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ôģčîć\õíĎńńĿíōôŔńĄńĿíľŔĿĉ


õîñîįôŔńĄŃ ŅŎŀĀī úŔăiŅĉčŗíĽîńėŒijôŔŀòĀĿíôŀĔŀĔĿíņńğiŅŎŀĀīõîñîįôŔńĄŃĪĸ÷ ņģŎŃŒŋōiĩîĴ÷čśíôňœîòøńĿíĽŜøĿíņŃ2łĻ13ôăîĔŃŐŀīôŔńĄńĿíĊøń÷ ņŃľĬĀ÷ôŔňİĿíàíĎĠĈĿíõîăîĔńĿíõîŇíŎŔĄĿíōõî÷îòňĿíņŃôīŎňøŃôīŎńĀŃ iĪŔñĎĿíľĜijŒijîěŎĜćōiŒĘńĿíŒòĄŃōņŔŋĐňøńŀĿïČÿôĤĄŃŅŎŀĀī ôœĎòĿíčŎŋĐĿíņŃôīŎňøŃōôĬēíōôŀŔļĘøñôŔńĄńĿíņœĐø÷îŃĊňī ŁîĨŇŐŀīĥîĴĄĿíŒijóĊīîĔńŀĿ1987ŁîīŒijŅŎŀĀīõîñîįôŔńĄŃõäĘŇã õîñîİĿíôăîĔŃņŃíĎŔòĻíàĐÿîŋčîĀėãľüń÷ōióĎĠĈĿíłëíĉġŎŀòĿíõîñîį ĉŜòĿíôăîĔŃņŃ£1ŒĿíŎăŒĤİ÷ŒøĿíōiŅĉčŗíŒij ĵŜģçóĉîīřıĊŌœčîüĻçþŃîŇĎòñôŔĬńĀĿíöīĎėiôŔńĄńĿíĒŔēä÷ĊĬñ ŅîļńĿíĎijŎ÷ŅŎŀĀīŒijôŔňİĿíõîñîİĿíöŇîĻĊĸijiôœĎòĿíŐĿíĎńēŗíľœŗí ðŔĤĄøĿíņļĿïîĘīŗíōčîĀėŗíŐŀīŏČİø÷îŌŇŗiľœŗíĖŔĬĿðēîňńĿí ĵŜģçČňŃōiŊğíĎĸŇíŒijłŋîēôŔğîńĿíŁîīŒøëîńĿíŒij‘íĊëîēŅîĻőČĿí ľœŗíņŃĉíĊīãĵŜģçņŃôŔĬńĀĿíöňļń÷i1998ŁîĬĿíŒijþŃîŇĎòĿííČŋ ŒŀěŗíîŌŀëŎŃŐĿçĉŎĬøĿiôŔńĄńĿíŒijĎńēŗí

ŒijôŃîķří õîñîįôŔńĄŃ ŅŎŀĀī ĊĀøēiôĸĤňńĿíʼnČŋņŃïĎĸĿîñ ôīîķōłĬĤńĿíōčíōĐĿíĐĻĎŃ ôńëîķôĬŔòĤĿíŅîĻĉōõîīîńøÿśí ņŃŅŎļø÷iłĬĤńĿíŒijŁîĬĤĿí ŒijîńñiőĊŔŀĸøĿíŒñĎĬĿíŁîĬĤĿí óĐŔńńĿíŅŎŀĀīĵîòģãĞĬñĺĿċ öňĻíċçĐĀĄĿíĊňīîňŃŜīíŐÿĎœ ‘îŔ÷îòŇ ĺňļńœiłŔĈĿíōąíŎĻśíŐĿíôijîğśîñ öœŎļĔòĿíöŔœĽĐŇŒijôŃîķśí ŒijĉŎÿŎńĿíōôŔńĄńĿíņŃðœĎĸĿí ĽĐňĿííČŋĪĸœôëĉîŌĿíŅîÿĎīôœĎķ ņŔøĿíčîĀėîñàŒŀŃőĉíōŒij ĪĔø÷ņŔøijĎįņŃŅŎļøœōiŅîŃĎĿíō ęîĈėã9-8ņŃ

