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SKYLIGHTS

Mila (Liudmila) TOMAROVSKAYA, Sales Representative • Trusted source for real estate information • Commitment to service • Experience negotiating complex multi-million dollar contracts as well as small agreements

FOR BUYERS: • Vast knowledge of great neighborhood and areas of potential redevelopment • Bonuses and gifts on closing • Best mortgage advice and legal service • Trusted team of contractors, upgrades and renovations for your new property • Expert support and coach through the entire process of transitioning to your dream home

FOR SELLERS: • Flexible commissions • Professional Photography and Virtual Tours • Full Color Print and Digital Marketing • Home Staging Consultation •Trusted team of contractors, some services may be included in commission package Office:(416)739-7200. tomludmila@yahoo.ca

Sutton Admiral Realty Inc.Brokerage

Bright Skylights Inc. Since 1985

416-705-8635

www.brightskylights.ca info@brightskylights.ca

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THORNHILL, RICHMOND HILL , AURORA, NEWMARKET, KING CITY, GEORGINA, MARKHAM, VAUGHAN AND NORTH YORK

Upcoming big ethnic events: Nowruz (Persian New Year (March 21, 2019). Good Friday Procession (parade in “Little Italy”) - April 19, 2019, 3 pm. Every year during Holy Week, St.Francis of Assisi Church holds an annual Good Friday Procession commemorating the crucifiction of Jesus Christ. The parade starts usually from the surrounding area of the Church (Mansfield Ave/Grace St.) and makes its way through the “Little Italy” neighbourhood in Toronto. The event usually hosts approximately 6000 participants.

March 17 - St.Patrick’s Day. Lots of people in the world participating in this Irish cultural and religious celebration. In photo (YRR): Torontonians waiting for their worlds biggest St.Partick’s Parade.

Photo: Vladislav Fedorov


Oksana Ilioukevitch Sales Representative

Cell: 416-888-5554, Office: 905-597-9333 oksana.realtor.ca@gmail.com

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There is always another new project pending. 2019 Downtown and GTA projects, condo, etc. Skip the line ups, DIRECT from builder, VIP access, insider pricing. Call or e-mail to register.

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Transportation Minister Jeff Yurek, and Metrolinx President and CEO Phil Verster announced that Ontario is making it easier for families to get moving in the GTHA. Together at Ripley's Aquarium in Toronto, Minister Yurek announced that kids 12 and under can travel for free on all GO Transit trains and buses starting March 9, 2019 - just in time for March Break. Kids 12 and under will travel for free on all GO trains and buses without a PRESTO card. Children can already travel on the TTC and UP Express for free. "Free rides for kids mean

more family adventures," said Phil Verster. "The whole family can give GO Transit or UP Express a try while getting our younger generations excited about taking the train or the bus." "During March break and all year-round, Ontario offers a variety of activities, festivals, museums and parks to help the entire family learn, stay active and enjoy nature," said Minister of Tourism Culture and Sport, Michael Tibollo. "I encourage parents and caregivers to take advantage of free rides for children under 12 via GO Transit and explore Ontario."

Town of Newmarket Council approved a 2.2 per cent tax increase, combined with 0.75 per cent for asset replacement for a total 2.95 per cent tax increase (Town portion) for the 2019 Operating and Capital Budgets for the Town of Newmarket, Newmarket Public Library (NPL) and Central York Fire Services (CYFS) at the March 4 Council Meeting. Based on an average property assessment value of approximately $607,000, residents will see an increase of $58 on the Town portion of their tax bill, a water/wastewater rate increase of $58 (5.10 per cent) and a stormwater rate increase of $4 (11.8 per cent). “Council and staff worked hard to ensure this budget strikes the right balance between investing in our future, while keeping the tax level below the GTA average,” says Mayor John Taylor.

Aurora Town Council approved a motion put forward by Mayor Tom Mrakas supporting backyard swimming instruction on private property. This motion supports residents who have backyard swimming pools to offer lessons and instruction in their private pools providing a community service within their neighbourhood. Staff has been directed to bring forward a Zoning By-law amendment at a future Public Planning meeting to amend the Home Occupation provisions to allow for backyard swimming instruction on private property.

Longtime Richmond Hill resident and designer, Albert Ng and his former student’s design has been selected again for Canada Post’s Lunar New Year stamps. Ng, also a design professor of York University, and Seung Jai Paek, who graduated 18 years ago from his design program, started on the Year of the Pig stamps project in 2016. This project reflects Ng’s vision, as quoted in 2016, in the Liberal: “Nurturing our next generation of designers, I like to encourage and nurture the young talents of my students…I always invite some of my students to work on my professional projects, hoping to set up a “design pipeline” for the next generation of designers to contribute and help them excel.” In honour of the Year of the Pig, the stamps feature Zhu Bajie, or Pigsy, one of the main characters from the celebrated 16th century Chinese novel “Journey to the West”. A once-powerful figure in heaven, Pigsy – as he came to be known – was banished for misbehaviour to life on Earth as a human-pig hybrid. This time, both designers used an illustrative approach as compared to the semiotics style which Ng used for his 2016 Year of the Monkey stamps. The colourful,

embossed Permanent domestic-rate stamp features a proud Pigsy clad in heavenly armour and clutching an enormous nine-toothed muckrake. The international stamp shows him lounging in more modest attire on Earth. Ng and his York students at the School of the Arts, Media, Performance and Design, have won over 400 international and national package design awards. Ng himself is a recipient of the Order of Ontario and the Queen’s Dia-

mond Jubilee medal and has been honoured with the Chinese Canadian Legend Award. He is the founding president and a fellow of the Association of Registered Graphic Designers of Ontario, a fellow of the Society of Graphic Designers of Canada and listed in Canadian Who’s Who. Jennifer Imbert


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March is a month when millions of people in the world celebrate St.Patrick’s Day. To our readers who want to join the celebration but don’t know much about it, here’s some brief history. .

Saint Patrick's Day is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (c. AD 385– 461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland. Saint Patrick's Day was made an official Christian feast day in the early 17th century and is observed by the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion (especially the Church of Ireland), the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Lutheran Church. The day commemorates Saint Patrick and the arrival of Christianity in Ireland, and celebrates the heritage and culture of the Irish in general. Celebrations generally involve public parades and festivals, cèilidhs, and the wearing of green attire or shamrocks. Saint Patrick's Day is a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador (for provincial government employees), and the British Overseas Territory of Montserrat. It is also widely celebrated by the Irish diaspora around the world, especially in the UK, Canada, USA, Brazil, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand. Photo: St.Patrick’s 2018, Toronto. YRR.

Parade,

May your pockets be heavy and your heart be light, May good luck pursue you each morning and night. Irish Blessing

The Lord is greater than all: I have said enough. Saint Patrick

A nation reveals itself not only by the men it produces but also by the men it honors, the men it remembers. John F. Kennedy

May your blessings outnumber The shamrocks that grow, And may trouble avoid you Wherever you go. Irish Blessing


Bring your family down to Fort York National Historic Site for a day of March Break adventure! Children will have fun trying soldiers' drill classes, officers' sword drill, music workshops, and dressing-up in period costumes. Visitors of all ages can sample treats from the hearth of the 1826 historic kitchen, and learn about the Fort's exciting history through colourful exhibits, including the Fort York Visitor Centre and Battle of York Experience. Pick up a Kids' Guide to Fort York and have fun finding the clues to complete games and puzzles throughout your tour. March 11-17, 7:00 am - 1:00 pm Where: Fort York National Historic Site, 250 Fort York Blvd Child: $6.00 | Youth: $8.00 | Adult: $14.00 | Senior: $10.00 Phone: (416) 392-6907 Fort York is a 43-acre national historic site located in the heart of downtown Toronto. Referred to as Toronto’s founding landscape, Fort York National Historic Site is also a Heritage Conservation District, a registered archaeological site, and home to Canada’s largest collection of original War of 1812 buildings.

Presented by: The National Ballet of Canada March 16, 11:00 am, 4:30 pm Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts, 145 Queen St. W. Cost: $40 - $265 Price range vary for each show. Reservations / Advance Tickets are required. Online: national.ballet.ca Email: info@national.ballet.ca Phone: (416) 345-9595

Location: 134 Main Street South, Newmarket, ON. For more information call 905-953-5314 or email: museum@newmarket.ca Museum is wheelchair accessible. March Break Fun! March 12 to 15 | 1 to 3 p.m. Mini Whimsical Gardens for Children Tuesday, March 12 | Age: 5 to 10 $10 per child |Registration required: call 905953-5314 or email museum@newmarket.ca

Get your hands dirty and use your imagination to create your own mini living garden with plants and miniature decorations to take home. All materials are included. Pop-up Animal Puppets Wednesday, March 13 1 to 3 p.m. | Suitable for Ages 5 to 10 $5 per child | Registration required: call 905-

MARCH BREAK MYSTERY Monday March 11 to Sunday March 17, Weekdays: 10 am to 4 pm, Weekend: 11 am to 4 pm Black Creek Pioneer Village. 1000 Murray Ross Pkwy. North York Kids 14 and under visit for FREE all week long!*

Solve the Mystery! Crime strikes the Village and it’s up to you to help Sherlock Holmes and Dr Watson solve the case! •Attend Watson’s Detective School •Crack codes and hunt for clues •Interview villagers and suspects •Solve the crime!

Maple Syrup Fun! Watch out for more sticky fingers! Get a taste of the sweet stuff at the Maple Syrup Show, explore the Sugar Shack Discovery Zone and get hands-on at the Sticky Station! Take a wagon ride around the village! See the village from atop a horse drawn wagon from 12:00 – 4:00 each day (Weather permitting). Tickets can be purchased at the wagon. ($2/person). Admission Per Person Price (*Plus applicable taxes) Adult (Age 15-59) $15.00 Child (Age 5-14) $11.00 (*Free during March Break with the purchase of an adult or senior admission! Up to four children per paying adult receive free general admission. Offer not applicable for groups or day cares). Infant (Age 4 and under) Free *Does not apply for group bookings Senior (60+) $12.00. Student (15+ with ID) $12.00 All other regular admission rates and parking rates apply.

953-5314 or email museum@newmarket.ca

Bring the whole family for a sleuthing advanture! Help us search for modern items that do not belong in our 1870's home. Find the modern items and learn about their Victorian Era predacessors. Plus dress-up, games and treats! When: March 9-15, 9:00 am - 2:00 pm Colborne Lodge, 11 Colborne Lodge Dr Child: $5.00 | Youth: $7.00 | Adult: $8.00 Senior: $7.00 Phone: (416) 392-6916

Drop in for some Victorian fun! Enjoy a guided tour of the home of Toronto's first mayor, typeset your name on the 1845 printing press and print your own magnet. March 9 -17, 9:00 am - 2:00 pm Mackenzie House, 82 Bond St Child: $5.00 | Youth: $7.00 | Adult: $8.00 Senior: $7.00 Phone: (416) 392-6915

Create a family crest at Spadina Museum this March Break! What creature might appear on your crest – a dragon, or perhaps a mermaid? Learn about the meanings of colours, plants and animals and how they could come together to represent your family. When: March 9-13, 9:00 am - 2:00 pm Tours at 12:15, 1:15, 2:15, 3:15 and 4 p.m. Spadina Museum, 285 Spadina Ave. Child: $6.00, Youth: $8.00 , Adult: $10.00 Phone: (416) 392-6910

Create and play with your own puppet characters. Cardboard Circle Weaving Thursday, March 14 1 to 3 p.m. | Suitable for Ages 5 to 10 Free admission. Drop in. Learn basic weaving skills and create a unique form of woven art!

(The Town of Newmarket presents) Tuesday March 12, 9 a.m. to Noon Location: Magna Centre (800 Mulock Drive). Cost: $5 per child (parents, guardians and children under 1 year are free).

