Page 1

Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 1

Common Name: Blue spotted Grouper Scientific Name: Cephalopholis argus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: from the Indo-Pacific, is a commercial game fish, invasive species.

Life Strategy: spawning usually occurs territorially in the morning.

Food / Feed Strategy: Hunters, they hover motionless in the water column before attacking, Eating juvenile surgeonfish and crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue-Spotted_Grouper


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #:2

Common Name: Atlantic Blue Marlin Scientific Name: Makaira nigricans Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: periformes

Family: istiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: Marlin are distributed throughout the Atlantic's tropical and temperate waters, most populously in the western parts.

Life Strategy: Marlins breeds in late summer and fall. Females may spawn as many as four times in one season. They often release over seven million eggs at once. Males may live for 18 years, and females up to 27.

Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on a wide variety of fish near the surface. It uses its bill to stun, injure, or kill while knifing through a school of prey, then returns to eat.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Pacific_blue_marlin#Makaira_mazara


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 3

Common Name: king mackerel Scientific Name: Scomberomorus cavalla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: scomberomorus

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. The king mackerel is a subtropical species of the Atlantic Coast of the Americas.

Life Strategy: Eggs and sperm are shed into the sea and their union is by chance. A female may shed from 50,000 to several million eggs over the spawning season. Fertilized eggs hatch in about 24 hours.

Food / Feed Strategy: king mackerels are opportunistic carnivores. Their prey depends on their size. Depending on area and season.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_mackerel


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 4

Common Name: Jewfish Scientific Name: Epinephelus itajara Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: Is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow tropical waters among coral and artificial reefs. Includes the Florida Keys, the Bahamas, most of the Caribbean, and the Brazilian coast.

Life Strategy: During the breeding season from July through September, goliath groupers gather together at breeding sites in groups of 100 individuals or more. The fertilized eggs are scattered in the water column of the ocean. These fish are very long-lived with a slow growth rate and late sexual maturation. Jewfish are like most other groupers, they may undergo a sex-change part way through life.

Food / Feed Strategy: Goliath groupers feed on crustaceans, such as spiny lobsters, shrimps and crabs as well as fish including stingrays and parrotfish, in addition to octopuses and young sea turtles. Despite having teeth, the fish engulfs its prey and swallows it whole.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epinephelus_itajara


Titel: Saltwater fish

Species #:5

Common Name: Mahi-Mahi Scientific Name: Coryphaena Hippurus Class: Animalia, Actinopterygii Family: Coryphaenidae

Order: Perciformes Genus: Coryphaena

Species: Hippurus

Geography / Habitat: Found off shore temperate, tropical and subtropical waters world wide. Dolphins are also often found along the surface among floating log, floating debris, buoys or seaweed.

Life Strategy: Males and females are sexually mature in their first year, usually by 4-5 months old. Females may spawn two to three times per year. Producing 80,000 and 1,000,000 eggs per event.

Food / Feed Strategy: They’re fast swimmers with top speed exceeding 50 mph. that’s partly why they’re a highly sought after game-fish. They feed on flying fish, mullet, mackerel, squid, sea horse, crab, shrimp and other small fish.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahi-mahi


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 6

Common Name: Southern king fish Scientific Name: Menticirrhus americanus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: sciaenidae

Geography / Habitat: It lives in shallow coastal waters on the western fringes of the Atlantic Ocean. From as far north as New York to southwestern Texas. Live in the Atlantic coast of America and Gulf of Mexico, the Carrabin’s.

Life Strategy: Spawning takes place from June to November in the area of Delaware Bay

Food / Feed Strategy: The southern kingfish feeds on benthic invertebrates. Also shrip crabs and smaller amphipods.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menticirrhus_americanus


Title: Saltwater fishes

Species #: 7

Common Name: Greenland shark Scientific Name: Somniosus microcephalus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondicthyes

Order: Squaliformes

Family: Somniosidae

Geography / Habitat: native to the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean around Greenland and Iceland Life Strategy: This is one of the largest living species of shark, of dimensions comparable to those of the great white shark. The flesh of a Greenland shark is poisonous. They retain the developing embryos within their bodies so that they are born alive after an undetermined gestation period. 10 pups per litter is normal, each initially measuring some 90 cm (35 in) in length. Food / Feed Strategy: grey seals and fish

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenland_shark


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 8

Common Name: Barracuda Scientific Name: Sphyraena barracuda Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: sphyraenidae

Geography / Habitat. Great barracudas linger near the water's surface alone or in small groups. The adults will also venture near the shore in murky waters where they are almost hidden from sight. The young hide among the branching roots of mangrove trees or between corals and sponges on the reef. Life Strategy: Great barracuda reproduce when ocean waters begin to warm, by swimming into shallow waters to mate. They will all gather in an area to release eggs and sperm and the fertilized eggs will be taken away on the currents to drift. Food / Feed Strategy: Barracudas are voracious, opportunistic predators, relying on surprise and short bursts of speed to overtake their prey. For bigger fish the shoot fast and takes chucks off of them with their sharp teeth’s.

 Body Form or Style: stagittiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://sea.sheddaquarium.org/sea/fact_sheets.asp?id=104


Title: saltwater fish

Species #:9

Common Name: bluefish Scientific Name: Pomatomus saltatrix Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: pomatomidae

Geography / Habitat: As with most marine fish, their spawning habits are not well known. In the western side of the North Atlantic, at least two populations occur, separated by Cape Hatteras in North Carolina Life Strategy: They reproduce during spring and summer, and can live for up to 9 years. The gulfstream can carry fry spawned to the south of Cape Hatteras to the north, and eddies can spin off, carrying them into populations found off the coast of the mid-Atlantic, and the New England states.