ôŔńĄńĿíŒijôŃîķśíôĸĤňŃĪĸ÷ ôòĘĬŃōàíĎĠćóĎŔòĻôĬĸñŒij iŅŎŀĀīõîñîįôŔńĄŃôijîăŐŀī ġŎŀòĿíōïōĎĈĿíčîĀėäñôģîĄŃ iôĿōíĎĴĿíčîĀėãōŒòŀĄĿíĶøĔĴĿíō îŃōôŔńĄńŀĿôŀŔńÿĎħîňŃôŇŎļŃ — ąíŎĻã5ôŔńĄńĿíŒijĊÿŎœîŌĿŎă õîijĎėōôěîćĶijíĎŃĎijŎ÷ôŔòĘć číĊŃŐŀīčíōĐĿíľòĸøĔ÷ióĎŔİě ľĻĪĔø÷ôŔòĘćłŔć10ōôňĔĿí óĉōĐŃęîĈėãôĬñčŗîŌňŃóĊăíō ĽîòĸøēřĂøĴ÷iôĻĎøĘŃĶijíĎńñ  3 číċãĎŌėIJĜøňŃņŃčíōĐĿí ĽōŗíņœĎĘ÷ĎŌėôœîŌŇŐøăō  10)


öœŎļĔòĿíŒĿîĔ÷łœĊĸ÷ ióĊœĊÿāōĎñôŔŇĉčśíõîœŎŀĄĿíō ôŔŇĉčŗíõîĴěŎĿíŁĊĸ÷úŔă ņŃóîăŎøĔŃôĸœĎĤñôńœĊĸĿí łĠ÷ôœĊŔŀĸøĿíôŔŀĄńĿíõîŇŎļńĿí öœďĶëîķčjöœŎļĔòĿíöŔñõîĀøňŃ ĒñĊĿíĖœōĊŇîēōŅŎøœĐĿí ôķîĤĿíŏŎŀăōôňŔĄĤĿíō

ĢĈĿíöŔñ ôœĎķŒijŒñĎĬĿíĢĈĿíöŔñĪĸœ ľńīõîėčōņŃĎòøĬœōiŅŎēíč ŐĿçıĊŌœōióĐŔńńĿíôŔĬńĀĿí ôŔñĎĬĿíôijîĸüĿîñčíōĐĿíIJœĎĬ÷ číŎăŐŀīĪŔĀĘøĿíōôŔŃŜēříō ĉōĐœŊŇãŐĿíôijîğśîñiõîijîĸüĿí ŅĉčŗíôœĎñŒijôĬŔòĤĿíŅîĻĉ ôŔĬŔòĤĿíņŃóîăŎøĔńĿíõîĀøňńĿîñ àîĔŇņŃĉĊīöŔòĿíŒijľńĬœ ņńĸœōčíōĐĿîñņòăĎœiôĸĤňńĿí Ćœčî÷ņīôĬœĎēôĄńĿàîĤīèñ Ŋ÷íōĉãōŊijōĎăōŒñĎĬĿíĢĈĿí

ôĬŔòĤĿíŅîĻĉ úŔăiôĬŔòĤĿíŅîĻĉóčîœďĒň÷ś ŒøĿíóĐŔńńĿíîœíĊŌĿíņŃĊœĊĬĿí ŐŀīŅîĻĊĿíőŎøĄœĺķōċðēîň÷ îœōĊœôĬňĜńĿíōôŔĬŔòĤĿíõîĀøňńĿí ĖŔĬœőČĿíŒŀĄńĿíĪńøĀńĿíľòķņŃ ôŔĬŔòĤĿíõîŔńĄńĿíĽŎăōľćíĉ

ôŀļĘńĿíŅŎŀĀīõîĀøňŃ ôĬŔòĤĿíņŃîœōĊœ óčîœďôěĎijõŎĴ÷ś — ŒijóĉŎÿŎńĿíŅŎŀĀīõŎŔñ ŅîÿĎīōŅŎēíčŒøœĎķ ŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñ ŅîÿĎīôœĎķŒijŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñĪĸœ • ôœĎĸĿíõíĊŔēŁŎĸ÷úŔăôĬëíĎĿí ĵĎĤĿîñŅîÿĎīŅŎñîěýîøŇîñ ŅŎøœĐĿíöœďņŃôĸœĎĬĿíôœĊŔŀĸøĿí õŎœĐñîÿōĐńŃôëîńĿîñôëîŃŒijîĜĿí õî÷îòŇõîĜŀĈøĔŃōŏĎćãôŔĬŔòģ ĪňĬňĿíōčĊňijŜĿíľüŃôĸĤňńĿí õŎœĐĿíôěŜćņŃîŋĎŔįōŅîŃĎĿíō ŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñčíōďĪŔĤøĔœôŔijîĜĿí ĪŔňĜ÷ôŔŀńīóĊŋîĘńñĪøńøĿí ïîĘīãņŃïŎĻàîĔøăíōŅŎñîĜĿí ŒijĵŎĔøĿíŐĿíôijîğśîñiôĔŔŀńĿí öŔòĿíŒijĉŎÿŎńĿíŅîĻĊĿí

