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ikB 13 gS.M isafVax dk ifjp; (AN INTRODUCTION TO HAND PAINTING) lajpuk 1313-0 mÌs’; 13--1 izLrkouk 13 1313-2 ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe 13--3 vko’;d lkexzh 13 1313-3-1 1313-3-2 1313-3-3 1313-3-4

Qsfczd cz’k cz’k d¢ izdkj rFkk vkdkj cz’k [kjhnuk cz’kksa dh ns[kHkky

1313-4 diM+s dh rS;kjh 1313-5 diM+s ij fMt+kbu cukuk 1313-5-1 LVsfUlfyax 1313-5-2 Vsªflax 1313-5-3 Ýh gS.M MªkWbax

1313-6 isaV cukus ds fy, fVIl 1313-7 nRr dk;Z

1313-7-1 d{kk dk; 1313-7-2 x`g dk;Z

1313-8 lkjka’k 1313-9 Lo;a tk¡p iz’uksa ds lEHkkfor mRrj 1313-10 vH;klkFkZ iz’u 13--11 lanHkZ ,oa v/;;u ;ksX; iqLrdsa 13 1313-12 'kCnkoyh


13 gS.M isafVax dk ifjp; (AN INTRODUCTION TO HAND PRINTING) fiNyh bdkbZ esa geus ^ckfVd* uked lqUnj vyadj.k rduhd ds fo"k; esa v/;;u fd;kA bl bdkbZ esa ge VsDLVkby ds lkSan;hZdj.k dh ,d vU; rduhd ^gS.M isafVax* dk v/;;u djsaxsA

1313-0 mÌs’; (Objective) bl ikB dk v/;;u djus ds i’pkr~ vki fuEufyf[kr dks le>us ds ;ksX; gksaxs% • gS.M isafVax ds fo"k; esa vki D;k tkurs gS rFkk bldh i`"BHkwfe D;k gSA • gS.M iasfVax ds fy, fdl izdkj ds cz’kksa dh vko’;drk iM+rh gS rFkk mudh ns£Hkky dSls dh tkrh gSA • diM+s ij fMt+kbu Vªkal Qj dh fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dh tkudkjhA

1313-1 izLrkouk (Introduction) bl ikB esa vkidks gS.M isafVax izfØ;k dk ifjp;] bldh i`"BHkwfe rFkk vko’;d lkexzh dh tkudkjh nh tk;sxhA

1313-1-1 isafVax dh ifjHkk"kk (Definition of Painting) fiXesaV dks ehfM;e ;k ckbafMax ,tsUV ¼xksan½ dh lgk;rk ls dkxt+] diM+s ds dSuokl ;k nhokj ij yxkus dh izfØ;k isafVax dgykrh gSA fdlh lrg ij isaV }kjk lqUnj dyk cukus dks Hkh iasfVax dgk tk ldrk gSA

1313-2 ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe (Historical Background) diM+s ij gS.M iasfVax dk bfrgkl ,oa izFkk gtkjksa o"kZ iqjkuh gSA tc ls ekuo us diM+k cquus dh dyk lh[kh gS] isafVax diM+s dks vyaÑr djus dh izkphu i)fr jgh gSA ekuo 'kjhj dks vyaÑr djus ds fy, iz;ksx dh tkus okyh rduhdksa }kjk diM+ksa dks vyaÑr djuk vkjEHk dj fn;k gSA nks ewy i)fr;k¡ bl izdkj gSa% • dyfjax ¼jax ds }kjk diM+s ij lh/ks fMt+kbu cukuk½ fp= 1313-1 ckfVd rduhd }kjk diM+¢ ij isafVax cukuk


• iSVfuZax ¼jsftLV rduhd }kjk diM+ksa ij isafVax cukuk½ ;k ¼uewuksa dks fiazV djuk½ ,f’k;u egk}hi esa diM+ksa dks vyaÑr djus dk bfrgkl cgqr iqjkuk gSA fizafVax CykWDl dh [kkst 3000 BC ds vklikl dh xbZ FkhA 327 BC esa ,ysXtsaMj us tc Hkkjr ij vkØe.k fd;k Fkk rc Hkh ;gk¡ jax fcjaxs fizafVM rFkk isafVM diM+ksa dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk FkkA tSls gh O;kikfjd jkLrs mUur gksus 'kq: gq,] bu lqUnj uewus okys Hkkjrh; diM+ksa dk O;kikj iwjs ,f’k;k] ;quku rFkk feJ esa gksus yxkA blds i’pkr~ nwljh 'krkCnh esa ;wjksi rFkk vesfjdk ls Hkh budk O;kikj gksus yxkA mlh le; esa phu esa Hkh lqUnj CykWd fiazfVax gksus yxh FkhA phu us ^jsftLV* ¼fp= 13-1½ ,oa ^LVsafly^ rduhd ls tkiku dks voxr djk;kA tkikfu;ksa us bl dyk dks diM+s ij lqUnj uewus cukus ds fy, mUur fd;kA is: esa 200 BC ds vklikl jsftLV rduhd ds izkphu mnkgj.k feys gSaA blh izdkj dh rduhd fo’o ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa mUur gqbZ rFkk tks vktdy dh dyk ckfVd] VkbZ ,oa MkbZ rFkk f’kcksjh ds uke ls tkuh tkrh gSA

