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RYAN McCULLOCH The Unniv Th iveerrsi sity ty of Te Texxaas S Sccho hool ol of Ar A chhiittec ecttuure r Arcchhiittec Ar ecttuurree + Dessiggn Po ectu Port rttfo folliio B.. Arc B rch Ca Cand ndid idat ae-M Maay ay 20 2014 144


European Tour - Study Abroad Fall 2012


TABLE OF CONTENTS Ryan McCulloch The University of Texas - School of Architecture B. Arch Candidate - May 2014

02

Selected Drawings

04

Timber in the City

10

Lady Bird Lake Rowing Center

16

Mixed-Use Development

20

Diagramming Logistics

24

Mapping Logistics

30

Modular Social Housing

34

AIAS Refugee Housing

38

GAB Honduras Medical Facility

Table of Contents

02-03


Ikea Expres

Erie Basin

G

View from pedestrian path, Looking Northwest


owanus Bay

Red Hoook, Brooklyn, NY Y

|

Red Hook Damage Map

Timber Highrise

UT Advanced Design Spring 2013 | Semester 7 • Comm munity Rebuilding Professor: Ulrich Dangel • “Timber in the City” National Competition Duration: 10 weeks

Timber in the City

Gow wanus River

To create a true sense of community, social housing must involve the residents as well as the surrounding businesses. The concept of the NEXUS development in Brooklyn, NY is to educate, captivate, and inspire the residents of Red Hook with a building that seamlessly integrates the complexities of industry with the luxuries of city living. Red Hook has a vibrant history of shipping and industry. However, when we think of urban life, manufacturing is usually reserved for the outskirts of the city, especially away from residential areas. Advanced wood manufacturing and digital fabrication are growing industries .The goal of NEXUS is to cohesively insert them into the urban condition not only to spawn business growth, but also to encourage visitor education. Two vibrant axes split up the mas of the industrial program allowing users to percolate through the development, which encapsulates an entire city block. This will provide access across the site in all four cardinal directions. A CLT panel structure, shown to have similar strengths as concrete/ steel, but without the material self-weight allows a residential tower to rise up from the center of the axis. Choosing to glorify the new use of “tall timber” a semi-transparent rain-screen wraps the tower showcasing the structure within. Balconies make up the space between the CLT panels and the rain-screen. The prominent passage brings users from the proposed bike trail on the southern street to the community gardens across the eastern boundary of the site. Well-lit and well-ventilated, these crossings capture visitors’ attention and draw them into the development, to explore commercial space. Transparency to the inner workings of wood production and digital fabrication reveals to visitors just how the products are created. They will also notice the innovative use of glulam beams to create the undulating roof surface. A soft light illuminates the workspaces from the northern skylights created. Showcase space further demonstrates the potential of the technology and serve to excite visitors. This new inspiration can be put into action by attending classes and workshops that give users hands-on experience with stateof-the-art machines. Close proximity to the manufacturing spaces allows students to see the process in action. Not only does the industry create jobs, but also educates in order to create future employment. Social housing also needs transportation infrastructure. A bike shop anchors the main corner of the NEXUS development. Storage for residents, as well as a rental system for visitors, will promote alternative means of transportation through the area of Red Hook. A bike service-center repairs and educates the population on bike maintenance. By putting in time learning to repair bikes, partners can log hours that will eventually gain them a new bike to complement their new knowledge. By inserting these additional, yet crucial programs, NEXUS creates a vibrant community. One where residents, businesses, and visitors mix cohesively ensuring the longevity of the development. This is showcased at night when the two axes glow from within as arteries of the thriving community.

Timber in the City

04-05


CONCEPT In October 2012, Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the northern United States and and left a path of destruction from Rockland, Maryland to Montreal, Canada. Red Hook, Brooklyn, was the hardest hit neighborhod in the greater New York City region. Storm surges rose up to 10’ feet, flooding the shoreline and closing small business and residents for nearly six months.

Nexus utilizes an immense 40’ x 40’ column grid to support the flowing roof structure. The columns support the primary structure, a number of interlocking glue laminated beams that stretch the entire building. Smaller secondary glue laminated beams are notched comfortably within the primary structure - which is followed by exposed custom tongue and groove ceiling planks. The building skin is the most attractive aspect of the project. Large 3’ deep glue laminated beams drape down the side of the tower, making the transition from chaos to order. Connecting each of the beams together are a series of oak louvers that shade the units from unwanted southern sun and soften the transition from the roofscape to the tower.