öœŎļĔòĿíöŔñ ŒijĪķíŎĿíöœŎļĔòĿíöŔñłĠœ úŔăŒĿîĔ÷ĆòĤŃŅîÿĎīôœĎķ • õîœŎŀĄĿíōöœŎļĔòĿíĎŔĠĄ÷łøœ ôŔŇĉčíõîĴěŎñîœōĊœóĊĬńĿí — ôĸœĎĤñôŔŀĄŃõîŇŎļŃōôœĊŔŀĸ÷ ĪńøĀńĿíõíĊŔēľòķņŃóĎěîĬŃ ŐŀīõĊīîēóĎļĴĿíʼnČŋŒŀĄńĿí


õíĎńńĿí ŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñĎńŃ

ŁîĬĿíčíĊŃŐŀīĂøĴœ

ľŔĿĉŅōĊñōãľŔĿĉôĸijĎñ ĢēŎøŃôñŎĬĜĿíŏŎøĔŃ łĻ7-6ôijîĔńĿí õîīîē3-2öķŎĿí ĚĈė18ŐĿç4ņŃĎńńĿíôĬē IJěŎĿí ŒijčíōĐĿíĐĻĎŃņŃiĎńńĿíãĊòœ ŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñŐĿçĹČćäœōôŔńĄńĿí ĹĉŎĸœóčōîĀńĿíŅîÿĎīôœĎķŒij ôìŀøńńĿíôĴŔüļĿíõîñîİĿíĎòīĎńńĿí čîĀėãōĶøĔĴĿíōġŎŀòĿíĎĀĘñ ôŔķĎĘĿíôĿōíĎĴĿí ‘ ‘ ĎŔįíĎŔİěîĸœĎģĪòø÷Ņãĺňļńœ ČŔòŇóĎĜĬŃčîûáŐĿíőĉæœĎėîòŃ čîĀėãóĊŋîĘŃĺøīîĤøēîñōiôńœĊķ ôŔńĄńĿíŒijŁĊķŗíôŔķĎĘĿíôĿōíĎĴĿí ŒijōőĉíŎĿíŐĿíĺĸœĎģŒijöŇíō ôńķôœåčņŃņļńø÷ĊķıîěŁŎœ ŒijýŎŀüĿîñóîĤİńĿíĆŔĘĿíľòÿ îœčŎēïŎňÿ ĵŎijĎøŃ1100ŐĿçĎńńĿíĪĴ÷Ďœ ôĤĸŇĊňīĎĄòĿíĂĤēŏŎøĔŃ ĺĿċĊĬñĺñĽĐňœōi¯ĎĔňĿíāíĎŃ° õíĊŔēĪòø÷úŔăŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñŐĿí ĪňěŒijôœĊŔŀĸøĿíôĸœĎĤĿíôœĎĸĿí ŒijîĜĿíŅŎøœĐĿíöœďņŃŅŎñîĜĿí ôŔŀĄńĿíõî÷îòňĿíō

ĎńēŗíľœŗíĎńŃ

ŁîĬĿíčíĊŃŐŀīĂøĴœ

ľŔĿĉŅōĊñōãľŔĿĉôĸijĎñ ľŌēôñŎĬĜĿíŏŎøĔŃ łĻ2ôijîĔńĿí ôīîēņŃľķãöķŎĿí ĚĈė18ŐĿç4ņŃĎńńĿíôĬē IJěŎĿí ņŃãĊòœĎŔĜĸĿíőĎëíĊĿíĎńńĿííČŋ ôŔĬŔòģĎħîňŃĎijŎœōiłŔĈńĿí ņŃïĎĸĿîñôŔńĄńŀĿôñŜćō ĊĀøēłŔĈĿíōąíŎĻśíôĸĤňŃ ŒijōiôńœĊķôœĎĀăðňīóĎĜĬŃ ľœŗíóĊŋîĘŃņļńœāîòĜĿíõîīîē číōĐĿíĐĻĎŃŐĿíóĉŎĬĿíľòķĎńēŗí


ŅîÿĎīôœĎķĎńŃ

ŁîĬĿíčíĊŃŐŀīĂøĴœ

ĢĸijľŔĿĉôĸijĎñ ĢēŎøŃôñŎĬĜĿíŏŎøĔŃ łĻ12ôijîĔńĿí õîīîē6öķŎĿí ĚĈė18ŐĿç4ņŃĎńńĿíôĬē IJěŎĿí iŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñņŃĎńńĿííČŋĹČćäœ ņŔ÷îĔòĿíōóĎĀĘńĿíŅîœĉŎĿíĎòī iŅîÿĎīôœĎķŒijôķčŎńĿíàíĎĠĈĿí ĢńŇıîĘøĻśôěĎĴĿíĺĿĂŔøœîńŃ öœŎļĔòĿíöŔñōôŔĴœĎĿíóîŔĄĿí ôĸĤňńĿíŒijĉŎÿŎńĿí