1313-3 vko’;d lkexzh (Material Required) gS.M iasfVax ds fy, vko’;d lkexzh cgqr egaxh ugha gksrhA eq[; vko’;d oLrq,a gSa jax rFkk jax jatdksa ¼fiXesaV½ dk pquko] dqN Lkgh rFkk dqN vPNh xq.koRrk okys cz’kA gS.M isafVax ds fy, egRoiw.kZ vko’;d lkexzh dh lwph fuEufyf[kr gSa% • QSfczd iasV • ehfM;e% ;g isaV dks iryk djus ds fy, iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA • QSfczd cz’k% uqdhyh] xksy rFkk piVh uksd okys fofHkUu lkbZt+ ds ukW;yksu ;k lsaFksfVd cz’kA • QSfczd ekdZj % ;s pkSM+s ykbZu okys ekdZj diM+s dks vyaÑr djus ds fy, vPNs gksrs gSaA • fXyVj Xyw% ;g diM+s dk lkSan;hZdj.k djus ds fy, vko’;d gSA • cksMZ ;k Ýse% diM+s ij isaV djus ds fy, bldks Ýse ij [khapuk iM+rk gSA ;g fMt+kbu dks fQV djus ds fy, iwjk gksuk pkfg,A • fMt+kbu% bldks diM+s ij LVsafly] Vªsflax ;k Ýh gS.M ls MªkW fd;k tkrk gSA • ekfLdax Vsi% ;g Vsi diM+s dks cksMZ ds Åij ,d LFkku ij j[kus ds dke vkrh gSA FkEc fiu] diM+s ij yxkus okyh cM+h fiu ;k fDyIl bl mÌs’; ds fy, iz;ksx esa yk;s tkrs gSaA • ,sizu% diM+ksa dks jax dk dk;Z djrs le; lqjf{kr j[krk gSA • ikuh ds crZu% budk iz;ksx cz’k dks ikuh esa lkQ djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA • VwFk cz’k% budk iz;ksx diM+s ij jax fNMdus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA • Lizs cksry% bldk iz;ksx diM+s ij jax Lizs djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA • jax ifêdk ,oa fefDlax Vsª% bldk iz;ksx jax j[kus rFkk jax feykus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA • vU;% cz’k] dSaph] isafly vkfn dks lkQ djus ds fy, diMs+A • diM+k% fMt+kbu iasV djus ds fy, iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

Lo;a tk¡p iz’u (Self-check Questions) fjDr LFkkuksa dks Hkfj;s%


1. 2.

-------------------- egk}hi dk diM+ksa dks ----------------------- djus dk iqjkuk bfrgkl gSA fiazfVax CykWd dh [kkst --------------------- BC ds vklikl gqbZA --------------------- BC esa tc ,yXtsaMj us Hkkjr ij vkØe.k fd;k FkkA rc Hkh ----------------- fizafVM rFkk isafVM -------------- dk vke iz;ksx gksrk FkkA

1313-3-1 diM+s ds fy, cz’k ¼Qsfczd cz’k½ (Fabric Brushes) gS.M isafVax izfØ;k esa cz’k dh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk gSA blfy, lgh cz’k ds pquko ds fo"k; esa tkudkjh egRoiw.kZ gSA ,d lgh <ax ls pqus x;s cz’k dk ifj.kke vPNk gksrk gSA vf/kd dM+s cz’k ds iz;ksx ls diM+s ds js’ks {kfrxzLr gks tkrs gSaA tcfd vf/kd ueZ cz’k }kjk isaV yxkus ij isaV diM+s ij vPNh izdkj ls ugha yxrk gSA diM+s ij fMt+kbu cukus ds fy, lcls lkekU; cz’k lsaFksfVd ;k ukbyksu ls cuk;s tkrs gSA ;s cz’k fo’ks"k :i ls diM+s ij isafVax ds fy, fMt+kbu fd;s tkrs gSa rFkk ;g dbZ izdkj ds gksrs gSaA QSfczd cz’k piVs] uqdhys] xksy] :i esa miyC/k gksrs gSaA piVs] uqdhys] xksy rFkk ykbuj cz’k eq[; :i ls diM+s ij isafVax djus ds fy, iz;ksx esa yk;s tkrs gSaA budks eghu cqus gq, ;k fuVsM diM+ksa tSls dSefjd] flYd rFkk Vh&’kVZ vkfn ds fy, iz;ksx esa yk;k tkrk gSA

