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ikB&1 d’khnkdkjh % çLrkouk ,oa vf/kd mi;ksx gksus okys nks Vk¡ds (EMBRIODERY: SOME INTRODUCTORY ASPECTS AND TWO COMMONLY USED STITICHES) lajpuk 1-0

mÌs’;

1-1

çLrkouk

1-2 1-3

,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe Hkkjr dh fof’k"V d<+kbZ 'kSfy;k¡

1-4

d<+kbZ esa ç;ksx gksus okyh vko’;d lkexzh

1-5 1-6

d<+kbZ ds fy, vko’;d midj.k Vk¡dksa dk p;u o çfØ;k

1-7

nRr dk;Z

1-8

1-6-1 jfuax fLVp 1-6-2 LVse fLVp 1-7-1 d{kk dk;Z 1-7-2 x`g dk;Z

lkjka’k

1-9 Lo;a tk¡p ç’uksa ds lEHkfor mRrj 1-10 vH;klkFkZ ç’u 1-11 lanHkZ ,oa v/;;u ;ksX; iqLrdsa 1-12 'kCnkoyh


1 d’khnkdkjh % çLrkouk ,oa nks vf/kd mi;ksx gksus okyss Vk¡ds (EMBRIODERY: SOME INTRODUCTORY ASPECTS AND TWO COMMONLY USED STITCHES) bl ikB~;Øe dh bl çFke bdkbZ ^d’khnkdkjh* esa ge vkB fofHkUu d<+kbZ;ksa ds fo"k; esa lh[ksaxsA bl ikB esa ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe tkuus ds ckn Hkkjr ds fof’k"V Vk¡dksa dh 'kSyh tku dj blesa mi;ksx esa vkus okys midj.kksa o lkefxz;ksa ds fo"k; esa tkusaxsA vR;ar lkekU;r% mi;ksx esa vkus okys nks Vk¡¡dsa tSls% jfuax fLVp o LVse fLVp dk v/;;u foLrkj ls djsaxsA vxys nks ikBksa esa d<+kbZ ds dke esa vkus okys vU; N% fLVp ds fo"k; esa o.kZu djsaxsA

1-0 mÌs’; (Objectives) bl ikB ds ek/;e ls vki tku ldsaxs fd% • d<+kbZ D;k gS\ d<+kbZ dh ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe rFkk Hkkjr dh fof’k"V d<+kbZ 'kSfy;ksa ds fo"k; esa A • d<+kbZ ds fy, iz;ksx esa vkus okys fofHkUu midj.k ,oa lkefxz;ksa ds ckjs esa tku ldsaxsA • jfuax fLVp rFkk LVse fLVp dks dSls cuk;k tkrk gS vkSj dSls iz;ksx esa yk;k tkrk gSA

1-1

izLrkouk (Introduction)

^^Hkkjr ds ijEijkxr oL=** ds ¼dkslZ la[;k lh- Vh- Mh- 201½esa Hkkjr ds d<+kbZnkj oL=ksa ds ckjs esa rhu ikBksa esa fopkj foe’kZ ,oa o.kZu fd;k x;k gS& ikB 14 esa d’ehjh d<+kbZ rFkk ikB 15 esa Qqydkjh ,oa ckx+ ¼eq[;r% iatkc ds 'kkWy eas ikjEifjd d<+kbZ½ ds fo"k; esa foLrkj iwoZd o.kZu fd;k x;k gSA mlesa crk;k x;k gS fd d<+kbZ oL= lTtk dh ,d fof/k gS ftlls fdlh oL= ij lqbZ vkSj /kkxs dh lg;rk ls fdlh uewus dks cuk;k tkrk gSA lalkj ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa d<+kbZ vkSj d<+kbZ ds Vk¡ds fofo/k Jsf.k;ksa vkSj ltkoVh :ikaduksa esa fodflr gq, gSaA bfrgkl ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa oL= dks ltkus ds fy, ijaijkxr Vk¡ds mi;ksx esa yk, tkrs jgsa gSaA ikB 13 dkslZ la[;k lh-Vh-Mh- 201 esa d’ehj dh d<+kbZ] iatkc] fgekpy] mRrj izns’k] vlke] xqtjkr] egkjk"Vª] rFkk nf{k.k Hkkjr esa Hkh budk laf{kIr o.kZu fd;k x;k gSaA fp= 1-1 esa d<+kbZ ds 2 uewus fn[kk, x, gSaA d<+kbZ gkFkksa }kjk ;k flykbZ dh e’khu ls ftx&tSx¼Vs<+s es<+s :i esa½ ;k d<+kbZ e’khu tks lkekU;r% f’kQyh d<+kbZ izfØ;k ij vk/kkfjr gksrh gS ftlesa ,d gtkj lqb;ksa }kjk d<+kbZ gksrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, fLoV~tjySaM esa cukbZ xbZ FkhA