St. Patrick's Day Friday, March 15 1 to 3 p.m. | Suitable for Ages 4 to 10 Free admission. Drop in. Get in the shamrock mood and get crafty with an assortment of fun, and easy shamrock paper craft activities. Wee Fun Wednesdays: Toddlers & Caregivers. Every Wednesday, March 20 to June 18 | 10 am to noon $3/Child | Suitable for ages 1 to 3 | Caregiver supervision required. Activities will stimulate communication, cooperation, and imagination with a different art-making theme each week. •Lots of hands-on playtime with tabletop activities • Changing displays

with Rhythmic by Nature 11:15 a.m.-Noon Mega Magic presents Rob Testa - Comedy Magic Tickets are limited although remaining tickets ($4.25) will be available for purchase at the Magna Centre Customer Service Kiosk the day of the event. You can buy tickets now: https://newmarket.snapd.com/events/view/1226145

Register now for March Break 2019 programs or for more information call 905-953-5105 or visit the Children’s Services Desk on the second floor. 438 Park Ave., L3Y 1W1. T. 905-9535110 March Break Fun: https://www.newmarketpl. ca/en/ kids-and-teens/marchbreak.aspx

Brought to you by Upper Canada Mall

Have a blast with interactive indoor music and magic stage shows. Children's activities and craft presented by the Town of Newmarket Summer Camps. Rides available on the Tim Hortons Express Train. Weather permitting and owned and operated by the Town of Newmarket. Recommended for ages 29 years. Stage Show Schedule: 9:00-9:30 a.m. Interactive musical performance by Sari Featherstone 9:30-10:15 a.m. Magic of Aaron Matthews 10:15-10:30 a.m. Musical performance by Sydney Nicholson of Princess for Progress 10:30-11:15 a.m. Interactive drumming

Advertising in the York Region Review: yrpublishing@gmail.com, 416-823-4948

Our website: www.yrreview.com

Location: Ray Twinney Recreation Complex (100 Eagle Street West).Newmarket Hours of Operation: Mon. to Friday 8 am. to 8 pm. Saturday & Sunday | 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Statutory Holidays | Closed

Rules of the Play Park. 1. Children must 42" or shorter to enter the Play Park. 2. The Play Park is not supervised. 3. Parents/Caregivers must supervise their children at all times. 4. No food, drinks or outside toys are permitted in the Play Park. 5. No shoes, boots or bare feet please. All children must wear socks. 6. This area is not supervised, please use at your own risk. The Town of Newmarket assumes no responsibility for injuries or the loss of property. Play safe and have fun! See pages 9,17 We make every effort to ensure the accuracy of this information. However, you should always call ahead to confirm dates, times, location, and other information.


Home in York Region YORK REGION. A new report has just been released which reveals 7 costly mistakes that most homeowners make when selling their home, and a 9 Step System that help you sell your home fast and for the most amount of money. This industry report shows clearly how the traditional ways of selling homes have become increasingly less and less effective in today’s market. The fact of the matter is that

fully three quarters of homesellers don’t get what they want for their homes and become disillusioned and - worse - financially disadvantaged when they put their homes on the market. As this report uncovers, most homesellers make 7 deadly mistakes that cost them literally thousands of dollars. The good news is that each and every one of these mistakes is entirely preventable. In answer to this issue,

industry insiders have prepared a free special report entitled “The 9 Step System To Get Your Home Sold Fast and for Top Dollar”. To hear a brief recorded message about how to order your FREE copy of this report call toll-free 1-833-923-2482 and enter 2500. You can call any time, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Get your free special report NOW to find out how you can get the most money for your home.

This report is courtesy of Andrew Friz, Broker, Right at Home Realty Inc., Brokerage. Not intended to solicit buyers or sellers currently under contract. Copyright

HAVE a TAX EFFECTIVE WAY to COMPENSATE EMPLOYEES and CONTRIBUTE MORE STABILITY to YOUR BUSINESS WITH Big choice of the companies. Licensed Group Plan Advisor Ph. 416-319-1472

Ontario Taking Action to Strengthen Protection for New Home Buyers Province Transforms Tarion Warranty Corporation’s Broken System to Protect Ontario Families The province is transforming Tarion Warranty Corporation and implementing initiatives to better protect purchasers of cancelled pre-construction condominium projects. "There are many families across the province who have faced difficulties over the years when seeking a solution from Tarion," said Bill Walker, Minister of Government and Consumer Services. "For our government one thing is clear, Tarion is broken. That is why I am pleased to announce that we are taking decisive action to put the people of Ontario first by transforming Tarion and strengthening consumer protection." The government is taking action by: •Establishing a separate regulator from Tarion for new home builders and vendors to address conflicts of interest. •Planning to introduce legislative amendments that, if passed, will enable the government to require Tarion to make executive and board compensation publicly available and move to a more balanced skills-based board composition. •Exploring the feasibility of a

multi-provider insurance model for new home warranties and protections. •Introducing new initiatives to better inform and protect purchasers of cancelled condominium projects. Tarion is expected to continue to provide services to new home owners, builders and vendors during the transformation with greater government oversight. The Honourable Justice Douglas Cunningham released a 2016 independent report with several recommendations on transforming Tarion. Noted in the report is an inherent conflict of interest in the current structure of Tarion that leaves new home owners vulnerable. "Establishing a separate regulator for new home builders and vendors addresses the current conflict of interest with Tarion," said Walker. "Today's announcement will help make Tarion more accountable and transparent and provide quality service for the people of Ontario." "I have heard countless stories from families in my riding who have experienced difficulties with Tarion Warranty Corporation," said David Piccini, MPP for Northumberland - Peterborough South. "Our Government is taking decisive action to protect consumers when making one of the biggest pur-

chases in their life - a new home."

Ceramic photos Restoration Laser etching

416.831-3314

2018


Homeownership is a certain lifestyle which requires homeowners to sacrifice some pleasant spending habits in order to develop other mandatory spending habits… A timing gap between those two spending habits is related to …PLANNING. Knowing in advance what outcomes to expect might make majority’s lives easier (not everyone though)

check a reasonability of the potential borrower. Lenders prefer to see a stable financial picture for at least 2 years.

MORTGAGE PITFALL #1: Credit Score Surprise

MORTGAGE PITFALL #3: Downpayment

Mortgage Lenders use threedigit credit score to determine likeliness to paying off future debt (such as mortgage you are applying for). If credit score is not in the range required by a particular mortgage program, Lender may decide to lower the lending amount or increase the interest rate or even can refuse to approve the mortgage. Although Lenders requirements are different, many Lenders are looking for above 640 for a regular primary residence purchase, above 680 for purchases of rentals or secondary homes, above 720 for refinances. MORTGAGE PLANNING TIP#1: Monitor your credit score regularly and be aware of the Lender’s minimum requirements in advance. Knowing it beforehand will give you a realistic expectations and timing to rebuild your credit history if needed.

How big should be a downpayment and where to take it from are very important decisions to make. Although the minimum federal requirement for downpayment is 5% (on the first 500K), it adds up to 4% to the cost of the house you are buying in the form of Insurance. If downpayment is not from your previously sold home, money from any allowed sources should be frozen on the account for 13 month. It’s quite easy here to underestimate timing for transferring money between accounts and their sources. MORTGAGE PLANNING TIP#3: Make a decision about downpayment amount for your dream home, possible sources and the timing necessary for accumulating funds on the account way in advance. Knowing those mortgage planning details gives you advantage to finish the mortgage funding deal smoother and without extra strong headache. If you have other questions about mortgage planning you might consider requesting FREE NO OBLIGATION MORTGAGE PLANNING CONSULTATION at www.frizmortgage.com or calling me directly 416-827-8157 Best Regards, Helen Friz, Mortgage Agent, AMP, CPA, CMA

MORTGAGE PITFALL #2: Major lifestyle change Any recent major changes in your life like a job change, company change, buying a new car, taking another loan, applying for credit cards, buying new furniture, ring the alarm bell and push the Lenders to double and triple

MORTGAGE

PLANNING

TIP#2:

Keep singing the mantra “No changes for 2 years prior for applying” and plan to catch on everything important from YOUR WISH LIST (or the one above) 2 years before starting project “Buying/Changing a home”.

For registration or information contact us @ 905-764-0202 x 108 We speak English, Farsi, Russian, Chinese, Spanish, Turkish, Kurdish and Armenian. Address: 344 John St., Markham, ON, L3T 5W6.


Did you know that Canada produces over 80% of the world's Maple Syrup? In celebration of maple syrup season, tuck into freshly baked maple butter tarts and maple lemonade! Kids craft fourleaf clover or horseshoe bookmarks for extra luck. Canadian Taste Buds: March 30 & 31 A special recipe is featured one weekend every month alongside the museums monthly programing. For March, the featured recipe is Maple Glazed Chelsea Buns, a very tasty (and sticky!) historic treat. March 1-30, every Saturday, 9:00 am - 1:00 pm. Every Sunday, 9:00 am - 1:00 pm Scarborough Museum 1007 Brimley Rd, Scarborough. Cost: Pay What You Can Phone: (416) 338-8807

March 10-16, 7:00 am - 9:00 pm

Better Living Centre, Exhibition Place. 195 Princes' Blvd. Cost: $8.95 - $26.50 Online tickets are available in advance at: springfestto.ca Kids under 2 enter free of charge. Mor info:(416) 585-9263. This indoor park has entertainment to thrill the entire family and kids with over 25 mechanical and inflatable rides, food vendors, a little tots area for kids under 5, arts and crafts and daily shows.

Brokerage #10261, Licence #MO8006234


Suspects are innocent until proven guilty

COMMUNITY WARNING FOLLOWING FRAUD IN NEWMARKET |

York Regional Police is warning citizens to be aware of an ongoing fraud, targeting citizens in the Town of Newmarket who are looking for a good deal on a used vehicle. The way the fraud works is that an advertisement is placed online for a vehicle, priced well below market value. In one of the cases a 2012 Ford F-150 pick-up truck was advertised for $7,500 when its actual value was more than $15,000. The discounted price motivates potential buyers who respond to the advertisement. Communication is established through text messages and the suspect advises the buyer that if they are truly interested in the vehicle, then they will have to e-transfer a deposit of $500. After the deposit is received, the suspect provides a residential address where the vehicle can be viewed and the final transaction for the balance of the funds can be completed. When the victims attend the residential address, there is no vehicle for sale and the homeowners have no idea why people keep showing up looking to buy a vehicle. Investigators have been able to determine that the phone numbers being used by the suspect are fake and spoofed by using an app. Investigators are warning residents that when they see a deal that’s too good to be true, it probably is. Investigators believe there are more victims and are asking them to come forward and report their incidents to police. Anyone with information is asked to contact the York Regional Police #1 District Criminal Investigations Bureau at 1-866-876-5423, ext.7141, or call Crime Stoppers at 1-800222-tips, or leave an anonymous tip online at www.1800222tips.com

WITNESSES SOUGHT FOLLOWING FATAL COLLISION IN VAUGHAN On Wednesday, February 27, shortly after 10:30 a.m., police were called to a collision on Zenway Boulevard in the area of Huntington Road for a report of a two-vehicle collision. When officers arrived they located a transport truck that had collided with a Pontiac Sunfire. The driver of the Pontiac Sunfire had to be extricated from the vehicle and was transported to hospital. Sadly, the 51-year-old driver of the Pontiac Sunfire succumbed to his injuries in hospital. The investigation is ongoing and any witnesses who have not yet spoken with police, or anyone who may have dashcam footage of the collision, are being asked to please come forward.

CHARGES LAID AND SUSPECT SOUGHT AFTER BANK ROBBERY IN VAUGHAN On Monday, March 4, at approximately 10:45 a.m., officers responded to a bank located on Jane Street south of Major Mackenzie Drive in the City of Vaughan for report of a bank robbery. Two male suspects entered the bank with their faces covered and de-

manded cash. They obtained a quantity of cash and exited the bank as officers were pulling up on scene. The suspects fled in separate directions. One suspect got into a vehicle believed to be a white Volkswagen Jetta. The second suspect fled on foot and was pursued by officers until he was caught and arrested. There were no weapons seen and no one was physically injured during the robbery. The outstanding suspect is described as: Male, wearing a black sweater, white pants and a black balaclava. Charged: a 16-year-old male from Brantford. The investigation is ongoing.

INVESTIGATION CONTINUES FOR MISSING MAN FROM RICHMOND HILL

Toronto. A search warrant was executed at Lit Paper and Glass, where investigators located a fully-stocked dispensary operating behind the front of a cannabis paraphernalia store. Cannabis and cannabis-related products have been seized and will be processed by investigators. “Yet again, we find that the cannabis black market continues to flourish,” said Chief Eric Jolliffe. “Since the legalization of cannabis on October 17, 2018, the increasing demand is creating additional opportunities for organized crime to be a supplier. We need our citizens to continue to report suspected illegal activity and we will investigate.” Charged: Emil MIKHAILOV, 42, City of Vaughan. Charges include: • Possession of Cannabis for Distribution • Distribute Illicit Cannabis • Possession of Proceeds Obtained by Crime The investigation is ongoing.