1313-3-2 cz’k ds izdkj rFkk lkbZt+ (Sizes and Types of Brushes) cz’k fHkUu fHkUu vkdkj ds gksrs gSaA la[;k ds cz’k cM+s gksrs gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, fefu,pj fp=.k ds fy, fo’ks"k cz’k fMt+kbu fd;s tkrs gSaA ueZ cz’k okWVj dyj ldrs gSaA

mudk uEcj ds vk/kkj ij oxhZdj.k fd;k tkrk gSA mPp 2 uaå dk cz’k 1 uaå ls cM+k gksrk gS ¼fp= 13-2½A gksrs gSa tks fo’ks"k :i ls uktqd rFkk tfVy dk;Z ds fy, ;k ,sØfyd dyj }kjk isafVax djus ds fy, iz;ksx fd;s tk

vkW;y dyj }kjk isafVax ds fy, cM+s rFkk piVs okys cz’k dh vko’;drk gksrh gS blfy, ;s cz’k NksVs {ks= ds fy, mi;qDr ugha gksrsA

1313-3-3 cz’k [kjhnuk (Buying a Brush) vki ys[ku lkexzh foØsrk ;k dkyk lkexzh foØsrk ls cz’k [kjhn ldrs gSaA ,d ,slh nqdku dh [kkst djsa ftlds ikl pquus ds fy, vusd izdkj ds cz’k gks ftlls vki fofHkUu izdkj ds cz’kksa dh rqyuk djus ds i’pkr~ viuh vko’;drk rFkk ctV ds vuqlkj cz’k [kjhn ldrs gSaA lLrs Ñf=e ckyksa okyk cz’k ukbukWu ds js’kksa ls cuk;s tkrs gSaA vkSj ukbyksu esa ls feydj cus gksrs gSa ;s cz’k egaxs gksrs gSaA lcls vPNh DokWfyVh ds cz’k tkuojksa ds ckyksa ls curs gSa tSls& lscy Å¡V vkSj fxygjh ds ckyA ;s cz’k lcls vf/kd egaxs gksrs gSa vxj vkidks viuh

ckyksa ilan

fp= 1313-2 fofHkUu izdkj vkSj vkdkj ds cz’k


ds cz’k fey tkrs gSa rks muesa ls dqN cz’k NksVs vkSj mudh rqyuk djds vius fy, cz’kksa dk pquko djsaA bl izdkj ds cz’k dh [kkst djsa ftldks uksd vPNh gks rFkk vko’;d dks.k ij dkbZ Hkh cky ckgj u fudysA vPNh xq.koRrk okys cz’k IykfLVd doj ls lqjf{kr fd;s tkrs gSaA ;fn vki cz’k dk fujh{k.k djrs le; doj dks gVk;sa rks iqu% mls yxk nsuk pkfg,A mRre xq.koRrk okys cz’k ij vf/kd O;; djuk vPNk gS D;ksafd blls isaV djuk ljy gksrk gSA vkidks vius cz’k dks laHkky dj j[kuk pkfg, blls os vf/kd le; rd pysaxsA

1313-3-4 cz’k dh ns[kHkky djuk (Caring for your Brushes) cz’k dks vf/kd le; rd lqjf{kr j[kus ds fy, dqN fuEufyf[kr gaS%

fcUnq

• isafVax djrs le; cz’k dks iwjk isaV esa ugha Mqcksuk pkfg,A blesa iasV [kjkc gksrk jgrk gS rFkk iqjkuk isaV dj cz’k ds vk/kkj dks u"V dj nsrk gSA • izR;sd dk;Z ds fy, lgh lkbt+ ds cz’k dk iz;ksx ;fn vki cM+s {ks= ij isafVax dj jgsa gSa rks NksVs cz’k iz;ksx u djsaA