čîĀėãIJĤĜ÷ĎńńĿíĶœĎģŐŀī ľļĘøĿʼnîŔńĿíĪòŇĽŎģŐŀīčŎĄĿí ŒĘńĿíàîňûãĽîńĀĿíôœîįŒij‘íĊŌĘŃ ôœĎĈĜĿíŅíčĊĀĿíĦăŜ÷ŅíŐĔň÷ś öŇîĻŒøĿíôńœĊĸĿíʼnîŔńĿíņŔăíŎģō ŅîļĔĿíľòķņŃîńœĊķŁĊĈøĔ÷ ôijîğśîñïŎòĄĿíņĄĤĿņŔŔŀĄńĿí àîijŎĀĿíďŎĀĿíóĎĀėŐĿí ıŎēiĪķíŎńĿíʼnČŌĿĺ÷ĊŋîĘŃĊĬñ ŒijóČœČĿôœĊŔŀĸ÷ôòÿŎñĪøńø÷ ŅîŃĎĿíōņŔøĿíčîĀėîñàŒŀŃŅîøĔñ àĐÿĎćáŒijōĖńĘńĿíōāîĴøĿíō čîĀėãņŔñĎń÷ıŎēiĎńńĿíņŃ ŁîœãŐĿçĉŎĬ÷ŒøĿíŅŎøœĐĿí ôŔŇîŃōĎĿíôœčŎģíĎòŃří

ŅŎŀĀīõŎŔñĎńŃ

ŁîĬĿíčíĊŃŐŀīĂøĴœ

ĢĸijľŔĿĉôĸijĎñ ĢēŎøŃôñŎĬĜĿíŏŎøĔŃ łĻ7-6ôijîĔńĿí õîīîē4-3öķŎĿí jõŎŔòĿíĪŔńÿņŔñĎŔĔŀĿôĸŔķĉ40 õŎŔòĿíóčîœĐĿôīîē2-1ĹĎ÷í ĎüĻãōęîĈėã4ĎńńĿíôĬē IJěŎĿí ŅŎŀĀīõŎŔñóčîœďĎńńĿíľńĘœ öŔñjôŔĬńĀŀĿôĬñîøĿíùŜüĿí ôœĎķŒijöœŎļĔòĿíöŔñōŅŎñîĜĿí ôœĎķŒijĢĈĿíöŔñōŅîÿĎī ņŃôÿŎøĿíĪŔĤøĔ÷úŔăiŅŎēíč öŔñóîĀ÷îñ¯ĎĔňĿíāíĎŃ°ôĤĸŇ öŔòijŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñłûņŃōĢĈĿí öŔñöŀěōíċíîŃíöœŎļĔòĿí öŔòĿŊÿŎø÷ŅíĺňļńœśōíŅŎñîĜĿí öŔñŒijĹîňŋiĺĿċĊĬñĢĈĿí ŐĿōŗíõíŎĤĈĿíċîĈ÷íĺňļńœiĢĈĿí ôĸœĎģōĆœčî÷ōņijıîĘøĻíŒij ôòĔňĿîñîŃíôŔñĎĬĿíġŎĤĈĿíôñîøĻ óčîœďĺňļńœiöœŎļĔòĿíöŔòĿ łøœúŔăŒĿîĔ÷õîĀøňŃĆòĤŃ õîœŎŀĄĿíōöœŎļĔòĿíĎŔĠĄ÷ õîĴěŎñîœōĊœóĊĬńĿíôŔŇĉčŗí — ôŔŀĄŃõîŇŎļŃōôœĊŔŀĸ÷ôŔŇĉčã ŐĿíôijîğśîñóĎěîĬŃôĸœĎĤñ ôëĉîŋôŀŔĿàîĠķĺňļńœĺĿċ ĽŜćņŃôĬŔòĤĿíĪŃľěíŎøĿîñ öœŎļĔòĿíöŔñĽĐŇŒijĺøŃîķí


