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Java Breeders of America

-Second oldest breed of poultry in America-

Breeding 101 - The Basics Preserving the Past for the Future

Second Quarter Newsletter April 2011


From the Pres.

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From the Pres. Wow!, here is is already time for another article about Javas and it seems like I just finished the last one. How fast this spring is already progressing! It seems like everything just piles on top of every day in the spring and this one is no exception. As a matter of fact, I have two shows to get entries in this week and must decide which Java males I will take. Of course I will take the old man but it’s the young males that have me guessing. With 16 of these Javas in two pens next to each other you would think it would be an easy decision but it “ain’t”. All of the birds grew off exceptionally well and they all look really good but I should narrow it down to 2 or 3 within a few minutes. But then, darn it, I didn’t see that one and now he looks better than the one I had picked out. When in doubt, I call on my grand daughter Kalee to decide. She has a good eye for the birds and it will make her feel good to know that I trust her judgement. If these Java cockerals only know how much trouble they cause by being so darn good. Lol! Now folks, turn your attention to the new club on the block. That is, take a good look at the new Java Breeders of America Club and decide if you want to be a part of something that is indeed, growing and getting better by the week. We are signing up new members each week and if all goes well, we should have at least 60 new members by June. Pretty good for a new upstart club that represents a breed of chickens that were almost forgotten just a few short months ago. Come along and get on board with the rest of us die-hard chicken lovers. Take a serious look at taking part in the re-birth of this amazing bird, the Java. Respectfully, Roy J. Autrey Autrey’s Friendship Farms

From the Vice Pres.

Hey Poultry lovers, it’s that time again, Spring time! And that means breeding season. Well we at Java Breeders of America, were wondering if you ever thought of becoming a successful breeder? Would you like to know how the long time breeders did things? Have you ever thought, How do I get my stock to look like the master breeders stock? Well, do I have some information for you! Now you can be in the know, because I have caught up with a brilliant long time breeder- Mr. Robert Blosl! He is passionate about breeding and he gets results. He has been breeding for a very long time and he has learned from several of the great old time breeders back in the day. So it is an honor to have him share some of his breeding tips and techniques with us Java lovers, and for anyone else that would like to learn what the experienced breeders do! So here is your chance to breed like a pro, and with some time, hard work and dedication you will be getting results in no time. This class has so much information that I had to break it up into a couple parts. So for the next 3 months, head on over to our website and and join in on the fun that we will be having in class- Java Breeding 101- The basics! By the way you don’t have to become a member to join in on the Java Breeding class, so it is open to everyone. And even if you don’t own a Java, shame on you, this breeding class can be useful to you.


Bob says it will work for any single colored large fowl. So join us at JavaBreedersofAmerica.com and come see what the class will offer you! Free Java Breeding 101 class itinerary- Part 1. - Selection and cullingA break down of the whole process, chicks and adults. Part 2. - Breeding pens and Breeding Method- Robert really let it all out on this one! Part 3. - Raising future breeders- How to get the results you want.-Class recap and conclusion! You will get pictures and diagrams and stock evaluation and all this information in a step by step easy to understand format. We also have a help line if you would have questions or comments on anything about Javas. I also wanted to mention, along with this super informative breeding class, we will be holding a drawing for 12 mottled Java hatching eggs. Completely free with shipping paid too! So how do you win these beauties you ask? Head on over and become a member of our fast growing Java Breeders of America club, and you will be automatically entered. The drawing will be held on July the 4th 2011. So get your membership today, membership is only $10! Our membership is important to us. As a club it makes us able to keep going. To be able to promote this wonderful breed- the 2nd oldest breed in America. One of our long term goals is to be able to have our breed club go to an APA National meet and represent the Java breed. So please don’t hesitate, become a member today and help support the rise of the Java chicken. SincerelyTacey Perkins V.P. Java Breeders of America, e-mail - tntperk@hotmail.com. Yesteryear Poultry and Seed - http://yesteryearpoultryandseed.weebly.com/ Sincerly, Tacey Perkins V.P. JavabreedersofAmerica.com

