hy 9wr ,5;b hy _S@@2+2 #QQQ gl -:9jy z:9hy -:,Hy ,lb\oHy -Gojy 9C,hy x5b'y';yhx6b'yr,5b'yr06b'yh9wr SSCDC ,krooyt gdkh xGoy SDU o'yjd;yj? d5Pyrdkhvb'yo5b;y dk]g9lx5dytd] xgpkrd ]Cdhy ]wKhxCdjy x5'b hy ,krgl -K;yr9K'yr

0wKr;oyrly. ZlwKT,6;b ry gdkTmbl': y lyj. ;Cohy 9kX pbxry p6d9 ty '6 ry 05;b 0 ty K9yh9wr okh]6,ry UNPO

#S$ xuxo 5 ,ty krowt oyr. 06'b hy 9wr 06,ry 9wr z5ho,yr9wrgdkh ,ur]:'yh ]Cdyh]wKhpy.j]5'y ]wKl,yj]wKx5b'y ,5boyo'yj 0;yhdKoyrp:9yh/ xuh0wKrm6oyr c]h 0;yh0K'yt p:'ys^Pyh -;y]6-w:hd.kjoy.r #QQ%? oy.r #QQ* l,yt ,Koyh9bPx: ry z5hv:oy s^;9 y rw #Q xwK9uh95ohy 9ur29khd6'hy ?06,ry 9wrd69 b ry l6db ry SSNA Z9xyt 06,yr @@ lCoy;u/ 9xyt06,yr @+ o,ytx:'yh/ 9xy0 t ,6 ry ( ,5'b ry pGoXy ;K'yr-5'b hy / z5ho,yrd;yj d,yhz:'hy c]hz5hsdy0 t K9yhd5ory m;yho:dhy ,5'b ry *S( gdkT s^,hy doy-9 : jy z:9hy ]5'xy ': 0 y 'b6 hy 9wr glx6o b z y K;yjd:ory g-k? 0;yh0wKrpuhv:osy ;^ y SSNA -;yhm5o b jy s^,hy s<,ry SSA-S 06,ry 0;yh p:9hy l6db ry ? oK'yr0K,y9': ry ]whs^xm ty x5 ry 0:,y 06'b hy USA ? ]6,yrI9krl6bdyr,Koyh oy.r-:dyh vboyr0G'yj 99yrlboyxoy9K,yj-:dyh -K;yr

Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

4

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM


INDEPENDENCE

x6ohy z:ory z5hv:osy ;^ v y oy;khowt 9dyr]whg,kv;y]d: ry v5ohy (weak point) ]Cdhy ]wKhsG9ry xGo] y d: ry -C'y (strong point) d:ojy 0'yjg90K'yhcdh]b9hy ,5octy ,r9K'yrp5xhy p:,ry ]whc]h g9]whm9yrlK'y]K'y;ru ';yr]wKr9K'yroyr. 9K'yro:dhy d5hawKj-69 b ry -69 b ry 0,y0,y"

Photo : SDU

pK;yr )QS_QS+QS@QQ xu o5b;yz5ho,yr 06b'yh9wr ,5boyo'yj-6oym6oyrv5r/ 0wKro69yr/ 0;yhl5;b m y o C hy -;ygll5'jy -wKT-'y-d: hy zK9yj czdoypKoydw ]wK9uh]wK;G'yr? voy;kh SDU sxytx6oyhz:oyr0w:hdKoy o:dhy ,5'b ry 9kj SNLD ooyt z5hv:osy ;^ p y K,yr ]G;y d69 b ry d,yhgvj? 0;yhl5;b sy ,^ jy p:ory m:oy 95;y9oyrsG'yrs^;yx;yh ]wh #S$ xup;yt 0;yh lC'yl6bdyr sxytsG9yrs^;yx;yhsdytlkdKoy/ 0wKr ;oyrly.gdkhv,yjgxkr95'yto6b'y]wh,5boyd5hx:dyh/ d:xhy ow SDU owt d69 b ry ;bPo b jy ,oyrd5Pry / l,yt

xkr;wtoy.r gdk9K'y95;y0K;yr-5b;yr9wr (SRC) voy @$ 06,ry v:osy ;^ gy dkj9'yh ,5;b hy ;oyrmb @_2Q(2#QQ*? m6b'y,kroy.rdK'yxu #QQ( owt ]6dyh06,yr d;yj SDU ]wK]wKgdkTv:oydoy;kh m6dyj]wh -6boyrx9yrx5]5c,r (reorganize) p6dTy p:'hy SDU -6boyrp5j? ,K'ygdkTl,yt;kh m6dyj]wh m9yrlK'ysG9yrs^;ys6xyhv:oy9K'yr? d:xhy ;kh9'yhc9j]wKr]6dz ty o b6 ty x59ry xwj: 06b'yh9wrd5b9yjxGoy #@2*2@+*_ ,krowt dKoy sG9yrs^;ys6xyhm9yrlK'y ]:'yhzb9yrm6dyj ]u0kT -K;yr9K'yr *j @Qj #Q xu -:'y06,yr ooyt06,yrowt;:9yh;wKr]6]C;yd.kj]y./ dKxyhooyt xKoyowtx5oytd.kj]y.Sp'yrxwj,urvoy0bco]wh 9uh]y. ,5;b hy ]y. vuhl'y xGol y 'y d:xhy l'yxkrzy. 05b;yts6b;y (5W1H) 05b;yrowtglx:dyh? gxkrm9yrlK'y]5Pyh d.K,yrl6b;yh96b;yt 0oyr zkj,wtv,yjc;h9k06b'y p:oyt06,yr9wr ]wK,5j]wK06,yro:dyh,5b'yr2oy.r,5b'yr dkhx5oyt,kr v,yj]5'yt]C'yrdoyc]h o'yjsK'yh05;yhxKoy z;kTd5ory ,5'b ry owt 95Pry ,5o b o y 'yjowKrv5;b o y Kw r Z;5;yr]wKr-;yhl5oym5;yj/ m5;yjv,yj,urgl zdyr/ o5dytp6'yrldyrd.kjlG'yh/ o5dytv'G yhgdkh p5j]wK/ xK'y9Kw rd6,jy 0KxyjlC'jy / vC'jy vCxry d6,jy sG9yrd.K,yr/ 0K,yr-Goyrs^;yowKrs;yr ]Kdyh]:'yh ]Kdyh-6boyhX ,krxKoyl6bxyjxKoy? d5h06,ry ]K9yh;kh p5'b ry vKoyr9kj]:dry x5b'yfuH,5;yH-giHluHgl9kT d,yho,yowt xwjp:,yrsxyt]wh ]:'yhmK'yjsK'yhxCdyjx5b'yhdoy/ xwjxwj: ;K'yrxoy]': hy xCdjy x5'b hy doy/ fuH,5;Hy -giH luHvoy;khowt xGo] y ': hy m6djy ,Cohy 0:,yrI9kr/

zG'jy xG'ry / ]:9hy ]C;ry / ',yrpGody P 5 ry v,yjdkr xkr9'yr]:'yhxCdyjx5b'yh]Kdyj]wKgl p5js^,yh d5,dy ;G dy oyoo w oyt d,yho,yp;5 xy jw s^Tx:'jy ? gxkrp5j9uh06,ry 9wj: s<dhy ;khc9t oyr. 95'jy ;5'yrdKoy05b;yt0K9yhs;yr ';yr]wKrpK,yr]G;yS SDU owt v,yj,urv,yjxGoyv,yjxkrv,yj]wh ow96boyrv,yj0K'yh;kh v,yjs9yr;kh v,yj]u ;kh? voy0K'yh;khc9to,yc]hgvj v,yj mKoyj,uhgdkh-uh-'yh SDU g9kTc9txGoy]wh sK'yo5awr/ pw:rdoyrs<dyj/ o,yt,oyrm:dyjg]kj ,6boyh (lubricating oil) 9kj]59ytdkr-6boyh]w: ]wh? s^T9dyrv,yj0y.hpK,yrl9yt]Kdyh/ ,Kdyh s<dyjxwK]C,y/ o,yt,oyrmC,y05b;ytawr (fuel) ? d:xyh;kh SDU xGoy;wt';yr]wKr v,yj9wKv,yj ]bxry Z-yh. ,5o b 9 y o 5 hy zdyrsb]'5 ;y Koyh-wKrlb,jy X c]h ]whv;y]d: ry 9:ohy (role) gdk9K'y9;5 y 0K;yr-5;b ry 9wr (SRC) voy9K'y9;5 0 y ,6 ry 9wr @$ 06,ry v:djy okhsG9ry dKoy syh> xGosy K'yhaK'y cosoy? d:xyh;khoy.rlwK9kz5hsdyt0K9yh 05b;yr9b9yr9K,y (follow up) ]:'hy 95'o ty 'b6 y dKoy,5b'yr (political movement) 06,yr9wr pK,yr]G;yowt soy;kh,ur9C;yrs^,yh (front) @$ 06,yrSSRC ooytd5Pyr? dKxyhxKoypK,yr]G;y dKoy,5b'yrx6oyh9kj 05b;yt0K9yh;Koyh,5b'yro6b'yh ]6dhy g9x59ry xwj: ]:9hy ]C;ry x5o] ty 9 : hy 0K9yh -khooyt 9dyr]wh ,ur $ -kdG'yr voylK,yawKj lK,yxkh96b9yt9wKr d,ytvurxoy? Z@X dKoyg9kjl5hoy.r,5b'yr Z#X dKoy-;yhskl5oyrs^Pyro:dyh,5b'yr Z$X dKoysC'yrvur]6,yhakTd,ytmC,y

J]:'hy m9yrlK'yh/ x6ohy xK'yhxwKrsoy9P 5 ry ]:dry ]u9xC ry 99yr/ ]:'hy m9yrlK'y/ ]K'y;ru ]5db hy lw/t zkj,wv t ,yjc;h9k/ -xyr-klxyrglr]:'hy p5xhy p:,ry 0:,ry ]wKr,5octy ,r]u" Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

5

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

5


k ,5'b ry vb9Hy ly9Hu g,kH (East Timor) ]whl;yrg-k,kr,5;b hy xu #QQ@ ooyt lokHokH d69ytl,;yH (Xanana Gusmao) voyxGoy 0:,0 y 'b6 hy pK,yr]G;y v:osy ;^ o y r.y ,5'b ry 95'9 ty o b6 jy g9kjl5h/ ¤5;Hy glHikH,:9Hy gskHm5;b Hy José Ramos Horta Z0:,yz:'yr]5'y pK,yr]G;yX sG9ry dKoyz': ry 9K'y -;yhsks^Pry 0oys,6 ry ;:ory o:dyh,5b'yr? d5h,5b'yr,5b'yr 9'yr UN gdkh -;yh 0b,dy ,ydt ,C 0 y h:w mC,cy dh]b9hy ? ;oyr,5b;yhowt p:oytx5b;yh SDU gdkh-;yh xkroy . r SRC Zvoy @$ 06 , y r s^ , y h doy x5dyr9'yh,krxuxwKX c]h l'y;kh SRC 0K'yh 95'yto6b'y-6b'ylK'yh dKoy-;yhskl5oyrs^Pyro:dyh ,5b'yr]wh06b'y SRC g9,urdkh-oyo,ytodyr ]5b;yglvoy SDU pK,yhsG9yr,krd5hx:dyh? 06,ry 9wrd69 b ry l6db ry x:9ry s<'jy (SSA-N), xkj9ujs^;l y ;b5 (y SNLD), 9xyl t db6 ry x:9ry 0Koyr (SSA-S) c]h,6dgty dk06,ry ,5jd5ory ,5' b ry (Civil Society) 9'yr]wKgdkh g9,ursC'yr0y. 9K'yr ,6'yh,:'yr]5b;yd;yj? 9'yhc9jsK'yxu #QQ( s^;xy u #QQ) owt d.kj dKoy,5b'yr06,yr9wrg9]5,yts6b;yg9]6dyt/ g9dKoyrs6b;yg9]Coyhooyt ,uroy.r,6b;yr SRC voy SDU -;yhxkr? 06,yr9wr @$ 06,yr pK,yr]G;yowt ,5boy9'yr9K'y95;y0K;yr-5b;yr9wr 9:oyh9kj l6bxyjl5oyr96,y0K;yr-5b;yr,5b'yr9wr z:,sty ,^ hy ? ,5o b 9 y 'yrv;yxo 6 hy z:ory dKoy-;yhsk l5oyrs^Pyro:dyh,5b'yr 9kjsy>h]6,yhakT-;yh0b,y d,ytdC,ydKoy05b;yt0K9yhs;yr? d:xyhow SRC owt ]wh;kh,ur;wt;y.95b;ytmuj/ 9dyr]whd.kjm69yjm:oy v;yl5r'6boyri'yH;oyHgl sG9yrdKoyd5Pyr? gxkrd,yhz:'hy 96db ;ty kh xwjv:djy okh xwjx6o b z y K;yj 06;b hy z5hsKxyjdKoy]hw ow0'b6 y g9xyT. zy,. ;b5 hy ]y?. g9xyT. g9kjs^;sy d< jy 9k,5;ry vC;dy ,: ry d:ojy s6;b My ? z5h9wj: s<dhy v,yjp5o b ] ty hw / -yh. 96dry ,whsG9ry -b'y zG9ry ]5;b ,y Kdyjzb9/ty 9:'dty o C ry 9K'yc,h,Koyr gl96bdyrl5oyrxoy? pkjsy>h SRC/SDU xGoy06b;yh0K'ytsK'yh ,C;yr/ 06b;yh]C;yrsK'yh]GdyrxwKx6dyrgsk/ z5hsdyt 0K9yh9'yr]wK -y.hsoy]:'yh]5'yt]C'yrx5'yjly. (transparency) pkjsyh> ]whsoy]' : hy ,69 b ry ,5;ry gld,yr?

