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14 LØhu fizafVax% iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys midj.k rFkk izfØ;k (SCREEN PRINTING: TOOLS AND THE PROCESS) ikB 13 esa LØhu fizafVax ds ewy fl)karksa dks lh[kus ds i’pkr~] gesa bl izfØ;k esa iz;ksx esa vkus okys midj.kksa ds fo"k; esa lh[kus dh vko’;drk gSA gesa fof/k dks le>uk Hkh vko’;d gS ftlls ge LØhu fizafVax }kjk ljyrk ,oa dq’kyrk ls fMt+kbu cuk ldasA bu nksuksa igyqvkas dk bl v/;k; esa v/;;u fd;k tk;sxkA

1414-0 mÌs’; (Objectives) • • • •

bl ikB dk v/;;u djus ds i’pkr~ vki% LØhu fizafVax ds fy, midj.kksa ,oa oLrqvksa dks ,d= dj ldsaxsA Lo;a fizafVax isLV rS;kj dj ldsaxsA diM+s ij vki fMt+kbu fdl izdkj fQV djsaxs tSls vkWyvksoj] fjihV ;k ckWMZj fjihV vkfn dk fu.kZ; djukA ,d LØhu fizafVax bdkbZ LFkkfir dj ldsaxsA

1414-1 çLrkouk (Introduction) LØhu fizafVax ,d ljyrk ls vyaÑr djus okyh rduhd gS] ftlls diM+s dh lrg dks lk/kkj.k LVsafly ;k LØhu ds fMt+kbuksa ds ek/;e ls jaxksa }kjk ltk;k tkrk gSA Hkkjr esa vkd"kZd fMt+kbu cukus ds fy, ;g rduhd vf/kdrj iz;ksx esa ykbZ tkrh gSA blds fy, midj.k Lopkfyr] gLrpkfyr ;k v/kZLopkfyr gks ldrs gSaA Hkkjro"kZ esa gLrpkfyr çfØ;k ¼gSUM fiazfVax½ cgqr izfl) gS rFkk cgqla[;k esa O;fDr;ksa dks jkstxkj fnykrh gSA diM+s ij fMt+kbu cukus ds fy, mi;qDr midj.kkas dk iz;ksx rFkk fof/k vR;ar egRoiw.kZ gSA bl v/;k; esa ge LØhu fizafVax ds fuEufyf[kr igyqvksa ij fopkj djsaxs% • • • • • •

LØhu fizafVax ds fy, iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys midj.kA diM+k tks LØhu fizafVax ds fy, iz;ksx fd;k tk ldsA fizafVax isLV cukuk jaxks dk feJ.k rS;kj djuk fiazafVax ls igys diM+s dks eksZfdax djukA LØhu dks rS;kj djukA 1


LØhu dh lQkbZ djuk

1414-2 LØhu fizafVax ds fy, midj.k ,oa lkexzh dk iz;ksx (Tools and Material used in Screen Printing) 1414-2-1 Ýse (Frame) eSuqvy LØhu fizafVax esa Ýse dk iz;ksx tkrk gS ¼fp= 14-1½A Ýse] cksfYVax diM+s ;k dks vius LFkku ij n`<rk ls fLFkj j[kus ds ls iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS rFkk og fizafVax ds isLV dks laHkkyus dk dke djrk gSA Ýse izk;% vk;rkdkj gksrk gS rFkk bldk eki fizaV fd;s tkus okys fMt+kbu ls ls0 eh0 cM+k gksuk pkfg,A blds fy, dksbZ fuf’pr fu;e ugha gSA blds ihNs ;g /kkj.kk gS fd LDoht+h }kjk jax dks ,d fdukjs ls nwljs fdukjs ij ys tk;k tk lds] bl izdkj fizaV tkus okyk iwjk {ks= doj gks tkrk gSA

fd;k LØhu mÌs’; le;

dqN gksrh fd;k fp= 1414- 1 Ýse

Ýse vPNh xq.koRrk okyh fcuk xkaB okyh iDdh ydM+h ls cuk;k tkuk pkfg,A /kkrq ds Ýse izk;% ogk¡ iz;ksx esa yk;s tkrs gSa] tgk¡¡ xq.koRrk iw.kZ mRiknu djus dh vko’;drk gksrh gS tSls eSdsukbt+M LØhu fizafVaxA

1414-2-2 cksfYVax DykWFk (Bolting Cloth) lwrh vkxsZaMh dks ydM+h ds Ýse ij QSyk Hkh LØhu cukbZ tk ldrh gSA bl izdkj dh LØhu mfpr iz;ksx ugha gksr h ijUrq igyh ckj djus ds i;kZIr gksrh gSA O;olkf;d iz;ksx ds fy, ikWfy,LVj dh tkyh ¼fp= 14-2½ iz;ksx gksrk gS tks ds fglkc ls csph tkrh gSA ;g ekuo fufeZr diM+s eghu tkyh gksrh gSA igys ;g tkyh js’ke ls cukbZ Fkh blfy, bldks flYd LØhfuax dgk tkrk gSA tkyh dh la[;k [kqjnjk 30 ls eghu 90 vfr eghu gksrh gSA la[;k izfr 2-5 lseh ¼1 bap½ esa dh la[;k n’kkZrs gSA mPp la[;k okyh tkyh ds ls cgqr xgjs rFkk eghu fizaV cuk;s tk ldrs gSaA isLV dk iz;ksx de gksxk rFkk de la[;k okyh dk iz;ksx djus ls blds foijhr ifj.kke izkIr

