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wJh 2014 (ft;ky-i/m) BkBe么kjh ;zws - 546

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AstRylIAw Br iv`c mnwieAw igAw ^wlsw swjnw idvs gurduAwrw swihb prOspYkt Aqy gurduAwrw isMG sBw krygIbrn ivKy ^wlsw swjnw idvs mnwaux dy idRS[


sMpwdkI astRylIaf Br ivWc ipCly idnI ivsfKI aqy Kflsf sfjnf idvs df idhfVf bVI sLrDf aqy Dum nfl mnfieaf igaf, vWK-vWK guruduafiraF ivc iswK sSgqF ny BfrI igxqI ivc hfjrI lvfeI, aqy hr sfl dI qrF gurU mhfrfj dIaF KusLIaF pRfpq kIqIaF. iswKI dy jnm asQfn pSjfb qoN dUr ies mulk ivWc ijs AuqsLfh aqy sLrDf nfl iswK apxy hr iqEhfr ƒ mnfAuNdy hn Auh kfbl ey qfrIP hY aqy siBafcfr aqy ivrsy leI ieWk hF pwKI ruJfn vI hY. hr sfl dI qrF ijWQy lok ivrsy nUM Xfd kridaF igwDy aqy BSgVy dy rSg vyKx nUM imly AuQy hI kuJ ieWk guruduafiraF vwloN dsqfr mukfbly krf ky nvIN pIVHI nUM Drm aqy ivrsy nfl joVn dI koisLsL vI vyKx nUM imlI, mYlbOrn dy vwzy gurUGr isSG sBf krygIbrn ivc rvfieqI mfrc jo ik gurUduafrf sfihb dI hdUd dy aSdr hI kIqf jFdf hY Aus qoN ielfvf sLfm nUM afqsLbfjI vI kIqI geI, iesy qrF aYzIlyz qoN pRfspYkt gurUduafrf sfihb dI kmytI ny vI kuJ ieWk poRgrfm AulIk ky Kflsf sfjnf idvs AuWqy nvIN pIVI nUM Drm nfl joVn dI koisLsL kIqI geI. BFvyN ik guruduafrf sfihbfn dIaF kmytIaF rvfeIqI pRcfr hr sfl ivsfKI AuWqy krdIaF hn pr ies dy nfl nfl koeI afDuink sSsfr df aijhf Auprflf nhIN dyiKaf igaf ijs nfl nvIN puSgrdI pIVHI jF kSnF ivWc muSdrF vflI jvfnI nUM vI Drm pRqI afkrsLk kIqf jf skdf hovy, bOiDk pwDr qy vI vyKIey qF koeI aijhf poRgrfm nhIN AulIikaf jFdf ijs ivc Drm jF ivrsy nUM drpysL cuxOqIaF dy AuWqy koeI ivcfr crcf kIqI jFdI hovy, nF hI ikDry koeI aijhf sfihq dyKx nUM imilaf jo ik pRbSDkI kmytIaF vwloN ivsLysL rUp ivc Cfp ky iswK sSgqF ivWc jF astRylIaf dy dUjy BfeIcfry dy lokF ivc vSizaf igaf hovy, ies mfmly ivWc jrUr iDafn dyx dI loV hY ik ijWQy asIN afpxy Dfrimk idhfVy gurUGrF ivWc mnfAuNdy hF AuWQy hI sfnUM dUjy BfeIcfiraF qwk vI afpxy PlsPy nUM phµucfAux dI koisLsL krnI cfhIdI hY . qF jo AuhnF ivWc

meI 2014

sfzI pCfx aqy isDFq sµbµDI Brm BulyKy dUr ho skx. ieWQy ieh vI kihxf vfijb hovygf ik sfnUM Drm pRcfr jF sWiBafcfr psfry leI kyvl gurUduafiraF dIaF kmytIaF qWk hI nhIN ismtxf cfhIdf, hr ieWk iensfn apxy pwDr qy apxf bxdf Xogdfn pf skdf hY, gurbfxI df ijhVf vwZmuwlf sµdysL hY AusnUM Gr Gr phuµcfAux leI ivakqIgq kdm vI cwky jf skdy hn. gurbfxI df sµdysL qF hr ieWk Drm jfq rSg nsl leI srb sFJf hY so sfnUM inwjI qOr qy vI koisLsL krnI cfhIdI hY ik ijµnHF ho sky iesdf pRcfr krIey qF jo Gwto Gwt hor nf shI sfzy afpxy BfeIcfry ivWc qF ieWk bOiDk cyqnqf aqy KflsfeI Bfvnf pRbl hovy, aqy gurU sfihbfnf dy dwsy mfrg qy cWl ky asIN ieWk vDIaf aqy AusfrU jIvn ijAuN skIey aqy nfl hI smfjk qOr qy vI afdrsL smfj dI isrjxf ivWc apxf bxdf Xogdfn pf skIey.

gkmeK d/ ;[B/j/ okiBhfse fJfsjk; sfzf tfeImjL adfrf vDfeI df hwkdfr hY jo ik vDIaf aqy AusfrU lyK sfzy leI lY ky af irhf hY sSpfdk sfihb mYN ies pwqr rfhIN afp jI nUM ieh bynqI krnf cfhuµdf hF ik afp jI afpxy afAux vfly aSkF ivc lVIvfr qOr qy 1947 qoN bfad df pSjfb df rfjnIiqk ieiqhfs jrUr sSgqF dy snmuK kro jI qF jo sfzy astRylIaf vsdy pSjfbI BYx Brf AuhnF rfjnIiqk GtnfvF qoN jfxU ho skx jo sfzy vrqmfn nUM pRBfvq kr rhIaF hn, awj sfnUM sSKyp rUp ivWc aqy pRmfixk rUp ivWc rfjnIiqk ieiqhfs bfry jfxkfrI muhweIaf nhIN ho rhI, mYN afp jI nUM ieWk CotI ijhI imsfl dyvFgf ik jdoN ipCly sfl Bfrq ivWc aÀnf hjfry BuwK hVqfl kr irhf sI qF sfzy kuJ nOjvfn Aus qoN bhuq pRBfivq sn pr jdoN mYN AuhnF nUM drsLn isSG PyrUmfn bfry pWuiCaf qF

- 3 -

Auh ies nF qoN vI axjfx sn mYnUM bhuq duK hoieaf ik ijMnHF lokF ny sfzy hwkF leI jfnF vfr idwqIaF awj dI sfzI nvIN pIVI AuhnF dy nfvF qoN vI axjfx hY, so mYnUM AumId hY ik myrI ies bynqI vwl vI jrUr iDafn idwqf jfvygf. ibkrm isÀG cfhl klytn ivktorIaf

B;bh jwb/ awjkwl kuJ sflF qoN ipCoN asIN iPr astRylIaf ivwc ividafrQIaF dI nvIN afmd dyK rhy hF aqy ies afmd dy nfl hI burIaF KbrF iewk vfrI Pyr dyKx nUM iml rhIaF hn, ijvyN ipCly mhIny iewk pÀjfbI nOjvfn qy hmlf kr ky AusdI BfrI kuwtmfr aqy lwut kIqI geI sI aqy Auh nOjvfn kOmf ivwc clf igaf sI aqy bVI musLikl nfl AusdI jfn bcI sI, hux Pyr sÀpirÀgvyl ielfky ivwc iewk nvyN afey ividafrQI qy cfkU nfl hmlf kIqf igaf hY jo ik awq inÀdxXog hY, puils aqy srkfr qF apxf kÀm krngIaF hI pr sfnUM BfeIcfrk qOr qy vI ieho ijhIaF GtnfvF df isLkfr hoey nOjvfnF dI jrUr mwdd krnI cfhIdI hY, aqy nfl hI nvyN af rhy ividafrQIaF leI BfeIcfry vwloN vI koeI hYlplfeIn vgYrf hoxI cfhIdI hY ijwQy ik Auh loV pYx qy sSprk kr skx, aqy nfl hI puils aqy srkfr nfl vI gwlbfq krky aijhy hmilaF qoN surwiKaf leI ivsLysL AuWdm krvfAuxy cfhIdy hn. AumId hY qusIN myry iehnF suJfvF nUM sfzf tfeImjL ivwc jrUr sQfn idEgy, ikAuNik asIN sfry iewk byhqr BivwK leI ies mulk ivwc afAuNdy hF aqy jykr iksy nfl ies qrF dI mfVI Gtnf vfpr jFdI hY qF nf isrP Auh iensfn blik Aus pirvfr dI vI ijÀdgI qbfh ho jFdI hY so sfry pÀjfbIaF nUM bynqI hY ik afE rl ky hÀblf mfrIey. qyjpRIq isÀG tfrnyt

swfw tweImz


gzE osB frnkBh fdZs f;zx ih mYN hMJUAW nMU nhIN rok sikAw jdoN mYN pMQ rqn igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy ipMf klOV phuMc ky ieh vyiKAw ik ipMf dIAW AOorqW hux vI gohy dI pwQI pQ rhIAW sn[ igAwn dw swgr, mhwn ivdvwn igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy ipMf ivc p`Ty cu`k ky qurdI hoeI AOorq nMU vyK ky idl Gut Gut ky roieAw[ 20 swl qoN pihlW hI gohy dI vrqoN krky aUrjw auqpMn krn dI jYivk ivigAwn ivc qr`kI hox qoN bwAd vI hux q`k pMjwb ivc gohy pwQI dI vrqoN hoxw bhuq du`K dI g`l hY[ AwirAw smwj dy svwmI dXw nMd nMU igAwn dI crcw ivc hrwaux vwly igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy ipMf ƒ qknIkI qr`kI nMU Apxwaux dI dOV iv`c hwr jwxw dyK ky mn audws hoieAw[ jIvn Br pwKMfpn dy iKlwP lVn vwly igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy ipMf iv`c A`j vI pwKMfI izMdgI iv`c f`uby hoey lok ids rhy sn[ Kwlsw kwlj dI sQwpnw krky Kud pwTkRm ikqwbW ilK ky pVHwaux vwly igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy ipMf iv`c ie`k vI lweIbRyrI nhIN hY pr Srwb dw Tykw jrUr hY[ nw isrP pUry ielwky ivc igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy nwm qy nw hI koeI kwlj hY Aqy nw hI koeI lwiebyRrI dI sQwpnw hoeI hY[ pMjwbI BwSw dw pihlw drjw hwsl krn vwly pRoPYsr igAwnI id`q isMG jI bwry ikMnI ku jwxkwrI r`Kdy hn? CyvW qnKwh kimSn dw Pwiedw auTw ky v`fy v`fy Gr bxwaux vwly A`j k`lH dy pMjwbI pRoPYsr nMU jykr ieh pu`iCAw jwvy ik igAwnI id`q isMG jI duAwrw iliKAw igAw “svpn nwtk” iv`c ivSw kI hY qW iksy nMU vI pqw nhIN hovygw[ s`qvyN qnKwh kimSn dI irport dI aufIk krn vwly iehnW swry pMjwbI pRoPYsrW nMU ie`k vwr igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy ipMf klOV iljwxw cwhIdw hY qW ik mwieAw dy jwl ivc Psy pRoPYsr kuJ nw kuJ jrUr is`Kxgy[ kwlj iv`c hI bYT ky jIvn bImw bwry g`l krn vwly AwDuink pRoPYsr 72 ikqwbW ilKx vwly igAwnI id`q isMG jI nMU jykr cMgI qrHW smJ gey huMdy qW pMjwb ivc swihiqk kRWqI Aw skdI sI[ bhuq swrIAW muSiklW dw swhmxw krdy hoey sMpwdk qOr qy 'Kwlsw AKbwr' nMU clwaux vwly igAwnI id`q isMG jI ƒ pMjwbI

swfw tweImz

AKbwr jgq dw ipqwmw vI mMinAw jw skdw hY[ aunHW dw AKbwr iv`c nMbr vI pMjwbI iv`c Cwpdy sn pr A`j k`l dy swry dy swry pMjwbI AKbwrW iv`c Aqy mYgzIn iv`c romn nMbr dI vrqoN huMdI hY[ bhuq swry Aijhy AKbwr au~T ky KVHy hoey hn jo sMqW nMU smrQn krn leI bxy ho e y hn jW ieSiqhwr Cpvw ky pYsy kmwaux leI bxy hoey hn[ s`c nMU Awm jnqw q`k phuMcwaux dy kMm A`j k`l dy AKbwr G`t krdy hn pr KbrW nMU qoV mroV ky 'pyf inaUz' bxwauNdy hn[ ieho ijhy Xu`g ivc p`qrkwrI jZq leI igAwnI id`q isMG jI ie`k AnoKw audwhrx hoxw cwhIdy sn pr APsos dI g`l ieh hY ik nw hI koeI AKbwr ienHW dI qsvIr CwpdI hY Aqy nw hI koeI ienHW dy v`fmu`ly lyK muV pRkwiSq krdy hn[ AwKrI swh q`k isMG sBw clwaux vwly igAwnI id`q isMG jI dw isDWq A`j k`l dy smwj leI bhuq jrUrI hY[is`K isDWq nMU kmjor krky Awpxy isDWq clwaux leI eIsweI imSnrI ny 19vIN sdI ivc KUb koisSW kIqIAW sn[ pr ptkw mwrky KVyH hox vwly igAwnI id`q isMG jI A~j k`l dy smwj leI jrUrq hn ikauNik ie`ko ie`k pRmwqmw nMU ismrn krn dI hdwieq dyx vwly SRI gurU gRMQ swihb dy au~qy hI ikMqU pRMqU krn vwly lok cwry pwsy Bry hoey hn[ SRI gurU nwnk dyv jI dI ivcwrDwrw muqwibk smwj ivc koeI jwq pwq nhIN hoxw cwhIdw pr mhwn ivdvwn igAwnI id`q isMG jI ƒ ie`k jwqI nwl joV ky auhnW dI ivcwrDwrw ie`k jwqI Aqy ie`k