gdk9K'y9;5 9 y rw

(SRC) Shan Representative Committee vkujf qkr;f rD; 13 qkr;f 1U 2U 3U 4U 5U 6U 7U 8U 9U 10U 11U 12U 13U

c.ifboDbnOfcdkef;qdkifjwB; (RCSS) wyfUodkuf;qdkifjwB; (SSA) =rfjwkrw f @D rlO@f ca'@oD@qdik jf wB; (SDU) qkrf;uyf;omefv.ifjemif;,dif;wB; (SWAN) auMwB; (ulef;ekrfb) SSO (Youth) odkOfb[Fif;ekrfb SYP qkrf;uyf;omefulef;ekrfbwB; (SYNG) c.rfbrwDbq.BjxFrftvjyluf;y.ifulef;wB; (SRDC) qkrf;odifbOFwfhv.rfhqdkifjwB; (SAPAWA) wB;qBj. wB; auMy.iuf mefqj.B qdOl Uf qmwfj auMz.rfU=rfjulef;rdlif; auMyuf;ydlifrBmrDjnkyfUydlifbz.if;irf; (z.if;,mrf;odkuf;)

eMjumef 1U olef;wkrfwB;tvjqmOf;cdlOf;efg;rdlif;wB; 2U wifjauMwlOfwFef;qdkifjwB; (SSRC) 3U {juljZBmb?efg;rdlif;e.ufjrdlif;y.ifbqfgedlOfwB;

vuf;erf;ayMbvoDb 1U 2U 3U 4U

nOfqdkifjrdlif;yAefvuf;? nrfbqfgjnOfqmOf;cdlOf;yAefvuf; wD@rlO@f ca'@oD@ tujyef[Mumefrdlif;vlpfjvBm;umefrdlif; v.ifjzFifbyAif;uef

umefimef;[Awf;omifjrM; 1U qwf;ymifukrf SRC 9 y.ufj 2U 21_12_05 wifjauMy.ifyAef SSRC yM; zljwFef; ynlOf; vM;=b OMU tvjcmif 3U acMjwFyf;wwf;vrfbv.ifj u_ OBUqkrf;uyf;omef 7 auMU c_ zljuyf;omefeifjeuf;wDjvkr;f OBU email: srcommittee@gmail.com i_ efg;cmOf;,mrf; 6 vdlef awolifbzlj wFef;wB;ugMbwDj ENC q_ awukrfuefcdkef;efg;yD 2007 o_ wMbokdyfbwifj SSRC eefU auMy.ifyAef[yfUykefjz.ef;

z5h9wj: s<dhy )2@@2#QQ( 6

Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

6

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM


INDEPENDENCE

P]CpQn]P]Cn]C;siuc]:t};

qOfjwkdef;rldif; z5h]Gxhy sGory -5o-ty hw c]h -5rl:oz y klk9wr ,5'b ry

USA

okhs^boyrS

-6ol y db6 ry -bojy ,:'jy ].4oyjZ9xyst ;b^ ry l6db ry ,KoyhX]6p;yt zK9yjdoy,5b;yh @+)Q ]6dyh]K'yrS oK'yr,5;y,5b'yr 0wKrl5b;ys<9yh 9uhp5jpK,yr]G;yS ,5b'yrs^,yh96,yvg,jibd (USA)

dKoysGoyr]bdyh]wKrxwKrxPkj @+*)

06;b hy lG'y 0;yho:9ry 06;b hy 9K'yjvoy cvH]y]kH gxkhc,h 0;yhl5b;ys^,yj Z0;yhakT,5b'yrpw2lCoy;u0KoyrX {xGoy]Goy0;yhakT]5'ylCoy;u 0;yhlC'ygokjakT 0G,y,5b;yh,5b'yrlCoy;uxwj0CdyjxGoylCoy;us<'yj c]h lCoy;u0Koyr} c]h9'yr 0;yhP6oytd\uj ]6dyhpb'yr 0;yhakT]:dyh0:dyj 0;yh-6oyakT Z]Koypb'yr 0;yhd:oyhdC;yh vboym]C'y voyxGoy0;yhakT]5'y dG'yr96'y/ c,h0;yhP6oytd\ujowt xGoyo:'ytpb'yr Zs^,yhgxkhv,yjs^,yhc,hX 0;yhd:'y9wr gdkTxGoygxkh 0;yh0wKr]5'y Z0;yhakTdG'ry 96'9 y o 5 ] y o b6 ry l69ry X xud9 b5 jy @+$+ ]5boyo5;yH;C,yH[5b;yH $Q ;oyr 9uhd59 b jy oy.rgsk]:dyh0:dyj/ ,5b'yrs^,yh96,y06b'yh9wr (FSS) xuho:'sty ,^ hy 9:'ty ,ur Z_X gdkT/ Z0wKr # pb'yr (X @T 0;yhpb'yr96boyr,5b'yr #T 0;yhpb'yr0K,ys<,y ZlG'yh,6oyX $T 0;yhpb'yr0K,yo5oyr %T 0;yhpb'yr0K,yz:'yr *T 0;yh0wKrz5'yr-,yr (T 0;yh0wKrlC'y,5b'yr )T 0;yhpb'yrsG;yrlC'y _T 0;yhpb'yrs^boyrlC'y

@+*+ @+)# @+_@

05xyrx5oyt0oyt @Q 9uhs^'yrsGoyr lGoytauH]5;yH,uHokH -:oyH;Coyt ;G'yr9khd6'yh -6boyhxu # 0oyt0:,y;G'yr]5b;yj Z,oyr9g]rX -6o b hy sGory zkjlkjd\3b ;yH,oyH 9uh0oy0 t ,: z y kjlkjo:dhy ,5'b ry ;G'yr9khd6'yh -wKTd.kjp5j,5b'yrs^,yh96,yvg,jibdoyj (USA)

]:'yh]GxyhsGoyr]bdyh9wr c]h z:oyrdKoysG9yr,kr @+_@S#QQ# xGoyz5h]GxyhsGoyr-5oyt-whc]h sG9yr-5rl:oy]bdyh9wr 9uhg0H,5'b ry c,HiuH]CoHy USA @+_) gxkTzb,ry vb9jy v:djy xxytJ]:'hy z6db ry z:o] ty Kw rv:djy lG'9 y rw " (Shan Phonological Drills) s^,yh9'yr f:dyH95b;yH vuH]boHy ld:9ty (Dr. Eileen Scott) d,yt0w:h? @++@ gxkTzb,yrv:dyjxxyt Jzkjlkj9wrx6oyh9kjd5oyr]K9yhd.K,yr v'yrdb9"ty (Shan for English Speakers) s^,hy doy9'yr f:dHy 95;b Hy v5;b Hy ;b'Hy d]bdty (Dr. Irving Glick) xGoz y h5 d5b;yrd6,y @++% gxkTzb,yrvb9yjv:dyjxxyt Jd.K,yr9C9yh9wrSvb'yrd]G9yh" (Shan-English Dictionary)voy-o b6 ry c,rv;ydK. ,yr9C9hy ]bdhy 9wrd;yj-:'y f:dHy 95;b Hy -5Hlb\'Hy (Dr. Cushing) c,r ]Cdhy ]wKhxGo] y db hy 9wr,yj. lG'9 y 9 C hy @++) gxkTzb,yrvb9yjv:dyjxxyt Jz5h]5z6boy-K;yj9wr" (Shan Newspaper Reader) s^,yh9'yrf:dyH95b;yHv5b;yH;b'yr d]bdyt (Dr. Irving Glick) xGoyz5hd5b;yrd6,y? Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

7

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

7


k

rBo h ykd bf rB-h ule;f odyk bf ule;f ZBmerfch il ;f

0;yhpb'yr96boyr,5b'yr 9'yr gdkTxGoy0;yhv5h 0;yhl5b;ys^,yj z:'yrxw:r],ys^;y Zdoyjg9krX 9uhgsklCoy;u Zv:o9 y K'yrxu @+*+ ,5;b hy 0;yhakT;K'yrvkjokjxoy]'5 xy ': 0 y 'b6 hy 9wrX?

,wK9:'yrx6boyrlCoy;us<'yj c]h lCoy;u0Koyr ,5;b hy gdkj';yh0G,xy 'b6 ry voy]d6 9 ty hu 06'b hy 96,dy o C jy ,5'b ry ,K;yr ]Cdhy ]wKhpGory xGo,y kr ,5'b ry 9wr d;yhswrgskooyt ,5b'yrlCoy;ugdkh-;yhxkrxGoy,5b'yrpy.jd.K'yh;kr;6boyr,5b'yro6b'yh? x5oyt,kr,:dyh @*Q xu p:,yrp:,yr okhvb'yrd]G9yhg9-;yhs^,yj',yr,5b'yr9wrooyt oy.r,5b'yrlCoy;up6'yhpK'yhv5oyvdyr Zoy.rsK'yhoy.rgskgdkhsb,y0b'yrvkjokjdoyX? oyr. xKoy0;yhlC'gy okjakT xGo0 y ;yhakT]5'y 95o] y o b6 ry l69ry ooyt ,ur]:'hy mG'gy ,krdoy c]h 0'yjv;ydK'y0y.d5oyro,y9Cxyr99yr Z05b;yto'yj]:dyr]wKr9uH,5;yH-giHluHX gl v;y ,5'b ry pw 9K'yp t Koyr 0Cdjy v:djy xGoy ,krlCo;y 0 u Koyr? ;wKr,krz5hd9ydt o 5 ry 'Koy -6ol y K'yj95ohy s6'ry Zcdjl6bdyr-6oylK'yj;Koyh95oyhs6'yr awKjv:dyj9K'ytpKoyr @# ]dyrX 0'yj]6dyt9uh-,yr-5Py -6boyhxGoy0;yhakT Z-6oyl6bxyjlw:TakT,y.jX gl v,yjp:,yrxGoy,5b'yrp5j9y.h gvkr0kj-6oygsk -,yr,Koyhc]h ]6dytz6boytg9kjm6b'yvb'yrd]G9yh-;yh,5b'yr9wr,krp;yt?

qOfjeB.UnrfbrD;? qOfju.ef;qdlif;ckefoMbnrfbrD; (zljerf;vBmqkyfjvBmymefvBmqkrf; wluf;okrf; vlrfh[BmwBmugMb)auMj umefvuk z hf e kd yhf w l ;f yBb. qdOl q hf mwfjeBh nrfbvknrfbuB./ uOfcMjnrfbrD;eBauMj wde k ;f ,krbf ,rfOMjumefqOld q hf mwfj awodkyfbyAefodkyfbrD;,lb/ uMjqlOfjulef;rdlif;[Of;yBbrD;v.ifjxmifb[mifj v.wfjvFOf; uwf;,Aef cdkefj,fgb/ v.ifj[Awf;ZBmerfhclif;eBauMj ayM;,if;wkrfhwdlOfhodifbOFwfhv.rfh_ ulef;rdlif;vBjvkvFOf,.efhref;qdkif qkrf;umefrdlif;umefodkuf;rdlif;wB; qkrf;vfgnrfbOMj (yM;wif;uOfcMj) wuf;vBjomefcwf;awMboljugMb,lb/

]Koy0t ;yh xGo9y rw v,yjxGo9y rw rdlOfjvBmyDylefUrM; rD;vBm;umef (Program) ykdefy.Bbn.ufbxD@OD@cRifU 9 rdlif;xB; qdOk jf OMj cle@f xB@ (ule;f wB;) nefcOfuMg bxBmb xD@OD@wDjrdlif;r.if@ulOf@vsdLOf@(Mongolia) uAOfbvlpfjyBm;[efrfgb nefOMjulef;cldOf;wB;eBU nrfbvkufUwDjrdlif;eefUrM;? vB.nmef;wB; (Altai) auMjnrfby.ibf OMjyAew f jD ,lbwB;/ ref; yAefacMjugmrf;efg;wlifbwmifb c.ifqmOf;cdlOf; qldOf;nrfbqfgjwB;eefUulpf;? ydlifedkifjayM; vkufUrdlif;r.if@ulOf@vdsLOf@ cBmUvlif;rM;wmif; qmef;qdkif awvBjvwf;cmrfjyM; yMboBm; ulO@f [D@(Gobi desert) ,mOf;eyfU[Aiuf @D vlO@f 8

