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Black History Month p.8



Out On the Field p.11

FEB. 25, 2014


Event challenges views on tolerance

CITY TALK Where was the most unusual place you’ve had sex? Alina Castillo // Photo Editor //

Izzy Stern, Nursing // nursing major “In Sweden while dressed as a spider on Halloween.”

Iluustration by Cody Drabble

THE “SEX POSITIVE” MOVEMENT took over City College in February, when a foursome of student clubs sponsored an event to educate and discuss gender, relationships and sex in a safe and judgmentfree environment. The four-day event leading up to Valentine’s Day featured a series of open and honest discussions on sex-related topics ranging from porn to safe sex practices to nude dancers’ unionization.

Hardy forces us to exam-

ine our right to judge the sexual attractions of another human and to realize that we have a right to feel comfortable about our own attractions.

One of the more popular speakers — and more controversial — was Janet Hardy, co-author of The Ethical Slut: A Practical Guide to Polyamory, Open Relationships & Other Adventures. Her arguments were engaging and disquieting. They forced self-reflection on personal

biases and our understandings about the laws of sexual attraction. During her Wednesday night forum, Hardy spoke at length about dispelling the idea of labeling gender and attraction. She touched on the subjects of kink and bondage and delved into the subject of non-monogamy, or specifically polyamory, open and intimate relationships with more than one partner Hardy’s lecture challenged our preconceived notions and prompted some of us in the audience to revaluate our personal points of view on topics we smugly felt comfortable reporting on. She left us with an uneasy curiosity that demanded a weekend reading of her book, a how-to guide for managing multiple partners in a polyamorous relationship. In their book Hardy and co-author Dossie Eaton redefine the offensive noun, “slut,” which usually refers to a woman of low moral character who has multiple sex partners. According to Hardy and Eaton, “A slut is a person of any gender who has the courage to lead life according to the radical proposition that sex is nice and pleasure is good for you.” We question if it is possible for multiple partners to maintain a truly


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Editor In Chief Will Ownbey News Editor Daniel Wilson Assistant News Editor Robert Bonetti Features Editor Lygeia Andre Sports Editor Jake Patrick Donahue Copy Editor Meg Masterson Online Editor In Chief Teri Barth Online Photo Editor Tamara Knox Ad Manager Jason Puckett Writers Titus Franklin Jr., Kristopher Hooks, Diana Lefort, DeShawn Mapp, Xochitl Orozco, Carl Phillips, Stephen Ruderman, Scott Russell, April Saephan, Diane Wad, Ethel Watts, Harold Williams,



healthy and happy relationship. It seems unlikely that someone would not wind up feeling left out or getting hurt. However, throughout Hardy’s lecture and the book, there is an emphasis placed on boundaries, consensual contact, and honest, clear dialogue among all parties. Hardy forces us to examine our right to judge the sexual attractions of another human and to realize that we have a right to feel comfortable about our own attractions. American society believes that the foundation of our democracy comes from the individual’s right to privacy and pursuit of happiness. Yet, despite, a Civil Rights movement, the advancement in women’s rights, and now the growing acceptance of gay marriage, we still define those who differ from the norm, not as citizens, but as minorities. Despite our outward professions of tolerance, we still live in a nation of bullies who hide behind their own insecurities and narrow-minded views. And while we should be happy about society’s evolving acceptance, we should never say thank you for finally gaining the rights that were always ours. 

Kendall Bennet, Maribeth Browne, Jessica Daniel, Max Kinkernnon, Johathan Taraya, Justin Valdez, DIane Wade. Photo Editor Alina Castillo Photographers Emma Foley, Cody Kuenzli,Dianne Rose, Mahalie Oshiro, Luisa Morco, Elizabeth Ramirez Design Editor Chris Piper Senior Designers Cody Drabble, Kate Paloy, Cyrus Reed Page Designers Nalani Banquicio, Geraldine Centinaje, Reginald Ento, Martin Gomex, Cody Kuenzli, Natalie Rkios, Cory Walker, Andrea Vallejo Cover Design Andrea Vallejo


Melony Ford // sociology major “The Dollar Tree. I had the nickname “dollar tree” for the longest time after that.”

Stephanie Hockett // business and political science major “A stairwell.”

Damantee James // kinesiology major “In a movie theater… a few times.”

Advisers Randy Allen, Jan Haag, Dianne Heimer, Rachel Leibrock, Kate Murphy EDITORIAL POLICIES Views published in the Express do not reflect those of the Los Rios Community College District Board of Trustees, the Associate Student Government, City College, Journalism department, administration, student body, or faculty; unless otherwise stated. MEMBERSHIPS Journalism Association of Community Colleges California Newspaper Publishers Association



William LaBlue // art major “I’m a virgin.”


City College to restrict smoking areas

Decision based on campus survey conducted by the City College Safety Committee Mari-Beth Browne Staff Writer //

“You can’t have restrictions on smoking without the support. [Smoking] is an addictive thing, and people need help getting off of nicotine.”

was to assess the overall college’s feeling about smoking on campus and for that to inform the decision either way.”



THE CITY COLLEGE SAFETY Committee recently completed a smoking survey of more than 3,000 students, staff and faculty to help determine where to designate smoking areas on campus, which, if approved, would be instituted this fall semester. Wendy Gomez, a City College Health Services nurse and faculty chair of the Safety Committee, has been educating people on the health benefits of quitting smoking and supporting individuals who want to quit for the six years she has worked on campus, and was one of the main people responsible for the survey. City College Communications and Public Information Officer Amanda Davis is also a member of the Safety Committee, and she said she worked closely with Gomez on the smoking survey, which was sent out to students, staff and faculty via Los Rios email accounts in late January. Davis said smoking has been a controversial issue on campus, and people on both sides of the argument feel strongly Dianne Rose // about it. “It’s important for me to stay A City College student smokes outside of a classroom. engaged in the communication,” Davis said, “to make sure that we are civil, and products from campus last year.” smoking on campus. Cosumnes River Colpeople are able to have their voice in a Davis explained that the Safety Com- lege’s Public Information Officer Kristie way that’s still respectful of one another.” mittee would like to push for a complete West said that CRC has designated smokAccording to Davis, her office was ban at City College, but while she doesn’t ing areas, and Scott Crow, public informaresponsible for getting the word out think the campus is ready for a full-on tion officer for American River College, through the campus publications. ban, establishing smoking areas is a good said that although their campus does not This is the first smoking survey that compromise. restrict smoking beyond the standard dishas involved faculty and staff, as well as “We’re a data-driven, decisiontrict and state policies, the topic has come students, Gomez said. It asked responmaking school,” said Davis. “So if we’re up many times in the past. dents to review highlighted smoking going to be urging our district to make a areas on campus and provide specific decision that could potentially move us comments. to a smoke-free campus, we need to have Although people have been working something to back that up.” on smoking cessation and education for The survey is now closed, and the site a number of years, Davis said, smoking where it was hosted states that the colhas recently risen to a high profile issue. lege received over 3,360 responses. In 2011, the Safety Committee filed an “By looking at the open-endedissues form to the Planning Research and question comments,” said Gomez, “most Wendy Gomez Institutional Effectiveness office, asking people who responded had very strong CITY COLLEGE HEALTH SERVICES NURSE for a smoke-free quad area. feelings about [smoking].” However, in comparison to desigOnce the data is collected and nating areas where smokers would be processed, it will be made available to “We do not have designated smokallowed to smoke, the public on the ing areas,” said Crow. “There are various the campus cannot Safety Commitgroups [and] individuals that have dismake the detertee webpage, said cussed the concept, but we have made no mination to ban Gomez. formal movement towards such a policy smoking on its One nonat this time.” own, said Gomez. smoker at City The Safety Committee also plans to That decision College stressed make the Los Rios Community College would have to be the importance District Chancellor Brian King, who has established on a of keeping the yet to address district smoking policies, district level to enwalkways around aware of the results of the college’s sursure that all of the campus smoke free vey, said Gomez. Amanda Davis for those students colleges under the “The real goal of this survey was to CITY COLLEGE COMMUNICATIONS AND PUBLIC who struggle with district have the assess the overall college’s feeling about INFORMATION OFFICER respiratory condisame standards. smoking on campus and for that to inOn this issue, tions. form the decision either way,” Davis said. the Safety Committee decided to conduct “They need to make [designated In the event that City College bethe smoking survey to gather a broader smoking areas] far away from the buildcomes a smoke-free campus in the future, pool of responses and gauge a true range ings,” said Larissa Martinez, a fashion both Gomez and Davis firmly believe in of the majority’s feelings about smoking major and non-smoker. “Personally I’m supporting smokers in quitting. on campus, Davis said. asthmatic and it hurts my lungs.” In fact, Gomez explained City College The Los Angeles Times recently A City College student and smoker President Kathryn Jeffery has stipulated reported that as of this year, University agreed that designated areas for smokers that in order for smoking to be restricted of California campuses are adopting a are a good idea. on campus, there would need to be a suptobacco-free policy. “I think [designated smoking areas] port program in place. “Starting this year, UC Riverside would be great,” said City College student “You can’t have restrictions on smokand all other University of California Sally Dykes, deaf studies and criminal ing without the support,” Gomez said. campuses will be tobacco-free, part of a justice major. “I have respect for people “[Smoking] is an addictive thing, and peonationwide trend,” the article stated. “The who don’t smoke.” ple need help getting off of nicotine.” campuses are following the lead of UCLA, City College isn’t the only campus in which barred cigarettes and other tobacco the district that has addressed the topic of

