Art of the Ancient World Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Byzantine, Eg yptian, & Near Eastern Antiquities
Celebrating our 68th Anniversary
Volume XXI - 2010
royal-athena galleries new york
No. 87 - Art of the Ancient World - Vol. XXI - January 2010 We are pleased to issue this catalog celebrating our 68th anniversary of dealing in classical numismatics and our 56th year of dealing in ancient art. It illustrates in full color 252 selected antiquities priced from $1,500 to over $450,000. This publication is one of a continuing series primarily illustrating new acquisitions featured in our New York and London galleries, where over two thousand fine works of art are on permanent display. All of the antiquities in this catalog are displayed at our New York gallery, the largest and most extensive collection of the ancient arts ever exhibited for sale. In addition to the many masterworks of ancient art, there is a wide variety of fine items on display priced from $100 to $1,000 and up, including Greek and Roman coins, Old Master prints and drawings, and antique Egyptian prints and photographs, perfect for the beginning collector or for that very special gift. A few of the pieces illustrated may not be available since they were sold while the catalog was in preparation, but a number of other newly acquired objects will be on display in our New York gallery and on our website: www.royalathena.com, updated weekly.
We unconditionally guarantee the authenticity of every work of art sold by Royal-Athena Galleries. ©2009 Jerome M. Eisenberg, Inc. Composed and printed in the United States of America.
Every object purchased by our galleries has been legally acquired. If imported by us into the United States, we have done so in compliance with all federal regulations and have given full consideration to all international treaties governing objects of cultural importance. Antiquities priced at $10,000 or more are now checked and registered with the Art Loss Registry in London. All of our objects are clearly labeled with complete descriptions and prices. Condition reports on all the objects are available upon request. We encourage browsing and are happy to assist and advise both the amateur and the serious collector. We urge our prospective clients to ‘shop around’, for we are proud of our quality, expertise, and competitive pricing. Appointments may be arranged outside of regular gallery hours for clients desiring privacy. Updated price lists for our catalogs are available upon request. For terms and conditions of sale see the inside back cover. COVER PHOTOS: Roman over-lifesize marble head of Aphrodite 1st Century AD. H. 12 in. (30.5 cm.) No. 19
Back cover: Attic red-figure column krater by the Naples Painter Ca. 450-430 BC. H. 17 in. (43.2 cm.) No. 144
Text and catalog design by Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D., and F. Williamson Price Photographs by Brent M. Ridge
We will be exhibiting at BAAF Basel, The Basel Ancient Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland, November 5-11, 2009 The American International Fine Art Fair, Palm Beach, February 3-8, 2010 TEFAF, The European Fine Arts Fair, Maastricht, The Netherlands, March 12-21, 2010 BAAF Brussels, The Brussels Ancient Art Fair, Brussels, Belgium, June 2-8, 2010 BAAF Basel, The Basel Ancient Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland, November 4-10, 2010 (Check our website to confirm the dates)
royal-athena galleries established 1942 153 East 57th Street New York, NY 10022 Tel.: (212) 355-2034 Fax.: (212) 688-0412 email@example.com Monday-Saturday, 10 - 6
Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D. Director
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Art of the Ancient World Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Byzantine, Eg yptian, & Near Eastern Antiquities
Table of Contents CLASSICAL ART Greek Marble Sculptures Roman Marble Sculptures Roman Limestone Sculptures Greek Bronze Sculptures Etruscan Bronze Sculptures Roman Bronze Sculptures, etc. European Bronze Age Art Ancient Arms and Armor Ancient Terracottas Early Greek Vases Attic Black-figure Vases Attic Red-figure Vases South Italian Vases Etruscan and Roman Vases Ancient Varia Classical Silver
2 5 20 21 23 25 40 42 49 53 54 57 61 65 66 69
Classical Gold Jewelry
BYZANTINE AND MEDIEVAL ART
EGYPTIAN ART Egyptian Stone Sculptures and Reliefs Egyptian Bronze Sculptures Egyptian Faience Egyptian Wood and Cartonnage Egyptian Silver
75 81 85 86 88
NEAR EASTERN ART
COLLECTING ANCIENT ART
ROYAL-ATHENA GALLERIES 94 Expertise and Ethics 95 Royal-Athena Galleries Catalogs Inside back cover
Photo above: Roman marble relief panel. Erotes binding sheaves and making wine. 3rd-4th Century AD. H. 11 7/8 in. (29 cm.); L. 39 3/8 in. (100 cm.). P. 20, no. 31.
Introduction As we enter our 56th year of dealing in ancient art we are pleased to present in our 87th publication an outstanding selection of antiquities assembled primarily from old collections in the United States and Europe. A large number of these objects were originally purchased from us over the past several decades and we are delighted to offer them again to a new generation of enthusiasts. We are also proud to offer in this catalogue a group of antiquities from several famous European collections: Louis-Gabriel Bellon (1819-1899), Saint Nicolas-Las-Arras, France; Louis de Clercq (1836-1901), Paris, France; Dr. Athos Moretti (1907-1993), Bellinzona, Switzerland; and Dr. Leo Mildenberg (1913-2001), Zurich, Switzerland. We have devoted over half a century to selling carefully attributed works of art with particular attention to their provenance. This diligence has resulted in an astonishingly low percentage of claims against legal ownership â€“ less than 0.0006% or one out of every 2000 objects! In view of the increasing legislation being passed in several countries to restrict the trade in illegally exported antiquities (which we applaud), we may assure our clients that we continue to proudly conduct a very ethical business and take all of the proper steps to insure that our inventory is free of any possible claims. Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph. D.
Greek Marble Sculptures
1 CYCLADIC MARBLE HEAD FROM AN IDOL, Chalandriani variety, spade-shaped with two incised horizontal lines, a dot between, on either side of the nose bridge. Early Cycladic II, 2300-2200 BC. H. 1 3/4 in. (4.4 cm.) Ex K. collection, Germany; D.W. collection, Ontario, Canada. Cf. J. Thimme, Art and Culture of the Cyclades, Karlsruhe, 1976, no. 228; Boston Museum of Fine Arts, no. 61.1089; P. Getz-Preziosi, Early Cycladic Art in North American Collections, no. 71, and for the incised eyes, no. 70.
2 HELLENISTIC MARBLE HEAD OF HERAKLES The demi-god and hero has powerfully expressive features, large eyes beneath a prominent brow, and long wavy hair bound with a fillet and tied at the nape. Ca. 2nd Century BC. H. 13 in. (33 cm.) Ex M端nzen und Medaillen sale, Basel, October 5, 1963, no. 185; L. Money Collection, England; private collection, California. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XII, 2001, no. 2. 3 GREEK MARBLE VEILED HEAD OF A GODDESS, turned slightly to her left, her oval face with wavy center-parted hair pulled back over the tops of her ears, the gently-arching brows, the lidded eyes deepset, her small mouth with bow-shaped lips; wearing a veil over the top of her head, falling forward on her left side with deep folds. The back of the head is unfinished, perhaps for placement within a niche. 4th Century BC. H. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm.) Ex Ebrahimoff Family Collection, Switzerland, acquired between 1956-69.
4 GREEK MARBLE HEAD OF A YOUNG GIRL WITH MELON COIFFURE, one of the so-called ‘little bears’ of Artemis. Ca. 4th Century BC. H. 6 1⁄2 in. (16.5 cm.) Ex American collection. Cf. P. Themelis, Brauron: Guide to the Sanctuary and the Museum, 2002, pp. 70-71; C. Vermeule and A. Brauer, Stone Sculptures, Harvard, 1990, no. 27. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. X, 1999, no. 8.
G re e k L i m e s t o n e 5 GREEK LIMESTONE RELIEF OF MAENADS HUNTING STAGS Three maenads in an ecstatic state, wearing chitons and billowing himations and holding thyrsoi, hunt stags. The pair in the center of the composition are about to impale a small stag with their swords, the one at left grasping the hapless sacrifice by its horns. The figure at far right runs toward the central pair holding a spear or her thyrsos like a spear. The figure at the far left, her hair having come undone, dashes toward the edge of the panel, about to hurl her spear at an unseen quarry. From Taras, South Italy, 4th Century BC. Ex English collection. L. 26 3/4 in. (68 cm.); H. 7 1/4 in. (18.3 cm.) Cf. J.C. Carter, “The Sculpture of Taras,” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 65, part 7 (1975), pp. 167-173, pls. 43-49. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XII, 2001, no. 9.
Roman Marble Sculptures 6 ROMAN MARBLE YOUTH AS THE YOUNG HERAKLES wearing a lion skin over his head, its forelegs tied around his shoulders. 1st Century AD. H. 23 5/8 in. (60 cm.) Ex M. A. collection, Paris. 7 ROMAN MARBLE NUDE TORSO OF APHRODITE ANADYOMENE based upon a Hellenistic prototype ultimately derived from the work of Praxiteles, ca. 370-330 BC. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 12 1/2 in. (32 cm.) Ex French collection. Aphrodite was the goddess of erotic love, young lovers, fertility, beauty, and marriage.
8 ROMAN MARBLE NUDE TORSO OF APHRODITE ANADYOMENE Ex French private collection acquireod in 1960. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm.) 9 ROMAN REPUBLICAN MARBLE PORTRAIT HEAD OF A YOUTH, the face framed by a full head of roughly worked curls, the features sensitively carved. Central Italy, 3rd-1st Century BC. H. 10 in. (25.5 cm.) Ex Parisian collection, acquired from Galerie Serres, Paris. Cf. Aquileia, Catalogo delle Sculture Romane, Rome, 1972, nos. 90-92. 10 FRAGMENTARY ROMAN MARBLE PORTRAIT HEAD OF A BEARDED MALE, his hair combed upward, perhaps indicating a priest. Ca. AD 250-275. H. 10 1/2 in. (26.7 cm.) Ex Palazzo Braschi, Rome, purchased ca. 1850, by a Danish nobleman, Slagelse, Denmark; thence by descent. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XI, 2000, no. 17.
11 ROMAN MARBLE BUST OF A YOUNG PATRICIAN sensitively carved with a serious expression, aquiline nose, and light beard and moustache. He wears a chiton about which a toga is loosely draped. Ca. AD 230. H. 20 5/8 in. (52.5 cm.); H. with socle 25 3/8 in. (64.5 cm.) Ex French collection. The back of the bust is engraved with an inventory number: 144; the socle is 18th or 19th century. For portraits of this type see: K. Fittschen and P. Zanker, Katalog des RĂśmischen PortrĂ¤ts in den Capitolinischen Museen und der anderen kommunalen der Stadt Rom, Mainz, 1985, nos. 86a-d and 87a-d.
12 LATE HELLENISTIC MARBLE BUST OF A YOUNG SATYR His head is turned sharply to his right, a cloak over his right shoulder. A wreath of leaves and berries lightly binds the tousled locks of hair. The overall carving is sensitively executed from the arched eyebrows to the quizzical expression and down to the musculature of his chest. 1st century BC/AD. H. of bust: 12 3/4 in. (32.4 cm.); H. including socle: 16 in. (40.6 cm.) Ex French Collection, acquired about 1950. Very fine style. 13 ROMAN MARBLE HERM BUST OF APOLLO, the sun god; the god of light, music, the arts, and prophesy. He is depicted with an unusual hairstyle centering three rows of snail curls flanked by waves pulled to the back and falling to his shoulders. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 7 1/4 in. (18.5 cm.) Ex French collection. 14 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF DIONYSOS, the god of wine and patron of agriculture and the theater. He is depicted here bearded and wearing a crown of ivy; from a herm. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 6 3/4 in. (17.2 cm.) Ex French collection.
15 ROMAN MARBLE PORTRAIT HEAD OF A FLAVIAN MALE Ca. AD 70-80. H. 5 1/8 in. (13 cm.) Ex collection H.J., Sun City, Arizona. Exhibited at Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University, 1985-2009. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. 4, 1985, no. 257.
16 ROMAN LIFE-SIZE MARBLE PORTRAIT BUST OF A BOY wearing only a fringed paludamentum joined over his right shoulder by a circular fibula with a head of Medusa in relief. 3rd Century AD. H. of bust: 15 in. (38.1 cm.) H. including socle: 20 1/2 in. (52 cm.) Ex Old French collection, Montpelier, acquired in Paris in the 1980s.
17 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF APHRODITE, depicted with a serene expression on her face, her head tilted and turned to the right, the wavy hair centrally-parted and dressed with a diadem around her head, the elaborate curls drawn back into a loose chignon, some escaping at the base of the neck, the frontal tresses swept into a topknot, the wide-set eyes beneath a softly curving browline, the full lips slightly parted. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 10 1/2 in (26.8 cm.) Ex English private collection, acquired in Paris in the 1960s. This head is of the Venus de Medici type, named after a Hellenistic marble statue of the goddess dated to the 1st Century BC, now in the Uffizi Museum, Florence. This type is thought to date originally to the early part of the 3rd Century BC. Cf. M. Bieber, The Sculpture of the Hellenistic Age, New York, 1955, p. 20, fig. 28. 18 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF A NYMPH with her head turned to her left, her wavy hair centrally parted and pulled back above the ears, the shoulders are bare but framed by the heavy folds of a mantle. 1st Century AD. H. 8 1/2 in. (21.5 cm.) Ex French private collection, ca. 1940. For the type compare the bust of a nymph from the "Invitation to Dance" group, in A. Pasquier and J-L. Martinez, PraxitĂ¨le, 2007, fig. 203.
19 ROMAN MARBLE OVER-LIFESIZE HEAD OF APHRODITE, her wavy hair, pulled back into a chignon, is bound by a striped fillet and paired with a diadem tied with a Gordian knot, symbol of permanence; traces of original pigment. After a Greek original of the 4th Century BC. 1st Century AD. H. 12 in. (30.5 cm.) Ex Parisian collection, acquired from Galerie Serres, Paris. See cover photograph.
20 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF APHRODITE slightly tilted to the right, her long hair gathered into a chignon at the back and crowned with a diadem. 2nd Century AD H. 7 5/8 in. (19. 5 cm.) Ex French collection.
21 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF A GODDESS WEARING A DIADEM, probably Aphrodite, her centrally parted hair pulled to the side and back into a bun. 1st-2nd Century AD H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.) Ex French collection.
22 ROMAN OVER-LIFESIZE MARBLE HEAD OF A GODDESS, probably Aphrodite, her centrally parted hair is crowned with a diadem. Her head is turned to the right, leaning forward slightly; the base worked for insertion into a bust or statue. Ca. 2nd Century AD. H. of bust: 16 1/2 in. (41.9 cm.) Total height: 23 1/2 (59.7 cm.) Ex English collection, acquired in 1970.
