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ikB&4 CykWd fçafVax dh çkjfEHkd rduhdksa dh [kkst (EXPLORING ELEMENTARY TECHNIQUES LEADING TO BLOCK PRINTING) lajpuk 4-0

mÌs’;

4-1

çLrkouk

4-2 4-3

vko’;d oLrq,a CykWd dh rjg oLrqvksa dh [kkst

4-4 4-5

oftZr rduhdksa dk mi;ksx nRr dk;Z

4-6

lkjka’k

4-7

vH;klkFkZ ç’u

4-8

'kCnkoyh

4-5-1 d{kk dk;Z 4-5-2 x`g dk;Z


4 CykWd fçafVax dh çkjfEHkd rduhdksa dh [kkst (EXPLORING ELEMENTARY TECHNIQUES LEADING TO BLOCK PRINTING) bl nwljh bdkbZ dh oL= foU;kl rduhd ds ikB~;Øe esa ge vki dk ifjp; oL= foU;kl ds ,d #fpdj rduhd BIik NikbZ ls djok jgsa gSaA bl bdkbZ ds çFke ikB esa ge vius pkjksa vkSj ;g <wa<+us dk ç;kl djsaxs fd ge fofHkUu oLrqvksa dks jpukRed rjhds ls ;k CykWd dh rjg dSls mi;ksx esa yk ldrs gSaA nwljs o rhljs ikB esa ge bl rduhd ds nks ljy :i ds ckjs esa tkusaxs tSls vkyw ls fçafVax rFkk ekfpl dh rhyh ls fçafVaxA O;kolkf;d CykWd fçafVax ds ekxZ esa ;g rduhd fçafVax dh çkjafHkd fof/k ekuk tkrk gSA

4-0

mÌs’; (Objectives)

bl ikB ds ek/;e ls vki ;g tku ldsaxs fd% • vR;ar lkekU; oLrq,a ftudk vkdkj ;k Lo:i CykWd dh rjg gksrk gS mudk Hkh mi;ksx CykWd dh rjg fd;k tk ldrk gSA • vkd"kZd uewus cukus ds fy, bu BIiksa dk dSls mi;ksx fd;k tk ldrk gSA

4-1

çLrkouk (Introduction)

CykWd fçafVax oL= dks vyaÑr djus dk ,d egRoiw.kZ rduhd gSA bl bdkbZ esa fçafVax dh çkjafHkd rduhd ds ckjs esa tkusaxs tks CykWd fçafVax dh Hkwfedk ;k çkjafHkd pj.k rS;kj djrk gSA bl ;wfuV ds çFke ikB esa ge vius okrkoj.k ds pkjksa vkSj [kkst djsaxs ftudk mi;ksx CykWd dh rjg fd;k tk ldsxkA ikB 5 esa blds vkxs c<+rs gq, ge vkyw ls fçafVax CykWd cukus dk rjhdk lh[ksaxsA ikB 6 esa ge ekfpl dh rhyh dks fçafVax CykWd rjg mi;ksx djuk lh[ksaxsA vr% vc ge viuh ;k=k çkjEHk djrs gS vkSj çfrfnu ds thou ge vius vklikl ftu oLrqvksa dks ns[ksa vkSj ftu oLrqv¨a dk Á;ksx ge dkxt+ ij jpukRed CykWd ;k BIis rjg dj ldsa mudks pquas A gesa vf/kd nwj tkus dh vko’;drk ugha gS& L;kgh iSM (ink pad) ij ge vaxwBk yxkdj dkxt+ ij vaxwBs dk vn~Hkqr vkSj vkd"kZd BIik cuk ldrs gSaA blh çdkj gFksyh dk mi;ksx Hkh gks ldrk gSA blds lkFk gh vR;ar lk/kkj.k oLrq,a tSls LØw] cksYV] buesa jax dh ,d ijr yxk dj dkxt+ ij eueksgd NikbZ dh tk ldrh gSA ;g funsZ’k gaS fd ge iqu% ;kn djsa fd çFke lsesLVj esa geus jaxksa ds ckjs esa tkuk] oL= ds çdkj] lrg o uewuksa ds fo"k; esa tkukA ;g ;kn j[kuk pkfg, fd uewus dk ,d :i vkSj dykÑfr


dsoy lrg ij ;kaf=d :i ls Lo:i cukuk ek= gh ugha gS oju~ blesa jpukRed vkSj lkSan;Zcks/k Hkh vko’;d gSA

