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Art of the Ancient World Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Byzantine, Egyptian, & Near Eastern Antiquities

Celebrating our 76th Anniversary

Volume XXIX - 2018

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No. 96 - Art of the Ancient World - Vol. XXIX - January 2018 We are pleased to issue this catalog celebrating our 76th anniversary of dealing in classical numismatics and our 64th year of dealing in ancient art. It illustrates in full color 203 selected antiquities priced from $1,500 to over $500,000. This publication is one of a continuing series primarily illustrating new acquisitions featured in our New York galleries, where over two thousand fine works of art are on permanent display. All of the antiquities in this catalog are displayed at our New York gallery, the largest and most extensive collection of the ancient arts ever exhibited for sale. In addition to the many masterworks of ancient art, there are a wide variety of fine items on display priced from $100 to $1,000 and up, including Greek and Roman coins and Old Master prints and drawings, perfect for the beginning collector or for that very special gift. A few of the pieces illustrated may not be available since they were sold while the catalog was in preparation, but a number of other newly acquired objects will be on display in our New York gallery and on our website: www.royalathena.com, updated weekly.

We unconditionally guarantee the authenticity of every work of art sold by Royal-Athena Galleries. ©2017 Jerome M. Eisenberg, Inc. Composed and printed in the United States of America.

royal-athena galleries established 1942

153 East 57th Street New York, NY 10022 Tel.: (212) 355-2034 Fax.: (212) 688-0412 mail@royalathena.com Monday-Saturday, 10 - 6

Every object purchased by our galleries has been acquired legally. If imported by us into the United States, we have done so in compliance with all federal regulations and have given full consideration to all international treaties governing objects of cultural importance. Antiquities priced at $5,000 or more are now checked and registered with the Art Loss Registry in London. All of our objects are clearly labeled with complete descriptions and prices. Condition reports on all the objects are available upon request. We encourage browsing and are happy to assist and advise both the amateur and the serious collector. We urge our prospective clients to ‘shop around’, for we are proud of our quality, expertise, and competitive pricing. Appointments may be arranged outside of regular gallery hours for clients desiring privacy. Updated price lists for our catalogs are available upon request. For terms and conditions of sale see the inside back cover. COVER: no. 63

Roman bronze applique of the She-Wolf suckling Romulus and Remus Ca. 2nd Century AD. L. 3 3/8 in. (8.6 cm.) BACK COVER: no. 87

Attic red-figure column krater by Myson Ca. 500-480 BC. H. 15 1⁄2 in. (39.4 cm.) Text and catalog design by Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D. Photography by Ramon Perez

Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D. Director

VISIT OUR WEBSITE, updated weekly with our latest acquisitions:

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Royal-Athena at Seaby 20 Bloomsbury Street London WC1B 3QA UK By appointment Tel.: (44) 780-225-8000 Fax.: (44) 18-8334-4772


Art of the Ancient World Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Byzantine, Egyptian, Near Eastern, & Prehistoric Antiquities

Volume XXIX - 2018 Table of Contents CLASSICAL ART Greek Marble Sculptures Roman Marble Sculptures Roman Limestone Sculptures Greek Bronze Sculptures Etruscan Bronze Sculptures Roman Bronze Sculptures, Greek Terracottas Etruscan Terracottas Early Greek Vases Attic Black-figure Vases Attic Red-figure Vases Magna Graecia Vases Etruscan Vases Ancient Gold and Silver Ancient Varia

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3 5 9 11 15 20 36 38 40 41 43 46 52 56 57

BYZANTINE ART

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EGYPTIAN ART Egyptian Stone Sculptures and Reliefs Egyptian Bronze Sculptures Egyptian Gold and Silver Egyptian Faience Egyptian Varia Egyptian Stone Vessels

65 69 81 83 86 88

NEAR EASTERN ART

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COLLECTING ANCIENT ART 94 ROYAL-ATHENA GALLERIES 94 Expertise and Ethics 95 Royal-Athena Galleries Catalogs Inside back cover

Photo above: no. 103 Paestan Red-figure Bell Krater near the Dirce Painter Ca. 400-370 BC. H. 16 1/2 in. (42 cm.) (Detail)


Introduction As we enter our 64th year of dealing in ancient art and our 76th year in Classical numismatics, we are delighted to present in our 95th publication another outstanding selection of antiquities assembled primarily from old collections in the United States and Europe. A large number of these objects were originally purchased from us over the past several decades and we are pleased to offer them again to a new generation of enthusiasts. These include a fine series of objects from a group of collectors in the American Midwest that have been on loan to several museums and universities for up to more than thirty years. A number of these have been illustrated in our Art of the Ancient World, volume IV, published in 1985.

We are featuring in this catalog a charming Roman marble statue of Aphrodite Kallipygos (Aphrodite of the Beautiful Buttocks!), a very rare Roman bronze she-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, a fine Attic red-figure column krater by Myson, a striking Paestan redfigure bell krater near the Dirce Painter, and a sensitive Egyptian large limestone statue of a royal lady. This catalog again presents a large selection of antiquities from the collection of the Director (J.M.E. collection) acquired over more than thirty years including Greek and Roman bronzes and small Greek and South Italian pottery vases. An extensive representation of additional pieces from the J.M.E. collection including Classical mythological bronzes, Greek and South Italian vases, Egyptian stone vases, and Egyptian faience amulets may be found on our website. Further objects from the J.M.E. collection will be added regularly to our website and monthly newsletters over the coming year. We have devoted over six decades to selling carefully attributed works of art with particular attention to their provenance. This diligence has resulted in an astonishingly low percentage of claims against legal ownership – less than 0.0006% or one out of every 2000 objects! In view of the increasing legislation being passed in several countries to restrict the trade in illegally exported antiquities, we may assure our clients that we continue to proudly conduct a very ethical business and take all of the proper steps to insure that our inventory is free of any possible claims. It is with great pride and delight that we celebrate our 76th year! Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D.

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Greek Marble Sculptures

1 EAST GREEK LIMESTONE DEEP BUST OF A KOUROS The young man wrapped in a close-fitting garment. Very rare type. 540-530 BC. H. 5 3/8 in. (13.6 cm.) Ex Bavarian private collection acquired in 1990. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, 2014, no. 156.

2 HELLENISTIC MARBLE STATUE OF SEATED CYBELE The Great Mother goddess enthroned, wearing a himation and polos, holding a tympanon and patera, a small lion resting on her lap. Originally a Phrygian goddess, she is the deification of the Earth Mother, goddess of fertile earth, caverns and mountains, walls and fortresses, nature and wild animals. 3rd-2nd Century BC H. 10 in. (25.4 cm.) Ex Freiburg, Germany art market, 2007. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, 2009, no. 3; J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, 2014, no. 2. Cf. G. Richter, Catalogue of Greek Sculptures in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 127, pp. 75-76, 1954; G. Hanfmann & N. Ramage, Sculpture from Sardis (1978), no. 259, pp. 169-170, fig. 447.

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3 HELLENISTIC MARBLE PORTRAIT HEAD, POSSIBLY PTOLEMY X ALEXANDER, his hair in two tiers of wispy curls with a wreath with two grape leaves and part of a vine remaining. Late 2nd Century BC. H. 8 1/2 in. (21.5 cm.) Ex French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 5. He was the son of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III. In 110 BC he became King with his mother as co-regent. After his mother had deposed his brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros. However, in 109 BC he was deposed by Ptolemy IX. In 107 BC he became King again, and again with his mother as co-regent. In 101 BC he had his mother killed, and ruled either alone or with his niece/wife, Berenice III. When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenike III took over the throne for six months.

4 HELLENISTIC MARBLE HEAD OF ZEUS with expressive features, curly hair, and full beard. Fine style. 2nd-1st Century BC H. 7 5/8 in. (19.5 cm.) Ex Paris art market, July 1986; Ex Dr. S.E. collection, Greenwood Village, Colorado, acquired from Royal-Athena in May 1990. Published: J. Eisenberg, The Age of Cleopatra (1988), no. 26.

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Roman Marble Sculptures 5

ROMAN MARBLE RELIEF HEAD OF A DIOSKOUROS from a sarcophagus probably depicting the hunt of Meleager, the young deity with parted lips and long wavy hair surmounted by a pilos, his eyes with recessed pupils. Ca. AD 230-260 H. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm.) Ex Jean Marais (1913-1998), Paris and Cannes; Drouot, Paris, Fraysse & AssociĂŠs. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2010), no. 18. For a closely related head of a Dioskouros from a fragmentary Meleager hunt sarcophagus in the Liebieghaus Museum, Frankfurt, see G. Koch, Die Mythologischen Sarkophage, part 6: Meleager (Die antiken Sarkophag-reliefs, vol. 12), Berlin, 1975, pls. 47 and 48. G. Koch: Another possibility would be a Dioskuros in the left intercolumnium of a sarcophagus with a dextratum iunctio in the middle.

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ROMAN MARBLE LIFE-SIZE BEARDED PORTRAIT HEAD in the guise of a philosopher. 2nd-3rd Century AD H. 11 in. (27.9 cm.) Ex private Swiss collection, acquired in the 1980s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), no. 20.


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7 AN IMPORTANT ROMAN MARBLE STATUE OF APHRODITE KALLIPYGOS

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(APHRODITE OF THE BEAUTIFUL BUTTOCKS) The goddess of erotic love with her left hand raised over her head, lifting her garment to expose her nude posterior. Very rare! 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 36 5/8 in. (93.2 cm.) Ex Emmanuele Segredakis (1890-1948), Paris, ca. 1940; G.M. collection, Paris; Jean-Loup Despras, Paris; Dr. E. collection, North Carolina, acquired from Royal-Athena in 2000. Published: K. Parlasca, Aphrodite Kallipygos, Scriptorum 2007, fig. 6. Cf. for the type: Naples Museum, no. 288, in S. Reinach, Repertoire de la Statuaire Grecque et Romaine, vol. I, 1916, p.328, fig. 611.; J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 7. To the best of our knowledge, this sensual sculpture is one of only five known marble examples of which three are just fragments. The Naples Museum example is heavily restored. Our "Aphrodite of the beautiful buttocks" is by far the most complete example known.


8 ROMAN MARBLE LIFE-SIZE BEARDED PORTRAIT HEAD His hair is combed upward, perhaps indicating a priest. Ca. 250-275 AD. H. 10 1/2 in. (26.7 cm.) Ex Palazzo Braschi, Rome, purchased ca. 1850, by a Danish nobleman, Slagelse, Denmark. Acquired at auction in Copenhagen, December 1990. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VII (1992), no. 50; vol. XI (2000), no. 17; vol. XXI (2010), no. 10.

9 ROMAN OVER LIFE-SIZE MARBLE HEAD OF APHRODITE, the goddess of love, derived from the 4th century BC Aphrodite of Cnidus by Praxiteles. With center-parted hair bound in a fillet, some strands pulled back from the forehead and tied into a loose top-knot. Nose restored. Ca. 2nd Century AD. H. 15 3/4 in. (38.7 cm.) Ex private collection, Mr. G., Tours, France, 1940’s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 14.

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Roman Limestone Sculptures

10 ROMAN LIMESTONE HEAD OF DIONYSOS (BACCHUS) The god of wine wearing a wreath of vines and grapes, his hair in a top-knot, the back unmodelled. 2nd Century AD. H. 8 1/2 in. (21.6 cm.) Ex French private collection, acquired in the 1970s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), no. 31.

11 ROMAN LIMESTONE HEAD OF A PAGE with bow-shaped lips, straight nose, and almond-shaped eyes beneath grooved eyebrows, his long hair arranged in rows of voluted curls and surmounted by a Phrygian cap with beaded, volute, and rosette decoration. Palmyra, 3rd Century AD H. 11 in. (28 cm.) Ex French private collection, Nice, acquired in the 1930s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), no. 30. Cf. a similar head in G. Ploug, The Palmyrene Sculptures in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, 1995, p. 243, no. 113. This head is from the lower part of a funerary relief decorated with a depiction of the deceased reclining on a couch with an attendant or page, below, on either side.

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12 ROMAN LIMESTONE HERM BUST OF A BEARDED PHILOSOPHER The square section shaft with incised rectangular outlines. 3rd-4th Century AD. H. 20 in. (51 cm.) Ex Bonham’s London, November 1997, no. 406; ex German collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXI (2010), no. 32. Derived from the Greek form, these were used in gardens to form galleries of sculpture for fences during the late empire. An example of the herm gallery with similar sculptures is the famous one at Welschbillig near Trier. 13 ROMAN MARBLE RELIEF OF A RECLINING BEARDED MALE WITH HOUND from a sarcophagus. His knees are slightly bent, supporting his half-raised torso on his right arm, and wearing a very loose chiton. His left arm is raised languidly behind his head as he looks sleepily downward and to the left; behind him and by his side, his hound reclines stretching his legs forward as his head pulls up and back. Late 2nd Century AD. L. 13 3/4 in. (35 cm.) Ex collection of J-P. Mariaud de Serres, Paris, acquired before 2000. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 30.