+ Chaos

Order wood

fabrication

business

bicycle

resident

child

0 - 1” 1” - 2” 2” - 3” 3” - 4” 4” - 5”

Hurricane path + Rainfall

5”+

The form of the Nexus apartment tower follows the idea of rebirth; of a new community rising from the ashes of a broken society. In other words, Nexus represents order coming from chaos. The provocative roof membrane signifies the beginning of this new era for the Red Hook neighborhood.

city block

perimeter

cut-through

Nexus is organized into four distinct quadrants by specific program: bicycle, product showcase, wood and digital manufacturing, and residential tower. The quadrants were formed by studying the natural paths that people travel in open space. The X cuts corners and brings people from all sides of the neighborhood to converge in the central axis; a communal area that bridges the gap between fabrication and living. program

extrusion

roof + skin

residential wood + digital showcase

NE

US

bicycle

Red Hook | Brooklyn A series of connections linking two or more objects

Red Hook Damage Map

Gowanus River

Ikea Expres

Erie Basin

Gowanus Bay

Occupiable Roofscape Red Hook is comprised mostly of low-rise buildings and warehouses and is directly south of lower Manhattan. The roof scape of Nexus is about 25’ above street level, the perfect height to allow residents to see over the surrounding buildings to the New York City skyline. The roofscape offers residents and workers a safe and enjoyable space to experience the city.

Manhattan

NE

US

Red Hook

Nexus


Dw igh

nD yk eS tre et

Oste go S tree t

6

3

Be ar dS tre et

4

8 10

9

Bike Trail 1_ Ikea Home Furnitures 2_ Ikea Water Taxi 3_ Reconstructed Park 4_ Red Hook Community Farms 5_ Erie Bason

6_Manufacturing Facilities 7_ Waterfront Walk 8_ Ikea Parking Lot 9_ Historic Dry Docks 10_ Beard St. - Ostego St. Bus Stop

1

ORGANIZATION The relationships that exist between separate components in a coherent whole 2 5

Adjacency Concept Nexus is based on the successful interaction between the diverse population of Red Hook. This social continuity is achieved with the integration of program. Digital and wood fabrication not only share the same work space, but also the same communal areas to share ideas and information.

7

Residential Tower The residences rise thirty stories above the ground floor and provide amenities ranging from studios and one bedroom apartments to three bedroom family units. There are two alternating floor plans and each floor plan contains a mix of units to create a diverse social gathering.

Wood Learn Digital Nexus Display Digital

Wood

Bicycle Display

Learn Bicycle

Program blocks

Adjacency diagram

Adjacency diagram

18th Floor Residential Units Circukat

Education Educating the community is perhaps the most important aspect of Nexus. Classrooms adjacent to the work spaces are used to influence a connection between residents and workers.

Manufacturing The manufacturing space consists of an enormous open floor plan. Both digital and wood production not only share the same work space, but also the same break rooms and offices to promote the exchange of ideas. CNC router

Showcase The showcase space is a central attraction in the axis. Consisting of two open floors of exhibit space, the showcase displays the work of the digital and wood manufacturers. Digital showcase

Bicycle Shop

NE

US

The bicycle shop is a one of the social gathering hot spots within Nexus. Apart from selling bicycles, the shop offers educational workshops on repairs as well as a friendly coffee shop.

Vertical bike storage

Timber in the City

06-07


0’ - 3” 3’ - 0”

LVL Beams Three foot deep hollow glue laminated timber beams are use to brace the balconies of the tower.

Oak louvers control the exposure to sunlight for the residential units. The lighten the transition from the roofscape to the tower.

2’ - 3” 0’ - 0 1/2”

Oak Louvers

Nexus is unlike any wooden structure currently built. The roof form was derived from the devastation that hurrican sandy caused. On the lower levels the roofscape replicates a chaotic series of sinusoidal shapes. At the base of the residential tower, the roof scape begins the transformation to a more regular shape. The concept represents the metaphoric rebirth of a community, that from chaos and destruction, order and community can still rise.

Windows The majority of the building facade is comprised of glazing the louvers protect the residents from the southern orientation.

3 4

0’ - 7 3/8”

LVL Connection The glue laminated beams are connect to the vertical tower at each protruding balcony edge.

2

Cross laminted timber panels are used fors structural support in the floor plates, interior and exteiror walls.

9

0’ - 1 3/8”

0’ - 6 7/8”

CLT Panels 9

7

0’ - 9 1/2”

Steel Structure A secondary steel structure is needed in a CLT tower of between 20 and 30 stories.

1’ - 2”

0’ - 7”

8

1 6

5

6_ Steel Cable Handrails 7_ Rigid Insulation 8_ Plenum - Dropped Ceiling 9_ Gypsum Wall Board 10_ Hardwood Floor

1_ Clapboard Siding 2_ Wood Decking 3_ Aluminium WIndow Frame 4_ Double Panelled Glass 5_ Metal Soil Bins

SKIN SKIN The membranous tissue forming the external covering or integument of an organism; also the protective layer separating a building from the raw elements.

