PORTFOLIO Rui Santos
Name: Rui Pedro Martins Ferreira Santos Birth Date: 15.05.1983 Nationality: Portuguese Address: Est. nacional 16, 6370 Fornos de Algodres Phone Number: (+351) 963080500 E-mail: Ruisatriani@hotmail.com
ACADEMICAL PROJECTS 13]; POST-ACADEMICAL [01 - 12]
Education: 2001 Science highschool graduation in Escola EB2,3/S in Fornos de Algodres, Portugal.
2011 While living in Nicosia, Cyprus, participates in several competitions with international teams of architects.
2001/2008 Degree in Architecture by Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal, with ﬁnal grade of 14 values (0-20).
Integrates a team that participates in WCypriot Architectural competition for the rethinking of the riverbanks of Liopetri, Cyprus, achieving an honourable mention (5th place).
2004/2005 With ERASMUS program, is accepted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art), Trondheim, Norway.
2012 [June] Starts working at Michael Cosmas Architecture (MCA), a practice directed by Michael Cosmas, Cypriot architect graduated at the Architectural Association, Aschool of Architecture, London and PhD at Harvard University, USA.
2004 [September] International Workshop in Liguria: “How To Tackle Future Changes in Italian Medieval Communities” Comune di Castelbianco - Italy 2007/2008 Concludes the ﬁnal thesis “Marginalidades: Patologias da Coimbra ﬂuvial” ( about Coimbra’s approach to the Mondego river).(grade _ 16). Degree in Architecture.
2011 Participates in Arquitectum competition for a Bohemian Hostel In the Gothic district in Barcelona. Professional experience:
COLLECTIVE HOUSING _ Nicosia, Cyprus
PAVLIDES RESIDENCE _ Nicosia, Cyprus
WAR MEMORIAL _ V. Nova de Cabeçudos, Portugal
TOWER HOSTEL _ Barcelona, Catalunha
REHABILITATION _ Moledo do Minho, Portugal
KINDERGARTEN _ Barcelona, Espanha
REFURB.+ ANNEX House _ Barcelona, Espanha
TWO FAMILY HOUSING _ Barcelona, Eapanha
URBAN FURNITURE, Banc-c _ Barcelona, Espanha
COLECTIVE HOUSING _ Burriana, Espanha
HOUSE _ Fornos de Algodres, Portugal
SHOE STORE _ Fornos de Algodres, Portugal
MARGINALIDADES _ Final Thesis [Coimbra, FCTUC].................................................28
[Rui Santos + Miguel Roque]........08
[Arquitectum competition]....................10 [Rui Santos + Miguel Roque]............12
2009/2010 From September to November, works in the catalan architectural ofﬁce MAB Arquitectura, Barcelona. From November of 2009 to June 2010 works in the catalan architectural ofﬁce VORA Arquitectura, Barcelona. 13
Personal interests: Special interests in drawing, astronomy, music [guitar since 14, 1 year in Coimbra’s Jazz school], cinema and literature. Participates in junior soccer from 6 to 18 years old; Traveling around Middle East and Asia from August to December 2010.
[VORA Arquitectura].............................14 [VORA]....................................16 [VORA]......................................18 [VORA]...............................20
Linguistic skills: Portuguese: Mother tongue English: Fluent Spanish: Fluent French: basic knowledges
[Rui Santos]............................................24 [Rui Santos]...............................26
Computer skills: Autodesk AutoCad Autodesk 3D Studio Max Adobe Photoshop Adobe Indesign
2013 [July] Returns to Portugal, where he collaborates with his colleague Miguel Roque in architectural projects.
michael cosmas architecture
Cyprus 2 0 1 3
Project Narrative In an old industrial area of Nicosia, not far from a University Campus, lies the possibility of developing low cost residences, for which students would be the main purchasers. Assuming an uncommon building layout in Cyprus, the building encloses a common plaza, enhancing a new social scheme which, together with tha habitable rooftops, promotes a new kind of interaction in the collective housing scenario of the city.
plans 2 and 4
plans 3 and 5
Illustration of the main entrance to the building and to the common plaza Illustration of the building from the main road
michael cosmas architecture
Cyprus 2 0 1 3
Project Narrative 50m away from the Mediterranean Sea in the city of Limassol, this house built in the British colonial style was the subject of a refurbishment and ampliation project. The two distinct objects, both programatically and aesthetically, are connected through a ramp like volume, allowing the connection between kitchen area of the existing building and bedroom area of the new addition, as well as between the master bedroom of the existing building and the rooftop of the new building, from where the Mediterranean is visible.
