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PrımarySources T h e A n n ua l R e v i e w o f t h e N e w h a m p s h i r e

Judd Gregg

A lifetime of service to New Hampshire INSIDE Honoring JFK Midterm Election Highlights General Petraeus on Campus Election Day in Costa Rica

I n s t i t u t e o f P o l i t i c s & P o l i t i c a l L i b rarY – 2 0 1 0

contents 3 Exhibit Honors JFK’s New Hampshire Primary Win ew Hampshire Political Library 4 NNow at Saint Anselm College 5 Sharing New Hampshire’s Political Traditions 6 Political Analysts Predict 2010 and Beyond 7 Serving New Hampshire – Debates, Dialogue, Democracy 9 Judd Gregg – A Lifetime of Service to New Hampshire 13 Senator Gregg’s Commitment to Civic Engagement


and the NHIOP

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14 Middle Eastern Delegations Visit the Institute  General Petraeus Visits Presidential 15 Stomping Grounds


Cultivating Future Leaders

 Haitian Former Prime Minister Discusses 18 Reconstruction Efforts 19 Democracy in Action – Election Day in Costa Rica 21 Focus on Jim Demers, NHIOP Board Member

Primary Sources is published once annually for the Saint Anselm College community and friends of the New Hampshire Institute of Politics. The review is published and produced by the New Hampshire Institute of Politics, but the opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position of the institute. Cover: N.H. State House oil painting courtesy of Richard Whitney – Photography by Gil Talbot, Matthew Lomanno, Margaret Brett, Jay Bowie, and Jim Stankiewicz. Designed by Griffin York & Krause.


F rom the E x ec u tive

As we approach the tenth anniversary of the New Hampshire Institute of Politics, we are very pleased to provide you with our first annual review. The name, Primary Sources, comes from our ongoing desire to provide you with firsthand access to politicians, public officials, journalists, political analysts, and scholars. Our first issue highlights many of the exciting speakers and enriching programs we were able to provide to the community this past year. It also gives you the opportunity to hear from one of our outstanding student ambassadors, and the timely cover story on Senator Gregg is particularly fitting considering his dedication to civic education, public service, and the institute. In addition, you’ll see messages from our corporate partners who are deeply committed to improving the quality of life in New Hampshire and providing our state with worthwhile civic engagement and education opportunities. The institute is a self-sustaining entity that survives on the contributions of organizations and citizens who care about democracy and civics. I hope that you will take a moment to fill out the attached envelope to ensure that we are able to provide valuable programming for years to come. In addition, please sign up for our e-newsletter so that we can keep you informed about upcoming events at the institute. As the New Hampshire Presidential Primary approaches, we anticipate even more debates, discussions, and distinguished speakers…and we invite you to be a part of all of the excitement!

n h i o p b oard Saint Anselm College Leadership Fr. Jonathan DeFelice, O.S.B., president of Saint Anselm College Suzanne K. Mellon, Ph.D., RN, executive vice president of Saint Anselm College

NHIOP Public Advisory Board Helen Aguirre Ferré, opinion page editor, Diario Las Américas Jeff Bartlett, president and general manager, WMUR-TV John Bridgeland, president & CEO, Civic Enterprises Brad Card, managing principal, Dutko Worldwide James Demers, president, The Demers Group, Inc. Stephen Duprey, president, The Duprey Company LLC Judy Fortin, former reporter, CNN Judd Gregg, former U.S. senator Mark Halperin, editor-at-large and senior political analyst, TIME Michael A. Heffron, president, Electronics & Integrated Solutions, BAE Systems Rick Jenkinson, director of government relations and public affairs, Thermo Fisher Scientific Stephen Kaneb, vice president, Catamount Management Corporation Fred Kfoury, Jr., president and CEO, Central Paper Products Company Inc. Marie McKay, managing principal, Bigelow & Company, CPA, P.C. Jim Merrill, managing director, Devine Strategies Bonnie Newman, former interim president, University of New Hampshire Alyson Pitman Giles, president and CEO, Catholic Medical Center Charles Pollard, former CEO, Omni Air International

Neil Levesque Executive Director

Thomas Raffio, president & CEO, Northeast Delta Dental Tom Rath, founder, Rath, Young and Pignatelli, P.C. Beth Roberts, vice president, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care of New England Cathleen Schmidt, president, Citizens Bank, New Hampshire and Vermont Steve Scully, senior executive producer and political editor, C-SPAN William Shaheen, director, Shaheen and Gordon, P.A. Terry Shumaker, attorney, Bernstein Shur Michael Simchik, president, One Hundred Market Group LLC Stephen Singer, president, Merchants Automotive Group


Kevin Tighe, principal, Tighe Patton Armstrong Teasdale, PLLC John Wilson, co-founder, GoffWilson, P.A.

