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rBm  vldefodyf;-odyf;nAwf; yDwB; 

     

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zljerf; SNLD qdlOf;cOfj=rfjymifukrfqdlOfhqmwfjrmefj

NC

rdlOfj 1993

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zljerf;qefhokif tvj vkufjqkrf; EC c.if SNLD qBm;odlOfolOf;pkefh (Omefjrdlif;eM;? aq@OAif;rdlif;rfgb? rdlif;cmif) nefvBjwBmqOfh ,.e, hf mrfjvBjxkubf zlju.e;f oduk ;f rmefjayMUxkyhf =OfyOfjckefxkef;nl; rdlOfjwdkufhcdkefjymifukrf NC c.ifqkrf;odkuf;rmefj 1993

ulef;ekrfbvkufjqkrf; SNLD uAif;wkif qdlOf;,.rf;,myfb,.rf;=dOfh Ofb[Mol23, ef;wkNo. rf wMburf hxFrfyMbwDb=OfodlOf q.rf;Omefje.ufj 2 nFVol. 226, 2006 ,mefuBOAif; 10 vuf; rdlOfj 1990 eMjvdlufjwifj

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INDEPENDENCE

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qkr;f iOfjike;f =OfoOld ?f nrfbvFruhf Old rf e ld yf e ld jf ? auMbide l jf uduk ;f yde k ;f 18 yD rM;u.u;f yde k ;f rdOl jf ode k ;f ? [kyjf cde k ;f 18 yD eefhqdkif ayM;OMjvkufj[Aef;ulef;rdlif;oifbcMb vkufh[dkefbomefcwf; rdlOfj 8_8_88 ukpfhulefb yFwjf qkr;f rmefj rov qOfjnMbeMbyMbwDbvAOf (nefnl;aebOdef;n.ef=Of) wluf;ugMb,Ofh

ymifukrfvlifiOfjikef;WD@rlOf@ca'@oD@qdlOfhcdlOf;wB; SNLD wDjwlejf wD; rkuq hf rk ;f umefrild ;f ayhymifvuld jf wifj rdOl jf 1990 nefvBjz.if;wFef;erfokwf; xd 1 q.r;f eifbumifqugf e l ;f rdil ;f qdik jf wB; w.wjf oAif vdul jf rM; 23 auMUeefh yAeq f rk ;f vf<g / ule;f =U zljvAyjf [Ae;f urfjerfaww.ybf OMj-yAeq f rk ;f iOfjike;f WD@rlO@f ca'@oD@qdOl chf Old ;f wB;? qdOk jf nif;udwfhOMj SNLD ulef;rdlif;wB; erftvj anbaw=Uquf;OMjyMbwDb=OfoOld /f ugmrf;rmefj +ifhyAefwmif;umefOMj (osmef;nrsAOf;wM;rsM; WDbrlObf ca'boDb nzBU. csLuf-h osmef;WDbcsLuf)h

yuf;ydlifrBmrDjz.if;irf;qdkifjrdlif;) OMjeB/ [Awf;eefaozlj[ufhqmwfj qdlOfhoBm qmOf;cdlOf;wB;wif;erf qifbwlifhwdkefbolef; wkrcf Ofj[Mc.ejf [Fi;f uef c.wbf z.wjf yAerf bl ,fbg qkr;f vliaf uMbwifjyMbwDbumefrild ;f vli;f oAejf

]yAe[f Okd af uMj,Ofh yAeuf Ofah uMj,Mb? yAe=f Ofcid =f OfcMbauMjwdil ;f ? ay{jyAef ZB;zdlif;? erfhvBwfgjzdlif;? uBgm;[Awf;eM;ndkyf;zdlif;eefhulpf;/ ayM;wlpf;ydkef; omOf;yD,r. ;f o.i?f xwf;x.icf e kd ;f qdik f wlu;f xdik Of ef;auMbwifj qkr;f iOfjike;f =OfoOld f c.yjf clybf 18 yDwrA rf Old jf 21_10_2006 vDimrf;/}

Photo SNLD

cmOf;wmif;odyf;omOf;yDrM; [mefhawMb Oef;rdOl jf eBh rkurhf bl auMqkr;f umefrild ;f umefoukd ;f ef;g qdik jf wB;zkw;f rD;rM;eyf=h Ofoyd ;f qkr;f tvj oifOMjnrfb,mrfj[Aw;f umefqOld q hf mwfjrM;ao qkr;f qkr;f ?oifOMjnrfb,mrfjvBj[Ae;f =UOBz h i. jf qdik ?f ayM;nrfbcfjg =Uquf;qdOk jf qkr;f oifqrk ;f odif auMjOMjvBj/ ]qdkOfjqkrf;wB;nefyM; wlOf S ulp;f ayhue F bf erf?ayM;o.ebf yM;qkr;f qmOf;cdOl ;f efg;qdkifjwB;uljqkrf;qkrf; =rfjuefwif;rlwf; auMjeyfhayM;nrfbvBjcBjayM;nrfboAifj}urfjz.ijf awcfjg OMjeB/