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Greek Bronze Sculptures 14 ARCHAIC GREEK BRONZE PATERA HANDLE: Young female athlete standing on a ram’s head. Chestnut brown patina. Late 6th Century BC H. 8 1/2 in. (21.6 cm.) Acquired in the London art market, October 1984; J.H. collection, Dearborn, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in November 1986. On loan to Ohio State University; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University; Fitchburg Art Museum 1986-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 33.

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Greek Bronze Sculptures 15 MINOAN SMALL BRONZE VOTIVE MALE WORSHIPPER wearing loin-cloth, right hand upraised to his head. Late Minoan I, ca. 1600-1500 BC. H. 2 1/2� (6.3 cm.) Ex French private collection, acquired in Paris, November 1990. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VIII (1995), no. 25; vol. XIV (2003), no. 28; vol. XXIV (2013), no. 19.

16 GREEK LATE GEOMETRIC BRONZE APPLIQUE OF A SEATED MAN wearing a long garment with short sleeves. The back of the large head is bald; the arms are raised to shoulder-level. Possibly a charioteer. Peloponnese, ca. 700-650 BC. H. 2 5/8 in. (6.7 cm.) Ex Sotheby's New York, May 1987, previously from Mathias Komor, New York. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 35.

17 ARCHAIC GREEK BRONZE APPLIQUE OF THE THEBAN SPHINX reclining upon an Ionic capital. Olive green patina. Ca. 550-500 BC. L. 2 3/8 in. (6 cm.); H. 1 3/4 in. (4.5 cm.) Ex D.D. collection, London, acquired between 1975 and 1980.

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18 HELLENISTIC BRONZE SEATED YOUTH with hand to head, wearing an oriental style costume and cap; possibly a representation of Orpheus. Very fine style. Ca. 3rd Century BC. H. 5 in. (12.8 cm.) Acquired from Nefer Gallery, Zurich, in July 1984; ex J.H. collection, Dearborn, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in November 1986. On loan to Ohio State University; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19862016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 144.

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19 HELLENISTIC BRONZE VASE APPLIQUE: DIONYSIAC HERAKLES 3rd-2nd Century BC. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.) Ex French collection; R.K. collection, Tecumseh, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in December 1987. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19882016.

20 HELLENISTIC BRONZE APPLIQUE: DIONYSOS MASK with flowing beard and ivy wreath. Fine style. 3rd-1st Century BC H. 1 1/2 in. (3.9 cm.) Ex Wilhelm Horn (1870-1959) collection, Berlin; P.D. collection, Clarkston, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in July 1992. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19952016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VI (1991), no. 117.

21 HELLENISTIC LARGE BRONZE HANDLE, GROUP OF TWO DOLPHINS, their tails supporting a sphere. Dark brown patina. Ca. 2nd-1st Century BC. W. 7 3/8 in. (18.8 cm.); H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.) Ex Simone de Monbrison, Paris, December 1986; C. J. collection, Sterling Heights, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016.

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Etruscan Bronze Sculptures

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22 ETRUSCAN PAIR OF SHEET BRONZE VOTIVE HANDS, probably from a terracotta figure. Mottled green patina. Very rare. Ca. 680-670 BC. H. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm.) and 8 5/8 in. (21.9 cm.) Ex Galeria Serodine, Ascona, 1979; Dr. H.S., Metairie, Louisiana, acquired from Royal-Athena in May 1991. Cf. Pair of hands from the Tomb of the Bronze Chariot, Vulci, in The Etruscans, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, 2000, pp. 568-569, inv. nos. 84867-84868.


23 VILLANOVAN BRONZE HORSE AND RIDER standing in the crook of a J-form spar incised with circles on both sides. 8th Century BC. H. & L. 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection, acquired in 1989; J.M.E collection, New York. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IX (1997), no. 46; vol. XXIV ((2013), no. 24. 24 ETRUSCAN BRONZE FEMALE VOTIVE FIGURINE of flattened form, hands outstretched, on circular base. Early 6th Century BC. H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s, London, July 1989; S.K. collection, Troy, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in September 1992. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1995-2016. Type of Series E, Group I (E. Richardson, Etruscan Votive Bronzes, 1983, figs. 82-84). Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VII (1992), no. 84. 25 ETRUSCAN BRONZE KOUROS, nude, with left leg forward, left hand on hip; lacking feet. Dark green patina. Late 6th-early 5th Century BC H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Ex H. Cahn, Basel, October 1985; M.D. collection, Rochester, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in June 1987. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016.

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26 ETRUSCAN BRONZE REARING CENTAUR, with a full equine lower body, rearing up on his hind legs, preparing to hurl a rock. Superb style. Late 5th-4th Century BC. H. 4 in. (9.7 cm.) Ex Münzen und Medaillen, Basel; John Kluge collection, Charlottesville Virginia, acquired from RoyalAthena in 1989; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Christie’s, New York, June 2004. Exhibited: ‘Monsters, Demons, and Winged Beasts: Composite Creatures of the Ancient World’, Carlos Museum of Art, Emory University, Atlanta, February 5-June 19, 2011. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVI (2005), no. 35.

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27 ETRUSCAN BRONZE MALE VOTARY, his feet splayed and his hands out to the sides with the palms up, wearing a himation and laced boots. Fine light green patina. Mid-4th Century BC H. 3 5/8 in. (9.2 cm.) Ex John Kluge collection, Charlottesville Virginia, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1989; Christie’s New York, June 2004; J.M.E. collection, New York. Cf. similar in the Louvre, no. 63 in M. Cristofani, I Bronzi Degli Etruschi (1985). Published: C.C. Vermeule and J.M. Eisenberg, Catalogue of the Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Bronzes in the Collection of John Kluge, New York and Boston, 1992, no. 89-74. 28 ETRUSCAN BRONZE CISTA FOOT: the figure of a winged Typhon, with snake legs, on winged lion's paw. Brown patina. Ca. 450 BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm.) Ex T.R. collection, Saint Clair, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in May 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016.

29 ETRUSCAN BRONZE BOAR ON SPOOL BASE from a candelabrum. 5th-4th Century BC. L. 2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm.) Ex John Kluge collection, from Royal-Athena in 1979; V.L. collection, Berkley, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in May 1996. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19962016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VII (1992), no. 181.

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LATE ETRUSCAN OR EARLY ROMAN BRONZE VOTARY, PROBABLY A PRIEST OF DIANA Togate, wearing large radiate floral headdress. From the famous Trau collection. 2nd-1st Century BC. H. 9 1/8 in. (23.3 cm.) Ex Franz Trau (1881-1931) collection, Vienna; Galerie Fischer, Lucerne (auction, November 1958); J.H. collection, Dearborn, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in November 1986. On loan to Ohio State University; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1986-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 186.


Roman Bronze Sculptures 31 ROMAN BRONZE SERAPIS-ZEUSAMMON-HERAKLES wearing chiton and himation, with ram’s horns on head surmounted by fragmentary headdress (of Osiris?); holding club of Herakles. 3rd-4th Century AD. H. 3 1/2 in. (9.1 cm.) Ex G.T. collection, Pontiac, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in 1985; K.C. collection, Linden, Michigan, from Royal-Athena in June 1997. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum; George Mason University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1997-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 289. 32 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE APOLLO, leaning on column, wearing bow case strap, holding rhyton and laurel branch. Dark green patina. Ca. 2nd Century AD. H. 5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm.) Ex G.S. collection, Rochester Hills, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena, April 1986. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1986-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 279. 33 ROMAN SMALL BRONZE POSEIDON (NEPTUNE), his left arm upraised (was holding a trident), dolphin in right hand. Finely detailed; deep brown patina. Choice! Ca. 3rd Century AD H. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm.) Ex Basel art market, March 1987; C. J. collection, Sterling Heights, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016. Cp. Zeus in J. Eisenberg, Masterworks in Miniature' (1983), no. 14.

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34 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE MERCURY (HERMES), wearing high boots and a cloak draped over his left shoulder and holding a money bag in his right hand, and once holding his caduceus in his left; his short curly hair topped with a petasos; the eyes inlaid in silver. 1st Century BC/AD H. 4¾ in. (12.1 cm.) Ex collection of John Kluge, Charlottesville, Virginia, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1988. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. V, part 1, (1988), no. 28.; C. Vermeule and J.Eisenberg, Catalogue of the Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Bronzes in the Collection of John Kluge, New York, 1992, no. 88-15. 35 ROMAN BRONZE MERCURY (HERMES), holding purse and caduceus, of Polykleitan style. Very fine depiction. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.4 cm.) Ex J.P. De Serres, Paris, 1989; M.W. collection, Ferndale, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 1990. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1990-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Gods & Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World (1989), no. 76. 36 ROMAN BRONZE STATUETTE OF MERCURY (HERMES), wearing winged petasus, chlamys on shoulder; holding purse. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Ex P.F. collection, Richmond, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in June 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016.

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37 ROMAN BRONZE DIONYSOS (BACCHUS) Nude, standing in a relaxed pose, his weight on his right leg; his left hand extended. Fine style. 2nd Century AD. H. 5 7/8 in. (15 cm.) Ex French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 31.

38 ROMAN BRONZE DIONYSOS (BACCHUS) Intricately crafted, the nude god with a nebris draped over his shoulder; in his hair a wreath of grapes and leaves. Right foot restored. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 5 in. (12.5 cm) Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 47.

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39 ROMAN BRONZE GROUP OF DIONYSOS AND ARIADNE He, seated, hand on head, leaning against her; serpent crawling across his belly, panther below. A rare type. Rich brown patina with light green infills. Ca. 1st Century AD. H. 3 7/8 in. (9.9 cm.) Ex M.K. collection, St. Clair Shores, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 1986. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1986-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 306.

40 ROMAN BRONZE SEATED DIONYSOS wearing an ivy and berry wreath, holding a rhyton and a bunch of grapes. 1st Century AD. H. 3 1/2 in. (8.3 cm.) Ex English collection sold at Sotheby’s London in June 1985; M.K. collection, St. Clair Shores, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in January 1986. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1986-2016.

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41 ROMAN BRONZE YOUNG HERAKLES, PROBABLY A HELLENISTIC RULER IN HIS GUISE, resting on his lionskin-covered club, right hand on hip. Fine style; olive green patina. Lacking left hand, lower legs. Ca. 2nd Century AD. H. 6 3/4 in. (17.1 cm.) Ex G.S. collection, Rochester Hills, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in August 1986. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19862016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol IV (1985), no. 276.

42 ROMAN BRONZE HERAKLES WITH THE GOLDEN APPLES OF THE HESPERIDES Lion-skin draped over left arm, three apples in left hand, right hand holding club resting on ground. Very fine style. Dark brown patina. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.) Ex D.U. collection, Grosse Pointe, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in February 1986. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19862016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 291.

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43 ROMAN BRONZE HELMETED RULER OR MARS (ARES), wearing a crested helmet; himation over left arm, right arm raised. Ca. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s, London, December 1986; A.L. collection, Auburn Hills, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in September 1989. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1990-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Gods & Mortals (1989), no. 93. 44 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE WINGED EROS holding (partial) torch or cornucopia, part of (?cup) in upraised left hand; vestigial wings remaining. Fine style 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 6 3/4 in. (17.1 cm.) Ex French private collection; H. J. collection, Sun City, Arizona. Acquired from Royal-Athena in 1995. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; George Mason Univ. - 1995-2009. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXI (2010), no. 64. 45 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE WINGED EROS holding a small amphora and a patera. 1st Century BC-1st Century AD. H. 2 7/8 in. (7.3 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s, London, May 1984; S.K. collection, Troy, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in August 1985. On loan to Michigan State Univ.; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1985-2016.

