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CONTENT: DESIGN DEVELOPEMENT / VICTORIA & ALBERT MUSEUM 01 LYCEUM COMPETITION / PORPHYRITIC ENERGY 07 SCHOLAR HOUSING / TROY, NY 13 SHAKER MUSEUM / MEASURING STICK MOTIONS 19 ECOLOGICAL HOUSING / COMPOUND REIMAGING 25 MATERIAL WITNESS / EVOLUTIONS 31 PRODUCTION, INSTALLATION, PERFORMANCE / THE MACHINE STARTS 35


VICTORIA AND ALBERT MUSEUM / DUNDEE, SCOTLAND DESIGN DEVELOPEMENT / SPRING 2013 Form and function have been stuck in a superficial and unproductive struggle. Our design strives to defy critiques, to bring both together to create an elegant yet sophisticated piece of architecture and to have it revive a culturally rich city. The V&A at Dundee’s measure of high performance is relative to its specific constraints, requirements, and goals. Within the ideas of form and function we focused on five categories; reflection, integration, performance, functionality and cultural influence. Reflective glass is used to showcase the River Tay and the surrounding area while reducing thermal loads and interior glare. The angle at which the building is constructed prevents sunlight from reflecting into neighboring buildings. The idea behind using a different type of glass on the bottom layer serves as a visual technique to make the building stand out and look like it is effortlessly floating on the river. Within the building, centralized cores places all program to the perimeter of the building for direct day lighting and optimal 360 degree viewing/ showcasing purposes. This setup also optimizes space for gallery use and layout. To have continuity with the structure, we split each floor level so that everyone within the space would be able to visually interact with each process of design to see what is going on, the idea is to never be disconnected. The main street axis is preserved for viewing purpose and to create continuity within the exterior/interior design. The fourth floor is stretched to accommodate needs of each of the five gallery spaces along with skylights to naturally light circulation space and to allow natural lighting for the galleries. By shrinking the base, we allow for only the required program at grade which allows us to generate public space on the exterior extending the union street axis and its cultural fabric back into the city. The resulting shape is a combination of maximizing daylight penetration and optimized sun response. The building is self-shading in the summer that reflects light deep into the building. In the winter low sun angles allows for direct sunlight straight through the building. The building is a reflection of the culture and hard work that is put into Scottish design. During the day, the building reflects the surrounding area to pay homage to a great nation. At night, the building showcases the intricate output of designs that are presented at the V&A. It is the heart of the city and becomes the “jewel” or symbol of the design of Dundee, Scotland. By avoiding convention and persistently searching for responses specific to these particular demands, an unexpected and iconographic building emerges that is the embodiment of performance, not a symbol of excess.

01


PANORAMA AT DUNDEE

02


PROGRAM ANALYSIS

ION IBIT EXH IVE T A CRE C CIVI NG LI HAL S MAR

ORIGINAL SCHEME

RAISE FOR INTEGRATION

BUILDING FORM ANALYSIS

SPREAD FOR CIRCULATION

PROGRAM AXON

SYMBOL

STRETCH + SHRINK

GALLERY 3-4 [600M2] GALLERY 2 [A-B] [550M2]

GALLERY 1 [550M2] DESIGN STUDIOS 3-4 [500M2]

ICONIC FORM CUT

EXHIBITION

CREATIVE/ EXHIBITION

INTEGRATION / VIEW ANALYSIS St. Mary’s Tower own Downt

DESIGN STUDIOS 1-2 [450M2] Tay B

RESTAURANT / BAR CATERING [400M2]

ridg

CIVIC (II)

isc ov er

y

e

RR

SD

MAIN HALL [350M2]

er ’s Cent

AI

N

River Tay

M

OFFICES/ CONFERENCE ROOM [250M2]

AX

Visitor

IS

CIVIC/ CREATIVE

RETAIL [200M2] GROSS FACTOR/CIRCULATION [1600M2]

Tay

MAIN ENTRANCE/ CAFE 1 [150M2]

Ne

Riv er

wp

or t

on Ta y

CIRCULATION

STORAGE/ MECHANICAL [700M2]

03

MARSHALLING


D

C

B

1A A301

A

A-102.05

PANORAM

AT DUND

Victoria & Albert Dundee, Scottland

REX Architects TEAM NAME:

