RUI FERNANDES LANDSCAPE
PORTFOLIO S E L E C T E D
W O R K S
NAME(S): RUI PEDRO SURNAME(S): SILVA ALVES FERNANDES DATE OF BIRTH: 8 MAY 1989
LOCATION:: ROTTERDAM, NETHERLANDS CONTACTS:
06 19 459 272
EDUCATION: BSc & MSc - LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
SCHOOL OF SCIENCES - UNIVERSITY OF PORTO
WARSAW UNIVERSITY OF LIFE SCIENCES
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: MECANOO (02.2017 to current)
Urban Design/Landscape Architecture trainee
LINT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
(05.2016 to 12.2016)
Intern Landscape Architect
WALLPLAN ATELIER - ARQUITECTURA, REABILITAÇÃO E CONSTRUÇÃO
(03.2016 to 04.2016)
Collaborator Landscape Architect
PROJECT PULMÃO VERDE
(11.2014 to 02.2015)
SOLAR DA LUZ MANOR HOUSE GARDEN DESIGN MASTERPLAN GUIMARÃES’ CITY HALL, URBANISM OFFICE
(12.2013 to 06.2014)
MAIN TECHNICAL SKILLS: AUTOCAD LANDSCAPE PLANNING ILLUSTRATOR LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT URBAN PLANNING PHOTOSHOP MASTERPLANNING INDESIGN PARK & GARDEN DESIGN/MANAGEMENT TECHNICAL PLANS (PLANTING,TERRAIN,DETAILS,ETC) ARCGIS SITE SURVEY SKETCHUP LANDSCAPE CHARACTER ASSESSMENT V-RAY LANDSCAPE RESTORATION LANDSCAPE EVOLUTION RHINOCEROS VISUAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OFFICE PLANT COMMUNITIES KNOWLEDGE
LANGUAGES: PORTUGUESE ENGLISH GERMAN SPANISH
I AM A YOUNG AND MOTIVATED PERSON, PASSIONATE BY THE LANDSCAPE MATTERS, FOCUSED IN DEVELOPING MY SKILLS AND COMMITTED TO HARD-WORK, HOPING TO PROGRESS FURTHER MY CAREER FIELD
MAKING A POSITIVE IMPACT IN THE DAILY LIFE OF PEOPLE THROUGH THE LANDSCAPE, URBAN AND RURAL.
Landscape Archicterure team member Project coordination: TERESA ANDRESEN
CONTENTS MECANOO ARCHITECTEN MARKTPLEIN HENGELO
TAINAN PUBLIC LIBRARY LEARNING GARDENS
KAOSHIUNG RAIL CORRIDOR
TAICHUNG GREEN CORRIDOR
LINT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE HOEVE DE WATERKANT
MERWEDEKANAALZONE CLIMATE PROOF
PARK TER WALLE
LIVING LAB UTRECHT
FREELANCE WORK PULMÃO VERDE PROJECT
SOLAR DA LUZ
MSc LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
BSc LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
Roof garden + Playground, Zaandam Medical Centre
Kaohsiung Rail Corridor
The Martkplein is one of Hengelo’s large public squares. Because of the many vacant retail spaces around the square, a somewhat “distant material” of gray concrete tiles, and a unfortunate connectivity to the square, the dynamism is lacking. One passes the square but does not feel invited to stay. Due to the diversity of architectural styles, the unity in the square is very thin.
THE CITY CENTER OF HENGELO The current centre is “decorated” with gray a carpet which, despite its unity, it does not radiate heat. Changing that carpet and make it pass through the entire city centre will bring a warm atmosphere. Anchored in the carpet are the Market Square, the Town Hall Square and the Church Square, which are related to each other by the characteristic high element of each one. Due to the different functions and surrounding architecture of the squares, the design for the Marktplein focuses on spatial and programmatic interventions in order to achieve a better embedding.
MARKPLEIN, KERKPLEIN AND STADHUISPLEIN Every square with its own experience and sphere of influence at the city centre.
The squares are characterized by the Brink Tower, Lambertus Basilica and the Town Hall and tower form strong landmarks.
The Telgenflat, Brink Tower, market master’s house and Cosapand are special buildings within or on the edges of the Marktplein.
There are two main cycling routes in the centre; north-south the Brinkstraat and Wemenstraat, east-west over the Enschedesestraat
CONCEPT AND DESIGN PRINCIPLE The theme ‘food & culture’ serves as the design concept for the Marktplein.
A transparent market hall referring to the city’s industrial past is the bustling place of various stalls where a nice snack or meal can be enjoyed or where the (agricultural) region presents itself in the city through the selling of its products. Derived events, such as a food truck festival, or vegetable garden market, have a wide range and draw a large diversity of visitors. The surrounding buildings connect to the theme through related craft shops and catering. The ‘Food & culture’ functions as a link between the region’s landscape and the city.