fp= 11-1 d<+kbZ ds mnkgj.k

,d N% /kkxksa dh d<+kbZ e’khu gksrh gS ftlds }kjk Vk¡ds ,d feuV esa rS;kj dj ldrs gSaSA lHkh d<+kbZ Vk¡ds e’khuksa }kjk ugha cuk, tk ldrs fdUrq dEI;wVj ds ek/;e ls Vk¡dksa ds uewuksa esa lkekU; ifjorZu ds }kjk de le; eas ;k 'kh?kzrk o ljyrk ls bu e’khuksa }kjk fd;k tk ldrk gSA bl ikB esa eq[; :i ls gkFk dh d<+kbZ dk o.kZu fd;k tk;sxkA ;g Li"V djuk egRoiw.kZ gS fd d<+kbZ LFkkbZ gksrh gS vkSj vDlj diM+s ij vUr rd cuh jgrh gSA fofo/k çdkj ds oL=ksa ij /kkxksa dh lgk;rk ls d<+kbZ }kjk lqUnjrk c<+kbZ tkrh gSA vki çfr fnu fofHkUu izdkj ds d<+s gq, oL= dks ns[krs gSa vkSj mldh ç’kalk Hkh djrs gSaA ;g nhokj lTtk fp=] nqiÍs] lyokj lwV] csMdoj vkfn gks ldrs gSaA

fp= 1-2 fofHkUu izdkj ds d<+s gq, oL=¨a ds uewus

d<+kbZ] ekuo ds }kjk dh tkuh okyh vU; nwljh dykvksa dh rjg gh gS ftls og lqUnjrk c<+kus ds fy, djrk gSA d<+kbZ esa lqUnj eghu Lo:i o jaxksa dh lgk;rk ls izfrfnu ds thou ,djlrk o uhjlrk dks nwj djus dk iz;Ru fd;k tkrk gSA ;qxksa ls d<+kbZ ds çfr vkd"kZ.k LFkkf;Ro Li"V gSA d<+kbZ lqbZ ,oa /kkxksa }kjk uewus dh jpuk ds mHkjus dk ,d lqUnj lek;kstu ^^d<+kbZ lqbZ ds ek/;e ls dh xbZ ,d dykÑfr gS** bl jkseu dgkor esa dksbZ vfr’k;ksfDr ugha gSA

dks dh dk gSA


bl v/;k; ,oa vxys nks v/;k;ksa esa ge d<+kbZ ds vkd"kZ.k o lqUnjrk dh rgdhdkr djsaxsA çkjEHk esas d<+kbZ dk laf{kIr bfrgkl] dyk ds fofo/k rF; rFkk ckn esa dk;Z esa 'kkfey tfVyrkvksa dk v/;;u djsaxsA bl ikB esa ge v/;;u djsaxs fd d<+kbZ D;k gS\ fQj ge Hkkjrh; d<+kbZ dh ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe dk v/;;u djsaxs vkSj ikB ds vUr esa vR;ar lkekU; o vf/kd ç;ksx esa yh tkus okyh nks izdkj ds d<+kbZ ds Vk¡dksa dk v/;;u djsaxsA

Lo;a tk¡p ç’u (Self-check Questions) fjDr LFkku¨a dh iwfrZ dhft,%& 1. 2.

