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E X P L O R I N G PA N M U R E Ryan Jam es Al d r i ch

“Parkland threaded with serpentine paths streaming through a development area dissects and connects the site while adding ecological, recreational and visual amenities. It provides ac commodation to cater for Auckland’s cer tain and continuing population increase. Impor tantly it redefines Panmure and Mt Wellington to establish connection to the water and each other.”

CONTEXT Panmure is situated adjacent to the eastern rail network and along the main connection across the Tamaki estuary into the East and South of Auckland.

AM ITI INTERVENTION The AMETI project places Panmure train station at the centre of a significant transport node.

OPPORTUNITY AMETI opens room for transport orientated development to occur within and around Panmure.


E X P L O R I N G PA N M U R E Ryan Jam es Al d r i ch

PA N MU R E CONTEXT Panmure is situated adjacent to the eastern rail network and along the main connection across the Tamaki estuary into the East and South of Auckland. 1) Auckland is growing and needs to accommodated population increases. 2) Panmure and Mt Wellington are not connected to the water.

A M I T I I N T E RV E N T I O N The AMETI project places Panmure train station at the centre of a significant transport node.

O P P O RT U N I T Y AMETI opens room for transport orientated development to occur within and around Panmure.


Auckland, New Zealand

Panmure Basin


LOC ATING PANM URE

P anm ure i s a s outh eas ter n s ub ur b of Auck l and . P anm ure i s s i t u a t e d 11k m s outheas t of the ci ty centre and cl os e to the w es ter n b a n k s o f the Tam ak i Ri v er and the N or ther n s hore of the P anm ure Bas i n. N o r t h of P anm ure i s the s ub ur b of Tam ak i and to the Wes t i s M t Wel l in gt o n .

NORTH LAND

THE PACIFIC

AUCKLAND CBD

PANMURE BASIN


PANMU R E R E TA I L A R E A

PA N MU R E B A SIN

VIEW OVER PANMURE FROM MT WELLINGTON


SU B JEC TS OF IN VESTI G ATI O N PANMURE BASIN

U N D ER LYIN G ISSU E / IN VESTIGATION D R IVER 1)A uckl and i s grow i ng and needs to accommodated popul a ti on i nc reas es .

GLEN INNES

2)P anmure and Mt Wel l i ngton are not connected to the w ater.

PANMURE BASIN

PANMURE BASIN


A M E T I E X P L A N AT I O N

Currently less than 4% of all journeys use public transport. The AMETI transport project aims at increasing public transport use by creating, upgrading and improving public transport infrastructure. Panmure Train station will become a major centre for public transport. It will feature the interchange of rail, bus and pedestrian commuting. “The Auckland Manukau Eastern Transport Initiative (AMETI) is a group of transport projects for the eastern suburbs. The aim is to give people living in the area transport choices by improving public transport, walking and cycling facilities


AMETI PLAN


A M E T I E X P L A N AT I O N

CROSS SE CTI O N A R E A C ON TEXT

Panmure is situated adjacent to the eastern rail network and along the main connection across the Tamaki estuary into the East and South of Auckland.

A MITI IN TERVEN TION The AMETI project places Panmure train station at the centre of a significant transport node.

OPPORTU N ITY AMETI opens room for transport orientated development to occur within and around Panmure.

A MET I PLA N FO R PA NM U R E

“Between Mountain Road and Ellerslie-Panmure Highway the new road will be covered. Another road will be built on top, for local buses and providing access to the station for drop off and taxis.”


S E CTION A : WE S TE R N A BU T M E N T

A M E T I E X P L A N AT I O N

“ AM ET I w i l l s ee a m aj or foc us on publ i c tr ans p o rt i mp ro v e m ents , i nc l udi ng a bus w ay w i th hi gh fr equenc y s e rv i c e s t h a t will eventually run between Botany, Pakuranga and Panmure.”

A METI PLA N FOR PA N MU R E S E CTION B : O V E R R A I L C ORR ID OR


IN VESTIGATI O N EXTENT Ri ng b uffer s w e re c re a t e d f ro m the P anm ure ro u n da bo u t l o c a t e d ad j acent to t h e t ra i n s t a t i o n a n d the m ai n reta i l s t re e t o f Pa n mu re . The r i ng b uff e rs a i m t o e s t a bl i s h the ex tent of pe de s t ri a n c o n n e cti v i ty. The AM ITI p ro j e c t w i l l c re a t e a p ub l i c tr ans p o r t n o de . T h e a re a s ur round i ng t h e e n h a n c e d A MI T I tr ai n s tati on a n d t ra n s po r t n o de has p otenti al f o r a n e w t ra n s po r t or i entated de v e l o pme n t (T O D ). The ex tend pe de s t ri a n s w o u l d w al k to us e t h i s n e w t ra n s po r t nod e for m s t h e i n v e s t i ga t i o n e xtend for the p ro j e c t . It i s es ti m a t e d t h a t pe de s t rian connecti v i t y t y pi c a l l y e n ds around 800 me t e rs .