“The real goal of this survey


Pick up information packets on student elections or learn more about getting involved on campus.

CLUB DAY THURSDAY, FEB. 27 – QUAD Take a walk around the quad and learn about all the clubs on campus. Talk to members and faculty advisers and sign up to take part in a new activity.

VOICES IN BLACK THURSDAY, FEB. 27, NOON TO 1:20 P.M. – CULTURAL AWARENESS CENTER Share a Black History moment through reading, poetry or music. Everyone is welcome.

GRADUATION SPEAKER APPLICATIONS AVAILABLE FRIDAY, FEB. 28 – SOG - 226 Learn more about becoming a graduation speaker in this issue of the Express [see page four]. Then, if eligible, stop by the Student Associated Council’s offices in the South Gym to pick up an application or learn more about speaking on behalf of the 2014 graduates at this year’s ceremony.

MARCH IN MARCH MONDAY, MARCH 3 – STATE CAPITOL City College students meet at the fountain on campus at 8 a.m. The annual community college student march for education, organized by the Student Senate for California Community Colleges. March to the state capitol building and as the official Facebook page for the event states, “Advocate for your right to public education!”

THE ART OF EMBRACING YOUR HAIR THURSDAY, MARCH 6, NOON – STUDENT CENTER A panel discussion on embracing your hair, and the freedom to wear whatever style you prefer.

DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME BEGINS SUNDAY, MARCH 9, MIDNIGHT It’s time to set those clocks ahead for the spring observation of daylight saving time. Don’t forget the one in the car so you’re not late for class. This will not excuse you from your exam.

STUDENT ELECTION CANDIDATE ORIENTATION TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 11 A.M. TO NOON – BUS. 107 An orientation for students participating in the upcoming election who hope to become members of the Student Associated Council or Clubs and Events Board.

Need more news? Want to stay up-to-date with campus happenings? Get more information and exclusive content at SACCITYEXPRESS.COM // FEBRUARY 25, 2014


Transfer, scholarship aid at City College

Spring workshops served up tips on successful applications, letters of recommendation Kendall Bennett Staff Writer // To assist students with the process of applying for SCC Foundation scholarships by the March 7 deadline as well as educate students on applying for external scholarships and best practices for scholarship applications in general, the City College Transfer Center recently held its last of three scholarship workshops for the spring 2014 semester. Approximately 50 students joined Shannon Gilley, director of the Transfer Center, for an hour-long workshop Feb. 11. The workshop was designed to help students find and apply for scholarships. During the workshops, Gilley discussed searching for and applying for scholarships. She answered questions that she receives often from students including, “Do scholarships really help?” “It is free money. Who can’t use free money for school?” Gilley asked her audience. Students can increase their chances in being awarded scholarships, according to Gilley, by decreasing the number of competitors. Students should choose scholarship opportunities with fewer applicants. This may be done by focusing on local or regional scholarships, and by choosing less-sought-after scholarship opportunities, she said. “Scholarships requiring essays are the least applied for scholarships,” said Gilley. Gilley provided a few tips on composing and submitting essays that she said will make a strong impression. “Essays should be specific and personal—something that paints a picture,” said Gilley. Once composed, Gilley recommended that students carefully proofread the essay before submitting it. She suggested that students seek feedback from oncampus staff, such as faculty or counseling staff. In addition, she urged students to include family members or close friends in the essay writing and review process. Even though students are not responsible for composing their own letters of recommendation, Gilley said there are steps students can take when requesting a letter from faculty, mentors or counseling staff. She encouraged students to be respectful of others’ time when requesting letters. Gilley said that students have a better chance of receiving well-thought-out recommendations if they provide the writer with sufficient notice.

Gabrielle Smith/Staff Photographer// Shannon Gilley, director of the City College Transfer Center, gives students tips on applying for scholarships.

“I am going to do what I can do for a student if they give me the courtesy of the information and time,” Gilley explained. Other helpful hints in increasing students’ chances in scholarship success focused on attention to detail. Gilley said students should apply for a scholarship only if all eligibility requirements are met. In addition, students should complete the entire scholarship application —no blanks unless indicated as acceptable on the application—and submit everything that is required. Gilley not only discussed steps for successful scholarship applications, she also demonstrated practices for locating City College and external scholarships. She recommended several web sites, but she also warned of scholarship scams. According to Gilley, characteristics of scholarship scams include those requesting application fees and scholarships professing a guaranteed reward. “If [the reward] is guaranteed, why do I have to apply? Why don’t they just send [the money] directly to me?” she said with a raised eyebrow. Kinaga Tillis, music major, said he benefitted directly from the audience-requested music scholarship search during

Gilley’s presentation. He added that he is probably going to do more scholarship research at home and encouraged his peers to take advantage of transfer center services. “Get in here, stay focused, and look at the [scholarship] board,” Tillis said. David Adams, who wants to be a therapist, said he attended the scholarship workshop because he is looking for financial resources in lieu of applying for grants. “I can’t get financial aid yet, so I need something to help me with my books,” said Adams. “Scholarships is the way to go because I can’t afford them myself.” Students who weren’t able to attend the scholarship workshops may contact the Transfer Center for assistance, Gilley said. The Transfer Center is located in Rodda Hall North, Room 147. “Walk right in,” said Gilley. “You don’t need to wait in line to go to the Transfer Center.” For more information or to apply for SCC Foundation scholarships, visit, For more on the Transfer Center, visit 