Send your stories, pictures, recipes, show wins, or anything else Java to Ruth at carondesign@yahoo.com From the SecretaryWell its that time again, gee how time flys. When your’e having fun with your Javas. I was at the South Texas Classic in La Grange this month and saw a lot of nice birds, NO JAVAS. On April 2nd I will be having a Java Club info booth /plus display for the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC) at the Fancy Feathers Show in new Braunfels, Texas. The ALBC plays a big role in promoting the conservation of rare heritage breeds poultry. In 2009, ALBC began The Java Chicken Recovery Project. Their goal was to increase the productivity of the Java breed through selective breeding that still meets APA Standards. To help execute this project, ALBC is searching for Java breeders around the country. They are collecting census information and looking for farmers to be involved in the project. If you have questions about the ALBC Java Recovery Project or if you currently raise Javas, please contact Steve Moize at smoize@albc-usa.org. to help us learn more about your flock(s). The ALBC list rare breed poultry into categories of which the Java is Threatened: which means there are fewer than 1,000 breeding birds in the United States, with seven or fewer primary breeding flocks, and estimated global population less than 5,000. That’s another good reason for anyone that’s looking into adding a new breed to their flock to add Javas. Hope to see you at a poultry show somewhere.Visit us on the web at www.javabreedersofamerica.com. Or contact me (Ruth Caron) at carondesign@yahoo.com. to join.


Java Breeding 101- The Basics Selection & Culling Welcome to Part 1 of this wonderful course, today we will cover Selection and Culling. The reason I chose these topics to start on is to get everyone on the same page for next month’s Breeding class. I am so thrilled to offer this information to you. I wanted to be able to offer you some invaluable information that you could use year after year to improve your Java flock. So I contacted one of the best! A man who has been known in the chicken breeding industry for his RIR Bantums. He is also into other heritage breeds like ,White Plymouth Rocks in large fowl & bantams and Barred Plymonth Rock large fowl. It is Mr. Robert Blosl! I for one was excited to ask these questions and get the answers, because Mr. Robert Blosl is a pleasure to talk to and a wealth of information. So please enjoy Part 1 explaining Selection and Culling. We will cover from chick stage to adult stage. Also, if you have any questions please feel free to contact me. I would be happy to help you with anything I can. And for a special treat, Robert has said he will help evaluate your birds, helping with the selection process. All you need to provide are some nice, clear pictures of your birds. He will do the rest. And if you would like to ask a specific question, just send it to me and we will get it answered for next month’s class. Thank you everyone for coming to class, lets begin! Selection of stockHow many chicks would you suggest them getting in order to grow up a breeding trio or two. Bob- If you got two dozen eggs you should get a trio or maybe two pair that would be great breeders for the following year. You want to make sure the birds you breed from are above average in quality. It is foolish to breed from a marginal female just to have numbers. I like trio matings so if I had two very good females I would try to get between 25 to 35 chicks from this mating. Also would you suggest getting chicks from 2 different sources so you are not breeding brother to sister? Bob-If I knew the breeder who I am getting a start from, and he has a good gene pool of above average birds, I would like to stay with this breeder. One reason is you could work hard to improve what you have from him and then possibly get a good male or female from him or her a few years down the road for fresh blood. When you cross strains you are asking for a big mixture of genes and it will take anywhere from three to five years to level off all the non expectable genes from the cross. If the birds that you are getting are below average in appearance and possibly inbred, some say yes, you could cross a strain from someone in California with somebody from say New Jersey. A better idea is to find a person who lives maybe a thousand miles apart from each other, but both are from the same master breeders strain.