Courtesy of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum.

Ac ad e m i c R e s e ar c h Socio-Political Changes and the New Hampshire Legislature Dr. Jennifer Lucas and Dr. Michael Dupre have been studying the socio-political changes that have impacted the New Hampshire Legislature over the past 30 years. Lucas is assistant professor of politics at the college, and Dupre is a senior research fellow at the NHIOP and emeritus professor of sociology. Recently, their research has focused on the integration of women in the New Hampshire House of Representatives compared with two other New England houses of representatives. They found that New Hampshire’s citizen legislature leads other more professionalized legislatures in women holding committee chair positions, but

Exhibit Honors JFK’s New Hampshire Primary Win

also that female legislators tend to be tracked into committees typically dealing with ‘women’s issues’ like children, poverty, and social services. With the NHIOP’s support, Lucas and Dupre have presented their findings at several professional conferences, including the New England Political Science Association and the Northeastern Political Science Association. In addition, one of their papers is currently under review for publication. Lucas and Dupre, along with a student research assistant, are now studying campaign spending by New Hampshire State Senate candidates. Unlike most studies of

Governor John Lynch and Bernie Boutin discuss the JFK exhibit.

campaign finances, which tend to focus on

This summer, the NHIOP hosted a commemorative exhibit to mark the 50th anniversary of President John F. Kennedy’s New Hampshire Presidential Primary win. The exhibit, “John F. Kennedy in New Hampshire,” told the story of Kennedy’s campaign through letters, photographs, newspaper clippings, videos, and other historic items from the JFK Presidential Library and the New Hampshire Historical Society. The exhibit also highlighted Kennedy’s special connection to one of his New Hampshire staffers – Bernard “Bernie” Boutin. Boutin, a longtime Democratic National Committeeman, took part in Kennedy’s 1960 primary campaign in New Hampshire and later coordinated his presidential campaign in the state. He also worked closely with President Kennedy and Mrs. Kennedy on a series of projects after the President appointed him administrator of the Government Services Administration (GSA). The week-long exhibit, which was viewed by about 1,000 community members, was dedicated to Bernie Boutin.

the sources of campaign contributions, their research examines the nature and extent of campaign expenditures over the last decade by state senate candidates. Some observers are alarmed by the growing amounts spent on state senate elections because, as a citizen legislature with members earning only $100 per year, New Hampshire is known for its retail politics and commitment to local representation. The state also has a voluntary cap on state senate campaign expenditures that has traditionally discouraged candidates from spending large amounts to win. 3

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New HAmpshire Political Library Now at Saint Anselm College

Bernie Boutin receives a Primary Award from Terry Shumaker, NHIOP advisory board member.

Last March, the New Hampshire Political Library joined forces with the NHIOP and relocated to the college, merging two of New Hampshire’s great political institutions. In addition, a number of the Political Library’s board members joined the institute’s board and are continuing to carry on the mission and traditions of the 15-year-old library that was founded by Governor Hugh Gregg and Secretary of State William Gardner. “This is a merger that benefits everyone – the Political Library, the Institute of Politics, Saint Anselm College, and most importantly, our state and everyone who cares about preserving our first-in-the-nation tradition,” said Ambassador Terry Shumaker, NHIOP advisory board member.

New Hampshire Primary Awards As part of the new affiliation, the NHIOP carried on the New Hampshire Primary Awards program in June, recognizing two individuals who have demonstrated strong support for New Hampshire’s first-in-the-nation presidential primary status. Former New York City Mayor and 2008 Republican Presidential Primary candidate Rudy Giuliani received the award for discussing the importance of the New Hampshire primary following the 2008 campaign. Bernie Boutin, who served as New Hampshire

campaign manager for Estes Kefauver, John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon B. Johnson, was presented with the award for his longtime service to New Hampshire primary politics.