model illustrating main facade of the existing building and the relationship with the new addition
model illustrating the 2 buildings and the garden/swimming pool in-between
1st ďŹ‚oor plan
V. Nova de Cabeçudos 2 0 1 2
War Memorial Individual Project [Rui Santos + Miguel Roque]
01.PEDESTRIAN CONTINUITY The proposed site, located at the top of St. Catarina´s hill in a platform which edges the Chapel of St. Catarina at a slightly lower level, allowed the project to embrace the character of a belvedere over the valley that surrounds it. The project tries to address the lack of pedestrian continuity between the village (located far down the asphalt road) and the Chapel, through the creation of a staircase that hierarchizes and frames the access to the “Acropolian” platform, clearly signalling the beggining of the experience.
de Cabeçudos is the end of this great empire, particularly in the wars that took place in Angola, Mozambique and Guinea, where they lent its strength and part of their youth at the service of the three branches of the Armed Forces: Navy, Army and Air Force.
04. REMEMBER PLACE & PEOPLE The rhetoric of this Memorial is about the memories of the overseas, that we chose to be always Impressionist, through a seemingly indefinite number of pillars of different heights, suggesting a standing platoon as well as a dense forest. In conjunction with the concrete walls, it alludes to a vessel, the ultimate symbol of the five 02. GREEN RECYCLING The preexisting retaining walls remain- centuries of Portuguese overseas. ing in the proposal are painted white and topped by granite stone, similar to FINAL OUTCOME what happens with the walls that ex- 05. ist in the complex while enhancing the The chosen materials emphasize the identity of the site. The proposal pre- invocation of memories overseas. For serves the existing large trees includ- the floor covering is proposed 5x5cm granite micro-cube (similar to what exing them in a grassy area. ists in the churchyard of the Chapel of Santa Catarina) and red gravel in03. TRIANGLE & SIMBOLOGY side the triangle, inspired by African A reflection on the reality of the Por- soils. The pillars are COR-TEN steel, tuguese Ultramar (overseas) War is one being different from the rest, honessential to understand not only the oring a soldier killed in combat. At the reality of Portuguese ex-combatants center, a parallelepiped 0.5x1.8x0,5 but, especially, the reality of a Portu- concrete bench hosts this pillar, facgal that extended itself by virtue of ing the valley and endowing the whole maritime merchandising to three con- complex with a sense of contemplatinents over five centuries. The mem- tion. ory of the ex-combatants of Vila Nova
Tower Hostel competition ARQUITECTUM 2011 Competition for a 100m high Bohemian Hostel tower. The program should include 50 double rooms, lounge, bar, canteen, internet space, reception, administration area and a viewpoint on the top. Being Barcelona a city with thousands of backpackers per year, the goal was to create a cheap priced accomodation for these visitors, bearing in mind the site was directly connected to MACBAâ€™s square in goticoâ€™s district.
Moledo do Minho 2 0 1 1
Individual Project [Rui Santos + Miguel Roque]
support, deﬁning an entrance to this new area, the wooden bars moderating the relationship between the 2 spaces, and ﬁnally the top bar, treating the entrance to this area as a portic, somehow enclosing the space and deﬁning a transition.
A Project Narrative
The clients of this project had the need of extending the bedroom’s private bathroom, once the space inside it was very reduced. The solution for this conditionants was to relocate the bathroom’s sink to the exterior. This option was born from the perspective of treating the whole end stripe of the bedroom as a whole area, which would become not just a bathroom but a dressing area as well, once the closets were already at this location. The next concern was to propose a smooth transition between these 2 areas, considering the existing light coming through the window. Therefore, and bearing in mind that our intention was to keep some visual relationship between bedroom and bathroom/dressing area but offering some privacy at the same time, we decided to use 3 elements that would combine these characteristics: the sink’s
Sketches A: Detail of lamp position over the sink; Sketches B: Detail of the rectangles of glass built-in the wooden bars. Pre-existing phase
Area of Intervention
Barcelona 2 0 1 0
Local. Urban relation school/locality: The square should respond to the situation in the “gate” area of Raval, and become space-hinge between two neighborhoods, two distinct social and physical structures (Raval Eixample and south). The square and its facilities (including kindergarten) must become a magnet for both poles, facilitating access and connectivity. 1.1. Set: The School building and the street shall be understood as an inseparable whole. The building is not understood to limit the space of the square. In part, articulates the public space and its continuities. 1.2. Hinge: The School building as a joint is placed so as to create a better link between the regular grid of the Eixample and the density of the Raval. Lateral position and orientation of the building expands the space of connection (ramp) between St. Paul Avenue and the Plaza Redonda. It beats the height difference in a calm and generous slope, with a generous width of the inclined plane. The square of the building and its size allows for an appropriate length of an inclined plane serving legislation (pending only 6%), without exceeding the scope deﬁned by the school, and avoiding physical barriers.