Yellow house farm from BYC wrote and asked... What do you think is the minimum stock required to begin this plan? If one’s plan is to maintain 4 pens, how does one build up to four pens if one doesn’t begin with four separate breeding groups? Bob-I have a breeding pen of a white rock pullet which is the best type female I have seen in years. I have her and her mother in a breeding pen. That’s two females. I have her mated to a young cockerel and then when it warms up I am putting in the ckls father a cock bird and he has type that wont quit. So I plan to hatch about 25 to 30 chicks from this pair. I have two other females that are ok but nothing like these two queens. I will then put together a family of two from this matting. I will only have two trios per year and breed them and raise about 50 chicks cull very hard and only keep the females and males that have the type that I am looking for. My goal is to get more pullets like the little girl I hatched and raised this year. I hope in two to three years all my females will have the low top line and lift like she has. Culling- Once you have chicks, when do you cull for that first year? Do you have a culling schedule, like at 1mth, 3 mth, ect? And what exactly are you looking for at these specific culls? Bob-First month you cull for weaklings and chicks with physical defects then in the second month you look for chicks that are slow to mature or feather, they again may have defects in their feet like crooked toes, too many points on their combs- more than seven, and if they just do not look like they are keeping up with the other more vigorous chicks. At three months they have their legs dead center, they have extreme vigor they are feathering at a fast rate, color is not a issue until these birds get up to five to seven months of age. By the time they are five to seven months of age you should be able to see who are the better birds to keep and many times the ones that jump out in the front are the best chicks of the year that you hatch. So once you have culled down to the last several choices. Pick the ones that BEST represent the SOP AND THE BREED. More on this next month! Raising- How do you usually raise up your stock? Do you put them all in a single pen or do you separate pullets and cockerels? Do you have any tips of the trade on raising large heritage fowl? Bob-The first two to three weeks I have them in good size brooder boxes watching for the fast feathering tail feathers coming out of the chicks tail and their wing development in the first ten days to two weeks. If you see something that does not please you, you can put a magic marker mark on their head to I. D. them and when they are about three to four weeks old they are ready to go into a brooder pen where you may have twenty chicks in say a 8x8 foot pen for lots of room to grow in. As soon as the chicks start to show the combs on the cockerels, you separate the little males from the females so the males will not bully the young females. I give them a good 20% game bird developer feed, fresh water which I use dripping water from a faucet during


the hot months so the chicks have fresh cool water daily, if I have a safe environment I love to let the chicks roam on free range where they can get fresh grass and bugs with their normal chick starter during their growth months. Incubating and hatchingI know you will touch on this in next month’s Breeding Javas 101 section article , but just wanted to know if there was anything else you want people to know about Incubation and Hatching? Bob- When it comes to incubation, the egg has to be super clean and free from stains of manure and moisture and from getting wet. Having nest boxes that are above the ground with straw or saw dust or pine straw so when you collect the egg it looks like it came from the grocery store. They will hatch so much better and the chicks will be healthier. Also, do not keep eggs more than five to seven days. You may want to put your eggs in the incubator on Sunday so they will hatch on Sunday when you are home and can care for the chicks. Make sure the chicks stay in the Hatcher for 24 to 30 hours as there is no rush to get them out. They can live on their own yokes for 36 hours and its best not to give these chicks anything to eat until the yokes are absorbed into their systems. As this can cause digestive disorders and pasty butts in days to come. These chicks normally do not mature to be your best chicks and it’s your fault for forcing them to eat too soon after hatching. HomeworkYes, there is homework, but this is nothing like you remembered. It is chicken homework! Ok so I need to prepare you for next month. Robert is going to cover Breeding pens and how to set them up, how to use them, etc. So GOOGLE what breeding pens look like.You will have 1 month to make them and prepare your stock for the breeding portion of this class, the real meat and potatoes. So here is your homework . ~Robert is going to refer to the Standard of Perfection in next month’s class. It would be good to look it up ahead of time and familiarize yourself with your breed. If you have a Java, we have the SOP right on our website. You can read it there and make a copy for yourself. Be sure to get the picture too! ~Also, it would be good to start figuring out what your breeding pens will consist of. 3-4 smaller pens, and depending on how many hens you have, will depend on how big the pens will have to be. If you have 1-2 hens per pen, it will not need to be large to accommodate 2 hens, a nest box and a rooster. Remember they only have to be in these for as long as you are collecting eggs to hatch. After that they can go back into the large community coop. So google/ surf the internet for pictures on breeding pens. And if you already have some I would love to post some pictures of your breeding pens. So send them in for all of us to see. Thank you all again for coming to class, we will see you next month for PART 2- Breeding Pens & Breeding Method. We will see you in the poultry press again next month. And a big thanks to our Professor Robert Blosl! ~ Tacey Perkins V.P. Java Breeders of America, You can submit pictures for evaluation or questions for next months breeding class to...tntperk@hotmail.com