NEWS Represent the class of 2014 Jonathan Taraya Staff Writer // APPLICATIONS TO BECOME A speaker at this year’s graduation ceremony will be available Friday, Feb. 28, in the Student Development Office of the South Gym, Room 226. The deadline to turn in applications is March 28. Graduation will be held at Memorial Stadium this year on Wednesday, May 21. In order to apply, a student needs to be graduating this spring, have a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or higher and the ability to speak in front of large crowds, according to Chris Torres. Student Leadership and Development Student Affairs Specialist “[Being the] grad speaker gives students a chance to shine,” said Torres. How the graduation speaker chooses to shine is up to the individual because, Torres said, student speakers can talk about anything they want at the podium. “We don’t have any guidelines on content. We leave it up to [the student],” said Torres. Past graduation speakers have taken the opportunity to thank their families and faculty who have helped them reach their educational goals, said Torres. Gavin Fielder, City College Student Senate Secretary of Public Relations who plans to apply for graduation speaker this year, said, if chosen, he wants to do more. Graduating with an associate’s degree in mathematics and having a strong connection to City College through his student leadership, Fielder said he hopes to inspire students with his graduation speech. “I really want students here to succeed, so I want to convey this sense that they are going somewhere,” said Fielder. With nearly 23,000 students on campus, the ability to share their own personal experience at City College with a graduating class is an honor, said Torres. “We’re an academic institution where folks are going on to be engineers, nurses, artists—and to put yourself into a position to speak to people who are educated—it gives a huge shot of confidence to the student,” said Torres.  For more information or to obtain an application to speak at graduation, contact Student Leadership and Development or visit the South Gym, Room 226. Corrections from Feb. 4 Express On page 2 in the “State of the Union speaks to students” editorial, the quote in the second paragraph, “I don’t think should be forced to sign up, but that’s just the way it is and you’ve just got to go with the flow, I guess,” was inserted incorrectly and is not applicable to the article. On page 3, Dalal Scarbrough was incorrectly captioned in “Scholarship Money up for grabs.” Scarbrough was seeking general information on transferring and was not inquiring specifically about transfer to UC Berkeley.

Gabrielle Smith //

On page 5, in “Celebrate Black History Month” Ellen Broms was misidentified as a “freedom writer.” In fact, she was a “freedom rider” in the 1960s riding buses in protest of segregation throughout the South.

Shannon Gilley urges students to seek scholarships with fewer applicants in her Feb. 11 presentation.


Need more news? Want to stay up-to-date with campus happenings? Get more information and exclusive content at



Come walk with the president

Kathryn Jeffery’s new campaign aims to help students live a healthy lifestyle Teri Barth Online Editor In Chief //

promote a heart healthy campus. According to Jeffery, the benefits of “Come Walk With Me” are twofold. “Health experts say, ‘The faster, farther and more frequently you walk, the greater the benefits,’” said Jeffery in a Feb. 5 statement detailing the campaign. “And while walking together, we will build new connections while improving our health one step at a time.” The campaign launched Feb. 11 with close to 20 participants, each of whom Jeffery hopes will continue walking with her for the duration. “Come Walk With Me” takes place 11:45 a.m.–12:30 p.m. each Tuesday and Thursday inside Hughes Stadium at the south entrance.

WHILE AMERICAN HEART MONTH lasts through February, maintaining or improving heart health doesn’t stop at 28 days. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, better heart health is a journey “that can last a lifetime.” To help the campus observe American Heart Month, City College President Kathryn Jeffery invited everyone at City College to join her for a walk around the Hughes Stadium track at the launch of “Come Walk With Me”, a campaign to

Gabrielle Smith // President Kathryn Jeffery and Classified Faculty member Christine DeCamp are taking steps to relax while getting fit by walking a mile during this dry winter season at Hughes Stadium Feb. 20.

Activities will begin with light stretching followed by a walk on the track with bottled water provided for participants. In the Jan. 27 City Clips edition of City Chronicles, Jeffery said she planned to add walking for exercise to her daily routine. Because she was certain that others could benefit, too, she invited everyone at City College to join her. “[I] checked the availability of the track, and I found a nice window for about an hour,” said Jeffery. “I’m thinking if we could get groups of people out to walk…for about an hour we could walk around the track and not interfere with the class activities that take place at Hughes Stadium. So for spring semester I’m inviting [everyone on campus] to come walk with me.” In the video, Gomez said walking is a convenient activity of abundant benefit for anyone. “Walking is an easy exercise to do no matter where you’re at,” said Gomez. “It can be tailored to anybody’s activity level that they’re able to do. It’s an outdoor activity… it’s good for your physical as well as your mental health.” City Clips is among four different edition types comprising the allthings-campus-related informative City Chronicles email that goes out weekly to City College faculty and staff. City Clips features video interviews and discussions with Jeffery. Jeffery said in the video that she came up with the idea for the campaign after discussion with City College Health Services nurses Jeff Christian and Wendy Gomez about exercise and the role it plays in smoking cessation. 

Gabrielle Smith // Staff Photographer // How do you feel about safety on campus?

Kim Handy // business professor “I actually feel very comfortable with campus safety, and I also am here quite late at night. It’s very well lit, there’s people out and about, and if I needed someone to walk with me, I could find someone very easily.”

Virginia Meyer // biological science professor “For the most part, I feel safe. I see the campus officers quite often. I work in the evening, and they’ve come by and through the building in the evenings.”

New drinking fountain helps save planet Eco-friendly water fountain helps reduce consumption of plastic bottles Xochitl Orozco Staff Writer // AFTER PRACTICE AND FITNESS classes, many dehydrated students can be seen refilling their water bottles under the vertical spout of the new eco-friendly drinking fountain near the cafeteria. What’s different about this drinking fountain is that it keeps track of every ounce of water consumed, calculating how many plastic water bottles have been saved, according to EZH2O fountain company. As of Feb. 24, the number reads over 7,700. According to City College Director of Operations Greg Hayman, the new drinking fountain was installed at the beginning of last August, and the college plans to have the next eco-friendly drinking fountain installed in the new Student Services Building, which is scheduled for completion in early 2015. “The ultimate goal was two-fold: to provide the campus a convenient way to refill water bottles as well as reducing the total number of plastic bottles in [the] waste stream,” said Hayman. National Geographic published an article in May 2012 by Charles Fishman stating that in 2011 the United States sold 9.1 billion gallons of bottled water. That’s 29.2 gallons of bottled water per person, the highest ever sold in the country, according to sale totals from Beverage Marketing Corp.


to have a couple more of these drinking fountains on campus in addition to the one planned for the Student Services building, but no official plans have been made at this time. “While no other [drinking] fountain is planned besides the one in Student Service Building, the new [drinking] fountains are an institutional expense that will be installed and replaced accordingly,” said Hayman.

Dianne Rose // City College student Tony Gonzales, undeclared, fills his water bottle from the new drinking fountain.

Many college campuses are trying to not only help students save money but help the ecosystem by limiting the amount of water bottles used, according to USA Today. “The total cost of a new high-low [drinking] fountain with the bottle filling station is about $2,000, including purchase price and installation,” Hayman said. “The college decided to pay for it because the installation could benefit all students and staff on campus. This was an appropriate expenditure of institutional funds.” To focus on a new eco-friendly future, Hayman said that City College would like

City College strives to expose students to a new way of rehydrating. The school hopes to encourage the use of personal water bottles instead of buying the water bottles at the cafeteria, according to Hayman. “I like the concept,” said Jessica Maciel, a fitness student and athlete at City College. “I would use them to fill up my water bottles. I would want more near the library and near the counseling center.”

