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councillors also expressed frustration at their inability to address the problem of poor urban management. In response to the ineffective City-led urban management function, the privatisation of urban management has become commonplace and is manifest through the CID model and a zero tolerance approach to the informal economy. Both are contradictory to inclusive governance practices. Effective partnerships require the recognition that the public realm must be inclusive. As Rubin comments: “the support of only formal activities and the constant criminalization of informal activities has reinforced a mythical dualism between the two sectors and ensured that only one kind of activity is spatially legitimized” (2008: 22). Given that partnerships can be an effective way of managing urban space, the urban management conversation would be more constructive if it included the necessary discussion on how to improve urban management without creating spaces of exclusion. One of the most sustainable solutions to urban management issues in neighbourhoods is through generating a sense of community or building social cohesion from the bottom up. It is worth having a dialogue highlighting what would be required to build city streets, as envisaged by Jane Jacobs, where passive surveillance or ‘eyes on the street’ is provided by residents and building owners (see LloydJones 1998).

7.1.3. Public safety Safety and security measures must be in place to optimise the attractiveness of the Corridors (interview with Nazira Cachalia, 12 July 2016). The lack of safety in public spaces consistently undermines the likelihood of resident engagement in the public domain. Fear in the public realm is a major urban management issue (see Silverman and Zack 2007). The attractiveness of the Corridors for mixed use and housing necessitates that the public environment is safe and accessible for all users. A lack of safety will undermine the positive urban design principles of permeability between the public and private space. Currently too many neighbourhoods in the Corridors are characterised by poor urban design features that negatively affect safety (including public lighting, signage and high quality public space) The Milpark Precinct, for example, is fenced off, making the area pedestrian unfriendly. The Joburg City Safety Programme has done fantastic detailed “Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Safety Audits” in a number of areas on the Corridors. In these reports they outline in minute detail the types of interventions in the urban environment that could transform neighbourhoods. Unless operational funding is allocated to realise and manage some of these interventions, safety will remain a primary concern. The lack of an operational budgetary allocation in the City budget, and limited thinking around partnerships, has led to a situation where non-existent post-construction after care for capital projects is commonplace. Attaching a budget to improved urban management interventions is a necessary practice and a potential space to measure social and economic benefits and impact.

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Transit corridors & the private sector

Transit corridors & the private sector

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Transit Corridors and the Private Sector: Incentives, Regulations and the Property Market  

Part of the Spatial Transformation through Transit-Oriented Development in Johannesburg research series. Published by the South African Rese...