4-2

vko’;d lkexzh (Required material) NikbZ ds fy, çfrfnu ds thou ls miyC/k lkefxz;ksa dh lwph fuEu çdkj gS% • çfrfnu dh miyC/k lkefxz;k¡ ¼fp= 4-2½ ftudk mi;ksx CykWd fçafVax ds fy, fd;k tk ldrk gSA • fofHkUu jaxksa ds LVkEi iSM] vFkok iksLVj jax vFkok QSfczd isaVA • Ldsp isu] fXyVj isu] ekdZj vkfn ¼fp= 4-2½A • A&4 vkdkj dk dkxt+ ¼10½A • lkns fyQkQs ¼5½

fp= 4-1 NikbZ ds fy, çfrfnu ds thou ls miyC/k lkexzh

fp= 4-2 vko’;d LVs’kujh

xfrfof/k (Activity) 1.

ftu oLrqvksa dk mi;ksx CykWd fçafVax dh rjg fçaV ds fy, mi;ksx fd;k tk ldrk gS] vius ?kj esa <wa<+ dj tek dhft,A nks lQsn fyQkQs ysdj bu CykWdksa ls vyaÑr dhft,A

4-3

CykWd dh mi;ksx gsrq oLrqvksa dh [kkst (Exploring the Use of Objects as Blocks)

vc ge vius vklikl fofHkUu oLrqvksa dh [kkst gsrq ;k=k çkjEHk djsaxsA ge bu oLrqvksa dks NikbZ ds fy, rS;kj BIiksa dh rjg mi;ksx djsaxsA bl vH;kl ds varxZr dsoy oLrqvksa dk p;u djuk vkSj muls dkxt+ ij fçaV djus ds fy, gh mi;ksx ugha djsaxs oju~ blds fy, vkidks jpukRedrk vkSj lkSan;kZuqHkwfr dk mi;ksx Hkh djuk gksxk rkfd ;g #fpdj cus vkSj ,d ilanhnk uewuk cu ldsA


çFke lsesLVj esa geus jaxksa ds fo"k; esa i<+k Fkk] bu uewuksa dks cquh gq;h oLrqvksa ds ek/;e ls cukrs le; ml jax laxfr dk /;ku Hkh j[kuk iM+sxkA mnkgj.kkFkZ Å"e jaxksa ,o 'khr jaxksa dk fl)karA tc ge dkxt+ ij viuk Lo;a dk uewuk cuk,a] rc gesa dkxt+ esa miyC/k LFkku dk /;ku j[kuk gksxkA bl laca/k esa geus uewus dh fLFkfr ds ckjs esa tks v/;;u fd;k Fkk mldk /;ku Hkh j[kuk gksxkA lEiw.kZ laxBu dk fu/kkZj.k djus ds fy, gesa fLFkfr fu/kkZj.k ds ewy fl)kar dk /;ku j[kuk gksxk vkSj bl vk/kkj ij uewus dh fLFkfr dk fu.kZ; djuk gksxkA mnkgj.kkFkZ ge p;u djrs le; /;ku esa j[k ldrs gSa% • • • • • •

mi;qDr nwjh fLFkfr v/kZ fcUnq fLFkfr lEiw.kZ QSyko dh fLFkfr [kM+h /kkjh dh fLFkfr vkM+h /kkjh dh fLFkfr frjNh /kkjh dh fLFkfr

dkxt+ ij uewuk cukus ds i’pkr~ ge mlds vusd ek/;eksa dh lgk;rk ls vyaÑr dj ldrs gSa tSls Ldsp isu] fXyVj isu] ekdZj ;k fdlh vU; ek/;e ls A fdlh Hkh fØ;k dk ewy fopkj ;g gS fd laiw.kZ Lo:i dh lekfIr ;k iw.kZ gksus ds ckn mls ns[k dj gesa larks"k o vkuan dh vuqHkwfr gksrh gSA rhu Nis gq, uewus ftUgsa isafly ds fiNys fgLls ls] dk¡Vk] cksry dh <+Ddu vkfn ls cuk, x, gSa tks ;g n’kkZrs gS fd bu rduhdksa esa Hkh fdruh fofo/krk gSA ¼fp= 4-3½

fp= 4-3 isafly ds fiNys fgLls ls] dk¡Vk] ,oa cksry ry ds <+Ddu ls dh x;h CykWd fÁafVax

xfrfof/k (Activity) 2. 3.

