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Av‡jvwKZ gvbyl GKRb Av‡jvwKZ gvbyl exi gyw³‡hv×v †gvt Kwei Avn‡g` f~Tv GKRb Av‡jvwKZ gvbyl exi gyw³‡hv×v †gvt Kwei Avn‡g` f~Tv GKvav‡i MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii GKRb D”P c`¯’ Kg©KZ©v, mgvR‡meK, wkÿvwe`, msMVK I Õ71 Gi iYv½‡Yi exi wmcnkvjvi| Amv¤úªv`vwqK †PZbvi AMÖ ˆmwbK exi gyw³‡hv×v †gvt Kwei Avn‡g` Rxebfi Zuvi ü`‡q aviY I jvjb K‡i‡Qb evsjvfvlv, evOvwj RvwZi wkÿv, ms¯‹…wZ I †`k†cÖ‡gi mygnvb Av`k©| ågY K‡i‡Qb eû †`k I Rbc`, c~Y© K‡i‡Qb AwfÁZvi Szwj| eªvþYevwoqvi GB K…wZ mšÍvb exi gyw³‡hv×v †gvt Kwei Avn‡g` f~Tv m¤úªwZ G‡mwQ‡jb Zuvi wbR †Rjv eªvþYevwoqvq| Zuvi gy‡LvgywL n‡qwQ‡jb gvwmK wgwWqv Iqvì© Gi Dc‡`óv ms¯‹…wZ Kg©x I mgvR †meK G wU Gg d‡qRyj Kwei| Zuvi mv‡_ K‡_vcK_‡bi ci cÖwZ‡e`bwU wZwb ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb gvwmK wgwWqv Iqvì©-Gi Gev‡ii Av‡jvwKZ gvbyl wefv‡Mi Rb¨| Qwe cÖ`vbmn cÖwZ‡e`K‡K mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb cÖ‡KŠkjx †gvt LvBiæj Bmjvg| RvwZi †kªô mšÍvb exi gyw³‡hv×v †gvt Kwie Avn‡g` f~Tv 1955 mv‡j 31 wW‡m¤^i eªvþYevwoqv †Rjvi bexbMi Dc‡Rjvi ¸wo MÖv‡g GK m¤£všÍ gymwjg cwiev‡i Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| †gavex QvÎ Kwei Avn‡g` f~Tv QvÎ Rxe‡bi ElvjMœ †_‡KB cÖwZwU cwiÿvq mvdj¨RbK djvdj AR©b K‡i †gavi ¯^vÿi †i‡L‡Qb| ZviB avivevwnKZvq wZwb 1978 mv‡j PÆMÖvg cÖ‡KŠkj gnvwe`¨vjq (Pz‡qU) †_‡K we Gm wm BwÄwbqvwis (wmwfj) cÖ_g †kªwY‡Z Z…Zxq ¯’vb AR©b K‡ib| Gici wKQyw`b PÆMÖvg cÖ‡KŠkj gnvwe`¨vj‡q Aa¨cbv †ckvq wQ‡jb| cieZx©‡Z 1979 mv‡j 10 gvP© miKvwi cÖ‡KŠkjx wn‡m‡e MYc~Z© Awa`߇i †hvM`vb K‡ib| Kwei Avn‡g` PvKwi †ÿ‡Î †ckvRxex msMVb e½eÜz cÖ‡KŠkjx cwil‡`i mv‡_ Gi cÖwZôv jMœ †_‡KB RwoZ i‡q‡Qb| wZwb 2011-2012 †gqv‡` m‡e©v”P †fvU †c‡q BwÄwbqvm© BbwówUDkb evsjv‡`k Gi fvBm †cÖwm‡W›U (GBP Avi wW) wbe©vwPZ nb| exi gyw³‡hv×v †gvt Kwei Avn‡g` gvÎ 16 eQi eq‡m †`k gvZ…Kvi Wv‡K 1971 mv‡j gnvb gyw³hy‡× Ask MÖnY K‡ib| wZwb 3bs †m±‡ii AvIZvq hy‡× AskMÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| eZ©gv‡b wZwb evsjv‡`k gyw³‡hv×v msm` cÖ‡KŠkjx cÖvwZôvwbK Kgv‡Ûi AvnŸvqK| GKRb gyw³‡hv×v nIqvq Ges e½eÜz cÖ‡KŠkj cwil` Gi †bZ…‡Z¡ _vKvq Zuv‡K wewfbœ mgq ivR‰bwZK †ivlvb‡j co‡Z nq| 1991 †_‡K 1996 Ges 2001 Ges 2006 mg‡q wZwb weGbwc RvgvqZ †RvU kvmbvg‡j †ckvMZfv‡e bvbvgyLx nqivwbi wkKvi nb| †gvt Kwei Avn‡g` f~Tv MYc~Z© Awa`ßi cÖavb cÖ‡KŠkjxi `vwq‡Z¡ MÖn‡Yi ci mZZv, `¶Zv I wbôvi mv‡_ Awa`߇ii wewfbœ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| G mg‡q †ckvMZ wel‡q wZwb fviZ gvjwkqv, cvwK¯Ívb, †bcvj, kªxj¼v, mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ, hy³ivR¨, A‡÷ªwjqv, _vBj¨vÛ, BUvwj, Aw÷ªqv, KvbvWv I wm½vcyi mdi K‡ib| Gme md‡i wZwb evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii c‡¶ AvšÍR©vwZK †dviv‡g `vwqZ¡c~Y© f~wgKv cvjb K‡ib| wZwb 1994 †_‡K 1995 †gqv‡` wbe©vwPZ n‡q AvB, B, wei m¤§vwbZ mn mvaviY m¤úv`‡Ki `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| wZwb 2005 †_‡K 2008 †gqv‡` wbe©vwPZ n‡q AvB, B, wei wmwfj BwÄwbqvwis wWwfk‡bi †Pqvig¨v‡bi `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡ib| GQvov wZwb XvKv¯’ e„nËi Kzwgjøv mwgwZi wbe©vnx m`m¨, PÆMÖvg cÖ‡KŠkjx I cÖhyw³ wek¦we`¨vj‡qi cÖv³b QvÎ mwgwZi mfvcwZ wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i‡Qb| †gvt Kwei Avn‡g` f~Tv PvKwi †ÿ‡Î wewfbœ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© c‡` Avmxb †_‡K Rxebfi wewfbœ mvsMVb I G‡mvwm‡qk‡bi `vq-`vwqZ¡ `ÿZvi mv‡_ cvjb K‡i Avm‡Qb| GQvov wewfbœ mvgvwRK Kg©Kv‡ÊI Zuvi m¤ú„³Zv jÿYxq| wZwb 28 ermi hveZ †ZRMvuI KwgwbDwU †m›Uvi Av`k© D”P we`¨vj‡qi g¨v‡bwRs KwgwUi m`m¨ wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i Avm‡Qb| exi gyw³‡hv×v †gvt Kwei Avn‡g` Gi wcZvi bvg nvRx †KivgZ Avjx f~Tv Ges gvZvi bvg iv‡eqv †eMg| Zvi mnag©xwb wg‡mm mvgQybœvnvi XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi GKRb wWMÖxavix Ges †ckvMZfv‡e wZwb GKRb mvB‡Kv †_ivwc÷| GKgvÎ Kb¨v Iqvwn`v ZvkwZb f~Tv b_© mvD_ wek¦we`¨vjq B‡jKwUªK¨vj I B‡j±ªwb· BwÄwbqvwis Gi †kl e‡l©i QvÎx| Kwei Avn‡g` f~Tv m¤cÖwZ eªvþYevwoqvq miKvwi mdiKv‡j wgwWqv Iqvì© Dc‡`óv ms¯‹…wZ Kg©x G wU Gg d‡qRyj Kwei Gi mv‡_ AvjvcPvwiZvq gyw³hy‡×i ¯§„wZPviY, PvKwiRxe‡bi wewfbœ P¨v‡jÄ, eªvþYevwoqvi mymšÍvb wn‡m‡e KiYxq, m‡ev©cwi gyw³‡hv‡×i c¶kw³ wn‡m‡e RvZxq Rxe‡b KiYxq wel‡q †Lvjv‡gjv K_v e‡jb|

