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approach is fitting as neighbourhoods are different and require local interventions and plans. However, the success of the methodology is contingent upon effective institutional collaboration and integration. The ABMF for the Louis Botha Corridor reveals a detailed and thorough approach to area-based management structured around the SAF priorities. In particular, public safety, by-law enforcement and waste management are highlighted (CoJ 2016b: 6). The success of the framework requires interaction between regional offices, City entities and concerned departments, as well as the active involvement of community stakeholders. The constraint to the workability is the scale of the framework. Each SAF is made up of neighbourhoods; however in order to tackle urban management issues thoroughly the focus needs to be at a micro-level. City officials need to know and be actively engaged in their neighbourhoods. Further, unless the City commits an operational budget to the ABMF where necessary, the activities and interventions will be constrained. As Dunning asks: What is the relationship between capital investments in and the long-term use and benefits of open spaces? Well-intended expenditure on high quality design in our urban fabric has frequently provided short-term results, but has often failed to maintain their impact over time. These bright new spaces have a habit of fading over time sometimes into significant disrepair. (2016: 391) Thus, the first step in improving urban management is an engaged, accountable and functional urban management team.

7.1. Specific Urban Management Interventions 7.1.1. Place making A further innovation to the standard public infrastructure investment in the Corridors is the intention of the City to pursue a place making agenda to create precincts that are liveable spaces. These liveable spaces are directly related to urban management interventions undertaken by the City. This very positive new approach puts the emphasis on urban design; with urban design frameworks set with specifications as to how new developments should engage with the public realm. This includes limitations on the scale of developments so as

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Transit corridors & the private sector

to keep areas permeable and mitigate against a gated community approach. There is a determined effort to manage urban design parameters in the Corridors, and each plan submitted will be assessed by an urban design team to ensure it meets the requirements (interview with Linah Dube, 21 July 2016). Attention to the area-wide design parameters and linkages is an important public sector function as it establishes the urban realm ahead of individual developments. However a requirement of developers to prove the environmental enhancement of their developments is equally valid (as discussed further below). In discussions held with private developers they appeared comfortable with place making interventions, however opinions differed depending on the scale and budget of the development in question.

7.1.2. Partnerships Creating local partnerships has been a wellreceived solution to urban management problems experienced throughout Johannesburg. To date there have been successful area-based urban management interventions where the City has partnered with the private sector or communitybased organisations (CBOs). The Ekhaya Neighbourhood in Hillbrow is an example of a functional partnership working to efficiently manage public spaces where the state is unable. Didier, Peyroux and Morange argue that the private management of urban spaces is indicative of the growing influence of the private sector in urban matters (2012: 920). It has become acceptable, they argue, for the private sector to step into spaces that the state is unable to effectively manage. This is the case in the in Johannesburg, where increasingly developers and residents have begun to privatise urban management in their neighbourhoods. For developers and investors, the efficient management of the broader neighbourhood is an important factor for the protection of their assets. For some developers ‘getting the basics right’ appears to hold more influence over investor attitudes than a rates rebate or other development incentives. In the context of Johannesburg, handing over the management of public space to the private sector is controversial. This is primarily because the creation of City Improvement Districts (CIDs) has led to exclusion – both social and economic. Property developers, building owners and residents uniformly argue that the City should focus more on infrastructure provision and maintenance. City

Transit corridors & the private sector

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Transit Corridors and the Private Sector: Incentives, Regulations and the Property Market  

Part of the Spatial Transformation through Transit-Oriented Development in Johannesburg research series. Published by the South African Rese...