ADAMS MUHL

1

1A A302

2

3

4 02/07/2013 03/07/2013 03/28/2013 04/26/2013 05/10/2013

ISSU ISSU ISSU ISSU ISSU

N DATE:

5m 0m

SCALE:

20m 10m

Third Floor Plan 1A 1:100 A100

5/10/2013

1: 100

DRAWING#:

A-103.0

04


A-301.06

PANORAMA 8

4

3

7

6

2

1

5

AT DUNDEE

Victoria & Albert Dundee, Scottland

REX Architects TEAM NAME:

ADAMS MUHL

F.F.L. = 24m Roof

F.F.L. = 18.5m 1A 4th Floor A104

F.F.L. = 16.5m 1A 4th Floor A104

F.F.L. = 13m 1A 3rd Floor A103

F.F.L. = 11m 1A 3rd Floor A103

F.F.L. = 7.5m 1A 2nd Floor A102

F.F.L. = 5.5m 1A 2nd Floor A102

F.F.L. = 0m 1A 1st Floor A101

F.F.L. = -4m 1A B Floor A100

02/07/2013 03/07/2013 03/28/2013 04/26/2013 05/10/2013 05/15/2013

ISSUE 01 ISSUE 02 ISSUE 03 ISSUE 04 ISSUE 05 ISSUE 06

N PANORAMA AT DUNDEE

DATE: Victoria & Albert Dundee, Scottland

REX Architects

5/15/2013

TEAM NAME:

ADAMS SCALE:MUHL

1: 100

A-202.05 SECTIONAL ELEVATION LOOKING NORTHWEST SECTIONAL ELEVATION LOOKING NORTHWEST

DRAWING#:

A-301.06

05/15/2013

ISSUE 01

N DATE:

SCALE:

05

5/15/2013

1:200

DRAWING#:

A-202.05


RENDERS

06


PORPHYRITIC ENERGY / BARRE, VERMONT VERTICAL DESIGN STUDIO: LYCEUM COMPETITION / FALL 2011 When analyzing the granite at the quarry site, one can view the spectacular physical features granite possesses. Its slices and brakes from the embodied energy that created it lead to a delineation of motion and direction giving them a curious quality of natural beauty. It is a symbol of the strength and hard work that the workers gave to the quarry. To be one with the earth is not a statement that is taken lightly in this project. When digging deep into the geological structure of granite, its embodied energy is condensed and seeks to break out. The essence of this design was to give tangible expression to the process or “porphyritic crystallization� that created granite. The process is caused by the nucleation of crystal sites and their growth within a liquid magma. When a rock cools too quickly the liquid freezes into a solid glass, or crystalline groundmass. Often vapor loss from a magma chamber will cause a porphyritic texture. By taking this crystalized structure and infusing it with the embodied energy, this design takes that embodied energy and crystalizes it into forms that give spatial order to program and circulation. The landscape is used as an interactive architectural piece that leads one into the quarry by digging into the site at its edges. One subliminally feels a sense of moving vigorously into the ground. Descending into the quarry walls, one becomes gradually intertwined with the surrounding void of the quarry and the steep vertical structure of its igneous stone. The exploitation of embodied energy and porphyritic structure in conjunction with program reveals motion and expansion, through a series of vertical corridors that leads one to an unprecedented experience of delight and wonder.

07


08


CONCEPT DIAGRAMS

Embodied Energy Diagram in Relation to Program Elements

Forces Become Program and the Spacings become circulation

Bookstore/ Main Entrace

Seperate Entities infused into a whole

Bathrooms/ Exhibiton

Residential Cafe/ Observational

09

Studio Spaces

Studio Spaces Bookstore/ Main Entrace Bathrooms/ Residential Exhibiton Cafe/ Observational


SITE PLAN

PLAN: -14” LEVEL

17 16

14

16 14 17

17 16

14

16 14 17

15

15

4

N

10


WELLS - LAMSON QUARRY GRANITE

TRANSVERSE SECTION A

E

D

D

C

C

B

B A

A

E

[KEY] 1. Memorial 2. Outdoor Observational Deck 3. Main Entrance 4. Book Store 5. Men’s Bathroom 6. Women’s Bathroom 7. Education Pavillion 8. Exhibition Space 9. Indoor Observational Deck 10. Cafe 11. Cafe Kitchen 12. Residence Dining Room 13. Residence Kitchen 14. Artist Residences 15. Artist Studios 16. Residence Kitchenette 17. Residence Bathroom