Food / Feed Strategy: Adult bluefish are strong and aggressive, and live in loose groups. They are fast swimmers which prey on schools of forage fish. bluefish are preyed upon by larger predators at all stages of their life cycle. And also eat their own young.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pomatomus_saltatrix.png


Title: Saltwater Fish

Species #: 10

Common Name: Arabian carpetshark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium arabicum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscylliidae

Geography / Habitat: Presently known to live in the "Gulf" between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Life Strategy: Maximum length about 70 cm, average size between 50 and 60 cm. Probably egg laying. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds primarly on invertebrates and small fishes.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://www.shark.ch/Database/Search/species.html?sh_id=1148


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 11

Common Name: Yellowfin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus albacares Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: scombridae

Geography / Habitat: Mid-ocean islands such as the Hawaiian archipelago, other island groups in the Western Pacific, Caribbean and Maldives islands Indian Ocean, as well as the volcanic islands of the Atlantic such as Ascension Island often harbor yellowfin feeding on the baitfish these spots concentrate close to the shoreline. Life Strategy: Spawning takes place at sea in the spring and summer, and most fish are capable of reproduction at the age of 2 or 3 years.

Food / Feed Strategy: Spawning takes place at sea in the spring and summer, and most fish are capable of reproduction at the age of 2 or 3 years.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.fishwatch.gov/seafood_profiles/species/tuna/species_pages/atl_yellowfin_tuna.h tm


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 12

Common Name: bigeye tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus obesus

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: scombrinae

Geography / Habitat: Bigeye tuna are found in the open waters of all tropical and temperate oceans, but not the Mediterranean Sea. Life Strategy: Longer-lived than the closely related yellowfin tuna, the bigeye has a lifespan of up to 12 years, with sexual maturity at age four. Spawning takes place in June and July in the northwestern tropical Atlantic, and in January and February in the Gulf of Guinea, which is the only known Atlantic nursery area. Food / Feed Strategy: Feed items include both epipelagic and mesopelagic species, with deep diving behavior during the day thought to be related to the seeking of prey.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bigeye_tuna


Title: saltwater fish

Species #:13

Common Name: swordfish Scientific Name: Xiphias gladius Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: xipgiidae

Geography / Habitat: Swordfish are found around the world in tropical, temperate, and sometimes cold waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. North Atlantic swordfish are found in the Gulf Stream of the western North Atlantic Ocean, extending north into the Grand Banks of Newfoundland.

Life Strategy: Spawning occurs from November to February in temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F) in the south Atlantic off south Brazil Spawning is year-round in the Caribbean Sea and other warm regions of the west Atlantic. Food / Feed Strategy: Swordfish feed on a variety of fish and invertebrates such as squid. They capture their prey by slashing their bill back and forth, stunning or injuring the prey in the process. They have developed unique characteristics, such as special eye muscles and a heat exchange system, that allow them to swim in deep cold water in search of prey.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation: http://www.fishwatch.gov/seafood_profiles/species/swordfish/species_pages/north_atlantic_ swordfish.htm


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 14

Common Name: wahoo Scientific Name: Acanthocybium solandr Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: scomberomorini

Geography / Habitat: Wahoo are found near the surface in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Wahoo live in tropical waters year-round but are also found in higher latitudes during the summer. They’re frequently found alone or in small, loosely connected groups rather than compact schools. Life Strategy: Wahoo grow fast, up to 8 feet and 158 pounds, and have a short life span, up to 5 or 6 years in the Atlantic and 9 years in the Pacific. Wahoo spawn year-round in tropical waters and during the summer in higher latitudes. Individual wahoo spawn multiple times throughout the spawning season. They’re very productive, releasing a half million to 45 million eggs per year to compensate for eggs that might not survive to adulthood. Food / Feed Strategy: Wahoo mainly feed on squid and fish, including frigate mackerel, butterfish, porcupine fish, and round herring. They generally compete with tuna for the same kind of food, but can feed on larger prey by using their extremely sharp teeth to render prey into bite-size pieces. A number of predators sharing their habitat feed on young wahoo

 Body Form or Style: stagittiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.fishwatch.gov/seafood_profiles/species/wahoo/species_pages/atlantic_wahoo.ht m


Title: Marine/Saltwater Fish

Species #: 15

Common Name: Bignose Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus altimus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Patchy records from around the world indicate the bignose shark probably has a circumglobal distribution in tropical and subtropical waters. In the Atlantic Ocean, it occurs from Delaware Bay to Brazil, in the Mediterranean Sea, and off West Africa. Life Strategy: While large enough to perhaps be dangerous, the bignose shark seldom comes into contact with humans due to its preference for deep water. Food / Feed Strategy: The bignose shark feeds mainly on bottom-dwelling bony fishes (including lizardfishes, croakers, flatfishes, and batfishes), cartilaginous fishes (including Squalus dogfishes, Holohalaelurus catsharks, Dasyatis stingrays, and chimaeras), and cephalopods.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bignose_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 16

Common Name: blue angel fish Scientific Name: Holacanthus bermudensis Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: The Bermuda blue angelfish tends to stay near rocks, coral, and sponges. It also lives around boulders, in caves, and crevices in shallow water. It is found in the western Atlantic part of from Bermuda, the Bahamas and Florida to the Gulf of Mexico, and also to Yucatan, Mexico. Life Strategy: The Bermuda blue angelfish has no specific breeding period, so they breed year round. When they do breed, the female can release from 25 to 75 thousand eggs each day, totaling up to 10 million eggs each breeding cycle.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Bermuda blue angelfish feeds primarily on sponges, but also feeds on tunicates, jellyfish, and corals as well as plankton and algae. Young blue angelfish eat parasites on other fish.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermuda_blue_angelfish


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 17

Common Name: hog fish Scientific Name: Lachnolaimus maximus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography / Habitat: The hogfish is one of the larger species of wrasses and is found in the western Atlantic Ocean with a range from Bermuda, south through the Caribbean Sea and northern Gulf of Mexico, continuing to the north coast of South America. Hogfish are very abundant in the Florida Keys and are a valuable economical important species among fisherman. Life Strategy: The hogfish changes sex during different life stages. The change usually occurs around 3 years of age. The change usually occurs around 3 years of age.