Accoya Wood

This is a registered trademark - all diagrams are reproductions.

Accoya is the world leader in the manufacturing high-technology, long-life wood. It is created by modifying acetylted wood with sustainably grown timber - creating a natural seal to the wood pores and preventing decay. Acetylated wood allows for an exposed aesthetic, revealing the natural grain of the glue-laminated timber beams. Accoya wood is guaranteed protection for at least fifty years.

Acetylation Process

Systems

Sustainable Wood

Recyling

Acetic Anhydride

Acetylated Wood

Just like how blood vessels within the skin of an organism transport essential nutrients that are vital to life, the deep glue - laminated beams contain and distribute many of the important systems in a building: electricity, clean water, and sewage water.

Acetic Anhydride Storage

Chemical Process Wood

+

Acetic Anyhydrid

Acetylated Wood

+

OH

CH3 -

OH

+0

Wood CH3

0

CH3 +

CH3 0

0 Acetylation changes the free hydroxyls into acetyl groups, which lessons its ability to absorb water.

NE

US

+

0

0 Wood

Acetic Anyhydrid

LVL Beam

Systems

Combination


578 louvers Louvers Oak louvers are suspended from the beams and provide shade to the units facing sun exposed directions.

9

5 8

11 beams Drapery Enormous LVL beams are draped down the sides of the tower to connect to the roof below.

4

10

30 stories Tower 7

3 2

The 30 story residential tower is comprised solely of CLT - with a strong core and interior walls. The exterior is entirely glass.

1

3 roofs Tertiary 1_ Concrete Curb 2_ Concrete Pavers 3_ Glue Laminated Beams 4_ Clapboard Siding 5_ Wood Roofscape

6_ Aluminium Windows 7_ Concrete Foundation Column 8_ Green Roof 9_ Rigid Insulation 10_ Concrete Production Floor

6

Green Roof Scape

A tertiary system of tongue and groove wood panels is exposed, illustrating the system of construction to the inhabitants.

50 beams

STRUCTURE

Secondary A secondary system of smaller glue laminated beams notch on top of the primary structure.

A system or organization made up of interrelated parts functioning as a whole.

0’ - 4”

One and a half foot joists are used intermittently between the larger 40’ x 40’ grid.

1’ - 4”

Green Roof

soil permeable drainage sheet insulation vapor barrier tongue and groove soffit

20 beams Primary

Joists

A two-way waffle-grid of enormous glue laminated beams makes up the primary structural system.

0’ - 8” 1’ - 6”

One and a half foot joists are used intermittently between the larger 40’ x 40’ grid.

4 buildings LVL Beams

3’ - 0”

0’ - 3”

Three feet deep glue laminated beams intersect each other at forty foot intervals to create the base structure for the building.

NE

Building

0’ - 8”

The ground floor of Nexus is comprised of simple CLT boxes of program. The warehouse, the largest space, is supported by columns

US Timb mber er in the City

08-09


View from Dock, Looking East


Lady Bird Lake

|

• Full Semester Project • Sound Building Course

ROWING CENTER U Dessiggn St UT Stud udio ud io Spr p ing inng 20012 | Sem emes este es terr 6 Prof Pr ofessso sor: r Joh r: ohnn Bloodd Dura Dura Du ratition rati ion on:: 10 wee eeks eeks

Community Center on the Water Design VI began the most challenging collection of courses during the 5-year B.Arch degree. Combined with Construction IV and Environmental Controls II, I was tasked with not only dreaming up the design for the project, but was also responsible for its safety and regulation. This gives the course its title: Sound Building. The program was to create a rowing house on the Lady Bird Lake that runs through town. Since the building would occupy since prime waterfront real-estate it would also have to function as a community center for the general public. Special events and meetings could be catered at this location looking out over the water. The intervention was to bring people from the running trail down to the water’s edge. Here they could relax on the bleachers underneath the enormous cantilevered canopy. Appearing weightless, the roof would provide shade for day-users as well as spectators for organized rowing events. Cross ventilation passes through the perforated bleachers and provides air circulation for the rowing skulls that are stored below. Above this are floors for a gymnasium, locker rooms, players’ lounge, and general clubhouse.