23 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF A PATRICIAN DAUGHTER OF THE ANTONINE PERIOD, sensitively carved with an elaborate court coiffure of braids and curls in the highest style. Her ears are pierced to receive earrings and a hole in the center of her hair at the front probably also served to anchor a jewel. Ca. AD 120-140. H. 11 in. (27.9 cm.). Ex M.H. collection, New York, acquired before 1959. 24 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF A YOUNG WOMAN Early 3rd Century AD. H. 5 in. (12.8 cm.) Ex French collection.
25 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF A YOUNG WOMAN, her hair parted in the middle and bound with a fillet. 1st Century AD. H. 2 3/4 in. (6.9 cm.) Ex French collection.
26 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF FAUSTINA II, AD 161-176 . sensitively carved with an elaborate imperial hairstyle. Annia Galeria Faustina the younger (Faustina II), the daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina I, was married to Marcus Aurelius in 145. In late 147 she received the title Augusta after the birth of her first child. Ca. 150-180 AD. H. 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm.) Ex M.H. collection, New York, acquired before 1959 from an estate in Bel Air, California.
Visit our website, updated weekly, to view more of the nearly 100 marble sculptures in our current inventory as well as our latest acquisitions. www.royalathena.com
27 ROMAN MARBLE FEMALE PORTRAIT HEAD with a slender oval face, the modelled brows arching over her unarticulated, large almondshaped eyes, with heavy upper and lower lids, a delicate nose, and a small mouth with fleshy lips, her centerparted hair scalloped into deep waves mostly concealing her ears. 2nd Century AD. H. 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm.) Ex Ebrahimoff Family Collection, Switzerland, acquired between 19561969. For a related coiffure see the portrait from the so-called Temple of Aphrodite in Cyrene, no. 263 in S. Walker and M. Bierbrier, Ancient Faces, Mummy Portraits from Roman Egypt, London, 1997.
28 ROMAN MARBLE PORTRAIT BUST OF AN ARISTOCRATIC WOMAN Her broad oval face framed by undulating waves of hair finally formed into two plaits that are loosely coiled to form a flat spiral in the nape of the neck. Her eyes are large, her lips full, and her expression calm. 3rd Century AD. H. of bust: 17 in. (43.2 cm.) Total height: 20 1/2 in. ( 52.1 cm.) Ex French collection, acquired about 1950. This coiffure is typical of the Severan period. The coiffure of the empress Plautilla served as a model. Cf. her portrait on a denarius, minted at Rome, AD 202-205 now in the Getty; K. Fittschen and P. Zanker, Katalog der romischen Portrats in den Capitolinischen Museen, vol. II, 1983, p. 99, no. 144, pls. 171-172.
29 ROMAN MARBLE OVERLIFESIZE VEILED HEAD OF FAUSTINA II, AD 161-176, wife of emperor Marcus Aurelius. The features, carefully detailed eyes, drilled pupils, and hairstyle find their nearest parallel in the mature portraits of Faustina II. Ca. AD 161-180. H. 13 in. (33 cm.) Ex old Spanish collection. Parts of the veil were restored in the 18th or 19th century.
30 ROMAN LIFE-SIZE MARBLE BUST OF TRANQUILLINA, WIFE OF GORDIAN III, AD 239-244. Her hair is dressed in the recognized style of the period and she wears a stola. She was the daughter of the newly appointed chief Praetorian prefect, Timesitheus, and, as fatherin-law of the emperor, he quickly became the de facto ruler of the Roman Empire. Ca. AD 241-245. H. of bust: 16 5/8 in. (42.3 cm.) H. including socle: 20 1/2 in. (52 cm.) Ex old French collection, Montpelier, acquired in the 1980s from G. Cohen, Paris. Cf. V. Poulsen, Les Portraits romains, Copemhagen, 1974, vol. II, cat. 754, no. 169; M Weger, Gordianus bis Carinus, Berlin, 1979, pl. 21, a-c.
31 ROMAN MARBLE PANEL: EROTES BINDING SHEAVES AND MAKING WINE the left of the panel depicts young Erotes gathering wheat; on the right they are picking grapes from an arbor and trampling them in a vat. 3rd-4th Century AD. H. 11 7/8 in. (29 cm.); L. 39 3/8 in. (100 cm.) Ex French collection, dispersed at the Drouot in 1999. The subject developed here is that of the seasons represented by reaping (interrupted life) and by new wine (the life to come); a typical theme on children's sarcophagi from the 3rd Century onward. 32 ROMAN LIMESTONE HERM BUST OF A BEARDED PHILOSOPHER, the square section shaft with incised rectangular outlines. 3rd-4th Century AD. H. 20 in. (51 cm.) Ex German collection. Derived from the Greek form, these were used in gardens to form galleries of sculpture for fences during the late empire. An example of a herm gallery with similar sculptures is the famous one at Welschbillig near Trier. 33 ROMAN LIMESTONE HEAD OF ATTIS, the young Phrygian shepherd beloved by Cybele. Syria, 3rd Century AD H. 10 1/4 in. (26.1 cm) Ex private collection, Nice, France, acquired in the 1930's.
Greek Br onze Sculptures 34 MINOAN BRONZE MALE VOTIVE with long braids and wearing a loin-cloth; right hand to head in a 'salute'. Late Middle Minoan III, ca. 1600-1500 BC. H. 3 3/8 in. (8.6 cm.) Ex California collection. For a discussion of the type see: M. Bennett, Belted Heroes and Bound Women Homeric Warrior King, 1997. 35 GREEK GEOMETRIC BRONZE HORSE standing upon a plate supported by an open-worked bi-conical cage. Macedon, late 8th-7th Century BC. H. 6 7/8 in. (17 cm.) Ex private collection, Munich, acquired in 1990. Cf. J.L. Zimmermann, Les chevaux de Bronze dans lÂ´art geometrique grec, 1989, pl. 62.13. 36 GREEK DAEDALIC BRONZE FEMALE DOLL The nude figure of slender proportions, curving at the hips and breasts, the arms separately-made, now missing, attachment pins remaining at the shoulders; the face with pierced eyes, the chin-length hair dressed in large beaded waves, wears a flat polos on her head. Mid-7th Century BC. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.5 cm.) Ex John Kluge collection, Morven House, Charlottesville, Virginia. Published: J. Eisenberg, Gods and Mortals, Bronzes of the Ancient World, 1989, p. 3, no. 2; C. Vermeule and J. Eisenberg, Catalogue of the Greek, Etruscan and Roman Bronzes in the Collection of John Kluge, New York, 1992, no. 8-82. Daedalic pieces are rare in bronze; for a similar example from Delphi, and thought to be of Cretan manufacture, cf. C. Rolley, Greek Bronzes, London, 1986, no. 56.
37 GREEK BRONZE HERAKLES HOLDING THE HORN OF ACHELOÖS, a club in his left hand, a lionskin over his left arm. The river god Acheloös changed himself into a bull and wrestled Herakles for the love of Deianira. Herakles defeated him and tore out one of his horns. 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 4 3/4 in. (12 cm.) Ex Private collection, Basel, Switzerland, acquired in 1987. 38 HELLENISTIC BRONZE ECSTATIC MAENAD wearing a belted chiton with long overfalls, her head back and her arms spread. A small but charming depiction in fine style. 3rd-2nd Century BC. H. 2 1/2 in. (6.5 cm.) Ex R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired between 1977 and 1985. 39 GREEK BRONZE MIRROR, THE COVER WITH APHRODITE (VENUS), EROS (CUPID), AND THANATOS in high relief. Ca. 375-350 BC. Diam. 5 6/8 in. (14.6 cm.) Ex private collection, Lugano; J. Elliot collection, Tennessee, acquired in 1987. Exhibited: Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, 1987-2001. 40 GREEK BRONZE VASE: HEAD OF A YOUNG AFRICAN with a broad face and wide nose, the eyes inlaid in silver, the hair arranged in tight curls. 2nd-1st Century BC. H. 3 1⁄2 in. (8.9 cm.) Ex Royal-Athena Galleries, 1989. Exhibited: From Olympus to the Underworld, Ancient Bronzes from the John W. Kluge Collection, Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, 26 March - 23 June 1996. For related vessels see F. Snowden, "GrecoRoman Antiquity" in J. Vercoutter, et al., The Image of the Black in Western Art, vol. I, nos. 237-242.
Etruscan Br onze Sculptur es 41 ETRUSCAN BRONZE WARRIOR STRIDING IN BATTLE wearing a high crested helmet, cuirass, and short tiered kilt; with extensive incised detailing. Mid-5th Century BC. H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex Wladimir Rosenbaum (1894-1984), Ascona, Switzerland; R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired 1977-85. 42 ETRUSCAN BRONZE NUDE HERAKLES wearing a lion skin and raising a club high behind his head. Extremely fine style. Probably Vulci, ca. 500-490 BC. H. 5 3/8 in. (13.5 cm.) Ex French collection; R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired 1977-85. Published and exhibited: I. Jucker, Italy of the Etruscans, Israel Museum, 1991, no. 135. 43 ETRUSCAN BRONZE NUDE ATHLETE, his right hand on his waist once held an object; suspension loop atop his head. Mid-5th Century BC. H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.) Ex Athos Moretti collection, Bellinzona, Switzerland; Royal-Athena Galleries, 1985; R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, 1985-2008.
44 ETRUSCAN BRONZE VEILED PRIESTESS HOLDING A PYXIS for incense in her left hand, her right hand raised in prayer. She is depicted wearing a chiton and, capite velato, wrapped in a himation which is thickly twisted about her waist. Superb. Ca. 4th Century BC. H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.) Ex German collection.
45 ETRUSCAN BRONZE MIRROR: SILENOS DRESSED AS HERAKLES with three goddesses. 4th Century BC. Diam. 6 5/8 in. (17 cm.) Ex R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired 1977-85.
Roman Bronze Sculptures
46 ROMAN BRONZE GROUP OF THE ENTHRONED ZEUS (JUPITER), his lower body draped in a himation with a crown of olive shoots upon his head. His raised left hand once held a lance and in front of him are two loose eagles; attached to a square pedestal with a dedicatory inscription. It is based on the statue of Jupiter Capitolinus which is ultimately derived from the 5th Century BC statue of the Olympian Zeus by Phidias. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. of statue: 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.); total 9 1/8 in. (23.3 cm.) Very fine style. Ex private French collection.
47 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE INFANT HERMES (MERCURY) RIDING A RAM He is seated upon a cloth saddle and holding a bag of money and a flailing cockerel. Extremely rare type. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 4 3/8 in. (11 cm.) Ex Athos Moretti collection, Bellinzona, Switzerland; acquired between 1977 and 1985 by Dr. Leo Mildenberg for the R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius. Probably a representation of Hermes entering the realm of Dionysos. For illustrations of Hermes riding a ram or goat see G. Siebert, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, V, pp. 310-311.
48 ROMAN BRONZE ZEUS, AN EAGLE ON HIS RAISED OPEN RIGHT PALM He wears a pleated v-neck chiton, a himation, and a diadem on his head; on an integral base. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 6 1/8 in. (15.5 cm.) Ex English private collection; R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired from RoyalAthena Galleries in 1986.
49 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE ZEUS HOLDING A THUNDER BOLT (FULMINANS) in his right hand, a laurel wreath on his head; the inserted left arm lacking; inlaid silver eyes. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 5 3/4 in. (14.5 cm.) Ex Athos Moretti collection, Bellinzona, Switzerland; R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired 1977-85. Cf. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, VIII, 1997, F. Canciani, p. 426ff.
50 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE ZEUS (JUPITER) wearing a laurel wreath, a chlamys draped over his right shoulder; in his right hand he holds a thunderbolt. Earlier 2nd Century AD H. 4 3/4 in. (12.2 cm.) Ex private Swiss collection assembled between 1960 and 1980. 51 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE ALEXANDER THE GREAT AS A DIOSCUROS, wearing a pilos helmet and a cloak over his left shoulder and forearm; his right arm raised to support a lance. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 4 3/8 in. (11 cm.) Ex collection of LouisGabriel Bellon (1819-1899). After his death in May of 1899, his son Paul (1844 1928) continued enriching this famous collection, finally building a museum, in Saint-Nicolas-les-Arras, France, sadly, destroyed during the bombings of 1914 â€“ 1915. 52 PAIR OF ROMAN BRONZE RIVER GODS AS ALEXANDER THE GREAT reclining, supporting his weight with one hand resting on an overturned vase from which issues a torrent of water. He is nude but for his himation which is wrapped around his lower body. 2nd-3rd Century AD. L. 7 3/8 in (18.1 cm; H. 4 5/8 in (11.7 cm.) Ex collection of B.H.S., a retired military officer, St. Petersburg, Florida, formed in the 1950s-early 1970s; J.A. collection, Almadoro, Portugal.
53 ROMAN BRONZE ALEXANDER THE GREAT, nude, based upon the statue by Lysippos of Alexander holding a lance, standing in contrapposto, his weight on his left leg; right hand lacking. Very fine style. 1st Century BC/AD. H. 4 3/8 in. (11 cm.) Ex Athos Moretti collection, Bellinzona, Switzerland; acquired between 1977 and 1985 by Dr. Leo Mildenberg for the R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius. 54 ROMAN BRONZE ALEXANDER THE GREAT AS HELIOS, nude, a chlamys over his left shoulder, standing in contra posta, his weight on his right leg; inserted left arm lacking; inlaid silver eyes. Hair pierced for rays of Helios, the sun god. Very fine style. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 5 1/4 in. (13.5 cm.) Ex M端nzen & Medaillen, Basel; acquired between 1977 and 1985 by Dr. Leo Mildenberg for the R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius.
55 ROMAN BRONZE RECLINING DIONYSOS (BACCHUS), god of wine, nude, his left arm languidly bent to support his head. 1st-2nd Century AD. L. 8 5/8 in. (22 cm.) Acquired between 1977 and 1985 by Dr. Leo Mildenberg for the R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius. 56 ROMAN BRONZE SEATED ATTIS wearing Phrygian costume. A small but well-executed depiction of the young Phygian shepherd beloved by Cybele. 2nd Century AD. H. 2 1/2 in. (6.5 cm.) Acquired between 1977 and 1985 by Dr. Leo Mildenberg for the R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius. 57 ROMAN BRONZE BEARDED HEPHAISTOS (VULCAN), god of the forge, his chiton over one shoulder and wearing a Phrygian cap. He sits on an elaborate round altar and in his right hand probably once held a hammer. 1st-3rd Century AD. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm.) Ex German collection. 58 ROMAN BRONZE TELEPHOROS, literally, the bringer of a good results. He is the child companion of Asklepios and wears the traditional Thracian hooded cloak (paenula) which stretches down below his knees; feet lacking. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 2 7/8 in. (7.2 cm.) Ex German collection. 59 ROMAN BRONZE ADOLESCENT NUDE HERAKLES He leans on a club, his cloak draped over his left arm and the lionâ€™s skin pulled over his head and knotted across his chest. He holds the Apple of the Hesperides in his left hand. 3rd Century AD. H. 2 3/4 in. (7.1 cm.) Ex Swiss collection.