Politics & Eggs Since its founding in 1996, the Politics & Eggs series hosted by the Political Library and the New England Council has become a “must-stop” on the presidential campaign trail. Leading up to the 2012 New Hampshire Presidential Primary, potential candidates are starting to make their way back to New Hampshire and the Bedford Village Inn for the popular program. Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, former New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson, former Pennsylvania Senator Rick Santorum, and former Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty have already made their appeals to the sophisticated voters of New Hampshire, and many more are expected to do so in the Former Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty coming months. www. 4

Sharing New Hampshire’s

POLITICAL TRADITIONS U.S. Senator Jeanne Shaheen greets Saint Anselm College President Fr. Jonathan DeFelice at her Experience New Hampshire reception in Washington, D.C. Senator Shaheen invited the New Hampshire Institute of Politics to display political memorabilia at the event, which showcased New Hampshire’s tourism, hospitality, businesses, and of course its state sport – politics.

Courtesy of the Office of U.S. Senator Shaheen


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Political Analysts Predict 2010 and Beyond

Mark Halperin Teaches Campaigns and Elections Class Mark Halperin, senior political analyst for TIME and member of the NHIOP Public Advisory Board, returned to the institute this fall to teach a campaigns and elections class and speak at the NHIOP. Halperin discussed the midterm elections, as well as the need for bipartisanship and more moderate solutions.

I see New Hampshire as a firewall against the anger that sometimes overtakes the country against the candidates that might win in Iowa. You all give them a good hard look and decide whether they can go on or not.

Joe Scarborough

Political Analyst Charlie Cook Handicaps the Midterm Elections This fall, political analyst Charlie Cook predicted the results of the 2010 midterm elections for a group of Saint Anselm students and professors, as well as several community members. He said the Republicans would take the House, but would fall short in the Senate, which is exactly what happened on Election Day.

“Morning Joe” Co-hosts Discuss New Hampshire’s Impact on Politics Two of MSNBC’s most notable political commentators, Joe Scarborough and Mika Brzezinski, who are the co-hosts of “Morning Joe,” spoke at the institute this fall. During their talk, which was attended by more than 200 students, fans, and interested community members, the hosts discussed the current political environment, as well as the 2010 and 2012 elections. Scarborough and Brzezinski also talked about New Hampshire’s impact on politics and why it is important for those in the state to be aware of the political climate.

Voters still don’t like Republicans, but they will vote for them because they are not Democrats. Charlie Cook

I think the president will have no choice but to come up with centrist offers of compromise, because the alternative is getting nothing done. Mark Halperin 6

Serving New Hampshire Deb ates, Dialogue, Democracy

Debate Central This fall, the NHIOP hosted more than a dozen debates, earning it the nicknames “Planet Politics” and “Debate Central.” Debate partners included WMUR-TV and the New Hampshire Union Leader, AARP New Hampshire and the Greater Manchester Chamber of Commerce, and the Manchester Republican Committee. 7

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Granite State Debates WMUR-TV and the Union Leader produced nine debates from the institute, including those for gubernatorial, U.S. Senate, and Congressional district races. The Granite State Debates were broadcast live from the NHIOP auditorium before an audience of about 100 viewers that included college administrators, faculty, and students. In addition, reporters from The New York Times, FOX News, the Associated Press, and several other news organizations covered the events from a closed circuit feed provided in a classroom-turned-newsroom. They later met with candidates in the institute’s television studio, producing local and national news coverage.


Judd Gregg

A lifetime of service to New Hampshire By Charles Perkins

Courtesy of Peter J. Bridges

Few New Hampshire political veterans have a keener eye and a better memory than Secretary of State Bill Gardner. In 1979, the state’s top election official was intrigued by the new executive councilor from Greenfield. Judd Gregg, the quiet son of a colorful governor, was an up-and-comer to be watched. He made a quick, positive impression on Gardner. “What I noticed about him was he never had to be in the front of the room. He wasn’t in it for the notoriety.” Decades later, that effective but self-effacing style still defines Judd Gregg’s approach to public service. In interviews with his New Hampshire friends and contemporaries, a quick consensus emerged: No modern politician has left as deep a mark on the state. He quietly made the state a better place to live, work and learn. If public service can be measured by tangible achievements, his contribution to New Hampshire is historic. Former Republican National Committeeman Tom Rath, a political adviser for decades, said, “Judd Gregg perfected the ability to make things happen without having the light shine on him all the time. Very few things, big or little, happened without him.” U.S. Rep. Charlie Bass suggested that Gregg has only one peer: the legendary Styles Bridges, an influential U.S. senator from 1937 to 1961 whose legacy included Pease Air Force Base. When asked about his key achievements, Gregg’s Capitol Hill press office quickly cites landmark legislation including TARP and No Child Left Behind. But New Hampshire supporters point to his efforts to provide government support to the communities and private organizations he considered the best local stewards of taxpayers’ money. Without losing credibility as a frugal senator, Gregg regularly used the power of government to advance key local projects. In a 1988 speech, he had argued that the public sector should assist private initiatives. In contrast with some conservatives’ smallgovernment beliefs, that philosophy led him to seek funding for scores of projects he believed worthy. 9