R OA D IN G / C A D A STR AL BARRI ERS


TO PO G RAPHY ELEVATI O N R A S TE R

The l and for m of P anm ure and the s ur round in g a re a f e a t u re s t o p og r ap hy i nteres ti ng and v ar i ed . Al ter i ng i n e l e v a t i o n a n d s c a l e top og r ap hy i s a d efi ni ng char acter i s ti c of the a re a . F ro m Mt w e l l i ng ton the d om i nant v i s ual feature of the are a t h ru s t i n g u pw a rds i nto the s k y l i ne to the d ep ths of the Tam i k i e s t u a r y a n d t h e t i da l P anm ure b as i n.

A B STR A C T ELEVATION R A STER


TO PO G RAPHY SECTION 1

(MT WELLINGTON TO PANMURE BASIN)


PR ESERVIN G SI G HT LI NES

M t Wel l i ng ton i s a n o u t s t a n di n g n a tur al feature and l a n dma rk . I t re s i de s as a fam i l i ar s i g h t o n t h e A u c k l a n d s k y l i ne. The Au c k l a n d C o u n c i l h a s es tab l i s hed i m po r t a n t s i gh t l i n e s tow ard s the v ol c a n i c c o n e . To retai n s i g htl i nes pa r t i c u l a r h e i gh t re s tr i cti ons hav e b e e n e s t a bl i s h e d f o r b ui l d i ng s l ocate d w i t h i n s i gn i f i c a n t v i ew s hafts . C r i ti cal to d es i gn i n t e rv e n t i o n i s to recog ni s e the i mpo r t a n c e o f t h e m ountai n b oth hi s t o ri c a l l y i n re l a t i o n to the M aor i p eop l e a n d pre s e n t l y a s a p ub l i c res er v e, n a t u ra l f e a t u re a n d l and m ar k .


CATCHM ENTS The m ap p i n g o f h y dro l o gi c a l catchm ents f o r ms a c ri t i c a l a n d i nfl uenti al co mpo n e n t o f a n a l y s i s . H y d rol og y i s s i gn i f i c a n t t o the P anm ure a re a . T h e L a rge chang es i n e l e v a t i o n a n d h i gh p ercentag e o f i mpe rv i o u s s u r f a ces of w hi ch a l a rge a mo u n t i s o f i nd us tr i al nat u re i n a n e s t u a ri n e contex t req ui re s f u n c t i o n i n g a n d effecti v e s to r m w a t e r s y s t e ms . M ap p i ng the h y dro l o gi c a l c a t c hm ents i nfor ms t h e pl a c e me n t of g reen i nfra s t ru c t u re s u c h a s s w al es and r a i n ga rde n .


D EVELOPMENT SPREAD

The P anm ure are a i s h i gh l y de v e l op ed . Thi s ov er l a y di s pl a y s t h e bu i l t up areas of P anm u re a n d i t s s u rro u n d i ng i n contr as t to t h e o pe n pa rk l a n d, es tuar y and und e v e l o pe d l a n d. I t i s cl ear that the are a o f A u c k l a n d s u rround i ng P anm ure i s a l re a dy bu i l d u p w i th S tone fi el d s be i n g t h e o n l y a re a not b ui l t up al th o u gh i t i s c u rre n t l y und er d ev el op m e n t . T h i s e s t a bl i s h e s that any d ep l oy m e n t t o t a k e pl a c e that d oes not res ide o n pu bl i c re s e rv e w oul d b e a b row n f i l e d de v e l o pme n t .


B U ILD IN G FO O TPRI NTS

S i m i l ar to the m ap p i ng of the d ev el op ed areas of P anm ure and i t s s ur round i ng w as an i nv es ti g ati on to the b ui l d i ng foot p r i nts . The i ntenti on i s to i d enti fy areas w i thi n the b ui l d up env i ronm ent that ha v e l es s b ui l d i ng cov er ag e and therefore are p os s i b l y m ore s ui ted a n d accom m od ati ng to d ev el op m ent.


