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Journal Architecture Design Studio Air 2012 Semester 1 Ruxi Gao 387207

Week 1: EOI Architecture Discourse


Architecture Discourse Week 1

Week 1 - Case Study

Key Words:

Dismantling Courtyard Transparency Multiple Tenancy

Moriyama House is located in a traditional part of Tokyo. There are more than ten blocks on the site, each with a different function. These blocks are connected and dismantled across the site, which creats a series of independent courtyards. In this house, the client is given the freedom to decide which part of this cluster of rooms is to be used as residence or as rental rooms. This house represents the ‘Dismanteling, multiple tenancy’ principles of Sejima’s design spirit. In this building, Sejima also tried to put human activity as a part of building using huge glass walls, which is very interesting to me as they made the apartment more ‘public‘, instead of a ‘private’ building.

The Galaxy Soho project in central Beijing for SoHo China was inspired by the grand scale of Beijing. Its architecture is a composition of five continuous, flowing volumes that are dismentled, but linked by stretched bridges. These volumes adapt to each other in all directions, generating a panoramic architecture without corners or abrupt transitions that break the fluidity of its formal composition. The shifted plateaus within the design impact upon each other to generate a deep sense of movement and envelopment, which forms a continued curvelinearity. Compare to Sejima’s traditional ‘quiet’ and ‘light’ design, Zaha Hadid’s design has a ‘moving’ feeling and is more complicated and modernised.

Personal: Boathouse 2011 State of the Art:

Moriyama House Sejima 2005 Galaxy Soho Zaha Hadid 2009

In my design. I tried to follow Sejima’s design principles. In the first conceptual planning stage, I tried to design a series of blocks with different usage to demostrate the ‘dismantling’ principle. As the site has a very deep slope (12 meters), I have added some pilotis to some of the pavillions to support, and to provide a ‘light’ feeling. To link these pavillions together and create a better circulation, I have put several stairs, installed two elevators and created a white-pebble padding for visitors. Compare to Zaha Hadid’s work, my design has a simpler and more organic shape, and forming a quiet, light and steady atmosphere simillar to what Sejima did.


Architecture Discourse Week 2

Unique Innovation

Parametric Design

Along with the social, economic development and media spread, people’s desire of beauty is blowing-up and speeding-up as well. These needs promote newer technology and ideals to be developed or innovated, to replace some traditional technology therefore to satisfy people’s need. Thus unique innovations appeared, and these technologies are naturally incorporated with modern architecture design (Ottchen, 2009).

Parametric design does not have a clear definition, but is related to terms such as: generative, computational, digital, unclear, futurism, associative etc. It is based on computer-modeling but is much more complicated. When modeling concepts using parametric design methods, certain operations will be simplified, repetitive and less time-taken since data are calculated by computer; however, the parametric design is not omnipotent since the main design ideas still need to be worked out by human. Therefore, parametric design should be used as a tool for designers.

State of the Art:

ORN8 G. Cruz, S. Kaprinis, N. Popik, M. Tsironi, 2011 Kaohsiung Marine Gateway Asymptote Architecture & Artech Architecture, 2010

Week 2 - Case Study

Marine Gateway, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Kaohsiung Marine Gateway is designed by Asymptote using parametric computer modeling as design method. The design is inspired by the canopies and traditional Taiwanese architecture. The cantilevered architecture of the new Kaohsiung Marine Gateway Terminal provides not only a sense of architectural spectacle and event, but also creates exciting vistas and public spaces for both visitors and locals.

ORN8, Novel Ineriorities 0RN8 is interested in pursuing the creation of novel interiorities through the articulated elaboration of experimental and existing structural systems. The development and differentiation of each tectonic system experiment that is under analysis occurs within the defining parameters of the system’s own inherent logic. In this project, Gothic vault bay tectonic system were used to analysis arch, rib and profile curvatures, as well as variable thicknesses and depths takes place, in an attempt to parameterize the entire vault bay structural system. This parameterization will eventually lead to the creation of a novel, autopoietic and parametric, proto-design system, which will give birth to a variety of inherently multi-systematic and adaptive interiorities. Further modeling and scripting experimentation with the concepts of the parameterization of the Gothic vault bay, of field component organizations, of globally affected field and mesh geometries, as well as coloration differentiation induced, formgenerating patterns, inform the current system deployment tactics. The outcome of the aforementioned design research process will be the creation of interiorities of multi-layered complexity and differentiation; eventually, these will be generated intrinsically and autogenously in-situ, and constructed according to contemporary prototypical design and fabrication protocols, based on the current AA Design Research Laboratory’s agenda.

The public programs within the gateway all integrated carefully with the architecture of the Terminal and the landscaping of the site and surroundings to create a vibrant addition to the new green edge of the Kaohsiung’s waterfront. The dramatically curved shell roof, which sits above the large open plaza, presents the movement of the ricer next to it; the lightweight sculpted suspended below with geometric patterns of the assembly provides shelter to the urban space from the strong sun and seasonal rains, and also creates ever-changng poetic light during the day and dramatic illumination for the ongoing night public activities, events and celebrations.

Week 3 - Case Study


Contemporary Scripting Cultures Week 3

“Scripting Cultures considers the implications of lower-level computer programming (scripting) as it becomes more widely taken up and more confidently embedded into the ‘design process’. “ -- Burry, Mark, 2011

Advantage of Scripting Culture: Can afford a significantly deeper engagement between the computer and user; Can be the antidote to standardisation forced by an ambition to lower production costs; Can afford the designer opportunities to escape the strictures inherent in any software.

Connecting Web, designed by Danil Caven, is placed in the sections and renderings is Chicago, Illinois. It is constructed of circular HSS tubing acting as structural members that support a fiberglass platform, which holding resting and lounge areas for visitors. The connectionweb allows for an ample amount of natural light to pass through the passage for the users. The design is intended to have a feeling of relaxation and comfortable in the entanglement. The use of the ivy creates a lifted green public space that psychologically gives the public a connection to nature. The platform is generated for seating and space dividers to induce a flow of circulation. The connectionweb pedestrian bridge, which was inspired by the theridiidae spider’s web, has an organic shape. It is created using Grasshopper, which allows the Connecting Web adapt itself to most situations by taking advances in parametric modeling. Connectionweb also takes on the initiative to stand up against environmental factors allowing wind and light to pass through its web-like outer shell. Using a sustainable solution to natural shading in the summer months, the connectionweb incorporates ivy growth on the outer web to block the suns rays.

Journal -- Week3