Ice skating rink
Trees’ frame around the square for clear spatial definition and diversity in space experience. Introduction of the market hall, a steel and open structure that refers to the former metal industry of the city. Food stalls and other events activate the structure and the square area itself. Removal of the plastic advertising columns, bicycle parking and planters along facades for a better involvement of the facades and the square.
â€œDRAWINGâ€? THE MARKTPLEIN
The square is spatially defined by a row of Tilia (which traditionally appear on village squares, are native, attractive for insects and, when flowering, spread a delightful scent) and by different experience zones: A plinth area directly along the facades, where entrepreneurs are invited to present their goods and to offer terraces; The square zone that functions as a residence and movement area; The open square floor, suitable for a multitude of events, from the weekly commodity market to (food) festivals. 8
The pattern on the square floor is a reference to the salt towers in Hengeloâ€™s countryside.
The lowered square serves as a buffer room in extreme rainfall
TAINAN LIBRARY LEARNING GARDENS,
As part of the new Public Library of Tainan plot, the municipality launched a competition for its park grounds design. There are many cultural and educational facilities around the site area, Furthermore it is a densely populated area of the â€‹â€‹ city, which brings to the park a very important sense of community.
Learning gardens - unity with library
Rooms - different closed by trees
Linear water band grid
Continuous and connecting pattern
CONCEPT AND DESIGN PRINCIPLE Based on the fact that the plot is right next to the Library, the concept of the design is to create open areas that can function as both recreational and as â€œlearning roomsâ€?.These rooms are all surrounded by trees, giving the feeling of enclosure and diversity in between them. To keep coherent with the Library orthogonal design, a horizontal band grid was introduced, which has the function of guide the storm water runoff into the collection points present in the park.
A. Play grove B. Flowering meadow C. Vernal pool
D. Amphitheatre E. Urban farming F. Reading orchard
G. Scooter parking
DIFFERENT POCKET ROOMS
Vernal pool Urban farming 12
KAOSHIUNG RAIL CORRIDOR,
The urban â€œvoidâ€? generated by transformation of the railway into an underground systems, revealed itself to be an opportunity to connect the city internly In order to keep a strong and cultural character, the design is much inspired by the meadering patterns of the streams that once were present in Kaoshiung.
Vision: restore a sustainable, robust water network to collect, store and infiltrate rainwater
Better water quality and less pollution
Ammenitty, better places for people
Flood risk control and protection of the water cycle
Concept and design principle Based on the need of carefull water management and smooth mobility, the new corridor will provide a robust and sustainable water system, enhancement of sustainable mobilty and a new vibrant urban space, not only becoming just a passage nfrastructure but also a destination in itself in Kaoshiung.
program islands, reacting on context
secondary paths, relation to local context
main route that creates unity of the corridor
4 different landscape zones
Main route esplanade
Tabebuia rosea along the corridor creates a sense oft unity 17
Program Each of the different landscape zones provides different context and surroundings, therefore the planned program in each area is related to those different contexts. Although some repetition of program, such as bicyle parking areas, playgrounds and support to sport practice, is found along the whole corridor.
Thematic landscapes zoning Wet forest
Native woodland with ponds and dense shrub layer, attemping to recreate the natural taiwanese mangrove habitats.
capture retention+infiltration emergency outlet to stormwater sewer
Wet meadows Open meadows with riparian vegetation along the wet areas, which include bioswales as water mangement features.
emergency outlet to stormwater sewer retention+infiltration buffering+storage buffer+evaporation retention+infiltration
Grassy streams River plains with river brooks and native grasses such as Miscanthus, Pennisetum alopecuroides, Imperata cylindrica...
retention+infiltration capture temporary retention infiltration emergency outlet to stormwater sewer
Rain gardens Dense reedland area where rainwater can be collected and cleaned by species such as Saururacea sp and Zephyrantes candida.
infiltration capture retention+infiltration emergency outlet to stormwater sewer
The design for Kanaalpark soughts connectivity with the campus of the Leidsche Schans and the BĂ¨taplein. A pedestrian zone with places to stay and a green area with route structures from and to the campus and BĂ¨taplein that are separated from the car access, so that the campus feeling is extendend to the Kanaalpark. Car traffic is drawn by a clear one ring structure with an unambiguous parking solution. The traffic areas are made as compact as possible, so that the green and water surface can be enlarged. Kanaalpark distinguishes itself through biodiversity and sustainability in the outdoor space facility; visible rainwater drainage and infiltration in rain gardens, indigenous planting that attracts insects and birds, and a robust materialisation with sustainable materials. In this way, a bright and pleasant outdoor space is created.
Increasing the green and water surface and biodiversity...
...pedestrian routes and stay areas...