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Preservation efforts Those grants went to every corner of the state from the Canadian border to the Isles of Shoals, where he helped a Seacoast science teacher and her students save a landmark. Sue Reynolds, who now captains Rye Harbor’s “Uncle Oscar” tour boat, shares Gregg’s plain-spoken attitude and his appreciation of the history and environment of New Hampshire’s Seacoast. Reynolds speaks of him with professional respect and personal familiarity. “He lives in Rye and he’s under the radar in Rye. You can bump into him in different places. I bumped into him in Market Basket on Sunday morning.” Without Gregg’s intervention, the efforts of one of the Seacoast’s most unusual volunteer groups – the Lighthouse Kids – might have failed. The historic White Island beacon, which dates back to 1820, might have collapsed. When the federal government handed title to the dilapidated, cracked structure back to the state, Judd Gregg was in his second term as governor. He took the time to visit the lighthouse himself, but the state’s Division of Parks could not afford repairs. (As Reynolds noted, unlike Hampton Beach, “Nobody was paying to park out there.”) In 2000, Reynolds led the efforts of a group of North Hampton School seventh graders to save the endangered lighthouse. Early fund-raising efforts were difficult. But the lighthouse remained important for Gregg as he gained influence as a U.S. senator. The teacher said, “He

recognized Lighthouse Kids and what they were doing and then he contacted me. A non-profit raising money like that, he was thoroughly behind it.” In a Washington, D.C. ceremony in April 2003, Gregg and four of the students celebrated a $250,000 “Save America’s Treasures” federal grant, allowing essential structural repairs to begin through a partnership with the state. As with any oceanfront property, maintenance on White Island is a never-ending battle. A 2007 spring nor’easter washed away the lighthouse’s covered walkway. Reynolds credits Gregg’s staff with continuing the fight, winning new grant money to repair that damage. Gregg never told Reynolds exactly why he considers White Island so important. She attributes his support to his appreciation of the Seacoast’s environment and colorful past, including a skirmish during the War of 1812. “He’s ridden ‘Uncle Oscar,’ ” she explained. “He’s a history buff. When I’m driving the boat, he can chime in about the battle of Gunboat Shoals. Local history is important to him. He’s an advocate of New Hampshire.” That lighthouse preservation effort is one of the dozens of local environmental or historical initiatives that Gregg championed as governor or senator. Joel Maiola, a top aide for decades, considers land conservation and environmental stewardship to be Gregg’s greatest legacy. “He took a Republican party in the state whose first inclination is not to be strong on the environment and led the way.” continued on page 11 www. 10

Judd Gregg – A Lifetime of Service to NH continued from page 10

His office played a key role in funding preservation of Great Bay, the Lamprey River, Crotched Mountain and the Ossipee Pine Barrens, wilderness acreage in an expanded White Mountain National Forest, and wildlife refuges along the Connecticut River and at Lake Umbagog. Gregg won federal funds to advance the largest conservation project in recent state history – the preservation of huge paper company tracts in northern Coos County. Working closely with local residents, conservation groups and other elected officials, he helped save four percent of the state’s land for future generations. Maiola remembered the long hours Gregg devoted to building those alliances. “He went up personally to Pittsburg and Colebrook and led the effort. He brought in loggers, town officials and environmentalists. It wasn’t always friendly. But he kept the dialogue going. When he was back in Washington, he had a phone in his ear.” Democratic U.S. Sen. Jeanne Shaheen was governor during a key part of those negotiations. She credits Gregg with taking action to benefit the state. “When International Paper announced its sale of lands in northern New Hampshire, we worked directly with his (Senate) office,” she recalled. “We co-chaired that office to protect lands for future generations, while addressing the concerns of local communities about taking lands off tax rolls.” Another former aide, Steve Edwards, agrees. “It wasn’t a behind-the-scenes negotiation,” he recalled. “He viewed the question of economic growth versus environmental protection as a false choice.” Veteran executive councilor Ray Burton credits the senator with facing reality as the paper mill era in northern New Hampshire drew to a close. “Judd Gregg recognized the outdoor recreation 11

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industry is the future of the economy here.” Gregg’s commitment to environmental preservation made him a valued ally of research institutions including the University of New Hampshire’s Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space, Plymouth State’s Judd Gregg Meteorology Institute, the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest and the Mount Washington Observatory.