,.wfjodkuf; (13_9_06)

cdkef;ofg (11U11U06)

loy]w:vKoyr9wr

Photo : Website

Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

8

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM


INDEPENDENCE rD@wdlOf@ ulef;eyfU[Aifaw[Awf;[dkOfvwf; zMbcmrfjvBj/ rdOl jf xD@OD@ cRiUf 9 ugMbeefUcOfvjB pM; yD;e.ifUr.if@ulOf@qdlOf;nefa[Mjowf; yM; wif;wlOf; cmrfjyMboBm;aovlif;ugMbcBmwmif; qmef;? cOfOMj[Of;ugMbrM;vBj,lb? w.e;f aoOMj ref;[dkifyAefvdlef? cRifU 9 qifbvBj[kyfjOMj]xB;[Of; (wB;[Of;) eBU ql;iBmjeMbzFO?f yde l jf OMjqfjg eBauMjOMjqfjg q.r;f iBmjiBmj? zdOl bf yde l jf OMj nrfbqfjg eBauMj nOfye ld jf OMjulp;f ? nrfbwlp;f vuf;xmef (evidence) nrfbq.yfbwlpf; acMjrkef;twU (facts and data) vDimrf;} uAOfbvlpfjrdlif;emefUqOfj (Nanchao) eefUauMjawMjeifbeef? ydlefjOMjyAefwB; eBauMjOMjq.rf;ydlefj? zdlOfbOBm;rM; ydlefjOMj nrfbqfgjwB; yAefavM@vlOf@ (Lolo) ndlOfj eBauMj nkyfbq.rf;vlrf;yldefj/ uAOfbvlpfjv.ifjeBU qOfjyBm;ydkef;wB; (Shan historian) o.ifqOfj nefqdkOfj,fgb vBjwlubf xdik Of UB ef;g yyfU cOfqOfjwFrjf eef, h bl / qOfjyBm;ydkef;wmifbqOfjOMj Zdifjwifj qdkOfj nefacMjyBmqdkOfjayMjrM;[Awf;acMjiOfj qdkOfjvkufjeefU nrfbqfgjZdifjwB;? ref;yAef Zdijf avM@vlO@f / uAObf vlpjf v.ijf eBU cl;OM;vlif qBm;n.ibf xke;f M.A. (,mrf;vAOn f Mb,k 73) vBjwFrjf OBUefg;yyfUydkef;ref;qOfj A Brief history of Shan State: From the earliest times to the 1960s OMj ]ref;,if;wdkufUqOfUylefU

ykefjwMbwFyf;wwf; emefUqOfj yAefwB; nrfbyAefwB;} ref;qOfjwlufbndifacMjugmrf; vmwfj qOfjqBm;xM@eD@ nefyAefqOfjyBm; ydkef;rdlif;xB; nefOMj ]w.efjwMbuOfcMjaw ,.rf;[yfUefg;yBm;[efnefeBU uOfcMjwuf;vBj [efacMjrkef;=Of,B.j nefwFwfjawM;xFifj wif;erfue . bf }/ qBm;n.ifbxkef;xAifOMj ZdifjwifjqdkOfj nOfwlOfyBmqdkOfj ayMjrM;yAefacMjiOfjqdkOfj vkufjqBm;eefU wB;auMj rD;vBm;qfgUwdkOf;rM; ,lb? wDjcdkufUref;efg;wlifbOlif;wB;rmOf;? wB; rmOf;eBU ,if;yBmrD;qdkOfjcdlOf;=def;yM;vl;u.efb? ,5o b o y 'yj,5'b ry x5rd,yjowt Zxu @()S%@#X ,ur9wr,5b'yr9khd:'y (waumif;) d.kjz:'yr',yr ( 0;yh 0y.T96b;yr]:dyrx5b'y v;yxwK06b;yhgxkh

xGoy';yh06b;yh]6dyhS0;yhmur/ mur,5b'yrpGoy/ pGoy,5b'yrxwKr/ xwKrlCoy]u/ lCoy]u0;yh c]h 0;yh95]dG ry ? e.ufjaoeefU ref;qOfjqdteOMj ]emefUqOfj} eBU ydlefjyAefbOBUOMj qOfjq.rf y.wf;qmef; nrfbeef qOfjq.rfy.wf;wfgj (Southern Prince)? ulpf;wmif;wB;+ifUOMj vmefUqOfj (Lansao)? qdOk jf eBUref;cOfjuef (clyf;rFefjiBm;rdlef) wif;rdlif;wB; qdlOf;,mrfj =dOfj=dif;rM; efg;wmifbodkifbwmifb,mefj rdlef eifb vmefUqmifU (Lanxang) wDjrdlif;vmOf; ,mrf;vAOftvj vmefUeM; (Lanna) efg;rdlif; xB;y.wf;+ifb ,mrf;vAOf/ qOfjqmifU,.if=pfj (1939-2004) auMj vBjwlufbndifwFrfjOBUefg;yyfUref;qOfj qdkOfj (The Shan of Burma 1987) OMj ]ayM;vmefUqOfjyAefavM@vlO@f eBqikd f u.yjf oifOBm;vmefUqOfjO.wf;OBm;ugMb,OfU nrfbvBj [ef avM@vlO@f cOfwifjrdil ;f a[Mcrf;rfbg ? ulp;f vBjrM;[ef wB;wifjrdil ;f a[Mcrf;rfbg y.w;f w.ejf qdlOf;eefU}? ref;qOfjqdteOMj qdkifja[M crf;vBmqdkifjvBmrdlif; qldOf;yluf;wifjrM; wifj nOfvFefvdef OFwfUemrf;wmif;Oef;n.ufb awMbxdik f nde@f wD@,dOl @f (India) wmif; Oef;wluf; nefwdwf;qyf;v.rfh+yfjwif; vmefUqOfj (OBm;aovmefUqOfjqlrf[BmugMb) eefU urfjerfyAefqdkifja[Mcrf;wB;v.efU v.efU/ rdil ;f uOfbnef+ifUOMj emefUqOfj nrfb eef vmefUqOfj eBU ,mrf;vAOfrD;efg; aq@ rldif;,kefeef (Yunnan) rldif;tcb? OAif;iOfj ref;yAefe.ifto? ,mrf;vAOf+ifU cgdef;rdif (Kunming)/ nefwmif;ZBmbydp l bf usid ;f (Beijing) cOf vBjwrf;ruf;OBUaq@w.efjz.if;

irf;[if;acMwfgjclif; (Dehong) tvj odyf; o.ifyef;eM; (Xixuangbanna) qdlOf;eBU yAefwB;v.efUv.efU? e.ufjeefUauMj ,if;rD; xFijf wB;usLifU (Zhuang) tvj wB;,M (Ya) ef;g aq@rdil ;f ugibf oDJ; (Guangxi) nefww d ;f qyf;wif;aq@rdlif;,kefeef? cdlOf;wB;=rfj uefv.efUv.efUnrfb,.rf; 15 vmefU ,lbOBU efg;rdlif;tcb/ vmefUqOfjeBU auMbwifjrdlOfjyDc'dwfh 650 (yDwB; 744) awMbxdkifc'dwfh 1253 (yDw;B 1347) rdOl jf vBjxkubf ,dw k ;f nOfvp l jf wyfUoduk ;f r.i@f ulO@f erf;vlpjf ulbyvBmbcmefb (Kublai Khan)? qOfj,efbZMUoFeO f D wFrjf OBUOMjrdlOfjyD 1317 z.if;rdlif;tcbnlefjn.efb ,.efUvlpfjuljZBmbZBmbvkufUzdkefUomefcwf; r.if@ulOf@ (nefyAefulef;wmifbqmwfj zlj yleyhf e F )f eefU qOfjodOl cf mefbZMU rdil ;f rmOf; (1291-1364) OufUirfwdkOfUwmif;ao vBj nOfcdkef;urfjekdifj? OBm;ref;qOfje.ef;tz; auMj vBjvkokrf;ugMbcdkef;/ ,.eUf eefU v.ijf ql;iBmjeBUwB;[Of;xkubf vBjyde k yhf w F jf ao arMq.ybf arMxmrfvuf;xmef omufjaobacMjrke;f qifbuBj. [yfU? nefuOfbeBU ylefUugMb,OfUaowMU ayM;ref;,if;qmifj [Awf;yAefz.ef;vDz.ef;qMU w.efjwMbumef [Of;,mrf;vAOfqdkif? wB;[Of;wdkef;rD;eMjwDj ykefjz.ef; w.efjwMbvAyfj[Aef;? w.ef;ao nrfbxkid q f efU nefqp l Uf vliq f p l Uf vmifOMj r.i@f ulO@f yAew f ;B ? u.yjf ulbyvBmbcmefb vkuUf wDj ukyf;vBm;cefb yAefrM;? usyefb auMjyAefwB; eifbuOfb? u.yfjoM@rl@'Bm@(Samurai) auMj vkufUwDj YoMbarMvBm; yAefrM;- qArfqdlOf;eBh ugMb rmifauMU,mrfjqlpfhqef vlefhvldOfzdwf; ydlifj/ q

umefrild ;f umefqOld q hf mwfjyAeuf mef,myfb u u u u

umefZef;rldif; wdkuf;nOfrdlif;eBhyAefumef,myfbtwh,myfbOMj umeftr;rldif; y.ifrdlif;auMjyAefumef,myfbvlif,myfbvmif umef[Midkef;urfhqB.jumefrldif;cFef;yAefnef,myfbvdlOf umefo.efulef;yluf;y.ifulef;yAefumef,myfbokwf;oefokwf;yuf;

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

9

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

9


k

vkrfjZMU tvj rldif;rmefj

okud ;f rmefjyefzi. ;f wmif,@l nFe@f xly;f okusD by.ujf urf;o.if

Photo : Manager

urf@VM@'D@ uFrfzljerf;efg; UN ugMb rdlif;rmefjrdlOfj 9_11_06 eefh vBj=yfhxlyf; n.ifbomef;okusDb zljerf;yMbwDb NLD OBm; ao=yfhxlyf; q.rfqduf;odkuf;wmef;olpfb/ rdOl jf Oef;xd 12_11_06 nD@V'M@[dr@f f jl erf; urf@VM@'D@ (Ibrahim Gambari) uFrz efg;qmwfjqdkifjvkrfjZMU UN ZBmbumefrdlif; rdil ;f rmefj vBjnekpmwfjwDjqkr;f oduk ;f rmefj cOfjxly;f n.ibf omef;okusbD zljn.e=f Of yMbwDb iOfjike;f WD@rlO@f ca'@oD@qdOl q hf mwfj NLD nefxkufbcifudkuf;=def; w.efjwMbnkyfbukrf v.ifjiOf;vBm;umefrdlif;rdlif;rmefj/ qkrf;cmOfbuAOf@wlOf@ vBm;imef;OMj-

umefrldif;

n.ibf omef;okusbD tvj nD@V'M@[dr@f urf@VM@'D@

q.rf;eifbykefjz.ef;nef clOf@ZD@ nef@ eef@ zljerf;efg;qmwfjqdkifjvkrfjZMU UN r.yjf rBmyefeefah o urf@VM@'D@ zlj[myfbudw k hf ykefjz.ef;ZBmbumefrdlif; rdlif;rmefj =yfhxlyf; n.ifbomef;okusDb wDj=def;[yfhcFufbe.ufjrdlif; c.ifqkrf;oduk f;rmefj efg;OAif;wMjukifj [dkifr.ufj 1 qlOfjrlif;/ =OfeMjyvdufj nOfvlwfh[krfj vAuf; 3 vrf; [yfhn.ifbomef;okusDb wDj=def; ref;emif;ugMbql;=def;[yfhcFufbe.ufjrdlif;/ nD@V'M@[dr@f urf@VM@'D@ ugMbrdil ;f rmefj w.efjwMbugMbxwf;omif v.ifjcdkyfjeMj cdkefj oifuh mefyul ;f y.iW f @D rlO@f ca'@oD@ okebf vBj ulef;tvj iOf;vBm;umefrdlif; efg;rdlif;rmefj/ cmOf;wmif; 2 yDylefhrM;eBh ref;qOfj yAefulef;e.ufjrdlif;auMU[Fufjokwf; nefqkrf; odkuf;rmefjyef=yfhxlyf; n.ifbomef;okusDb y.ufjxdekdifj rdlOfjvdlefar@ 2006 ylefhrM;OFyfhoBmUy'M@csM@xB; vBm;imef;eifbeB/

SRC

qkr;f SRC [Aw;f ymifurk yf u. jf xd 9 rdlOfjOef;xd 11-12_11_06 qkrf;auM wmifwlOfwB; SRC (Shan Representative Committee) nefyluf;wifjrdlOfj 18_6_05 ylefhrM;ao rD;,dlif;nmef;w.efjwMbeMjumef vlif 4 ydlif rdlefeifb1U nOfqdkifjrdlif;yAefvuf; 2U yluf;wifjrdlif; vlpjf vBm;WD@rlO@f ca'@oD@ 3U nOfumefrild ;f tujvdwjf yef[Mumefrild ;f 4U okebf vBjokebf yAez f iA bf yAi;f nef r D ; vk u f j qk r f ; 13 qk r f ; eef h vBjqwf;[Awf;ymifukrfy.ufjxd 9 ao wFifb wifjzljuyf;omefvil f (Chief Coordinator)

,Ofw h Ol jf vDimrf;/ ulp;f uMjrD;acMjwFy;f wwf; OMj-qdkOfjqkrf;vkufjqkrf; nOfydkefzmOfbvBj? qdkOfjulef;zljcOfjyM;yAef vkufjqkrf;eefh nrfbydkefzmOfbvBj-eB,Ofh/ uAOfbuyf;v.ifjeBh zljvAyfj[Aef;vBmvBm auMUvmwfjOMj-rdOl jf vAOv f mB ZBmbwduk ;f ole;f rM; {jzljuyf;omefvlif (Chief Coordinator) n.ufbeMjn.ufbwMao [Awf;umef[wf;[wf; [mef[mef/ u.yjf OMjrdOl jf vAOv f i. jf z.r=hf rfjule;f rdlif; qdkifjwB;eefh ydlefjrkifjr.if;rM;wmif;[dkif ,Ofh ,if;yBbvBj=UOMjyAe[f Okd , f bl ? yef[Mnef wuf;vDtujvdwfjOef;rdlOfjeBhauMj rD;erf/ zljvAyjf [Ae;f auMUedik jf xwf;omifOMjzljuyf;omefvil f nefqrk ;f auMwmifwOl w f ;B

wifjcdkefjrM;eBh yAufhorfhOMjwifjcdkefjrM;,Ofh auMj u.yjf nrfbcfjg {jyde l jf =UOMj yAez f agf uMUvfg tvj rdlefqkrf;qmwfjqdkifjvkrfjZMU UN vdul jf z.i;f vliZ f mB be.ujf rdil ;f clO@f 'D@,dOl @f qmef; Vef@cD@rke@f cde k jf yAez f jl erf;ef;g auMUrfbg ao yBbyde k z f mOfbyefujl rdil ;f rdil ;f =Uq.r;f eef, h Of-h OMjeB/ v.uf;ydlifvdlufjwMbawvBjrM; zljuyf; omefvlifeBh n.efwmif;zljcOfjvkufjqkrf; 13 qkrf;vdlufjomifzljwFef;qkrf;zfgref; 2 auMU=rfjwif;oAifjvBj 26 auMU/ efg;eefh cdkef;vdlufj {jvdlOf 7 auMU? efg; 7 auMUeBh qifbcde k ;f vdul jf {jvBjzljuyf;omefauMUvAO/f

