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TORONTO Canada Green Building Council


ISSUE 17, SPRING 2019, Greater Toronto Chapter, CaGBC Regional Publication /

The waste issue Bringing Back Architectural Salvage Managing the Eight Deadly Wastes Through Offsite Construction David Braley Health Science Centre


Toronto FOCUS 1



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SPRING 2019 Toronto FOCUS

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We are pleased to share with you this seventeenth Toronto FOCUS supplement produced in partnership with SABMag.

Working in sustainability means addressing multiple issues at once, but perhaps none is more recognizable or visible than waste. If you ask the average person what they do for the environment, “I recycle” is probably the first thing they’ll mention. While waste has always had some mainstream attention around the three R’s, litter reduction, and reusable cups and bags, they focused largely on individual behaviour. More recently major campaigns around the circular economy and single-use plastics are focusing on systemic changes to the way we manufacture, purchase, dispose of and collect materials, and we are starting to see big changes as a result.

The building sector touches waste in so many contexts. Construction and demolition waste accounts for a huge percentage of waste to landfill, and consumer waste management, particularly in office and multi-residential properties, continues to be a major challenge and cost for buildings. In this issue of Toronto FOCUS, we want to highlight innovative strategies to reduce waste in construction, extend the life of building materials, and support better waste practices for tenants. As the largest productive sector of Ontario’s economy the building industry has a huge role to play.

Jeff Ranson GTA Regional Director, Canada Green Building Council

Message from the Greater Toronto Chapter of the CaGBC Congratulations on making it through a cold and snowy winter! As things unfreeze it’s time to get excited about the Chapter’s upcoming programming. On top of our annual networking events, including the Earth Week Party on April 17th at the Rock ‘n’ Horse Saloon and our Spring Open, May 7th at Artscape Daniels Launchpad, we have some interesting educational opportunities coming up.

You can take advantage of training opportunities focused on LEED, mindful materials, and energy and water benchmarking and reporting. There is also our PostSecondary Summit on June 18th at Mohawk College in Hamilton. The event will explore how Ontario’s postsecondary institutions are at the forefront of green building design, research, skills training, and curriculum development.

All in all, an exciting spring for the Chapter! Hope to see you at an upcoming event.

Jim Lord Founding Principal, Ecovert Sustainability Consultants Chair, CaGBC - Greater Toronto Chapter


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To learn more, visit SavingsByDesign.ca

Dig deeper into sustainability and earn incentives for your building project. North York Women’s Shelter,

Evergreen Brick Works, KILN BUILDING



Savings by Design Affordable Housing Program Savings by Design Commercial Program

By participating in the Enbridge Savings by Design Workshop, we were able to discuss real costs of choices, both for construction and long-term operating. The overall building massing and layout was set by very complex program and siting restrictions, so the areas in which we benefited greatly were in rethinking storm water management on site, window type and performance, exterior wall assembly, and healthy materials. The mechanical engineering part was also indispensable and so instructive; highlighting important and easy changes, discussing more complex upgrades, and understanding the long-term and performance impacts of our systems, both as climate change worsens and as building systems need replacement and upgrades. The Enbridge charrette provided the perfect opportunity to make clear and informed choices that brought our project to the next level of energy, health and operating performance. It saved construction and operating costs and made for a healthier building. — Chantal Cornu, LGA Architectural Partners

In 2018, Evergreen Brick Works was in the midst of an ambitious effort to transform the historic Kiln Building – and make it carbon neutral by using the right energy at the right time. Early in the process, Enbridge led a Savings by Design workshop for the project. On a fast track project, this provided a tremendous opportunity for the integrated design team to reflect on the early trajectory set in the project, and obtain informed perspectives from invited experts on enhancing it. The workshop also provided a spring board to brainstorm how the Kiln Building project could serve as a catalyst to transform the entire Brick Works campus to be carbon neutral, which has been a longstanding vision of Evergreen. The Savings by Design workshop struck a great balance between both blue sky and detail level thinking. It was informative, fruitful, and an overall positive experience. We’d highly recommend Enbridge’s Savings by Design workshop program for anyone thinking about making more sustainable buildings. — Drew Adams, Associate, LGA Architectural Partners

16 See a digital version of Greater Toronto Chapter FOCUS, and past issues, at http://www.cagbctoronto.org/communications/ chapter-publications

29 23


6 8

Professional Development & Events

10 12

Bringing Back Architectural Salvage

Office Design Inspires Green Operations

Getting Smart About Waste

In this Issue SPRING 2019 14 16 18 23


Organic Waste can be a Powerful Thing Managing the Eight Deadly Wastes Through Offsite Construction David Braley Health Science Centre Sorting Out a Solution to Contamination

29 30

Using Procurement to Transform Commercial Relationships


Less Waste. More Savings. Greener Facilities.

Emerging Green Professionals Compete at the EGP Design Charrette Alumicor lets in the light while delivering superior thermal performance

Printed on Domtar Husky Opaque text offset paper.


Editor: Paul Erlichman, Greater Toronto Chapter of the Canada Green Building Council (CaGBC-GTC) A joint publishing project of the CaGBC-GTC and SABMag. Address all inquiries to Don Griffith: dgriffith@sabmagazine.com Published by Janam Publications Inc. | www.sabmagazine.com | www.janam.net

Cover: David Braley Health Sciences Building, McMaster University. Photo: Shai Gil.

Upcoming Events + Workshops THE CANADA GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL – GREATER TORONTO CHAPTER (CaGBC-GTC) seeks to connect all of the GTA’s green building leaders and supporters by providing all of the latest information you need to accelerate your LEED credentials and to stay at the forefront of the green building industry. Here’s a highlight of Chapter initiatives and upcoming events and workshops. Register for these events at: www.cagbctoronto.org.

GREEN ASSOCIATE EXAM KICKSTARTER April 11, 2019 – Evergreen Brick Works, Toronto Prepare to take your LEED® Green Associate exam and earn the internationally recognized LEED v4 Green Associate credential. CaGBC has developed this condensed 1-day course which will be delivered by highly-qualified Canadian instructors with real-life local and regional experience. This course is intended to provide you with foundational information, which will then be followed up with a post-course study plan.