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Joy Bangla

Joy Bangobandhu

Shakawat Hoque Josef Publicity Secretary H/P: 0133 686217

Bangladesh Awami League, Malaysia

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BwÄwbqvi †gvt mvgQzj Bmjvg ü`q gyKz‡i †Zvgvi Qwe AvRI Av‡Q AvuKv GZUzKz nqwb gwjb evo‡Q †Kej cÖfv †Zvgvi wPeyK wZjK GLbI gg gb‡jvfv wPi niYx †bÎ Ze Av‡Q †h †gvi †Pv‡L AvuKv| KvÂbmg Zby †Zvgvi cÖZxgvmg Av`j givjmg PwKZ Pvnwb †cÖggq evmbv `xNj KzšÍj K‡cvj †Uv‡ji Ac~e© †hvRbv ¯^‡M©i Acmiv G‡m‡Q †b‡g UzwUqv ev`j| AvwRKvi GB Rxeb mvqv‡ý †f‡e †f‡e Pzir Ze iæ‡ci evnvix KLb †`wLwb †PvL †g‡j ‡Zvgvi †KejB †i‡LwQ `~‡i AwZ Ae‡n‡j †Zvgvi Avgvi wn‡me wgjv‡Z n‡q †Mj `~i| †Kej AvR †Zvgvi Z‡i evwR‡Q ü`q ex‡Y AvwRKvi w`‡b wek¦Ry‡o fv‡jvevmvi w`‡b|


c~‡e©i msL¨vi ci

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Kwe gnv‡`e mvnvi D‡b¥lKvj:lv‡Ui `kK

\ Pvi \ lvU`k‡Ki evsjv‡`‡ki KweZvi GB avivi m‡½ w·kvËi KweZvi AvšÍtPvwi‡Î¨i mvhyR¨ jÿ Kiv hvq| g‡b n‡e, evsjv‡`‡ki lvU`k‡Ki weKíaviv-cÖZ¨vkx Kweiv, huviv †Mvôxe× wjUjg¨v‡Mi gva¨‡g Kvj‰ekvLx S‡oi †e‡M G‡mwQj, Zuviv †hb w·kvËi Kwe‡`i gbb-†PZbviB eskai Ges Zuv‡`i iPbv wÎkxq cÂKwe, we‡klZ eyׇ`e emy I myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi Kve¨cÖqv‡mi ÿz`ª ms¯‹iY| mvgvb¨ hv cv_©K¨ Zv †Kej ˆ`wkK I Kvj‡PZbvi| Avi wek kZ‡Ki w·kvËi Kwe‡`i huviv cvðv‡Z¨i gbb-¸iæ Ñ Ô†cv‡ovRwgÕ-L¨vZ Bs‡iR Kwe wU.Gm GwjqU, Ô†K¬`R KzmygÕ- L¨vZ divwm Kwe kvj© †ev`‡jqi Ges †hŠbZvev`x Rvg©vb gb¯ÍË¡we` wmMgyÛ d«‡qW Ñ Zuv‡`i Kve¨v`‡k©iI `~ivkªqx QvqvcvZ N‡U‡Q lvU`kKx Kweh‡kvcÖv_©x‡`i iPbvq| Kve¨-we‡kølK `xwß wÎcvVx w·kvËi AvaywbK evsjv KweZvi iƒc-PvwiΨ we‡kølY Ki‡Z wM‡q fv‡ei w`K †_‡K AvaywbK KweZvi eviwU mvaviY jÿY wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb| G¸‡jv nj : 1| 2| 3| 4| 5| 6| 7| 8| 9| 10| 11| 12|

bMi‡Kw›`ªK hvwš¿K mf¨Zvi AwfNvZ| eZ©gvb Rxe‡b K¬vwšÍ I ˆbivk¨‡eva| AvZ¥we‡iva I Awb‡KZ (rootless) g‡bvfve| we‡k¦i wewfbœ ms¯‹…wZ I HwZn¨ n‡Z m‡PZb MÖnY| d«‡qWxq g‡bvweÁv‡bi cÖfve| Ae‡PZb g‡bi wµqv‡K cÖkªq †`Iqvi d‡j wPšÍvavivi Am¤^×Zv| †d«Rvi cÖgyL b„ZvwË¡K I cø¨v¼, †evi, AvBb÷vBb cÖf…wZ AvaywbK c`v_© weÁvbxi cÖfve| gvK©mxq `k©‡bi, cÖavbZ mvg¨ev`x wPšÍvavivi, cÖfv‡e bZzb mgv‡R m„wói Avkv| gbbawg©Zv Ñ A‡bK mgq Áv‡bi wecyjfv‡i `yiƒnZv m„wó| wewea cÖwZwôZ g~j¨‡ev‡a (†hgb †cÖg, my›`i, Kj¨vY, ag©) mskq Ges ZrmÄvZ AwbðqZvi D‡ØM| †`nR Kvgbv, evmbv Ges ZrcÖm~Z Abyf~wZ‡K ¯^xKvi Kiv Ges †cÖ‡gi kixix iƒc‡K cÖZ¨ÿ Kiv| fMevb Ges cÖ_vMZ bxwZa‡g© Awek¦vm| iex›`ª-HwZ‡n¨i weiæ‡× m‡PZb we‡`ªvn Ges bZzb m„wói c_mÜvb| (AvaywbK evsjv evK¨cwiPq \ c„. 2-3)

iex›`ª-cieZ©x w·kvËi AvaywbK evsjv KweZvi GB K~jjÿY¸‡jvi g‡a¨ 6 I 7 b¤^i Qvov evwK¸‡jvi m‡½ evsjv‡`‡k lvU `kKx ZiæY Kwe‡`i fvebvejq Kg-†ewk AvšÍtm¤úwK©Z| ïay Zv-B bq; `y-GK †ÿ‡Î DMÖZvi gvÎv A‡bK †ewk| Z‡e my‡Li K_v GB, †h-Rxebwe‡ivax fvebvi wPrK…Z PxrKvi w`‡q Zuviv Kve¨v½‡b cª‡ek K‡iwQ‡jb, `kK DËxY© nIqvi ci, we‡klZ