...and clear, compact access structure for car traffic.
brickwork, thick format, squares
brickwork, thick format, elbow bandage
cycle path, asphalt, red, white marking
regenwater tuinen (infiltratie wadiâ€™s)
concrete tiles with natural stone top layer. 24x16x8 and 16x16x8cm, white-gray black nuanced
concrete tiles with natural stone top layer 24x16x8 and 16x16x8cm, anthracite concrete tiles with natural stone top layer. 48x16x16, 24x16x8 and 16x16x8cm, white-gray
Planting scheme (trees)
Planting scheme (ground)
gazon, ligweide, intensief gebruik
gazon, ligweide, intensief gebruik
gemengde bloeiende vaste planten regentuinen
gemengde bloeiende vaste planten regentuinen
kokosrollen ingeplant met oeverplanten
kokosrollen ingeplant met oeverplanten
gazon, ligweide, intensief gebruik
DETAILED FRAGMENT (1:50)
The plan concept for Beta Square consists of three main principles: Direct connections for pedestrians in between the main entrance of ROC, Alphatoren and Leidsche Schans campus. Cyclists is led across the square towards Kanaalpark and the campus. stairs for the ROC main entrance separete pedestrians and cyclists. Creation of larger green and gathering spaces in the square. The green ‘shards’ are the “negative” of the routes across the square.
Concrete tiles with natural stone top layer. 48x16x16cm, 24x16x8cm and 16x16x8cm, white-gray, black nuanced. Concrete tiles with natural stone top layer. 24x16x8cm and 16x16x8cm, white-gray, black nuanced. Concrete tiles for service areas, 24x16x8cm and 16x16x8cm, anthracite. EPDM rubber floor, two colors.
Light pole, 9-12m, Iguzzini Multiwoody LED Light pole, 4-5m, Friso Kramer LED Existing light pole LED strip integrated in seat edge Concrete strip, low, 5cm, precast concrete Concrete strip, transition element, 5-45cm, precast concrete Concrete strip, high, 45cm, precast concrete Bicycle support brackets, Clip Streetlife, RAL 7016, concrete foundation Seating elements, Escofet Sit Electrical point, hatch cabinet Water point, hatch cabinet
BĂŠtaplein (1st phase) - Mecanoo
BĂŠtaplein (1st phase) - Mecanoo
Friso Kramer LED
Iguzzini Multiwoody LED
Pedestrian area drainage Glutton Drainage tube Grass ‘wadi’ Infiltration square (crates or gravel bed)
Water Square Benthemplein - De Urbanisten
Lawn, grass ‘wadi’ Mixed flowering perennials New tree (Quercus rubra)
Bétaplein (1st phase) - Mecanoo
Bétaplein (1st phase) - Mecanoo
TAICHUNG GREEN CORRIDOR,
The urban â€œvoidâ€?, object of this project, has been generated by the infrastructure of the deactivated railway system. In order to maintain this strong character, the rail structures are treated as track which shape the entire plan and give a coherent, recognisable theme to the whole project.
sustainable life, sustainable history & culture
the railline was historically connecting
now the remains of the railline is a divider
1. green belt - green diagonal connector for bike/pedestrians and flora/fauna 2. zoning - three zones (dike-station-lake)
re-use the railline to connect city parts in a sustainable way (bike/pedestrian connection)
CONCEPT AND DESIGN PRINCIPLE The green corridor should not only be a passage space (either crossing the dike or riding on top of the dike) but needs to become a destination in itself.
The green corridor should not only allow for crossing under...
...move on top the dike...
...but should become a destination in itself and invite users to explore, and enjoy the green qualities of the park.
Thematic areas & program Three thematic areas with distinct base conditions: south section where the former railinfrastructure is raised on a dike; the middle section around the new station; and the north section, where the green corridor connect s to the lake of the former sugar refinery factory. In the station area and the lakeside area, the main programmatic theme is to integrate existing/planned functions in a coherent way, adding only a few new programmatic items; urban forest and sculpture park. The dike section of the green corridor currently lacks public programme. In this area we aim to activate the former railway and reconnect the surrounding neighborhoods to the new green corridor. The newly proposed programme reacts on the surroundings: in the more quiet area we envisage herb gardens, or a teahouse pavilion. In the more vibrant locations, near the school, we propose sport-related activites, and reactivate the connection to the water by introducing a boardwalk. All proposed programme is clearly aiming to intensify the useof the area, both for local residents and for residents from all Taichung.