SPRING OPEN May 7, 2019 – Artscape Daniels Launchpad, Toronto Join us at our first networking event of the year at the beautiful Artscape Daniels Launchpad, the newest addition to the burgeoning East Bayfront District. The building is a firstof-its-kind centre for entrepreneurship, providing facilities, programs, services and support that are tailor-made to help artists and designers thrive. The evening will kick-off with member-exclusive tours and will continue with networking, complimentary drinks and hors d’oeuvres, followed by the Building Blitz – 6 rapid-fire presentations highlighting the newest and most sustainable buildings in Southern Ontario.

EARTH WEEK PARTY April 17, 2019 – Rock ‘N’ Horse Saloon, Toronto Since 2010, Green Drinks Toronto has hosted the Earth Week Party, a networking event for environmental leaders and professionals. For the second straight year, the 2019 Party will be in support of the CaGBC-Greater Toronto Chapter and its green building advocacy efforts in the GTA. The venue is The Rock ‘n’ Horse Saloon, Toronto’s hottest country-rock destination. Mix, mingle, eat, drink, and celebrate for a great cause!

POST-SECONDARY SUMMIT June 18, 2019 – Mohawk College – Hamilton The full-day event will explore how Ontario’s post-secondary institutions are at the forefront of green building design, research, skills training, and curriculum development.


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LOOKING FOR THE BEST WAY TO GAIN CE HOURS AND GREEN BUILDING KNOW-HOW? CHOOSE CAGBC – GREATER TORONTO CHAPTER All of our workshops are stringently peer-reviewed by GBCI for high relevance, quality and rigor, and have been deemed as guaranteed for CE hours by GBCI. We also offer a number of different webinars to share local green building knowledge and best practices.


+ EVENTS Education Event



April 11

Green Associate Exam Kickstarter

April 17

Earth Week Party

May 7

Spring Open

June 18

Post-Secondary Summit

CaGBC National Event

Networking Event








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Office Design Inspires Green Operations

The excellent view from BLG’s Toronto office. Image source: MCW Consultants Ltd.

Borden Ladner Gervais (BLG) is a national, full-service law firm, with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, Ottawa and Montréal. In 2016, BLG relocated their Toronto office from Scotia Plaza to the new Bay Adelaide Centre East Tower, an ambitious project that was four years in the making. In terms of scope, the relocation was the firm’s largest initiative since its formative merger in 2000.


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With the goal of creating the firm of the future, BLG recognized that their largest office—with the largest potential footprint—needed to be an expression of their environmental goals and credentials. It also presented the unique opportunity to establish an enduring green legacy. Andrew Harrison, BLG’s Toronto regional managing partner, notes: “Our relocation plan embraced operational transformation to achieve new efficiencies, and recognized the power of a physical work space. Designing a green office and reducing our footprint was integral to the plan.” As a future-minded firm with an eye to global best practices, LEED certification was vital. BLG achieved LEED Gold certification by collaborating with a LEED consultant, the designers, and the construction management company to ensure that the project was planned and executed in strict accordance with LEED guidelines.

The office’s design reflects BLG’s values of innovation, flexibility, collaboration, efficiency, and employee health and wellness. Its abundance of natural light makes it bright and warm, while boasting architectural and design features that facilitate an overall reduction in energy use. The space is comprised of modular, multi-purpose blocks and utilizes cutting-edge technology to enable multisite meetings, which eliminates the need for unnecessary travel between offices. Connectivity is incorporated from the ground up, greatly reducing the energy expenditure typically associated with set-up, take-down and retrofitting. The result is a welcoming, adaptive, fully-integrated environment where technology and green awareness are inextricable from the design. Once in their new location, BLG made it a priority to seek out new opportunities to further reduce their environmental footprint. To ensure a firm-wide alignment of values and goals, potential vendors are carefully screened for their environmental performance before contracts are established. A number of strategic initiatives have been put in place since the move. As a part of its ongoing commitment to a green office, BLG continually examines and engages with their supply chain to improve recycling rates and reduce waste wherever possible. For example, over the past two years, the Toronto office was able to remove plastic from its supply chain. You will not find plastic bottles of water in the meeting rooms or eating areas—instead, they use a glass water bottling system in the main kitchen and refillable glass bottles for water throughout the office. They also replaced plastic straws with branded paper straws. The building’s waste is sorted offsite through a contract between Brookfield (the building’s management company) and the environmental waste company GFL Environmental.

The office’s glass water bottling system, and branded paper straws.

BLG understands that waste reduction is a holistic process, and as such, the office’s common eating areas are equipped with receptacles for organic and recyclable waste and encourage multi-use cutlery and dishware. BLG’s arrangement with their national shredding vendor ensures that all waste paper is recycled and traceable. In 2018, they progressed from 30 per cent recycled paper to 100 per cent recycled paper nationally: in concrete terms, this means preserving up to 5,000 trees annually. BLG understands that environmental responsibility is an evolving process and that its offices are a reflection of its values. Its innovative Toronto location is just the beginning of a long-term plan to establish itself as a leader in corporate environmental responsibility and stewardship.


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Bringing Back Architectural Salvage In fashion and home décor, trends change almost weekly. In demolition, things seem to change at a much slower pace. The main driver behind demolishing a building has always been about quickly getting rid of an unwanted structure for as cheaply as possible, so it can be replaced with a new modern structure. While that disposability does sound like the fashion industry, the big difference is that clothing can find a second life. I’ve never thought that was the case for building materials, until now. By Christina Murray Demolition in 1957 In 2014, while at a site visit for the demolition an old glass plant, I started digging through some old photos of the plant being renovated back in 1957. I stopped to look closer at an interesting picture. In my hand was of an image of a brick structure being demolished by hand by a few guys. They were saving the wood roof decking and piling it up sky high on the back of an old pick-up truck. To my amazement, I realized the picture was of my grandfather’s company. The name on the door of the overloaded truck was Kepic Brothers Wrecking. After a moment of excitement over such a cool find, it struck me how different things were back then, and how his generation saved and reused everything. My grandpa had a “wrecking” yard where he’d take all the salvaged items. People would come from all over in search of decent windows, doors, sinks, toilets, and timber for their projects. He would sell everything. People would buy everything. After all, the items had a few good years left in them. Like so many industries from that era, things changed. No one wanted those items anymore and it was becoming more expensive to salvage. Building owners felt it would take too long and cost too much to have a crew slowly pull the structure apart. For example, to demolish a 1,500 square foot house by hand, it would take a crew of five guys about two weeks to complete. An excavator and two men could do the same thing in two days and it would cost 1/4 of the price. That’s just talking dollars and cents, not factoring in the safety and risk associated with the increase of man hours worked. Now think about what that would look like for a commercial or industrial building.