Access to the building moves through this space of transition and ramp to open its service to two neighborhoods. 1.4. Integration: The school building is low. The ground ﬂoor is located near the lowest level of the plaza to reduce shadow over his own presence and public space.
1st ﬂoor plan
Barcelona 2 0 1 0
Reformation + Amp.
1. The house consists of two perfectly clear parts, although both formally hybrid, but very different from one another. The lower ﬂoor, spatially incoherent and rather fractured (combination of ﬂuid spaces and spaces partitioned) and diffuse boundaries. The uppper ﬂoor: a big tilled roof of four plans, with variations on a main powerful form, is what gives identity to the house. Currently the ground ﬂoor is completely covered, not standing out of the limits imposed by the roof, like a turtle in its shell. 2. From the understanding of the house and its deﬁning characteristics, the proposal works to transform the pre-existence maintaining a dialogue with it at spatial, conceptual and distributional level. These three levels of reading should be consistent. The result can be summarized by the following concepts: Shell: the top is not changed outwardly, it is only internally reorganized to include the necessary rooms. Layers: keep the logic of separation between two distinct elements, and especially to dramatize the transformation of the ground ﬂoor. Stick: The house has a reading of three plants clearly differentiated not only in form but also in the uses included. The stairs are the only element that connects all three levels, crossing them. Amoeba: The ground ﬂoor extends and deforms, tangentially between the cover and heavy ground-plane. Therefore, its boundaries do not coincide with the boundaries of the roof and occasionally exceeds them. The interior is deliberately ﬂuid, different ways to be shared by the whole family. Drops: an independent body is separated from the main body, a tearing of the deformation of the volume. Disappearance: The volume “disappears” with a set of mirrors lining the facade so that the garden continues under the roof. Input: Changing the elevation of the entrance and lobby for a more natural relationship with the street.
1st ﬂoor plan
Pre-reformation plan Rooftop plan
Groundﬂoor plan [post-reformation]
1st ﬂoor plan [post-reformation]
Barcelona 2 0 0 9 Two family housing. PLUS theme.
Two family housing
Front and back facades
Concept: Equal distribution and common areas. Each house, a whole ﬂoor and a “plus”, avoiding duplex. The comfort of the housing avoids inner stairs and consequent temperature losses. Each house provides the maximum area allowed: a living room-dinning room-kitchen, bathroom, 3 bedroom and studying area for the convertible room. The balcony offer a generous exttension to the living room. Two houses exactly alike, avoiding a ﬂat of better quality than others, where some areas are common and others become common as the ground-ﬂoor, being the garden, understood as a space, an extension of level 0. Evolutionary House: The house “plus” has the shifting characteristic of possible additions: basement, elevator, common rooms, pool on the roof, etc.. A house that adapts to the changing of people’s lives with minimal effort, which does not restrict changing needs, the emergence of new residents the opportunity to work, public activities from home, etc ... Thus, one can generate various forms of life of the building. Indoor Environment: Neutral spaces. Wardrobes to avoid furniture. Warm and neutral colors provided by the applied materials. Dominance of wood, ﬂoor and ceiling, all the rest is white. Bright spaces, well-oriented and assisted by the white interior. The walls of the main body (lift and services) are made of concrete to better respond to moist areas (bathrooms).
Two family housing
Living-room type b
Zona A [night]
Zone B [services]
Zone C [day]
.ﬂexible space .night area (bedrooms and studio)
.ﬁx space .service area: bathrooms and instalations .vertical and horizontal communication (stairs and lift)
.ﬂexible space .day area, most of time. .living-room, dinning-room, rooftop, studio.
Living-room type a
2nd ﬂoor plan [type a - white]
1st ﬂoor plan [type b - brown]
Ground ﬂoor plan
Perspective back facade
Urban furniture 1. natural color concretel (grey), polished. 2. gap in concrete according to light measures. 3. beveled edge. 4. gap for the instalation of power source for light. 5. adjustable leveling piece. 6. cables gap.