gyw³hy‡×vËiKv‡j `y-GKRb Qvov †mB KzKzjjÿY Kv‡iv Kve¨ †PZbvq ¯’vqx iƒc jvf K‡iwb| †KD †KD KweZv-fzeeb †Q‡o RxebmsMÖv‡g e¨¯Í, †KD civev¯ÍeZvq wbgMœ, †KDev weUwbK-nvswi-m¨vW cÖR‡b¥i A‰RewbK AcgZev` Z¨vM K‡i Ômxgve× R‡j, mxwgZ mey‡RÕ n‡jI wd‡i G‡m‡Qb Rxebev`x evK¨avivq| Avevi †KD †KD KweZv †Q‡o mgwc©Z n‡q‡Qb M‡`¨ Ñ K_vmvwn‡Z¨ I cÖe‡Ü| Ebmˇii MYAfz¨Ìvb, mvgwiK kvmb †_‡K gyw³jvf, mˇii mvaviY wbe©vP‡b evOvwji Af~Zc~e© wbi¼zk weRq Ges GKvˇii gnvb gyw³hy× Avgv‡`i †PZbvq Qwo‡q w`‡qwQj RbH‡K¨i AvnŸvb| Gi AwfNv‡Z lvU `kKx Awb‡KZ KweK~‡ji gbb-mvgªv‡R¨i cwiewZ©Z mvgwóK g~j¨‡ev‡ai nvIqv †j‡MwQj| †mB RbZi‡½i AwfNv‡Z AÜKv‡ii weieevmx KweivI †gvnwb`ªv †f‡O, wew”QbœZvi †eov wWwO‡q wg‡kwQ‡jb Rbmgy‡`ªi †Rvqv‡i| e¨w³ †_‡K e¨wó‡Z, AÜKvi †_‡K Av‡jvq, ˆbivk¨ †_‡K Avkvev‡`, wew”QbœZv †_‡K mw¤§j‡b, Awek¦vm †_‡K Av¯’vkxjZvq, bvw¯Í †_‡K Aw¯Íev‡` GB-†h DËiY Ñ gnvb gyw³hy‡×i A‡gvNZv Gi AšÍtcÖev‡n mÄxebx myavi gZ wµqvkxj wQj e‡j m¤¢e n‡q‡Q| GR‡b¨ lvU `k‡Ki ZiæY Kwe‡`i g‡a¨ A‡b‡KB AskMÖnY K‡i‡Qb gyw³hy‡× Ñ nq mk¯¿ m¤§yL mg‡i, bq‡Zv kã‰mwbK wn‡m‡e wecøex †eZvi †K‡›`ª †bc‡_¨i mvs¯‹…wZK †hv×v n‡q| ZvB nvqvr gvgy` wj‡L‡Qb :

Ò†`k RvwZ mvwnZ¨ ms¯‹…wZ Gfv‡e wb‡Ri Pvicv‡k ZvKv‡Z-ZvKv‡Z c_ Pj‡Z-Pj‡Z 1971-G G‡m _g‡K `uvovj| Gmg‡qi KvÐKviLvbv evOvjx RvwZi nvRvi eQ‡ii BwZnv‡m Avi KL‡bv N‡Uwb| GKvˇii 25†k gvP© †_‡K 16B wW‡m¤^i ee©i N„Y¨ nvbv`vi cvwK¯Ívbx evwnbxi weiæ‡× G‡`‡ki mg¯Í evOvjx Rbkw³ giYcY hy‡× wjß n‡qwQj| hy‡× Rq n‡qwQj, Z‡e Zv cyi‡bv c„w_exi aŸsm¯‘‡ci Dci `uvwo‡q| GKvˇii gyw³hy× GKUv‡b c~e©eZx mgvRmZ¨ †_‡K Avgv‡`i †U‡b wQu‡o G‡b bZzb GK Ae¯’vi gy‡LvgywL `uvo Kwi‡q w`j| Avgv‡`i R‡b¨ cÖ_gev‡ii gZ ‘The old world ended’ 1971 mv‡j| (evsjv mvwnZ¨ I Ab¨ w`MšÍ, mgKvjxb evsjv mvwnZ¨ \ m¤úv`K : Lvb mviIqvi gyiwk` \ c„. 74)

\ cuvP \ Pwjø‡ki `k‡K huviv R‡b¥‡Qb Zuv‡`i ga¨ †_‡KB D‡V G‡m‡Qb lvU`k‡Ki ZiæY Kwee„›` Ñ †KD c~e©-lv‡U, †KD ev AšÍ¨-lv‡U| lv‡Ui `kK evsjv‡`‡ki ivRbxwZ I ms¯‹…wZ‡Z ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Uvwb©s c‡q›U Ñ euvKe`j, cvjve`j I iƒc-iƒcvšÍ‡ii mwÜÿY| G Kvi‡Y Avgiv †m-mg‡qi mgvRRxeb, ivRbxwZ-A_©bxwZ I mvwnZ¨-ms¯‹…wZi AšÍM©Z

gvbeשb cvj

†PZbvi ¯^iƒc Dcjwäi †Póv K‡iwQ Ñ Dcjwä Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ mgvR-RvwZ-iv‡óªi fvOv-Mov, DÌvb-cZ‡bi m‡½ wkwÿZ ga¨we‡Ëi wkígb‡bi wg_w¯Œqv| Ae‡jvKb Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ lvU `k‡Ki KweZvi fvebv-†e`bv Ges AšÍtPwi‡Îi iƒc‡iLv| Avi Gi ga¨ w`‡qB wbwY©Z n‡Z cv‡i Avgv‡`i DwÏó Kwe gnv‡`e mvnvi AvMgb, DÌvb, weKvk Ges RxebI Kve¨fvebvi iƒc-iƒcvšÍi| gnv‡`e mvnv KweZvq lvU`k‡Ki RvZK Ñ we‡klZ AšÍ¨-lv‡Ui| Zuvi mgmvgwqK Ab¨vb¨ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ ZiæY Kwe cÖvq mK‡jB G‡m‡Qb XvKvi evB‡i gd¯^j AÂj †_‡K Ñ ïay Ave`yj gvbœvb ˆmq` Ges Ave`yjøvn Avey mvqx` Qvov| Avmv` †PŠayix (1943) ewikvj †_‡K, Aveyj nvmvb (1947-1975) dwi`cyi †_‡K, wbg©‡j›`y ¸Y (1945) gqgbwms‡ni †b·Kvbv †_‡K, iwdK AvRv` (1943) Uv½vBj †_‡K Ges gnv‡`e mvnv (1944) cvebvi wmivRMÄ †_‡K| lvU`k‡Ki ¯§„wZPvi‡Y Avãyjøvn Avey mvqx` wj‡L‡Qb :