őĎŋĐĿíĊŔòŀĿíĎńŃ

đîŔĿíčîŃĎńŃ

ŁîĬĿíčíĊŃŐŀīĂøĴœ

ĢĸijľŔĿĉôĸijĎñ ĢēŎøŃôñŎĬĜĿíŏŎøĔŃ łĻôijîĔńĿí õîīîē4öķŎĿí ĚĈė18ŐĿç4ņŃĎńńĿíôĬē IJěŎĿí ĐĻĎŃņŃãĊòœőČĿíĎńńĿíĹĉŎĸœ đîŔĿíčîŃôĔŔňĻčîûáŐĿçičíōĐĿí ĒëîňļĿíŁĊķãņŃóĊăíōĎòøĬ÷ŒøĿí ôĔŔňļĿíöŔńēúŔăiŅĉčśíŒij đîŔĿíŒòňĿíŐĿíôòĔŇłēśííČŌñ ôīŎńĀŃĎòīĎńńĿíĹČćäœîŔĿíōã ņŔñōięîÿśíōņŔøĿíņŔ÷îĔñņŃ ôĿōíĎĴĿíčîĀėãōŅîœĊňĔĿíõîñîį čŎŋĐĿîñóàŎŀńŃýōĎŃō ôœĎĀĄĿíŅíčĊĀĿíőĉíŎĿíĪŃĪģîĸø÷ ņŔ÷îĔñŒńĄ÷ŒøĿíiôœĉîňøēśí ņŃōàîøĘĿíčîĤŃãņŃņŔīčíĐńĿí ôœĎòĿíĎœďîňĈĿí ņŃïŎĻĪŃľĨĿíŒijŒćĎøēí ôŀøĿíôńķŐĿçĶŀĔøĿíľòķőîĘĿí ôĸĤňńŀĿôĬëíčĎħîňŃĎijŎ÷ŒøĿí ôĤŔĄńĿí

ŁîĬĿíčíĊŃŐŀīĂøĴœ

ĢĸijľŔĿĉôĸijĎñ ĢēŎøŃôñŎĬĜĿíŏŎøĔŃ łĻ8ôijîĔńĿí õîīîē4-3öķŎĿí ĚĈė18ŐĿç4ņŃĎńńĿíôĬē IJěŎĿí óĎŋďłēíŐŀīĎńńĿííČŋŒńē ņļńœŒøĿí¯őĎŋĐĿíĊŔòŀĿí° ŒijĎńńĿíàîĄŇãĪŔńÿŒijîŌ÷ĊŋîĘŃ õîñîįĎńńĿíĎòĬœiĪŔñĎĿíľĜij ľćíĉŏĎķōĩčíĐŃōņŔ÷îĔñōôĴŔüĻ ĺĿċŐĿíôijîğśîñôŔńĄńĿíýčîćō ĎħîňŃôœåčĎńńĿííČŋĺĄňńœ îœčŎēōôŔñĎİĿíôĴĠŀĿôŀŔńÿ IJĜøňŃŒijŒŇĉčŗíIJœĎĿíō óĎĜĬŃĊŋîĘøēiîòœĎĸ÷ĶœĎĤĿí ŐĿíĉŎĬ÷ŒøĿíŅŎøœĐĿíōČŔòňĿí iôŔŇîŃōĎĿíōôŔĤŇĐŔòĿíčŎĜĬĿí ičîĔńĿíôœîŌŇŐĿçĽŎěŎĿíľòķō öĄ÷ôăíĎĿíņŃîĤĔķČćōąĎøēí óĎŔòļĿíĽŎŀńĿíóĎĀėľħ ĪøńøĿíĪŔĤøĔ÷łēŎŃľĻŒij IJŀøĈŃŒ÷îòŇĩŎňøñ iĩîĴ÷číĎńńĿíņŃĽōŗíIJĜňĿíŒij ĹîňŋōičíĊĄŇíŒŇîüĿíIJĜňĿíō ðŀĤøœôŀăĎĿíĽŜćĉîăĶñîĔ÷ ôŔŇĊòĿíôķîŔŀĿíņŃĊŔÿŏŎøĔŃ


ĪķíŎŃ óčîœĐŀĿôòœĎķ ŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķ îŔŀĄŃŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķıĎĬ•÷ łĻ14) ņœĊĿíĐīîŋîňñōiĞñ— ĎĿíôĬŀĸñ ŁîīŒijņœĊĿíāŜěąíņñíiôŃîēí śîüŃôĬŀĸĿíĎòøĬ÷ōiőĉŜŔŃ1184 ŐŀīãņŃĪŔĤøĔ÷ōiôŔŃŜēříóčîńĬŀĿ ŅĉčŗíőĉíōŐŀīôĿŜģíôœåčôĬŀĸĿí

ĕĎÿ ôňœĊŃĎòøĬ÷ ŅŎŀĀīĵĎėłĻ22) ŒŇîûŅĉčŗíĽîńėŒijĪĸ÷ŒøĿíĕĎÿ ĊĸijiŅĉčŗíŒijŒăîŔēĪķŎŃłŋã ôĈœčîøĿíŅĊńĿíņŃàĐÿöŇîĻ ņŃō ĒĿŎñîļœĉ óĎĘĬĿíôŔŇîŃōĎĿí ýčĊńĿíĕĎÿôňœĊŃłĿîĬŃłŋã ĒńŔ÷čãĊòĬŃōŒñŎňĀĿí