Facing Tough Times Much has changed since the difficult era when Gregg served as New Hampshire’s governor. His management style had to be different. PSNH, the state’s largest utility, was bankrupt. State revenues slipped as a recession took hold. A housing bubble burst and federal regulators seized several of the state’s biggest banks in 1991. Few non-essential projects could be funded as spending was cut across the board. Gardner recalled, “When people would be in to see him, they would come out unhappy because he would say no, in contrast to Steve Merrill, who’d say yes.” The secretary of state credits Gregg with making tough choices. “It’s an achievement to keep spending where it is, let alone spend less.” Bass, who was then a state senator, agreed. While he doesn’t believe Gregg “particularly liked” his four years in the corner office, the GOP congressman credits him with “extraordinary courage as governor. He made decisions he knew would be damaging to his popularity.” Maiola said Gregg had to deal with an angry public and a legislature that was looking to respond to the headline of the day. “If he was reacting to the emotion of the moment, I really think the state would be different today,” Maiola said. “If someone timid was in the office, it would have been a disaster.”

GOP activist and business leader Steve Duprey of Concord credits Gregg with reviving the state’s Community Development Finance Authority as governor. Duprey said the once-struggling CDFA became “the single most effective economic redevelopment tool in New Hampshire and arguably in the country…because Judd Gregg had courage and foresight in a difficult economic time.” Despite the state’s financial problems, Gregg endorsed tax credits for investments in business development and affordable housing. According to Duprey, “Judd said, ‘What would be a more Republican concept than allowing the taxpayers to decide where their money would go?’That’s why the law got passed.” Before and after that early ‘90s recession, some New Hampshire towns faced tough economic times. In Littleton, key members of the business community had tried to attract employers to their northern Grafton County industrial park since the mid-1970s. Poor access and limited funding slowed their progress. Paul McGoldrick of the Littleton Industrial Development Corporation says Gregg’s assistance over the years was the key to success. McGoldrick said, “What is so remarkable is that Judd became very interested in it. We told him, ‘We don’t have very much money.’ He said, ‘I think we can help you.’ The next time we got together, there was a check for $500,000.” Councilor Burton agrees. “You’ll never find it written or spoken publicly, but somewhere along the line Judd Gregg said to a fellow senator, ‘Gee, we need $500,000 for a bridge across the Ammonoosuc River in Littleton for an industrial park.’ That became the Paul McGoldrick Bridge. One thousand people daily cross it to the Littleton Industrial Park.”

Earning Respect In this era of volatile and bitter national politics, few elected officials win the

bipartisan respect necessary to gain Senate influence. Despite Gregg’s often blunt advocacy of his conservative beliefs, he found common ground with staunch Democrats. The most prominent was U.S. Sen. Ted Kennedy, with whom he co-sponsored the No Child Left Behind law. But Democrats from former Nashua mayor Maurice Arel, whom he defeated for the U.S. House in 1980, to Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid and President Barack Obama have worked closely and comfortably with the veteran lawmaker. After the President’s surprising and ill-fated 2009 nomination of the Republican senator for commerce secretary, Reid described Gregg as “one of my best friends in the Senate.” Those personal ties helped him advocate local projects. “You’ll never know what conversations went on on the floor of the Senate,” Ray Burton said. “He had quiet relationships.You never heard Judd (criticize) Bernie Sanders or Pat Leahy. He was always a gentleman, he took the high road.” Bank of America executive Brian Grip, who was a top aide in the 1970s and 1980s, attributed Gregg’s ability to win respect to “an uncanny ability to get into a situation that might have risk, de-escalate it and get people to talk to one another.” Rath, a political operative with powerful national connections, believes that Gregg “could get things done as a minority member” because he was trusted by other key Democrats including Reid, Ernest Hollings, Max Baucus and Kent Conrad. “People never understood how often George W. Bush called him and how often he went to the White House and sat with him, or how often Barack Obama calls,” Rath noted. In Sen. Shaheen’s view, Gregg’s “fairness and directness” won him respect in the Senate and elsewhere, as did his willingness to compromise when necessary. Like Burton, Bonnie Newman used an image of gentility to contrast the world of continued on page 13