Food / Feed Strategy: Adult hogfish feed mainly on mollusks including pelecypods, gastropods, and scaphopods, but will also feed on hermit crabs, amphipods, and sea urchins, crushing its prey with strong pharyngeal jaws.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/hogfish/hogfish.html


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 18

Common Name: bull shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus leucas

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The bull shark is commonly found worldwide in coastal areas of warm oceans, in rivers and lakes, and occasionally salt and freshwater streams if they are deep enough. Life Strategy: Bull sharks mate during late summer and early autumn. a bull shark may give birth to four to ten live young. Food / Feed Strategy: A bull shark's diet consists mainly of bony fish and sharks, including other bull sharks, but can also include turtles, birds, dolphins.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bull_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 19

Common Name: white marlin Scientific Name: Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: Occurring in the Atlantic Ocean, the white marlin has a distribution from the western Atlantic Ocean and in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Life Strategy: Spawning only once per year, white marlin migrate to subtropical waters and spawn in early summer, in deep oceanic waters. People believed that they spawn in pairs, as opposed to communal or mass spawning. Food / Feed Strategy: White marlin confluences produce nutrient-rich upwellings, drawing baitfish, and thus are successful feeding areas for the white marlin and other predatory fishes. There is some evidence that white marlin can stun or kill their prey by spearing or slashing it with their bill.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: supraterminal

Citation: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/whitemarlin/whitemarlin.html


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 20

Common Name: clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion ocellaris Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Clownfish are native to warmer waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans, including the Great Barrier Reef and the Red Sea. Life Strategy: Clownfish lay eggs on any flat surface close to their host anemones. In the wild, clownfish spawn around the time of the full moon. The male parent guards the eggs until they hatch about 6 to 10 days later. Food / Feed Strategy: Clownfish feed on small invertebrates which otherwise potentially could harm the sea anemone, in the wild they eat live food such as algae, plankton, mollusks, and crustacean.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphiprioninae


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 21

Common Name: shortfin mako shark Scientific Name: Isurus oxyrinchus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Geography / Habitat: The shortfin mako inhabits offshore temperate and tropical, and is found in the Gulf Stream or warmer offshore waters. Life Strategy: The shortfin mako shark giving birth to live young. It is believed that females may rest for 18 months after birth before mating again. Shortfins do not engage in sibling cannibalism unlike the sand tiger shark. Food / Feed Strategy: The shortfin mako feeds mainly upon cephalopods, bony fishes including mackerels, tunas, bonitos, and swordfish, but it may also eat other sharks, porpoises, sea turtles, and seabirds. Makos swim below their prey, so they can see what is above and have a high probability of reaching prey before it notices.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortfin_mako_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 22

Common Name: Splendid toadfish Scientific Name: Sanopus splendidus

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Batrachoidiformes

Family: Batrachoididae

Geography / Habitat: also known as the coral toadfish, is a species of toadfish entirely endemic to the island of Cozumel. Commonly found under coral outcroppings. Life Strategy: The splendid toadfish has limited dispersal capabilities, as both the eggs and larvae remain associated with the seabed, rather than drifting in currents in the water column. During the development of the eggs, they are guarded by the male. Food / Feed Strategy: This species diet mainly consists of small fish, molluscs, crustaceans and polychaete worms. It usually feeds by ambush, remaining still until prey comes within range, before making a quick lunge and engulfing the animal in its large jaws

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.arkive.org/splendid-toadfish/sanopus-splendidus/


Title: Saltwater fishes

Species #: 23

Common Name: Indian sand tiger shark Scientific Name: Carcharias tricuspidatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Odontaspididae

Geography / Habitat: found in the Indian and western Pacific oceans Life Strategy: Reproduction is ovoviviparous, the embryos feeding on their yolk sac, and other ova produced by the mother Food / Feed Strategy: Its diet consists of fish and small sharks

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_sand_tiger


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 24

Common Name: great white shark Scientific Name: Carcharodon carcharias Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: chordrichthyes

Order: lamniformes

Family: lamnidea

Geography / Habitat: Great white sharks live in almost all coastal and offshore waters, with greater concentrations in the United States, South Africa, Japan, Oceania, Chile, and the Mediterranean One of the densest known populations is found around Dyer Island, South Africa, where almost all of the shark research is done. Life Strategy: Almost nothing is known about reproduction in great whites. Great white sharks also reach sexual maturity at around 15 years of age. Maximum life span is believed to be more than 30 years. Birth has never been observed, but pregnant females have been examined. Great white sharks are ovoviviparous, which means eggs develop and hatch in the uterus and continue to develop until birth. Food / Feed Strategy: Great white sharks are carnivorous and prey upon fish. Great whites have also been known to eat objects that they are unable to digest, they also begin to target predominately marine mammals for food.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_white_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 25

Common Name: Tiger grouper Scientific Name: Mycteroperca tigris Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Epinephelidae

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic: south Florida, Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Venezuela, and probably throughout the Caribbean to Brazil. Life Strategy: Spawning aggregations of several hundreds of fish take place approximately one week following each full moon during the months of January to April at the east of Vieques Island, Puerto Rico. Food / Feed Strategy: It occurs in coral reefs and rocky areas and is an ambush predator.

 Body Form or Style: compressaform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/links/44682/0


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 26

Common Name: giant sea bass Scientific Name: Stereolepis gigas Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Polyprionidae

Geography / Habitat: Giant sea bass occur throughout the Gulf of California and from Cabo San Lucas, Baja California, to Humboldt Bay, California. In California, the appearance of this species north of Point Conception has been sporadic. Life Strategy: This fish was ready to spawn and the larger eggs were about 0.04 inch in diameter. The main spawning season for giant sea bass occurs during July, August, and September. Food / Feed Strategy: Giant sea bass often eat whatever prey is available, but they especially like crabs, shrimp, worms, small fish, and clams.

 Body Form or Style: compressiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.dfg.ca.gov/marine/mspcont9.asp


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 27

Common Name: trigerfish Scientific Name: Abalistes filamentosus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae

Geography / Habitat: They tend to inhabit a variety of warm coastal waters, including the waters around the islands of the Maldives. Life Strategy: Triggerfish lay their demersal eggs in a small hole dug in the sea bottom. Food / Feed Strategy: Off Florida, juveniles of some species of triggerfishes are found in floating sargassum, where they feed on the small shrimp, crabs and molluscs found there.