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60 ROMAN BRONZE INFANT HERAKLES KILLING A SNAKE Son of Zeus and Alkmene, his name literally means "glorious gift of Hera". This Hera perceived as an insult, so she tried to kill the baby by sending serpents into his crib; but he strangled the snakes, one in each hand, before they could bite him. 2nd Century AD. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm.) Ex European private collection acquired in the 1970s.
61 ROMAN BRONZE YOUTHFUL TOGATUS wearing a tunic with his toga draped over the head and secured in a roll at the waist, holding a patera in his right hand, his right knee relaxed. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 4 in. (10 cm.) Ex private collection, Suffolk, England. 62
ROMAN BRONZE COMIC ACTOR wearing a comic actor's mask and dressed in a tunic with trousers, the right hand grasping the left wrist, leaning nonchalantly, with one leg crossed over the other, against a short pillar surmounted by a comic mask. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.) Ex French collection.
63 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE MERCURY (HERMES), messenger of the gods, patron of travellers, athletes, and commerce, wearing a winged petasos and a cloak over his left shoulder. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 2 7/8 in. (8.8cm.) Ex German collection. 64 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE WINGED EROS, loveâ€™s messenger, holding a partial torch or a cornucopia in his right hand and a partial cup in his upraised left hand; vestigial wings remaining. 1st-2nd Century AD. H. 6 3/4 in. (17.1 cm.) Ex French private collection; H.J. collection, Arizona. Exhibited: Miami University Art Museum, 1995-2007; George Mason University, 2007-2009. 65 GRAECO-ROMAN BRONZE WINGED NUDE HARPOKRATES - EROS holding a cornucopia. 1st Century BC. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.4 cm.) Ex K. F. collection, Garden City, Michigan. Published: Art of the Ancient World, 1985, p. 104, no. 292. Exhibited: Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, 1996-2003; George Mason University, 2003-2007. 66 ROMAN OVER-LIFESIZE BRONZE HAND probably from a depiction of an emperor. The position of the fingers indicates that it was from an equestrian statue. 3rd Century AD. L. 8 1/8 in. (20.5 cm.) Ex North German private collection.
33 67 ROMAN LARGE BRONZE EROS LAMPIDARIUS The nude adolescent running, his body advancing, his left foot on the ground and his right behind him. In his extended right hand he probably had held a lamp. His wavy hair frames his face with skeins of long curls and the hair of the crown is gathered into a top knot. Lower right leg restored. Ca. 1st Century AD. H. 21 1/8 in. (53.7 cm.) Ex Javeheri Family collection, England, acquired by 1965. For the pose and function, see a winged Eros in the Morgan Library and a small bronze in the Harvard University Art Museum, no. 387 in Hermary, Cassimatis, and Vollkommer, ‘Eros’ in LIMC, vol III. For the coiffure, with a plaited loop at the nape of the neck, see an amethyst ring stone in Berlin, no. 120 in Blanc and Gury, “Eros/Amor, Cupid” in LIMC, vol. III. For a related example in bronze of similar scale, see Sotheby’s, London, July 14, 1986, lot 169.
34 68 ROMAN BRONZE FORTUNA wearing a short-sleeved chiton off her right shoulder, and a himation pulled up as a veil, holding a fruit-filled, crescent-topped cornucopia. Late 1st-early 2nd Century AD. H. 71â „4 in. (18.4 cm.) Ex German collection, John Kluge collection, Charlottesville, Virginia; J.A.collection, Portugal. Published: C. Vermeule and J. Eisenberg, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Bronzes in the Collection of John Kluge, New York, 1992, no. 89-51.
69 ROMAN BRONZE NUDE APHRODITE HOLDING AN APPLE IN HER LEFT HAND, standing in a relaxed pose, her weight on her left leg. Her elbows are bent and her open right hand beckons; her eyes are inlaid with silver. She stands atop a cubic pedestal with gadroon edges and four ball feet. 1st Century AD. H. 10 5/8 in. ( 27 cm.) Ex Louis de Clercq (1836-1901) collection, France. A. de Ridder, 'Collection de Clercq', vol. III, Les Bronzes, Paris, 1905, p. 85, no. 121, pl. 35 Published: XXVI. Many bronzes from this famous collection are now in the Louvre.
70 ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE: DEEP BUST OF HERMES (MERCURY), god of travellers and commerce, his eyes inlaid with silver; from a cart or leticia. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.) Ex collection of B.H.S., a retired military officer, St. Petersburg, Florida, formed in the 1950s-early 1970s. 71 ROMAN BRONZE BALSAMARIUM: BUST OF THE YOUNG DIONYSOS (BACCHUS), god of wine, his long hair bound with a fillet and vines; bottom and handle lacking. 2nd Century AD. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Ex French collection. 72 ROMAN BRONZE BALSAMARIUM OF ANTINOUS, COMPANION OF HADRIAN with silver inlaid eyes. After he drowned in the Nile in AD 130 he was deified and is depicted here wearing a garment over his left shoulder; bottom and handle lacking. Ca. AD 130. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm.) Ex German collection; M.K. collection, Springfield, Massachusettes. Cf. Parallel examples in the Munich Antiken Muzeum, inv. no. SL30, and in the North Brabant Museum in Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands.
73 ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE: DEEP BUST OF HERAKLES wearing a lionskin over his head, its paws tied across his chest. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex German collection. 74 ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE: DEEP BUST OF ATHENA (MINERVA) wearing a Corinthian triple-crested helmet and a detailed breastplate; the aegis lying at an angle upon her breast. 2nd Century AD. H. 3 1/8 in. (9.3 cm.) Ex German collection.
75 ROMAN BRONZE APPLIQUE BUST OF AN ECSTATIC MAENAD, her hair tousled, a fawn skin tied about her shoulders. Probably from a fulcrum, decorating a couch. 1st Century AD. H. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm.) Ex English collection. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VII, 1992, no. 143.
76 ROMAN BRONZE LAMP IN THE FORM OF A SANDALLED FOOT wearing a leather caliga and the big toe serving as the nozzle; a curved palmette handle rising from the heel. Ca. 2nd Century AD. L. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.) Ex J.C. collection, California. Cf. a similar lamp in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples, published in M. Bertoletti, et al, Riflessi di Roma, 1997, pp. 174-75, no. 487. 77 ROMAN BRONZE DOUBLE-NOZZLED OIL LAMP cast with delineating curls. 3rd-4th Century AD. L. 5 1/2 in. ( 14.1 cm.) Ex German collection. 78 ROMAN BRONZE VOTIVE PLAQUE: DEEP BUST OF A GODDESS within a triple rope frame. She wears a diadem with rays over her very long, straight hair, armor, and an aegis. Possibly a local deity combined with Minerva. Balkan area, 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm.) Ex German collection. 79 ROMAN BRONZE VOTIVE PLAQUE: BUST OF CYBELE, the mother goddess, wearing a kalathoid crown over her long straight hair. She wears an ornate necklace and jewelled bustier, all within a double rope frame. Balkan area, 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 3 1/2 in. (8.5 cm.) Ex I.I. collection, South Africa; English collection acquired in the 1980s.
80 ROMAN BRONZE OPEN WORK APPLIQUE OF AJAX AND CASSANDRA amid tendrils, the Greek hero Ajax drags Cassandra, the hapless daughter of King Priam, by the hair from the temple of Athena where she had fled for asylum (a famous scene from the Iliad). A rare subject. 1st Century AD. Diam. 5 1/4 in. (13.5 cm.) Ex American private collection. 81 ROMAN BRONZE PLATE FROM A SUITE OF EQUINE ARMOR DEPICTING A DIOSCUROS in relief, standing nude, but for a pilos helmet and chlamys; his horse behind him, a shield in the left field. Late 2nd-early 3rd Century AD. H. 6 7/8 in. (17 cm.) Ex German collection.
Eu ro pean Bronze Age Art 82 PAIR OF CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE ARM SPIRALS OF THE SALGOTARJAN TYPE 15th-13th Century BC. Total length 8 1/2 in. (21.5 cm.) Ex German collection. Cf. M. Novotna, ‘The Axes and Hatchets in Slovakia’, Prähistorische Bronzefunde, IX 3, 1970, pl. 56, 13.14.
83 PAIR OF CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE SPIRAL ARM GUARDS with spiral termini and finely incised decoration. Late 2nd Millennium BC. Ls. 15 1/4 in. (38 cm.) each Ex German collection. 84 PAIR OF CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE SPIRAL ARMLETS with nine windings, that end in spirals bent inward, ritualistically. Ca. 1200-1000 BC. Ls. 5 1/4 and 5 1/2 in. (13.5 and 14 cm.) Ex German collection. 85 SOUTHEASTERN EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE CEREMONIAL AXE HEAD, with long curved blade and decorated with swirl designs in the cast. Fine style. Mid-2nd Millennium BC. L. 6 1/8 in. (15.7 cm.) Ex German collection.
86 CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE CEREMONIAL PICK AXE with a ball-peen terminus and decorated with groove designs. Fine olive-green patina. Probably from the Carpathian area, mid-2nd Millennium BC. L. 10 in. (25.5 cm.) Cf. M. Novotna, ‘The Axes and Hatchets in Slovakia’, Prähistorische Bronzefunde, IX 3, 1970, p. 53 type B, pl. 19.344f. Ex German collection. 87 CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE CEREMONIAL PICK AXE decorated with groove designs. Fine olive-green patina. Probably from the Carpathian area, mid-2nd Millennium BC. L. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm.) Cf: M. Novotna, ‘The Axes and Hatchets in Slovakia’, Prähistorische Bronzefunde, IX 3, 1970, p. 53 type B, pl. 19.344f. Ex German collection. 88 EUROPEAN MIDDLE BRONZE AGE BRONZE PICK AXE with tapering blade and disc peen. 2nd Millennium BC. L. 7 1/4 in. (18.4 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Munich in 1992. Published: H. Spring and S. Hansen, Helmets and Weapons Alteuropas, Collection Axel Guttmann, vol. 9, Mainz, 2001, p.142, fig. 114, 276.
89 EUROPEAN MIDDLE BRONZE AGE BRONZE PICK AXE with tapering blade and pointed disc peen. 2nd Millennium BC. L. 8 5/8 in. (22 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Munich in 1992. Published: H. Spring and S. Hansen, Helmets and Weapons Alteuropas, Collection Axel Guttmann, vol. 9, Mainz, 2001, p. 142, fig. 114, 276.
90 EUROPEAN MIDDLE BRONZE AGE BRONZE PICK AXE with tapering blade and pointed disc peen. 2nd Millennium BC. L. 6 1/2 in. (16.7 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Munich in 1992. Published: H. Spring and S. Hansen, Helmets and Weapons Alteuropas, Collection Axel Guttmann, vol. 9, Mainz, 2001, p 142, fig. 114, 276.
Ancient Arms & Armor 91 CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE SWORD having a dual-edged blade with a bulging middle rib. A flat punched hilt-tongue with beveled edges; at the crossing are six punched holes with three preserved connection rivets. Ca 1000 BC. L. 19 5/8 in. (50 cm.) Ex German collection. 92 CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE DAGGER Double-edged leaf-shaped blade with a triple ridge on both sides and a grip frame with a grooved base and a slender tang having three holes and reinforcement moulding on the edges. Ca. 1200 BC. L. 10 in. (25.5 cm.) Ex German collection.
93 EUROPEAN LATE BRONZE AGE BRONZE SICKLE KNIFE with bifurcated handle, pretzelshaped knop, and curved blade. 1st Millennium BC. L. 9 7/8 in. (25.1 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Munich in 1992. Published: H. Spring and S. Hansen, Helmets and Weapons Alteuropas, Collection Axel Guttmann, vol. 9, Mainz, 2001, p. 275. 94 CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE LANCE HEAD with a ridged blade and round socket; two attachment holes on each side. Ca. 11th Century BC. L. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm.) Ex German collection.
95 CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE LANCE HEAD with a ridged blade and round socket; two attachment holes on each side. Ca. 11th Century BC. L. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm.) Ex German collection.
96 CHALCIDIAN BRONZE HELMET WITH INCISED DECORATION It has a narrow elongated skull with a carinated and crested crown, holes for the plume attachment, large cheek pieces, and a short flaring neck guard. The forehead has decorative eyebrows in relief and richly incised palmettes, serpents' heads, locks of hair, and floral ornamentation. 5th-4th Century BC. H. 9 in. (23 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Krefeld in 1990. 97 MACEDONIAN BRONZE HELMET OF THE PILOS TYPE having a rounded, conical body with a narrow flange around the rim with holes for attachment. 5th-4th Century BC. H. 7 1/2 (19 cm.); diam. 8 3/8 in. (21.3 cm.) Cf. G.Waurick, et al., Antike Helme, Rรถmisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz, 1988, p. 174, no. 48. Ex German collection. 98 HELLENISTIC BRONZE HELMET OF THE PILOS TYPE with a rounded, conical body topped by a crest holder, a pierced rotelle on either side at ear level, and an applied crescent moon on the front. 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 10 in. (25.4 cm.) Ex German private collection. Cf. a similar example in the Landesmuseum, Karlsruhe, published in H. Pflug, et al., Antike Helme, 1988, p. 152.
99 HELLENISTIC BRONZE HELMET OF THE PILOS TYPE with a rounded, conical body topped by a crest holder and two horns made of cut sheet, each set on a pin attached to the body by a leaf-shaped plate. 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 19 1/4 (48.9 cm.) Ex German private collection. Cf. a similar example in the Landesmuseum, Karlsruhe, published in H. Pflug, et al., Antike Helme, 1988, p. 152.
100 HELLENISTIC BRONZE HELMET OF THE PILOS TYPE with a broad offset concave brim. There is one soldered attachment loop on the inside for the chinstraps. 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 9 in. (23 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Krefeld in 1991.