POLICE SEEK SUSPECT FOLLOWING BANK ROBBERY IN MARKHAM

Kevin BONADA ROSAS was last seen on Thursday June 21, 2018, at his residence on Elmwood Avenue. On Tuesday, June 26, 2018, he was reported missing to police after his family had not heard from him. Investigators have been working through tips that have been received, but have exhausted all leads. Police and his family continue to be concerned for his well-being and are asking anyone with information to come forward. Missing: Kevin BONADA ROSAS, male, 30 years, 5’11”, 180 lbs. Short, black hair, brown eyes. Anyone with information is asked to contact the #2 District Criminal Investigations Bureau at 1866-876-5423, ext.7241, Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS, leave an anonymous tip online at www.1800222tips.com

ILLEGAL CANNABIS DISPENSARY SHUT DOWN In February 2019, an investigation began into a suspect who was believed to be trafficking drugs in the City of Vaughan. On Thursday, February 28, investigators observed the suspect in a suspicious transaction at a commercial building in the area of Keele Street and Steeles Avenue West. The suspect was placed under arrest and officers found that he was in possession of more than $6,000 in currency, 400 grams of cannabis flower and business documentation related to a dispensary located in the City of Toronto. Investigators executed a search warrant at the commercial building and located what is believed to be a cannabis warehouse, that was storing and packaging cannabis products for resale. Investigators will be processing all of the cannabis and cannabis-related products over the next few days. As the investigation continued, police were led to a retail store located at 191 Baldwin Road in the City of

On Wednesday, February 27, 2019, shortly after noon, York Regional Police were called to a bank in the area of Woodbine Avenue, north of Steeles Avenue for a report of a robbery. Investigators learned that a male suspect entered the bank and demanded cash from the teller. The suspect obtained a quantity of cash and fled in a vehicle. There were no physical injuries during the incident. The suspect was described as male, wearing a ski jacket, ski cap, gloves and had his face was covered with a scarf. Investigators from the HoldUp Unit remind business owners of the importance of maintaining and updating video surveillance equipment.

TATTOO ARTIST CHARGED FOLLOWING SEXUAL ASSAULT DURING TATTOO SESSIONS On February 9, York Regional Police began an investigation after a victim filed an online report that she had been sexually assaulted by a tattoo artist during two tattoo sessions. Investigators learned that the incidents occurred in 2016 when the victim was attending a tattoo shop in Markham in the area of Kennedy Road north of Steeles Avenue. The accused has worked at several different locations throughout the Greater Toronto Area as a tattoo artist. Investigators believe that there may be additional victims and they are releasing the photograph of the accused. Anyone who has been a victim are asked to come forward. Additionally, anyone who has information that may assist investigators are also being asked to come forward. Charged: Kevin PROULX, 44, City of Toronto. Charges: Sexual Assault x 2. The accused will be appearing before the Ontario Court of Justice in Newmarket on March 20.

CHARGES LAID AND STOLEN PROPERTY RECOVERED Investigators with the #1 District Criminal Investigations Bureau have charged two men and recovered a large quantity of stolen property following thefts from vehicles. The investigation began on January 15, 2019, when a theft was reported from a vehicle that had been parked at a gym in the area of Yonge Street and Green Lane in the Town of East Gwillimbury. The driver of the vehicle had left valuables in the car before going into the gym for a workout. When he returned, his valuables were missing. As the investigation progressed, on Wednesday, February 20, two suspects believed to be responsible for the theft were observed in a parking lot of a community centre located in the area of Clark Avenue West and Atkinson Avenue in the City of Vaughan. The suspects entered a parked car and attempted to steal valuables from inside. They were placed under arrest. A search warrant was executed at the suspect’s residence in the City of Markham and stolen property was recovered. Investigators are releasing pictures of the recovered property and asking people who may have had property stolen from their vehicles to review the images and contact police if they see items that belong to them. The online album is available for viewing at the following link: https://flic.kr/s/aHsmBmre9E Charged: Attila KOLCZA, 32, Markham Karoly CSURKUI, 42, Toronto.

PERSONS OF INTEREST SOUGHT FOLLOWING INTERACTION WITH A YOUTH Investigators with the #3 District Criminal Investigations Bureau are looking to speak with two persons of interest following an interaction with a youth at the ROC in the Town of Georgina. On Saturday, February 23, at 8:15 p.m., police were called to the ROC, located at 26479 Civic Center Road for a report of suspicious people. When officers arrived, they spoke with an 11-year-old boy who advised that he had been snowboarding and while on the hill, at approximately 7:15 p.m., was approached by a woman, who offered to pay him $20 to teach her how to snowboard. At approximately 8 p.m., the guardian of the boy saw him speaking with the unknown woman and confronted her. During the confrontation the unknown woman was joined by an unknown male and claimed that she wanted to pay the boy for teaching her how to snowboard. Investigators do not believe that a criminal offence has occurred, however would like to speak with the people of interest involved to determine what took place. Person of Interest #1: Female, white, 5’, long blond hair, wearing pink snow pants, black jacket and a black helmet. Was using a snowboard that was black and red with an image of a woman on it Person of Interest #2: Male, Asian, 5’9”, medium build, earing black clothing. See page 14


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Food continues to find its way into the consciousness of Canadians. It’s in our news feed, on our television screens and, more and more, part of our day-to-day conversations. The challenge is to separate the fact from the fiction, the ephemeral from the soon-to-be everyday. The University of Guelph’s newest Food Focus Trends Report highlights six key trends likely to be front and centre this year.

for hundreds and hundreds of years, only in a way that’s much faster, much cheaper and much more specific. The only challenge? Reducing unfounded fears and communicating the incredible potential of genetically modified crops and foods in a way that Canadians can fully embrace.

In recent years, the humble bee has gone from picnic pest to cause célèbre. The decline of bee populations and its potential impact on food resources has Canadians rallying in support. And with good reason — a third of the world’s crops

meals, restaurants and tourism. A recent Deloitte report found that 58 per cent of current Canadian cannabis users intend to consume edibles once they’re legalized.But these highs do have some potential lows — work will need to be done to ensure proper dosing and to prevent unintended secondary consumption by children and pets. As well, the path to market for cannabis products in Canada goes through three different pieces of legislation: the Cannabis Act, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and the Food and Drugs Act. In addition, products for medical consumers must also meet the Access to Cannabis for Medical Pur-

The one downside? Our regulated dairy industry, along with other supply managed commodities, has ceded nearly 10 per cent of its market through recent trade deals. This will not only be painful for the dairy sector, but it isn’t likely to result in lower prices for Canadians — although we will probably see a broader array of cheeses and other dairy products. Overall, though, trade has been good for Canada and will continue to be for the foreseeable future.

Farms may feed people, but

While vegans and vegetarians get all the attention, the flexitarians are rapidly growing in number — and in clout. A flexitarian is someone who is eating less meat rather than giving it up entirely. Almost 85 per cent of Canadians claim to eat at least one vegetarian meal per month, with nearly 50 per cent saying they do so at least once a week. Despite only seven to eight per cent of Canadians identifying as vegetarian or vegan, the conscious consumption of flexitarians will likely have a profound impact on the quantity and types of meat we eat as well as spurring the growth of proThe Canadian government approved the sale of genetically modified golden rice that’s fortified with Vitamin tein alternatives. By choosing to eat less meat, A. It’s an example of a GM food that directly benefits consumers. consumers are likely to indulge in rely on pollinators. poses Regulations that are included they have very little to do with the more premium cuts while sacrificing In Canada, the contribution of in the Controlled Drugs and Sub- price you pay for food. staples like ground beef. bees to crops like apples, blueberries Fluctuating prices of agriculstances Act. But with the total market Plant-based proteins are also and canola has been estimated at estimated at more than $7 billion (on tural commodities like corn, wheat or sure to grow in popularity, as are over $5 billion. par with Canada’s wine industry), the soybeans often fuel news stories but those from previously taboo sources, So shouldn’t we all be behind future is nonetheless bright for the reality is the increases in food such as insects. Canada’s new Food the bee? It’s not that simple. While prices Canadians have seen over the cannabis companies. Guide also recommends an in- they are essential for some crops, years have been relatively consiscreased focus on plant-based foods. other crops rely on methods of pest tent. Should Canada’s meat indus- c o n t r o l Put simply, food and farm try be concerned? Possibly, but inprices are not the same and the relacreased international demand should tionship between the two continues keep overall prices in our country to weaken. Today, the farmers’ share steady for the foreseeable future and of the food dollar is around 20 per The whirlwind of trade cent — higher for less processed population growth here will also condeals and disputes in the foods (nearly 50 per cent for eggs) tinue to increase the total demand for past few years has left and lower for more processed foods meat. t h a t many Canadians reeling. While there (two per cent for corn, which is used are associated with the decline of has been much hand-wringing over as a sweetener in manufactured food inter-provincial barriers, products). pollinators. As we’ve seen with the neon- NAFTA/USMCA and new agreeWhile the effect of low comIf comic books and horror icotinoids debate, striking a delicate ments with Europe and the Pacific modity prices may be felt in movies have taught the average balance between the needs of farm- Rim, freer farming regions and associCanadian anything, it’s that nothing ers and the protection of pollinators ated industries, it has little imgood ever comes from playing with is an ongoing challenge and a goal pact on Canadians when genes. that will not be easily achieved. they’re checking off their groUnfortunately, fiction can cery lists — and that isn’t exsometimes be more believable than pected to change in 2019. facts. When it comes to agriculture, gene editing increases yields, develMichael von Massow, Associate Profesops tolerances to things like drought trade in food has sor, Food Economics, University of Guelph or pests, removes allergens (to make Cannabis will soon be a major actually provided Canadian farmers Aaron De Laporte, Research Associate, Unigluten-free wheat, for example) and driver in the food and beverage cate- with markets that are hungry for our versity of Guelph Alfons Weersink, Professor, Dept of Food, enhances nutritional quality. gory. This year should see edible products. Agricultural and Resource Economics, UniAnd the biggest benefit may products incorporated into Bill C-45 Plus, Canadian consumers versity of Guelph be for the world’s poor. Basically, (the Cannabis Act), opening up op- have benefited and now enjoy a Liam D. Kelly, Ph.D. Candidate, University gene editing is doing what animal portunities for health foods and sup- wider range of affordable food prod- of Guelph and plant breeders have been doing plements, snack foods, packaged ucts.


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PURCHASE & SALE TRANSFER OF TITLE/OWNERSHIP REFINANCING PRIVATE MORTGAGES

CAR ACCIDENTS PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS BREACH OF CONTRACT COMMERCIAL DISPUTES INSURANCE DISPUTES

DRINKING & DRIVING OFFENCES ASSAULT, SEXUAL ASSAULT DRUG CHARGES FRAUD, THEFT, ROBBERY, EXTORTIONS BAIL HEARINGS

SEPARATION AGREEMENTS DIVORCE SPOUSAL/CHILD SUPPORT CUSTODY &ACCESS DIVISION OF MATRIMONIAL PROPERTY CHILD PROTECTION

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Continued from page 10 ONE MAN CHARGED, SECOND SUSPECT SOUGHT FOLLOWING ROBBERY IN VAUGHAN On Saturday, October 6, 2018 at approximately 11 a.m., officers responded to a carpet store located on Yonge Street, south of Highway 407, for a commercial robbery. The owner of the store reported that two male suspects entered his store and demanded money. The suspects searched the store and obtained the victim’s wallet. They assaulted the victim and fled from the area in a black, four-door Volvo which drove off south on Yonge at a high rate of speed. One of the suspects was identified by investigators and on October 23, 2018, a search warrant was executed at a residence in the City of Brampton, the suspect was located and a replica firearm was seized. Investigators are now seeking public assistance for information on the identity of a second suspect shown in the video surveillance of the incident: https://youtu.be/nl0HOXzAXsg Charged: Landi HANNA, 35, of the City of Brampton.

WITNESSES CONTINUE TO BE SOUGHT FOLLOWING FATAL COLLISION IN RICHMOND HILL On Thursday, February 7, at 5:30 p.m., police responded to a two-vehicle

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www.bykovempel.com 4580 Dufferin St., Suite 408, Toronto, ON, M3H 5Y2 collision at 88 East Beaver Creek Road, which is in the area of Sims Crescent. A 91-year-old female passenger from one of the vehicles suffered lifethreatening injuries and she was taken to hospital. On Monday, February 11, 2019, investigators were advised by the hospital that sadly, she had succumbed to her injuries. The vehicles involved in the collision were a 2015 red Audi four-door sedan and a 2017 blue Cadillac fourdoor sedan. Investigators believe that there was a transport truck parked facing northbound on East Beaver Creek Road at the time of the collision. They are appealing to the driver of the truck, or anyone who may have seen the truck, to please come forward.

POLICE SEEK SUSPECTS FOLLOWING MOBILE PHONE STORE ROBBERY MARKHAM On Monday, February 25, shortly after 8:30 p.m., police were called to a mobile phone store located in the area of Markham Road and 16th Avenue, following a report of a robbery. When officers arrived, they located store employees and a patron who were not physically injured. Investigators believe that three men entered the store, grabbed one of the employees and a patron and restrained them using zip ties. One of the suspects was armed with a knife and demanded mobile phones. The employees

complied. The suspects fled with a quantity of phones. The suspects are described as: Male, 18 to 25 years, wearing black clothing with face masks. Investigation is ongoing.

