Page 1

Winter 2012


Number 70

FEB. 25 – MARCH 17, 2013

LLAMA & ALPACA SHOW March 14 – 17



QUESTIONS? 832.667.1000

Fleece entries may be mailed. Please visit website for entry forms. The 2013 Exhibitor Handbook can be downloaded from

Merry Christmas and Best Wishes for a Happy New Year

D & D Feed Tomball, Texas 281.351.7144 “For All Your Llama Needs”

Winter 2012 Contents General Interest

Marty’s Corner............................................................................................. 8

A quarterly publication of the South Central Llama Association.

SCLA OFFICERS (Term 09/2011- 09/2013)

President: Sean Price • 281-830-2368 • Vice President: Christie Stewart • 972-476-1597 • Secretary: Mary Nell Doyle •940-488-3163 • Treasurer: Bob Lyons • 210-497-3151 •


Region One: (Area codes: 210-361-512-830-956) Susan Leslie (09/2011-09/2014) (830)401-0819 Region Two: (Area cades: 214-405-430-469-479-501-580903-918-972) Sharon Carrier (09/2010-09/2013) 972-476-9939 Region Three: (Area codes:254-325-432-682-817 806-940-915-505) Deborah Ignacio (09/2012- 09/2015) 817-454-8882 Region Four: (Area codes: 281-318-409-504-713-832936-979-985) Robert Roe (2011-9/2013) 979-378-20759 Director-At-Large: Jim Doyle (10/09-09/11) 940-482-3192: cell 940-391-1862

Warpaints’ Epitaph..........................................................................................12 North West Camelid Foundation....................................................................15 International Camelid Institute.......................................................................18 SWLR Needs Volunteers.................................................................................22 New Handlers, Older Llamas..........................................................................25 CAHFS connection..........................................................................................27 Ask the CSU Vet..............................................................................................29 USAHA 2012 Annual Meeting.........................................................................31 . Llama Chat.......................................................................................................34 All 2012 Llama Mamas are also WSSA Members.........................................37

Always Inside

President’s Statement......................................................................................4 VP Views.................... .......................................................................................4 Editor’s Note.....................................................................................................5 New Members....................................................................................................5 Dates Ahead.......................................................................................................6 SCLA Library....................................................................................................40 Classifieds/Display Advertisers.....................................................................41 SCLA Membership Form.................................................................................42


Activities.................................................... No chair at this time Membership..............................................................Karen Conyngham Nomination . ............................Marcie Saska-Agnew-chairperson Property...............................................................Jessie Rierson Fund Raising..................................................................... Open Show............................Jim Doyle • Jessie Rierson • Bob Burton Fiber................................................................Margaret Schulze Youth................................................................ Christie Stewart Finance - Budget..............................Bob Lyons • Dan Johnson Librarian.............................................................Barbara Welch Conference................................................ No chair at this time National Lama Intervention & Rescue Coordination Council (IRC Council)...................................................Sandra Reynolds Scholarship........................................ .........Mary Nell Doyle - Chair .............................Susan Boblyanski, Adryce Mathisen, Brenda Gilmore SCLA Booth............................................... No chair at this time Web site......................................................... Sharon Bramblett By-Laws.................................Jim Doyle, Paul Walters, Bev Johnson

SHOWS - Thanks For Volunteering Your Time!

Bob Burton.....................................................State Fair of Texas-Dallas Jim Doyle............................Southwestern Livestock and Rodeo-Fort Worth Stephanie Clark.........................................West Texas Fair & Rodeo-Abilene Margaret and Kristi Schulze......................San Angelo Livestock Show- San Angelo Danette McCleary......................................Houston Livestock Show Ruby Herron and Robin Turell.........................Texas Classic- Conroe


Ruby Herron 17102 Mueschke Rd., Cypress, TX 77433 713-249-8523 •

The views expressed herein are those of the authors. Before undertaking any new regime with your llamas, you should always consult with your veterinarian. Only they can tell you what is best for your situation. We invite submission for unpaid articles and photographs. Email to or mail to: Ruby Herron, c/o Humming Herald,17102 Mueschke Rd., Cypress,Tx., 77433

President’s Statement

VP Views Christie Stewart, Vice President

Sean Price, President

Hey guys. I’m so glad winter is here! Not that I don’t like to shear, BUT it is much easier here in the South for the llamas! The 2013 Shows will be here before we know it. Please visit the SCLA website at for a list of shows, or you can look under the calendar of events here in the Humming Herald for upcoming shows. I hope you all support these shows! There has not been a lot of going on in the SCLA. I am not asking for y’all to give me more work BUT unless there are things going on, the SCLA will surely dissolve. Let’s stir it up ………………… it would be a shame to lose our llama industry! I have been confronted with the idea of having showing clinics; Halter, Performance, or Fiber. Is anyone interested in having these? Is anyone interested in putting one on? What about attending one? Also, what about a breeding clinic with a veterinarian? The SCLA used to put these on, but of course we need to know how many people are truly interested! Please let me know so I can help arrange it. Sean 281-830-2368

Hopefully by the time you read this, it actually feels like winter instead of spring. Let’s take time to remember those that have lost Loved Ones this year. Let’s take time to be thankful for all that we have. CHRISTmas is… a time to love, a time to celebrate life, a time to give, a time to forgive and a time to say a prayer for people that have touched our lives. MERRY CHRISTMAS to you and your family, Christie Stewart SCLA VP

Editor’s Note Hello everyone. Winter is here and I hope everyone is having fun with their llamas, whether it is showing the llamas, knitting the llamas’ fiber, packing or hiking with the llamas, using llamas for public relations, (parades, hospitals, schools, etc.), raising guard llamas or just loving your llamas. We all understand and accept certain events happening due to the times and the economy but it is really a shame that people are still not making the shows, either as an exhibitor OR AS a spectator and supporter. It just makes sense that if people are attending shows they are still involved with llamas and BUYING


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

llamas. Let’s keep this in mind and support our llama friends. We don’t want to see our industry go away. On this note, if any of you have an idea to bring some money to the SCLA, please let me know. As of right now, the SCLA does not have a fund raiser EXCEPT for the SCLA trailer ….. AND even though I have requested for advertisers, ranches and/ or individuals to help and put something on the trailer, we only have 15 participants. They are: Marcie Saska-Agnew, American Livestock Magazine, Pat Blank, Sharon Carrier, Jim & Mary Nell Doyle, Chuk & Vicki Guzman, Margaret Henry, Figment Ranch, Dan & Bev Johnson, Bob & Joan Lyons, Rick & Darlene Mattiesen, Carolyn Myers, Sandra Reynolds, Rick & Sharon VanHooser, and Keith & Patti Wattigney. Thank you to these supporters of SCLA. I am pleading to you others. We do have some spots left on the trailer. PLEASE let me know if you will join us. (I need to know this ASAP). Thank you I also would like to mention that the Texas Classic Llama Show is not going to take place this year. This is due to some different circumstances and health reasons. Over the many years this show took place we were able to award to SCLA youth $6,500.00 in scholarship money. This was well deserved and appreciated by the youth and their families. Please support the current shows AND the new SCLA show this year! For the listings, please see the SCLA website, and/or look in the Humming Herald for the upcoming dates. I also want to let anyone know that has had the misfortune of losing a four legged friend this year how very sorry I am. I’ve always realized that when you have the number of animals as many of us do that you have a greater risk of losing one. We have lost this year and we know others that have lost some of their “critters”. Your four legged friends will be waiting for you at the “rainbow bridge”! Know that you gave them unconditional love just like they gave you! Your Friend


New Members August 11 – Dec. 8, 2012 Compiled by Karen Conyngham, Membership Secretary. Current member information is always available on the SCLA web site: SCLA Address: PO Box 163654, Austin, TX 78716 Eileen Ditsler Icehouse Llamas 217 Rodeo Ct. San Dimas, CA 91773-1139 (951) 897-2783 Joe E. & Brenda Mitchell M&M Farm 1197 FM 55 Barry, TX 75102-4313 (903) 695-2820 Seth Onsager Sapaveco Ranch 823 Oatmeal Dr. Pflugerville, TX 78660-7834 (512) 750-7918 Member Contact Updates: New address only: Janet L. Baber 12202 Hwy. 75 South Midway, TX 75852 SCLA has a new telephone number:

(512) 328-8715


Dates Ahead Upcoming Llama Events

01/24-25, 2013 2013 Southwestern Exposition and Livestock Show Judges: David Allen Mike Swanson Entry Deadline: Nov. 15, 2012 Llama Entry Application: Also by Nov. 15, 2012, please mail a copy of your entry application, ILR certificates and ALSA card to: Jim Doyle 8165 Jackson Rd. Krum, TX 76249-6626 For full details see the Premium book: (Under the “Open Livestock Show” tab)

2/ 22-24, 2013 San Angelo Stock Show Llama Show Spur Arena – San Angelo Fairgrounds, San Angelo, TX Llama Judge – Bill Feick Performance Judge - TBA Superintendent: Diana Collins Entry Deadline: January 15, 2013 (postmark) Llama show rules: ashx?t=fg&f=Open Llama Show(1).pdf Full details: 03/14-17, 2013 Houston Livestock Show & Rodeo Llama & Alpaca Show Reliant Arena, Hall A & B, Houston, TX ALSA Show Judges: Joy Bishop-Forshey & David Barboza Superintendent: Danette Marrs Entry Deadline:February 5, 2013 Mail entry forms to this NEW address: 3061 High Plains Dr. Katy, TX 77449 Full details: 6

Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012 (Llama show info begins on page 128 of the .pdf file) Second Judge TBA 05/05, 2013 2013 Ozark Llama Classic Mary Beeson Mo. State Fair - 2503 W. 16th Street 417-234-9049 Sedalia, MO65301 417-234-9049 Info: Judge: Eran McCarty-Halter 05/18-19, 2013 Lonestar Llama Showdown Belton, TX This is an ALSA & ILR-SD double show in Belton, TX Conveniently located right off Interstate 35. Judges are Mary Jo Miller (ALSA) & Pam Jensen (ILR-SD) Show Superintendents: Seth Onsager & Michael Benson The show will be double performance and double halter. Each judge will award a male and female Best of Show (total of 4). Each Best of Show Winner is guaranteed a minimum of $250 in prize money! We will kick off the weekend with a complimentary dinner Friday night. We guarantee a fun-filled weekend of friends and llamas! Visit for more info, entry forms, and sponsorship info.