LONGITUDINAL SECTION E

11

N


ENTRY SEQUENCE RENDERS

12


SCHOLAR HOUSING / TROY, NEW YORK DESIGN STUDIO 4: SCHOLAR HOUSING / SPRING 2011 In the final stages of this second year studio project, as a class, we were asked to create a 24 scholar housing complex that housed both long-term and short-term scholars studying in the city of Troy, New York. By compiling all previous work, from the canonical case study’s diagrammatic models to a new knowledge of apartment style building, This design becomes a complex that twists, turns and flows within itself framing its picturesque views and creating a sleek and intriguing structure appealing to all visiting and observing scholars. After further studies of environmental systems and weather data analysis from Weathertool and Ecotect, A series of diagrams became critical to the process of understanding the buulding more, which included egress as well as bringing forth my concept of this hierarchial shading effect that lets in complete shade, little shade and no shade around the complex exterior and interior. A series of diagrams that illustrate geometrical formation, wind path and fenestration formation helped to further investigate my concept and created a better understanding of what I was trying to accomplish

13


1

2

3

14


13

6TH FLOOR PLAN

11

A 10 9

8

B

B 14

13

10 11

7

17

11

9

7 16

8

15

14 8

10 9

8

12

13

B

13 13

9

19 14

11 11

7 7

7

14 8

9

10

A

13

A 9

8

19

11

Key

1. Entrance Lobby/ Lounge 2.Laundry Room 3.Work Out Facility 4.Library 5.Outdoor Pavilion 6.Retail Space 7.Stairway/ Elevator 8.Kitchen 9.Dining Room 10.Study 11.Living Room 12.Powder Room 13.Master Bedroom 14.Master Bathroom 15.Bedroom 1 16. Bathroom 2 17. Bedroom 2 18. Private Lounge 19. Outdoor Patio Space

10’

1. Entrance Lobby/ Lounge 2.Laundry Room 3.Work Out Facility 4.Library 5.Outdoor Pavilion 6.Retail Space Section cut 7.Stairway/ Elevator 8.Kitchen 9.Dining Room 10.Study 11.Living Room 12.Powder Room 13.Master Bedroom 14.Master Bathroom 15.Bedroom 1 16. Bathroom 2 17. Bedroom 2 18. Private Lounge 19. Outdoor Patio Space

50’ 0’ 1’

15

5’

10’

11

Key

14

15

Section cut 13

A

B

100’ 50’

7

16

100’

1. Entrance Lobby/ Lounge 2.Laundry Room 3.Work Out Facility 4.Library 5.Outdoor Pavilion 6.Retail Space 7.Stairway/ Elevator 8.Kitchen 9.Dining Room 10.Study 11.Living Room 12.Powder Room 13.Master Bedroom 14.Master Bathroom 15.Bedroom 1 16. Bathroom 2

Key

Section cut


THREE DIMENSIONAL SECTIONS A

A

Longitudinal Section Longitudinal Section 1/8” = 1’ 1/8” = 1’ A

A

A

B

B

A

Transverse Section Transverse Section 1/8” = 1’ 1/8” = 1’ B

B

B

B

16


After further studies of Environmantel systems and weather data from Weather tool and Ecotect, I came up with a series of diagrams that start to illustrate egress of my structure and also brings fourth my Concept of this Hierachial shading effect that lets in complete shade, little shade and no shade in certain areas of the complex. A series of diagrams that illustrate geometrical formation, wind path and fenestration formation will help investigate further into my concept and will create a better understanding of what i was trying to accomplish

JULY - DECEMBER Direct Radiation Orientation

N

River Street

Eggress And Movement Diagram

ENVIRONMENTAL AND lets in complete shade, little shade and noECOLOGICAL shade in certain areas ofSTUDIES the complex. A series of diagrams that illustrate geometrical

JULY - DECEMBER Direct Radiation Orientation

Solar Radiation in Context

N

Geometrical Formation from Fenestration

formation, wind path and fenestration formation will help investigate further into my concept and will create a better understandGeometrical Formation ing of what i was trying to accomplish