Suspect description: Male, 40-55 years. Car: 2019 Honda Ridgeline, plate: AC90002.

SUSPECT SOUGHT FOLLOWING COLLISION WITH POLICE CRUISER IN NEWMARKET York Regional Police is seeking public assistance to identify a suspect and locate a stolen vehicle following a collision with a police cruiser in Newmarket. On Tuesday, February 19, at 6 p.m., officers on patrol saw a vehicle parked that was running, with the driver asleep at the wheel, at a restaurant in the area of Yonge Street and Dawson Manor Boulevard. The officers approached the driver to check on his wellbeing. The driver woke up and spoke with officers, then put the truck in drive and fled, striking a police cruiser. The vehicle was last seen driving south on Yonge Street at a high rate of speed. Officers later determined that the vehicle was stolen in a warm-up theft that had occurred on February 8, 2019, in the City of Vaughan. Investigators are releasing dashcam video of the incident and appealing to the public for any information that will assist with identifying the driver and locating the stolen vehicle. Dashcam video is available: https://youtu.be/wcqR-C_Ro_U

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OWNERS OF FINANCIAL TRANSFER SERVICE IN VAUGHAN ARRESTED ON A CANADA-WIDE WARRANT FOR FRAUD In January 2018, York Regional Police began an investigation after receiving a report from a victim who advised that she had used the company Mabini Express to transfer funds to family in the Philippines. Several days later the victim learned that her family had not received the money. When the victim attended Mabini Express she discovered a sign stating the business was permanently closed. York Regional Police began receiving additional reports and located a total of 36 victims who had lost a combined total of more than $300,000. Canada-wide warrants were issued for the arrest of both suspects. On January 28, 2019, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Vancouver Detachment arrested the two suspects: Jesus MALLARI, 66, Toronto Teresita MALLARI 69, Toronto. Charges: Fraud Over $5,000, uttering Forged Document x4, Forgery x4.


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March 8 is International Women's Day — a day to recognize women's achievements To mark the occasion, let’s look back at some of Canada’s women life scientists. They’ve been pioneers in providing a foundation of knowledge through the sheer force of their worldclass talent —going back more than a century. Their legacy has established a knowledge foundation that represents the impact of real science. Largely unknown by Canada’s decision-makers in government, industry and even the general public, their work is unheralded by ribbon-cutting ceremonies. Their relative obscurity in Canada, then and now, appears to be the preoccupation of how budgetary decisions are made as opposed to a consideration of talent and merit. It’s high time to give them their due:

At the turn of the century, University of Toronto medical graduate Maud Menten was barred from doing independent research in Canada as part of the accepted sexism of the day. Her discovery in Berlin in 1913 provided the first insight into how chemical reactions in every cell of our body are regulated by enzymes. The discovery enabled enzymes to be purified, modified and targeted for drug therapy for disease. Today enzymes serve as targets for about a third of all drugs in clinical use. Photo: Smithsonian Institute.

Maude Abbott was a worldrenowned scholar, Bishop’s University medical graduate (1894) and a McGill University medical museum curator and pathology lecturer. Her work in 1905 on congenital heart disease is critical to modern surgery. Abbott’s stunning pathology dissections are preserved today at the McGill Maude Abbott Medical Museum and remain unsurpassed to this day. Photo: McGill University.

In the middle of the 20th century, McGill’s Brenda Milner, a renowned scholar and founder of the field of neu-

ropsychology, discovered that memory in humans is multiple and stored in several different parts of the brain. Her discoveries in 1957 led to better treatments for a variety of brain disorders including trauma, degenerative and psychiatric diseases.

and the importance of the surrounding normal cells in tumour progression. Photo: McGill University.

Photo: McGill University.

At McGill, Annette Herscovics discovered in 1969 that thyroglobulin, a precursor to thyroid hormone, undergoes carbohydrate modifications. This was one of the first discoveries of a class of proteins known today as “glycoproteins.” Carbohydrate addition to proteins is today known as the most abundant protein modification for all life forms on the planet. At Harvard in 1974, Herscovics then discovered the exact mechanism for carbohydrate addition that is a universal mechanism for all organisms with nucleated cells. Upon returning to McGill in 1981, she discovered how these modifications are relevant to human disease, including cancer.

Janet Rossant discovered the mechanisms used by embryos to generate organs and tissues with direct relevance to childhood diseases. Her talent was first recognized at Brock University in 1977 and was followed by recruitment to the Lunenfeld Institute in Toronto. She was then director of the Research Institute of the Hospital for Sick Kids, and is now president and scientific director of the Gairdner Foundation. Photo:cihr-irsc.gc.ca

Mona Nemer is currently Canada’s Chief Scientific Adviser discovered in Ottawa how genes that regulate the development of the heart help understand heart disease.

Herscovics’s PhD supervisor was Rose Johnstone, who made a monumental discovery at McGill in 1983. She discovered exactly how red blood cells in our body are made from precursor cells through a previously unknown structure she named “exosomes.” Exosomes are now recognized as a universal protein delivery mechanism used by all cells in our body. They’re actively studied by academics and industry for the understanding and treatment of cancer, autoimmune diseases and neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.

The discoveries of Nada Jabado, a McGill physician scientist and paediatric cancer specialist, focus on how proteins are modified in cancer via the epigenome that mark the DNA in our genes to change the function of the gene. McGill cell biologist Heidi McBride has made transformative discoveries on the role of mitochondria (the energy factory in our cells) in cancer and neurological diseases, including Parkinson’s disease. Freda Miller at the Hospital for Sick Kids in Toronto has deciphered the mechanisms used to generate neuronal circuits during development from a thin sheet of nonneuronal precursor cells. Anne Claude Gingras of the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute in Toronto is a specialist in “quantitative proteomics.” It’s led to enormous advances in our understanding of cell organization with direct application to disease.

Photo: McGill University

At the U.S. National Cancer Institute in 1986, Morag Park’s work on mutant “MET” gene association with several different cancers led to international prominence. Today, Park is head of the McGill Cancer Research Centre, and has extended her discoveries to breast cancer

In 2015 women who graduated with bachelor’s degrees in science and technology earned just 82 per cent of what their male counterparts earned. Regional averages around the world show that women accounted for less than a third of those employed in scientific research and development across the world in 2014.

Photo: ic.gc.ca

Photo: McGill University.

e

Each year, March 8 is an oportunity to celebrate the contributions of women – in Canada and around the world. Innovation and technology can help empower women and girls. Yet a growing digital divide means that women are underrepresented in fields like science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). This year's theme for International Women’s Day, #InnovateForChange, is a call to action, asking everyone to harness the power of technology to create a more equal world. By removing the barriers facing women in STEM, we can unleash new ideas and solutions that will transform our society and strengthen our economy. In Canada, only a third of graduates in STEM are women, a difference that’s magnified in fields such as engineering and computer science. Meanwhile, Canada and other countries face major job shortages in many STEM fields. When women are held back from filling high-quality jobs like these, Canada’s economy is also held back. Increasing the number of women in STEM is a simple, direct and effective way to fuel change that improves the lives of people across Canada.

Brenda Andrews, Cheryl Arrowsmith, and Elizabeth Edwards are internationally renowned for their discoveries at the University of Toronto. Andrews defines the new field of systems biology to understand cell organization using robots and Artificial Intelligence and its application to disease. Arrowsmith’s discoveries focus on cellular protein structure resolved at the atomic level to understand how chemical

Among Canadians ages 25 to 34 years holding bachelor’s degrees, men were almost twice as likely to work in science and technology jobs as women in 2016. modifications regulate gene expression and their relevance to disease. Edwards’ work on “bioaugmentation” through anaerobic microbes to detoxify environmental pollutants is of direct relevance to the nightmare of toxic industrial and municipal waste accumulation.

Taken together, these discoveries represent an impressive display of talent for real science that rivals scientists anywhere in the world. Whatever country recognizes and establishes a genuine priority to enable real science by talented women scientists, and helps them thrive in discovery research, will be rewarded enormously. Discovery research institutes such as the Crick Institute in the U.K. gather the most talented scientists, men and women, early in their careers, when discoveries are usually made. That assures a critical mass and merit-based value system that then provides the best of the discovery researchers to go out to populate universities, research institutes and industry. A Canadian model could — and should —focus on women scientists, since they now may be Canada’s most talented. And also its most undervalued. John Bergeron, Emeritus Robert Reford Professor and Professor of Medicine at McGill, McGill University John Bergeron gratefully acknowledges Kathleen Dickson as co-author.


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Victoria Village Library - 184 Sloane Ave, North York. Cost: Free This is a rollicking comedy about the attempts of some working-class amateurs to overcome their inhibitions and left feet in a low-rent dance studio in North London. Mavis, a former professional chorus girl tries her hardest to teach the bumbling amateurs some terpsichorean skills for an upcoming recital. But before the dancing begins Mavis must mediate the minor dramas that erupt among this motley but loveable crew. Will they be able to overcome each of their fears on their way to triumph at their recital? Thursday, April 4th - 8pm *Opening Night* April 5th and 6th - 8pm Sunday, April 7th - 2pm *Matinee* April 11th and 12th - 8pm Saturday, April 13th - 8pm *Closing Night*

March 16, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Ralph Thornton Community Centre 765 Queen St.East.

Presented by: Native Earth Performing Arts "Does healing have an expiry date?" When Conservative idealist Brendan, a young half white, half Ojibway man is hired by Aboriginal Affairs to discredit a Residential School survivor’s reparation claim, his whole world is turned upside down. Isitwendam (An Understanding) is the story of a young man in search of a truth, whose journey leads to a discovery about the father he loathed and lost, and an awakening of himself and his generation. A fusion of western and Indigenous storytelling that includes Ancient Indigenous Sign Language, drumming, dance, and song, this powerful, heart-wrenching, yet humorous theatrical production explores various perspectives of atrocity and the steps we all need to take to find Isitwendam. Every Saturday March 16-30 Event Time(s): 5:00 pm - 7:00 pm Where: Aki Studio - Daniels Spectrum building. 585 Dundas St E Cost: $15 - $30 Website: www.nativeearth.ca Phone: (416) 531-1402

From dealership contracts to consumers rights when buying cars privately, the Ontario Motor Vehicle Industry Council (OMVIC) will talk about everything you need related to buying a car. March 23, 8:00 am - 9:00 am Humber Bay Library - 200 Park Lawn Rd, Etobicoke Burrows Hall Library - 1081 Progress Ave, Scarborough Dufferin/St. Clair Library - 1625 Dufferin St.

In this beautiful semi-musical, the cupboard under the stairs is a magical place, providing young Tim with refuge from Mom & Dad’s bickering. But there are other kids in there too… and together they discover secrets that will repair the turmoil in Tim’s house. World Premiere! Recommended for ages 8-13. April 6, 11:33 am Monday through Friday are school and group performances. Show times vary -

Altogether, a bright sparkling show which reaches all the high kicks.” —London Broadcasting

Theatre Aurora - 150 Henderson Drive - Aurora, Ontario 905-727-3669

check website for details. Young People's Theatre, 165 Front St E Cost: $10 - $39 Reservations / Advance Tickets are required. Online: tickets.youngpeoplestheatre.ca Phone: (416) 862-2222 ext.2

Presented by: Factory Theatre and CrossCurrents Canada Floyd, a Métis oil patch worker is on the

lam in the Western Canadian wilderness. The RCMP are chasing Floyd, as are Kinder Morgan’s private bounty hunters, as he flees from a workplace accident. Making his way through the Rockies for British Columbia, Floyd is assisted by the flora and fauna in evading the authorities. Along his journey, Floyd undergoes a metaphysical transformation, not unlike the playwright’s own when he discovered his Indigenous ancestry, a family secret hidden for generations. March 5-17.Show times vary - check website for details. Factory Theatre, 125 Bathurst St. Cost: $40 - $50. Prices range from $84 for a 3-Play Mid-Week Pass to $180 for a 6-Play Anytime Pass.Single tickets start at just $20 for previews and range from $40-$50 for regular performances Student and Senior prices also available Website: www.factorytheatre.ca

Beloved for their lush landscapes and sea vistas, the masterpieces of French Impressionism are some of the world’s most recognizable artworks. Impressionism in the Age of Industry: Monet, Pissarro and more explores the Impressionists in a new way by looking at their fascination with industry, technology, and labour during the rapid industrialization of Paris and France in the 1800s. Every Saturday February 15 - May 4 7:30 am - 2:30 pm Art Gallery of Ontario. 317 Dundas St W Child: $16.50 | Youth: $16.50 | Adult: $25.00 | Senior: $21.00 Online: ago.ca Claude Monet. The Saints-Lazare Railway Station. 1877.