10 Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

10

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM


odkuf;rmefj,dkOf; wyfo h ukd ;f wB; Oef;xd 8_11_06 cmOf;,mrf; 15;45 rlif; odkuf;rmefj 311 rldif;,.if; nefyuf; wyf[h rd ;f vFev f e d x f ;B -wB; Omefjymifurfah uMb -rfbg okif nefawMbeMjuefwif;ndil bf yAi;f vlif aq@OAif;OAif;[Fif aq@w.efjuAif;rBb ,lbwDj oefvB.ymifodlOfxOfj nOfcdlifju.ifjvlif 81 ,dOk ;f ofbg wyfo h ukd ;f qdik jf wB; oBmoduk ;f odOl cf mefb ZMU nefqOfj[mefauM;oefbv yAez f jl u.e;f oBmodkuf; qdlOf;yuf;wyfh,lbq.rf;edlOfoefvB. vFefvdef 3 vkufj/

INDEPENDENCE

oduk ;f OMUymifomif; vli;f y.w;f qmef; rdlOfjOef;xd 17_11_06 ylefhrM;eefh odkuf;OMUnAef[Fif;r.ufj 500 vkufhymifomif; vlif;ql;wmif;wMjcDjvAuf;/ nAef;nmef;wMb ugMb[Awf;oifeBheefh nrfbrD;zfg=Uq.rf;/ ul e f ; urf j z. i f j auMjvmrf ; cmwf j OMj awrM;nOf=rfbvlrfjwDjnefcOfawrM;twb OAif;rfgbxFifj-OMjeB/ ulef;urfjz.ifjorfhOMj awrM;qB.jodkuf;rmefj,dkOf;odkuf;wB;-eBauMj rD;/ Oef;xd 23_11_06 eefah uMj ule;f uMU uAi;f wkicf Of qdOl ;f vli;f rM;wMjcDjvAu;f [efuM; ZlOf@Odef@ wDjrdlif;zsmufj rD;r.ufj 11 vrf;

wmifboduk ;f rmefjwAruf jl vrf;/ ide;f OMjcOfaw ugMbwmif;rldif;_omwfbrdlif;wlef? awugMb,dkOf; oduk ;f wB;y.w;f qmef; wDjvBa. uMbOef;-OMjeB/ ZBmbedkifjwmif;edkifj c.rf@yeD@=ifyif; c.iq f rk ;f oduk ;f OMU nefvmB jqdOk jf yAecf r. @f yeD@ ode;f =if rdOl jf ylerhf M;auMj =Ofve ld e f Ol @f OFr@f VdlOf@eBh vBj[efoBm@ylwfhc.rf@yeD@=ifyif; wmifbcdkef;uljwDjwDj,Ofh? ulef;OmefjcOfOMj odkuf;OMUwif;odkuf;rmefj vFyfjawrD;umef wluf;vlif;vBjqfguefaoydlifydlif,lb-eB,Ofh/ ZdG;yj]:'yhowt9K'yrl6bdyr;kT;kh xwj,urvGoyr vKoyr9kjp6b;yrl6bdyr9wrX?

oduk ;f wB;yde k z f mOfb=rfjrdOk ;f xB; zAOfjrlpfh,Mjq.rf;vFefvdef

12345678901234567890 12345678901234567890 12345678901234567890 12345678901234567890

qOfj[mefauM;oefbv

Photo : SHAN

zdlOfbxdkifrM;cmOf;,mrf; 22;15 rlif; orfh nOfcild jf u.ijf vlif 81 eifbuOfb? ,dOk ;f ofbg wyfhodkuf;wB;xFifj 4 vkufj? efg; 4 vkufjeBh wluf;ofgbefg;vdefxB; 1 vkufj/ vdOl faoeefh nOfui. jf qmufjvlif 54 ,dOk ;f ugMbwmif;wyfw h ;B vBr. , hB rl ;f rAex f iF jf / rmufbvlin f efoukd ;f rmefj ,dOk ;f ofbg wyfo h ukd ;f wB;qdOl ;f eBh nrfbwlu;f uBmqrf wyfhodkuf;wB;oif? odkuf;wB;auMj nrfb,dkOf; w.ybf cde k ;f aovkujf -eB,Of/h v.ifjeBhqkrf;cmOfbvBjwdwf;awMb w.ifj xmrfue l ;f y.w;f vFev f e d f nef,bl nrfbuB[rd ;f eehf cOfOMj- ]u.yfjoiftvjodkuf;rmefjcOf ,dOk ;f oduk ;f wB;twhnrfb=U? rmifzOfbauMjqmifj yAeo f ukd ;f rmefjv.ubf {jwB;qfq g yf;yFe;f v.ijf eBh z.if;cOfwdkufhrD;zFefumefawMbodkuf;wB; ao ydlifydlifauMjyAefvBj}-OMjeB/

Oef;xd 20_11_06 wDjiOfjqkid jf vBw . ;B yefumg rf;uwdrefjuFebf uefO/hB vFi;f c.if wyfo h ukd ;f qdik jf wB; qwf;[Fe;f ymify;.B vdOl e f efh ref;qOfj,if;odyk bf vmwfjOMj olibf oifbyDuOfb tvjw.ejf [yfyh rD bgf wB; 2101 wyfhodkuf; rD;vuf;erf;ayMbvoDb zAOfjrlpfh q.r;f eifbZdijf xki;f [dwjf +B; wB; nef,mrfj[Awf;rM; uljyD/ ef;g ymify;.B eBh rD;v.ijf vAifhvluef rlefjrlefj odlOf;odlOf; rD;umefte Zmif[mifjodkuf; c.ifwyfh odkuf;qdkifjwB;/ vdlOfao eef h rD ; yM;ymif y B . ; [yf h w.ejf [kebf [mifjqOfj ykwhf xwlefrfgb q.rf;xFifj eB,Of/h qOfj,.wjf oduk ;f zljerf;wyfo h ukd ;f qdik jf wB; y.w;f qmef; efg;ymifyB.;w.efj[yfhyDrfgbwB; 2101 eBh qOfj,.wfjodkuf; zljerf;wyfhodkuf; SSA-S yde k z f mOfbwduk ;f ole;f yef[iF ;f qfag uMUoduk ;f OMj{jn.euf efwil w hf e kd bf vkuz hf e kd n hf OfOmefjrdil ;f [Of ; cd k e f ; wD j qk r f ; od k u f ; rmef j ? q. r f ; eif b vBjvlif;vBm;rdkOf;vdufj=rfjrBmymifvlif nef

,MjrOf;urftvj nrfbw.efh,mrfjuAOfbc.ifj umefuMUcBm,MjrOf;urf/ vdOl af oeefw h yfo h ukd ;f ,if;aw=rfjrdkOf;wif;vlify.ifqdkifjxB; zAOfj rlpfh,MjrOf;urfq.rf;vFefvdefugMbrdlOf;eMjcmOfb Manager online Oef;xd 22_11_06 ZBmbxB; vBm;imef;eifbeB/ q

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

11

Photo : SSA

C

umefokduf;

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

11


k

cmOfbwAuf;wAif

oduk ;f rmefjvdyk jf ynlO;f cBmUOmefjyBmjcOfjrlid ;f xB; orfp h M;qkr;f uMUule;f xBue d f ulef;OmefjynlOf; efg;aq@OAif;vmif; cdOl ;f 3-4 Omefj vBjxkubf oduk ;f rmefja[Mjvdyk jf cBmUc.ejf wmifbwDj 7-8 vde l rf M;,Ofh orfuh rf; urf;vBjxkubf qfUg ude[f iF ;f vBm nrfb,lbvBjtvj yBmjrM;vFefvdefxB; yBmrM;pM;qkrf;uMUulef; v.ufbidkwfjxBudef y.wf;rdlif;wlef-eM;u.if;rl; xFifj-vFifbcmOfbvFefvdef y.ifbrM;eifbeB/ ylefhrM;rdlOfj=Ofvdlefn.uf@xlOf@VdlOf@ ulef;OmefjynlOf; ndlifbymifyd (y.wf;oefvB.) nefodkuf;rmefjqdte;OMj yAefwDjwlifhedkif odkuf;wB; SSA-S ao a[MjvdkyfjqfgUcBmUc.efj ,lbOmefj[mwfbrfgb ndlifbe.ifvlif (wmif;wluf; erfh [drf;ZifberfhwAif;-qAifb+ifbOef;n.ufb vmif;cdlOf; 15 vuf;) nrfbnlwf;,dlefhvBj v.ijf oduk ;f rmefjurf;urf;qfUg ude[f iF ;f vBm wAu;f {jzkubf rmufbref;,f;g wdu;f wdu;f xdik w f jD vkwjf umef[mrf;imef;eefh qifbn.efuefyBmjcmrfj clif; cOfjql;vFefvdefxB;/ ef;g qkr;f ule;f Omefj qdOl ;f rM;qkyjf vde k ;f vifrD; 7 auMU (nefyM;vkufjn.efbnMb,k 12 edkifjauMUwif; ulef;xOfjnMb,k 70 =elufbauMUedkifj) ao cmrfjvFefvdefcOfj rldif;xB; y.wf;rdlif;ZmifrdlOfj 9_10_06 eefh urfjz.ijf cmif;y.iOhf Mj-]nefymB jawMbpM;wFe?f yBmjrDpM;odlOfurfjerfeBh yM;wif;qkrf;qdlOf; [Of;arMU}-eB,lb/ ulef;Omefjymifyd (18 =def;) e.ifvFif (25=def;) ukif;uFif; (28 =def;) p.ifbymifb (40 =de;f ) ef;g ndil bf ymifyd (Olijf umifvmif;cdOl ;f ? rdlif;yefb? oefvB.ukif;rmOf;) 4 OmefjeBh vBjxkubf oduk ;f rmefjwyfv h mif;cdOl ;f cr, 525 qdte;rmyfbzmrf;OMj yefwjD ,lboduk ;f wB;rlu;f xif? olibf cOfjerfh yefcmOfbimOf;eBao twb a[MjvdkyfjwAuf;qfgUcBmU,lbqrfOmefj[mwfbrfgb ndil bf e.iv f il f (ZBmbwluf;erfh [drf;ZifbwAif;)

qArrf Old jf ef;g vle d f an@V\dOl @f vf 2005 auMj urfjz.ifjyBmjrluf;xdlefbq.rf;cmrf;[Bjcmrf;olef udkwf;OBh/ zdlOfbxdkifrM;efg;vdlef ZFyfhVdOf@'D@ 2006 eBh oduk ;f rmefjorfw h iA uf mg rf;euf;v.ubf idw k jf a[Mjvdyk jf xFijf ao vBjcBmUxFijf tvj qdOl ;f rD;=def;yFefj 2 qefh [Awf;,OfhwdkufhvBj,lb rfgbrfgbauMjyM;/ cBmU,lbwDjrfgb,OfhauMj yBmvdlOf vBjugMb[Aw;f [Bjolew f jD uB orfx h uk bf oduk ;f rmefj qfgUudef[Fif;vBm qfgUzkufbrmufbref;,fg; wif; vdlefwif;yD/

Photo : Website

]rmify.ufjrmifolef zkufbrmufbref;,fg; qyf;,ifb[mufj,Ofh odkuf;rmefjorfhrM;xlpfj ugMbcBmxFijf wmifbOmefj (nefwuA ;f qfUg ule;f rlid ;f

k ;f qfUg zkubf xFijf } qdOl ;f cOf odOk z hf uk bf ) tvj cde cBjte eifbeB/ u.yfj[Mudef,myfb odkuf;rmefj ayhudef nrfb,lbvBjtvj n.efuefyBmjrM; rlid ;f xB; wDjanbokw;f nrfb,.r;f 2_3 ykejf eB,Of/h ule;f Omefj 7 auMU nefqrk ;f uMUule;f _ qOfjuM;ugMb[M=pf;+ifhvkufhvmif;cdlOf;rM;olifb xdik e f M;u.i;f rl;-yBwmif;xde l bf vB. vwf;zmefb vmefbwyfOh MU cmrfjvFev f e d cf Ofjrdil ;f xB;[dr;f BP-2 eBh vBjoAifjedkifj auMUvfg 150b000 ysM;/ zdlOfb+wfjeM;u.if;rl; qOfjuM;wAuf;cfgj nOfcOfugMbe.ef;=if;[Frf;zdlOfekrfb c.ifemif; ,libf (trjvAi[hf yfo h il bf eM;u.i;f rl;-vFev f e d f BP-1 awnOf 1 auMU 4b000 Omwfb)/ u.yjf ide k ;f cOfqrfoiA jf ,Ofth vj qifbqlO;f uef ugMbe.e;f =de;f ule;f OmefjvAOuf ef (=de;f vki;f yD; -ymifbwOd)/ emif;,lifbnrfbayM;qfgao vmwfjqOfjuM; ulOfbw.if;vkefb {jugMb,.ef; idkef;cOfxFifj/ ]uMjuM;vkufhndlifbe.ifvlifrM; nefyefOBheefhyBbwArf udkwf;xFifjedkifjauMU 2b500 Omwfb? ayM;nrfbyefawugMbvmwfj yvdufjrM;q.yfbxmrfwdp.yf;}-OMjeB/ ]rdOl jf zkujf awwdw;f awMbyDje.ihf wmif; rdlif;xB;nOfidkef;rM;olifb nrfbeefaw[Mulj yde l jf yef,bl }-eBao zdOl bf xdik w f iA jf cde k ;f rM; qdOl ;f cOfqifbo.wo hf w F n hf u. bf yBmjql; vFev f e d f xB; wif;cdkef; (9_10_06) eB,Ofh/ zldOfbemif;,lifb=U v.ifjcOfo.ifhyBmj ,OfhauMj qifbodkyfbZlef@ugMbwDj qBm;zwf; ndlifbr.efjydefb rdlif;Zmif {jolifbidkef; (eDj uMjuM;) rdlOf;yef/ u.yfjOMjefg; 7 auMUeefh yM;ulef;xOfj trjqBm;zwf;auMUedkifj/ rdlif;vB. (24_10_06)