2 0 0 9
The project is based on the optimization of the tipology and the house’s orientation, as well as in the using of cheap constructive systems, fast placing and durability. Energy saving is optimized through passive and active strategies. The simple and light façade allows the building to mingle discreetly with the surrounding buildings. Vertical movements are done through four nucleus of stairs supporting eight individual houses in each ﬂoor. The façades are oriented according to solar exposition: bedrooms facing north, living rooms and balconies facing south, leaving the central corridor at the service of distributing spaces and services. Solar scheme and section.
2 0 0 8 
_ BRIEF DESCRIPTION
HOUSE Individual Project
Main principles It was requested a 3 bedroom house for a family, with special attention for the fact that it should be built at the same level. The majority of the material would be stone. Besides a tiled roof, the clients requested a back lean-to roof connected to the kitchen which would be a space for socialization, refuge, contemplation.
The proposal takes advantage of the sobriety resulting from the “one-ﬂoor” house, and tries to be a discreet line in the landscape. The plan is therefore developed in an L shape, which simply divides public from private areas quite easily and can
enjoy from the inner courtyard nection with the lean-to roof that results from it, creating the on the back of the house, given lean-to roof demanded. the intimate relationship of the two realities; the bedrooms deBesides its plan development, velop at different heights, one also the section work up-hill being at the entrance height, in gave a clear understanding on order to be used by a handicap how interesting and viable it person, two other being 30cm would be to delevop the house higher, with a small porch. in successive connecting plat- The access for people is proforms all the way up, smooth- vided by an arriving patio, ing either the ﬂuidity between and exterior stairs that make spaces, either the visual impact the transition; the carr goes of the house in the landscape. through a ramp with an exterior parking space. Regarding programatical questions, the living room deﬁnes itself as the ending of the frontal body, gathering space of the house, suggesting to who inhabits it the priviliged view of “Serra da Estrela” mountain, the highest in Portugal; the kitchen clearly states a con-
Legenda: On top, plan of the house: the “L” shape divides public space from private. At the centre, north facade, where it is visible the ongoing levels up the site, from the main entrance to the top levels, which will be used for agriculture. At the bottom, views of the proposal.
2 0 0 8 
For this project was requested an object that would serve the purpose of exhibiting shoes. A single piece that could have its own value as well. The toilets were the only spacial inconvenience to deal with, once they were facing to rest of the room, a clean rectangle. The option was to design a piece that could do its job as well as organize the space at the same time, which was achieved by a single piece hanging out of the main body, interrupting the visual contact between the store and the services.
SHOE STORE Individual Project
2 0 0 8 
Being difﬁcult to resume a thesis, i give an overall idea through index, introduction and conclusion of the thesis. The thesis was an analitical process regarding the relationship between the city of Coimbra (Portugal) and the Mondego river, a crucial element for the stablishing of Coimbra. The drawings presented are the result of the practical character of the concluding phase, in which some personal approaches to the problematic are made.
INDEX Introduction...............................................3 PART I _City and River..............................5 The river Coimbra and the region................6 The ﬂoods..................................10 Hidraulic efﬁciency plan in Mondego’s region..................13 The city_urban structure Roman occupation.....................17 Muslim occupation....................18 Medina and suburbs...................19 Reformation University as a new center..........21 Marquês de Pombal Reformations.............................23 Industrial Revolution.................24 The XXth century......................25 PART II_Today’s reality..........................31 Morfology..................................32 Mobility.....................................37 Analysis.....................................42 Intentions and interventions: Polis program.............................45 “Inserções”................................50 Other examples..........................59 Final analysis.............................73 Bibliography..............................76
Experiencing a city for one day, like a tourist, will hardly bring more than the mental print of its icons, its general speciﬁcities as an urban structure; lived for years, it won’t only easily ignore the memory of some icons but, overall, it will force us to focus on its “weaknesses” amd imperfections. Also the contact with Coimbra during years, in my personal experience, went through a similar pattern of evolution. From the subconscious of all those years of experience raised a sudden need for practicity which rinsed the constant ﬂow of abstractions and focused it on a need for working “in loco”, backed up by some certainty of having absorved more from this city than any other. From the variety of “imperfections” that Coimbra had to offer, the city’s total alienation towards a crucial structuring element of great wealth and tradition like the Mondego river (that gradually but still insuﬁciently is being fought) seemed to me an appealing theme of discussion. Thus, the work according to two main axis: the ﬁrst, with a more analitical character, focus on the evolution of the 2 main actors, the city and the river; the second axis elaborates on the fusion of this actors. The ﬁrst axis tries to divide (bearing in mind its conectivity) the Mondego river and the city of Coimbra, ranges and characteristics, with the purpose of better understanding the deﬁning moments of this relationship, through profound individualization. For instance, understanding when and how the river stabilized is, directly, to understand in which way the city developed, and vice-versa. The second axis can be subdivided into 3 smaller moments: recent interventions, real or speculative, indispensable to the debate and actual comprehension of the possible inter-conectivity in the riverside livings; european examples applied to this problematic and, int he end, personal approaches seeking hypotheses which consider short term appliance, opposing to possible utopical abstractions [not neglecting the interest and importance of these processes in the broadening of the architectural spectrum] and which may be evidence of a concluding stage.