Don Button // graphic communication professor “I have not had a situation where I’ve felt unsafe, fortunately. I know there were incidents. I know things have happened to people. Personal, one-on-one experience, I haven’t had any incidents.”

Carl Sjovold // history professor I generally feel pretty secure on campus. I’ll admit when I come here on weekends, I sometimes close the door. But generally speaking, I think campus safety and campus security here is pretty good.”

The general consensus among students who have used the new fountain is that they expect it to benefit the student life on campus. “The [drinking] fountains are pretty cool,” said Carissa Browncoats, a student of Dannie Walker’s Trim and Tone fitness class. “I wish we had more around the school. The regular [drinking] fountains are unsanitary, and the water tastes horrible. The water from the [new fountain] tastes a lot better.”

Troy Myers // English professor “I never had a problem. I know things happen sometimes, but I personally never had an issue, and I feel safe at work.”

Catch up on the latest campus events at SACCITYEXPRESS.COM // FEBRUARY 25, 2014



Luisa Morco | Staff Photographer |

Meg Masterson Copy Editor // A YOUNG COUPLE PAUSED by the doors of the Student Center Monday, eye-ing the red and black poster advertising the “Health and Love A-Faire” inside. “Hey, wanna go in there?” the young man nudged the young woman on his arm. “No,” she replied with obvious deri-sion. “I already know everything that I need to know.”

“The people who came in had a great time,” said Luis Martinez, a member of the Queer/Straight Alliance and the master of ceremonies of Monday’s event. “There was some surprisingly good info available out there.” The sex-positive presentations began Tuesday. A series of eleven talks over three days ranged from gender issues to porn, and had a more robust response than the kickoff health fair. City College psychology Professor Patty Blomberg, who moderated the discussion on gender issues, was pleased

City College’s Sex Positive Week, which took over the Student Center and Learning Resource Center Feb. 10–13, sought to change that view. Instead of addressing sex through a lens of frustration, guilt and shame, presenters and event coordinators aimed to show sex as a natural, good and enjoyable part of life. “I think people are a little bit scared to come in,” City College Counselor Richard Yang said while sitting behind a table at the event.

Therapist Adam Zimbardo covered polyamory, non-monogamy, and open relationships in a well-balanced manner, said City College psychology student Sarah-Michael Gaston.

However, those who braved the threshold seemed to enjoy themselves.

“I thought that he put it in a way so people could understand that polyamory

with the panels and discussions. “I am really thrilled that we are on a campus in a community that supports these dialogues,” said Blomberg after the panel.

Elizabeth Ramirez | Staff Photographer |


Catch up on the latest campus events at


and open relationships are OK, and also when they’re not OK,” said Gaston. Zimbardo later said in an email, “I’m very much in support of talking about sexuality in the way we talk about other issues that impact our lives: openly, calmly and objectively.” Wednesday’s topics were based on “Behaviors, Kink and the Media,” and culminated in an evening event featuring Janet Hardy, author of “The Ethical Slut: A Practical Guide to Polyamory, Open Relationships & Other Adventures.” Hardy started by addressing the everchanging definitions that are pervasive in her field.

“I have been a sex writer for 25 years, and I don’t know what ‘sex’ is,” said Hardy during her talk as she addressed topics that ranged from the simple to the complex. In a week of labels and definitions, it became evident that nothing can be easily defined. As Hardy said in her talk on the gender binary, “The labels keep on slipping.” The Student Center was packed Thursday night as the members of Sex + Live took the stage. Speakers Jay Cee Whitehead, Darrel Ray and Laci Green wrapped up a week-long tour of U.S. college campuses, delivering a night of sex education ranging from the basic to the bizarre.


Photo courtesy of Jocelyn McGregor

Each speaker represented a different front of the battle for sexual freedom, with Whitehead for marriage abolition and the destruction of “moral” vs. “sinful” sex, Ray bringing in the evolutionary science behind natural sexual urges, and Green rounding things off with a fun crash course in how to have the Best Sex Ever. “Bam! Vulva!” Green exclaimed as a massive photo of a vagina was projected behind her. The 24-year-old sex educator had a bubbly attitude and approachable nature, though some might call her demeanor shameless. Green said she doesn’t see that as a problem. Shame was widely discussed as a key enemy of the sex positivity movement.

“Sex positivity is really breaking out of the standard mold where sexuality is seen as something that is shameful and we hesitate to talk about it,” Green said in a conversation before her speech. “There’s a lot of silence and fear around it. [Sex positivity] is reframing that and saying this is a natural, healthy part of life.” Green continued, “There’s no reason why we shouldn’t talk about it. There’s no reason why all of these social ills that are related to sexuality should exist, and I think a lot of those are perpetuated because we don’t talk about it.” Overall, the sex-positive week was deemed a success by organizers. There are

no official plans for another sex positive event on campus as of yet, said City College graphics design Professor and event coordinator Don Button. However, Button said, “There is plenty of interest and support.” A student and faculty meeting is on the books to discuss the potential of bringing the event back for another run. “I feel that this whole event is fulfilling its purpose of expanding perspectives on these topics,” said Martinez of the Queer/Straight Alliance. Panelist Zimbardo said in an email after the week’s presentations, “I think the Sex + City event really fostered that idea that it’s OK to talk about sex in public, and that doing so can open up avenues of thought and communication within a community… The more we talk about sex as just another aspect of our lives, the easier it gets to think clearly about sex and to make wise decisions. 

(Left Top) Sex+ City feature Laci Green chats with Valore Zambrand before Thursday Night Threesome at the Student Center. Featuring Laci Green, Darrel Ray, Ed.D., and Jaye Cee Whitehead, Ph.D., and master of ceremonies Keith Lowll Jensen. (Left Bottom) City College professors Tom Cappelletti and Derrick Wydrick conduct a sexual orientation and behavior terminology game “Gay Jeopardy” with students and guest during the Sex, Love and Health A-Faire event Feb.10. at the Student Center. (Above) The Sizzling Sirens dance group performed for City College students. (Below) Author Janet Hardy makes an appearence at City College Student Center speaking on the topic of “What is Sex, Anyway?” Additional reporting by Max Kinkennon

Staff Writer //

Emily Foley | Staff Photogrpaher |




Black History Month highlights inclusion of all races City College scholars reflect on the teachings and spirit of reconciliation of black leaders Lygeia Andre Features Editor // lygeiaandreexpress@gmail. com FEBRUARY IS BLACK HISTORY Month. January marked Martin Luther King, Jr Day. Last December, Nelson Mandela died. The contributions of black world leaders are part of the ongoing conversation and have been for decades. Yet leaders like King and Mandela resonate with the world because their messages go beyond skin color, believe City College academics. When Nelson Mandela accepted his Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, he described the similarities in his intents and those of his fellow Nobel winner, “statesman and internationalist, the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.” “We speak here of the dichotomies of war and peace, violence and non-violence, racism and human dignity, oppression and repression and liberty and human rights, poverty and freedom from want,” said Mandela.