dj cgqr fy, ehVjksa dh tkrh

fp= 1414- 2 cksfYVax DykWFk

rFkk /kkxksa iz;ksx blls tkyh gksxkA 2


vPNh izdkj ls [khaph xbZ LØhu ls vPNh fiazfVax gksxh fo’ks"kr;k tgk¡ izfØ;k esa eYVh dyj dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA blfy, LØhu rS;kj djrs le; bl igyw dks fo’ks"k egRo fn;k tkuk pkfg,A

1414-2-3 jcM+ dh LDoht+h (Squeegee) ;g jcM+ ;k IykfLVd dk CysM gksrk gS] tks ,d ydM+h esas yxk gksrk gS ftldks nck dj isLV dks tkyh dh lrg ls xqtkjk tk ldrk gSA tkyh ij bl LDoht+h ds ncko }kjk gh fizafVax isLV tkyh ls xqtj dj diM+s ij yxrh gSA ,d fo’ks"k dk;Z ds fy, pquh tkus okyh LDoht+h de ls de fizaV fd;s tkus okys fMt+kbu ls 15" pkSM+h gksuh pkfg,A bldh pkS0 Ýse dh pkS0 ls 1-5" de Hkh gksuh pkfg,A blls LDoht+h Ýse ds vUnj vPNh izdkj py ldsxhA bl midj.k dks cukus ds fy, iz;ksx dh tkus jcM+ es mfpr ypd ;k dBksjrk gksuh pkfg,A jcM+ ftruh dBksj gksxh LDoht+h mruk gh de yphyh gksxh blfy, bldks iz;ksx djrs le; vf/kd nkc dh vko’;drk gksxhA ijUrq bl ds iz;ksx }kjk cuk fizaV rFkk xgjk gksxkA izR;sd fiazV ds ckn bldks lkQ djuk vko’;d gSA

okyh

eghu fp= 1414- 3 LDoht+h

1414-2-4 fçafVax ds fy, vk/kkj (Printing Base) fiazfVax ds fy, dksbZ Hkh lery lrg iz;ksx esa ykbZ tk ldrh gSA ysfdu og lrg <hyh ugha gkuh pkfg,sA lrg ftruh cM+h gksxh og vPNh gksxh] D;ksafd cM+s diM+s ij fiazV djuk ljy gksrk gSA Mk;fuax Vscy ;k Vscy Vsful Vscy dks lqxerk ls vLFkkbZ fizafVax Vscy esa cnyk tk ldrk gSA bldks fizafVax ds le; Qkse ;k cSM’khV ls <dk tk ldrk gS ftldks fiaazfVax ds ckn gVk fn;k tkrk gSA ;fn vkidks ,d ls vf/kd ckj fiazV djuk gS rks vkidks ,d fo’ks"k Vscy cukus dh vko’;drk gksxh ftl ij yEcs diM+s ij vklkuh ls dk;Z fd;k tk ldsA fiazafVax ds le; diM+s dks f[kldus ls cpkus ds fy, mldks fiu }kjk fQDl fd;k tk ldrk gSA

1414-2-5 lq[kkus ds fy, jSd ;k rkjsa

(Drying Rack or Line)

fiaazV fd;s x;s diM+s ;k ifj/kkuksa dks yVdkus ;k lq[kkus dh vko’;drk gksrh gS] yEcs diM+s ;k lkM+h ds fy, IykfLVd ;k rkjksa dh ykbus vf/kd mi;qDr gksrh gS rFkk lq[kkus ;k fiazafVax dks Bhd djus ds fy, jSDl mi;qDr gksrs gSaA lq[kkus rFkk fiazV lq/kkjus ds fy, le; rFkk tyok;q ds fofHkUu ?kVd fuHkZj djrs gSaA tSls rkieku] vknzZrk] ok;q dh xfr rFkk /kwi vkfnA

3


1414-2-6 vU; ewy midj.k midj.k

(Other Basic Equipment)

• Øk¶V pkdw% isij rFkk LVsafly dkVus ds fy, iz;qDr gksrk gSA • 'kh’ks dh 'khV% ¼fp= 14-4½ Øk¶V pkdw ls LVsafly rFkk isij dkVrs le; mudks 'kh’ks dh 'khV ij j[kk tkrk gSA dksbZ cksMZ dk VqdM+k Hkh bl dk;Z ds fy, iz;ksx esa yk;k tk ldrk gSA blds vfrfjDr U;wt isij dh xÌh Hkh bl ds fy, iz;ksx esa ykbZ tk ldrh gSA • iSdsftax Vsi% ;g LØhu dk fizafVax {ks= de djus rFkk LØhu ls xqtkjus rFkk ckn esa fiaazfVax isLV dks j[kus ds fy, iz;ksx dh tkrh gS ¼;g Vsi 2" pkSM+h Hkwjs jax dh vf/kd fpidkus okyh LdkSp Vsi gksrh gSA ;g xksan okyh Hkwjs isij fp= 1414- 4 dkap okyh Vsi ugha gksrh½A • lkS¶V ysM HB isafly% ;g tky dks fpafgr djus ds fy, iz;ksx dh tkrh gS ¼dBksj ysM tky dks {kfr igq¡pk ldrk gS½A • /kkrq ;k ydM+h dk Ldsy • lsV Ldos;j • cgq mÌs’kh; dSaph • 1" pkSMk isaV cz’k] ftlds ckyksa dks etcwr cukus ds fy, dkVdj vk/kk NksVk dj fn;k tkrk gSA ;g VsDLVkby fiazfVax isLV dks diM+s ds rax Hkkxksa esa yxkus ds fy, iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA • okWVj dyj cz’k tks ueZ ckyksa dk cuk gksrk gS ¼lkbt+ 4½ ;g LØhu ;k Vsªflax isij ij fMt+kbu cukus ds fy, iz;ksx gksrk gSA