Row Rowi Ro wiing ng Ceennter teer

10--111 10


Site Plan

Buildng Construction Sequence Diagram

01_Retaining Wall

02_Shear Cores

03_Steel Structure


1

ction

2

3 7 4

6

10 5

1

11 8 9 2

3

4

4’x8’ copper roof panels vapor barrier rigid insulation plywood sheathing 1.5” steel roof decking - spaced 8‘ o.c. steel trusses 2” rigid insulation 2’x4’ ceiling panels 8” square steel columns gypsum board conduits 2”x4” steel studs 2” rigid insulation plywood sheathing vapor barrier steel hangers 3” square wooden horizontal mullions 1.5’ deep w-flange girders - spaced 16’ o.c. 1.5’ deep w-flange beams - spaced 8’ o.c. 1.5” steel decking - spaced 8’ o.c. 2.5” concrete fill vapor barrier rigid insulation 2’x2’ floor tiles 2’x1’ supply/return air vents triple-pane glazing cmu block wall mortar dark blue brick rain screen steel hangers

5

6

7

8 9 10 11

concrete retaining wall steel ties drainage mat drain concrete footings grade beams wooden bleachers perforated steel steel stringer glass guardrails steel handrails concrete steps steel connections steel stair stringer water level wooden dock reinforced concrete piles ground level boat racks

Detailed Section, Looking West

Elevation, Looking West

Section, Looking North

04_Floor Plates

05_Roof Trusses

06_Copper Paneling Rowing Center

12-13


Ground Floor Plan The roof is properly proportioned and positioned to withstand gravity as well as wind uplift on the structure. The three egress columns function as shear cores providing three points of stability at ground level. A central void has been punched through the roof in order to let daylight penetrate deep into the basement of the building. This allows viewers to peer into the building and gaze at the racks of rowing skulls below. A structural grid has been established in order to keep the plan free and circulation unencumbered. Visitors are welcome to explore the building up and over in section. They are able to walk up from the front entrance, through the walkway, and down the bleachers to the waterside dock without even having to enter the building. This keeps a separation of public and private space, allowing the organized rowing teams to focus on their sport, in the event of practice or a match. The upper story clubhouse provides outstanding views without being blinded by harsh southwestern sun, thanks to the shade provided by the roof. The new rowing center on Lady Bird Lake will be a highlight in Austin.

Basement Plan


Site Development Diagram

01_Original Trail

02_Mass Insertion

03_Lake Accessibility

04_Services Recessed

05_Program Elevated

06_Solar Shading

Atrium View to Rowing Skulls

Rowing Center

14-15


MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT UT Design Studio Spring 2011 | Semester 4 Professor: Clay Odom Duration: 6 weeks

|

Airport Boulevard

• Research for Austin City Council • Urban Design

Reimagining Urban Density Design IV Studio began with groups analyzing the present condition of selected areas along Airport Boulevard in Austin, TX. After analyzing the site, our group looked at redesigning the current location of the Travis County Tax Office. The area was primarily pervious asphalt cover that was dominated by vehicular traffic. The goal of the redesign was to encourage pedestrian, bike, and public transportation systems. We also had to increase multi-family housing while being considerate to preexisting surrounding neighborhoods. Our plan included a mix of multi-family housing, offices, shops, as well as water collection, a park, gardens, and an outdoor amphitheater. Pedestrian traffic was increased by transforming the existing median on Airport Boulevard into a walking path lined by trees. The existing ditch was turned into a water collecting rain garden. The rain garden also functioned as a hike and bike path that connected to the existing neighborhood. This path passed by the outdoor amphitheater and open court bound by shops and restaurants. Each group member was to create their area of the site plan while working to make it cohesive with the other members’ areas.

Community Amphitheater, Looking Northeast

The revitalization of Airport Boulevard opened up many opportunities to address the recent influx of young professionals moving to Austin, TX. I selected a building in the previous urban design to develop into a more detailed project. I considered the overall shape and size as a the zoning envelope rather than the ultimate design of a building. Next, I reconsidered the surface that unified the land and building, and looked at how this line acts as an interface between several concerns. These concerns ranged from the relationship of building to building, neighborhood to building, and city to building. The project was to reimagine the definition of multi-use and to creatively design a building that was multi-functional. By including park spaces on multiple levels and at multiple scales, residents and visitors could engage each other though a gradient of public and private experiences.


Complex Entrance, Looking South

Section through Courtyard, Looking East

Mixed-Use Bldg.

16-17


Public Trail

Community Courtyard

Topographic Variation

I designed the area that faced Airport Blvd. The building was to reinterpret the vertical stacking program typically used in mixed-use buildings. The sidewalk was framed by an overhang that shaded street side shops. These shops along with small restaurants framed an internal parking garage with one level at street level and one level below ground. The parking garage is illuminated by punched skylights that allow trees to grow through them into the second level of the complex. This second level is an outdoor courtyard framed on three sides by office space and a small strip of coffee houses. Above the offices are three levels of housing with shared balconies either facing into the office courtyard or onto Airport Blvd. This encourages a community atmosphere amongst residents. Condos on the north side are spaced apart so that light can penetrate to the rain garden and detached office complex behind it. On the back side of the complex are second level terraces that sit on top of the water collection systems. The terraces lead to an outdoor amphitheater that is covered by a large shading structure. This creates a comfortable space for a variety of uses including day or night performances. A rain garden, that dual functions as a hike and bike path, passes by the amphitheater and runs the length of the sight. Near the rain garden is a plaza that can be used for events such as a farmers’ market showcasing goods grown in the community gardens on the east side of the masterplan. The goal of these public programs is to foster a sense of community not just among residents and workers, but also with visitors to the area.