Enjoy an afternoon tour of the 1850's farmhouse, then relax over tea and homemade cookies at our harvest table in the historic kitchen. February 8 - August 24 Every Saturday, 10:00 am - 1:30 pm Every Sunday, 10:00 am - 1:30 pm Gibson House Museum. 5172 Yonge St. Child: $5.00 | Youth: $7.00 | Adult: $8.00 | Senior: $7.00. (416) 395-7432.


Too much sitting has long been criticized for contributing to premature mortality, Type 2 diabetes, and a host of other illnesses. In a new study of 5,638 women, we looked at how sedentary behavior was related to future cardiovascular disease (CVD). The results showed that those who were most sedentary had the highest risk for having a future CVD event. We also found that women who most often interrupted their sedentary time to stand up and move had significantly lower risk for CVD than women who sat for long stretches of time without standing up. The results persisted even after accounting for other common factors linked with CVD such as age, overall health, blood pressure and cholesterol. CVD includes heart attacks, strokes, heart failure and other diseases concerning the heart and blood vessels. Our findings, along with the research discussed below, provides strong evidence that sitting too much is an important factor to consider for heart health of older women.

Typical sedentary behaviors include almost everything done while sitting, such as watching TV, eating, and typing blog posts. Sedentary behaviors have soared in recent years as our world has been increasingly engineered to minimize required movement. We have TV remotes to avoid moving from the couch and AI voice assistants that can play music or even microwave popcorn on command. When we sit for a long period, our metabolism, blood flow and muscle activity all decrease. Blood pools in our

When learning about diabetes in nursing school, I learned that a simple way to always remember the most common symptoms was the "3 Ps" (polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia) in technical terms. In English, this meant one peed a lot, was more than thirsty than normal, and experienced an increased appetite, respectively.

If you were wondering if you may have this symptom of diabetes, an important question to ask is: am I making more trips to the bathroom to urinate than normal? If so, this should raise a red flag. This symptom happens because when blood sugar gets higher than it should, the kidneys, in an effort to maintain even glucose levels, will filter out more sugar out of the blood and expel it via excessive urination. Remember, the body always

legs, which can cause clots called deep vein thromboses. The unused muscles uptake less fuel from our blood, which can lead to poor glucose metabolism and higher insulin resistance, a harbinger of diabetes. Sedentary behavior also has been linked to stiffening and injury of blood vessels, increased blood pressure and increased fat in the blood, all precursors of cardiovascular disease.

We set out to understand how sedentary behavior is related to CVD in older women. This includes both how long they spent sedentary each day, and also the duration of their sedentary bouts. Our findings suggest that both forms of sedentary behavior are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The main results: 1.Women with the highest total sedentary time had the highest risk for CVD. Each additional hour of sedentary time was associated with a 12 percent increase in CVD risk, and a 26 percent increase in risk for heart attacks.

2.Women with shortest sedentary bouts had a 54 percent lower risk for CVD than women with the longest sedentary bouts. Regularly interrupting sitting can shorten sedentary bouts, and therefore might be a good habit to get into in order to reduce the chances of getting CVD. We analyzed an ethnically diverse sample of 5,638 women from the Objective Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health (OPACH) study. Since people often do a poor job of recalling how long they spend sitting, we asked women to wear small electronic devices engineered to measure movement, called accelerometers, to measure their sedentary time. These devices revealed that OPACH women, who were on average 80 years old, sat for about 9.2 hours per day with a range of 3.3-4.1 hours a day. OPACH women were followed for up to five years for their first diagnosis of cardiovascular disease.

Our study provides accelerometry-based evidence that sedentary behavior is an important factor in the cardiovascular health of older women. Before the prevalent use of accelerometers, there were several reported associations between self-reports of sedentary behavior and CVD. Furthermore, evidence from human experiments has shown cardiovascular benefits to regularly breaking up sitting time. Taken together with results from

our study, the evidence suggests that sedentary behavior may contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease. We now need experiments to identify exactly what it is about sitting too much that insults the cardiovascular system. We need larger experiments to investigate whether decreasing or regularly interrupting sedentary time will reduce cardiovascular diseases in older women and other population groups. Though we researchers know that moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity, such as exercise, is heart healthy, we need to know whether lower intensity physical activity also reduces risk. In our long term follow-up of OPACH women, we are studying whether standing is enough to improve health, or if both standing and movement are needed. And finally, we need studies to answer the million dollar question: How long is too long to sit?

When sitting seems difficult to avoid, try to find creative ways to interrupt it. Opt for standing when watching TV, or maybe just during commercials. Take walks while talking on the phone. Pick up a new hobby that builds nonsedentary activities into your daily schedule, like gardening or yoga. You’ll automatically reduce the amount of time you’re sitting, and form healthy, enjoyable habits. When all else fails, just get up a little more often to take a bathroom break. Now, if you’ll excuse us, it’s time to stand up. Gautam Ramesh, Medical Student, University of California San Diego Andrea LaCroix, Professor of Epidemiology, University of California San Diego John Bellettiere, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of California San Diego.

acts to maintain an even "state" which is called homeostasis.

Also known as excessive thirst, this is the second red flag symptom of diabetes and is a direct result from the previously mentioned polyuria. With the kidneys pumping more fluid volume out of the body, the thirst receptors (osmoreceptors) are activated in an effort to correct the developing dehydration. So if you think you might have this diabetic symptom, pay close attention if the excessive thirst relates to the more frequent urination.

If you experience the above 2 symptoms of diabetes, determining if hunger is excessive or a change from previous patterns can complete the red flag triad and be nearly diagnostic for diabetes. Because of the homeostasis

mechanism described earlier, since the kidneys are getting rid of excessive sugar, the body is not getting the required glucose it needs to function properly. So, the brain is triggered to increase food intake which results in serum blood sugar levels returning to normal, theoretically, but they don’t because of the inherent diabetic pathophysiology.

Since the three above symptoms are so inter-related, it would be a mistake, if you suspected you may have diabetes to base this solely on one of the symptoms just described. The above triad is not totally diagnostic, therefore, testing in the form of a glucose tolerance test as well as fasting blood glucose levels are the gold standard health care providers use to arrive at a

confirmatory diagnosis of diabetes. Aside from the "classic three", generalized weakness and fatigue is a common vague symptom that is a frequently overlooked symptom of diabetes. This occurs because of an excess of glucose outside of the cell; it’s literally in starvation mode since normally, insulin helps glucose enter the cell. So when they cell can’t function like they should, general weakness and fatigue develop. In addition, another symptom is the development of something called diabetic neuropathy. This may not be noticeable for quite some time as it develops over a period of years, but can be very debilitating when it takes hold. Inflammation and decreased blood supply to the nerves caused by thickened small blood vessels are the primary mechanisms of this process. This results in the common description of pins

and needles sensations. Fortunately, when blood sugar is brought down to normal levels, the neuropathy can be well managed and can lead to a reduction in pain and the pins and needles sensations. Other symptoms of diabetes include blurred vision and even frequent infections or cuts that do not heal easily. Women should pay special attention to more frequent yeast infections as diabetes is considered an immunocompromised state. Josef Bichler MJ North RN, BSN has 15 years of experience caring for those who have diabetes or are at risk of developing diabetes. He is committed to writing quality articles in an effort to help manage or even prevent the complications that come with diabetes. For more information visit: http://www.reducemybloodsugar.com Disclaimer: The information contained herein is for educational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Please contact your healthcare provider for medical advice and treatment of diabetes or any other medical condition.


Japanese massage (shiatsu) and Reiki by Janna Pinsky (647)688-3223 Clinical Hypnosis by Dr.Marina Titu, MD (416)822-9406 Stretching classes by Anastasia (647)554-4941

If your child has problems with their health, then take advantage of Shiatsu therapy. Shiatsu massage is a powerful practice that can help many ailments, but on children it works much faster and more effective than on adults as well as many other forms of healing, since the nature of a child’s organism is far more responsive to anything new. It’s important to note that the therapy is safe and pleasant. What is Shiatsu? It is a form of massage, that’s extremely popular in Japan. So much so, that it is funded by the government. During the treatment the patient lies fully clothed on the massage table. The practitioner does their work with their fingers, palms and even their elbows. They press on specific pressure points that are associated with the wellbeing of certain organs or bodily system. The practitioner is educated in diagnosing the ailment by implementing a special method used in shiatsu. By observing the condition of the patient’s skin, the sensitivity of specific pressure points, and many other symptoms that the specialist can determine as to what is going on in the person’s body. With the help of shiatsu a child can feel a lot better or completely get rid of the ailment, without medication or shots. Shiatsu is helpful for even healthy children, and can instill healthy habits in them for their future. It’s important to introduce your child to shiatsu as early as possible. The younger the child, the more effective – because the muscular skeletal system is still developing

and it’s much simpler to repair than after it’s improperly developed. Any issues with the nervous system are easier to relieve while the neurotransmitters are still forming. Shiatsu requires special attention from the parents of teenagers. Most likely your teens

We can help with the following: Infants starting from 6 months Muscular/skeletal dysfunction: Knocked knees, bowed knees, flat feet, scoliosis Behavioural Problems: ADD / ADHD, anxiety

Shiatsu can help your child urs Bath ppard) e h S (&

has complained that they are tired, irritated and that they don’t want to do anything. In this state your teen probably acts rude and shuts the door and doesn’t want to speak to anybody. Shiatsu will help your teen relax, rest, take off any stress, fatigue and will simply bring them joy.

In Japan The Shiatsu Therapists Association was found in 1925 and clinics and schools followed. By 1955, the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare acknowledged shiatsu as a beneficial treatment and licensing was established for its practitioners. Today in Japan, Shiatsu is made available to the workforce free of charge by many major industries because of the enormous decrease in time lost from the job by workers who receive regular preventative Shiatsu Therapy. Some people use it to treat diarrhea, indigestion, constipation , and other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract; menstrual and menopausal problems; chronic pain ; migraine; arthritis; toothache; anxiety and depression. Shiatsu can be used to relieve muscular pain or tension, especially neck and back pain. It also appears to have sedative effects and may alleviate insomnia . In a broader sense, shiatsu is believed to enhance physical vitality and emotional well-being.

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health, take off stress, better their eyesight and memory, and strengthen the function of their organs.

Children & Teenagers With physical and emotional distress Those that take up sport, dance & music (such as violin and piano) Adults With multiple ailments or healthy adults willing to improve upon their

Shiatsu literally means fingerpressure. Natural body weight is used when pressure is applied on special points on the body. Through this pressure the energy flowing in the meridians is influenced. This energy is called chi. Chi by itself is invisible, but the way chi works can be seen in the body. When a wound is healing 'just by itself' it is the work of chi. Traditionally everything was seen as an expression of chi. Chi is the origin, the power of live. When chi stagnates, the body becomes ill. Meridians are channels of chi. Sometimes they follow the same line as muscles or blood-vessels. There are twelve main meridians. Each meridian corresponds with an organ and is named after that specific organ.


This past year, many people deleted their social media accounts following revelations about privacy violations on social media platformsand other concerns related to hate speech. As people adopt their resolutions for the year, it is likely that many more will reconsider their social media use. However, as a scholar of social media and religion, I’d argue that rather than just stop using social media, people could use it to improve their overall well-being. Here are three ways to do so.

BE ACTIVE Studies have shown that there is a big difference between passive social media use and active use. Scrolling through a newsfeed and merely looking at what others have posted is considered passive social media use. Conversely, commenting on posts, sharing articles and creating posts constitute active social media use. Research has found that actively using social networking sites can contribute to feelings of social connectedness. This can contribute to a sense of overall well-being. On the other hand, a study found that passive Facebook use increases feelings of envy. Re-

When you are asked to create a password you’re likely to choose a password you know you can remember. Many people use extremely basic passwords, or a more obscure one they reuse across many sites. Our research has found that others – even ones who use different passwords for each site – have a method of devising them, for instance basing them all on a familiar phrase and making sitespecific tweaks. In all those cases, the people are creating weak passwords that are easily guessed – especially when up against automated password-cracking software that can test thousands of possibilities a second. One reason for this weakness might well be their users’ emotional connection to their preexisting password creation routine. Cybersecurity efforts often encourage people to choose stronger passwords, but rarely acknowledge the idea that people have this feeling of attachment. They focus on the measurable improvement in security without realizing they’re trying to persuade people to switch to a less personal method.