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Drm q`k sImq krnw mhW pwp hY[ 'gruqw bl' dI Koj krn vwly inaUtn dy isDWq nUM jykr pUrI dunIAw ibnW jwq Drm pUjdy hoey Awpxw skdI hY qW igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy isDWq nMU Apxwaux leI jwqI ikauN pu`CI jWdI hY[ pu`Cx vwlw ieh vI pu`C skdw hY ik jykr krnwtk dI srkwr kMnV swihq dy nwm qy 50 kroV dI lgwqwr nwl Anuvwd kyNdr bxw skdw hY qW pMjwb srkwr ieho ijhw auprwlw ikauN nhIN kr skdI? hux q`k 8 igAwn pIT purskwr ij`qx vwly kMnV BwSw dy lok, kMnV kvI, ivdvwn dy nwm qy XUnIvristI KolHx leI AMdoln kr skdy hn qW pMjwbI lok Aijhw AMdoln ikauN nhIN kr skdy? isrP mwieAw nUM kmwaux leI ivdyS jwx vwly pMjwbI lok muV Aw ky ipMfW dy gyt bxwaux dI QW qy pMjwbI lyKk Aqy pMjwbI ivdvwn dy nwm qy skUl jW kwlj ikauN nhIN bxw skdy? ieho ijhw kMm srkwr Aqy gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI au~qy hI Qopx vwly lok AwpxI ijMmydwrI dw Aihsws krky hr ipMf ivc ie`k lwiebRyrI Kolx dw Xqn ikauN nhIN kr skdy? hr QW qy idsx vwly Tyky, irzort, mYirz pYlys, fyry dy nwl-nwl jykr pMjwbI lok ie`k ju`t hox Aqy igAwnI id`q isMG jI dy nW qy ie`k XunIvristI bx jwvy qW pMjwbI lokW dIAW swrIAW glqIAW nMU muAw& krky pMjwbI lokW dy swmhxy isr Juk skdw hY qW jo igAwn dy swgr igAwnI id`q isMG jI ipMf jw ky koeI hor myry vrgy hMJU nw folx[ y - pMifq rwau Drwnvr

meI 2014


iZ;k f;zx dk Btkp eg{o f;zx Bkb w/b j`sw isMG dw jnm 1718 eI nMU bdr isMG dy Gr hoieAw[ CotI aumr iv`c hI ipqw surgvws ho igAw qy mW Apxy b`cy nMU nwl lY ky mwqw suMdrI jI pws id`lI pu`jI[ suMdrI jI ny bwlk nMU keI swl Awpxy pws r`iKAw qy pwlx poSx kIqw[ jd j`sw isMG jvwn hoieAw qW mwqw suMdrI jI ny dsm pwqSwh jI dI ie`k smSIr, ie`k gurj Aqy ie`k cWdI dw Awsw bKiSAw Aqy AsIs id`qI ik qyrI Ardl ivc Awsw brdwr (cobdwr) rihxgy[ mwqw jI ny ie`k ic`TI nvwb kpUr isMG v`l ByjI ik j`sw isMG nMU swfw b`cw jwx ky ies nMU isMGW vwly srb guxW ivc inpuMn kr dyxw[ nvwb kpUr isMG ny mwqw jI dy hukm Anuswr j`sw isMG nMU hr qrHW dI is`iKAw id`qI qy aus dI ilAwkq vyK ky dl BMfwry dw ieMcwrj bxw id`qw[ hux GoiVAW nMU dwxw Awid vMfx dI syvw iesdy ijµmy sI[

hkUmq dw pRx qoVxw bu`Fy dl dy pRcwr dw sdkw Kwlsw pMQ idn du`gxI rwq cOguxI au¤nqI kr irhw sI[ Kwlsy dI ies pRP`ulqw ny zkrIAw Kwn nMU iPr socIN pw id`qw qy aus ny sMn 1735 iv`c bhuq swrI POj Byj ky Kwlsy dI jgIr qy kbzw kr ilAw[ ies smyN hwVI dI &sl iblku`l p`kI KVI sI[ jd nvwb kpUr isMG nMU ies dI Kbr imlI qW aus nMU koeI vDyry icMqw nw hoeI, ausny Ku`ly idl nwl AYlwn kIqw ik Kwlsy dw ieMnI CotI ijhI jgIr nwl J`t t`pxw AOKw sI, hux Akwl purK dI ikrpw nwl Kwlsw swry pMjwb nMU AwpxI jgIr bxweygw[ Kwlsy dw iek`T kIqw igAw[ QoVy ijhy isMG AMimRqsr dy guruduAwirAW dI syvw leI C`fy gey qy dovyN dl suqMqr qOr qy swry pMjwb ivc ivcrn l`gy[

zkrIAw Kwn dI muV s^qI zkrIAw Kwn ny Kwlsy pwsoN jgIr Koh ky nvyN isr Kwlsy nMU dbwauxw SurU kIqw[cwr hjwr coxvyN nMU A~T dsiqAW ivc vMf id`qw qy bVy bhwdr qy in`fr APsr AgvweI vwsqy muk`rr kIqy gey[ hukm id`qw igAw ik ieh POj swry pMjwb dI gSq kry[ ipMfW, J`lW, jMglW Aqy K`fW iv`c isMGW dI Bwl kry

meI 2014

qy ij`Qy koeI isMG imly ausnMU mwr id`qw jwvy jW ijauNdw PV ky lwhOr Byj id`qw jwvy[ Kwlsy ny iPr pihlW vWg hI Kzwny lu`txy SurU kr id`qy[ zkrIAw Kwn nMU koeI sPlqw nw hoeI[ ausny POj dw Krc Gtwaux leI ie`k nvIN skIm iqAwr kIqI[ POj Gtw id`qI qy mulkI krmcwrIAW dI mdd mMgI[ pprgnydwrW, qlkydwrW, kwnMUrIAW, ipfW dy cODrIAW, nMbrdwrW Aqy jwgIrdwrW dy nW Purmwn jwrI kIqy qy auhnW pwsoN izmyvwrI lY leI ik auh Awpxy ipMfW, muh`ilAW qy ielwikAW iv`c iksy is`K nMU nhI rihx dyxgy[ SwhI Purmwn ies pRkwr sI:1. jy koeI isMG dw isr pyS krygw ausnMU 50 rupey ienwm imlygw[ 2. jo ijauNdw PV ky hwzr krygw ausnMU 50 rupey ienwm imlygw[ 3. jo isMG dw pqw d`sygw ausnMU 10 rupey ienwm imlygw[ 4. jo pkVygw ausnMU 15 rupey ienwm[ 5. jo iksy isMG dw Gr bwr l`utygw aus pwsoN hkUmq koeI pu`C ig`C nhIN krygI[ iesdy nwl hI lwprvwhI krn vwly nMU sKq szwvW id`qIAW jWdIAW sn[ 1. jy koeI Awpxy Gr jW Kyq ivc isMGW nMU pnwh dyvygw ausnMU mOq dI szw id`qI jwvygI[ 2. ijhVw isMGW dy rihx dw pqw jwxdw hoieAw hkUmq nMU nhIN d`sygw aus dw vI kql kIqw jwvygw[ 3. jo isMG pws Anwj vycygw jW rotI dyvygw aus ihMdU nMU bdobdI muslmwn bxw id`qw jwvygw[ 4. jo srkwrI krmcwrI isMGW v`loN lwprvwhI krygw ausnMU nOkrIauN htw id`qw jwvygw[ ienHW sKqIAW dy kwrn isMG hux bhuqw smW phwVW, jMglW K`fW qy mwlvy qy bIkwnyr dy QlW ivc guzwrn l`g pey[ nvwb kpUr isMG ies smyN Awpxy 800 isMGW dy jQy smyq bwbw Awlw isMG TIkrI vwly pws mwlvy iv`c jw rhy qy gurmq pRcwr qy isMGW nMU AOkV dy smyN cVHdIAW klW iv`c r`Kx leI Xqn krdy rhy[

- 5 -

isMGW dI sihn SkqI zkrIAw Kwn dy krVy Purmwn Anuswr isMGW nMU isr lukwaux leI nw ipMfW iv`c qy nw hI jMglW iv`c hI koeI QW sI[ ij`Qy vI iksy nMU koeI is`K iesqRI, purK jW b`cw imldw, ienwm dy lwlc leI jW hkUmq dI mwr qoN bcx leI ausdI ieqlwh srkwr nMU pucw id`qI jWdI[ ijauNdy PVy jwx vwly dSmyS jI dy b`cy b`cIAW nMU bVy iBAwnk FMg nwl ShId kIqw jWdw[ is`K kYdIAW nMU vDyry krky crKVI qy cwiVAw jWdw sI[ crKVI qy cwVn nwl SrIr dy joV Ku`l jWdy sn qy h`f cUr cUr ho jWdy sn[ mws votI votI hoo ky h`fW nwloN v`K ho jWdw sI[ keIAW dw ijaUNdy jIA A`Dw DV DrqI ivc d`b idqw jWdw Aqy auprlw A`Dw Bwg qop nwl aufwieAw jWdw sI[ lwhOr dy bzwrW iv`c PWsI lwieAw jWdw sI qW ik lok vDyry BY BIq hox[ isMGxIAW dy swhmxy aunHW dy b`cy ivMnH id`qy sn[ keIAW dIAW A`KW iv`c nsqr mwr ky fyly bwhr k`F id`qy jWdy sn[ keIAW dy isr muglIAW mwr mwr ky Pyh id`qy sn[ keI rwvI ivc bMnH ky fu`bo id`qy jWdy, keIAW nMU GoiVAW dy ipCly KurW nwl bMnH id`qw jWdw sI[ keIAW dy h`Q pYr jMjIr nwl jkV ky do hwQIAW dy iv`c bMnH id`qw jWdw, dovyN v`Ko v`K pwisAW nMU iK`cdy qy SrIr t`ut Kus jWdw[ keIAW dy SrIr AwirAW nwl cIr id`qy jWdy, srIr dy AMg k`t id`qy jWdy, dr`KqW qy ltkwA pu`TIAW K`lW lwhIAW jWdIAW[ aunHW dw ivSvws sI Aijhy iBAwnk idRS vyK ky koeI nvW isMG sjx dI ihMmq nhIN krygw prMqU Kwlsw iPr vI vDdw hI igAw[ Aijhy ShId isMGW qy isMGxIAW dIAW XwdgwrW Ajy q`k kwiem hn, ijvyN ShId gMj isMGxIAW luMfw bzwr lwhOr, ShId gMj BweI qwrU isMG luMfw bwzwr lwhOr, ShId gMj BweI mnI isMG iklHw lwhOr dy pUrbI drvwzy dy lwgy hY[ ieh swry kSt isMG guru dw Bwxw mMn krky iKVy m`Qy J`ldy qy sI q`k nw aucwrdy[ auh smJdy sn ik ieh qn mn Dn swfw Awpxw nhIN ieh siqgurU Aqy aus dy ipAwry pMQ dI Amwnq hY[

bwkI s&w 15 qy

swfw tweImz


ôjhd i;gkb f;zx dh wK B/ r[odk;g[o d/ nekbh ftXkfJe d/ w{zj Ós/ uZgb wkoh sRI Akwl qKq swihb v`loN 'pMQk ShId' AYlwny gey jspwl isMG dI roh 'c AweI mW ny gurdwspur qoN SoRmxI AkwlI dl (bwdl) dy ivDwiek SRI gurcrn isMG b`byhwlI dy mUMh 'qy c`pl mwrI[ ieh Gtnw bIqy idnIN vwprI d`sI jWdI hY[ ieMjInIAirMg dy ividAwrQI jspwl isMG (18) dI 29 mwrc 2012 nMU gurdwspur puils dI ey ky-47 rwie&l 'coN in`kLI golI nwl mOq ho geI sI[ drAsl, aus idn ijMdw ShId BweI blvMq isMG rwjoAwxw dI &WsI dI szw vwps lYx dI mMg nMU lY ky sm`ucy pMjwb iv`c bMd dw s`dw id`qw igAw sI[ gurdwspur 'c aus idn iek`T dOrwn mwhOl ku`J ivgVn kwrn puils ny goLI clw id`qI sI qy ausy ivc jspwl ShId ho igAw sI[ d`isAw jWdw hY ik aus qoN bwAd SRI b`byhwlI ny kdy K`ulH ky puils dw ivroD nhIN kIqw sI, ijs krky ies ielwky 'c puils Aqy srkwr pRqI hwly vI ku`J ros pwieAw jw irhY ies ivc iksy nMU koeI S`k nhIN hoxw cwhIdw ik jspwl isMG puils dI goLI nwl ShId hoey sn[ duKI pirvwr nUM hwLy q`k koeI iensw& nhI imilAw; aultw sgNo puils AiDkwrIAW dw Aqy hor isAwsI dbwA ies pirvwr auqy pwieAw jw irhw hY[ie`k swl AdwlqI jWc vI c`lI pr A^Ir do sInIAr puils AiDkwrIAW nUM brI kr id~qw igAw[ShId jspwl isMG dw pirvwr hI nhIN, sgoN sm`ucw ielwkw hI ies leI SRI b`byhwlI nUM vI pMjwb puils ijMnw hI doSI mMndw qy smJdw hY[Aijhy hwlwq kwrn bIqy idnIN ShId jspwl isµG dI mW bIbI srbjIq kOr ny ijauN hI gurcrn isMG b`byhwlI nMU Awpxy ipMf cOr is`DvW dy srpMc dy Gr AMdr jWidAW vyiKAw qW aunHW nMU gu`sw cVH igAw[ aunHW ny AwpxIAW dovyN c`plW lwh ky h`Q iv`c PV leIAW[ ies Gtnw bwry bhuqIAW irportW mIfIAw ny pRkwiSq jW pRswirq nhIN kIqIAW pr is`K isAwsq fw`t nYt Aqy XYs pMjwb fw`t kw`m ny ies bwry Ku`lH ky irportW id`qIAW hn[ ienHW irportW muqwbk SIR b`byhwlI SRomxI AkwlI dl qy