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46 ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE OF A LICTOR wearing mantle over short tunic, holding fasces, their symbol of office. Cf. similar in Staatliche Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Roemisches im Antikenmuseum, no. 45. Italy, 1st half of 1st Century AD. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Acquired from P. Donati, Lugano, April 1989. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VII (1992), no. 112; vol. XI (2000), no. 46; vol. XIII (2002), no. 50; vol. XXIII (2013), no. 50. 47 ROMAN BRONZE ELDERLY PRIEST, bearded, himation draped over head; carrying a casket. 2nd-3rd Century AD H. 3 1/8 in. (8 cm.) Ex R. B. collection, W. Bloomfield, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in October 1985. On loan to Michigan State Univ.; Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1985-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 305. 48 ROMAN BRONZE WREATHED MALE wearing a short tunic and holding a large pot by the handle. Rare type. Lacking left hand. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 4 1/4 in. (11 cm.) Ex K.B. collection, Pontiac, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in September 1985. On loan to Michigan State Univ.; Ball State Univ, Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1985-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 304

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49 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE WARRIOR STANDING UPON A HIPPOCAMP He carries a small round shield in his left hand and a small sword in his right. He appears to be balancing with one foot on the hippocamp’s mane and the other on the horse’s upraised tail. Ca. 4th Century AD. H. 5 7/8 in. (15 cm.) Ex Swiss collection, ca. 1990. 50 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE YOUTH, perhaps a ruler, wearing Phrygian cap, chlamys wrapped around left arm. Fine green patina. Ca. 2nd Century AD. H. 5 5/8 in. (14.2 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s London, May 1986; P.D., collection, Clarkston, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in October 1987. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016. 51 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE APHRODITE, right hand outstretched, left hand over lower body; inlaid silver eyes. 1st Century BC - 1st Century AD. H. 3 3/8 in. (8.6 cm.) Ex K.D. collection, Warwick, Rhode Island, acquired from Royal-Athena in August 1997. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum,; George Mason University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19972016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 194; vol. VI, 2 (1991), no. 119.

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52

ROMAN BRONZE GROUP: NUDE APHRODITE WITH EROS (CUPID) The goddess, wearing stephane, arranging her hair; Eros at her side, holding apple in outstretched hand. Fine style. Reattached to original base. Egypt, 1st Century BC/AD H. 7 1/8 in. (18 cm.) Ex M.K. collection, St. Clair Shores, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in July 1986. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1986-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 282.

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ROMAN BRONZE CENTAURESS with equine body and nude human torso, an animal skin tied around her neck and falling over her left shoulder and arm, her left arm outstretched and gripping a fruit laden attribute; on an integral pedestal. An extremely rare type. Late 2nd-3rd Century AD H. 5 7/8 in. (14.9 cm.) Ex John Kluge collection, Charlottesville, Virginia, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1984; J.M.E. collection, acquired at Christie’s New York, June 2004. Exhibited: ‘Monsters, Demons, and Winged Beasts: Composite Creatures of the Ancient World’, Carlos Museum of Art, Emory University, Atlanta, February 5-June 19, 2011. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVI (2005), no. 45.


54 PAIR OF ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUES: DEEP BUSTS OF HERAKLES wearing a lionskin over tiers of curly hair, the paws tied across his chest; probably from a wagon or carrying chair. 2nd Century AD H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Ex collection of B.H.S., a retired military officer, St. Petersburg, Florida, formed in the 1950s-early 1970s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), No. 51. 55 ROMAN BRONZE BUST OF SERAPIS, bearded, wearing a modius (grain measure) on his head. Fine style. Fine dark olive green patina with reddish highlights. Ca. 1st-2nd century AD. H. 3 in. (7.5 cm.) Ex M.D. collection, Rochester, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in February 1997. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19972016.

56 ROMAN BRONZE WAGON FITTING: BUST OF HERAKLES between two heads of swans. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 4 3/8 in. (11 cm.) Ex private collection, Luxembourg, acquired before 1980. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 59. Cf. Mann und Ross und Wagen, exhibition catalog, Munich, 1986, 59ff.

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57 ROMANO-BRITISH BRONZE STEELYARD WEIGHT: MALE BUST Bust of bearded man, possibly Marcus Aurelius, wearing tunic and pendant chain. Certainly made in Britain or Northern Gaul. Ca. 2nd Century AD. H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.) Ex collection of L. C., Orchard Lake, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in March 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum, Ball State Univ. Art Museum, George Mason University, Fitchburg Art Museum, 1988-2016. 58 ROMAN BRONZE STEELYARD WEIGHT: BUST OF BOY Bust of a young boy with thick wavy locks. Green-black patina. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 3 1/8 in. (7.9 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s New York, December 1986; K.B. collection, Pontiac, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in September 1990. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1990-2016. 59 ROMAN BRONZE HEAD OF ATHENA (MINERVA) The goddess of war wearing her helmet pushed back, to reveal her long wavy locks beneath. Glossy dark green patina. Choice! 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 1 7/8 in. (4.8 cm.) Ex Bonham’s, London, July 1996; American private collection; J.M.E. collection, New York.

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60 ROMAN BRONZE PENDANT IN THE FORM OF A THEATER MASK The grimacing, bearded countenance, with a roll of hair across the brow, is reminicent of the mask of a slave as depicted in the New Comedy. 1st-2nd Century AD. L. 3 1/8 in. (8 cm.) Ex private French collection, acquired at the Drouot, Paris, June 2005. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVII (2006), no. 58. Cf. a similar pair of bronzes in the Hermitage, nos. V866 and V867; J. Petit, Bronzes Antiques de la Collection Dutuit, Paris, Petit Palais, 1980, no. 69. 61 ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE BUST OF HELMETED ATHENA wearing an aegis and an elaborate helmet. Pale green patina. Ca. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 3 3/8 in. (8.6 cm.) Ex Freiburg, Germany, art market; K.B. collection, Pontiac, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in November 1990. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1990 - 2016. 62 ROMAN BRONZE RIGHT HAND HOLDING AN APPLE Dark green patina. 1st-3rd Century AD. L. 2 3/4 in. ( 7 cm.) Ex F. U. collection, Germany, acquired about 2000.

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63

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ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE OF THE SHE-WOLF SUCKLING ROMULUS AND REMUS Extremely rare, possibly unique in a small bronze. Very fine style. Ca. 2nd Century AD L. 3 3/8 in. (8.6 cm.) Ex collection of B.H.S., a retired military officer, St. Petersburg, Florida, formed in the 1950s-early 1970s; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in March 2008. According to mythology, the infant twin brothers, born of Rhea Silva and king Numitor or Mars, abandoned, were suckled by a she-wolf. Romulus was the legendary founder of Rome. The she-wolf and twins are the symbol of Rome and its people.


64 LATE ROMAN BRONZE BALSAMARIUM IN THE FORM OF A BOOT or calceus, ankle-high, with nailed sole, and engraved lacing details; chains remaining. Eastern Mediterranean. Unusually complete. 4th-6th Century AD. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm.) L. 4 1/2 in. (12 cm.) Ex A. T. collection, Munich, acquired circa 1985. Cf. G. Faider-Feytmans, Les bronzes romains de Belqique II, 1979, no. 219.

65 ROMAN BRONZE SMALL ROOSTING OWL with wings spread, standing on a heart-shaped base 3rd-5th Century AD. H. 1 1/4 in. (3.2 cm.) Ex Leo Mildenberg collection, Zurich; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Christie’s London, October 2004. Published: L. Mildenberg, Animals in Ancient Art, III, 1996, no. 43.

66 ROMAN BRONZE DOLPHIN On staff-like support. 1st-2nd Century AD. L. 3 7/8 in. (9.8 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s, London, 1984; B.L. collection, Saint Clair, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in February 1986. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1986-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 322.

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67 ROMAN BRONZE PLATE DEPICTING A DIOSCUROS in relief, standing nude, but for a pilos helmet and chlamys; his horse behind him, a shield in the left field. From a suite of equine armor. Restored. Late 2nd-early 3rd Century AD. H. 6 7/8 in. (17 cm.) Ex German collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXI (2010), no. 81.

68 ROMAN BRONZE RIGHT HAND from a life-size statue, probably an emperor. 1st-2nd Century AD. L. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex N. collection, Munich, Germany, acquired prior to 2000. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 41.

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Greek Terracottas

69 GREEK TERRACOTTA ANTEFIX : GORGON FACE in low relief, with two rows of snail curls and a corona terminating in snakes; an open mouth grimace with extended tongue; extensive painted details remaining. Ca. 6th Century BC. H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex U.S. collection, acquired in New York in 1970. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 91. Probably from Sicily. Cf. R. A. Higgins, Catalogue of the Terracottas in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London, British Museum, 1969, no. 1137. 70 GREEK POLYCHROME TERRACOTTA PROTOME OF PERSEPHONE wearing a polos. Later 5th Century BC. H. 6 1/4 in. (16 cm.) Ex German collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), no. 85. 71 GREEK TERRACOTTA PROTOME: FEMALE BUST, veiled, holding a fan in her upraised right hand; some original paint remaining. Tarentum, later 4th Century BC. H. 7 7/8 in. (21 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection, acquired in Basel, Switzerland, November 2004. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XX (2009), no. 91. Cf. G.Laviosa, Le antefisse fittili di Taranto, Archeologia Classica 6, 1954, pl. 73. For a nearly identical example in the Louvre Museum see: Simone Besques, Catalogue Raissonne de Figurines et Reliefs en Terre-cuit Grec, vol. IV, pl. 130, nos. D4075 & D4076.

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72 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA OF A YOUTH with curly red hair, wearing a chiton and himation, leaning against a column. Traces of original pigment remaining. 3rd Century BC. H. 9 3/4 in. (24.7 cm.) Ex collection of Yves Saint Laurent, Paris. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), no. 91. 73 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA NUDE EROS EPHEBE He hovers, arms and legs apart, his long hair bound with a fillet; left hand restored. Tarentum, ca. 300 BC. H. 9 3/4� (24.5 cm.) Ex Joseph Pierre collection, Belgium, formed in the 1970s-80s; K.K. collection, Redford, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in December 2004. On loan to Fitchburg Art Museum, 2011-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XII (2001), no. 132. 74 HELLENIZING TERRACOTTA THYMIATERION: DEEP BUST OF A GODDESS, probably Persephone. On her head is a kernophoros; a band with leaves and disks at the base, above her hair which falls in long curls and braids to her shoulders. Carthage, 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 12 in. (30.5 cm.) Ex German collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XX (2009), no. 92. Cf. S. Moscati, The Phoenicians, exhibition catalogue, Venice, 1988, Palazzo Grassi, p. 621, no. 219.

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Etruscan Terracottas

75 ETRUSCAN POLYCHROME TERRACOTTA ANTEFIX: HEAD OF A GODDESS She wears a high stephane decorated with alternating red and black stripes. The lips, crown of head and the wavy hair framing the face are highlighted with red; brows, eyes, and hair rendered in dark brown; surfaces overall with a cream-coloured coating. Latium, ca. 480 BC. H. 5 5/8 in. (14.4 cm.) Ex Hans Tollmann collection, Cologne, Germany, acquired in the 1960s-70s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 98.

76 ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA HEAD OF A GODDESS wearing a broad stephane. The hair is laid over the brow in fine, wavy strands, with a curl in front of each ear. Ca. 480 BC H. 7 1/4 in. (18.5 cm.) Ex R. M. collection (1956-1979), Canton Bern. Switzerland. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), no. 97.

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77 ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA VOTIVE HEAD OF A YOUNG MAN with his himation pulled over the back of his curly-haired head, fully in the round. In unusually fine style. 3rd-Early 2nd Century BC. H. 9 in. (22.9 cm.) Ex J. F. collection, Loveland, Ohio, acquired from RoyalAthena in September 1984. On loan to the Cincinnati Art Museum, 1984-2017.

78 ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA VOTIVE HEAD OF A YOUTH, his face framed with handworked locks. Ca. 3rd Century BC. H. 10 in. (25.5 cm.) Ex American collection, acquired in New York before 1970. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 64.

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Early Greek Vases 79 MINOAN POTTERY JAR WITH THREE SMALL LUG HANDLES Stylised 'rock' decoration around body. Late Minoan I, ca. 1500 BC. H. 1 5/8 in. (4.1 cm.); W. 2 7/8 in. (7.3 cm.) Ex Richard Hattatt collection, Hampshire, England; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Sotheby’s London, December 1984.

80 EARLY PROTO-CORINTHIAN POTTERY OINOCHOE Richly decorated. Broad-bottomed base. Rare. Ca. 710-700 BC. H. 3 1/16 in. (7.7 cm.) Ex collection of Dr. Jean Lauffenburger, Geneva, 1970s; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Sotheby’s London, July 1987. Published: J. Chamay and J.L. Maier, Ceramiques Corinthians (1984), pp. 14-15.

81 CORINTHIAN POTTERY SKYPHOS Zig-zag decoration in rectangles; bands around upper body and handles. Ca. 620 BC. H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.); D. 4 in. (10.2 cm.); W. 6 1/8 in. (15.6 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired from G. Puhze, Freiburg, Germany, in September 1988.