12 Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

12

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM


INDEPENDENCE

Oef;xd 22_11_06 umifefgz.if;vFwfb nkefb rdlOfjodkuf;rmefj cv, 123 wyfh erfhzuf;uM nefyuf;wyfhtzerfhcrf; xFOf edkifjwif;yvdufjrmefj 7 auMU ugMbOFwfh,dkOf; zOf=e d ;f =Ofoukd ;f vlio f mifbw.i;f Omefjuke[f ;B ao omifbw.if;nOfu.ifj M-22 rFufhulwfh,dkOf; w.yfbcdkef;eefh odkuf;rmefjwBm 1 auMU (=Of oduk ;f vliif p l bf xke;f )? yvdujf rmefjrmwfbqAy;f 3 auMU/ ugMbwBmwDj=if;,Merfhcrf; 1 auMU/ OBm;Oef;rM;zlju.e;f wyfuh i. f qOfjoduk ;f usbD n.ibf n.eo f ukd ;f 70-80 cmrfjerfrh mOf;ugMbo.ujf wOf q.rf;Omefjukef[B;? e.ifrMUwfgj qdlOf;ndlrfjqrf vFev f e d tf cb/ =de;f a,;Omif;oleo f mifbw.i;f auMjndw k ;f ,dw k ;f OB/h zljy.iuf mefoukd ;f SSA-N (qkr;f wB;udw k ;f oduk ;f y.w;f +ifb) qdoifbugMbOMj]ayM;odkuf;rmefjvMjvDj [Awf;[BmUqMUedlOf ulef;rdlif;_ulef;[Of;efg;Omefj ndlifbauMj {j[M vBm;aow.ybf wFe;f ?nrfbwmyfjyfUg acMjqdoifb} -OMjeB/ 22_11_06 Oef;vAOfuef eefhulpf;? qkrf;cmifudkwf;odkuf; KIA qdlOf;ukrf;ulef;uMU rBUqkrf;edkifj vBj,dkOf;uefwif;odkuf;rmefj y.wf;erfhwD; (Omefjnefqkrf;qOfjckefausMb cOfOmif;cdlifjyefodkuf;rmefjrdlOfj 2_1_06) y.w;f vFev f e d rf ild ;f wB;_rdil ;f cmiftvjoduk ;f rmefj wBm 2 auMUOMjeB/ Oef;eefhumifefgqOfhr.ufj 05;00 rlif; odkuf;rmefjwif;yvdufjodyf;yBm v.rfv.rfugMb zkwf;ofgbwDjwMjOmefje.if (ZifbZBmbqmef; erfrh mOf; qyf;awMbeMjuke[f ;B ) ao OFwv hf r. hf u.ifjiM[kyfjnOf Zlef@rdkOf;xdkOf (rdlif;tcb) qOfjwMjcOfyFwfjoAifjtvj nrfbrD;zfgwef; y.ibf cmOfb/ urfjz.ijf orfOh Mjz.i;f rmefjcmrfjerfh eefrh ;D ule;f y.ibf cmOfbyef,bl / omifbw.i;f orfh xmif b OMjyvd u f j awrM;[M,. e f ; ud e f u l p f ; ? awnrfbrM;[Awf;[BmUoifeBao ,lbrOfrmif yFwfj/ ar;ref;auMjeFwfjyluf;ref;OMj-

Photo : SHAN

yvdujf -oduk ;f rmefj,dOk ;f zOf=e d ;f =Ofoukd ;f vlio f mifbw.i;f uke[f ;B

=de;f =Ofoukd ;f vlio f mifbw.i;f ndrl jf qyf;vFev f e d tf cb awMbeMjOmefjwdik ;f cAOf nefoukd ;f rmefjOFw, hf Okd ;f yBb. rmufbqkwbf zOf? vkujf ar;ref;OFew f ul ;f vFejf yBmjvBjxkubf oduk ;f rmefj,dOk ;f wdOl rhf mwfbqAy;f

]rmefjrM;OMb-vkufhwlpf;vl;} eBtvjqifb vkufh/ rdlOfjref;vkufh rmefjayM;rM;OFwfh=def; +ifo h e F bf {jOmif;cdil jf ,dOk ;f ofbg urf;vAO-f eB,Of/h odkuf;rmefjnOfrmufb M-79 (40 mm) ,dOk ;f ofbg =de;f nOfZ;B rBjtvj omifbw.i;f wif; vkujf ar; ref;qifbOFew f ul ;f =de;f ? oduk ;f rmefj ,dkOf;q.rf;wdlOfhrmwfbyBmjv.wfjao oAifu.ifj ,Aef odkuf;rmefjxB.cdkef;auMjr.ufj 14;00 rlif;OBm;Oef;? trj=def;ekrfbukef[B;-wdkif;cAOf wif; 2 Omefj r.ujf 20 qrfqrf n.euf efuMg b qBj. nD;n.ubf uM;[B@vufo h f (Hilux) omifbw.i;f vrf;edik jf nefuw kd ;f q.wbf qyf;=de;f OB/h qOfj eMjwDjtcbcOf[mrfjauMjnrfbx.rbf ? nD;uM;eefh ylefhcOfjefg;vFefvdeftcb/ ]nefodkuf;rmefj qdte;OMj-omifbw.if;uMU,MjyAefulef;[BmU eefh cOfyFwfhvFefvBm;imef;yMjedlOfcOf? u.yfj ref;yAeuf e l ;f vD? ,if;,mrfj [Aw;f =if;wdw k ;f ,Mjw.ef,Mj rlefhtr;ulef;ekrfb efg;Omefj ndil bf rM;ao ule;f Omefjurfx h rF _f an;vlref; tvjqifbn.euf efuMg bqBj. nOfuM;ref;vl;}qOfjeMjwDj SSA-N qefhckefodkuf;vlif wDjxkifhrmOf;auMUedkifj vmwfjteeifbeB/ umifefgn.efOef; 22_11_06 z.if; yvdujf oduk ;f rmefjOFw, hf Okd ;f =de;f =Of oduk ;f vlif

omifbw.if;,lbeefh qOfjeMjwDj SSA-N xkirhf mOf;auMj uyf;odyk bf vBm;imef; wmifbteugMb wDjqOfjodkuf;vlifymifbZMU nefyAefzljy.if umefoukd ;f qkr;f oFiuf OF /hf udik uhf mifyh bB w.ybf oifrM; tvjrmifauMUauMjOMj- ]awvBj[Awf;[dkOf eBeefh wuf;vBjyfgUx.rfbacMjqdoifbu.efb} eB,lb/ rmifauMUauMjOMj-]nrfbqmifjyfUg ,lO?hf zdOl bf acMjqdoifbwlu;f rM;auMj [Of;ayM;uBr. w l ;f ,Of, h Ol }hf -eB,bl / urfjz.ijf auMj y.ibf vFi;f ugMb wDjqOfjodkuf;vlifuBmbZMU (uFrf=OfyOfj qkrf; oFiuf OF )hf nefwukd chf e kd jf ymifurk v f il q f Old q hf mwfj rmefj NC wDjrBh[kif;o.ifwlefj/ cOfnkyfbuef OMj-ayM;qOfjeMjwDjrmefjrM;xmrfol? qdlOf; awMbeMjrmefjvBjeefh {jw.yfbOMj- ],mrf; vAOo f mifbw.i;f wif;omifbnBmj nrfbqfjg ule;f qkrf;[Of;?nrfbuAOfboif[Of;,Ofh}- eBwMU/ qOfjcrf;[kifj nefyAefwlOfwFef; SSA-N eifjvkrf;wDjvMjoAOfjauMj wmifbtevkrf; wdil ;f oduk ;f rmefjOMj-]omifbw.i;f cOf nrfbqfjg qkrf;oFifuFOfh,Ofh}-eB,lb/ uyf;uBmbv.ijf eBh ule;f qkr;f SSA-N urfj z.ifjtvjoif? ulef;rldif;xkifhrmOf;urfjz.ifj tvjoif n.efuefxwf;omify.ifhcmif;OMj]vBm;tujwlOftOj=OfiBmjiBmjqdlifheB? yAefrM;

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

13

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

13


k vBmy.ufjvBmurf;,Ofh/ rdlefuefwif; ulef;vlif ywf;ulefj nrfb[yfhykefjz.ef;qB.joifvBj eefhulpf;}-eB,Ofh/ urfjz.ifjauMjOMj]=Ofodkuf;vlifomifbw.if;wdkufhyAefodkuf;efg; SSA-N ,lbeefh odu k ;f rmefjauMj=U,lbtoj}/ rd l O f j eMjawrM; ,d k O f ; =d e f ; ref ; eB h (,.ev hf jB ilyyhf vdujf ao[Aw;f ymifvi. ;f rM; 78 Oef;) yvdufjrM; ,.ef;idkef; 3 rdkefb? omifbw.i;f OMjide k ;f yBbwlOjf wef;? yBbayM;yef? yefvjB 1 rde k bf ulp;f eBao vBjxAiaf rM;uef/ yvdufjauMjy.ifhvMbaordlOf;ugMb/ OBm;eefhqifb yAefeefrM;-eB,Ofh/ ylefhrM;Oef;xd 24-25_11_06 eBh oduk ;f rmefjwmif;rlbaq@yBb. oBmvyfz h jl q.ybf cmOfb cOf 40-50 auMU ekifjclOf;ulef;Omefjao cmrfjrM;OAi;f aq@uOfbef;g rdil ;f tcb? tzuefuMg b ulj=;uljwmif; wMbv.rq f y. bf iB;. wlp;f qkr;f wB; udkwf;odkuf; qdlOf;rD;efg;rdlif;tcb efg;aq@uOfb rdil ;f rmOf;? e.iw f Of;? aq@oFiq f Old ;f eBh eB,Of/h u.ef;acM (29_11_06) 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 (isolate) 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901

,lbwlef;ulpf; nrfbvBj

]nefurfjz.ifjOMj ,MbugMb,kifjq.rf; umefrdlif;ydlefjwmifbqkrf;wmifbcdlOf;? ulrfjeMj [Aw;f umef[Of;ulp;f vMj -eBeefh uMj[Of;cfjg [Aw;f wMbrdil ;f [Of;cdOl ;f [Of;[if;ulp;f ao nrfb uAObf c.ijf q.r;f yde l jf nrfb=rfjyM;yde l jf eBn h rfbvBj/ u.yfjOMjumefrdlif;,mif;? r.ef;? rmefjcOfvFufj vBmjwlie hf ikd af uMj rM;zwf, h e . jf wkrw hf Old [hf Of; tvj uMj[Of;cfgj[Awf;[if;ulpf;eBh nrfbvBj/ nefqrk ;f wB;zdw;f rM;uljy.ujf eBh u.yjf ydOl jf ,lb wlef; [if;ulpf;? OMjnrfbcfgjuAOfb cfgj,kifjq.rf;ydlefjeB eefh,Ofh/ qOfj[mef,i. =f pfj (10_9_06)

,dOk ;f zOf=e d ;f omifbw.i;f ,Ofh oduk ;f rmefjxkyw hf mB ule;f Omefjef;g c.ujf rdlOfjeMjawugMb OFwfh,dkOf;zOf=def; =Ofodkuf;vlifomifbw.if;Omefjukef[B; (aq@ OAif;erfhcrf; [drf;vFefvdeftcb) Oef;xd 22_11_06 umifeq gf Ofe h efh oduk ;f rmefjyvdujf erfhcrf; ugMbOFwfhv.rfhymifzBmU[drf;umwfb Omefj wdkif;cAOf (awMbeMjOmefjukef[B;? qyf;vFef vdeftcb) wdp.yf;vBjyM; =Ofodkuf;omifbnBmj (yM;u.ifjy.wf; 1 vOf;) wif;ulef;Omefj 5 auMU? nOfugMbayMUxkyfhqFwfjxmrf efg;c.ufj erfhcrf;-odkyfbolifbc.ufjrlbaq@tvj ulef; OmefjauMUedkifj xdkifwDjnluf;y.ifbolyf;odufb eMjvFOf,.uf;,B.jaowBmugMbefg;c.ufj rlbaq@ rdlOfjwAifjcdkef;qBmU 23_11_06 eB,Ofh/ ule;f Omefj nefvjB xkubf ayMUxkyq hf w F jf xmrfxikd w f mB eefh qdOk jf OMj qBm;r.ibf xke;f (47 yD) yAefulef;Omefj[defvlif[mifumrf;? ndlifb =Ofykifb? aq@OAif;erfhcrf; ([drf;clOfvlif erfhrmOf; qyf;vFefvdefrdlif;cmif ZBmbwluf; erfch rf; 4 vuf;)/ rdOl jf yvdujf wif;oduk ;f rmefj ugMbiB;. OFww hf cd Of 6 auMUwDjymifzmB U[dr;f umwfb wdik ;f cAOe f efh zAOjf nOfyM;ide k ;f rmefj 2 oFef ysM;? idkef;tcb 1b500 ,gef? eMbvDboBmcrf; oFef;cdkufh 1 vkufjc.ifqBm;r.ifbxlpf;/ udkwf; 5 auMUorfhyAef=Ofodkuf;omifbnBmj (e.ifrMU wfjg ) okr;f u.ijf y.w;f M-20 rmufbref; 8 vkujf / r.ifbxlpf; (OmefjeM;ymifb? ZBmbn.ufberfhcrf; qyf;OAif;)? omrfy.uf; (OmefjnBmb-rdlif;tcb)? qBm;u.ifb (uAif;cmef;wfgj-rdlif;tcb) tvj cmifrdlif;tcbauMUedkifj/ efg;cOf 6 auMUeefh omifbnBmj tvjomifbxkef;vBjxkufbqFwfj xmrfayMUxkyv hf Old yf e ld jf - omifbnBmjauMj yAef e.ifhwBmulpf;eB,Ofh/ ayM;vBjidef;cmOfb r.ifbxkef;wBm,Ofh? vkujf qBm;ref;wif;ule;f OmefjugMb,.e;f cmyfjwlOf wDj=if;,Mrlbaq@ wMbnOfrOld ;f wDjOmefjauMj