swfw tweImz

BwrqI jnqw pwrtI dy sWJy aumIdvwr ivnod KMnw dy h`k ivc votW mMgx leI ies ipMf Awey sn[ ijvyN hI SRI b`byhwlI kwr ivcoN au~qr ky ie`Qy r`KI iek mIitMg 'c Swml hox leI srpMc SRImqI gurmIq kOr dy Gr AMdr dwKl hox l`gy; qW BweI jspwl isMG dI mW bIbI srbjIq kOr qd nwl dy Gr 'c hI iksy nMU imlx leI Awey sn[ AkwlI ivDwiek nMU vyK ky aunHW nMU roh cVH igAw[ aunHW AwpxI ie`k c`pl qurMq ivDwiek v`l vgwh ky mwrI, jo kwr 'c v`jI[ aunHW qurMq dUjI c`pl k`F ky mwrI, jo is`DI SRI b`byhwlI dy mUMh 'qy v`jI[ bIbI srbjIq kOr nwl hI SRI b`byhwlI nMU burw Blw AwKdy rhy Aqy Awpxy pu`qr dI mOq leI aunHW nUM, pMjwb srkwr Aqy sUbw puils nMU doSI krwr idMdy rhy[ pr ieMny nMU nwl mOjUd s`uriKAw AiDkwrI SRI b`byhwlI nMU srpMc dy Gr AMdr lY gey[ SRI b`byhwlI auQy A`Dw ku GMtw ruky qy iPr ipMf qoN cly gey[ ies Gtnw dI puStI ShId jspwl isMG dy ipqw Aqy bIbI srbjIq kOr dy pqI SRI gurcrnjIq isMG ny kIqI[ SRI b`byhwlI ies pirvwr au~qy lgwqwr dbwA pwauNdy Aqy pvwauNdy rhy hn ik auh Awpxw kys vwps lY lYx pr ieh pirvwr iksy dbwA A`gy nhIN JuikAw[ ie`Qy ieh d`sxXog

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hovygw ik pMjwb srkwr ny hwLy b`uDvwr nMU hI pMjwb puils dy AiDkwrIAW virMdr pwl isMG Aqy mnpRIq isMG iKlw& l`gy doS vwps ley hn[ pMjwb Aqy hirAwxw hweI kort nMU b`uDvwr vwLy idn d`isAw igAw ik syvw mukq vDIk ijlHw Aqy sYSnj j`j bI sI gupqw ny gurdwspur dy audoN dy AYs AYs pI virMdr pwl isMG Aqy audoN dy dy fI AYs pI mnpRIq isMG iKlw& l`gy doS nUM Zlq pwieAw hY[ies bwry jdoN sRI b`byhwlI dy mobwiel &on qy aunHW nwL sMprk krn dI koiSS kIqI geI, qW aunHW dy pI a ny A`iga d`isAw ik ivDwiek hwLy cox mIitMg c hn, vwprI ies Gtnw bwry pu`iCAw igAw,qW aunHW ikhw ik auQy Aijhw ku`J vI nhIN vwpirAw sI qy lok AYvyN A&vwhW PYlw rhy hn[

meI 2014


ivdvwn qy AwpMU bxy ivdvwn c ivcwr goStI ie`k purwxI khwxI hY ik, ie`k ipMf jo ky sihrW qy ivksq ngrW qoN bhuq ijAwdw dUr sI, BwvyN ky ipMf v`fw sI lykn ipMf iv`c koeI vI piVHAw iliKAw nhIN sI ikauNik koeI suivDw mOjUd nhIN sI pVHweI krn vwsqy[ KYr iPr vI ipMf vwly pIVIAW qy Awpxw jIvn vDIAw ibqw rhy imhnq krky[ hux ipMf iv`c ie`k nOjvwn g`BrU ho ky iksy dUr ielwky qoN QoVw bhuq sMsikRq dw igAwn lY ky ipMf Aw jWdw hY, aus jmwny c sMsikRq dw igAwn bhuq v`fI g`l mMinAw jWdw sI ijvyN A`j k`l AMgyRjI dw[ ies g`BrU nMU BwvyN ky koeI ijAwdw igAwn nhIN sI b`s kuJ sMsikRq dy Sbd is`Ky hoey sn b`s EhnW ku`J ku SbdW nMU aultw is`Dw, Gumw iPrw ky boldw sI qy ipMf iv`c AwpxI Tu`k bxw leI sI, ikauN ik ipMf vwly iblku`l AnpVH sn ies leI ausdw piVHAw iliKAw smJ ky siqkwr vI krn l`g pey[ aus nOjvwn ny AYvyN AwpxIAW qrIPW krdy rihxw, ky jI myrw Plwxy ielwky dy ivdvwn nwl pMgw pY igAw, mYN isMgW qoN PV su`t ilAw, Plwxy ivdvwn nwl myry isMg Ps gey, Plwxy ivdvwn nMU mYN Awh isDWq qoN PV ky t`ukVy kr id`qw qy iedW dIAW hor bhuq g`pW[ KYr ipMf vwly aus dIAW g`lW nMU s`c mMndy qy ausdw mwx krdy ik swfy ipMf AYsw ivdvwn hY, ausdI hr g`l s`c mMndy ausy dI hI suxdy[ r`b dI krnI aus ipMf ivc ie`k vwr koeI s`cIN dw ivdvwn Aw igAw, aus dy nwl ku`J aus dy syvk vgYrw vI sn, aunHW ny ipMf vwilAW nMU ikhw ieh ivdvwn hY qy quhwnMU bhuq igAwn dIAW g`lW d`s skdw hY ies krky qusIN ieh ivdvwn ijnHW icr quhwfy ipMf hY iesnMU v`D qoN v`D suxy[ ipMf vwilAW iv`c ikcV-imcV hox l`gI ik Blw ieh ivdvwn Awpxy Awly ivdvwn nwloN ijAwdw vDIAw, KYr ipMf vwilAW iek`Ty ho ky aus prvwsI ivdvwn dy cyilAW nMU ikhw dyKo swfy ipMf Awpxw bhuq v`fw ivdvwn hY, swnMU quhwfy ivdvwn dy pRvcn suxn dI loV nhIN, hW Agr quhwfw ivdvwn swfy ivdvwn nMU ivcwr goStI c hrw dyvy qy AwpW mMn jwvWgy qy quhwfy ivdvwn dy ivcwr vI suxWgy[ kr krw ky

meI 2014

ivcwr goStI dI g`l p`kI ho geI qy im`Qy idn swry ipMf vwilAW dy swhmxy dony ivdvwn bYT gey[ Srq ieh r`KI geI ik pihlW dony ie`k dUjy nMU 33 svwl krngy Agr, ie`k jvwb dy pwieAw qy dUjw nhIN qW hwr ij`q dw PYslw ho jwvygw nhIN qy 33 svwl audoN q`k ie`k dUjy nMU pu`Cy jwxgy jd q`k ie`k dUjy dy svwlW dw jvwb dyxw AsmrQ ho jwvygw[ jo AslI ivdvwn sI auh ikqwbW, gRMQ lY ky imQI jgHw qy phuMc igAw qy ieDr AwpUM bixAw ivdvwn vI phuMc igAw, ies kol koeI gRMQ jW ikqwb nhIN sI, ikauNik ies nMU ikhVw Asl ivc pVnw ilKxw AwauNdw sI, ies ny soicAw koeI pu`TI is`DI ikqwb hI nw lY jwvW[ ies ny ie`k kwgj, ie`k lotw, ie`k QYlI lY leI qy bYT igAw ivcwr goStI nMU sHwmxy[ jdoN dony Awmo swhmxy bYT gey qW, AslI ivdvwn AwpUM bxy ivdvwn nUM sMsikRq c ik “hW jI aucro” AwpUM bixAw ivdvwn “aucro mucro kucro” ipMf vwly qwlIAW mwrdy hn ky swfy ipMf dy ivdvwn ny shI jvwb dy id`qw ikauNik auhnW nMU ku`J pqw nhIN… ivdvwn hYrwn ho ky “myrw mqlb hY qusIN bolo” AwpUM bixAw ivdvwn iPr “bolo qolo kolo colo” ipMf vwly iPr qwlIAW mwrdy hn ik swfy ipMf dy ivdvwn ny iPr shI jvwb id`qw, KYr ivdvwn kihMdw hY ik “qusIN ku`J pu`Co” AwpUM bxy ivdvwn ny iPr A`K nw JpkI qy ikhw “puCo duSo guso” hux ipMf vwly bhuq KuS hoey ky swfy ivdvwn ny qy swry svwlW dy jvwb J`t p`t id`qy hn, qy shI EhnW ny Awp mMn ley ipMf vwly KuSI c lot pot hox l`h pey iPr PYslw hoieAw ky hux swfw ivdvwn svwl pu`Cygw .. AwpUM bixAw ivdvwn svwl pu`Cdw hY “myry kol kwgj hY ies qy mYN Awpxy pVdwdy

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dy mwmy dy muMfy dy swly dy swly dw nwm iliKAw hY, d`s kI nwm hY” hux ivdvwn kI jvwb dyvy, ivdvwn c`up.. ipMf vwly KuS ky b`ly ho geI.. hux AwpUM bixAw ivdvwn Aglw svwl krdw hY ky, myry kol lotw hY d`s A`j q`k ies ivc iks ny pwxI pIqw hY?? ivdvwn dI im`tI nMU pqw, auh ivcwrw iPr c`up Awpxy cyilAW v`l Jwky.. ivdvwn swihb qIjw svwl pu`Cdy hn.. myry kol QYlI hY, ies ivc dwxy ny, d`s ikMny dwxy ny.. ivdvwn ivcwrw m`Qw PV ky bih igAw… ik ieh kI svwl hoey KYr ipMf vwilAW nMU pqw kI ho irhw, auh qy KuS, KuSI c lot pot, cIko Jwrw pw id`qw, Fol v`j gey ik swfw ivdvwn ij`q igAw.. AslI ivdvwn qy aus dy cyly bih ky ipMf in`kl gey qy qobw krgy ik A`gy qoN iksy ipMf nhIN jWdy………… suKivMdr isMG iSMdw

kivqw koeI Prk nI myry leI sMqwlI qoN pihlW qy A`j iv`c[ ikauNik A`j vI myrw sMGrS jwrI hY qKqy au~qy hI KVw hW ltkdw hW PWsI dy r`sy nwL kdy iksy jyhL 'c AwpxI hI motr dy koTy 'c[ myrI dyS pRqI vPwdwrI bgwvq hI lgdI hY id`lI nMU! qwhIEN by ksUr huMdy hoey vI bMd hW koTVI 'c k`tdw hW jlwvqnIAW! myrI dsqwr nMU hI pYNdw ey srkwrI h`Q! S`k nwL hI vyKdIAW ny bhuigxqI dIAW nzrW mYnMU! gvwr smiJAw jWdY jdoN pMjwbI boldw hW! AwpxI hI jMmx BoNie au~qy bygwngI dw Aihsws huMdY ikauNik Ajy vI gulwm hW mYN … suKjIq isMG

swfw tweImz


myry pirvwr ƒ kdy koeI fr hoieAY qW ienHW juJwrUAW qoN nhIN, sgoN ihMdusqwnI srkwrW dI ihMdUqv vwlI soc qoN hoieAY