101 MACEDONIAN BRONZE HELMET OF THE PILOS TYPE with a rounded, conical body and a flat brim. Late 3rd-2nd Century BC. H. 9 in. (22.9 cm.) Ex German private collection. Cf. the helmet depicted on bronze coins from the period of Philip V, ca. 221 - 179 BC. 102 PAIR OF GREEK BRONZE ANATOMICAL GREAVES 5th-4th Century BC. Ls. 8 7/8 in. (22.5 cm.); 9 3/8 in. (23.7 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin.
103 ETRUSCAN HELMET OF MONTEFORTINO/CANOSA TYPE The hemispherical body is crowned by a mushroom-shaped knob decorated with a leaf ornament. Parallel fluted grooves and herringbone-patterned bands encircle the helmet above the lower rim and neck guard. 4th - 3rd Century BC. H. 7 1/4 in. (18.5 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann, Berlin. Published: M. Junkelmann, Rรถmische Helme - Sammlung Axel Guttmann, vol. 8, Mainz, 2000, p. 96, no. 28.
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104 ITALIC BRONZE TREFOIL BREASTPLATE AND GREAVES The breastplate has lining holes along the perimeter. The upper rim has a serrated reinforcement band and a large hole in the center. Together with a pair of short greaves said to have been found with the breastplate. 4th Century BC. H. 11 5/8 in. (29.7 cm.); greaves 9 5/8 in. (24.3 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Paris in 1988.
105 SAMNITE BRONZE ANATOMICAL FOUR-PART CUIRASS The breastplate displays distinct pectoral and abdominal muscles with an inlaid navel, and recesses with perforations for the separately made, missing nipples. The back plate has a central groove to indicate the spine; the two rectangular sidepieces with hinge loops and hooks decorated with palmettes. 5th-4th Century BC. H. of cuirass 11 1/2 in. (29.2 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Krefeld in 1986. Very rare. 106 ETRUSCAN BRONZE DAGGER Cast in one piece, the double-edged blade tapering to a point. The hasp, terminating in an omega-shaped design, with holes for attachment of a lacking leather-covered wood handle. 7th Century BC. L. 11 5/8 in. (29.5 cm.) Ex French collection.
107 VILLANOVAN BRONZE CIRCULAR LIDDED PYXIS with straight sides decorated with six rows of embossed beading. On the lid are embossed circles around a wreath of rays in the center; three projections with double aperture for suspension. Ca. 750-650 BC. D. 5 5/8 in. (14.4 cm.) Ex private Swiss collection, acquired in 1961. For similar decoration on a helmet and breastplate, see: A. Wiese, et al. Etruskische Kunst, Antiken-museum, Basel, 1988, p. 29, nos. E30 and E31. For a pyxis of the same design see: G. Colonna, CiviltĂ degli etruschi, 1986, Florence, p. 55, no. 2.4.10,9.
108 ROMAN IRON CAMPAIGN FOLDING STOOL (SELLA CASTRENSIS -- literally stool for the camp). It was essentially reserved for commanders in the field. The richly decorated folding chair is a part of the tradition of ancient Italic command insignia. Such chairs, called "sella", were already used as symbols of status and command at the time of the Etruscans and in the early Roman period. During the Roman Republican and Imperial periods, the folding chair, the so-called "Curulian Chair", together with the fasces, were the essential insignia of consuls, praetors, censors, and aediles. 1st-3rd Century AD. H. 16 7/8 in. (43 cm.) Ex German collection. The leather seat is modern. 109 ROMAN IRON RING-POMMEL SWORD A double-edged tapered blade with light ridges on both sides and rectangular quillons. The tapered tang has an oval ring pommel. 2nd Century AD. L. 37 in. (94 cm.) Ex German collection. Cf. RĂśmer zwischen Alpen und Nordmeer, catalogue for the Rosenheim Regional Exhibition 2000, cat. no. 40c. 110 ROMAN LEGIONNAIREâ€™S FORGED IRON PUGIO DAGGER BLADE with characteristic curved blade and a mid rib on both sides. Found in Germany. 1st Century AD. L. 18 1/8 cm. (46 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Munich in the 1990s.
111 MIGRATION PERIOD BRONZE AND IRON HELMET The iron skull made in four pieces with overlapping bronze bands forming a cross. The slightly ridged helmet bands taper from wide bases and are riveted to the skull pieces; a surrounding brow band with a turned under rim riveted to the lower edge; five loops at the nape of the neck with hanging bronze chains about 10 cm long. 6th Century AD. H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex German collection. 112 MIGRATION PERIOD GOLD MOUNTED IRON SWORD, THE HANDLE STUDDED WITH GARNETS, both cabochons and square, and red glass. Ancient Colchis (Georgia) 5th-6th Century AD. L. 33 3/4 in. (86.7 cm.) Ex Adolphe and Suzanne Stoclet collection, Belgium. Cf. Konrad Theiss, Attila und die Hunnen, 2007, no. 222. Cf. another in E. Behmer, Das Zweischneidige Schwert der Germanischen Vรถlkerwand-erungszeit, Stockholm, 1939, p. 106, no. 22; pl. XII, no.4B. See also: Germanen, Hunnen, und Awaren, German National Museum, Berlin, 1988, p. 106, no.12a. Swords with stone-decorated handguards were always an attribute of the leading warriors and served exclusively as representation of status or as a rank badge. 113 MEDIEVAL STEEL SWORD OF OAKESHOTT XII TYPE with broad tapering double-edged blade cut with a long fuller on each side, a steel hilt comprising a straight cross-piece of slightly faceted square section, and a strongly formed wheel pommel. 13th-14th Century AD. L. of blade: 30 1/8 in. (76.5 cm.); total length: 37 1/4 (94.6 cm.) Ex English collection.
114 GREEK TERRACOTTA HEAD, POSSIBLY OF APOLLO, his centrally parted hair held with a diadem. Ca. 470-460 BC. H. 3 1/8 in. (8.1 cm.) Ex German collection. 115 GREEK TERRACOTTA HEAD OF THE YOUNG DIONYSOS , wearing a rolled fillet and diadem with a large palmette. Tarentum, 4th Century BC. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.5 cm.) Ex French collection. Cf. R. A. Higgins, Terracottas in the British Museum, Oxford, 1970, p. 180, no. 1314. 116 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA VOTIVE THEATER MASK of a female character, her head with rows of tiered curls covered with a helmet-like headpiece topped with a palmette. 2nd-1st Century BC. H. 5 1/4 in. (13.5 cm.) Ex German collection. 117 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA THYMIATERION: HEAD OF A KORE wearing a turreted crown and pendant earrings. North Africa, probably Carthage, 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 10 3/8 in. (26.5 cm.) Ex collection of Dr. Bergier, Paris, acquired before 1970. 118 GREEK TERRACOTTA HALF-FIGURE OF DIONYSOS Greek Terracottas as a banqueteer. Tarentine, ca. 420 BC. H. 8 5/8 in. (22 cm.) Ex Belgian private collection.
119 GREEK PLASTIC LEKYTHOS WITH DIONYSOS, bare to the waist, holding a hare and a bouquet, surrounded by six spaced rosettes. 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 6 1/4 in. (15.9 cm.) Ex Piot collection, no. 153; collection of Louis-Gabriel Bellon (1819-1899), Saint-Nicolas-les-Arras, France; thence by descent. Published: F. Winter, Die Antiken Terrakotten, vol. III-2, 1903, p. 245. 120 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA HORSE AND RIDER, most probably one of the Dioskouroi, Castor and Pollux, twin sons of Zeus by Leda. He wears a pilos helmet and short belted chiton; traces of polychromy remaining. Canosa, 4th Century BC. H. 11 3/8 in. (28.9 cm.) Ex A. Abraham collection, New York. 121 PAIR OF HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTAS OF NIKE (VICTORIA) winged goddess of victory, nude to the waist, the lower body wrapped in a himation. Each wears a wreath and earrings and holds a patera. Canosa, 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex French collection.
122 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA DRAPED LADY OF FASHION her long himation wrapped over her head and around her body. Boeotia, 2nd Century BC. H. 10 1/4 in. (26 cm.) Ex French collection. 123 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA DRAPED LADY OF FASHION wearing a long chiton and wrapped in a himation. She stands in a relaxed pose, her weight on her right leg and her right hand on her hip. Her head is raised and her hair is in a melon coiffure. 2nd Century BC. H. 8 7/8 in. (22.5 cm.) Ex French collection. 124 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA DRAPED LADY OF FASHION wearing a diadem and wrapped in a himation; extensive polychromy remaining. 3rd Century BC. H. 12 5/8 in. (32 cm.) Ex collection of Louis-Gabriel Bellon (1819-1899), Saint-Nicolas-les-Arras, France; thence by descent. Published: F. Winter, Die Antiken Terrakotten, vol. III2, 1903, p.24. 125 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA ACTOR wearing a comic mask, an animal skin, and carrying a logobolan; extensive polychromy remaining. 4th Century BC. H. 6 1/8 in. (13.1 cm.) Ex collection of Louis-Gabriel Bellon (1819-1899), SaintNicolas-les-Arras, France; thence by descent. 126 HELLENISTIC TERRACOTTA MUSICIAN sitting on a wall, playing the double flute. 3rd Century BC. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) collection of Louis-Gabriel Bellon 51 Ex (1819-1899), Saint-Nicolas-les-Arras, France; thence by descent.
Etruscan Terracottas 127 ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA VOTIVE HEAD OF A YOUTH with his himation pulled over the back of his curly-haired head, a symbol that he was ready to meet the gods. Cerveteri, 3rd Century BC. H. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm.) Ex private collection, Freiburg, Switzerland; K. B. collection, Lyon, Michigan, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1985. Exhibited: Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University, 1985-1995; Ball State University Art Museum, 1995-2007. 128 ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA VOTIVE HEAD OF A YOUTH, his hair in a centrally parted style. 4th Century BC. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm.) Ex collection of Max Gruenthal (d. 1962), New York. 129 ETRUSCAN LARGE TERRACOTTA REVETMENT TILE WITH A BULL striding to right, his tail plaited, under an architectural motif. 6th-5th Century BC. H. 11 3/8 in. (29 cm.); W. 13 1/2 in. (34.5 cm.) Ex French collection. 130 ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA VOTIVE HAND 5th-4th Century BC. L. 8 5/8 in. (22 cm.) Ex German collection. Cf. M. Torelli, Gli Etrusci, catalog of the exhibition in Venice, 2000, no. 125.
131 MYCENAEAN LARGE POTTERY STIRRUP JAR Amid bandings is a stylized depiction of a cuttlefish surrounded by sea plants. A rare and elegant depiction. 14th-12th Century BC. H. 8 1/4 in. (21.1 cm.) Ex collection of Dr. R., Switzerland; thence a Munich private collection, acquired in the 1980s. 132 EAST GREEK POTTERY ‘BIRD BOWL’ STYLE OINOCHOE with a cylindrical neck and a handle, with overall bands and ‘Z’ friezes, E arly Greek the body with an ibex and birds between alternating shaded and dotted Vase s rhomboid-filled triangles. Ca. 675-650 BC. H. 8 3/8 in. (21.2 cm.) Ex Swiss collection,1988. Cf. A specimen from a Rhodian workshop illustrated in R.M. Cook, Greek Painted Pottery, London, 1972, pl. 7A and E. Buschor, Greek VasePainting, New York, 1978, fig. 22. For the type see: J Boardman, Early Greek Vase Painting, 1998, p. 51, fig. 139. 133 GREEK GEOMETRIC POTTERY KRATER Bellied body, convex rim, sweepingly splayed foot; handles with small spikes at their base; frieze panels exhibiting two hatched meanders framed by metopes with antithetic hatched triangles. 9th-8th Century BC. H. 7 7/8 in. (19.9 cm.) Ex private Swiss collection acquired in 1961. Cf. CVA, Oxford 2, pl. D, no. 1.24. 134 CORINTHIAN BLACK-FIGURE POTTERY OINOCHOE wth two registers of decoration heightened with incision and crimson on a buff ground, the upper with a frieze consisting of a siren with outstretched wings, flanked by two geese, the lower frieze with a confronting bull and lion, a siren and addorsed lions; with rosettes and dots in the field. Ca. 580-570 BC. H. 12 in (30.5 cm.) Ex California private collection.
135 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE AMPHORA BY THE DIOSPHOS PAINTER A doubleen with Apollo kitharoides, Artemis, and Leto; a deer between. Reverse: Herakles greets Athena, a calf between and a warrior behind her. Ca. 500-490 BC. H. 8 7/8 in. (22.5 cm) Ex French collection.
Attic Black-figure Vase s
136 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE LEKYTHOS BY A FOLLOWER OF THE TALEIDES PAINTER with a nude boxer flanked by two judges on either side; on the shoulder, two judges flank a palmette. Ca. 540 BC. H. 8 5/8 in (21.9 cm.) Ex German private collection, acquired in the 1980s. 137 ATTIC WHITE GROUND BLACK-FIGURE LEKYTHOS BY THE DIOSPHOS PAINTER with two racing quadrigas; nonsense inscription. Ca. 510-500 BC. H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.) Ex collection of Louis-Gabriel Bellon (1819-1899), Saint-Nicolas-les-Arras, France; thence by descent.
55 138 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE HYDRIA BY THE READY PAINTER A nude youth putting on greaves, before him a woman who holds his shield and spear. On either side of them is a draped youth and a nude youth with a spear. Ca. 520-510 BC. H. 12 1/8 in. (30.7 cm.) Ex collection of Dr. Jacques Denier (1926-1992), La Tour du Pin, France, acquired from Spinks, London. Published: J. Beazley, Paralipomena, Oxford, 1971, p. 54. 139 ATTIC WHITE-GROUND BLACKFIGURED HYDRIA BY THE PAINTER OF THE HALF-PALMETTES, the panel on the body with a bearded ithyphallic satyr walking to the right and looking back, holding a thyrsos in his left hand, followed by two galloping horses from a biga, a dog below, vines in the field. Ca. 500 BC. H. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm.) Ex collection of Frank H. Sommer III (d. 2006), former head of the Winterthur Library, Winterthur, Delaware, acquired in 1968. Attributed by Winfred van de Put.
140 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE EYE CUP with a gorgoneion in the tondo, each side centered by a woman between apotropaic eyes, flanked by gesticulating nude youths, a dolphin below each handle. Late 6th Century BC. Diam. 8 3/4 in (22.2 cm.) Ex A. Paulsem collection, acquired ca. 1985.
141 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE EYE CUP: A CENTAUR BETWEEN APOTROPAIC EYES, hoplites flanking the handles. Later 6th Century BC. W. 11 1/8 in. (28.2 cm.) Ex collection of Pierre P., Paris, acquired in 1970. 142 ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE STEMLESS KYLIX, on either side, Herakles fighting the Nemean lion; flanking palmettes. Ca. 500 BC. H. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm.); W. 10 1/2 in. (26.7 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection, acquired in the 1970s.