DIKE • Connectivity over and under the dike • Re-connect to small scale urban fabric • Dike as destination
LAKE • Re-purpose old warehouse (art gallery, food) • Old track as routing to lake area • Green ground area, history as key item
STATION • Clean nodes and services • Pass in front, middle, back • Public space as carpet for all development • Human scale • Create clear building block structure and define public space
Merwedekanaalzone Climate Proof
Park ter Walle
professional Tutoring: Alexander Herrebout Gerwin de Vries
HOEVE DE WATERKANT,
The Hoeve de Waterkant is cattle farm located in Herk-de-Stad which experiences frequent floods and waterlogging, making the farm related activities difficult to perform. The intervention, however, must be thought not only within the farm limits but also to the valley itself and supported by the following visions: Mixture of activities and functions Recreational destination in the rural environment Spatial and financial development
Herk-de-Stad Zwarte winterbeek Schulen
Schulens Meer Herk
Hoeve de Waterkant land ownership 48
The current water system can not handle the large amounts of water at peak flows which causes the Schulens Meer to be flooded every year, resulting in damages to agriculture and natural systems. This issue is expected to increase due to climate changes and urbanization expansion which can potentially cause harm to the housing and businesses on the edge of the area. Thus arising the need to adjust the water system to the new conditions through an integrated vision between the stream valley and other dynamics like the natural welfare of the area and strengthen of its recreational potential.
Hoeve de Waterkant
stream overflow vacant farmstead
sewer overflow drought higher peak storage
seepage higher peak storage
General landscape intervention A. Water management During the course of time were carried out several interventions such as the construction of a water basin and channelled streams. Although the valley is naturally wet, currently unnatural actions occur in the system, providing floods in the summer and long-term water on land as a result of close siphons. At higher grounds the water will be retained and infiltrated on sandy soils, slowing down its flow, and discharged through the streams so that the peak storages disappear of the system. It is important as well to keep the clean water seepage flow separated from the contaminated water from the high agriculture fields. Tree plantation along the edge of the valley will allow retaining of water on the edge. Wet forests can absorb water on the edges and produce biomass. The streams at higher levels are also part of this planted network. The current water management is on the hand of both nature organizations and a single farmer, although the process Is not discussed between the parties. The proposal is to establish more networks, both organisational and physically. This cooperation will only benefit both parties by,for example, sharing knowledge.
B. Recreation and development In addition to contributing to the water retention and delayed discharge, the planting along the streams will enhance the environmental quality of the area while providing opportunities for recreational trails. New routes can be built along the edge of the valley, connecting farmers and entrepreneurs while providing beautiful views of the valley. Typical farms will get connected to a new recreational network, offering opportunities for farm sales and visibility and revitalization of this historic farms. These actions can also prevent the erosion of fertile agricultural land and mold a valuable green network for both people and wildlife. Until the 1930â€™s ian land use and strong landscape industrial park,
the valley was a recognizable landscape by the presence of agrarby the absence of forest and buildings. It displayed an open and character. By forest plantations and construction such as Van Halen this is partly lost.
Plantation along the edge of the valley
Recreational trails and farm connectivity
The proposed models can be sorted into two main stratagies: COMPENSATE
The main focus of this model is keeping on with current business strategy. The excess water is reduced through the incorporation of two locks and a pump. Other structures such as microdigesters provide energy and heat, while reducing costs. The digestate matter that remains may be used in fermentation and manure. This model also creates a grazed pasture landscape where cattle breeding is enabled.
This model lessens the role of cattle and provides several additional revenues. The pastures are dug parallel to the Herk along the Houwersbeek, which creates a wet and dry zone and the excess water is collected by the water stream. Also, it provides helophyte cleaning of the nutrient-rich water. Cattle breeding, camping, selling meat and receiving groups also generate income.
The nature farm operation model is based on ecological principles, in which the natural area is used for cattle breeding, whereby the production of meat and dairy goods is associated with the creation and conservation of habitats and biomass through food forests and wet forests. The water stream is released from the dike, distributing the water drainage over the whole valley. Aditional income can be generated from leasure activities such as campimg site or canoe and mountain bike rental.
The water-rich conditions of the area play a central role in this model. In ponds, plants such as duckweed, algae, water fern, reeds and bulrush are grown so that the nutrients are absorbed and do not require any fertilization. The cleaned water is then discharged into the nature reserve. The cultivated species are high in protein and grow fast and can be used to not only feed the animals but also as a raw material in the bio-based industry. Also fish breeding can be added to the model. 53
Collaboration: Josje Hoefsloot | Mans Weghorst
Climate adaptation design research “LINT envisions a combination of increasing urbanization and an innovative design of public space. Within the public space different themes are addressed, for example a new public space could provide a good climate adaptation, increasing ecological wealth, space for new mobility, food production and improved spatial quality.” http://landscapeinterventions.nl/news
A new urban ecology enhancing the “urban habitats” for birds, insects and vegetation. The usage of vegetation can collect particulate matter and improve air quality, as well as contaminated soil cleansing.
Rainwater is collected in winter and used in summer. The water can also be filtered by using vegetation. The sound of falling or flowing water can prevent noise and be used as a play element.
Fruit, vegetables and herbs grow in the public space and are directly delivered to the inhabitants of the city. Fresh food products are brought as close as it can be to the residents.