Lo;a tk¡p ç’u (Self-check Questions) 1. 2. 3. 4.

LØhu fizafVax izfØ;k esa iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys midj.kkas ds uke fy[ksaA cksfYVax DykWFk ls D;k vfHkizk; gS\ eS’k dkÅaV ;k tkyh la[;k D;k gkrh gS\ jcM dh LDoht+h D;k gksrh gS\

1414-3 fçafVax isLV cukuk (The Printing Paste) fçafVax isLV tgjhyh ugha gksuh pkfg, rFkk blfy, bldks cukus ds fy, /;kuiwoZd lfEeJ.k cukuk pkfg,A xgjs eghu fiazV ds fy, jax nwljs LFkkuksa ij QSyuk ugha pkfg, mldk vius LFkku ij gh fLFkj jguk vko’;d gSA xk<+k isLV jax dks QSyus ugha nsrk rFkk fiazafVax ds lw[kus rd isLV dks mlh fLFkfr esa j[krk gSA 4


LØhu fizafVax okys diM+s dh lQyrk fMt+kbu esa jaxksa ds feyku ij fuHkZj djrh gSA vki ns[kasxs fd iwrhZdrkZvksa ds ikl jaxksa dh foLr`r J`a[kyk gksrh gS] ijUrq ;fn vki ;g dk;Z igyh ckj vkjEHk dj jgsa gksa rks vPNk gksxk vki pkj izkFkfed jaxksa ls vkjEHk djsaA ;s jax gS yky] ikhyk] uhyk rFkk dkyk rFkk bu jaxksa dks feykdj dksbZ Hkh jax cuk;k tk ldrk gSA fiazafVax isLV jax jatdksa ;k MkbZ ds iz;ksx ij vk/kkfjr gksrk gSA LØhu fizafVax ds fy, jax jatdksa dk iz;ksx vf/kd fd;k tkrk gSA ,Øfyd fiXeSaV~l jax eq[;r;k ,Øfyd SLN ckb.Mj ds lkFk feyrs gSaA fiXesaV ckb.Mj ds feJ.k ls fiazafVax isLV cukus ds fy, xk<+k nzo ;k ckb.Mj isLV igys cuk;k tkrk gSA fiazfVax ds fy, bl izdkj dk feJ.k cukus dk o.kZu vkxs fd;k tkrk gS tks lwrh diM+s ds fy, iz;ksx eas yk;k tkrk gSA

1414-3-1 xk<+k djus okyk ;k ckb.Mj isLV cukuk (Preparation of emulsionthickner or binder paste) ckb.Mj (10% SLN) ,d e/;orhZ mRikn gS tks igys rS;kj fd;k tkrk gS] rFkk ;g isLV cukus ds fy, iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 10% ,Øfeu SLN ¼isLV ds xk<+k djus ds fy,½ rS;kj djuk 10 Hkkx 3&6 Hkkx 2&3 Hkkx 6&3 Hkkx 79 Hkkx uksV%

,Øfeu SLN yks foLdksflVh CMC fFkduj ;wfj;k ikuh feV~Vh dk rsy ftldks mPp xfr ls feyk;k tkrk gS

de foLdkWflVh CMC fFkduj dks ikuh esa 24 ?kaVs fHkxks dj j[kk tkrk gS ¼5 Hkkx CMC dks 100 Hkkx ikuh esa feyk;k tkrk gS½A

1414-3-2 fiazfVax isLV cukus dh fof/k (Recipe for printing paste) fiazfVax isLV cukus dh fof/k vko’;d 'ksM ij vk/kkfjr gksrh gSA jax@ 'ksM

yseu ;syks

e/;e 'ksM

xgjk 'ksM

dkyk@xgjk ihyk

,sØfeu fiXesaV 10% ,Øfeu SLN ¼fFkduj½ ,sØfeu SLN

1

3

5

7

93

91

89

81

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3

9

ikuh

3

3

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Hkkx

5


Mk;veksfu;e QkWLQsV dk ?kksy 1%3 ikuh ¼mRizsjd½

3

3

3

3

fizafVax rFkk lq[kkus ds i’pkr~ jax dks iDdk djus ds fy, oLrqvksa dks 140 rki ij 5 fe0 ds fy, MªkbZ ghV mipkj fd;k tkrk gSA