te

fp= 1313- 3 cz’kksa dh ns[kÒky

djsaA dk

• vki fdlh fuf’pr dk;Z ds fy, fof’k"V cz’k dks vyx j[ksa ;k jQ dk;Z ds fy, iqjkus o lLrs cz’k dk mi;ksx djsaA isafVax dk;Z lekIr gksus ij cz’k dks lkQ djds mUgsa lgh izdkj ls j[ksaA • cz’k dks yEcs le; rd ikuh esa fHkxks dj u j[ksa] ugha rks mldh u¨ad [kjkc gks tk;sxhA • lnSo cz’k dks diM+s esa yisV dj ;k fp= 13-3 esa fn[kk;s x;s vuqlkj ;k cz’k dks ckyksa okyk lkbM Åij djds ml ij doj yxkdj j[ksaA • isafVax djrs le; ;fn chp esa cz’k dks j[kuk gS rks dUVsuj esa ckyksa okyk lkbM Åij djds j[ksaA • isafVax djrs le; cz’k dh uksd ij ncko u nsa] ncko nsus ls cz’k dh uksd [kjkc gks ldrh gSA

Lo;a tk¡p iz’u (Self-check Questions) fjDr LFkku Hkjsa% 3. 4.

gS.M iasfVax ---------------------- esa cz’k¨a dh ----------------------- Hkwfedk gksrh gSA --------------------- ;k --------------------------------- ls fMt+kbu fd;s x;s --------------------- diM+s ij isafVax ds fy, lcls lkekU; Js.kh esa vkrs gSaA


5. cz’k fofHkUu -------------- esa feyrs gSaA mudks ------------------ ls xzsM fd;k tkrk gSA mPp ----------cM+s ------------------------------ dks n’kkZrh gSA

1313-4 isafVax ds fy, diM+s dh rS;kjh (Fabric Preparation) isaV fd;s tkus okys diM+s dks igys /kksuk vko’;d gS] ftlls diM+s ls xUnxh] LVkpZ] xzhl vkfn dks nwj fd;k tk ldsA ;s rRo diM+s esa jax dks vPNh rjg ls ;k LFkkbZ :i ls jax dks diM+s ij p<+us ugha ns ldrsA fMt+kbu cukus ls igys diM+s ls flyoV fudkyus ds fy, izsl djuk vko’;d gSA isafVax vkjEHk djus ls igys diM+s dks Ýse ij dl dj fQDl djsaA

1313-5 fMt+kbu dks diM+s ij LFkkukUrfjr djuk (Transferring Design on Fabric) diM+s ij fMt+kbu dks vusd fof/k;ksa ls LFkkukarfjr fd;k tk ldrk gSA dqN vke iz;ksx esa vkus okyh fof/k;k¡ gSa% • LVsfUlfyax • Vsªflax • Ýh gS.M MªkWbax

1313-5-1 LVsfUlfyax (Stenciling)

fp= 1313- 4 LVsfUlfyax

isaV dks cz’k ;k Liat }kjk LVsfUly ds dVs gq, Hkkxksa ls lrg ij yxkus dh fof/k dks LVsfUlfyax dgrs gSa ¼fp= 13-4 ,o a13-5½A diM+s ij lqUnj fMt+kbu cukus dh ;g fof/k cgqr ljy LVsfUlfyax ds i’pkr~ fMt+kbu d¨ cz’k ;k Liat dh lgk;rk ls diM+s ij mrkjk tkrk gSA

gSA

1313-5-2 Vsªflax (Tracing)

fp= 1313- 5 Vsªflax


bl fof/k esa fMt+kbu dks igys Vsªflax isij ij cuk;k tkrk gS¼fp= 13-5½A blds i’pkr~ fMt+kbu dks dkcZu isij dh lgk;rk ls diM+s ij Nkik tkrk gSA xk<+s jax okys diM+s ij Vsªflax djuk dfBu gksrk gSA blds fy, yky ;k lQsn dkcZu isij dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

1313-5-3 Ýh gS.M MªkWbax (Free Hand Drawing) vki Ýh gS.M MªkWbax fof/k }kjk vki lh/ks gh diM+s ij fMt+kbu cuk ldrs gSa ¼fp= 13-6½A okLro esa blds fy, vki dks gq, vH;Lr gkFkksa dh vko’;drk gksrh gSA

l/ks fp= 1313-6 Ýh gS.M MªkWbax

diM+s ij fMt+kbu cukus ds i’pkr~ mlds isafVax ds fy, iasfVax cksMZ ij p<+k;k tkrk gSA cksM+Z dh lrg lery rFkk fNnz jfgr gksuh pkfg,A isafVax cksMZ] fMt+kbu ls cM+k gksuk pkfg,A mls cksMZ ij fDyi ;k ekfLdax Vsi }kjk fQDl dj nsuk pkfg,A

Lo;a tk¡p iz’u (Self-check Questions) fjDr LFkku Hkjsa% 6.