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Attic Black-figure Vases 82 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE AMPHORA. THE CLASS OF THE CABINET DES MÉDAILLES 218 Nikosthenic subgroup. On either side a nude satyr clasps a fleeing maenad. On the neck, a running maenad. Ca. 525-515 BC. H. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm.) Ex English collection; acquired in London, February 2000. Published: J. Eisenberg, 1000 Years of Ancient Greek Vases II (2010), no. 37; Art of the Ancient World, vol. XII (2001), no. 184; vol. XXIV (2014), no. 72.

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83 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE BAND CUP in low relief, with palmette frieze. 6th Century BC. D. 5 1/2 in.(14 cm.), W. 7 3/4 in. (19.7 cm.); H. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired from Sotheby’s London, July 1985. 84 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE WHITE GROUND ALABASTRON decorated with checkered diamonds and cross-hatching. Early 5th Century BC. H. 7 1/2 in. (19 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Phillips, London, July 1991. 85 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE WHITE GROUND ALABASTRON decorated with checkered diamonds and two pale white ivy-bands. 1st half of 5th Century BC H. 5 7/8 in. (15 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired from Gallery Serodine, Ascona, in April 1991. 86 ATTIC WHITE-GROUND LEKYTHOS with checkerboard design. Above: a key meander; below: a criss-cross border. Early 5th Century BC. H. 6 1/8 in. (15.6 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in Freiburg, Germany, April 1993.

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87

ATTIC RED-FIGURE COLUMN-KRATER BY MYSON A nude komast (a drunken reveller) walking to right, a himation over his shoulder and outstretched left arm. He holds a skyphos in his right hand and a staff in his lowered left . Rev.: Nude komast with a large vessel held up in both hands. In very fine style. Ca. 500-480 BC. H. 15 1⠄2 in. (39.4 cm.) Ex collection of John Kluge, Charlottesville, Virginia, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1980; acquired at Christie’s New York, June 2004; J. Z. collection, Rumson, New Jersey, acquired from Royal-Athena in 2006. Myson is known as the father of the Mannerists. In Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, p. 562, Beazley calls him the "founder of the style; the early Mannerists were his pupils" and are depicted as such in their workshop on a hydria by the Leningrad Painter now in Milan (ARV, p. 571,73).

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Attic Red-figure Vases

88 ATTIC SESSILE KANTHAROS St. Valentine class. Feather patterns, grape, ivy branches and laurel leaves. Choice. 4th Century BC. H. 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired from P. Donati, Lugano, April 1987.

89 ATTIC SESSILE KANTHAROS St. Valentine class. With two applied white olive-leaf bands on either side. 4th Century BC. H. 4 3/8 in. (11.1 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Christie’s London in July 1983. Choice.

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90 ATTIC RED-FIGURE COLUMN KRATER BY THE AGRIGENTO PAINTER Three youths with wreaths at a komos (procession after a carousal). The first carries a lyre (barbiton) and turns towards his singing companions. The central figure holds a staff, the last one holds an amphora and swings a torch. Rev.: Three draped youths. Ca. 460-450 BC. H. 14 1/2 in. (36.7 cm. ) Ex C. R. collection, Nordrhein-Westfahlen, Germany. Published: J. Eisenberg, 1000 Years of Ancient Greek Vases II (2010), no. 97; Art of the Ancient World, vol. XIX (2008), no. 125; vol. XXIV (2013), no. 84. The komos was a part of the symposium and a popular motif for wine vessels. For the painter see CVA, MĂźnchen 2, 14f. pls. 7072.

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Magna Graecia Vases

91 APULIAN SESSILE KANTHAROS On either side a panel of black and red diamond 'checkerboard' above laurel band in added white. 4th Century BC. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in Lugano, December 1992. 92 APULIAN GNATHIA PROCHOUS with grape and ivy-leaf decoration; the handle with lion head termini. Ca. 340-320 BC. H. 7 in. (17.9 cm.) Ex G. Puhze, Freiburg, Germany, 1986; S.W. collection, Royal Oak, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in January 1992. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1992-2016. 93 APULIAN RED-FIGURE PYXIS WITH LID Lid elaborately decorated with floral and wave bands. 4th Century BC. D. 5 1/4 in. (13.3 cm.) Ex J.M.E.collection, New York, acquired on the London art market, November 1988.

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94 PAIR OF APULIAN RED-FIGURE OINOCHOI BY A FOLLOWER OF THE WHITE SACCOS PAINTER A. Seated nude youth to left holding wreath and large dish. B. Seated draped female to left holding large chest and large kalathos; hydria and dish in field. Mid-4th Century BC. H. both 11 3/8 in. (28.9 cm.) Ex D.S. collection, Garden City, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in February 1984. On loan to the Detroit Institute of Arts - 1984-2017. 95 APULIAN RED-FIGURE TREFOIL OINOCHOE (CHOUS) Draped female with torch and wreath and nude youth, both running. Ca. 360-350 BC. H. 7 1/2 in. (19 cm.) Ex Christie’s London, June 1988; Dr. S.E. collection, Greenwood Village, Colorado, acquired from Royal-Athena in October 1988. 96 APULIAN RED-FIGURE TREFOIL OINOCHOE (CHOUS) With a nude youth holding a situla and proffering an oinochoe to another nude youth; a draped female to the right. Ca. 360-350 BC. H. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm.) Ex collection of Dr. G. H., El Cajon, California, acquired from Royal-Athena, August 1984.

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97 APULIAN RED-FIGURE PYXIS The cover with a female profile facing left wearing a saccos and earrings; a laurel band around side. Ca. 330-320 BC. Diam. 4 5/8 in. (11.8 cm.); H. 2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm.) Ex H. collection, Freiburg, Germany; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in Freiburg, Germany, in June 2000.

98 APULIAN LARGE GNATHIAN WARE SKYPHOS Nude, winged Eros holding, a phiale in his left hand, a branch in his right, stands beneath an ornate grape arbor. Later 4th Century BC. H. 8 1/2 in. (21.6 cm.); D. 8 3/8 in. (21.3 cm.); W. 12 1/2 in. (31.7 cm.) Ex V.L. collection, Berkley, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in December 1996. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IX (1997), no. 121.

99 CAMPANIAN BLACK GLAZED TREFOIL OINOCHOE The base of the ‘S’-shaped handle ornamented with a large mask of Silenos. 3rd Century BC. H. 6 1/8 in. (15.5 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in Paris, September 2000.

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100 CANOSAN UNGLAZED POTTERY KANTHAROS decorated in partial white slip heightened in pink. Apulia, 4th Century BC. H. 5 in. (12.8 cm.) Ex Heidi Vollmoeller collection, Zurich, acquired in 1988; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Christie’s London, October 2003.

101 LUCANIAN RED-FIGURE SKYPHOS On either side the head of Athena, in profile to left, wearing a helmet. Choice. Early 4th Century BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.) Ex Tollman collection, Cologne, acquired in the 1960s-70s; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in Munich, June 2004. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVI (2005), no 116.

102 HELLENISTIC LARGE BLACK GLAZED HYDRIA Foliate garland around neck, wave scrolls around rim. South Italy, ca. 3rd Century BC H. 14 1/4 in. (36.1 cm.) Ex English collection; Charles Brickbauer collection, Baltimore, Maryland, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1988.

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103 PAESTAN RED-FIGURE BELL KRATER NEAR THE DIRCE PAINTER The Thracian bard Thamyris, blinded, and the Muses. Reverse: Kadmos, founder of Thebes, slaying the dragon whose teeth became the men of Thebes. The Dirce Painter is the seminal artist for the Sicilian, Paestan, and Campanian schools of vase-painting. Ca. 400-370 BC. H. 16 1/2 in. (42 cm.) Ex Dr. E. collection, North Carolina, acquired from Royal-Athena in 2003. Published: K. Schauenburg, Unteritalischen Vasenmalerei. vol. IV, 2001. Thamyris had boasted that he could win any contest even if competing with the Muses, whereat they blinded him and caused him to forget his skill. Two very rare subjects.

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Etruscan Vases

104 ETRUSCAN BUCCHERO CHALICE The deep bowl with carinated base supported on struts, two in the form of sirens alternating with two caryatids. Cerveteri, early 6th Century BC H. 7 in. (17.9 cm.) Ex Tollmann collection, Cologne, acquired, in the 1960s-70s; Dr. S.E. collection, Greenwood Village, Colorado, acquired from Royal-Athena in July 2005. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVI (2005), no. 98. Cf. M. Cristofani, Civiltà degli etruschi, Florence, 1985, 162f, no 6.37.5; Gercke, 123f., no.66. Cf. T. Rasmussen, Bucchero Pottery from Southern Etruria, 1979, p. 90, pl. 23, 102.

105 ETRUSCO-CORINTHIAN PYRIFORM ARYBALLOS The body, incised with four tiers of scales, and red bands and tongues tapers to a narrow foot. It has a cylindrical neck, broad flat lip and single handle. Early 6th Century BC H. 4 in. (10.2 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired from Christie’s New York, in December 2000.

106 ETRUSCAN APPLIED RED OWL SKYPHOS in imitation of Six’s technique on Attic vases. Reverse: Laureate head of a woman. Rare combination of motifs. Choice. Etruscan owl skyphoi are rare. Late 5th-early 4th Century BC. H. 2 13/16 in. (7.2 cm. ) W. 6 1/4 in. (15.6 cm.) Ex South German private collection acquired in the 1950s; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in Munich, July 2006.

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107 ETRUSCO-CORINTHIAN POTTERY OLPE with central frieze of bi-colored quadrupeds; overall banding, tongues around the shoulder. Ca. 600 BC. H. 9 1/8 in. (23.2 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in Ascona, Switzerland, October 2000. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XIV (2003), no. 109.

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108 ETRUSCAN CAERETAN RED-FIGURE BEAKED OINOCHOE Bearded, wreathed male head to left between laurel leaves. Late 4th Century BC. H. 7 1/8 in. (18.1 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired from C. Ede, London, in July 1990.

109 ETRUSCAN BLACK-FIGURE AMPHORA with floral and geometric decoration. Cerveteri, late 6th Century BC. H. 6 3/8 in. (16.2 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired from Galleria Serodine, Ascona, in April 1986.

110 ETRUSCAN BLACK-FIGURE AMPHORA with floral and geometric decoration. Cerveteri, late 6th Century BC H. 6 3/8 in. (16.2 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired from Galleria Serodine, Ascona, in May 1986.

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111 ETRUSCAN BLACK-FIGURE PANEL AMPHORA Two armed warriors, one wearing a Corinthian helmet being chased by one wearing an Illyrian helmet. Reverse: Three dancing nude komasts. Ca. 520 BC. H. 12 in. (30.5 cm.) Ex Prof. Hugo Munsterberg (19161995) collection, New Paltz, New York acquired from Royal-Athena in 1966; R.H. collection, Lebanon, Pennsylvania, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 2007. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVIII (2007), no. 116, as Attic.

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Ancient Gold & Silver 112 THRACIAN OR EAST GREEK SILVER PLAQUETTE OR DIADEM Mounted warrior flanked by four goddesses holding cornucopias. At either end, a seated female nursing. Ca. 4th Century BC. L. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.) Ex K.C. collection, Linden, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in November 1996. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1997-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IX (1997), no. 133.

113 ROMAN GOLD VOTIVE PLAQUE: ASKLEPIOS AND HYGEIA, the god and goddess of medicine and health, executed in repoussé technique; the eagle of Jupiter stands between them. 3rd-4th Century AD. H. 1 3/8 in. (3.5 cm.) Ex K.D. collection, Warwick, Rhode Island, acquired from Royal-Athena in March 1998. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1998-2016.

114 ROMAN SILVER NUDE EROS holding a large cornucopia. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 2 3/4 in. (7.1 cm.) Acquired in Paris, October 2000; F.D. collection, Novi, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in August 2002. Exhibited: Ball State Univ. Art Museum; George Mason Univ. - 2002-2011.

115 ROMAN BRONZE DISC FIBULA WITH SILVER TONDO BUST OF NERO The disc with jagged edge and concentic circles. Rare type. Ca. AD 54-68. Diam. 1 7/8 in. (4.8 cm.) Ex Ancient and Medieval Art, Furneux, Pelham, England, which was dissolved in 1990.

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Ancient Varia

116 ROMAN ROCK CRYSTAL, HEXAGONAL, FACETED AMPHORISKOS

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with two integrally carved standing rings for suspension. Rare and choice! 1st Century AD. H. 2 1/2 in. (6.5 cm.) Ex J.R. collection, Portugal, acquired in Spain in the 1980s, previously from the Munich art market in the early 1970s. Cf. Hans-Peter Bühler, Antike Gefässe aus Edelsteinen, Mainz, 1973, nos. 56 and 57. Resurfaced.