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A wood structure at the Dominion Glass plant in Hamilton being dismantled by Kepic Brothers Wrecking in 1957.

Changing Outlook With our cultural shift towards focusing on a greener future, individuals are looking at their impact on the environment and are searching for ways to reduce their carbon footprint. Increasingly residential homeowners, municipalities and government agencies are looking to deconstruct rather than demolish, meaning dismantling a structure systematically, piece by piece, and reusing as many of the structure’s components as possible, while recycling the rest. This can achieve an up to 98% diversion rate of the unwanted structure from landfills, calculated by overall weight. This opens a whole other discussion of what to do with all the salvaged items. Some items end up in places such as Habitat for Humanity, like cupboards that aren’t stylish but are still functional. But what about the interesting items? There is a growing trend in décor fashion of people looking for one–of-a-kind décor pieces. Items like industrial metal window frames, industrial carts, vintage lighting, newel posts, bannisters, barn board, timbers, corbels and columns are highly sought after. Antique stores will pick up some items, but to answer the demand for reclaimed and salvaged items in a substantial way, more must be done. Starting in the fall of 2017 Budget Demolition formalized a sustainable alternative: a salvage program led by a dedicated team, BD Salvage, who looks after all deconstruction and salvaging of unique items. A warehouse was restored, and a warehouse store in which all the items are showcased in a climate-controlled environment, was opened at 371 Sherman Ave N, Hamilton. This is the modern version of the old wrecking yard and is a long-term solution to waste diversion and bringing one-of-a-kind pieces to the market. Moving forward, as old buildings reach their end of life span, the features that gave the building its character can continue as treasures from another era.

Christina Murray is a Business Development Manager with Budget Demolition.

Toronto 416 862-8800 www.dsai.ca Earn Continuing Educations units to maintain your LEED credential at:


Visit the new



web site A great resource on high-performance building.



SIMPLE VERSUS COMPLEX Join us at the 14th edition of the Green Building Festival for a provocative and interactive day, showcasing the innovators and innovations inspiring our industry. Compare and contrast the simplest and most complex approaches to low carbon performance. Visit gbf19.com for the full program and conference details.*

Register by May 30th and save $30 with our Spring Rate!

October 8th, 2019 The Toronto Marriott Downtown Eaton Centre

And while you’re there, sign up to receive the monthly SABMag newsletter.

*continuing education credits available

SBC-SmTOsp19-QP.indd 1

Get better at garbage Rock the recycling Save some serious dough

2019-03-29 11

Emma Hendry,

Data Analyst & WasteWizard #smartworkshere meet the entire team @ recycle-smart.com SPRING 2019

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Getting Smart About Waste Most Commercial Real Estate companies across Canada do not have a comprehensive national recycling and waste program across their portfolios due to varying local market conditions and the use of regionallybased waste management companies. When thinking about sustainably managing waste and improving a company’s practices, it is important to first understand the waste that is generated across the portfolio and how it is currently managed. High quality data is crucial to driving meaningful waste management improvements but can be difficult to obtain with the myriad of service providers across the country. Hence, monitoring one’s current waste management provides the foundation for implementing a meaningful reduction programme. By Melissa Jacobs Shops at King Liberty is one of many FCR properties working with RecycleSmart.

In 2015, First Capital Realty (FCR), an owner and operator of urban retail properties across Canada, was seeking to improve the efficiency and reduce the costs related to our existing waste and recycling program. However, we were inhibited by the lack of a scalable waste monitoring method and suffered from inconsistent reporting in different regions across Canada. FCR decided to engage a third-party waste consultant (RecycleSmart) with a focus to maximize cost reduction, increase waste diversion and streamline data collection. The relationship with RecycleSmart began in Western Canada and after having seen progress in our portfolio out there, in 2017 FCR expanded the relationship to include our Ontario portfolio as well. In total, there are now 170 FCR sites working with RecycleSmart across British Columbia, Alberta and Ontario. RecycleSmart uses licensed and proprietary IoT technology to intelligently monitor waste and recycling measurements throughout Canada. Combined with employing some of the most celebrated professionals in the enviroservices field, they right-size programs while focusing on diversion and sustainability opportunities, combined with money-saving improvements. 12

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RecycleSmart knows that the best way to realize shared fiscal and sustainability wins is to work with progressive partners on building a solid business case for adoption. Being named Canada’s 12th fastest-growing company in 2018 (#1 in industrial services) is proof positive that their service and approach is right at home with the amazing roster of partners putting their trust in RecycleSmart every day. Using GPS, cellular IoT, sonar and optical technology, fill and contamination levels in bins can be detected across North America. This ability allows for data to be tracked, displayed and shared. Information which was once based on guesses and best estimates is now captured and recorded. The newly tracked data provides real numbers to apply against waste and recycling rates. Some of the benefits include: • It allows for bins and waste compactors to be emptied only when full • It reduces the numbers of large trucks on the road – reducing the number of deliveries and shipments to busy loading bays

• It reduces costs by paying for collection services as required rather than being based on schedule • It provides access to hard numbers to determine weights and diversion rates • It allows the ability to potentially locate where waste is being generated in the facility. As of December 31, 2018, the 84 sites working with RecycleSmart in Ontario had realized a total savings of approximately $28,000 per month and had increased their waste diversion rates across the board. As part of the effort to improve diversion, 29 sites received specialized tenant training to increase participation and minimize contamination. Also, 11 third party waste audits were performed and followed by onsite meetings to review recommendations and implement program improvements. Overall portfolio data coverage had also improved significantly, by nearly 15%.