“For me, being part of the

march was truly symbolic and truly my own personal commitment to affirming that marching for a cause, standing for a cause,was really important.” Kathryn Jeffery Ph.D CITY COLLEGE PRESIDENT

Although she has personal memories of participating in civil rights activities in her segregated youth growing up in Oklahoma, City College President Kathryn Jeffery also speaks of the struggle in more universal terms. “I reflected on every single individual…who was African and came to the U.S. in bondage, and everything they did to make things better, not just for me, but for everybody, because what makes living conditions better for one, can’t help but make living conditions better for others as well,” says Jeffery. “You can’t do something or have an accomplishment for yourself that in some way doesn’t impact the lives of others,” she adds. “Maybe it’s a law of the universe. It just can’t be done.” Jeffery was one of the 5,000 or so participants in the Martin Luther King Jr. Day march held Jan. 20, the day before the spring semester began. “As I was trying to wake myself up, I just had this thought that some people have done some pretty major things in

Original artwork by Kate Paloy features (from left) human rights activiest Malcolm X, assasinated in 1965, Nobel Prize recipient Martin Luther King, Jr., assasinated in 1968, and former South Aftican president Nelson Mandela who passed away in December 2013.

their lives to even put me in the position of being able to ponder the question of whether I would get up and participate,” says Jeffery. “For me, being part of the march was truly symbolic and truly my own personal commitment to affirming that marching for a cause, standing for a cause, was really important.” Robert Perrone, executive director of Los Rios College Federation of Teachers, believes that King’s efforts had a direct effect on unions. “Martin Luther King was beginning to move in the direction of more inclusiveness in his struggle,” says Perrone. “He was moving away from just focusing on civil rights to focusing on human rights, the rights of working people.” Perrone, careful to stress that these are his opinions and not representative of the union, sees these issues as interconnected. “We owe it to working people to support the struggles of other peoples for freedom. It strengthens us and it strengthens them,” says Perrone. Perrone also notes that February commemorates the assassination of

“Martin Luther King was be-

ginning to move in the direction of more inclusiveness in his struggle.” Robert Perrone



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Malcolm X. “Malcolm X had moved away from his narrow focus on seeing white people as enemies to the more inclusive view of the connectedness between the struggles of black people and other peoples for freedom,” says Perrone. Perrone says he finds the juxtaposition between Mandela and King an interesting one. “Martin Luther King was certainly an advocate of a nonviolent struggle,” says Perrone. “Then, Nelson Mandela, while he certainly preferred nonviolence, was not reluctant to engage in and lead armed struggle. I think he recognized that nonviolence does not always work — particularly against the kind of regime that South Africans were fighting against.” City College History Professor Riad Bahhur also notes that vital difference between the two men.

“Mandela embodied per-

sistence and strength in the face of oppression and is honored throughout Asia, Africa, and Latin America by people who relate to the South African struggle against Apartheid.” Riad Bahur

CITY COLLEGE HISTORY PROFESSOR “Of course, Mandela and Martin Luther King are connected in many people’s minds because they both defied the oppressive systems of their day, and they somehow also became icons of antioppression struggles, even though their tactics sometimes differed,” says Bahhur. “He embodied persistence and strength in the face of oppression and is honored throughout Asia, Africa, and Latin America by people who relate to the South African struggle against Apartheid,” says Bahhur and recommends reading or listening to Mandela’s Rivonia Trial speech.

Mandela was jailed for 27 years for his involvement in violent insurrection, and his words from the defendant’s dock at that trial go far to explain his actions. “During my lifetime I have dedicated my life to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal for which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die,” said Mandela in 1964, almost exactly four years before the thoroughly nonviolent King died for his ideals. Jeffery says she still thinks about the state of mind of a man who has had so much time, so much opportunity, to think about his actions and intentions. “I think what we all have seen in looking at the history of [Mandela’s] release and his life following his release is that he maintained true to the cause, but he approached it from a different perspective,” said Jeffery. After his release, Mandela continued the fight for freedom with an emphasis on reconciliation. “Reconciliation means working together to correct the legacy of past injustice,” Mandela said in 1995 as president of the country that imprisoned him. Jeffery remembers seeing Mandela speak during his 1990 trip to Oakland. “So I was in this crowd of people and all of the energy – and I can even start to feel it now – it was just huge, the level of energy and the level of respect within that collective group of people who were from every walk of life, every possible ethnic group, all kind of together to see who this was who had endured what he had endured but yet had this statement that he was making about how people – about how it’s so important for people to overcome some of the things that kept them apart,” says Jeffery, “and it was probably one of the most moving group experiences I’ve ever had.” 


Multimedia and beyond

Former express sports editor’s journey from the classroom to success in photojournalism Jessica Daniel Staff Writer // ALTHOUGH IT HAS BEEN several years since Nick Hunte graduated from City College as a multimedia student and Express editor, he says City College is what led to his success in photojournalism, landing three jobs and working on his up-and-coming film project. Dressed in a black jacket with a light blue Sacramento Kings shirt underneath, the photojournalist, student tutor and part-time City College student’s casual, laidback and friendly personality stands out as he discusses his passion for journalism, photography and sports. Hunte originated from Queens, New York. He and his family moved to Sacramento after Kindergarten. “I pretty much grew up here,” Hunte says. Determined to continue chasing after his dreams in multimedia, Hunte keeps his days busy, working for the Roseville Press Tribune newspaper and Lifetouch photography. He also does film for the River Cats, and is in the process of creating his first Kickstarter video project with his friend and Sacramento Kings hip-hop dancer Isela, who asked the Express not to use her last name. Hunte, who attended City College from 2004 to 2008 and is still involved on campus as a student tutor for a multimedia course, says he enjoyed writing for the Express because it helped him explore a new interest.

“Working at the Express was really how my journalism and multimedia career started,” says Hunte. Hunte originally studied psychology, but he says after taking several classes in that field, he discovered that some of the biological concepts were hard for him to comprehend and the classes did not spark his interest. The following semester, with some encouragement from one of his professors to try something new, Hunte explored other interests and found that he really enjoyed journalism. “After taking [English Writing 302],” says Hunte, “the following semester I decided to sign up for journalism classes.” He adds that after he took News Writing and Reporting and Style for Media Writers, he knew what he wanted to do with his life. “It was then, when I found my passion for writing,” says Hunte. According to Hunte, his love for journalism and multimedia was further cemented after he joined the Express in 2007 as a staff writer. The following year, Hunte became the paper’s sports editor. “My time at the Express was very fulfilling,” Hunte says. “I enjoyed it a lot; I got to work with great people.” During Hunte’s time at City College, he continued taking classes in journalism and photography. Autumn Payne, a multimedia photojournalist for the Sacramento Bee and part-time City College photojournalism professor, worked with Hunte when he