At tic Red-figure Va ses 143 ATTIC RED-FIGURE NOLAN AMPHORA BY THE ETHIOP PAINTER A young warrior standing wearing a belted chiton, a chlamys draped over his right arm, a shield over his left shoulder, a spear in his right hand, takes leave of an older bearded man to the left; an inscription in added red in between reading: [ ]KONI. Reverse: A standing bearded man. Ca. 460 BC. H. 11 7/8 in. (30.2 cm.) Ex Japanese private collection, acquired in 1990. 144 ATTIC RED-FIGURE COLUMN KRATER BY THE NAPLES PAINTER Orpheus seated upon a rocky outcrop plays his lyre, flanked by two Thracian warriors; at right a third warrior holds his horseâ€™s bridle. Reverse: Two draped youths flank a draped female. Ca. 450-430 BC. H. 17 in. (43.2 cm.) Ex M.D. collection, Antwerp, Belgium, acquired in the 1970s.
145 ATTIC RED-FIGURE CALYX KRATER A thiasos procession led by a nude youth holding a grain sheaf, followed by a draped female playing the double-flute and followed by another nude youth holding a torch and staff. Reverse: Two nude youths, one holding a strigil and the other an aryballos. Ca. 460-450 BC. H. 14 1/8 in. (35.9 cm.) Ex German collection. 146 ATTIC RED-FIGURE CALYX KRATER BY THE LC GROUP Dionysos riding a panther surrounded by an entourage of satyrs and maenads led by a flying Eros. Reverse: Three draped youths. 4th Century BC. H. 14 3/8 in. (36.5 cm.) Ex French collection. 147 ATTIC TREFOIL ‘COOK CLASS’ OINOCHOE: HEAD OF A FEMALE wearing a black cap. Ca. 490-480 BC. H. 7 1/16 in. (17.9 cm.) Ex Dutch private collection, Maastricht; H. J. collection, Sun City, Arizona. Exhibited at Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University, 19852009. Published: Art of the Ancient World, vol. IV, 1985, no. 82.
148 ATTIC RED-FIGURE CALYX KRATER depicting a departure scene with an armed warrior holding a round shield and extending a phiale toward a female holding an oinochoe; an Ionic column between them. At right is a draped male holding a staff. Reverse: A draped female extends a phiale to a young man leaning upon a staff. Ca. 440 BC. H. 10 in. (25.5 cm.); W: 12 1/4 in. (31.1 cm.) Ex French collection. 149 ATTIC RED-FIGURE LEKYTHOS A winged goddess running to the right, holding a torch. 5th Century BC. H. 9 7/8 in. (25 cm.) Ex Cavadini collection, Sorengo-Lugano, Switzerland, acquired in the late 1960s. 150
ATTIC RED-FIGURE LEKYTHOS, a nude Eros flying to the right, his wings outstretched behind, reaching towards a tendril. Mid-5th Century BC. H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex American private collection.
151 ATTIC RED-FIGURE SKYPHOS BY THE MILLIN PAINTER A satyr beats a drum before a maenad wearing a peplos and holding a thyrsos. Reverse: A satyr listens to a maenad playing the double-flute. Ca. 420-400 BC. H. 3 7/8 in. (9.9 cm.); W. 4 7/8 in. (12.6 cm.) Ex German private collection. For a similar skyphos see: CVA, BM 4, fasc. 35; pl. 31.3, London, British Museum. See: A.D. Ure, ‘Red-Figure Cups with Incised and Stamped Decoration.-II,’ The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 64,1944, pp. 6777 for cups by the Millin Painter.
152 ATTIC RED-FIGURE LIDDED PYXIS of concave cylindrical form with a frieze of Dionysos and a group of maenads approaching a flaming altar in the form of a Doric capital. Each maenad holds a thyrsos, an oinochoe, a phiale, or a mirror. Dionysos holds a thyrsos and a kantharos; ‘kale’ in retrograde in red paint between the figures, a key meander above; zig-zag below, a ring of palmettes around the mushroom knop on the lid. Ca. 430 BC. H. 6 in. (15.2 cm.) Ex A. Abraham collection, New York. For related examples, see: S. R. Rutherford, The Attic Pyxis, 1978, nos. 45-56. 153 ATTIC RED-FIGURE BELL KRATER , Herakles offers a kantharos to Nike; at left the Dioskouroi holding torches, at right another nude laureate male with a spear? watching. Reverse: Three draped youths. 4th Century BC. H. 13 1/8 in. (33.5 cm.); W. 13 in. (33 cm.) Ex French collection.
South I talian Vases 154 GREEK LARGE RED-FIGURE AMPHORA Three females and a reclining Eros around a laver; three swans above. Female at left regards herself in a mirror, the one at right holds an oinochoe, and the third, nude, kneels as she puts on her chiton. On the neck sits a winged Eros. Reverse: Three women stand around an altar. Very rare group. Early 4th Century BC. H. 22 1/2 in. (57 cm.) Ex French collection, acquired in London in 1993. The painting style clearly relates to a Sicilian workshop, however, the form is identifiable to red-figure vases found in Albania (ancient Illyria); accompanied by a photocopy of a letter from Prof. A. Dale Trendall about this unusual amphora. 155 HELLENISTIC POTTERY OLPE The upper register decorated with relief masks, the lower register with reliefs of Herakles fighting two centaurs and the Lernean hydra. Canosa, 3rd Century BC. H. 11 7/8 in. (29 cm.) Rare. Ex French collection.
156 APULIAN RED-FIGURE LARGE AMPHORA, possibly by the Gioia del Colle Painter. Nine figures in two registers, the upper with a seated female holding a wreath and a phiale looking back at a nude seated youth with a thyrsos. Also a standing female holding a garland and phiale who looks toward a nude seated youth with a staff. The lower register with a seated female offering a phiale to a standing nude youth with wreath and flower, and a nude youth leaning on a staff with arm outstretched towards a seated female with a casket, another standing youth with a staff to right. The shoulder with a female bust emerging from a large flower surrounded by acanthus leaves and scrolling tendrils. Reverse: Four offering-bearers around a stele tied with a black fillet; a large kylix above. Ca. 350-330 BC. H. 35 1/2 in. (90 cm.) Ex Japanese private collection, acquired during the 1970s-1980s. 157 APULIAN RED-FIGURE SITULA BY THE PATERA PAINTER A maenad seated upon a rocky outcrop holds a thyrsos and a patera; a tambor in the field. Reverse: A satyr walks to right holding a calyx krater with both hands; at left a thyrsos on which hangs a panther skin. On the arching handle is a laurel frieze, at one end a lionâ€™s head in raised relief and at the other end a maenadâ€™s face. Ca. 330-320 BC. H. 8 3/4 in. (22.2 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection, acquired in the 62 1930s.
158 APULIAN RED-FIGURE LEBES GAMIKOS A young woman with bunches of grapes offers a casket to a nude youth with a round object (apple?). Reverse: Amid tendrils a winged Eros flies over a blossom. The lid is topped by a miniature squat lekythos. Ca. 330-320 BC. H. 11 1/8 in. (28.3 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection, acquired in the 1930s. 159 APULIAN RED-FIGURE LIDDED OINOCHOE, SHAPE VIIIB Around the body a goddess, probably Nike, holds a helmet; a seated female guarding a shield and spear offers a garland crown to a nude youth with a sword and kothon. Behind the youth Hermes holds a wreath and kerykeion; another youth sits with a phiale. Ca. 330-320 BC. H. 6 in. (15.1 cm.) Ex Swiss private collection, acquired in the 1930s. Cf. The scene in the Iliad when Thetis gives her son Achilles the weapons made by Hephaistos for the fight against Hector; Hermes to lead Hector to the underworld.
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160 APULIAN RED-FIGURE PELIKE A nude male holding a measuring rod (stad) in his exended right hand, a cloak over his left shoulder. Reverse: Draped female holding a circular pyxis over a meta. 4th Century BC. H. 10 in. (25.4 cm.) Ex French collection, composed in the 1960's and early 70's. 161 CAMPANIAN RED-FIGURE BELL KRATER NEAR THE BRANICKI PAINTER with a nude couple embracing upon a couch. 4th Century BC. H. 14 1/2 in. (37 cm.); D. 13 3/8 in. (34 cm.) Ex French collection. Cf. K. Schauenburg, Studien zur unteritalischen Vasenmalerei, vol. II, Kiel, 2000, pl. 114-117. 162 CAMPANIAN RED-FIGURE BELL KRATER At right, a maenad seated upon a rocky outcrop holds a large flower. At left, a nude youth stands holding a thyrsos and large pyxis; his himation draped over his left arm. Reverse: two draped youths. 4th Century BC. H. 12 in. (30.5 cm.); W. 12 3/4 in. (32.4 cm.); D. 12 3/4 in. (32.4 cm.) Ex collection of Prof. Alcibiades N. Oikonomides (d. 1988), Chicago (Classics professor at Loyola University), acquired in the 1970s; M.B. collection, Westlake Village, California. 163 LUCANIAN RED-FIGURE HYDRIA BY THE PISTICCI PAINTER Two draped women, one holding a mirror, stand addressing each other over a kalathos. Ca. 440-430 BC. H. 10 5/8 in. (27 cm.) Ex French collection.
164 SICILIAN BUFF POTTERY FIGURAL GUTTOS IN THE FORM OF A MOUSE possibly from the Selinunte Group, with a pointed nose, arching handle, a fill-spout behind, and a pouring spout at the top of the tail; details in brownish black slip. Later 5th Century BC. L. 5 1/8 in. (13 cm.) Ex A. Abraham collection, New York. Cf. B. Heldring, Sicilian Plastic Vases, Utrecht, 1981, pls. 10-14, 16-18, 30-36.
Etr uscan & Roman Pottery 165 ETRUSCAN BUCCHERO CHALICE the deep bowl with carinated base supported on four struts: two in the form of korai with hands clasped over their hearts; and two with reticulated double placques of striding winged quadrupeds. Late 7th-6th Century BC. H. 7 1/2 in. (19.1 cm.) Ex A. Abraham collection, New York. Cf. T. Rasmussen, Bucchero Pottery from Southern Etruria, 1979, p. 95, pl. 26, no. 128-129. 166 ETRUSCAN BLACK-FIGURE TREFOIL OINOCHOE with a frieze of three deer walking and grazing. 5th Century BC. H. 11 3/4 in. (29.8 cm.) Ex French collection. 167 ETRUSCAN APPLIED RED-FIGURE BELL KRATER Three nude athletes in conversation; details incised. Reverse: two draped youths, one bearded, in conversation. 4th Century BC. H. 14 3/8 in. (36.5 cm.) Ex French collection. For a similar krater see: J. Beazley, Etruscan Vase Painting, 1947, pl. VIII, 3-4.
168 FALISCAN POTTERY OLPE with arching handle, funnel-shaped neck, conical mouth and slightly splayed foot. On the shoulder, a frieze with alternate long and short leaves; on the lip, a scheme of stripes; on the body, banding. 4th Century BC. H. 8 7/8 in. (22.6 cm.) Ex Swiss collection, acquired in 1961. 169 ROMAN MOLDED REDWARE MOON FLASK WITH GLADIATORS IN COMBAT in relief on both sides. Surrounding the central image are bordering bands of roping, rosettes, and tongues; two arching handles on the shoulder. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm.) Ex French private collection, acquired in the 1970s. 170 ROMAN RED SLIP ARRETINE WARE LIDDED PYXIS, cylindrical with a conical lid; a medial band of moulded ivy leaves around the body; and set on a ring foot. 1st Century AD. H. 6 3⁄ 4 in. (17cm. ) Ex Edward J. W. Hildyard collection, (d. 1964), thence by descent.
171 IBERIAN BRONZE PRIAPUS wearing a hooded tunic and holding a tray of fruit above his exaggerated phallus. 4th-3rd Century BC. H. 2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm.) Ex French collection. 172 IBERIAN BRONZE VOTIVE FIGURE of waisted humanoid form with a conical head. 5th-3rd Century BC. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.) Ex Barbier-Mueller collection, Geneva, Switzerland, acquired between 1955-1963. Published: J. L. Zimmermann, Art Antique dans les Collections du Musée Barbier-Mueller, Geneva, 1991, p. 71, no. 33.
173 SARDINIAN PREHISTORIC NURAGHIC PERIOD BRONZE WARRIOR wearing a short tunic and an elaborate plumed helmet, carrying a bow over his shoulder, the quiver case on his back. Ca. 8th Century BC. H. 5 5/8 in. (14.3 cm.) H. of figure 4 1/2 in. (11.5 cm.) Ex Wladimir Rosenbaum (18941984), Ascona, Switzerland; R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired 1977-85. 174 ROMAN IVORY STATUETTE OF THE EMPEROR COMMODUS AS HERAKLES, nude, a lion’s skin over his head and down his back, a club in his right hand resting on that shoulder. Ca. AD 161-192. H. 4 7/8 in. (12.5 cm.) Ex Lépine collection; Matossian collection, Paris. Accompanied by an extensive analysis of the ivory from M.S.M.A.P. Laboratoire by Drs. B. Dubosco and P. Etcheverry in June of 2008. Extremely rare, if not unique.
175 NEOLITHIC POTTERY HEAD FROM AN IDOL Roughly spade-shaped, with large incised eyes and eye lashes incised on the top and bottom, raised nasal ridge, and pointed nose, a band of three incised lines across the brow; the back of the flattened head with a row of six perforations. Vinca Culture, Balkan area, ca. 5th Millennium BC. H. 2 3/8 in. (6 cm.) Choice. Ex M. M. collection, Belgrade. 176 NEOLITHIC SMALL GRAY POTTERY HALF-IDOL with incised almond-shaped eyes, raised nasal ridge, and pointed nose. Three perforations in a groove at the top of the head; another perforation on both of the vestigial arms. Vinca Culture, ca. 5th Millennium BC. H. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm.) Ex M. M. collection, Belgrade. 177 NEOLITHIC POTTERY DEEP BUST FROM AN IDOL with incised triangular eyes, raised nasal ridge, and pointed nose; arms raised. Vinca Culture, Balkan area, ca. 5th Millennium BC. H. 3 7/8 in. (9.8 cm.) Ex German collection. 178 ROMAN ALABASTER VASE with quarter-section lip, short cylindrical neck, and ovoid body on low, stepped foot. 1st-3rd Century AD. H. 11 1/8 in. (28.5 cm.) Ex South German collection, acquired in the 1980s. 179 DANUBIAN CELTIC HAMMERED IRON BOAT-SHAPED HANGING OIL LAMP Hanging shaft with knot decoration with horns and curved end with original chain and S-shaped hook. 2nd-1st Century BC. H. without chain 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) Ex German collection.