1-2

d<+kbZ ,d lqUnj --------------------- dk;Z gS tks fofHkUu çdkj ds oL=ksa ij dh tkrh gS tks oL= dks vf/kd -------------cuk nsrh gSA jkseUl us dgk gS& ^^ d<+kbZ lqb;ksa ds ek/;e ls--------------------------- gSA

,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe (Historical Background)

tc ls oL=ksa dk ç;ksx çkjEHk gqvk gS rc ls oL=ksa dks lqUnj cukus dh dyk py jgh gSA ;g ¼ywe½ dj?kk ij gh uewuksa dh jpuk ls çkjaHk gqvk] blds ckn oL=ksa dh jaxkbZ] fQj NikbZ vkSj var esa d<+kbZ ls oL= lTtk dh xbZA laHkor% phu o Hkkjr os igys ns’k gSa tgk¡ d<+kbZ fodflr gqbZA eksgutksnkM+ks esa rkacs dh cuh lwb;k¡ çkIr gqbZaA blls irk pyrk gS fla/kq ?kkVh esa ;g dyk 5000 o"kZ iwoZ Hkh vH;kl esa FkhaA d<+kbZ dk mi;ksx le`) jaxksa ds js’ke ls] rkjksa ls] /kkxs ls vkSj jRuksa ;k ef.k;ksa ls dh tkrh FkhA iwoZ ls js’ke ds dhVksa dks if’pe ys tkus ds lkFk gh d<+kbZ dh dyk dk vH;kl bVyh] Ýkal] bXySaM o vesfjdk esa Hkh çkjEHk gks x;kA lfn;ksa ls Hkkjrh; f’kYih ,d #eky ls ysdj fo’kky fookg oL=ksa rd mRÑ"V dykdkjh dh jpuk djrs jgs gSaA Hkkjrh; d<+kbZ dh 'kSyh Hkkjr ds fofHkUu {ks=ksa] lkefxz;ksa ,oa Vk¡dksa lHkh çdkj ls {ks=h; fofo/krkvksa ls ifjiw.kZ ,oa lEcfU/kr gSA Hkkjr ds çR;sd çkar esa mldh ijaijk ls fof’k"V 'kSyh dk lEcU/k >ydrk gSA d’ehj esa ^lsfVu fLVp* dk mi;ksx] iatkc esa ^ckx* o ^Qqydkjh* ml jkT; ds fuokfl;ksa ds vuqlkj >ydrk gSA dPN ,oa dfB;kokM+ dh d<+kbZ dh eghurk mldks vkSj [kwclwjr cuk nsrh gS vkSj ;g mruh gh lqanj yxrh gS ¼fp= 1-3½A vius ijEijkxr ewY;ksa ds dkj.k dukZVd dh ^dlwrh* Hkh vR;ar yksdfç; gSA mRrjçns’k esa gh lQsn fpdu dk dk;Z fp=gkjh gS & foLe;iw.kZ gS] tcfd lwjr dh js’keh d<+kbZ mRÑ"V lqUnj uewuksa esa curh gSA

fp= 11-3 dPN dh d<+kbZ

fp= 11-4 eqxy dky dh d<+kbZ


iwoZ fHkfRrfp=ksa esa çLrqr oL=ksa ds uewus ls Li"V gksrk gS fd d<+kbZ dh rduhd dk Lo:i izkjEHk ls gh vR;ar ifj"Ñr jgkA nqHkkZX;o’k eqx+ydky ls igys dh nqyZHk d<+kbZ ds uewuksa ds vR;ar vYi ;k de mnkgj.k thfor gSa ¼fp= 1-4½A vkbus vd+cjh ls gesa ;g Kkr gksrk gS fd d<+kbZ ds fy, fo’ks"k dkj[kkus LFkkfir fd;s x;s FksA 17oha 'krkCnh ds le; baXySaM esa Hkkjrh; d’khnkdkjh ikbZ xbZA fdUrq ckn ds o"kkZsa essa mnkgj.k vf/kd izpfyr gks x,A fofHkUu ns’kksa ds lkFk fczfV’k fu;a=d vkSj O;kikj us Hkkjrh; d<+kbZ dks vf/kd çHkkfor fd;kA vf/kdrj Hkkjrh; d’khnkdkjh xzkeh.k ifjokfjd ijaijkxr {ks=ksa ls ;k 'kgjh dkj[kkuksa ds dkj.k lajf{kr jghA