The residential quality of the public space is increased and global warming related issues are tackled by the creation of shady spots and interesting microclimates. Movement for slow traffic is optimized, improving the quality of life.
Europalaan City Boulevard
Park Rondje City Island
Public space as part of park structure and slower traffic 54
Green Roofs Collective Gardens
concept vision current
Street with open drainage
Water Square as a combination of square, water and greenery 55
Different options for the blocks (representation on a 220x150m grid) 56
POSSIBLE RAINWATER ROUTE
1. Roofs and walls absorve the water
2. Green areas take in the water
4. The canal receives the discharged water
3. Streets direct the water
4. The water squares store and delay the water discharge
Merwerde Zone concept overview representative part
OPTION MATRIX Water roof
Mixed use roof
Ecological swimming pool
Below ground level street
Open water way
Water filter park
CLIMATE ADAPTATION DESIGN RESEARCH
Water table level
PARK TER WALLE,
Collaboration: Wolf Compernolle
The design points to the transformation of the Park ter Walle into a city park with a natural and active character, through re-using the old structures existing in the landscape. Current and new functions are integrated in order to promote sports (football, krachtball and skate), leisure and multifunctional use. The different areas and sceneries are connected and integrated into a green framework and a path system that ensures the intended connectivity. In the central area, the sport fields create an open and long viewshed across the park. The parkâ€™s water regulation is emphasized by the presence of bioswales, to where the runoff is directed. The leftovers of the groundworks nearby will be used to create grassy slopes with siting elements and play opportunities.
PATH AND OLD FORTIFICATION WALL
Playground areas Sports areas
WATER REGULATION SYSTEM
Light post Ground light Bench Trash bin
GROUND VEGETATION AND HEDGE
22 Acer saccharinum 12 Alnus glutinosa 22 Fraxinus angustifolia 3 Liquidambar styraciflua 10 Prunus serrula 8 Quercus coccinea 12 Quercus rubra 12 Salix atrocinerea
4 Sophora japonica
13 Taxodium distichum
14 Tilia platiphyllos 61
x c’ y’ x’ b’ a’
PATHS GENERAL PROFILE
Stormwater runoff through path incisions in selected points of the pathway.
BENCH MODULES In order for the relation between the pathway and the urban furniture to be as harmonic as possible, several custom order bench modules were designed.
Lenght: 2,6 m Radius: 5,6 m
Lenght: 2,1 m Radius: 15,5 m
Lenght: 2,6 m Radius: 5,6 m
Lenght: 3 m Radius:33,7 m
Lenght: 2,1 m Radius: 15,5 m
Lenght: 3 m Radius: -
Lenght: 2,5 m Radius: -
Bench model test 63
LIVING LAB UTRECHT
This assignment consists on a design research on the circular development of the west side of the station area. The overall development strategy is related to issues such as energy, ecology, waste, water and mobility. Places like the port, Hof van Cartesius and the development of a Werkspoor Path for walkers and cyclists were identified catalysts for the areaâ€™s development.
Fish Harvest 18,85 k
Bacteria and worms
Convert waste into plant nutrients
Filter the water
Plants Waste Filter the water
Drinkable water and other beverages
Urban noise mitigation
VEGETABLE FAÃ‡ADES & ROOFS
Fruits, vegetables and herbs
Food 1 person
Healthier environment Atract wildlife Biodiversity Wildlife lure Improved air quality
Healthier urban environment Traps particulate matter
The experimental green and healthy living! LINT landscape architecture was selected for the BPD competition “Proeftuin Erasmusveld”. Based on the core values of health, city and green, the sketch design aims to bring together these key points through a coexistence progrsm of households, accessabilities, recreation gardens and wildlife habitats provision. The housing is displayed in two types (low density blocks and single dwellings) with both types presenting a collective garden. The access and mobility are provided by a pedestrian and bicycle path network and by a car path to the psrking area beneath the blocks.
Access & movement
professional Land habitats
Pedestrian and bicycle paths
Collective gardens Private gardens
PROJECT PULMĂƒO VERDE,
Porto Metropolitan Area
Team coordination: Teresa Andresen, landscape architect
This is the first stage of a project between the municipalities of Gondomar, Paredes and Valongo with the ultimate goal of creating a Metropolitan Park in order to optimize the existing assets (both cultural and natural). It is intended to a sustainable, intelligent, inclusive and participative project. This collaboration presents a management model based on an advisory part, a tutelary part, an executive part and a management plan.
PIAS SANTA JUSTA
River Ferreira S. Pedro da Cova
KEY: Mountain River Town/Village 72
A COMMON LANDSCAPE, A COMMON PROJECT
SANTA IRIA BANJAS FLORES
EVOLUTION OF THE MOUNTAIN RANGE LANDSCAPE This first stage of the project was documented in seven attachments.