auMj qkrf;odkuf;rmefjorfhcdkef;,dkwf;nMbeMb qdik jf rdil ;f xFijf y.ujf urf;o.if rdOl jf 1988 vde l f oFyx hf rF @f VdOl @f 18 Oef;/ zljerf;oduk ;f rmefj q.rfodkuf;vlifaqM;r.ifb ylifvmwfjugmrf;refj uFefbOMj- aw{jrD;umefvdlufjwifj? yMbwDb umefrild ;f vfag yhymifvuld jf wifj rD;z.i;f wFe;f vBj wDjeifjerfokwf;auMj awr.yfjOmif;nMbeMb yefao wyfo h ukd ;f rmefjtwhawy.ujf rdOl ;f cde k ;f ef;g ymifoOf;oduk ;f / yMbwDbvfag yhvuld jf wifjauMj rD;okebf vBjwdw k w hf rF jf ydil if Ofjydik ;f rdil ;f (iOfj[mufj

rBmZmifnOfqOkd jf iOfjike;f WD@rlO@f ca'@oD@ qdlOfhcdlOf;wB; SNLD rdlOfj 1988 vdlefn.uf@ xlO@f VdOl @f 21 Oef; wDjOAi;f wMjukijf / qifbOMj -Oef;udw l bf yMbwDb=OfoOld e f ahB wvBjOMj n.u@f xlOf@VdlOf@ 21 Oef; nMb,k ayM;wef;vBj 18 yD vDimrf;/ u.yfjydlOfjOMjyMbwDb=OfodlOf- iOfjikef; SNLD eBh yAefyMbwDbumefrdlif; ayhymifvdlufj wifj 1990 ,fgberfokwf;xd 2 efg;rdlif; =rfjwkrf (nefwil e hf ikd e f ;gf c.ybf Oli;f rBmrDj qkr;f odkuf;rmefj) tvj,dlif;rBmvuf;umef? oAefj wmif;eMjumefiOfjikef;eBh yAufhorfhOMjnrfb qmifjwFrjf vmwfjyde k z f mOfbwFubf vFi;f aowMU auMj ayM;[kyfjwlpf;qdkif yAefwMbyluf;wifj qdik jf rdil ;f =rfjwkrf tZ@WdOl f@t'@vf (Federal) qFwfjqmifb 8 aq@rdlif; nefrD;v.ifj xkufbrFefjq.rf;YwM; (ugmrf;,kwfhwdxrf;) v.ifjzAifbyAif;? v.ifjxmifb[mifj v.wfjvFOf; (Justice, Equality, Freedom) nefujl qmOf; cdOl ;f aq@rdil ;f rD;okebf vBjwFy;f wwf;wlOuf Ofb [if;acM/ yBm;rdil ;f ? yBm;rmufjrD;? yBm;c.ybf Oli;f ule;f ? yBm;ypMb? yBm;,lbvDZid jf tijvdujf vBm;qdOl ;f eBh rD;v.ifjv.wfjvFOf; xmifb[mifj,kufh,.ifjyluf; y.if- qdlOf;eBh,lb/ ef;g uMjzljerf; SNLD qdOl ;f cOfjyM;ef;g qkr;f iOfjike;f n.e=f Of (CC) 42 auMU (nef

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k ]cmOf;wmif; 18 yD vDqMUcde k jf vli;f ? crf;cli;f -rmufbnde k jf ? urfw h e kd jf urfv h ukd ?hf arMcduk ahf rMckpjf zli;f zkpjf uFebf eFejf ? vBjvFejf vBjyB? OBce . ;f u.e;f udil jf ? f if;qku;f refj? yFubf ydil jf vmufbvBm;? umefymB ;rdil ;f yMbwDb=OfoOld ?f yBbrmufbyBbrdOl , wduk uhf efjqfcg e . jf wkryf e A q f rk ;f yAeq f Old ;f ? rmifbudOl ;f {jrD;v.ijf vFujf vBmj? yBbwFufb,BmjvkvFOf[mefhawMb,mrf;vAOf} zljn.ef=Of SNLD ckefxkef;nl; qBm;ekwf;cOfeBh u.yfjoifayhrM;uBm;=uBm;wM qkr;f oduk ;f rmefj</ SNLD yAeyf MbwDbumefrild ;f [wf;xwf;omifqq d rfjw.u;f odOk jf v.ijf nrfb qdkOfjnrfbqfgjnrfbrFefjv.uf;rFefjvBm; nef qkr;f oduk ;f rmefjcdik yf i. yf ild jf wmif;qdOl ;f eefh vdOl f aoyMbwDbWD@rlO@f ca'@oD@qdOl q hf mwfj NLD

]w.ejf wMbqkr;f oduk ;f rmefjeBh ayM;wdcifyw F jf n.ibf omef;okusbD auMj rde l w f if; irfzwfch Mj[Fryf w F jf v.ijf awMboljykejf fD@rlO@f ca'@oD@ ndubf okebf vBjule;f / f e k ;f nl; qBm;ekw;f qOfjodOl x f e F jf ndubf zljerf;qdik jf wB; ayM;wdcifyw F jf ckex 7-8 auMUauMj rdlefwif;v.ufbidkwfjwAuf;wFwfj=rfbwAifyFwfj v.ifjawMbolj ykejf okebf vBjumefridl ;f c.iq f rk ;f qmOf;cdOl ;f 7 aq@rdil ;f } (nefni. bf omef;okusbD n.e=f Of)auMjOMjvBj/ wDjwFufjref; rdlefeifb SNLD wFyf;wwf; nrfbodyk bf cOfj=rfjymifurk q f Old q hf mwfjrmefj NC wifjtwb=OfyD 2005 rM;eBh urfjz.ijf ,if;cfjg