C A D ASTRAL SI ZES

M ap p i ng and i nv es t i ga t i o n i n t o c a da s tr al s i z es for m s a k e y c o mpo n e n t o f thi s p roj ect. Lar ge l a n d pa rc e l s t y pi cal l y are m ore s u i t e d a n d a c c o mmod ati ng to d ev el opme n t a s a c qu i s i t i o n of num erous s m all l o t s c a n be c o s t l y and hard i f not i m po s s i bl e t o a c h i e v e . To accom m od ate l a rge po pu l a t i o n i n creas es w hi l e rea rra n gi n g t h e a l i gn m ent of P anm ure a n d Mt We l l i n gt o n to connect w i th th e w a t e r i s a pro j e c t l i k el y s ui ted to l arge de v e l o pme n t re q ui r i ng ap p rop r i at e l a rge l a n d pa rc e l s to d o s o. M ap p i ng of l ar g er l a n d pa rc e l s t h o s e ov er 0.6 hectares w a s u n de r t a k e n i n the ai m to i d ent i f y a re a s po t e n t i a l l y m ore s ui ted to de v e l o pme n t . T h e l ar g er cad as tr al lo t s i de n t i f i e d i n t h e P anm ure and i ts s u rro u n di n g a re a com p r i s e m os tl y o f i n du s t ri a l l a n d and p ub l i c res erv e . W h e n v i e w i n g thi s m ap i t i s i m po r t a n t t o re me mbe r w al k i ng ex tents fro m t o be de v e l o pe d tr ans p or t i nfr as tru c t u re i n Pa n mu re . Thi s es tab l i s hes a c l e a r a re a o f l a rge r l and p arcel s b etwe e n Mt We l l i n gt o n and P anm ure b as i n .


C A D ASTRAL SI ZES

Bel ow a p er s p ecti v e d i s p l ay s C ad as tr al s i z es . The g reen areas are l and p a rc e l s of 2 or m ore hectares . The l eft i m ag e s how s d i s tance from P anm ure rounda bo u t and the ad j acent tr ai n s tati on. The ci rcl es are 500 m etre b uffer s .


D EVELOPM ENT AREA

The area i d enti f i e d t o be de v e l o pe d i s outl i ned i n y e l l o w. T h e s e l e c t i o n of thi s area w a s h e a v i l y ba s e d o n the i nv es ti g atio n s i n t o t h e c a da s tr al s i z es of t h e a re a . T h e a re a cons i s ts m os tly o f re l a t i v e l y l a rge l and p arcel s . T h e s i z e o f t h e l a n d to b e d ev el op e d i s 6 6 h e c t a re s .


C ON N EC TIN G TO THE WATER


STOR MWATER DRAI NS

MT WELLINGTON

A m ore de t a i l e d h y dro l o gi c a l i nv es ti g at i o n w a s c a rri e d o u t after i d en t i f y i n g t h e de v e l o p m ent area . T h i s i n v e s t i ga t i o n w as at a gra t e r re s o l u t i o n . U nd er g ro u n d storm water d r ai ns ha v e be e n ma ppe d ov er l ay i ng a n e l e v a t i o n ra ster w i th t h e dra i n a ge c a t c h m ents ov e rl a i d a s re d l i n e s . Thi s g i v e s c l e a r i n di c a t i o n of the di re c t i o n w a t e r t ra vel s acros s t h e s i t e a s w e l l a s the cur ren t s t o r m w a t e r i n f ras tr ucture. I t i s i mpo r t a n t t o note that a l a rge ma j o ri t y o f the l and w i t h i n t h e de v e l o p m ent area i s t h a t o f i mpe rv ious s ur fa c e s .