1978 Elected to Executive Council

1980 Elected to first of four U.S. House terms

1988 Elected to first of two terms as governor

1992 Elected to first of three terms as U.S. senator

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Judd Gregg continued from page 12

politics with the senator’s unusual style. “Judd, by virtue of his personality, is easily

Senator Gregg’s Commitment to Civic Engagement and the NHIOP

underestimated. I think the arena itself is somewhat uncomfortable (for him) because it is not gentlemanly.” But Gregg’s dry sense of humor wasn’t always hidden by that decorum. Shaheen recalled a meeting shortly after her 1996 election as governor. Gregg offered a special perspective on her new job. “As you know, the governor’s office has no executive washroom,” Gregg told her. “There is nothing like going into the washroom with 20 fourthgraders to remind you who you represent.”

Future Public Service Judd Gregg’s father, Hugh, continued to serve the state after his 1950s term as governor, building charitable organizations including the New Hampshire Political Library and championing the state’s first-in-the-nation primary. Will the son again follow his father’s example and remain active in state affairs? His closest observer has joked that he may do just the opposite. According to Captain Sue Reynolds, Kathy Gregg has said her husband will join the crew of the “Uncle Oscar.” But other observations may be a better guide. Bonnie Newman said, “Most people don’t experience Judd as being passionate, but if he’s passionate about anything, it’s the responsibility of public service.” Charlie Bass noted that the senator’s father and grandfather “continued

A small group of ambitious faculty, administrators, and trustees dreamed up the concept of the New Hampshire Institute of Politics, but their idea would not have been implemented if not for the support of one interested and determined senator. After overhearing talk of the institute, U.S. Senator Judd Gregg immediately offered his support, anticipating all of the good that would come out of an organization dedicated to encouraging people to become more civic-minded. “We never once sat around and asked ourselves how we could get Judd Gregg interested in this project,” said former NHIOP Director Dale Kuehne. “He called us, actually it was more like being summoned to Capitol Hill.” Sen. Gregg believed in the need for an institute dedicated to civic education and engagement, and fought hard for the federal funding necessary to ensure the institute’s success. He initially secured two different federal grants, which covered construction and financing, as well as enough for a $1 million-a-year operating budget. On September 7, 2001, the institute was formally dedicated and its doors were opened to students and faculty, along with several hundred interested community

giving back to the community” throughout their lives. With a smile, Bass said, “I have no doubt that Judd will do the same, even though Judd and Hugh have the exact opposite personality.” In other words, don’t expect the Gregg family tradition of improving the quality of life in New Hampshire to stop with the senator’s departure from office. This story has not ended. Charles Perkins, a former Union Leader executive editor and vice president for new media, now serves as a consultant and writer through his Hampton company, North Village Media. 13

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“As a state with rich political history, New Hampshire is the ideal place for an institute that serves the citizens of our state and nation. Saint Anselm College has proven that its location, its academic resources and reputation provide an unmatched venue.” U.S. Senator Judd Gregg

“The NHIOP has emerged as a muststop for state and national campaigns and as a place where the art of public service and civic engagement is not only taught but experienced.” U.S. Senator Judd Gregg

members and political movers and shakers. On that day, Sen. Gregg also received an honorary degree from the college in recognition of his extraordinary leadership, which enabled Saint Anselm to obtain the facility, renovate the building, and provide programming. In subsequent years, Sen. Gregg has secured additional federal dollars for the institute and continued to provide his support and guidance. “Senator Gregg remains instrumental in the work of the NHIOP, and his commitment to civic engagement and the founding of the institute will always be remembered,” said NHIOP Executive Director Neil Levesque. Sen. Gregg currently chairs the NHIOP Public Advisory Board, which advises Saint Anselm College and the institute on a wide range of topics related to programs, development, and the future of the NHIOP.

Middle Eastern Delegations visit the Institute In an effort to increase Saint Anselm’s exposure to global cultures and perspectives, the NHIOP has partnered with the World Affairs Council of New Hampshire to bring several foreign delegations to campus. Government leaders from Pakistan, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen, and several other Middle Eastern countries have toured the institute and attended presentations on New Hampshire’s grassroots political tradition. In return the foreign visitors have shared their own experiences in government and discussed democracy with Saint Anselm students and faculty.