.  Body Form or Style: compressiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carrangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.maldivesdivetravel.com/maldives-marine-life/triggerfish.html


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 28

Common Name: florida pompano Scientific Name: Trachinotus carolinus

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Carangidae

Geography / Habitat: The adult Florida pompano is typically found in more saline areas and likes to stay in relatively warm waters, so it migrates northward in the summer, and toward the south in the fall. Life Strategy: The Florida pompano is a fast-growing species and attains a length of 8–12 inches after the first year. They usually survive for only about 3 to 4 years. Food / Feed Strategy: They are bottom feeders. They have very short teeth and feed on zoobenthos and small clams.

 Body Form or Style: compressiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/pompano/


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 29

Common Name: Yellow fin mojarra Scientific Name: Gerres cinereus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gerreidae

Geography / Habitat: Inhabits shallow coastal waters in open sandy and surf areas, seagrass beds, near reefs and mangrove channels Life Strategy: born in packs and swims in big schools of fish. Stays near the coast line. Food / Feed Strategy: Often seen feeding in sand patches among reefs by thrusting its mouth into the sediment and expelling sand from the gill openings

 Body Form or Style: compressiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.rodnreel.com/gulffish/gulffish.asp?FishID=191&cmd=view


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 30

Common Name: tiger shark Scientific Name: Galeocerdo cuvier

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The tiger shark is often found close to the coast, mainly in tropical and subtropical waters throughout the world.[ Life Strategy: They breed by internal fertilization. The male inserts one of his claspers into the female's genital opening, acting as a guide for the sperm. The male uses its teeth to hold the female still during the procedure, often causing the female considerable discomfort. Food / Feed Strategy: The tiger shark is an apex predator and has a reputation for eating anything. It also possesses the capability to take on large prey.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 31

Common Name: blue shark Scientific Name: Prionace glauca Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Inhabits deep waters in the world's temperate and tropical oceans. Preferring cooler waters. Life Strategy: Courtship is believed to involve biting by the male, as mature specimens can be accurately sexed according to the presence or absence of bite scarring. Female blue sharks have adapted to the rigorous mating ritual by developing skin 3 times thicker than male skin. Food / Feed Strategy: Squid are important prey for blue sharks, but their diet includes other invertebrates such as cuttlefish and pelagic octopuses, as well as lobster, shrimp, crab, a large number of bony fishes, small sharks, mammalian carrion and occasional sea birds.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 32

Common Name: lemon shark Scientific Name: Negaprion brevirostris Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The lemon shark is found mainly along the subtropical and tropical parts of the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North and South America, and around Pacific islands. Life Strategy: Lemon sharks are viviparous, females giving birth to between four and 17 young every other year in warm and shallow lagoons. The young have to fend for themselves from birth, and remain in shallow water near mangroves until they grow larger. Food / Feed Strategy: It eats mostly fish (including other sharks), but will also eats mollusks and crustaceans.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 33

Common Name: nurse shark Scientific Name: Ginglymostoma cirratum Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Ginglymostomatidae

Geography / Habitat: The nurse shark is a common inshore bottom-dwelling shark, found in tropical and subtropical waters. Its common habitats are reefs, channels between mangrove islands and sand flats. Life Strategy: The mating season runs from late June to the end of July. Nurse sharks are ovoviviparous, meaning the eggs develop and hatch within the body of the female where the hatchlings develop further until live birth occurs. Food / Feed Strategy: Their diet consists primarily of crustaceans, molluscs, tunicates, sea snakes, and other fish, particularly stingrays. Hidden under submerged ledges or in crevices within the reef, the nurse sharks seem to prefer specific resting sites and will return to them each day after the night's hunting.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nurse_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 34

Common Name: whale shark Scientific Name: Rhincodon typus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Rhincodontidae

Geography / Habitat: The whale shark inhabits all tropical and warm-temperate seas. Although typically seen offshore, it has been found closer to land, entering lagoons or coral atolls, and near the mouths of estuaries and rivers. Life Strategy: Neither mating nor pupping of whale sharks has been observed. The eggs remain in the body and the females give birth to live young. There is evidence that the pups are not all born at once, but rather that the female retains sperm from one mating and produces a steady stream of pups over a prolonged period. Food / Feed Strategy: The whale shark is a filter feeder – one of only three known filter feeding shark species. It feeds on macro-algae, plankton, krill, Christmas Island red crab larvae, and small nektonic life such as small squid or vertebrates.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale_shark


Title: Saltwater fishes

Species #: 35

Common Name: Copper shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus brachyurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico, southern Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: France to Algeria, Canary Islands. Mediterranean. Namibia, South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa. Western Pacific: Japan, China, southern Siberia, Korea, Australia, New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: Southern California to Gulf of California, Peru. Life Strategy: Viviparous, with yolksac-placenta (gives birth to live young). Litter size between 13 and 20 pups. Size at birth about 60 cm to 65 cm. Maturity is reached with a size between 200 cm and 230 cm for males, not really known for females but certainly less than 240 cm. Food / Feed Strategy: they feed on various fish.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.shark.ch/Database/Search/species.html?sh_id=1133


Title: Saltwater fishes

Species #: 36

Common Name: Basking Shark Scientific Name: Cetorhinus maximus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Cetorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Basking Sharks have a circumglobal distribution and can be found in cold to warm temperate waters. They are pelagic sharks that are often seen singly or in groups of up to 100 feeding at or below the surface. Life Strategy: they are believed to demonstrate yolk-sac viviparity (eggs are laid in the womb that hatch internally, the shark then gives birth to live young) with the pups demonstrating oophagy (developing pups feed on unfertilised eggs). Food / Feed Strategy: One of only three filter feeding shark species, Basking Sharks feed passively on zooplankton and are thought to be capable of filtering over 1800 tons of water per hour.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: tubular Citation: http://www.baskingsharks.org


Title: saltwater fishes

Species #: 37

Common Name: Scoophead Scientific Name: Sphyrna media Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: found in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean from Panama to southern Brazil, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean from the Gulf of California to Ecuador. Life Strategy: They are viviparous. Food / Feed Strategy: Scoophead sharks are thought to eat elasmobranchs, cephalopods, and bony fish.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scoophead


Title: saltwater fishes

Species #: 38

Common Name: Atlantic Ghost catshark Scientific Name: Apristurus atlanticus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Eastern Atlantic: Madeira. Other areas are not confirmed. Life Strategy: Unknown, most likely oviparous (egg laying). Food / Feed Strategy: Unknown. Most likely small invertebrates and fishes.