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enrolled in one of her courses. “He is caring, hardworking, and great with people,” says Payne. “Nick is very humble and has the courage to pursue different types of stories, which is a good combination to have in photojournalism.” In 2008, Hunte transferred to Sac State to pur- Dianne Rose // sue his bachelor’s Nick Hunte, a former journalism student at City College, makes camera adjustdegree in journalments for a multimedia piece at the photography studio in Rodda Hall North. ism. He graduated from Sac State in spring 2010. The film, which Hunte is working on In addition to furthering his educawith Isela, will be a documentary on her tion in journalism, a former Sac State life as a Mexican-American dancer. adviser and Hunte’s former digital media “This extended piece will document professor at Sac State, encouraged him how [Isela] got into dance from day one, to minor in digital media, after seeing highlighting the peaks and valleys that his talent for creating video projects. she went through to get where she’s at “If it wasn’t for [my digital media today,” Hunte said in his official anprofessor], I wouldn’t be where I’m at nouncement of the project, which was now in multimedia,” Hunte says. shared with his friends, colleagues and In addition to his schoolwork, Nick family on Facebook. has worked for the Roseville Press TriIsela has known Hunte for about bune newspaper since 2011. three years. Ike Dodson, the publication’s current sports editor, says he is pleased with Hunte’s talent for filming sporting events. “Nick has helped Roseville Press Tribune grow, and does a great job on Nick Hunte capturing sporting events on video,” CITY COLLEGE ALUMNUS Dodson says. “He is good at what he does, and we are happy to have him on board.” “We’ve known each other on a Hunte also works for Lifetouch, a professional basis and became friends in photography company that specializes in coming up with ideas,” Isela says. school photos. It’s still a work in progress, she says, “[My work with Lifetouch] is very but she is excited to be working with fulfilling,” Hunte says. “It brings out the Hunte. best in my ability to communicate with “So far, it is still definitely growing,” people on the job.” says Isela. “It’s going to be focusing on At Lifetouch, Hunte says he learned a dancer’s perspective of life. Coming to interact with elementary and high from a Mexican-American background, school-aged children who were brought everything that I’ve gone through, my in by their parents to get their portraits struggles, my successes to be where I’m taken. at, and to finally achieve becoming a “It was a bit of a challenge for me at professional dancer. It’s going to be that first, working with that age group,” says perspective from the inside.” Hunte, who adds that he had to learn Although he does not yet have a how to be assertive with the children specific date for when the project will who do not want to get their pictures be available for pledges via Kickstarter, taken. Hunte says he hopes to have it launched One of Hunte’s important tasks is to by mid–March. get the kids to smile and cheer up durOne of Hunte’s goals for the future ing the photo shoots. Some of the kids, is to submit his video projects to the SacHunte says, come from broken homes ramento Film and Music Festival—but and families, which can make for a difhe’s also realistic about the outcome. ficult task. “I have learned not to set too high “It makes me feel good knowing that expectations for myself, so I won’t be I made a kid smile for that moment,” disappointed if things don’t work out,” says Hunte. Hunte explains. In addition, Hunte also does video He says he mainly wants to focus on work for the Sacramento River Cats. doing the best that he can. “I started my internship in media re“I have grown a lot in multimedia,” lations for the River Cats in July 2009,” Hunte says. “I’ve improved my work in says Hunte, who explained that his writing, reporting and photography.” former boss brought him on board after seeing how talented he was with a video camera. “I enjoy working during the seaMore information on Hunte’s video project son at the baseball stadium and [capturwith Kickstarter can be found at ing footage of the River Cats games].” Hunte’s biggest goal at the moment, he says, is working on getting his film Additional reporting by Dianne Rose and project funded through Kickstarter. Daniel Wilson.

“It makes me feel good

knowing that I made a kid smile for that moment.”

©2013 National University 13206

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Panther fan shows 16 years of pride Disability advocate and loyal fan supports Panther sports Justin Valdez Staff Writer // BRIGHT LIGHTS REFLECT OFF hardwood floors, scoreboards and shot clocks light up, and the crowd anxiously anticipates the start of the game. The bleachers are filled with alumni, friends and family of players from both home and visiting teams, and fans of basketball. This is the typical scene for home games at City College. And Randy Hicks, 49, is usually part of that scene, taking his place among the crowd of cheering fans. Hicks, who has been attending games since 1998, said he uses his love of sports and cheering for the many City College athletic programs as a form of therapy to help himself cope with a painful disability. Most fans that come to the games at City College are currently students or alumni, but Hicks has never attended classes, nor does he have a relative that has. In fact, he has absolutely no connection to City College other than living the area. “When I moved up the road I said, you know what? City’s here, this is my school. There’s a lot of history here,” said Hicks. “There’s a lot of history at Sac City.” Hicks was born in Iowa, where his love of sports began at a young age. He never played sports growing up but he was always a devoted fan. He graduated high school and attended Iowa Lakes Community College, later moving on to

“He loves us players. I think he genuinely cares about us and he wants to see us do well. You can’t dislike somebody like that”

Michael Wiggins

MEN’S BASKETBALL FORWARD the Minnesota School of Business. While living in Minnesota, Hicks began to suffer from chronic pain and memory loss. Doctors first believed Hicks had rheumatoid arthritis. He was fired from the job he had in Minnesota and many jobs after due to the symptoms he experienced. Eventually, Hicks decided to pack up and move to Sacramento with friends. Then, in 2000, doctors diagnosed Hicks with fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a disease that causes widespread musculoskeletal pain. Along with the pain, people with fibromyalgia suffer from severe fatigue, memory loss, and mood issues. “Memory loss is a scary thing, and there are days where the pain is so severe you just don’t want to get up,” said Hicks. Instead of worrying about himself




Basketball’s final grades: While the Panthers men’s basketball program showed promise at times, the 2013-14 season ended in disappointment as the team found itself on the outside looking in as the playoffs begin. Still, individual performances varied with some Panthers exceeding and others failing to live up to expectations. I sat down with head coach Andrew Jones to consider the final grades for the team’s five starters. Kenny Woodard—Woodard started at the point and was not comfortable in that role. A quick guard with a good jumper, Woodard contributed on offense but lacks the qualities required of a point guard, namely court vision and passing ability. Woodard played at a C level most of the season, but he came alive late averaging 19 points in the final four games so he earns extra credit for improvement. My grade: BCoach Jones: “Decline to grade: Kenny doesn’t have a point guard mentality at all and doesn’t have a feel for passing. But he’s really grown up as a point guard over the last two weeks.” Derek Rhodes—Rhodes was the Jake Patrick Donahue // only Panther who exceeded expectations. Randy Hicks applauds at a City College men’s basketball game Feb. 21. Hicks has been attending games since 1998. A high school bench player, Rhodes used his freshmen year to become the team’s most consistent perimeter shooter. At once he was diagnosed with fibromyhis motorized bicycle or taking public 6-foot-4, Rhodes’ game could be improved algia, Hicks decided to help others. transit to City College games. if he added weight to his lanky, 160-pound He started doing volunteer work with “Riding my bike to the games is frame. The lack of an interior game is the Californians for Disability Rights, an good exercise for me, said Hicks “But only thing keeping Rhodes from an A. organization dedicated to fighting for being at these games and watching My Grade: B the rights of people who have any form these sports really helps distract me Coach Jones: “A: He’s gone beyond of a disability. from the pain.” what I expected; he’s been the most pleas“Disability advocacy is very imporHicks said basketball is his favorant development.” tant. I wouldn’t want to get paid to do ite sport, and he can be seen on the Antwoine Davis—Davis is the clear what I do,” said Hicks. sidelines and in the bleachers of every standout. He leads the Big 8 in rebounding, Hicks is currently the legislative game, both men’s and women’s, talking and is second in scoring. The only starter chair for Californians for Disability to spectators with a strong defensive game, Davis gets Rights. He attends the many legislative about all the things the team is doing the minus only because he has the potential hearings and keeps track of all the bills right as well as the things they need to to be even better. that are passed—not just bills pertainimprove. My grade: Aing to disability rights. “He’s a recognizable face at our Coach Jones: “A: If I were to pick my “Randy is very involved and very games, a great fan, and he’s a good all-time starting five [out of players I’ve active in disability rights,” said Califorguy to have around,” said City College coached], he would be the three man [small nians for Disability Rights President, Athletic Director Mitch Campbell “He’s forward] on that team.” Susan Chandler. “He seems to be able to a Panther and we like having him be a Pat Lowman—Lowman is a scrappy keep tabs on a million things at once.” Panther.” player who does a lot of things that don’t In addition to keeping track of Not only does Hicks love watching show up in the box score. An off-the-ball the games, he said he also enjoys the player on a dribble heavy, pass-deficient interactions with the people, whether team, Lowman saw few opportunities to they be people in the crowd alongside contribute on offense. Not the impact him, coaches, or congratulating the player some hoped , Lowman contributed players on their performances. One by most nights in one way or another. one, he salutes each player as they head My grade: C+ to the locker room during halftime and Coach Jones: “B: He’s not a guy who after the game. Mitch Campbell “He loves us players. I think he gen- can create his own shot, so it’s hard for him CITY COLLEGE ATHLETIC DIRECTOR on a team that handles the ball a lot.” uinely cares about us and he wants to Bobby Barnes—Barnes led the Big 8 see us do well. You can’t dislike somein scoring and also in field goal attempts. body like that,” said City College men’s Those numbers pretty much sum up legislation, Hicks also sets up displays basketball forward Michael Wiggins. Barnes’ game. A killer baseline move and at various events In the region to talk Hicks says he loves to interact with strength in the key led Barnes to 20 points about what his organization is and other fans at the games and plans to most nights, but his tendency to be a black what it does for those with disabilities. continue to support Panther athletics hole down low hindered the offense at On May 21, 2014, Hicks will be attendfor the foreseeable future. times. Barnes doesn’t play defense, so his ing Disability Awareness Day at the “I like to be seen. I feel happy to be grade is on offensive performance alone. state capitol. here and they’re happy that I’m here,” My grade: AFor people with musculoskeletal said Hicks.  Coach Jones: “B: He views defense as diseases, exercise is very important to what he does between shots, but he gives help with the pain, according to Hicks. us something offensively that no one else When Hicks isn’t volunteering as a gives us.”  disability rights advocate, he’s riding — Jake Patrick Donahue Sports Editor //