ÒmvZlwÆ mvj Ry‡o GKSuvK SKS‡K bZzb Kwi Ñ fiv el©vi Bwjk-Suv‡Ki g‡ZvB, cÖvq GK m‡½ G‡m nvwRi n‡q †Mj Avgv‡`i †mB Li‡mªv‡Zi Dw”Q«Z avivq| — ivRkvnx †_‡K gnv‡`e mvnv I †kL AvZvDi ingvb, †bvqvLvwj †_‡K dinv` gRnvi, Uv½vBj †_‡K mvhhv` Kvw`i, bvivqYMÄ †_‡K †mwjg mv‡ivqvi Ñ Ggwb Av‡iv cÖvq Rbv-we‡kK|Ó (fv‡jvevmvi mv¤úvb \ c„. 15051)|

gnv‡`e mvnv ˆK‡kviKvj †_‡K bMi‡Kw›`ªK DbœZ wkÿvjv‡fi Avkv AšÍ‡i †cvlY Ki‡Zb| ZvB 1960 mv‡j †gwUªK cv‡mi ci wZwb XvKv K‡j‡R fwZ© nb| wKš‘ KwVb Amy¯’Zvi Kvi‡Y Zuvi wkÿvweiwZ N‡U Ges XvKv †Q‡o e¸ov AvwRRyj nK K‡j‡R B›UviwgwW‡qU fwZ© n‡q Õ64-†Z cvm K‡ib| †mLvb †_‡KB evsjv fvlv I mvwn‡Z¨ 1967 m‡b Abvm© cvm K‡i ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡q gv÷vm© †Kv‡m© fwZ© nb| Gc‡e©I wZwb XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q fwZ© n‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb wKš‘ fwZ©msµvšÍ RwUjZvq ZLbI XvKvq ¯’vqxfv‡e _vKv m¤¢e n‡q I‡Vwb| evj¨Kvj †_‡K Zuvi Kwe nIqvi evmbvq ˆK‡kviKvj †_‡KB wZwb eyS‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb †h, Avgv‡`i wkÿv-ms¯‹…wZ meB ivRavbx‡Kw›`ªK| myZivs XvKvq wkÿvjvf Ges ms¯‹…wZPP©vi m‡½ mivmwi mshy³ n‡Z bvcvi‡j, †Kej gd¯^j‡Kw›`ªK †_‡K c‡ivÿ †hvMv‡hv‡Mi gva¨‡g `ªæZ cÖwZôvjvf m¤¢e bq| ZvB 1969-G gnv‡`e mvnv ¯’vqxfv‡e P‡j Av‡mb XvKv| Ave`yjøvn Avey mvqx‡`i Revwb †_‡K Rvbv hvq : Òlv‡Ui ZiæY‡`i g‡a¨ me‡k‡l †h XvKvq G‡m Avgv‡`i mnhvÎx n‡qwQj †m gnv‡`e mvnv| gnv‡`e wQj ivRkvnx

wgwWqv Iqvì© 23


wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎ, ILvb †_‡K wPwVcÎ Avi †jLv cvVv‡bvi gva¨‡g I Avgv‡`i GKRb n‡q I‡V| covïbv †kl n‡j mgq-my‡hvM ey‡S XvKvq P‡j Av‡m, 1969 mv‡j|Ó (fv‡jvevmvi mv¤úvb \ c„. 237)|

B‡Zvg‡a¨, Abvm© I gv÷vm© wkÿvKvjxb e¸ov Ges ivRkvnxi cÎ-cwÎKv, mvgwqK mvwnZ¨c‡Î gnv‡`e mvnv wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Qb Ñ cvkvcvwk XvKvi cÎcwÎKvqI| ZLbB ÔKɯ^iÕ †Mvôxi m‡½ †hvMv‡hvM ¯’vwcZ n‡q‡Q wPwVcÎ I KweZvi Av`vb-cÖ`v‡b| Gfv‡e ZLb Zuvi AvZ¥cÖwZôv bv-n‡jI AvZ¥cwiwPwZ N‡U‡Q Kwe I cvVKgn‡j| ÔKɯ^iÕ mvwnZ¨c‡Îi cÖZ¨vkv-cÖvwß, fvjg‡›`i LwZqvb Abyave‡bi R‡b¨ GKwU mvjZvgvwg m‡¤§jb AbywôZ n‡qwQj XvKvi cvwK¯Ívb KvDwÝj wgjbvqZ‡b, 29 Ryb 1969-G| cÖL¨vZ bvU¨Kvi, mgv‡jvPK I fvlK Aa¨vcK gybxi †PŠayixi mfvcwZ‡Z¡ AbywôZ †mB m‡¤§j‡b gnv‡`e mvnv ÔAwgZvPvix KweZvÕ wk‡ivbv‡g GKwU cÖeÜ cvV K‡iwQ‡jb| Av‡eMx Zviæ‡Y¨i D”QjZvq wZwb-†h †Kej Kwe wQ‡jb bv, AaxZ we`¨v Ges wPšÍvkxjZvi ¸‡Y GKRb hyw³kxj we‡kølYag©x cÖvewÜKI wQ‡jb Ñ Zvi cÖgvY cvIqv hvq †mB mywjwLZ cÖe‡Ü| ÔKɯ^iÕ m¤úv`K Avãyjøvn Avey mvqx` wj‡L‡Qb : Òc‡bi c„ôv `xN© GB †jLvwU‡Z lv‡Ui `k‡Ki KweZvi GKwU D¾¡j, eûgvwÎK I e¨vcK cwiPq Zz‡j a‡iwQj gnv‡`e| †m-cwiPq †hgb Gi AšÍi‡½i †Zgwb ewni‡½i| GB KweZvi Ô¯^Zš¿, bZzb, fq¼i, †kvwbZ‡kvwfZ wPivPwi‡Zi meyR msµvg n‡Z öwjZ, `ytmvnmx, D×Z, wcw”Qj, jvwÃZ, a~mi, AÜKvi, †R¨vrmœvgqÕ cÖK…wZ‡Z bvbvb Dcgv I D`vni‡Yi †fZi w`‡q R¡jR¡‡j K‡i †Zvjv n‡qwQj †jLvUvq|Ó (fv‡jvevmvi mv¤úvb \ c„. 228)|