 Body Form or Style: sagittiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.shark.ch/Database/Search/species.html?sh_id=1058


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 39

Common Name: White Tip Reef Shark Scientific Name: Triaenodon obesus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species is found all across the Indo-Pacific region. It is found almost exclusively in coral reef habitats along the coral heads and ledges. Sometimes they can be seen near sandy flats, in lagoons, or near deep drop offs. Life Strategy: Females give birth to 1 to 6 pups at a time and pregnancy lasts for 10 to 13 months. The Whitetip Reef shark is a very social and is often found in groups. Food / Feed Strategy: Since this is a slow species compared to others, they prefer to hunt at night when most sea animals are sleeping. They prefer eels, crustaceans, octopus, lobsters, and crabs.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform  Mouth Position: Subtermina Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitetip_reef_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #:40

Common Name: black tip reef shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus melanopterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species is commonly found in shallow waters on and near coral reefs and occasionally in brackish waters. Life Strategy: small sharks measuring up to 1.8 m with short, bluntly-rounded snouts, oval eyes, and narrow-cusped teeth. They have 2 dorsal fins and no interdorsal ridges. Food / Feed Strategy: Blacktip reef sharks are fast, pursuit predators that prefer reef fishes, but also feeds on stingrays, crabs, mantis shrimps and other crustaceans, cephalopods, and other mollusks.

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Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:

Citation: http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=90


Title: saltwater fishes

Species #: 41

Common Name: Winghead shark Scientific Name: Eusphyra blochii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: They are found in shallow waters of the continental and insular shelves and the tropical Indo-west Pacific are benthopelagic (i.e., occurring near the bottom or in mid-waters) and coastal. Life Strategy: Winghead Sharks are viviparous (live-bearing) with a yolk-sac placenta. This species is not known to attack people. Food / Feed Strategy: the diet of the Winghead Shark is not reported, but probably consists of small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://eol.org/pages/206682/overview


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 42

Common Name: White Tip Reef Shark Scientific Name: Triaenodon obesus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species is found all across the Indo-Pacific region. It is found almost exclusively in coral reef habitats along the coral heads and ledges. Sometimes they can be seen near sandy flats, in lagoons, or near deep drop offs. The preferred depth is 8 to 40 meters (26 to 130ft) making this a shallow swimmer. Life Strategy: Females give birth to 1 to 6 pups at a time and pregnancy lasts for 10 to 13 months. The Whitetip Reef is a very social fish. They often lay on the ground in large groups. Food / Feed Strategy: Since this is a slow species compared to others, they prefer to hunt at night when most sea animals are sleeping. They prefer eels, crustaceans, octopus, lobsters, and crabs.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform  Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://www.the-shark-side-of-life.com/whitetip-reef-shark.html


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 43

Common Name: yellowtail flounder Scientific Name: Limandaferruginea Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: hippoglossidae

Geography / Habitat: Yellowtail flounder are found along the Atlantic coast of North America from Newfoundland to the Chesapeake Bay. They live on sandy bottoms in waters between 130 and 230 feet deep. Yellowtail flounder are relatively sedentary.

Life Strategy: They spawn during the spring and summer. Females deposit their eggs on the ocean floor. After the eggs are fertilized, they float to the surface and the larvae drift in surface waters for about 2 months. When yellowtail flounder are first hatched, their eyes are symmetrical, with an eye on each side of their head

Food / Feed Strategy: Juvenile yellowtail flounder mostly eat polychaete worms; adults feed on crustaceans and polychaete worms. Spiny dogfish, skate, and a number of fish such as cod, hakes, flounder, and monkfish prey on yellowtail flounder.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: amiiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.fishwatch.gov/seafood_profiles/species/flounder/species_pages/yellowtail_floun der.htm


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 44

Common Name: red snapper Scientific Name: Lutjanus campechanus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Lutjanus

Geography / Habitat: is found in the Gulf of Mexico and the southeastern Atlantic coast of the United States and much less commonly northward as far as Massachusetts. Life Strategy: Females are able to reproduce when they reach age 2. Males and females spawn from May to October, depending on their location. Food / Feed Strategy: Red snapper feed on fish, shrimp, crab, worms, cephalopods, and some plankton.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.fishwatch.gov/seafood_profiles/species/snapper/species_pages/red_snapper.htm


Title: saltwater fish

Species #:45

Common Name: lion fish Scientific Name: Pterois volitans

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Scorpaenidae

Geography / Habitat: The lionfish is a predator native to the Indo-Pacific. It aggressively preys on small fish and invertebrates. They can be found around the seaward edge of reefs and coral, in lagoons, and on rocky surfaces to fifty meters. Life Strategy: The lionfish can live from five to fifteen years and have complex courtship and mating behaviors. Females release two mucus-filled egg clusters frequently, which can contain as many as fifteen thousand eggs.

Food / Feed Strategy: The lionfish prey mostly on small fish, invertebrates and mollusks. They hunt by waiting and stalking their pray.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterois


Title: Saltwater fishes

Species #: 46

Common Name: Copper shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus brachyurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The copper shark is the only member of its genus largely found in temperate rather than tropical waters, in temperatures above 12 °C (54 °F). it is found in various places all over the world. Life Strategy: Fast and active, the copper shark may be encountered alone, in pairs, or in loosely organized schools containing up to hundreds of individuals. Some aggregations seem to form for reproductive purposes, while others form in response to concentrations of food. Food / Feed Strategy: The copper shark feeds more towards the bottom of the water column than the top, consuming cephalopods, including squid (Loligo spp.), cuttlefishes, and octopus; bony fishes, including gurnards, flatfishes, hakes, catfishes, jacks, Australian salmon, mullets, sea breams, smelts, tunas, sardines, and anchovies; and cartilaginous fishes, including dogfish sharks (Squalus spp.), stingrays, skates, electric rays, and sawfishes.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_shark


Title: Saltwater fishes

Species #: 47

Common Name: Horn Shark Scientific Name: Heterodontus francisci Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Heterodontiformes

Family: heterodontidae

Geography / Habitat: The horn shark inhabits the continental shelf of the eastern Pacific Ocean, occurring off the coasts of California and Baja California from Monterey Bay southward, and in the Gulf of California. Life Strategy: The horn shark is a clumsy, sporadic swimmer that prefers to use its flexible, muscular pectoral fins to push itself along the bottom. It is usually solitary, though small groups have been recorded Food / Feed Strategy: Some 95% of the adult horn shark's diet consists of hard-shelled molluscs (e.g. bivalves and gastropods), echinoderms (e.g. sea urchins) and crustaceans (e.g. crabs, shrimp, and isopods).