180 GREEK SILVER PHIALE OMPHALOS hammered with a relief design of radiating petals. Lydian, 6th-5th Century BC. Diam. 5 5/8 in. (14.4 cm.) Ex German collection.
Classical Silver 181 ROMAN CAST SILVER WINGED NIKE (VICTORIA), bare-breasted and holding a wreath and a palm frond. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 2 1/4 in. (5.8 cm.) Ex French collection. 182 ROMAN CAST SILVER FORTUNA, goddess of fortune and destiny, wearing a diadem and peplos with long overfalls, holding a cornucopia and the remains of a rudder; with partial gilding. 2nd-3rd Century AD. H. 2 5/8 in. (6.8 cm.) Ex German collection.
183 CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE AGE GOLD HAIR ORNAMENTS Finely worked sleeves of flat bars, with finely beaded ridges on the outside. Open on the sides, each has only the top winding closed. Urn Field Period, ca. 1200 BC. Ls. 1 in. (25 mm.); wt 10 gr. Ex German collection. 184 HELLENISTIC GOLD PENDANT WITH FACING BUST OF ARTEMIS IN RELIEF, a suspension loop on top. The goddess of the hunt wears a chiton, her arrow quiver slung around her back; within a rope border. 4th Century BC. Diam. 1 1/8 in. (2.7 cm.) Ex German collection. Cf. H. Hoffmann and P. Davidson, Greek Gold - Jewelry from the Age of Alexander, The Brooklyn Museum, 1965, p. 107, no. 94. 185 PAIR OF HELLENISTIC GOLD EAR PENDANTS: EACH WITH A DOVE suspended from a rosette. 4th Century BC. Ls. 2 1/2 in. (5.9 cm.) Ex German collection. 186 SIXTEEN GRAECO-ROMAN REPOUSSÉ GOLD LAUREL LEAF HAIR ORNAMENTS each devised as three joined leaves. Ca. 2nd-1st Century BC. Ls. 1 7/8 in. (4.8 cm.) - 1 3/8 in. (3.5 cm.) Ex private French collection. The dried aromatic leaf of the laurel or bay, laurus nobilis, used as a seasoning in cooking. Early Greeks and Romans attributed magical properties to the leaf and it has long been a symbol of honor, celebration, and triumph. 187 HELLENISTIC GOLD DIADEM decorated in repoussé with floral wave meanders and a Herakles knot. 4th Century BC. L. 15 1/4 in. (38.7 cm.) Ex German collection.
Ancient Gold Je we l ry 188 HELLENISTIC GOLD ROUNDEL WITH FACING BUST OF ARTEMIS in high relief, surrounded by a floral wave meander and a wreath bordered by dots; from a hairnet. The goddess of the hunt wears a chiton, her arrow quiver slung around her back. 4th Century BC. Diam. 3 1/4 in. (8.2 cm.) Ex German collection. For similar hairnets with Artemis, see: B. Barr-Sharrar, The Hellenistic and Early Imperial Decorative Bust, 1987, pls. 64-65. Cf. H. Hoffmann and P. Davidson, Greek Gold - Jewelry from the Age of Alexander, The Brooklyn Museum, 1965, p. 107, no. 94. 189 ROMAN GOLD FINGER RING WITH BUST OF SERAPIS in high relief. 2nd-3rd Century AD. Longest interior width: 18 mm. Wt. 4 gr.; size 5 Ex private Dutch collection, acquired in the 1980s. 190 ROMAN GOLD DOUBLE RING WITH TWO RED CARNELIAN OVAL INTAGLIOS of floral motifs. 2nd-3rd Century AD. Longest interior width: 16 mm. Wt. 6 gr.; size 5 Ex German collection.
Byzantine Jewelry & Ar t 191 BYZANTINE PAIR OF GOLD EARRINGS WITH TWO PENDANT CROSSES 6th-9th Century AD. L. 1 in. (2.5 cm.) Ex French collection. 192 PAIR OF BYZANTINE GOLD CRESCENT EARRINGS decorated with filigree. 6th-9th Century AD. L. 1 1/2 in. (3.8 cm.) Ex German collection. 193 CAROLINGIAN GOLD RING The shoulders of the ring are decorated with filigree gold beads; the face with five bezels set with glass gems of various colours, surrounded by a fine corded band. Frankish Dynasty, AD 751-987. Longest interior width: 18 mm; wt. 8 gr; size 9. Ex German collection. 194 BYZANTINE GOLD LATIN CROSS PENDANT with incised decoration. 10th Century AD. H. 1 1/4 in. (3.3 cm.) Ex French collection. 195 BYZANTINE SILVER AND GOLD LITURGICAL SPOON with a dove terminus. From the region around Homs, Syria. 6th-7th Century AD. L. 6 5/8 in. (17 cm.) Ex collection of Count X, dispersed at the Drouot, November 17, 1972, lot 94. For a discussion of the practice of intinction, see: Robert F. Taft, S.J., Byzantine Communion Spoons, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, vol. 50, 1996, pp. 209-238.
196 BYZANTINE LARGE BRONZE RELIEF SECTION: THE SACRIFICE OF ISAAC Beneath a garland arch Abraham stands with a sword raised in his right hand and grasps Isaac by the hair as he kneels, nude, at his father’s feet; at right a flaming altar and at left a ram. At upper right is the sun and the hand of God enters at upper left, raised to stop Abraham; in the arch at left is the lion from a depiction of Daniel in the lion’s den. Fused onto a lead plate; possibly from a sarcophagus. Very rare. 5th-6th Century AD. H. 14 3/8 in. (36.5 cm. ); W. 10 3/8 in. (26.5 cm.) Ex N.K. collection, Paris; Swiss private collection, acquired in the 1970s.
197 BYZANTINE LARGE REDWARE TILE WITH MOLDED RELIEF OF PEGASUS being groomed by four nymphs. A kneeling one cleans a hoof, another one curries; within a ‘beaded’ frame; partially covered in white slip. 5th-6th Century AD. H. 10 7/8 in. (27.5 cm.); W. 11 5/8 in. (29.5 cm.) Ex German private collection. Cf. Die Welt von Byzanz. Europas östliches Erbe, exhibition catalogue, Munich Staatliche Museum, 2004, no. 90. Probably from the provinces of Africa Proconsularis or Byzancena and used to decorate a wooden chest.
198 BYZANTINE BRONZE VOTIVE PLAQUE OF CHRIST WITH THE EVANGELISTS Punched from the back, centering Christ Pantocrator, Matthew and Luke on the right, Matthew and John on the left; their names spelled vertically in Greek. 12th-14th Century AD. H. 1 5/8 in. (4.2 cm.); W. 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm.) Ex German private collection. 199 BYZANTINE BRONZE ICON Within an arcade, the Madonna and Child at left and a saint at right; below, busts of three saints in an arcade; all separated by columns. Ca. 11th Century AD. H. 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm.); W. 2 5/8 in. (6.7 cm.) Ex German collection. 200 BYZANTINE BRONZE OIL LAMP WITH A CROSS AS THE REFLECTOR above the ring handle; the cover decorated with foliage. 5th-6th Century AD. L. 7 in. (17.8 cm.) Ex Clemens Holzmeister (1887-1983) collection, acquired between 1927 and 1954; Hamburg private collection, acquired in 1980. 201 MEDIEVAL LEAD OPENWORK APPLIQUE CENTERING A SPREAD EAGLE Four birds alternating with grain motifs surrounding; the back with six hooks. 12th Century AD. L. 3 5/8 in. (9.3 cm.) Ex J. H. collection, acquired in the 1990s. See: Motiv und Zeitstellung: Das Reich der Salier, 10241125, Rรถmisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum, Mainz, 1992, p. 127, nos. 1, B 32, 3 A 1.
Egyptian Stone Sc ul ptu res & Rel iefs 202 EGYPTIAN OLD KINGDOM LIMESTONE RELIEF: TWO WORKMEN IN PROFILE hauling an unseen object with a rope, taut, over their right shoulder; in the register above, a pair of feet. VIth Dynasty, ca. 2278 - 2184 BC. W. 13 1/8 in. (33.5 cm.); H. 9 7/8 in. (25 cm.) Ex N.K. collection, Paris. 203 EGYPTIAN LATE OLD KINGDOM LIMESTONE RAISED RELIEF from the left door jamb of the entrance to a tomb chapel, representing the occupant, a high dignitary, walking to the right holding a staff in his left hand and a strip of folded cloth in his right hand . He wears a striated wig, false beard, broad collar, and a kilt. Vth-VIth Dynasty, ca. 2498-2283 BC. H. 16 1/2 in. (42 cm.); W. 11 in. (28 cm.) Ex French collection, acquired before 1980.
76 204 EGYPTIAN MIDDLE KINGDOM LIMESTONE RELIEF from the left door jamb of the entrance to a tomb chapel and representing the occupant, a high dignitary, walking to right holding a staff; in his right hand is a folded strip of cloth. He wears a finely detailed tiered short wig, a broad ousekh collar, and a kilt. XIth Dynasty, ca. 2133-1991 BC. H. 19 1/4 in. (49 cm.); W. 11 3/4 in. (30 cm.) Ex French collection, acquired before 1980. The long cane not resting on the ground is uncommon in Egyptian art, but may be seen on the door jamb of Iyka (Cairo, ME 72201) or on the door jamb reliefs from the mastaba of Qar Pepinefer in the British Museum (BM 1319B).
205 EGYPTIAN MIDDLE KINGDOM GRANODIORITE TORSO OF A SEATED SCRIBE Over his left shoulder hangs his palette and brush box. XIIth Dynasty, ca. 1991-1782 BC. H. 14 1/2 in. (36.8 cm.) Ex old French collection; J.-L. Despras, Paris; M.B. collection, Westlake Village, California. Cf. A. Kozloff, B. Bryan, and L. Berman, Egyptâ€™s Dazzling Sun, 1992, no. 44a; see also the scribal statue of the vizier Mentuhotep, 1971-1926 BC, in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. 9, 1997, no. 156.
206 EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM LIMESTONE STELE SECTION A son and three daughters with perfumed cones on their heads venerate their parents who were once represented seated on the left. The name of one daughter, Tjpu, has been preserved. A fragment from a rectangular, naos-shaped stele. XIXth Dynasty, 1293-1185 BC. H. 6 1/2 in. (16.7 cm.); W. 8 3/4 in. (22.2 cm.) Ex Swiss collection. Cf. A. Wiese, Ă„gyptische Kunst im Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig, catalogue, Basel, 1998, no. 53f. 207 EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM LIMESTONE STELE SECTION of a kneeling adorant with arms upraised and wearing a kilt; with traces of hieroglyphs and another figure behind. Early XIXth Dynasty, ca. 13201300 BC. H. 5 3/4 in. (14.5 cm.); W. 4 7/8 in. (12.5 cm.) Ex Wilhelm Horn Collection (1870-1959), Berlin; collection of Joseph Proulx, San Diego, California, acquired from Royal-Athena Galleries in 1993. 208 EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE RELIEF FRAGMENT FROM A STELE: HEAD OF OSIRIS wearing the atef-crown. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm.) Ex English collection; collection of Joseph Proulx, San Diego, California, acquired from Royal-Athena Galleries in 1985.
209 ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF A ROMAN EMPEROR AS OSIRIS WEARING AN ATEF-CROWN This is most probably a representation of the emperor Caligula as an Egyptian king in the guise of Osiris. Ca. AD 37-40. H. 17 5/8 in. (45 cm.) Ex Levasseur collection, Paris, early 19th century; Alexandre Aspa collection, Le Plessis-Robinson, France. Caligula rebuilt part of the Isaeum Campense in Rome in Egyptian style and set up a statue of his sister Drusila as Isis. He also renovated the Serapaeum in the Campus Martius. It is difficult to make a definitive attribution to Caligula without his characteristic hairstyle as a guide, but by means of elimination and comparisons with other portraits as well as his documented Egyptianizing proclivities it is possible to make a strong case for such an attribution. From Augustus onward, the Roman emperor was the de facto pharaoh of Egypt and statues and reliefs of many of them in that role, have survived. Caligula is the only emperor in the first century to be young enough to be so portrayed as in this sculpture. The small mouth and chin seen here fit well with his other known portraits.
210 EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE SCULPTOR’S MODEL OF A PORTRAIT, POSSIBLY A KING. Late Period , 712-30 BC. H. 4 3/4 in. (12 cm.) Ex French collection, acquired in 1970 from Galerie Serres. 211 EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE SCULPTOR’S MODEL OF FOUR FIGURES OF BES standing in a circle and facing outward, each with short kilt, feather headdress, one with a panther head amulet around his neck. Ptolemaic Period, 305-30 BC. H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) One nearly complete, the others unfinished. Ex collection of Ian Woodner, New York.
212 EGYPTIAN STEATITE OSIRIS standing against a back pillar on a rectangular base rounded in front and holding the crook and flail, and wearing a chevron-engraved beard and the atef-crown with uraeus, his face with long philtrum, broad slightly upturned nose, and long eyebrows and cosmetic lines in relief. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 16 1/4 in. 41.3 cm. Ex collection of Frank Elbert Compton (1874-1950), Chicago; private collection, Oregon, by descent. Frank E. Compton, who founded Compton's Encyclopedia in Chicago in 1922, traveled to Egypt in the 1920s.
Egyptian Bronze Sculptures 213 EGYPTIAN LARGE BRONZE ISIS PTEROPHORUS, as protector of Osiris, standing, with wings extended downward, wearing horned solar disk headdress. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 11 7/8 in. (30 cm.) Ex French collection. Isis, the wife of Osiris, was the protectress of Osiris and model of conjugal love. In this scarce type she appears winged, as the protector of her husband. This is based on early Egyptian texts in which she and her sister Nephthys in the form of long-winged kites mourn for Osiris and then protect the reassembled deity by shading him with their wings, wafting air towards his nostrils to renew his life. Cf. an equally large (30.7 cm.) figure in the Louvre inlaid in gold and silver, and a smaller example, 15.6 cm., in J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. IX, 1997, no. 198.