D AY LIGH TIN G STOR MWATER DRAI NS

D ay l i g hti ng of s tor m w ater d r ai ns and the creati on of r ai n g ard e n s w a s a d es i g n m ov e i nfor m ed and d i rected b y the m ap p i ng and i nv es ti ga t i o n i n t o the hy d rol og y of the s i te. The ex i s ti ng s tor m w ater p i p ed s tor m w a t e r i n f ra s tr ucture w i l l b e d el i g hted i nto p l anted s w al es or r ai n g ard ens . T h e s e ra i n g ard ens w i l l al s o r ap around and throug h the s i te to col l ect w ater a s i t f l o w s tow ard s P anm ure b as i n. D ay l i g hti ng of s tor m w ater d r ai ns i s the ex erci s e of tr ans for m i n g t ra diti onal p i p ed or concrete l i ned s tor m w ater d r ai ns i nto ab ov e g ro u n d f l o w p aths w hi ch are m ore natur al or or g ani c. D ay l i g hti ng has m any be n e f i c i a l outcom es . S uch outcom es are s l ow i ng d ow n the fl ow of w ate r re du c i n g eros i on, red ucti on and fi l ter i ng of w ater enter i ng r i p ar i an areas f ro m w a t e r p er m eati ng i nto the g round , ev ap or ati on and up tak e i nto p l ants . I mpo r t a n t l y p l ants ab s or b p ol l utants from the w ater. Rai n g ard ens are g reen s tor m w ater i nfr as tr ucture. They are p l an t e d s w a l e s or d ep res s i ons that col l ect and retr ai n w ater. S tor m w ater i s fi l tere d by pl a n t s

R A IN GA R D EN N ETW OR K


EXISTIN G GREEN SPACE

Green s p ace o r i mpe rv i o u s a re a s are i m p or tant t o a de v e l o pme n t . They are d esi re d a re a s t h a t f a c i li tate s p or t an d re c re a t i o n . F ro m a w ater m ana ge me n t pe rs pe c t i v e i m p er v i ous s u r f a c e s a re v i e w e d as ‘ g ood ’ s i n c e t h e y a l l o w w a t e r to d r ai n. Ty pi c a l l y gre e n s pa c e has an aes the t i c t h a t pe o pl e v a lue and d es i re . The g reen s p a c e a l re a dy e x i s t i n g i n the d ev el o pme n t a re a w i l l be retai ned . The gra ph i c be l o w i s a p l an of the g re e n s pa c e t o be retai ned .

EXISTING G REEN SPA C E


R OA D ING NETWO RK

M A J O R ROAD S Inv es ti g ati on i n the road netw or k throug h and s ur round i ng the d ev el op me n t a re a w a s und er tak en. There are a few m aj or road s or r ai l cor r i d or s that d i s s ect th e de v e l o pme n t area. D ue to thei r s i g ni fi cance i t w as d eci d ed that d es i g n and d ev el o pme n t s h o u l d w or k around thes e es tab l i s hed and fund am ental tr ans p or t ar ter i es . The g r ap hi c b el ow i s a p er s p ecti v e of the road s cutti ng b etw een the ex t ru de d bu i l di n g footp r i nts of the area s ur round i ng P anm ure. The g r ap hi c to the l eft i s a p l an of the m aj or road s d i s s ecti ng the d ev el o pme n t a re a .

MT W ELLIN GTON

PA N MU R E B A SIN


VI EWSHED The und erl i n g i s s u e o r dri v e r for thi s i n v e s t i ga t i o n a n d t h e res ul ti ng d e s i gn mo v e s i s t h a t of reconne c t i n g Pa n mu re a n d M t Wel l i n gt o n t o t h e w a t e r. Inv es ti g ati o n i n t o t h e v i s u a l connecti o n o f t h e a re a w a s und er tak e n i n t h e f o r m o f v i e w s hed s . The m ap t o t h e l e f t i l l u s t ra t e s the v as t v i e w s a v a i l a bl e f ro m near the s u mmi t o f Mt We l l i n gton.

VIEW FRO M : MT WELLI NG TO N


VI EWSHED In con t ra s t t o t h e v a s t v i ew s f ro m Mt w e l l i n gt o n an i nv e s t i ga t i o n i n t o t h e v i ew s h e ds f ro m t h e c e n t re P anm ure w a s u n de r t a k e n . Thi s i s t o i l l u s t ra t e h o w t h e cur rent c a da s t ra l s y s t e m or the a rra n ge me n t o f t h e road an d s t re e t n e t w o rk res tr i cts v i e w s . W i t h i n a bu i l d up area y o u a re re s t ri c t e d to the v i e w s a l o n g s t re e t s as b ui l di n gs a n d f e n c e s for m v is u a l ba rri e rs .