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horn_shark


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 48

Common Name: Grey sharpnose shark Scientific Name: Rhizoprionodon oligolinx Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: found in the tropical waters of the Indo-West Pacific Oceans between latitudes 30° N and 18° S, from the surface to 36 m. Life Strategy: It is considered harmless to people. It is eaten by people. is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae Food / Feed Strategy: The diet of the grey sharpnose shark consists of crustaceans, fishes, and cephalopods.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grey_sharpnose_shark


Title: saltwater fishes

Species #: 49

Common Name: brownbanded bamboo shark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium punctatum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscyliidae

Geography / Habitat: found in the Indo-West Pacific from Japan to northern Australia, between latitudes 34° N and 26° S, to depths of 85 metres (279 ft). Life Strategy: The major threats to these sharks are the loss of their habitat, pollution, and hunting (both for aquarium trade as well as food). Reproduction is oviparous. Food / Feed Strategy: their diet includes fresh shrimp, scallop, squid, and marine fish.

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ody Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiloscyllium_punctatum


Title: saltwater fishes

Species #: 50

Common Name: Whitefin hammerhead Scientific Name: Sphyrna couardi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Geography / Habitat: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Congo. Possibly Mediterranean. Life Strategy: Average size about 200 cm to 250 cm, maximum total length about 300 cm. Viviparous, with yolksac-placenta (gives birth to live young). 24 to 28 pups per litter. Size at birth around 30 cm. Males reach sexual maturity between 150 cm to 180 cm, females between 230 cm to 250 cm. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on fishes and cephalopods.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform  Mouth Position: terminal  Citation: http://www.shark.ch/Database/Search/species.html?sh_id=1128


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:51

Common Name: Striped bass Scientific Name: Morone saxatilis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography / Habitat: Striped bass are native to the Atlantic coastline of North America from the St. Lawrence River into the Gulf of Mexico to approximately Louisiana. They are fish that migrate between fresh and salt water. Life Strategy: Spawning takes place in fresh water. They have been successfully adapted to freshwater habitat, they naturally spend their adult lives in saltwater. Food / Feed Strategy: Larval striped bass feed on zooplankton, while the diet of juvenile bass consists of insect larvae, small crustaceans, mayflies, and other larval fish. Adult bass eat almost any kind of small fish as well as several invertebrates, particularly crabs and squid.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Striped_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:52

Common Name: white bass Scientific Name: Morone chrysops Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography / Habitat: White bass inhabit large reservoirs and rivers. When mating in the spring, they are more often found in shallow rivers, creeks, and streams.[5] White bass are found in high densities in the upstream segment of rivers. Life Strategy: The spawning season for the white bass is mid-March to late May. The optimal water temperatures are 12 to 20 degrees Celsius. They are known to find their home spawning ground even if it's moved to a different part of the same lake. Food / Feed Strategy: White bass are carnivores. They are visual feeders. When not frightened, they will bite readily at live bait such as worms and minnows. Only the largest fish will feed on other fish, and as the summer season progresses, there is an overall trend towards eating fewer fish.[

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 53

Common Name: largemouth bass

Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The largemouth bass has been known to exist in many of the lower 48 states of the U.S. Although it is most popular in the southeastern states, many different varieties of the largemouth bass can be found in the north and western regions. Life Strategy: Studies of prey utilization by largemouth show that in weedy waters, bass grow more slowly due to difficulty in acquiring prey. Less weed cover allows bass to more easily find and catch prey, but this consists of more open-water baitfish. Food / Feed Strategy: The juvenile largemouth bass consumes mostly small bait fish, scuds, small shrimp, and insects. Adults consume smaller fish, snails, crawfish, and snakes.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Largemouth_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:54

Common Name: smallmouth bass Scientific Name: Micropterus dolomieu

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: is found in clearer water than the largemouth, especially streams, rivers, and the rocky areas and stumps and also sandy bottoms of lakes and reservoirs. The smallmouth prefers cooler water temperatures than its cousin the largemouth bass, and may be found in both still and moving water. Life Strategy: The female can lay up to 21,100 eggs, which are guarded by the male in his nest. Food / Feed Strategy: Smallmouth bass are Carnivorous, its diet comprises crayfish, insects, and smaller fish; the young also feeding on zooplankton.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallmouth_bass


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:55

Common Name: Spotted Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus punctulatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: It has now been determined that the "Spotted Bass" found in the Tallapoosa and Coosa Rivers, and their lakes, are a new species, now known as the "Alabama Bass". Life Strategy: convenient way to distinguish between a largemouth bass and a spotted bass is by the size of the mouth. A spotted bass will resemble a largemouth bass in coloration but will have a smaller mouth. Food / Feed Strategy: Preferring cool and warm mountain streams and reservoirs with rocky bottoms, the spotted bass feeds on insects, crustaceans, frogs, annelid worms, and smaller fish.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/spb/


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 56

Common Name: rainbow trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: the rainbow trout is a species of salmonid native to tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America. The species has been introduced for food or sport to at least 45 countries. Life Strategy: They return to their original hatching ground to spawn. "Summer-run steelheads" migrate between May and October, before their reproductive organs are fully mature. They mature in freshwater before spawning in the spring. Food / Feed Strategy: Rainbow trout are predators with a varied diet, and will eat nearly anything they can grab. Their image as selective eaters is only a legend. Rainbows are not quite as piscivorous or aggressive as brown trout or lake trout.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow_trout#Life_cycle