Residential

Office

Retail

Parking SECTION NORTH 1/8” = 1’ - 0”

Program Axon P A Diagram Di

Section, Looking North


Floor Plan Axon

FLOOR 03

Second Floor Plan

1/64" = 1'-0"

FLOOR 03

FLOOR 02

First Floor Plan

1/64" = 1'-0"

FLOOR 02

FLOOR 01

G ou d Floor Ground oo Site S e Plan a

PLAN ISOMETRIC 1/16” = 1’ Bldg 0” Mixed-Use

18-19


LOGISTICS UT Design Studio Fall 2011 | Semester 5 Professor: Clay Shortall Duration: 5 weeks

|

Part 01: Diagramming • Digital Research Studio • Two-Phase Course

X-ray Scanning Design V is an experimental studio. The mission of this semester was to break any design habits and develop new skill sets. Unlike past studios where we were given creative freedom and preconceived notions were inevitable, Design V forced us to arrive at a design by analyzing and manipulating data digitally. No hand drawings were accepted. The first part of the semester was research based. I studied the X-ray scanning system utilized by air cargo facilities to ensure the safety of a package’s contents. Getting down to the atomic structure of materials allows one to begin to understand how the elements that they are made up of determine their different X-ray signature. Elements react differently to incoming X-rays. Taking this reading, the advanced computer system can then interpret the data by slicing the object into layers. It can then begin to build a 3D-digital replica of the item being scanned. This is built by reassembling the slices previously taken. Once finished, the digital model can be analyzed for molecular structure that might cause a breach of security.

X-Ray Filtration Model Mod

Atomic Electron El Field

X-Ray Filtration Diagram

Elevated Periodic Table

X-Ray Imaging


eXaminer X-Ray X Ray Scanner

Scanner Exploded Axon

An important part of the research phase was not only gathering information, but also displaying it effectively. In order to draw the viewer into the project the images displayed had to be graphically compelling, yet relay the topic in a way that someone with no prior knowledge in the field could easily understand.

Scanning Model

Light Particle Representation

X-Ray Filtration Representation Logistics Part 01

20-21


Package Scanning Process

Helical (Spiral) Scanning

Rotating CAT Scanner ring

X-Ray emittance through object

Object passes through “scanning ring� via circulation belt

Emitted and received around object


2D Image Layering

Object is digitally “sliced�

2D to 3D Voxel recreation

Sections combined to form 3D digital object

Logistics Part 01

22-23


LOGISTICS UT Design Studio Fall 2011 | Semester 5 Professor: Clay Shortall Duration: 7 weeks

|

Part 02: Mapping • Digital Research Studio • Data Representation

Representing Research An air cargo facility should be as efficient as possible. Cargo sitting in a facility for even two hours represents a loss in revenue. This project focused on using repetitive parametrics and data analysis to design a new cargo facility for Austin-Bergstrom International Airport in Austin, TX. The second and third parts of the semester focused on design and development. I thoroughly researched environmental effects on the building and site. Developing a new way of thinking was more important than creating a physical building. This studio focused on creatively representing research so that it was informative as well as graphically pleasing. The information had to be well researched and then displayed using digital techniques. Rhino 3D modeling and the Grasshopper plug-in were used to develop complex digital models that would not be possible to create by hand. The next step, however, was to take this digital information and find a way to construct it using manual methods. Digital technology does not replace analog means, but rather is used as a supplement. When used correctly this allows the user to surpass what they had previously considered possible in design. New ideas and methods of production become available when the two means are used in conjunction. Over the course, I was pushed to develop new thought processes that crossed the boundary of what we consider architecture. Though the end goal was not to create a building, this creativity was used as a stimulus for a new way to approach future designs. I used the previously studied scanning method and applied it to a larger site instead of a package. This allowed me to interpret weather conditions and patterns that exist over the course of the year. I could then analyze this data and see how seasons compare in conditions such as wind, temperature, and sun paths. From here, I looked at how this information might affect the flight schedule of the Air Cargo Facility in Austin. I again, scanned and “sliced” the site. This gave me the information on what types of planes, their dimensions and cargo holding capacity, and the frequency in which they arrived.