Eggress And Movement Diagram

N

Eggress And Movement Diagram

Synthetic Section

JULY - DECEMBER Direct Radiation Orientation

Eggress And Movement Diagram

Synthetic Section

JULY - DECEMBER Direct Radiation Orientation

Environmental and Economical System After further studies of Environmantel systems and weather data from Weather tool and Ecotect, I came up with a series of diagrams that start to illustrate egress of my structure and also brings fourth my Concept of this Hierachial shading effect that

Solar Radiation in Context

Wind Analysis

Synthetic Se

Solar Radiation in Context

N River Street

Synthetic Section Due to most of Radiant heat and wind coming from the southeast, the twisting of this building gives it not only a dynamic look but serves as a shading effect for the rest of the structure.

Geometrical Formation from Fenestration

Sun Path Summer

Wind Analysis

Geometrical Formation

Sunset 4

River Street

River Street

Geometrical Formation

4

River Street

Due to most of Radiant heat and wind coming from the southeast, the twisting of this building gives it not only a dynamic look but serves as a shading effect for the rest of the structure.

Geometrical Formation from Fenestration

Sunrise

Sun Path Summer

Wind Analysis

1 2

Sunset

3

Geometrical Formation

Geometrical Formation

Geometrical Formation from Fenestration

Due to most of Radiant heat and wind coming from the southeast, the twisting of this building gives it not only a dynamic look but serves as a shading effect for the rest of the structure.

17

Geometrical Formation from Fenestration

Sun Path Summer

Wind Analysis

(These Trombe w heat, which crea 4 Cross Ventilatio into four towers ventilation coolin shading. 5 for Glass: Clear glass to let in all natural light daylighting. Cross Ventilatio each unit allowsu Mesh Screen: Lets just enough light in to brighten a room

1 2

Sunset

Sunrise

Sun Path Summer

Wind Analysis

3

1

4

2

Sunset

Glass: Clear glas

Mesh Screen: Le also cools the sp Exterior Solid W which does not l

3 5

also cools the space down by creating shade. Exterior Solid Wall Condition: Acts as supporting exterior which does not let light pass through it and creates cool sha

(These Trombe walls are angled to direct sun paths and low heat, which create shading effects) CrossClear Ventilation space: the stru Glass: glass tothrough let in allexterior natural light for Since daylighting. into four towers, the gaps between them create pathways fo Mesh Screen: Lets just enough light in to brighten a room up ventilation cooling the interior spaces of the complex and cr also cools the space down by creating shade. shading. Exterior Solid Wall Condition: Acts as supporting exterior Crossdoes Ventilation through set up on fou which not let light pass units: throughOpenings it and creates coolallsha


entation

Solar Radiation in Context Solar Radiation in Context

River side view with Pavilion River side view with Pavilion

Solar Radiation in Context Solar Radiation in Context

th a series of hading effect that trate geometrical better understand-

Synthetic N Section Synthetic Section Synthetic Section

Path mer

Summer Sun (71.5 degrees at 12 pm)

Annual Wind Analysis

Summer Sun (71.5 degrees Summer at 12 pm) Sun (71.5 degrees at 12 pm)

JULY - DECEMBER Direct Radiation Orientation

Solar Radiation in Context

N

River side view with Pavilion

Solar Radiation in Context

Synthetic Section Summer Sun (71.5 degrees at 12 pm)

Winter Sun (24.5 degrees at 12 pm) Winter Sun (24.5 degreesWinter at 12 pm) Sun (24.5 degrees at 12 pm) 3 3

3

1 1

1

Winter Sun (24.5 degrees at 12 pm) 2 4 2 4

2

3

4 1

2 4

4 4

4

4

Sun Path Summer 1

Sunset

1

Glass: Clear glass to let in all natural light for daylighting.