Breeding For Future Generations Llama Sales Outside Breeding Services Keith & Patti Wattigney Belle Chasse, La 70037 Keith (504) 491-9377 Patti ( 504) 451-9185 Keith: Patti:

Marcelo Sanchez Tylertown, MS 39667 Farm Manager (601) 876-9932

Seasons Greetings Margaret & Jay Henry Henry Hills Llamas 903.784.8257


Marty's Corner Of Podcasts, Poop and Stress... By Marty McGee Bennett

I have been a National Public Radio listener for many years, but have only recently become a fan of the show "Radiolab" which, according to the web site is a "show about curiosity. Where sound illuminates ideas and the boundaries blur between science, philosophy, and human experience". I download the podcast and listen when I am, among other things, scooping poop! I find scooping poop can be therapeutic, so it was ironic when stress was the topic of a recent "Radiolab" episode. Things got even more interesting when the research about stress became so cannily relevant that some of the interview almost made me drop my rake! Dr. Paul J. Rosch has been studying stress for over 50 years and currently runs The American Institute of Stress. He explained in the interview that, as part of his stress research on rodents, he did absolutely awful things to rats - subjecting them to marathon swimming sessions, extreme of cold, extreme wind with their eyelids sewn open among other awful things. Thankfully, these experi8

Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

ments were carried out many years ago and no doubt would be against the law now. But what Dr. Rosch learned was that stress produced illness - no great surprise there - BUT what he also found out was that he could induce the same kind of illness caused by horrific stress simply by creating chronic frustration. As an example, without starving the rats he would simply offer food and then take it away before the animal could eat or before it could eat very much. The animals were repeatedly thwarted in their attempts to get what they wanted - food, freedom, access to companions. What Dr. Rosch found was that, in terms of its effects n the body, noxious stress does not differ from chronic frustration. As I raked my/their beans, I began thinking about frustration from a lama's point of view and quickly realized that the information on stress provided valuable insight into lama management. I have always been interested in feeding systems for camelids and have long been an advocate of giving animals more, rather than less space when feeding hay in hay racks. We choose to feed hay on the ground in as many different locations as we can as a way of simulating the effort involved in grazing. We humans like to make things easy and neat and having

a few feeders close together surely makes feeding time go faster. But it could very well create the kind of chronic frustration that makes animals sick. When fed from teed bunks, lower-ranking animals must stand by and wait or do battle to get something other than seeds and stems. During the months when we fed hay, we make a practice of feeding outdoors under trees, scattering hay out all over the pasture. When the weather forces us to be less expansive, we use corral panels in between feeding stations to diminish the tendency of food-aggressive animals to displace other, lower-ranking lamas. Feeding on the ground is easier for the animals and, in our experience, does not result in appreciably more waste. It is, after all, where lamas normally eat. Feeding isn't the only aspect of management where chronic frustration can become an issue. At weaning time, youngsters and their mothers that spend hours a day pacing a fence line, day after day are extremely frustrated. Gradual day weaning can help to insure that animals don't become sick during this period of time. Another example is males housed within sight of females. That incessant pacing may be wearing a hole in their stomach lining at the same time it is creating a trench in the pasture. Lamas are animals that create alliances and live in a hierarchy. Disrupting these alliances is a fact of life when it is time to take animals to shows, sell them or take advantage of outside breedings, but when it isn't necessary, it may be better to rethink the common practice of shuffling herd groupings for non-essential reasons. For example, regrouping late-stage pregnant

animals in order to keep an eye on them may save you some walking, but it may add stress to an animal's life when the animal can least tolerate it. Certainly isolating a dam and her new baby during or immediately following a birth is exactly the wrong time to add the stress of separation from the herd. Dr. Robert Sapolsky, professor of biological sciences and neurology at Stanford University and the author of Why Zebras Don 't Get Ulcers: An Updated Guide to Stress, Stress Related Diseases and Coping, explained in another section of the Radiolab show that under stress the body shuts down all non-essential activities. For example, animals under stress may stop growing or ovu-


lating, to name just two bodily functions compromised by stress. It might be worth considering that if your youngsters are not growing, but have adequate nutrition and you have checked for parasites, stress could be the culprit. In the case of breeding females with difficulty settling, addressing all of the possible causes of stress may be a more successful approach than infertility testing, at least to start with. The raison d'etre of any good management and training program is to get the job done with the least amount of stress possible. No matter how you manage your animals, a bit of stress is inevitable. Dr. Sapolsky had some wisdom that applies in this case, too. Studies showed that rats under stress dealt with it better when one or more of four conditions were met. 1 - They could beat up on another rat. 2 - They could gnaw on wood or otherwise engage in some sort of relaxing hobby. 3 - They had some warning that the stressor was coming. 4 - They had some control, or at least the illusion of control, over their life. I began thinking about how I might use this information in the management of my animals. I am not advocating that it is a good idea to allow animals to beat up on one another. However, it would follow that if you have lamas - male or female, young or old - that are doing a lot of fighting, it may be a sign of stress. It might be prudent to look at your management with an eye towards potential stress and see if there are things you could change. A few examples of stress situations include feeders that are too close together, a barn layout that allows one animal to dominate the fans in hot weather, or a barn or

pen layout where one male can control the only view of females. Certainly, point two from Dr. Sapolsky's study suggests that if lamas must be unavoidably stressed, then having lower protein hay around all the time for free choice feeding could be helpful. In thinking about point number three, a warning that a stressor is coming, I realize that when my husband, Brad, and I do anything with our lamas.We park our farm "Gator" in the working area, signaling that the humans are going to be working with the animals. This signal gives the lamas time to adjust to the idea that handling is imminent. We also use food to call the lamas into the working area and even though they have been signaled that we are going to either weigh, train or vaccinate, they willingly come for the treat that we offer, thus giving them control. I have long advocated the use of a catch pen as an alternative to hazing an animal into a convenient corner and trapping him. Working exclusively in a catch pen provides a warning of upcoming management and therefore lowers the stress of handling. Once you are in the catch pen, approaching an animal from behind the eye instead of trapping the animals in a corner gives at least the illusion of control. Studies by yet another neuroscientist, - Jaak Panksepp, Ph.D., a Professor Emeritus at Washington State University, have shown that allowing an animal to use his flight response even in a small area provides a dopamine (the brain's own pleasure chemical) release. Using containment like a catch pen or even a mini catch pen - 4' x 6') and learning how to balance an animal inside a small space instead of using restraint are techniques that offer the animal control during handling and man-

agement. Using these techniques, tasks such as injections, ultrasounds, worming or shearing can be accomplished with less drama and less stress. You might think that because handling is a very small part of what we do with animals, its effects are not very significant. However, studies on stress show that when animals see potential danger, they mount a full on stress response. If your management techniques are stressful, it could be that your animals experience some of the effects of stress every time they see you! Becoming as benign as you can be as often as you can counteracts this response.

Lone Star ranch Exotic Imported Show Llamas, Texas Longhorns & Scottish Highland Cattle

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Recognizing signs of stress and understanding the huge impact it has on the lives of our lamas is not only compassionate, it is good business. Sick animals represent a double whammy - it's expensive to treat animals that are ill and there is also a loss of production. Fleece quality is directly related to health , as is reproductive fitness. Change the environment to minimize stress and you will be rewarded in many ways.

References: Radiolab; Link to stress episode: The American Institute of Stress, Dr. Jaak Panksepp: For more information about Marty and Camelidynamics, go to Reprinted from Llama Living, newsletter of the Michigan Lama Assoc., v.17, #3, Sept. 2012.

BLUEBONNET HILL LLAMAS Bob & Joan Lyons San Antonio, Texas 210.497.3151


Warpaint’s Epitaph

by Sharon Bramblett

Just two weeks after Glacier died (see his epitaph, fall issue), we lost our 15 year old treasure, Warpaint. Warpaint was an appaloosa - observers frequently remarked on his striking patterned coat, especially prominent just after being sheared. But it was his demeanor that was so endearing to me. He got along with our other nine llamas and we put him with newly acquired llamas as a companion during their monthly quarantine periods. Warpaint knew his name, would come to me when called, and always allowed me to pet him. He loved to ride in our trailer and would occupy it anytime we left the trailer door open, threatening others who wanted to join him.