1414-3-3 dyj dyj Oghy cukuk (Mixing your own colors- Color Wheel)¼fp= 14-5½ dyj Oghy esa mifLFkr 12 jax izkIr djus ds fy, eq[; jaxksa ¼yky] ihyk] uhyk½ esa igys rhu lSdaMªh rFkk 6 jaxksa dks feykus dh vko’;drk gksrh gSA bu jaxksa ds iz;ksx ls cukus dh dksf’k’k djsa rFkk ,d lsV jaxksa ds uewus rS;kj djsa vkidks Hkfo"; eas LØhu fizafVax ifj;kstukvksa dks cukus esa lgk;d gksaxsA

rhu V’kZjh jax tks

12x500 fe0 yh0 ds tkj ysa] ftuds <+Ddu ls ok;q u gks lds] ;g fiazafVax isLV feykus ds fy, iz;ksx fd;s tkrs

ikl gSaA fp= 1414-5 dyj Oghy

1414-4 jaxksa

dk

la;kstu

(Color

Combination) vius jaxksa dk uki djrs le; ;g vko’;d ugha gS fd vafre cawn rd ukik tk;s] ijUrq blesa j[kuk egRoiw.kZ gS] D;ksafd tc Hkh vkidks jax iqu% feykus dh vko’;drk gks rks og igys tSlk gh cusA fiazfVax iszLV dks vPNh rjg ls rc rd fgykrs jgsa tc rd og ,d ls u gks tk;sA jax rS;kj djus ds ckn mudks ysfcfyax djsaA ;fn vki le; ij vko’;d jax u [kkst lds rks ;g fujk’kktud gksrk gSA lSdaMªh rFkk Vf’kZ;jh jax cukus ds fy, fuEu dks feyk;sa% • ,d crZu esa ihyk jax ysa ¼fp= 14-6½ o gjk%& ihys jax rFkk uhys jax feyk,aA o e/;e gjk%& ihys jax rFkk ¼75&25%½ feyk,aA o xgjk gjk%& ihys jax rFkk ¼25&75%½ feyk,aA • ,d NksVs crZu esa uhyk jax ysaA o cSaxuh%& uhys rFkk yky jax feyk,A

dks ¼50&50%½ uhys jax dks uhys jax dks

fp= 1414- 6 ihyk

dks ¼50&50%½

6

fp= 1414- 7 ukjaxh


o jsfM’k cSxuh%& uhys rFkk yky jax dks ¼25&75%½ feyk,A o Cywb’k cSxuh%& uhys rFkk yky jax dks ¼75&25%½ feyk,A • ,d NksVs crZu esa yky jax ysa ¼fp= 14-7½ o vkWjsUt%& yky rFkk ihys jax dks ¼50&50%½ feyk,A o jsfM’k vkWjsat%& yky rFkk ihys jax dks ¼75&25%½ feyk,A o ihys vkWjsat%& yky rFkk ihys jax dks ¼25&75%½ feyk,A diM+s ds 12 oxkZdkj VqdM+s ysa rFkk izR;sd ij 12 jaxksa dks Liat djsa¼Liat dks gYdk lk jax esa Mqcks dj diM+s ds VqdM+s ij yxk,a rFkk Liat ds VqdM+s ls rc rd Liat djsa tc rd jax ,d leku u gks tk;sa rFkk lrg ij /kkfj;k¡ u jgsaA tc jax lw[k tk;s arks mUgsa izSl djsa rFkk mu ds ihNs jax dk lw= fy[ksaA bu 12 jaxksa ls vusd jax cuk;s tk ldrs gSaA

xfrfof/k (Activity) izkFkfed] lsdsaMªh rFkk Vf’kZ;jh jakxksa dh lgk;rk ls ,d dyj Oghy cukb,A

1.

1414-4-1 pedhys jax (Bright Colors) pedhys jax cukus ds fy,] lnSo FkksMh ek=k esa dyj Oghy ij blds lkeus okys jax dks feykuk pkfg, vFkkZr~ ml jax ds iwjd jax dksA mnkgj.kkFkZ ;fn fQ+jksth jax vf/kd rhoz fn[ks rks mlesa ekewyh ek=k larjh jax dks feyk nsa rks jax de pedhyk ,oa lw{e gks tk;sxk ijUrq fQj Hkh ;g fQjksth gh jgsxkA vH;kl 1 %& jaxksa esa D;k vUrj vkrk gS tc ge mlesa mlds iwjd jax dh FkksM+h ek=k feyk nsrs gSa bldk vH;kl djssa rFkk vUrj ns[ksaA • • • • • • • • • • •

u0 jax jax jax jax jax jax jax jax jax jax

1 jax ¼ihyk½ ds 2 pEep esa ½ pEep ¼tkequh½ 7 oka jax feyk,aA u0 2 ds nks pEep jax esa ½pEep jax u0 8 ¼jsfM’k cSaxuh½ feyk,A u0 3 ¼gjk½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 9 ¼yky½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A u0 4 ¼xgjk gjk½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 10 ¼jsfM’k vkWjast½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,aA u0 5 ¼uhyk½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 11 ¼vkjsat½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A u0 6 ¼uhyk cSxuh½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 12 ¼yseu vkjsat½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A u0 7 ¼cSxuh½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 1 ¼ihyk½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A u0 8 ¼jsfM’k cSxuh½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 2 ¼yseu xzhu½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A u0 9 ¼yky½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 3 ¼gjk½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A u0 10 ¼jsfM’k vkWjast½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 4 ¼xgjk gjk½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A u0 11 ¼vkWjast½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 5 ¼uhyk½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A 7