4-4

migkj dks yisVus okyk dkxt+ rhu iksLVj jaxksa ls dk¡Vk dk ç;ksx djrs gq, cukb,A vc bl migkj yisVus okyk dkxt+ dks fXyVj isu ;k Ldsp isu ls ltkb,A

of.kZr rduhdksa ds mi;ksx (Uses the Technique Described)


bu oLrqvksa ds mi;ksx }kjk cuk, x, uewuksa dk ge fofHkUu Ádkj ls Á;ksx dj ldrs gSa% • • • • •

fyQkQksa dh ltkoV c/kkbZ i=ksa dks rS;kj djuk migkj yisVus ds dkxt+ rS;kj djuk #ekyksa dh ltkoV isafly LVSaM] xqynLrksa dh ltkoV

xfrfof/k (Activity) 4.

fofHkUu mRloksa ds fy, 4 c/kkbZ i= rS;kj dhft,A mij¨Dr of.kZr oLrqvksa dh lgk;rk ls bUgsa cukb,A

4-5

nRr dk;Z (Assignments)

4-5-1 d{kk dk;Z (Class Assignments) i) A&4 vkdkj ds dkxt+ ij vkids vklikl miyC/k oLrqvksa ls #fpdj uewuk cukb,A fofHkUu

vkÑfr;ksa o fofHkUu vkdkj dh oLrqvksa dk jpukRed mi;ksx dhft,A buesa lqlaxr jax laxfr dk mi;ksx dhft, rkfd uewuk ns[kus esa vkd"kZd ;k ilanhnk çrhr gksA bl çdkj ds rhu laxfBr jpuk cukb,A

4-5-2 x`g dk;Z (Home Assignments) i) LVkEi iSM dks jax dh rjg ,oa vaxwBs dks oLrq dh rjg mi;ksx djrs gq, pkj A&4 dkxt+ ij

4 fofHkUu fLFkfr;ksa ds uewus cukb,( buesa ls dkSu lk uewuk loksZRre ekuk tk ldrk gS vkSj D;ksa\

4-6

lkjka’k (Summing Up)

gekjs vklikl vusdksa oLrq,a miyC/k gSa] ftudk mi;ksx dkxt+ ;k oL= ij jpukRed NikbZ ds fy, fd;k tk ldrk gSA LQwfrZnk;d ifj.kke çkIr djus ds fy, fçafVax ;k NikbZ eas jpukRedrk ,o jkspd ;k lkSan;kZuqHkwfr dks /;ku esa j[kdj fuEu fl)karksa dks /;ku ea j[kuk pkfg,A • • • •

fofHkUu jax ,oa fofHkUu çdkj ds jaxksa dk mi;ksx LFkku dk jpukRed mi;ksx uewus dh vkd"kZd fLFkfr fu/kkZj.k ;gh çkjafHkd rduhd CykWd fçafVax ds yksdfç; rduhdksa dk usr`Ro djrs gSaA


4-7

vH;klkFkZ ç’u (Terminal Questions) 1. fnu çfrfnu ik, tkus okyh oLrq,a CykWd fçaV dh rjg dSls mi;ksx esa yk, tk ldrs gSa&

la{ksi esa fyf[,A 2. fofHkUu oLrq,a tc fdlh uewus dks cukus ds fy, mi;ksx esa yk,a rks fdu ckrksa dks /;ku esa

j[kuk pkfg,\

4-8

lanHkZ ,oa v/;;u ;ksX; iqLrdsa (Suggested Further Reading and References) 1. http://www.marthastewart.com (http://www.marthastewart.com/page.jhtml?type=content&id=channel380030&sit e=) 2. http://fun.familyeducation.com art-activities/35252.html)

4-9

'kCnkoyh (Glossary) Å"e jax & vya—r djuk & LØw &

xeZ jax ltkuk i¢ap

(http://fun.familyeducation.com/crafts/childrens-


203-L-4-H