ĹŎŃĎŔĿíôŔńĄŃōĒŔķŁã ôŔĬŔòĤĿí ôŔńĄŃņŃĽîńĘĿíŐĿç łĻ60) ĪķŎŃŎŋōiĒŔķŁãĪĸ÷ŅŎŀĀī ľĤœōŅĉčŗíŒijčŎŌĘŃĎćáŒŇîŃōč îœčŎēĪŃôŔĿîńĘĿíĉōĊĄĿíŐŀī îœĎòģóĎŔĄñōŅśŎĀĿíôòĠŋō ŏĊăíŒŋôŔĬŔòĤĿíĹŎŃĎŔĿíôŔńĄŃ ŒijîüœĊăîŌķŜģíł÷ŒøĿíõîŔńĄńĿí ŅĉčŗíóĎĀėņģŎŃŒŋōŅĉčŗí ʼnČŋņĠøĄ÷ĽŎŀńĿíôŔňģŎĿí ŅĉčŗíĆœčî÷ņŃĎŔüļĿíôĸĤňńĿí

ŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķĎńŃ

íĊīîŃiŁîĬĿíčíĊŃŐŀīĂøĴœ

ŅîĠŃčĎŌė ĢĸijľŔĿĉôĸijĎñ ĪŃðĬěôñŎĬĜĿíŏŎøĔŃ óĉîăõíčĊĄňŃ ōãłĻ18ôijîĔńĿí đîŔĿíčîŃņŃłĻ ōãľŃîĻŁŎœöķŎĿí đîŔĿíčîŃņŃõîīîē4 ĚĈė18ŐĿç4ņŃĎńńĿíôĬē IJěŎĿí ĺœĊĿiđîŔĿíčîŃŐĿçĺĿŎěōĊňī àŒŀńĿíĎńńĿííČŌñčíĎńøēśîñčîŔĈĿí õŎŔòĿíĎòīĹČćäœőČĿíōőĊĄøĿîñ óĎŔİĜĿíĩčíĐńĿíņŃôīŎńĀŃō ŐĿçĺĸœĎģŒijôòœĎĸĿíņŔ÷îĔòĿíō ņŔñöŔňñŒøĿíŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķ ņœĊĿíāŜěĊŌīŒij1188-1184 ĎńńĿíņŃĽōŗíàĐĀĿíŒijŒñŎœŗí ôŔĬŔòĤĿíĎħîňńĿîñĪøńø÷Ņíĺňļńœ ĺĿōĐŇľòķîœčŎēōôŔñĎİĿíôĴĠŀĿ ŒijōčîĀėśîñàŒŀŃőĉíōŐĿç ôăíĎĿíņŃîĤĔķČćiőĉíŎĿíôœîŌŇ čîĀėãŁĊķãņŃóĊăíōľħöĄ÷ ôĸĤňńĿíŒijŒòŀĄĿíĶøĔĴĿí ôŔëîŌňĿíôŀăĎńŀĿôòĔňĿîñîŃí ņŃþīĐň÷ŜijôķîĘĿíōôòĬĜĿí ŅŎļøēîŌ÷äijîļŃŅśîŋĉŎĬě ôĬëíĎĿíôĬŀĸĿíŐĿíĽŎěŎĿí iîŌòăîĜ÷ŒøĿíôñŜĈĿíĎħîňńĿíō õŜăĎŀĿôŔŀĄŃôòÿōĎńńĿíľńĘœ ĊňīóĉŎĬŀĿĺ÷ŜěíŎŃņīĽäēç ĎńŃàîňüøēîñõíĎńńĿíņŃőãĐĀă őĎŋĐĿíĊŔòŀĿíĎńŃōĎńēŗíľœśí


ĂŃŜŃďĎñí õîģîĘňĿí

ŅŎŀĀīõíĎńŃôĤœĎć

öœŎļĔòĿíöŔñ

ĎńēŗíľœŗíĎńŃ ôěĎijĺĄňńœĎŔĜķĎńŃ ôñŜĈĿíĎħîňńĿíôœåĎĿ ľœŗíōôŔńĄńĿíľćíĉ óčîœďŐĿíôijîğśîñĎńēŗí ôńœĊĸĿíČŔòňĿíóĎĜĬńĿ ŅîœĎĿíőĉíō

ŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñĎńŃ ôĤĸŇņŃĊŋîĘńĿîñĪøń÷ ĊŋîėōĎĔňĿíāíĎŃ ņŋōôœĎĸĿíõíĊŔē ņŃŅŎñîĜĿíņĬňĜœ ŒijîĜĿíŅŎøœĐĿíöœď