• jax u0 12 ¼yseu vkWjast½ ds nks pEep jax esa jax u0 6 ¼uhyk cSxuh½ dk ½pEep jax feyk,A diM+s ds 12 vkSj VqdM+ksa ij bu jaxksa dks Liat djsaA lq[kkus ds i’pkr~ diM+ksa dks izSl djsa rFkk mu ij jax dk lw= fy[ksa bu VqdM+ksa ds jaxksa dks 13 ls 24 la[;k nhft,A 14--4-2 ean jax (Dull Colors) 14 vH;kl 2%& 2 pEep jax esa ,d pEep mlds iwjd jax dks feyk,aA mnkgj.kkFkZ jax u0 1 ¼ihyk½ ds 2 pEep jax esa ,d pEep jax u0 7 ¼usoh Cyw½ feyk,aA ;kn j[ksa fd izR;sd oxZ ds ihNs jax dk lw= rFkk mudks 25 ls 36 la[;k ls fpafgr djsaA

1414-4-3 isLVy jax (Pastel Colors) vH;kl 3%& dyj Oghy ds 12 jaxksa esa pkj Hkkx clear base feykus ls gesa jax la[;k 37ls48 izkIr gksaxsA vc pkj Hkkx esa clear base izR;sd jewel jax dk ,d Hkkx feykus ls gesa dksey rFkk fHkUu isLVy jax izkIr gksaxs ¼dyj 49 ls 60½A vc vkids ikl 12 eq[; jax gSa ftudks feyk dj vkius 48 jax izkIr fd;sA vki isLVy jaxksa ls dk;Z djuk pkgrs gks] rks fHkUu fHkUu ek=k esa clear base dks dyj Oghy ds lHkh jaxksa esa feyk,A ;fn vki feV~Vh jax ilan djrs gSa rks blesa izR;sd jax dk iwjd jax feykvksA bl izdkj vusd laHkkfor jax cu ldrs gSaA lnSo uewus ds diM+s ij lw= fy[ksa ftlls vki iqu% jax feykus esa leFkZ gksaxsA

Lo;a tk¡p ç’u (Self-chck questions) 5. ;fn jax cgqr pedhyk fn[kkbZ 6. CMC dk iwjk uke D;k gS\

ns rks vkidks mlesa D;k feykuk pkfg,\

1414-5 diM+s (The Fabrics) VsDLVkby fizafVax jax lnSo çkÑfrd js’kksa ij izHkkodkjh gksrs gSa] ijUrq lnk 100% lwrh diMs+ dks fizafVax ds fy, izkFkfedrk nsaA ;g dsoy O;fDrxr izkFkfedrk gSA ;fn vkidks calico ij fizafVax djuh gS rks ;g /;ku j[ksa fd dqN 'kq) lwrh calico esa de ls de 50% flaFkSfVd gksrk gSA flaFkSfVd rRoksa dk ijh{k.k djus ds fy, diM+s ds dqN Hkkx dks tyk dj fd;k tk ldrk gSA lwrh diM+k fcuk fi?kys rhozrk ls tyrk gS rFkk 'ks"k jk[k cprh gSA ijUrq ikWfy,LVj tyus ls fldqM+rk gS rFkk /khjs /khjs tyrk gS] ;g [kehj tSlh xa/k NksM+rk gS rFkk dM+k Hkwjs jax IykfLVd vo’ks"k cprk gSA lwrh diM+k 'ks"k jax isLV dks 'ksf"kr ysrk gS blls fizaV lqUnj curk gS ijUrq vU; diM+ksa ij cpk gqvk isLV lrg ij gh yxk jg tkrk gS tks ÅcM[kcM fizaV cukrk gSA

1414-5-1 LØhu fizafVax ds fy, diM+s dh rS;kjh djuk (Preparing the fabric for screen printing)

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fizafVax ,oa MkbZax ds fy, cktkj esa lwrh diM+s miyC/k gSaA ;g ykHknk;d gS D;ksafd cM+s diM+s dks /kksuk rFkk izSl djuk tfVy dk;Z gSA lk/kkj.k lwrh diM+s dks igys BaMs ikuh esa /kksuk vko’;d gS ftlls mlesa yxk LVkpZ fudy tk;s rFkk ckn esa 600c xeZ ikuh esa /kksus ls diM+k fldqM+ tkrk gSA diM+s /kksus dh e’khu esa diM+s dks igys nks ckj /kks;sa rFkk blds i’pkr~ xeZ ikuh esa fMVjtSaV Mky dj /kks,aA blds vfrfjDr ;fn vkids ikl diM+s /kksus dh e’khu ugha gS rks diM+s dks ,d jkr ds fy, lkcqu ds ikuh esa fHkxks dj j[ks rFkk lqcg mls fupksM+ dj lq[kk nsa blls diM+s ds fldqM+us dk izHkko vf/kd gksxkA 'kq) lwrh diM+s ls flYoV fudkyus ds fy, xhys diM+s ij izsl djsaA diM+s dks fizafVax Vscy ij QSyk dj gkFk ls lery djsa] blls ;g fuf’pr djsa fd diM+s dh rkusa ,oa ckus Hkh ledks.k cuk;sA diM+s dks lery djrs le; ;g vuqHko djsa fd diM+s ds uhps dksbZ vU; oLrq rks ugha gS] tks LØhu ;k diM+s dks {kfr dj ldrh gS rFkk fiazfVax esa =qfV;k¡ mRiUu dj ldrh gSA lHkh dqN Bhd gksus ij Hkh diM+s dks iqu % mBk dj NksVh ls NksVh oLrq ;k cV dks gVk nsuk pkfg,A