1-3

Hkkjr dh fof’k"V d<+kbZ 'kSfy;k¡ (Distinctive Embroidery Styles of India)

,d jkspd rF; ;g gS fd lalkj Hkj esa miyC/k d<+kbZ ds Vk¡ds Hkkjr esa miyC/k gSa vkSj bl fofo/k :i ls lkaLÑfrd jk"Vª esa ;g vko’;d gS fd çR;sd {ks= viuh fof’k"V 'kSyh dk fodkl dj bl dyk dks fofo/krk ,oa le`f) çnku djsaA bl çdkj çR;sd nwjLFk dksus ls ,d mRÑ"V jpuk ;kstukc) gksdj dykdkj dh mPp çLrqfr dks n’kkZrh gSA ge la{ksi esa fofHkUu çkUrksa dh fofHkUu d<+kb;ksa dks çLrqr djsaxs tks fofo/k Vk¡dksa ds le`) esyfeyki ;k laxBu dks n’kkZrh gSaA

fp= 1-5 d’ehj d’khnk

fp= 1-6 mRrj izns’k fpdudkjh

lwph 11-1 fofHkUu çkarksa dh fof’k"V d<+kbZ d’ehj d’khnk fcgkj d’khnk xqtjkr 'kh’ks dk dke caxky dkaFkk fgekpy izns’k pEck #eky dukZVd dlwrh


mRrj izns’k mM+hlk iatkc jktLFkku

fpdudkjh ,fIyd Qqydkjh Hkjr dke ,oa chM odZ

Lo;a tk¡p iz’u (Self-check Questions) fjDr LFkku¨a dh iwfrZ djsa% 3- &&&&&&&&& rFkk &&&&&&&&&&& os izFke jk"Vª gSa tgk¡ &&&&&&&&& dk fodkl gqvkA 4- fuEu izns’kksa ds fof’k"V d<+kbZ ds Vk¡dksa ds uke gS%& d’ehj &&&&&&&&& iatkc&&&&&&&&&&&&&& fgekkpyizns’k&&&&&&&&&&&&&& xqtjkr&&&&&&&&&&& dukZVd &&&&&&&&&&&&& mRrj izns’k&&&&&&&& caxky&&&&&& fcgkj&&&&&&&&& mM+hlk&&&&&&&&& jktLFkku&&&&&&&&& Hkkjr dh fof’k"V d<+kbZ 'kSfy;ksa dh ,d >yd çkIr djus ds ckn vc ge d<+kbZ ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dh tkudkjh çkIr djsaxsA

1-4

d<+kbZ esa iz;ksx gksus okyh vko’;d lkexzh (Materials Required for Embroidery)

d<+kbZ ds vUrxZr oL=] uewus dk pquko] jax la;kstu] fofHkUu izdkj ds Vk¡ds tkuus dh vko’;drk gksrh gSA budk foLrkj ls v/;;u djsaxs& i) oL=ksa dk pquko%& Vk¡dksa dh d<+kbZ dk fu.kZ; cqus gq, miyC/k oL= vFkok oL= dh cqukoV

ds vk/kkj ij gksrk gSA tSls Mcy cSd fLVp ;k 'ksMks d<+kbZ ikjn’khZ oL= ij vf/kd vPNh yxrh gS mnkgj.k ds fy, vkWjxsaMh rFkk lsfVu fLVp cukus ds fy, eksVk diM+k csgrj gksrk gSA blh izdkj cqukbZ dh fMt+kbu] T;kferh; vkSj fxuk gqvk ;k oØkdkj vkSj Lora= çokg dk Vk¡dk lHkh mlds lkFk lEcfU/kr gSaA ii) uewus dk p;u%& uewus dk p;u lkexzh ij fuHkZj djrk gS tSls est+iks’k ij T;ferh; uewus ;k Qwyksa dh d<+kbZ ,oa csMdoj ij cM+s&cM+s uewuksa dh vko’;drk gksrh gS mi;ksx dks Hkh /;ku esa j[kuk gksrk gSA pknjksa ,oa rfd;k fxykQ esa fdukjksa ds uewus jgus ls os vkjkenk;d gksaxs tcfd csMdoj ij iwjs esa QSys uewus Hkh cuk,as tk ldrs gaSA iii) jax la;kstu%& cSMdoj lkekU;r% pednkj jaxksa ls dk<+s tk ldrs gSa tcfd NksVs cPpksa dh iks’kkdksa esa gYds jaxksa dk ç;ksx ;k p;u djuk pkfg,A iv) uewus dh NikbZ%& oL= ij uewuk Nkius ds fofHkUu rjhds gSa% • Mk;jsDV vkys[ku fof/k • dkcZu dkxt+ dk iz;ksx • ikjn’khZ cVj dkxt+ dk iz;ksx • Vsªflax pØ dk iz;ksx