M T W E L L I N GTON

BU ILDING HE I G HTS

PA N

PA N MU R E B A SIN

MU

RE


MT W E L LIN GTON

ESTA B LISHI NG A G RI D

In res p ons e to i nv es ti g ati on i n t o t h e ro a d n e t w o rk and v i ew s hed s al ong w i th the u n de rl y i n g dri v e r o f connecti ng to the w ater a d i s to r t e d gri d h a s be e n i m p os ed ov er the s i te. The g r i d t a k e s i t s f o r m f ro m fanni ng road s or s treets from Pa n mu re B a s i n a n d from M t Wel l i ng ton. The i nter fere n c e o f t h e s e ro a ds or s treets fanni ng out from thes e l a n dma rk s c re a t e s a d i s tor ted g r i d . Thi s g r i d i s a re s po n s e t o t h e u n d er l y i ng d r i v er. The g r i d feature s v i e w s h a f t s t o Mt Wel l i ng ton or P anm ure b as i n i nt e rru pt e d o n l y by t op og r ap hy from any s treet i n the de v e l o pme n t a re a . The g r i d s y s tem i nfor m s and l e a ds pe o pl e t o w a rds b oth natur al features .

PA N MU R E B A SIN


C OMB INI NG LAYERS

THE GRID

ESTA B LISH IN G A GR ID Throug h i nv es ti g ati on and a s er i es of GIS m ap s a r ang e of f e a t u re s o r cond i ti ons w ere d i s cov ered , hi g hl i g hted and d es i g ned to e s t a bl i s h a b as e or g r i d for the d ev el op m ent and fur ther d es i g n.

RAIN GARDENS

The b as e for m tak es i ts s hap e from a s er i es of factual l ay ers t h e s e a re ex i s ti ng g reen s p ace and m aj or road s . Ov er l ay er s w ere cre a t e d o r e s tab l i s hed from i nv es ti g ati on of ex i s ti ng or factual cond i ti ons o f t h e s i t e and thei r d es i g n to d i rectl y cor res p ond s to thes e i nv es ti g a t i o n s . T h e d ev el op m ent ex tent refl ects i nv es ti g ati on i nto cad as tr al s i z e s , bu i l di n g footp r i nts and the road netw or k . The Rai n g ard en ov er l ay w as c re a t e d i n res p ons e to i nv es ti g ati ons of s tor m w ater d r ai ns , top og r ap hy, dra i n a ge catchm ents , and m aj or road s . The Gr i d l ay er i s a res p ons e t o e x pl o ra ti ons i nto v i ew s hed s , the road netw or k , as w el l as the conne c t i v i t y a n d ci rcul ati on of the area.

GREEN SPACE

MAJOR ROADS

DEVELOPMENT EXTENT

=


TH E G RI D SYSTEM The g r i d s y s te m s e rv e s a s a ba s e for fur ther d e s i gn a n d de v e l o pm ent. It functi o n s a s a w a y o f pres er v i ng and c re a t i n g v i e w s h a f t s to the s i g ni fi c a n t n a t u ra l f e a t u re s M t Wel l i ng ton a n d Pa n mu re B a s i n. It d i rects a n d l e a ds pe o pl e to thes e featu re s . G re e n s pa c e i s p res er v ed an d ra i n ga rde n s e s tab l i s hed for e c o l o gy, s t o r m w a ter m anag em e n t , re c re a t i o n , a n d v i s ual am eni t y. T h e gri d s y s t e m ai m s to b e a f a c i l i t a t o r a n d s y stem of effi cie n t c i rc u l a t i o n a n d g reen i nfr as tru c t u re .


TH E GRI D SYSTEM The aer i al p er s p ecti v e of the g r i d s y s tem d i s pl a y s t h e a l i gn me n t of i ts b oul ev ard s fanni ng from M t Wel l i ng ton a n d Pa n mu re B a s i n . The ex i s ti ng m aj or road s rem ai n i n p l ace al on g w i t h t h e e x i s t i n g g reen s p ace. The r ai n g ard en and d ay l i g hted dra i n s y s t e m i s e v id ent am ong s t the d ev el op m ent.


SITE A N A LYSIS: A SPEC T + HI LLSHADE A S P E CT The as p ect of the d ev el op m ent area w as i nve s t i ga t e d. As p ect or the hor i z ontal d i recti on to w hi ch s lo pe f a c e s has a s trong i nfl uence on cond i ti ons s uch as t e mpe ra ture and cl i m ate. Thi s effect on tem p er ature an d c l i ma t e can b e us ed to d eter m i ne l ocati on and z on i n g w i t h i n the d ev el op m ent. As p ect ov er the s i te i s v er y dy n a mi c , often chang i ng w i th no rel ati v el y l ar g e hom o ge n e o u s z ones ap p ear i ng .