--------------------- ij fMt+kbu dks -------------- izdkj ls LFkkukarfjr fd;k tk ldrk gSA dqN vke iz;ksx esa vkus okys fof/k;k¡ gSa% i) -------------------------ii) --------------------------iii) ---------------------------

1313-6 isaV rS;kj djus ds uqL[ks(Tips for Paint Preparation) jaxksa dks iryk djus ds fy, dsfedy fFkuj ds LFkku ij ikuh dk iz;ksx fd;k tk ldrk gSA diM+s ds vuqlkj isaV dks xk<+k fd;k tkrk gSA isaV cgqr iryk ugha gksuk pfg,A diM+s ij isaV djus ds fy, mldks iryk fd;k tkrk gSA jax dh nks ;k vf/kd ijrsa nsuk vko’;d gSA lwrh diM+s ds fy, iasV ds xk<+kiu dk vf/kd egRo ugha gksrkA isafVax ds le; jax xk<+k gks tkrk gS blls cpus ds fy, cz’k dks tYnh tYnh xhyk fd;k tkrk gS rFkk jax esa ikuh dh dqN cwansa Hkh feykbZ tk ldrh gSA

1313-7 nRr dk;Z (Assignments) 1313-7-1 d{kk dk;Z (Class Assignments) i) viuh ilan ds nl fMt+kbuksa dks isij ij Mªk djsaA

1313-7-2 x`g dk;Z (Home Assignments)


i) d{kk

esa MªkW fd;s x;s nl fMt+kbuksa dks diM+s ij LFkkukUrfjr djus ds fy, diM+s dks rS;kj djsa rFkk mls isafVax ds fy, rS;kj djsaA diM+s dks /kks dj izsl dj ysuk pkfg,A

ii) vki 8" oxZ ds 10 usifdu cuk,aA usifdu ij rS;kj fd;s x;s 10 fMt+kbuksa cuk;saA izR ;sd

usifdu ij vyx fMt+kbu cuk,aA

1313-8 lkjka’k (Summing Up) bl ikB esa geus gS.M isafVax dk bfrgkl rFkk ifjHkk"kk dh tkudkjh izkIr dhA gS.M isafVax ds fy, vko’;d lkexzh dh lwph cukbZ xbZA geus mRre xq.koRrk okys cz’k [kjhnus rFkk mudh ns[kHkky djus ds fy, fVIl Hkh lh[ksaA bl ikB esa geus isafVax ds fy, diM+s dks rS;kj djus rFkk ml ij fMt+kbu LFkkukUrfjr djus dk v/;;u Hkh fd;kA

1313-9 Lo;a tk¡p iz’uksa ds lEHkkfor mRrj (Possible Answers to Selfcheck Questions) fjDr LFkkuksa dks Hkfj;s% 1.

,f’k;u egk}hi dk diM+ksa dks vyaÑr djus dk iqjkuk bfrgkl gSA fiazfVax CykWd dh [kkst 3000 BC ds vklikl gqbZA

2.

327 BC esa tc ,yXtsaMj us Hkkjr ij vkØe.k fd;k FkkA rc Hkh jaxfcjaxs fizaVsM rFkk isaVsM diM+kas dk vke iz;ksx gksrk FkkA

3.

gS.M iasfVax izfØ;k esa cz’kksa dh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk gksrh gSA

4.

flaFkSfVd ;k ukbyksu ls fMt+kbu fd;s x;s diM+s ij isafVax ds fy, cz’k lcls lkekU; Js.kh esa vkrs gSaA

5.

cz’k fofHkUu vkdkj esa feyrs gSaA mudks la[;k ls xzsM fd;k tkrk gSA mPp la[;k cMs+ cz’k dks n’kkZrh gSA

6.

diM+s ij fMt+kbu dks fofHkUu izdkj ls LFkkukarfjr fd;k tk ldrk gSA dqN vke iz;ksx esa vkus okys fof/k;k¡ gSa% i) LVsfUlfyax ii) Vsªflax iii) Ýh gSaM MªkWbax

1313-10 vH;klkFkZ iz’u (Terminal Questions) 1. 2.

cz’k¨a dh ns[kÒky djus dh fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu djsaA fMt+kbu LFkkukUrfjr djus dh fofHkUu fof/k;ksa rFkk izfØ;k dk o.kZu djsaA


1313-11 lanHkZ ,oa v/;;u ;ksX; iqLrdssa 1. Sutton, T. and Whelan, B.M. 2005. The Complete Colour Harmony. Rockport Publications, Singapore. 2. http://www.tigorcolor.com

1313-12 'kCnkoyh jsft+LV &

voj¨/k


203-L-13-H