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78 TAOFANG HUANG without interaction terms. The goodness of fit (log likelihood) increases in Table 3 compared to Table 2. Another plausible explanation for this phenomenon is multicollinearity. There is a certain correlation between explanatory variables. In other words, when the value of one variable increases, the value of another variable correspondingly increases or decreases at the same time. Standard errors of estimated coefficients tend to be large. As a result, values of estimation cannot be precise. Interaction terms in Table 2 cause some degree of multicollinearity, which decreases the ability of estimation from those models. Additionally, parents’ ethnicities have significant effects on national identity, which corresponds to my earlier hypothesis. A Native Minnanese father will have a positive contribution to the voter’s Taiwanese identity, but a negative contribution to voter’s Chinese identity comparing to Both. This is similar to mother’s ethnicities, but this effect is only significant in 1996 (Chinese), 2001 (Taiwanese) and 2004 (Taiwanese). In general, the father’s ethnicity has more effect on voter’s national identity than the mother’s. However, tests which examine whether the effect of the father’s ethnicity is equal to the mother’s show that significant differences only appear in two years while comparing identities between Taiwanese of Both: 1996 (chi square: 3.42, p < 0.1) and 2004 (chi square: 3.91, p < 0.05). For gender, males tend to identify with Chinese comparing to Both. To focus on voters whose parents have different ethnicities, Table 4 shows the result of applying the model in Table 3 to this group. Since the mother’s ethnicity is definitely different from the father’s, the mother’s ethnicity is eliminated from this model. This group only takes proportion about five percent of the full sample in each year, so I pooled them together. The result confirms the results in Table 2 and Table 3. Among this group, parents’ ethnicities do not have a significant effect on voters’ national identity. What does affect these voters’ national identity are gender and education. Controlling other variables, males are more likely to identify with Chinese comparing to Both. This might be associated with the traditional value of patriarchic society. Males are held to higher social expectations from the society. These voters may link such value and expectations to Chinese traditions, and thus to patriarchy. However, this model cannot verify if this explanation is true. Voters with an educational level lower than college are more likely to identify with Taiwanese or Chinese comparing to Both, when controlling other variables. How do gender and education affect these voters’ national identities? To investigate the psychological mechanism is beyond the scope of this paper. This finding also confirms the author’s anticipation. Though generally when parents are Native Minnanese, voters are more likely to identify with Taiwanese comparing to Both, or less likely to identify with

Sagar XVII — 2007  
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