Photo SNLD

wFy;f wwf;vdul jf omifOrhB Old jf ymifurk v f il yf wf;yde k hf wDjwlejf wD;ef;g umifve ld af nM@uwfo h f 1990) rD;zljerf;eMj eMb,u 7 auMU? auMy.ifumef iOfjikef; 35 auMU (auMn.ef=Of 17 auMU? zljcOfjauMy.ifumefiOfjikef; 18 auMU) eefh ulef;rdlif;=Uquf;uBhidef;qdkOfjoAif erfvdlOf ydlefjtwh yAef=OfyOfjckefxkef;nl;? zljerf; efg; qBm;ekwf; (qBm;pkefhvkefb) qBm;ZMj? qBm;wMban; (odlOf=rfbrdlif;erfhcrf; nefvk rdOl jf =OfyD 2005) qdOl ;f eB/h zljerf;qefo h ik f SNLD ,dyf;wdkOf;vBm;=rfj+rf;uefn.ef=Of (odOl w f mB odOl w f e F ;f ? rBo h ykd bf rBh ule;f odyk bf ule;f ) qFufbtzykefjz.ef; wef;[Aif;uefaowMU ckefxkef;nl; qBm;ekw;f wif;yMbwDb =OfodlOf eBh udkuf;udkifburfhqkefuef/ ndifedlOfqkrf;odkuf; rmefj ruf;refjyAe=f Ofye F , f r. bf rde l o f e A jf emrf ,.ujf nlu;f umifjwrfacM;cOftvj qifbwdpy. ;f qOfjckex f e k ;f nl; yefwmrfbc.ujf 93 yD tvj qBm;ekwf; 85 yD/

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Vol. 23, No. 226, 2006

xwf;omifOMjq.rf;ulefj NLD ulpf;[dkOf-eB aowMU vBj=UOMjnrfbuAOfbc.ifjuefoif/ vBj idef;OMjqArfrdlOfj NLD nrfbyBbwuf;oAifoif eef=h OfyOfjckex f e k ;f nl;ayM;yde k z f mOfbvmwfj te=if;yB.boAife.ufjrldif;OMj- ]uMjqlOjf qkr;f odkuf;rmefjwdkufh,dyf;refj,dlif;rBm 6 acMj? vuf;erf; 104 acMj? zFefwmif;yBm;rdlif; 7 cufch i. cf Of nOfumifqrgf mefjwwf;ruf;ZBmbvAOf ,lbrFu;f rFu;f (nrfb,.r;f vlw;f ,.ebf vFujf vBmj rlefhtr;vM;vM;) eefh [Of;auMjnrfbqmifj yM;q.rf;vBj}- eB,bl / z.if;wdkufhcOfj=rfj ymifukrfqdlOfhqmwfj rmefj NC rdlOfj 1993 eefhauMj ckefxkef;

nl; qBm;ekw;f cOf wku;f ,.e;f wmifbte ykejf wMbokefbvBjqmOf;cdlOf; 7 rdlif; [wf;[wf; [mef[mef cdkOf;,rfcdkufhw.ef;vdlOf NLD qdlifheifb{jyAefqdkifjrdlif;=rfjwkrfqFwfjqmifb nefvuk w hf jD vdujf =rfjrBmymifvil uf w ld bf yAerf M;? {jrD; 8 aq@rdlif; nefv.wfjvFOf;zAifbyAif; uef? nMbeMbqdkifjrdlif; wuf;vBjvkufhwDj ulef;rldif;rM;? nMbeMbqduf;q.rfqdkifjrdlif; 3 ydlif (nMbeMby.ifrBmrDj? wFyf;wwf;YwM;? z.if; irf;) eefh {juljaq@rdlif;ukrf;urfxmifb[mifj [if;ulp;f ? ef;g ozM;yM@vD@ref@eefh ozM; z.if;wFef;tvj ozM;zljwFef;qmOf;cdlOf; {jyAefulef;rldif;vdlufjwifjrM;ao rD;nMbeMb yAif;uefqdlOf;eBh? xdkifwDj vBmZBmbvBmqkrf; n.efuef,.rf;[yfhurfhxFrf,.ifja,M;/ qkrf; rmefj NLD e.ujf rdil ;f auMj ,mrfjn.ubf acMjyde k f zmOfbOMj-]qkrf; SNLD eBh nrfbqfgjwdkuf; awMboljwMbcdlOf;wB;rdlif;wB;ulpf;? wmifwlOf =rfjyM;wMbuljqmOf;cdOl ;f wif;rdil ;f vBjvDvjB yAef vBjxmifb[mifjv.wjf vFO;f ylev hf w . jf n.ubf wfjg qOfjnMbeMbeifbuefoiA jf oAijf }-eB rM;,lb/ =OfyOfjckefxkef;nl;eBauMj rdlefeifb