He participated in hikes, parades, and farm visits during which children learned to lead llamas. Warpaint followed their lead, erratic though it might be, though other llamas took the lead

For several years, Warpaint’s breathing gradually became more labored, involving heaving expansions of his chest and abdomen, rattling in his nose, and sometimes a nasal discharge. On August 14, 2012 he died in our arms after a visit to our vet.

In 1998, I wrote a piece of doggerel that included both Glacier and Warpaint in their youth. See


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

Texas Classic Llama Show

November 23, 2012

We wanted to send out this letter so people are able to schedule their shows for 2013. Due to some different circumstances and health reasons, we are unable to continue with this show. We took over the show in 2006 giving away $6,500.00 in scholarships. The youth winners were: 2006 – Paula Harman - $500.00 2007 – Rachel Tyler $500.00 2008 – Jens Rudibaugh - $500.00 2009 - Megan Azopardi - $500.00 2010 – Anna Reese $500.00 Jamie Owen - $500.00 Craig Burns $500.00 Cody Carroll - $500.00 Jason Bruening - $500.00 2011 – Katherine Burns - $500.00 Brandon Owen - $500.00 2012 – Darby Jones - $500.00 Cristina Loscuito -$500.00 We would not have been able to give this much money away to help our youth without our wonderful sponsors and volunteers ………… AND of course our exhibitors. A heart felt THANK YOU! We have been trying for months to find someone out there to take over this wonderful show, to no avail. If anyone would like to take the Texas Classic Llama Show over, please let us know as soon as possible. We also want to ask you all to support the other Texas shows. We understand that in the past few years we have lost some Texas shows that we all attend and we are so sorry we have to be another loss to you. HOWEVER, you will find a new Texas show to attend. It is the The Lonestar Llama Showdown held on May 18-19, 2013 in Belton Texas. Please contact Seth Onsager at 512-750-7918 for more information or visit the ALSA website for more details. AND, don’t forget the other longtime Texas shows ………… Southwestern Exposition and Livestock Show held in Ft. Worth – January 2013 San Angelo Stock Show & Rodeo held in San Angelo – February 2013 Houston Livestock Show & Rodeo held in Houston – March 2013 West Texas Fair & Rodeo held in Abilene – September 2013 State Fair of Texas held in Dallas – September/October 2013 (For more information, please see the SCLA website) We want to thank y’all again for everything, and please let us know if you would like to take this show over. Talk to you all soon! Ruby and Robin


We have not received sufficient commitments on consignments for the 2013 Spring Celebration Llama Sale and are therefore suspending the 2013 sale. As of the 15th of November we have only 20 consignment commitments for the sale. We need a minimum of 60 consignments to cover the costs of putting on the sale. We have fixed cost commitments that must be made or cancelled within the week. We are sorry that after 24 years we have to suspend this prestigious annual event. We have done all we could do, after taking over the sale four years ago, to get new people involved and to maintain a top-level sale for the best llamas in North America. Hopefully the economy and the llama industry will recover sufficiently over the next year to hold a 2014 sale. There is plenty of time to plan your breeding time frame to have potential consignments for the 2014 sale. We have always looked forward to getting to the Spring Celebration Llama Sale at Heritage Place In Oklahoma City each April to renew friendships and have an enjoyable time. Dan & Marilyn Milton Celebration Sale LLC


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

North West Camelid Foundation

2012 September North West Camelid News NWCF Research Committee Funds New Projects

NEW PROJECTS FUNDED. The NWCF met August 24th on the OSU campus. Grant requests received totaled $54,256. The Committee had just over $22,000 to invest. That amount included a $5,000 individual donation and just over $17,000 raised at the March Banquet and Auction Fundraiser. $5,000 was approved for partial support of the alpaca and llama research herd. Two health studies were approved. $8,600 was approved for Dr. Chris Cebra to study the effects and efficiency of a long lasting antibiotic. He's trying to find a drug owners can administer every few days rather than daily to treat tooth abscesses or other problems requiring long term antibiotic support. Another $5,000 was encumbered to help support Dr. Cebra's investigation into the effect of mother's milk on glucose tolerance in crias. The total request was just under $20,000. This is a continuing investigation to unravel the mysteries of proper support for sick alpacas and llamas. We've learned from past studies that Camelid blood resembles that of a diabetic person. We also found out that cria glucose levels are very different from adults. Recently camel milk has been touted as beneficial for treatment of human diabetics. We may find this study leads to benefits to more than alpacas and llamas. Owners or Camelid Associations are encouraged to contribute additional funding for this project. Donations should be sent to Celia Erion 6800 Red Prairie Rd, Sheridan, OR 97378.

UPDATES ON PAST STUDIES. Dr. Kathy O'Reilly reported on her progress to develop a PCR Assay for Camelid diarrhea. Some unexpected delays were encountered because of equipment differences. In addition insufficient numbers of samples were submitted by practitioners and owners. Still the test has been developed and is now available from the Diagnostic Laboratory. Samples must be submitted timely. Ask for a 'scours screen'. Dr. Loehr reported on two studies the Foundation funded. The first was her data base review of stillbirth and abortion records. Few of the stillbirths resulted from bacterial infections. Streptimonus was most common. There was an age grouping at five years of age and another grouping around 12-13 years of age. The abortion records showed one third were caused by placental deficiencies. Only one showed leptospirosis lesions, two toxoplasmosis, one equine herpes virus and ten appeared as congenital defects. She hopes to have her manuscript finished by year's end. Her second study was a review of megaesophagus records from the past ten years. Her review is not complete. Preliminary data shows more alpaca cases than llama. Most animals were approximately eight years of age. More observations will be done and the statistics analyzed for preparation of the manuscript. Dr. Jones reported on the project funded for Dr. Ahmed Tibary at Washington State University. He hoped to 15

show that alkaline phosphate levels would be a good indicator for diagnosing infertility in alpaca males. His conclusion was that is not the case. Results of his project were reported at the International Camel Health Conference in Ohio earlier this year. Dr. Steiger-Vanegas submitted a written update on her project to evaluate cardiac abnormalities using CT. Ten alpacas and two llamas have been scanned and a triple protocol developed which provides the best enhancement of the right and left side of the heart. Four animals with abnormalities have been scanned. Veterinarians and owners are encouraged to submit more animals with heart problems for scanning. Her manuscript will be completed by the end of the year. NWCF Annual Meeting Highlights North West Camelid Foundation directors met August 24th on the OSU Campus. The treasurer's report showed $51,789.49 on hand. $24,390.62 is payable to OSU and WSU on outstanding grants. The $27,398.87 balance is available for investment in current projects and to retain a $5,000 reserve kept for health emergencies. $18,600 was approved for investment in new projects and research herd support.

Ann Dockendorf, an alpaca owner from Eugene was appointed to fill the director position recently vacated by the resignation of Marcia Andrews. Her term will expire in 2016. Officers were elected for the 2012-2013 fiscal year. Glen Pfefferkorn, Dr. Pat Long, Ann Dockendorf and Celia Erion were elected respectfully as President, Vice-president, secretary and treasurer. Ann will assist with maintenance of the Foundation website. Peggy Gresham will chair the 2013 Banquet and Auction Fundraiser. Peggy Gresham updated the board on preliminary plans for the 2013 banquet, which will be held in March at the Wilsonville Holiday Inn. This will be the 25th Anniversary event and special activities will be included. Preliminary discussion was held regarding an owners health conference on July 13th 2013 as part of the International Camelid Health Conference. Mary Jo Walker and Dr. Pat Long will serve on the committee to plan the conference topics, speakers and social activities. The ICHC usually held in March will move to July and will be a joint effort of OSU Veterinary College, Australian Veterinary Group and the North West Camelid Foundation. The evening events will give owners the opportunity to mingle with the Australian visitors and other national and international attendees at the ICHC.

Photo furnished by Di Collins 16

Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

Llama Trailer for Sale: 18 foot - 2000 Trails West bumper pull 3 adjustable compartments Collapsable rear tack compartment Drop windows with gaurds on one side Rubber lined walls 6 overhead vents Spare tire Excellent condition. Kept in a barn.