pMjwbI itRibaUn dy sMpwdk mrhUm hrBjn isMG hlvwrvI nUM bcwey jwx dI khwxI - ismrnjIq isMG mwn mYN 1967 ivc AweI.pI.AYs. iv`c BrqI hoieAw sI[ mwaUNt AwbU (rwjsQwn) ivKy fyF ku swl dI tryinMg pRwpq krn auprMq sMn 1969 ivc mYƒ AweI.pI.AYs. iv`c pMjwb kwfr imlx au~qy luiDAwxy izlHw puils dI tRyinMg leI qwienwq kIqw igAw[ aus smyN luiDAwxw dy izlHw puils kpqwn s. hrjIq isMG rMDwvw sn[ aunHW qoN bwAd s. gurBgq isMG ig`l Aqy iPr s. AYc.AYs. syKoN ies Ahudy au~qy Awey[ mYƒ ienHW iqMnW APsrW hyT tRyinMg lYx dw mOkw imilAw[ ieh iqMny APsr aus smyN bhuq hI kwmXwb puils APsr sn[ jdoN s. AYc.AYs. syKoN ny luiDAwxw dy izlHw puils kpqwn dw Ahudw sMBwilAw qW aus smyN nkslvwVI srgrmIAW Awpxy pUry zorW au~qy sn[ s. syKoN ny mYƒ nkslbwVI lihr bwry jwxkwrI idMidAW d`isAw ik Asl ivc nkslbwVI lihr, ijvyN ik pRcwirAw jw irhw hY, iek zrwiem pySw srgrmI nhIN, sgoN iek soc hY, ie`k ivcwrDwrw hY[ iesdy nwl nij`Tx leI sKqI dI nhIN, sgoN b`uDI, ivvyk Aqy TrMmHy dI loV hY[ s. syKoN dI ies g`l ny mYƒ bhuq pRBwvq kIqw Aqy mYN aus ƒ p`ly bMnH ilAw[ mYN aunHIN idnIN Qwxw m`ulWpur dwKw ivKy stySn hwaUs APsr (AYs.AYc.E.) dw kMm is`K irhw sI Aqy Qwxydwr dy kuAwrtr iv`c hI rihMdw sI[ auQoN nyVy hI hlvwrw ivKy lVwkU hvweI jhwzW dw stySn sI[ myrw eyAr Pors dy APsrW nwl cMgw au~Tx bYTx ho igAw Aqy Aksr Swm vyly mYN aunHW dy nwl hI aunHW dI mY~s ivc Kwxw KWdw[ hlvwrw eyAr Pors stySn rweykot puils stySn dI hdUd iv`c sI Aqy suDwr ies dI iek puils cONkI huMdI sI[ ie`k AweI.pI.AYs. puils APsr hox krky myry au~qy koeI pwbMdI nhIN sI Aqy mYN Awpxy Qwxy m`ulWpur dwKw dI hdUd qoN bwhr vI nzrswnI krdw huMdw sI[ iek idn rwq dy koeI 11 vjy hlvwrw eyAr Pors mY~s iv`c iek v`fy Kwxy qoN bwAd mYN mu`lWpur dwKw jw irhw sI ik kudrqI myry mn ivc AwieAw ik suDwr

swfw tweImz

puils cOkI dw muAwienw kr c`lW[ jdoN mYN cONkI igAw qW pqw l`gw ik puils ny bhuq swry muSqibAW (S`kI bMidAW) ƒ PV ky AMdr kIqw hoieAw hY[ suDwr cONkI dw APsr ieM c wrj mYƒ KuSI Aqy joS nwl kihx l`gw, “AsIN hrBjn isMG hlvwrvI PV ilAY Aqy aus ƒ AOh kmry iv`c bwkI muSqibAW nwl ibTwieAw hoieAY[” ieh Sbd sux ky mYN dMg rih igAw[ hrBjn isMG hlvwrvI aus smyN nkslbwVI lihr dy nOjvwn Aqy iek bhuq hI srgrm AwgU sn Aqy srkwr ny aunHW dy isr au~qy aus vyly dy muqwbk ie`k bhuq v`fI ienwmI rkm vI r`KI hoeI sI[ mYN muSqibAW vwly kmry iv`c igAw Aqy hrBjn isMG hlvwrvI ƒ imilAw[ aus dy qyV ie`k Cotw ijhw k`Cw sI Aqy puils vwilAW ny bwkI k`piVAW smyq aus dy isr 'qy vlHyitAw swPw vI luhw ilAw sI[ aus dy ichry 'qy fr Aqy sihm dy icMnH bVy sp`St nzr Aw rhy sn[ hlvwrvI dy swhmxy KloiqAW myry idmwg iv`c aus nwl vwprn vwlI hoxI ƒ lY ky keI qrHW dI socW c`l rhIAW sn[ puils mihkmy dIAW KuPIAw fwierIAW dI jwxkwrI Anuswr mYƒ pqw sI ik puls ny hornW au~Gy nkslbwVI AwgUAW vWg hrBjn isMG hlvwrvI ƒ vI ibnW iksy AdwlqI kwrvweI kIiqAW JUTy mukwbly ivc mwr dyxw hY[ Ajy mYN ieh swrw kuJ soc hI irhw sI ik cONkI ieMcwrj ny mYƒ d`isAw ik ropV puils svyry ienHW swry muSqibAW ƒ lYx suDwr Aw rhI hY[ ieh g`l sux ky myry qW KwinEN geI[ aus smyN ropV dy AYs.pI. rvIkMT Srmw sn, jo ie`k

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bhuq hI KUnI iksm dy mnu`K sn Aqy nkslbwVIAW ƒ bhuq byrihmI nwl mwrdy sn[ mYN ikauN ju s. AYs.AYc. syKoN dI pRyrnw sdkw nkslbwVI lihr pRqI hmdrdI r`Kdw sI, ies leI soicAw ik hlvwrvI ƒ svyry ropV dI puils lY geI qW XkInn ies ƒ mwr id` q w jwvy g w[ mY N iekdm cONkI ieMcwrj ƒ hukm id`qw ik Porn ienHW swry muSqibAW (sxy hlvwrvI) dI igRPqwrI irport rozwnw roznwmcy iv`c ilKy[ cONkI ieMcwrj ies hukm qoN Gbrw igAw[ mOky dI nzwkq dyKidAW mYN Awp bYT ky munSI ƒ irport ilKvwauxI SurU kr id`qI[ munSI v`loN irport ilKy jwx auprMq mYN roznwmcy au~qy Awpxy dsqKq kIqy Aqy hdwieq kIqI ik hlvwrvI smyq swry muSqibAW ƒ mu`K Qwxw rweykot dI hvwlwq ivc bMd kIqw jwvy[ ieh swrI kwrvweI krky mYN Awpxy puils kpqwn s. AYc.AYs. syKoN ƒ tYlIPon au~qy swrI g`l d`sI[ aunHW myry v`loN Adw kIqy rol auqy qs`lI pRgtweI Aqy ikhw ik hux jw ky byiPkr ho ky sON jwE[ do-cwr idn bIqx mgroN mYƒ pqw l`gw ik rvIkMT Srmw ƒ jdoN auprokq swrI Gtnw dw pqw l`gw qW auh bVw ip`itAw[ aus ny vyly dy AweI.jI. kMvr SmSyr isMg ƒ irport kIqI ik luiDAwxw puils ny PiVAw iSkwr aufw id`qw hY[ myry v`loN kIqI kwrvweI krky hux puils leI hlvwrvI ƒ Adwlq ivc pyS krnw zrUrI ho igAw sI[ ies mgroN mYƒ AYs.pI. dw hukm AwieAw ik mYN hlvwrvI dy Gr dI qlwSI lvW[ ies kMm leI myry nwl AweI.bI. dy iek ieMspYktr ijnHW dw nW Swied gurbcn isMG sI, dI ifaUtI vI lweI geI[ AsIN hlvwrvI dy Gr gey[

meI 2014


aus dw Gr bhuq hI sDwrn sI[ mYƒ hlvwrvI dy mwqw ipqw imly[ dohW ny AMimRq CikAw hoieAw sI[ aunHW dy AMdrlw sihm aunHW dy ichirAW qoN swP piVHAw jw skdw sI[ mYN aunHW ƒ hONslw r`Kx leI ikhw Aqy qlwSI dw kMm SurU kIqw[ qlwSI dOrwn swƒ kwrl mwrks, eyNgls, lYinn, mwE-jyquMg, kwstro, icgvyrw Aqy hornW K`by p`KI ivcwrDwrw dy ilKwrIAW Aqy AwgUAW dIAW ikqwbW imlIAW[ ienHW ikqwbW qoN ielwvw swƒ hor kuJ vI Aijhw nhIN sI imilAw, ijs ƒ 'ieqrwzXog' ikhw jw sky[ mYN Awpxy nwl gey ieMspYktr AweI.bI. ƒ d`isAw ik “ieh swrIAW ikqwbW qW mYN vI puiltIkl swieMs ivc pVHIAW hoeIAW hn Aqy ienHW ivc kuJ vI ieqrwzXog nhIN Aqy ienHW ikqwbW auqy qW iksy qrHW dI pwbMdI vI nhIN l`gI hoeI[ koeI vI ivAkqI ienHW ƒ iksy vI cMgI ikqwbW dI dukwn qoN KrId skdw hY Aqy hr rwjnIqk swieMs Aqy puiltIkl soc dw ividAwrQI ienHW ƒ pVHdw hY[ ieh ikqwbW Adwlq iv`c kI is`D kr skxgIAW?” mYN ieh swrw kuJ bhuq hI qyzI Aqy sihj suBwA nwl bol igAw[ AweI.bI. ieMspYktr myrI g`l sux ky QoVHw ijhw gMBIr huMidAW boly, “qusIN ieh g`l myry swhmxy qW kih id`qI hY pr A`goN kdI ies qrHW dI g`l iksy swhmxy nw kirE[ quhwfy ieho ijhy ivcwr quhwfy leI muSkl KVHI kr skdy hn[ BwvyNik qusIN TIk AwKdy ho pr ikauNik nkslbwVI lihr bhuq zor PV cu`kI hY, jy quhwfy ieho ijhy ivcwrW dI fwierI sYNtr kol phuMc geI qW quhwƒ vI nkslbwVI lihr dw iek hmdrd smJidAW quhwfy irkwrf au~qy lwl lkIr mwr id`qI jwvygI[” ieMspYktr swihb dI ieh g`l sux ky mYN c`up kr igAw Aqy g`l A`gy nhIN sI vDweI[ jo kuJ vI brwmd hoieAw, aus ƒ AsIN bwAd iv`c puils dy irkwrf iv`c Aqy izmnI iv`c drj kr ilAw[ mYN hlvwrvI dy GroN vwps AwauNidAW aus dy mwipAW ƒ Brosw id`qw ik AsIN ikqwbW qoN ibnW hor kuJ vI nhIN lY ky jw rhy Aqy quhwƒ iksy vI qrHW qMg pRySwn

meI 2014

nhIN kIqw jwvygw[ mYN ieh vI ivSvws duAwieAw ik quhwfy lVky au~qy kwƒn muqwbk hI kwrvweI kIqI jwvygI[ myry vloN boly ienHW hmdrdI vwly SbdW nwl aunHW dIAW A`KW ivc qs`lInumw cmk Aw geI[ nkslbwVI lihr dy dOrwn hI mYƒ qr`kI iml geI Aqy myrI bdlI pI.ey.pI. ivc bqOr kmWfYNt 9vIN btwlIAn l`fw koTI, izlHw sMgrUr ho geI[ aus vyly sMgrUr izlHy dy puils kpqwn cODrI sUby isMG sn, jo ik bwAd ivc fI.jI.pI. pMjwb vjoN irtwier hoey[ iek idn rwq smyN mYƒ aunHW dw iek ieMspYktr imlx AwieAw Aqy aus ny d`isAw ik lwgy dy iek ipMf nkslbwVI lihr dw iek BgOVw Bolw, ijs ny keI vwrdwqW kIqIAW hn, luikAw hoieAw hY[ AsIN ausƒ svyry PVx jwxw hY Aqy ies leI swƒ quhwfI pI.ey.pI. dI iemdwd cwhIdI hY[ mYN sUby isMG dy ieMspYktr ƒ Brosw dy ky Byj id`qw[ myry idl iv`c iPr iehI iKAwl AwieAw ik ikvyN nw ikvyN Boly dI jwn bcweI jwvy[ mYN rwq ƒ hI Awpxy pI.ey.pI. dy ieMspYktr koloN aus ipMf iv`c Cwpw mrvwieAw Aqy Boly ƒ ilAw ky iek bMd kmry ivc r`K id`qw[ Agly idn svyry pI.ey.pI. btwlIAn Aqy sMgrUr puils ny ausy ipMf ivc Cwpw mwirAw pr aunHW ƒ Bolw nhIN sI l`iBAw[ ausy idn Swm ƒ mYN Boly ƒ AwpxI g`fI ivc ibTw ky Awpxy ipMf iklHw s. hrnwm isMG lY igAw Aqy Awpxy mYnyjr, jo ik swfI swrI KyqIbwVI dI dyK Bwl krdw sI, ƒ ikhw ik ies ƒ itaUbvY~l 'qy r`K ky iehdy koloN kMm-kwr krvwE[ mYN Boly ƒ vI smJwieAw ik ie`Dr-au~Dr nw hovIN, nhIN qW qYƒ sUby isMG ny mrvw dyxY[ Boly ny mYƒ XkIn idvwieAw ik koeI AijhI g`l nhIN hovygI[ kuJ idnW mgroN hI myry bwpU jI ƒ S`k ho igAw sI ik swfy Pwrm au~qy iek nkslbwVI rih irhw hY[ pr ikauNik aunHW dI hmdrdI vI SurU qoN ienklwbIAW nwl sI, aunHW ies sbMDI myry nwl koeI g`l nw kIqI[ mYƒ ies bwry keI swlW mgroN audoN pqw l`igAw, jd aunHW ie`k idn mYƒ iksy g`lbwq dOrwn ikhw, “mYQoN kuJ luikAw hoieAw nhIN, mYN sB jwxdW, qUM