For 2019, FCR is leaning on RecycleSmart to pilot cigarette butt recycling at 12 properties across Canada with TerraCycle, with plans for a national roll-out later in the year. This was a natural opportunity since RecycleSmart knows FCR properties well and has solid relationships with our property managers and their day-to-day demands. They will also continue to collaborate on improving waste diversion and engaging tenants on the topic of waste & recycling.

Melissa Jacobs is the Director of Sustainability at First Capital Realty Inc.


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Organic Waste Can be a Powerful Thing

Toronto’s kitchen scraps are about to become powerful players in the circular economy The City of Toronto, in partnership with natural gas utility Enbridge, is getting ready to turn the methane produced from processing Toronto’s green bin organics into renewable natural gas, or RNG. That RNG, which is carbon neutral, will then be injected into Enbridge’s natural gas grid.

By the time the city’s first RNG facility is running at full speed later this year, it’s expected to produce enough energy to fuel most of the city’s 150 solid waste collection trucks.

sions by as much as 20 per cent. Once the RNG that will be produced at the Dufferin Solid Waste Management Facility is flowing into Enbridge’s system, the fleet’s emissions will be considered net neutral.

“We’re very excited to be partnering with the City of Toronto on this project to harvest the energy produced by organic waste to fuel the very trucks that collect that waste,” said Robert Dysiewicz, Enbridge’s Manager of Low Carbon Solutions.

The project highlights the tremendous potential of RNG to help lower the province’s emissions. The Ontario Ministry of Energy believes that RNG can replace up to 15 per cent of Ontario’s natural gas supply by 2035.

The city’s solid waste fleet was converted from diesel to compressed natural gas (CNG) about two years ago, reducing fuel costs by about 40 per cent and GHG emis-


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As such, RNG represents a significant opportunity to make a real difference in two key sectors that collectively represent the greatest share of the province’s remaining GHG emissions from energy use: transportation and buildings.

In the building sector, RNG offers customers another benefit: its zerohassle factor. Since this carbon-neutral fuel shares the same chemical properties as conventional natural gas, it can be used in existing natural gas furnaces, stoves, boilers, water heaters, etc. “Investment in RNG development can tap into the existing gas distribution infrastructure to deliver lower-cost, carbon-neutral energy – offering an immediate, affordable and practical alternative for emissions reduction,” Dysiewicz said. “And it’s a ‘drop-in’ fuel, which means it can be easily substituted in any system that uses conventional natural gas.”

There are many potential sources of RNG in Ontario, which can be produced by capturing, refining and converting the methane emissions from organic material in municipal landfills, wastewater treatment plants, farms, and industries. Almost 50 per cent of household waste (by weight) alone is organic material. Many municipalities burn the methane produced from waste facilities and sewage treatment plants, throwing away a valuable energy resource and missing an opportunity to lower emissions. Instead, from the Dufferin facility, the City of Toronto will capture and clean the methane from the city’s green bins and then use it in exactly the same way as conventional natural gas to help the municipality lower its carbon footprint. Toronto’s newly revamped Dufferin facility is the first of four waste-to-RNG production opportunities the City has identified. When all of the sites capable of producing RNG are complete, Toronto will produce enough sustainable energy to help lower the carbon emissions of not only of its solid waste fleet and transit vehicles, but also municipal buildings. “We all agree that we need cleaner or lowercarbon energy options to move our vehicles and heat our homes,” Dysiewicz said. “Toronto residents will be pleased to know that the green-bin waste they put out for collection every week will now be contributing to moving the city’s vehicles and heating its buildings while lowering our carbon footprint.” There’s no question RNG has a significant role to play as a carbon neutral energy solution that meets Ontario’s collective environmental and economic needs. And Enbridge can help. The company is looking to work with all producers of biomethane from organic waste, including municipalities, to help upgrade and inject RNG into the distribution system for a variety of uses, including fueling vehicles, heating buildings and generating electricity. The company offers a variety of support services, including evaluation, design, operations, maintenance and transportation of RNG to markets across North America.


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Managing the Eight Deadly Wastes Through Offsite Construction Did you know that between 55 - 65% of the work exerted on a typical construction site is wasteful, or considered as producing nonvalue-added activities? By Paul Frolick and Troy Galvin Learning to identify and eliminate waste through the utilization of lean strategies can dramatically affect this ratio and provide maximum value to clients and end users. Lean is an operating strategy that emphasizes flow efficiency over resource efficiency. Lean construction professionals possess the tools to influence a safer and more productive workforce, while eliminating waste and enhancing quality and value. But what if you went even further than leaning the jobsite equation, and evaluated how lean construction methods affect efficiencies in the offsite manufacturing environment? Let’s look at DOWNTIME, an acronym for identifying the eight major wastes prevalent in the construction industry, to evaluate how these deadly wastes can be mitigated through the lens of modular construction.


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Defects With less risk to weather exposure and damage to materials, workmanship and quality is enhanced in a controlled environment, meaning that efforts caused by rework, scrap, and incorrect information are lessened. Quality control and assurance are enhanced using technology, standardized designs, repeatability, and the focused skillset of workers based on the task. Combined with proactive controls and inspections for each work activity, deficiencies are greatly reduced.

Over Processing We can eliminate extra steps and make work safer in the offsite environment. Modified activities can remove the need or duration of lifts, ladders, or fall protection as we take work from heights onsite, to ground level in the plant. Due to the repetitive nature of tasks in a controlled environment, it is much easier to study workflow and continually make improvements by identifying and removing non-value-added steps, motions and other waste.

Waiting Wasted time waiting for the next step in the process can lead to overproduction on another task. The offsite environment promotes the ability to complete work in parallel with other tasks. Benefits include the ability to work in inclement weather, which enhances schedule compression, and can mean early revenue generation for the client as they aren’t waiting for the product.

Non-Utilized Resources


The key to employment of the DOWNTIME approach in the offsite environment involves taking full account of the team’s talents and skills at each level – including students, new hires, and senior staff. The promotion of knowledge transfer and mentoring between the workforce of the future and our legacy staff ensures that new technology and fresh ideas combine with the knowledge and experience provided through legacy mentoring. Through standardized designs, tasks can be matched with specific skillsets to maximize our most important resource, our people.