Preserving the Past for the Future by Christine Cole America is experiencing a boom. From coast to coast more and more people are getting into chickens. In this era, where we have lost identity with where our food comes from ,we are coming full circle. People want to reconnect with the world and get in touch with food again. Since the 1800’s, chicken has become increasingly important all over the world. Partly due to a high reproductive rate and relatively rapid production from hatch to table. Also, thanks to modern agricultural practices ,chicken can be raised cheaply. This industrialization of poultry production is a relatively new type of agriculture. Modern chicken farming emphasizes hyper efficiency in a single skill. Cornish crosses for fast meat production. Specialized leghorn strains for heavy egg production. While on the road to creating today’s “super producer” the qualities that make a animal hardy have been lost. Compensated by enhanced feeds, antibiotics, practically sterile and extensively controlled environmental conditions to counter balance its frail constitution. There are only a handful of strains of ,chicken counted on for food production in the world. Over time, these strains have been very closely bred for uniformity and efficiency. They are no longer capable of adapting to changing conditions and are left wide open to any adapting pathogens that may learn how to get past our current securities. Now the problem is two fold; not only are these animals more susceptible to disease, but there are fewer breeds to rely on if disease were to wipe out a particular strain. Now more than ever, there is a need to preserve the rare breeds of fowl that we still have. Very few of the popular breeds we are familiar with today have been left untainted from crossbreeding. The practice of mixing breeds has become common. Most hatcheries offer several “hybrids” and “production strains” of fowl that were once the main stay of American farms. As acceptable as these birds can be as backyard layers, they do not have the genetic importance that our heritage breeds possess. The Java is America’s second oldest native breed. It is believed that the breeds that contributed to its development came from the island of Java as well as other Asian countries. Hence the name. Javas were a multipurpose farmstead bird. It developed as a very active, free ranging bird capable of foraging for most of its own food. It has a calm, friendly temperament and is easily managed. It needed to be able to handle weather extremes , hatch and brood its own young and provide amble meat and eggs. The java as a result is a very hardy animal. In the 1800’s popularity of the java grew to the point that it became the number one breed for commercial production of meat and eggs. It was used as the base “ingredient” in the development of several breeds such as the Jersey Giant, Plymouth Rock and Rhode Island Red. Breeds that in time became more popular than the java itself. This, coupled with the birth of the industrialized specialty production strains were the major downfall of the breed. Java numbers dropped to near extinction.


Preserving the Past for the Future.. continued Back in the 90’s, a flock of purebred javas were found on a farm in Illinois. The Garfield Farm Museum made the resurrection of this important breed a priority along with a handful of other breeders. Thanks to these people, the java was saved from extinction. Breed popularity is steadily climbing as people are discovering the outstanding qualities of the breed. The society for the preservation of poultry antiquities classifies the java as a historical breed. One that can be “characterized as hardy and self-reliant, able to thrive with a minimum of care. Natural reproduction is a strong point. Those unfamiliar with them wrongly dismiss them as nonproductive. In fact, they are the base on which the poultry industry was founded; and while they tend to do poorly under crowded conditions and in some cases develop slowly, they often do far better without intense manipulation than would be possible with later types.” The java is not only a historically important breed, but a genetic one as well. I am thankful that we still have this american treasure. If the worse case scenario of disease were to wipe out our commercial production strains, we still have the foundation seed stock in which it had been built from to fall back on. So, if you don’t have a flock of javas but are thinking of getting some to add to your flock, are looking for a breed with significance to raise or you are still on the fence, come on down and help preserve a important part of American history. ...You will be glad you did!

15 Bean Chicken Salsa Chili by Ruth

1 lb 15 bean soup beans 2 lbs *chicken that has been cooked and diced up 2 qt. stock from boiled *chicken for chili 1 jar of your favorite tomato based chunky salsa (mild or medium) 2 bunches chopped *green onions 1 large *red onion 1 *green bell pepper 1 *red bell pepper 2 large cloves of *garlic 3 tablespoons *chili powder (or to taste) 1-teaspoon of your favorite seasoning salt 1-teaspoon black pepper 3 to 5 large diced *carrots The night before put the bag of 15 beans into the crock-pot and rinse them really well and then let them soak over night. This speeds up the cooking process, which is rather slow in a crock-pot, but its accepted since the crock-pot does such a great job. Next day boil the chicken first and then de-boned it. Remember to save the stock because you will need it to boil the beans in. Next drain the water off the beans, add all the rest of the ingredients into a Crock-Pot in the order listed and set on high for the first hour; after that reduce heat to low and continue to cook for 5 to 6 hours. Check for level of liquid occasionally. Add additional stock or water if soup appears too thick for your taste. Check beans for tenderness. If not soft, cook at simmer for another 1/2 hour. Feel free to add a small can of corn and serve with French bread. It is yummy.