ŅŎŀĀīõŎŔñĎńŃ iŅŎŀĀīõŎŔñóčîœĐñĪøń÷ ĢĈĿíöŔñōŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñ ŒijöœŎļĔòĿíöŔñō ŅŎēíčōŅîÿĎīŒøœĎķ

ęîòĿîñóĉŎĬĿí

ŅîÿĎī

őĉíō

ŅîœĎĿí

ĎńŃôĤœĎć ŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķ

IJėîĻĪķŎŃ đîŔĿíčîŃ àíĊİĿí ęîòĿîñóĉŎĬĿí

ŁŎĬňĿíő

ĉíō

ŅîÿĎīôœĎķĎńŃ ôŔńĄńĿíľćíĉŒĘŃí ŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñóčîœĐñłķō ôœĎĸĿíŒijʼnîŔńĿíĪòŇō ŒŀĄńĿíčŎĤĴĿîñĪøń÷ō őĊŔŀĸøĿí

őĎŋĐĿíĊŔòŀĿíĎńŃ

IJķŎøĿíõîĤĄŃ ŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķ óĎńĬńĿíĶøĔĴĿíóĎĀė ęîòĿîñóĉŎĬĿí őîĘĿíïĎėôĤĸŇ W

adi ôŔăîŔĔĿíõíĎńńĿí Ar

đîŔĿíčîŃĎńŃ ŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķĎńŃ

Ra yya n

ŅŎīîñőĉíō

ĎòīĎŔĔńĿîñĪøńøēí ŒøĿíĽŜøĿíōŅîœĉŎĿí iõîñîİĿíîŋŎĔļ÷ ôŀŔńĀĿíĎħîňńĿîñō îœčŎēōôŔñĎİĿíôĴĠŀĿ

Baun

ĉíō

ðĀĿíőĉíō

Ŀíő

ðĀ

őîĘĿíïĎėôĤĸŇ óĎńĬńĿíĶøĔĴĿíóĎĀė

đîŔĿíčîŃĎńŃ 

ôĔŔňĻŐĿíðŋċí ľŃä÷ōiđîŔĿíčîŃ àîĔĴŔĔĴĿíōõîŃŎēĎĿí ôòÿŎñĪøńøēíōôŀŔńĀĿí îŔŀĄŃóĊ— ĬńĿíàíĊİĿí

õíĎøŃŎŀŔļĿí

ŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķĎńŃ 

ĉíō

Ŕīő

ńĿíņ

ôĤœîĬ

ôĬŀķ ŅŎŀĀī

óĉŎĬĿí ęîòĿîñ

ĎńŃņŃĹĎŔĔŃĪñî÷ ņŔ÷îĔòĿíĎòīđîŔĿíčîŃ ŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķŐĿíľĜøĿ ôŔĈœčîøĿí IJėîĻĪķŎŃ

číōĐĿíĐĻĎŃŎŋõíĎńńĿíĪŔńĀĿĪńĀøĿíôĤĸŇ ĎŌėōôœŎĀĿíıōĎĨĿíŐŀīĊńøĬœõíĎńńĿíĎijŎ÷ ĎńŃőŗĹĐĀăľòķčîĔĴøēśíàîÿĎĿíiŅîĠŃč

ŁŎĬňĿíőĉíō

đîŔĿíčîŃ àíĊİĿí ęîòĿîñóĉŎĬĿí õíĎøŃŎŀŔļĿí


ņŔī

ĉíō

Ŀíő

ĿĐ ôń

IJķŎøĿíõîĤĄŃ

àíĊİĿíôòÿō ęîòĿí ŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķ àîĸøĿçôĤĸŇ óĎńĬŃĶøĔijóĎĀė őîĘĿíïĎėôĤĸŇ číōĐĿíĐĻĎŃ IJėîĻĪķŎŃ óĎńĬŃġŎŀñóĎĀė öŔñ ôńŌŃĪķíŎŃ ĎĀĄńĿí ĎĔňĿíāíĎŃôńķ óĎĀĘŃôĬēíōôăîĔŃ ôŔńĄńĿíôñíŎñ ʼnîŔŃĪŔñîňœ čîĔŃôŃŜī ôœĎķ õîīîĴ÷čśíôŃŜī

ŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñ

öŔñ

ŅŎēíč

ĎĔňĿíāíĎŃ

ôŔăîŔĔĿíõíĎńńĿí

ŅŎñîĜĿíöŔñĎńŃ ŅŎŀĀīõŎŔñĎńŃ ŅîÿĎīôœĎķĎńŃ ľœŎĤĿíĎńēśíľœśíĎńŃ ĎŔĜĸĿíĎńēśíľœśíĎńŃ őĎŋĐĿíĊŔòŀĿíĎńŃ đîŔĿíčîŃĎńŃ Wa diŅŎŀĀīôĬŀķĎńŃ Kh all at Um ôŔĔŔëčĵĎģ ar ôœŎŇîûĵĎģ őĉíō ôŔńĄńĿíĉōĊă