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 57

Common Name: blue catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus furcatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Blue catfish are distributed primarily in the Mississippi River drainage including the Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Arkansas rivers. Life Strategy: Spawn in late spring or early summer. The male, sometimes with the help of the female, selects and guards the nest site in dark secluded areas such as cavities in drift piles, logs, undercut banks and rocks. Food / Feed Strategy: Blue catfish are opportunistic predators and will eat any species of fish they can catch, along with crayfish, freshwater mussels, frogs, and other readily available aquatic food sources; some blue catfish have reportedly attacked scuba divers.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/blue-catfish


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 58

Common Name: flathead catfish Scientific Name: Pylodictis olivaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Adults prefer deep pools with slow current and cover, such as submerged logs and brush piles. They are found in large rivers in Ohio and are most abundant in the Maumee, Muskingum, Scioto, and Ohio Rivers. Life Strategy: Flathead catfish spawn when water temperatures reach 70 degrees Fahrenheit. They build nests in dark secluded shelters such as natural cavities, undercut banks, or near large submerged objects. Food / Feed Strategy: Flatheads are predatory fish and will consume bass, bream, shad, crayfish and often feed on other catfish.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flathead_catfish


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 59

Common Name: silver carp Scientific Name: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: species of freshwater cyprinid fish, a variety of Asian carp native to north and northeast Asia. It is cultivated in China. They are usually farmed in polyculture with other Asian carps, or sometimes Indian carps or other species. Life Strategy: Mature to breeding at three years old and breed until 10 years old. They live in rivers and streams, feeding in schools until spawning time then return to bigger water to feed again. Food / Feed Strategy: The silver carp is a filter feeder, and possesses a remarkably specialized apparatus capable of filtering particles as small as 4 micrometers. The gill rakers are fused into a sponge-like filter, and an epibranchial organ secretes mucus which assists in trapping small particles.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://oklahomainvasivespecies.okstate.edu/silver_carp.html


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 60

Common Name: alligator gar Scientific Name: Atractosteus spatula

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: Alligator Gar are found in the Lower Mississippi River Valley and Gulf Coast states of the Southern United States and Mexico as far south as Veracruz. Life Strategy: Though the Alligator Gar prefers slow-moving waters of rivers, bayous, and oxbows throughout most of the year, it appears to need spring time inundated floodplain fields or wetland vegetation in order to spawn. Their eggs are very poisonous Food / Feed Strategy: The Alligator Gar is a relatively passive, solitary fish that lives in fresh and brackish water bodies in the Southern United States It is carnivorous and feeds by lurking amongst reeds and other vegetation, ambushing prey.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alligator_gar#Breeding


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:61

Common Name: channel catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus punctatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Channel catfish are native to Ohio and are found throughout Ohio in large streams, rivers, and lakes. They are also stocked in many farm ponds where they do well but rarely reproduce. Channel catfish prefer areas with deep water, clean gravel or boulder substrates and low to moderate current. Life Strategy: They use natural cavities, undercut banks and muskrat burrows as nests. The female lays a gelatinous mass containing between 8,000 to 15,000 eggs. The parents remain over the nest to fan the eggs and guard the young after hatching. Food / Feed Strategy: They are omnivorous and will eat a wide variety of items including insect larvae, crayfish, mollusks, fish, and even some types of fruits and berries.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel_catfish


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 62

Common Name: common carp Scientific Name: Cyprinus carpio Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: common carp is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia. It prefers large bodies of slow or standing water and soft, vegetative sediments. As schooling fish, they prefer to be in groups of five or more. Carp are able to tolerate water with very low oxygen levels, by gulping air at the surface. Life Strategy: An egg-layer, a typical adult female can lay 300,000 eggs in a single spawn. Although carp typically spawn in the spring, in response to rising water temperatures and rainfall, carp can spawn multiple times in a season. Food / Feed Strategy: Eggs and fry often fall victim to bacteria, fungi, and the vast array of tiny predators in the pond environment. Carp which survive to juvenile are preyed upon by other fish such as the northern pike and largemouth bass, and a number of birds.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/Home/species_a_to_z/SpeciesGuideIndex/commoncarp/tabid/65 89/Default.aspx


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:63

Common Name: grass carp Scientific Name: Ctenopharyngodon idella Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: This species occurs in lakes, ponds, pools and backwaters of large rivers, preferring large, slow-flowing or standing water bodies with vegetation. Life Strategy: In the wild, grass carp spawn in fast-moving rivers, and their eggs, which are slightly heavier than water, develop while drifting downstream, and kept in suspension by turbulence. The eggs are thought to die if they sink to the bottom. Food / Feed Strategy: Adults of the species feed primarily on aquatic plants. They feed on higher aquatic plants and submerged terrestrial vegetation, but may also take detritus, insects, and other invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grass_Carp


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 64

Common Name: spotted gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus oculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: The spotted gar is native to North America and its current range is from southern Ontario to the west from the Nueces River in Texas east to the Northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico and southeast to the lower Apalachicola River in Florida. Life Strategy: Spawning habitat includes floodplains and wetlands with an abundance of aquatic vegetation. A female can have multiple mating partners and the female is usually larger than the males they mate with. They lay their eggs on leaves of aquatic plants. Food / Feed Strategy: Gar move slowly unless trying to catch food, which it grabs in its jaws in a quick sideways lunge. They often bask near the water's surface on warm days. Fry feed primarily on insect larvae and tiny crustaceans, but fish appear on the diet of young gar very early. Prey is usually swallowed headfirst.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotted_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:65

Common Name: longnose gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus osseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: longnose gar are found in Central America, Cuba, North America, and the Isles of Pines. Longnose gar are frequently found in freshwater in the eastern half of the United States. Life Strategy: There consists of one female to five males per spawning ground. Eggs have a toxic, adhesive coating helping them stick to substrates and are deposited onto stones in shallow water, rocky shelves, vegetation, or smallmouth bass nests. Their hatch time is 7-9 days; young gar stay in vegetation during the first summer of life. Food / Feed Strategy: The most common prey of the longnose gar is clupeids (herrings and shads) as well as cyprinids and fundulids; they usually feed at night.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longnose_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:66