- 9 -

kI kuJ krdw irhw hY[” bhuq vkq bIq igAw[ mYN Bwglpur jylH ivcoN hI 1989 ivc qrnqwrn qoN AYs.pI. cuixAw igAw[ aus qoN ikMnw icr bwAd, 1960-70 Aqy 1989 qoN bwAd s. hlvwrvI nwl cMfIgVH 'pMjwbI itRibaUn' dy dPqr ivc mulwkwq hoeI, jdoN auh aus dy sMpwdk sn[ hlvwrvI swihb iml ky bhuq KuS hoey[ bhuq swrIAW g`lW hoeIAW[ mYN mihsUs kIqw ik BwvyN aunHW dI soc qbdIl ho cu`kI sI pr purwxy ienklwbI iKAwlwq Aqy gdrI soc Ajy vI auh Awpxy ihrdy ivc r`Kdy sn[ g`lbwq dOrwn hlvwrvI hurW d`isAw ik BwvyN auh AwrIAwsmwjIAW vloN clwey jw rhy iek AKbwr dy sMpwdk hn pr aunHW Awpxy mwlkW ƒ swP kih id`qw sI ik pMjwb iv`c auho AKbwr kwmXwb ho skdw hY, ijhVw is`KW dI g`l kry Aqy is`K ih`qW Aqy is`K msilAW dI g`l kry[ s. hlvwrvI ny A`gy d`isAw ik aunHW Awpxy mwlkW ƒ ieh vI ikhw hY ik is`K v`KrI kOm hn, ienHW dw ieiqhws Aqy rsmo irvwj v`Kry hn Aqy jy ienHW ƒ m`uK Dwrw ivc imlwaux dI koiSS kIqI geI qW aunHW dw bqOr sMpwdk kMm krnw koeI mwieny nhIN r`Kygw Aqy AKbwr PylH ho jwvygw[ hlvwrvI dIAW swP qy sp`St g`lW sux ky 'itRibaUn' dy mwlkW ny PrwKidlI idKwauNidAW Brosw id`qw ik quhwfI klm dI AwzwdI ivc koeI ivGn nhIN pvygw Aqy qusIN pUrI AwzwdI nwl AKbwr ƒ clw skdy ho[ ibnW S`k 'itRibaUn' dI AYfItriSp imlxw hlvwrvI dI ie`k bhuq v`fI pRwpqI sI Aqy ijMnI juArq qy ihMmq nwl aus ny itRibaUn dy mwlkW ƒ is`KW Aqy is`KI bwry s`co-s`c d`isAw, ieh dlyrI vI isrP hlvwrvI hI kr skdw sI Aqy iPr aus ny Awpxy Awp ƒ swbq vI kIqw[ smW AwpxI qor qurdw igAw[ hlvwrvI swihb nwl myry sbMD hmySw bVy im`Ty rhy[ aunHW nwl iPr myrI AglI mulwkwq aunHW dI Drm pqnI dy svrgvws hox auqy hoeI[

bwkI s&w 11 qy

swfw tweImz


ieiqhws iv`c is`K bIbIAW

pihlI is`K bIbI, “byby nwnkI”

guru nwnk swihb dI ie`k BYx nwnkI sI[ auh gurU nwnk swihb qoN pMj swl v`fI sI[ ijvyN pMjwbI jIvn-jWc dw suBwA hY nwnkI Awpxy vIr dw bhuq iKAwl r`iKAw krdI sI[ jd vI Gr iv`c koeI Gtnw huMdI sI, auh Awpxy vIr dy ih`q dw iKAwl r`KdI sI[ ieh aus dy suBwA dw ih`sw qW sI hI pr nwl hI ieh aus dI rUhwnI A`K dI pVHq vI sI ijs ny dUr q`k vyK ilAw sI ik aus nMU Akwl purK dy ^ws nUr dI BYx hox dw mwx imilAw hY[ aus ny ies mwx nMU swrI aumr Awpxy sIny Awpxy m`Qy qy AwpxI rUh nwl lweI r`iKAw[ nwnkI dw ivAwh BweI jY rwm nwl hoieAw sI jo sulqwnpur ivc dOlq ^wn loDI dy inzwm dw ie`k sInIAr A&sr sI[ ausy kwrn gurU nwnk swihb ny vI sulqwnpur ivc modI vjoN Ahudw sMBwilAw sI[ nwnkI nMU ij`Qy pihly 15 ku swl qlvMfI iv`c Brw nwl lwf krn dw mwx hwisl hoieAw au~Qy aus nMU sulqwnpur iv`c iqMn swl Pyr iek`Ty rihx dw smW imilAw[ sulqwnpur iv`c nwnkI pihlW ie`k sInIAr A&sr dI GrvwlI qW sI hI pr 1504 iv`c auh ie`k hor sInIAr A&sr modI dI BYx vI AKvwaux l`g peI[ ie`Qy hI

aus ny vyiKAw ik ikMny hI cODrI Aqy Alm-&wzl Aw ky aus dy Brw qoN Akl ielm qy rUhwnIAq dIAW g`lW is`Kdy[ ieh vyK ky jo skUn, mwx qy AxK aus BYx ivc AwauNdI hovygI aus dw Aihsws kIqw jw skdw hY[ pr aumr iv`c v`fI hox dy bwvjUd aus nUM nwnk bhuq v`fw idsdw sI qy AwpxI aumr in`kVI ijhI, bwlVI ijhI[ iehnW swKIAW iv`coN aus dI SKSIAq qoN swP njr AwauNdw hY[ is`K aus nUM Adb nwl byby nwnkI kih ky Xwd krdy hn[ nwnkI dw Swied koeI Awpxw bwl nhIN sI[ aus ny kd cVHweI kIqI iesdw vI koeI izkr nhIN imldw[ hW eynw jrUr pqw l`gdw hY ik jd vI guru nwnk swihb audwsI krky mdr dys (pMjwb) muVdy sn qW auh hmysw sulqwnpur dw rsqw hI cuixAw krdy sn[ ieh aunHW dy AwpxI v`fI BYx vwsqy ipAwr dw iezhwr hI sI ik aus dI iK`c vIr nMU aus kol lY AwauNdI sI[ swKIAW iv`c vI BYx Brw dw ipAwr fulH fulH pYdW hY; bcpx iv`c vI, sulqwnpur iv`c vI qy audwsIAW qoN Aw ky BYx dy h`Q dy p`ky pRSwdy Ckx dIAW swKIAW iv`c vI ieh ipAwr AYsw sI ik ipCly 500 swl dy pMjwbI Adb iv`c BYx Brw dy ipAwr dy isKr dI imswl dyxI hovy qW nwnkI dI hI id`qI jWdI hY[ nwnkI ny BYx dw ipAwr vI Amr kr id`qw

qy Awp vI Amr ho geI[ jd q`k lok gurU nwnk dw nW lYNdy hn auNdo q`k nwnkI dw nW vI Xwd krdy rihxgy[ Aijhw mwx iksy BYx nMU nw muV hwisl hoieAw hY qy Swied nw hI kdy hovygw[ M idlgIr M - hrijdr isG

kYnyfw dI rwStrI hwkI tIm 'c do pMjwbx iKfwrnW Swiml

kYnyfw dIAW jMmpl hwkI iKfwrnW nMU ieMglYNf Aqy vYlz 'c AMqrrwStrI mYcW dI lVI leI tIm 'c cuixAw igAw hY[ pRwpq jwxkwrI Anuswr srI dI ipRAw kOr rMDwvw Aqy vYnkuvr dI pUnm kOr sMDU 27 ApRYl qoN 7 meI q`k hox vwly mYcW 'c kYnyfw dI hwkI tIm v`loN KyfxgIAW[ dovW pMjwbI iKfwrxW dI cox nwl kYnyfw vsdy pMjwbI BweIcwry AMdr KuSI vwlw mwhOl hY[ ipRAw rMDwvw Aqy pUnm sMDU dovyN hI Pwrvrf hn Aqy kYnyfw 'c hwkI dI nYSnl cYNpIAniSp dy keI iKqwb ij`q cu`kIAW hn[

adfrf sfzf tfeImjL ivwc CpI iksy vI rcnf nfl ies adfry df jF sSpfdk df sihmq hoxf jrUrI nhIN hY jI jykr qusIN koeI rcnf sfzf tfeImjL nUM Byjxf cfhuSdy ho qF afp jI dI rcnf hr mhIny dI 15 qrIk qwk phuMc jfxI cfhIdI hY, qusIN apxIaF rcnfvF jf koeI sunyhf sfnUM sadaradioaustralia@gmail.com qy Byj skdy ho.

pRkwSk:- AkwlI dl AstRylIAw mu`K sMpwdk:- AmndIp isMG roSw amanrosha@hotmail.com sih sMpwdk:- vIr hirMdr isMG cwhl, 0452-552786 mu`K slwhkwr:- ivkrmjIq isMG KMfybwd ifjwienr:- jgvIr isMG swfw tweImz

- 10 -

meI 2014


'kOmI svYmwn' nMU kwiem r`Kx dI lVweI lV rhy hW: mwn “is`K kOm dw jd qoN jnm hoieAw hY, kdI vI iksy dI gulwm bx ky jW jlIl ho nhIN ivcrI qy nw hI koeI v`fI qoN v`fI qwkq is`K kOm nMU gulwm bxw skI hY, ieiqhws ies g`l dw gvwh hY[ jdoN jwbr hukmrwnW ny is`KW dy isrW dy mu`l pw ky is`K kOm dw KurwKoj imtwaux dI TwxI sI, aus smyN BweI boqw isMG qy grjw isMG ny tYks lgw ky AwpxI v`KrI, inrwlI pihcwn qy kOmI svYmwn nMU kwiem r`Kx leI jwbr hkUmq nMU cuxOqI vI id`qI sI Aqy ieh Aihsws vI krvw id`qw sI ik is`K kOm AxK Aqy gYrq vwlI kOm hY[ jdoN jdoN bwdl dlIey bhuqy, Dwrimk SKSIAqW isAwsI ruqibAW Aqy duinAwvI lwlswvW dy v`s ho ky ihMdUqv qwkqW dy gulwm bxky ivcr rhy hn Aqy is`KI soc, imSn, mirAwdwvW-inXmW nMU pUrn qOr qy iqlWjlI dy cu`ky hn Aqy duSmx is`K Drm Aqy is`K kOm nMU Kqm krn dIAW SwijSW qy kMm kr irhw hY qW ies Aiq sMzIdw smyN ivc SRomxI AkwlI dl (AMimRqsr) ShId BweI boqw isMG, ShId BweI grjw isMG dI kOmI svYmwn nMU kwiem r`Kx vwlI soc nMU lY ky jmhUrIAq Aqy Amn meI qrIky idRVqw nwl lVweI lV irhw hY[“ieh ivcwr s. ismrjIq isMG mwn pRDwn, SRomxI AkwlI dl (AMimRqsr) ny KfUr swihb cox hlky ivc AwpxI cox muihMm nMU A`gy vDwauNdy hoey ku`J p`qrkwrW nwl ie`k ivSyS g`l bwq krdy hoey pRgt kIqy[ auhnW ikhw ik G`t igxqI, mwrU mMdBwvnw r`Kx vwly SRI modI Aqy bIjypI dI 23 &rvrI 2014 nMU jgrwauN ivKy hox vwlI rYlI dI ivroDqw krn vwlw nw koeI AwgU Aqy nw hI koeI pwrtI A`gy AweI[ ies smwjk ijMmyvwrI inBwaux dw mOkw vI SRomxI AkwlI dl (AMimRqsr) dy ih`sy hI AwieAw hY[ ijs ny pUry pMjwb ivc modI Aqy bwdlW dy inrwrQk, idSwhIx Aqy kmjor AmlW ivr`uD stYNf lYNdy hoey iPrkU modI Aqy auhnW dy BweIvwl bxy bwdlW dy is`K kOm ivr`uDI

meI 2014

imSn nMU AsPl kIqw[ bwdl dlIAW v`loN Awpxy ichry au~qy cVHwey gey pMQk muKoty nMU vI SRomxI AkwlI dl (AMimRqsr) ny bwdlIl pRcwr rwhIN auqwirAw[ iehI vjh hY ik A`j bwdl dlIAW Aqy muq`svI jmwqW dy aumIdvwrW dy ichry au~fy hoey qy buJy hn[ ikauNik pMjwb dy invwsI kWgrs, iPrkU Bwjpw Aqy bwdl dlIAW nMU sbk isKwaux leI 30 ApRYl 2014 dw ieMqjwr kr rhy hn[ auhnW ikhw ik bIbI hrismrq kOr bwdl qy ausdw Brw ibkrm isMG mjITIAw ie`k A`Cy slIky qy qihjIb vwly A`Cy Kwndwn nwl sMbMD r`Kdy hn[ ijnHW nwl swfIAW vI lMmy smyN qoN pIVHIAW, irSqydwrIAW hn[ AsIN s. mnpRIq isMG bwdl dy h`k ivc iblku`l nhIN hW[ pr bIbw hrismrq kOr bwdl Aqy ibkrm isMG mjITIAw dovyN Byx-BrwvW v`loN s. mnpRIq isMG bwdl sMbMDI jW Awpxy bjurgW dy smwn horW AwgUAW sMbMDI Apmwnjnk Aqy Srmnwk SbdwblI dI vrqoN kIqI jw rhI hY, ieh qW slIky, qihjIv, ienswnI Aqy smwijk kdrWkImqW qoN mUMh moVn vwly du`Kdwiek Aml hn Aqy Awpxy ipCokV nMU Bu`lx vwly hn[AijhI gYr ieKlwkI g`lW nwl qW smwj nMU glq sMdyS jwvygw[ ies leI iksy qrHW dI lVweI lVdy smyN ieKlwkI kdrWkImqW Aqy smwijk dwiery dy AsUlW nMU hr kImq qy kwiem r`Kxw bxdw hY[ vrnw Aijhy gYr ieKlwkI FMgW nwl isAwsI jW Dwrimk coxW ij`q ky vI nmoSI qy hwr dw hI swhmxw krnw pYNdw hY[ ies leI SRomxI AkwlI dl (AMimRqsr) bIbw hrismrq kOr bwdl Aqy kwkw ibkrm isMG mjITIAw nMU ieh gujwirS krnw cwhvygw ik isAwsI jW DrmI lVweI lVdy hoey Awpxy KwndwnI Aqy gurU swihbwn v`loN bKiSS kIqy gey AsUlW, inXmW dw hr kImq qy pwlx krn Aqy smwj nMU cMgw sMdyS dyx dy Prz inBwaux nw ik AwpxI hI AwqmW dy doSI bx ky rih jwx[