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Visits Presidential Stomping Grounds


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News of General David H. Petraeus’ visit to the NHIOP and Saint Anselm College, where presidential hopefuls campaign and participate in national debates, reached far beyond New England. His visit on March 24, 2010, which was covered by more than 20 reporters, created buzz throughout the country and abroad. But Gen. Petraeus, then commanding general of U.S. Central Command, didn’t schedule the visit to test the primary waters. In fact, at a press conference prior to his hour-long discussion (“A Conversation with General Petraeus” moderated by WMUR’s

Josh McElveen), he emphasized that he would never, ever, run for political office. “I’m hoping that people realize at a certain point you say it so many times that you could never flip, and start your career by flip-flopping into it,” he said. Instead, Petraeus came to discuss the successes and failures in Afghanistan and Iraq. At that time, none of the students or faculty in the audience knew that President Obama would soon call on Petraeus to take direct command of the war effort in Afghanistan, in the hopes of reproducing the results he achieved through his surge strategy in Iraq. During his talk at the college, Petraeus highlighted the sharp decrease in the number of attacks on U.S. forces in Iraq, from 220 a day in 2007 to fewer than 20 a day two years later, but emphasized that progress is still “fragile and reversible, but less so than it was.” Now, all eyes are on Petraeus as he works with his troops to stabilize Afghanistan – a complicated task the presidential hopefuls will never have to face. www. 16


Future leaders This summer, the NHIOP hosted two programs to prepare students for positions of leadership. Twenty-one bright, college-aged women from across New England attended NEW Leadership™ New England, a five-day training program that included workshops on such skills as public speaking and networking, as well as presentations from female leaders throughout New England. Speakers included former Massachusetts lieutenant governor Kerry Healey and New Hampshire congressional candidates Katrina Swett and Jennifer Horn, as well as several women business and nonprofit leaders. A month later, a group of New Hampshire high school students participated in the Civic Leadership Academy at the NHIOP. Students had the opportunity to tour the State House, Supreme Court, and Manchester City Hall; witness a bill signing by Governor Lynch at the State House; study various aspects of New Hampshire government and politics, including economic development, political journalism, and environmental conservation; and hear directly from those with firsthand knowledge of the civic, electoral, and governing process.


Haitian Former Prime Minister Discusses Reconstruction Efforts Former Prime Minister of Haiti Michèle Duvivier Pierre-Louis discussed the earthquake that devastated Haiti last year and the recovery and reconstruction efforts that have taken place since in a talk at the institute. She echoed President Clinton’s cries for Haiti to build back better than before the earthquake rocked the country in January 2010, but said that a lack of funding is holding Haiti back from fully recovering. “There are plenty of documents that give the outline for reconstruction, but the funding is not there,” she said. “There’s been a lot of promises, but nothing has been delivered yet.” Pierre-Louis was invited to the college in November as part of the NHIOP’s and the Center for Experiential Learning’s Global Society Project, which aims to promote a greater awareness of globalization, diverse cultures, and the importance of global citizenry.

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D emocrac y in Action

Election Day in Costa Rica

BY AMANDA PETERS ‘11 NHIOP Student Ambassador

Although the photos I sent home of volcanoes, beaches, and rain forests are probably the most postcard-worthy of the thousands I took during the semester I studied in Costa Rica, the most unique photos in my collection were taken February 7, 2010: Election Day. I had the privilege of observing democracy in action in Central America’s oldest democracy, as nearly 70 percent of Costa Rica’s population went to the polls to cast their votes for their next president. At first glance the process was nearly indistinguishable from U.S. elections, but the passion and enthusiasm – and police presence – I witnessed in the course 19

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of that day reminded me that for much of the world democracy remains precious and fragile. A dozen American college students, myself included, met at Escuela Franklin Roosevelt to begin our Election Day “tour.” As we waited for the professor who was to act as our tour guide for the day, we explored the square outside of the school. Candidate supporters, dressed in party colors and waving party flags, spilled out of the canopied booths that had been set up in the square across from the school. Partysponsored cars came and went as they retrieved voters with transportation or mobility problems, and though the flags that streamed from their windows shouted their particular party affiliation, I was told they would pick up anyone who needed

a ride to the polls. Electoral Board representatives, tasked with

Laura’s substantial lead in pre-election polls, and the popularity

ensuring the elections were fair, were snagged by reporters for

of her party, no one took anything for granted. In Costa Rican

quick interviews as they made their way inside. A pair of police

elections the popularity of one’s party can actually work

officers stood ready at the entrance of the school, with a large

against a candidate, as there is a general sense that politicians

group of brightly blue-clad children and teens just inside the

are not to be trusted and should be kept in their place.

gates behind them.