Passwords are key to cybersecurity for people and companies. A single bad password can grant a hacker access to an entire network of computers and data-storage servers. As a result, many computer systems force users to create new passwords regularly – say, every 30 or 45 days – and require every password to contain capital letters, numbers and punctuation characters even though federal experts advise against

searchers asked participants to sit in a laboratory and passively use Facebook by only browsing and not commenting, sharing or liking content. Participants passively using Facebook were found to have an increase in their feelings of envy.

made the original post. In one such example, a respondent in the study described how personalized comments, even trivial ones about funny cat videos, can result in feelings of support. Similarly, research has shown that social networking sites can pro-

Germany, Sonja Utz and Johannes Breuer, using social networking sites for professional purposes can result in “informational benefits” such as knowing what is happening in one’s field and developing professional connections. For example, these scholars

3 ways to be smart on social media FOCUS ON MEANINGFUL ENGAGEMENT Social media sites allow users to engage in various types of communication. There are impersonal forms of communication such as the single click “Like” button and more personal forms of communication such as direct messaging and comments. Research has found that direct communication on Facebook can have a positive psychological impact on individuals. A direct message can often lead to feelings of social support and encouragement. It has been found to be particularly helpful when people already share a connection. Direct messaging and personalized comments can provide a deeper level of engagement. One of these studies showed that commenting on a post, instead of pressing the like button, could improve the mood of the person who

vide social support to those who have recently lost a job.

USE SOCIAL MEDIA FOR PROFESSIONAL PURPOSES According to researchers in

both of these practices. Regularly requiring people to choose new passwords that are hard to remember leads to unfortunate side effects. People could reuse a strong password on several sites, or they could write down the new password – which is safe only if you trust the other people who have access where you store the record. Training people to create secure passwords hasn’t made much of a difference to overall password security on the internet. People may not understand the risks related to weak passwords – though some experts blame character flaws, stupidity or just plain indifference.

The endowment effect is usually applied to physical goods – and may help explain why your grandmother doesn’t want to get a new washing machine to replace her decades-old one. Our research suggests that the same psychological process influences how people contemplate their password creation routines. In our study, we asked 419 participants how they created their passwords. Many used something they already knew, such as a pet name or their own birthday. Others had developed a personal system. They might have a root password and then person-

Our research has identified another explanation for why people choose weak passwords: People feel that they own, and are emotionally attached to, the way they usually create passwords. In behavioral economics, this kind of response is called the endowment effect, in which people so overvalue their existing possessions that they don’t want to exchange them for other items – even if the new item is better or more valuable.

alize it for every different site, use a pattern on the keyboard or make up a silly sentence. When we probed more deeply, we found that people felt a sense of ownership and personal pride about their password creation routine. One said “I think my way is a good system.” In addition, we found that they overvalued their own method and felt threatened by suggestions that it was flawed. We provided a scenario where “Terry” derides “Pat’s” password creation routine, and then asked people how they thought Pat would react. The most popular responses were: becoming defensive, avoiding the conversation or withdrawing from it. All of these suggest that a critique of a personal password routine was perceived as an attack or a threat. These answers we found lined up perfectly with the endowment effect, including finding that the participants la-

found that people who use social networking sites for professional purposes report having greater access to information about timely innovations in their field than nonusers. A similar study of academics in the United Kingdom found that 70 percent of participants had gained valuable professional information through Twitter. Researchers, however, have found that these professional benefits require active use of social networking sites. “Frequent skimming of posts,” as Utz and Breuer explain, can lead to “short time benefits.” What is more important, however, are “active contributions to work-related discussions.” Indeed, there are those who recommend curtailing use of social mediaand focusing instead on realworld relationships. But, as with everything else, moderation is vital. A. Trevor Sutton Ph.D. Student in Doctrinal Theology, Concordia Seminary

bored under the illusion that their passwords provided more protection than they actually did.

The attachment people feel to their password-choosing method is more than just a habit. Psychologically speaking, a habit is a behavior cued by an event or an item in the environment – like brushing teeth before bed, washing hands before meals or switching off lights when leaving a room. They’re often nearly automatic, and don’t require a deliberate decision or much thought. Something that’s a habit seems to occur naturally, without any deliberate decision triggering its activation. Choosing a password is different. It always requires deliberate and effortful cognition. That’s what brings the endowment effect into play. Cybersecurity training programs should include information not only about how to choose more secure passwords, but also should acknowledge that users may feel a sense of loss about the change. People won’t pick stronger passwords just because they’re asked to. If they feel their existing methods are being treated with disdain, they might perceive that as a personal attack, and become even less likely to adopt more secure practices. Instead, security experts should find ways to minimize users’ sense of loss – and perhaps even encourage them to find a new emotional connection to a more secure method of choosing. Merrill Warkentin, James J. Rouse Endowed Professor of Information Systems, Mississippi State University Karen Renaud, Professor of Cybersecurity, Abertay University Robert Otondo,Associate Professor of Information Systems, Mississippi State University


This trait could be key to a lasting romance Passion and commitment are widely believed to be the foundation of strong romantic relationships. But a relationship is made of two unique individuals, and personality traits these individuals possess or lack can often make a relationship more likely to endure. In a recent study, we found that one trait in particular – humility – is an important indicator of successful relationships.

Humility can sometimes be confused with low self-esteem, low confidence or meekness. But researchers have come to realize that being humble generally indicates the presence of deeply admirable personal qualities. It means you have the ability to accurately assess your deficiencies without denying your skills and strengths. For example, you might recognize that you’re smart but realize it would be absurd to call yourself all-knowing – especially when the scope of human knowledge is so vast. This is an honest

and sober view of your shortcomings. As the philosopher Jason Baehr has argued, “To be humble is to be attentive to and disposed to ‘own’ one’s limitations, weaknesses, and mistakes. A humble person does not ignore, avoid, or try to deny her limits or deficiencies.” If you’re humble, you lack a host of negative qualities, such as arrogance and overconfidence. It means you can acknowledge mistakes, see value in things that are riddled with imperfections and identify areas for improvement.

Humility appears to be a huge asset to relationships. One study found that people tend to rate this quality highly in their significant other. It also found that someone who is humble is more likely to

initiate a romantic relationship, perhaps because they’re less likely to see themselves as “too good” for someone else. But in our study, we wanted to explore the link between humility and forgiveness in couples. Humility is tricky to measure; we worried that people who were arrogant might presumptuously declare their humility, while people who were actually humble would, as a sign of their humility, downplay this trait. So we approached this question by asking each partner in a romantic relationship about their own and their partner’s humility. We hoped that even if a truly humble person didn’t consider themselves humble, at least their partner would recognize this trait. We asked 284 couples from the Detroit metropolitan area questions about how humble they were, how humble they thought their partner was and if they were likely to forgive their partner if they did something that was hurtful, like insulting them. We found that people who felt their partner or spouse was humble were more likely to forgive them following a hurtful situation. This wasn’t true, however, of those who felt their partner or spouse was arrogant. Many of our respondents with arrogant partners indicated that because their partners were less likely to admit to any personal failings, they were less likely forgive them. Interestingly, the strength of an individual’s social network can play a role too. If someone has a humble partner, they’re more likely to forgive that person. If someone has a lot of close, supportive friends and a humble partner, they’ll be even more likely to forgive that partner after he or she has screwed up. But if your partner is arrogant, it doesn’t matter how many great friends the couple has, they’ll still be less likely to be forgiven. The ability to forgive is so important because pain is an inevitable part of any relationship. People mess up. They might say something they don’t mean, be unknowingly inconsiderate or forget an important event. So when looking for a partner, it’s probably a good idea to find someone who recognizes that making mistakes is part of being human. Toni Antonucci, Elizabeth M. Douvan Collegiate Professor of Psychology, University of Michigan Kristine J. Ajrouch, Adjunct Research Professor, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan Noah J. Webster, Assistant Research Scientist, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

Whoever loves becomes humble. Those who love have, so to speak, pawned a part of their narcissism. Sigmund Freud

How Psychiatry Is Misunderstood Psychiatry is often misunderstood by people who don’t understand the topic and nature of psychiatric treatment or hold on too tightly to their culture and its beliefs. This is the reason why people have so many misconceptions about psychiatry. Research has been conducted on most of these misconceptions and they have been proven to be wrong. Science does not provide any evidence to support these myths that people strongly believe in. instead science and researchers blame these myths to be the cause of why some psychiatric patients are denied treatment. We will be highlighting some misconceptions that people live by when it comes to psychiatry. Some of the misconceptions are as follows: 1. People believe that physical illness and psychiatric illness is different; psychiatric illness is a special kind of illness. However the World Health Organization says that health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". By studying this meaning, we can understand the psychiatric illness is not different from physical illness. Just like physical illness affects the different body parts, psychiatric illness will affect behavior and has to be treated. 2. People believe that all patients who have psychiatric illnesses are violent in nature and are dangerous. This has been proven wrong for a number of occasions when psychiatric patients are not violent. 3. A very odd belief that some people cling on to is that once a psychiatric patient visits the market he/she will never get well. This is extremely untrue because

a lot of patients have been found in markets and have been taken in for treatment. After being managed properly and being given treatment they have improved. 4. Some cultures believe that psychiatric illness is a sin for patients for their wrongdoings. Just like other illnesses are caused by bacteria or germs, stress, hormonal imbalance or genetic problems etc, can be the cause of psychiatric illness. This is not a punishment or a sin. It is simply a change in the body which affects a person’s behavior in a negative manner. 5. Some people believe that psychiatric illness is a prolonged illness that has no cure. People believe that even if the person shows signs of improvement, it is not for long since the illness relapses. Just like any other illness like cancer or cardiac disease, the treatment takes long and there is always a chance of relapses. However it is not a special case when it relates to psychiatric illness because it is an illness like any other and the odds of relapses of the condition are the same as with any other medical condition. 6. People also believe that psychiatric illness can spread from person to person, which is highly untrue. They cannot be transmitted through contact with the person. These were some of the major misconceptions when it comes to psychiatry and psychiatric patients. There are many other misconceptions that people need to understand and deem wrong and give patients the treatment they need, without neglecting them. Dr. Philip A. Grossi Dr.Grossi is a Famous Psychiatrist in California. His approach for psychiatric treatment for each patient is different. He has great knowledge of mental health related issues. To know anything about mental health related issues please visit his personal website: http://www.mdshrink.com


A new media campaign by the Hungarian government accuses globalist billionaire George Soros and the EU of pushing open-borders policies. Brussels indignantly dismissed the campaign as a conspiracy theory and fake news. Billboards with the images of Soros and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker tell Hungarians that Brussels officials “are launching experimental immigration projects with African countries; want to introduce mandatory settlement quotas; want to reduce financial assistance for countries opposed to migration,” that last part specifically referring to Hungary. Further accusations appeared on the government of Hungary’s Facebook page, which says the EU wants to impose settlement quotas, weaken EU members’ border protections and make immigration easier. The EU Commission rushed to outright dismiss the ad campaign, calling it a conspiracy and “fake news”. “It is shocking that such a ludicrous conspiracy theory has reached the mainstream to the extent it has. There is no conspiracy, Hungarians deserve facts, not fiction,” spokesman Margaritis Schinas told reporters in Brussels. The facts, according to Schinas, are that the EU has “zero plans” for humanitarian visas, while member states get to decide on the level of legal migration. On the other hand, Brussels has repeatedly clashed with Budapest over Hungary’s immigration policy – or rather, its refusal to support the open-borders approach ushered in by German Chancellor Angela Merkel in 2015. Time and again Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban has rejected EU demands

to admit migrants, building a fence with Serbia and even EU member Croatia in order to secure his country’s border. Also Orban proposed a program of subsidizing Hungarian birthrates, arguing that “We need Hungarian children” rather than immigrants. Meanwhile, Soros has openly advocated immigration as the solution to Europe’s dwindling birthrates, and berated Hungary and other “populist” members for endangering the survival of the EU, comparing it to the Soviet Union circa 1991. With elections for the European Parliament scheduled for May, Orban’s Fidesz party does not hide the desire to have the anti-migration bloc become a majority. However, government spokesman Zoltan Kovacs denied that the latest campaign is related to the upcoming election, saying it was aimed solely at informing Hungarians. This is not the first time Orban has accused the Hungarian-born Soros of seeking to undermine Budapest’s policies. One such billboard campaign, in July 2017, was even accused of anti-Semitism. This prompted Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to step in, with a statement that criticism of Soros is legitimate and not anti-Semitic. Last summer, Hungary passed the “Stop Soros” law, outlawing aid to illegal immigrants and cracking down on pro-immigration NGOs that were by and large funded by the billionaire. As a result of the law, Soros’s Open Society Foundation packed up its operations in Hungary, and the Central European University he funded moved to Austria.

