Romania’s vegetation is represented according to the following criteria : • - vertically, according to the characteristics of the climate, relief and altitude ; • - horizontally, according to each Romania’s historical region.
Romaniaâ€™s flora includes all identified as well as classified plants on our countryâ€™s territory. Until now, there have been identified and classified 3700 species of plants, among which 23 have been declared monuments of the Nature.
The three great areas of vegetation are: 1. The steppe area 2. The deciduous and coniferous forest area 3. The alpine area
The steppe lawns include grassy plants ( feather grass, hair grass, artemisia) and they are located in the east of Romanian Plain, the south of Moldavia and of Dobrodgea. The brambles include the wild rose, dwarf almond and jasmine.
The deciduous forest begins under the form of the forest steppe and it can be met in the plain and the Danube Delta area. The shrub home is represented by the common elder tree and the wild rose.
The trees are represented by beech, lime, hornbeam, sessile, pubescent oak, these forming the beech and oak forest, covering the area between 600-1300 m altitude. There are mushrooms, lichens, moss on the bark of the trees and there are ferns, mushrooms, snowdrops, lilies of the valley, etc. on the ground.
The coniferous forest covers the middle mountainous area at 13001700m altitude. The trees are represented by the hazelnut, currant, huckleberry. Among the coniferous trees, there are the fir tree, the pine and the spruce and under their shade one can see the moss, mushrooms, lichens and ferns.
The alpine stage is located above 1700 m altitude; the plants, which are adapted to the cold and wet climate, are represented by the dwarf willow, the huckleberry, the currant, juniper.
Did You Know… …that some plants are endemic for a specific place, being considered as “ vegetal tourist guides”? In this category there are included the China pink from the Piatra Craiului Mountains, the iris and saxifraga of Bucegi, the Parang flemish, the Retezat mouse car, The tulip of Danube Basins, The Cross Hale from Tampa Reservation , Brasov.
Protected plants in Romania The rare plants or endangered ones are protected in reservations and national parks :
The National Park Retezat, The Danube Delta, Piatra Craiului Massif, Retezat Massif, Rarau Massif, Petea Lake from 1 May Resort, Bucegi Massif, The Tinov from Stampa Glade, The Forest of Caraorman, etc.
Examples of protected plants in ROMANIA
Further, we invite you to enjoy yourselves with some images from the closest botanical garden of Onesti, The botanical Garden from Iassy.
Iasi Botanical Garden is the oldest botanical garden in Romania. It was founded in 1856, the first university botanical garden founded in Romania and, while most of the country, unique in the number of plants and their conservative values, including 6,000 plants grown in greenhouses and outdoors. Hold the largest share plants from different biogeographical regions.
Iasi Botanical Garden has the richest collection of roses in the country - 600 varieties.
Garden has a special collection of chrysanthemums â€“ 469 varieties, of which 41 varieties created here.
Today, the Botanical Garden of Iasi covers an area of approximately 100 hectares, is one of the largest in the world.
AMAZING!!!! In 1991 was founded a unique sector in Romania, for people with eye disabilities to containing plants with strong odors or which may be recognized by touch!!!