The production line mentality reduces worker and material movement by approximately 50%, which promotes less wear and tear on the body, promoting longevity of careers. Work completed in a controlled environment is inherently safer. Activities can be modified to prevent unnecessary movements and promote ergonomically focused work behaviours. This lessened risk equals a decrease in exposure hours.

Transportation Construction sites receive fewer parts and pieces when employing offsite construction, which means less material movement. Less activity onsite has a positive impact on the surrounding environment, including fewer requirements for parking, lower embodied energy rates and carbon reduction, which also result in less cost.

Inventory Traditional approaches can mean large amounts of products and materials being stored and processed onsite. The offsite perspective means less congestion, more availability for critical materials, and less material movement onsite. The controlled environment lends itself to better utilization of space, organization of materials and segregation of waste, as well as a stronger sense of pride in keeping things tidy when workers return to the same space each day. While creating accurate builds, BIM modeling also enables more precise material procurement with standardized details and designs, thus minimizing excess inventory of raw materials.

Excess Production Producing more outputs than are required before they are truly needed, or out of sequence, can lead to other forms of waste and prevent efficient flow on the job site. Working on items that are not yet required can lead to waste of waiting in the form of delays, additional meetings, additional resources and overtime. Also, the work that was truly needed and not getting done now needs to be rectified. Work completed out of sequence can also cause extra work for the next trade, if it interferes with their scope of work. Parallel work at an offsite facility does not create these wastes. The use of pull planning in combination with a just-in-time delivery approach from the offsite facility can be employed for sequencing critical steps of work, and creating more controlled project timelines with minimal waste. Excess production can be avoided in the plant by manufacturing multiple projects at the same time, which enables flexibility in work activities to balance workflow and resource utilization.

Paul Frolick is a Process Improvement Leader at PCL Constructors Canada Inc., and Troy Galvin is the Manager of PCL’s Agile offsite manufacturing facility. Images: PCL Constructors Canada Inc.


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David Braley

HEALTH SCIENCE CENTRE LEED Gold project an asset to downtown rejuvenation Located in a new campus in downtown Hamilton, the 17,650 m2 David Braley Health Sciences Building houses the University of McMaster Health Care teaching program and the Family & Maternity Health Clinics in a combined facility with the City of Hamilton Public Health. It also includes a learning centre with multiple classrooms, seminar and meeting rooms along with a 200 seat multi-purpose hall that doubles as a venue for public events and conferences.


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The David Braley Health Sciences Building houses the McMaster University Health Care teaching program and the Family & Maternity Health Clinics in a unique combined facility with the City of Hamilton Public Health. It is located in a new downtown campus right in the cultural and civic heart of downtown Hamilton. By David Clusiau

Integral to the design are multiple gardens and visible cultural displays, such as the restored model train display and artworks depicting neighbourhood views. Support spaces include a café, pharmacy, underground parking, and other commercial tenant space. The LEED GOLD-certified project focused on the following key design strategies: • rejuvenation of the downtown core and giving back to the city • a hub for the community • a building environment that connects to nature • a building that supports a healthy lifestyle and working environment The project’s massing and composition, and proximity to downtown amenities, reinforce the surrounding urban fabric, defining the western edge of Commonwealth Square and connecting to the City Hall and the adjacent Art Gallery. Transparent public spaces at street level are venues for events and, in fact, extend to the top of the building through an interconnected series of atriums lounges and stairs. This vertical circulation system provides public access, inter-department communication, access to classrooms, clinics, lounges and offices.







2 3 Site plan


A Main Entrance B Main Plaza C Rear Entrance

D Parking Garage Entrance E Green Roof F Second level roof terrace

G Third level roof terrace H Fourth level roof terrace I Sixth level roof terrace

Interior Environment and Conservation The shallow office floor plans and the extensive windows ensure that all office spaces benefit from natural light and views, with 26% of the building floor area within 7 metres of an operable opening. During construction, the team implemented an Air Quality Management Plan to promote the well-being of workers and future building occupants, and low-VOC products were used as much as possible for the interior. Greywater collected in the 75 m3 cistern is pumped to water closets, urinals and non-freeze hose bibs. This, combined with the selection of water-efficient plumbing fixtures, and the use of native and drought-tolerant plantings, resulted in a building that consumes 63% less water and uses no potable water for irrigation.

1 - South-facing elevation along Main Street across from Hamilton City Hall with entry lobby copper clad multipurpose room to the right. 2 - West elevation along Bay Street with glass clad entry lobby to right, food service area under stone clad office and clinic slab with event space and outdoor terrace at the top. 3 - Skylight at second floor atrium with entry to the multipurpose room to the right, and exterior terrace and view of Commonwealth Square beyond. Skylights and curtainwall systems were provided by Alumicor.


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Circulation Pattern

5 6


Connected to a district heating and cooling plant, the building has achieved a 10% energy reduction below the ASHRAE 90.1 2007 reference building, and received the maximum 10 LEED energy points. Air intake at grade is through a buried tunnel helping to temper the air before internal use. The building has an optimal east-west orientation and extensive south-facing glazed public spaces allowing deep light penetration and, with tile covered concrete floors, passive solar heat gain in the winter. Automatic shades interconnected into the Building Automation system moderate solar gain in the summer.


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Materials and Waste Control Materials used in the construction of the building contained 14% recycled content based on cost, and 30% of the materials used in the construction originated from within the region. Nearly 70% of the of wood-based materials used are certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). Lights installed contain little or no mercury, and a purchasing plan was developed to maintain this goal for the life of the building. With careful management, an impressive 97% of waste generated during construction was diverted from landfills and incineration facilities. The building has already become a mainstay of McMaster University’s Sustainable Initiatives plan and energy reduction campaigns focused on behaviour change of building users.


4 - Entry lobby and atrium looking towards Main Street. 5 - Roof top terrace. 6 - Convenience stair between fourth and sixth floors. 7 - View across the fourth floor staff terrace and roof top gardens in the foreground and third floor, with the Hamilton City Hall in the distance.