1-5

jfuax fLVp fof/k

d<+kbZ ds fy, vko’;d midj.k (Tools Required for Embroidery) • diM+k • dSaph  oL= fuekZ.kd dSaph  NksVh uqdhyh dSaph  uqdhyh dSaph  ft+x tS+x dSaph • fFkacy • lqb;k¡ o yEcs Nsn dh lwbZ ¼psuyh½ o xksy Nsn dh lqbZ ¼fØosy½ o VsisLVªh lqbZ • iksdj • ydM+h dk Ýse • d<+kbZ fjax • isafly • /kkxs o js’keh o Åu fp= 1-7 d<+kbZ ds fy, vko’;d midj.k o eflZjkbt+M o eghu /kkrq rarq • cksMZ fdu /kkxs dh eksVkbZ uewus ij fuHkZj djrh gSA gkFk }kjk d<+kbZ djus ds /kkxs lkekU;r% pkj rkjksa ds gksrs gSa tks nks /kkxksa ds ,saBu nsdj cuk;k tkrk gSA gYdh] ljy ,asBu mu /kkxksa dks nh tkrh gS tks flykbZ ds ckn likV gks tk,a ftlls mudh lqanjrk Li"V :i ls fn[kkbZ iM+sA ;g /kkxs eqyk;e ,oa lh/ks gksrs gSa rFkk pedhykiu fy, vusd jaxksa esa miyC/k gksrs gSaA

1-6

Vkadksa dk p;u o çfØ;k (Choosing and Working Stitches)

fofHkUu izdkj ds Vkadksa dk iz;ksx d<+kbZ djus ds fy, fd;k tk ldrk gS budh lwph dkslZ la[;k lh Vh Mh 201 ds ikB 13 esa nh xbZ gSA ;gk¡ ij ge vkB Vk¡dksa ij ppkZ djsaxs budk mi;ksx Hkjok¡ ,oa vkmV ykbu nksuksa ds fy, fd;k tk ldrk gSA bl ikB esa nks ,sls çeq[k fLVpksa dh ppkZ gksxh tks cgq/kk mi;ksx esa vkrs gSa vkSj ckdh vxys ikBksa esa gksaxsA çkjEHk djus ls iwoZ ge tku ysa fd bu Vkadksa dks gkFkksa }kjk dk<+ dj ;k e’khu }kjk Hkh cuk;k tk ldrk gSA vktdy e’khu ls d<+kbZ dh ekax c<+ jgh gS D;ksafd buesa tYnh cuus ds lkFk vusd fofo/krk,a gksrs gSaA e’khu dh d<+kbZ gkFk dh d<+kbZ ls lLrh gksrh gSA vkSj dqN Vkads tSls lsfVu


fLVp esa cgqr lQkbZ dh vko’;drk gksrh gSA mHkjrs gq, QS’ku çokg ls çrhr gksrk gS fd gkFk dh d<+kbZ de gks jgh gSA