INDEPENDENCE

yMbwDb=OfoOld tf vj SNLD ckex f e k ;f nl;eBh zMbxFubf qFubf tzzmwfb,mefuef nrfbvBjtvj eifb[dOk af wqmifjzAOjf ,MU SNLD vkvOF e f efh qkr;f oduk ;f rmefj qifbwdp.yf;zljerf;qdkifjwB;yAefoB.U rdlOfj 8-9_2_05 (wDjwlefjwD; tvj wMjukijf ) 20-30 auMU? yBmnrfbayM;-qOfjeMjwDjrmefjcOfoykd bf [M=;[M+B;ao [kyjf ,dw k ;f yFwjf c.r@f yeD@ (olibf cdil jf clO;f odibf c.iz f e kd v f ud jf vBm;) OCS rdil ;f usyef@ udibf tzwMjukijf nefvuk jf ar;ckex f e k ;f nl;yAeq f Ofjc.i?f yAev f mB ;ayMUvFOyf w F jf arMjcOfj okebf wlOe f Mj=de;f zljn.e=f Of SNLD /

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Photo SNLD

vkybf oefvifvil f SNLD ulp;f rOfbuM; nef yMbwDbyBm;rdlif;qmOf;cdlOf; 11 qkrf; =rfjuef auMbwifjrM;qkrf;nlpf;vDqmOf;cdlOf;z.rfh=rfj UNA (wifj 31U7U2002) eefah uMj vBjOMj ref;qOfj yAefwyf;r.ef;v.efhuFefauMUedkifj auMj[if;ref;/ wDj=def;ref;qOfjwMjukifjeBh uBhyAefwDj[Awf;ymifukrf? wDj[Awf;yB.;ckuf;xlyf; Oef;,fbg Oef;vli?f wDj[yfch uF bf e.ujf rlid ;f awMb xdik f UN, EU qdOl ;f eBah uMj[if;ref;/ auM=rfj omifjqdik jf wB; SSJAC nef SNLD wif;

Photo SNLD

OfgydOf-vuf;umef,dlif;nmef; SNLD

vkufjqkrf;c.rfbrwDbolef;wkrfaq@OAif;uAif;wkif wdkufhn.efuefumOfbudefbacMjZifqfg wDjvkrf;ydkwfbrfgb eMjvdlufjwifj 1990

rkufhqkrf;irf;,AefqdkifjwB; SSPC |c.ifqkrf; wB;udkwf;odkuf;y.wf;+ifb SSA-N+SSNAE =rfjuefauMbwifjrM;qArrf Old jf 1996 eefah uMj ckex f e k ;f nl;orfyh e A =f OfyOfjOBah uMj[if;ref;/ rdOl jf SNLD, SSPC wif;zljerf;oFe;f [kejf rfbg qdik jf wB; NGSS cOf 20-30 auMU [Awf; ymifukrfwDjiOfjikef;oFifuFOfhrdlOfj[mifyD 2004 aovBjqfug efcw . bf z.wjf auMudOl ;f ukrq f OfjyBm;arM qdik jf wB; SSICC eefah uMj zljn.e=f OfyMbwDb =OfoOld f cOfjyM;wliw hf e kd bf q.r;f auMj[if;ref;/ ymifukrf NC rmefjauMj SNLD ydkefzmOfbOMj awnrfbodyk bf cde k jf q.r;f ? orf, h mrfjxwf;omif zMbrBhnrfbtOjwM auMj[if;ref;/ qdlOf;eBheBh vD,i. jf a,M; nefcOfqOfjiBm;rde l f rlwe hf mif; vFef; ,lbefg;nlifjrdkOf;vdif;aoqDjclyf;[wf; [wf;[mef[mef eefh,lb/

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k Oef;rdlOfjeBh vDrM;xwf;omifwlpf; [Fif;n.ef=Of SNLD nefodlOfwBmauMj odlOf vmifbodlOfvBm; |iBm;[AefrFOf;elE ykwfjwFef;efg;iOf;vBm;uyfhuFef;rmefjiFef;eefhz.ifj/ OBm;ao ckex f e k ;f nl; qBm;ekw;f ndubf qBm;vMUn.ifb qOfjwMbnl;cOf vBjxkufbwd p.yf;,OfhauMj zljn.ef=OfiOfjikef;=OfodlOf nef[wf;vmwfj[wf;qMOMjvBjcBjqmifj (OMj vBjy.iyf e A )f auMjnrfbayM;cfjg udw k ;f zf-g urfjz.ijf cfgjOMjeB/ =OfyOfj[ufhoMumef,mrf;vAOf yAef vki;f rlOuf jD (qBm;rlO;f usbD ) nefye A z f i. ;f wFe;f rdlif;yefbauMj ydlefjnrfbayM;=Uquf;/ ,mrf; vAOfzljerf;efg;xd 1 qBm;olpfbusL; tvj xd 2 qBm;wdefbvBmb (yDjnBmjqBm;ekwf;)? xd 3 qBm;aqM;n.ifb (=Ofymifbrdlif;cmif)? xd 4 qBm;xke;f qdibf (vFi;f =rfbZMUumwfbuAOf -rsw d uhf s;D eM;) qdOl ;f eBah uMj nrfboljvBjide;f qdOk jf oAicf OfqOfj/ auMy.iuf mefiOfjike;f 35 auMU(1990) eBauMjvkwBm,Ofh 7-8 auMU/ qdlOf;vBjxkufb rdybf x.ew f Ol ?f ,.e;f n.ubf ? udw k ;f vdOk jf ayM;yFwjf auMjcfgjrD;[drf; 20 / nef,lbe.ufjrldif;rD; 45 auMU?rde l e f ifbzljerf;ef;g uljy.ujf (qBm;wkp?hf qBm;n.ifbrmwfj? qBm;Odef;azb-z.if;wFef; rdlif;olj)? ckefomrf (ulwfhcBm) qdlOf;eBh/ iOfjike;f WD@rlO@f ca'@oD@qdOl chf Old ;f wB; nefayhymifvuld jf wifjrdil ;f wB;urfjerfehB yAef efg; 20 aq@OAif;? rD;z.if;wFef;omOf;yBm nefulef;rldif;urfhxFrfvdlufjwifjrM; (qdte ,dy;f urfvjB vDimrf;)tvj yAef rkuq hf rk ;f yMbwDb umefrldif; nefwmifwlOfqdlOfhqmwfjqdkifjwB;