- 11 -

s&w 9 dw bwkI ih`sw iPr auh 'A`j dI Awvwz' dy sMpwdk bxy Aqy guMmnwmI dy KUh iv`c fu`by ies AKbwr iv`c rUh pwaux dI koiSS kIqI[ ies qoN bwAd iPr auh 'pMjwbI itRibaUn' Aqy mgroN 'dyS syvk' dy sMpwdk vI bxy[ ies swry smyN dOrwn myrI aunHW nwl gUVHI sWJ bxI rhI[ rozwnw 'dyS syvk' AKbwr, jo hrikSn isMG surjIq dw AKbwr hY Aqy K`by p`KI ivcwrDwrw dI qrzmwnI krdw hY, dy imAwr ƒ au~cw cu`kx iv`c aunHW ivSyS Xogdwn pwieAw[ ieQy mYN hwl hI iv`c Kqm hoey pwrlImYNt dy mwnsUn sYSn dOrwn ivroDI iDr dI nyqw sRImqI sonIAw gWDI dI ie`k it`pxI d`sxw cwhWgw[ sRImqI gWDI ny pwrlImYNt iv`c AwpxI ie`k qkrIr dOrwn ikhw ik ihMdusqwn dI mOjUdw nkslbwVI lihr ieMtrnYSnl swijS dw ie`k ih`sw hY[ ieh suxidAW hI myry izhn iv`c ie`kdm nkslbwVI lihr dIAW XwdW, hrBjn isMG hlvwrvI Aqy Boly dy ichry GuMmx l`gy[ mYƒ ies bihs dOrwn bolx leI isrP 3 imMt imly[ mYN AwpxI qkrIr kridAW sRImqI sonIAw gWDI dI g`l ƒ pUrI qrHW r`d kIqw qy ikhw ik nkslbwVI lihr dy ip`Cy koeI ieMtrnYSnl swijS nhIN[ ies ƒ mYN ie`k Aiq APsos vwlI g`l hI AwKWgw ik nw qW sI.pI.AYm. Aqy nw hI sI.pI.AweI. dy iksy mYNbr ny sonIAw gWDI dI g`l dw KMfn kIqw Aqy nw hI aunHW ƒ cYlMj kIqw, jo ik aunHW dw Prz bxdw sI[ A`j srdwr hrBjn isMG hlvwrvI ƒ Xwd kridAW mYN socdw hW ik pqw nhIN kI g`l hY ik jdoN nkslbwVI lihr Aqy KwVkU lihr Awpxy pUry jobn iv`c sn qW hornW isAwsqdwnW Aqy APsrW vWg mYƒ qy myry pirvwr ƒ srkwr qoN sikaUirtI lYx dI loV nhIN sI peI[ s`cI g`l qW ieh hY ik ienHW ienklwbIAW ny hmySw swfI r`iKAw hI kIqI hY Aqy jy mYƒ jW myry pirvwr ƒ kdy koeI fr hoieAY qW ienHW juJwrUAW qoN nhIN, sgoN ihMdusqwnI srkwrW dI ihMdUqv vwlI soc qoN hoieAY[

swfw tweImz


GkJh wBdhg f;zx e[Zp/ B{z 5 ;kb dh ;÷k

wK B/ nkgD/ g[Zso d/ eksb B{z nkyoh gbK ftZu ;{bh s'A bkfjnk

luiDafxf (sfzf tfeImjL ibAUro) luiDafxy dy nyVly ksby sfhnyvfl ivwc jdoN iewk pRvfsI ibhfrI idlIp kumfr ny gurUduafrf guru arjn dyv jI ivKy cwl rhy sLRI aKSz pfT mOky sLrfbI ho ky aSdr jf ky sRI gurU gRSQ sfihb df apmfn kIqf sI qF nyVly ipSz kuwby dy vfsI BfeI mndIp isSG ny Aus nUM Qfxy dy aSdr jf ky golI mfr idwqI sI, pRvfsI ibhfrI apolo hspqfl ivc ielfj qoN bfad bc igaf sI .

ierfn ivwc iewk kql dy dosL ivwc jdoN mujirm nUM PFsI idwqI jf rhI sI qF kql hoey lVky dI mF ny aYn afKrI mOky kfql dy mUMh qy QpV mfr ky Aus dI PFsI nUM mfP kr idwqf, imlI jfxkfrI anusfr swq sfl pihlF iblfl nfm dy iek nOjvfn ny 18 sflF dy abdulf nUM cfkU mfr ky kql kr idwqf sI, lSby cwly kys qoN bfad adflq ny mujirm nUM PFsI dI sjLf idwqI sI, ies sjLf qoN bfad keI vfr kql hoey nOjvfn dy pirvfr ƒ PFsI mfP krn dI vwK vwK smfijk sSsQfvF vwloN bynqI kIqI geI sI. PFsI rwd hox qoN bfad kfql aqy kql hoey nOjvfnF dIaF mfvF iek dUsry nUM bfhF ivc lY ky ro rhIaF sn.

ies sSbSDI Dfrf 307 df kys BfeI mndIp isSG Auqy drj kIqf igaf sI aqy ipCly idnI ies kys sSbSDI PYslf suxfAuidaF luiDafxy dI iek adflq ny BfeI mndIp isSG nUM 5 sfl dI sjf ierfdf kql aqy 3 sfl dI sjLf aslf aYkt sbSDI suxfeI hY. dUsry pfsy gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy apmfn df jo kys ibhfrI idlIp kumfr qy drj kIqf igaf sI Aus kys sSbSDI ajy qk koeI vI kfrvfeI awgy nhIN vDI hY.

abduwlf dI mF afpxf dUsrf puwqr vI iewk aYksIzYNt ivc gvf cuwkI hY pr Ausdf kihxf sI ik Auh nhIN cfhuµdI ik Ausdy vFg hI koeI hor mF vI afpxf puwqr gvfey. PFsI dI sjLf rwd hox qoN bfad vI iblfl nUM jyl ivc hI rihxf pvygf ikAuNik ierfnI kfnUMn muqfibk pIVq pirvfr kyvl dosLI dI PFsI hI rwd kr skdf hY bfkI sjLf nhIN.

AYfIlyf ivKy ivswKI nMU smripq smwgm AYfIlyf swaUQ AwstyRlIAw 'c pihlI vwr is`K srivs AwstyRlIAw dy au~dm sdkw ^wlsw pMQ dI swjnw idvs 'ivswKI myly' nMU golfn grov dy rIkRIeySn iv`c pu`jIAW BwrI igxqI dIAW sMgqW nwl dmdwr FMg nwl mnwauNidAW Ardws auprMq pRogrwm dI AwrMBqw hoeI[ b`icAW ny poRgrwm iv`c BwrI auqSwh ivKwieAw[ styj 'qy gurbwxI kMT mukwbly hoey[ b`icAW ny kivqwvW, vwrW gwien krky sMgqW 'c is`KI dw joS BirAw[ inrol hoey gurbwxI pRogrwm iv`c iqMn tImW rwhIN sMgq iv`coN gurbwxI sbMDI svwl pu`Cy gey[ rvwieqI hiQAwrW dI pRdrSnI, is`KI iv`c sMq qy ispwhI dy sumyl dI puils kimSnr ny pRsMsw kIqI, ijnHW dw snmwn kOm v`loN s. hrivMdr isMG grcw ny kIqw[ v`K-v`K KyqrW 'c Xogdwn pwaux vwlIAW SKsIAqW bwbw kSmIrw isMG Alhorw vwly, mShUr pyNtr fYnIAl kYnl, fwktr gurpRIq kOr qy mnpRIq nMU snmwinq kIqw igAw[ AYfIlyf dy gurUduAwrw srb`q Kwlsw ivKy prQ iv`c ho rhIAW is`K KyfW sbMDI pMjwbI BweIcwry dI ivSyS mIitMg gurUduAwrw swihb dy pRDwn BuipMdr isMG q`KV dI pRDwngI hyT kIqI geI, ijs iv`c KyfW iv`c ivvwdq msly fWs-ifnr qy nSy sbMDI ivcwrW hoeIAW[ sMgqI rUp iv`c

PYslw ilAw igAw ik AYfIlyf qoN is`K KyfW iv`c Bwg lYx leI jW rhIAW tImW dw koeI vI iKfwrI ies Kyf myly v`loN r`Ky gey ifnr-fWs jW niSAW dy pRogrwm 'c SmUIlAq nw kry[ ies smyN gurUduAwry dy sk`qr cmkOr isMG, igAwnI bljIq isMG, igAwnI blrwj isMG, guridAwl isMG, igAwnI rivMdr isMG, gurpRIq isMG, blqyj pMnMU, ruipMdr isMG, gurjMt isMG, hrjIq isMG, kMvldIp isMG bl, kulivMdr isMG, guirMdr isMG, Awzwd kl`b v`loN krn brwV qy rwbqw ryfIE qoN rybIvwl bYnIpwl smUh ny is`K KyfW 'c iksy vI qrHW dy niSAW dy ruJwn 'qy ros pRgt kIqw[

swfw tweImz

- 12 -

meI 2014


kI hY aYn jLYk (ANZAC) idvs df ieiqhfs hr dysL dI iewk rvfieq huµdI hY ik Aus dysL vwloN lVIaF jµgF XuwDF ivwc sLhId hoey POjIaF nUM Ah koeI iewk Kfs idn imwQ ky jrUr Xfd krdy hn, qF jo iewk qF AuhnF sLhIdF nUM sLrDfnjlI ByNt kIqI jf sky nfl dI nfl afm sLihrIaF nUM vI AuhnF dIaF kurbfnIaF bfry dws ky dysL pRqI jUJx dI Bfvnf pRbl kIqI jf sky. astRylIafeI smfj ivwc iewk gwl ivsLysL hY ik ieQy jo lok POj ivwc BrqI ho ik mulk leI lVdy hn AuhnF nUM smfj bhuq hI ijafdf iewjLq idÁdf hY aqy izAUtI dy dOrfn hI nhIN syvf mukqI qoN bfad vI AuhnF nUM smfj dy hr ihwsy ivwc srkfrI aqy gYrsrkfrI qOr qy ivsLysL mfx snmfn idwqf jFdf hY . astRylIan POjI ieiqhfs dI gwl krIey qF BfvyN astRylIaf dI kdy iswDy qOr qy iksy dUsry mulk nfl koeI jµg qF nhIN hoeI hY pr apxy sihXogI dysLF nfl ieh jrUr jµgI muihµmF ivwc ihwsf lYNdf irhf hY, ijvyN ipCly sflF qo cwl rhI aPgfinsqfn ivclI amrIkI muihµm ivwc keI astRylIafeI POjI sLhfdq pf cuwky hn, ies qoN ipwCly POjI ieiqhfs vwl JfqI mfrIey qF astRylIafeI POjF ny pihlI aqy dUsrI sSsfr jµg ivwc vI kOmnvYlQ POjF vwloN lVidaF ivsLysL Xogdfn pfieaf sI. pihlI sµsfr jµg vyly imwqr dysLF dIaF POjF nUM jrmn aqy Ausdy sihXogI mulkF vwloN sKq twkr iml rhI sI. Aus smyN qurkI dI bfdsLfhI (Ottomon Empire) kfPI qfkqvr smJI jFdI sI Auh jrmn df sfQ dy rhI sI, iesy krky imwqr dysLF dIaF POjF ny ieh Xojnf bxfeI sI ik qurkI dI rfjDfnI qy kbjLf krky qurkI nUM jrmn df sihXog krn qoN roikaf jfvy, iesy Xojnf nUM isry cVfAux leI ijhVI jµg lVI geI Auh jµg “gYlIplI” (Gallipoli) dI lVfeI dy nfm nfl msLhUr hoeI aqy ijµnF POjF ny Auh lVfeI lVI Auh sn astRylIan aqy inAUjLIlYNz dIaF sSXukq POjF, iehnF POjF nUM sSKyp ivwc aYn jLYk (ANZAC ) df nfm idwqf igaf jo ik aSgryjLI ivc astRylIan aqy inAUjLIlYNz afrmI kOrps sI (Australia and New Zealand Army corps).