117 NEOLITHIC POTTERY IDOL Cruciform, with incised almond-shaped eyes, raised nasal ridge, and pointed nose. The body is incised with lines indicating, perhaps, clothing or jewelry. Vinca Culture, Balkan area. 6th-5th Millennium BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (8.8 cm.) Ex French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), no. 81. 118 MIDDLE EUROPEAN LATE BRONZE AGE DONAULAND-TYPE BRONZE SWORD Two-edged blade with a bulging middle rib. A flat punched hilt tongue with beveled edges; at the crossing are punched holes. Intact. Ca. 1200-800 BC L. 23 5/8 in. (60 cm.) Ex German collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 76. Cf. P.Schauer, Die Schwerter in Süddeutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz I, PBF IV 2 (1971) pl.. 90f. no. 592ff. 119 CENTRAL EUROPEAN LATE BRONZE AGE BRONZE SWORD Slender double-edged blade with a broad semi-circular mid rib on both sides. Four holes at the base; the baluster-shaped tang with one fixation hole and narrow flanges along its sides. Ca. 1000 BC. L. 16 1/4 in. (41.5 cm.) Ex German collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 77. Cf. P. Schauer, Die Schwerter in Süddeutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz I, PBF IV 2 (1971), pl. 90f., no. 592 ff.

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120 ROMAN TETRADECAGON FACETED ROCK CRYSTAL AMPHORISKOS

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with antique silver-gilt cap and chains. It has a canted lip, a pair of pointed-arch handles beginning at the cylindrical neck down to the curving shoulders. The 14-facet, cylindrical body with a peg foot; with silver-gilt cap and three silver gilt chains descending from a ring and joined to each arm and the cap by a ring. Rare and choice! Resurfaced. Ca. 2nd Century AD. L. of vase 3 7/8 in. (9.8 cm.); L. with gilt mts. 8 3/8 in. (21.3 cm.) Ex J.R. collection, Portugal, acquired in Spain in the 1980s, previously from the Munich art market in the early 1970s. Cf. Hans-Peter BuĚˆhler, Antike Gefässe aus Edelsteinen, Mainz, 1973, nos. 42, 43, and 57.


121 MIDDLE EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE SPIRAL ARMLET A 14-times winding forged armband, slightly ridged on the outside; the ends rolled. Said to have been found in Austria. Ca. 13th-12th Century BC. L. 7 1/4 in. (18.5 cm) Ex German private collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XIX (2008), no. 172. 122 LATE BRONZE AGE OR EARLY CELTIC BRONZE DAGGER with openwork serpentine handle. Rich green patina. Said to have been found in Eastern France. Ca. 900-600 BC. L. 13 1/8 in. (33.3 cm.) Ex collection of Lord McAlpine of West Green, England; J.P.A. de W., Scarsdale, N.Y., 19891994, acquired from Royal-Athena; O.A.V. collection, Madrid and Caracas, 1995-2010. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 78. 123 ROMAN LEGIONNAIRE’S FORGED IRON PUGIO DAGGER BLADE with characteristic curved blade and a mid rib on both sides. 1st Century AD. L. 15 in. (38 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Munich in the 1990s. Found in Germany. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXII (2011), no. 71.

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124 ROMAN IRON AND BRONZE LIDDED 125 MEDIEVAL LEAD OPENWORK APPLIQUE ARYBALLOS: APHRODITE ANADYOMENE CENTERING A SPREAD EAGLE, surrounded as a child, wringing her hair and riding a dolphin, servby four birds alternating with grain motifs; ing as the bronze cover. The spherical body is of iron and the back with six hooks. Rare type. the chains and lid of bronze. Part of an athlete’s ablution 12th Century AD. L. 3 5/8 in. (9.3 cm.) set. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 4 5/8 in. (11.7 cm.) Ex Christie’s, London, July 1991; Ex J. H. Ex English private collection, acquired in the early 1990s. collection, acquired in the 1990s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. M.D. collection, Ortonville, Michigan, acquired XXIV (2013), no. 48. Possibly a unique, playful extenfrom Royal-Athena in May 1993. sion of the myth. The iron is corroded; otherwise intact. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, Cf: Ian Jenkins, Greek and Roman Life, London, 1986, vol. XXI (2010), no. 201. Cf. Motiv und p. 48, fig. 57; Enrica Pozzi et al., Le Collezioni del Zeitstellung: Das Reich der Salier 1024-1125, Museo Nazionale di Napoli, Roma, 1986, p. 178, no. 45. Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum, Mainz, 1992, p. 127, no.1, B 32; 3 A 1. 126 ROMAN PAIR OF BRONZE LION-HEAD HANDLES, rings passing through mouths. 2nd-3rd Century AD. Diams. 4 in. (10.1 cm.); Diams. of rings 3.5 in. (9.1 cm.) Ex Christie’s, London, July 1991; M.D. collection, Ortonville, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in May 1993.

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Byzantine Art

127 EARLY BYZANTINE BRONZE PHEASANT Incised feathers. Choice! Ca. 5th Century AD. L. 4 7/8 in. (12.2 cm.) Ex P.F. collection, Richmond, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in February 1988. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 318. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016. 128 EARLY CHRISTIAN REDWARE POTTERY LAMP, In the discus: Nebuchadnezzar enthroned at left. To the right of a column on which there is a bust of Nebuchadnezar stand three men (Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego) North Africa, 4th-5th Century AD. L. 5 1/4 in. (13.5 cm.) Ex collection of V.H., Vienna, acquired in 1970.

129 MEROVINGIAN STAMPED SHEET SILVER FIBULA: Crude bust of Christ, with a cross, and inscription: ANDEBERTVS F W DEO EI; bronze backing. Very rare. 7th Century AD. Diam. 1 1/4 in. (3.4 cm ) Ex English private collection, acquired in the 1990s; Frank Sternberg, Zurich; Gorny & Mosch 111 (2001), no. 320. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XIX (2008), no. 160.

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130 BYZANTINE REDWARE TILE WITH RELIEF OF ST. GEORGE AND THE DRAGON Stylized saint on horseback, the dragon rendered as a snake. 5th-6th Century AD. H. 10 in. (25.5 cm.); W. 8 7/8 in. (22.5 cm.) Ex German private collection, acquired from Axel Weber, Cologne, in 1970s. Probably from the provinces of Africa Proconsularis or Byzancena and used to decorate wooden chests. Covered in a white slip. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XX (2009), no. 163. Cf. Die Welt von Byzanz. Europas östliches Erbe, exhibition catalogue, Munich Staatliche Museum, 2004, no. 90.

132 AVAR BRONZE BEAKER of two globular sections joined by a tapering cylindrical waist. Beneath the lip are incised recumbent animals. Balkan Peninsula, ca. 700 AD. H. 5 1/4 in. (13.5 cm.) Ex Hr. B. collection, Switzerland, acquired between 1960 and 1980. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVIII (2007), no. 191. Cf. a group of gold and silver vessels known as the Avar Treasure, gift of J. Pierpont Morgan to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1917.

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131 BYZANTINE REDWARE TILE WITH RELIEF OF PEGASUS being groomed by four nymphs. A kneeling one cleans a hoof, another one curries; within a ‘beaded’ frame. Covered in a white slip. 5th-6th Century AD. H. 10 7/8 in. (27.5 cm.); W. 11 5/8 in. (29.5 cm.) Ex German private collection. Cf. Die Welt von Byzanz. Europas östliches Erbe, exhibition catalogue, Munich Staatliche Museum, 2004, no. 90. Probably from the provinces of Africa Proconsularis or Byzancena and used to decorate wooden chests. Covered in a white slip. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXI (2010), no. 197.


133 BYZANTINE BRONZE PENDANT CRUCIFORM ENKOLPION with raised Theotokos Nikopoios and four busts of saints. Dark green patina. Said to have been found in Austria. 10th-12th Century AD. H. 3 7/8 in. (10 cm.) Ex Bavarian private collection A.L., acquired between 1960 and 1972. 134 BYZANTINE LARGE BRONZE PENDANT CRUCIFORM ENKOLPION Incised with Maria Orans. Reverse with St. Constantine, inscribed with AGIOC KONSTANTIN. Dark green patina. 10th-12th Century AD. H. 5 in. (12.5 cm.) Ex Bavarian private collection A.L., acquired between 1960 and 1972. Cf. Die Welt von Byzanz, Munich exhibition, 2004/2005, 196f, catalog nos. 266-269. 135 MIDDLE BYZANTINE BRONZE BELL with a conical body; incised crosses within a laurel oval on front and back. Lacking clapper. 10th-12th Century AD. H. 3 1/8 in.(8 cm.) Ex U. F. collection, Bavaria, acquired in 2000.

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Egyptian Stone Sculptures

136 SET OF FOUR EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE CANOPIC JAR COVERS depicting the four sons of Horus: Imsety (man), Qebsenuef (falcon), Hapi (baboon), and Duamutef (jackal). XXIst-XXIInd Dynasty, 1069-712 BC. H. of Duamutef: 5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm.); H. of Hapi: 4 in. (10.1 cm.); H. of Imsety: 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.); H. of Qebseneuf: 4 1/8 in. (10.3 cm.) Ex German private collection; collection of L.H.N., Enschede, Netherlands, acquired from Archea, Amsterdam, in 2005. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 173.

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EGYPTIAN LARGE LIMESTONE STATUE OF A ROYAL LADY striding on a rectangular base, her arms held to her sides, and wearing a long close-fitting dress, and a headdress that echoes the nemes, combining elements of the tripartite wig and the nemesheadcloth, the queue falling to the top of the rectangular back pillar, her face with finely formed lips, straight nose, and long wide-set eyes, the surface of the statue with remains of gesso and traces of pigment. Of exceptionally fine style. Later Ptolemaic period, 2nd-1st Century BC. H. 23 3/4 in. (60.3 cm.) Ex collection of Jan van der Werff (1901-1988), Delft, acquired ca. 1950s, then by descent. For related statues of the mid-Ptolemaic and early Roman periods cf. S. Albersmeier, Untersuchungen zu den Frauenstatuen des ptolemaeischen Aegypten, Mainz am Rhein, 2002, pls. 68a, 69a (Cleopatra of Egypt, Age of the Ptolemies, Brooklyn, 1988, cat. 28), 71ab, and 74a-d, statues in Cairo, Brussels, Paris, and Cairo respectively. A relief from a tomb at Sakkara (Cambridge no. 5/1909), dating to the 30th Dynasty, shows a goddess nursing the tomb's owner and wearing a wig which could be a prototype for the wig the present figure wears.


138 EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM LIMESTONE USHABTI Mummiform, holding hoes, seed bag, and wearing an usekh necklace in faint black and red paint. XIXth Dynasty, ca. 1292-1185 BC. H. 7 5/8 in. (19.5 cm.) Ex collection of G.F. Burgh, The Hague, Netherlands, 1984; Drouot, Paris, May 2016.

139 EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE RELIEF SECTION A priest with shaven head striding to right wearing a long pleated loincloth fastened with a pantherheaded belt. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm.) Ex collection of Mme. V., Paris, acquired in 1960. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 183.

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Egyptian Bronze Sculptures

140 EGYPTIAN BRONZE AMUN-RE (AMON), the great Theban ‘King of the Gods’, striding, wearing headdress of double plumes and a solar disk. Dark green patina. Ptolemaic Period, ca. 4th Century BC. H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.) Ex Christie’s London, July 1990; Dr. R. E. collection, Edina, Minnesota, acquired from Royal-Athena in September 1990.

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141 EGYPTIAN BRONZE AMON (AMUN-RE), ‘KING OF THE GODS’, striding, wearing short kilt and ribbed crown. Dark brown patina. Feet restored. XXIInd Dynasty, 945-715 BC. H. 5 7/8 in. (15 cm.) Ex P.D. collection, Clarkston, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in November 1985. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19862016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 446.


142 EGYPTIAN BRONZE OSIRIS, mummiform, wearing the atef-crown and holding the crook and flail. Silver inlaid eyes. Dark brown patina. Very fine style. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 8 1/4 in. (21 cm.) Ex Dr. R. E. collection, Edina, Minnesota, acquired in Beverly Hills in the late 1980s.

143 EGYPTIAN BRONZE NUDE HARPOKRATES, striding, finger to mouth, with sidelock of youth, uraeus on cap-like crown, wearing incised heart (ib) amulet. Rich chestnut brown patina. XXVth-XXXIst Dynasty, ca. 715-332 BC. H. 4 in. (10.2 cm.) Ex Christie’s London, July 1984; H.H. collection, Lewiston, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in August 1985. On loan to Michigan State Univ.; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1985-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 453.