2

Mesh Screen: Lets just enough light in to brighten a room up but

Glass: Clear glass to let in all natural light for daylighting.also cools the space down by creating shade. 1 Glass: Clear glass1 to let Glass: in allClear natural glass lighttofor let daylighting. in all natural light for daylighting. Cross Ventilation of Units Mesh Screen: Lets just enough light in to brighten a roomExterior up butSolid Wall Condition: Acts as supporting exterior structure which does not let light pass through it and creates cool shaded areas. 2 2 just Screen: Mesh Screen: light in Lets to just brighten enough a room light up in tobutbrighten a room up but also Mesh cools the spaceLets down byenough creating shade. Cross Ventilation of exterior space also cools the space down also cools by creating the space shade. down by creating shade. (These Trombe walls are angled to direct sun paths and lower radiant Cross Ventilation of Units Heavy Shade Exterior Solid Wall Condition: Acts as supporting exterior structure 3 3 heat, which create shadingexterior effects) structure Exterior Solid Wall Condition: Exterior Solid Acts as Wall supporting Condition: exterior Acts as structure supporting Cross Ventilation of Units Cross Ventilation of Units which does not let light pass through it and creates cool shaded areas. Cross Ventilation throughcool exterior space: Since the structure is split Shade which does not let lightwhich passdoes through not itletand lightcreates pass through cool shaded it andareas. creates shaded areas. Cross Ventilation of exterior Light space into four towers, the gaps between them create pathways for cross Cross Ventilation of exterior CrossNatural Ventilation space Light of exterior space (These Trombe walls are angled to direct sun paths and lower radiant ventilation cooling the interior spaces of the complex and creating massHeavy Shade walls are (These angled Trombe to direct wallssun arepaths angled and tolower directradiant sun paths and lower radiant shading. heat,(These which Trombe create shading effects) Heavy Shade HeavySun Shade Rays Cross Ventilation through units: Openings set up on all four sides of heat, which create shading heat, effects) which create shading effects) Cross Ventilation through exterior space: Since the structure is split each unit allows easy cross ventilation to run through the whole unit. Light Shade 4 4 through Cross Ventilation Cross exterior Ventilation space: through Sinceexterior thefor structure space:is Since split the structure is split Light Shade Light Shade into four towers, the gaps between them create pathways cross into four towers, the gaps into four between towers, themthecreate gaps pathways between them for cross create pathways for cross Natural Light ventilation Sunrise cooling the interior spaces of the complex and creating mass Natural Light Natural Light ventilation cooling theventilation interior spaces cooling of the interior complexspaces and creating of the complex mass and creating mass shading. Sun Rays shading. shading. Sun Rays Sun Rays Cross Ventilation through units: Openings set up on all four sides of 5 5 through Cross Ventilation Cross units: Ventilation Openings set upunits: on whole all Openings fourunit. sidesset of up on all four sides of each unit allows easy cross ventilation to runthrough through the each unit allows easy cross each unit ventilation allows easy to runcross through ventilation the whole to run unit.through the whole unit.

3

3

2

3

2

3 3

3

2 2

1

2

4

4

5

5

1 1

1

se

18


MEASURING STICK MOTIONS / MT. LEBANON, NEW YORK DESIGN STUDIO 3: SHAKER MUSEUM / FALL 2010 In this project we were asked to pick an artifact from the Shaker culture and diagram its geometric, performativity and ergonomic manners to understand the use of that specific piece and to get to know a little about the Shaker lifestyle. The shakers believed in Simplicity in form and function. As the device and it’s motion literally becomes the structure, it’s simplicity and directionality is not only represented on the outside but as well on the inside and is a reflection of the Shaker style. This design incorporates a cafe/ library, storage space and most importantly a lecture hall that overlooks the Shaker complex in Mt. Lebanon, New York that is preserved by the historical organization of upstate New York.

19


20


DESIGN CONCEPT / DIAGRAMS

Tailor’s Measuring Stick

Measuring Stick

Geometry Formation

Ergonomic Hip Relation

Materiality 3D Movement Ryan Muhl Measuring Stick Process

Design Process

Ryan Muhl

Ryan Muhl

21


PLAN: 0’ Public Amenity 1. Lobby 2. Restrooms 3. Lounge/ Cafe/ Giftshop

Administration 6. Exhibition Spaces 4. Administration Offices a. Containers 5. Collection Storage/ Loading b. Furniture c. Textiles d. Tools

Educational/ Curatorial 7. Multipurpose Hall 8. Public Community Space 9. Fire Exits

N

22


CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM / MODEL

19’ Ceiling

16’