xfrfof/k (Activity) 1. cSM’khV ds fy, T;kSeSfVªdy uewus dh 10 fMt+kbuksa ij fopkj djsa rFkk buls vfUre fMt+kbu pqus

rFkk blds fy, LØhu cuk,aA

14fdax djuk (Marking the Fabric before 14-6 diM+s dks fizafVax ls igys ekZfda Printing) bl fof/k }kjk ge LØhu dks diM+s iw.kZ:i ls lgh txg ij j[k ldrs gSaA vki LØhu dks tky ls >kad dj Hkh lgh LFkku ij j[k ldrs gSaA rFkk ;g rc rd Bhd izdkj ls dk;Z djrh jgrh gS tc rd LØhu L;kgh ls cUn u gks tk;sA blfy, ;g mfpr gksxk fd diM+s dks pkWd }kjk ykbuksa ls ekZfdax dj fy;k tk;s ¼fp= 14-8½A

1414-6-1 pkWd ykbus (Chalk line) Vsyj }kjk iz;ksx esa yk;s tkus okys pkWd ls ,d /kkxs dks jax dj diM+s ds lkFk lkFk fizafVax Vscy ij j[kk tkrk gSA /kkxs dks iwjh rjg [khap dj izR;sd Nksj dks maxyh ls n`<+rk iwoZd nck dj j[kk tkrk gS rFkk rhljs gkFk }kjk e/; ls /kkxs dks [khapk tkrk gSA /kkxs dks NksM+us ls diM+s ij ,d ljy js[kk fpfUgr gks tkrh gSA

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1414-6-2 ckWMZj fjihV (Border Repeat) blds fy, fuEufyf[kr fof/k iz;ksx eas ykbZ tk ldrh gS% • fof/k&1 o diM+s dh yEckbZ ds lkFk tgk¡ fMt+kbu dk uhps okyk Hkkx fizaV fd;k tkuk gS pkWd }kjk ,d ykbu cuk,aA

fp= 1414- 9 ckWMZj dh fjihV] fof/k 1

o LØhu dks igys fizafVax okys LFkku ij tks diM+s dh ckbZa vksj gksrk gS ij uhps ys tk;sa ¼LØhu ds tky ls ;g ns[kuk laHko gS fd LØhu dks lgh LFkku pkWd ykbu ij lgh n’kk esa j[kk tk;s½ rFkk LØhu ds Ýse dks nks LFkkuksa ij ekZfdax djsa tgk¡ ij ;g ykbu dks ØkWl djrk gksA o LØhu dks vkxs ds fizaV ds fy, lgh LFkku ij j[kus ds fy, tky ds vUnj ls rc rd ns[ksa tc rd vki nkfgus gkFk ds igys okys fizaV dks ns[k ldsa rFkk ogk¡ ij LØhu dks bl izdkj j[ksa fd ½" dk p<+ko (overlap) jgsaA ;g lqfuf’pr djsa fd Ýse ds fpUg pkWd ykbu dks Nq, D;ksafd blls ckWMZj lh/kk jgsxk rFkk blds i’pkr~ fizaV djsa ¼fp= 14-9½A • fof/k&2 o LØhu dks diM+s ds ckbZ vksj j[ksa rFkk fMt+kbu dh pkSM+kbZ ekisaA blds i’pkr~ pkWd }kjk LØhu ds nk;sa Nksj ls diM+s dh yEckbZ ij fMt+kbu dh pkSM kbZ ekdZ djsaA igyk fiazV cukus ds ckn LØhu dks bl izdkj vkxs c<+kb;s fd diM+s dk igyk fpUg] LØhu ds nk;sa Nksj dks ckgjh Hkkx dks Nw tk;sA bldk vFkZ ;g gS fd LØhu ds uhps Nwus rFkk diM+sa ij ,d fpUg dks Nwus ls izR;sd Hkkx fizaV gks tkrk gS ¼fp= 14-10½A

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fp= 1414- 10 ckWMZj fjihV] fof/k 2