iOf;vBm;z.if;wFef; yMbwDb=OfodlOf 1U 2U 3U 4U 5U 6U 7U

ckefxkef;nl; qBm;xkef;n..ifb qBm;o.ifoDb qBm;ZMj qBm;oMbxkef;rsMU qBm;n.efb qBm;wdefbOdef;

(SNLD MPs)

oDbayMU 1 vmif;cdlOf; uRufUtr; 2 uRufUtr; 1 vBm;cMj rdlif;udkif erfUqmif

vde k ;f okw;f -

(vBjxkubf wd 9_2_2005) (vBjxkubf wAu;f qfUg x.ew f Ol f 5_6_2004) (vBjxkubf wAu;f qfUg x.ew f Ol f 6_4_2006) (vBjxkubf wAu;f qfUg x.ew f Ol f 7_4_2006)

oAifjurf@vlUc.Bj 1U 2U 3U 4U 5U 6U 7U

qBm;vAufU qBm;vMUwdefb qBm;xke;f wdebf qBm;ausMbqAifb qBm;ckefusD; qOfjoMbwdeUf qBm;wMban;

ukef[dif; rdlif;,B au;oD; rdlif;wlef wmifU,mef; 1 ymifv.if; 2 erfUcrf; (vlU 22_2_2005)

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Vol. 23, No. 226, 2006


INDEPENDENCE

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zljwBb. +ufj (16_9_06) Shan Herald Agency for News

7


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Vol. 23, No. 226, 2006

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INDEPENDENCE

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Photo by Thai website

Shan Herald Agency for News

9


Photo website

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10 Vol. 23, No. 226, 2006

rdlif;=rfjwkrfrmefjwif;rlwf; rD;odkuf;vkufj n.efbr.ufj 70b000 auMU/ nefwAuf;nOf vkufjn.efb[Awf;odkuf;eBh vdlOfaoqkrf;odkuf; rmefj,Ofh efg;qkrf;wyfhodkuf;qmOf;cdlOf; qdlOf; ,dy;f u.ijf umifbvkuz hf e kd ahf uMjrD;oduk ;f vkujf n.ebf r.ujf 4b000 auMU/ (y.ibf OMjef;g wyfo h ukd ;f rmefj rD;odkuf;vkufjn.efbr.ufj 66b000 auMU)/ yef@pM@ odkyfbvmwfjxFifjOMj-efg; qkr;f vkuz hf e kd rhf ;D oduk ;f vkujf n.ebf r.ujf 4b000 auMUeefh qkrf; KNU, KNPP,SSA-S cOf w.yfbxAifOMjnrfbrD;/ ulpf;uMj KNU wif; KNPP twh cFef;vdlOfydlefj,lb? u.yfjOMjwif; qkrf;okefbvBjulef; nef[Awf;umefefg;qkrf; NGO cOf rD;v.ifjnkyfbnlOf;vFufjvBmjacMj rkef;ueftvjvBj=UOMj KNU,KNPP o.if qkrf;eBh=rfjuef odkuf;vkufjn.efbrD;nrfbwArf 50 auMU/ SSA-S twh yAufhorfhcOfw.yfbxAif aowMUauMj cOfvFyfjrD;odkuf;vkufjn.efberf vdOl yf e ld jf OMjeB/ uAObf uyf;v.ijf eBh zljcmefymufbwyfo h ukd ;f qdkifjwB;y.wf;qmef; SSA-S emif;cdlOf;oFef vmwfjwDjqkrf;cmOfbrdlif;vB.OMj-efg;wyfhodkuf; SSA-S eBh nrfbw.er hf ;D oduk ;f vkujf n.ebf rde l f qdlifheifbqkrf; SACSUCS cOfvmwfj? ayM; nrfb,krbf {jqkr;f NGO rM;vAyfj[Aef;wlpf; wDjvB.wB;vFif;? {jvBj=UOMj [Fif;odkuf;[Of;rD; uMj[dkOf? odkuf;vkufjn.efbrD;twh nrfbrD;twh eBeefh awvBj=U,lbeB,Ofh/ q

New Era (5.9.06)