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1_Pollard_TorontoFocus_Ad_2019:1 2019-03-28 11:08 AM Page 1

2019 Canadian Green Building Awards jury: [l to r] Jonathan Bisson, Lisa Bate and Ron Kato. Photo: Roy Grogan.

ATTEND THE PRESENTATION EVENT 2019 SABMag Canadian Green Building Awards See the design teams of the winning projects receive their awards, and take in the audio-visual presentation. An informative networking event! May 27, 4:30pm to 6pm at the Vancouver Convention Centre West, Room 306. No fee to attend this event but please RSVP to dgriffith@sabmagazine.com. â

We thank our National Sponsors: Masonite Architectural and the Canadian Precast Prestressed Concrete Institute, and our Category Award Sponsors : Inline Fiberglass and Enbridge Gas Inc.

Pollard, a name you can trust Some of the best sustainable builders and architects choose Pollard Windows & Doors, a Canadian manufacturer of quality products for 70 years. Our longevity comes from the ability to design innovative products and build them to the highest standards in our own state-of-the-art facility. Awarded the ENERGY STAR Most Efficient mark in 2019 for both dual and triple glazed products. A perfect fit for multi-level, high density building projects. For professional consultation,

National Sponsors

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70 YEARs

Sorting Out a Solution to

From the intern to the CEO, everyone in your organization can contribute to promoting sustainability by participating in proper waste diversion.


By Catherine Leighton

It’s not always easy, though, for individual users to know where the waste item should go: waste bin, recycle bin or compost? That’s because diversion programs differ greatly across the city, province and country. What can be recycled at home differs from what can be recycled at work. Going to the shopping centre? Visiting a friend in a different municipality? You may well encounter a completely different diversion program with a completely different set of sorting rules. Communicating proper sorting criteria, in a simple and effective manner, is one of the biggest challenges when it comes to engaging individuals in waste diversion initiatives. Partners in Project Green is an organization that works with the business community in the Greater Toronto Area to help improve their sustainability and diversion efforts. We hear frequently from companies about the challenges involved in communicating effectively about their waste diversion programs. Poor communication is problematic because it can lead to contamination of waste and recycling streams. This is particularly concerning because China, the world’s largest importer of post-consumer recycled material, has recently implemented policy lowering the acceptable contamination rate for imported materials. Unless the existing streams are being sorted properly, diversion rates will not improve. Properly sorting items into the correct bins is key to the success of any diversion program. So, how do organizations reduce contamination of their waste, recycling and compost streams? Traditionally, organizations have tried to do this by updating their bins, optimizing bin placement and improving signage. However, a new technology introduced by Canadian company Intuitive AI could revolutionize the way organizations approach this task.

Users sort their waste into the proper bin utilizing Oscar, an artificial intelligence device designed by Intuitive AI.

Intuitive AI’s disruptive technology was the winner of the Clean Economy Challenge at the Partners in Project Green 10th Anniversary Conference and Awards Celebration last November. Intuitive AI markets a technology called Oscar that is designed to help users sort waste items. It consists of a vision system, an interactive display and a proprietary AI neural engine that communicates to users how to properly sort and divert material in real-time. As a user approaches Oscar, the neural engine senses the waste objects, visualizes the object on its display and indicates how it could be sorted according to the building's recycling guidelines.


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If the waste item requiring disposal has multiple components, Oscar will show the user how to separate these components before diverting them to the appropriate bins. In the case of an aluminum can with a straw, for example, Oscar would first show the straw being separated from the can. Oscar would then show the straw going into the waste bin and the aluminum can being placed in the recycling bin. Facility owners and managers can customize Oscar’s sorting criteria according to their own waste diversion programs and their recycling guidelines. Over time, Oscar learns the most common waste objects generated at the facility, enabling it to sense and sort objects more rapidly and at greater distances. Technology such as this has the potential to transform the waste industry and reduce contamination by engaging the public. The key benefits: 1) Helping facilities to sort their waste streams. 2) Educating users about proper sorting techniques.

On November 29, 2018, Intuitive AI won Partners in Project Green’s Clean Economy Challenge Audience Choice award.

3) Tracking user interactions with the bins and reporting contamination. 4) Tracking bin fullness and warning facility managers about full bins. 5) Optimizing the operational efficiency of custodial staff. 6) Anonymizing waste disposals to keep privacy first. "Oscar uses artificial intelligence to nudge people in real-time while decreasing contamination and automating a manual and costly process,” explains Hassan Murad, Co-Founder of Intuitive AI. “If you walk up to Oscar with an object and you are confused where to dispose it, Oscar nudges you to the right waste stream.” “Oscar is an exciting new product that will help facilities reduce their contamination rates, increase their diversion rates and educate their users about proper sorting techniques,” explains Dianne Zimmerman, Senior Manager, Partners in Project Green.


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Initiated by Toronto Pearson and Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA), Partners in Project Green supports a growing community of businesses working together to strengthen the Greater Toronto Area's economy and environmental sustainability by fostering collaborations with businesses and municipalities, supporting the installation of green technologies and participating in environmental projects that drive results. Learn more at: www.partnersinprojectgreen.com.

Catherine Leighton is Waste Management Coordinator for Partners in Project Green at Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA).

Using Procurement to Transform Commercial Relationships The origins of the 3Rs – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle – trace back four decades; despite its age the mantra remains important. However, when we look at current lifecycle models we produce and consume more material per capita than ever before.

Like all other industries, the building sector has also gone through dramatic evolutions with disruptions to convention, all in the spirit of doing more (or better) with less. By Jo-Anne St. Godard

The circular economy is central to this, and aims to extend the value of materials and resources by disrupting our traditional model of consumption: a shift from the linear takemake-dispose to a system where resources are utilized and valued as long as possible in their current form and then become feedstock for other material at end-of-life.

The circular economy closes the loop and designs waste out of systems, and extracts as much value as possible at every stage of the value chain. The benefits are multiple: cost savings, environmental impact reductions, and innovative partnerships.