ŅîÿĎīôœĎķŐŀīľĤŃĪķŎŃ ŅŎēíčôœĎķō

ôăîē

ôńœĊĸĿíŅŎøœĐĿíōČŔòňĿíóĎĜĬŃ ôńĸŀĿŒĔŔëĎĿíIJėîļĿíĪķŎńĿí

ŒĬŔòģʼnîŔŃŅíĐć àíĊİĿíôăíĎøēíôĤĸŇ

čîøŃśîñõîīîĴ÷čśí

őĉíōôœíĊñ ŅŎēíč

ô÷ŎĄňŃčŎĈě ‘îŔĬŔòģ

1200 - 1300

ŅŎēíčŐĿí

1100 - 1200 1000 - 1100

IJėîĻĪķŎŃ číōĐĿíĐĻĎńĿ

900 - 1000 800 - 900 700 - 800

čîĀėśîñôģîĄŃôĬēíōôăîĔŃ

ĩčîė ĊòĬŃ

ôŔñĎİĿíôĴĠĿíĽîòĀĿIJėîĻĪķŎŃ ŎøŔėőĉíō ĉíō

ŎøŔėő

600 - 700 500 - 600

číōĐĿíĐĻĎŃ

ôñíŎñ ġŎŀñóĎĀė ôŔńĄńĿí óĎńĬŃ

400 - 500 300 - 400

ĎĀĄńĿí

200 - 300 100 - 200

ŊĻíŎijņŔ÷îĔñ

ĉíō

îĸŀĬĿíő

0

- 200- - 100

ĪńĀ÷ôĤĸŇ

îňĄŃ

- 300- - 200

ĪŔñîňŔĿíŁí

- 360- 300

őîĘĿíïĎėôĤĸŇ ŅŎīîñőĉíō

óčîŔģ

îňĄŃ

ĉíō

îňĄŃő

îňŔĴøėí

- 100

- 100- 0


ĹîňŋŐĿíĽŎěŎĿíôŔĴŔĻ

Ċñčç

ŅŎŀĀīõîñîįôŔńĄŃŐĿíłĻ85ŒĿíŎă

õîñîįôŔńĄŃ ŅŎŀĀī

ŅŎŀĀī

õîñîįôŔńĄŃ ņŔñĉ

ĕĎÿ

àîĸŀòĿí

ôŔĔŔëčĵĎģ ôŔĬŔòģõîŔńĄŃ

ĵĎĴńĿí

àîķčĐĿí

Ņîńī ťŝžŨƶǁƳljͲƲŝ

15ōôīîēŒĿíŎăôŀăĎĿíĵĎİøĔ÷ōiłĻ85ŒĿíŎăŅîńīņīŅŎŀĀīĊĬò÷ ĉĎĀńñ Ņĉčŗíĩčîė őĎëíĊĿíĶœĎĤĿíîļĿîēĕĎÿŐĿíĶŀĤŇíŅîńīņŃôĸŔķĉ ôňœĊŃľćĉíŅŎŀĀīŐĿçĎŔĘ÷ŒøĿíĵĎĤĿíĚćíŎėĪò÷íiĕĎÿŐĿçĺĿŎěō łĻ5îňŔĴøėíŎĄŇłŔĸøĔŃľļĘñĎŔĔńĿîñĎńøēíŅŎŀĀīčíōĉĊňīōŅŎŀĀī ʼnîĀ÷îñíčîĔœŊĀ÷íiĵĎĤĿíĵĎøĴŃŐŀīîňŔĴøėíĪģîĸ÷ĊĀøēŅŎŀĀīčíōĉņŃ ĪķŎńĿíŐĿçĚćíŎĘĿíĪò÷íōŅŎŀĀīõîñîįôŔńĄŃ


ĎĠĄ÷íċîŃ

ĒñŜŃiĒńĘĿíņŃĵíōiôĬòķ ôòŔĸăiïĎĘŀĿʼnîŔŃiôĄœĎŃôœČăãō ôœŎŋičîĨňŃiőōĊœāîòĜŃiĎŌħ iôœĎòĿíóîŔĄĿíĽŎăõîòŔøĻiôŔĜĈė õîijîĬēříõíĊĬŃōiôŔijîğçĒñŜŃ ôŔĿōŗí ôœãôŔĿōæĔŃôŔńĄńĿíľńĄø÷ś ðňĀøñĺĄĜňŇĺĿČĿōiõíĉŎĸĴŃ ôňŔńûõîŔňøĸŃôœãàíĊ÷čí

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Ajloun Forest Reserve Hiking Trails