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144 ROMAN-EGYPTIAN BRONZE PANTHEISTIC HARPOKRATES, winged, crowned, holding cornucopia with owl (headless); dog, falcon, turtle, serpent, on integral base. Fine style. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.) Ex John Kluge collection, acquired from RoyalAthena in the 1980s; P.D. collection, Clarkston, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in July 1992. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1995-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Gods and Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World (1989), no. 148.

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145 EGYPTIAN BRONZE IMHOTEP, GOD OF MEDICINE AND LEARNING, seated, holding open papyrus scroll. Inscription on base. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 5 in. (12.8 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s, London,1986; L.M. collection, Inkster, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in June 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19882016.


146 EGYPTIAN BRONZE IMHOTEP, GOD OF MEDICINE AND LEARNING, patron of architects, seated holding an open inscribed papyrus scroll on his lap; electruminlaid eyes. He wears a wesekh-collar; inscription on base. His name appears on the front of the footrest: the 3 glyphs at right. Very fine style. Dark olive green patina. XXVI-XXXth Dynasty, 664-380 BC. H. 5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm.) Ex C. Ede, London, 1986; A.M. collection, Rochester Hills. Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in March 1987. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016.

147 EGYPTIAN BRONZE NEFERTUM, GOD OF PERFUMES AND UNGUENTS, wearing the lotus and feather headdress with pendant menats. Fine style. Feet restored. Late Period, 664-323 BC. H. 7 in. (18 cm.) Ex Bavarian private collection of A.L., acquired between 1960 and 1972.

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148 EGYPTIAN BRONZE ONURIS, a god of war worshipped in the Nile Delta, bearded, with plumed headdress, long kilt. Missing lower left arm. Late Period, 715-30 BC. H. 5 in. (12.7 cm.) Ex D.K. collection, Redford, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in June 1989. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1990-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, The Age of Cleopatra, 1988, no. 41.

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149 EGYPTIAN BRONZE PTAH The patron of artists and craftsmen, holding the was-scepter, standing atop a stepped base. Late Dynastic Period, 664-343 BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (8.8 cm.) Ex French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVI (2005), no. 148; vol. XXIV (2013), no. 185.


150 EGYPTIAN BRONZE STRIDING ANUBIS, the jackal-headed god wearing a tripartite wig and loin cloth; on integral rectangular base. Ptolemaic Period, 2nd-1st Century BC. H. 3 in. (7.5 cm.) Ex French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 190.

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151 EGYPTIAN BRONZE SWIMMING MALE FIGURE with wig; remains of gilding on wig and body; missing arms. Fine style. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. L. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.) Ex John Kluge collection, reacquired by Royal-Athena in December 1988; M.W. collection, Ferndale, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 1990. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum -1990-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Gods & Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World (1989), no. 146.

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152 EGYPTIAN BRONZE PRIESTESS OF BASTET Bastet was a goddess of joy and the patroness of women. Holding sistrum and aegis; basket on arm. Rare early type. XXIInd Dynasty, ca. 945-715 BC. H. 3 5/8 in. (9.2 cm.) Ex French collection; R.K. collection, Tecumseh, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 1989. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19902016. Published: J. Eisenberg, The Age of Cleopatra (1988), no. 55.

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153 EGYPTIAN BRONZE OF A DIVINE ADORATRICE standing with her right arm raised in adoration, wearing a collar and a pendant, her left hand supporting her offering of a menat, right arm repaired. XXVth Dynasty, 750-656 BC. H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Ex Wilhelm Horn collection (1870-1959); acquired from Hofmann, 1934. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XVIII (2007), no. 213; vol. XXIV (2013), no. 196.


154 ROMAN-EGYPTIAN BRONZE ISIS-FORTUNA wearing elaborate sun-disk-crescent-hornplume headdress, holding cornucopia, fragment of rudder. Ca. 2nd Century AD. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm.) Ex R.K. collection, Tecumseh, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in June 1989. On loan to Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1990-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, The Age of Cleopatra (1988), no. 78.

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155 EGYPTIAN BRONZE NEITH, the Divine Protectress, wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt and a necklace. Hieroglyphic inscription on all four sides of base requesting life. Dark brown patina. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 6 5/8 in. (16.8 cm.) Ex collection of Rupert Allan, Beverly Hills, California; Dr. R. E. collection, Edina, Minnesota, acquired from Royal-Athena in July 1992.

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156 EGYPTIAN BRONZE MUT, WIFE OF AMUN-RE The Theban vulturegoddess wearing a Double Crown or Pschent with uraeus. Rich brown patina. Choice! XXVth-XXVIth Dynasty, 715-332 BC. H. 5 1/4 in. (13.3 cm.) Ex C. and T. H. collection, Sterling Heights, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in March 1986. On loan to Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1986-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 449.

157 EGYPTIAN BRONZE MUT, WIFE OF AMUN-RE, standing with arms at sides, wearing wig and Double Crown. Elaborate cold-worked details. Dark brown patina. Feet and base restored. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC H. 6 1/8 in. (15.5 cm.) Acquired from Astarte Gallery, London, in July 1991; Dr. R. E. collection, Edina, Minnesota, acquired from Royal-Athena in August 1991. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VII (1992), no. 350.

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158 EGYPTIAN SMALL BRONZE SEATED CAT Wearing collar with udjat-eye. On marble base. XXVth-XXXIst Dynasty, 715-333 BC. H. 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm.) Ex Christie’s London, July 1984; R. B. collection, West Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in October 1985. On loan to Michigan State Univ.; Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1985-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 462. 159 EGYPTIAN SMALL BRONZE BABOON, POSSIBLY ATUM, holding a bow and arrow, representing the seventh hour of the daytime sun. Rare. Late Period, ca. 715-30 BC. H. 1 1/2 in. (4 cm.) Ex Monnier Collection, Paris; K.K. collection, Redford, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in October 1997. On loan to Ball State Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1997-2016. 160 EGYPTIAN BRONZE FINIAL: RAM wearing high crown with uraeus, double feathers and sun-disk, standing on rectangular base atop hollow cylindrical shaft. Brown patina. Ptolemaic Period, 305-30 BC. H. 4 1/2 in.(11.5 cm.) Ex collection of T.R., Saint Clair, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in May 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016.

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161 EGYPTIAN BRONZE SACRED BULL with inlaid silver plaquettes representing spots. Rare type. XXVIth-XXX Dynasty, 664-342 BC. L. 1 7/8 in. (4.5cm.) Ex English collection; C.W. collection, Holly, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in 1984. Exhibited: Detroit Institute of Art, 1984-2012. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 203.

162 EGYPTIAN BRONZE OXYRHYNCHUS FISH wearing diadem of uraei with horns and solar disk; incised details; with pendant loop, on sledge. Late Period, 750-30 BC. L. 5 in. (12.7 cm.) Ex Dr. R. E. collection, Edina, Minnesota, acquired in Beverly Hills, California, in the late 1980s.

163 EGYPTIAN BRONZE OXYRHYNCHUS FISH wearing diadem of uraei with horns and solar disk; incised scales; with pendant loop. Late Period, 750-30 BC. L. 5 in. (12.7 cm.) Ex collection of Flora Whitney Miller (1897-1986); P.F. collection, Richmond, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in June 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ,; Fitchburg Art Museum 1988-2016.

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Egyptian Gold & Silver 164 EGYPTIAN GOLD FOIL AMULETS OF THE FOUR SONS OF HORUS, guardians of the organs of the dead: human-headed Imsety (guardian of the liver), dog-headed Hapi (guardian of the lungs), jackal-headed Duamutef (guardian of the stomach) and hawk-headed Qebsnuf (guardian of the intestines). Late Period, ca. 715-30 BC. H. (average) 1 5/8 in. (4 cm.) Ex Monnier Collection, Paris; K.K. collection, Redford, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in June 1996. On loan to Ball State Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1997-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IX (1997), no. 220. 165 EGYPTIAN GOLD SCARAB WITH HEAD OF GODDESS BAT and two monkeys on base. Sheet gold. New Kingdom, ca. 1570-1070 BC. 23 x 20 mm. Ex M.K. collection, St. Clair Shores, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in September 1994. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1997-2016. 166 EGYPTIAN SILVER AMULET: THE APIS BULL standing on a sledge. Surface highlighted with fine incised design. New Kingdom, ca. 1570-1070 BC. L. 1 1/4 in. (3.1 cm.) Ex Zurich art market; K.K. collection, Redford, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in June 1996. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1997-2016.

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167 EGYPTIAN SILVER AMULET OF RE-HERAKHTY The falcon-headed god, striding, wears a sun disk with uraeus, tripartite wig, and kilt. XXVIth-XXXth Dynasty, 664-343 BC. H. 2 5/8 in. (6.9 cm.) Ex V.L. collection, Berkley, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in November 1999. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 2001-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Egyptian Art in Miniature (1994), no. 40; Art of the Ancient World, vol. VIII (1995), no. 206.

168 EGYPTIAN SILVER AMULET OF HATHOR, striding, wearing cow horns and solar disk, tripartite wig and long sheath dress. XXVIth Dynasty-Ptolemaic Period, ca. 664-30 BC. H. 1 7/8 in. (4.8 cm.) Ex K.C. collection, Linden, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in October 1996. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum; George Mason University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1997-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IX (1995), no. 223.

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Egyptian Faience

169 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE USHABTI OF AMENEMOPÉ, Priest of Amun, with frontal column of hieroglyphic text and details in black. XXIst Dynasty, ca. 1080-945 BC. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.4 cm.) Ex French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 202. Cf. J.-F. and L. Aubert, Les Statuaires Égyptiennes: Chaouabtis-Ouchabtis, Paris, 1973, pl. 41, for similar examples. 170 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE USHABTI: HOR-MAAT-ANKH “of the inspector, the king's son, whom he loves, Hor-Maat-Ankh, born of Imy-Pet”, holding hoe and seed bag. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 4 3/4 in. (12 cm.) Ex V.L. collection, Berkley, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in December 1993. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1995-2016. 171 EGYPTIAN PALE GREEN FAIENCE RE-HERAKHTY, a falcon-headed god combining Re and Horus. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.) Ex C. Ede, London, January 1984; R. B. collection, West Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in October 1985. On loan to Michigan State Univ.; Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1985-2016. Published: C. Ede, Small Sculpture from Ancient Egypt, XI (Jan. 1984), no. 41; J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 478.

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172 EGYPTIAN LARGE FAIENCE ROARING HIPPOPOTAMUS, the embodiment of the god Set, bringer of desert storms, its body painted with a frog and lotus blossoms; teeth once inserted. Extremely rare, especially with open jaws. The upper jaw, three feet, and the underside have been restored. XIIth Dynasty, ca.1991-1786 BC. L. 6 1/4 in. (15.9 cm.) Ex private collection, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1987; J.M. collection, Amsterdam, 2005-2017.

173 EGYPTIAN GREEN FAIENCE AMULET: PROWLING LION on integral base. Superb! XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. L. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s, London, December 1982; T.S. collection, Mt. Clemens, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in February 1984.

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174 FOUR SMALL EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE AMULETS Khonsu with moon disc headdress; a Djed pillar with the crown of Osiris; Isis with throne hieroglyph headdress; and jackal-headed Duamutef, one of the Four Sons of Horus. 3rd Intermediate Period, 1069-656 BC. H. 1 1⁄2 in. (3.8 cm); 1 3⁄4 in. (4.5 cm); 1 1⁄2 in. (3.8 cm); 1 1⁄2 in. (3.8 cm) Old English collection; J.M.E. collection, acquired at Bonham’s, London, in April 2008. 175 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE NUDE PATAIKOS Dwarf protector of children. Late Dynastic Period, 712-343 BC. H. 3 1/8 in. (7.8 cm.) Ex French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 215. 176 EGYPTIAN GREEN AND YELLOW GLAZED FAIENCE AMULET OF A NUDE FEMALE CONCUBINE or servant carrying a vase on her head with both hands raised to support the vessel. Two ducks are stylized, head bent under her shoulders along the body, and two cobras along the back foot. Rare. XXIInd Dynasty, 945-712 BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.) Ex French collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 207. Cf. similar in the Petrie Museum: UC28687, published in J. Bulté, Talismans Egyptiens d’heureuse maternité, Paris, 1991, pls.19-22.