Lye ¯^íKvjxb n‡jI ÔKɯ^iÕ †Mvôxi m‡½ AvcvZ-GKvZ¥ n‡qwQ‡jb gnv‡`e mvnv| e¸ovq evsjv Abv‡m©i QvÎve¯’vq GKw`b nVvr Zuvi nv‡Z Av‡m ÔKɯ^iÕ-Gi (1965) cÖ_g msL¨vwU| Gi PgKcÖ` I cÖ_vwe‡ivax †NvlYvcÎwU Zuvi i‡³-Av¸b-jvMv †hŠeb‡K ZvwoZ K‡i Ñ †gvngy»Zvq Awff~Z K‡i †d‡j| Gi PvZzh©gq AnsKvix kã‡hvRbv, †cvl-bv-gvbv †`ªvnx evK¨evY, ZiwjZ køvNv, AcwiYvg`k©x Av‡eM gnv‡`‡ei hye gbgbb‡K we`y¨rwcó K‡i| ZviæY¨-ZvwoZ Aí eq‡mi Av‡e‡M ZvrÿwYKfv‡e wZwb †mB †NvlYvc‡Î AvZ¥`k©‡bi QvqvcvZ jÿ K‡ib| AcÖKvwkZ, Ae`wgZ †hŠeba‡g©i AvZ©bv` †hb g~Z© n‡q D‡VwQj ÔKɯ^iÕ-Gi cÖ”Q`cvZvi Z…Zxq c„ôvq jvj i‡O gyw`ªZ ÔwbDi‡b AbyiYbÕ RvMv‡bv †mB kãvewj‡Z| †mB ZvrÿwYK AvcvZ-GKvZ¥Zvq ÔˆbkwPšÍvÕ bvgK GKwU KweZv cvwV‡q †`b ÔKɯ^iÕ-G Ges Zv cieZ©x msL¨vq cÖKvwkZI nq| gnv‡`e mvnvi KweRxe‡bi cÖv_wgK cÖZviK‡eva Ges Gi cwieZ©b-weeZ©b I Kwegvb‡mi DËiYA‡š^l‡Y GB KweZvwU ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| ¸iæZ¡c~Y© GKvi‡YI †h, lvU`kKx D¤§~j RxebvPvi, Awb‡KZ g‡bvf~wg, AÜKviwcÖqZv, g‡bvweKjb Ges bvixm½wjáy †hŠbZvobvmn Ab¨vb¨ ˆbtmw½K ˆbivk¨ev`x Avwa-e¨vwa GB KweZvq iƒcvwqZ n‡q‡Q| cvVK‡`i †KŠZznj †gUv‡Z AMÖwš’Z GB KweZvwU m¤ú~Y© DׄZ KiwQ : wgwWqv Iqvì© 24

ˆbk wPšÍv AvRxeb AÜKvi wmuwoUv‡K fv‡jv‡e‡m PZz`©kx‡K †W‡K wb‡q Zvi ey‡Ki cÖwm× †euvUvi PgrKvi `ywU gvs‡mi dj nv‡Z gvZvj †Ljvq Djøv‡m †g‡Z _vKv, †Xi fv‡jv; †R¨vrmœvi gvaex KiZ‡j wcw”Qj ¯^cœ Qwo‡q Qwo‡q ¯^M©xq Kv`vq Wz‡e _vKvi †P‡q, fze‡bk¦i cv‡K©i weRb Mwj‡Z AwaK iv‡Î A‡civ ï‡b wd‡i Avmevi mgq †Kv‡bv m`vkq gwnjvi †cvlv weovj n‡q eiO wbwkcvjb †Xi fv‡jv| AvKv‡k B”Qvi †Lvmv Qzu‡o evjK †ejvi mB‡qi bv‡g ¯§iYxq eKzjZjvq wew¯§Z Mv‡bi `xc †R¡‡j †i‡L jvf wK? Zvi †P‡q wbKUZg AÜKvi wmuwoUv‡K fvj‡e‡m PZz`©kx‡K †W‡K wb‡q wbgMœ nIqvB †Xi fv‡jv| †Kv‡bv cweÎ Rjvk‡q GKSuvK mv`v nuvm †Q‡o w`‡q, Avkv bvgK GKUv K`h© m‡¤§v‡n Wz‡e _vKvi †P‡q, †mur‡mu‡Z Kuy‡qvZjvq mvevwjKviv †hLv‡bi ey‡Ki cÖwm× gvs‡mi Av”Qv`b Ly‡j Mv †avq, ùxZ Diæ, gv‡R †mLvb w`‡q †nu‡U †eov‡Z †eov‡Z cyjwKZ nIqv eiO †Xi fv‡jv; †Xi fv‡jv AvRxeb AÜKvi wmuwoUv‡K fv‡jvevmv| (Ave`yjøvn Avey mvqx` m¤úvw`Z GK `k‡Ki KweZv \ c„. 66)

gnv‡`e mvnv GB KweZvwU, Zuvi Kve¨MÖ‡š’i msL¨v lvU AwZµg Ki‡jI, GLbI †Kv‡bv MÖ‡š’ ms‡hvRb K‡ibwb| ÔˆbkwPšÍvÕ KweZvwU‡K wZwb A¯^xKvi K‡ibwb wKš‘ A‰ea mšÍv‡bi gZ Ae‡njv K‡i‡Qb| Gi KviY †evaKwi GB †h, KweZvwUi fve-fvlvg~j¨‡eva Ges lvU`kKx bvw¯Íev`x Rxeb`k©b I Awb‡KZ wPšÍv-fvebv †_‡K wZwb ¯^íKv‡ji g‡a¨ mywPiKv‡ji R‡b¨B m‡i G‡m‡Qb Rxebev`x gvbweK AvZ¥`k©‡b| ejv hvq, †mB wbg©vbweK Acg~j¨‡ev‡ai Vyb&‡Kv PvKwP‡K¨ `yt¯^‡cœi iv‡R¨ wQ‡jb ÿYKvj| †R‡M D‡V‡Qb ZrÿYvr| gb-cÖvY-†`‡n wkKo †M‡o emv †Zv `~‡i _vK Ñ †m-iv‡R¨i welv³ Rj-nvIqv jvM‡Z †`bwb kix‡i; mxmvhy³ evZvmI MÖnY K‡ibwb cÖk¦v‡m| KviY mgKvjxb mgvR I Rxebev¯ÍeZvq ZLb eB‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q Ebmˇii DËz‡i nvIqv, mˇii myevZvm Ges GKvˇii cÖ¯‘wZc‡e©i cÖgË ceb| Z‡e lvv‡Ui `k‡KB †h‡nZz gnv‡`e mvnvi KweRxe‡bi m~Pbv †m‡nZz IB `k‡Ki cÖwZ wZwb ¯^cœZvwo‡Zi gZ m‡¤§vwnZ| cwiYZ Rxe‡b cv †i‡L me gvbylB _v‡K ¯§„wZZvwoZ Ges AZxZPvix| Kwe‡`i AbyfeZš¿x m~²Zi Ges kZgyLx e‡j Zv‡`i ¯§„wZgqZv gvÎvq I ¸‡Y _v‡K myMfxi, mywe¯Í…Z| AveQv ¯§„wZ-we¯§„wZi ˆkke, evjwLj¨Zv, Kí‡jv‡Ki ˆK‡kvi, ZvwcZ ZviæY¨ Ges ˆeRqšÍx †hŠeb Ñ meB Kwe‡K †cÖŠp‡Z¡eva©‡K¨ cÖejfv‡e ¯§„wZKvZi K‡i| GB KvZiZv‡evaI Rb¥ †`q ARmª KweZvi| Avi †hŠebB hLb Rxe‡bi †kªô mgq ZLb Zv †Zv nxiK-D¾¡jZvq Kwe‡K m‡¤§vwnZ K‡i ¯§„wZKvZiZvq| ZvB lvU `k‡Ki cÖviw¤¢K KweRxeb gnv‡`e mvnvi Kv‡Q Avg„Zz¨ ¯§„wZgq I ¯§iYxq : wKQz fv‡jvevmv wKQz Ae‡njv †KvbUv cÖK…Z †KvbUv ev †Ljv — Kv‡K ewj Zzwg Kv‡K bv‡g WvwK A‡bK wVKvbv Kv‡K g‡b ivwL| — wj‡L ivwL †Kv_v GZ wcÖq bvg hvi cv‡k Avwg GK`v wQjvg|