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What’s more is that organizations can leverage their buying power to ignite circularity and reap these benefits. Circular procurement, as defined by the European Union, is the purchase of works, goods, or services that seek to contribute to closed energy and materials loops within supply chains, whilst minimising or … avoiding negative environmental impacts and waste creation across their whole lifecycle. Applying that definition here in Canada means we have opportunity to reduce waste and increase efficiency across multiple sectors. Governments of all sizes across the country spend some $50 billion annually on goods and services, and building and construction is routinely a high spend category regardless of budget size or location. If circular procurement is adopted by the public sector, vendors that service governments will also be prepared to integrate circular outcomes prescribed by the private sector. From the Ellen MacArthur Foundation: Odense Municipality [Denmark] was to construct 40 new residences for youths with disabilities. By rethinking the tender and implementing green procurement requirements the new buildings were constructed using fewer unwanted chemicals, alternative materials such as paper wool for insulation, recycled bricks, and energy efficient solutions including LED lighting and solar water heating. The construction cost of the residences was five per cent higher than business-as-usual, but it is expected that the extra investment will be repaid quickly due to lower operating costs. As it relates to waste, from the European Commission: When Public Health Wales (PHW) moved offices it decided to procure an office design and furniture supply contract which would encourage as much reuse of existing office equipment, furniture and flooring as possible, as well as supplying remanufactured goods from other sources. A supplier ‘open day’ communicated the key specifications of designing for a collaborative workspace environment and reusing as much furniture as possible. The winning consortium, which included social enterprises, supplied over 2,500 items. Of these items, only six per cent of them were new, and the rest were remanufactured or refurbished, with a significant share having been reused from PHW’s existing stock. The circular approach diverted 41 tonnes of waste from landfill - with a CO2 saving of 134 tonnes - whilst creating permanent jobs for several disabled and long-term unemployed people.


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While government bodies across Europe are beginning to incorporate greater circularity as a key component to purchasing, vendors and manufacturers are responding to these new market requirements. This transition is happening in many different industries. HP Canada developed a printing subscription service that allows users to have HP Original Ink delivered directly with cartridge recycling and shipping included. HP Original Ink cartridges have a higher capacity and use less packaging materials per page printed than conventional models, which helps reduce materials consumption per printed page. These efforts help reduce the carbon footprint of ink purchase and disposal, decrease energy use, and lower water usage. This initiative also provides prepaid envelopes for users to return used cartridges to HP Planet Partners Return and Recycling Program, which are then reformulated as new HP ink cartridges via the closed-loop recycling process. By incorporating cartridge recycling directly into the business model, the manufacturer also prolongs the product lifecycle, and reduces waste generation and consumption. We have a tremendous opportunity to advance circular economies in cities and towns right across Canada, and procurement will help us get there. To accelerate the transition and demonstrate the possibilities Recycling Council of Ontario is hosting a first-of-its-kind Circular Procurement Summit from June 11-13 in Toronto to unite governments, suppliers and vendors, and experts from around the world to verify the importance of procurement; demonstrate how circular economy integration fosters unique partnerships; and provide resources and tools to support concepts into practice and measure economic, environmental, and social benefits. For more information and to register visit RCO.on.ca/CircularProcurementSummit

Jo-Anne St. Godard is the Executive Director of the Recycling Council of Ontario.



Visit our on-line Directory to see hundreds of listings of companies which supply products and services for sustainable, high-performance building. Listings are organized by Product Category and by LEED v4 Category. Our LEED v4 Directory is created with the help of our partner:

Our 2019 Partners SITE | LANDSCAPING | RAINWATER HARVESTING Molok® Deep Collection™ System Dulux/PPG

Wishbone Industries Ltd.

Forbo Flooring Systems STRUCTURE & EXTERIOR ENVELOPE Alumicor Building Excellence Architek SBP Inc.

Nora Systems, Inc. Masonite Architectural Shaw Contract Group

Arriscraft Bailey Metal Products Ltd.



Acuity Brands



Nedlaw Living Walls


Radon Environmental


Thames Valley Brick & Tile

Sloan Valve Tempeff North America

THERMAL & WINDOWS Demilec, Heatlok Soya

Termobuild Viessmann Manufacturing Company Inc.

Eco Insulating Glass Inc. EuroLine Windows Inc.


Inline Fiberglass Ltd.

Canadian Precast Prestressed Concrete Institute

Innotech Windows + Doors

Diamond Schmitt Architects

LiteZone™ Insulating Glass

FABRIQ architecture

Pollard Windows Inc.


Tech-Crete Processors Ltd.

RJC Engineers Sustainable Forestry Initiative

INTERIOR FINISHES CBR Products Columbia Forest Products

https://sabmagazine.com/product-directory/ SPRING 2019

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Less waste. More savings. Greener facilities. Creating a greener, healthier and more profitable future starts with reducing waste output. The Total Resource Use and Efficiency (TRUE) Zero Waste certification system enables organizations to identify specific ways to integrate waste management practices – helping to lower costs, increase efficiencies and build a more sustainable culture. TRUE is the most comprehensive zero waste program available today, with a unique “whole-systems” approach that helps organizations ensure waste isn’t just diverted from landfills, but not created in the first place.

WHY TRUE? Reduce costs and inefficiencies TRUE enables organizations to decrease the operational costs associated with waste collection, and promotes more efficient resource usage – turning waste into savings and, potentially, new income streams. Tools to achieve zero waste By encouraging both upstream (waste prevention) and downstream (waste diversion) practices, TRUE helps organizations define, pursue and achieve their zero waste goals, and ensures that waste management is incorporated into policies.


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Cultivate a zero waste culture TRUE focuses on educating employees, tenants, vendors and customers about the importance of waste reduction and being directly involved in the process. Decrease carbon emissions TRUE provides strategies that enable organizations to play an important role in reducing carbon emissions associated with landfills and the transportation of waste. It also promotes creative ways to utilize recycled content and reduce consumption. TRUE for commercial buildings Wondering how to get started with zero waste? TRUE helps identify specific business areas that would benefit from simple changes to waste management practices, including: » Food services: Utilizing reusable tableware, eliminating single-use plastics, and composting leftover food. » Office supplies: Deploying programs to reuse and recycle stationery and paper, furnishings and computer equipment. » Waste sorting: Maximizing the recycling and composting of waste materials by encouraging proper sorting among employees. From everyday employee-led practices to major changes in policies and procedures, TRUE recognizes organizations for their efforts to minimize waste. Find out how you can certify your project or workplace with TRUE. Contact us at true@gbcicanada.ca or visit gbcicanada.ca/parksmart.shtml

Emerging Green Professionals Compete at the EGP Design Charrette

Photos: Kaitlin Carroll and Aya El-Halabi.