HI LLS HA DE H i l l s had e of the s i te w as i nv es ti g ated . It w as d i s c o v e re d that H i l l s had e i s not s trong l y d y nam i c on s i te a pa r t f ro m s unk en areas of road , the l and that l ead s to P a mu re bas i n as w el l as the l and b el ong i ng to the res e rv e o f Mt Wel l i ng ton. Al thoug h there i s a l ar g e chang e i n e l e v a t i o n ov er the s i g ht g r ad i ents or s l op e i s rel ati v el y l o w.


SITE A N A LYSIS: C A D A STR AL + ZO NI NG

CAD AST R A L PA R CE LS The cad as tr al p arcel s m ak i ng up the d ev el op me n t a re a w ere i nv es ti g ated al ong w i th z oni ng . The d ev e l o pme n t area of 66 hectares i s com p r i s ed of a l ar g e num b e r o f l o t s cons i s ti ng of hom og enous z oni ng . The nature of t h e s i t e z oni ng i s m os tl y i nd us tr i al . The l and com p r i s i ng the d ev el op m ent area w a s i de n t i fi ed and s el ected b ecaus e i t cons i s ts of rel ati ve l y l a rge l and p arcel s . H ow ev er s treak s of s m al l er cad as t ra l l o t s are found p red om i nantl y ad j acent to the road for mi n g t h e m ai n ax es l ead i ng to P anm ure b as i n.

Z O NI NG


SITE A N A LYSIS: TOPOGR A PH Y + WATER CATCHM ENTS

WATER C ATCHM E NTS

The top og r ap hy of the d ev el op m ent area w as i nv e s t i ga t e d throug h a num b er of GIS l ay er s . S l op e contour l i nes , an d e l e v ati on w ere m ap p ed . Throug h m ap p i ng of the top og r ap hy a n o v e rl ay of d r ai nag e catchm ents acros s the s i te w as created . Acros s the s i te the top og r ap hy i s v er y d y nam i c. E l ev ati o n ra n ge s d r am ati cal l y from the p eak of M t Wel l i ng ton to the ti d al d e pt h s o f P anm ure Bas i n. H ow ev er i nv es ti g ati on i nto s l op e d i s p l a y s o n l y a few areas w i th und ue s l op e thi s p red om i nantl y b ei ng th e l a n d o f s unk en road s , l and of the ax es l ead i ng to P am ure b as i n a n d t h e l and b el ong i ng to the res er v e of M t Wel l i ng ton. The top og r ap hy of the s i te g reatl y com p l em ents the d esi gn mo v e of i m p os i ng a g r i d s y s tem of b oul ev ard s b as ed on v i ew s h a f t s . Fur ther d es i g n need s to recog ni s e the s i g ni fi cance of t h e t o po g r ap hi c chang e acros s the d ev el op m ent area.

S LO P E

C ON TOU R


SITE A N A LYSIS: ELEVATI O N


C IR C U LATION / N ETW OR K S / D IVID ING THE G RI D

After es tab l i s hi ng a g r i d s y s tem ov er the d ev el op m ent area fur ther i n v e s t i ga t i o n to a res ol uti on s p eci fi c to the s i te w as car r i ed out. The g r i d s y s t e m n e e ds t o b e fur ther d i v i d ed and d efi ned . From thi s refi nem ent l ocati on, ar r a n ge me n t a n d s cal e of el em ents s uch as b ui l d i ng footp r i nts , ci rcul ati on and p ar k n e t w o rk s c a n b e es tab l i s hed . By es tab l i s hi ng for m and ar r ang em ent at thi s d et a i l ma t e ri a l i t y s tar ts to b ecom e ev i d ent and tang i b l e.


C IR C U LATION / N ETW OR K S / D IVID ING THE G RI D

Thi s s tag e ex am i ned the ex tens i v e GIS anal y s i s of the s i te for s ol u t i o n a n d a res p ons e to the tas k outl i ned ab ov e. H ow ev er no cl ear, outs tand i n g o r e ff e cti v e ans w er s w ere found . A hand d r aw n anal y s i s and i nv es ti g ati on i n t o c i rc u l ati on, netw or k s and factor s l ead i ng to the d i v i s i on of the g r i d w as c a rri e d o u t . From thi s m ore creati v e ap p roach, a d es i g n them e of i nter s ecti ng a n d di v i di n g the s p ace around the l i near b oul ev ard s w i th s om ethi ng or g ani c and s e rpe n t i n e i m m er g ed .