meI 2014

sSsfr dI pihlI ies bhuq mhwqvpUrn lVfeI dI Xfd ivwc hI ieh 25 apYRl df idn astRylIaf ivwc aYn jYLk zy dy qOr qy mnfieaf jFdf hY BfvyN ik iesdI suLrUafq gYlIplI dI lVfeI dy sLhIdF dI Xfd ivwc hI hoeI pr awj

kwl ies idn AuhnF sfry POjIaF nUM hI sLrDfjlI idwqI jFdI hY ijµnF ny iksy vI jµg ivwc jF iksy hor muihµm ivwc astRylIaf leI sLhfdqF idwqIaF hn, 25 apRYl df idn ies krky imwiQaf igaf ikAuNik ies idn 1915 ivwc aYn jLYk POjF ny qurkI ivwc pihlf kdm rwiKaf sI, AuhnF df mksd gYlIplI dI ies

kfPI jfnI qy mflI nuksfn hoieaf aqy qkrIbn 8 mhIinaF qwk ieh lVfeI cldI rhI, ies jµgI muihµm ivwc qkrIbn 2155 POjI ieSglYNz qoN, 10,000 dy lgBg PrFs qoN 8709 astRylIaf qoN 2721 inAUjIlYNz qoN aqy 1358 dy krIb POjI ibRitsL Bfrq qoN sLhId hoey. ijhVy 1358 POjI ibRitsL Bfrq dI qrPoN lVy AuhnF ivwc qkrIbn 380 dy krIb iswK POjI vI sn. ipCly idnI astRylIaf dI iewk sSsQf astRylIan iswK hYrItyjL ny ieh qwQ sfhmxy ilaFdy hn ik aYnjLYk POjF ivwc vI qkrIbn 10 iswK POjI sn jo ik Aus smyN astRyulIaf vwloN sLfml hoey sn . afKrkfr jdoN imwqr dysLF dIaF POjF ny dyiKaf ik BfrI jfnI nuksfn qoN bfad vI Auh afpxI bxfeI Xojnf ivc sPl nhIN ho pf rhy qF 1915 dy aSq ivwc AuhnF ny aYn jYLk PorsF nUM AuQoN kwZx df PYslf kr ilaf . aSq ivwc 20 dSsbr 1915 nUM 20,000 hjLfr dy krIb bcdy aYn jLYk POjIaF ny vfps cfly pf idwqy . BFvy ik gYlIplI ivwc aYn jLYk POjF dI ieh POjI muihSm apxy muZly mksd nUM pRfpq krn ivc kfmXfb nhIN ho skI pr ijs bhfdrI nfl POjI jvfnf ny ieh 8 mhIny lSbI aqy bhuq hI musLiklF BrI lVfeI lVI Aus nfl AuhnF ny POjI ieiqhfs ivwc iewk nvIN iprq pfeI Kfs qOr qy astRylIafeI aqy inAUjILlYNz dy

KfVI qy kbjLf kr ky Aus smyN dI qurkI dI rfjDfnI kOnstYntIpol ijs nUM awj kwl iesqfnbul ikhf jFdf hY Aus AuWpr aSgryjI POjF dy kbjLy df rfh pwDrf krnf sI. gYlIplI dI ies lVfeI ivwc dovF iDrF df

bisLÀidaF leI awj vI ieh AuhnF POjI jvfnF dI sLhfdq iewk pRyrnf sroq hY iesy krky ies idn dovyN mulkF dy POjI aqy isvl bisLµdy AuhnF sUrbIr POjIaF nUM iswjdf krdy hn. - ismrjIq isÀG nwq

- 13 -

swfw tweImz


ikrpwn sdkw is`K nMU ijaUrI mYNbr hox dy bwvjUd Adwlq 'c vVn qoN roikAw ie`k is`K Str kwaUNtI ijaUrI dw mYNbr bxn leI iqAwr hY pr aus nMU Adwlq AMdr jwx qoN isrP ies leI roikAw jw irhw hY ikauNik au s ny ikR p wn pihnI hoeI hY[ AmrIkw dy sUby kY l I&o r nIAw dy Sihr Xubw istI 'c gursMq isMG dI ijaUrI vjoN ifaUtI Agly h&qy SurU hox vwlI hY[ rok lwaux dy bwvjUd aus dw kihxw hY ik auh k`uJ hornW nwl ies idn ijaUrI vjoN syvw inBwaux leI hwzr hovygw[ aus ny ikhw, “AmrIkw dw nwgirk hox dy nwqy mYnMU lgdw hY ik ijaUrI vjoN mYnMU myrw &rz Adw krn dyxw cwhIdw hY[” BwvyN auh ijaUrI bnx leI iqAwr hovy pr Swied aus nMU kdI Adwlq 'c dw^l nw hox idqw jwvygw[ aus dw kihxw hY, “aunHW mYnMU ies siQqI 'c phMucw id`qw hY ik jW qW mYN Apxy Drm dI Av`igAw krW Aqy kwnMUn qoVW[” aus dw kihxw hY ik ies siQqI nMU ies qrHW vyiKAw jwxw cwhIdw hY ik ikRpwn is`K Drm dw mh`qvpUrn ih`sw hY Aqy ieh pMj lwzmI kkwrW 'coN ie`k hY[ pr aus nMU ikhw igAw hY ik auh ijaurI vjoN ifaUtI inBwaux

leI ibnW ikRpwn qoN Awvy ikauNik AmrIkw dy ies sUby dw kwnMUn AdwlqW AMdr iksy qrHW dy hiQAwr nMU ilAwaux dI iejwzq nhIN idMdw[ AmrIkI tI.vI. cYnl sI. bI. AYs. 13 Anuswr Str kwaU N tI ijaU r I kimSnr myrI bYQ tof gursMq isMG leI koeI bdl l`B rhI hY[ aunHW ikhw, “ieh zrUrI hY ik ies mu`dy pRqI sMvydnSIl hox dI koiSS kr rhy hW Aqy AsIN Aijhy h` l l` B x dI koiSS kr rhy hW jo dovyN iDrW leI kMm kry[” gursMq isMG ApxI hmwieq 'c lokW nMU ilAwaux leI XU-itaUb 'qy vI muihMm CyVI hoeI hY[ aus dw kihxw hY ik auh Apxy Drm nMU qoVx dI bjwey igR P qwr hoxw ijAwdw psMd krygw[sI.bI.AYs. 13 Anuswr is`K jQybMdI is`K kulISn dw kihxw hY ik keI hor eyjMsIAW nMU is`KW nMU hr QW ikrpwn pihnx dI iezwzq id`qI hoeI hY auh Adwlq qoN vI Aijhw hI krn dI aumId krdy hn[

Dwrimk AsUlW nMU qoVn dI bjwey igR&qwr hoxw

ijAwdw psMd krWgw :

gursMq isMG

swfw tweImz

- 14 -

r[o{d[nkok ;kfjp NkoB/N fty/ wBkfJnk ikt/rk xZb{xkok fdt; L- yzv/pkd mYlbOrn:- jfgdIaF kOmF dI ieh insLfnI huMdI hY ik Auh hmysLF hI afpxy sLhIdF nUM Xfd krdIaF rihÀdIaF hn aqy AuhnF dy pfey pUrinaF qy cwlx dI koisLsL krdIaF rihÀdIaF hn, iesy sÀbDI iewk koisLsL akflI dl aÀimRqsr astRylIaf iekfeI vwloN jUn 1984 dy GwlUGfry dI Xfd ivwc sflfnf smfgm gurUduafrf sfihb tfrnyt ivKy krvf ky kIqI jf rhI hY ieh jfxkfrI awj pRYs nfl gwlbfq kridaF guruduafrf sfihb tfrnyt dy shfiek skwqr aqy sLoRmxI akflI dl (aÀimRqsr) astRylIaf iekfeI dy sI[ mIq pRDfn ivkrmjIq isSG KSzybfd ny idwqI. AuhnF dwisaf ik AuhnF dI pfrtI hr sfl pfrtI pRDfn s[ ismrnjIq isSG mfn dI agvfeI hyT pÀjfb ivKy sLIR akfl qKq sfihb qy ieh idn mnfAuNdy hn aqy sSq jrnYl isSG Kflsf iBSzrFvfly, BfeI amrIk isSG, jnrl sLubyg isÀG aqy smUh sLhId isÀGf isÀGxIaF nUM sLrDf dy Puwl ByNt krdy hoey Auhnf dy arÀBy kOmI kfrj nUM awgy qorn df aihd krdy hn. iesy lVI qihq ies sfl 6-7-8 jUn GwlUGfrf idvs dy sSbSD ivwc tfrnyt gurUGr ivKy iqSn rojLF smfgm krvfey jf rhy hn, ijs ivwc astRylIaf dIaF smuwcIaF pSQk iDrF sLmUlIaq krngIaF . AuhnF dwisaf ik ies sbÀDI pRbÀDF nUM sucfrU ZÀg nfl nypry cfVn leI XUQ ivÀg dIaF izAUtIaF lf idwqIaF geIaF hn, ikANuik iwes smfgm ivc BfrI igxqI ivwc iswK sSgqF dy phucx dI AumId hY. pRogrfm sbÀDI vDyry jfxkfrI idÀidaF AuhnF dwisaf ik 6 jUn nUM sLIR aKÀz pfT sfihb arÀB hoxgy aqy 7 jUn duiphr nUM iswK rfjinqI dI ajokI idsLf sbÀDI iewk sYmInfr krvfieaf jfvygf ijs ivwc pRmuwK iswK ivdvfn dysL ivdysL qoN sLfml hoxgy aqy sLfm nUM ivsLysL idvfn sjfey jfxgy ijs ivwc ZfzI isÀG sÀgqF nUM inhfl krngy aqy 8 jUÀn nUM smfgm dy Bog pfey jfxgy AuprÀq vwK vwK pÀQk bulfry sÀgqF nfl afpxy ivcfr sFJy krngy. ies qoN ielfvf GwlUGfry sbÀDI iewk ivsyLsL pRdrsLnI vI iqÀno idn guruduafrf sfihb ivKy lgfeI jfvygI aqy sbÀDq sfihq vI sÀgqF ivwc vÀizaf jfvygf, BfeI KÀzybfd ny astRylIaf Br dIaF smUh iswK sÀgqF nUM ies smfgm ivwc sLfml hox dI bynqI vI kIqI. ies mOky AuhnF nfl XUQ ivÀg dy pRDfn hirÀdr isÀG cfhl, mIq pRDfn sqvÀq isÀG ZINzsf aqy skwqr ismrjIq isÀG nwq vI mOjUd sn.

meI 2014


bwl sMswr

Sosl swiets b`icAW leI ikMnIAW lwBdwiek A`j dy ie`kIvIN sdI dy ies Xu`g ivc jy mYN ieh g`l krW ik b`icAW nMU Sosl sweIts nw vrqx idau qW ieh g`l hwsohIxI l`gygI[ pr jykr ghu nwl ivcwr kIqI jwvy ik A`j dI pIVI Awpxy mW ipau qy pirvwr qoN ikauN dUr huMdI jw rhI hY qW swnMU ieh mMnxw pvygw ik bhuq h`d q`k pirvwrW iv`coN dUrI qy nvIN pIVI dw Awpxy s`iBAwcwr, ipCokV, rIqI irvwjW ƒ nw Apxwauxw iehnW Sosl sweIts dI durvrqoN krky hI hY[ A`j dy AwDuink qknIk dy vDdy hoey swfI ijMdgI dy mwieny hI bdl gey hn[ iehnW dw bhuq Pwiedw hY[A`j mIlW dI dUrI iek sikMt ivc pUrI ho jWdI hY[ dUr durwfy g`l krnI hovy qW su`K sunyhw Byjx leI mobweIl Pon qy ies qoN v`D ky vI ieMtrnYt dI shUlq hY[ koeI vI jwxkwrI ieMtrnYt qy AwswnI nwl l`BI jw skdI hY[ ies dy bhuq &wiedy hn pr ies dy nwl nwl ieMtrnYt qy v`DdIAW hoeIAW soSl sweIts ny AwpsI irSiqAW ivc dUrI vDw id`qI hY[ hr ie`k jIA Awpxy v`Kry kmry ivc bYT kY iehnW Sosl sweIts dI vrqoN krnI qw psMd krdw hY[ pr pirvwr nwl twiem ibqwaux qoN guryz krdw hY[ ijMnHW dw mwVw Asr A`j swfy pirvwrk irSiqAW qy bhuq ijAwdw pY irhw hY[ swfy iv`coN bhuiqAW dw smW ienHW sweIts qy bYTy hI lMG jWdw hY[ A`j Coty qo Cotw b`cw vI ienHW sweIts dI vrqoN krnw jwxdw hY, ikauNik jMmdy b`cy dI pRoPwiel qW AsIN Awp mwpy Sosl sweIts qy bxw ky idMdy hW[ KuSI iv`c kI swfw b`cw vI ienHW dw ie`k ih`sw bxy[ pr ienHW sweIts dy nwl swfy b`icAW qy srIrk qy mwnisk pRBwv bhuq pY irhw hY[ aunHW iv`c auh klwvW ivkisq hI nhIN huMdIAW, ijnHW nwl auh smwj iv`c ivcr skx[ b`cy qy nOjvwn pIVI Sosl sweIts dy GMitAW b`DI g`lW bwqW mwr skdy hn pr Gr Awey mihmwn nwl auh ie`k imMt vI bYTx qy g`l krn qoN kqrwauxgy[ ijs dy is`ty A`j dI nOjvwn pIVHI iv`c iek`lypuxy dI Bwvnw ijAwdw ivkisq ho rhI hY[ auh Awpxy Awp ivc sIimq rihxw cwhuMdy hn[ ieh sB ienHW sweIts dw nqIjw hY[ ienHW dI AMDw DuMd vrqoN nwl AwpsI irSqy tu`tdy

meI 2014

- gurSrndIp kOr

jw rhy hn[ p`CmI s`iBAqw dI dyKw dyKI lVkylVkIAW CotI aumr iv`c hI keI vwrI AijhIAW sweIts qy ieho ijhy irSqy bxw lYNdy hn ik ijs nwl pUrI ijMdgI qy bhuq bUrw pRBwv pYNdw hY[ g`l krIey ienW sweIts dI qy ieh koeI ijAwdw sur`iKAq vI nhIN hn[ iehnW qoN pYdw hox vwly KqirAW nMU G`t krn jW rokx leI mW-bwp nMU ies v`l aucyjw iDAwn dyx dI loV hY[ mW-bwp nMU Awpxy b`icAW dy nY`t vrqx dw smW insicq kr lYxw cwhIdw hY qy ieh vI iDAwn iv`c r`Kxw cwhIdw hY ik auh nY`t qy ikhVIAW cIjW dyK jW sux rhy hn[ mWbwp qoN ibnW b`icAW ƒ nW qW koeI smJw skdw hY qy nw hI b`cy iksy hor dI g`l suxngy, qy auhnW nMU iehnW dIAW mwVIAW kmIAW bwry smJwaux dI ijMmyvwrI mwipAW dI hI hY[ tI.vI ieMtrnY`t dw sB qo v`D pRBwv b`icAW dIAW A`KW qy pY irhw hY[ CotI aumr dy b`icAW nMU AYnkW l`gIAW hoeIAW hn[ iehnW tI.vI qy kMipaUtr coN inklx vwlIAW hwnIkwrk ikrnW dy kwrn b`icAW nMU hor ibmwrIAW nwl vI jUJxw pY irhw hY[ bhuqw bYTx nwl, dyr rwq q`k qy pyt Krwb dIAW sm`isAwvW vI bhuq ho rhIAW hn[b`icAW nMU AwpsI irSiqAW dI AihmIAq bwry jwxU krwau[ b`icAW nMU iehnW swiets qy twiem Krwb krn nwloN Awpxy nwl ibTw ky Awpxy s`iBAwcwr, bolI, ivrsy dIAW g`lW d`so qW jo auh Awpxy ivrsy, s`iBAwcwr, bolI nwl juVy rihx qy mW ipau dw siqkwr krn, Awpxy pirvwr dI mh`qqw smJ skx[ AsIN Awpxy b`icAW nwl dosqI pw ky kImqI smyN vjoN smW k`F ky auhnW nMU shI syD dy skdy hW[ ies ivc hI b`icAW dI qy AwpxI BlweI hY[

s&w 5 dw bwkI ih`sw isMG hux vDyry smW jMglW, K`fW iv`c hI bqIq krdy[ luk iCp ky rwq dy smyN bwhr in`kl ky pyt Brn dw Xqn krdy[ ies smyN isMGW dw Kwxw drK`qW dIAW vylW, p`qy qy jMglI byr, pyNJU Aqy fylIAW huMdw sI[