Photo website

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INDEPENDENCE

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INDEPENDENCE

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SHAN

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yBm;ypMb tvj umefri ld ;f cOfj=if;[Aef;qefhiOfj wDjOmefj[Bm;,Mj- efg;e.if[Bm;,Mj r.ufj 1923-1924 aoodkyfbcOfj=if;[Aef;,.if=pfj awMbqefh 4/ 1928 1931 1934 1936

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14 Vol. 23, No. 226, 2006

twbwifb=if;vlvdufjoBmvFif;(nvdef;,.ifb) wDjOAif; ,.if=pfj/ 1940 vBj[yfhWD@u'D@ (y'def@,M@w'D@) B.A vlpfjerfhuwfh cFefbzMoMrmefj/ 1942 odkuf;usyef@cOfj,dkwf;rdlif;wB;rdlif;rmefj z.if;odkuf; vkrjf ZMUy.ujf o.i/f yAe=f OfyOfj qkr;f ule;f ekrbf an@osLd Of@ wDjwlejf wD;/ 1945 cOfj=rfjefg;umefvkufhzdkefhomefcwf; wdkuf;awM;usyef@ zljcgmufjrldif;/ 1946 cOfj=rfjymifukrfymifvlify.ufjxd 1 (20-28_3_1946)/ n.efc.wfbz.wfjqkrf;ulef;rldif;qdkifjwB;v.wfjvFOf; SPFL ('yv) nefwkuf;,.ef;wMb=rfjnOfu.ef;acMudkuf;q.rf; rdlif;rmefj/ 1947 wlifhedkifolef;wkrfqkrf;nlpf;vDtvj =pf;qefulef;rdlif; teumifqfgwDjwlefjwD; wMburfhxFrfq.rfodkuf;n.ifbomef; z.i;f ref;qOfjwduk n hf yk bf ukro f w A jf uMjoAwjf =Of vliyf i. q f ikd jf rldif;nif;udwfhwDjvef@Wef@ (rdlOfj 26_1_1947)/ vlif;vBm;rdkOf;q.rf;vdufj=rfjrBmymifvlif(12_2_1947) 1948 awMboljwku;f ,.e;f wMbokebf vBjokebf yAeuf e l ;f rlid ;f qdik jf wB; OBm;vBju.ef;acMwDjckefnif;udwfh/ vdkOfj,ifhumefrdlif;ao cOfj[myfbumefwjD qefq h r. w f Mjukijf / 1958 wFrfjy.ifjugmrf;n.ufbefg;zdkefvdufjwB;ekrfb (c.ifrkufhqkrf; ,kufh,.ifj vdufjvBm;qefhq.rfwMjukifj) xwf;omifv.ifj rdil ;f wB; vkwjf [mrf;vkork ;f okebf vBjumefrild ;f ,.echf e k rf mefj nrfb[Awf;q.rf;acMjvBjqfgymifvlif/ 1971 vBjxkubf wFibf wifjvdul jf nOf{jcOfjyM;ef;g c.rbf rose d bf wdw k hf wFrjf ydil if Ofjydik ;f rdil ;f wMbqdik jf rlid ;f olO@f aos@vdwrhf mefj/ 1977 vdkOfj,ifhylwf;umefcl;o.ef n.ufbqefhq.rfwMjukifj (9_4_1977) 1978 vBjxkufbvdlufjwifjyAefzljwmifwlOfulef;rdlif; aq@OAif; ,.i=f pfj/ vBjxkubf wFibf wifjyAef vkujf qkr;f c.ibf oDbqdik jf rdil ;f (qkrf;udlOf;ukrfvlify.ifqdkifj olOf@aoJ@vdwfh c.ifq.rfodkuf; aebOdef;) wifjtwb 2_3_1978-9_11_1981) 1982 vkuw hf Mjukijf y.ujf rM;,lbwDj=de;f wlejf wD; y.uq hf Ofjqmrfbxke;f [drf;oAefjwmif;vlifumifOAif;/ 1995 okwf;rkefrdlOfjnMb,kvBj 79 yD rdlOfj 16_10_1995/


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sC'yrdKoy-K,yh,5b'yr voyd.kj9K'yj;y.sG9yrdKoy 9uhdG'yr,wj 16 Vol. 23, No. 226, 2006

DPA (31.8.06)