EXPL O R I NG CO NN E C T ION S

S E R P EN TIN E PATH N ETW OR K

B U ILD IN G FOOT PRI NTS


SER PEN TIN E PATH S A N D B U ILD IN G FO O TPRI NTS

RE LAT I O N SH IP:

S E R P E N T IN E PATHS AND BUILDING FOOTPRINTS T h rou gh investigation an idea em er ged that an und ul ati ng or w av y for m w ou l d not detr act from the boulevards highlighti ng or from l ead i ng y ou to w ard s the significant features of M t Wellingto n and P anm ure Bas i n. H an d dr awn investigation lead to networ k of s er p enti ne p aths am ounts p arkl a nd divides the gr id. The rem aining space of the d ev el op m ent fo r ms the building footpr ints.


PLA N LAYER S / EXPLANATI O N

BUILDING FOOTPRINTS

D ESIGN TH R OU GH LAYER S P ar k l and thread ed w i th s er p enti ne p aths s tream i ng t h ro u gh t h e dev el op m ent area d i s s ects and connects the s i te w hi l e a ddi n g e c ol og i cal , recreati onal and v i s ual am eni ti es . From es t a bl i s h i n g s e rp enti ne p aths and p ar k l and am ong s t the p rev i ous l y de f i n e d gri d s y s tem b ui l d i ng footp r i nts w ere for m ed out of the re a mi n g c l e a r und efi ned s p ace. P rev i ous l y a g r i d s y s tem w as es t a bl i s h e d f ro m factual l ay er s . Other l ay er s w ere created from i nv e s t i ga t i o n o f e x i s ti ng or factual cond i ti ons of the s i te and thei r d es i gn di re c t l y c o rres p ond s to thes e i nv es ti g ati ons .

SERPENTINE PATHS

MAJOR ROADS

Lay er i ng al l factor s of i nv es ti g ati on and d es i g n to ge t h e r a c l e a r confi g ur ati on em er g es .

THE GRID

R ELATIN G TO B R IEF Thi s d es i g n res p ond s to, refl ects , and ans w er s th e i n i t i a l u n de rl y i ng i s s ues and d r i v er s of the i nv es ti g ati on. It p ro v i de s a c c o m m od ati on to cater for Auck l and ’s cer tai n and conti nu i n g po pu l a t i o n i ncreas e. Im p or tantl y i t red efi nes P anm ure and Mt We l l i n gt o n t o es tab l i s h connecti on to the w ater and each other.

RAIN GARDENS

GREEN SPACE

DEVELOPMENT EXTENT

=


PLAN


PERSPECTI VE


PERSPECTI VE


PERSPECTI VE


PERSPECTI VES


PERSPECTI VES


SECTI O N


SECTI O N


PLA N TING STRATEG Y

ZONI NG P LA NT DIV E RS IT Y B

A

B

N OD ES OF D IVER SITY

LOW DIVERSITY

A p l anti ng s tr ateg y w as i ns p i red b y the ex i s ti ng c o n di t i o n s o f t h e area and the p rop os ed d es i g n. Im p or tantl y i t w as mu s e d by t h e de s i g ns m ai n d r i v er the ax i s , connecti on and p rox i m i ty be t w e e n Mt We l l i ng ton and P anm ure Bas i n. P l anti ng i s d y nam i c al ong the ax i s b etw een thes e tw o n o de s . D i v e rs i ty i n p l ant s p eci es cor res p ond s accord i ng to the l o c a t i o n a l o n g thi s ax i s or the d i s tance from the nod es M t Wel l i ng t o n a n d Pa n mu re Bas i n. P l anti ng at the fr i ng es of the M t Wel l i ng ton and Pa n mu re B a s i n i s l i m i ted to a s m al l er p al l et of s p eci es . M ov i ng outw a rds f ro m t h e s e areas a l ar g er p al l et of p l ants i s us ed . Thi s p l aces th e h e i gh t o f v a riati on am ong s t the centre of the d ev el op m ent.

O HIGH DIVE RS ITY

O

LOW DIVERSITY

X

FA

Z

UN

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LD

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X

V E GETAT I O N PA LLE T: T RE E S C A P E

C OR R ESPON D IN G TO SITE

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Thi s p l anti ng s tr ateg y refl ects the s i t e s u n i qu e c o nd i ti ons al ong w i th the d es i g n and u n de rl y i n g pro j ect d r i v er s . It i s a g ov er ni ng s y s tem di re c t i n g pl a n t i ng . H ow ev er i m p or tantl y w i thi n thi s s y s t e m i t a l l o w s p l ant s el ecti on and ar r ang em ent to c o rre s po n d w i t h s p eci fi c cond i ti ons of s i te s uch a s s u n e x po s u re , w ater tab l es , s l op , s oi l ty p e, and m o re .