For more information contact: Sheri Riley Ledgestone Llamas 830-833-4457 or


NEWS RELEASE For Immediate Release Contact: Sheila Fugina 715-246-5837

Camelid Community Creates Two Brochures Camelid Community 2012 attendees created two new brochures at the July 27-29 gathering in Kansas City: Alpacas & Llamas as Therapy Partners and Camelids Can Carry! Packing with Llamas and Alpacas. Each is available in a black and white and a color version and may be downloaded free from the Camelid Community section at http://, the website for the International Camelid Institute (ICI). Like the other materials produced by Camelid Community, the brochures are easy to reproduce pieces designed to allow organizations, farms and individuals to add their contact information before printing. In addition to encouraging current llama and alpaca owners to try therapy work or packing with their animals, the new brochures are intended as marketing tools to interest potential buyers in the versatility of camelids. The general public, and even other livestock owners, often are unaware of the many ways llamas and alpacas are used to benefit their owners as well as other audiences. The overall focus of Camelid Community has been to concentrate on areas where the llama and alpaca communities can cooperate and collaborate. Three other brochures produced by Camelid Community have been popular and are being used both in print form and on organization and farm websites—The Basics of Alpaca & Llama Care, The Basics of Alpaca & Llama Fiber and Alpacas, Llamas and Youth. Additional pieces created in past years, which also are available on ICI’s website, include Customize to Maximize, a packet of ideas for having a successful camelid business; a press packet that includes a llama and alpaca fact sheet, poster, sample press release and tips on how to use the various publicity pieces; a standards of care document for use with animal control authorities and a brochure with recommendations on raising and caring for camelids. Next year’s Camelid Community is set for Aug. 2-4, 2013. For information on how you or your organization can be involved with Camelid Community, contact Barb Baker ( or Sheila Fugina (


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

• • • • • • •

Lunch, Cold Drinks, Candy Sports Equipment, Camera Brochures, Farm or Business Advertising Food Bank Donations Roadside Litter Camping Gear And More!

Additional information is available at:


Equipment is available for all the listed activities and may be purchased or easily made:


Information is also available from your local or regional alpaca or llama organization or representative:

© 2012 Camelid Community Full reproduction rights are granted for use of this document without edits. Artwork by Paige McGrath

developed by the CamelidCommunity


© Alpacas of Montana

Camelids Can Carry! Packing with Llamas & Alpacas


Additional information is available at:


Information is also available from your local or regional alpaca or llama organization or representative:

© 2012 Camelid Community Full reproduction rights are granted for use of this document without edits. Artwork by Paige McGrath

developed by the CamelidCommunity


Alpacas & Llamas as Therapy Partners

Figment Ranch Llamas

Since 1988 Specializing in performance animals. We breed pets, show, guard and just-for-fun llamas. Members of SCLA-ALSA-ILR

17102 Mueschke Rd Cypress, Tx 77433 281-351-1820 Home


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012 Ruby Herron Robin Turell Sean Price

713-249-8523 713-249-3893 281-830-2368

SCLA Breeders List Entry Form If you are a current member of SCLA and wish to be included in the Breeders List, please fill out this form and enclose a check for $15.00, payable to SCLA. Mail to: SCLA, PO Box 163654, Austin, TX 78716. Name:_____________________________________

Be Part Of The SCLA Trailer and Receive a “FREE" Business Card Ad In The Humming Herald!

The SCLA obstacle trailer is used to transport the obstacle course Items to shows and is used in the ring during the perfomance/obstacle classes. Ads appear on the outside of the trailer. Trailer ads run for two years and renew on the even years. (Current advertisers have the first right of refusal of their ad location.) * Renew your current ad for two years for $75.00 * New Advertiser rate for two years is $200. Limited space available! Please contact Ruby Herron to make your trailer ad arrangements. Email: Phone: (713) 249-8523 Make checks payable to SCLA. * Production cost for new advertisers

Ranch Name:_______________________________ Address:___________________________________ City, State, Zip:______________________________ County in which the ranch is located: __________________________________________ Phone:_____________________________________ Fax:_______________________________________ Email:_____________________________________ URL:______________________________________ Description of your ranch (stud service, bloodlines, training, etc.). Limit: 50 words. Please print! _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ List number of each (optional): F Llamas_____ M Llamas_____ Geldings_____ F Alpacas_____ M Alpacas_____ Geldings_____

Deadline to be included: January 31, 2013

SWLR Needs Volunteers The llama rescue groups are in need of volunteers to give a helping hand to owners during difficult circumstances. Contact Southwest Llama Rescue by sending an email to or call a coordinator listed on the website Texas (west) Susan Coley,, 940-392-2258 Bryson, TX Texas (east) Kay or Bill Simpson,, 409-625-0309 Milam, TX Texas (south) F E Baxter,, 830-864-5703 Mountain Home, TX ======================= Southwest Llama Rescue, Inc. an all volunteer, 501 (c) 3 organization EIN # 20-1580766


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

Auld Lang Syne Herd Dispersal Auction for the

Llamas of Walden Pond

Friday, December 28th & Saturday December 29th, 2012 All bidding will be online. Animals will be available for viewing in person on Saturday, the 29th. Watch for details


THE LONESTAR LLAMA SHOWDOWN Hi All, We are pleased to announce the 1st Annual Lonestar Llama Showdown ALSA & ILR-SD double show in Belton, TX on May 18-19, 2013! Conveniently located right off Interstate 35! Judges are Mary Jo Miller (ALSA) & Pam Jensen (ILR-SD). The show will be double performance and double halter. Each judge will award a male and female Best of Show (total of 4). Each Best of Show Winner is guaranteed a minimum of $250 in prize money! We will kick off the weekend with a complimentary dinner Friday night! We guarantee a fun-filled weekend of friends and llamas! Visit for more info, entry forms, and sponsorship info! This will be an event you won't want to miss! Watch the website and email blasts for updates!!! Show Superintendents: Seth Onsager & Michael Benson We look forward to seeing everyone there!


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

New Handlers, Older Llamas This year's Winona County Fair 4-H Lama Show was somewhat different than in past years. First, Lynda Carothers, the founder and leader of our county's lama project was sidelined, so I found myself leading the project without her, instead of taking on my customary role of assistant, announcer, and all around Gal Friday. Second, we found ourselves in the unique position of having all new handlers, with the exception of one Cloverbud, who excelled at last year's fair. And third, because we didn't know when Lynda would be able to host practices at her farm, five of our six show participants shared my three older llamas (one handler showed her own llama and didn't train with the group.) It's been our custom in the past to have new handlers work with one of my older, experienced llamas, while seasoned handlers show Lynda's young untrained llamas. For several years now I've been teaching the "newbies" to work with 400-pounders, and after this years' experience, I'm convinced it's the way to go.

By Lorraine Kilmarti

That's not to say there aren't challenges, especially with my small handful of llamas, who live a quiet life, and who have very limited show experience. I start out telling the handlers that each llama comes with his own unique challenge. Whoever shows Saber will learn to calm a Nervous Nelly; those showing Pardusco will learn to overcome resistance to physical activity; whoever shows Sky will learn to gain the trust in the face of skittishness about being touched. What a crew! But we approach our training with a positive attitude, never asking "Can I win showing this llama?" but instead asking, "What can I learn showing this llama?" That may sound pie-in-thesky (and even downright un-American!) but I remind the handlers that they are beginners, and they can worry about winning in the future. To track their learning, we keep a notebook in the barn, where handlers note their progress in skills grouped according to levels of difficulty. This "Pathways to Success" instrument was developed for our club by Natalie (Langowski) Linders, and later refined by Lynda and myself. The handlers love it, faithfully


noting their progress in an exhaustive list of skills such as tying the quick-release knot, tackling stairs, backing, and so on. I call their attention to their charts frequently, especially when they are struggling to learn a new skill. They can remember how they learned other skills, and we recall together how persistence paid off in the end. "You're not going to win that tug of war!" One of our parents said this whenever she saw her 40-pound Cloverbud trying to haul a full-grown llama over an obstacle. A huge benefit of working with these older llamas is that the handlers have to use effective training strategies, because pulling just won't work. We teach strategies like breaking the skill into the smallest steps, getting the llama off balance, letting him stop and think, and turning him in a circle. Sometimes the handlers are able to figure out what is making the llama resist, and address that issue. Always, we encourage them to keep trying, and to be sure the llama takes some small step toward the desired result before taking a break. Won't go into the chute? At least get him to set one foot in, then give him a rest, and try again later. I was so very proud of our beginner handlers at our 4-H Lama Show this year. They all had success: you would never have known those llamas have a tendency to be nervous, stubborn or skittish, or that they live a quiet life on a few country acres. The public had ample opportunity to pet and take photos with our llamas, and the llamas were relaxed, even eager for attention. New handlers: older llamas. I feel confident that our "newbies" are off to a great start for future shows! Reprinted from the Midwest Lama Newsletter, September 2012. 26

Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

Nova, Queen of the Hill

Photo by Claud Bramblett, Mesquite Bean Llamas, Manor, TX

Special Report—West Nile Virus


Inside this issue: WNV cases in horses  and alpacas    WNV infec�on in  psi�acines    Tes�ng for WNV   IgM capture ELISA   PCR tes�ng on   �ssues   WNV vaccine effica‐ cy screening    State‐wide tracking of  avian, human and eq‐ uine WNV cases    Important web sites     

HOLIDAY SCHEDULE CAHFS will be open, but will have limited service on Monday, November 12 in observance of Veteran’s Day.

West Nile virus (WNV) transmi�ed by mosquitos can cause serious disease in  birds and mammals including humans.  