““He’s a recognizable face at our games, a great fan, and he’s a good guy to have around,”

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Out on the field

Gay NFL draft prospect sparks debate in athletic community Jake Patrick Donahue Sport Editor // A COLLEGE STUDENT AT the University of Missouri shook the sports world Feb. 9 with an announcement on national television. That student was Missouri Tigers defensive end Michael Sam who told the world that he is gay. In the often hyper-masculine environment of college athletics, homophobia is frequently condoned and dismissed as harmless hazing or trash talking. For the gay athlete, such an environment fosters fear and insecurity that is detrimental to the athlete’s performance on the field and their mental well-being off it, according to Helen Caroll, who won the NAIA championship in 1984 as the head coach of the University of North Carolina-Asheville women’s basketball team. “An athlete who feels they have to conceal who they are, it takes a tremendous amount of energy to do that,” said Caroll, who currently serves as sports project director for the National Center for Lesbian Rights, a non-profit organization based in Northern California that advocates for the LGBT community. According to Caroll, a former closeted athlete herself, student athletes have it particularly hard because of the often homophobic environment in athletics. “There’s all this fear that’s there [in athletics] about being openly gay,” said Caroll. “It’s very harmful to the closeted athlete.”

“He’s going to show people that that stereotype can be broken.”

Helen Caroll


In recent years the landscape for homosexuals has changed in many ways, with gay rights activists making significant headway. While homophobic ideologies still exist, the level of acceptance has increased dramatically from the previous era, according to David Wydik, the faculty adviser to the City College Queer Straight Alliance. “I strongly believe Sacramento City College is very progressive and has a progressive stance on LGBT students and staff. That said, we are definitely not done,” said Wydik. The athletic culture however, has been slow to change; the issue of gays in men’s athletics remains a sensitive subject for many who refuse to accept that the game can be played with gay athletes competing alongside straight ones. “There are people out there who view [openly gay athletes] as a threat to their sport or their own masculinity,” said Wydick. According to Caroll, in many cases college coaches and administrators allow, or even encourage, homophobic policies and behavior toward gay athletes. “I think that people don’t realize that the players are more ready for this


Gabrielle Smith // Alone on the field: LGBT athletes on college campuses often feel alone if their athletic department has a homophobic enviroment

than we think,” said Caroll. “It’s absolutely generational. Coaches are having to really scurry to keep up with their athletes coming in who are completely accepting and just don’t care. They just want to play, and oftentimes it does end up being coaches or administrators that make a problem happen [when a player comes out or is suspected of being gay].” Caroll says it is schools’ responsibilities to create an environment that fosters acceptance of LGBT athletes, not discrimination. “[Colleges] really need to set an atmosphere and a background of support for these athletes who do choose to come out,” Caroll said. Wydik echoed Caroll’s stance, saying that it the responsibility of students, staff and faculty to make City College students feel comfortable and accepted in their sexual preferences. “If [players] don’t feel safe [in coming out], that’s something that has to be worked out with the coaches and the players on the team. There is no tolerance for [homophobic] mentality in any department on campus,” Wydik said. City College men’s basketball head coach Andrew Jones believes that over the years his program and its athletes have come a long way in promoting a culture of acceptance. “I’ve been here since 1991, and you used to have the typical [homophobic] slurs, and you don’t hear that anymore,” said Jones. “That’s one of the nice changes that we’ve had in our culture; for homosexuality to appear to be a non-issue is a nice thing.” City College head football coach Dannie Walker refused to comment on whether his program is accepting of openly gay athletes, saying, “It’s really not something I want to talk about.” Sam said in his announcement on ESPN’s “Outside the Lines” that he did not intend for his coming out to make him a symbol for the LGBT community. “I just wanted to own my own truth,” Sam said, adding, “I just want to play football.”

Intended or not, Caroll says, Sam has forced the issue to the forefront of the sports world, and has put himself at the forefront of the issue. “What you’re seeing is a breakout,” said Caroll. “He’s crashed through a barrier by coming out.” While Sam is not the first college athlete to come out publicly in recent years, the defensive end from Missouri, who is expected to be a mid-round NFL draft pick come May, is certainly the most high-profile player and most talented, making his announcement particularly significant. The Southeast Conference (considered the top conference in college football) defensive player of the year in 2013, Sam set Missouri Tigers records for sacks (11.5) and tackles for a loss (19) while helping the Tigers to a 12-2 season and a win over Oklahoma State in the Cotton Bowl, disproving a common stereotype that gay players are somehow softer, or less tough than their heterosexual counterparts.