1-6-1 jfuax fLVp ¼dPpk Vk¡dk½ (Running Stitch) dksbZ Hkh uewuk cukus dk ;g lcls ljy vkSj ewy Vk¡dk gS& blls dksbZ cuk;k tk ldrk gSA ;g dkaFkk fLVp ;k jtkbZ Vk¡dk Hkh dgykrk gSA fdlh Hkh cukus ds fy, vkidks diM+s ij uewus dh js[kk ij lqbZ dks cjkcj dh nwjh ij gksxkA ;fn Vk¡ds ds vkdkj esa lekurk vFkkZr~ cjkcj dh nwjh ij lQkbZ ls diM+s ls Vkads gksxs rks oks d<+kbZ lkQ o lqUnj fn[kkbZ nsxhA ;g Vkadk fuEufyf[kr :i ls cuk;k tk ldrk gS%&

Hkh uewuk vklkuh ls uewus dh ckgjh js[kk Åij uhps fudkyuk ij Åij o uhps ,d

• diM+s ds Åij o uhps lqbZ dks leku nwjh ij fudkfy,A • bl ckr dk /;ku j[ksa fd oL= ds uhps dk Vk¡dk Hkh leku yEckbZ dk gksuk pfg,A • ysl ds :i esa jfuax Vk¡dk cukus ds fy, ge foijhr jaxksa dk /kkxk bu Vkadksa ds chp esa ls fudky ysrs gSaA • ysl cukus ds fy, xksy ikWbaV dh lqbZ ysuh pkfg,A

fp= 11-8 jfuax fLVp

fp= 11-9 jfuax fLVp dk mnkgj.k

mi;ksx %& uewus dh ckgjh js[kk cukus ds fy, jfuax fLVp dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA bl Vkads dk iz;ksx uewus dks Hkjus ds fy, Hkh fd;k tkrk gSA caxky ds ^dkaFkk*] iatkc dh ^Qqydkjh* vkSj d’ehj ds i’ehuk 'kkWy es jfuax fLVp dk cgqrk;r esa mi;ksx gksrk gSA

xfrfof/k (Activity) 1- ,d uewus dk p;u dhft, tks dkaFkk dk;Z ds fy, mi;qDr gksA bls 8"x 8" diM+s ij mrkjsa o jfuax fLVp ls bl ij d<+kbZ dhft,A

1-6-2 LVse fLVp (Stem Stich) ;g uewus dh ckgjh js[kk cukus ds fy, fo’ks"kr% iq"i jpuk esa iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA ;g MaMh cukus ds fy, Hkh mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA ;g vU; ukeksa ls Hkh iqdkjk tkrk gSA tSls fØosy fLVp o


LVkWd fLVp vkfnA ;g fLVp ck;sa ls nk;as] NksVs fu;fer fLVpksa ls uewus ds ykbu ;k js[kk dks cukus ds fy, iz;ksx gksrk gSA ;g nks izdkj ls cuk;k tk ldrk gSA ;g lh/kh js[kk ds leku fn[kkbZ nsrk gS] nwljs ;g chp eas xk¡Bksa dh rjg fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA 1.

çFke i)fr% a uewus dh ckgjh js[kk ij lqbZ dks ¼ihNs ls lkeus½ fiNys fgLls ls lkeus ykuk gksrk gSA b ck;sa ls nk;sa pfy,A c leku nwjh ij vk/kk Vk¡dk ckgj ysrs gq, yackbZ esa ihNs pfy, ¼çR;sd fLFkfr esa lqbZ ,d

dne lkeus ysus ls iwoZ ihNs yssuh pkfg,½A d Vk¡dksa dh nwjh leku jf[k,A 2.

d<+kbZ dh nwljh i)fr% a b c d

lqbZ dks Vk¡ds ij ls frjNk fudkfy,A /kkxs dks lqbZ ds pkjksa vksj yisVsa vkSj lqbZ dks oL= ds Åij ls fudky ysa ifj.kker% xk¡Bs leku nwjh ij gksaxsA iryh MafM;ksa ds uewus eas bl Vk¡ds dk mi;ksx djsa ckgjh js[kk dks cukus ds fy,A nksuksa çdkj ds Vk¡dksa esa 7 ;k 9 uEcj dh uqdhyh yEch lqbZ dk iz;ksx djsaA

fp= 11-10 LVse fLVp

fp= 11-11 LVse fLVp dk ,d mnkgj.k

mi;ksx%& LVse fLVp dk mi;ksx NksVs uewuksa ckjhd js[kk,a] foc] cPpksa dh ÝkWd lkM+h dh fdukfj;ksa ij fd;k tkrk gSA

xfrfof/k (Activity) ,d tkuoj ;k i{kh dk NksVs uewuk pqusa vkSj LVse fLVp ls d<+kbZ djsaA