WNV cases in horses and alpacas  As of September 17, 2012, 16 horses have been conrmed posi�ve for WNV in California. The rst  case was detected the last week of July and new cases con�nue to occur weekly.  This number of  affected horses is over two �mes higher than at this �me in 2011 (seven cases). The peak incidence  of WNV in horses in California was in 2004 when 540 horses were found to be infected. Since 2004  there had been a declining or sta�c number of detected cases yearly un�l this year. Longer periods  of warmer weather are considered a contribu�ng factor to the increased number.  Five of the 16  horses have died or were euthanized. Fi�een of the horses were diagnosed by IgM ELISA on serum  taken shortly a�er onset of clinical signs. One was conrmed only by PCR on brain and spinal cord.  Most affected horses were under ve years of age. None of the affected horses had been fully vac‐ cinated for WNV in 2012. Several horses had a history of receiving WNV vaccines in 2010 and 2011  and one horse had received one dose of the two dose vaccine just two weeks before onset of  signs. In addi�on, two adult alpacas with neurologic signs that were submi�ed for necropsy to the  CAHFS laboratory were conrmed infected with WNV by PCR on brain.     Informa�on on WNV in horses, number of cases seen in California and links to the USDA web site  with informa�on on WNV in horses by state, and the California Department of Public Health WNV  tracking page are available via the California Department of Food and Agriculture web site at  h�p://     WNV infec�on in psi�acines   WNV infec�on is well known in certain species of birds such as corvids (crows, ravens, jays, mag‐ pies) and raptors but psi�acines are also suscep�ble. CAHFS has diagnosed more than 70 cases of  WNV in psi�acines since 2004. Clinical signs are non‐specic and can range from anorexia, lethargy  and loss of weight to sudden death. Enlarged liver and spleen are common postmortem changes  with histologic lesions of nephri�s, myocardi�s, enteri�s and pancrea��s. RT‐PCR on the kidney  and immunohistochemistry on several �ssues are used for diagnosis of WNV at CAHFS.       Tes�ng for WNV    IgM capture ELISA   This test is only performed on serum from clinically ill horses and does not work on other species.  The test detects acute infec�ons usually within six days and up to two months post‐infec�on. The  incuba�on period for WNV is 7‐14 days in horses so usually at the �me of onset of clinical signs,  horses already have IgM an�body in the serum. Since vaccines s�mulate IgG an�body the test will  not detect vaccine induced an�body. The test is performed at CAHFS Davis site, takes two days to  complete from set up, and the $6.00 fee is paid for horses residing in California by a yearly grant to  CAHFS from the California Department of Public Health.      



Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

Ask the CSU Vet

By Kathy Stanko & The Colorado State University Camelid Vets & Interns

Two of the interns at CSU have responded to your questions. Dr. Sarah Raabis is a current LiveÂŹstock Medicine and Surgery Intern at Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital. She is a recent graduate from Tufts Veterinary College in Massachusetts. She has a strong interest in all livestock species and developing sustainable agriculture in third world countries. Dr. Andi Lear was an intern and now she has begun a Large Animal Internal Medicine Residency with an emphasis in livestock. She is currently performing research with vitamin E in alpacas with Dr. Stacey Byers. Question: Can you discuss Tick Paralysis. What are the symptoms? What are the cures/antibiotics/medicines used for it. And what preventative steps can be taken?

tor species. Ear ticks have not been reported to cause this disease. Signs of this condition can occur 5-7 days after the tick has attached to the animal. Early signs of this disease include weak or uncoordinated rear limbs, voice changes, and difficulty swallowing. As the disease progresses the weakness begins to ascend up the body resulting in paralysis of all four limbs, and respiratory distress seen with a change in respiratory effort and rate. Removal of the tick is essential for treatment. Manual removal of the tick will results in a gradual improvement in clinical signs. Due to camelid's fiber this is easier said than done. Ticks tend to attach to llamas at the areas with decreased fleece coverage, the armpits, belly, and inner thighs. Luckily, the condition occurs during warm months when the animal can be sheared making tick localization easier. If the animal cannot be sheared, using a blow dryer to part the fiber can help with identifying the ticks. Topical treatments with acaracide such as ivermectin, or deramax can also be used. However, chemical treatments result in a delayed kill of the tick resulting in a slower response to therapy versus manual removal. Once removed, mild to moderately affected animal will return to normal within 24 hours. If paralysis of the respiratory muscles occur further nursing care and therapy is needed. Please remember that neurologic conditions can occur for many reasons, presence of ticks does not mean that it this condition will occur. Having a full physical examination and further diagnostics performed can help determine the cause of the clinical signs seen.

Response from Dr. Andi Lear: Tick paralysis is an acute, progressive disease caused by a neurotoxin in female, hard-bodied tick saliva, such as Ixodidae and Dermacen-

Question: One of my llamas gets teary eyed in the front corners of her eyes. It looks better lately but last winter she looked like she was crying. When it would dry, I could just rub the dirt off that seemed to collect on her tear tracks down her face and clean it off. Do 29

llamas get allergies? Is there a time of year common for that? How can you tell if it is an infection? Response from Dr. Andi Lear: Excessively teary eyes can occur in llamas for many reasons. But it is very rare for camelids to actually have allergies. Here in Colorado, mechanical irritation to the eyes from dry weather, wind, and dust are common in all species. Over grown fleece around the animals eyes can also cause irritation and excessive tear production.

Dirt and dust around the eye can result in a clogged lacrimal duct. This duct lives at the inside corner of the eye and allows for drainage of tear production into the nasal passage way. (This is why your nose runs, when you cry). Having your veterinarian clean out the eye and restore patency under heavy sedation would be necessary. Keep in mind that foreign bodies as well as corneal ulcers can also result in excessive tearing as well as squinting of the effective eye. An exam by your veterinarian can help determine the cause of tearing and the best treatment. Question: We have heard that you should not let crias run around the fields in the heat as their 'thermostats' are not functioning and they could possible run themselves to death due to overheating. So at about what age does a cria's thermostat begin to tell them that they are too hot? And what temperature is 30

Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

considered “hot”… 80 degrees? 90 degrees? Response from Dr. Sarah Raabis: South American Camelids originate from habitats that range from 15 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit and their fleece has actually evolved as an adaptation to cooler temperatures (to minimize body heat loss). Heat dissipation (evaporative cooling, or sweating) in alpacas and llamas occurs at "thermal windows" (areas where the hair coat is shorter and the skin is thinner, such as underneath the abdomen and arms). Crias have a higher internal temperature than adults and are less efficient at dissipating excess heat when out¬side temperatures are in the 80's and 90's. Crias that are less than 3 months of age are at a higher risk of overheating, so you should check on these animals more frequently during summer months. This age range is approximate, as susceptibility is dependent on fiber color, temperature, humidity and general health. It is best to limit crias from running around from 10 am to 4 pm (when the sun is strongest) and provide shallow wading pools or sprinklers low to the ground for them to walk through. It is also important to provide access to shade at all times. Prevention of heat stress in crias is crucial, as they can become dehydrated while frolicking during summer months. Signs of heat stress include an elevated temperature (>102.5 degrees Fahrenheit), weakness, and a decreased suckle reflex. Treatment includes placing them in a cool environment quickly and providing oral flu¬ids (if they will not suckle, you should seek veterinary care). Preventative measures to decrease the risk of heat stress are weaning during cooler months and breeding to have crias born in the spring. In addition, proper nutrition (adequate colostrum intake of 10-15% of birth weight and nursing 15% of body weight per day during the first month) will help provide the energy necessary for effective thermoregulation.

Reprinted from The RMLA Journal, Fall 2012.

Report on the US Animal Health Association 2012 Annual Meeting Compiled by Karen Conyngham, ILR representative to the USAHA Board of Directors and Susan Tellez, Camelid Alliance.

The 116th annual meeting of the US Animal Health Association was held in Greensboro, NC October 18-24, 2012. Camelid owners who attended this year included Susan Tellez representing the Camelid Alliance, Karen Conyngham, representing the Intl. Lama Registry on the USAHA Board of Directors and Dr. Pat Long, representing the Alpaca Owners & Breeders Assoc. on the USAHA Board of Directors. 1,141 people attended this years meeting. USAHA is an international forum where producers join state and federal regulators and researchers/scientists from a wide variety of specialties to discuss issues affecting the health and welfare

of livestock species and wildlife. The annual meeting gives the camelid representatives a chance to talk with state veterinarians, US Dept. of Agriculture, Animal Plant & Health Inspection Service (USDA/APHIS) personnel and researchers about issues of concern to the camelid community. This year the plenary session focused on several hot topics in the news: antibiotic resistance in food animals, and the agreement between the United Egg Producers with the Humane Society of the US (HSUS) which is quite controversial within the production animal sector. Another presentation included an economic overview of food animal agriculture in the US and the economic impacts of a Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak here. Earlier this month, the Dept. of Homeland Security awarded a contract to Harrisvaccines of Iowa to develop an RNA Particle vaccine against FMD. The live virus is not used in this technique; only a gene sequence from the virus is needed to prepare the vaccine. Production of FMDV vaccines using traditional methods in the U.S. is not allowed due to the significant risk of releasing the virus into FMDfree U.S. during production. This is the result of more than 10 years

