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With gratitude we recognize all the people and the land who made this project possible, beginning with the Red Water Pond Road Community, Edith Hood, and the families who welcomed us, fed us, let us camp on their land, and helped us see the site through their eyes and stories. Principal Investigator: Catherine Page Harris, Assistant Professor of Landscape Architecture and Art & Ecology, UNM Co-PI: Alfred Simon, Chair, Professor of Landscape Architecture, SAAP, UNM Graduate Assistants: Sunanda Sharmin, Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate (2019), SAAP, UNM Yu Zhou, Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate (2019), SAAP, UNM

Contributors and supporters: Dr. Mark Stone, UNM Civil Engineering department and the students of CE 160 Indigenous Design + Planning Institute, UNM, Dr. Theodore Jojola, and Michaela Shirley Indian Land Tenure foundation The Office of Vice President for Research, University of New Mexico

Acknowledgement

Participants: UNM Landscape Architecture LA 503 Studio: Adriana Isabel Lopez Alina Camacho Rodriguez Diana Moore Haniyeh Niroomandi Natalie Marie Schneider Rainelle Ann Miller Sunanda Sharmin Yu Zhou

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Essay

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Essay

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Content

1.History of Redwater Pond Road Community 2.UNM Landscape Archtecture Design Studio Process 3. Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings 4. House Systems 5. System diagrams for proposed comuunity on Stand Black Tree Mesa 6. Conclusion

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Redwater pond road community is located near Churchrock, New Mexico in the Coyote Chapter of the Navajo Nation. The community lives between two Superfund sites, the Northeast Churchrock Mine and the Quivera/Kerr McGee Mine and one uranium mill Superfund site, the United Nuclear Corporation Churchrock Mill. The largest Radioactive Accident In US History: On July 16, 1979, an earthen dam owned by the United Nuclear Corp. broke and released 1,100 tons of radioactive uranium tailings and 94 gallons of toxic wastewater into the Rio Puerco, contaminating the river for at least 80 miles. The radioactive material was a mixture of water and mill tailings; a yellow slurry which retained toxic contaminants from the mining process. Cattle were contaminated, sheep died and several hundred families were left without a water source.

History of Redwater Pond Road Community

NECR has the highest priority for cleanup through EPA Region 9. However, the plans for cleanup have been postponed by several years and is currently not scheduled to start until 2020 and could take 7-9 years. In the meantime, the Community lives with high radium exposures from the air and even after the cleanup, the ground water will remain contaminated. The Red water pond road community has directly been affected by this spill as their home is just next to it. Decades of exposure to uranium tailing has taken a toll on their health and well being. Also on-going slow paced cleanup efforts are forcing families of the Diné Red Water Pond Road Community to seek permanent relocation, to a nearby mesa, called ‘Standing Black Tree Mesa’ Sourced from: http://swuraniumimpacts.org/ wp-content/uploads/2016/05/16-RWPCA-factsheet.pdf

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


UNM Landscape Archtecture Design Studio Process The department of Landscape Architecture of UNM was approached by the ID+PI to address the challenge of relocating the families to the Standing Black Tree Mesa. The mesa is free of Uranium contamination but does not have any utility such as, running water connection, or sewage disposal system. The proposal was taken up as a graduate studio project for the ‘Systems and region studio’ taught by Assistant professor Catherine Page Harris. For the studio students designed an off-the-grid community for the seven families in the mesa. Students also visited the site and did investigative work along with UNM civil Engineering Dept. The also researchd on systems such as-energy, water and waste.

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


UNM Landscape Archtecture Design Studio Process Energy:

For solutions of energy, the students looked at varied options. Ultimately solar PV panels were chosen to meet the needs. Geothermal heating and cooling has also been chosen. Passive strategies also became crucial to decrease the energy load.

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


UNM Landscape Archtecture Design Studio Process Water:

Water was the key question for designing a resilient community. For the current proposal, per person 25 gallon has been chosen, all of which will be harvested from the roof of the house, shade structure and Hogan.

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


UNM Landscape Archtecture Design Studio Process Waste:

There were multiple proposals for treating waste. Different types of grey water systems have been analyzed along with the possibility of using composting toilets. In the studio work, some students chose to work with a composting toilet as it saves quite a bit of water. Grey water systems such as- waste water garden has been explored, which cleans grey water which later is used to sustain small orchard.

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings At this current phase we are building on the work that was done by the systems and region studio, and propose housing master plans for the community. We are proposing two alternate master plans for the community, one is called ‘one cluster’ and the other ‘dispersed’. The two plans are similar in how they treat the existing erosion path in the mesa, by planting plants such as winterfat. Also small rock dams are introduced so that there is sedimentation in the path, making water flow slowly. The position of housing is quite different for the two schemes. For the one cluster houses are closer creating a central community space, whereas the dispersed type ensures privacy by being far apart. 10

Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings -One Cluster Plan

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings -One Cluster Plan In this scheme, houses are located closer and are more centralized around the erosion path. As the houses are closer to the path, the intention is to make this space more of a communal gathering space for the community. The objective of the restoration plan is to make water flow slower, let more trees grow, and make a shaded space that brings everyone together.

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings -Dispersed Plan

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings -Dispersed Plan The houses are located quarter of a mile apart from each other in the dispersed master plan. In this type, privacy was the main governing point. So the houses are located far apart.

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings -OneCluster Renderings

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings -OneCluster Renderings

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings -Dispersed Renderings

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Current Proposal Master Plan and Renderings -Dispersed Renderings

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems

The house has been designed as a module, for both master plans. It has three bedrooms and two toilets. The living room and dining area sits at the heart of the house. There is a green house in the southern side of the house which can host the grey water system and to grow food for the family. It also assures light and heat into the house and off course adds value to the environment of the house by bringing in green. The size of the house was determined by the water demand, as all of the water needed will be collected through rainwater. The house has small gardens around it where native edible plants can be grown. Deciduous trees line the south side of the house, whereas evergreen will be planted in the north side, protecting it during winter. 20

Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems -Site Plan

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems -Ground Floor plan

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems -Erosion Path

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems -Section Through Site

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems - renderings

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems -renderings

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems - renderings

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


House Systems -renderings

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa We did further research into different types of system including of grey water treatment system. For this community to survive as a resilient off-the-grid community, availability of clean water has become a key issue. All of the water is harvested through rainwater, but for the community to survive, this water has to be recycled at least once. That is where the grey water treatment scheme comes in. They allow water to be recycled and decreases the overall water demand. For the question of energy, solar PV panels came through along with geo-thermal heating and cooling system.

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Systems diagrams for proposed community on Stand Black Tree Mesa

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Conclusion

The intent for this project was to create a module for an off-the-grid resilient community. Our experience has taught that there is technology and resources available to do that. But for the communities to become truly successful there has to adjustments made to their lifestyles and expectations. Also there are factors that are beyond control, such as if there is a serious draught, the rain-water harvesting system might not work as well as expected. In situations like this the strength of families whom we have come to know, will play the key factor. Their perseverence and determination will make the Standing Black Tree Mesa a true resilient community. 42

Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa


Contact Us

From Redwater pond road community: Edith Hood - RWPRC Leader ediehood@yahoo.com 505-717-5731 Teracita Keyanna - RWPRC Liason keyannaterry@yahoo.com 505728-7389 Visit our website for further information, exploration into virtual reality of this project in the link belowhttps://rwprcvision.wixsite.com/rwprc

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Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing Black Tree Mesa

Profile for rwprc

Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing black tree mesa  

Redwater Pond Road Community at Standing black tree mesa  

Profile for rwprc
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