Join now $10 annually

New paying members names will be entered into a raffle to win a dozen Mottled Java hatching eggs donated by Tacey Perkins. But it gets better, she will also pay the postage. Winner will be drawn on July 4th.

Tell us what you think of the club logo Got any ideas or suggestions to make our club better? Email Ruth at carondesign@yahoo. com or javabreeder@gmail.com

Duane Urch Urch/Turnland Poultry Breeders list 2142 NW 47 Ave. Owatonna, MN 55060 507-451-6782 dpurch@netzero.com Duane Urch breeds and sells show quality fowl. Call between 7pm and 9pm CST Mottled Javas, Black Javas sells eggs and chicks – will ship them Ships Live chicks starting in January Seth Johnson PO Box 23 Tunbridge, VT 05077 sjohnson@usguernsey.com 802-889-9432 Black Javas sells live birds and eggs - local only, will not ship Roy J. Autrey Autrey’s Friendship Farms DeQueen, Arkansas www.AFFPoultry.com Cell: 903-278-1111 cowboygourmet@earthlink.net Black Javas plus many other breeds and varieties sells adult birds - will ship them sells eggs and chicks – will ship them Christine Cole 16961 Coyote Trail Bend, Or 97701 silknfeather@gmail.com website: www.silknfeather.weebly.com Mottled Javas sells eggs and started birds – will ship them Joy Berry Charmed Life Chickens Fayetteville, AR 72701 uuffdre@yahoo.com Black Javas and other breeds and varieties sells eggs – will ship them Tacey Perkins Southern California Yesteryear Poultry and Seed tntperk@hotmail.com http://yesteryearpoultryandseed.weebly.com/ Mottled Javas, Delawares and BC Marans. Rhonda Mowday Mowday Farm Ph. # 610-384-9860 mowdayfarm@comcast.net Limited chicks available, best to order ahead local only, prefers not to ship David Moore 1614 Rebeccas Rd. Waldron, AR 72958 Ph. # 479-462-7302


Raccoons on the prowl By Ruth Caron Look at that cute face....some folks say its a face only a mother could love? Well let me be honest, there’s absolutely nothing to love about a raccoon once one has attacked your poultry. I recently had a pen full of Coral Blue guineas ravaged by a raccoon. It was absolutely horrifying to see how my birds were killed and one nearly dead when I woke up and found them. The night before that the coon tried to kill my White China goose but the gander alerted me with his stressed out screams. I ran outside to find him fighting off Mr. Rocky with his bites and wing slapping. Raccoons really can be your worst nightmare, because they will slaughter every last bird that is in a pen that they are able to get into. One of the best deterrents is a coon proof pen.This can be accomplished by following these tips. 1. Never use chicken wire, use strong wire that is used for cattle. (No chicken wire ever, chicken wire is a death sen tence for your birds) 2. Do not leave the top of the house or run uncovered, it has to have a roof or a heavy duty wire top. 3. Do not leave small openings or gaps unless they are covered with wire. 4. Always put several locks or latches that are difficult to open. (Raccoons have hands like monkeys and can figure out how to open certain latches) 5. Cover the ground around the outside of the house where they sleep at night (locked in) with wire or metal so that the raccoons can not dig under. 6. Always lock all doors to the house where they sleep right at dusk because raccoons come out at night and sometimes they arrive early. 7. Remember the words “Fort Knox” when you build your coop/hen house. After the attack I rushed out a bought three types of traps, the Pied Piper, a hand trap and a regular ole’ trap from tractor supply. Results are no raccoon yet. Tomorrow we are making a barrel trap that we made as kids. It worked very well. A barrel trap is simple, inexpensive and considered humane. Any type of barrel or smooth trash can works. Set it next to a picnic table or something else that helps the raccoon to climb up to the edge of the barrel and fill it about one third of the way with water. Place a board over the edge of the picnic table that should end midway over the mouth of the barrel. Set bait on the board, such as sardines or tuna. Do this nearer to nighttime so that other animals will not eat it. The raccoon should walk onto the board to eat the bait and will fall into the barrel. The water in the barrel will weigh the raccoon’s fur down, keeping it safely trapped in the barrel proof pen. Another great deterrent is a Livestock Guardian Dog or a LGD. I will be naming the 2 LGD’s I just purchased Hansel and Gretal. I recently purchased them from a lady in Holland, Texas. If you need a LGD I will give you her contact information. I will be calling them Chicken Guardian Dogs.

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