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Bring me Arms and Horses Once when Guru Arjan's wife was serving Bhai Buddha, he said, "As you have given me food to my heart's content, so shall you have a son to your heart's content. He shall be very handsome and brave and shall possess power on earth and in heaven. He shall wear two swords and be mighty in battle. He shall sit on a great imperial throne. He shall be both a great warrior and an exalted Guru." In time, a beautiful son was born to Guru Arjan and Mata Ganga and he was named Hargobind. His childhood was full of trials because his uncle Prithia wanted his own son, Mihrban, to be the next Guru. He survived these trials and at the proper age received his education from Bhai Buddha. He instructed Hargobind in the Guru's hymns, the sciences, reading and letters, offensive and defensive weapons, sports such as swimming, administration and many other skills that he would need to be a great ruler in the future. He grew up in the court of Guru Arjan and watched his father compile the Guru Granth. When Hargobind was 11, the emperor imprisoned and tortured Guru Arjan. Shortly before the end of his life, he said to his Sikhs, "I have mastered my life's test. Go to my son, the holy Hargobind, and give him my consolation. Instead of grieving, let him sing God's praises. According to ancient custom, let him put the mark of the Guruship on his forehead. Let him sit fully armed on his throne and maintain an army to the best of his ability. Other than this, let him embrace the practices of all the other Gurus. Let him hold Bhai Buddha in honor and treat his Sikhs with respect. Do not cremate my body, but let it flow into the river." The Guru's body, having suffered so much, then washed into the river, while his spirit merged with the Sach Khand. Hargobind, upon receiving the news of his father's death, caused the Guru Granth to be read for ten days. When the last rites were finished, Bhai Buddha dressed him in fine clothes and sought to install him as Guru.

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Rather than wear the seli, or woolen cord worn by the other Gurus, he said, "My seli shall be the swordbelt and I shall crown my turban with the emblem of royalty." The new Guru then sent out a call to all faithful Sikhs in the land: "Bring me offerings of arms and horses!" By this call was Bhai Buddha's prophecy fulfilled. Guru Hargobind wore two swords and earned the title, "Meeri Peeri da Malik" - king of the spiritual and temporal realms. Thus was the character of the Sikhs changed f o r e v e r. S o l d i e r - s a i n t s n o w incorporated the military determination necessary to protect as well as to serve their faith

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Nawab Kapur Singh KAPUR SINGH, NAWAB (1697-1753), eighteenth century Sikh hero and founder of the Dal Khalsa. He was born in 1697 in a peasant family of Virks of the village of Kaloke, now in Shcikhupura district of Pakistan. His father`s name was DalTp Singh. When Kapur Singh was of the age to bear arms, he seized the village of Faizullapur, near Amritsar, renamed it Singhpura and started living there. For this reason he is also known to history as Kapur Singh Faixullapuria and the principality he founded as Faizullapuria`s or Singhpuria`s misi or chieftaincy. Kapur Singh was eleven years old at the time of Guru Gobind Singh`s death and nineteen when Banda Singh Bahadur and his companions were tortured to death in Delhi.

He had thus passed his early life in an atmosphere charged with the fervour of faith and sacrifice. Side by side with religious discipline, Kapur Singh practised manly exercises like horseriding and swordsmanship. In 1721, he received the vows of Khalsa initiation at the hands of Bhai Man! Singh, a pious and learned Sikh of that time, at a large gathering of Sikhs held at Amritsar on the occasion of the Divali festival. Kapur Singh`s physical prowess and spirit of boldness proved valuable assets in those days of high adventure, and he soon gained a position of eminence among his people who were then engaged in a desperate struggle for survival. When Zakariya Khan, who became the governor of Lahore in 1726, adopted rigorous measures against the Sikhs, Kapur Singh organized a band of warriors, who, with a view to paralyzing the administration and obtaining food for their companions forced to seek shelter in remote hills and forests, attacked government treasuries and caravans moving from one place to another. Such was the effect of these depredations that the Delhi government, in 1733, at the instance of Zakariya Khan, decided to lift the quarantine forced upon the Sikhs and made an offer of a grant to them. Subeg Singh, a Sikh resident of Jambar, near Lahore, who was for a lime kotvdl or police inspector

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of the city under Mughal authority, was entrusted with the task of negotiating peace with the Khalsa. H e r e a c h e d Amritsar and offered the S i k h s , assembled there on the occasion of the Baisakhi festival, on behalf of the governm ent the title of Nawab and a jdgir consisting of parganahs of Dipalpur, Kariganval and Jhabal. After the Sikhs accepted the offer, Kapur Singh, humbly swinging a handfan over the assembly, was unanimously chosen to be honoured with the title of Nawab. Kapur Singh reluctantly accepted the honour and, as a mark of respect, he placed the robe of honour sent by the Mughals at the feet of five revered Sikhs before putting it on. The dress, according to Sikh chroniclers, included a shawl, a turban, a Jewelled plume, a pair of gold bangles, a necklace, a row of pearls, a brocade garment and a sword. During the respite thus secured, Kapur Singh gave attention to reorganizing the Sikh force which he divided into two sections the Buddha Dal, army of the elderly, and the Taruna Dal, army of the young. The former, under the charge of Nawab Kapur Singh, was entrusted with the task of looking after the holy places, preaching the Guru`s word and administering the vows of the Khalsa to Sikhs, while the latter was the more active division whose function was to fight in times of emergency. As Taruna Dal grew in strength, Nawab Kapur Singh further split it into five parts, each with a separate centre and its own banner

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and drum. The detente with the Mughals did not last long and before the harvest season of 1735, Zakariya Khan sent a force and occupied the jdgir. The Buddha Dal being driven away towards the Malva, Nawab Kapur Singh continued his missionary and military activities in the cisSutlej parts. He conquered the territory of Sunam and made it over to Ala Singh, the PhulkTari chief, who had received rites of initiation from him. Nawab Kapur Singh led the Buddha Dal right up to the vicinity of Delhi, vanquishing, on the way, the chieftains ofJhajjar, Dadri, Dojana and PataudT. Overrunning Faridabad, Ballabgarh and Gurgaori in the parganah of Delhi, the Dal returned to the village of Thikrivala in the Malva. When in 1739, Nadir Shah was returning to Persia after a hearty plunder of Delhi and the Punjab, Nawab Kapur Singh swooped down upon his rearguard, near Akhnur on the river Chcnab, and rescued a number of innocent girls who were being abducted, and restored them to their parents. On tlic occasion of Baisakhi (29 March) of 1748, when Sikhs were able to assemble at Amritsar after a long interval, a new force known as the Dal Khalsa was constituted at the instance of Nawab Kapur Singh. Different groups of the Sikhs, whose number had already touched sixty five, were leagued together into eleven main associations, each with a separate banner, a stable, a kitchen and a leader but acting under one supreme commander binding each group with the other group and also with the whole Panth. Kapur Singh surrendered charge to Jassa Singh Ahluvalia who was, at his suggestion, chosen the supreme commander of the Dal Khalsa. Nawab Kapur Singh died on 7 October 1753 and was cremated in the premises of Gurdwara Baba Atal at Amritsar.

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New Policy Accommodating Sikh Kirpan at Canadian Missions Abroad April 14, 2014 - On behalf of Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird, the Honourable Tim Uppal, Minister of State (Multiculturalism), today announced a new policy on accommodating the Sikh kirpan at Canadian missions abroad.

Amritpal Singh Shergill, President of the World Sikh Organization of Canada. “Most importantly, this policy reflects the importance Canada places on human rights, including freedom of religion, and sets an example for the rest of world.”

“Canada's diversity is one of our greatest strengths, and freedom of religion is a fundamental Canadian value,” said Minister of State Uppal. “Our government's new kirpan policy will serve as an example and promote Canadian values around the world.”

The new policy provides clear guidance to missions on accommodating the Sikh kirpan, a stylized representation of a sword or dagger, while fulfilling the government's responsibility for ensuring the physical security of employees at missions.

“The accommodation of the kirpan at Canadian diplomatic missions around the world is a deeply significant move that shows that the Government of Canada understands and respects the significance of the kirpan to Sikhs,” said

Visitors to Canadian missions who declare themselves to be Sikhs will be permitted to retain their kirpans when entering the missions, provided their kirpans are secured within a sheath, attached to a fabric belt and worn under

clothing across the torso. They should also be in possession of the four other Sikh articles of faith. This new policy is part of the government's efforts to promote human rights, encourage protection of religious minorities around the world and promote the values of pluralism and tolerance.

Reliance pushed for India-Pak peace talks: Sanjaya Baru's book Iftikhar Gilani (published in dnaindia.com) Buried deep inside the pages of Sanjaya Baru's controversial book, The Accidental Prime Minister: The Making and Unmaking of Manmohan Singh, are startling revelations about the contours of settlement of Kashmir issue. Also the claim that peace process between India and Pakistan was pushed by the corporate group Reliance, who wanted an assurance from Islamabad that they would not bomb their refinery in Jamnagar Gujarat. With the book being released amidst election campaign for the 16th Lok Sabha, these revelations were lost in the cacophony of a debate on "cipher" prime minister Manmohan Singh and the "power centres", referred to Congress president Sonia Gandhi. Prime minister's back-channel envoy Satinder Lambah and Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf's advisor Tariq Aziz, who met several times had laid down a four-step framework agreement, approved by the political heads. The formula had so far been in the realm of speculation in the diplomatic corridors, with former Pakistan foreign minister Mehmood Ahmed Kasuri spilling beans a couple of years ago, saying both countries had reached almost close to the settlement of sixdecade old Kashmir problem, that has rocked the relations and resulted four wars between the two countries. From

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India's side, there was always a hushhush with the ministry of external affairs denying there was any roadmap in its records. Baru writes that Lambah's meetings with prime minister Singh were always kept secret, with only the PM's second personal secretary Jaideep Sarkar in loop. Sarkar would often take leave officially from office, on the pretext of preparing his son for exams or reporting sick, to accompany Lambah to meet his Pakistani interlocutors either in Islamabad or at a third place to prepare ground for the agreement and the summit meetings. According to the framework agreement, the first step, would be to make the LoC just 'a line on a map' and allow men, material and trade between the two parts of Jammu and Kashmir, so that life returns to pre-Partition era, when people could travel without visa, permits to each other's villages and cities. The second step would be to strengthen local self-governments on both side of the LoC, so that people can elect their own governments, if necessary under international supervision. That means elections on both sides would be supervised by an international body rather than the Election Commission of India. The third step, which was the trickiest, entailed the creation of 'joint' or 'cooperative' institutions under the

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charge of Kashmiri leaders to coordinate policies on matters of common interest. This joint mechanism involving governments and elected representatives of both sides would take decisions on everything except foreign affairs and defence which would be handled by New Delhi and Islamabad respectively. And if all these steps worked well to restore peace, the fourth and final element would be the 'agreed withdrawal' of troops on both sides. Baru claims that Singh followed the path laid down by his predecessor Atal Bihari Vajpayee during his January 2004 visit of Islamabad. Vajpayee had entrusted the back-channel contacts to R K Mishra, who also doubled up as chairman of Dhirubhai Ambani's aide. Manmohan Singh wanted Musharraf to own and propagate the Kashmir 'peace formula'. He was under the impression that it would be tough for Musharraf to sell this formula in his own country. But it turned out that Singh had underestimated the resistance from within his own party and also from two key ministers, Pranab Mukherjee and A K Antony, and national security advisor M K Narayanan. The road map was finally buried after Musharraf ruled ended in 2008 and has been waiting since then to be resurrected.

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SADA Times May 2014  

SADA Times May 2014 issue published from Melbourne Australia

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