Taking inspiration from the CAT scanning process, I analyzed the site conditions through a sectional approach. The first step was to map the environmental factors of the site. Research data over the last thirty years was gathering and put into tables. A three-dimensional model was made of this data and divided by each season of the year. This was further explored by taking sections across the site, both transverse and longitudinal, of the wind and solar conditions. Data was also represented three-dimensionally for the Air Cargo runway and loading apron. I researched the size, capacity, and flight times of the major types of cargo air crafts and mapped them on the site.

Aircraft Traffic on Runway

Aircraft Density Base on Volume


Summer Wind Mapping

Fall Wind Mapping

Winter Wind Mapping

Spring Wind Mapping Logistics Part 02

24-25


Summer Solar Mapping

Fall Solar Mapping

Winter Solar Mapping

Spring Solar Mapping

Wind Section Model

Wind Section Model Void


Spring Solar + Wind Combined

Fall Solar + Wind Combined

Summer Solar + Wind Combined

Winter Solar + Wind Combined

Yearly Pattern Combined

Solar Section Model Logistics Part 02

26-27


Summer Lonngitudinal Sections Year Lows Combined

Fall Longitudinal Sections

Spring Longitudinal Sections

Year Highs Combined

Winter Longitudinal Sections


Fall Transverse Sections

Year Lows Combined

Summer Transverse Sections

Spring Transverse Sections

Winter Transverse Sections

Year Highs Combined

Logistics Part 02

28-29


SOCIAL HOUSING

|

ENSA Paris Studio Fall 2012 | Semester 7 Professors: Igor Siddiqui + Danilo Udovicki-Selb Duration: 6 weeks Partner: Nathan Watson

Irvy-sur-Seine

• Studio in Paris, France • Study Abroad Fall 2012

Modular Living Units Changing the way we think about housing blocks is key to developing new creative ways to live. We must get out of the mind-set that a double loaded corridor is the only way to do housing. Our design demonstrates that one does not have to sacrifice density in order to provide a comfortable living environment. The series of towers vary in height and create an undulating field condition. This provides visual interest to residents as they pass through the public parks that vary in scale depending on their proximity to the site. Activating these public spaces as well as the waterfront is important to creating successful social housing where residents can really develop a sense of community. This will instill pride and ownership amongst those that reside in this newly redeveloped area.

Floors 05-07 Unit E, F Unit G, H 9 Floors 8 Units

Outdoor Level

Floors 01-03 Unit A, B Unit C, D

Section, Looking East

Tower Development Diagram

01_Module

02_Unit

03_Units

04_Core

05 A 05_Aggregation ti

05_Punctures


01_Service Walls

02_Inner Core

03_Circulation Stair

04_Column Grid

05_Rainscreen Facade Social Housing

30-31


01_Primarily Industrial-Use Site

02_Major Commuting Arteries

Urban Context Development Diagram

Multi-family housing projects are usually thought of from the outside-in, accompanied by large strokes in a masterplan. The goal of this studio was to explore how a modular structure might develop if thought of first from the scale of a unit and then built out. In order to be social housing the construction costs have to remain low so that residents’ rent can be adequately subsidized. The unit plan must be flexible, but still have some rigidity so that it can be sensibly constructed. Our units occupy two floors each and piece together like a vertical puzzle. Four 2-story units will combine in a space of three floors. This three-story “block” and then be repeated vertically until they reach building height restrictions of 9 stories.

Rainscreen Cladding Exploded Axon

03_Minor Commuting Veins


04_Phased Development Plots

Phase 01_Site Plan

Section Perspective, Looking North Social Housing

32-33


04

03

Unit Variety Diagrams

02

01

Unit Variety Diagrams

Multiple Unit Nesting


04

03

Second Floor Plan

02

01

First Floor Plan

Unit Interior Axon Build-Up

Social Housing

34-35


Construction Sequence Diagram

01_Raised Floor

02_Primary 02 Primary Structure

04_Apertures Cut

05_Sloped 05 Sl d Roof R f

Perspective, Looking Northeast

03_Panel Insertion

06_Solar 06 S l Panels P l


University’s Clark Field

|

• Regional AIAS 2nd Place • Design Charrette

REFUGEE HOUSING Team Leader: Travis Hicks Partners: Christine Hallmark, Luu Mac, Cindy To