1414-6-3 ckWMZj dh iqujkoqfRr }kjk vkWyvksoj fMt+kbu cukuk (Border Repeated to Create an All-over Design)

fp= 1414- 11 vkWy vksoj fMt+kbu

1414-6-4 vkWyvksoj fMt+kbu (An All-over Design) izR;sd fMt+kbu ds nks eki xgjkbZ pkSM+kbZ rFkk Å¡pkbZ gksrs gSaA buesa ls ,d eki dks diMs+ ds nksuksa fdukjksa ¼vFkkZr~ diM+s ds nksuks afdukjs tks cqus x;s gSa ftlls /kkxs u fudys½ rFkk nwljs eki dks nksuksa dVs fdukjksa ds lkFk j[ksaA blds i’pkr~ foijhr fpUgksa dks pkWd }kjk feyk dj diM+s ij tky cuk;saA vkjaHk esa tky ds vUnj ls pkWd dh ykbuksa dks ns[k dj fiazV cukuk laHko gS ijarq vusd fizaV cukus ds i’pkr~ fo’ks"k :i ls tc dkys jax dk fizaV djuk gks fiazfVax isLV ds bdðk gksus ls lkQ fn[kkbZ nsuk dfBu gks tkrk gSA 11


blfy, fiazafVax vkjaHk djus ls igys LØhu dks diM+s ij j[ksa rFkk LØhu ij fMt+kbu dk oxZ cuk,aA pkWd }kjk [khaph xbZ js[kk,a Ýse dks nks LFkkuksa ij dkVsaxhA bu vkB fcUnqvksa dks Ýse ij lkQ lkQ fpfUgr djsaA vc fdlh Hkh oxZ ij LØhu dks lgh j[kk tk ldrk gS blds fy, Ýse ij fpUgksa dks pkWd ykbu ls feyku djuk iM+rk gSA

Lo;a tk¡p ç’u (Self-check Questions) 6. 7.

lwrh diM+s dks igys BaMs ikuh rFkk ckn esa xeZ ikuh ls D;ksa /kksuk iMrk gS\ pkWd ykbu dk D;k mi;ksx gS\

1414-6-5 fiazV vkjEHk djus ls igys (Before Starting to Print) vius gkFk lkQ djus ds fy, xhyk diM+k j[ksaA feV~Vh okys gkFkksa ls diM+s ij nkx iM+ tkrs gSaA fiazfVax ds nkSjku jcM+ dh LDoht+h dks dgka j[kuk gS ;g fuf’pr djsaA ;fn vki bls LØhu ij NksM+ nsaxs rks ;g isLV dh vksj f[kld tk;sxh ¼fiazafVax isLV dks gj ckj lkQ djuk vko’;d ugha gS½A • lekpkj i= ds VqdM+s vius ikl j[ksa ftudks xhyh fiazafVax isLV ij j[kk tk ldsA • •

1414-7 LØhu rS;kj djuk (Preparation of Screen) • tkyh dks Ýse ls 10 ls0eh0 cM+k dkVsa ¼;g tkyh ij vPNh idM+ j[kus ds fy, vko’;d gS½A • vc tkyh dks xhyk dj ysa ftlls oks vPNh izdkj ls f[kap ldsA • Ýse ds e/; ,d fiu ls tkyh dks ,d Nksj ls jksdsaA nwljs Nksj dks [khap dj nwljh vksj ds fiu ls yxk;s ¼/;ku jgs [khapus ls tkyh QVs ugha½A • vc ckjh ckjh ls nksuksa vksj ls tkyh dks fiu djrs tk;s] tkyh dks Hkyh izdkj [khap dj j[ksa ¼blds fy, vkidks dqN enn dh vko’;drk gks ldrh gSA fQj Hkh blesa dqN flyoVsa jg ldrh gS ijarq nwljh vksj ls tkyh dks [khapus ls ;s nwj gks tkuh pkfg,½A • nksuksa vksj ds e/; ls vkjEHk djds tky dks mlh izdkj fiu djsa ¼fp= 14-12½A • LØhu dks vafre :i nsrs le; 'ks"k tky dks uhps dh vksj eksM+ dj fiu yxk nsaA

1414-7-1 LØhu dksfVax fof/k (Screen coating method) • LØhu dks fQDl djus ds i’pkr~ ¼Ýse dks tky ls <dus ds ckn½ isafly ls LØhu ij fMt+kbu MªªkW dj nsaA • fMt+kbu Vsªl djus i’pkr~ fMt+kbu dks NksM+dj LØhu ij piVs cz’k }kjk ,usey isaV yxk,aA

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fp= 1414- 13 LØhu busey djuk

fp= 1414- 12 LØhu rS; kj djuk

• i wjh LØh u ij ¼ fM t+kb u Hkkx dks NksM dj ½ ,us ey

isaV yxk, ¼fp= 14-13½ ftlls dksbZ fNnz ckdh u jgsaA • LØhu ij yxs ,usey dks lw[kus nsaA • lw[kus ds ckn LØhu dks ikuh ls /kks nsa rFkk lw[kus nsaA

1414-8 LØhu dh lQkbZ djuk (Cleaning the Screen) ;fn ,usey dk dqN Hkkx fMt+kbu ij jg tk;s rk bls rqjUr ;wfj;k ;qDr ikuh ls lkQ dj nsa ugha rks ;g fMt+kbu dks CykWd ¼can½ dj nsxkA

1414-9 nRr dk;Z (Assignments) 1414-9-1 d{kk dk;Z (Class Assignments) i) LØhu fizafVax ds fy, iz;ksx vkus oky midj.kksa dh lwph cuk,aA