(¯§„wZ, Kx my›`i AÜ, Kve¨mgMÖ/1 \ c„. 151)

lvU`k‡Ki fvebv-†e`bv I RxebexÿY‡K cwiYZ eq‡mi cwiewZ©Z g~j¨‡ev‡a Kxfv‡e wZwb we‡ePbv Ki‡Qb Ñ Zvi cwiPq cvIqv hvq Ôlv‡Ui `kKÕ KweZvq : †hb ÔcyivZb †cÖg euvav c‡o hvq be‡cÖgRv‡jÕ| gnv‡`e mvnv wj‡L‡Qb : †Kv_vq †Kgb Av‡Qv Zzwg wcÖq lv‡Ui `kK †Zvgvi wK GLb LyeB Kó, Zzwg LyeB GKv, `‡ivRvq †Zvgvi wK ïay `xN©k¦vm, wMÖ‡j welYœ †Mva~wj? †Kv_vq †Zvgvi †mB DÏvg A‡k¦i MwZ‡eM, ga¨iv‡Z Kuvcv‡bv dzUcvZÑ i³gvs‡m ci¯úi fv‡jvevmvevwm, †mB euvavfvOv A_B †Rvqvi AvR GB eq‡mi fuvRcov †Zvgvi gy‡Li w`‡K Avwg Avi ZvKv‡Z cvwi bv; wcÖq lvU, †Kv_vq †Zvgvi †mB Av‡jvwKZ Wvbv wPZvi †Pv‡Li g‡Zv fxlY D¾¡j `ywU †PvL, ey‡K ARmª †cÖ‡gi cOw³gvjvÑ †Kv_vq †Zvgvi †mB nvIqvq Dwo‡q w`‡q Aeva¨ DËvj †Kkivwk wcÖq lv‡Ui `kK, Avgv‡`i meyR †mvbvwj w`bivZ GL‡bv †Zvgvi †mB Am¤¢e gvqvgq my›`i gyLwU g‡b c‡o, †Zvgvi `y‡duvUv AkÖæ wbweo Av‡eM, me‡P‡q nv`©¨ Abyf~wZ, †cÖg, N„Yv, Zxeª D‡ËRbv GL‡bv †Zvgvi †mB myL-`ytL Avi ¯§„wZ ey‡K wb‡q eûivZ GKv †R‡M _vwK; `ytL K‡iv bv, wcÖq lvU, Avgv‡`i †mvbvwj †hŠeb †kv‡bv Zvn‡j †Zvgvi Kv‡b Kv‡b ewjÑ GL‡bv †Zvgv‡K Avwg fv‡jvevwm, Lye fv‡jvevwm| (GKv n‡q hvI, Kve¨mgMÖ/2 \ c„. 87-88)

†nvK Awb‡KZ, Aeÿqx, AwgZPvix Zey AvKÉ m„wói wccvmv wb‡q GK SuvK gayK‡ii gZ GK`j bexb Kwe G‡m AvZ¥cÖKv‡ki Avkªq mÜvb K‡iwQj| GK `k‡K GKm‡½ GZ Kwei mgv‡ek †evaKwi Avi KLbI N‡Uwb Ñ wZwi‡ki `kK Qvov| ZvB GB `kK gnv‡`‡ei ¯§„wZ‡Z fv¯^i| ¯§„wZ wK mZZB my‡Li Ñ bvwK `ytL-RvMvwbqvI? ¯§„wZ KLbI Avb›`evnx Avevi KLbI welv`fvivZzi| Avb›`-†e`bvi †hŠM wg_w¯Œqvq ¯§„wZKvZiZv Avgv‡`i mgvšÍivjfv‡e AvcøyZ K‡i| KLbI myL `ytL‡K Qvwc‡q I‡V, KLbI `ytL myL‡K| DׄZ KweZvwU gnv‡`e mvnvi †hŠebvµvšÍ m„wókxj Rxe‡bi ¯§„wZKvZiZvi Ab¨Zg gvBjdjK Ñ hv‡Z lvU `k‡Ki mgvR I mg‡qi PvjwPÎ Ges we¯§„wZnxb A¤ø-gayiZv KweZvi kã-Q‡›`i Mnx‡b †cÖvw_Z Av‡Q| A‡bK ANUb NU‡bi lv‡Ui `kK, wbw›`Z-bw›`Z lv‡Ui `kK, N„Yv-fvjevmvi lv‡Ui `kK, cÖYq-cÖZviYvi lv‡Ui `kK cÖg~Z© n‡q Av‡Q G KweZvi csw³gvjvq| Z‡e lvU `k‡Ki Kwe n‡jI wPšÍvq I Pwi‡Î gnv‡`e mvnv wQ‡jb m¤ú~Y© wfbœavivi| Kwe wbg©‡j›`y ¸‡Yi ¯§„wZPvi‡Y Gi mvÿ¨ †g‡j| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb : Ògnv‡`e †avqv Kvc‡oi g‡Zv Lye wUcUc Rxeb hvcb Ki‡Zv| ¯^v¯’¨ Lvivc n‡Z cv‡i †f‡e wmMv‡iU ch©šÍ †L‡Zv bv| Zvi cÖPzi fv‡jv fv‡jv eB‡qi Kv‡jKkb wQj| iex›`ªbv‡_i Zv‡mi †`k c‡o Avgv‡`i †`‡ki AwaKvsk †jL‡Ki g‡ZvB †m-I Pvi-RvwZi Zv‡mi bvg †R‡bwQj| G-Qvov Zv‡mi m‡½ Zvi ev¯Íe m¤úK© wQj bv| ZvB Avgvi †g‡mi cÖwZ gnv‡`‡ei †Kv‡bv we‡kl AvKl©Y _vKevi K_vI bq| QvÎ BDwbqb Kiv gnv‡`e Avgvi †g‡m Lye GKUv Avm‡ZvI bv| Avwg gv‡S-gv‡S gnv‡`‡ei m‡½ ZK© Kievi †jv‡f Ii †g‡m P‡j †hZvg| KLbI Aveyj nvmvb Avgvi m‡½ _vK‡Zv| KLbI GKv| gnv‡`e wQj Dëv-cvëv Z‡K©i gv÷vi Ges Lye wmwiqvmwj SMov Ki‡Z cvi‡Zv|Ó (Avgvi Kɯ^i, c„. 232)