Fashion giant Burberry has apologized after featuring a hoodie with a noose around the neck during its showcase at London Fashion Week, spark a wave of outrage over insensitivity towards suicide and racism. One of its own models, Liz Kennedy, lambasted the brand for whom she is an ambassador, decrying both main connotations of the offending noose, saying: “Suicide is not fashion... Let’s not forget about the horrifying history of lynching either.” Kennedy wrote that she was “extremely triggered” by the hoodie, recalling her own family’s experience with suicide, and claims she was told to write an email when she tried to complain in the dressing room during the show. Burberry CEO Marco Gobbetti apologized on behalf of the brand saying Burberry was “deeply sorry for the distress” caused and that “It was insensitive and we made a mistake.” “We will reflect on this, learn from it and put in place all necessary actions to ensure it does not happen again,” he added in a written statement. The hoodie appeared as part of

China is engaged in a "soft power" offensive encouraging complacency toward the Chinese "threat" via innocuous-seeming cultural programs, and must be stopped – unless they let the US reciprocate – a Senate committee found. Confucius Institutes, run by the Chinese government on over 100 American college campuses, are a Trojan horse for Chinese influence in America, according to a report from the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, part of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, which also warned that 519 American public schools are harboring "Confucius Classrooms" aimed at swaying the hearts and minds of children as young as five. "Through Confucius Institutes, the Chinese government is attempting to change the impression in the United States and around the world that China is an economic and security threat," the report states. The institutes primarily offer Chinese language classes and cultural events, including cooking classes, performances, and speakers, portraying China, which the mainstream political class in the US sees as its archnemesis, as "approachable and compassionate" instead. There are 525 such Institutes around the world, but the US has more than any other country, and China is on track to open 1,000 more by 2020. Teachers – selected by the Chinese government via a process the hosting American schools are not privy to – must sign contracts with the Chinese government vowing not to "damage the national interests of China," and US school officials told the subcommittee that sensitive topics like Taiwanese independence and Tiananmen Square were off limits. Schools participating in the Confucius Institute program sign contracts affirming that "both Chinese and US

Burberry’s ‘Tempest’ collection and has caused a flood of outrage online ever since, with many highlighting the recent slew of offensive gaffes in the fashion industry including Katy Perry’s blackface shoes, Gucci’s blackface jumper and Zara’s holocaust shirts, among others. Not all online were entirely convinced of the allegedly racist overtones of the garment, but agreed it was insensitive nonetheless.

laws will apply." Beyond that, public disclosure of the contracts is limited, and the Chinese Ministry of Education's Office of Chinese Language Council International, known as Hanban, can revoke the contract should their American partner "severely harm the image or reputation" of the Confucius Institute. From 2008 to 2016, Hanban paid $2 billion to fund Confucius Institutes – and in 2016, it ceased reporting spending. At least a few of the Institutes have piqued the attention of the FBI, which is "watching warily" and has even "developed appropriate investigative steps" in some cases. Some teachers

have been caught misrepresenting their work as "research" in order to secure visas – and some have reportedly been coached to do so by Confucius Institute directors. Adding insult to injury, China has been uncooperative in permitting the US to roll out a similar program on its own college campuses, the subcommittee found. From 2010 to 2017, attempts to establish 29 "American Cultural Centers" were scuttled, stymied, and slowwalked, with those that did open controlled and scrutinized for connections with the US State Department (which funded the program). Without a show of good sportsmanship by the Chinese, the committee suggested, Confucius Institutes "should not continue in the United States."


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Cuba has rejected a proposal to legalize same-sex marriage in its new and revised constitution, a move that disappointed some gay rights activists. An article that would have redefined marriage as a “union between two people” – rather than a “union between a man and a woman” – was eliminated from a proposed new constitution, which was written last year by the National Assembly, analyzed and debated in thousands of public meetings across the island and, on Feb. 24, approved by the Cuban people at referendum. But marriage equality is not totally off the table in Cuba. Marriage is now defined in the constitution as “a social and legal institution” and “one form of family organization.” In other words, same-sex marriage is not explicitly permitted – but it’s no longer strictly prohibited, either. This is how social change works these days in Cuba, my home country and the subject of my academic research. Progress is no longer revolutionary. It comes slowly, and cloaked in moderation.

In this way, Cuba has undergone a gradual and dramatic metamorphosisunder the governments of Raúl Castro and his successor, President Miguel Díaz-Canel. Thanks to a thaw in U.S.-Cuba relations under President Barack Obama, American tourists began visiting the commu-

nist country for the first time since the Kennedy administration placed a trade embargo on Cuba after Fidel Castro’s 1959 communist revolution. Starting in 2008, Castro opened the economy to some foreign investment and allowed Cuban workers – once confined to government jobs – to start small businesses. The new constitution – the fourth such update to Cuba’s founding document – creates official legal standing for Castro’s economic reforms, which had remained in legal limbo under a Cold War-era constitution that did not recognize private property or the business sector. Many Cubans hoped the reform process would also expand civil liberties, bringing Cuban law more into line with its changing society. LGBTQ rights groups, in particular, launched public awareness campaigns about sexual diversity. By late 2018, the path seemed to have been paved for gay marriage. But religious groups fiercely opposed the move, and ultimately the government removed new language defining marriage as a “union between two people.”

Still, the newly approved constitution does substantially expand social, political and economic rights in Cuba. It limits Cuban presidents to two five-year terms. Previously, Cuba had no term limits. It also creates a prime minister position and strengthens local government, shifting power out of the executive.The criminal justice system in Cuba now operates on the

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presumption of innocence, not guilt. Freedom of assembly, long restricted on the island, has also been expanded. Previously, Cubans had the “right to meet, demonstrate and associate, for licit and peaceful purposes,” but only as part of a so-called “organización de masa” – the Cuban term for state-run groups. The new constitution removes the words “organizaciones de masa,” depoliticizing the freedom of assembly. It remains to be seen whether the government will actually respect Cubans’ new right to form independent organizations – especially if those groups are political in nature. “Spontaneous gatherings [in Cuba] are not seen positively and are always perceived to be the product of a foreign power,” wrote José Gabriel Barrenechea of La Trinchera, a blog for and by “young Marxists,” in a recent post.

Cuba’s prior constitution prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, skin color, sex, national origin and religious belief. Now gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, ethnic origin, disability and territorial origin have been added to the list. The National Assembly stopped short of proposing any affirmative action policies, however, which would have been a more radical step toward equality. The 1959 Cuban Revolution aimed to abolish all economic and racial differences among the

Cubans, at least 36 percent of whom are Afro-Cuban. And Cuba’s inequality levels still remain well below other countries in the region. But the recent economic reforms that increased prosperity for some have left certain minority groups – namely Afro-Cubans and the elderly – behind. Anti-discrimination statutes do nothing to close the widening wage gap. The verdict is also mixed on how women fare under new laws. Abortion, which unlike in the majority of Latin America and Caribbeanhas long been easily accessible in Cuba, is now officially protected in a provision guaranteeing women’s access to reproductive health services. And all forms of gender-based violence, not just domestic abuse and sexual assault, but also street harassment and workplace intimidation, are criminalized. However, a popular constitutional guarantee that the government will provide free, universal child care and elder care to all working families women was eliminated.This shifts the burden of care away from the government and onto the family. In a patriarchal society like Cuba’s, I believe women will inevitably assume these domestic duties. Cubans evidently feared that other heralded rights would be lost, too. In last year’s island-wide public meetings, people frequently requested assurances that universal health care and free public education through the post-graduate level would be maintained. They were.

But some long-hoped-for rights remain elusive. Independent media is still prohibited, a blow to the blogs and alternative news sites that have cropped up to fill the information vacuum of a country where all news sources are governmentowned. Some analysts have observed that, as in the case of gay marriage, language defining the role of the media in Cuba was loosened somewhat. And in December the government announced it would allow Cubans to access the internet on their smartphones. This may leave the door open for greater press freedom in the future.However, in my analysis, regional politics make that unlikely to occur any time soon. For six decades, the U.S. government was broadcasting anti-Communist messages on radio and TV broadcasts. Now, the U.S. Office of Cuba Broadcasting has turned its attention to social media. The Trump administration in 2018 admitted that it tried to create fake Facebook accounts to foment dissent on the island, though it says the project “never got off the ground.” This revelation will likely only strengthen the Cuban government’s resolve to limit Cubans’ access to information. The constitutional reform process has confirmed that radical progress in Cuba will have to wait. But Cuba is changing, in zigs and in zags – just perhaps not as fast as some might hope. María Isabel Alfonso Professor of Spanish, St. Joseph's College of New York


A woman is suing the Queensland government in Australia over a loss of sex after her partner died from a botched medical treatment last year. His family received $10 million in damages from the hospital before he died. Cara Ann Flower is suing Queensland Health in Australia for $1.2 million AUD ($858,829 USD) for nervous shock and loss of “consortium” (sex). Her partner JamieThomas Manuele died in 2018 after being left brain dead at Brisbane Hospital in Australia in 2013. His mother Daphne Finnegan enthu-

A man in China has died after he had spent three months drinking large volumes of liquids, including cooking oil, as part of an ill-fated bid for fame on a livestreaming app. The man, who has been identified as Chu died soon after livestreaming himself drinking alcohol at a supermarket in Dalian, Liaoning province, the Paper reports. His cause of death has not been confirmed, but an unnamed friend said, “He died not because he drank that day, but because he had done so for three months. He drank beer and other things, without taking a rest, even for a day,” South China Morning Post reports. Chu became ill in a taxi after he left the supermarket. The driver called the police and the fame hungry streamer was taken to the hospital where he was pronounced dead. Chu had been drinking various liquids every day for three months. He was earning about 500 yuan (US$74) a

In a highly improbable turn of events, a Russian man has been tasked with saving and reviving the Irish language in an isolated, rural part of Ireland. Dr. Victor Bayda, a native of Moscow, has been named as an Irish language officer in the Kerry Gaeltacht (a primarily Irish-speaking region) by the Comhchoiste Ghaeltacht Uíbh Ráthaigh, a local community organization in the area which is tasked with reviving the language. Bayda has been teaching Irish or Gaeilge at Moscow State University for the past fifteen years. He began learning Irish after he first mastered Scots Gaelic (in addition to speaking Dutch, Welsh, Swedish, French, German and Icelandic… and Russian and English), and holds a PhD for a thesis relating to certain aspects of the Irish language. So he certainly has the gift of the gab. “Irish is such a beautiful lan-

siastically supports Flower’s pursuit, even going so far as to joke about her son’s sexual prowess. “If we're talking about conjugal rights he’d be worth about $3 million, he’s an Italian stallion, mate,” she told Channel Nine News. The family has received $10 million in damages already, after the hospital paid out for failing to treat Manuele properly. The staff didn’t conduct a key test that could have saved him. About $8 million of that is left and is in a trust for his children when they turn 25. Cara is one of a number of Jamie’s relatives making claims. Five other family members have sought damages against the hospital. Jamie’s brother has been offered $323,000 to settle, his uncle is seeking $215,000 and his grandmother and stepfather are seeking $80,000.

day from fans watching his videos on the Liaoliao video broadcasting app. “In one video clip, he sat there telling people he couldn’t do it anymore,” the friend said. “He was twitching, but people still asked him to continue.” Video footage from Chu’s livestream on the broadcasting platform published by the Paper shows a man drinking various liquids, including oil, and in one clip he vomits all over himself and his body spasms. Chu’s drinking was reportedly broadcast in several virtual rooms on the livestreaming app. A man identified as Wang supervised one of these rooms and said he was “partly responsible” for his death, but that the app owners held the most responsibility.

Eschewing the usual artwork and cigars, Pakistani senators gave visiting Saudi dignitary Mohammad bin Salman (MBS) a gift from the heart: an embossed golden Heckler & Koch MP5. What do you get for a guy who has everything, and whose country has recently been implicated in the murder of a prominent dissident journalist? Pakistani senators had a perfect answer when the Saudi prince visited in February, giving him both the ostentatious firearm and a portrait of himself. The German-engineered firearm is the gift that keeps on giving at 650 rounds per minute, complete with elaborate designs engraved into its gold components. Islamabad spared no expense welcoming the prince, closing down schools, government institutions and the capital’s airspace, alongside an elaborate formal ceremony. The prince’s visit comes as Pakistan’s feud with India over the deadly Kashmir attack deepens, and bin Salman’s $20bn in trade deals surely comes in handy. Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan was pleased with the prince’s show of generosity, tweeting that MBS had “won the hearts of the people of Pakistan.” MBS’ stop in Pakistan was the first along his tour of Asia. Saudi Arabia tries to improve its image after a rough year for the country’s PR. Social media reaction to Pakistan’s gift were fittingly harsh. Given the scandal over Jamal Khashoggi, inviting

comparison to a Bond villain may not have been the best move in terms of Saudi Arabia’s rebranding efforts. Opinions were also split about the gun itself, some feeling it was perfectly suited to the prince’s needs, while others advised Islamabad on more fitting alternatives. Islamabad has received a hefty investment pledge of $20 billion from Saudi Arabia, which seeks to even further expand its contributions to the economicallyembattled country. The investments are related to the agriculture and energy sectors, including a $10-billion oil refinery project.

guage and is well worth learning. It’s a different way of thinking and the language allows you to express yourself in creative ways not possible in most major European languages. It’s certainly a language worth saving and holding on to,” Bayda told Irish state broadcaster RTE. Bayda is tasked with stopping the rather precipitous decline of the native language in the Ireland’s rural south. According to a 2016 census, just seven

percent of the local Gaeltacht population speak Irish on a daily basis, outside of the education system. “Victor is one of the finest Irish speakers you’ll ever meet. Completely fluent. He is highly qualified and possesses tremendous expertise in the whole area of language planning,” Mícheál Ó Leidhin of Comhchoiste Ghaeltacht Uíbh Ráthaigh told RTE.“We are confident that we have found the right man.” Bayda’s appointment has been met with widespread approval in Ireland and his TV and radio appearances have unleashed a deluge of positive comments. He is being heaped with praise for his excellent command of the language, his faultless accent and his abundant enthusiasm. Many have noted that his mastery and love of the language is making them feel ashamed of their own ability to speak their native tongue.