of research and development by Dr. Marvin Grubman of Plum Island. There was also high interest in the new Schmallenberg virus which has not been found in the US to date. The following report covers committees in which camelids or diseases of interest to camelid owners were mentioned. Committee on Infectious Diseases of Cattle, Bison and Camelids Dr. Dale Grotellueschen of Pfizer Animal Health gave an update from the subcommittee on Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) with a focus on the disease in cattle. It has been determined that vaccination does not prevent persistent infection in ALL calves. Vaccination is not being used in camelids. Thanks to the vigilance of AOBA and alpaca owners, the incidence of BVDV in alpacas is very low. A presentation on Schmallenberg virus was given by a representative from the National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Iowa. This virus was first detected in Schmallenberg, Germany, in August of 2011 and has since move northward as far as Finland. It is a vector-borne disease, transmitted by midges. USDA is 31

working to determine if the US hosts any of the midge species that could be involved in transmitting this disease. Schmallenberg is affecting cattle, sheep and goats, mainly via birth defects in neonates. A PCR test has been developed to confirm infection with this virus and it can also be cultured. There are still questions remaining as to where the virus came from, how is it shed by infected animals and how long it might persist in the environment. As of now, no camelids have shown clinical signs of Schmallenberg, but several alpacas in the UK have shown serum antibody development against the virus. Dr. Luis Rodriquez of the Plum Island research center gave a talk on Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV) Ecology and Epidemiology. It has been found that the midges that carry VSV can transmit the virus to each other. It appears that the infection found in the US probably originated in Mexico. This year New Mexico reported a number of VSV cases in horses but it does not appear that any camelids have been infected. However camelids are covered under the temporary entry requirements for Colorado since camelids can contract VSV.

Dr. Rob Bildfel of Oregon State Univ. reported on Cryptococcus gattii in camelids. This was formerly known as Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii. Occurring mainly in the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia, this is a fungal disease and it can be opportunistic in cases where antibiotics have been used for extended periods. Dr. Bildfel has seen 16 camelid cases, mainly in males with the highest incidence in animals aged 6-16 years, with no occurrences in those under 2 years old. There have been more cases in alpacas than llamas. Neurologic signs are common, along with anorexia and ataxia. Blindness and convulsions have also been noted. There is no treatment for this disease. There is a PCR assay available at OSU Diagnostic Lab. The best control is to restrict animal access to areas with decomposing plant material (especially tree hollows). This disease can also be contracted by people. For more detailed information on C. gattii, see: USAHA/AAVLD Diagnostic Laboratory and Veterinarian Workforce Development Committee

This committee discussed the recently issued report from the National Research Council, “Workforce Needs in Veterinary Medicine”. Large animal vets are still in demand and also the need for veterinarians to enter the public health and regulatory sector was emphasized. The Center for Public and Corporate Veterinary Medicine at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, has been working for more than 20 years to prepare veterinarians for jobs outside of clinical practice. About 30% of the veterinarians currently employed by USDA are now eligible for retirement and will need to be replaced soon. Dr. Valerie Ragan who works at the Center was instrumental in getting more than 30 students to attend this year’s USAHA meeting so they could see the types of work being done by public health and regulatory veterinarians. Committee on Import/Export The report from Dr. John Clifford, Chief Veterinary Officr, USDA APHIS, Veterinary Services, regarding the European Union Trade issues, indicated that VS (Vesicular Stomatis) and BTV (Bluetongue Virus) are still in

effect and form the major impediment to live animal trade in to those countries. Export/Import of livestock, including camelids, may still be completed through Canada. Dr. Bob Bokma, head of Technical Services for NCIE (National Center for Import/Export) stated that regionalization, described as compartmentalization in foreign countries, for various disease status and regulation requirements, is under consideration for both livestock and animal products to increase trade. More International Inspectors of livestock and products are being trained with emphasis on new markets. There is a new revised 9 CFR (Chapter of Federal Regulations), aligned more with the O.I.E. world-wide disease status and trade rules. Dr. Kazimierz Tarasink, Director of Poland’s Veterinary Services described the effects of the explosion of African Swine Fever there, and indicated prevention and control measures to be considered by other countries. The Director of USDA APHIS VS NCIE, Dr. Joyce Bowling-Howard, presented a chart of the plans for Reorganization of the Veterinary Services and the increased use of

electronic health certificates. Discussion was held regarding the implementation of the Scrapie Program regulations on international trade, but no definitive regulations were presented. Committee on Bluetongue and Related Orbiviruses The report from the UC Davis Diagnostic Lab by Dr. Megan Schroeder presented information on the development and performance in a simple streamlined method for detection of the Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Epizootic Hemorrhagic virus disease (EHDV). Because of a few positive BTV test results (in cattle), the U.S. is still considered as having the Bluetongue Virus. This fact prevents export of livestock, including camelids, to many EU countries and other nations. The head of the Sector Disease Control and Identification of the EU COMMISSION Health Directorate, Dr. Francisco Javier Reviriego Gordejo, reported on Bluetongue Virus Infection and the newest midge-related Schmallenberg (SBV) disease. He emphasized his experience and lessons learned over the past 10 years with BTV and now the explosion of the newest SBV virus

in Europe. A mass vaccination program for BTV-1 and 8 (including camelids) has eliminated the appearance of these viruses in cattle, sheep, goats and camelids in the EU. Reports were given from AADR (Arthropod-borne Animal Disease Research) Lab, NVSL (National Veterinary Services Laboratory) and USDA/APHIS on their surveillance programs for BTV, EHDV, and the probable SBV appearance in the U.S. The U.S. and Europe have distinctly different serotypes of the BTV and EHDV viruses (those in Europe so far are not found in the U.S.) and protection against invasion by these diseases is enforced. The next USAHA Annual Meeting will be held October 17-23, 2013 at the Town & Country Hotel in San Diego, Calif. Information on USAHA is always available at: Karen Conyngham would like to thank the officers and members of the Greater Appalachian Llama and Alpaca Assoc. for their most generous financial support this year. Their contribution helped defray some of Karen’s non-deductible meeting expenses that she pays each year. 33

Triple V Ranch Rick & Sharon VanHooser 600 Red Top Road Poolville, Texas 76487

Chuk & Vicki Guzman Southern G Llamas 740 Bear Creek Rd LaGrange, Texas 78945


E-mail: t Quarter Horses t Llamas t Miniature Donkeys t t Miniature Horses t Dwarf/Pigmy Goats


Llama Chat Quantity of wool on a llama vs an alpaca. When I shear, I use a rope handled tub to let the wool fall into. When I shear a llama, I often get a full tub, though some animals just don’t regrow that quickly nor produce enough to fill a tub. With each and every alpaca that I shear, I get a full tub-- FROM ONE SIDE, then get another full to overflowing tub from the other side of the alpaca.. Its an amazing thing to me- how it poofs up so much! SO Im not sure why we differ so much about quantity of wool on a llama vs an alpaca. Just wanted to share in case you dont have an alpaca . Though some of us are into both fiber and packing. Llamas can be dual purpose and it's easy enough to shear for the fiber then take them out packing. One gets more fiber from a llama than an alpaca -- and one less mouth to feed. Their versatility is 34

Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

part of the attraction. _______________________________________ I am a fleece judge. Good alpaca fleece from a Huacaya alpaca is dense, has very fine follicles (meaning the individual fiber strand) and is consistently so. They also have unbelievable crimp if it is good, from the skin to the end of the fiber shaft. Some of the Argentine llama fleeces can be pretty darn similar. The big difference between llama and alpaca is this and the fact that llama is often more hair like now a days on many. Suri alpaca and suri llama is pretty similar if they are good. Alpaca tends to have more fiber production than suri llama in my experience. It should be high luster (shiny), have consistent lock structure, feel cool when you touch it and be healthy. Suri fiber is beautiful if it is a good fleece. I have one here I am selling, but I don't breed them. My classics all have really nice coats that rake out easily (except when they are really young) and I have nice shiny guard fiber left that protects them from the weather and keeps them cool when we hike and during the summer. Their coats shed like a Labrador Retrievers does. Wool production depends on the individual animal, age, quality of fiber, part of the country they live and more. My older woolies produce hardly any fiber now. It is pretty much only good for felting. The micron count is also high on them now. My younger animals pre-breeding usually have very usable fiber. It all depends on what you are wanting to make and your processor. Just because it is an alpaca doesn't mean it has great fiber and just because it is a llama, doesn't mean it packs. I always tell people this. But how much of that 40 lbs is actually usable? If the animal hadn't been sheared for many years most likely it was too far gone to use. How much would you normally get off of a llama that was shorn every year? I've heard alpaca breeders boast that they can get up to 10 lbs off an alpaca...I've never been that lucky, but it may be possible. I have both llamas and alpacas (don't breed the alpacas, but I've had 6-7 different alpacas over the years, both huacaya and suri), and my llamas don't produce nearly as much fiber as the alpacas, even though they are at least 2 times larger in size. I'm lucky to get 2lbs off of a llama, and I can easily get 4lbs off an alpaca. And that's just the barrel, not including neck or leg fiber, which for alpacas can still be used. I've never seen a llama with as dense fiber as an alpaca (huacaya). And I can also say that all but one of my llamas have finer fiber than any of the alpacas that I've had, no matter the age. I breed for fiber quality in the llamas, and it is pretty easy to increase the quality within a generation. ________________________________________ I was a professional shearer for years. Most llamas ( I haven't shorn an argentine) can't hold a candle to how much wool is on