1:25 000 scale Forest Inventory
Land ocupation 1945/47
1974-1979 Land ocupation 1960’s Class uniformization
Aerial photographs 1945 1960’s 1995-2000 Google Earth
1:25 000 scale Military maps/charts
Land ocupation 1977 Area measurement Land ocupation 1998/99
Land ocupation 2012
1945/47 1977 1998/99 2012
Village of Valongo 74
The gathered data was decipted into five different land ocupation classes: Dense grove - areas with high density of trees. Sparse grove - areas in which land ocupation is characterized by trees, although glade occupation is present. Scrubland - areas characterized by shrub and soil covering vegetation with no significant tree vegetation. Agricultural areas - farming areas, with or without houses surrounding. Landscape evolution
Agglomerations - areas with high concentration of built structures.
This attachment is about a first interpretation of the landscape evolution through transformations in the territory occupation over the last 60 years. The information was mapped into five different categories of territory occupation: 1945|1960s|1977|1998|2012
Aguiar de Sousa 75
5 MOMENTS OF ANALYSIS
1945 60â€™s 1977 1998
Land ocupation classes
Dense grove Sparse grove Scrubland Agricultural areas
In 1945 the scrubland and sparse grove were the prevailing classes.
In the 60â€™s decade the areas of dense grove and scrubland rose and there was a loss of the sparse grove areas. In the dense growth losing
next analysis moment (1977) the grove areas had a significant and the sparse grove areas kept their in occupation area.
Regarding 1998/99 the dense grove areas kept beeing the most dominant ones, while there was a big growth of the sparse grove areas that took the place of most of the scrubland areas. Finally, in 2012, most of the sparse grove areas turned into dense grove areas.
1945 60â€™s 1977 1998 2012
SOLAR DA LUZ MANOR HOUSE,
One of the oldest and noble manor houses in the Portuguese region of Minho, built between the 17th and 18th centuries. The design aims to bring back to the gardens the greatness long lost, with three main areas containing elements that characterize the Portuguese properties in the 17th century:
Gardens with trimmed edges of Buxus sempervirens; Recreational woods with native and exotic ornamental vegetal species; A small orchard.
Main vegetal species samples - main garden -
Legend 1 Main garden 2 Woods with lake 4 5
3 Grass glade
4 Orchad 5 Swimming pool 6 Front yard
-University of Porto-Warsaw University of Life Sciences-
MSc Landscape Architecture
AVE/BASTO CASTRO’S LANDSCAPE,
Collaboration: Ana Medeiros| Ana Moreira|Igor Domingues|Isabel Aragão|Joana Pizarro|Margarida Gonçalves|Sara Carvalho|Sofia Ribeiro
This three part exercise aims to promote strategies and ideas for the “castros” preservation. A “castro” is archeologic remains of agglomerations characteristic from the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, dated from the Copper Age and Iron Age. Usually are located on top of the mountains due to these locations are the best providing natural defences spots.
TOURISM NETWORK Create a “castro” tourism network, taking advantage of the Porto airport proximity and other interesting sites nearby, such as Porto itself and Guimarães. Four distinctive were idealized:
-Low Ave Valley -Medium/High Ave Valley -Basto Lands -Guimarães
INFORMATIVE PANELS Panels containing information on the “castro” itself and the general “castro” culture, featuring an interactive concept.
Creation of a forest pattern in the “castros” site and in the surr
Current state with the mounts covered by eucalyptus 82
High historic and cultural value of the “castro” landscape.
Create a unit between the “castro” and the population, combining the urban park and museological concepts.
Very strong tourism potential due to the presence of a large architectonic, religious and archeologic heritage.
DESIGN FOR “CASTRO STº OVIDIO”
Legend 1 Car parking 2 Meal/Picnic area N
3 Castro’s Museum 4 Castro’s remains 5 Chappel courtyard
Desired state with the mounts covered by native flora 83
RIO TINTO - PORTO GREENWAY,
Collaboration: Francisco Costa|JoĂŁo Rodrigues|Nelson Vidal|Tiago Ortega
The city of Porto pocesses a wide range of urban green areas and signifficant potential links between. It is essential to create a green network within the city and its surrounding locations, improving both the social and ecological dimentions.
Structuring vegetation identified
By having knowledge about spontaneous and cultivated vegetation in the portuguese context, the conception, planning and design of the greenway between Porto and Rio Tinto is driven by that knowledge. Therefore it is potentied a biodiverse connection and continuity. Platanus x hispanica Quercus robur Quercus suber Alnus glutinosa Populus alba Liquidambar styraciflua Prunus cerasifera Tilia tomentosa
Arbutus unedo Laurus nobilis Corylus avellana Rhododendron arboreum Hibiscus syriacus Rosa sempervirens Buxus sempervirens Ilex aquifolium
Parks & public gardens
Areas with no use
CONNECT 3 DIFFERENT AREA TYPLOGIES IDENTIFIED IN THE URBAN ENVIRON
GREENWAY AND ECOLOGICAL CORRIDOR
Mobility Green areas
by contributing for habitat protection and specices mobility.
providing leasure opportunities close to natural environment in a urban area.