Almost 75 years after the end of WWII, a small number of Belgians who pledged allegiance to Hitler are still getting the promised loyalty bonuses that have never been taxed, local media reports. Germany denies the claims. Twenty-seven Belgians continue to receive between €425 and €1,275 (US $482-$1,446) per month from the German government, according to Flemish newspaper De Morgen. The allowance was to guarantee their “fidelity, loyalty, and obedience” to Adolf Hitler under a Nazi-era decree that still remains in force 74 years

after the fall of the Third Reich. De Morgen quoted researcher Alvin de Coninck, who explained those who qualified for “Hitler’s pension’” were residents of Belgium’s border regions who acquired German nationality during the Nazi occupation. Others were Belgians who joined the Waffen-SS – the armed wing of the SS – or other branches of the German military. Responding to inquiries from Belgian lawmakers, the German Labor Ministry said that only 18 people in Belgium are currently receiving war disability pensions and “there are no former members of the Waffen-SS” among them, according to AP. There’s a particularly sad irony in the story, according to de Coninck, who also works for a local association of Nazi concentration camp survivors. Belgians forced to work in Germany during the occupation only received €50 per month in compensation after the war, he said, while the 27 recipients of Hitler’s loyalty allowance have never been taxed on this additional income, as the German Embassy did not report their names to the Belgian government. The revelation caused quite a stir in Belgium, with local MPs demanding the bizarre arrangement be put to an end. In February a resolution was introduced in parliament calling on the government “to tackle this problem through diplomatic means as a matter of urgency.” These people, however, are not the only ones that receive this kind of allowance. In 2015, it emerged that around €100,000 of German taxpayer money was paid to Spaniards who signed up for the notorious Blue Division that fought the Red Army between 1941 and 1944. The money was split between 41 veterans, eight widows, and an orphan. “It’s an absolute disgrace to think the German government is still paying out to Nazi volunteers,” MP Jon Inarritu of the left-wing Basque party Amaiur told the Local at the time. “It doesn’t make sense, contravenes EU law, and serves to humiliate victims of fascism,” he said.


A state of emergency was introduced on Russia's Novaya Zemlya archipelago in the Arctic due to the massive invasion of polar bears into the territory of human settlements. Incidents of aggressive behavior of animals were reported. It was said that

polar bears attack people and try to enter houses where people either live or work. The polar bear is the largest land predator on the planet. The accumulation of polar bears around human settlements has been ob-

A species of giant tortoise thought to have gone extinct over a century ago was found on the Galapagos island of Fernandina, stunning researchers and bringing hope to conservationists. According to Ecuador’s Ministry of the Environment, the female Fernandina Giant Tortoise is likely over 100 years old. While genetic tests are still being conducted, the experts at the Giant Tortoise Restoration Initiative

served since January. In the area of the village of Belushya Guba, 52 bears have been observed, while several of them are located on the territory of the village permanently. An eyewitness said that polar bears chase people and even enter residential buildings. Local people are scared, they are afraid to leave their houses, daily activities have been disrupted, parents do not let their children go to schools and kindergartens. However, the authorities decided not to shoot the predators, even most aggressive ones. At the same time, it was said that polar bears do not show any reaction in response to people's attempts to scare them off. People try to use noise signals, patrol vehicles and dogs to scare the bears away, although to no avail. A group of specialists is going to be sent to the archipelago to assess the situation and make further decisions. The Novaya Zemlya is home to about 3,000 civil people. There are also military men there, but their quantity remains classified.

(GTRI) say they have made the first confirmed sighting of the species since 1906. Despite being listed as “Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)” for such an extensive period of time, bite marks, droppings, and footprints found over the years had given researchers hope that some of the animals were still alive. Such traces of the elusive turtle motivated the successful expedition, and new signs found in the area indicate that there might be even more of the giant reptiles on Fernandina Island. In order to facilitate the repopulation process, the tortoise was immediately taken to a breeding facility on nearby Santa Cruz Island and put under the care of park rangers.

Finnish border guard was, quite literally, stopped in their tracks after a “new island” appeared in the middle of the frozen Lake Inari without warning. Finland’s Lapland Border Patrol tweeted images of the strange, apparently geological, phenomenon; an impressive feat considering temperatures in the region had plummeted as low as 25 degrees Celsius and there was no sight nor sound of any volcanic activity in the area that might explain the sudden appearance of new rock formations, seemingly out of nowhere. It was merely an optical illusion, however, as one commenter pointed out on Twitter. Light behaves differently when passing through atmospheric layers, which can lead to mirage-like effects along the horizon, reflecting and refracting distant landscapes in mind-bending ways.Mirages aren’t exclusive to sandy deserts, it would seem.

Authorities have been telling Mt Everest climbers to clean up after themselves for some time now, but the rules have just taken a drastic new turn as China demanded adventurers to pick up their bodily waste, too. Everest porters have been struggling to carry the 28,000 pounds of human waste – the equivalent of two fully grown elephants – from base camp down to the nearby dumping ground each season. Now, an official from the Chinese Mountaineering Association (CMA) told the South China Morning Post that climbers “will now be required to carry all their waste out with them.” He did not specify how they plan to implement the new rule. The poop patrol isn’t the only measure authorities are taking against thrill-seeking litterbugs. All tourists have been banned from the base camp in Tibet until further notice in an effort to fight “heavy pollution” caused by people who travel there to take in the sights at 17,000 feet. Now only people with climbing permits will be allowed to reach the camp, and Beijing only issues 300 of those each season. Both Nepal and China have taken measures forcing people to bring their trash back down with them in a bid to combat the littering issue – including charging a $4,000 garbage deposit that's returned only if climbers return their rubbish.

The “holy grail of bees” has been discovered lurking in an Indonesian forest. Unseen by humans since 1981 and believed to be extinct, the thumb-length Wallace’s giant bee was finally spotted by a conservation group. A Global Wildlife Conservation search team found and photographed Wallace’s giant bee nesting in a ter-

mite mound in the forests of Ternate, an Indonesian island in the North Moluccas. Global Wildlife Conservation considers M. pluto to be the “holy grail” of bees, listing it on their 25 “most wanted species” in their Search for Lost Species program. Wallace’s is the world’s largest bee – and with a wingspan averaging 6.4cm and a length approximately that of the human thumb, most of us were probably quite content not to have seen or heard from one for nearly four decades. Mercifully, they live largely alone in burrows inside termite mounds – can you imagine being chased by a swarm of these things?


A caravan of Goths – the Thervingi and the Greuthungi – were massing along the Danube river, at the border of the Roman Empire. This was not an invading army, but men, women, and children fleeing the enemy at their backs: a seemingly invincible army of Huns. The Goths, a coalition of Germanic tribes that were long foes of the Romans, begged to be admitted to Roman territory. Afraid for their lives, they hoped to find safety on the other side of the river. The year was 376. What the Romans did in response to the arrival of the Goths would have profound effects on the history of the vast and powerful Roman Empire. As the United States grapples with a polarizing debate over how to manage and police its southern border, a debate that led to the longest government shutdown in history, American policy makers would do well to understand what happened during this tragic moment in Roman history. Roman border security was historically effective, not because of massive barriers, but because they knew how to manage the flow of migration. This flow didn’t lead to the collapse of the empire by marauding Germans. Rather, the flow of migration transformed the Roman Empire into what became medieval society. Yet the arrival of the Goths in 376 shows what happens when good border policy is ignored.

To understand how the arrival of these Gothic tribes created a crisis for the late Roman Empire, we have to first start with how the Romans traditionally handled the migration of new tribes into their territory. The borders of the Roman Empire were constantly in flux and always flexibly managed, owing to the difficulties of policing a huge border without modern technology. Roman border control rarely made use of massive walls, but depended on natural barriers in the landscape. This was particularly true on the northern border, which heavily relied on the Rhine and Danube rivers. Rome’s borders were gradual transitions more than hard and fast lines. When migrating tribes asked to be admitted to the empire, the Romans tended to follow a fairly standard policy. Tribes were broken up into smaller groups and sent to underpopulated regions. They were forced to surrender their weapons, renounce their loyalty to their tribal leaders, and commit a certain number of fighting men to the Roman le-

gions. These policies had served the empire well for centuries. By diluting tribal loyalty and disarming the newcomers, the Romans strengthened their economy, increased tax revenue, and swelled the ranks of the army.

At this point, things went badly for the Thervingi. Many died during the dangerous crossing. The Romans allowed more Thervingi to cross than they could supply with food. The local Roman military commanders, Lupicinus and Maximus, withheld supplies the emperor had earmarked for the Thervingi and sold them at massively inflated prices. Ammianus says the situation Let’s return to the Goths wait- became so desperate that even the ing on the north side of the Danube. families of Thervingi chieftains sold One of our main historical sources their sons into slavery for dog meat. The Romans saw these miabout this event is the fourth-century Roman historian Ammianus Marcelli- grants from the north as uncivilized nus, whose account is used in this and irrational. It is likely that the Roman commanders felt justified in description. According to Ammianus, one their bad behavior toward the Goths of the Gothic tribes (the Thervingi) because of Roman prejudice against sent envoys to the eastern Roman “barbarians.” Emperor Valens to ask for admission to the empire. They wanted their people to settle in nearby Thrace, adding

Roman Emperor Valens died fighting the Goths at Adrianople

the promise that they would contribute soldiers to the Roman army. This offer pleased the emperor and the local population. The Thervingi would offer a strong buffer against other potentially unfriendly tribal groups and would provide soldiers and new tax revenue. Valens welcomed them to cross over. That fall, huge numbers of Thervingi crossed the river, which was swollen from recent rains. They made the journey in whatever boats could be found.

The Romans ignored all their usual protocols for admitting new tribes into the empire. For some reason, the newly arrived Thervingi were not forced to hand over their weapons, nor was the tribe broken up into smaller units to be dispersed to different regions. This may have been because the Romans allowed too many Thervingi to cross, leaving Roman military forces vastly outnumbered. The other Gothic tribe massed

at the Danube, the Greuthungi, were in a different position. Valens had rejected their envoys’ request for admission to the empire. They were as desperate to cross into Roman territory as the Thervingi. Seeing that the Romans were overwhelmed, the Greuthungi crossed the Danube on their own, further to the east. As conditions among the Thervingi continued to deteriorate, Lupicinus made a desperate play to keep them in line: He invited their leaders, Alavivus and Fritigern, to a dinner party and promptly took them hostage. When the Thervingi began to riot in response, Fritigern was able to convince Lupicinus to let him go to calm the situation down. But having gained his freedom, Fritigern reneged on his promise to Lupicinus and mobilized the Thervingi, who then allied themselves with the Greuthungi. The result was a unified and massive Gothic army that was now loose and armed in Roman territory.

Thus began six years of war that would devastate the region and leave countless dead, including the Emperor Valens, who died fighting the Goths at the Battle of Adrianople in 378. The eventual peace brokered with the Goths in 382 by Theodosius I allowed them to settle in Roman territory as a self-governed federation between the Danube and Balkan mountains. But as an independent state within Roman territory, the Goths never integrated into Roman society and remained a source of political instability. The failure of Roman border policy in the period leading up to the Battle of Adrianople is a reminder that the forces that drive human migration cannot be stopped with military force or a border wall. Instead, they require a smart and careful policy that manages the flow rather than trying to hold it back. The events of 376 are in some ways similar to today. As political instability persists and the climate continues to warm, more and more migrants will be arriving on the U.S. border. The Roman policy of resettlement may not be a viable solution to current immigration debates. But looking at what went wrong when the Romans ignored what worked for them in the past demonstrates one unsettling consequence of failed border policy. . Cavan W. Concannon, Associate Professor of Religion, University of Southern California – Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences


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