the smaller alpacas, In POUNDAGE, and that IS a reasonable comparison. I concur, that alpacas have WAY more weight in fleece than an average heavy wooled llamas. But that only makes sense, they have been bred as fleece producers for thousands of years while llamas have been bred to PACK. _________________________________________ No flack, you like what you like. :-) And if you don’t like slippery things to spin, then you won’t like suri, as it take much more control since it doesn’t draft as easily as huacaya, woolies or wool, and can pull out of your grasp easily. And it is usually spun very fine for is ideal for drapey fabrics or clothing. It is also harder to shear especially with the animal in a standing position, as it hangs very close to the body making the shearer take extra care to keep the blades against the skin. That being said, I love the high luster and the way it pops when dyed. I often blend it with Huacaya to add extra shine and slickness of feel to the yarn. _______________________________________ Im gonna get some feedback on this but my opinion is that I dont like suri. Don’t like shearing it . Dont care much for spinning it, either _______________________________________________ That is because sure is really dense. You can tell suri by just picking up the bag (-: Then stick your hand in and it should be cool and slick… _______________________________ I have noticed that the same volume of llama and alpaca fiber is usually MUCH heavier off the alpaca, similar difference between suri and huacaya alpacas, the suri I more than double the weight for the same size bags. It’s like you’re shearing ROCKS or something, the bags are so heavy. Just an obervation. I would speculate it’s because of the tight twisted locks of the suri alpaca are much more densely packed in the locks.


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

All 2012 Llama Mamas are also WSSA Members by Sharon Bramblett The Llama Mamas are a spinning and weaving team that participates in the Fiber to Fashion event at Kid n Ewe and Lamas Too Fiber Festival. Over the past several years, the founding members of the Llama Mamas have been replaced by WSSA (Weavers and Spinners Society of Austin) members. Our spinners on November 10, 2012 at the Kendall County Fairgrounds in Boerne included Mickey Stam, Carol Wyche, Penny Skelley, Annabell Duncan (also our shawl weaver), Sharon Bramblett (me), Eileen Thompson, and Sarah Monger (L to R in the group photo). The warp for the shawl was spun by Annabell and me from three of our Mesquite Bean Llamas, Kimmie (tan), Inti (dark grey), and Majic (champagne). To produce the barberpole effect, we chose random handfuls of each processed fleece for the singles, then randomly plied two singles. Majic’s clouds were selected for the weft to be spun at the event itself. Annabell and I also belong to the Blue Earth Guild that meets first Thursdays at Yarnorama in Paige, TX. While we were spinning the warp and discussing how the shawl would be woven, Susan Fricks (also a WSSA member and owner of Yarnorama) suggested that we consider overdyeing the warp and dyeing the clouds for the weft with the same color. We chose an orange, red, yellow, and black dye mix to produce an autumn shade and dyed everything at Yarnorama.

Annabell brought the barberpole warped loom to Fiber to Fashion where we spun the solid color weft. Carol plied our singles for Annabell to weave. It took only three hours to spin and weave the 20” x 72” shawl! Annabell tied the fringe and washed the finished plain weave shawl. The shawl, donated to Susan Leslie’s Wilson County 4H Llama Group, will be raffled in Spring 2013. Proceeds will help defray expenses for group members to attend state and national llama shows. (Last year’s shawl raised $550 for the 4Hers!) 37


SEPTEMBER 30, 2012 The annual membership meeting of the South Central Llama Association was held at the State Fair of Texas in Dallas September 30, 2012. Board members present included Sean Price President, Mary Nell Doyle Secretary, Sharon Carrier Region 2 Director, Susan Leslie Region 1 Director and Jim Doyle Director At Large. President, Sean Price, called the meeting to order and determined the number of attendees did not establish a quorum. Mary Nell Doyle, Secretary, read the corrected minutes of the annual meeting held in Dallas October 2, 2011, previously approved by the board and printed in the Humming Herald as well as the SCLA website.

Treasurer’s Report:

Sean Price, president, presented Bob Lyons written report of approximately $48,000. in the general fund for operations, $7,000. available in SCLA Jim Graham Scholarship Fund and $3,500. available in the Texas Classic Llama Scholarship Fund. This report represents a year to date revenue loss of approximately $7,750. Reminder: December 22, 2012, is final arrival date for SCLA show venue sponsorship applications. Committee Reports:

Scholarship Committee

Chairman Mary Nell Doyle announced her committee had no applicants to consider in July, 2012. She also called attention to contributions from her committee and some members for expansion of scholarship guidelines adopted by the board on 7/20/12. Copy of the final draft was supplied to our webmaster, Sharon Bramblett and Humming Herald editor, Ruby Herron.


Karen Conyngham reported 107 adult members and 18 youth members active in SCLA on 9/25/12. Three adult members live in states outside the SCLA region. Total membership is at an all time low with only 5 new members in 2012. 27 adult members and 10 youth did not renew from 2011. Region 1 has 28 adult and 8 youth members, Region 2 has 21 adult and 5 youth members, Region 3 has 29 adult and no youth members, while Region 4 has 26 adult and 5 youth members. SCLA elections will be held in the summer of 2013 for President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Region 2 Director and Region 4 director.

Old Business:

Susan Leslie gave an update on Kid n Ewe to be held the 2nd weekend in November in Boerne, Texas, with the Wilson County Youth Show competition. She also reminded membership of Mamma Llamas woven shawl donated for the upcoming youth silent auction at Grand Nationals October 25-28, 2012.

New Business:

Lance Lozano, member and superintendent for the State Fair of Texas llama venue says is shy one sponsor to retain belt buckle awards for the youth next year. He thanked all for the support and attendance at the three day event. Karen Conyngham contributed report on nation wide activity in the camelid community though her association with a broad member base across the United States and also as ILR representative to the U.S. Animal Health Association. She allayed our concerns of being the only area with member and financial loss as well as shrinking llama venues . There was much discussion over ways to reduce annual expenses without fee increases. Foremost was feasibility of having the Humming Herald on-line. Tammy Carroll and Susan Leslie shared their experiences of interaction between 4-H, FFA, agriculture agents and Texas schools in relation to llama junior shows vs. open shows affecting youth attendance or lack there and regarding absence assessment. Youth and their parents are non-existent in some mid-week venue scheduling in the area. There being no further discussion members departed.


Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

Respectfully Submitted Mary Nell Doyle, Secretary

SCLA Library

Barbara Welch, Librarian

(830) 885-2388 •

Books A Guide to Raising Llamas – Gale Birutta (10132) A Well Trained Llama – By Paul & Betty Barkman (10167) Along Came a Llama -- Welsh farmer adds a llama to her farm (10041) ALSA Llama Judging Clinic (10098) Aunt Millie’s Guide to Llama Fiber - By Mike Brown (10166) Body Scoring Llamas & Alpacas, by Bob Beede, DVM (10128) Before and After Llamas -- humor (10086) Building Small Barns, Sheds and Shelters -- Monte Burche (10116) Camel's Zoo Book 2 -- children (10023) Caring for Llamas, A Health and Management Guide (10043) Caring for Llamas and Alpacas - 2nd. ed. (10043) Evaluating a Llama Pack for Comfort and Function (10122) Fifty Things to Do With a Llama by B. James (10147) Felt making Techniques & Projects by I. Evers (10149) Handbook for Llamas -- first aid (10017) Hands On Spinning -- Lee Raven (10107) Harley – by Star Livingston Illustrated by Molly Bang (10173) Heat Stress; Prevention & Management, by Myra Freeman -- (10130) I Care About My Animals – animal rights guide (10124) If I was a Llama -- children (10112) Llamas & Alpacas as a Metaphor for Life - by Marty McGee – (10148) Llama & Alpaca Neonatal Care, by B. Smith, DVM; K. Timm, DVM; P. Long, DVM. -- (10131) Llama Babies -- Up, Dry & Nursing -- Anderson (10133) Llama Driving – By Ron Shinnick (10169) Llama Nutrition Clinic Notes -- LaRue Johnson, DVM (10138) Llama Packing for Youth, by the ILA Youth Committee -- (10129) Llama Training on Your Own – Helen Bodington (10168) Living with Llamas -- Rosana Hart (10020) Llamas Can Beat the Heat -- Texas cooling techniques (10035) Llama Medicine and Surgery -- Texas A&M (10022) Llama Medicine, Veterinary Clinics of North America -- (10082) Llama Training, Who's in Charge -- (10027) Llamas: Their Personality and Expressions -- (10114) Llama Tricks -- Step by Step Method -- by Linda Hayes -- 10142 Leaders Manual for 4-H Llama Activities (10156) Love a Llama -- children (10097) Making the Most of Your Llama – By Linda Beattie (10165)