yvdufjrmefjcOfnrfbyef/ qfgUqOfjeMjwDj =if;,Mrlbaq@ugMbzOfwDjyMb[AOfjao nOf z.iv f yk bf ref;yefrOld ;f ulp;f / t[jOMj-u.yjf ydOl jf xmifbxdrl yf e A uf e l ;f xde l bf _ule;f uMU,Mj rD;u.ijf umifb ayMUxkyfhzdwf;auMUref; yFwfjtvj vBjqB.jyefuMju.rfbref;eBao yvdufjcOfrFifb ide k ;f cde k ;f 7 rde k bf rdOl jf 25_11_06 wDjOmefj [mifumrf;/ nefodkuf;rmefjwif;yvdufj ugMbv.rfiB.; u.ijf qrfjwdvjB ule;f 6 auMU wDjOmefjwdik ;f cAOf eefh ,lbef;g vderf ild ;f tcb ,mefve F v f e d rf u. jf 2-3 OM;/ (eMjawugMbOFwfh,dkOf;zOf=def; =Ofodkuf;vlifomifbw.if; uFyfhn.efburf;edkifj) eefh u.yfjcOfawMbzBmUxdkifrdlif;vFif;/ qdlOf; vFw;f urfjz.ijf twh ayM;ide;f oAirf M[Ofb? oAif vmwfjugmrf;rmefjarM;rM;auMjeFwfjn.efuef vFejf yBmj/ cOf 6 auMU orfyh bB wef;vFejf yBmj/ =Ofodkuf;omifbnBmj nefarMugmrf;rmefjukuf; ukuf;umuf;umuf; yM;OBhu.ifjy.wf;eefhorfhOMj[Of;yAefulef;qkrf; pAif;csmef;a,; (ayM; vmwfjqdlifheef xmifbrmefjawnrfb[Awf; oif) eBtvj cFef;xkufbcDjrmefjcwf;wyf; vBjpM;udef/ ymifzBmUcOfeBh ,mefuBZBmb+ifb =de;f =Ofoukd ;f vlio f mifbw.i;f r.ujf 10 OM;ulp;f -eB,Ofh/ qBm;r.ibf xke;f nefvjB xkubf oduk ;f rmefj ayMUxkyx hf ikd w f jD nlu;f y.ibf oly;f odubf eMjvFOf eBh ar;ref;qdkOfj emif;rkifb (45 yD) ulef; Omefjuke[f ;B / yAeaf r;uOfbomifbxke;f uki;f oMb nefoukd ;f rmefjwyfq h y. bf cmOfb cOfwp d y. ;f +ifh ugMbnOf[BmvBmyFwfjrdlOfjylefhrM; 4-5 yDtvj ]ref;emif;eBhukolOfb[BmUtwhtwh}-OMjeB/

14 Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

14

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

u.ef;acM (29_11_06)


INDEPENDENCE

qBm;crf;ymifb tvj qBm;[mefvw A ;f

Photo : SHAN

Photo : Prachatai.com

cmOfbyGwf;

qBm;crf;ymifb

ymifteuM@wke@f qBm;[mefvw A ;f wDjrdil ;f u.ubf Oef;xd 1-30_11_ 2006 eBh qkrf; zljodkOfbcmOfbe.ufjrdlif; nefrD;efg;rdlif;xB; (FCCT) qwf;[Fef;ymifte uM@wkef@c.if qBm;[mefvw A ;f |rmefjn.ubf oAiw f ;B nrfbzAejf +ifhOMj[mefbav; (nMb,k 40)E? Odef;xkef; (nMb,k 53) =rfjwif;uM@wke@f qBm;crf;ymifb (nMb,k 34)/ wDj FCCT (Foreign Correspondents Club of Thailand) ef g ; OA i f ; vlirf ild ;f u.ubf (uki;f xAyjf ) qdik jf xB; Oef;qefOef;okuf; cmOf;,mrf; 10;00-23;00 rlif;/ qBm;[mefvAwf;eBh rdlOfjvAOfwFrfj[mifj uM@wke@f umefrild ;f yefvmB vBmqkr;f rle d e f ifbqkrf;cmOfbzljw.Bb+ufj (SHAN) ? qkrf;uyf;

omefv.ifjemif;,dif;wB; (SWAN) ? qkrf; odkOfb[Fif;ekrfb (SYPM) ? clif;umefqB.jxFrf [Fif;umefcmrfjrdlif; (MAP) ? qkrf;cmOfbnDb'Mb OWDb (Irrawaddy) ? qkrf;cmOfbrdqfhqdr (Mizzima) ? qkrf;cmOfbcAwfhysBmb News Era Jouranl qdlOf;eBh,Ofh/ z.if;yD 1990-2000 ref;qBm;wFrfj [mifjef;g yyfv h ud jf yde k ;f qOfjodOl cf mefbZMU nef qOfjcde k ;f ofw g rF jf eefah o qdOk jf vdOk ;f vifrM;/ twbyD 2003 rM; wFrjf uMbwke;f umefridl ;f ao qdOk jf oAi, f bgf rM;? xdik w f jD qkr;f umefrild ;f vBmvBm qkrf; ,.rf;[yfherfhrdkOf; yBm;Olefhcdkef;wef; q.r;f iOf;vBm;nefuw ld bf cde k jf ,lb ef;g qdik jf rdil ;f

=rfjwkrrf mefj q.r;f cufv h w gf e . jf eefh qifbvBj wFrjf uM@wke@f yefoOkd bf vBmvBmqkr;f / wif;erf uM@wkef@qdlOf;vBjwFrfjrM;eefh rD;=Ofymufb eB,bl / qBm;Odef;xkef; (Mr Burma) orfh cOfjrdil ;f xB;yD 1990/wFrjf uM@wke@f qdOk jf oAif vdOk ;f vifrM;auMUedik jf eifbuOfb rdOl jf vAO, f bl rdil ;f nar@'dcOld @f / uM@wke@f ref;qBm;,mrfjn.ubf efg;cmOfb VOB (Voice of Burma)/ qBm;crf;ymifbeBh ,mrfj,lbefg;qkrf;cmOfb zljwB.b+ufjudkuf;+rf;qBm;[mefvAwf;/ rdlOfjvAOf ref;qBm;wFrjf uM@wke@f n.ubf ef;g OFyo hf mB Urdil ;f vB. (www.mongloi.org) / q

yDbwkqw d Ohf mefjymifbuAy;f oduk ;f rfbg yefrmefj qkrf;yDbwkqdwfhOmefjymifb uAyf;odkuf;rfgb yefokduf;rmefjulef;rdlif;urfjz.ifjulOftvjyBmj ugMb,lbwmifbwDj/ vFibf cmOfby.ibf vmwfjrM;rdOl jf 22_11_06 OMj-wifjtwb=Ofve ld e f Ol @f OFr@f VdOl @f 2006 rM;eBh qkr;f yDbwkqw d Ohf mefjymifb nefyOl bf rle;f n.ef=Of cmef;,.ef;uAyf;odkuf;rfgb efg;eMjwDj rdlif;a,M {nefyAefeMjwDj wyfhodkuf;qdlOfh qmwfjqdik jf wB; SSNA (Shan State National Army) wyfq h rk ;f 11 ukr;f ,dy;f uljy.ujf } OMjeB/

vBm;uAy;f oduk ;f rfbg eBh uAy;f nOfqr. ;f oAejf oBmrBmule;f =de;f (nAibf x.ibf qkq,M;) =de;f vfg =def;eefh/ ayM;rD;ulef;qBm; 2 auMU nOf 1 auMU? ulp;f uMj,Mb{jyAeuf e l ;f oduk ;f uOfb nef ,mrfj[myfbudw k uhf mefoukd ;f ef;g wmifbrlbwmifbqkr;f rM;aoy.ufj-eB,Ofh/ uAOfbuyf;v.ifjeBh ulef;rdlif;n.efuefy.ifh cmif;OMj- ]nefqkrf;yDbwkqdwfhOmefjymifb uAyf;odkuf;eBh nrfbqfgjwMb[Awf;odkuf;cOf? uAyf; wMbyefrmefjulp;f } eBaourfjz.ijf auMj ulOf

x5;jy ,5ory

vBj[Aw;f oduk ;f tvj yBmjugMbef;g eMjwDjqkr;f cmif udkwf;odkuf; KDA (Kachin Democratic Army) ,dyf;ukrf; y.wf;u.if;cM; efg;aq@OAif; ulwfhcBm-vBjcmOfbeifbeB/ q

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

15

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

15


k

qOfjeMjwDjxB; wdpy. ;f wB;nrfbrD;Ogf =if;,Aychf Ol ;f rlid ;f u.ubf vFifbcmOfbukif;xAyfjvmwfjOMj rldOfjcmOf; ,mrf;r.ufj 12;00 rlif;yBm Oef;xd 8_11_ 2006 eefh qOfjeMjwDj yvdufjZBmbulwfb xwf;? yvdujf ZBmbxwf;ule;f cOfjrlid ;f (awM; arM;) ndufbqOfjeMjwDjZBmb[Fif;imef; r.ufj 30 auMUcOfjulwfbxwf;=if;qmufj,AyfhclOf; ZFwf@oJdef@z.BU (Fashion Point) nef ulef;[Awf;umef 600 yBm wB;rD; 100 yBm/ wdp.yf;nOf ulef;wB;qldOf;nrfbrD;Owf;OfgugMb qBm; 36 auMU ,dif; 17 auMU wif;oAifj 53 auMU? vdlOfeefhvFefjyBmjtvj v.wfjylefh urfjz.ijf / =if;imef;,Aychf Ol ;f eBh rD;wDjoAejf wmif; ele@f qef@ udObf 28 y.uyhf ikd @f ukrbf ule;f [Aw;f

umefurfjerfye A uf e l ;f ef;g rdil ;f wB;qlOd ;f vkuw hf jD OAi;f ymifvil ?f vBm;cMj? erfq h mif tvj rlbaq@/ ulef;qldOf;xkufbwdp.yf;eefh qOfjeMjwDjcOf nOfugMbcifOBhegf;c.ufj/ orfhwmifbwmif;zdwf; qOfjc.i=f if;qmufj,Aychf Ol ;f OMj yefwjD ,lboOf; A ;f umef ule;f wmifbrlid ;f nefnrfbrD;Owf;Og[f w zdwf;yuf;yldifrBmrDjxB;/ u.yfjeef rgfikdef;wMb ulef;qldOf;xkufbp.yf;ekdifjauMU 8b500 Omwfb tvj 53 auMUeBh rFejf ,lboDboFeyf mB -OMjeB/ ZBmbekid jf wmif;ekid jf wDjOAi;f uAi;f rBbauMj rldOfjOef;xd 10_11_06 ,mrf;umifegf z.if; qrfcmOf;[Awf;umefeefh qOfjeMjwDjyvdufj xB; ygfUulwfbxwf;ulef;qldOf;,lb[drf;umwfb crf;wAifj OAif;uAif;rBb/ wdp.yf;ulef; 30 auMU

yBm urfjerfyAefulef;rdlif;wB;/ ulef;ekrfbwB; wDjuAif;rBb auMUekdifjvmwfjteeifbeB/ uAOfbuyf;v.ifj[Fif;umefcmrfjrldif; [Awf; umefegf;rldif;xB;eefh rldOfjvAOfqOfjeMjwDj xB;cOfuw l bf xAwjf wdpy. ;f ule;f nrfbrD;Owf;Ogf [mOfj[mOfj[Fif;[Fif;/ vBj[efn.ufbegf;xD@OD@? egf;vdufjzdkefcmOfbxB;cfgjuljOef;/ ulef;nef xkubf wdpy. ;f vBjeBh nrfbqgjf ule;f rlid ;f wB;ulp;f / ulef;rldif;rmefj? rldif;vmOf;tvj rldif;urf@Vl@ csM@? rldif;clOf@'D@,dlOf@+ifb (North Korea) auMjyM;/ rdlif;v.B 12_11_2006

xB;[mifj[Fe;f nkybf rmefj v.ijf auMbomifj=if;ZB;ZMU[Fi;f erfh xB;olef;nD; ZBmberfhref;qdlOfhZB; rdlif;xB;n.ufbidkef;wdkef; ckwf;[Merfhref; qdlOfhZB; yD@w\lOf@vArf@ efg;rdlif;rmefjxFifj tvj[mifj[Fe f;nky fbukr f qk r f; odk uf ; rmefj wMbauMbomifjclif;umef wAifZBmtrjerfhclif; [A w f ; n. u f b ZB ; ZMU[F i f ; erf h w D j [wf h u sD ; ? nef+ifjumef ZBmb[Awf;n.ufbZB;ZMU (rldif; xB;) vBjvlif;vBm;rdkOf;uefOBh wif;qkrf;odkuf; rmefjOMj xB;wif;tcbaw=rfjuefvil ;f wde k ;f auMbomifjZBm/ vmrf;wlpf;oifqdlOfhOMjtwb clif;umefugMbawyAef z.ef;vDZBmbZB;ZMU c.ifwif; 2 rldif;-OMjeB/ eBm@z.e@f cs@B \kus@D y'M@zM@ uFrz f i. ;f vlif ZBmb[Fif;imef;xB;vmwfjOMj-nefq.rf z.i;f vlix f ;B ugMbolbqf;g rdil ;f rmefjyAew f mif;umef rd l O f j 23_11_06 eB h eB m @yd , oOwf @ nrf@r'eef@ z.if;vlifZBmb[Fif;imef;xB;

rdlif;vB. (23_11_06)

auMjugMbq.r;f / ref;qOfjugMbnkybf ukrq f rk ;f oduk ;f rmefjw.efjwMb 2 rdlif;=rfjrdkOf;uef ZBmb [Fif;imef;? w.efjwMbauMbomifjclif;umefwAif ZBmtrjerfhclif; [Awf;n.ufbZB;ZMU[Fif;erfh tvj umefyluf;y.ifarMberfhref;qdlOfhZB;/ vdil jf arMberfrh ef;qdOl Z hf ;B eBh c.r@f yeD@ ulwfbxwf;tvj[Awf;n.ufberfhref;qdlOfhZB; yD@w\lO@f vAr@f rdil ;f xB; [mifj[Fe;f wlOjf wef; wMbcOfjugMbvlif;wdkef; ckwf;arMberfhref;rfgb ef;g rdil ;f rmefjxFijf erfvOld af rMbqdOl ;f vli;f wde k ;f nefwukd chf w k ;f ,lbrdOl jf vAOv f mB vBmarMb rle d e f ifb M3, M4, M7, M9 arMb'weMb tvj arMbt,;wckefb/ w.ejf wMbvlid jf =if;ZB;ZMUorfh eBm@yD@ ,oOwf@ ugMbnkybf ukrq f rk ;f oduk ;f rmefj v.ijf cdkyfjeMjcdkefjoifh clif;umefauMbomifjwAifZBm [Awf;=if;ZB;ZMU[Fif;erfh ZBm[wfhusD; (rdlif;