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Egyptian Varia

177 EGYPTIAN LARGE WOOD OSIRIS Mummiform, his hands to his chest and wearing the atef-crown; eyes, cosmetic lines, uraeus, and plumes once inlaid. Fine style. Late Period, 715-30 BC. H. 19 3/8 in. (49.2 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s New York, December 1999 (European private collection); Dr. S. E. collection, Greenwood Village, Colorado, acquired from Royal-Athena in December 2001. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XII (2001), no. 361. 178 EGYPTIAN COBALT BLUE GLASS INLAY OF NEPHTHYS, goddess of the household. Ptolemaic to Roman Period, ca. 4th Century BC to 2nd Century AD. H. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm.) Ex 'Per-neb' collection, acquired in Egypt, 1930's; K.C. collection, Linden, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in June 1996. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum; George Mason University; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1997-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Egyptian Art in Miniature (1994), no. 33. 179 EGYPTIAN BRONZE SITULA with procession of two gods; priest offering fowl on altar to the god Min. Brown patina. Ptolemaic Period, 305-30 BC. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Ex John Kluge collection, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1982; Dr. R. E. collection, Edina, Minnesota, acquired from Royal-Athena in September 1990.

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180 EGYPTIAN TERRACOTTA PRIAPUS standing under arching date palm branches, a palm on either side; lifting up garment to expose large phallus. Ca. 1st Century BC/AD. H. 5 3/8 in. (16.3 cm.) Ex Christie’s, London, December 1993; A.L. collection, Auburn Hills, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in March 1994. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1995-2016. 181 EGYPTIAN TERRACOTTA NUDE STANDING BAUBO, obese, with pendulous breasts and garlanded, ribbed coiffure. Ca. 1st Century BC/AD. H. 6 in. (15.2 cm.) Ex Christie’s, London, December 1993 (ex English collection); A.L. collection, Auburn Hills, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in March 1994. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1995-2016. 182 EGYPTIAN WOOD CAT seated on her haunches in the traditional attitude with alert ears; sacred to Bast, goddess of women and joy. Said to have been found at Qurna. Late Period, 712-30 BC. H. 5 1/4 in. (13.3 cm.) Ex Edward N. Michaels Collection, Buffalo, New York; H.W. collection, New York, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1998. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXI (2010), no. 230.

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Egyptian Stone Vessels 183 EGYPTIAN OLD KINGDOM ORANGE BRECCIA JAR with rounded lip and flat base. IVth-VIIIth Dynasty, ca. 2613-2160 BC. H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Ex Thierry collection, Paris; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired in Paris in May 1987.

184 EGYPTIAN STEATITE KOHL POT ON INTEGRAL BASE with single uraeus handle. Rare type. XIth-XIIth Dynasty, ca. 2125-1795 BC. H. 1 1/2 in. (3.8 cm.) Ex English collection, acquired in the 1930s; J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Bonham’s London in December 1993.

185 EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM ALABASTER KOHL JAR Ovoid in form, with offset disk foot and broad flat ledge lip. XVIIIth Dynasty, 1550-1320 BC. H. 2 7/8 in. (7.3 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Sotheby’s New York, December 2000. Cf. E. Brovarski, Egypt’s Golden Age, 1982, p. 218, no. 263.

186 EGYPTIAN SPECKLED MOSS GREEN SERPENTINE KOHL JAR, Broad lip, narrow neck, spreading rounded shoulders, incurving slightly to the spreading foot. XVIIIth-XIXth Dynasty, ca. 1550-1186 BC. H. 1 7/8 in. (4.8 cm.) Ex J.M.E. collection, New York, acquired at Bonham’s, London, in December 1993. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 219.

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Near Eastern Art 187 URARTIAN BRONZE FOOTED CUP with two lions to left; bosses around bottom section. From ancient Armenia, Lake Van region. Ca. 7th-6th Century BC. Diam. 4 5/8 in. (11.7 cm.) H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.), D. 5 in. (12.7 cm.) Ex Mythes et Legendes, Paris, October 1984; R. B. collection, West Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in October 1985. On loan to Michigan State Univ.; Ohio State Univ.; Picker Art Gallery, Colgate Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1985-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), no. 492. 188 ANATOLIAN BRONZE GROUP: LION ATTACKING RECUMBENT STAG with incised decoration, on self-contained rectangular base. A rare type. Ca. 7th Century BC L. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Ex Mythes et Legendes, Paris, April 1989; J.H. collection, Dearborn, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in July 1993. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum,;George Mason University, Fitchburg Art Museum - 1997-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VII (1992), no. 417.

189 EASTERN ANATOLIAN BROWN STEATITE KNEELING FIGURE, presumably a god, his hands upon his knees, carved with stylized human features and a conical headdress. Late 4th Millennium BC. H. 1 5/8 in. (4 cm.) Ex collection of Jan Beekmans, Germany, assembled between 19601970. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 235.

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190 URARTIAN BRONZE BULL PROTOME Deeply cut eyes and a collar of triangular section once inlaid. Fine green and red patina. Lead filled, probably used as a weight. Armenia, 7th century BC. H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.) Acquired in Paris, March 1996. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. X (1999), no. 253; vol. XXII (2011), no. 196. Cf. J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV (1985), p. 155, no. 502. 191 NORTH SYRIAN BROWN STONE INCENSE PIPE: in the form of a hand cupping the bowl with two bracelets. Early 1st Millenium BC. L. 4 1/4 in. (10.8 cm.) Ex Phillips, London, May 1987; Dr. H.S. Metairie, Louisiana, acquired from RoyalAthena in May 1991.

192 HITTITE BLACK STEATITE TRILOBATE SEAL STAMP: GALLOPING STAG. With prehensile hemispherical button. Base: Stag galloping among vegetation, etc. Late 3rd Millennium BC. 3.1 cm. x 1.8 cm. Ex French collection; J. V. collection, Tecumseh, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in December 1996. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1997-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IX (1997), no. 253.

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193 SOUTH ARABIAN BRONZE BOWL, Nearly hemispherical in form, the tondo slightly convex, decorated on the interior in repoussé and enhanced with incision, the tondo with a rosette framed by concentric arches, enclosed by a thin band of guilloche and radiating tongues, with a network of tendrils creating four registers of rectangular panels, graduated towards the interior, the inner row each enclosing a longnecked bird with horizontal wings, the head lowered, each panel of the second row with a goat, winged sphinxes, the row enclosing a lion, a bull, a centaur with a bow, or a sphinx, some facing left, some facing right, the tendrils peaking in a central palmette above each outer panel, a spread-wing bird in between, a thin band of guilloche in Old South Arabian added circa 140-120 BC, with the personal name Awsimanat. 7th-6th Century BC. Diam. 7 9/16 in. (19.2 cm.) Ex private collection, Belgium, 1982-1986. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 245. 194 CANAANITE (OR PHOENICIAN) SHEET GOLD REPOUSSE RELIEF MASK OF HATHOR upon papyrus column top, in Egyptian Style. Ca. 2nd-1st Century BC. H. 3 7/8 in. (9.8 cm.) Ex K.C. collection, Linden, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in February 1995. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Museum, George Mason Univ., Fitchburg Art Museum, 1995-2016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VIII (1995), no. 209 as Egyptian. 195 SCYTHO-SARMATIAN OPENWORK BRONZE HORSE TRAPPING, shield shaped with two registers of animals, the lower with a pair of rearing horses confronted against a central pole standard. East of Colchis, Black Sea area, N.E. Caucasus (Georgia). 3rd-2nd Century BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.) Acquired in the London art market, May 2008. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 249. Cf. V. Nauka, Archéologie de l’Union Soviétique, 1992, p. 10, no 13.

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196 SCYTHIAN IRON DAGGER Two-edged blade with typically formed handle and characteristically shaped quillons. Slender shank with wide, iron pommel. Black Sea, 3rd-2nd Century BC. L. 11 1/4in. (28.5 cm) Ex private collection, Vienna, 1980s. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIII (2012), no. 243.

197 SCYTHIAN LONG IRON DAGGER Doubleedged blade, typically formed crosspiece, wide tang with lateral grooves and wide pommel. Black Sea region, 4th-3rd century BC. L. 17 1/8 in. (44 cm.) Ex South German private collection, 1990s and later. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XXIV (2013), no. 230.

198 IRANIAN BRONZE FIGURAL PENDANT: MOTHER HOLDING CHILD wrapped in swaddling clothes. Early 1st Millennium BC. H. 1 3/4 in. (4.5 cm.) Ex Georges Halphen collection, La Chapelle-enServal, France; S.K. collection, Troy, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in November 1996. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum 1997-2016.

199 LURISTAN BILLON OR POTIN BRACELET with two confronted crouching lions. 9th-8th Century BC. 2 7/8 x 3 1/4 in. (7.3 x 8 cm.) Ex Barbier collection, Geneva; Thierry Collection, Paris; Paris art market, May 1987; Ex C. J. collection, Sterling Heights, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988 - 2016.

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200 PIRAVEND BRONZE HORNED IDOL Stylized figure with upraised hands. Iron Age I-II, ca. 1000-650 BC. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.4 cm.) Ex Barbier collection, Geneva; Thierry collection, Paris; M.W. collection, Ferndale, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in January 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 1988-2016.

201 IRANIAN BRONZE KOHL TUBE in the form of a nude female holding hands to chest and belly. Rare. Early 1st Millennium BC. H. 3 7/8 in. (9.8 cm.) Ex S.K. collection, Troy, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in September 1992. On loan to Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19952016. Published: J. Eisenberg, Gods & Mortals (1989), no. 180.

202 LURISTAN BRONZE PICKAXE Chisel-shaped blade emanating from mouth of lion head. Ca. 8th Century BC. L. 7 1/8 in.(18.1 cm.) Ex P.F. collection, Richmond, Michigan, acquired from RoyalAthena in June 1988. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ,; Fitchburg Art Museum 1988-2016.

203 LURISTAN BRONZE STANDARD FINIAL: Two confronted rampant stylized horses. Iron Age I-II, ca. 1350-800 BC. H. 8 1/16 in. (20.5 cm.) Ex Sotheby’s, London, July 1986; K.S. collection, Troy, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in April 1987. On loan to Miami Univ. Art Museum; Ball State Univ. Art Gallery; George Mason Univ.; Fitchburg Art Museum - 19882016.

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his objects of art, rather than depositing them in a vault or holding receipts. Also, art is not as volatile as stocks and bonds, the coin, gem, and collectibles markets, and especially the gold and silver markets. Sylvia Porter in her New Money Book recommends classical antiquities as one of the best types of art for rapid growth. Dr Eisenberg was first quoted on the investment value of ancient art in the February 9, 1966 issue of Newsday - 50 years ago! - and most recently in Business Week.

Why Collect Ancient Art? There are several reasons for collecting fine works of ancient art: • The excitement of owning a beautiful work of art that has survived for perhaps some 2,000 years or more. • The decoration of one's home or office with unique objects whose beauty and desirability have withstood the test of time. • The creative satisfaction, enjoyment, and pride in forming a truly fine collection. • The probable appreciation in value.

Royal-Athena Galleries

How to Collect Ancient Art Sylvia Porter lists ten sound rules as a guide in art collecting: 1. Study the field which interests you as much as possible. 2. Buy cautiously at first. 3. Make sure that your work of art has quality. 4. Deal with a top gallery or art dealer. “Some dealers and major galleries will guarantee the authenticity of the art works they sell, so check this point as well." (Not only have we been guaranteeing our ancient art for over sixty years, but to the best of our knowledge our two-day auction sale conducted by Parke-Bernet Galleries (now Sotheby's) in 1964 was the first auction sale by several years in which every piece was guaranteed - but by us!) 5. Have an understanding with your dealer or gallery about trading up - so he’ll repurchase or resell your works as you have more money to invest in high quality art. (We normally allow full credit for the exchange or upgrading of objects purchased from us.) 6. Do not buy art works just because they are a current rage. 7. Ask the advice of museum directors or curators whenever possible. 8. Decide upon your investing limit before you buy. If you fall in love with a more expensive object try to arrange for a time payment. (We certainly encourage this and offer flexible time payments!) 9. Spread your financial risks by buying a variety of art unless you are an expert in a particular field. 10. “Buy the best examples you can afford in any category.” We would add two other important rules: 11. Ask for the provenance of any potential acquisitions. 12. Do not buy objects that have been significantly restored. Beware of overly restored faces in both vase painting and sculpture.