PLA N TING STRATEG Y

DI V E R S I TY O F P L AN T IN G: R A IN GA R D E N S A N D TREE SCAPES

A MT PAN M U R E B A S IN

WELLIN GTON

12 M AXIM UM N U M BE R OF S P E C IE S W ITH IN 30m 2

Z

10

Rai n Gard en and Tree S cap e p al l ets are l ook ed at i nd ep end entl y for d i v er s i ty l i m i tati ons .

8 6

ED

GE 4 H E R I TA

FO

RO

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2

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S ur round i ng the b as es of M t We l l i n gt o n a n d P anm ure Bas i n p l anti ng i s l ea s t di v e rs e . I t i s m ore control l ed and res tr i cted. T h i s re f l e c t s and i s k eep i ng w i th cur rent m a n a ge me n t a n d treatm ent of Auck l and ’s her i tag e s i t e s . T h e v o l cani c cones throug hout Auck l a n d a re c u rre n t l y m ai ntai ned as g r as s cov ered .

AL

0

CO

NT

Thi s hi g h v ar i ati on of p l anti n g c o n t ra s t s t h e nature of d ev el op m ent and urba n i s a t i o n . T h e centre hos ts the m os t ecol og i c a l a me n i t y. T h e d i v er s e p l anti ng has a s cattere d, o rga n i c n a ture. It acts as p hy s i cal p l us em o t i o n re l i e f a n d m ed i ati on to tang i b l e ci ty conn o t a t i o n s s u c h a s cong es ti on, noi s e, concrete and po l l u t i o n .

N

X

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B

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A

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L ECO , E IF LDL I W NA, FA U

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PANM URE TRAIN STATION / ROU N D ABOU T

V E GETAT I O N PA LLE T: RA I N G AR D E NS

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FOR MIN G PLA NTI NG PLANS

E X TE NT + Z ON IN G

B

A

C ON TEXT

B

O

O

X

Z

X


FOR MIN G PLA NTI NG PLANS

P L A N T IN G P L AN E X T E N T + D IVER SITY LIMITATION S

R A IN GA R D EN PALLET: 13

M AX IM U M S P IC E S W I T H I N 3 0 m 2

TR EE SC A PE PALLET: 13

M AX IM U M S P E C IE S W I T H I N 3 0 m 2


FOR MIN G PLA NTI NG PLANS

PLAN TI NG P LA N 1 :2 0 0

RAIN GARD E N Vi tex Lucens Kni g hti a ex cel s a S op hor a ful v i d a

RA I N G AR D E N Botanical name

Common name

Spacing (m)

Grouping

Area (%)

Number of units

Asplenium bulbiferum

Hen and chicken fern

0.3

1 to 4

5

Cordyline australis

Cabbage tree

0.5

1 to 5

43

20

Entela arborescen

Whau

1

1

104

10

26 13

Leptocarpus (Apodasmia)

Oioi - Jointed wire rush

0.5

1 and above

40

Pseudopanax crassifolius

Horoeka

0.3

1 to 3

15

Corokia buddleioides

Korokio

1

1 to 3

130

10

26

TRE E S C AP E Botanical name

Common name

Spacing (m)

Grouping

Vitex lucens

Puriri

7

1

Knightia excelsa

Rewarewa

6

1

Sophora fulvida

Kowhai

4

1

Number of units 4 4 13


E X P L O R I N G PA N M U R E Ryan Jam es Al d r i ch

“Parkland threaded with serpentine paths streaming through a development area dissects and connects the site while adding ecological, recreational and visual amenities. It provides ac commodation to cater for Auckland’s cer tain and continuing population increase. Impor tantly it redefines Panmure and Mt Wellington to establish connection to the water and each other.”

CONTEXT Panmure is situated adjacent to the eastern rail network and along the main connection across the Tamaki estuary into the East and South of Auckland.

AM ITI INTERVENTION The AMETI project places Panmure train station at the centre of a significant transport node.

OPPORTUNITY AMETI opens room for transport orientated development to occur within and around Panmure.

Profile for Ryan Aldrich

Exploring Panmure  

An investigation into transport orientated development within and around Panmure. Panmure is situated adjacent to the eastern rail network...

Exploring Panmure  

An investigation into transport orientated development within and around Panmure. Panmure is situated adjacent to the eastern rail network...

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