Reflected Relief Our site is on Clark Field surrounded by woods and amenities from the University of Texas, but secluded from the rest of campus. The design reflects the local Texas dogtrot layout by grouping two units through a central community space. This creates a rectangular modular system enclosing three square pods with individual bedrooms and bathrooms at the far end which is linked by a central kitchen and living room space in the middle pod. This provides the users a sense of fellowship and comfort during times of disaster and crisis. The design offers an intimate but interactive space as it blends and establishes the threshold of private and public circulation where it is appropriate and responds to the Texas climate, sustainable design, and ease of construction. Texas’s harsh summer sun and heat creates high need for A/C or natural ventilation. We decided on the latter in order to create a more self-sustaining building. Therefore, dogtrot houses separate the mass of a building to allow natural ventilation to travel through the center of the building reducing the need for HVAC systems. In addition, ceiling fans are installed to help further circulate the air throughout the spaces. The structure is a slanted roof at an 18 degree angle to respond to the Texas climate in three ways: 1) The roof contains photo voltaic panels at such an angle for maximum exposure for solar collection, 2) The slant creates a clerestory facing north to allow desirable natural light and ventilation, 3) The horizontal overhang of the roof provides shade on the southern deck. The 3.5’ modular grid is based on the dimensions of a textured-finish insulated metal panel that is used fro both the walls and the roof. This is the primary material and it is fabricated locally by Metlspan in Louisville, TX. The material is 100% recyclable and the insulation is made from sugar beet plants. Wood columns are placed to support the roof structure and spatially marks the corners of the three square pods. The metal panels contain an interior and exterior finish which reduces the time and number of people needed to assemble the building. This means faster assembly time, as well as ease of construction. A group of students, working together, could assembly one building in half a day. With the whole University population contributing, Clark Field could be filled with disaster housing units by the end of one day. This would provide adequate shelter for many families overcome by tragedy. Over time, once permanent dwellings are reconstructed, the temporary units can be dismantled and completely reused or recycled.

Living Area A Bedroom Bathroom

Section 01, Looking West Shared Space Kitchen Dining Room Lounge

Living Area B Bedroom Bathroom Section 02, Looking West Refugee Housing

36-37


Health-Care Facility Rendering, Looking Northeast

Sustainability Section, Looking East

Section through Terrace, Looking North S


El Canton, Honduras • National GAB 1st Place • January 2013 Group Trip

|

MEDICAL FACILITY

UT Global Architecture Brigades Spring 2012 | Design Competition Team Leaders: Tyler Stowell + Melissa Jones Construction Began: March 2012

BUILDing Health Challenge This health center is to serve as the basic infrastructure for healthcare for El Canton and the surrounding communities, to be staffed by at least a full-time nurse, with the possibility for part-time doctors and dentists, as needed. The health center can potentially serve 14 communities with around 1,500 total residents. Members from these communities, in addition to the local government, will assist in the planning and construction of the project. It is also the government’s responsibility to staff and provide medicine once the project is completed. Currently the closest place to seek medical attention is in the county seat of Teupasenti, a two-hour walk from El Canton. The land for the project has been donated by a community member, and will be managed by the municipality once the project is completed. Construction began Spring 2012, immediately after the competition and is carried out by Brigades and community members, with the aid of translators and local experts. Our group traveled to Honduras in January 2013 to take part in the construction of this and two other ongoing projects: two schoolhouses. The site designated for the health center is a parallelogram with dimensions 22meters x 58meters. The entire site is on a fairly steep slope which is consistent throughout the site. There are no natural flat areas. The site is adjacent to and parallel to the main road that passes through the small town with houses spread for several miles along the road. The uphill boundary is the edge of a corn field. Approximately half of this plot of land is to be used as a future community center, therefore the structure utilizes only half of the usable space. There are numerous trees that remained unharmed and were integrated into the design. The three largest trees on the site plan were the most important to preserve. The strengths of our project lie in its simplicity and restraint with regards to the given site conditions, ease of construction, and ultimate use of volunteer labor. The steep slope dictated a split-level approach and separated the public patient waiting areas from the private treatment rooms with a 5 foot (1.5 meter) elevation change. Creating these two levels resulted in the most efficient use of cut and fill. With the future community center in mind, we designed the health care facility with a apace on the second level that would provide a seamless connection to the site’s next phase. In terms of constructability, we chose a modest material palette that includes concrete, wood, and CMU block, with a low-tech method of construction that will result in a symbolic health care center for the community of El Canton.

Photo of Trussed Roof Structure Medical Facility

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Construction Sequence Diagram

01_Sloped 01 Sl Site

02_Cut 02 C t TTerraces

03_Concrete 03 Conc Floors

techo de alumnio corrugado 2 X 6 cercha de madera correas de madera

canal metalico pipa de drenaje cisterna

viga de concreto bloques enlucidas y pintadas claristorio ventana de malla bloques llenos de arena para insulacion

canal de drenaje solera fundacion mamposteria losa de concreto

Detailed D ettaile iled Wall Wall Section, W Seecti cttio , LLo Looking ookinngg EEast asstt