214 EGYPTIAN BRONZE OSIRIS The standing figure wears the Atef-crown and holds a flail and a crook. Late Period, 664-342 BC. H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm.) Ex P. A. (1908-2004) collection, a UN diplomat, New York, acquired in Cairo in 1970; thence by descent. 215 EGYPTIAN BRONZE SEATED ISIS NURSING HARPOKRATES Late Period, 712-30 BC. H. 6 1/4 in. (16 cm.) Ex collection of Wright Ludington (1901-1992), Montecito, California. 216 EGYPTIAN BRONZE STRIDING HARPOKRATES Wearing the Hem-hem crown, right finger toward his mouth. Late Period, 525-30 BC. H. 6 1/4 in. (15.5 cm.) Ex English collection dispersed in 1988; collection of Joseph Proulx, San Diego, California, acquired from Royal Athena Galleries in 1993. 217 EGYPTIAN BRONZE BASTET holding aegis and basket, the cat-headed goddess of joy and patroness of women, on an integral base. Late Period, 712-30 BC. H. 3 7/8 in. (10 cm.) Ex French collection. 218 EGYPTIAN BRONZE ROYAL USHABTI FOR PSUSENNES I, mummiform, holding hoes and a seed bag; a cartouche with the pharaoh's nomen incised below. XXIst Dynasty, r. Psusennes I, 1040-992 BC. H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Ex private collection, Warren, Michigan, acquired in 1987 from Royal-Athena. Exhibited: Ball State University Art Museum, 1995-2004.
83 219 EGYPTIAN LARGE BRONZE PTAH The god of craftsmen, metalworkers, and sculptors wears a close-fitting cap and sed-cloak, and holds before him the was-scepter. Separately cast beard is lacking; eyes and beard straps once inlaid. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 11 in. (27 cm.) Ex R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired 1977-85 by Dr. Leo Mildenberg for the R.G. collection. Exceptionally large and in fine style. 220 EGYPTIAN LARGE BRONZE PHARAOH AS OSIRIS mummiform, holding a crook and flail, and wearing an unusual helmet-like headpiece with diadem fronted by a uraeus; diadem, cosmetic lines, and eyes once inlaid; one blue glass inlay remaining on diadem. XXVth Dynasty, 715-664 BC. H. 13 1/8 in. (33.5 cm.) Rare type, probably from Nubia. Ex collection of a Belgium nobleman. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. XIII, 2002, no. 164.
221 EGYPTIAN BRONZE OXYRHYNCHOS, THE SACRED NILE PERCH on an integrally cast sled-shaped base, and wearing a horned solar disk fronted by a uraeus; suspension loop behind disk. Late Period, 712-30 BC. L. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Ex A. Abraham collection, New York. 222 EGYPTIAN BRONZE CAT, the embodiment of Bastet, goddess of Bubastis, patroness of joy and women, seated in the traditional attitude: ears alert, face serene; sitting on its haunches, tail curled around supporting fore-paws; eyes once inlaid. XXIth-XXIInd Dynasty, 1080-715 BC. H. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm.) Ex B.F. collection, New York, acquired in the 1960s. 223 EGYPTIAN BRONZE CAT AMULET, the embodiment of Bastet, goddess of Bubastis, patroness of joy and women, seated in the traditional attitude, a suspension loop on the back. Late Dynastic Period, 712-343 BC. H. 2 1/4 in. (6.4 cm.) Ex German collection. 224 EGYPTIAN BRONZE CAT AMULET CLAD IN SHEET GOLD, seated in the traditional attitude wearing a broad collar; suspension loop on the back. Examples with sheet gold are very rare. Ptolemaic Period, 305-30 BC. L. 1 1/4 in. (5.6 cm.) Ex French collection.
Egyptian Faience 225 EGYPTIAN GREEN FAIENCE ISIS ENTHRONED, NURSING HARPOKRATES She wears upon her head the hieroglyph of her name fronted with a uraeus; her feathered throne with finely incised details. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 5 5/8 in. (14.5 cm.) Ex private German collection; R.G. collection, Calodyne, Mauritius, acquired 1977-85. Extremely fine style. 226 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE USHABTI OF NAKHT NES-TAWY, Ouab-Priest and Chief of the Navigators, mummiform, holding hoes and seed basket; details in black including text. XXIst Dynasty, 1080-945 BC. H. 4 1/2 in. (11.5 cm.) Cf. G. Janes, Shabti -- Ancient Egyptian Funerary Statuettes in European Collections, 2002, Paris, p. 111, no. 56. Ex French collection. 227 EGYPTIAN BRIGHT BLUE FAIENCE USHABTI OF TJAI-NEFER, the Second Prophet of Amun, with details in black, including the striped wig, hoes, and seed basket; the front with a vertical column of text. XXIst Dynasty, ca. 1085-935 BC. H. 3 1⁄2 in. (9 cm.) Acquired in Egypt in 1912 by Doris Newbery, a relative of the Egyptologist Theodore M. Davis. Formerly on loan to the Yale University Art Gallery, 1948. From the 2nd Cache at Deir el-Bahri. Cf. H.D. Schneider, Shabtis, Part II, Leiden, 1977, p. 136, no. 22.214.171.124-80. 228 EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE FAIENCE USHABTI OF ANKH-EM-MAAT, SAMEREF -PRIEST born of Setij. ‘The inspector, the king's son, whom he loves’; holding hoes and seed bag, a band atop a column of hieroglyphic text on the front. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm.) Ex collection of Joseph Proulx, San Diego, California, acquired from Royal-Athena Galleries in 1985.
229 EGYPTIAN POLYCHROME WOOD MASK of a man wearing a winged solar disk on a striped wig; falsebeard straps. Ptolemaic Period, 305-30 BC. H. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm.) Ex Pitt-Rivers Museum, Cambridge; collection of Joseph Proulx, San Diego, California, acquired from Royal-Athena Galleries in 1993. Published: C. Ede, Small Sculptures from Egypt, 1978. 230 EGYPTIAN WOOD CAT, embodiment of Bastet, patroness of joy and women, seated on her haunches in the traditional attitude with alert ears. Said to have been found at Qurna. Late Period, 715-30 BC. H. 5 1/4 in. (13.3 cm.) Ex Edward N. Michaels Collection, Buffalo, New York; H.W. collection, New York, acquired from Royal-Athena in 1998.
231 HELLENISTIC PAINTING ON WOOD OF A YOUNG WOMAN with a coiffure of tight ringlets; her eyes with shadowing. Alexandria, ca. 2nd Century BC. L. 8 3/8 in. (21.5 cm.); H. 6 in. (15.2 cm.) Ex French collection. 232 PAIR OF EGYPTIAN POLYCHROME WOOD HANDS from a sarcophagus with a checkerboard in red paint filled with white and blue; two wood dowels in each for attachment. Late Period, 715-30 BC. Ls. 4 3/8 in. (11.1 cm.); 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm.) Ex private collection, Maryland, acquired in the 1970s.
Egyptian Wood & Cartonnage
233 EGYPTIAN WOOD SARCOPHAGUS LID FOR KHENTYMENTIU, Mistress of the House. Column of hieroglyphic text: invocation to Osiris for food and drink. Ca. XXVIth Dynasty, 664-525 BC. H. 70 1/2 in. (179 cm.) Ex collection of Victoria Lindstrom, Sweden; English collection, acquired from Lindstrom estate in the 1950s; ex private collection, Guadalajara, Mexico, acquired from RoyalAthena Galleries in 1994. Published: J. Eisenberg, Art of the Ancient World, vol. VIII, 1995, no. 221.
234 EGYPTIAN POLYCHROME CARTONNAGE MUMMY MASK WITH GILT FACE, striped tripartite headcloth, and a broad collar. Later Ptolemaic Period, 2nd-1st Century BC. H. 19 7/8 in. (50.5 cm.) Ex French collection.
Egyptian Silver 235 EGYPTIAN SILVER SITULA WITH DEMOTIC INSCRIPTION: ISIS GIVES LIFE There are apparently no other known Egyptian silver situlae. Ptolemaic Period, 305-30 BC H. 3 7/8 in. (9.9 cm.); wt. 205 gr. Ex California collection. For inscribed bronze situlae, especially from Saqqara see: C. Insley Green, The Temple Furniture from the Sacred Animal Necropolis of North Saqqara 1964-1967, Excavation Memoirs 53, London, 1987, pp. 86-87, with hieroglyphic inscription ‘Isis gives life.’
Near E astern A ntiqu ities 88
236 URARTIAN WHITE MARBLE CYLINDRICAL STAMP SEAL: AN ARCHER in front of a tree at right. At left is a winged figure and a winged quadruped; beneath is a scorpion. Ca. 7th Century BC H. 1 1/8 in. (2.86 cm.) Ex collection of H. Ebnoether, Germany. For similar, see: L.Vanden Berghe, Urartu - een vergeten cultuur uit het bergland Armenie, 1982, pp. 236237, nos. 229-232.
237 LARGE CANAANITE COPPER GOD FROM THE UGARIT GROUP wearing a conical headdress composed of six tiers of curls capped by a topknot and a rigid kilt. Ca. 1500-1300 BC. H. 13 1/8 in. (33.5 cm.) Ex M. H. collection, New York, acquired c. 1953. Cf. Ora Negbi, Canaanite Gods in Metal, pl. 59, no. 60. 238 CANAANITE BRONZE STRIDING BAAL WEARING THE ATEFCROWN and holding a club and a partial scepter-like weapon (harpe). 2nd Millennium BC.H. 5 1/4 in. (13.5 cm.) Rare. Ex French collection. 239 CANAANITE BRONZE ENTHRONED GOD wearing a tall, conical tiara on his head and a long sheath. In his right hand he holds a scepter. 2nd half of the 2nd Millennium BC. H. 4 in. (10 cm.) Ex French collection. 240 SARMATIAN LARGE OPENWORK BRONZE HORSE TRAPPING, shield-shaped with three registers of animals, the lowest with two pairs of rearing horses confronted against a central pole standard. 6th-5th Century BC. H. 7 1/8 in. (18.1 cm.); W. 6 3/8 in. (16.3 cm.) Ex French collection. Cf. V. Nauka, Archéologie de l’Union Soviétique, 1992, p. 10, no. 13.
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241 ASSYRIAN LIMESTONE PAVEMENT TILE FROM THE PALACE OF ASSURNASIRPAL II With part of six lines of the royal Akkadian cuneiform inscription reading: 'Palace of Asshurnasirpal, great king/ mighty king, king of the world, king of Assyria, son of Tukulti-Ninurta/ great king, mighty king, king of the world, king of Assyria/ son of Adad-nirari, king of the world, king of Assyria." Ca. 883-859 BC. 17 1/4 in. x 17 1/4 in. (44 x 44 cm.) Ex 19th Century English private collection; German collection. The British archaeologist A.H. Layard excavated Kalhu, present day Nimrud, in the 1840s, uncovering the North-West Palace of Ashurnasirpal II. Today, many of the reliefs from the excavations in Nimrud, adorn the galleries of the British Museum, London, with a few other reliefs on display in museums in Europe (e.g. the Louvre, Munich) and the USA (e.g. The Metropolitan Museum, New York). The excavation was reopened by archaeologist Dr. Max Mallowan in 1949 and over the next 13 years he uncovered thousands of ivory carvings, bronzes, seals, and stone sculpture. He was accompanied on every dig by his wife, novelist Agatha Christie. The walls of the palace had been decorated with carved ivory panels covered in gold. Sadly, the palace and city were destroyed by the Babylonians, who apparently had stripped off the gold and thrown the ivories into a well. Christie devised a process whereby the ivories could be cleaned and dried without crumbling using her knitting needle and face cream.
242 WESTERN ANATOLIAN MARBLE SCHEMATIC IDOL OF KUSURA TYPE with a flat disc-shaped body, rudimentary arms, a long neck, and a disc-shaped head. Ca. 2700-2200 BC. H. 2 5/8 in. (6.7 cm.) Ex collection of H. Ebnoether, Germany. Cf. Exhibition catalogue, Art of the Cyclades, Karlsruhe, 1976, p. 388. no. 520. 243 SYRIAN PROTOHISTORIC LIMESTONE EYE IDOL of plank idol type but with a stepped pyramidal crown. Tell Brak, ca. 3300-3000 BC. H. 2 in. (5.1 cm.) Ex French collection.
244 WESTERN ASIATIC BRONZE MALE ADORANT, arms raised. Steppes, 8th-6th Century BC. H. 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm.) Ex French collection. Cf. Archäologie der Sowjetunion vom Altertum bis zum Mittelalter: Bronzezeit Mittelasiens und des Kaukasus, Verlag Nauka, 1992, fig. 50 ff. See also: B.E. Markovin, “Bronze ‘Amulets’ From the Caucasus Mountains and their Adorants”, in Eurasian Antiquities, Moscow, 1999. 245 EURASIAN GILT BRONZE PAIR OF RECTANGULAR PLAQUES, each depicting two horses raised on their hind legs in a landscape. 2nd-1st Century BC. L. 4 in. (10 cm.) Ex French collection. For a similar example, see E. Bunker, Nomadic Art of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes, 2002, p. 141, no. 116.
246 PHOENICIAN BRONZE HELMET The bullet-shaped domed body is topped by a small knob. Some identical helmets were recovered in the 1980â€™s from a wreck lying in Israeli coastal waters. Earlier 1st Millennium BC. H. 8 1/8 in. (20.8 cm.) Ex collection of Axel Guttmann (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Tel Aviv in 1996. 247 EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN BRONZE AGE BRONZE DAGGER A slender, twoedged blade with a middle rib on both sides; with greenish patina. The small handle with ring tip indicates that it was probably a primitive form of money. Ca. 1500 BC. L. 13 3/4 in. (35 cm.) Ex German collection. 248 NEAR EASTERN BRONZE SWORD Double-edged copper blade of flattened hexagonal section with separately cast and forged, richly decorated bronze handle with finely incised decorations. Ca. 8th Century BC. L. 31 1/8 in. (79 cm.) Ex German collection.
249 SCYTHIAN IRON SHORT SWORD (AKINAKES) The blade has a pronounced central ridge and a fluted, square handle with a T-shaped pommel wound upward on both sides into tight coils. Separately welded, short quillons curving downward; handle and cross guard separately forged. 3rd-2nd Century BC. L. 25 1/8 in. (64 cm.) Ex German collection.
250 SOUTH ARABIAN ALABASTER HEAD OF A CHILD, 1st Century AD. L. 2 1/2 in. (6.5 cm) Ex French collection.
251 EURASIAN BRONZE SHORT SWORD (AKINAKES) decorated overall with animals with double-whorl pattern on flanks. 7th-5th Century BC. L. 19 1/4 in. (49cm) Superb and rare. Ex Israeli private collection.. For a similar example, see E. Bunker, Nomadic Art of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes - Eugene Thaw and Other New York Collections, 2002, p. 91, no. 56. 252 ORDOS OPENWORK BRONZE ORNAMENTAL DISC CENTERING A HOUND, his head turned sharply to bite his tail. Kirin, Inner Mongolia, 4th-3rd Century BC. Diam. 2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm.) Ex German collection.