On September 22nd, 2018, Emerging Green Professionals from across the GTHA gathered at the University of Toronto for the EGP Design Charrette to find sustainable urban solutions for a neighbourhood in Scarborough. By Aya El-Halabi Six multidisciplinary teams of students and young professionals competed to find tailored sustainable urban solutions that meet the needs and challenges of the residents of the former Ward 43 in the City of Toronto. The selection of Ward 43 was to encourage the EGPs to tackle the social, economic, and environmental issues faced by similar low-income areas in the GTHA. After ten intense hours, the teams each developed their own unique and innovative plan for the neighbourhood. While some teams focused on providing detailed technical solutions, others focused on architectural design and social aspects of creating and strengthening a community. The solutions were presented as 5-minute pitches to a panel of academic and professional judges including Nadine Ibrahim (University of Waterloo), Sandra Leigh Lester (Affecting Change Inc.), Sheila Boudreau (TRCA), and Ahmed Allahwala (UTSC). The assessment of ideas was based on five criteria: community planning, waste, energy & carbon emissions, water management, and creativity, as well as the quality and clarity of the presentation. The winning teams presented realistic approaches which reflected technical considerations as well as innovative social-focused ideas. The first-place winners, Ward 43 (Esraa Alzamel, Jacqueline Galang, and Ben McEwen) presented a well-balanced and thoughtful proposal that considered technical details and applications as well as innovative community-based ideas, such as the proposal of a community kitchen.

The team explained how the project could achieve net-zero carbon through ambitious energy goals and waste reduction, in ways that could be integrated into the community culture. The Sustainability Community Management group (Anthony Yu, Annabelle Yeo, and Janice Cheung) took second-place. The team aimed to create an inclusive and resilient community through a phased project implementation. The four phases started with creating a mixed-use community centre, then developing connections to the river followed by infrastructural development and creating centralized community spaces. Using eye-catching visuals, the team shared the details of each phase. The third-place winner, Connectivity X (Steve Ramnath, Gagan Hajatri, and Margo Rooks) focused on the concept of area connectivity. The team identified the desired connections between people, as well as the nature surrounding the area. The team utilized culturally responsive architecture and engagement with the community to achieve their goal. The winning team was awarded the EGP Design Charrette Award at the CaGBC Ontario Awards Night Gala. The top three teams presented posters of their projects at the Vertical Neighbourhoods Summit. The Emerging Green Professionals Committee would like to thank the Charrette’s Presenting Sponsor (EQ Building Performance Inc), Prize Sponsor (Collecdev), as well as the judges, mentors, and participants for a successful event.

Aya El-Halabi is currently Sustainability Analyst at EQ Building Performance Inc. and a member of the Emerging Green Professionals Executive Committee. She holds a Masters in Environment and Sustainability from Western University and a Bachelor’s of Architecture Engineering from University of Jordan.


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Advertorial content

Alumicor lets in the light while delivering superior thermal performance The 17,650 m2 David Braley Health Sciences Building, a combined facility with McMaster University and the City of Hamilton Public Health, was designed to have transparent interior spaces at street level to host public events, and skylights to bring natural light into the core of the building. The ground level transparency and natural light penetration were achieved with Alumicor VersaWall 2500 series curtain wall and SkyView 2300 skylight systems, installed by Noram Glass. The result, as explained in the article on page 18, is a building environment that connects to nature, and supports a healthy lifestyle and working environment. With headquarters in Toronto and four regional divisions across Canada serving the North American market, Alumicor offers several stick, pre-glazed and unitized curtain wall systems with options to meet various performance requirements. For example, the ThermaWall XTRM2600 is a thermally broken unitized curtain wall for medium to high-rise curtain wall designs. Available in 2 1/2” and 3” profile widths, and variable mullion depths, the system can be double or triple glazed. Its composite action “Bigfoot” thermal break offers high resistance to wind load and a true full thermal break.

The MacOdrum Library at Carleton University in Ottawa by Diamond Schmitt Architects uses Alumicor Canadiana entrance doors and the Alumicor ThermaWall 2600 curtain wall. The project received a 2015 Ontario Library Association (OLA) Library Building Award for its redesign.

ThermaWall XTRM2600

Another example, the ThermaWall TW2200, is a fully thermally broken stick curtain wall in a slim 2” (50.8mm) profile, and available in both double and triple glazed. Suitable for low-rise curtain wall designs and storefront applications, its composite action polyamide thermal break provides superior thermal performance and increased resistance to condensation and wind load. The Alumicor SkyView 2300 series of skylights have slim 2” (50.8mm) profiles for slope glazing in pyramid, ridge, solarium and lean to type designs. They are supplied in stock lengths with standard 30° and 45° rafters and ridges, and self-supported or installed on a structural grid.

The PowerStream Head Office north of Toronto achieved LEED Gold certification, and uses the Alumicor VersaWall 2500 curtain wall.

ThermaWall TW2200 30

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Alumicor also has a full range of window types and associated hardware. Our website https:// www.alumicor.com/en/displays our full range of products.



Learn more and register at cagbc.org/blc2019


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INLINE Fiberglass windows in Toronto Community Housing Corporation (TCHC) Project.

Time-tested durability Superior energy efficiency Residential and commercial applications Project: TCHC West Don Lands. Location: 589 King Street E, Toronto, ON. Architect: CORE Architect. Project Management: BLUESCAPE.

ARCHITECTS AND DESIGNERS FOR TORONTO COMMUNITY HOUSING’S WEST DON LANDS DEVELOPMENT project have incorporated Toronto’s goals to provide long term sustainable building systems that use less energy and lower carbon emissions. INLINE FIBERGLASS LTD. is a proud partner in helping Toronto achieve these goals. GREEN B









CALL US TO DISCUSS YOUR NEXT PROJECT! lbidner@inlinefiberglass.com

1.866.566.5656, ext. 226


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Toronto FOCUS Spring 2019  

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Toronto FOCUS Spring 2019