Self-deprecation can be taken to extremes, however, as a less

These blue-clad kids, the Costa Rican version of Girl/Boy Scouts, eagerly directed voters to the proper classrooms. Each classroom had a unique list posted outside of it that

campaign slogan. Literally translated, that means “the least bad.” When the polls closed at 6 p.m., we were on the road

contained 500 names, indicating those who were to vote in

heading back to San José. Horns were honking, people were

that particular classroom. Next to it, a poster was displayed

hanging out of windows waving flags and cheering, and music

explaining the voting procedure. I was informed that each

was blaring. Although the results would not be in for hours,

voter had two minutes to cast their vote or it would be

the scene was reminiscent of New Year’s Eve in America. The

cancelled, so it was important to be clear on the procedure!

party continued in the center of San José later that evening

The race came down to three front runners: Laura

popular candidate had unwisely chosen “El Menos Malo” as his

as Laura’s victory was announced, but it is that 6 p.m. burst

Chinchilla, Ottón Solís, and Otto Guevara. One of them had

of enthusiasm I will always remember. In that moment, I

to earn 40 percent or more of the vote to win. Any less would

understood that the successful completion of an election

mean a runoff between the leading two candidates. Despite

can be worth celebrating in its own right. www. 20

Focus on

Jim Demers NHIOP board member New Hampshire lobbyist and political insider Jim Demers certainly knows his way around the New Hampshire State House. As president and CEO of The Demers Group, Inc., a government relations firm he founded in 1996 that works with a wide range of clients on issues across the political spectrum, he has been involved in almost every major piece of legislation to come before the New Hampshire Legislature in the last ten years. With more than 25 clients, Demers has worked on the budget, protection for automobile dealers, banking and lending issues, and renewable energy legislation. He’s even worked on more controversial issues like casino gambling and medical marijuana legislation. His clients have included many New Hampshire companies like PSNH, New Hampshire Auto Dealers, and the New Hampshire Police Association, as well as national companies like eBay and Bank of America. Demers is also well known in New Hampshire for his role in national politics. He was one of President Barack Obama’s


Primary Sources

first supporters in the state, and served as the New Hampshire co-chair of Obama for President. Prior to that, he served as the state chairman of Dick Gephardt’s presidential campaign. Last year, Business NH Magazine named Demers one of the ten most powerful people in the state and in 2008, ranked Demers the fifth most influential person in New Hampshire.That’s probably because in addition to his work as a lobbyist and campaigner, he has demonstrated a keen ability to reach across the aisle to work with Democrats and Republicans. He also serves as a political commentator for local and national media, participates as a “political insider” for the National Journal, and is a regular commentator and analyst for WMUR-TV. Demers has even run for political office himself. From 1980-1984, he served as a state representative, becoming the House Democratic whip after just one term. And, after that he was a candidate for U.S. Congress in the first congressional district. Demers is also a member of the State of New Hampshire International Trade Advisory Committee, and, of course, a member of the New Hampshire Institute of Politics Public Advisory Board. Demers is very involved in the work of the institute, donating his time and resources to advance the institute’s mission, and he is a regular at NHIOP events.

Together we can help to ensure that

democracy flourishes in the granite state For the past decade, the New Hampshire Institute of Politics has worked to educate and engage students and community members, encouraging them to become more active and involved citizens.Through its diverse programming, speakers, and research, the institute challenges individuals to consider and discuss issues of importance to our state and nation. The institute is now leading a concerted effort to provide the permanent fiscal stability necessary to sustain and grow its civic and academic initiatives well into the future. Please consider making a tax-deductible gift to the NHIOP, as each and every gift is vital in assuring the future of this valuable civic resource and state treasure.

www. 22

100 Saint Anselm Drive #1802 Manchester, NH 03102-1310

For more information on NHIOP news and events, please visit our Web site at

Primary Sources 2010  

The annual review of the New Hampshire Institute of Politics and Political Library

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