Medicine & Surgery of South American Camelids -Fowler (10135) Medicine & Surgery of South American Camelids – 2nd ed., (10153) Packing with Llamas -- (10048) Raising Llamas in Alberta, Why Are They So Popular? -- (10123) Roberts Rules of Order (10152) Ruminations from the Back Forty - by John Mallon (10178) SCLA 1992 Conference -- ring binder (10104) SCLA 1993 Conference -- ring binder (10079) SCLA 1994 Conference -- ring binder (10100) SCLA 1995 Conference – ring binder (10080) SCLA 1996 Conference – ring binder (10130) SCLA 1998 Conference – ring binder (10150) SCLA 2000 Conference – ring binder, (10163) Scraping Heaven - by Cindy Ross, donated by Teresa King (10179) Secrets of the Andes (10040) So You Share Your Life with a Llama - by Susan Peterson (10177) Speechless Brothers (10106) Spinning Llama & Alpaca -- by Chris Switzer (10134) Spinning Llama & Alpaca 2nd Edition – By Chris Switzer (10171) The Camelid Companion (Handling and Training your Alpacas and Llamas) – by Marty McGee Bennett (10172) The Field Guide ... In Search of the Ideal Llama – conformation info (10113) The TTEAM Approach -- McGee (10117) The (Mis)adventures of the Llamas at Hunter Hill – Hubbard, Ryberg (10174) Today and Tomorrow Llama Investment Analysis --1990 (10047) Turning Wool into a Cottage Industry -- (10042) The Waldo Chronicles -- a training log -- (10129) Veterinary Llama Field Manual - By Norman Evans (10145) Youth Llama Project -- 4H guidebooks (10045) 4H Instructions -- SCLA (10118) Packing with Llamas 4th edition - Stanlynn Daugherty (10161) Notes from Dr. Norman Evans' llama conference on 4/1/2000 (10164) 3rd Annual Camelid Health Program - Ohio State University (10170)

Newsletters and Magazines SCLA Humming Herald Red Hot Llamas -- Smithsonian 8/94 (10101) Newsletters from other llama associations

Video Tapes

All About Llamas I -- Llama Basics (10007) All About Llamas II, Breeding, Birthing and Newborns -- (10008) Animals on the Farm -- Video aimed at children/4-H clubs - (10134) Basic T.T. E.A.M. with Llamas - by Marty McGee (10005) Camelid Handling Secrets Volume 1 Medical Management - (10025) Click & Reward -- Training Video -- (10141) Click and Reward – Vol. II –(10159) The Competitive Edge in the Showring -- ALSA guidelines (10073) Felt Making by Hand -- Basic Process -- Vickrey (10143) Fences, Barns and Feeders (10085) Five Star Llama Packing (10001) Grooming and Basic Training -- SCLA (10063) How to Use the Kwick and Slick Grooming Tool – (10160) ILA Marketing Video (10111) In Search of the Ideal Llama -- conformation (10095) Inside 4-H Llamas – By ILA (10155) Llama Reproduction -- Part I & II (10009/10) Llama Training with Bobra Goldsmith -- (10003) Mallon Method, The - Difficult to Halter (10180) Mallon Method, The -- The First 24 Hours (10125) Mallon Method, The -- Halter Training Basics (10140) Rolfing a Llama -- (10103) SCLA 1995 Ft Worth Sale -- (10108/09) SCLA 1994 Conference Awards -- (10102) SCLA 1998 Conference Videos (two) – (10151) SCLA Seminar -- (Jensen) heat stress, nail trimming (10011) Spinning Wool, Basics and Beyond -- by P Zawistoski (10139) Step by Step Shearing -- for alpacas and llamas (10126) Texas A & M Seminar -- (Fowler) infectious disease & heat stress (10013) Teaching Your Llama to Pack – Marty McGee with Stanley Daugherty –video – TWO COPIES: --(10158) Texas Country Reporter – featuring John & Linda Keltgen (10157) Training Llamas to Drive -- (10044) Treasures of the Andes -- PBS (10090) "Treating" your Llama Kindly -- handling techniques with Dr. LaRue Johnson and Marty Mcgee (10128) TTEAM Approach to Herd Management -- McGee (10070) Vermonters Just Like to Felt Hats – video (10154) What Do You Do with a Llama? -- photography, Ley (10119) Why llamas? -- (10014) Wonderful World of Llama Wool, The -- McGee (10121) 40

Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

Working In the Round Pen (3 tapes) John Mallon - 10124 Working with Difficult Ken Ploeser, (10162)


Llama Talk -- Cathy Spalding, Gentle Spirit Llama Training with Bobra Goldsmith Running of the Llamas: a documentary by Heidi Freier c. 2008 (10200) Spinning Luxury Fibers (3 DVD set) Judith MacKenzie Spinning Wool, Basics and Beyond -- by P Zawistoski Mallon Method, The -- Difficult to Halter Mallon Method, The -- The First 24 Hours Mallon Method, The -- Halter Training Basics Vermonters Just Like to Felt Hats -- The Herd of Northern Vermonters Wonderful World of Llama Wool, The -- McGee Working In the Round Pen (3 DVD set) John Mallon

Equipment Tooth-A-Matic rental $20 plus deposit SCLA members can check out items by emailing or calling Barbara Welch, Books may be kept for one month and video tapes for two weeks. Items are mailed at SCLA's expense. You pay the return postage. Please return to: Barbara Welch 12830 Rebecca Creek Rd. Spring Branch TX 78070 Email Barbara at or phone: 830-885-2388.

Updated June 201

SCLA members can check out items by emailing or calling Barbara Welch. Books may be kept for one month and video tapes for two weeks. Items are mailed at SCLA’s expense. You pay the return postage. Please return to: 12830 Rebecca Creek Rd. Spring Branch, TX 78070-6308


Display Advertisers Houston Livestock Show & Rodeo..................... Front Cover D & D Feed................................................. Inside Front Cove Henry Hills Llamas............................................................... ..7 Sheri Riley............................................................................. 17 Llamas of Walden Pond....................................................... 23 Red River Llamas/Llama Things......................... Back Cover

Advertising Rates

Payment will reserve you placement and will be accepte for up to four consecutive issues Please include $7.00 for eac “loose” photo accompanyin your ad. Please do not subm ink jet printouts of photos as th quality is sub-standard.

Member Rates:

Front Cover...................... $125.00 Inside Covers.......................$80.00 Back Cover..........................$90.00 Full Page..............................$65.00 Half Page.............................$55.00 Quarter Page........................$45.00 Business Card......................$30.00 Insert Your Flyer.................$75.00 Classifieds.................25¢ per word ($ 3.50 minimum

Non-Member Rates:

Front Cover...................... $175.00 Inside Covers.......................$95.00 Back Cover....................... $105.00 Full Page..............................$75.00 Half Page.............................$65.00 Quarter Page........................$55.00 Business Card......................$35.00 Insert Your Flyer.................$85.00 Classifieds.................40¢ per word ($ 5.00 minimum

Humming Herald Deadlines

Specifications Print Ready Ads: Acceptable print ready ad formats are files at 300 dpi as a Press Quality PDF, TIF, EPS or PSD file. Please zip or stuff your file for faster email transmission. Digital Photo Submission: When taking digital photos, it is always best to set your camera to its highest settings, which will give you the least amount of pictures on your memory card. Email the photo - in its original condition - to for review. If your photo is not of the proper resolution, you will be notified. Full Page Ad: Half Page Ad: Quarter Page Ad: Business Card Ad:

7.5” x 10” 7.5” x 4.725” 3.62” x 4.725” 3.62” x 2.25”

Spring...........................February 1 Summer............................... May 1 Fall...................................August 1 Winter........................ November 1 Mail Print-Ready Copy to: Ruby Herron 17102 Mueschke RD Cypress, TX 77433

Contact her with questions at 713-249-8523 or

Additional copies of the Humming Herald a available at a cost of $5.00 each plus $2.25 p copy for shipping. Copies must be ordered b deadline date. Send check, made payable SCLA at the address above.


Membership Application Form

South Central Llama Association ( Name:____________________________________________________________________________________ Ranch Name:______________________________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________________________________ City:_________________________________________ State:____________ Zip___________________________ Phone : ( ______) _____________________ Email:_____________________________________________ _____Please DO NOT print my name in the Membership Directory (handed out to the public) Annual Membership Fee: $40.00 per household. All memberships expire January 31st of each year. $20.00 for first-time members who join after July 1. Please mail a copy of this membership form with your check (payable to SCLA) to: SCLA MEMBERSHIP P.O. Box 163654 Austin, TX 78716

Associate Youth Membership Application Form South Central Llama Association (

Youth Name:_______________________________________________________________________ Ranch Name:_______________________________________________________________________ Address:___________________________________________________________________________ City:__________________________________ State:________________ Zip___________________ Phone : ( ______)_______________________


Date of Birth______________________________ Name & Address of Adult Sponsor: ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____Please DO NOT print my name in the Membership Directory (handed out to the public) Youth Associate Memberships are non-voting and expire December 31st of each year. Annual Membership Fee: $10.00 per youth, ages 5-19. $5.00 for first-time members who join after July 1. Please mail a copy of this membership form with your check (payable to SCLA) to: SCLA Membership P.O. Box 163654 Austin, TX 78716


Only if we can learn to work together will we realize our strength in numbers. Free your mind and think. Figment Ranch

Merry Christmas Powerball’s Chiri Blanc

Carolyn Myers 806-676-6659 Lakeview, TX 79239



Humming Herald Newsletter Winter 2012

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Humming Herald Winter 2012  

Humming Herald Winter 2012

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