1414-9-2 x`g dk;Z (Home Assignments) i) dyj Oghy MªkW djsa rFkk fofHkUu jaxksa ds dkWEchus’ku cuk,aA

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1414-10 lkjka’k (Summing Up) bl ikB dk fuEufyf[kr lkj gS% • fiazfVax isLV mlds xk<+s iu ij fuHkZj djrk gSA • LØhu dks igys ckgj ls rFkk rqjar gh vUnj ls dksfVax djsaA vafre ijr lekIr gksus ij LØhu dks lery n’kk esa lq[kk;saA • LØhu dks BaMs ikuh eas 5 ls 10 feuV rd Mqcks dj j[ksaA LØhu dks pyrs gq, ikuh ¼uy½ ls /kks dj j[ksaA • iwjh rjg ls lw[kh gqbZ LØhu dks Liat ;k xhys diM+s ls ugha /kksuk pkfg,A

1414-11 Lo;a tk¡p ç’uksa ds laHkkfor mRrj

(Possible Answers to Self-

check Questions) 1.

2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7.

8.

LØhu fiaazfVax esa iz;qDr gksus okys midj.k rFkk lkexzh Ýse] cksfYVax DykWFk] jcM+ dh LDoht+h] fçafVax csl] lq[kkus ds fy, jSd ;k rkjsa] Øk¶V pkdw] isij] 'khV glass] iSfdax Vsi] lkW¶V ysM HB isafly] /kkrq ;k ydM+h dk Ldsy] lsV Ldos;j] okVj dyj cz’k] isaV cz’k] dSaph gSA cksfYVax DykWFk eghu tkyh gksrh gS tks ekuo fufeZr diM+s ls cuh gksrh gSA ftldks [khap dj Ýse ij cksYV fd;k tkrk gS rFkk fizafVax LØhu dk dk;Z djrk gSA tky la[;k cksfYVax DykWFk ds 2-5 ls0eh0 ¼1 bap½ diM+s esa /kkxksa dh la[;k n’kkZrh gSA tky la[;k dh eksVh ¼30½ ls eghu ¼90½ rFkk vYVªk Qkbu rd dbZ Jsf.k;k¡ gSaA vf/kd la[;k okyh tkyh ls cgqr rhoz fiazV curk gS tks eghu rFkk lqUnj fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA jcM+ dh LDoht+h esa jcM+ ;k IykfLVd ds CysM gksrs gSa tks ydM+h ds gSaMy yxs gksrs gSa rFkk ;g fiazfVax isLV dks tkyh dh lrg ls iq’k djrk gSA jax dh ped de djus ds fy, ge ml jax ds iwjd jax tks dyj Oghy ij mlds lkeus gksrk gS feykuk iM+rk gSA Carboxy Methyl Cellulose ¼dkckZsDlh feFkkby lsY;qykst½ lk/kkj.k lwrh diM+s ls LVkpZ fudkyus ds fy, igys BaMs ikuh esa /kks;k tkrk gS rFkk fldqM+us ds fy, ¼600c ls Åij½ xeZ ikuh esa /kks;k tkrk gSA 'kq) lwrh diM+s dks flyoV fudkyus ds fy, mls izSl fd;k tkrk gSA diM+s dks fpfUgr djus ds fy, pkWd dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS] fjihV fiazV dk LFkku Hkh LØhu ij pkWd }kjk ekdZ fd;k tkrk gSa ;g LØhu dks lgh txg ij j[kus ds fy, ekxZn’kZd dk dk;Z djrk gSA

1414-12 vH;klkFkZ ç’u (Terminal Questions) 1.

LØhu fiazfVax }kjk vki vkWyvksoj fMt+kbu dSls cuk;saxs\ 14


2. 3. 4. 5.

LØhu dksfVax fof/k dk o.kZu djsaA fiaazfVax ds fy, pedhys] ean] gYds rFkk isLVy 'ksM cukus dh fof/k dk o.kZu djsaA fiazfVax ds fy, LØhu dks dSls rS;kj dh tkrh gS\ fiazV isLV cukus dk laf{kIr o.kZu djsaA

1414-13la 13lanHkZ ,oa v/;;u ;ksX; iqLrdsa (Suggested Further Reading and References) 1. Bhatnagar, P. 2000. Screen Printing Techniques for Unemployed Women, Ministry of SSI & ARI, Govt. of India, New Delhi.

Educated

2. Kafka F. J. 1959. Batik, Tie Dyeing, Stenciling, Silk Screen, Block Printing: The Hand Decoration of Fabrics. Dover Publications, Inc., New York. 3. Russ, S. 1964. Fabric Printing By Hand. Studio Vista Limited. 4. Stallebrass, P. 1990. The Creative Guide to Fabric Screen Printing. New Holland Publishers Ltd. 5. 1920. Fancy Designs. The Pepin Press, Milan. 6. Clarke, W. 1974. An Introduction to Textile Printing. 4th Ed. Newness Butterworth, U.K.

1414-14 'kCnkoyh (Glossary) 1. dkEIyhesUVjh 2. áwfefMVh 3. LDohth

foijhr ueh ydM+h dk gSaMy yxk gqvk jcM+ dk CysM

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