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odkuf;rmefjukef[dif; wdulef;Omefjcifc.ufj nOfybl umif[h mB vBm vFifbcmOfbrdlif;wB;y.wf;qmef;y.ifbrM; OMj rdlOfjOef;xd 10_8_06 ndifedlOfacMjqd oifb zlju.e;f wyfq h rk ;f -ydObf [Mbrl; qOfjoduk ;f vlif Odef;olpfb nefyuf;vkrf;odkuf;wDj ukef[dif;ao odkuf;rmefjukef[dif; wyfh cr, 524 nAef[Fif;r.ufj 30 ugMbwDjOmefjqdlOf;rD; y.w;f ZBmbn.ubf erfyh mif? qAibf qmef;Oef;n.ubf OAif;ukef[dif;? ugMbwdp.yf;ulef;vlifOmefj 3 auMU -1U vkif;wdefbn.ifb ylbumifhOmefjymifb ndlifbOmefjymifbaq@OAif;ukef[dif;? 2U vkif;Od aqb, OAif;emif;? 3U vkif;ayMb OmefjauMj (OmefjnM;cMb)? qdte;OMjolibf cmOfb_cOfjerfh wmif;udefyefulef;xdlefb_odkuf;wB; OMjeB nOfuMg bayMUxkyq hf w F jf xmrf,Ofh ,Awjf ofbg c.ujf awMbrdOl jf vAO/f vdlOfaoeefh orfhugMbwdp.yf;ylbumifh OmefjyMbvOf; ndil bf uMvd qdOk jf vki;f [Aiaf rbxMb tvjzljrBmOmefjerfch mrf; qdOk jf qa';ydibf pMb o.ifcMugMbq.rf;/ cM 2 auMUeBhefg;OAif;auMj nrfbxdik e f ;gf c.ujf auMUnrfb[efuMg bofbg ?nOf[mB vBm yFwfj wBm[dkOfvdyf;[dkOf nrfb=U/ ulef;Omefj efg;wlifbwmifburfjerftwh xwf;omifOMjodkuf;rmefjvFyfjnOfugMb[FrfwBmyFwfj,Ofh-eB/ eMjawyAefeefh ylefhrM;r.ufj 7-8_8_ 2006 rD;cmOfbOMj odkuf;rmefjugMbwdp.yf;vBj ulef;auMUedkifj ekifjclOf;cAOf yM;u.ifjy.wf; ydkefOdlOf; qdkOfjOMjqBm;rdefbud, nMb,kr.ufj 35/ odkuf;rmefjqdte;OMj yAefulef;xdlefb_ oduk ;f wB;rM;[MnOfcmOfb_uAy;f cOfjerfw h mif;udee f B ao ayMUxkyq hf w F jf xmrfawMbxdik [f rF w f mB yFwjf / vkuw hf jD eefjaovmrf;xdik rf M;awMboduk ;f rmefj wdpy. ;f vki;f wdebf n.ibf ylbumifOh mefjymifb wif; vkif;Odaqb, OAif;emif;tvj vkif;ayMb OmefjauMj (OmefjnM;cMb) cOfugMbukrf;cifofgb c.ujf ndubf vki;f [Aiaf rbxMbwif; qa';ydibf pMb nef[BmvBmugMbyFwfjeefheB,Ofh/ q

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24_8_2006 rdlif;ndo'D@,vf@oifbodkOfU=dOf;vrferfh wDjrdlif;usdLOf@ref@ nefqfgUrmufbedOf@cvD@ ,dlOf@xFifj 2 vrf;? rFefjidkef; 1b300 aWM@vdlOf@ w.efjwMbOBhuFwfbtcwlOfuOfb? v.ifjoifb odkOfhurf;eBh OBm;aordlif;nd'ef@ nefyAefzljcAefndo'D@,vf@ vBjw.yfbxAifacMjwkuf;,.ef; vkrfjZMU wMb{judkwf;,dkwf; v.ifj[Awf;rmufbedOf@cvD@,dlOf@? ndo'D@,vf@ yAefrdlif;+rf[Fif; cdlifju.ifjumifb nefqmifj[Awf;{julef;vkokrf;erf (WMD) xd 6 c.ifvkrfjZMUeB,Ofh/ AP

25_8_2006 ZB;rBjr[MOd[m'f nMb,keyfh=OfymufbyD OAif;oAefhyD@wdlOfhoVdlufh qdkifjrdlif;'wfhoJdLOf@? [Awf;{jvifrkif;r[MOd[m'fvkuB.erf? r[MOd[m'f eByh e A n f ef,bgf okw;f ef;g vkrjf ZMU? auMbomifj rdlOfjyD 1835 (ymefa[Mcrf;wdkufh=dif;) tvj +if;[yfhulef;cOfj,lbvBjxdkif 3 [AifauMU/ n.efwmif;eBh,mrfjyAef wDjqefqfgulef;rM; w.ijf wAO;f nFObf rdil ;f twhtwh eB,Of/h Agency

2_9_2006 cdlifjrdefwmifbulef;c.ifrdlif;nD@'ef@vrf;edkifj? rD;ulef;cDbwif;oAifj 148 auMU udkifhumifh nOfrmufbavMUref;wFufb rdlOfjz.if;wdkufhnmifjvlif;olifbulef;wDjclifb=dOf;rdef rdlif;rmoJfU[Fwfh (Mashhad) ? avMjvFejf vBye l chf il bf =dO;f rdew f ul ;f wmif;vFejf ? ZB;vku[hf yk bf rBj ule;f wBmxifwjD 29 auMU? =dOf;rdefvrf;eBh[Awf;efg;rdlif;'wfhodJLOf@? yAefoFef;nef uBUudlwfbyAefv.ifj[BmUqMU OMjeB/ AP 18 Vol. 23, No. 226, 2006

