China’s Rapid Urban Development. “ Every year 200,000 hectares of farmland are turned into roads, factories, shopping malls and residential areas. Over 50 million farmers have been displaced by such land grabs with little or no compensation. ” United Nations Development Programme by VINCENT KOLO socialism today
City Farmers News. “ Over 200 million farmers to lose their livelihoods in the last 30 years.” by CJ Lim
“ Leaving The Land: China’s Great Uprooting: Moving 250 Million from Farms into Cities ” By Michael Levenston
“ Hundreds of millions of residents in China abandon farming for better paid work in cities ” by Michael Levenston
Resource: h+p://www.cityfarmer.info/category/china/ : smartci<es + eco-‐worries by CJ Lim and Ed Liu, published by Routledge
Pollution. “ Environment: China’s pollution overload ” By World News, Socialist Party
“ Pollution Rising, Chinese Fear for Soil and Food ” By Edward Wong
One-sixth of China’s arable land, nearly 50 million acres suffers from soil pollution
“ Chinese farms cause more pollution than factories, says official survey ” By Jonathan Watts
“ Groundbreaking government survey pinpoints fertilisers and pesticides as greater source of water contamination,” Resource: h+p://socialistparty.ie/2013/07/environment-‐chinas-‐pollu<on-‐overload/ h+p://www.ny<mes.com/2013/12/31/world/asia/good-‐earth-‐no-‐more-‐soil-‐pollu<on-‐plagues-‐chinese-‐countryside.html?_r=0 h+p://www.theguardian.com/environment/2010/feb/09/china-‐farms-‐pollu<on
Reaction. Suzhou “Three Million Mu (Chinese acre)” plan - 1 million Mu of aquaculture - 1 million Mu of rice - 1 million Mu of economic crops such as tea and landscaping nursery products.
Aim to meet market demand and increase farmers income.
Manifesto. Lost of Agriculture Land “ We propose area of deﬁned agriculture ac=vi=es and create opportuni=es for allotments within urban areas.”
Designing Out Pollution “ We will clean up and make beFer use of the exis=ng waterways and lake through out the design process.”
Gain Report: Global Agriculture Informa<on Network. Resource: h+p://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publica<ons/Suzhou %20Proﬁle%20Update_Shanghai%20ATO_China%20-‐%20Peoples%20Republic%20of_5-‐4-‐2010.pdf
Aims. Farmers’ Club • For Suzhou to con<nue its agriculture heritage • Relocate and provide jobs for farmers and food produc<on companies. • Reduce carbon footprint by reintegra<ng the food produc<on modes into the consump<on sites. • Saving water resource by the recycling of urban waters and water by the plants. • Limi<ng the systema<c recourse to pes<cides, insec<cides, herbicides and chemical fer4lizers.
Site Analysis. District 12
Site Analysis. Site Boundaries
Site Analysis. Surrounding Buildings
Site Analysis. Sun-Shadow Patterns
Site Analysis. Circulation
Site Analysis. Services
Site Analysis. Sensory
Precedents. A-Go-Go Vertical Farm, Singapore
Precedents. Pasona Headquaters, Tokyo
Precedents. The Living Tower, Paris
Precedents. Guangming Smartcity, Shenzhen
Spaces. Farmer’s Club • Farm that produce sufficient vegetables (bak choi, lettuce, tomato, leeks) for 50,000 consumers • 250 farmers • Accommodate 250 office workers • 100 Residential units for farmers • Quality control lab • Utilities ( plant room, cleaning facilities, model storage, WC) • Meeting rooms (3 for 4 people, 1 for 15 people) • Canteen with kitchen and larder • Delivery point with loading bay
= 100 Residential [12100 sqm] + Office for 250 [1250 sqm] + Farming for 50,000 = Floor Area [113,350 sqm] + 30% [Circulation] = 147,355 sqm = 29 Stories of 5000 sqm floor area = Plot Ratio 4.9
Research on facts about agriculture in China. The impact of rapid development towards the existing agriculture heritage.