Mobility Cultural Biodiversity Ecosystems
QUALITY OF LIFE & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Implementation of green elements Instalation of SUDS on the streets that would allow to.
Define a new use for areas with none. Transform the deactivated railway into a soft mobility way.
S. Roque Park
Botanical Garden 85
CONNECTING TWO CITIES AT A BIODIVERSE LEVEL
I n t e g r a t i n g â€œabandonedâ€? areas in the greenway, recovering these areas by turning into green areas. This is the case of one of those areas, transforming it into a new urban park at the service of the university community and the general population.
Take advantage of the existing green areas and the widest streets, in order to implement a continuous ecologic and recreational trail.
1500 m 87
RIVER TINTO & RIVER TORTO WATERSHED,
Porto Metropolitan Area
Collaboration: Nelson Vidal
Define strategic measures for the sustainable development in the riversâ€™ watershed, an area that had little to no planning and development strategies. These measures aim to set higher quality of life and higher quality of the landscape in general. In order to achieve these goals, a three part framework was followed.
Geology Elevation Hydrography Sun exposure Slope Soil
CULTURAL Road and railway network
Parks and gardens
Heritage Land use
HAZARDS Erosion Wildfire Building in flood plain
TERRITORIAL MANAGEMENT TOOLS
National Ecological Reserve National Agricultural Reserve
Biophysical units Landscape units & character
STRATEGIC MEASURES P l a n t a tion of adequate species on water streams.
Identification of the pollution cores that affect the water streams, creating, if needed, water treatment stations.
Relocation of families who live in buildings constructed on hazardous sites, avoiding human and economic losses.
PROPOSAL PARK AND GARDEN NETWORK Creation of new parks and gardens joining with the ones that already exist, in order to address the lack of it.
BICYCLE PATH NETWORK Connect the landscape units. Easily accessible. Improve the visual quality by accessing hotspots in terms of view shed. Access to heritage sites and equipment. Integrate with Ecological Structure.
ECOLOGICAL STRUCTURE Promote biodiversity with high regard for native vegetal and animal species and, at the same time, bring Nature and population closer. Keep the production functions, therefore maintaining the cultural values, while aiming for a sustainable landscape in environmental, economic and social ways.
The previous sites should be turned into areas of recreation such as urban parks, and/or water stream protection areas.
Consolidation of the urban areas and rehabilitation of degraded areas.
C r e a t i o n and/or revision of forest plans.
S. ROQUE DA LAMEIRA PARK,
Collaboration: Guilherme Vieira|Inês Loureiro|João Rodrigues
Preserve and reinforce the cultural heritage and identity of Porto. The design aims to bring back the character of this former farm villa, while intending to create a new dynamic to fit the evolution of the city and its
Construction of the main house 1759
MASTER PLAN FOR S.ROQUE PARK THE IDENTITY OF A CITY
1 Main house expansion RAMOS PINTO FAMILY
2 The City Hall acquires the property
Possible work on the gardens by Jacintho de Mattos 1900-1939
Various interventions promoted by the City Hall 1990-2009
2 2 3
3 Alpine Garden
7 Boxwood maze
8 Pedagogical kitchen gardens
10 Main house
The old farm lands were owned by one of the oldest and wealthiest families of Porto. Their wealth came from producing one of the most iconic symbols of the city: Port wine
Praga district, Warsaw
Collaboration: David Perez|Julia Hanke
Transform a degraded area into a fully functional recreational, residential and service area, as well as a sustainable nature spot in the city of Warsaw.
Existence of Natural elements (part integrated in RN200 site)
Pleasant views to Old Town and Wistuła River
Small private garden presence
Somewhat of a ”Ghet-
Proximity to railway and highway creates disturbance
Connection between natural elements (forest and river)
Natural elements at risk of being lost
Leisure and city development opportunities Biodiversity tion
Poor edification choices that disturbs the visual quality Risk of pollution
CONCEPTUAL PROPOSAL FOR PRASKI HARBOUR REQUALIFICATION AND POSSIBLE SCENARIOS FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT.
Areas directed for conservation and protection of native flora and fauna. Along the trails, it is available information about wildlife and the role the Natura 2000 sites.
Infrastructures that allow connectivity among different conservation areas.
Reconversion of the degraded industrial zone into a new urban park, which might include services for the local community, such as restaurants, shops, eventsâ€™ area and a dock.
Steps allowing access to water, despite the water level variations throughout the year.
Low density residential areas, with green areas attached. It is given priority to degraded building rehabilitation. .