Common Name: blue gill Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: Bluegill live in the shallow waters of many lakes and ponds, along with slow-moving areas of streams and small rivers. Life Strategy: Spawning season for bluegills starts late in May and extends into August. The male bluegills arrive first at the mating site. They will make a spawning bed of six to 12 inches in diameter in shallow water, clustering as many as 50 beds together. Food / Feed Strategy: A small female can produce as few as 1,000 eggs, and a large, healthy female can produce up to 100,000 eggs.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluegill


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:67

Common Name: Florida Gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platyrhincus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography / Habitat: They can be found in the Ochlockonee River and waters east and in peninsular Florida in medium to large lowland streams, canals and lakes with muddy or sandy bottoms near underwater vegetation Life Strategy: This occurs in late winter and early spring. Groups of both sexes come together in shallow weedy water where the females discharge their adhesive eggs among the aquatic plants. Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on many baits such as zooplankton, many smaller fish, and certain birds.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_gar


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 68

Common Name: Betta fish Scientific Name: Betta persephone Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Osphronemidae

Geography / Habitat: The Betta is native freshwater fish from Thailand and Cambodia. Wild Betta can often be found in a small pond, river and drain. Life Strategy: Male bettas flare their gills, twist their bodies, and spread their fins if interested in a female. The female will darken in colour, then curve her body back and forth as a response Food / Feed Strategy: Wild Betta fish are hardy and can eat almost anything in its living environment including: living worms, larvae of mosquitoes or other insects, and even smaller fish.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betta


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:69

Common Name: oscar Scientific Name: Astronotus ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography / Habitat: is native to Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, and French Guiana, and occurs in the Amazon river basin, along the Amazonas river system. Life Strategy: Captive oscars may be fed prepared fish food designed for large carnivorous fish, crayfish, worms, and insects. Food / Feed Strategy: Oscar fish owners will quickly notice that their Oscars are almost always ready for a meal. It is recommended that owners don’t succumb to their pets’ begging and pleading at the aquarium glass and ensure that a disciplined feeding schedule is in place at the outset.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_(fish)


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:70

Common Name: koi Scientific Name: Cyprinus carpio haematopterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: Koi have been accidentally or deliberately released into the wild in every continent except Antarctica. They quickly revert to the natural coloration of common carp within a few generations. In many areas, they are considered an invasive species and pests. Life Strategy: Like most fish, koi reproduce through spawning in which a female lays a vast number of eggs and one or more males fertilize them. Nurturing the resulting offspring is a tricky and tedious job, usually done only by professionals. Food / Feed Strategy: Fish do not have to be fed provided you do not overstock your pond. They will live off of algae, insects and other miscellaneous food that the environment provides

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koi


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:71

Common Name: yellow bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus natalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography / Habitat: Yellow bullhead range throughout the central and eastern US from central Texas, north into North Dakota, and east through the Great Lakes region to the east coast. Life Strategy: Spawning begins in May and June with both sexes participating in nest building. The nest may be under a log or stone or in a similarly enclosed burrow. The female will lay 2,000 to 7,000 eggs. The eggs hatch within 5 to 10 days. Food / Feed Strategy: The yellow bullhead is a voracious scavenger typically feeding at night on a variety of plant and animal material, both live and dead, including small fish, crayfish, insects, snails, and worms.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_bullhead


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:72

Common Name: shadow bass Scientific Name: Ambloplites ariommus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography / Habitat: The shadow bass' native range includes the southeastern United States from the Apalchicola River drainage in Georgia to the lower Mississippi basin in Louisiana. The shadow bass inhabits small to medium size rivers and streams with permanent water flow and prefers cool water temperatures. Life Strategy: The male shadow bass does the nest constructing, the females only obligation is to pick a suitable males nest and lay her eggs after that she departs. The male bass watches over the eggs till they hatch 3–5 days later.[ Food / Feed Strategy: diet of shadow bass consist mostly on small invertebrates mainly crayfish Order Decapoda when small less than three inches after three inches can begin feeding on small fish species such as darters, madtoms, and minnows.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambloplites_ariommus


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:73

Common Name: creek chub Scientific Name: Semotilus atromaculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The creek chub's current range is the eastern two-thirds of the US and southeastern Canada. It can quickly adapt to different extreme environments, and can live on many different foods. Life Strategy: The creek chub has specific behaviors at different ages. Commonly a school fish, they have been documented to school from birth to late adult, occupying the edges of pools. Creek chub travels together within the same 50-meter radius, ensuring safety from unknown predators and environment; this increases their potential for survival. Food / Feed Strategy: The creek chub is described as an opportunist and a carnivore, and consumes many different foods to survive, including fish, insect remains and vegetation.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semotilus_atromaculatus


Title: fresh water fish

Species #: 74

Common Name: common shiner Scientific Name: Luxilus cornutus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography / Habitat: The Common Shiner can be found in rivers and streams, usually in the faster pools. It can also be found in ponds and lakes throughout North America. Life Strategy: Common shiners spawn in spring, usually over the nest of a creek chub, river chub, or fallfish, although some males will make their own small nests. Food / Feed Strategy: The Common Shiner eats terrestrial and aquatic insects, vegetation, and other fishes.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Shiner


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:75

Common Name: lake trout Scientific Name: Salvelinus namaycush Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography / Habitat: lake trout are quite rare. They are native only to the northern parts of North America, principally Canada, but also Alaska and, to some extent, the northeastern United States. Life Strategy: Lake trout spawn at night on rocky shoals in the fall, usually during late October or early November. Fertilized eggs settle within rocky crevices where they remain until hatching about four to six months later in late February to April. Food / Feed Strategy: As juveniles, lake trout feed on zooplankton and small invertebrates. As they mature, their foraging patterns shift and the fish become opportunistic piscivores. As adults, lake trout are generally pisciverous, feeding on a wide variety of pelagic prey species.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_trout


Title: fresh water fish

Species #:

Common Name: Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family:

Geography / Habitat: Life Strategy: Food / Feed Strategy:

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation:

Fish id projest ryan  
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