1-7

nRr dk;Z (Assignments)


1-7-1

d{kk dk;Z (Class Assignments)

8"x 12" oL= yhft,A bl ij 6" dh vkM+h js[kk,a dkf<+,A bl oL= dks vU; Vk¡ds dk<+us ds vH;kl ds fy, lqjf{kr jf[k,A ¼vH;kl dks Li"V foLrkj ds lkFk bl vH;kl dk;Z djus ds fy, mi;ksx dh lkexzh lfgr tks blds fy, pkfg, lwph cukb,½ ii) 8"x 12" ds oL= ij ,d lknk uewuk mrkjsa vkSj crkbZ xbZ fof/k;ksa dk mi;ksx dhft,A ¼,d mfpr uewuk cukb,½ i)

1-7-2 x`g dk;Z (Home Assignments) bl vH;kl dks iw.kZ djus ds ckn ,d uewus dh d<+kbZ dhft, 1- jfuax fLVp ls 2- LVse fLVp lsA ii) jfuax Vk¡ds ;k LVse fLVp ls d<+k gqvk ,d uewus dks ykus dk ç;kl dhft,A i)

1-8

lkjka’k (Summing Up)

bl ikB esa d<+kbZ ls lacfU/kr vusd i{kksa ij fopkj fd;k x;k gSA blesa ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe] fofHkUu çkUrksa dh fo’ks"k 'kSfy;k¡] lkexzh ,oa midj.k tks d<+kbZ ds fy, dke esa vkrs gSa] d<+kbZ djus esa mi;ksxh pj.k rFkk nks izdkj ds Vk¡dksa ds iz;ksx djus dh i)fr dk o.kZu fd;k x;k gSA

1-9

Lo;a tk¡p iz’uksa ds lEHkkfor mRrj (Possible Answers to Selfcheck Questions)

1. 2. 3. 4.

d<+kbZ /kkxs dk ,d lqUnj dk;Z gS tks fofHkUu çdkj ds oL=ksa ij dh tkrh gS tks oL= dks vf/kd vkd"kZd cuk nsrh gSA jkseUl us dgk gS& ^^ d<+kbZ lqb;ksa ds ek/;e ls dh xbZ ,d dykÑfr gSA phu rFkk Hkkjr os izFke jk"Vª gSa tgk¡ d’khnkdkjh dk fodkl gqvkA fuEu izns’kksa ds fof’k"V d<+kbZ ds Vk¡dksa ds uke gS%& d’ehj&d’khnk] iatkc&Qqydkjh@ck?k] fgekkpyizns’k&pack#eky] xqtjkr&fejj odZ] dukZVd&dlwr h] mRrjizns’k&fpdudkjh] caxky&dkaFkk] fcgkj&d’khnk] mM+hlk&,Iyhd] jktLFkku&Hkjr dke] chM odZA

1-10 vH;klkFkZ iz’u (Terminal Questions) 1. 2.

Hkkjr ds fofHkUu jkT;ksa ds d<+kbZ dh lwph cukb,A d<+kbZ djus ds pj.kksa dk la{ksi esa o.kZu dhft,A

1-11 lanHkZ ,oa v/;;u ;ksX; iqLrdsa (Suggested Further Reading and References) 1. Chattopadhyay, K. 1977. Indian Embroidery. Wiley Eastern Ltd. New Delhi.


2. Mistry, N. C. Embroidery Designs. Navneet Publications Ltd. Mumbai. 3. Naik, S.D. 1996. Traditional Embroideries of India. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. New Delhi. 4. Naik, S.D. 1997. Folk Embroidery and Traditional Handloom Weaving. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. New Delhi. 5. Paine, S. 1995. Embroidered Textiles. Thames and Hudson Ltd. London.

1-12 'kCnkoyh (Glossary) fLVp dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;khnk

d<+kbZ ds Vkads d<+kbZ


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