Thermal Breaks

Head

Glass

20’

25’

Sill Floor

23


24


COMPOUND REIMAGING / ACCRA, GHANA DESIGN STUDIO 6: ECOLOGICAL HOUSING / SPRING 2012 “If interscalar perforations are integrated at the building envelope in relation to incident airflow patterns, then conditions of airflow, humidity and temperature can be modified to provide human comfort and will also effect the social urbanization of the site.” Accra, Ghana 5 33’N Latitude / 0 15’W Longitude Population: 1.8 Million Land Area: 77 sq. miles Density: 1019 persons/sq. km. Social context of Accra has grown significantly and over the last decade, this specific area has become the heart of a vibrant informal economy and the site for many new urban heritage and art rehabilitation efforts. The views of old and new Accra are spectacular, and as the schematic design team we wanted to preserve them. The relative humidity is very high throughout the year [60-90% decreases mid-day and then increases as midnight approaches] in this area. Temperature ranges from 23-35 Celsius. Due to the tempurature flux, Accra has low diernal swings. In the surrounding area, housing typologies range from multi-story housing to flats. 44% are single single story detached, .4% are multi-story detached, 31% are flat style compounds and 10% are flat style semi-detached. Multiple ownership is also very popular within the area. We wanted to change the style of compund living and merge it with ecological performance. With the Adinkra historical patterns we wanted to infuse old culture with new, performative architecture.

25


26


/#&.(!+!$'/#/Q d9WG:7HeJ(MH9:79N(9FG9](9MMF9 &6;.!TTH7UJ./7HVAH.W7J.Q=AW=.7J.8X<.B78<W7N.8A.8X<.@<J8.!YH9T7=.H<B9A=.YAH.8WA.T<=8:H9<J YHAL.8X<.?G8X.T<=8:HN.8A.8X<.L9;ZS>8X.T<=8:HN[.WX<=.8X<.=<W.LA;<H=9\789A=.D67==9=B. JTX<L<J.7;]AT78<;.YAH.8X<.<J87V69JXL<=8.AY.7.=<W.X7HVAH.9=.8X<.=<^8.L7_AH.T98N[.*<L7F *A;7N.8X<.9=YH7J8H:T8:H<.AY.8X<.X7HVAH.H<L97=J[.:=:J<;.VN.8X<.6AT76.Y9JX9=B.9=;:J8HN.WX9TX H<69<J.A=.T7=A<.VA78J.YAH.JL766.JT76<.Y9JX9=B.AD<H789A=JF. `7L<J8AW=./7HVAH.7=;.98J.J:HHA:=;9=B.YAH8J.YAHL._:J8.A=<.<^7LD6<.AY.L7=N.A8X<H.L7H989L< V:96;9=BJ.8X78.;A8.aX7=7UJ.TA7J869=<.WX9TX.7H<.6AT78<;.J8H78<B9T766N.YAH.8H7;<.7=;.8H7=JDAH8789A= D:HDAJ<J[.V:8.WX9TX.X7]<.V<<=.;<Y:=T8.9=.8X9J.T7D7T98N.J9=T<.8X<.V<B9==9=B.AY.8X<.S>8X.T<=8:HNF

DIAGRAMS AND CRITICAL ANALYSIS

Availability of natural resource

Quality of natural resource

Interaction of natural resource with any intermediary medium

Direction Wind Speed Frequency Humidity Temperature Content

New Condition of Airflow

eg. Built Environment

ACCESS TO AIRFLOW RESOURCE

HUMAN COMFORT

systems in human body (thermoregulation system)

PLACE and Time bioclimatic context

Quality of Physical Context Ie. Built Environment

New determination of human comfort

Social/Cultural Context Density Material Mass Housing Typology

Site

placeholder: housing unit

placeholder: site

HYPOTHESIS

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/#&.(9+!$'/#/Q

/#&.(9+!$'/#/Q

/&1$+,a.*RC# /&1$+,a.*RC# AIRFLOW FACTORS

CONCEPT

CONTEXT

!""#$$ 1000m $"!%#

100m

10m

1m

0.1m

SITE ANALYSIS

HOUSING TYPOLOGIES

DESIGN CRITERIA

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

00.1m

Size of convergent inlet Size of divergent outlet Cross section shape

%!/.1()+(UVVY(:,-".'(%'(G!-&3(I+/&#&,&.(!+1(6),/#+A(*)-(&3.(W!//./

9FG9(H;(@G:IBJ

%!/.1()+(UVVY(:,-".'(%'(G!-&3(I+/&#&,&.(!+1(6),/#+A(*)-(&3.(W!//./

"&'(&)*

Throat section length (ie. Thickness)