,mif;) uAOfbuyf;v.ifj ZBmb[Awf;n.ufbZB;ZMU rdlif;xB; vBjvlif;vBm;rdkOf; MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) uefOw hB if;qkr;f odkuf;rmefj? nefxB;wif;tcbaw=rfjuef vlif;wdkef;auMbomifj wAifZBm[Awf;n.ufb[Fif; ZB;ZMU r.ufj 1b200 ar@uOwfh [drf;vFef vdex f ;B -rmefj(awMbeMjumefwif;aq@OAi;f trjo.wfb aq@w.efjwmufb)/ oifqdlOfhOMj qkrf;odkuf;rmefj ,dkef,efumefvlif;wdkef; ,Ofq h ikd f +ifjumefZmB b[Fi;f imef;xB; awodyk bf nkyfbnlOf;v.ifj wFwfjawM;umefvlif;wdkef; vdOl e f x hB iF jf / vmrf;cmwfjOMj awqfgUcmOf;,mrf;r.ufj 5-6 yD qifbauMbomifj,Ofh/ ZB;ZMUeBhaw yAefz.ef;vDwMb 2 rdlif; nefqmifjqfgU[Fif; ZB;ZMUxFrf[Fif;v.ifj=rfbvlrfjrefjudkrf;ulpf; nrfbuM; ,if;vBjZB;ZMUuMjxkubf -eB,Of/h q

16 Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

16

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM


INDEPENDENCE

[kyfjcmOfbvkrfjZM U v:dHy m5;Hy [5;b Hy So5;Hy ;C,Hy [5;b Hy #QQ( 29/10/2006

9/11/2006

-5b'yh,boy9K'yjd5oyr ,5b'yrowHusD@ ,D@p5b;yH voy9K'yjd5oyrs^,yh @Q% gdkT d6'b dty K'yv t ;y-'b5 hy 0Kdyh udkwf;,:9yjo5b;ydK'ysK;y 95dyr 9Cdyj/ ;wKrgl]6dyt9uh -5'yjs^b;yr ,b o y ,b o y - 6 b o y h v,y j gxkrs6 b ' y / d5ory 9wKm'y9hu +_ gdkT ,K9yj 0Gxry ]5;b sy 'C ry ( gdkT/ p:odty x: hy zkjPkra^oy]5,yrsC'yr?

z5h0wKryM@udoxmef@ auMU edik jf v;y,Kdyj9Cdjy ,9ydt x: hy 0:,ry 95;y p:,ry 06o9 yt Kw ]Cohy -;yhoyr. a6'l y db6 ry vg,jibdoyj voy9db6 ty ]Coyhv:dyjsC'yrdK'yoy./ sG9yrsy>h l6bdyrvg,jibdoyj 9wKm'y9uh %# gdkT/ ,K9yj0Gxyr #Q gdkT/ ]: ' y h ow t ] K,y r -K9y h ;kh xG o y o,y,t ;b6 ry z5hgdkjdKoysKw T voyv,yjsKoy0 t ] .y '5 xy ': 0 y 'b6 hy yM@udoxmef@ s^,yh,6b;yrl6bdyrnarb'duefbao v;ys^b;yr,boyl6bdyrp6b;yrly.js^'yrsGoyr voyxo G 9 y hu a6db ry dKoy l6db ry 06,ry gdkjdKoysKw T 06,ry [boHy ]kHfGoHy owp;y?t (manager online)

(Reuters)

30/10/2006

13/11/2006

c-jxw:j]K;yo5awr (satellite) SinoSat-2 -6boyho5b;ydK'ysK;y 9kj0y.Toy.rdKoy xw:jsK'yh2lG'y muH;uH (TV) c]h oC'hy l6;b jy vb o y H m5 b ; y H oC 9 y t (Digital Broadband) oy.rx6boyt9uh,5b'yr s<'Hy d:'Hy rMuOf@ c]h xBOef;/ ]K;yo5awrowt m6dyjxw:j-6boyh9uh dK'ytxw:j luHl\K'yH aq@,5b'yr odkOfhcgsef; v,yj,ur]:'yh-:'yt-,y l'y? (China Daily)

xxyz t o b6 -y K;yj06;b hy ]6;b ry ]6,hy akT mwKH,y (Time) ]wh9C,hy p6dp ty ': hy 0;yh,6oypy.j -6oygsk-,yrmwr -6boyho'yhsK'yhgsk -:xyh9G,y (Q xu xGoz y h5 d9y-t o C jy oyr. d6ogy vH lb\3;yH (Heroes in Asia) c]h p6dytp:'yh;kh xGoy0;yhgsk-,yr o'yhsK'yhgsks6'b o y Koyr]5;b xy o b5 hy / ]5;b o y oy,t oyr0;yh p'yrxGoz y h5 v:oyv;y;Koyh,5b'yr -K,yhx5oyt]:9yh]:'yhokufhnlef,kr ]wKxKoyc]h ,oyr0;yh,ur0y.gvr]595Pyrm6b'yd5oyr,5b'yr/ xGoys^,yhz5Pyr9uh0y.py.j -:'yd5oyr,5b'yrc9tc9t? (Thai Post)

5/11/2006

]6,yr9Cxyr99yrI9kr ,5b'yr vbidyT 9Cxry 9C9ry xoy9K,yj 9wK ZzCoyg-krX l9ytf,yH =@oAef@ vbdyj 06,yr05b;yr s^,yh $ gdkT/ mC'yh # gdkT xoy9K,yj-:dyh g9kj05;yh/ p:oytd:xyhx5b;yh ,5b;yhz:'yr l9ytf,yH =@oAef@ c]h 06,ry 05;b ry z:'ry ',yr,5'b ry vbidyo t oyt ]wh0bl'yjsC,9 y Kw d5ory -5;b ry os@D ,Bh x:dhy ]G;y @%_ gdkT/ d5Pry dkh,5;b hy ]G;y 06,ry 05;b ry l9yf t ,yH 96db sty k]wKr 9kjw.yfbtuj9K'yrzb9yrp5j? (AFP, AP)

21/11/2006

06,ry ]6dz ty o b6 ] ty '5 xy ': 0 y 'b6 hy goHgxkH]y Zudlif;,dyf; refjOMbw rOfqdlOfwlif;X c]h ]5'yx:'y06b'yh goH gxkH]y 95dyr]5'yr]wh0y. d6b9yrl6bdyrg9kjdoy 9uh ;G'yr]5'y d9yt,oyHWk? ]:'yhowtd5oyroy.r]6,yhakT xGoyvoys^,y05,yr 0:,yrc9tc9t? 06,yr]6dytz6boytd5b'yr,;y 9'yrl6bdyr]5'yx:'y06b'yh goH gxkH]yotw ]wh96db ry p6;b ry doy,kr-K;yr9K'yroxyl t xb ry xu ,urd5ory ]5,9 ty Kw d.kj @#j*QQ yBmgdkT? (AFP) Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

17

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

17


k yGifjugmrf;

umefnyk bf nlO;f DIALOGUE ]umef[Of;eBh ayM;nrfbnkyfbuefauMj nrfb=Uy.ifbuef? aw,myfbwMbrdlOf;eMj/ ,Mb OMjule;f ekrbf ? rmifyu. jf ule;f vliaf uMj,if;ugi/f ayM;nrfbnkybf nlO;f uefwMbaobeBh qmifjOlehf wefnrfby.ibf ydik jf / u.yjf eBtvjumefnyk bf nlO;f eBh cfjg {jrD;ugMbrdOl ;f eMj? v.ijf nkybf xmrfvuF jf vBmj umefrild ;f qdOl ;f eBv h uD [hB w A ;f ? ayM;awnkybf v.ijf ,dil ;f nmef; auMjrmifzOfbqmifjxAiuf eferf/ rmifauMUOMju.ef;acM? rmifqdlOf;OMj WD@r.ufh ca'@oD@? rmifqkrf;OMjZFwfhWt'@vf u.yfj [Of;nrfbwFubf vFi;f OMj[Of;cfjg vBjoiftwhtwh/ u.e;f acMeByh i. bf oiftwhtwh/ yAe[f Okd ?f iOf;vBm; q.ifbyefnrfbyef/ ,.efhoifcfgjvBjZFwfhW t'@vf? qdOl ;f eBv h cD jB qf/g ayM;awOMj[ufq h Old hf qmwfj uljauMU[ufq h mwfj? cfjg {jqdOl q hf mwfjvD? cfgj{julef;rdlif; vBjxmifb[mifjv.wfjvFOf;uljauMU/ ayM;xwf;omifwp l ;f iOf;vBm;uljZBmb ZBmbvDimrf;twh-awrD;z.i;f edik jf uMjvBjnOf ZFwW hf t'@vf z.i;f edik jf nOfue . ;f acM/ ndif edlOfoBmiBmv.uf;vBm;ref;/ rmifauMU,krfb,rf OMjnOfu.ef;acM-ulef;rdlif;qifbawvlrfqfgrmifauMU,krbf ,rfvu. ;f ydil Z f w F W hf t'@vf/wDj twhref;nrfbwmyfjxAiuf efzw d ;f uef/ qkr;f wDbr.uchf a\@oD@rmifqrk ;f auMjOMj nrfbwmyfj odkyfbwdkuf;? wkuf;,.ef;{jvBjnkyfb? [MvBm; {jvBjnkybf / ayM;[Of;cfgj[efulef;rdlif;cdkefj,fgb/ ZBmb edkifjwlpf;iOf;vBm;rdlif;[Of;-odkuf;rmefjrD; wArq f w . bf wlOjf rdil ;f ? wlp;f vkrjf ZMUtvjrdil ;f [drf;+rf;[Of; rD;rdlif;tcb? ZBmbn.ufbrD;rdlif;xB; rD;nM@osFef@ ASEAN / wlpf;vDimrf; xwf;omifaq;v.u;f aoOmif;zFe/f auMUvAO_f qkrf;vAOfulpf;[Awf;nrfbvBj/ awvBjilyfhid uefumg ifjcgmif? ayM;auMUvAO_f qkr;f vAOf rM;wrf; zFeuf mefao urfjerforfn h rfbz.rq hf r. ;f auMj ,kifj,myfb/ qdlOf;wifjqkrf;rM;auMj u.yfjoif tvjwifj/ cfgjyAef,fgb[MU? aw[Awf;vBjoif twhtwh/ ayM;nrfbOlefhvdkufhnrfb[efqFifj vFif;eBh awvBjxAifuefwMbaob/ ayM;uBh=yfh

0;yhsKoy p:'ys^Pyh

xlyf;eifjnkyfbuefauMj aw=UwDjy.ifbrM;/ ef;g =de;f vifeikd jf eBh awMjzlOaf r;uef wmif; [efxdkif,if;nrfbrdlefuef/ ayM;nrfbnkyfb uefauMj qmifjnOfeMj=def;wFufb/ u.yfjeB v.ijf nkybf nlO;f vFujf vBmjuefehB ref;wde k ;f vD? ,lbauMUwDjwlp;f [ef nrfbrde l uf efauMj nrfb rD;yef[M/ OBm; 1988 eBh umefrdlif;rmefjvFufjvBmj rM;? uljy.ufj,mif;? r.ef;cOfOMjwdkuf;rmefj/ OBm;eBhcdkef;OMjwdkuf;qkrf;odkuf;rmefj/ u.yfjydlOfj wuf;vBj=rfjrdOk ;f qkr;f WD@r.uchf a'@oD@? nOf [Fi;f WD@r.uchf a'@oD@cOfrM;urf[h Of;tvj v.u;f vBm;vFufjvBmjrM;/ nefurfjz.ifj [efOMj zljerf;[Of;nrfb[Aw;f wMbcdOl ;f ? [Aw;f wMbrmefj qkr;f WD@r.uchf a'@oD@cOfup l ;f eBeefh nrfb qfjg / ,dil ;f nmef;okio f w k ;f tvj wMbz.e;f vD qdlOfhqmwfjeefh [Of;nrfbw.efhu.ifvif ydkefh yFwjf / v.ijf nkybf nlO;f umefrild ;f eBauMjurfjz.ijf [efzw d ;f OMjawyde k yhf w F jf wyfo h ukd ;f / eBah uMj wde k ;f nrfbqfjg / [Of;wde k ;f =UOMj ayM;nrfbrD; [Fif;odkuf; qkrf;odkuf;rmefjawnrfbnkyfb/ wdlufjwDjOMj[Of;rD;,dlif;nmef;aw nOfumef rdlif;tujvdwfjyef[MauMj-wuf;vBjrD;wyfh odkuf;urfhumefrdlif;/ wmif;[efxdkifuOfcMj xFifjydlifedkifj ule;f vliw f yF ;f wwf;ulp;f ? ule;f n.ebf nrfb=U? umifqfgulef;rdlif;auMjnrfbxmrf-eBhauMjnrfb xkufb/ rdlefeifbwlOfcdif;ulef;auMUedkifj =Of ulp;f [Aw;f umefnrfbvBj? wderf Okd ;f auMjwuf; vBjyM;/ nefnrfby.ifbqfguefeBh u.yfjnrfbrD; wdkOfhwmif;=yfhnkyfbueftvj qmifjxmifbxdlrf [efzdwf;uef/ xFifjydlifedkifj u.yfjeyfh,rf ulef;vliftvjvDvDqMUqMU ulpf;nOfulef; vliOf Mjwdu;f wdu;f ? yfUg x.rbf acMjoifbwdu;f wdu;f ? eBhauMjyBbqfgj/ xkufbvBj[Awf;oifeBh uljauMU vDcBjqfg/ ,MbukrfbeifjyfgUuef/ ulef;rdlif;wB; [Of;eBh u.yfjqyf;,mrfjnefyfgUx.rfb yfgUacMj oifbrM;? yfgUulef;vlifurfjerf/ zdlOfbrdlif;vk zfgnrfb[Awf;oifvBj/ ukrfbyfgUckefvDayMbeBh

