DRAWING A COLOUR WHEEL
DRAWING A COLOUR W HEEL
ASSIGNMENTS 5.3.1 CLASS ASSIGNMENTS 5.3.2 HOME ASSIGNMENTS
POSSIBLE ANSWERS TO SELF-CHECK QUESTIONS
REFERENCES AND SUGGESTED FURTHER READING
5. DRAWING A COLOUR WHEEL You have by now learnt about colour wheel, and primary, secondary and tertiary colours. However, your understanding of the colour cannot be complete if you don’t draw and paint the colour wheel. So in this chapter you will study how to draw and paint the colour wheel. In the next lesson you will learn about different colour schemes.
Objectives After completing this lesson you will become:-
Skilled in drawing the beautiful colour wheel with clear understanding of the colours being used.
A connoisseur of colour with the ability to paint a sketch and choose dress of exact colour you want.
Merely knowing about the nomenclature of the colour world, the colour wheel and the three classes of colours i.e. primary, secondary and tertiary is not enough until one practically makes them with different media on a surface. Learning by doing would strengthen and enhance the knowledge gained in the previous lessons, we will therefore practically reproduce the colour wheel on a sheet of paper, so that it leaves its impression on our mind, and you would be able to recognize any of the colours, we may see even in our dreams. First we will talk about the things one should have for drawing a colour wheel and then painting it with all the primary, secondary, sub-secondary and tertiary colours in it. Then we will take up the activity to materialize the beautiful colour world on a sheet of paper.
Drawing a Colour Wheel The following materials are required for drawing a Colour Wheel:
Paper (half imperial, white drawing paper)
Poster colours (red, yellow, blue)
Compass, pencil, eraser
Paint brushes of nos. 2 and 4
A small container for water and a small rag.
Activity 1. In order to consolidate your knowledge of the colour wheel, try to work out the following exercises in class room. •
Draw a 6” diameter circle on the paper.
From the same center draw another circle of 4” diameter. You will get 2 concentric circles.
Now make 12 divisions of this circle. From top of the outside of the circle, number the divisions from 1 to 12.
Colour the number 1 division as red, number 5 division as blue and number 9 division as yellow. You have your primary colours in place. (Wash your brushes).
Now mix equal quantity of red with yellow, you will get orange.
Paint the division number 11 as orange.
Next take equal quantity of red and blue, mix them and you will get purple.
Colour division number 3 as purple.
Mix blue and yellow, you will get green colour.
Paint the division number 7 gas reen. You have the secondary colours of orange, purple and green on the colour wheel.
Starting from the top, mix purple and red in equal quantities.
Colour the division number 2 with the resulting colour.
Take purple and blue in equal quantities.
With the colour that you get from this mixture, paint the division number 4.
Similarly take yellow and green in equal quantities.
With the colour you get from this mixture paint the division number 8.
Division number 6 will be painted with the mixture of equal quantities of green and blue.
Paint division number 10 with the colour resulting after the mixture of equal quantities of yellow and orange. 3
The last division, number 12, will be painted with the mixture of equal quantities of red and orange.
Did you notice that you have just finished putting the tertiary colours in the colour wheel? The entire Colour Wheel is in front of you and with a whole lot of possibilities to colour the things of your liking. The experience of the colour wheel in its totality is very exhilarating.
Self-check Questions 1. Name the colours that you get when you mix the following colours in equal quantity? • • • • • • • • •
Red and yellow Yellow and blue Red and blue Red and purple Red and orange Yellow and green Yellow and orange Blue and purple Blue and green
2. Enlist which of them are secondary and tertiary colours?
5.3.1 Class assignments i) Label the colour wheel you made in the class activity and write about your own favorite colours. Explain why you like them relating your choice to your temperament? 5.3.2 Home assignments i) With the primary colours i.e.- red, yellow and blue, and pure hue in the centre, in a square make and paint all its tints and shades of all the three colours.
We may conclude that experimenting with only three primary colours in different constituencies can give rise to a wide range of secondary and tertiary colours. And all the colours present in this world find their place in this spectrum. Working with colours can give a pleasure to not only your eyes but also to your heart and has a soothing effect on your mind.
Possible Answers to Self-check Questions
1. The colours that are obtained by mixing the following colours in equal quantity are given below: • • • • • • • • •
Red and yellow=orange Yellow and blue=green Red and blue=purple Red and purple=reddish purple Red and orange=reddish orange Yellow and green=yellowish green Yellow and orange=yellowish orange Blue and purple=bluish purple Blue and green= bluish green
2. i) Secondary colours are: • • •
Red and yellow Blue and yellow Red and blue
ii) Tertiary colours are: • • • • • •
Red and purple Red and orange Yellow and green Yellow and orange Blue and purple Blue and green
Draw the colour wheel and label it.
Write about the primary, secondary and tertiary colours on the colour wheel.
Discuss about the tints and shades of the three primary colours.
References and Suggested Further Reading
1. Chijiiwa, H. 1987. Colour Harmony: A guide to creative colour combinations. Rockport Publishers, Rockport. 2. Stockton, J. 1984. Designerâ€™s Guide to Colour-2. Chronicle Books, San Francisco. 3. Sutton, T. and Whelan, B. M. 2005. The Complete Colour Harmony. Rockport Publishers, Rockport. 4. http://www.tigorcolor.com
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Disposition of mind.