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Conservation March 2013

What is conservation? There are two types of energy sources: renewable and non-renewable. Renewable sources like wind, solar and water energy are constantly renewed. Non-renewable energy sources like oil, gas and coal cannot be replaced. Conservation means that you reduce the amount of non-renewable energy used, or ensure it is used as efficiently as possible. A big part of conservation is that we try to preserve the natural landscape and resources.

Water Conservation Water is the most important substance on the planet. Without water we wouldn’t survive. We use it for lots of things like to wash, drink, produce food and brush our teeth. In the UK we tend to take water for granted because it flows easily out of the tap. But the global supply of fresh water is rapidly being drained, and this reality could potentially have dire consequences. If the entire adult population of England and Wales remembered to turn off the tap when they were brushing their teeth, we could save 180 mega litres a day - enough to supply nearly 500,000 homes and fill 180 Olympic swimming pools! (One Olympic sized pool is 1 million litres / 1Ml).

What can we do to preserve water? According to less than 1% of the water on the earth is suitable for human use (fresh, clean and not salty). The process used to clean water is expensive so the only practical way to ensure we have enough water to survive is to reserve the fresh water we already have. Below are a few water conservation tips you can try at home: • Remember to turn off the tap while brushing your teeth - a running tap wastes over 6 litres per minute. • A bath uses around 80 litres, while a short shower can use as little as a third of that amount. • Try to avoid flushing away cotton balls, make-up tissues, and those pesky spidersthrowing them in the bin will cut down on the amount of water that is wasted by every flush.

3 reasons why we need to conserve the environment 1.

I don’t want to go extinct - okay, so the human race probably isn’t going to die out any time soon - but we are using up our resources faster than we can replenish them, and that’s bad. If we continue at the same pace we’re going at now, we’ll eventually run out of fossil fuels, then trees, then clean water, then just about everything else that isn’t sustainable. In order to keep up our current way of living, we’re all going to have to start caring more about the environment.


Landfills are disgusting - have you ever driven past a big landfill? Have you smelled that smell? I don’t know about you, but I would do a lot to avoid ever having to experience that again. Most things that are thrown into the trash are headed directly to a landfill. Given the amount of trash that most people generate, it’s a miracle that we aren’t swimming in it already. If you don’t like this landfill-everywhere vision of the future, being environmentally conscious is the only way to go.


Smog is gross - nobody wants to live in a world filled with smog. It’s hard to breathe, it smells bad, and it causes untold numbers of health problems. It’s just plain gross. Don’t think it’s such a big deal? Take a look at the Beijing Olympics - they had to shut down their factories and force 50% of drivers to stay home every day for weeks so they wouldn’t kill the athletes with the poor air quality. After all of those measures, there were still thousands of complaints.

How can we help to conserve the environment? We desperately need to save the environment every second the earth is getting polluted by poisonous gases and fumes made by cars and factories. We can stop the earth from getting polluted by choosing eco-friendly things, it’s really simple like, instead of getting plastic bags from the supermarket which takes over a 1000 years to compose into waste you can just buy a reusable bags which turns out to be much cheaper and can carry more things and last longer! Or use sustainable forest paper or solar power instead and plant trees. There are so many things you can do!

Save the forests Here are a few brief reasons why rainforests need saving:

• Rainforest loss may greatly change weather patterns throughout the world. • Many important products, such as valuable medicines, come from the rainforest's plants. These are used in traditional medicine and homeopathy. In fact many new medicines will be discovered in the rainforest if we don't destroy them first. • Many animals depend on rainforests for their survival. When forests are destroyed, habitats are lost, thus endangering the lives of many animal species. • The culture and traditions of the forest people will be lost with the disappearance of these forests.

Save the animals It is important to conserve the variety of living things on Earth. Not only do we have moral and cultural reasons for conserving endangered species, but conservation: • maintains the future possibility that plant species might be identified for medicines • keeps damage to food chains and food webs to a minimum • protects our future food supply. Some species in Britain are endangered, including the red kite, red squirrel and osprey.

An endangered species is at risk of becoming extinct. For example, the panda and gorilla are endangered and may become extinct. A species can become endangered for several reasons, including: • the number of available habitats falls below a critical level • the population of the species falls below a critical level.

Animals which are in danger of becoming extinct 1. Axolotl Salamander This cute little fish comes from Mexico, they are currently endangered. Did you know that these fish have the ability to regenerate most of their body parts! 2. Fennec Fox These foxes are nearing extinction because they are illegally hunted and traded by humans. We love them because of their big round eyes and tiny bodies. 3. Lemur Poachers hunt these adorable little animals and sell them as cheap meat. There’s only 5000 left to fend for themselves in the wild. 4. Beluga Whale These amazing creatures are nearly extinct because of unregulated hunting, in addition to human water pollution, disease and oil spills

Stuff to do Play 'The Water Family' Game Mission H2O Endangered Animals Quiz

Oil Spills Video Save the forests, save the planet