CONCEPTUAL ILLUSTRATION P R A S K I
H A R B O U R
OLIVEIRA DO DOURO RIVERSIDE BEACH,
Vila Nova de Gaia
Collaboration: Ana Gomes|Benedita Pinto
This course aimed for the acquirement of capabilities in the evaluation of environmental and visual impacts. The design intends to promote the recovery of old traditions, the marsh restoration, the extension of the Gaia Biological Park and the restoration and sustainable uses of old manor houses.
CIRCULATION DIAGRAM Automobile circulation Main Secondary
Bicycle & pedestrian circulation Pedestrian Bicycle and pedestrian
Restoration of a degraded area following three kinds of valorisation: Biodiversity Recreational activities
Social interaction between locals and visitors
Gaia Kayak Club
Sports pitch Playground
Gaia Biological Park Research Unit
Flora protection area
Gaia Biological Park Administration Center
Legend Tree layer Bush, shrub & herbaceus layer Meadow Pedestrian way Bicycle and pedestrian way Automobile way Wooden deck Sports pitch Beach Marsh 1 Oliveira do Douro dock 2 Gaia Kayak Club 3 “Areinho” square 4 Gaia Biological Park (new area) 5 Quinta do Mirante Camping Proposed contours 97
-University of Porto-
BSc LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
U. PORTO SCHOOL OF SCIENCES CAMPUS,
Collaboration: Alexandre Parente|Benedita Pinto|LourenĂ§o Machado|LuĂs Rodrigues
Through different strategies of planting and management it is intended to export to the School of Sciences Campus a design model based on the open glade-edge-wood concept, where each vegetal layer is treated with management strategies that fit the different aspects of each layer. The overall intervention was based on the following directions: 1) Assure a low budget maintenance plan. 2) The maintenance operations must not have negative effects on biodiversity.
Main maintenance operations and specifications Trimmed meadow
Trimming: 1x/month from Oct. to Mar. and 2x/month from Apr. to Sep. Irrigation: the needed throughout the year. Re seeding: every time needed, preferably during Spring/Summer Scarification: May. and Sep.
Trimming: 1 to 2 times/year Cleaning of dead vegetal material
Trimming: 2x/year, in Apr. and Nov. Re seeding: every time needed, during Spring Scarification: 1x/year Remotion of undesired plants
Sub-shrub and herbaceous plants
Re plantation: loss of visual performance or too many density of plants Gap re plantation: Autumn and Spring
Free growth shrubs
Pruning: occasional times, keeping the plant natural shape Occasional remotion of dried, ill and badly shaped branches
Semi-free growth shrubs
Pruning: more often than the free growth shrubs, while keeping the plant natural shape Occasional remotion of dried, ill and badly shaped branches
Free growth trees
Pruning: very specific spots in order to not compromise safety and circulation, while keeping the plant natural shape. Occasional remotion of dried, ill and badly shaped branches
Semi-free growth trees
Pruning: when needed of adjustments and rejuvenation.
Legend Trimmed meadow Wild meadow Flowering meadow Sub-shrub and herbaceous Free growth shrubs Semi-free growth shrubs Free growth trees Semi-free growth trees
Collaboration: Cláudia Fernandes|Cláudio Folha|Filipe Silva|Vitor Monteiro
This public garden is located in a privileged site next to the sea and the river Douro. The design focused on the terrain modelling in order to create a perfect view spot. The design also follows an environmental, social and aesthetic optimization line, hoping to turn this site into a public space of excellence.
Planting Plan Tree layer
Legend 10As - Albizia saman 2-2,5 m height
8-10 cm PBH
7Dr - Delonix regia 2-2,5 m height
8-10 cm PBH
4Me - Metrosideros excelsa 2-2,5 m height
8-10 cm PBH
4Ns - Nyssa sylvatica 3-3,5 m height
16-20 cm PBH
8Pa - Populus alba 2 m height
6-8 cm PBH
12Pn - Populus nigra ‘italica’ 2-2,5 m height
8-10 cm PBH
Legend Lawn Meadow (“semifree” growth) Subshrub layer Asphalt pavement Yellow granite pavement Wall
Collaboration: Igor Domingues|Luís Dias|Marco Castro|Sofia Figueroa
The main focus of the design is to bring and transmit uncommon sensations into the urban environment. This sensations are brought by the use of vegetation characteristics such as colours, textures and countryside smells. Also the different types of pavements and soil cover aims to bring unusual sensations into the space.
Design the space and its functions through the various vegetation layers...
... and take advantage of the plants’ visual characteristics:
FORM LINE & PATTERN
Sub-Shrub Herbaceous layer
Betula alba Cornus alba ‘sibirica’ Liquidambar styracyflua Lavandula stoechas Liriodendron tulipifera Prunus lusitanica Prunus serrulata Spring 104
Legend Trees Shrubs
Sub-shrubs & herbaceous plants
Flowering meadow Trimmed meadow
Paths (different paving) Library
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Published on Oct 28, 2016