A‡jŠwKK Avb‡›`i fve

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2. KweZv †K ejv nq mZ¨`k©bKjv| †h mZ¨ Kwei AšÍ‡i cÖwZfvwmZ nq AwfÁZvq cÖZ¨¶ Avi Abyf‡e inm¨ Qovq KweZv †m m‡Z¨iB wbhv©miƒc| Kwe Zvi ü`‡q mZ¨‡K aviY Ki‡Z †h L wPÎ AvniY K‡ib ZvB n‡q I‡V KweZv| gvbe Rxeb Ggb †h GKK †Kvb Rxe‡b m‡Z¨i mgMÖiƒc cÖKvk cvq bv| AskZ cÖKvk cvq| Kwe Zvi cÖwZ gyû‡Z©i Kíbvq Ab‡šÍ wb‡ew`Z mZ¨‡K wKsev Rxe‡b we¯ÍvwiZ mZ¨‡K Abyaveb K‡i Av‡jvwoZ nb| KweZv Kwei †mB Av‡jvo‡bi fvl¨| aŸwb I k‡ã mgwc©Z we‡kl wkí| gvbe Rxe‡b mZ¨`k©‡bi †Kvb cwimgvwß †bB| ZvB my²Zg gbb wkí KweZviI MwZ †_‡g †bB| h‡Zvw`b Rxeb Pj‡e, Rxe‡bi ms‡e`b mwµq †PZbvq mZ¨‡K LyuR‡e Z‡Zvw`b KweZvI MwZgvb AwfhvÎvq bZzb mÂq e‡q Avb‡e| c„w_ex‡Z in‡m¨i g~j Avavi n‡”Q gvbyl| gvbyl‡K †K›`ª K‡iB in‡m¨i Rvj we¯Í…Z n‡q‡Q| KweZv gvbe Rxe‡bi GB inm¨‡K bvbvfv‡e cÖKvk K‡i| Rxeb in‡m¨i m‡½ gvby‡li ¯^cœ-Kíbv, Avkv-wbivkv, Av‡eM I DÏxcbv KweZvq DcRxe¨ n‡q D‡V| KweZv‡K ejv nq m~²Zg gbb wkí| fve ev Kíbvi i‡m RvwiZ n‡q KweZv cÖm~Z nq| KweZvi g~jmË¡v gbb mÄvZ e‡jB KweZvi G‡Zv AvKl©Y| gvbyl wPiKvj Lu‡R †eov‡”Q gb| KweZvq gb‡K Abyfe Kiv hvq| KweZv GK A‡_© wPiš—b gb Abyf‡ei wkí| Kweiv e‡jb KweZv †jLv hvq bv, †jLv nq| KweZvi R‡b¨ KL‡bv KL‡bv A‡c¶v Ki‡Z nq| Ggb A‡bK mgq Av‡m hLb KweZv †jLv hvq bv| †Póv K‡iI KweZv †jLv m¤¢e nq bv| Avevi KL‡bv KL‡bv KweZv †jLv Awbevh© n‡q I‡V| Kwei AšÍ‡i cÖme hš¿Yv Abyf‚Z nq| AZ:ci KweZv Rb¥ jv‡fi gva¨‡g hš¿Yvi Aemvb N‡U| iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi (1861-1941) GgbwU g‡b Ki‡Zb| wZwb Zvui weL¨vZ Ôfvlv I Q›`Õ KweZvq gnvKwe evj¥xwKi KweZ¡ jv‡fi K_v e‡j‡Qb| †h w`b wngvw`ª k„‡½ bvwg Av‡m Avmbœ Avlvp gnvb` eªþcyÎ, AK¯§vr `y`©g `yev©i `y:mn Aš—i †e‡M Zxi Zi“ Kwiqv Db¥yj, gvwZq LyuwRqv wd‡i Avcbvi K‚j-DcK‚j, ZU Ai‡Y¨i Z‡j Zi‡½i W¤^i“ evRv‡q w¶ß `yR©wUi cÖvq ; †mB gZ ebvbxi Qv‡q ¯^”Q jxb w¶cÖMwZ †mªvZ¯^Zx Zgmvi Zx‡i Ac~e© D‡ØMf‡i m½xnxb åwg‡Qb wd‡i

wgwWqv Iqvì© 25


gnwl© evj¥xwK Kwe ,Ñi³‡eM Ziw½Z ey‡K , Mfxi Rj`g‡›`ª evisevi AvewZ©qv gy‡L be Q›` ; †e`bvq Aš—i Kwiqv we`vwiZ gyn~‡Z© wbj †h Rb¥ cwic~Y© evYxi msMxZ , Zv‡i j‡q wK Kwi‡e , fv‡e gywb Kx Zvi D‡ÏkÑ

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Av‡eM, Abyf‚wZ, Kíbv me wKQzB GKRb Kwe‡K KweZv m„wói Aby‡cÖiYv †hvMvq| Av¯ÍMvgx m~‡h©i wKiYI Kwei g‡bvRM‡Z †R¨vwZg©q Avb›` Av‡b| hvi Kíbv mvabvq ﮋ giyf‚wg‡Z R‡jv”Qj b`xi Rb¥ n‡Z cv‡i - wZwbB †Zv Kwe| Z‡e GUvB mZ¨, Kwe I KweZvi ¯^Ztwm× msÁv wbiƒcY m¤¢e bq| hZeviB KweZvi msÁv wbiƒc‡Yi †Póv n‡q‡Q-ZZ eviB GKwU bZzb msÁv ˆZwi n‡q‡Q| Gfv‡e eû wPš—K Kwe fveyK KweZvi msÁv ev wgwWqv Iqvì© 26