European rivers always have been perceived under a acertain degree of duality, combining resources and danger: even though they were a
strategic vehicle for trades and resources, they carried with them the threats of ﬂoods and devastation; urban planning showed its respect for this, keeping a safe distance in most of the cases. In the course of the urban development, this connection became a process of continuous change, ehich saw communities either embracing either rejecting its water courses. For the history of mankind, watercourses were essencial in determining settling points and consequent civilization developments, not just for providing the basic needs like water or ﬁsh, but also for soil productivity, energy production and, mainly, for the extreme importance in providing trading routes, connecting people, cities and countries. Industrialization dragged with it a growing disconnection between social conscioussness and water fronts, much of it caused by the construction of docks, harbours, highways, railways, warehouses, etc along the banks. The “technical domestication” in the name of safety and effectiveness, together with polution, renegated river banks to apparent controlled and predictable infra-structures, diminishing its atractivity. Cities closed in themselves, made this watercourses inaccessible and neglected them. Societies’ consciencialization of its value in the history and structure of their cities began a recent regeneration of the waterfronts in several european cities, restricting excessive construction and protecting the banks as most as possible, improving its qualities not only at the urban level but also at the regional level. It is up to us to explore conveniently the rediscovering of this great legacies.
CONCLUSION Mondego’s reality has changed. It ain’t the navigable course which provided an alternative route anymore, but it ain’t also the unpredictable force which devastated the city many times in the past: what was lost in accessibility was gained in stability, and the opportunities rise again, although they may now have a different orientation. Once a conditioning element, the river became conditioned. The future will have to know this fact and be cautious, interacting in the minimum interventions possible, and only in strict need.
Thus, the city will have to be aware of this while solving its internal urban conﬂicts. Currently, studies show that in the year of 2008, 50% of humans live in cities, when in 1900, only 10% did; predictions point to an exponential growth that forsees 75% of the human population living in cities. Globalization is another phenomena which deﬁning limits are still blurry and unpredictable, concerning the cities future impact and societies behavior facing a vertiginous metamorphosis of concepts, distances, ideologies... Bearing this in mind, the synergies between Coimbras’s several actors will adopt one of 2 ways: the ﬁrst, they keep the same attitude towards the city (referring to the latest half of the XXth century) which will presumably result in a fragmented and gigantly scattered “city-territory” taht will suffer large scale effects, starting with the city itself but expanding to serious environmental imbalances in the region, due to the brawling of the territory, if we consider the actual rhythm at which cities are expanding [as curious data, we may refer that in Portugal, there are over 5 million houses, from which 3.5 million are inhabited; since 1900 we assist to the construction of 106.000 houses per year, a house every 5 minutes!]; the other
way, the devastating effect of this reality of consuming is understood and the course of action is changed, re-using, re-vitalizing, re-qualifying, re-deﬁning... the city turns to itself and seeks for consolidation, fulﬁlling the gaps of the inner urban territory, deﬁning clearly its outside limits, understanding built space as the minimum necessary for a prosperous growth, recognizing the luxury and the superﬂuous. The Mondego river has the potential to contribute for Coimbra’s improvement of the quality of life. Other cities like Prague, Paris or Amsterdam had an earlier awakening on how to positively explore the water element, integrating it in the city, offering it to its citizens. Coimbra has currently the asleep potential as well, the oportunity to also ambrace it in its organization, if the way of acting reveals adequate, concise and coordinated. It is necessary that cities’ interventions become a vast cultural movement and be discussed and criticized outside the public arena, outside of an elite of experts and, for that, it becomes part of the city, the city itself; in a way, there are no “opposing” buildings, once everything that is built is convenient to the dominant class. Therefore, cities are the reﬂex of the wills and demands of the generations, and that is what we must begin with.