nrfbvBj,Of/h nefvjB yAee f rB M;eBh ZBmbedik jf ,.efhodkuf;rmefjylefhyFefwAuf;wAif? ZBmbedkifj rD;wDj[Of;,lyjf ,.r;f / ule;f rdil ;f uljqmOf;cdOl ;f eBh qyf;,mrfjrM;nefukrfbyfgUuef/ nrfbwlpf; eMjuef? wlpf;eMjulef;urfjerf/ u.yfjeB vDwlpf;wMbz.ef;vDOmefjrdlif;yAef,fgb/ xFijf v.ijf edik jf nefce A bf wFrjf ydil if Ofj ydik ;f rdil ;f eBv h rfbv.ijf ? nrfbuAObf OMjzfyg e A cf e k ?f ckefauMjwuf;vBj[Awf;q.rf;/ u.yfjOMjckefvD tvjrdlif;vD nrfbqfgj? ydlifvDrdlif;qifbvD/ ayM;xdik cf mOf;v.wjf vFO;f vBj WD@r.uchf a'@oD@ rM;auMj awrD;cmOf;,mrf;-wdOk w hf mif;iOf;vBm; vFufjvBmjrlefhtr;ugMb/ uljy.ufjawMboljwdkuf; awM;rM;auMj zfgnrfbrD;v.ifj[mifj[Fef;cAefb wFrjf OByh ild if Ofjydik ;f rdil ;f / vdOl af oeef[h Of;urfj erf nrfby.ifbqfgOMjv.uf;ydlifZFwfhWt'@vf yAefoif ,mrfjvBjnkyfbzljerf; qkrf;qmOf; cdlOf;vBmvBmqkrf;? cOfOMjyfgUwlpf;rmefju.efb? eBhnrfbqfgj/ awvBj[Awf;ulpf; [mifj[Fef; Omif;zFefulpf;/ v.ifjzAifbyAif;_v.wfjvFOf; nefOMjeefh ayM;yB.brmefj qwf;umeftwh nrfbqfjg ZFwW hf t'@vf,Of/h ,lbwfjg rmefjulp;f ,Ofh/ u.yfjeBawvBj=rfjuef[Awf;cFifbrmefj yAi;f rmefj erf;eMjrmefj/ nrfbwmyfjyfUg rmefj/ urfjz.ifj[efzdwf;OMj ZFwfhWt'@vfauMj ,lbwfgjrmefjulpf;eB/ ayM;yB.brmefj[Awf;twh qfjg ,lb/ ayM;qkr;f qmOf;cdOl ;f =rfjuef[w A ;f vBj twh rmefjawvBjq.rf;ulefj[Of;,lb/ uOfcMjtwhyef[iF ;f ZFwW hf t'@vf u.yjf [efOMjndifedlOfiOf;vBm;uljZBmbZBmbao aw qmifj[Aw;f vBjyAev f jB vdOl af owmifbvBm;/ rdil ;f u.ef;acMnefOMjeefh [Of;awqkkuf;refj,lb vBj,lb oifOMjydlefjnrfbrM;uOf;[Of;/ q.ifb rmefjawwlp;f vBmyBb. OB[h MU< q.ibf tcbwif;xB; awu.wfbuBb,lb[MU<? [Of;nrfbxkufbvD,dyf; refjwBmwlOyf ild v f OA /f zf[g w A ;f ZBmbvfag uMj yAef wMbule;f rdil ;f xdeikd jf w.ejf wMbvliv hf iF ;f uef v.ifjqdlOf;eBheBh xkufbvBjrD;umefnkyfbnlOf; vFujf vBmjuefwud ;f wdu;f / q

18 Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

18

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM


INDEPENDENCE

&Frf@VlOf@ awrifrdlif;rmefj

Photo : Manager Online

Photo : Manager Online

fAe@f aq@vf aOM@osid @f wef@

oD@vfaO@ofwOld @f oawM@vfve l @f (Sylvester Stallone) qBm;erf;qdi l ;f uwfch e F bf c.ifa[M@vD@Okwfh ]'Frf@VlOf@} awrM;xBb qdlif;iOf;wlifh 'Frf@VlOf@w.efj 4 efg;rdlif;xB; efg;yD 2007 awxkdifeBh/ efg;qdlif;iOf;wlifhw.efjeBh wMbqB.julef; [Awf;umef zljrD;erfhqfgqdkefjofgauMUedkifj nefvjB [BmvBm rdOl jf ugMb[Aw;f umefqj.B xFruf e l ;f qmOf;cdOl ;f ef;g qdik jf rlid ;f =rfjwkrrf mefj-eB,Of/h qdlif;iOf;wlifhvdlifjeBh auMurfumef ZBmb xwf;x.ifc.ifvkrf;z.if;vlifxB; vBjulwfb xwf;wlp;f y.ijf qdil ;f nefawxBb (oc'dy)hf uljnef,Ofw h Ol jf vDimrf;ao[efOMj]'Fr@f VlO@f } w.efjxd 4 awnrfb[Awf;{jxB;wif; qkrf; odkuf;rmefj rD;v.ifjw.ufhwFufhwkrfhwdlOfhuefeB,Of/h edlOfhvdlifjy.ifjqdlif;=OfeBh ,if;yBb=U v.ifjwFwfjawM;? ulpf;vBj=UOMj w.efjrfgbeBh ]'Fr@f VlO@f } rM;,lboOf;udeo f mifjef;g rdil ;f xB; ao vBjxkufbwkuf;,.ef; {jugMbqB.jo.ufj[M qOfjeMjwDj (nar@'dcOld @f ) qkr;f edik jf nef [BmvBmugMbefg;vFefvdefrdlif;rmefj-eB,Ofh/ ulpf;uMj awvBjwdkuf;,dkOf;uefwif;zfgeefh ,if;yBb=U? oifqOld Ohf Mjwuf;vBjydw k ;f ,dOk ;f uef wif; qkrf;odkuf;rmefj? rdlif;xB;auMjvFyfjaw eMjrBj,lb,myfb-OMjeB/

e.ufjaoeefh ,if;awrD;qBm;erf; qdlif;iOf;wlifhqdkOfjvdkOf;vifrdlefeifb WAef@ aq@vf aOM@osdif@wef@ (Denzel Washington) cOfjyM;q.rf;/ y.ufjeBhref;aw[Awf; ayMjvAiv hf il uf e l ;f uMU,MjrOf;urf ,lb[dr;f +rf; vFev f e d x f ;B -rmefj/ qdlif;'Frf@VlOf@w.efj 1 nefqdkOfjOMj First Blood I yAefvdlifjc.if uRef@ iC,H y [5;Hy odkuf;nar@'dcdlOf@ nef,mrfjcOfjymifwdkuf; rdlif;OFwfhemrf;rM;/ yAufhorfhref;qBm;vBjxkufb ,kufh,.ifjwmif;[wf;[mef rdlOfjefg;ymifwdkuf; aowMUauMj ,Ae;f yAeuf e l ;f ,.ibf rMj vliw f Ol f vdkrf;cdif;nFOfbvmOf;uMjy.ifbuMjyAef nrfbcOfj wlibf Oli;f ule;f vBj/ vli;f wde k ;f ide k ;f omifj 14 vmefhaWM@vdlOf@? xdkifwDjteqdlif;iOf;wlifh rM; vBjidkef;yAef 78 vmefhaWM@vdlOf@/ yAufh orfhvBjxkufbxwf;omifOMj ukrfbtev.ifjqfgU cdlifju.ifjumifb[kef;[Fif;ylefhwDjauMj [Awf;{j qdOk jf oAif oD@vfaO@ofwOld @f vdOk ;f viftwh twh/ qdil ;f 'Fr@f VlO@f w.ejf 2 rD;qdOk jf w.ejf OMj First Blood II yAev f ild jf 'Fr@f VlO@f xkubf olibf {jugMbcleo hf u. jf [McMj,.r;f oduk ;f zljxkubf wmrfb nefr;D vBm;imef;OMj qdOl ;f cOfwukd rhf ;D oBmqf, g bl efg;rdlif;OFwfhemrf;? ZBmbumefrdlif;cfgj{jqmOf; nar@'dcOld @f vdrk ;f v.ijf eBh tvj ,krbf ,rfOMj

'Fr@f VlO@f awnrfbugMbpM;nDjoife;gf OFwe hf mrf;? ulp;f uMjref;qBm;orfuh Mg bcle[hf MpM;twh/ w.ejf k ;f 44 vmefah WM@vdOl @f ? zdOl bf 2 eBv h il ;f wde teiOf;wlifhefg;=if;rdlOfjyD 1985 vBjcdkef; 150 vmefhaWM@vdlOf@/ 'Fr@f VlO@f w.ejf 3 zdOl bf awofbg qdOk jf OMj First Blood III eefh orfhOMj Rambo III / yAev f ild jf 'Fr@f VlO@f cOfjugMbef;g rdil ;f nyfZ h uf ef@ edwfhofwef@ wMbugMbqB.j qOfjodkuf;vlif x'Of h r F e f @ nef v B j xk u f b p. y f ; wl O f u g M b/ ndifedlOfvBjwmif;urfhxFrfwDjwyfhodkuf;vkufh zde k hf rl@usM@[dwW hf e d @f ao ref;qBm;vBjwduk ;f ,dOk ;f uefwif;oduk ;f olO@f OD@,Fw(hf 'wfo h Jd LOf@) f mif ulp;f uMjorfw h ukd ;f nef[iF ;f oduk ;f ,fbg vliv ayhxiF jf eifbuOfb/ 'Frf@VlOf@w.efj 3 teefg;=if;iOf;wlifh rdOl jf 1988 rD;ule;f xkubf ,dOk ;f wBm 108 y.ujf ? yAeq f ild ;f nefqUgf v.ijf [ke;f [Fi;f tvjvBjxkubf xwf;omifvdlOfaow.efj 2? efg;rdlif;nar@ 'dcdlOf@twhvBjcdkef; 10 vmefhaWM@vdlOf@ anbaoide k ;f vli;f wde k ;f ? ulp;f uMjuljrdil ;f rdil ;f ef;g vkrjf ZMU orfo h il w f p l ;f erftvj vBjide k ;f erftwhtwh/ xdkifrM; ]'Frf@VlOf@w.efj 4} (In the Serpent's Eyes) rdlOfjvAOfeBh vBj=UOMjr.ufj 70-80% awxBbefg;y.wf;w.efj ydkefhwDj q.r;f OlObf =pfjxle d bf wle;f vBr. ild ;f xB;y.w;f +ifb? rdlif;xB;auMjawvBjidkef;q.rf; nrfb,.r;f r.ufj 5 vmefhaWM@vdlOf@/ qdlif;=OfeBh nrfbyBb=U qFijf vFi;f wFwjf awM;? ulp;f uMjydil v f il n f efvD wdw;f wmrftwhye A f qBm;erf;qdil ;f zljuwfch e F bf auMUeBhawwdkuf;,dkOf;uefwif;zfg? rdlif;xB; awyAeq f ild [hf Okd <f / Manager online vBm;imef; rdlOfj 28_10_06 eifbeB/ q

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 228.pmd

19

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

Photo : Manager Online

oD@vfaO@ofwOld @f oawM@vfve l @f

19


k

ulef;nD;vkdrf;auMj/ ulef;vlrfhawMjw.if;,lb The tripper may forget, but the tripped will remember.

 ⌫

wGe;f olarhayrJh vJwo hJ u l rSwrf q d J

d.K,yr9C9yh ,5b;yh-K;yr09yrxK'yd6,y]5'y c-jSvkHluHpoyH (Asean) 9uh;G'yrooyob'y (Nanning) g0H,5b'yrd.'yjl|ur (Guangxi) $QS$@ v:dyHm5;yH[5b;yH #QQ( ooyt ,ur-K;yj;kh oy.r,5b'yrc-jlwKp6oyooy (Yunnan) 9'yr d.'yjl|uH ,urd5oyrsGoyrd.K,yrmwro,y,kr/ d:xyh;kh]u9kjdKoy dkT-wK 9kj-;yhv:dyjdoyc]h 9kjsG9yrdKoy? owtxGoy-K;yjvoy]us^,y05,yr? d.K,yrmwr ]bdyhmwr d.K'yh-.K'y,krdkhs6b;ygdkh g9xGoy]:'yhd,ytpoy 9kjd.K,yr9wr ]bdyh9wr dkhooyt? vb'ry d]G9hy Borderline, Boundary Borrow Boost Boss Bow Bow Bowel Box Boxer Boxing Boycott

mwr     ⌦           

lG'yv:dyj -:xjy fCoHy / lGo[ty 'C jy -:xjy fCoHy p6b,yH/ d5T p5dry -6o b ty s>3;yokT/ z5To,yH d5,yts>3;y s>3;y¤.b3;yH ],yHlwt 95xjy / 9wj: odyH,5PHy ,5PHy -.,ty[K9yj

9wr;kh]wh -:xjy ]Co/y lGohy ,C'jy -:xjy ]Coy p6,b /y d5h p6d-ty o b6 hy s^;yokh/ z5ho,yr d5,hy s^;y s^;ys^b;yr ],yrlwh 95xyr/ 95xyj/ 9w:j odyt,5Pyr ,5Pyr -.,hy lxb9hy

20 Vol. 23, No. 228, 2006

INDP 228.pmd

20

12/5/2006, 10:21 AM

,Koyh;kh e,fedrdwf e,fjcm;rsOf; acs;iSm; wGef;wif t}uD;tuJ OD;!¸wf avSO;D tlr}uD; tkyf/ xdk; vufa0SŒorm; vufa0SŒ oydwfarSmuf

korn kaw 12  

korn kaw 12