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Mwb gv÷vi

†gvnv¤§` nvwbd

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Mí g‡b c‡o| wZwbB B”Qv Ki‡j ¯‹z‡ji Rb¨ Rwg w`‡Z cv‡ib| GKw`b Mwb wgqv Rwg`vi Avkªvd Avwji mv‡_ †`Lv K‡i g‡bi gv‡S jvwjZ ¯^‡cœi K_v e¨³ Ki‡jb Ges G e¨vcv‡i mvnvh¨ Kivi Rb¨ Aby‡iva K‡ib| Avkªvd mv‡neI wKQy w`b hver GKUv RbKj¨vYKi KvR Kivi wPš—v KiwQ‡jb| ZvB Mwb wgqvi cÖ¯ÍveUv jy‡d wb‡q ¯‹z‡ji Rb¨ `yB weNv Rwg `vb K‡ib| †mB mv‡_ wKQy Avw_©K mvnvh¨I Ki‡jb| GB Rwgi Dco KvV I wUb w`‡q 60 nvZ j¤^v GKwU Ni ˆZwi Ki‡jb| Mwb wgqvmn GjvKvi wKQy Mb¨gvb¨ e¨w³ wg‡j ¯‹z‡ji bvgKiY K‡ib,Òcjvkcyi Avkªvd Avjx D”P we`¨vjq|Ó MwY wgqv we`¨vj‡qi cÖavb wk¶‡Ki `vwqZ¡ MÖnY K‡ib| evwo evwo Ny‡i wZwb QvÎ †RvMvo K‡ib| cuvPRb wk¶K I 45 Rb wk¶v_x© wb‡q we`¨vjqwUi hvÎv ïiæ nq| MÖv‡g MÖv‡g Ny‡i Ny‡i QvÎ/QvÎx msMÖn, UvKv-cqmvmn avb-PvDj msMÖn †Kv‡bvUvB Mwb gv÷vi evwK iv‡Lbwb| 35 eQ‡ii wk¶KZv Rxe‡bi AK¬všÍ cwikª‡gi dj AvR‡Ki GB myig¨ I ¯^bvgab¨ Òcjvk cyi Avkªvd Avjx D”P we`¨vjq|Ó fv‡jv djvdj I cÖkvmwbK ¯^”QZvi Kvi‡Y Mwb gv÷vi‡K miKvi †kªô wk¶‡Ki m¤§vbbv cÖ`vb K‡ib| GKw`b Mwb gv÷vi wk¶K wgjbvqZ‡b e‡m Le‡ii KvMR cowQ‡jb cv‡kB GKRb AwffveK wk¶K‡`i mv‡_ K_v ejwQ‡jb| GK ch©v‡q AwffveK ej‡Qb, Òhvi †bB †Kvb MwZ †m K‡i cwÊwZ|Ó K_vUv †kvbvi mv‡_ mv‡_ Mwb gv÷vi D‡ËwRZ n‡q `uvwo‡q hvb| iv‡M Kuvc‡Z _v‡Kb| A‡bK K‡ó Mwb gv÷vi wbR‡K mvg‡j wb‡q †Pqv‡i Avmb MÖnY K‡ib| MwY m¨v‡ii wek¦vm MwZnxb n‡q †KD G †ckvq Av‡m bv| hviv †`k I RvwZ‡K fv‡jvev‡m, hviv RvwZi Rb¨ wKQy Ki‡Z Pvq, hviv ¯^RvwZ‡K wkw¶Z †`L‡Z Pvq ZvivB G †ckvq Av‡m| Mwb gv÷vi‡K †hw`b we`vq †`Iqv nq †mw`‡bi K_v AvRI fyj‡Z cv‡i wb| †mw`b wQj †mvgevi| mKvj `kUv evR‡ZB ¯‹zj cÖv½‡Y nvRvi †jv‡Ki mgv‡ek| QvÎ-QvÎx, AwffveK, GjvKvi MY¨gvb¨ e¨w³eM©, g¨v‡bwRs KwgwUi m`m¨e„›`, Ges wk¶K/wkw¶Kve„›`-Gi Dcw¯’wZ‡Z mfvi Kvh©Îg ïiæ nq| e³viv Mwb gv÷v†ii cÖksmvq mfv gyLwiZ K‡i †Zv‡jb| wb‡Ri cÖksmv ï‡b Mwb gv÷v†ii g‡b n‡jv gvbyl¸‡jv Av‡eM cÖeY n‡q Zvi cÖv‡c¨i †P‡q †Xi †ewk cÖksmv Ki‡Q| j¾vq wZwb gv_v †Zvj‡Z cv‡i wb| wZwb hLb we`vq †bIqvi Rb¨ g‡Â `uvov‡jb ZLb Zuvi †PvL Svcmv n‡q Av‡m| KÚ iæ× n‡q hvq| we`vq j‡Mœ A‡bK wKQy ej‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb wKš‘ cv‡ib wb; †Kv‡bv iK‡g KvbœvweRwoZ K‡Ú `yÕPvi K_v e‡j we`vq wb‡qwQ‡jb| †mw`b AvR‡Ki GB †nW gv÷vi mv‡ne MwY gv÷vi‡K ¯‹z‡j G‡m civgk© w`‡q wb‡Ri nv‡Z Mov ¯‹zjUv‡K GwM‡q wb‡Z mvnvh¨ Kivi Rb¨ evi evi Aby‡iva K‡iwQ‡jb| Mwb gv÷vi GLb eyS‡Z cv‡ib †nW gv÷vi mv‡n‡ei †mw`‡bi Aby‡iva wQj †gwK, †jvK †`Lv‡bv| †mw`b QvÎ-QvÎxiv Zv‡K cy®úgvj¨ w`‡q †X‡K w`‡qwQj| A‡bK QvÎQvÎx †Ku‡` †Ku‡` †PvL jvj K‡iwQj| Zvi wek¦vm QvÎ-QvÎx‡`i G fv‡jvevmv †gwK wQj bv| QvÎ-QvÎx, AwffveK I wk¶Ke„‡›`i c¶ †_‡K A‡bK Dcnvi mvgMÖx †c‡qwQ‡jb| G¸‡jv evwo e‡q wb‡q wM‡qwQj mbvZb `ßix| Mwb gv÷v‡ii GK wcÖq QvÎ m¨v‡ii GKgvÎ †g‡q‡K we‡q K‡i Kb¨v`vqMÖ¯’ wcZv‡K gyw³ w`‡jb| wKš‘ wcZv n‡q †g‡q‡K Lvwj nv‡Z we`vq Ki‡Z cvi‡jb bv| weNvLv‡bK Rwg weµq K‡i †g‡q‡K mvgvb¨ Mqbv w`‡q ¯^vgxi N‡i cvVv‡jb| GKgvÎ †g‡qi we‡q‡Z g‡bi g‡Zv K‡i Av‡gv` Avn¬v` Ki‡Z cvi‡jb bv| AcyÎK Mwb gv÷v‡ii GKgvÎ †g‡q ¯^vgxi N‡i fv‡jvB Av‡Q| †m-B Zvi wcZvi †LuvR Lei iv‡L| Avw_©K Afve AbU‡bi wfZi w`‡q Mwb gv÷v‡ii w`b Kv‡U| †g‡q wbqwgZ wKQy Avw_©K mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z †P‡qwQj; wKš— wZwb Zv MÖnY Ki‡jb bv| KviY, wZwb g‡b K‡ib G‡Z ¯^vgxi wbKU Zuvi †g‡q †QvU n‡q hv‡e| †Kv‡bv wcZvB Pvq bv Zvi Kvi‡Y †g‡q k¦ïi evwo‡Z †QvU n‡q _vKzK| Mwb gv÷vi GLb gv‡S gv‡S fv‡eb Ab¨vb¨ miKvwi PvKwiRxexi g‡Zv wk¶K‡`i Rb¨I hw` †cbk‡bi e¨e¯’v _vKZ Z‡e nqZ wk¶Kiv mgv‡R Ae‡njvi cvÎ n‡q _vKZ bv| `xN© GKgvm †iv‡M †fvMvi ci Mwb gv÷vi jvwV‡Z fi K‡i ¯y‹‡j G‡jb| †mw`b wQj wk¶K‡`i Kg©weiwZ| mbvZ‡bi KvQ †_‡K wZwb cÖ_g Rvb‡Z cv‡ib wk¶iv Zv‡`i †eZb e„w×mn wKQy `vwe-`vIqv Av`v‡qi j‡¶¨ Av‡›`vjb Ki‡Qb| G K_v †kv‡b cÖ_‡g wZwb wk¶‡`i‡K mg_©b Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| KviY Av‡›`vj‡bi bv‡g QvÎ-QvÎx‡`i †jLvcov eÜ K‡i †`Iqv DwPZ e‡j †g‡b wb‡Z cv‡ib wb| (Pj‡e) wgwWqv Iqvì© 29


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e_media world june july 2013  

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