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Economic characteristics of our region

Wroclaw October 2012 1


Emilia Romagna is a region of Northern Italy situated in an area called “Pianura Padana�, where the Po river runs. This area includes other regions like Piemonte, Lombardia and Veneto. Emilia Romagna is one of the richest region in Europe, with an employment rate reaching 70%.

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This is a reason which has caused a strong immigration from non-European countries in recent years.

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The most famous sport car companies like Ferrari, Lamborghini and Maserati and Ducati for motorcycles are established in Emilia Romagna. Some of the food excellences, like Barilla and Parmalat, are also in our region.

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The tertiary sector with tourist industry is very important in Rimini and on the Adriatic Riviera

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Parma is a medium size town, about 200.000 inhabitants. Parma, as Emilia Romagna too, is a manufacturing based economy. It has many medium and small firms. Food industry and plant design are the two most important industries.

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WORKERS FOR ECONOMIC SECTORS

Emilia Romagna 29%

31%

40%

Industry and agriculture

Trade, transport, hotels and restaurants Other services

This chart shows the various sectors of our region. We note that the industry has the highest percentage (the agriculture weights for only a 3%). More than one third of workers work in industry.

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WORKERS FOR ECONOMIC SECTORS A comparison between Parma and Emilia Romagna 5000% 39,5 4000%

31,5 28,9

3000%

2000%

1000%

0%

Parma

Emilia Romagna

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FIRMS FOR REVENUE SIZE Emilia Romagna .000/€ 6,0% 0,8% 0 - 100

30,6% 62,5%

100 - 1000

1000 - 10000 10000 e più

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The distribution of firms by revenue size class is very similar, but Parma has the

percentage of firms with the revenue up to 100.000 euros lower than Emilia Romagna, while it is higher in class

having more than 10 millions of revenue.

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FIRMS FOR SIZE CLASS Emilia Romagna 1% 1%

0%

4%

1 worker 2 to 9

38%

56%

10 to 19 20 to 49

50 to 249 over 250

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0,1% 3,6%

1,5%

0,6%

FIRMS FOR SIZE CLASS Parma 1 worker 2 to 9

37,3%

57,0%

10 to 19

20 to 49 50 to 249 over 250

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CULTURE Emilia Romagna VISITORS

REVENUE

795.339 704.248

424.168 331.471

Museums

372.777

371.171

Monuments

Galleries

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Tourism Arrivals

Presences 13,718,740

9,740,945

3,977,795

3,795,319

2,685,452 1,109,867

Italians

Foreigners

Italians and foreigners

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Food industry Parma

10000

8000

6000 Firms with more than 10 workers

Firms with less than 10 workers 4000

2000

0 Workers

Number of firms

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Food industry Parma

12% processing of meat and products meat based

18%

44%

dairy industry

pasta, oven products, dessert

26% other food industry

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THE ECONOMY OF DISTRICTS The notion of industrial district was worked

out by one of the most important economist, the english Alfred Marshall, who led the “Cambridge school” from 1884

to 1908.

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THE ECONOMY OF DISTRICTS Emilia Romagna has several economic

districts in which small independent businesses carrying out a main productive activity are highly specialized in different stages of the production process.

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THE ECONOMY OF DISTRICTS In any district there is a meaningful relationship between the presence of enterprises and the resident population, as well as the specialized production of

all the production units involved.

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The economy of districts In Emilia Romagna we have six important industrial districts:      

Biomedical – Mirandola Textile – Carpi Footwear – San Mauro Pascoli Upholstered furniture – Forlì Ceramic – Sassuolo Agro-Food - Parma

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The economy of districts

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The economy of districts 4%

2%

0% Biomedical

Textile

Footwear

-2%

Upholstered furniture

Ceramic

Agro-Food (Parma ham)

-4%

-6%

-8%

-10%

-12%

change in % (firms)

change in % (workers)

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