positve pressure

Material medium

negative pressure

Module Morphology (Roughness) Wind Velocity

pressure di erenials

Temperature

thermal buoyancy

Location of ‘air ow’ device (windward, leeward side of building)

temperature and density of air

Height of device on side of building (ceiling, window area, oor) House Morphology (Roughness)

Spacing between buildings Heights of buildings

bbc >Fbc 4?c ?>Fc

Height of building above ground Building Morphology (Roughness)

CONTEXT

HYPOTHESIS ACCESS TO AIRFLOW RESOURCE

HYPOTHESIS !""#$$

27

$"!%# HUMAN COMFORT "&'(&)*

1000mCONCEPT

AIRFLOW FACTORS 100m

CONCEPT HYPOTHESIS

!""#$$ CONTEXT

10m

$"!%#

"&'(&)*

SITE ANALYSIS

!""#$$ 1m

$"!%# "&'(&)*

DESIGN CRITERIA 0.1m

AIRFLOW FACTORS CONCEPT 00.1m DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

AIRFLOW FACTORS

CONTEXT SITE ANALYSIS

$+,a%#.$*&)#R.M#*!"/#M bbc $+,a%#.$*&)#R.M#*!"/#M '1%*+.$*&)#R.M#*!"/#M '1%*+.$*&)#R.M#*!"/#M >Fbc (%!*.$*R%#."&'C&1,M (%!*.$*R%#."&'C&1,M 4?c (%!*.$*R%#.$#'+ZM#*!"/#M. ?>Fc (%!*.$*R%#.$#'+ZM#*!"/#M. DESIGN CRITERIA SITE ANALYSIS

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT DESIGN CRITERIA

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT


NORTH

NORTH

WIND SYNTHETIC DIAGRAM The optimal location for each performance facade should be constructed at the south west face of each building to allow the most windflow into each structure. The wind frequency pattern stays consistent with the direction

50 km/h

345°

345°

15°

330°

30°

45°

30 km/h

300°

60°

60°

20 km/h

20 km/h

SUMMER

285°

75°

10 km/h

WEST

255°

EAST

255°

105°

240°

120°

225°

135°

210°

135°

210°

150°

195°

150°

195°

165°

165°

345°

345°

45+ SOUTH

The average temperature in Accra is 79 *F and those prevailing winds, again, start from the southwest corner and proceed to move, throughout the year, in all directions .

<0 SOUTH

95+

<5 112+

<11

wind frequency (hrs)

NORTH

NORTH

avg. humidity (%) avg. temperature (*C)

Since the climate is very hot and humid our optimal position for each perferation should face the south west angle.

345°

50 km/h

345°

50 km/h

15°

15° 330°

330°

30°

30°

40 km/h

40 km/h 315° 315°

45°

45°

30 km/h

30 km/h 300° 300°

60°

60°

20 km/h

20 km/h

285° 285°

WINTER

WEST

75°

10 km/h

75°

10 km/h

WEST

EAST

EAST

255° 255°

240°

120°

120°

225° 225°

135°

135°

210° 210°

optimal direction

150°

150° 195° 195°

165°

165°

345° 345°

SOUTH

SOUTH

HYPOTHESIS

SPRING

105°

105°

240°

WIND DIRECTION WIND SPEED

FALL

105°

240°

120°

225°

75°

10 km/h

WEST

EAST

If we were looking at just humidity, and trying to cool a space, the most humidity comes from the southwest cornor, but as you move forward ithroughout the seasons it starts to get very humid in every direction.