1_9_2006 uOfih OfjcM@qAe@f w'M@ (KF) tewlOf vkufjn.efbqBm; cdlOf;ae@ymvf; (eDbayM;) nMb,k 14 yD qdOk jf xM@zMU rM@uM@ (Thapa Magar) ? nefyAef ulef;nFuf;y.uf;okwf; efg;vkrfjZMU? rD;wmif;okif 50 oAef@ cm ulpf;? vkufjn.efbqBm;auMUeBhrD;=def;,lbwDj aq@w.ejf VFi;f vl; (qAibf +ifbOef;wlu;f rdil ;f ae@ymvf;)/ rdOl jf vAOf yyfv h ud jf nefqOkd jf ,fbg udef;eAofhVkufh (rBmudkrf;udkuf;ydkef;) nOf[mifj ref;qBm;ofgbOBh,Ofh OMjeB/ AFP

4_9_2006 owdyfh ndlOf@Odef@ nMb,k 44 yD? zljuwfch e F bf ZBmbvdyk jf _vrf;_wdpy. ;f owf;[BmU rdlefeifbidlufj_odlOf_il;qdlOf;eBh nefqdkOfjoAif vdkOf;vifwlOfjvkrfjZMU? xkufbyMzM[mifvFrf ymifbvBmb wFif;pM;eMjnluf; [drf;=Ofqfg (rdlOfj z.i;f wduk x hf mB b VDO ef;g erfyh mifbvBmbwMbcBjte v.ifjowf;efg;erfh) vBjoAifjqfgugMb? [Awf;{j ulef;wif;vkrfjZMU,def;ao;vBmr.ifqfgq.rf; twhtwh/ AFP


INDEPENDENCE

5_9_2006 OBm;aowdul jf iOfjike;f okeuf mefuMUvkrjf ZMU (World Trade Center) OAif;edOf@,.ufh rdlif;nar@'du 2 vif ulefbyif;rdlOfj 11U9U01 ,.ee hf rfrh Okd ;f zljauMbumef[mB UnrfbayM;[dik ?f ef;g yde k w hf jD ule;f c.ejf (clibf umifymifbugif;oJif;) OAif;vlifydlpfbusdif; rdlif;tcb vBjauMbomifj +ifjzBmjt[Uuifjrmufbu.ifj wMbt[Uuifjv.ifjauMbumef[BmU/ +ifjzBmjeBh euf; 15 wef@ qfgUidkef;auMbomifjyFwfboFef,gef (r.ufj 4 vmefh Omwfb)? rdlOfjvAOfvBjydkwfbqfgU,OfhOMjeB/ Xinhua

7_9_2006 TVrdlif;nD@'ef@te[mifjrmufb(Guided Bomb)qdkOfjQassed erfe h uf; 2b000 y.e@f (y.ibf ) nef[w A ;f n.ubf vlpjf wyfo h ukd ;f nD@'ef@? z.i;f vliZ f mB buFwbf tcnd'ef@vmwfjOMjwyfo h ukd ;f nd'ef@awqmrf;,dOk ;f efg;cmOf;nrfb[dkifeBhOMjeB? uAObf vlpfjv.ifjeBh vkrfjZMUyAefnefrBjqfg q.r;f twhtwh? u.yjf OMjrdOl jf 26U8U06 nd'ef@vBjqmrf;,dOk ;f rmufbvlif qdkOfjel@'f Noor ,Ofhy.ufjedkifj/ Reuters

5_9_2006 c.rf@yeD@tn;Vofh (Airbus) c.ifnar@'duef@ vBjqmrf;rdef cdil jf rdew f mifbule;f oFe;f A380 nefye A cf ild jf rdew f mifbule;f ,fbg okw;f efg;vkrfjZMUy.ufjn.efwmif;okwf;? cdlifjrdefvrf;eBh wmifbulef;vBj wif;rlwf; 474 auMU? rdlOfjvAOfrD;c.rf@yeD@oBmumefrdefvBmvBmrdlif; vBjoifbodkOfhcdlifjrdefoFef;eBh,Ofh 159 vrf;OMjeB/ BBC

6_9_2006 qOfj,dif;udulOfb ar;emif;qOfjqBm; qOfja[MoFifrdlif;usyef@ udlwfbvAifhvkufjqBm;yAefauMU[Fufjn.efwmif;okwf; efg;qlOfj 40 yDyBm? f r. ;f twhtwh? eByh e A yf u. jf [Fujf ule;f rdil ;f =rfqrl ;f ,ku, hf i. jf nOfuik bf rkeq n.efwmif;okwf; nefvkufjqOfja[MoFifrD;vkufjqBm;tvj ckefqBm; n.efb [do [dwlOfh eBhawvBjykwfjeifj[mifja[MyAefauMUxd 3 odkyfb auMUyAev f ik ;f (yDjnBmjayMj)ndubf wif;OBm;aoayMjref;qOfj/ Reuters

7_9_2006 zljwFrfjOmwfjZmif[mifj wdlufjnkwfb qdkOfj,fgb 3 auMU rdlif;nar@'du te[mifj wdlufjnkwfbumefuMUvkrfjZMU (World Trade Center) vifrfgb nefaw{jvlify.ifqdkifj vdul jf omif w.ejf wMbnOfauMbomifjykwjf wFe;f wdul jf nkwbf uOfbzMtz nefxuk bf cdil jf rdef avMbzMbulebf yif; rdOl jf 11U9U2001 ,.ee hf rfrh Okd ;f zljauMbumef[mB Uqkr;f Vde;f vM;Wde;f / Reuters

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20 Vol. 23, No. 226, 2006


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