“There are people out there

who view [openly gay athletes] as a threat to their sport or their own masculinity,” David Wydik

FACULTY ADVISOR TO THE CITY COLLEGE QUEER STRAIGHT ALLIANCE “He is breaking the barrier in a sport that has always had the idea that that can’t happen in football. You can’t have a gay player in football because he’s just not tough enough,” said Caroll. “He’s going to show people that that stereotype can be broken.” With Sam’s announcement earlier this month, Caroll said she expects that more gay athletes will feel comfortable opening up about their sexuality, and that the more they do, the more that locker rooms will become accepting of

LGBT athletes. “I think we absolutely will see more [openly gay college athletes],” said Caroll. “The more that college athletes see that it worked well [for others to come out], the more that they’re going to be able to take that step themselves.” For the closeted LGBT person, coming out publicly is a life-changing event, according to Caroll, who described her own coming out as a “weight off my shoulders.” “Imagine if these athletes didn’t have to spend so much energy pretending and hiding who they are, imagine how much even better they could be,” said Caroll, who coached her team to a national championship the year she came out publicly. “It’s always great to see how much happier an athlete is after they come out.” Chandler Whitney, a baseball player at Walla-Walla Community College in Washington who recently came out publicly, said coming out is the best thing a closeted athlete can do, despite the fear they might feel about being possibly rejected by their teammates. “I was just done lying to myself and other people and pretending to be something I’m not,” said Whitney. “As scary as it may be [to come out of the closet], sometimes our biggest fear can be what ends up making us the happiest.” Syd Zeigler, who runs outsports. com, an online news site dedicated to gays in sports, said that while coming out is something many closeted gays are apprehensive about, the end result is always a positive one. “When people come out of the closet, their life improves and they become happier people,” said Zeigler. “I don’t know anyone who after coming out of the closet was disappointed that they had.” 

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Softball team shows promise Deeper pitching staff, returning hitters eye state championship Kristopher Hooks Staff Writer // LAST SEASON’S CITY COLLEGE softball team saw a successful season end in disappointment upon being eliminated from the Northern California Regional Playoffs. After coming up short in 2013, the Panthers are now aiming to improve on last year’s results and go all the way to the state championship in May. The team began the 2014 season ranked sixth in the state and third in Northern California according to the California Community College Fastpitch Coaches Association preseason rankings. Winning seven or their first 12 games, including their last three in a row, the Panthers look to be living up to their high preseason expectations. “I don’t put much value on preseason polls,” said Panthers head coach Tim Kiernan. “But it’s nice that someone recognizes that we’re going to be pretty good.” Kiernan originally coached the Panthers from 1982-1997. In that time, he won three state championships (1988, 1992, 1996) and 14 conference championships. Kiernan returned to fill the head coaching vacancy in 2012 and just one year later led the team to another conference championship. This season, according to Kiernan, hopes to be no different. “The goals are always the same for softball: win the league, win the regionals, go to state, and win the state championship,” said Kiernan.

This year, the team has lost some key players from last season’s 33-7 squad that won the conference championship. Players like Molly Ryan, who was the MVP of the team and named All Northern-California last season, will be missed according to Kiernan. However, with players like All-State pitcher Ashten Welch returning, the team looks to have another outstanding season, he added. Last season, Welch boasted a record of 27-3, recording a 2.01 ERA with 207 strikeouts. Along with Welch, the team will have a total of four pitchers on the roster this season, which will provide depth at the position—a luxury the team did not have last season with only two pitchers on the staff. “Pitching, we definitely are better because we have more depth,” said Kiernan. “We have a sophomore, a red shirt freshman, and two other freshmen, including a left-handed freshman.” According to Kiernan, the Panthers will have a deeper roster this season, which will allow them to be even better than last year’s team. “Last year we were a little thin—we wore out a little bit at the end of the year,” said Kiernan. “I think that we’re in better shape this year than we were last year because we have depth.” In addition to a bolstered pitching staff, the Panthers have two of the top offensive performers from last season returning. Shortstop Mickey Loveridge, who batted .416 last season, led the team in 5 statistical categories on offense.

Loveridge, garnered 55 runs, 9 home runs, and 22 stolen bases, along with a .538 on base percentage and a .752 slugging percentage in 2013. Outfielder Megan Winton, who batted .368 last season, also returns to the Panthers line-up. In 39 games last season Winton recorded 46 hits, 39 runs, and 20 RBI. Winton, who had a .957 fielding percentage, will also be returning to the outfield on defense, where she was the starter last season. The Panthers team members say they look forward to having some depth at the catcher position as well this season, with returning sophomore Allie Cheetham leading the way. Cheetham had a solid outing offensively in her first season with the Panthers and looks to improve in 2014. With two new players Dianne Rose // platooning at second base this season, Kiernan said he Erikka Burke, City College freshman pitcher, throws a pitch during suspects that the team may the home game against Feather River College on Feb.15. City College won in the bottom of the 5th inning, 12-3. not play for the double play as much. “We may not turn as Campbell says he feels optimistic about many double plays, I’m not sure of that,” the team’s prospects and expects they said Kiernan. “We have two people that will have a successful season. are playing second base and it’s fairly new “I think this is a great group both to them.” on the field and in the classroom,” said City College athletic director Mitch Campbell. 

City College pitcher awarded highest honor Dan Sayles dominate the mound and the classroom, earns prestigious award

Justin Valdez Staff Writer // THE CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGE Athletic Association announced Jan 28 that it has selected City College pitcher Dan Sayles to receive its annual Scholar Athlete of the Year award for 2013. The CCCAA Scholar Athlete of the Year award is the highest honor a community college athlete can receive, according to the organization. The CCCAA only considers athletes who maintain a GPA above 3.5, demonstrate outstanding citizenship characteristics by participating in college and community activities, participate in at least two seasons of a sport at a California community college, and are strongly recommended by three people from the college, according to the CCCAA handbook. “It feels great to be getting this award. [I] never even considered it,” said Sayles. “I’m still in shock.” On the field Sayles posted an ERA of 3.77, held opponents’ batting average to .275 and threw 49 strikeouts in 76.1 innings pitched. Off the field he maintained a 4.0 GPA. Between the rigorous baseball training, practices, and games Sayles said he never let anything distract him from obtaining success on or off the field. “Baseball helped me get better grades,” said Sayles. “When I wasn’t playing or practicing, I was focusing on my school work.”


Sayles was raised in Wauwatosa, Wis.). He came to City College in 2010 after attending a baseball camp where he met with former City College head coach Andy McKay. The relationship he built with McKay was a deciding factor in his move, according to Sayles. Sayles pitched for the Panthers from 2010-2013. Sayles started his career at City College as a position player and but was moved to the mound after struggling

“It feels great to be getting this award. [I] never even considered it,” said Sayles. “I’m still in shock.”

in that role. In his first season on the mound for City College, Sayles suffered a torn ulnar collateral ligament in his elbow, which needed to be repaired through a procedure commonly referred to as Tommy John surgery, named for the Dodgers pitcher who was the first to undergo the procedure in 1974. Panthers head coach Derrick Sullivan said Sayles’ strong work ethic is what enabled him to come back from a surgery that often ends pitching careers. “Dan’s a hard-nose hard-worker, on and off the field,” said Sullivan. Sayles not only excelled in school and sport during his career at City College, he was also active in community service. While dealing with rehabilitation from

Express staff photo Panthers pitcher Dan Sayles was awarded the California Community College Athletic Association Scholar Athlete of the Year Award for 2013. Sayles now pitches with the University of Miami Hurricanes.

surgery, maintaining a 4.0 GPA and pitching for the Panthers, Sayles visited area elementary schools for story time, volunteered with a local wheelchair baseball league and was a contributing member of his religious congregation. “Dan Was involved in his church, as well as our community service program,’ said Sullivan. “He was also an active tutor for other players in the program.” Sayles is now pitching at the Univer-

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sity of Miami. Baseball America currently has the Hurricanes ranked No. 16 in the nation in their pre-season poll. Though Sayles has moved on to a major university in Miami, he says will never forget the time he spent at City College, a time he says helped him grow as a player and a person. “I loved my time there,” said Sayles. “It’s the best experience I’ve had in my life so far.” 

Express, Volume 98, Issue 8