15°

40 km/h 315°

45°

30 km/h

285°

50 km/h

330°

30°

40 km/h 315°

300°

HOT SEASON

CONCEPT

AIRFLOW FACTORS

18

CONTEXT

Northwest Winds mid January-May and September-December Hot Humid, Fast

ACCESS

W

12

0

24

E

1-3m/s

SCALE

NIGHTTIME DEHUMIDIFICATION

W

0

24

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT E

4-5m/s DAYTIME REGENERATION

SL OW

DO

W

N

AN

D

DE HU

M

ID

IFY

COMFORT

12 6 18DESIGN CRITERIA

SITE ANALYSIS

6

AL

LO W

TH

RO

UG

H

AN

D

DE

HU

M

Southwest Winds June-August Hot Humid, Very Fast

IF

Y

100ft

Water vapor is adsorbed by coconut husk dessicant screens on east and west and dessicant in roof chamber.

During this period humidity levels decreases by 10 to 15% and heat gained from the building can aid the desorption process whereby moist Air is Purged.

ACCESS TO AIRFLOW RESOURCE

HUMAN COMFORT

28


ACCRA CULTURAL DESIGN PATTERNS DWENNIMMEN (RAMS HORN)

FI-HANKARE (COMPOUND)

WALL PATTERN WIND SYNTHETIC ANALYSIS HYPOTHESIS

KUNTUNKANATAN (INFLATED PRIDE)

NKYINKYIN (TWISTINGS)

CONCEPT

AIRFLOW FACTORS

CONTEXT

SITE ANALYSIS

DESIGN CRITERIA

CONCEPT

AIRFLOW FACTORS

CONTEXT

SITE ANALYSIS

DESIGN CRITERIA

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

!""#$$ $"!%# "&'(&)*

HYPOTHESIS !""#$$ $"!%#

29

"&'(&)*

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT


WALL DESIGN / INTEGRATION

6” x 6” module Not only would the desiccant screens absorb water and decrease humidity, but it is also diliniating spacial configuratiopn and giving us a sense of which is public space and which is private space. as the dessicant modules get smaller it becomes more of a private space compared to the largest module which is public space

1’ x 1’ module

2’ x 2’ module

2’ x 2’ module (public) 1’ x 1’ module (moderate) 6” x 6” module (private) Space carved out for access of light to interior spaces (window area) coconut husks

Pedestrian walkways/ pavilion space with benches

ACCESS TO AIRFLOW RESOURCE

1000m

HUMAN COMFORT

100m

10m

1m

0.1m

00.1m

30


EVOLUTIONS / ALBANY, NEW YORK DESIGN STUDIO 1: MATERIAL WITNESS / FALL 2009 PVC, nylon rope, zip ties This site specific work began as a series of small models that explored specific construction principles: grid shell, folded plate, tensegrity and space frame. After many expirements, a material palette was chosen that specified two scales of inhabitation - a base structure and a shading/ screening layer. It was more important to establish overlapping territories than to make a structure with discreet rooms. In that sense, the installation is also a diagram of its own making and process. This piece was a full scale installation that was part of a gallery exhibition in the Albany International Airport. We were asked to identify materials and to dig into and investigate the materials qualities and to expose them in a way that we would have never thought to see them.

31


32


PRE CONCEPTS AND DESIGN

33


34


THE MACHINE STARTS / TROY, NEW YORK VERTICAL DESIGN STUDIO 2: P.I.P. / FALL 2009 The Machine Starts was a student based performance that is based on E.M. Forester’s 1909 sci-fi novella “The Machine Stops” which predicted the internet, television, global environmental ruin and the impact of technology on the human experience. The design for this kiosk was initiated by the performance’s reliance upon a hexagon framework for much of the mystery and illusion within the script. This “tickets” which audience members give to enter the studio is an image of their face to be later used in the performance. After multiple iterations the design created was intended to not only to be visually intriguing but also to quickly process over 100 audience members in under 15 minutes. This design is made up of six individual free-standing forms arranged in two semi-circles. They are each made of milled plywood frames covered in lasercut patterened sheets taskboard followed by a thin white spandex fabric and finished with milled MDF caps. The kiosk also serves the dual purpose of serving as a wall during the performance to route people back into the theater between acts.

35


36


KIOSK CONCEPTS AND FINAL PRODUCT

37


38


RYAN MUHL 527 Timothy Dr. Bethlehem, PA 18017 610-739-1353 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute School of Architecture 2009-2014

RPI Design Portfolio  
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