04_Block 04 Bloc Walls

05_Timber 05 Timb Columns

06_Timber Trusses

Perspective, Looking Northeast

B 11

11

4

6

7

8

9

10

5 A

A

3

2

4

1

Plan

B

Medical Facility

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BIO

WORK

_Ryan McCulloch ryan.mcculloch@utexas.edu USA +1-505-553-5193 Current: 2424 San Gabriel St. Apt. #526 Austin, TX 78705 Home: 12917 Arroyo de Vista NE Albuquerque, NM 87111 Nationality: American Language: English

_Grimshaw Architects (London, England)

Architectural Assistant, July - December 2013 ~10,000 unit residential development (Harlow, England); KOC Contemporary Art Museum (Instanbul, Turkey); New retractable roof Wimbledon Court 1 _Titan Development (Albuquerque, NM) Intern, Summer 2011 Met with project architects and developers to gain an understanding of how a project is bid for, designed, built, and operated

_I-25 Film Studios (Albuquerque, NM)

Intern, Summer 2011 Prepared brochure to showcase the movie studio’s facilities and past projects; to be distributed at conventions in Los Angeles, CA. _Reid & Associates Design Builders (Albuquerque, NM) Intern, Summer 2010 Shadowed superintendents and participated in project punch-lists _L C William LP (Austin, TX) Property Management, Spring 2013-Present Maintained grounds of apartments and homes.

EDUCATION _The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture

Bachelor of Architecture (5-year degree), Expected May 2014

McCombs School of Business

Business Foundations Certificate

Economics MIS - Management Information Systems Statistics

Business Foundations Summer Institute 2012

_GPA UT SOA: UT Overall:

Management Accounting Marketing

3.70 3.62

Finance International Business Business Law

_Ecole Nationale Superieure d’Architecture de Paris Belleville Fall 2012

_Study Abroad UT SOA - Western European Tour (Fall 2012) Finland Sweden Denmark Spain Portugal France Germany England

_Global Brigades

Link:

http://issuu.com/ryan.mcculloch/docs/ ryanmcculloch_designportfolio

_UT Architecture Brigade - Honduras (January 2012 & January 2013) Schoolhouse (Santa Rosa) Schoolhouse (Zuzular) Medical Facility (El Canton) _UT Public Health + Water Brigades - Ghana (June 2013) Clean Water and Sanitation (Srafa Aboano)


CURRICULUM VITAE The University of Texas - School of Architecture B. Arch Candidate - May 2014

EXTRACURRICULAR _GAB - Global Architecture Brigades

Brigader Designed public buildings for rural communities in Honduras and then travel to location to physically build.

_AIAS - American Institute of Architecture Students

Active Member Attended architectural firms tours and volunteered at the AIA Homes Tour.

_UT SOA Mentorship Program

Mentor Mentored three younger architecture students.

_ISSUE Publication

Staff Member Designed spreads and selected projects for the annual UT SOA publication of students’ works.

_APX - Alpha Rho Chi Architecture Professional Fraternity

Active Brother Participated in service events around the Austin community

_Alpha Lambda Delta & Phi Eta Sigma National Honor Societies Vice President, Senior Ambassador Participated in various service events around campus, the Austin community, and globally.

_Texas Swing Dance Society

Active Member Participated in weekly social group

AWARDS _GAB Honduras Medical Facility 1st Prize National Competition

Construction on project began March 2012

_AIAS Design Charrette 2nd Prize

Design temporary housing for refugees

_University Honor Roll High academic standing

_Non-Resident Tuition Waiver

Recipient must maintain 3.5+ GPA

_UT SOA Mebane Travel Fund Given for international travel

_National Architectural Accrediting Board Review

Work displayed in review of UT SOA

_Austin City Council: Research for Redevelopment Plan of Airport Blvd. Work displayed in plans for redevelopment

_Stemler Study Abroad Scholarship

SKILLS _Digital

Advanced User AutoCAD Rhino 3D Modeling Microstation V-Ray Render SketchUp Pro Microsoft Office Suite Adobe Design Suite Laser cutting 3D printing

Basic User 3ds Max Mudbox Revit Grasshopper Ecotect Radiance ArcGIS CNC routing

_Analog

Hand drafting Model making Woodshop Photography

Alpha Lambda Delta fund

_Founders’ Fund Scholarship Phi Eta Sigma fund

_“Order of the Torch” ALDPES Honor Societies Best National Chapter

_Most Active Member ALDPES Honor Societies

Gained most social/ service points (2x)

_Global Brigades Exchange : South Regional Convention in Arlington, TX

_ALD National Leadership Convention Held in Charlotte, NC

Curriculum Vitae

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Ryan McCulloch

E-mail: ryan.mcculloch@utexas.edu Home: 12917 Arroyo de Vista NE Albuquerque, NM 87111 Mobile: USA +1-505-553-5193

Design Portfolio 2014  

Compilation of academic work from five-year B. Arch degree at the University of Texas at Austin.

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