Ancient Art as an lnvestment Historically, ancient art investments have yielded excellent long-term capital appreciation, usually 8% to 10% annually. Any investment in tangibles, especially works of art, should be projected for at least five to ten vears. Normally one should not hold more than 10% of their investment portfolio in art. Collecting fine art is a pleasurable way of hedging against inflation because the investor can enjoy

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Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D., the founder and director of Royal-Athena Galleries, is usually at the New York gallery. He is available by appointment for consultation, expertise, and appraisals; or for a telephone conference. At no obligation he will arrange a private viewing with guidance on a sophisticated long term program of collecting and investing in the fine arts. He also is in attendance at all the fairs in which we exhibit. Over more than 60 years we have sold more than 800 works of ancient art to many of the country's leading museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Sackler Art Museum at Harvard University, the Yale University Art Gallery, the Princeton University Art Museum, the Newark Museum, the Walters Art Gallery, the Detroit lnstitute of Arts, the Cincinnati Art Museum, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, the Milwaukee Public Museum, the New Orleans Museum of Art, the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the J. Paul Getty Museum. In addition to the British Museum and the Louvre, we have sold ancient works of art to the Benaki Museum (Athens), the Egyptian Museum (Barcelona), the Musée du Cinquantenaire (Brussels), the Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest), the Römisch-Germanisches Museum (Cologne), the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (Leiden), the Museo Archeológico Nacional (Madrid), the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto), the Papyrus Museum (Vienna), and a number of other museums in Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Germany, Japan, and Switzerland. The new Mougins Museum of Classical Art in Mougins, France, has acquired nearly 200 antiquities from us. The catalogs of classical marble sculptures from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and from the J. Paul Getty Museum illustrate no less than 39 pieces acquired from our galleries. In addition, over one thousand objects purchased from us have been donated to many other museums, including the Freer Gallery of Art, the Sackler Gallery (The Smithsonian Institution), and the Brooklyn Museum of Art. Dr. Eisenberg travels overseas several times annually to visit collectors, museums, clients, and many of the nearly 150 private sources, agents, dealers, and auction houses with whom he is in frequent contact. Since 1954 he has made over 260 overseas


trips, purchasing over forty thousand antiquities for many tens of millions of dollars. This aggressive purchasing policy, perhaps without parallel in the field, enables us to offer an extraordinary number of choice objects at very reasonable prices. Our willingness to buy in volume and to purchase our inventory outright, rather than to take it on consignment, results in extremely competitive pricing, often considerably below that of other galleries. Furthermore, exchanges and purchases are frequently made from many past and present clients who may be upgrading their collections or liquidating some of their holdings in order to collect in other areas. Exchanges or purchases are sometimes carried out with museums both in the United States and in Europe for their duplicate accessions or for objects not in their recent or current fields of specialization.

Expertise and Ethics Ancient art has been the specialty of our director for over 60 years, and numismatics for 75 years. His many publications on ancient art and numismatics span over six decades. He published his first antiquities catalog, A Catalog of Egyptian Antiquities, in 1959. The first volume of Art of the Ancient World by Dr. Eisenberg was published in 1965. Since 1968 Dr. Eisenberg has concentrated on expertise in the ancient arts, having lectured on this subject at New York University and presented several scholarly papers at the annual meetings of the Archaeological Institute of America, most recently on the ‘Roman’ Rubens Vase. His wide range of expertise is further revealed through other recent papers: on Egyptian bronzes at a Congress of the International Association of Egyptologists, on Etruscan bronze forgeries at an International Bronze Congress, on the ‘Greek’ Boston and Ludovisi thrones at the Magna Graecia Symposium in Venice, on Roman bronze forgeries at the 1999 International Bronze Congress, and on the Portland Vase as a Renaissance work of art at the 2003 International Congress of Classical Archaeology. He chaired a conference in London on the Phaistos Disk in 2008. In 1996 he was a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Classical Archaeology of the University of Leipzig, Germany. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Numismatic Society in 1952; a member of the Archaeological Institute of America in 1960 (and a Life Member in 1988); a Patron of the American Numismatic Society in 1955 (and a Life Associate in 1998); a Fellow for Life of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1966; and most recently, a Benefactor of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and an Honorary Fellow of the Egyptian Museum in Barcelona, Spain. Dr. Eisenberg has appeared as an Expert in the Courts of several states and has conducted appraisals for the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, the U.S. Treasury Department, the U.S. Customs Service, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the J. Paul Getty Museum, as well as many other prominent institutions. He was elected a Qualified Appraiser by the

Appraisers Association of America in 1964 and has participated in several episodes of the Antiques Road Show. He served on the vetting committee of the European Fine Art Fair at Maastricht from 1993 to 2001 and was the Chairman and co-organizer of the New York Antiquarian International Fine Art Fair held in November 2001. Dr. Eisenberg has been a leader for many years in the promotion of the ethical acquisition of antiquities by museums and collectors and has delivered papers on this subject at the Archaeology Section of the U.K. Institute for Conservation in 1993 and at the 1998 International Congress of Classical Archaeologists. He gave an address by invitation on the international trade in antiquities at the UNIDROIT Convention in Rome in 1993. He organized two symposia in New York in 1994 on public policy and the movement of antiquities and in 1998 on the acquisition of antiquities by museums for the International Association of Dealers in Ancient Art, of which he is a founding member and was a member of the executive board from 1993 to 2002. In 1999 he presented testimony to the United States Cultural Properties Committee on the legal and illegal trade in ancient art in Italy. In 2003 he was a featured speaker and panel participant in the U.S. Government Conference on Stolen Mideast Antiquities in Washington, D.C. Also in 2003 he featured on the European TV channel Arte and on BBC Radio’s File on Four in indepth interviews on the antiquities trade. He appeared on television on CBS News, Dateline NBC, PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour, and CBC Television (Canada), and was interviewed on the BBC and PBR Radio, and in print in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Boston Globe, Philadelphia Inquirer, Washington Post, The Times, and a dozen other publications. In 2004 he was featured on a Discovery Channel program and on Fox News on the antiquities trade. Also in 2004 he presented a paper on ‘The Mesopotamian Antiquities Trade and the Looting of the Iraq Museum’ to the American Bar Association. In 2005 he was interviewed on the antiquities market and the collecting of antiquities on National Public Radio in the US and in 2006 on National Public Television in Athens, Greece. In 2007 he delivered a paper on ‘Perspectives on the Antiquities Trade and the Collector: Past, Present, and Future’ at the symposium ‘The Future of the Global Past’ at Yale University. He was interviewed in depth for his expertise on Greek television in 2008 and on Artfinding in 2009. In June 2012 Dr. Eisenberg was awarded the title of officiale in the Order of the Star of Italy by the President of the Republic of Italy for having provided a meaningful contribution to the prestige of Italy in his many publications on Etruscan and Roman art.

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Ancient Coins We carry a fine stock of select Greek silver and bronze coins from $100, Roman silver and bronze coins from $75, and Byzantine coins. A selection may be seen on our website. We began our business as ‘Royal Coin Company’ in January 1942, 75 years ago, and Dr Eisenberg, co-founder of the firm, has specialized in ancient coins, as sole proprietor, since 1952.

Acknowledgements Dr. Eisenberg wishes to express his gratitude to Alan J. Eisenberg and F. Williamson Price who have again diligently assisted in preparing the catalog, to Ramon Perez who did all of the photography, to the scholars who attributed and reattributed some of the sculptures and vases, especially Kees Neeft and the late Konrad Schauenburg, and to the several others who prefer to remain anonymous.

Wanted to Purchase: Fine Antiquities of All Periods We are prepared to travel world-wide to acquire select works of legally acquired ancient art for our continually expanding clientele. We will purchase collections of any size, act as your agent to sell your objects on commission, or exchange them for other select pieces from our extensive inventory. Send photographs and full details with your letter or e-mail.

International Association of Dealers in Ancient Art

Confederation Internationale des Negociants en Oeuvres d’Art

Art and Antique Dealers League

In the Mougins Museum of Classical Art, opened in 2011, on the French Riviera, a few kilometers away from Cannes, among the four floors of works of Classical and Egyptian art there are nearly 200 antiquities acquired from Royal-Athena including many marble statues and heads, bronze helmets, and other ancient treasures. They have an excellent website and a superb catalog has been issued. See www.mouginsmusee.com.

MINERVA Minerva, the bi-monthly, international review of ancient art, archaeology, and numismatics, published in England, was established by Dr Eisenberg, its publisher and editor-in-chief from 1990 to 2009. It features the most extensive and timely coverage by any magazine of worldwide excavations and exhibitions emphasizing Greece, Etruria, the Roman Empire, Egypt, and the Near East. The book reviews are concise and objective. It also includes the most extensive annotated listings of international museum exhibitions, meetings, and symposia in ancient art and archaeology. Sample copies: $11 or £8 postpaid. editorial@minervamagazine.com www.minervamagazine.com Subscription (6 issues per year):

U.S.A., Canada, and rest of world:

U.K.: 1 year £30 Europe: 1 year £33

Surface: 1 year £38

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Recent Royal-Athena Catalogs: • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XV, 2004) illustrates in full color 190 objects. (72 pages, $10) • Gods & Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World (2004, illustrates in full color 80 objects, 80 pages, $10) • Ancient Arms, Armor, and Images of Warfare (2004, illustrates in full color 100 objects, 48 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVI, 2005, illustrates in full color 192 objects, 80 pages, $10) • Mythologies of the Classical World & Ancient Egypt (2006, 48 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVII, 2006, illustrates in full color 233 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVIII, 2007, illustrates in full color 259 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIX, 2008, illustrates in full color 222 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XX, 2009, illustrates in full color 217 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXI, 2010, illustrates in full color 252 objects, 96 pages, $10) • 1000 Years of Ancient Greek Vases-II, 2010, illustrates in full color 195 vases, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXII, 2011, illustrates in full color 207 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXIII, 2012, illustrates in full color 251 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXIV, 2013, illustrates in full color 246 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXV, 2014, illustrates in full color 220 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXVI, 2015, illustrates in full color 272 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXVII, 2016, illustrates in full color 219 objects, 96 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XXVIII, 2017, illustrates in full color 176 objects, 96 pages, $10) • All 18 of the above catalogs (total list price $180), with price lists of the most recent catalogs: $100. (Add $75 for overseas airmail.)

Other Royal-Athena Catalogs Available • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. IV, 1985) illustrates in full color over 600 works of art. 208 pages, 192 color plates: $30 • Gods & Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World (1989) illustrates in full color 180 objects. (52 pages, $10)

• One Thousand Years of Ancient Greek Vases from Greece, Etruria, & Southern Italy (1990) illustrates in full color 186 vases. (48 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. VIII, 1995) illustrates in full color 244 objects. (48 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. IX, 1997) illustrates in full color 264 objects. (64 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. X, 1999) illustrates in full color 264 objects. (64 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XI, 2000) illustrates in full color 167 objects. (64 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XII, 2001) illustrates in full color 410 objects; 30 pages of glossaries and mythologies. (161 pages, $20) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIII, 2002) illustrates in full color 203 objects. (80 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIV, 2003) illustrates in full color 225 objects. (80 pages, $10) • All 10 of the above catalogs, 1985 through 2003 (total list price $130), only $100. (Add $75 for overseas airmail.) Orders for our catalogs may be charged to your credit card.

Trade lnquiries We cordially invite inquiries from fellow art dealers, art consultants, architects, interior designers, and institutional collectors and investors.

Special Presentations, Condition Reports, and Color Photographs of Objects We can supply special presentations with further information, such as condition reports, and 4 x 6 in. (10x15 cm.) or 8 x 10 in. (20x25 cm.) color photographs, often with other views or close-ups, on any of the objects illustrated in this catalog upon request.

Terms and Conditions of Sale All items are offered subject to prior sale. All prices are subject to change without notice, otherwise, the current price list is valid through 2018. The following credit cards are honored: American Express,Visa, Mastercard. A deferred payment plan is also available. New York residents must add the appropriate sales taxes (currently 8 7/8%). No cash refunds may be made after 10 days of receipt; however, full credit is allowed on all objects purchased from our galleries with the exception of a few consigned items. All shipping and insurance charges will be billed to the purchaser. Title remains with Royal-Athena Galleries until payment is made in full.

royal-athena galleries established 1942 Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D., Director New York Richard M. Novakovich Associate Director & Manager Alan J. Eisenberg Associate Director

Betty W. Eisenberg Suzanne George Ramon Perez

Comptroller Office Manager Photographer

London (Seaby Antiquities) Anthony Law

Administrator

Peter Clayton

Consultant


royal-athena galleries new york

london


Royal-Athena Galleries, Art of the Ancient World 2018 - Vol. XXIX  
Royal-Athena Galleries, Art of the Ancient World 2018 - Vol. XXIX  

Royal-Athena Galleries - Art of the Ancient World, Volume XXIX - 2018 Featuring 203 Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Byzantine, Egyptian, & Near East...

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