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his objects of art, rather than depositing them in a vault or holding receipts. Also, art is not as volatile as stocks and bonds, the coin, gem, and collectibles markets, and especially the gold and silver markets. Sylvia Porter in her New Money Book recommends classical antiquities as one of the best types of art for rapid growth. Dr Eisenberg was first quoted on the investment value of ancient art in the February 9, 1966 issue of Newsday - over 40 years ago! - and most recently in Business Week.
Why Collect Ancient Art? There are several reasons for collecting fine works of ancient art: • The excitement of owning a beautiful work of art that has survived for perhaps some 2,000 years or more. • The decoration of one's home or office with unique objects whose beauty and desirability have withstood the test of time. • The creative satisfaction, enjoyment, and pride in forming a truly fine collection. • The probable appreciation in value.
Royal-Athena Galleries Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D., the founder and director of Royal-Athena Galleries, is usually at the New York gallery and visits the London gallery several times each year. He is available by appointment for consultation, expertise, and appraisals; or for a telephone conference. At no obligation he will arrange a private viewing with guidance on a sophisticated long term program of collecting and investing in the fine arts. He also is in attendance at all the fairs in which we exhibit. Over the past 50 years we have sold more than 600 works of ancient art to many of the country's leading museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Sackler Art Museum at Harvard University, the Yale University Art Gallery, the Princeton University Art Museum, the Newark Museum, the Walters Art Gallery, the Detroit lnstitute of Arts, the Cincinnati Art Museum, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, the Milwaukee Public Museum, the New Orleans Museum of Art, the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the J. Paul Getty Museum, as well as the British Museum, the Louvre, and a large number of museums in Canada, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, Australia, and Japan. The catalogs of classical marble sculptures from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and from the J. Paul Getty Museum illustrate no less than 39 pieces acquired from our galleries. In addition, over one thousand objects purchased from us have been donated to many other museums, including the Freer Gallery of Art, the Sackler Gallery (The Smithsonian Institution), and the Brooklyn Museum of Art. Dr. Eisenberg travels overseas several times annually to visit collectors, museums, clients, and many of the nearly 150 private sources, agents, dealers, and auction houses with whom he is in frequent contact. Since 1954 he has made over 230 overseas trips, purchasing over forty thousand antiquities for tens of millions of dollars. This aggressive purchasing policy, perhaps without parallel in the field, enables us to offer an extraordinary number of choice objects at very reasonable prices. Our willingness to buy in volume and to purchase our inventory outright, rather than to take it on consignment, results in extremely competitive pricing, often considerably below that of other galleries. Furthermore, exchanges and purchases are fre-
How to Collect Ancient Art Sylvia Porter lists ten sound rules as a guide in art collecting: 1. Study the field which interests you as much as possible. 2. Buy cautiously at first. 3. Make sure that your work of art has quality. 4. Deal with a top gallery or art dealer. “Some dealers and major galleries will guarantee the authenticity of the art works they sell, so check this point as well." (Not only have we been guaranteeing our ancient art for over fifty years, but to the best of our knowledge our two-day auction sale conducted by Parke-Bernet Galleries (now Sotheby's) in 1964 was the first auction sale by several years in which every piece was guaranteed - but by us!) 5. Have an understanding with your dealer or gallery about trading up - so he’ll repurchase or resell your works as you have more money to invest in high quality art. (We normally allow full credit for the exchange or upgrading of objects purchased from us.) 6. Do not buy art works just because they are a current rage. 7. Ask the advice of museum directors or curators whenever possible. 8. Decide upon your investing limit before you buy. If you fall in love with a more expensive object try to arrange for a time payment. (We certainly encourage this and offer flexible time payments!) 9. Spread your financial risks by buying a variety of art unless you are an expert in a particular field. 10. “Buy the best examples you can afford in any category.” We would add two other important rules: 11. Ask for the provenance of any potential acquisitions. 12. Do not buy objects that have been significantly restored. Beware of overly restored faces in both vase painting and sculpture.
Ancient Art as an lnvestment Historically, ancient art investments have yielded excellent long-term capital appreciation, usually 8% to 10% annually. Any investment in tangibles, especially works of art, should be projected for at least five to ten vears. Normally one should not hold more than 10% of their investment portfolio in art. Collecting fine art is a pleasurable way of hedging against inflation because the investor can enjoy
quently made from many past and present clients who may be upgrading their collections or liquidating some of their holdings in order to collect in other areas. Exchanges or purchases are sometimes carried out with museums both in the United States and in Europe for their duplicate accessions or for objects not in their recent or current fields of specialization.
Expertise and Ethics Ancient art has been the specialty of our director for some 55 years, and numismatics for 67 years. His many publications on ancient art and numismatics span over five decades. The first volume of Art of the Ancient World by Dr. Eisenberg was published in 1965. Since 1968 Dr. Eisenberg has concentrated on expertise in the ancient arts, having lectured on this subject at New York University and presented several scholarly papers at the annual meetings of the Archaeological Institute of America, most recently on the ‘Roman’ Rubens Vase. His wide range of expertise is further revealed through other recent papers: on Egyptian bronzes at a Congress of the International Association of Egyptologists, on Etruscan bronze forgeries at an International Bronze Congress, on the ‘Greek’ Boston and Ludovisi thrones at the Magna Graecia Symposium in Venice, on Roman bronze forgeries at the 1999 International Bronze Congress, and on the Portland Vase as a Renaissance work of art at the 2003 International Congress of Classical Archaeology. He chaired a conference in London on the Phaistos Disk in 2008. In 1996 he was a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Classical Archaeology of the University of Leipzig, Germany. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Numismatic Society in 1952; a member of the Archaeological Institute of America in 1960 (and a Life Member in 1988); a Patron of the American Numismatic Society in 1955 (and a Life Associate in 1998); a Fellow for Life of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1966; and most recently, a Benefactor of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and an Honorary Fellow of the Egyptian Museum in Barcelona, Spain. Dr. Eisenberg has appeared as an Expert in the Courts of several states and has conducted appraisals for the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, the U.S. Treasury Department, the U.S. Customs Service, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the J. Paul Getty Museum, as well as many other prominent institutions. He was elected a Qualified Appraiser by the Appraisers Association of America in 1964 and has recently participated in several episodes of the Antiques Road Show. He served on the vetting committee of the European Fine Art Fair at Maastricht from 1993 to 2001 and was the Chairman and coorganizer of the New York Antiquarian International Fine Art Fair held in November 2001. Dr. Eisenberg has been a leader for several years in the promotion of the ethical acquisition of antiquities by museums and collectors and has delivered papers on this subject at the Archaeology Section of the U.K. Institute for Conservation in 1993 and at
the 1998 International Congress of Classical Archaeologists. He gave an address by invitation on the international trade in antiquities at the UNIDROIT Convention in Rome in 1993. He organized two symposia in New York in 1994 on public policy and the movement of antiquities and in 1998 on the acquisition of antiquities by museums for the International Association of Dealers in Ancient Art, of which he is a founding member and was a member of the executive board from 1993 to 2002. In 1999 he presented testimony to the United States Cultural Properties Committee on the legal and illegal trade in ancient art in Italy. In 2003 he was a featured speaker and panel participant in the U.S. Government Conference on Stolen Mideast Antiquities in Washington, D.C. Also in 2003 he featured on the European TV channel Arte and on BBC Radio’s File on Four in indepth interviews on the antiquities trade. He appeared on television on CBS News, Dateline NBC, PBS Jim Lehrer News Hour, and CBC Television (Canada), and was interviewed on the BBC and PBR Radio, and in print in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Boston Globe, Philadelphia Inquirer, Washington Post, The Times, and a dozen other publications. In 2004 he was featured on a Discovery Channel program and on Fox News on the antiquities trade. Also in 2004 he presented a paper on ‘The Mesopotamian Antiquities Trade and the Looting of the Iraq Museum’ to the American Bar Association. In 2005 he was interviewed on the antiquities market and the collecting of antiquities on National Public Radio in the US and in 2006 on National Public Television in Athens, Greece. In 2007 he delivered a paper on ‘Perspectives on the Antiquities Trade and the Collector: Past, Present, and Future’ at the symposium ‘The Future of the Global Past’ at Yale University. He was interviewed in depth for his expertise on Greek television in 2008 and on Artfinding in 2009.
Ancient Coins We carry a fine stock of select Greek silver coins from $100, Roman gold coins from $1,000, and Roman silver and bronze coins from $75. We began our business as ‘Royal Coin Company’ in January 1942, 67 years ago, and Dr Eisenberg, cofounder of the firm, has specialized in ancient coins, as sole proprietor, since 1952.
Acknowledgements Dr. Eisenberg wishes to express his gratitude to F. Williamson Price who has again diligently prepared and co-authored the catalog, to Brent M. Ridge who did nearly all of the photography, to the scholars who attributed and reattributed some of the sculptures and vases, especially Kees Neeft and Konrad Schauenburg, and to the several others who prefer to remain anonymous.
Our website has been greatly improved and expanded as may be seen by the partial page of Attic vases illustrated below. It is now updated weekly with new acquisitions and features over 1200 antiquities! We invite you to become a regular visitor.
Wanted to Purchase: Fine Antiquities of All Periods We are prepared to travel world-wide to acquire select works of legally acquired ancient art for our continually expanding clientele. We will purchase collections of any size, act as your agent to sell your objects on commission, or exchange them for other select pieces from our extensive inventory. Send photographs and full details with your letter or e-mail.
International Association of Dealers in Ancient Art
Confederation Internationale des Negociants en Oeuvres d’Art
Art and Antique Dealers League
Appraisers Association of America
MINERVA Minerva, the bi-monthly, international review of ancient art, archaeology, and numismatics, published in England, was established by Dr Eisenberg, its publisher and editor-in-chief from 1990 to 2009. It features the most extensive and timely coverage by any magazine of worldwide excavations and exhibitions emphasizing Greece, Etruria, the Roman Empire, Egypt, and the Near East. The book reviews are concise and objective. It also includes the most extensive annotated listings of international museum exhibitions, meetings, and symposia in ancient art and archaeology. Sample copies: $8 or £4 postpaid. www.minervamagazine.com firstname.lastname@example.org Subscription (6 issues per year):
U.S.A., Canada, and rest of world:
U.K.: 1 year £21, 2 years £39, 5 years £90. Europe: 1 year £23, 2 years £44, 5 years £100.
Surface: 1 year $50, 2 years $90, 5 years $220. Air: 1 year $66, 2 years $122, 5 years $296.
Recent Royal-Athena Catalogs: • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XV, 2004) illustrates in full color 190 objects. (72 pages, $5) • Gods & Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World (2004, illustrates in full color 80 objects, 80 pages, $5) • Ancient Arms, Armor, and Images of Warfare (2004, illustrates in full color 100 objects, 48 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVI, 2005, illustrates in full color 192 objects, 80 pages, $5) • Mythologies of the Classical World & Ancient Egypt (2006, 48 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVII, 2006, illustrates in full color 233 objects, 96 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XVIII, 2007, illustrates in full color 259 objects, 96 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIX, 2008, illustrates in full color 222 objects, 96 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XX, 2009, illustrates in full color 217 objects, 96 pages, $5) • All 9 of the above catalogs (total list price $45), with price lists: $35. (Add $50 for overseas airmail.)
Other Royal-Athena Catalogs Available • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. IV, 1985) illustrates in full color over 600 works of art. 208 pages, 192 color plates: $15 • The Age of Cleopatra: The Art of Late Dynastic Graeco-Roman Egypt (1988) illustrates in full color 151 selected works of art. (32 pages, $5) • Gods & Mortals: Bronzes of the Ancient World (1989) illustrates in full color 180 objects. (52 pages, $5) • One Thousand Years of Ancient Greek Vases from Greece, Etruria, & Southern Italy (1990) illustrates in full color 186 vases. (48 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. VIII, 1995) illustrates in full color 244 objects. (48 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. IX, 1997) illustrates in full color 264 objects. (64 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. X, 1999) illustrates in full color 264 objects. (64 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XI, 2000) illustrates in full color 167 objects. (64 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XII, 2001) illustrates in full color 410 objects; 30 pages of glossaries and mythologies. (161 pages, $10) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIII, 2002) illustrates
in full color 203 objects. (80 pages, $5) • Art of the Ancient World (Vol. XIV, 2003) illustrates in full color 225 objects. (80 pages, $5) • A number of the objects in the last several catalogs are still available. Price lists will be included. • All 11 of the above catalogs, 1985 through 2003 (total list price $70), only $50. (Add $50 for overseas airmail.) Orders for our catalogs may be charged to your credit card. Trade lnquiries We cordially invite inquiries from fellow art dealers, art consultants, architects, interior designers, and institutional collectors and investors. Special Presentations, Condition Reports, and Color Photographs of Objects We can supply special presentations with further information, such as condition reports, and 4 x 6 in. (10x15 cm.) or 8 x 10 in. (20x25 cm.) color photographs, often with other views or close-ups, on any of the objects illustrated in this catalog upon request. A selection of photographs may also be viewed at our London gallery or at the various fairs. Conservation and Mounting Services A professional conservator, Alina Bessarabova, working on our premises in New York, does expert conservation and restoration of ancient art and antiques. A same-day or a one day service is available for an additional charge. Small metal and wood mountings and bases are custom made but due to insurance restrictions this work is usually limited to objects purchased from us. We are pleased to accept trade accounts. Terms and Conditions of Sale All items are offered subject to prior sale. All prices are subject to change without notice, otherwise, the current price list is valid through 2010. The following credit cards are honored: American Express,Visa, Mastercard. A deferred payment plan is also available. New York residents must add the appropriate sales taxes (currently 8 7/8%). No cash refunds may be made after 10 days of receipt; however, full credit is allowed on all objects purchased from our galleries with the exception of a few consigned items. All shipping and insurance charges will be billed to the purchaser. Title remains with RoyalAthena Galleries until payment is made in full.
royal-athena galleries established 1942 Jerome M. Eisenberg, Ph.D., Director
F. Williamson Price, Associate Director
New York Richard M. Novakovich Betty W. Eisenberg Suzanne George
Assistant Director & Manager Comptroller Office Manager
London (Seaby Antiquities) Anthony Law Peter Clayton
Brent M. Ridge Arkady Roytman Alina Bessarabova Andrew England
Photographer Webmaster Conservator Gallery Assistant
royal-athena galleries new york