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With intensive campaign for planting better varieties of rice during 1946-51, the cultivated areas increased to 3.092 M ha, 4.093M ha in 1949 and back to the original 5.07M hectares in 1950. (In 2002, the total harvested rice area is only 2.293M hectares (1.42M ha irrigated, 0.775M rainfed and 0.098M upland rice areas.) In the early years, several schools for agriculture like the University of the Philippines College of Agriculture, Central Luzon Agricultural School and other provincial agricultural schools in the country were established in support of agriculture. Agricultural (rural) high schools were also created to boost agricultural knowledge and capabilities. Agencies related to the promotion of agricultural development were also established to cater irrigation systems, fertilizer administration, land settlements, weather, and soil conservation. Despite these initiatives, however, the progress of the Philippine rice industry during this period was slow compared to other rice producing countries like Japan, China and Korea. Serrano (1952) attributed this to the lack of support and facilities for rice research and organizations by the Philippine government. The support given then concentrated on mechanization and price control but not for rice research. Several proposals for the development of varieties and production technologies had been forwarded to the government but any change of production techniques or management technologies was not much documented as the varietal improvement. It was assumed that as new varieties are introduced, development of production technology for these new varieties would be tackled also through intensive research and development.

The Evolution of Rice Production Practices  
The Evolution of Rice Production Practices  

July 2005 Philippine Institute for Development Studies Surian sa mga Pag-aaral Pangkaunlaran ng Pilipinas For comments, suggestions or furth...