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ARCHITECTURE DESIGN STUDIO AIR ABPL30048 2012 SEMESTER 1 EOI Presentation

Students Name ID: Bowen DING 349859, Ruosang WANG 352115, Min ZHANG 389708 Tutor: Chris and Loren (Fri 9-12pm)


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 1 Architectural Discourse


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 1 Architectural Discourse


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 1 Architectural Discourse


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 2 Architecture Innovation


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 2 Architecture Innovation

Urban Oasis by Influx Studio in Manama, Bahrain Architecture as an innovation

This is a design proposal for a large-scale public square in Manama, Bahrain. The project focuses on providing a metropolitan platform that not only links the city's historical urban fabric and the new modern together but also encourages pedestrians to meet and stay under a sheltering pavilion structure. Again computational design allows the "skin" of architecture express structural and special form effectively. The feature of 'organic' in this design proposal emphasis humanity is more centralise now. Also it reveals how computation assists the designers to contribute their creativity on innovating such large scale design and dramatic built form. The designer utilizes computation skill to develop an idea to achieve better life style and living conditions. In another word, the building form is not only achieving artistic beauty but also the functionality and new idea like 'organic design' approaching. From this project, we are inspired to attempt complex pattern of the facade but achieving very pure simple form structurally through computation design.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 3 Scripting Culture


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 3 Scripting Culture


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 4 Matrix


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 4 Matrix


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 4 Matrix


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 5 Case Study Airspace Tokyo is a four-storey, mixed use residential and commercial building designed by Tokyo architect Hajime Masubuchi of Studio M. And the public faces of the building were developed by the Faulders Studio in San Francisco. The screen conceived as a protective airspace. The cellular design and double layering of the screen is like the lush vegetation. In the night, the screen modulates views in and out of the building, and casts shadows of the geometric voids onto the street. We choose this building as our case study project since it is the one which is quite like our ideal design for the gateway that we try to create an structural, tridimensional, and vivid project, Not been made of planar faรงade and without skin.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 5 Case Study

Randomly create several points in Rhino on a plan, use these points as center-points to create circles from. Set boundaries between the edges of circles, to stop them from touching each other. When the distance between centers are different, the circles become irregular with their own unique shape. The outcome has very organic and random patterns, that leads to large amount of possible outcomes.

Several variable outcomes shown on the left. They are created by increasing number of points, rearranging points, changing radius of circles and resetting boundaries. We chose the one which is most “structure like� to us. Not too many hollows and edges are thick and strong enough to be used as structure in further design.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 6 Physical Model structure

Apply EOI into Case Study, we transferred 2D faรงade into 3D structures, by rearrange sheets into several different forms.

1)

Using multiple single sheets lean against each other to make them able to stand. Created shadow under structure looks like another layer of patterns crossing with boxboard sheets.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 6 Physical Model structure (shadow)

Three sheets form into triangle shape allow structure to be more stable. Looking through structure, with shadow on ground and structure above, created a tunnel of the pattern. It gave us the idea to design a gateway goes across the highway above head, that cars will be travel through this tunnel.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 6 Physical Model structure (material)

Steel

Acrylic

Reflective Material

2) Apply different colors to each layer. To achieve this affect by using different materials. We decided to have three layers. From outside to inside, there are: Steel (Dark), Acrylic (Transparent), Reflective Material (Red). These three layers have three levels of reflecting light. 1. Reflective Material (Red) has the highest level of reflecting light, it will reflect the car-light at night that obvious for drivers to see, has similar function as a traffic sign and vehicle back light. 2. Refraction and reflection will both happen in acrylic, will make it glowing at night when car-light shine on it. 3. Dark color steel will observe most of the light and reflect a little, therefore it will be harder to see at night. Steel is the strongest material in these three, it also function as the most load bearing layer for the structure.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 6 Physical Model night lighting

These are the photos of how the structure may looks like at night when car driving through the gateway. People inside the gateway will see clearly of the “shining� structure. People out side the gateway will see the structure as dark patterns with bright background.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 6 Physical Model flowing (twist)

Using Rhino to twist a single sheet of the pattern can create very smooth flowing organic form. There are unlimited numbers of variable forms are possible to be produced in this method. Picture below shows only three of the possibilities. As a whole sculpture, it is nice to look at from the far outside, and there would be only one material can be used on such object. It is against and brings construction problems to our “build across highway� idea, but suit to be put on the side of road.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 6 Physical Model flowing (bend) Physical model cannot achieve ideal twisting and hard to keep twisted shape stable.

3) Instead using single sheet, we found out several sheets joining head-to-tail to each other make it easier to twist and form relative smoother surface at the inside of curve. Sheets insert into each other at the edges, may need more stable joints in real-life construction, such as large steel screws to hold two parts together.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 6 Physical Model flowing structure

We joint three multiple-layer sheets to create this simple flowing structure form. Structure load transfer from the top to two bottoms of the arch. In the future design, we may have several identical arches along the highway, increase the distance that car would travel under the gateway.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 7 Physical Model overlay

Different from the Case Study, we rearranged the sheets to overlay them onto each other with the pattern facing the same direction.

More complex pattern was created by changing the space between each two sheets.

Changing the angle of sheets to make them “flowing�.

Looking into the hollows, there is sense of extending into a channel. We found interesting if we can apply it into our design. Instead driving along the side of the structure, this idea is to driving towards the structure, maybe travel into the hollows of layers.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 7 Physical Model flowing overlay structure 1 Using the overlay idea, we made another model which is totally different from the previous. Because we chose to use plastic sheets instead boxboard, the material is more flexible that curve are created because of the natural load of the sheets. Each layer of the structure has a different degree of curve, degree become smaller towards the direction where the cars will travel from. Cars will drive under the structure into the channel that formed by the hollows of layers. Compare to the previous design, the shadow is more regular because of the overlay.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 7 Physical Model flowing overlay structure 2

While we pour water on the model, structure sag down to the ground that create another new interesting from. With this structure, sound of car driving pass will also be deflect towards different direction, may reduce noise pollution for neighbor areas. Wind load is very small because of the numbers of hollows. Rain water fall through the holes, reduce the live load on structure. Curved shape roof make less air pressure on top of it when wind travel pass, which can cancel amount of structure dead load. If we choose acrylic as main structure material, the whole structure will glowing when car-light shines on it. In this case we can have different color of acrylic for each sheet.

For final design, we will try to combine all the ideas above.


ABPL30048 ADS Air 2012 SEM1 8 Site Plan

Option 1 Option 2


Referencing:

Norman Foster Homepage, accessed in April 2012, http://www.fosterandpartners.com Archidaily, accessed in April 2012, http://www.archdaily.com/58591/uk-pavilion-for- shanghaiworld-expo- 2010-heatherwick-studio/ Zaha Hadid Architects homepage, accessed in April 2012, http://www.zahahadid.com/archite cture/sunrise-tower/#, Rampley, Exploring Visual Culture (2005), Kalay, Architectures New Media (2004) Blog We Design, accessed in April,2012, http://blog.wedesigns.org/post/3762075456/fastcod esign-cardboard-columns, R&D: Michael Hansmeyer Cardboard Columns(2011)


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